The Resource Development Plan:  An Integrated Regional Water Supply Plan Summary Report

Material Information

The Resource Development Plan: An Integrated Regional Water Supply Plan Summary Report


Subjects / Keywords:
City of Tampa ( local )
Tampa Bay ( local )
Groundwater ( jstor )
Water supply ( jstor )
Water resources ( jstor )
Spatial Coverage:
North America -- United States of America -- Florida


Jake Varn Collection - The Resource Development Plan: An Integrated Regional Water Supply Plan Summary Report (JDV Box 39)
General Note:
Box 29, Folder 6 ( Water Supply Coalition - 1996-1997 ), Item 3
Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.

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Levin College of Law, University of Florida
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Levin College of Law, University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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,O 2 3 196

^^'l Vwf


December 20, 1996

Jake Varn, Esquire
Carlton, Fields, Ward, Emmanuel, Smith and Cutler, P.A.
First Florida Bank Building
Post Office Drawer 190
Tallahassee, FL 32302

Dear Jake:

Please accept my (late) personal thanks for your leadership and hospitality at the FPZA
Conference in Tallahassee last month. As a relative newcomer to the Florida water
SSScm scene, I especially appreciate your seasoned/reasoned perspective on the issues.

Ed Turanchik
David J. Fischer
Sallie Parks
R. Michael Salmon
Ed Collins
Wendy Brenner

Jerry L. Maxwell

Further to discussions, enclosed is a copy of the Summary Report on our Regional
Water Supply Plan. Please feel free to call on me at any time if I may be of assistance
in any way.

Again, thanks, and Happy Holidays!



s Russel A. Bowman II, P.E.
Director of Planning and Development
Donald D. Conn



2535 Landmark Drive
Clearwater, FL 34621
Phone 813-796-2355
Fax 813-855-7479

R*!SOUrLC Development Plan .Vovember 26. / 996




The West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority
(Authority) was established by the cities of
Tampa and St. Petersburg and the counties of
Hillsborough, Pasco, and Pinellas in 1974 as a
result of state enabling legislation. The city of
New Port Richey was added in 1982 as a non-
voting member. The Authority was created to
develop, store and supply water for county or
municipal purposes, as outlined in its mission

To provide its members with adequate and
reliable supplies of high quality water to
meet present and future needs in an
environmentally and economically sound

Balancing the need for water and its availability is
a challenge for growing communities. The
Hillsborough-Pinellas-Pasco (Tri-County) area
has experienced rapid growth and economic
development during the past three decades that
have resulted in an increasing need for water
supplies. Comparisons of supply and demand
show that although the regional water supply
system presently operates with sufficient capacity
to meet customer demand, reserve margins are
already inadequate and likely to become more so
without the development of new water sources.

Over the past 20 years the Authority and its
member governments have worked in a
cooperative alliance to meet the on-going needs
of the Tri-County area and its current service
population of approximately 1.8 million. In 1978,
the Authority published the first comprehensive
regional water supply plan (Regional Water
Supply Needs and Sources). The plan was
updated in 1982 and again in 1986. Due to
continued growth, and increased community
interest, a new approach to planning for water


supply in the Tri-County area was needed.
Accordingly, the Resource Development Plan
(RDP) was begun in 1993.

The RDP was based on a comprehensive analysis
of current and future demand, supply sources and
facility capacities, and provided specific
recommendations for developing new water
supplies as an integrated water resource plan.
Implementation of the plan will enable the
Authority to continue to meet its obligations to
develop, operate, and maintain the regional
public water supply system while minimizing
adverse impacts.

Planning Process

The RDP was an integrated resource planning
process (depicted in Figure 1), managed by
Authority staff and consultants. The planning
team relied heavily on input and advice from the

* A Resource Advisory Committee (RAC)
specially formed to assist with the RDP,
consisting of representatives of the
Authority's member governments,
Southwest Florida Water Management
District (SWFWMD), U.S. Geological
Survey, Florida Department of
Environmental Protection, University of
South Florida, Saint Leo College,
Hillsborough County Environmental
Protection Commission, and Hillsborough
County City-County Planning Commission;

* The Authority's
Committee (TAC),
directors from the

Technical Advisory
consisting of the utility
Authority's six member

Indirect guidance was also provided by the
Tampa Bay Water Coordinating Council

West Coast Regional Water Supply .- authority


Resource Development Plan

November 26, 1996

Page SR-1

Resource Development Plan November 26. 1996

(TBWCC), which held a series of meetings at
about the same time the Resource Development
Plan was being finalized. An ad-hoc body co-
chaired by Board members from the Authority
and the Southwest Florida Water Management
District, the TBWCC was created to help build a
consensus on the state of Tampa Bay's water
resources and the best means of meeting future
needs while protecting the area's natural

Adopting a Recommended Plan

The final step of the planning process was the
drafting and adoption of a recommended plan.
The Authority Board of Directors conducted
public workshops to discuss the future supply
needs and the range of alternatives that could be
considered. In these sessions the Board
established five objectives for the recommended

Determining Water Supply Needs

To begin the planning process, the Authority and
its consultants held a series of work sessions with
member utilities to establish population and water
demands of the Tri-County area and make
projections for the future. An inventory of the
existing facilities was then conducted to determine
the available capacity. In addition, resource
management measures, means of optimizing
existing facilities, and ways to reduce current and
future demands were researched.

Determining Potential New Sources of Supply

After projected demands and facility capacities
were compared, the need for new sources was
assessed. The RAC held a series of work
sessions to determine potential future sources of
supply. From these sources, an initial series of
alternative supply plans was developed.

Building Alternative Supply Plans

The RAC and TAC then established 10 criteria to
evaluate and rank each potential source of supply.
The supply elements were combined to create
alternative plans to meet the identified facilities
need. Four alternative plans were formed. Each
of the alternatives included three phases of

* Phase 1: 1995-2000 Capital Improvements Plan
* Phase 2: 2000-2015 Master Plan
* Phase 3: 2015-2030 Long Range Plan

* Aggressive conservation
rotational capacity

and reserve/

* Diversified supply sources
* Limited additional groundwater beyond built
and exchanged capacity
Increased drought-proof and drought-resistant
Least cost consistent with previous objectives

Based on the five objectives, the Board selected
one of the four alternative plans. The selected
plan was subsequently modified based on
comments received from TAC and SWFWMD.
The recommended plan was presented to each
member government during public workshops to
obtain input from the community. The Authority
also held a public meeting for the Tri-County
area at Gaither High School to provide another
opportunity for the public to comment on the
recommended plan. Following this series of
meetings and workshops, the Master Water Plan
was approved in December 1995, incorporating
the mid-range elements of the recommended plan
plus pipeline interconnections to improve water
transfer capabilities within the system. In
response to input from SWFWMD and the
public, the Authority's Board accelerated the
Master Water Plan, so facilities to meet the area's
water needs for the next 20 years will be
implemented in 10 years, and seawater
desalination will be immediately investigated.

West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority

Resource Development Plan

November 26. 1996

Page SR-2

.\'oembher 26 / 99





a a a a a a



I I I I I I I I I l l I
I 1I 1 I I

* Population deand,
projections I,
* Facility invcn

* Need for new sources
* Potential future sources
* Initial development of element
* Initial alternative development

RAC Review



7 1

Mecber Gov'

II ~sg oa~g k~gnii~i Iiah' .Sppl' .'uI/vrt' igeSR I


*Understand present and future needs
and issues
*Identification of alternative sources
SFoster cooperative strategies
*Remove barriers



. -


Resolurce Develo'fhlinent an I'



West Coast Regrinal W'ater Supply .utlhurity

fI'ge SR-3

R~~xource Development Plan November26, 1996


Population Projections

The Resource Development Plan was based on
water demand projections formulated from
population projections. Population projections
from the present through the year 2030 for each of
eight Water Demand Planning Areas were
developed. These planning areas included:
* Northwest Hillsborough
* South-Central Hillsborough
* Tampa
* West Pasco
* East-Central Pasco
* New Port Richey
* Pinellas
* St. Petersburg

Population projections for water supply planning
(functional service population) take into account
seasonal population and other factors in addition to
permanent residents. Figure 2 presents the
functional service population for the region, as
outlined in the RDP, which projected an increase
of about 800,000 between 1995 and 2030, or
approximately 20,000 people per year.

Water Demand Projections
To determine future water needs, the Authority
analyzed regional water use from 1980 to 1994.
As Figure 3 shows, water use declined after 1989
due to water conservation in the region. Future
use, based on the 1989 per capital rate, was
projected to show what water use might be without
continued conservation. The next demand
projection was based on the 1994 per capital use
(the most current full year of data at that time). In
addition, a demand projection was made
considering further reductions that would result
from the implementation of additional conservation
measures. (Ref. 11)

Reserve Requirements
To meet capacity needs, sufficient water supply
sources must be in place not only to provide for
projected demand but reserve requirements as
well. Reserve requirements, sometimes referred to
as "rotational capacity," include flexibility to
respond to climate conditions, system failures or
limitations, regulatory constraints, or
environmental conditions. This reserve is
essentially water for the environment because it
allows production to be shifted among different
sources in response to environmental stress.
Interconnectivity of the region's facilities is the
foundation upon which rotational capacity is built,

West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority



S2.5 26

1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030

November 26. 1996

Resource Development Plan

Page SR-4




s00 -.- Actual Historical Demand

S o i Projected Based On Historical 1989 Data (Pre-Conservation)
S..... Projected Based on 1994 Demand
-- Projected Based on Additional Conservation -

S 350

S 250.


1910 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030

and its implementation reduces the amount of
reserve required as well as improving the overall
efficiency of the system. To ensure adequate
reserves, extra capacity beyond customer demand
must be permitted for the water supply system.

Managing Demand
As the overall understanding and importance of
water resources of the area increases, there is a
corresponding increased need for optimal and
efficient use of the resources. To use water once
and discard it becomes increasingly inefficient.
Thus, the RDP addressed not only development
of new sources, but also efficient use and reuse of

Over the past several years, the Authority and its
members have embarked on major water
conservation programs such as reclaimed water
systems for irrigation, water rate structures that
encourage conservation, and restrictions on
outdoor water use. These and other efforts to
manage demand generated a 14 percent reduction
in per capital use between 1989 and 1994. This
represents a 45 million gallon per day (mgd)
reduction in total 1994 use over what would have
occurred without conservation.

The trend of declining water demands continued in
1995. The 1995 demand was about 219 mgd,
approximately 1.5 percent less than 1994.

As a part of the RDP, additional conservation
measures that appeared to be viable were
identified. The measures are:
* Requiring plumbing fixtures to meet U.S.
Energy Policy Act efficiency standards
* Toilet rebate/replacement
* Plumbing fixture retrofit
* Clotheswasher rebate/replacement
* Dishwasher rebate/replacement
* Irrigation and landscape evaluation
* Irrigation/landscape rebate
* Cisterns/rain water harvesting rebate
* Industrial/commercial/institutional audits
* Reuse of reclaimed water for irrigation and
industrial purposes
* Educational programs

If the Tri-County area continues its low water use
and is aggressive in implementing new or
expanded conservation programs, it is estimated
that an additional 11 percent reduction in demand
could be realized.

West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority

November 26, 1996

Resource Development Plan

Page SR-5

Resource Develoment PlanN

Need For New Sources

The total water needs for a fully interconnected
system, based on projected demand including
conservation and rotational capacity, are presented
in Figure 4. Existing supplies are not adequate for
three reasons:

* The graph shows average use, but the system
must accommodate normal variations above
the long-term average that occur from year to
year. This variation above the average is about
5 percent.
* The system is not fully interconnected.
Available water supplies in certain areas
cannot be accessed to meet the needs of other
There is not sufficient reserve capacity to
rotate production among various facilities in
response to supply system needs, such as
maintenance or failure, or in response to
environmental needs, such as lack of rainfall
in a particular area or observed environmental

Historically, the Authority's interconnected
regional system and member facilities have
operated below their permitted capacity. For
example, average day actual usage in 1992 was
229.7 mgd, which was more than 20 percent below
the average day permitted capacity of 289 mgd.
At any given time, operational limitations may
prevent existing facilities from being utilized at
full permitted capacity. These limitations may
include: 1) physical limitations such as inadequate
pump or pipeline capacity; 2) equipment downtime
for repair or maintenance; 3) reduced production
for environmental reasons, such as observed
wetland or lake impacts, rainfall, water levels or
trends, and water quality considerations; and 4)
reduced production imposed by regulations.

Rotational capacity is designed to provide
adequate reserves in the system to accommodate
operational limitations and ensure the natural
capacity of a supply source by enabling facilities
to be rested. Reserve needs under current
circumstances have been estimated to be about 25
percent of total customer demand.




Actual Historical Demand
450 -
450Projected Demand Based on Additional Conservation
SAdditional 5 Percent For Variability In Demand
400 Facilities Need Including 25 Percent Rotational Capacity
...... Existing Permitted Capacity



250 r


1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005

West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority

- -

... . . ................. ............... ......

2010 2015 2020 2025 2030

Page SR-6

November 26. 1996

RrsourcP Duvuloomml Plan

Resource Development Plan November 26. 1996

Based on the member governments' best estimates
of future demands, including reserves for the
environment, future water needs were estimated by
planning period:

Phase 1: 1995-2000
Phase 2: 2000-2015
Phase 3: 2015-2030

33 mgd
46 mgd
43 mgd

With an aggressive, coordinated conservation
program, it was estimated these needs could be
reduced to the following:

Phase 1: 1995-2000
Phase 2: 2000-2015
Phase 3: 2015-2030

27 mgd
37 mgd
33 mgd

Potential Future Sources Of Water

Following the determination of future water needs,
the Authority conducted a brainstorm session with
the RAC to consider future sources of supply for
the region. These potential sources, many of
which had been proposed in the past in SWFWMD
and Authority documents, ranged from traditional
water sources to technically and politically more
challenging alternatives and resulted in a listing of
83 different sources. The project team then met to
review the brainstorm suggestions and to organize
them into the following categories:

* Optimization of Existing Facilities
* Groundwater
* Surface Water
* Springs
* Reuse
* Desalination
* Inter-Regional Supply

Each different source was reviewed for its
significance as a regional water supply. Also, the
current level of technology was reviewed to
determine if the source could be reliably and
economically developed.

Development And Evaluation Of

The next step in the planning process was the
analysis of supply sources (or plan elements) and
their potential yield and cost. The project team
including the TAC then developed a series of
alternative plans based on combinations of supply

Element capital costs included preliminary
estimates of construction, engineering,
administration, and contingencies. The estimated
operation and maintenance costs for the elements
covered normal operation of the facilities and
included labor, supplies, energy, maintenance and
parts replacement. In addition, operating costs for
specialized items such as private well replacement,
environmental mitigation, and monitoring and
evaluation were also estimated. Table 1 presents
the water quantity associated with each element
along with a range of total unit costs (capital and
operating and maintenance) per 1,000 gallons.

An evaluation matrix was developed to rate each
supply element on 10 qualitative criteria to create a
ranking. The qualitative criteria used to evaluate
the elements included:

Source of Supply considered the location and
condition of each element, including its long term
viability and whether its quantity is sufficient to
warrant consideration.

Permitability considered the likelihood of
obtaining a permit to use the element.

Health and Safety determined whether there are
any potential public health and safety hazards
associated with utilization of the source.

Economics considered the impact of the water
production from a supply element on the budgets
and water rates of the Authority and its member

Environmental considered potential
environmental impacts of each element's potable
water production, operation and maintenance
practices and, in the case of desalination,
concentrate disposal.

West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority

Resource Development Plan

November 26. 1996

Page SR-7


RANGE ($/1.000 gal)


Northeast Hillsborough Groundwater 8 to 20 .89 to 1.46 Cone Ranch and/or dispersed wellfields

East Pasco Groundwater 8 to 20 .71 to 1.07 Dispersed wellfields in selected locations

Central Pasco Groundwater 5 .71 Dispersed wellfield between Starkey/N. Pasco
and Cypress Creek Wellfields

Cypress Bridge Wellfield Expansion 4 to 8 .40 Permit expansion of existing wellfield

Hillsborough River 8 to 40 .83 to 1.48 Interconnection of Regional System and City of
Tampa to maximize seasonal use of Hillsborough
River supply when available

Tampa Bypass Canal (TBC) 10 to 30 .83 to 1.16 Additional water supply, either ground or surface
water, from the TBC system

Tampa Water Resource Recovery 20 to 50 1.72 to 2.28 Indirect potable reuse of repurified water from
Curren AWT Plant blended with TBC

Howard F. Curren Reuse to Agriculture 20 to 22 .82 to 1.44 Exchange reclaimed water with agriculture for
or Pasco Rainbow groundwater and/or wellfield rehydration

Alafia River Exchange with Agriculture 15 .71 Provide river water for agriculture in exchange
for groundwater

Springs in Hillsborough County 5 to 10 1.06 to 1.19 Sulfur Springs and/or Lithia Springs


Brackish Water Desalination 4 to 20 1.73 Desalination by reverse osmosis of brackish
water at modular 4 mgd facilities throughout the
Tri-County area

Seawater Desalination 20 to 50 4.56 to 4.81 Desalination of Gulf and/or Bay waters at coastal


Inter-Regional Supply Lake Rousseau 30 to 50 1.86 to 2.06 Surface water supply in partnership with the
Withlacoochee Regional Water Supply Authority

Inter-Regional Supply Groundwater 30 1.02 Groundwater supply in partnership with the
Withlacoochee Regional Water Supply Authority

Inter-Regional Supply Weeki-Wachee 15 1.94 Ground/surface water in partnership with the
Springs Withlacoochee Regional Water Supply Authority

Page SR-8

West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority

November 26, 1996

Rrsource Urveloomml Pkm

Res~~urce Development Plan November 26, 1996

Energy addressed the energy requirements of
particular water supply elements.

Water Quality considered the quality of the
potential water supply.

Reliability addressed the reliability of the supply
both in terms of quality and quantity.

Location considered the proximity of the element
to the Authority's service area.

Compatibility considered the compatibility of
different supply sources and treatments from a
water quality perspective.

A final ranking of supply elements was developed
which incorporated both cost and qualitative
evaluation factors. Absent any other policy
direction, these factors tended to favor
groundwater elements as cost effective with
acceptable and manageable non-cost impacts.
However, with guidance from the Authority and
its members, a series of alternative plans was
formulated which took into account the evaluation
factors as well as other policy objectives. Each
alternative represented a different approach to
meeting the facilities need of the Tri-County area.
The four alternatives ranged in capacity from 98 to
124 mgd for a fully interconnected system.

Two alternative plans (1 and 2) were based on the
supply element cost ranking and qualitative matrix
evaluations. Alternative 1 followed the cost and
non-cost rankings without consideration of any
other policy objectives. Alternative 2 relied on the
cost and qualitative rankings but incorporated a
preference for new supply sources outside Pasco

Alternative 3 assumed an aggressive conservation
program to reduce the overall facilities need.
Element selection was then based on maximizing
non-groundwater elements while. trying to use
elements ranked in the upper half of the
cumulative (cost and qualitative) ranking matrix.

The selection of elements making up Alternative 4
was based on the following five objectives
established by the Authority Board of Directors:

S Aggressive conservation and reserve/
rotational capacity

* Diversified supply sources
* Limited additional groundwater beyond built
and exchanged capacity
* Increased drought-proof and drought resistant
* Least cost consistent with previous objectives

After a series of work sessions and public
meetings on the alternative plans, the Board
accepted Alternative 4 as a preliminary plan for
public review, discussion and possible revision.
The final recommended plan, Alternative Plan 4A,
was developed in response to comments from the
public, TAC, SWFWMD, and the Authority's
member governments.

Alternative 4A

After public meetings before the elected officials
of the member governments and receipt of written
comments from SWFWMD, Alternative 4A
became the recommended plan. It includes
aggressive demand management and a diverse mix
of sources including reuse, surface water, aquifer
storage & recovery, brackish water and seawater.
It also limits new groundwater to a modest
expansion of an existing wellfield permit in Pasco
County and the development/redevelopment of
groundwater resources in eastern Hillsborough
County. The inclusion of more drought-proof and
drought-resistant components was effectively
accomplished with aquifer storage & recovery,
reuse, and a commitment to a developmental
phase which focuses on desalination. Phases 1
through 3 were reconfigured to make more water
available earlier. Specific supply elements were
selected based on least cost consistent with the
other objectives.

The combination of supply elements making up
Alternative 4A is presented in Table 2.

West Coast Regional Water Supply authorityy

Resource Development Plan

November 26. 1996

Page SR-9


Phase Supply Element Name Capacity(mgd)
Cypress Bridge Permit Increase 4
Phase 1 Industrial/Agriculture Exchange 12
1995-2000 Brandon Urban Wellfield 12
Tampa Bypass Canal Linear Wellfield 10
Subtotal 38
Phase 2 Hillsborough Bay Resource Exchange 35
2000-2015 Cone Ranch and Dispersed Wells 12
Subtotal 47
Phase 3 Hillsborough River High Water 20
2015-2030 Agricultural Reuse Exchange 10
Subtotal 30
Total 115
Developmental Brackish Water Desalination 4-20
Alternatives Seawater Desalination 20-50
Plan 4A includes an aggressive conservation program that is expected to reduce per capital use by
10 mgd in 2000, 26 mgd in 2015, and 42 mgd in 2030, compared to current per capital use.


The Master Water Plan

Although Recommended Plan 4A met the Board's
five objectives, the Board requested the following
modifications based on additional community

* accelerate implementation
* increase emphasis of developmental

Accelerated implementation was emphasized
because the existing system lacks sufficient reserve
capacity to meet regional public supply and
environmental needs. The consensus of the
comments during the later public meetings and
workshops was that the adopted plan should
represent a shortening or compression of the
schedule of Recommended Plan 4A.

These refinements to Recommended Plan 4A
resulted in the Master Water Plan. The Master
Water Plan is comprised of the first two phases of
Alternative Plan 4A compressed to a 10-year
implementation schedule instead of the original 20
years. With new sources of supply and an
expanded interconnected system, the ability to
rotate production among a variety of facilities will
enable the Authority to provide improved
environmental stewardship while meeting the
needs of its members.

The Authority Board adopted the Master Water
Plan, as indicated in Figure 5 and Table 3, in
December 1995. The six supply elements of the
Master Water Plan are outlined below:

Cypress Bridge Permit Increase
This element optimizes the use of existing
constructed capacity by increasing production
approximately 4 mgd. (Ref. 1, 3, 5, 9, and 12)

West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority

November 26. 1996

Hrsclurce Uevrloomenr Plun

Page SR-10

I ICl ItI 5

Master Water Plan


keg I mr4Ial Sy~slte
Shell WCkWSA Faclities
O MriuIrr Factllltrs
H I Sources & Faclltlles
i.) l Wlter Supply Elemelnt

4j2 FIclltlles hlaprouvrellt Elrllenl

Phas 1 Cypres Bridge Prmit Increase 14A
1905-2000 Tampa Bypas Canal Linear Wellfeld 49
North-Central Hillborough Intertie 87
Indutria/Agrtculturael Exchange
(Lllthl 5. Alana 7) 24A
South-Central Hfllsborough Intertle 48
East Hillsborough Basin Phase I
(Brandon Urban Wellflld) 4A

Phae 2 East Hllsborough Basin Phase 2
2000-2005 (Cone Ranch & Dispersed Wells) 4B
Hillborough Bay Resource Exchange 54
Loop 72" Transmlsson Main Phase A 43

Developmental Brackish Water Dealination
Alternatives HUlborough River High Water
Seawater Dealnation


I'tage SHR-I

m.\'eniiher 6. /1996

l1'.m ( '

Resource Development Plan Vovember 26. 1996

Tampa Bypass Canal Linear Wellfield
Studies conducted on behalf of WCRWSA
and the City of Tampa indicate that additional
supply is available under most circumstances
from the Tampa Bypass Canal. This element
consists of the development of a linear
wellfield along the Tampa Bypass Canal with
a capacity of 10 MGD. (Ref. 4, 8, 9, and 12)

Industrial/Agricultural Exchange
One part of this element will provide
reclaimed water from Hillsborough County to
industrial users in exchange for a portion of
their permitted use of springs in South-Central
Hillsborough County. The other part provides
surface water to agricultural users in exchange

for a portion of their permitted groundwater
use. As a result, total groundwater
withdrawals will be reduced. Excess surface
water from the Alafia River will be captured
and stored in a reservoir in mined phosphate
areas. As the reservoir lake is constructed, the
surrounding environment will be restored and
enhanced for wildlife. Aquifer storage and
recovery (ASR) is also under consideration for
seasonal storage of excess surface water. (Ref.
3, 5, 9, and 12)

West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority


Cypress Bridge Transmission Main 6
Phase 0 Tampa/Hillsborough Interconnect 8 Under
1995-1997 Construction
Morris Bridge Transmission Main 6
Subtotal 20
Cypress Bridge Permit Increase 4 1,400,000 424,300
Tampa Bypass Canal Linear Wellfield 17,578,842 2,303,400
Phase 1
1995-2000 (& North-Central Hillsborough Intertie) 10 22,885,632 200,000
Industrial/Agricultural Exchange 36,338,854 1,332,000
(& South-Central Hillsborough Intertie) 12 18,880,646 170,000
Brandon Urban Wellfield 12 23,886,341 1,453,352
Subtotal 38 120,970,316 5,883,052
Cone Ranch & Dispersed Wells 12 40,405,302 1,707,112
Phase 2 Hillsborough Bay Resource Exchange 108,175,013 14,719.733
(& Loop 72 Transmission Phase A) 35 25,563,251 150,000
Subtotal 47 174,143,566 16,576,845
Total 105 295,113,882 22,459,897
Developmental Brackish Water Desalination 4-20
Alternatives Hillsborough River High Water 15-25
Seawater Desalination 20-50
The Plan includes an aggressive conservation program that is expected to reduce per capital use by 10 mgd in 2000
and 17 mgd in 2005.

Resource Development Plan

November 26. 1996

Page SR-12

Resource Development l'lun November 26. 1996

Brandon Urban Wellfield
This project includes the redevelopment of
previously used urban withdrawals through
dispersed wells in Brandon. Existng wells and
sites will be utilized where feasible and the
specific location of new wells and the
wellfield pipeline will be negotiated with
interested parties. (Ref. 3, 9, and 12)

Cone Ranch and Dispersed Wells
This element consists of the development and
management of water resources in Northeast
Hillsborough County. The project includes
supply from Cone Ranch, purchased by the
Authority and Hillsborough County for water
supply, and selected dispersed wells along a
pipeline connecting Cone Ranch and the
Brandon Urban Wellfield. The specific
location of the wells and the wellfield pipeline
will be negotiated with interested parties. The
element includes implementation of a
dechannelization/rehydration project at Cone
Ranch. (Ref. 1, 3, 5, 9, and 12)

Hillsborough Bay Resource Exchange
This element consists of the reuse of water
from the City of Tampa's Howard F. Curren
Advanced Wastewater Treatment Facility. A
portion of water presently discharged to
Hillsborough Bay would be diverted into a
supplemental treatment facility. The "super
treated" repurified water would then be
pumped to the Tampa Bypass Canal.
Concurrently, groundwater will be withdrawn
through a linear wellfield located along the
Bypass Canal and treated at a new or existing
membrane/filter plant. This project includes
the Tampa Water Resource Recovery Project,
cofunded by City of Tampa, the Authority,
SWFWMD, and USEPA. (Ref. 3, 4, 5, 8, 9,
and 12)

These new supplies will be developed in Phases 1
and 2 of the Master Water Plan. Phase 0 includes
three pipeline projects that are underway to
connect existing facilities. Phase 0 will add 20
mgd to the available capacity of the regional

The Master Water Plan also includes
developmental alternatives dedicated to exploring
promising water supply options that may require

sophisticated technologies or unconventional
approaches to regional supply. As technology
advances and understanding increases, the cost of
an alternative may come down. Reductions in cost
will allow earlier implementation of a
developmental alternative. The developmental
alternatives included for evaluation are:

* Brackish Water Desalination
* Hillsborough River High Water
* Seawater Desalination

A Solutionfor Tampa Bay's Future

The Master Water Plan, as adopted by the
Authority's Board, is a solution to the area's water
supply needs. It is responsive to the concerns of
citizens and SWFWMD, and it meets the Board's
five objectives. Aggressive conservation and
reserve/rotational capacity is accomplished
through the goal of further reductions in per capital
demand. A comprehensive demand management
plan is currently being developed with the
Authority's members. The plan will identify the
most cost-effective water saving measures and
quantify the water savings potential in the region.
Initial data collection and analysis and the
generation of demand management options with
member governments is under way. The first of its
kind in Florida, this plan will provide the
foundation for future demand management

With the accelerated implementation of supply and
transmission elements in the Master Water Plan,
the second part of the first objective is met. The
reserve/rotational goal of 25 percent will be
enhanced over the next 10 years by the early
implementation of projects as specified in the
Master Water Plan.

The second objective of the Board is diversified
supply sources. The supply elements of the
Master Water Plan represent a balance of
traditional and alternative sources. The traditional
sources in the Plan are primarily projects which
have been planned with commitments made for a
number of years, such as Cone Ranch and
redevelopment of the Brandon Urban Wellfield.
The Master Water Plan also represents a broad
blend of alternative sources including surface

Page SR-13

West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority

November 26. 1996

Resource Development Plan

Re!saurce l)ev~1opm~~zt Plan November26. 1996

water, reclaimed water, repurified water,
desalination and ASR.

The objective of limited additional groundwater
beyond built and exchanged capacity is
accomplished in great part through diversification.
The groundwater supplies outlined in the Master
Water Plan are either limited expansions of
existing facilities, redevelopment of existing or
prior uses, or the exchange of surface and
reclaimed water for existing groundwater use.

Increased drought-proof and drought resistant
components, another Board objective, are
provided in the Master Water Plan first through the
integration of existing sources of supply via new
pipeline projects. The Industrial/Agricultural
Exchange and the Hillsborough Bay Resource
Exchange, which total almost 50 percent of the
new capacity in the Master Water Plan, use the
exchange of reclaimed water as a drought-proof
source. And ASR provides great promise as a way
to efficiently convert seasonally high surface water
flows to sustainable long-term public supply.

As with any plan, the Master Water Plan must
meet our needs at the least cost consistent with
previous objectives. Meeting the current and
future water needs of the region will not be
inexpensive. However, within the bounds of the
Board's first four objectives, the sources of supply
comprising the Master Water Plan were selected
based on least cost as compared to other potential

In conclusion, the Master Water Plan provides a
balanced, sustainable, long-term approach to the
region's water supply through optimizing existing
facilities, expanding and integrating the regional
system, and adding alternative water supplies to
ensure the best and most efficient use of Tampa
Bay's resources. The Master Water Plan meets the
present and future water needs of Tampa Bay's
residents and provides environmental reserves
dedicated to effective resource management.

West Coast Regional Water Supply Authority

November 26. 1996

Resource Development Plan

Page SR-14


I. "Regional Water Supply Needs and Sources 1985-2020", Camp, Dresser & McKee, December

2. "Reverse Osmosis Pilot Studies Final Report", University of South Florida and Post, Buckley,
Schuh and Jernigan, July 1989.

3. "Water Supply Needs & Sources 1990-2020," Southwest Florida Water Management District,
January 1992.

4. "Tampa Water Resource Recovery Project Summary Report", CH2M Hill, 1993.

5. "Draft Water Resource Development Plan", Law Enginnering and Environmental Services,
July 8, 1994.

6. "WRDP Executive Summary Report", WCRWSA, August 25, 1994.

7. "District Water Management Plan", Southwest Florida Water Management District,
September 1994.

8. "Second Interpretive Report, Tampa Bypass Canal and Hillsborough River Hydro-Biological
Monitoring Program," Water and Air Research and SDI Environmental Services, March 1995.

9. "The Systems Management Approach: A Call for Action", Tampa Bay Water Coordinating
Council and Herb Marlowe, April 1995.

10. "WRDP Water Supply Options Summary", WCRWSA, June 20, 1995.

11. "WRDP Water Demand Summary", WCRWSA, July 3, 1995.

12. "WRDP Facilities Need and Recommended Plans", WCRWSA, July 10, 1995.

West Coast Regional Water Supply authorityy

Resource Development Plan

November 26,1996

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