Title: Innovative Project Links Water Quality and Land Use Planning
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00004648/00001
 Material Information
Title: Innovative Project Links Water Quality and Land Use Planning
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: American Planning Association Florida Chapter
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
Abstract: Jake Varn Collection - Innovative Project Links Water Quality and Land Use Planning (JDV Box 70)
General Note: Box 24, Folder 4 ( Water Supply Issues - Linking Water Supply Planning and Land Use Planning ), Item 11
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: WL00004648
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text
12-16-1996 01:19PM FROM

F' American Planning Association
Florida Chapter

707 Park Avenue East, Tallahdssee, FL 32301 904/222-0808

i '. .1 "

TO: Terry Pride, DEP 40
Estus Whitfield, EOG
Dan Stengle. EOG

FROM: Sue Mullins, FAPA '.--

DATE: December 16, 1996

RE: Linking Water Supply Planning and Land Use Pldnning

Thank you for your inclusion of the American Planning AssociatiOn, Florida Chapter in the ongoing
discussions of the Water Supply Development and Funding Working Group. By the very nature of
our organization, we are committed to helping design a sustainably-planned Florida, and feel very
strongly that the two issues of water supply planning and land useiplanning are inextricably linked,
as well they should be in order to achieve any sustainability for our growing state.

To that end, I have attached an article for your review- it is one which we ran this past summer in
our monthly publication. The article covers an approach taken by a joint project of the U.S. Dept.
of Agriculture and the State of Connecticut, where the focus is on educingg polluted runoff through
local land use planning improvements. Please take a few moments to read the highlighted sections
of this article so you too will understand why we've taken the position of strengthening the land and
water planning link in Florida.

It might prove useful in some way that at least a few of us are on the same page with this issue while
we are in our group discussions of water supply development. Thd concept of strengthened planning
of this nature does not appear to run counter to any of the interested parties' issues, but there does
seem to be an underlying sentiment of "the less planning, the better" among some in our committee.
While "planning for planning's sake" is not a worthwhile pursuit, he notion of purposeful planning
to minimize the adverse effects of overdevelopment, and to prevent that kind of development in the
future is worthwhile.

Thank you in advance for your time spent reading this, and tlhank you again for including our
organization in this committee.

Tom Pelham, AJCP Vorrk F'bllps, AJCP Jan Hansen, AfCP Marda Elder
President President-Elect Past President Erecutive Dirccor

JosOph H. Bell, AICP Marie York, AICP Marty Hodgkins, AICP Stephen Kelly, AICP
VP for Chapter Affairs V? for Profe.rsiol Derrop'en Stca, "r-as..

9225380 P.01


9225380 P.02

12-16-1996 01:20PM FROM

A4 C,_tL W"e,



Volume VJU, Number 5

Innovative Project Links

Water Quality and Land Use Planning

By Sue Mullins
Alarming ongoing studies by the fed-
eral Environmental Protection Agency show
that polluted run-
off is a major fac-
tor in the severe
degr adaiollof .
critical water re-
sourceSnalimb ra .;
wide and that

opertio with th -----
substantial num-
bers ofAmericans
contaminated wa-
ter. As a result of ._
research on the
subject, the Ex-
tension Service 1
(ES) of the U.S.
Department of
Agriculture, in co- -,
operation with the
University of Connecticut, has launched a
three-ycar project to focus on helping mu-

Tne Perils of Planners 3
Planning's Latest Frontier 4
DCA Viewpoint 7
'96 Legislative Session 8
SLAPP Suits 11
Professional Development 15

nicipal decision makers understand nonPoint Grant College Program and the I niversily's
source water pollution. i Department of Natural Resources Manage-
Called NEMO, for "Nonpint Educa- ment and Engineering. It is the first of a
tion for Mnicipal Officials", the projeq4 is number of ES projects around the nation
directed at helping pio-
. te1t the water qualty of
estuaries and other water
.-: bodies of national impor-
lance. Research thus far
v ais shown conclusively
that the scattered, incrc-
S mental nature of his pe
of pollution dictates that
education, not just regu-
fation an enForcement,
will be the key to combat-

'.> "Gulp"
Non point source pol-
lution is really just
bu eaucratese foi pl-
ltAPJ ni ru IT ,n;siet


rated by the University's Cooperative
ension Service, the Connecticut Sea (See

INNOVATIVE onpage 6)


* FAPA Elections Process for Statewide Officers Underway.
See inside for Slate of Canrdidates.

* 1996 Chapter Awards Program Moving Full Steam Ahead.
See Insert for Callfor Applications.

* Plans In the Works for Outstanding FAPA '96 Conference.
Mark Your Calendars for October 2-4.

June 1996


t 11ING

12-16-1996 01:21RPM FROM TO 9225380 P.03
....- -.-,- ,, ,, um very neet that reducing pol- display. compare and analyze important data
ted n ahid ._tluugh from which the target town better able
of any water running over the land, whether formed land use. decisions at the local to mke thii land use decisions, and also to
from rain, car washing, watering of crops level, ratheithan just setting national sran. ta e stock of the current damage. T_ GIS
and lawns, or other means. That waterpicks yards for water consumption safety. The technology has proven itself an invaluable
up a wide array of contaminants, including concept of linking land use decisions to management and planning tool for NEMO,
oil and sand from roadways, agricultural water use was nearly codified this year by as it has allowed them to show that crucial
chemicals from farns', TltInuiJwf HdEd the Florida Legislature through provisions relationship of a town's land use and water
toxic materials from urban an su ban in a House bill estalishing a strong water quality in a dramatic but understandable
ajfjjhis runoff simply trickles its way into planning process. The bill, which called for way.
our waterways, either directly or through a 20-year planning horizon for water needs NEMO's keyfiqdind of course, is that
storm drainage systems. Tap water in and sources and other planning provisions, as the intensity of development increases,
Florida continues to be plagued by both was considered too controversial and was so does the generation of nonpoint source
common bacteria] contaminationas wel- as not adopted. watciollution. But the best indicator
chemical contaminants which come main .. ,m t Tound. of intensity of develop-
from pesticides lead and excess radianuao l F!,, "I '.ent in a diven are ii the Ramount of imper
o,,n u;ce poutit T "os surface. Studies have shown that the
point source pollution in that the aIntcr c4 view h grar i number of these impenetrable
EMO e. n .rWr the number of these impenetrable
from speciic sources such as ewaert.i as h n bel r ., urtaes sh as sheets, sidewalks or build-
ment plants. hazardous material spills ornd eri iridlif hlped ftr the ex'an ingI.i a w cd. lhe heater the poten-
dusltrial Tacili The EPA recognize that," bon'of gpr' ih nwnii tcmeniit larin'ig ii p;.'lT da'grliion of that notershod's water
muc workhas been done in the e ffrtto s ni f 'rise in stine ai d'fdeTrl is. Local official can protect their
clean up major point sources, but esd iti ,.non nt lii atnd prorams tha under-laiersorces hv conidcring the location,
that ollnred runoff is now iho single I ucd local of ls. eitent.dainne and maintenanceof imper-
est cause of deterioration of our na i' '.be knowlecdgebl about dic'. act. yk t sd.infe m on the Iown as o
v aterq Vly. he damagic s no 1 Imiledt .fgt, and .an'gemenr of po.llute..lru-oTf, v.e a.as in ,ucer..hicd' dii individual site lev-
s but can be detected in .planeis:go more involvedijD:.vl eldp '
sream. aL L pond aer pollu;n- 'i process fo edaling nidal ol- ;c;::'1 .Sie dcign. regulated zoning limil-
loca, communi levcl, including residtnp.,' s i a, ofheiilpac ts fan duse Oo r Lioti natural resources planning and the use
--.. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ -- --, ....,: ... --..
own bkya rds, c:n result in a r~Ilhing oprou4 '. a l:rcqualiy a tanagement prices are effective
c ol-ng the waterways with \,ceds t"f th'R, g einpnn'b :.t,'-,I,, r t' problem Changn the
lsc toc i at d i wIdts I m a n to f i-nh(1alP uahen T 1 0 pri[olvem Changing the
klIs to cotanad dkg wPter ; .I pm jee euhg 'c or quality ofdevelopment
One in ten Floridians are cnsonsumnin r i '~ilonig t'Connccct shire .. I l u
contaminated vwaer, according oa eort .'Usigge~ gapllic infmdonitioi -yleln .:.rm waner runoff, which in turn impacts
released May 9 by the Florida PLblic Jnier- (Ci) 'mappin echnology. NEMF'i 'elps localwerccurses By enhancing andchan-
est Research rGroup. Their report of EPA illustrate the obvious connection between neling surface drainage in lieu of natural
findings documented by the Natural Re- land use and water quality. A series of GIS drainage systems, itnpervious surfaces lile
sources Defense Council goes as far as pin- images based on saellite-dcrived land cover/ Atphalt, concrete and roofing increase the
pointing sites statewide that are sources of land use data revealing images of topoga- vTimand velocity of runoff. often result-
below-standard water. All in all, 1,844,025 phad drainage systems are used to em- ing in flooding, erosion and permanent al-
people in 957 communities in Florida axe prasi.e the water cycle,ithe watershed con- terations in watercouse movement. A i-
reported as having consumed water that cept and the need for watcrshcd manage- tkinally, by blocking the intiltration of wa-
failed to meet federal health standards dur- mnErnt-Tht he rma intersen7ered _wt tcrand its nItsoa-ted pollutants ino the soil,
ing 1994 and 1995. FPIRG is concerned riou-ind and aerial photos to cue local offi- impervinii surfaces inter ere with ne natu-
about a bill currently before the U.S. House Ci as to the trend in land use pattems and reprocessing of nutrients, sediment. patn-
of Representatives that would further thie--ureig.amnage in their own muinici- pens and other contaminants, which also
weaken those federal water quality stan- pati which shuwsiiecomon polluted 1ive -Ti surface water ualit..
dards, according to FPIRG's spokesperson, runffproblemaSsocid i theTiaien Fut local officials interested in reduc-
Beth Kidder, who added that 900 people die land use. ing water quality impacts of existing and
and another 1,000 Americans get sick each By complain the existing laid use in future development, there. are straegies out-
year front drinking polluted water, watershed areas with "build-out" scenarios lined by NEMO that are useful for Florida's
"With Congress considering weakening based on he town's zoning regulations, a planning community. The first strategy is
the federal water quality standards. loc l f final GIS map revls the potential inches simply to plan sensibly, meaning plan de-_
goverments are going to have to take an in the amount of i ion suace (a key velopment based on a town's natu al re-
even harder look at their water sources that dete sea ater sources. it is boththe least costly and most
may be contaminated," Kidder said. "Bet- decly depicts the relationship of local land ectiway otprev g adverse water-
ter planning and restriction of sione types use- and water quality and aIT os'ftfi-ciaisto course impacts. A working knowledge of a
of development is one way to protect the mirke more intoricd decisions about their com natural resources. and an in-
water." pTann e project s"ucfcssuy ventory of thus
The NEMQ Project bases its program uses the GIS overlay mapping systems to (Sc INNOVATIVE on page 14)
6 June 1996 Florida Planning

12-16-1996 01:23PM FROM

PLANNER (Comprehensive, Neighbor-
hood, and Land Use). Salary Range -
$31,273 $45,242 per year. Requires a
Master's Degree from an accrcdi ted four (4)
year college or university with major course
work in Urban Planning or closely related
field and two (2) years experience in respon-
sible comprehensive, neighborhood, and
land use planning work: or any equivalent
combination of training and experience.
PLANNING WORK experience may be
substituted for the required education. To
be creditable such experience must be
NOTE: Florida experience preferred. Offi-
cial application must be received by the
Broward County Division of Human Re-
sources by 4:00 PM on June 21, 1996. Of-
ficial application and additional information
may be obtained from the Broward County
Division of Human Resources Personnel
Center, 115 S. Andrews Avenue, Annex B,

9225380 P.04


Ft. Laudcidale, FL 33301. Phone (954) 357-
NER The City of Destin is accepting ap-
plications for the position of Senior Plan-
ner. Position performs difficult professional
work handling a variety of a-nignments in
the Planning & Zoning Department. Devel-
ops plans and planning programs which re-
quires comprehensive knowledge: of the ad-
vanced principles and practices of urban
planning and community development; thor-
ough knowledge of legislation affecting lo-
cal government planning efforts; knowledge

of preparing the comprehensive plan: knowl-
edge of computer applications; ability to
present research effectively in oral, written
and graphic form; ability to establish and
maintain effective working relationship
Graduation from an accredited college or
university with major course work in urban
planning or related field and five (5) years
experience as a professional planner. Salary
range $26. 813 S35,000. Please submit re-
sume with salary requirements and refer-
ences to: Robert T. Mearns, City Manager,
CITY OF DESTIN, 4200 Two Trees Road,
Destin. Florida 39541. EOE. Drug Free
niiiiinum. Activities include current and
long-range programs. Landscape Architec-
ture, GIS. Site Plan review a plus Apply by
June 17, 1996. to Personnel Dept; City Hall,
101 N. Church Street: Kissimmec, FL
34741. AA/EOE.
In keeping with the Chnptrr'r pbhlihe-inn
schedule for the summer months, July and August
ltil of the newtlr.ter will be combined inlo a single
Issue. Ad deadline is July 8.

INNOVATIVE...from page 6

starting uideto proorte develop-
ment, follwed by sttin a otection ri-
ories list o act as a framework to evaluate
impat of proposed or existing develop-
ment. Formal depiction (through GIS or
conventional overlay maps) of the protec-
tion areas in community plans and proce-
dures is essential to realisica luding
ticm n local decisions. Use of broad pro-
tection strategies, like building buffer zones
Or using setba.c.c requairmeents for watershed
areas in particular, is also necessary Ad
finally, etermining a budget" which sets
rUoveTamfiimtrinoie numbEer of impervi-
ous 5urfaccs, and requires increases in pave-
ment, eor example, on one site to be offset
by decreases on another site t fomirpen iqt,
might help curtail the impact future growt't
hasonic iers e areas.
Secondly, working with builders and
developers to reduce polluted runoff fioln a
site offers planning, zoning an pu
works officials the best oportuiuity tomi.i.
mize e.impacts of development through
stre-estgn. itfe p ian-should be evaluated
with an emphasis on reducing the number
of impervious surfaces, and reducing the
disruption of natural waterways and veeta-
tion. Soime planners across the country are
returning to the European approach of"clus-
ter development", which reduces the total
ire.a Topavc surfaces, keeps communities
14 June 1996 Florida Planning

from spreading out and increases ope
space vain out unnecessary sidewalks
roads and parking lots. Between that and
sus alin to concrete, such. as.bdc.
crushed stone, river rock and other pervious
pavements in ow-traffic areas a power im-
pact, more natural and t(emnprate dev.elo -
ments [icretad tat is also typically more
aesthetically.pleasingsw g--
ral drainage can be achieved too through use
obT vegetation and retention of natural topo-
0grap c iaiursWVicVLhTescns the amriount
ot curbig, pipes, grading and fill in areas,
TheZryi v icJing isruption to natu rLjyT -
ter filtration and in many cases cost _
th-anconventional d iagce snss.
Mitigation of damage caused by un-
avoidable impacts, through using best man-
agement practices (BMPs). is a further itrat-
egy to reducing water quality impacts of
development. Some basic BMPs to keep in
mind, according _o MO, are to slow the
storm water thruah the est-designed re-
tcntion basins and treatment operations.
avoid build an "e."ofpll
runoff by using grass sales. filter_ sri or
o gctative measures in lieu of curbs
andLpis, and ensure regular maintenance
of developed arcas ti, clan mtem ot pollut-
roper maintenance of parking ots,
streets. sto. drains, and even sediment r,-
moval from retention ponds must be planned
and budgeted for. The final step to mitiga-
tion practice, according to NEMO, is to see

that the agreed-upon design and methods are
followed by contractors charged with car-
rying out the plan, as it is much easier for
someone to dump toxic material or use less
effective designs than to responsibly follow
innovative plans. To that end, education to
raise public awareness about pollution and
to gain support for municipal efforts should
be recognized and relied upon as a power-
ful strategy in combating water pollution.
The intent of local projects like NEMO,
and possibly a few here in Florida, such as
the inclusive design approach taken in de-
veloping the nourh Florida coastal commu-
nity of Seaside, or the Disney-developed
community of Celebration. ic to change he
way municipal officials think about plan-
nin. Taking a coordinated approach to pro-
tecting a community's water resources sim-
ply by better planning its land use, is a simple
yet re-voltiionary thought in some parts of
the country, and its time is due as a priority
in Florida.
To find out more about the innovative
NEMO project and other land-water use pro-
grnms. contact Chester Arnold at the Sea
Grant Advisory Program. I Iniversity of Con-
necticut CES, 43 Marne St., Hamden, CT
06514, or call (203) 789-7865.

Sue Mullins is an information special-
ist with Florida A P4 who wnrked on wnrpr
policy concerns at issue in the 1996 Legis-
lative Session.


~C __~ C _

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