Title: Background Materials for the April 18, 1995 Meeting on the Florida Water Plan, Including the Draft Introduction and Draft Outline of the Entire FWP
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00004916/00001
 Material Information
Title: Background Materials for the April 18, 1995 Meeting on the Florida Water Plan, Including the Draft Introduction and Draft Outline of the Entire FWP
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
Abstract: Jake Varn Collection - Background Materials for the April 18, 1995 Meeting on the Florida Water Plan, Including the Draft Introduction and Draft Outline of the Entire FWP (JDV Box 39)
General Note: Box 29, Folder 8 ( Florida Water Plan - 1995 ), Item 1
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: WL00004916
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

SDepartment of

SEnvironmental Protection

Marjory Stoneman Douglas Building
Lawton Chiles 3900 Commonwealth Boulevard Virginia B. Wetherell
Governor Tallahassee, Florida 32399-3000 Secretary

APR 1 2 1995
Carlton Fields Tallahasse,
Jacob D. Varn

To: Recipient List (attach

From: Pamela P. McVety,/Ex tive Coordinator
Office of Ecosyste agement

Date: April 10, 1995

Subject: Background Materials for the April 18, 1995 Meeting on the Florida Water

As follow-up on my March 29, 1995 memo, attached are the following background materials
for our April 18 meeting on developing the Florida Water Plan (FWP):
Draft Introduction to the FWP
Draft Outline of the entire FWP
The Introduction provides a general overview of the water management challenge we are faced
with, as well as the general concepts, underlying principles, and statutory provisions that will
guide us in development of the FWP. The Outline is intended to provide an understanding of
how we think the plan should be organized, and to indicate our thoughts on priority issues,
strategies for dealing with those issues, and selected action items to be addressed by DEP, the
water management districts, and other water management partners.

I hope thesematerials help you prepare for our meeting, and we look forward to discussing
them with you on April 18. If you have any questions about the materials or the meeting,
please call Tom Swihart or Lou Burney at (904) 488 0784.

cc:Virginia B. Wetherell
Dan Thompson
Kirby Green
Chuck Aller
Chris Howell (NWFWMD)
Dave Thatcher (SFWMD)

"Protect, Conserve and Manage Florida's Environment and Natural Resources"

Printed on recycled paper.

FWP Memo
April 10, 1995
Page Two

Robert Christianson (SJRWMD)
Jerry Scarborough (SRWMD)
Richard Owen (SWFWMD)

Listing of Recipients
Manley Fuller, Florida Wildlife Federation
Charles Lee, Florida Audubon Society
Chuck Littlejohn, Florida Chamber of Commerce
Vicki Tschinkel, Chair, Task Force on Land Use and Water Planning
Windy Nero, Florida Section of AWWA
Mary Lou Rachael, Florida Phosphate Council
Gary Williams, Florida Rural Water Association
Ken Wylie, Florida Electric Power Coordinating Group
Tom Dyer, Land Manager, Two Rivers Ranch
Jake Van, Carlton Fields, Attorneys
Mark Benedict, 1000 Friends of Florida
Steve Fox, Dames and Moore, Inc.
Phil Goricki, Florida Forestry Association
David Powell, Hopping, Boyd, Green & Sams
Parker Keen, CF Industries, Inc.
David Land, Agribusiness Group
Shirley Little, Florida Defenders of the Environment
John Mills, Center for Government Responsibility
John Mitchell, House Select Committee on Water Policy
Julie Morris, Sierra Club
Ben Parks, Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Nancy Roen, Florida Power and Light Company
Roy Roger, Arvida/JMB Partners
Nancy Stephens, Florida Chemical Industry Council
J. Ross Wilcox, Florida Power and Light Company
Richard Hamann, U. of F. Center for Governmental Responsibility

Draft (April 5, 1995)

Florida Water Plan


The Florida Water Plan is an integrated, coordinated plan prepared
jointly by the Department of Environmental Protection and the five
regional water management districts to implement their statutory water
management responsibilities, in partnership with other agencies, units
of government, and interested parties. The plan provides statewide and
regional water management goals, priority issues, action steps, and
schedules to meet the water needs of people while maintaining,
protecting, and improving the state's natural systems.

Florida Department of Environmental Protection

Northwest Florida Water Management District

St. Johns River Water Management District

South Florida Water Management District

Southwest Florida Water Management District

Suwannee River Water Management District


';*I'*. ..


Introduction and Overview
Chapter One: General Issues
Chapter Two: Water Supply
Chapter Three: Flood Protection and Floodplains
Chapter Four: Water Quality
Chapter Five: Natural Systems
Chapter Six: Coordination and Evaluation


Figure 1. Purposes of the Florida Water Plan
Figure 2. Florida's surface water features
Figure 3. Map of Water Management Districts
Figure 4. Timeline for Preparation of the
Florida Water Plan
Figure 5. Water Use
Figure 6. Water Use by WMD
Figure 7. Agency Coordination Processes
Figure 8. Agency Coordination Framework
Figure 9. Matrix of Responsibilities
Figure 10. Related Documents

Introduction and Overview

Florida's Water Challenge

Water resources are clearly one of Florida's greatest assets. Florida has over 11,000 miles of
coastline, more than 7,700 lakes and 1,700 rivers. Twenty seven springs with flows exceeding
100 cubic feet per second emerge from the state's aquifers. Three million acres of estuaries, open
water and wetlands also help define the Florida landscape. Throughout most of the state, ground
water and surface water systems are closely related. Lake levels are often a direct reflection of
ground water levels; spring flow and seepage usually provide the base flows of streams; and
stream discharges to estuaries are critical to maintaining salinity regimes. These interrelationships
form the basis of Florida's major ecological systems. In many areas of the state, highly
transmissive ground water aquifers are at or near the surface or have direct connections to the
surface through sinkholes. These characteristics make Florida's extensive ground water resources
highly susceptible to contamination from a variety of sources such as municipal landfills, leaking
underground storage tanks, hazardous waste dumps, septic tanks, and agricultural pesticides.
Since about ninety percent of the state's population relies on ground water as a source of drinking
water, such contamination can have serious public health and economic consequences.

As Florida's population grows, increasing competition for water is causing conflicts between
agricultural, industrial and urban interests, a trend that has serious social, economic and
environmental implications. In some areas of the state, demands for water are beginning to
exceed the sustainable yield of aquifers and surface waters, and are threatening the health of
natural systems. Potentially, this could jeopardize Florida's $7 billion fishing and $32 billion
tourism industries, which directly depend on the continued viability of the state's water resources
and associated natural systems. Ultimately, our ability to sustain Florida's economy and quality of
life will depend in large part on how well we protect and manage the state's water resources. The
essence of Florida's water challenge is to minimize damage due to contamination, and to satisfy
increasing demands for finite resources in a manner which sustains the resource. This is a tall
order, and one which is not likely to be met without close coordination between a variety of
federal, state, regional and local programs.

Florida's State and Regional Water Management System

Florida's system of water management is widely recognized as a model for assuring protection
and wise use of water resources. It consists of five regional water management districts (WMDs)
under the general supervision of the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP),
which implement a broad range of planning, management and regulatory programs tailored to the
particular water resource needs of each geographic region of the state. As the stewards of

Florida's water resources, DEP and the WMDs must routinely address often-competing public
interests related to water supply, flood protection, water quality, and protection of natural
systems. In order to help do this effectively, DEP and the WMDs have worked as partners to
develop comprehensive District Water Management Plans (DWMPs) for each region. This
included application of a uniform format and guidelines for developing the DWMPs, as well as
applying recommendations from seventeen DEP/WMD technical or "conventions" committees
regarding uniform approaches for addressing specific water issues. Similar cooperation was
employed to develop DEP/WMD consensus on revisions to state water policy and development of
the FWP.

What is the Florida Water Plan?

The Florida Water Plan (FWP) is an integrated, coordinated plan prepared jointly by DEP and the
five WMDs. It is intended to guide DEP and the WMDs in implementing statutory directives
prescribed in the Water Resources Act (Chapter 373, F.S.), the Florida Air and Water Pollution
Control Act (Chapter 403, F.S.), and the State Comprehensive Plan (Chapter 187, F.S.). These
statutes provide the basic authorities, directives and policies for statewide water management,
pollution control and environmental protection. The Water Resources Act requires development
of a State Water Use Plan (Section 373.036), and prescribes that the Water Use Plan together
with the state water quality standards shall constitute the Florida Water Plan (Section 373.039).
The water quality standards incorporated by reference in the FWP are:

(1) Water Quality Standards, Chapter 62-3, F.A.C.

(2) Surface Water Quality Standards, Chapter 62-302, F.A.C.

(3) Surface Water Improvement and Management, Chapter 62-43, F.A.C.

(4) Ground Water Classes, Standards, and Exemptions, Chapter 62- 520, F.A.C.

(5) Drinking Water Standards, Monitoring, and Reporting, Chapter 62-550, F.A.C.

Also incorporated by reference is the DEP Water Policy Rule, Chapter 62-40, F.A.C. Inclusion
of the standards and water policy rule in the plan does not give them additional status as rules, but
does emphasize the necessity of a comprehensive and integrated view of water management

What are the purposes of the FWP ?

The FWP is intended to serve several interrelated purposes, including:

* Fulfill statutory directives on water resources, including those contained in the Florida Water
Resources Act, the Florida Air and Water Pollution Control Act, and the State Comprehensive



Coordinate the identification, examination and communication of water issues.

Express water management goals and guide their implementation.

Assist in implementation of water policies.

Develop regional and statewide implementation strategies to achieve FWP goals.

Promote partnership and coordination among the many parties involved in water management.

Aid in program evaluation and accountability.

Goals of the FWP

The overall goal of the FWP is to assure long-term sustainability of Florida's water resources for
the benefit of the state's economy and quality of life. Key guidance statements contained in
Florida law are used as the goals for each chapter of the FWP. These include the following:

Water Supply:

Florida shall assure the availability of an adequate supply of water for all competing uses
deemed reasonable and beneficial and shall maintain the functions of natural systems and the
overall present level of surface and ground water quality. Florida shall improve and restore the
quality of waters not presently meeting water quality standards. (State Comprehensive Plan, s.
187.201(8)(a), F.S.).

It is the intent of the Legislature that future growth and development planning reflect the
limitations of the available ground water or other available water supplies. (s. 373.0395, F.S.)

Flood Protection:

Require local governments, in cooperation with regional and state agencies, to adopt plans and
policies to protect public and private property and human lives from the effects of natural
disasters (s. 187.201(7)(b)25., F.S.).

* Encourage the development of a strict floodplain management program by state and local
governments designed to preserve hydrologically significant wetlands and other natural floodplain
features. (s. 187.201((8)(b)8. F.S.).

Water Quality:

* It is declared to be the public policy of this state to conserve the waters of the state and to
protect, maintain, and improve the quality thereof for public water supplies, for the propagation of
wildlife and fish and other aquatic life, and for domestic, agricultural, industrial, recreational, and
other beneficial uses and to provide that no wastes be discharged into any waters of the state
without first being given the degree of treatment necessary to protect the beneficial uses of such
water. (s. 403.021(2), F.S.).

Natural Systems:

* Conserve forests, wetlands, fish, marine life, and wildlife to maintain their environmental,
economic, aesthetic, and recreational values. 187.201((9)(b)1., F.S.).

* Reserve from use that water necessary to support essential non-withdrawal demands, including
navigation, recreation, and the protection of fish and wildlife. (s. 187.201(8)(b)14. F.S.).


* Systematic planning capabilities shall be integrated into all levels of government in Florida with
particular emphasis on improving intergovernmental coordination and maximizing citizen
involvement (s. 187.201(26)(a), F.S.)

Fundamental Principles of the FWP

The FWP is based on two fundamental ecosystem management principles:

1) Water resources must be managed to meet the water needs of people while maintaining,
protecting, and improving the state's natural systems; and,

2) Effective management of water resources requires collaboration and cooperation among all
affected parties.

The plan strives to implement both of these principles through integration of a variety of planning,
acquisition, operational and regulatory approaches. It recognizes that social and economic
considerations such as water supply, protection of private property rights, economic development,
and public involvement are crucial to long-term success of water resource programs. The DEP
and the five WMDs are committed to fostering these principles.

What is the legal force of the FWP?

The FWP is not self-executing. Provisions of the plan are intended to guide future actions of
DEP and the WMDs, but are not binding unless adopted as a rule under the Administrative
Procedures Act (Chapter 120, F.S.). One such rule is the DEP Water Policy Rule (Chapter 62-

40, F.A.C., also referred to as the State Water Policy), which provides goals, objectives, and
guidance for the development and review of programs, rules and plans relating to water resources.
All WMD rules must be consistent with provisions of this rule, which was first adopted in 1981
and has been amended several times since. The rule was most recently amended by the
Environmental Regulation Commission in December of 1993. However, because of legal
challenges and actions by the Legislature that postponed implementation until at least July, 1995,
the rule revisions are not in effect Because of substantial public interest in the pending rule
revisions, portions of the revisions are included in the policy summaries of each chapter of the

Relationship of the FWP to Other State Level Planning

The FWP is intended to be coordinated with the State Land Development Plan (prepared by the
Department of Community Affairs), and the Florida Transportation Plan (prepared by the
Department of Transportation). To be effective, each of these plans must be mutually
compatible, and consistent with the State Comprehensive Plan (Chapter 187, F.S.). The state
Task Force on Land Use and Water Planning created by the 1993 Legislature made many specific
recommendations in their December, 1994 Report on how to better link the three state plans
together, as well as how to link them to regional and local plans. The 1995 Legislature will be
considering statutory changes to plan requirements, but the FWP attempts to foster linkages to
the extent possible under current law.

Three specific measures are being used to help assure coordination between the three state-level

1. The Florida Water Plan development group includes representatives from the Department of
Community Affairs and the Department of Transportation.

2. The Governor's Office is involved in the preparation of all three plans and is working to assure

3. The Florida Water Plan will reflect as appropriate elements of the State Land Development
Plan currently being revised by the DCA.

The Florida Water Plan must focus on direct water-related issues and activities, but also fully
recognizes its interdependence with other state objectives in the State Comprehensive Plan.

Plan Evaluation and Revision

To remain current, the FWP must be revised and updated regularly to reflect progress toward
implementation, changing circumstances, or improved understandings of water resource
problems. Annual evaluations of progress toward implementation (see Chapter Six) are a key

step in that ongoing assessment and evaluation process.

Organization of the FWP

The FWP is organized into six issue areas: General Issues, Water Supply, Flood Protection,
Water Quality, Natural Systems, and Coordination and Evaluation. For each issue area, the
relevant goals and policies adapted from the State Comprehensive Plan, the Florida Water
Resources Act, and the Florida Air and Water Pollution Control Act are presented. This is
followed by discussions of pertinent considerations for each subject area, a synopsis of issues, and
general strategies being applied to address each issue.

4/10/95 draft
Florida Water Plan Outline

Introduction and Overview
Florida's Water Challenge
Florida's State and Regional Water Management System
What is the Florida Water Plan?
What are the Purposes of the FWP?
Goals of the FWP
Fundamental Principles of the FWP
What is the Legal Force of the FWP?
Relationship of the FWP to Other State Level Planning
Plan Evaluation and Revision
Organization of the FWP

Chapter One: General Issues
Background Information

General Issue 1: There are inadequate links between land and water planning,
causing conflicts and inefficiencies that need to be avoided.
+ Strategyl.1.1: Improve the linkages between land and water planning
Selected Action Steps:
1. Seek to fully integrate the Florida Water Plan with the Florida Land
Development Plan, and Ecosystem Management. (DEP, 1996.)
2. Continue to provide technical or financial assistance for Local
Comprehensive Plan and Strategic Regional Policy Plans. (DEP & WMDs,
3. Seek legislative enactment of appropriate recommendations of the Task
Force on Land Use and Water Planning. (DEP & WMDs, 1995-96.)

* General Issue 2: The failure of Government, the private sector, and the general
public to take joint responsibility for sustaining Florida's water resources is
hindering the effectiveness of water management efforts.
+ Strategy 1.2.1: Promote joint responsibility for sustaining water resources.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Expand water and environmental education. (DEP & WMDs, 1995-
2. Assess internal and external environmental education programs and identify
gaps that exist and recommend improvements for greater effectiveness,
coordination, and incorporation of water and ecosystem management concepts.


(DEP & WMDs, 1996-Continuing.)
3. Develop a shared ethic of environmental stewardship and involvement with
the citizens of Florida as part of ecosystem management initiatives. (DEP &
WMDs, 1996-Continuing.)

* General Issue 3: Water management is not always done on a watershed basis,
leading to disjointed, uncoordinated governmental actions which create permitting
confusion and fail to protect water resources and related natural systems.
+ Strategy 13.1: Promote and implement watershed and ecosystem
Selected Action Steps:
1. Create and improve ecosystem management partnerships with public and
private intities. (DEP, Ongoing.)

+ Strategy 1.3.2: Improve land acquisition and land management programs to
enhance protection and management of water resources on a watershed
Selected Action Steps:
1. Evaluate the reciprocal impacts of activities on public and private
properties in identified ecosystems. Coordinate management activities in
identified ecosystems through groups of representatives of private property
owners and public managers in the ecosystems. (DEP & WMDFs, Ongoing.)
2. Implement the Green Line concept into comprehensive land use planning.
DEP & WMDs, Ongoing.)
3. Improve coordination of land acquisition and management planning efforts
of governments and non-profit groups through: a) enhanced coordination of
long-term strategic acquisition, at statewide and regional scales, b) greater
involvement of citizens, and c) increased access to larnd acquisition and
greenways data bases. (DEP & WMDs, 1996-Continuing.)
4. Develop a strategic plan with a comprehensive map of existing public and
private conservation lands and land interests (e.g. easements) and additional
lands that should be under some degree of protection to complete a statewide
ecological conservation system.

+ Strategy 1.3.3: Promote streamlined permitting.
Selected Action Steps:

* General Issue 4: Available information is often inadequate to support water
resource protection, restoration and management actions.
+ Strategy 1.4.1: Continue data collection efforts by FDEP and WMDs, in
cooperation with other entities.
Selected Action Steps:

+ Strategy 1.4.2: Apply adaptive management techniques, basing management
decisions on well-founded scientific principles, best available information,
and balancing uncertainty in favor of resource protection.
Selected Action Steps:

Chapter Two: Water Supply
* Water Supply Goal

* Legal Basis for Management (Statute/Rule Citations, with intro.).

* Background Information (including discussion of water resources in need of
restoration and protection).

* Water Supply Issue 1: Inadequate information regarding quantities, locations, and
availability of water supplies to support new growth is hindering efforts to keep
demands within sustainable yields of the resource.
+ Strategy 2.1.1: Enhance capabilities of DEP and WMD programs to ensure
safe, affordable and reliable supplies for all reasonable-beneficial uses.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Exercise general supervisory authority over the WMDs to promote efforts to
obtain adequate information about the availability of water supplies. (DEP,
2. Seek to implement revisions to the DEP Water Policy Rule (Chapter 60-40,
F.A.C.) Previously adopted by the Environmental Regulation Commission.
(DEP & WMDs, Ongoing.)
3. Expedite completion of ground water basin availability inventories pursuant
to s. 373.0395, F.S. (WMDs, Ongoing.)
4. On priority hydrologic units or systems, expedite establishment of minimum

flows and levels pursuant to s. 373.042, F.S. (WMDs, Ongoing.)
5. Carry out water supply planning according to the schedules in the 1994
District Water Management Plans. (WMDs, Ongoing.)
6. Assist, as appropriate, in the costs of water supply development. (WMDs,

+ Strategy 2.1.2: Improve coordination between state and regional water
management programs and local government comprehensive planning,
particularly in terms of providing technical information and assistance to
local governments.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Through the existing plan review process, increase emphasis on review of
water supply elements of local government comprehensive plans to assure
compliance with provisions of s. 373. 0395, F.S. (DEP & WMDs, Ongoing.)
2. Provide technical assistance and available water supply information to local
governments in a form applicable to local governt comprehensive planning.
(WMDs, Ongoing.)

* Water Supply Issue 2: The quality of water supplies is degraded in many locations,
and is increasingly threatened by both contamination and overwithdrawals.
+ Strategy 2.2.1: Protect wellheads and aquifer recharge areas through a
combination of: state regulation of potential sources of groundwater
contamination, acquisition, and land use regulation by local governments, and
providing technical assistance to local governments.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Development of a wellhead protection rule in 1995. Pending adoption of the
rule, review of local programs for compliance, through 1998. Development of a
secondary zone delineation methodology, by November 1995. (DEP)
2. Review of local government comprehensive plan revisions, technical and
financial assistance. (DEP & WMDs, Ongoing.)
3. Develop strategies for aquifer protection through linkages with aquifer
vulnerability. (DEP, 1996.)
4. Enhance "DRASTIC" mapping to improve aquifer vulnerability
determinations. (DEP, 1996.)
5. Develop and propose legislation to encourage the preservation and
enhancement of aquifer recharge areas. (DEP & WMDs, 1998.)
6. Develop strategy for aquifer recharge and vulnerability program. (DEP &
WMDs, 1992-96.)
7. Provide technical assistance to local governments. (DEP & WMDs,


, .- ,, "..,

8. Improve identification and protection of recharge areas on agency-managed
lands. (DEP & WMDs, Ongoing.)
9. Delineate recharge areas according to schedules in District Water
Management Plans. (WMDs, Ongoing.)

+ Strategy 2.23: Ensure compliance with federal and state Safe Drinking
Water Acts.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Enforce drinking water permitting requirements. (DEP & HRS, Ongoing.)
2. Adopt federally mandated drinking water standards. (DEP, Ongoing.)
3. Implement DEP/HRS Interagency Agreement on delegating drinking water
programs to eleven approved County Public Health Units. (DEP & HRS,

* Water Supply Issue 3: Demands on ground and surface water supplies are
exceeding or threatening to exceed sustainable yields in localized areas.
+ Strategy 2.3.1: Promote alternative water supply technologies.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Seek to implement revisions to the DEP Water Policy Rule (Chapter 62-40,
F.A.C.) Previously adopted by the Environmental Regulation Commission.
(DEP & WMDs, 1996.)
2. Implement recommendations of the Reverse Osmosis Work Group
concerning disposal of desalinization reject water. (DEP, 1995.)
3. Develop appropriate Aquifer Recharge and Recovery criteria.
(DEP/WMDs/EPA, 1997.)
4. Conduct, with the Electric Power Research Institute, research on
desalinization. (SWFWMD, Ongoing.)

+ Strategy 2.3.2: Promote water conservation.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Implement revisions to DEP Water Policy Rule (Chapter 62-40, F.A.C.).
(DEP & WMDs, 1995.)
2. Implement water conservation programs through technical assistance and
consumptive use permitting programs. (WMDs/local governments/utilities,

+ Strategy 2.3.3: Promote efficient allocation of limited water among
competing uses.
Selected Action Steps:

*,' '. ..*

1. Seek to assure that any proposals for interdistrict transfers of water are
fully assessed pursuant to provisions of s. 373. 2295, F.S. (DEP, Ongoing.)
2. Include a session on alternative water allocation methods at the 1995 Water
Management Conference. (DEP & WMDs, 11/95.)
3. Cooperative efforts to develop alternative water allocation strategies for the
Southern Water Use Caution Area and the Peace River basin. SWFWMD &
DEP, 1996.)

+ Strategy 2.3.4: Promote reuse of reclaimed water and storm water.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Refine and expand existing rules in Chapter 62-610, F.A.C. Include specific
rule requirements for industrial use of reclaimed water, and for ground water
recharge and indirect potable reuse. (DEP, 1996.)
2. For utilities located wi.hin water resource caution areas, ensure that
permits for domestic wastewater facilities are consistent with requirements
contained in the utilities consumptive use permits. (DEP, Ongoing.)
3. Implement reuse provisions of Florida Statutes and the Reuse Conventions
Report. (DEP & WMDs, Ongoing.)
4. Continue to work with the "reuse pilot investigation committee. (DEP &
WMDs, 9/1993-6/1996.)

* Chapter Three: Flood Protection and Floodplain Management
* Flood Protection and Floodplain Management Goal

* Legal Basis for Management.

* Background Information (including discussion on water resources in need of
restoration or protection).

* Flooding Issue 1: Human occupancy and alteration of floodplains and floodprone
areas are threatening public health, safety and welfare, and are damaging natural
+ Strategy 3.1.1: Delineate and manage floodplains and floodprone areas
Selected Action Steps:

+ Strategy 3.1.2: Minimize the impacts from future floods.
Selected Action Steps:


+ Strategy 3.1.3: Foster nonstructural strategies.
Selected Action Steps:

* Flooding Issue 2: Inadequate preparation for flood disasters and response have
increased property damage and risks to human safety.
+ Strategy 3.2.1: Reduce risks to property and human safety.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Improve dam safety inspection programs. (DEP & WMDs, 1996).

+ Strategy 3.2.2: Provide and improve emergency preparedness and response.
Selected Action Steps:

Chapter Four: Water Quality
* Water Quality Goal.

* Legal Basis For Management.

*Background Information (surface water and ground water quality, including a
discussion of water resources in need of restoration and protection).

* Water Quality Issue 1: Florida's surface and ground waters continue to be
degraded by point and nonpoint sources of pollution.

+ Strategy 4.1.1: Improve research, data collection and sharing by
implementing the action steps associated with General Strategy 1.4.1.
Selected Action Steps:

+ Strategy 4.1.2: Secure dedicated and adequate funding for surface water
programs, including SWIM.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Work with the Governor's Office and the Legislature to, at a minimum,

maintain existing funding for DEP programs. (DEP, Ongoing.)
2. Work with the Legislature to secure a specific, continuing funding source
for the SWIM program other than the Advance Disposal Fee. (DEP, Ongoing.)
3. Evaluate and amend the permit fee structure for all DEP programs to fulfill
the legislative mandate that such programs be, to the greatest extent possible,
self-sufficient. (DEP, Ongoing.)

+ Strategy 4.13: Secure dedicated and adequate funding for implementing
FDEP responsibilities related to WMD general supervision and state level
water resource planning, policy development, and management.
Selected Action Steps:

+ Strategy 4.1.4: Maintain and enhance coordination between FDEP
programs related to pollution control and water resource management.
Selected Action Steps:

+Strategy 4.1.5: Develop and implement appropriate methods to delineate
areas vulnerable to ground water contamination, and devise strategies to
prevent pollution of ground water.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Coduct nitrate contamination assessment based on legislation passed in
1995. (DEP, 1995-96.)
2. Develop and begin implementing methods to delineate areas vulnerable to
other contaminants. (DEP, 1996-97.)
3. Delineate prime ground water recharge areas. (WMDs, 1995-98)
4. Identify pollution prevention measures to be implemented in vulnerable

Strategy 4.1.6: Implement existing pollution prevention activities and develop
new pollution programs to address identified deficiencies.
- Selected Action Steps:
1. Refine existing domestic and industrial wastewater permitting programs.
(DEP, Ongoing.)
2. Continue and amplify existing contract with the Florida Rural Water
Association to conduct technical assistance activities for small wastewater and
drinking water facilities to improve compliance. (DEP, 1996 and continuing.)

3. Enhance Best Management Activities, in conjunction with DACS where
appropriate, for dairy activities and fertilizer and pesticide use. (DEP, 1995-

Strategy 4.1.7: Reduce the impacts of man-induced saltwater intrusion on
ground water quality.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Reevaluate and make necessary changes to the consumptive use permitting
process to reduce ground water overwithdrawals.
2. Implement the alternative source initiatives identified in strategy 2.3.1.

Strategy 4.1.8: Further develop and implement point and nonpoint source
programs, including those delegated from or funded by EPA.
-Selected Action Steps:
1. Update and revise state water quality standards through the Triennial
Review and water body classification process, including the Outstanding
Florida Water and Outstanding National Resource Water designations. (DEP,
2. Develop and implement PLRGs for storm water discharges and other
nonpoint and point sources in conjunction with the TMDL process.
(DEP/WMDs/EPA, Ongoing.)
3. Assume delegation of the federal National Pollutant Discharge Elimination
System surface water permitting program. (DEP, Ongoing.)
4. Continue to implement the federally delegated Underground Injection
Control program. (DEP, Ongoing.)
5. Continue to participate in the Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control program
pursuant to provisions of s. 6217 of the National Clean Water Act.
(NOAA/EPA/DEP/DCA/Local Governments, Ongoing.)

Chapter Five: Natural Systems
* Natural Systems Goal

* Legal Basis For Management

* Background (including discussion of water resources in need of restoration and

* Natural Systems Issue 1: Florida's unique ecosystems are increasingly threatened
by water-related problems associated with rapid population growth.

+ Strategy 5.1.1: Promote ecosystem management.
- Selected Action Steps:
1. Further develop and implement recommendations in the DEP Ecosystem
Management Plan. (DEP & WMDs, 1995-96.)
2. Develop and apply ecosystem management techniques for state-owned lands.
(DEP, 1996.)
3. Implement the six ecosystem management projects identified in Strategy
1.3.1. (DEP & WMDs, 1996.)

+ Strategy 5.1.2: Reduce the loss of biodiversity and biological productivity.
- Selected Action Steps:

+ Strategy 5.13: Implement effective environmental resource permitting.
- Selected Action Steps:


+ Strategy 5.1.4: Achieve maintenance control of exotic and noxious aquatic
- Selected Action Steps:

* Natural Systems Issue 2: Insufficient actions to establish minimum flows and
levels for Florida's streams, lakes and aquifers often leaves water managers
without a sound basis for determining and preventing impacts to water
resources and ecology that may be caused by consumptive water uses.

+ Strategy 5.2.1: Expedite establishment of minimum flows and levels for
priority streams, lakes and aquifers. (WMDs, Ongoing.)
- Selected Action Steps:

+ Strategy 5.2.2: Prevent water withdrawals from causing significant harm to
water resources and associated natural systems.
-Selected Action Steps:
1. Prevent overwithdrawals through more stringent consumptive use
permitting. (WMDs, Ongoing.)
2. Evaluate the appropriateness of considering mitigation in issuance of
consumptive use permits.

+ Strategy 5.2.3: Where excessive withdrawals are determined to have
caused significant harm to water resources or natural systems, seek to
eliminate, reduce, or mitigate the harm by limiting withdrawals or requiring
restoration/recovery actions.
Selected Action Steps:

+ Strategy 5.1.5: Maintain or, where feasible, restore the hydrologic patterns
of watersheds and ecosystems, with particular emphasis on restoring natural
fresh water flow patterns to estuarine systems.
Selected action Steps:
1. Continue the Upper St. Johns River restoration project. (SJRWMD/
USACE, Ongoing; completion 1998.)
2. Implement the Kissimmee River restoration project (SFWMD/USACE,
3. Implement the Everglades restoration activities mandated by the
Everglades Forever Act of 1994. (DEP/SFWMD/USACE, 1995-2004.)
4. Continue SWIM program efforts related to reducing excessive fresh water
discharges in the Turkey Creek and St. Lucie subbasins of the Indian River
Lagoon estuarine system. (SJRWMD & SFWMD. Ongoing.)

Chapter Six: Coordination and Evaluation
* Coordination Goal

* Legal Basis for Actions

* Background Information

* Coordination and Evaluation Issue 1: Public education on water resources, public
participation in water management, and coordination at all levels of government are
inadequate to ensure wise use and management of Florida's water resources.
+ Strategy 6.1.1: Improve public education about Florida's water resources.
Selected Action Steps:

+ Strategy 6.1.2: Improve public participation in Florida's water management
Selected Action Steps:
1. Conduct statewide seminars and public meetings on ecosystem management
and other environmental programs to encourage public involvement in water
resource management, both locally and statewide. (DEP/WMDs,1996-
2. Solicit public participation in development and revision of the Florida
Water Plan. (DEP/WMDs, 1995-Ongoing.)
3. Solicit public participation in final agency actions through the public notice
provisions of Chapter 120, F.S. (DEP/WMDs, Ongoing.)

+ Strategy 6.1.3: Improve internal coordination within DEP.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Include specific water management actions within the DEP Agency
Strategic Plan. (DEP, 1995.)
2. Provide water management briefings to the DEP Policy Coordinating
Committee. (DEP, Ongoing.)
3. Publish feature articles on water management in DEP Newsletters and
periodicals. (1995-Ongoing.)
4. Conduct seminars, and encourage DEP staff participation in the Annual
Florida Water Resources Conference and technical workshops. (DEP/WMDs,

+ Strategy 6.1.4: Improve state-level program coordination.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Implement appropriate recommendations of the Governor's Task Force on
Land Use and Water Planning. (DEP/WMDs, 1996-Ongoing.)
2. Coordinate with DCA on revisions to the State Land Development Plan.
(DEP/WMDs, 1995.)
3. Coordinate with DOT on revisions to the State Transportation Plan. (DEP,


4. Coordinate with the Governor's Office on revisions to the State
Comprehensive Plan. (DEP,Ongoing)
5. Coordinate with DACS on the Pesticide Review Council. (DEP, Ongoing.)
6. Coordinate with HRS on the Interagency Agreements relating to drinking
water and septicv tank management.

+ Strategy 6.1.5: Improve program coordination between FDEP and WMD
- Selected Action Steps:
1. Establish DEP/WMD Joint Committee on Water Management to
continually evaluate the Florida Water Plan and develop necessary changes.
(DEP& WMDs, 1996.)
2. Continue and enhance the coordination role of the Water Resources
Commission. (DEP/ WMDs/Governors Office, Ongoing.)
3.Continue and enhance DEP participation in WMD Executive Director's
Meetings. (DEP/WMDs, 1995-Ongoing.)

+ Strategy 6.1.6: Improve regional coordination between the WMDs and
Regional Planning Councils.
- Selected Action Steps:
1. Conduct regular executive-level meetings among DEP, the WMDs, and
Regional Planning Councils to evaluate and enhance water resource
management. (DEP/WMDs/RPCs, 1996-Ongoing.)
2. Establish a regular staff forum among DEP, the WMDs, and Regional
Planning Councils to exchange technical information and facilitate technical
assistance to local governments. (DEP/WMDs/RPCs, 1996-97-Continuing.)
3. Provide special emphasis on water resource management in DEP reviews of
Strategic Regional Policy Plans. (DEP/WMDs, 1995-Ongoing.)

+ Strategy 6.1.7: Improve coordination with local governments.
- Selected Action Steps:
1. Develop regular forums for providing technical assistance to local
governments on all water resource management issues. (DEP/WMDs/RPCs,
1996-97 and Ongoing.)
2. Coordinate with FLERA to broaden local government participation in
statewide water resource management. (DEP,Ongoing.)

+ Strategy 6.1.7: Improve interstate and federal-level coordination.
- Selected Action Steps:
1. Complete the basin assessment for the Apalachicola/Chattahoochee/ Flint

River system. (USACE/DEP/Governor's Office/NWFWMD/Georgia/Alabama,
2. Develop the format for an interstate compact with the states of Georgia, and
Alabama on management of the Apalachicola, Chattahoochee and Flint river
system. (USACE/DEP/Governor's Office/ NWFWMD/Georgia/Alabama. 6/96,
3. Following completion of ACF basin assessment, develop an interstate
compact with the states of Georgia and Alabama on management of the
Apalachicola, Chattahoochee, and Flint River system. (USACE/ DEP/
Governor's Office/NWFWMD/Georgia/Alabama, Ongoing.)
4. Continue efforts of the Suwannee River Coordinating Council to develop a
comprehensive management plan for the Suwannee River basin. (SRWMD/
USGS/DEP/DCA/Local Governments/state of Georgia, Ongoing.)
5. Continue participation in ASDWA, ASIWPCA, NADSO, and other
appropriate national water resource-related organizations. (DEP & WMDs,
6. Maintain close coordination with the Florida Congressional Delegation on
water resource related issues. (DEP & WMDs, Ongoing.)

* Coordination and Evaluation Issue 2: Inadequate assessment of progress toward
meeting water resource management goals has hindered efforts to make timely
improvements in program capabilities.
+ Strategy 6.2.1: Implement an annual process of evaluating the overall
effectiveness of statewide water resource management efforts.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Continue development and refinement of the Strategic Assessment of
Florida's Environment (SAFE) project. (DEP & FSU, 1996-Continuing.)
2. Continue production of the s. 305(b) Statewide Water Quality Assessment
Reports. (DEP, 1995-Ongoing.)
3. Complete Ecosystem Audit and Evaluation Reports. (DEP, 1996-

+ Strategy 6.2.2: Implement a short-term and long-term process for evaluation
and updating the Florida Water Plan.
Selected Action Steps:
1. Conduct annual assessments of the Florida Water Plan and propose changes
as necessary. (DEP & WMDs, 1996-Ongoing.)
2. Establish a process involving DEP, the WMDs, the Governor's Office, local
governments and the public to conduct a 5-year assessment of the Florida
Water Plan and recommend changes. (DEP lead, 1997-Ongoing.)

3. Revise District Water Management Plans every five years. (WMDs, 1999-

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