Title: Draft: State Water Use Plan
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WL00002506/00001
 Material Information
Title: Draft: State Water Use Plan
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: FL Dept of Environmental Regulation
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
Abstract: Draft: State Water Use Plan
General Note: Box 10, Folder 21 ( SF Water Use Plan, State-Water Element - 1977-78 and 1985 ), Item 8
Funding: Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: WL00002506
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location: Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text




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Introduction 3

Mission Statement 5

Implementation of the State comprehensive Plan 9

GOAL(8): TWter Resources

POLICQ CLUTER (37): Protection of the Wfter SpP 11, ,.

POLICY CLUTER (38): Protection of Whter Resoures 19

POLICY CELU.TR (39): Protection of Natural SyIta ,,.g 27

GOAL (9): Obastal and Marine Resources

POLICY CEUATER (40):r Protection of (bastal iesourco 33

GDAL (10): Natural S a4

POLICY CLUSTER (43): Protection of Natural Systems 39

GOAL (14): Mining

POLICY CLUSTER (54): wironnental Regulation 45

GOAL (19): transportationn

POLICY CLU.TER (64): Transportation to Aid Growth 51


GOAL (22): Agriculture

POLICY CLUSTER (69): Agricultural Industry 57,


State Water Policy 65

Additional Pblicy Clusters 71


DICS Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services

DCA Department' f Camnmity Affairs

DOE Department of Education

DER Department of Envirormental Regulation

GEWC Game and Presh Water Fish CMti .issini

BOG Executive Office of the Governor

DHRS Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services

DNR Department of Natura& TWA9ured 'c

PSC Public Sevice Camissitn '

DOT Department of Transpotati ?n

RPC Regional Planning Council .

'WD Water Manaement District

HtBCC Kissiamee Okeechobee Evetglades Cwordinatin C 6nci 1

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The State and Regional Planning Act of 1984, chapter 186, Florida Statutes,
requires the Departamnt of environmental Regulation to prepare the State Witer
Use Plan and to submit the Plan to the bseoutive Office of the governor within
six months after the adoption of the State OnMprehenive Plan, or by January 1,
1986. Like the State aprehensive Plan, the State water Use Plan does not
create regulatory authority or authorize the adoption of agency rules, criteria
or standards that are not otherwise authorized by law.

while technically designated as an agency functional plan, the State water Use
Plan, along with the State land Development Plan, has broader applicability than
agency functional plans. Agncy functional plans define agency objectives and
agency operating policies that implement the goals and policies of the State
Comprehensive Plan. The State Water Use Plan defines objectives and operating
policies which implement selected goals and policies of the State Oaprehensive
Plan. It provides guidance for all state agencies as they develop their agency
functional plans and to the IWter anmagnant Districts as they develop their
water management plans. The plan also provides guidance to all sectors of the
state for orderly management of growth, and expresses how Florida's water
resources should be managed to prevent and correct inappropriate water ues,
ensure the best development of water resources, conerve water, protect the
environment and natural resources, and enhance the quality of life of Florida's

~R~'~P1I~R~"-~~"~~L'Iry*r-~n~jY~i: MI~*r~i~;~~4(rir*,Srrr;~Yp~X~Eri-~"~-"-

Section 373.036, Loricb Statute, dicts the ert t of oata

the State, VN k; -s Wa 4 A fxt e v

Ihe Department is further directed to proceed as rapidly as possible to study:

(a .M ,n ., .. .-a ,, i) -. : h, a ,> 1 .,
-neans and methods of conserving and aupenting such waters;

-emisatng #M4 gqoDe plt ds and',we fr prtiin aW4

and domestic, miuncipal,. an t.ndutr. oe .

In conjunction _4t e kpef ttc toI be P ddaa. a 3A936, mthe
Department is required ot "give due consideration to the follwng national
factors: t*:j': i

-The attainment of wmxian reasonable-beneficial uae o water or such
ai .,as., *ra, to,, ina...s -The mximma economic development o atr so s intent with
.,otber -usiesal., ,t .

-e ontrl of such waters for su pu es as environmtal protection,
drainageJao4,.a opnjtr4, api Mter stage;

-The quantity of water available for application to a rea~ahe-beneficial
use; ; ~ r' .

-The preVqti*e ,f w~aWoL ,. unappnx i.fptal TirAonable
uses of water resources;

-e 'mWeaaBent c f ,taw ,4ay t state and the
provisions of the state water quality pd 4: t.

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Rasoenble-beneficial use is a *ey "dati ird Ehpu r 373, the Florida water
oran bapt99-. It72. jt d k ze i ion .7).9 (4)r z

le& A r- is JI? Im- .*r anner which is both reasonable and consistent with the public interest.

The reasonable-benbficial use standard in the modal wter to
oabine the best features of the prior rl h t oaPidf bIW
law (beneficial) and the r. ptran ctrin of eastern law (re).
Section 373.036 potes that the State sater Use Plan "*31 give 4ue
oonsideratfett the stat e Itbit tBAckrI i W M rtaN thes
itmo SE'lr jalt kate oSOr Mfl 4iJwt. the
most apparent depression is faounif W'- i '

realize their full beneficial us*. s-

(a) b provide for the manageest of water and related land

(b) to 5rte der4lornant;i( r i tiiper aTitafnon

(b) To preerve nat&aml rdource, fish ai4 Sil %ifeS i

h4 .e. t C. y._ ,3 .. opo ,
i .att fSa r and cro wa tr;
(c) ob develop and regulate dans, po nts ervoi n
SIj for beaft ecii o a]t f
D warts and tof pi d watlel ta or ieifd cti Paen
(d) Bo prevent damage fTtf AiIas the onertIrofl t~ Sd r*F ,

e) 't preserve natural resources, fish and wildlife;
: tt) *f*lcit 'the (Moklc$tbi b timf EbtIW k. ws3 at' -
(g) ib promote rertiol dev-loment, protct public lands, and

":t t 'm tjOt48fwJis tj !?l^'*LtC
the people of this *tfI .. ''

state vary fro region to region, both in mpnituas and aodiKp-*.
It is, therefore, the intent e' the lagislature to vest in the
D sArtAn t of abiromsantal P4guation or its scoweeor agmecy the
pmWar ad remposihility to acomplish the comervation, protection,
mana eient, #ad womtfol of the wsters of the state ad wtth ms ficient
flehiblity and discretion to accomllish these ends through delegation
of appropriate powers to the ariOas Wter anagIsent districts. The


Department my exercise any power herein authorized to be exercised by
a water mna9gment district; how~er, to the greatest extent
practicable such power should be delegated to the governing board of
a water management district."

IPP"impWW', oil -


The remainder of this documnt presents the goals and policies from the State
Comprehensive Plan which the Department of Envirornental Regulation considers
most relevant to the State Water Use Plan mission. The State Comprehensive
Plan's 25 goals and 362 policies have been organized into 75 Policy Clusters by
the Executive Office of the Governor. Within each Policy Cluster only those
State Comprehensive Plan policies specifically related to water resource issues
have been selected for further discussion.
A Background Statemnt has been developed for each of the 8 Policy Clusters
selected for inclusion in the State Water Use Plan. The Background Statements
summarize, from a statewide perspective, the current conditions and future
trends as they relate to each Policy Cluster.

Objectives have also been developed for each of the 8 Policy Clusters selected
for inclusion in the State Water Use Plan. The objectives are designed to
explain to what extent the state will accomplish the goals and policies of the
State Comprehensive Plan. The objectives set a destination or target and
S identify what is to be accomplished statewide.

Operating Policies have been developed for each objective. The operating
policies focus on how an objective will be achieved and document as best as
possible what agency or organizations might be involved in the implementation
of programs and activities conducted to achieve the objective.

There are 17 additional Policy Clusters which contain State Comprehensive Plan
policies that are related to water resource issues. To avoid duplication and
focus State Water Use Plan objectives and operating policies on the priority
water issues, these policy clusters have been included in the appendix and the
policies have been cross-referenced to the appropriate objectives and operating
policies in the main text.

~-----?i-rs~(~-c~-~-P1911C I I


Florida shall assure the availability of an adequate supply
of water for all uopeting uses demed reasonable and
beneficial and shall maintain the functions of natural
system and the overall present level of surface and ground
water quality. Florida shall improve and restore the quality
of waters not presently meeting water quality standards.


1. Ensure the safety and quality of drinking water supplies and
7 promote the development of reverse oemosis and desalinization
technologies for developing water supplies.

S 2. Identify and protect the functions of water recharge areas
and provide incentives for their conservation.

3. Encourage the development of local and regional water
supplies within water management districts instead of
transporting surface water across district boundaries.

5. Ensure that new development is compatible with existing local
and regional water supplies.

11. Promote water conservation as an integral part of water
management programs as well as the use and reuse of water of
the lowest acceptable quality for the purposes intended.

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\": wiz'mitou Otin sapMLYt -.*; ., .

Florida is blamed withk&: apious .uppa. o~fceoo quality graxp_.Watrft, d Wa. ,
areas of th.stabe hwefqadquea a 3nt aS06:.good. d iftsingieS tM* -1 r r.ater
qualityuproblsao ei-46 VMpast% ]s aaa epus He k..
contro1Bgd. I-Immeaww < aastemboaiWgpotl at %onfl^ A r e <
created soae nrwpoeabmasih ScB :woracea how busM idspaghl or aMiweatas edn
with contamination. ,. -

Growth ha sla.tly oaocimrad and will probably oontisuP4 .Bo qpr 4 ~ as Mtal
areas that have limitaa&d a:nm h grouaM;.l d a 8ig Waqumt a._ l ip.
assuring adequate idppliesa-of saf. sainklmy.mtar Ato.tihow aWA,, .mrajpafpp of4r
water are ona O61~ on. Ho~ubr, thre are us ia i .au6,9p4 MA l abstaqe to
this solution. The state water policy, Chapter 17-40, Florida Administrative
Code, requires ePtensive justification for proposals to transport water across
water management district boundaries. Another solution is desalinization.
Desalinization probably will play an increasing role in growing urban coastal
areas. Current actions which promote the use of desalinization include the
consideration of salt water in regional water supply development plans,
reception of saline water use frmn water shortage restrictions, establishment of
water conservation task forces that consider saline water as an alternative to
additional development, and encouragement of reverse oamosis plants for the
lower West Coast.

In 1980, county, municipal, and private water sources withdrew 1,361 million
gallons of fresh water each day for domestic purposes. Eighty-seven percent of
this was ground water. Overall, 3.7 billion gallons are withdrawn daily. With
the expected growth in Florida's population, even more demands will be put on
Florida's ground water supplies.

Areas where aquifers are recharged must be protected to help ensure adequate
supplies of water. High recharge areas, mostly well-drained upland areas,
cmpriise about 15% of the state. Current actions to protect these areas include
identifying recharge areas, encouraging land uses compatible with these areas
through permitting program, and preventing overdrainage or conversion of
storage and recharge areas.

Development poses problans for adequate quantity of water as well as with
adequate quality of water supplies. The increased drain on ground water
associated with development has led to lowered lake and river levels and to
drying of wetlands. Declining water levels say cause gradual deterioration of
ground water quality by encouraging the intrusion of saline water into fresh
water aquifers.

In addition to the drying of wetlands from increased pumping, many wetlands have
been drained and the land put to other uses. The loss of the wetlands'
filtering capacity tends to decrease surface water quality, and eventually the
quality of the ground water on which Florida depends.

Even if the current quality of Florida's water can be maintained and depletion
of ground water supplies prevented, the increasing demands for water which will
accompany growth dictate that new water needs be met through conservation rather
than new development. Water use can be reduced significantly through more
efficient use of irrigation and through.new patterns of water use.

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Oaam maimam conseration is adchinmds-:mWAM, ratonlOd growth is dqipenit on
new mter .paplims. One optldat-b IUWIf Iaj il ct a n"me of waste maer.
Rf-Iclantion and reme, eaept fr oriwakig utter, is bemoAg increwingly

jxopul*. L1 utY tnD flqsapttijr. i*#8i it' 1ft t
incluffe'aSiaiMtiwn-s MW adk azNia t l ni0*hc ,Pm,3,
revi.a Sof qvRinMaq r

in revNS Mlloii pbmlseplranftn otaCtil -a
reclamtion ani rmse for irrigation at go9l oourmes. it s -.

Mater 1maigemet pluia bl t aIe mftlel qffcit ae. the, EaBidtLt *p .'
Water io abMtdaf ppfopdaiti-r'mul0, to spptet g&falat,
recsraitih stbindu~ayc at thalatae timo Mtfr o. a Mmv M -S
eoosyiteaC 'altlntiei & ageahtu st sesxadkltator'daRm etee sqgdic >n

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(1) Though 1995, sarfae itar s lewll ntnus t.u be? IiiAh& i6'romte
quw*aievsme -& K. mfor
gath s% dbl J n (State
Ckrglr1myeinb~ VSPA- -~-*,--Ti. 11)

(a ), Jupmwt mnn 4 fnjwIof Qu surface
~j~c abP AI1~-.DhMAO A0. 4 a w doBf~~n~:~ irpply
of axwifrw**-* MMU1a, for rem

(b) Imlplant a CoMnOOrtual planning pcesst before cmideM.Ify'g iekmits for
~.arrcte mb, 9r~cr~n~~iJ~~_9rSLPee H;-aWcontinue

RPO9 and local goverisnts)

*I clm'it ttin6 ~ qwpCu ~nparast~Y the IffNA TO.sWrplL.s
and shortages of surface waters. MOS)

(d) Develop and iagaiwnut wntershed =anaguMt progrow tdI] iPc
strategies for laid aoquisition and regulation of 'aM&' The8161y 5 for
p etwatiou 90 4WlQ9PAN Vses.I"4# 4q1- AWL r su e W9ter supply
WrxOW aidt98Ua r9Q~cc o~ 1Pc3* iOSWWtt5

(e) Drealop and iqglant surface "W$C a st I~r5- Wqt-td)aptimize,
through incentives ad regulation, & Wii of~rc Iiplies
withiaaal.blinsioq wOg 4w t -MM water
anmugm--- district boundari. Or. uzwrY! Q1ti~ .

(2) Throm*,)49115, rma-u qwktWep$ U".i~ n#s O tc

quantities ar 'UPa& fere
with existing lIl JAMt am(Swat
CuipreensivSe Plan Policies Address in Policy Cluster; ,.21,2 ,5A U

(a)- 1i4p p.i4 4 a 4 rI
rdia hI~hi ~a 9tbttion or
overdraft frim devel-o---imn Ir criteria
to establish mini ru wsd sx t
MjjtMW-_O-_ F.* -.zrm mkUr xvwmwm AIC M rjt in the

ruclm tin and l -T FLTa

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(b) Require local Qovemraent Oaprehensive Plans to. be consistent wfteLthe
ground water basin resource inventory and reflect the limitations of
^T ttl 6. -oulaeter othr water supplies. M( and ,' )

1r~f aneadt sr t
(Q) t^ f S4;eA~bsstauISO pado. for

1p.r aWf ; nII%(*e rea -fkr"-,
!I ~ Y~i ~i~Ly~l- a-
and all other existing beneficial uses. -(Ms, RPCs, and local
goveernentrs) Te
)" Deyelcp f& fit ata lSBt' l te itaPlde i
() 4 Lanagivt, .U,.a l'r wttaAter
.~l reaouo (WHe)-i ci sc
"..aw MeMtu d kin We se t mIran.ev mon tio,.e
(e) Develop ^ iiSnr6t gitehaftagIt Ppcoyralmi NriaW.Gptiaix,
rxhxxxfijg LrI0Wht iijLVW Affmk'traWAepplied

(31 Pro mte the 0d93A*t, o bedliqgMlwhidlv by theiStyW? 265altelp reduce
the aost -cl a t imrto te a wt sI eass
reverse oWbd.ofth'' =I Ili alto mifJj M A totblicy
Cluster: 1) .

(a) Sponsor 'studies ai7d' Atiberch projeCts *WhIc*-te Iifre e thft VOm0tic,
institutional, pubf e t ''an tehAda~o tSthlflbiy^
dmpaipRattion and other innovative techniques for improving the quality
o*'' *e* 'v r l, S & A l a g oi h '- f ? a' :, i.
(1') erveldp o'ftitiws r'0t6 of iiBittit ahnhhoges 'to Aspply
Sptaib .fW (Sf a ) '- a .- .

(4) e ye 95 water efforts will have resulted in increased

OPERA'liN 'PQLjCI E St ; *e;r Yashi *1 nwJa no '
(a) r i r owned ate and wastMater system should

th Lea e INaKir ONwater

that- bin tan Wmibmptions are

(c) ^t ii roIon and
reuse alto lV o"Cfy 1901^ n annd
review at all levels of gowsrmnint. (MIs and NRfs)

(d) Require all local goveraents to adopt and inplanmet ontingency plans
for water shortages that are consistent with Water Managment District
Water Shortage Plans. (DC= and RP"~)

Br~~r~crms~rslrr~l~nm ~ ~ ~r-------- I----P-rwPLIT-n


Florida shall assure the availability of an ader ate supply of water for all
owepeting uses deaned reasonable and beneficial and shall maintain the
functions of natural systems and the overall present level of surface and
ground water quality. Florida shall improve and restore the quality of
waters not presently meting water quality standards.


9. Protect aquifers frao depletion and contamination through appropriate
regulatory programs and through incentives.

10. Protect surface and ground water quality and quantity in the state.

12. Eliminate the discharge of inadequately treated wastewater and stornater
runoff into the waters of the state.

13. Identify and develop alternative methods of wasteater treatment, disposal,
and reuse of wastewater to reduce degradation of water resources.

BII(n*wl~=rrraTsu~c~srpnrrarsRl~i~.8Far ~rr~,~pru~u~p~Ex~*lr~I~ai~~-3~nF*Br_~ n ar

CFg~l-lrUD~S~~- Wl~ -. ll-

Florida has Bore ilant groes>ter than amp ott her sta a Cnnasupptly,
Florid i 6v ttt hhiqutttlidty and quit&ty oa ibf gmaul water ,
As of 1983, f.L 7.t, I4~abtie pltes'Mt a 9r of it&prkateA rural i
supplies p i tizi otn r x at

Virtually all of Florida is underlain by aquifers. The Floridan aqultor lies s
under, the entire state. It has an area of 82,000 square miles. In addition,

aquifer, f .s aaS y qoaq MaUW Wu t'hef Musfc^tly ebtabm an thU I
contanmnatioir ar (eletsonf WiA dtfh bhe 'wusd by tapid saa t
Especially Tfn li* ra e akadw, g'nt htwr rups my lower Awate SW
levels:.' I~ fa't, '-tWd 1 s 8IEtn linia wnsa~m 2.tmils:.i.-ta am.s. .In a;.
Saraaota, lev41s Eff i LL i B e ft 15A3 tor I95B5 a Jeel'agMile l4 blas
decrli .a 20- fe*.- Ih Ft W i -dwL]h, well ,alma .hm~ fa n 1o60, ftt. ijhp
deciliffrl&nwater lei' hoWly 1diM'te detatrIatian in.Uoneod Mater quality f am
intrusion bfMsalt wetisi -ittib t'rl -p i ooaata m ieaa. : -.. .

Ground water quality has not been as well studied as surface quality. Problems
with ground water contamination often have been noticed only after damage has
occurred. However, following the passage of the akter Quality Assurance Act of
1983, ground water monitoring has increased. The Water Quality Assurance Act
also allowed the Department of Environmental Regulation and the Water Manage~ent
Districts to protect wellfields from contamination, to establish a Pesticide
Review Council to review restricted-use pesticides and test ground water for
pesticide residues, to clean up hazardous waste sites that threaten to or have
contaminated ground water or surface water, to plug an estimated 25,000
free-flowing artesian wells, som of which discharge saline water into fresh,
and sone of which waste good-quality ground water, and to prevent and control
spills of hazardous substances into ground water, among other programs.
In addition to ground water, Florida has abundant good quality surface waters,
with 10,000 miles of streams, 8,000 lakes and roughly 11,000 miles of coastline.
water sampling throu4out 1972-1981 shows no significant change in surface water
quality, a good sign, given Florida's population growth. However, continued
rapid development in Florida my threaten these waters. lowering of ground
water levels leads to lowered lake levels and stream and river flow.
Development has destroyed any wetlands, which may lead to a decline in water
quality because of the elimination of the filtering capacity of wetlands.
Furthermore, much develop nt has occurred adjacent to surface waters because of
their beauty and because of the recreational opportunities. Unfortunately,
development increases the pollutant load in these waters, both because
stormiuter runoff carries agricultural and urban pollutants into the water, and
because the waters serve as disposal sites for sdoestic and industrial waste.

Stormwater is responsible for ore suspended solids going into Florida's water
than domestic wastsater. Agricultural sources contribute sediments,
fertilizers, pesticides and animal tastes. Mining operations contribute
nutrients and sediment. Urbn runoff is also a major polluter of Florida's
water. The stonrater rule adopted by the Department bece effective in
February 1982. It requires use of *best management practices" to minimize
pollution and alteration of the hydrologic regime.

the quntities of domstic MtalMBft Zb alt fipllected and treated are
enorous approximtely 1 aiw3 m I irbwamvmmP a- seven percent of the
state's harinhols nploy on-site trmeatnt anm disposal systs such as septic
tanks. TO-' leualrt, -uAaltlsod iiffi e al
but if. tak fwl1' i ate hltlaphbw r m naS
my result.- s Poldbepithg hfiii.iNii er.-
facilities, nost of which are quite all. t r q
a capacity of less than 100,000 gallons per day. Treatnt
plant te plant. : n .e r -3 t v,.

Throga a asytaur paas jt that !aurimn flpsea dif:abag gtjlj
waste diapaoaL 9i&*a@w** 0apa Ai A..
water treatImMtOV ISMOUd ae *a40 qWLr"jad tW %r CMainp t f,
the iMnifW SdggugaWSeeie r44l.!,tmHarcdam-w jrif f,
(xnipliance etfes dtaaha**>**rgg ***rtnii p r e dBMpjeasia j a~ikig
into i 1 M* q d k tsa avaI1r9D i t0ta iI."
emartwed. ast stian sD ail e, ass-Blam sipQhe
and wfthi w f tcipatednl fppJy NBIafI'S,
and reuse should be studied Amr thatq s mii-rI peI
sourase, not products to be disposed of.
a* C r 1 *,
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~ ~Rlr~_~~~_ i ~___~~R________rr__rr~_FBP__-Na7*r~-rrr~ -- -- -~imi -^~B*-~i~l~-~li -~-~-~---~-~-rr~~-~iT-~i7~IIC1~-Plf-- -*ll.-~L1114- r*f~I~C~Cli

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(1) In b995, i quality, 9)f Jdiii#m*A sAWsft OWatNr will 4a bis%.VP better
than it is in 1985. (State Qaprehenmive RU* mR mUciw* ade7qd in Folicy
Clusters: 10,12, and 13)

Sa) taPquire all w29zrivits that my ht a, suwre of sqWfam polution
to t~aJ& ta in Aaihu kru mt 'WsmADon.- Poiiicac+ p
operation. Rwevi all regulations on a ViwtjicbanAsinqt tAed
five yewrs and ensure that the best available scientific kiswl
incorporated into the water quality standards and velulatogy critaoia.
(U and WMs)

(b) 'Diem@pW -a nd AIaint local qMQM*.gPuwqshwiq OcV* which
ad& the 4*eiksoottiont Abstdta~walft osro of ..surU6& m~ atn
aoutmd Ur on btwnM q L ma
aL, -11, nfh,Lia-;: :
(c) Develop and i,~1pmnt crehensive basin plans J9*uPjw: rologic
system whidc are designed to assess and abate the impacts of
ndilti-iada dginms of, poln*JAm on _-the system. (MDi and Uft)

(d) Ounduct long-terasurvilJa= qo ifae. tiJV5)~ eeao wter
quality trends, and maintain a water quality data base to provide all
l tevL of gavamamnt with .soun4 scientif 40 deto AQr,;epvirg5Uomtal
adeoislou. WMOfi'sf)
"IIC 1dei. Ua Is~~~ ~~il;,~I: :~ ::,-- -
O&V Rqa e Fistp r b, ipnt. g- II o IOf ,wtr 0tion aOd rete alternatives
fet c.-PO sOcdivisk saOs. & 4 Bsiever f~pia, to ai WWaize
disdchrg to suctadt fat ers

(f5 IPquire tr t tin t auaLIqbi9 oontmouo. tedw4~ma .bs. emloyaur
*com~WtrMIkg -s abonmte nsmXof wdrp imo rgaing WbW irmuqsm
m .: ohninruariiq, otr iungruBdAficaions. &IP~49R ~Wd WIS iA~ i:.

(g) SPOfio Ccst Of fectiluse. xOtP~ft and iQ1J

E .oinr9 st&oaL upZ.dt I PBOtjqo ,tp 4 1sugcace -Mtt.- c ep., for
land -ime~L m(m. Kdm rsjshpq~at b=r, Lptl J its
efros~rt iwxaaabeu,: Lvumriamjn YCl~sctfylep I~ zIiq~ioint
Pow iiiiiiisS. ANEV W"I Dj~kqW~i

Wi) Sponsor the A.wbylsp t qCjkW MS tg!P ttoJ t1u i r the
treatment, disposal and reclamtion and r0u3e or ion that affects
a jvalam- i ago piiaic, ha.4to a Wsr4io~. CiR

(J) Where feasibl* surfwe waters wift be umnaged to iruiiuie t treatuint
i i tfai~i ,I zstgDp" qptls idWutbm deg4ecb of "ch

P""~"""""""""""""""""""""""""~ rwa ~s a

(k) Advrfse effects on water quality which my result front the mom Int

S*. h k- ar ,M* "momi
(1) I. apleeant a program to help with the restoration and subsequent
preservation of polluted bodies of surface water. ; UM .
(2) 1995 'tMfQtpliRia bff tiWa gafrhnt wtVi* A=itti#i Smbod.r -btter than
it is in '19t. 'kA.e tFoe ACole a ioUcik ft I. ina fRtUicy
Cl 1(Py: 1 l -,

(a) PReguire all activities that may be a source of ground water pollution
to 'Qthalw MFitidnateJ misab1^ampingeat 11 *D
uphirsel.^-S^^lf aisEarudgtesftfafel81 odationsentYs ante awfccammed
five years and enai "40it aW be*k1ttr4M ieiatin ftp4 t.rak e is
incorpoated into the water quality standards and regulatory criteria.

(b) aCdl a1ri m1 ada ih'ibilrptEpta tod AlesMts crtc
address the prevention, abatuent, and control of ground after
pol1titibft.a '(ImpH p aglptl M ; .igteq^ 7. : r totJ-.cU 3
O* *.. *-s~ (c 1t)aihi^ a btah i tih & -1WaiIrasaiitOTin atasei gDl detect
or predict contamination of ground w -ianrewUie. .aidearound
water quality information to regional, state, and federal agencies, and
ldtkHty Ineaf n MtNtilak .ntag0bjry IiVS VleiupHainatt'
decisions. (EMt, WsM, DCPCID% .and "emadLijname-sI : ,
(d) i9burW theii'-a*tie ftnagelirntM 9.'ogia m nt 3easdeart -stagjun4 mater
thatit reMTH 11 afttIM ka on-lim fmi^saftw 'ighih =$i6aa rfaouem
pollutanti9rt%4 i sty'KPr ayf er lideMtsoinatciam Js rlcd USe)

(e) Ideatiffr 1eotiftn &-i4 6-l@ lk o-nduanead 4rMi: s tarrder.,)
SactilodS-i 6b ta euz fiae lawerWltdr"fpgaa^d I gi-fidie to the
ground water resource due to water quality degradation. (MIWe1 OSf)
t(f) thvelraariaotegRl d alatea tlteclag aw

Eva5. tidrn w1i 1'lt W iility of
Sreclastion and reuse. r-aote eonmic inomntives and disincentives
( f Mtsdnmgid. le restr Imfeto)- or ..I FjW
(g). O A09 f at. bL im l I to
i '4 litibild^ ? sW ^ Aiar and areas
designated as future water suply sources. (Ma and Ns)

<^tplui 'andTo itsPn .1 ef i an.. aa[. Y'hL5-33 p
between pollution and its effects aon gdilfll1 Ktiln heliir an


~1 --- r- --1-n~as~rx.~nr.l~a4arrC1ra~m*r.~ ~ ___s5P.n.--.'~-.l'.-~-.~~--c -Ir^~-- ----rs--T~-~-Ca.~--~--rl- -.-~,---- ~- ..li---r -rlr~m~-m-rp-.1-rrr--I -?

- '.". V,- -1

evaluation of the potential uses of treated wastemterl the
effectiveness of disposal by land application; the feasibility of water
reclamtion and reuse; and the effectiveness of ground water clean-p
techniques and strategies. (DER and O1fs)

(i) Sponor development of new pollution control technology for the
treatment, disposal, and reclamation and reuse of pollution that
affects ground waters. These studies will include an analysis of
institutional, economic, and public health considerations. (DBR and

(j) Develop a program of incentives for property owners whose existing use
of land is restricted because of their proximity to public wellfields.
(DER, WDs, DC, RPCs, and local governments)

(k) Develop and implement a program to mitigate or eliminate the threat to
ground water caused by existing accidental or illegal discharges of
pollutants. (DER)

(3) By 1989 Florida's educational system will have integrated water resource
education programs into its curriculum to stress the importance of
environmental protection, water resource conservation and management, and
the preservation of natural systems. (State Omarehensive Plan Policies
addressed in Policy Cluster: 10)


(a) Require the Departant of Mducation to develop water resource education
programs. Btablish clear support service responsibilities with local
school boards, universities, and other agencies that will be involved
in the integration of water resource education programs into the
curriculum. (DOE)

(b) Develop and implement public information program designed to keep the
public informed at all times about the environmental situation in
Florida. (DBR, MDs, DNR, GWWFC, and DA)

Ibaaravn~s;- ;-:7sarc~x~~~;r-~ar.-~rv^rc~ rerfi*~lrr r ~(a~aslr~.?~*nnam4nnss~*Fr\~~a~-nrcrr

S-'.^ .i, ..^ *- -;.l. aM. 1!I M OCM WIftAL 5 ,..

Ioxlern wete janagmentoisag mix ot sambugpl Upd npg4 .
Eicanples o I Pstm i sctcta6l d amAing for flood control, water supply, and navigation. prime enampl of
structural water management in Florida is the Oentral and Southern Florida Flood
Oantrol projeCt- Inbt-he.Aba-d6e8*0.. thwnem A.P-B! A .twp*rs,
modifiarttono litemeab abat~eytrep .lag ifwo1 irwgf f .
exanpl^.or.T6^-uti^^nessni~vJAdusc4,fc t:? ;'n
floodplains- rather tb.a-atbam"AmgUg;,pijflkr, f awa1, A n:
flooding. Examples of norstructural management n Flori are li ain
aoguisition under the "Save Our Rivers" program and implementation of floodplain
ordinances by local governments. water management districts develop and
distribute floodplain information and model floodplain ordinances to those who
need then.

Accompanying the trend toward nonstructural water management have been same
attempts to restore natural system affected by structural projects. The
proposed restoration of the Kissimmee River is an example. however,
restoration, even when complete, will not bring a system back into its original
condition. Florida has several programs which attempt to eliminate this problem
by acquiring valuable resources before they are damaged, including the "Save Owr
Rivers" program and the Cnservation and Recreational Lands Program (CARL).

In the past, channelisation, diversion and damming of natural riverine systems,
as well as drainage of wetlands, were conducted for flood control, water supply,
increased land use, or navigation. The state water policy, Chapter 17-40,
Florida Adinistration Code, adopted in 1981, discourages these activities to
protect valuable ecosystems. Howver, they continue to occur. Navigation
projects built and maintained by the U.S. Amy Corpe of Engineers sometimes
contain both channelization and mpoundment ocrponents. Many of the twenty-two
Corps navigation projects are relatively inactive, but on the Apalachicola River
the Corps dredges about one million cubic yards per year, has cut off three
river bends, removed limestone shoals, constructed a dam, and buried large areas
of floodplain for spoil disposal, resulting in significant habitat losses.

Other work is under way to protect marine, estuarine and aquatic ecosystem, to
insure that adequate water is available to protect these systems, and to meet
essential nonstructural d4mands-including navigation, recreation, and
protection of fish and wildlife. Mater management districts are supporting
mapping programs to identify wetlands and other fragile lands. They are
conducting estuarine studies and developing management plans for these areas,
and maintaining contiguous wetlands systems and water quality through permitting
procedures. The Departmnt of Bwiromental Regulation, by authority of the
Wetlands Act of 1984, my consider cumulative impacts on wetlands in issuing
dredge and fill permits.

Another action which is necessary to protect aquatic and estuarine ecosystem is
to reserve instrem flows and lake levels for the benefit of fish and Wildlife
populations, outdoor recreation, navigation, and wste assimilation.
Unfortunately, determining the amount of wter needed to protect the aquatic,

ap-------~---------i~I-x~,~--- I; n

biologic and aesthetic values of arai fl pSrve. fisheries is very
difficult, due to the wide WA2'ft If4ISfMMtl. ,iPnammmWn conditions
aMunteed Ath lack of data. Curant inutream flow estiats are crude
and kkSl i sw,
withd3ana4-aa 4.4 t pOB. on.a an a.gt rm1mm..

tteer imngamut trr deenluPc g tsoloSWCea et sea&neuuinat tq
ifatr ma vH"eML*Wrdoaqn 'il t

flow, wstitwr

levels, 'a-.4. 44

*. 4
": 4 ..7 ; 4 :s -
444: 4 44 44 o 4. : r. ..4.,., <*; 4.*4 4.4 4

-. n .. .>.4 f t ;$ .. e 7't r : :;

.4Xfi ;.- .. ... .. 4.ip ti *1'. i *; 'V r .::.,<*_ .;. 4 I; ~ 4Jo 444 4,44 44 rs 444 44 44444444 44*i-A '

L*CIV-. -tl -nl9-E~~PIII.I-IICIILi-IPII. I-~^~-~.-. .X-~-Xlb=III -1.~-7(_


(1) Maintain natural water system so they continue to function as well as they
do now. (State Oprehensive Plan Policies addressed in Policy Cluster: 4,
6, 7, 8, and 14)


(a) Develop and iPlemnt regulatory and mnage~nt program to protect the
natural type and functions of floo~dlains, wetlands, swterwys,
estuaries and laks. hen appropriate, i rporate wetlands and
natural storage areas into surface water mnagment system.
(DER,1ts,DNR,GFWFClO ,RPCS, and local governments)

(b) Nark with local govera ts to develop watershed management plans which
coordinate land use and infrastructure developnt. (DBR,~ M ,DCA, and

(c) Establish consuptive ue and other regulatory program which provide
for minium flows and levels and provide full protection to natural
ecosystem. (DR and WMs)

(d) Adopt strict criteria for structural work in river system that will
protect the natural hydrologic functioning of rivers. (MDs)

(e) Develop guidelines for land use planning and development in sensitive
river ecosystem. (DCA and RMCs)

(f) Prepare mps for floodlains and wetlands in cooperation with the
United States Geological Survey and other appropriate agencies. (IR
and ISib)

(g) Protect enviromatally sensitive natural water systau by implementing
land acquisition and land anageent program. (MtS,DIR, and local

(h) Sponsor studies and research projects which amine the dynamics of
natural water systems, their primary productive benefits, instrem flow
needs of fish and wildlife, and overall water management needs. (DIR,
Wes, DWI and GPWC)

(i) Develop interstate agreements and program for the coordinated
management of interstate water resources. (IWD and Ms)

~P*n?~(~l~bElq~B~41~~ ~ ~

m-~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ m,'_~-v~ nn -, ,


Florida shall ensure that dsvelopant and marine resource use and beach
access inproMveents in coastal areas do not danger public safety or
important natural resources. Florida shall, through acquisition and
aooess i aprovesnts, make available to the state's population additional
beaches and marine environment, consistent with sound environmental


4. Protect coastal resources, marine resources and dune system from the
adverse effects of development.

6. Encourage land and water uses which are compatible with the protection of
sensitive coastal resources.

10. Give priority in marine development to water-dependent uses over other


Florida's 11,000 mile coastline is the dominant physical feature of the State,
its foremost recreational sset, and an essential part of the State's economic
base. Ooastal barriers and beaches protect the inland from storm and
hurricanes, help create and maintain estuaries and wetlands, and are essential
habitats for many species of life.

There is intense demand to develop coastal areas. bre than 79% of the State's
10.9 million people already live in the coastal region. aOastal counties
absorbed over 72% of Florida's population growth in the 1970s, and are expected
to absorb more than 82% in the 1980s. IMot of Florida's tourism also occurs
along the coast. In addition, there is considerable interest in the oil, gas and
mineral potential of offshore Florida.

Problems from coastal development include erosion and shoreline instability,
saltwater intrusion, reduced availability of beacdes, wind and flood damage, and
the need for disaster evacuation planning. thesee problems place an unprecedented
strain on Florida's present system of land use planning and regulation.
OCordination and letension of State coastal management programs is needed to
ensure protection of coastal resources.

A particularly important aspect of coastal anagemnt involves protecting marine
life. Aquatic habitat is ranked by many experts as the single most important
factor that affects the health of our saltwater fishing industry. eaar-shore
estuarine habitat is a proven nursery ground for more than 75% of the major
recreational and commercial fish and shellfish in Florida. Bameer, increased
population and subsequent urbanization and industrialization have lowered water
quality and hurt saltwater fishing. The loss of open bay areas and protective
vegetated covers, alteration of freshwater flow patterns, and pollution all
threaten marine productivity.

Development in coastal areas ust be carefully managed and controlled if Florida
is to protect its unique coastal and marine resources.

Crrmraaa~iTI-- -t~tRa~~*-;~IRp~LBpWEZ-?an~----~- 'IC'"I~~ ~'-iR~*--~"Ara*4-Xwa~PrarJ*mar~rr*-~


(1) By 1995, Florida's estuarine system will om~ply with water quality
standards and there will be a net increase in functioning estuarine habitat.
(State amprehensive Plan Policies addressed Rblicy Cluster: 4, 6, and 10)


(a) Prohibit or severely limit activities which discharge pollutants to
estuarine system. (DR and Ose)

(b) Develop and implement a ooprehensive program to assess and abate water
pollution from multi-media sources in designated estuarine areas.

(c) Protect environmentally sensitive estuarine systems by implementing
comprehensive land acquisition and land management program. (fMDs,
DNR, and local government)

(d) Wen considering land development and other regulatory decisions for
marine devlo nt, give priority to water dependent uses such as
ports, arinas, and other water dependent industry and commerce over
non-water dependent uses such as intensive urban and residential
development and non-water dependent industry and oammnrce. (DR, DNR,
DCA, Tes, RPCs, and local government)

(e) Sponsor studies and research projects which examine the dynamics of
estuarine system, their primary productive benefits, and overall water
management needs. (DER, DNR, and tes)

--0-----r~-71~*r%~-- ~~P-uor~i-r~-raaaara~-arrras*--r~---- ___s~---^-r~~---q-r~l--r~-r;~ Ipryriarr-a~ry~: nlu~F"7Pbta***lr~--slrarrr~-Fl~arm~~-~: ~r~P---


Florida shall protect and acquire unique natural habitats and ecological
system such as wetlands, tropical hardwood hemaocks, palm hmmocks, and
virgin longleaf pine forests, and restore degraded natural system to a
functional condition.


1. (bnaerve forests, wetlands, fish, marine life, and wildlife to maintain
their environmental, economic, aesthetic, and recreational values.

- 7. Protect and restore the ecological functions of wetlands systems to ensure
their long-term environmental, economic and recreational value.

_ 8. Promote restoration of the Everglades system and of the hydrological and
ecological functions of degraded or substantially disrupted surface waters.

9. Develop and implemnt a cznprehensive planning, management and acquisition
program to ensure the integrity of Florida's river systems.

~II_ __l~llrr__ -Il_--l-_._XI-- ----I___I~__I_~_~__________~. _---C-ll... __1--11-11---

r m-ww"Fqpm I- 7 --7I- ---_--, I


Natural system suih -as rianes, Jkaies, witlans asrl at.dwriv aer Ao aist.olBd b,
the availability And qmlity-if tfi tb arm w a.bi jteuraitA: AMU *1 g~ a,,
economic bi ealoiaa l iualir to rlprid&rftby, eugota* rbuMis tui ,.:
numerous kihsOe'nha iwamevnsounmsk jfjpaSttal amoupiekrU: SMi*e '4asoIL.
provide other Jtt-ta 9taeg6Acm v e laut bufecm. a9a 4tal I qmentas .
developed tajdme ual atarb tels iypeBtlr lg shh aemtRlr,. A.q a and
other cont kanahn i tanofE- leaa o ana t B r p paUe ds rc9t sir and
recycle nutientita aniE argai. mitter.. iad lk, WggreatIapn xd.~ .h.tic,,
enjoyittenif i Forita estuaries play a la rgm rae in.dcidate tourist induaty, -.
a o t e, -,,. i( ,: ,.
Freshwater flows into Florida estuaries from streams and rivers or is .i
fro underground water sources. Changes in the quantity, timing and quality o
f reahi*rlter hrai natural ares 3qCdseiac halH. Lthnd, lstivity,
incltarn4g arots'E spoet and aoera aL fishes. SjbrLtunaAeky, dischargee oa
rivers may-aia'isport -tMamIinrats: t eatriemB sLbstances, wi4L kb tbt
quantity ot -t 0iatity armtaupf ul to b.altatheuec. 4 ta i
The eoonmiaOanai ltxoia tol cat of t eaofbues t e ately.4gre bui a
present are not well dorumented. Qurrently, estuaries are being studied batw .
Department of Envirornental Regulation and the water management districts, and
maniemnt plans are being dWeVw d.

There are approximately 11.4 million aeas atio Aa in1$ nd fi-lb p 39,t
percent of its total and area. Wetlands can be defined as natural cOlkmnities
where thd4ie to t:s turatad or a vemed ith waw fw one o g a Rthcs ar -
year. ialandrwobta in or pport a marcgeamuer of. lent andr q i P4I supt. ,
Acro& *the U.S., bM utktird fE all biid apeciuavi. em see oftuenbibianE, and
5,000 spectsai of idti ote tbiought to acar in eBtoabbe Wtband ro y l
improve weafeli 4ialt yt t' pig enia utr ts -and'. thcr xDxitmi*aMt 44la Sod
also store iod la otersgi pa*otbietlsho e4im neaaMt& bed s oto fax asnkro 4 have
recreational and aesthetic benefits.

Unfortunately, between 1850 and 1973, the state's wetlands declined by 12
million acres, a 60 percent loss. Since 1955 it is estimated that 3.4 million
acres were lost, and wetland losses continue. Wetlands also are adversely
affected by development of uplands, leading to accelerated runoff, lowering of
the water table, and increases in sediment erosion and transport to wetlands.
In Florida, under the Couervation and Recreation lands and Save Our Rivers
programs, irreplaceable natural areas may be purchased by the state. The areas
of Critical State Goncern program is another means of managing and protecting
sane wetland areas, although only 5 percent of the state's areas can be
designated. In 1984, the Florida Legislature passed the state's first law
written specifically to protect wetlands. This legislation increased the
Department of anvironaental Regulation jurisdiction over wetlands, including the
Everglades, and expanded the criteria for evaluation of dredge and fill permit
applications. The Department now has explicit authority to consider cumulative
impacts of projects on wetlands. The law shifted regulation of agricultural
activities to water management districts. The water management districts are
assessing the effects of agricultural development on habitats of endangered
species, and incorporating requirraents in agricultural permitting to protect
wetland areas and protect natural hydroperiods.

Many surface water ecosystems is FloriEOfLMme beista m or substantially
disrupted. One of the most ipaortant of these is the Everglades. Over the last
centuYt) fbeOS'UxSMWk l riaj Pl m tailei ta feOate
have WifWe R "ndetbr a ifl ateetd Upkhb F t rusPrpf-lwt
area. mhis*g aa sin41Wful i notess.ti paan F -m I atI*& u .a
envi fttranf aquatic hasathtb'. "Wmb'ualtfatb1 SuWt.4ucfl1Ct hmrsiignaaaflqsiremoy
habitats Ahathietlh pwhMcBa M im Htabappintfl lua n a .jhwEadIM,.
system hete -bto srets adsflbf tiR alabnrtfii *In dBT Awe norw
Graham c0eiar^19v Wf Wag^Hamasigheitan to ooardiastacttuttj tt ft t0hleHA
Departst e tt, he -tfild r Bwifla ah vQz Siuri tte ah"Etrag tEixak.
Resources, the Dcartment of O.aiity Affairs, and the south Florida wter
Mntadtifl*ntItitrie. t n '

Natural riverine systMa also a t ad bsteTly afste&) Aty ecki4vit1a0n Adw a"" te
water fdaiwi' tIs 4ie bt 0ttistaial dadS to .miE aacp & iDe *tdaaW bmq. am
1,700 stremft Aft Miter. '4te ,Bjfc^ fto"id S VaSB p-iSpirsar 4a n iht:.
channelized and dredged. Utear ieB x rivrI aetfdqw ktvraio ,
auncipal water sualies, industrial uie, and flood control. This qa.
dranatialy tfte h fii fttie avg Oa Mity aftbcb dSWa -aata tugbiilagal
resources. s r. .,

In addition, changes in land use within the wat*rB&a omnShalted Yha ditwetW,
of nany rivers. RIint and nornoint discharges of pollutants way reduce
dissolved cgQyr oa datiibruteat irntWeja*.rme. .1 -

Actions which aft etaiert.ly-beAI aum to-einsw the intBgritvydf #419i r 'sa
river sflytiams %i.ee*Ilisnd ittldaildhautgr'che oweeptalto .*a Ca&icBeatlhai-
lands' aMti 'ttM l laRrf r pq Bn dttitio 6l stmiencf4Sl ea
the noniuJ.'MaSS I iue nae t emppaoE cvacrinaStiab eant iMhfa c mt .
control Slt-ilaBimeabitg eIOCesfla noutoe. t:tSbo.atel3tel lit ill 4aW
17-40, at idlh'ftpeftatatSnded 4l03s MoeDiacettrueoabtam aqIltioR bi4
riverine systems. 4 .I -* '..

I ,--53. -., "'-

S- 4 -* C .'.r ^:tja -
'**'~ ~ ~ ~ ~~4 .** **: '*5,:* *X '3 1 t: s. ;. ,, !'.l *;! .4. .,,.
Vt- .- *.:I

- ''*. '' L U.i r -~ 4! ^-TO-, 4,-^::^ :-' "^ ,- '8''iu -" 4- f,- 4.t. ^ 4.
A-- .
:>-I. L 4-A.- 41 -~

44 -' .~ -. ~ 1 44 -
4-4.- -4 -<3
4-: A" .41~ -a.

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4 :-?"-~ Af~ci 4.4 : -. ~ -44
<45;: -- 4 4

_~_Wn_ _


(1) By 1995, th tat will h1amss Ablgu to tr xrne *lU-t hWit j7etrm ve
degraded natural systems on an approved restoration priority list. (State
Ooanemaim stu: mtaudes adIraeI An sPoctt am rwt 7.,08, and 9S ;

OPERATION BPOCESrE: 1 i tit, B : -

(a) Implemnt program to assist in the restoration arnd utWkApiw
preservtion of degraded natural system. (nR,, Wes, and local

(b) Delop and approve a restoration priority system which ranks proposed
.- f asiblity states andg proposed aesoratwion Vojcts antr iM ta*d e
duriiqg fiv yar pwrdce atatln'F ac tAkthe h inaub .f thte fiscal year
for which the priority list istbeing mdemiped.. 4(=).. t,

(2) By 2005o the state will be managing -nditie taAtral ate wo hlhat tihy
function more naturally than they do today. (Statercwr:ehoupjie San
Policies addressed in Policy Cluster: 1, 7, 8 and 9)


(a) Implement a aehenive anaement program which identifies actions
that are needde, including planning, regulation, acquisition, and
research, at all levels of government to ensure the appropriate use,
development, and protection of modified natural system.
(DER,DC~,W ,G(WnrC, and WVs)

(b), there appropriate, use the Resource Planning and Mnagement Oommttee
and Area of Critical State Cnoern process to o.mpleent and facilitate
the long term anagenet and protection of natural system. (DCA)

(c) Sponsor studies and research projects to famine the dynamics of
natural water systems, their primary productive benefits, the instreaw
flow needs of fish and wildlife, and overall water mnnagemnt needs.
(IER, WMs, DM, GIFC, and DCI)

(d) W~rk with the federal government to ensure that federal projects
provide environmental enh.anement. omtinue efforts in Washington,
D.C., to broaden the ability of the U. Amy Crps of iEgineers to
address all water resource problems and en necessary, seek special
Congressional authorization for the 0orps to assist in individual water
projects. (0M)

(3) Regulatory program will ensure that by 1995 there will be a 5% net increase
in functioning wetland system. (State Omprehensive Plan Policies
addressed in Policy Cluster: 8)


(a) Obtain authority and develop regulation which mandate "ane for one"
restoration or mitigation in dredge and fill, and management and
storage of surface water program. (DR and tWs)


(b) Protect the .logimal functions of wtlands by reflecting 1

eL. 'v(.&Vf LjW4j'LSM *k~um m calmi 'remmii2 4!

1900 than when the Save our uverglides Progran Wm started in Ampit 1963.
(state Q~uhuwv Plan Ibicie addressed in Fo1icy -,): S .bW

(a) Avoid further cestrirtiwi or dsgr-airtion of Kissimme"'ruJJku
O~rnwhn-- ~lr6004"dQtemis.1Y (Max)OC

( b) ~ t.~1f~ bi~iniuu. ]6~ Il~f~r h iJ.ti baS ~kh. salogi ciuI r ctians
Ift. I*'Widmmuleim. td4 *q*r suystqm.S area"
mbere tU2960e110 w B

(Cy mWoro mmv W6stfi b .1t f -miter rf Wi.h &Wi mW~iftji #4._

(W) Successfully restore arn preserve theme unique areas. (3z3)


:r V -

A61571 *.1 .-k 4.. -'

no J "rTO

A:~~~ is 4 .~.A ~ *'<
9 kmb) Ir J
4 4
4 ~ ~ ~ ~ Il Jr L.U '"~~i bv.)

4. ,~'

~~:;;1;2ri~- P~iti ~ ~~"r~;s72c.

''ftt n
I:I.n1+ ~'; .-:'" '~-'i, r%.itrl: .,Y 1;ie i-~~i~s ~ ;,3

441a Ii: 1(

a .

- U~i~_ ~ ~ -~-~IP. i---*~iI~P

-.lrj:i ,c~: i


Florida shall protect its air, land and water resources froa the adverse
effects of resoure retraction and ensure that the disturbed areas are
reclaimed or restored to beneficial use as soon as reasonably possible.


5. Prohibit resource extraction which will result in an adverse effect on
environmentally sensitive areas of the state which cannot be restored.

6. Minimize the effects of resource extraction upon ground and surface waters.

8. Reduce the adverse impacts of waste disposal associated with resource

~B~P~S8~r~ 1 RI r: -n. aa

p-----tmm -,Rrfiasl~n-pp~C

i VnswoMeSmL ePROTeI

Mineral extraction is an economic asset to Florida, with phosphate, oil and gas
currently comprising the major portion of this industry. Peat, limerock, gravel,
clay, titanium, fullers earth and sand are other mining industries.

The State receives approiately $85 million annually from a mineral severance
- tax, half of which is deposited in the Onservation and Recreation Lands Trust
Fund for the purchase of environmentally-sensitive lands. A portion of the tax
is returned to the counties in which mining occurs.
Florida produces 334 of the world's and 80% of the nation's, phosphate, mainly
for use as fertilizer. Ibosphate mining has a nWb*r of physical and
environmental impacts. Mining literally turns the land upside down, add
dramatically changes its physical, chemical and biological characteristics. Some
mined areas can be restored to productive use over several years. However, waste
clay settling areas (slime ponds) require man years to stabilize and even then,
are difficult to restore to beneficial use. Research indicates potential
radiological health hazards asmociated with disturbed phosphate land. Despite
advances in water conservation techniques, phosphate mining and processing remain
significant users of fresh water.

SBsily accessible reserves of phosphate in central Florida are finite and are
rapidly being depleted. Since phosphates are a fundamental ingredient for
agriculture, the transition from cheap, easily accessible supplies to higher-cost
sources is somewhat analogous to the energy situation.

Similar depletion and environmental problems are associated with other major
minerals and oil and gas.


(1) By 1990 the state will have identified the types of environmentally
sensitive land and wter resources which cannot be restored and are
therefore inappropriate for mining. (State Oaprehensive Plan policy
addressed in Iolicy Cluster: 5)


(a) Adopt guidelines to establish the types of environmentally sensitive
lands which are inappropriate for mining as well as guidelines for
measuring and evaluating reclamation methods. (DER, DNR, GIWFC, and

(b) Sponsor research to develop criteria to identify environmentally
sensitive land and water resources which could not be reclaimed if
mined. (DE, DNR, GCFC, and WMs)

(c) *1ere appropriate, acquire the fee title or easement for lands
identified as enviroaetally sensitive and not reclaimble if mined.
(DB1R,D~R,GS FC, and tfis)

(2) Through 1995 the state will continue to ensure that mining omplies with
regulations for protecting water quality and quantity. (State Oaprehensive
Plan Rblicies addressed in Policy Cluster: 6 and 8).


(a) Oonsumptive use permits issued for ground water withdrawals for mining
will recognize and balance the needs of mining with the protection of
the water resource and other beneficial uses. (WmDs)

(b) Surface water management related to resource extraction will be
conducted to protect receiving waters frao degradation. (UBR and WMts)

(c) Reclamation programs will ensure that wetlands destroyed or degraded by
mining activities are returned to a fully functional status immediately
upon completion of mining activities. (DNR)

I~anar~arrmmrrlaamar~oll4~-r~-- --------------~s~a*a-- -- -r~-rra~-rrrPrresn~Pra~m*r*--~ -n--*r~--,~~ana~-raapr Frmrs;-~r~--ax~l--~a~~srr*'R~ r~-N~BII~~PIX~~L*n

-~~~ ,~---w ---_~ n -


Florida shall direct future transportation iaprovosnts to aid in the
management of growth and shall have a state transportation system that
integrates highway, air, mass transit, and other transportation modes.


2. ordinatee transportation investments in major travel corridors to enhance
system efficiency and minimize adverse environmental impacts.

5. Ensure that existing port facilities and airports are being used to the
maxima extent possible before encouraging the expansion or development of
new port facilities and airports to support economic growth.

12. Avoid transportation improments which encourage or subsidize increased
development in coastal high-hazard areas or in identified environmentally
sensitive areas such as wetlands, floodtays, or productive marine areas.


The develoant and maintenance of transportation system are closely linked
with various ter management issues. or emaple, Florida is at the
Intersection of a number of maritime trade routes. The state has ten major
ports and seventeen smaller ports. Studies for the Department of Transportation
predict that the mount of bulk cargo will increase slowly to the year 2000.
Bulk cargo includes phosphate rod, petroleum products, crude oil, coal and
sulphur. General cargo should increase at 3.70 per year to the year 2000.
General cargo includes chemicals and fertilizers, nmtal products fruits and
vegetables, mat products and iron and steel. General cargo requires more
facilities per ton than does bulk cargo. It currently makes up a mall
proportion of the goods handled by Florida's ports. This growth in cargo
handled, especially in general cargo, may require eKpansion of port facilities
or development of new facilities.

Another transportation issue that affects water reeouroes is the possible
construction of transportation nektwrks in envirorantally sensitive areas.
S Netorks such as highways have a direct effect on obesystem, such as wetlands.
For example, a 1976 study for the Florida Department of Transportation indicated
that although highway construction did not significantly reduce flow, it did
reduce the amplitude of the hydroperiod-the difference between the maximum and
Sminimia stage for a given year. But more important than these direct costs may
be the indirect effects of opening up an area to development, particularly in
coastal high-hazard areas or in environmentally sensitive areas such as

_ ~__Ll_ __ 1_______ ~~ _______~~_


(1) In 1995, the Mater quality in aorida' port facilities will be as good or
better than in 1985. (State OCr ehenisive Plan Plicies addressed in
Policy Cluster: 2 and 5)


(a) Develop sediment and water quality standards and criteria for waters
Used for deeipater shipping and, where necesary, develop a separate
classification, far such waters. Such classification, standards, and
criteria hall recognize that the preeent dedicated use of these
waters is for deepuater .mercial navigation and shall apply only to
the ports listed in 403.061 (26)(b), Florida Statutes. (DEt)

(b) BEure that envir#oeentally safe reas are available and used for
disposal of dredged material utilizing upland disposal as the
preferred option. (rD)

(2) In 1995, the water quality in coastal high-hasard areas or in identified
environmentally sensitive areas such as wetlands, floodesys, or productive
marine areas will be as good or better than in 1985. (State OCzprehensive
Plan Policies addressed in Policy Cluster: 2 and 12)


(a) Apply strict water quality protection criteria to transportation
investment decisions in coastal high-hazard areas or in identified
enviro' ntally sensitive areas such as wetlands, flooduays, or
productive marine areas. (DER and Mes)

r-7 ---7- ppl IMMM M a"W-MY:- RPM70 plop" "101~

I. --


Florida shall maintain and strive to expand its food, agriculture,
ornamental horticulture, aquaculture, forestry, and related industries in
order to be a healthy and competitive force in the national and
international marketplace.


4. Encourage conservation, wastewater recycling, and other appropriate measures
to assure adequate water resources to meet agricultural and other beneficial

8. Oonserve soil resources to maintain the economic value of land for
agricultural pursuits and to prevent sedimentation in state waters.

11. Ensure that coordinated state planning of road, rail and water-borne
transportation systems provide adequate facilities for the eoonacic
transport of agricultural products and supplies between producing areas and



Florida's agriculture depends heavily on irrigation water. Crop irrigation
continues to be by far the largest use of freshwater in Florida. In 1980, 2,997
million gallons per day were withdrawn for irrigation. Fifty two percent of
this was lost to the freshwater system. From 1975 to 1980, the number of acres
under irrigation increased alamst 11 percent, and the acreage devoted to
agriculture in Florida continues to increase. However, efficiency in irrigation
water management is estimated to fall between 20 and 50 percent, suggesting that
increased conservation measures could ease pressure on water supplies. The
P water management districts' consuoptive-use permitting programs should assure
more efficient agricultural irrigation.

In addition to using large amounts of water, agriculture has an effect on water
quality. Agricultural runoff often contains pollutants. Erosion of topsoil,
leaching of pesticides and fertilizers, drainage from animal feedlots, and
irrigation induced stream salinity are principal form of agricultural water
S pollution. The stormater rule adopted in 1982 by the Department of
Environmental Regulation requires the use of "best management practices" to
control norpoint pollutant discharge. In addition the water management
districts are working to reduce soil loss through surface water management
programs that will improve water quality and retain the economic value of

~nr~~--raa~-sr~i~-aan~,, -
- ~ -ii ~ ~~ '~~ 7i~~1~~1~19 ~------*ll-rir ---x n~--rira~---~~-*mma~,r~.~-rrr~~3anc


(1) In 1995, water conserwtion efforts will have resulted in more efficient use
of water for agricultural irrigation. (State Omprehensive Plan Policies
addressed in Policy Cluster: 4).


(a) In conjunction with the issuance or renewal of consumptive use permits
require water conservation measures and encourage water reclamation and
reuse where economically and environmentally feasible for agriculture.

(b) Spensor studies to examine the efficiency of agricultural water use,
the economic and environmental feasibility of using reclaimed water
for agricultural purposes, and the effectiveness of agricultural best
management practices. (DER, ~MDs, DMas)

(2) In 1995, soil conservation will have resulted in reductions in the
sediment load in Florida's surface waters caused by agriculture. (State
Oomprehensive Plan Policies addressed in Policy Cluster: 8)


(a) Require soil conservation measures for agriculture by issuing surface
water management permits designed to minimize the transport of sediment
and contaminants into surface waters. (WMDs)

(b) Sponsor studies and research projects to examine the effectiveness of
agricultural best management practices for conserving soil resources
and to minimize the impact that agricultural runoff has on
transportation of sediments and other pollutants into surface waters.
(DER, WeS, and DCAs)

Cn11 OWN "Now ""M I



-"II~-----~ ----nr~aC~gl~ L ----rr~ ~m;~MI~,MOI*rS1~~IIr*:~~I~";-~~~F~AISP


CHAPTER 17'i40


7-40.i .ql.eclara .qbn ;Arc1 Intent.
.7-!60,02 Definitions.
7-44.03 General,Water Policy.
7-90.0 Water Up ,
7-40.05 Water Transport.
S7-740.06 Water Quality.
J7;-40.07 Surface Water Management.
17-40.08 Minimnt.m Flows ah~d Levels.
17-40.09 ..District Water Maaagemenit
17-40. i. Review and'~Appllcaifon. -'

7-4I,01 Deelaration ahh
Intent. ,
(1. ) TIe waters f the state A e
among its basic resnurced, Such
waters ihoutd be manaJged td'cnserve
and protect natur-l resources and
.scenic bqeuty 'ind' to realize the
full beneficial -use of the testurce.
Recognizing the' Imordtance o6 waterr
to,the state, the Legislature: passed
tlh '-Water Res'ources rt, Chapter
:j, Florida Statutes.
(2) Chlpti 373, Florida" Stt-
utes, provides that the State Watir
Use Plan.'and 'tie Florida Witer Plan
will be developecd progresstvely as
studies aei, cop .leted and as Depart-
ment or DIstric< rates atid programs
are developed.' .
(3) As A part of the State
Water Use Ptah, 't1% 'D"atptment may
provide slch iitdormatiori. direc-
tions, or qb&ektItet for' the guld-
ance : f, the Drstitits 'as t deems
necessary "
(4) To this terid, this chapter
is 'Itend'd to clarify 'wt~' -policy
'as expressed In' ChapM t Mn ';-l7' rlda
S,'atutes., nd to othetWij*'Jpfrbvde
guidance to the dieartient 'and
listricts in' the '-cdiveldpMit of
programs, rdles, and plahi'.

(5 Y This Chapter does not re-
peal, amend or otherwise altL" 4ty
rule '-ow existing. or later adopted
by thi DepartMtet ii~ Ditrict bI. W*
eve'-t, proctwures are' included 'fin
-this Chapter which piov4de forth
review 'and Modification: 'of Depart-
ment and District rul18s to assire
consistency :w-th 'the, p oviitons of
'this Chapter. '
. I(6) Thlfr- Chapter siKll"te''r a
tairt of the State Water Use Plan and
the FItoida Water PM. e n 7 .
:';(T7Y'Wr is the intent -of the
Department, in coaperatFit with thg
Wate Mianagewment 'Disttlt. to Seek
adequate -ourdes VWi flying 1' sup-
plement Distriet ad 48tierem takd p
implement the provisons ),it this
SpSifc A'uthlrwit 397.026?)W a
-393,CW 0 13-,-l- Ltaw-,
Intplemented- 373.036 ,F:P S.
History: New S-SZj.:

17-40.02 ErflntiMlns. ::
'" Whlenappearing in tis Chapter',
'the Tb low ing'word. t'Shelt mean:' *:
e' (1) "DMpatAiSht"' meahs ttke
Department.' of Erihrornmentl R4gu-
latien." a'
(2) *Dist#idt maerns a Water
Managememft as-rict t diaed pursuant
lto 'Chbptei 3731 ipytorlda'Statotts.
Specific' Authoriiyr'-1 73.F26 (7) '
973.013, ."033t9MS. P.S. AtaW;
Implemented: 373.036,. F.S. 'a -
WFtstow. MNew lS-S3-251'- S:-
?J95^L-S:E i ?' -,tEW
-017-03 Gehwal Miter Ptliicy.k
The fld*iWofng Statement ,f
gener*,b wavte pfitcy' shdal*prov4de `a
baisi TbV' epartr t!nt reV4w of water
Iiernaement program*. rules iand

ON 4Q001 I 41"~40.03


--~-- --




plans. Water management programs,,
rules and plans, where economically
and environmentally feasible., -n,
contrary to the public interest, and
consistent with Florida .,aw,, shall
sej< t(ii o..n; 'r (4
.;,., (1) Assure aya J~ity ,of, a
adequate :n4. a!f, -_oiuppy 9
water ,f all, reasonable-bonefic1ii
Vpses, Usesptf wNar; authori ed hb ya
permRit shall lim-ted ,t reasona ble-
be*eficial user.* ; a rn-
4: .: Rqpryg: from use that. water
necessary to support 4assentIl
non-withdrawal ,hrpnds, including
navigation, rj r.tatf p and r,
protection of flah. and wildUlf. G. .
?) .. sate r;4at cpnervation
-w an ,aiogre irpert. of wa4er 4tiqgger
meltt programs, ruls, 40,ana nas n
thee U -arn- .reu~ e of watJ'. of, the
,tPlqgE ascqp;a purpose intendedS s
,(4) Utilize, preserve, r-etgrq,.
and enhapie u r rl T. mArnaqugeint
systems- avd dipourage the ization or. other .alteratior of ntu-
ral rivers, strqap, arn~ lakes.,,, ,
(5) Protect the water storage
and water cu~)y arwcelt ) eft func-
,tion. of wemla ig;- QOpi~in s, and
aquifer .reqp ur Ag r 1e -.throflgh
,.aquisit~n,, enfer4qm"t pf laws,
"an: thi,..pigl;en-i-;ofl 4na ,1nd
water management practices rWIth
pridee forwnepatialq toes.,;
(r) (J tti at e e* ',* < ,..ii19WP ctsS
resultlang; frtLm ,uplrir al4raipn ,pf
naturtlr 1 hyfrlogc ~lotperns, ,apd
fluctuations inr urfauLtnd ground
water levels-i ..-t :b ,
(7) Establlih ruirnium flipwsand
levels to protect water resources
an4r the: envA4tlnctd, sreiBwpsso-
i-ate4 with afm:ki,- estuarine,
Sfreshwater,, end d,"aLy p *4s yq.gy.
su (8) Ca neuragatt. c: m solutions to ,ateresour, problems

and give adequate consideration to
non-structural alternatives whenever
,structural works are proposed.
(9) Encourage the management of
floodplains and other flood hazard
areas to prevnrit 'Fo r 'due flood
damage,. consiqfit- 'wkith establish-
ment and 'mO'ntenh~h e of desh'abl.,
hydrologic char ateriWtics of- such
(10J. ana. thq construction
and operjtiop of" tafUtties wliich
cdap. dfprt.., Qr ot r4lI fter the
flow of surface waters, to '~~eent
increased, fliodiCnla, i6.s erosion or
excessive drainage.
( Ms pimyveppment
of local and regional witr supplies
wLthi. .istrl rr .r thir
transport ty across Cdistrict
,boundealri an
tjqontr.ol point '" and idh-
point sources, of water polution to
the g-ate d red 'asibie as
prpyia dei Chapprs f7-3 arn 17-6,
F' y r;"
J, 3.evelq.,. ipterst tq agree-
ments and undprtae c&peratlve
proagrapi.s with Al'b`n aCid.'im rgia mto
Rpryi1 fpr 00o^9^,W 'Mqnagement
of, sur lce anjd groMtn wers,
Specific. A rit .t
_373.04 .3 4@pj; 8&w .
,mpleemnted tpr *37. F'.S.
History New 5-S-8. ,

-q.7 W r Jsor
Th. bli'p" I ?p' to
.th9se ,#eaq ;whqrc h, use o7 water
.1% )egulat.d p afY to, Part n of
Chapter. 373, Florida Stat tqa :
(1), (49 p.~pit ,.al 1q granted
to i.utw' ioe kIwje f Vwter, unless
,tht1. -appSfcan .', $hat the
,ArRAA9se01 .e i*s, a reap ableq--pnei-
cl Nil. 9i A n., 1e'Ter *with
1,present!Vy existir ln legal u.es of
water and, is Coni c snt wIth'the

1,7r4&O .-4

___~ __r ___ _~l~__U__ I_~~___ II ____~ ~__~__ ___~____ __l__~__rrr_ _I__ I _~s~_Yl__~q




public interest. .
(2) in determiinig whether a
water use .is a reasonable-beneficial
use, consideration should be given
to any evl n re.presePte concerning
the following factors:
(a) The quantity of water re-
quested for the use;
(b) 'The demonstrated need for
the use;
(C) The suitability of the use
to t'ie source O 'water;
td) The purpose and value of
the use; .
tel Ts extent and amount of
"harm caused; ""
(f) The practifality of miti-
gating any harm by adjy ting the
quantity qr method of use; .
(g) Whether the impact of the
withdrawal exteids to land npt owned
or legally controlled by th user;
(h) The method dnhd efficiency
of use;
(i) Water conservation j'adures
taken or available to be taken;
'CjThe pradCaticaty of reuse.
or the use of waters 6f more6 suit-
(k) The present and rdjectEd
demiandtr the' source `4 water;
(I) The long term yield avail-
able from the source dofwater;
(m) The extent f' water quality
degradation caused;
(n) Whether -the proposed use
would cauie or cottribute to flood
"damage; and
(o) Whether the proposed use
would significantly .Induce salt
"iWatli intrusion. ,
':'(p' The amount 'of water which
can be witldrirn without causing
harm to'thle resource;.
(q) Other relevant factors.
(i)' Water sharf be reserved
from permit use In such locations
,and qdantitles, and for such seasons

of t0q, yEr., as in the jydgqment of
the. department 4 Qal _Witny be
required for the. protection. of fish
and wildlife or lU 9i44 halt .or
safety ,
4, ,;r Conservation f ter shall
be a requirement un(ess pot economi-
.callygqr environmentall., feasible.
S, 5)n i implementing consumptive
use permittifg programs, the depart-
ment and the districts shajl recog-
nize the right qf property owners,
as limited acy a. to aaMke Pmsltwj-P
tUve uses vof water from hWir and,
and,.,the rjgbts. 43f ot)lr se, ,as
limited by law, to make consuyptive
uses 9f watr.,. for rea;9nable, bene-
ficial uses i- a s. manner censistnt
with tt ~,yjb)J, interer"t what will
not interfere with any presently
existing Intgl i uf, water.
S (6- Permits .authorizing oO-
,sumptiv9ev u .^ .' ,t-r^ i. cause
unantic;ipat.d i gnifi~#et adverse
impacts on off-site land 4A ses istj-
ing at .te t ,t of permit applica-
ion, ,or on legal of water
existing, at the, Pat'e -of permit
p ilpcatipn,, should be consl dred
for modification., to, curtail .or
abate the adverse impacts,- ,unless
the impact qn..be, mitigated by the
permittee..:e C V11 ..: .
Specific A uthrity: .373,026 ,
373.043,. 4iO.S f .5 Law i ,
Implemented : 737 03.., P,rt I .: ;
373, F.S. History -New 5-5-81,
Amended 2-4-t2.

17-40, 5 ll< y rwgsport.
The foll jo shyt apply to
th -trnns(%rs .(f vper. whera sch
transf~es are reguAated pursuant to
Pai.t' J, of. Chapter 4c, 4flopid
-.tatutjs: mo'-
(1) The transport- qr- use 4of
water .across Qi. 4rict boundaries
shall require approval of each

t7-i40.04 -- V7-410.05

_ ~ _~ __ -- ~~~1----~-~x~~ ~.,II~--

.. . . ... . - .. ...--.-- a T r p+

---T-----i------;-~~- r i~i li-l 01-1~~-7~1:~11- :I~::~ii:rrr
~_.~_...._.____,__ __~_ Y

-~~,--i. ~-; -:

DER 1922

rCAreR rcltcv


DE 19u~2 WATER.. POIC A;7.

involved District.
'"i- l -deciding whether the
transport and use of water actrss
District ':N)dairies' t 'risisfeht
wittiKti p#Bfi Tterest 'p usuant'to
Section 373.223, Florida Statutes,
t:e OFDtricts "'~jo -ld consider the
et'tent to Which: oi-i r so
(a) Comtprelhehsive water ':i-
'servatiCtP'and i-fl e programs are
Imple*hinthd ihd erford' In 'the area
of need '
(b) 1T' e~Vnii a castst, benefits.
arid environmental imalts haie'been
adequately &aernhinteti Ilcr~idlhaig he
fIpa't '-on 'bdth 1 he ~upplthgi and
receting:.aredC ;:, -
(c) The transporf'Ts n etii-
reonmentally and econdrMiciRfy accept-
able methodd to sup~ ly: te' for tiie
given pbIrpbre;w '" "
(d)'The present anrd prticted
water A4e684: f the supplying area
arie reasd6tbly determinbdi a'd 'cn be
satlsfited :even' '-if thd" l'tt~ildbrt
takes jbidde?-^" *'* "o ^**& 1
1I"e) '"Thtratispio plan IhAtopo-
rates a( regional approach "to water
supply fand Efistributiot irtcrudfr g,
Where appropriate, plans fbr even-
tual Interconntictlon' of taer supply
sources; and
"' if)" Th~'trahspuot I9 otherwise
consistent with the pbll.c interest
based upon LvidenCee r *,ntd;
Specific Authority : .
373.043, 493.80,: Pr. T' w ""
Implemented: 371.0"'6., Part'l
373, F.S. History: New S-53-1.

t1-4. i' t Wa Qudlty. :
S(1) Wfi' *QlTtty standards
tIaI bte enforft ptrsuait tb Chao-
-titrh 03, rIo r Statutes, 'o
pr4tet waters W the State, fbm
point and non-point sources of
'(2) State water 'quality stai-

dards adopted by Departneri rule
-shall be a part of t1lF I6rida Water
-Piak yms- -*Tu ;
Specific Authomity: 403.00?1,
373.026, 373.043, '03.S'0 'F.S I
'Law Implemented: 7.03 3 7369,
403.021, F.S. ?, 'sry:.ew ,5-s-81.

17-49.07 Suirfa e W r'"
The following shajU apply to
ihe `regulation' of surfac" wat rs
pursuant to 'art IV, chapterr 373.
Floridi Statutes. '
Q. Tbe, cqrstryctitn and opera-
tion of facilities whicb pRag .,pr
tore surfae wptera, Q, other
faciliu s -whicih d na divert, im-
pouhd, .dihargejir gr otherwise
impact wtkrs ',14, .. Ind the
rmWproye.pts ser d b failt.i-
ties, shha. not .bipar i fu: to water
Sresourles, o inc~nsis ent wth the
objectives of the Department _or
:Vmgin g the hrm Jo
water resoyrc.snd ongfrtency with
'he objectiv.s3 o ef, eDeprt nt or
iOistrict, consideration .shioulc. be
giverr to: t .o I
:(a)V e impact .of mhe t facili-
ties' on "
Eci 1atjri .,c
v 'T y .gP^ atipn,
(ii) water .E~ 1. r
2 hj'jjfjah w ,
tV w,19 hans. fnodplains, and
other environmentally,., sensitive
; .vij. atwtqr -.or pollution
intrusion, incl'Lding9, y ., barrier
Jine esablied ,p.uu t, to Section'
'TW03S. .j99 ta,
(vill reasq pe-bnefiial.
uses of water, ', ,
(viiim minpmum flws and
levels established prsupat. rto
Section 373.042, ,lorida Statute,.

1 7-'&0,,5 ,!1-th~lOQ7~a

~_ __V- OD~~-YI~--;-iXlll*~-- ~~ ~-. _CI--.- ?rr.rr ~-*LII :.....-- ^ ~illi*-n~ ~-~ ~L~i~-an~* -1U~--llli ~~~~i~--Cl-^_C*^~~~1--- ~ JI~P-rr~IIXI-~--LT~-1

DER 1982


1 r7-4

DER 1982 WAE OIY- 17-40

*arid -. "
'"txPther- factors relating to.
the publk&( heilthl,;" safety, awd
SweffaWv '
: (b6) etltW% the'fablitiies meet
applicable design o performance
stand r ds. :../ ., .. ..-.
(c) 'Whether adequate provisions
exrit far thI continued sa;tisfactory
operation an&s ;id tetawe" of .the
facilities; w, o f s: ::. 1
d) F'Th- :~tlFi --f thn:ifaciIt-
ties a" nd related linpiovements to
avafd Inereasedi. damage ,: to oeffette
property or the public causedtaayd+;
S~f fr flAbiapa.lA Q -development,
encrobatient r othWreIltuIratiloA
to "iygQTitaidanRr rb. 4eceleMration
oV f'dtverrlen flowing water c; ci
( IiI l reductti#or u ofi'i :-mtu.al
water .storage preas, ..
(iv) facility failure,-or
S(iv other :cttiohUI$ adversely
lm~pacti~g ;. olPfste. water flows or
levels, iaZi *
Specif'- Authority: 373.026, .
373.043,4 03.885, P.Si La-:,
Implemented- i3.34,, Part BI,
373 FVPS. History: New S-5-81.

: 17-40.C8 Minimum Fleows and
rLevels;. +,+: iii ., :.
mi : 4-4 it n :establishirktgr mtirium
flows and levels pursuant to .Setion
373.042, G consideration .; shal bbe
given lt the.? rotlctibn of. water
resources,; natitrJ: j iiasonal -flukecua-
tions ,in weter ,flowv l or levels., and
environmental 44ai"e* associated .with
coastal, estuarine, aquatic, and
wetlands ecology, including:
(a) Recreation in and on the
(b) Fish and wildlife habitats
and the passage of fish;
(c) Estuarine resources;
(d) Transfer of detrital mate-

,. {e) Maintenance of freShwater
storage and supply; .
(ffr:Aestblatlc an ;crenic attri-
bu*tes; n in<\ *
:: (g Filtratiotn ,sandko abortion
of nutrients and. other pilpWltnts;
(hl Sediment loads o
a (i) Water qualityy and
; "(ijk Nmavigation.-. :;,. r: .- ..
(2) Establishh d mirmim~m Rows
and levels shall be a consideration
where reievanrtEt: ,^, ,toP
aw) Tt construction and opera-
tion of W*atera resounre prulfet., ;
(b) The issuance ..of :p.ftraits
pursuant to Part II, Part IV, and
Section 373Ba6w, FtIlda Statutes.
(c) The declarationr a a-,wser
-shortage pursuaOt tD Section r373.175
:or Sectlen 3344?3,ty6. Flaeia Stat-

SSp4cieic A4uthority: 373.026,
373.043, 403.805, F,*S-i tLWC r
,aIplemenltedt 373 ;036; 3r3.Y73 0 2
373.086, 3731175i13A 24 .,.
SHistorty: New. 5--6S l8> *.-1sw '..' : 3

; 17-4L .0 district eWter;:.
MatnageM tt llBs ;.v:, + .',*-*- ;
p.,',;41) Aaitater naageJnemnt plan
shaii be. pneparud by each Dislrict
which it. consistentrt with b-thecprpvi-
sions. of- tii Sehptp-rna rdncwin
3E03.36,Florida Statbtesr. The plan
shall identify -pecific.- geographical
arWs where. water jreaourem .robleins
h.ve reached .-Iitict letelts.
i.. /ni- lbA onre', eof( ti|d1,tion
shelll, b, specified ,for.- ae-g* ,riUgital
up,'obleui. rie;
-e-. (A) Mea#tUMAp tagdatsjclgleiB||pyit
are not limited to, water resarce
project! .-1Ptwaib, reWgMqgps frpestora-
:t tien!.',,l e .:.ursPWUlt tQ $#ctljon
44M3.4a05, Foerida Statusjg, tYroipe
Saf, land*da thiperc*nt 90 DepartwAgt
or Qistrit rnwes:. .agiHatign.,Aalen
by local government pursuant to a

17-40.07 -- 17-40.09


BF"~""~"""~""--rr-"k'----a~Bpr~ls~.~., r nr nr




Local Government Comprehensive
Pt1n', ek**I ordinawei e ir! toning
regulation. '
'(4 WStrk t Pims. shait also
provide for identifying areas :whew
collection ot data, jwates, ipsource
investigbtibns. 4rnwatLr t resource
projects, or i.h imiplem enltion of
regulatory progriainear necessary to
prevent water resoue p di blems from
reaching' critical leuel*s:, I .
Specift Autthorityt 3l026i- .:
373.043, 403.805, PIS. .- n w -
14pteelented%- 37&.0368, 37.0i3,
373.042:5 1TS1 Ni ,;. 114 ; s *f. -".
Hlstory: New 5-St8. .

404.W 10 Review nd a

{1 Thds -Chapner shaM bw re-
Vl~wed psriodicalPyi, :Bbut A niw case
less frequently than once every. four
years. ReWillIns 'if *Ian, l6 sh be
adopted' by ruti .4 :-: ;: .: ii
(2)Wlthina' 12 months after
adopttior or -pviolen of thisWChpi-
ter, the Department,: in dbordinatibn
with the Districts, shall review
existing rutes ibft-. onralter-y with
the provisions contabiudl twe,. .-
S(3) Diatrct t(utes. adopted
fAft& thtit0 Ciat li:,' takes.-' fftct
s4naMl be reviewed bYy ,Ihe *-Dpa*m~nt
:f rensfti ney witi ttl Chapter-
S1(4) A the ri qeist of ,itW Do-
parttert, each W: trict shl ate rulematking plrJantatc lChpllter
120, Fleortd Stat&Uses, O-onomsidr
changes'ttf Depart ent dbtetines to
be tvnecess4ry b -*sure:Acor istency
with this Chpater. The Depatmempt
ShaW4b' made a rtwayz (the pro-
ceeding. **^s .. a'i ,.- .^,
(5 ) IDistiet: watelp pollklies may
be adopted %ttkh atte ebtMwEfnt w*th
this C9rapter,:-.but wh1%h i- te into
1aodrnt- dWffd4 rtg -* 'gtrsl t water
res6ufte chaieertetel feand' needs.
f i --ij ''..,; ;' **." ri v x if ;...

(6) A District shall initiate
rulemaking to consider impleme ha-
*tion.. jefs progrz9 Ms ,-p raa4nt to
Sectione-373.03 ,*"j .04jh, 373. 19,
Part III, or Part IV of Chaptfr.37.3.
FloricB,,lSaste*. where, *Oe ,epart-
mefet : n :pistrict- i da(Aternni thlt
present or projected corp t$ ggf
water shbtagfe&,. -, ,satee >intru-
sion .t|fledniig.*, 1rvin ,ar ^gl)t,
water resowrce 4*lespa, prvyqn or
threaten to prevent the achiAvement
of 1*easoabl4e-apagciqt use4, the
,protMabeievo ,d'is.-Ae, wkidfe, r
4th1 ttainment r of tA, later .pljQy
diritthliai *?uq .iini * rc (7). The Dep erqtpa: api Dis-
trict; shaa., asAlt. o4&ex4lMAWrWvR -
takc.mtitis in the .4*eYlopMent of
plans,, arsluap.ae. 'OrsethMen-I. itr s
to< :promotb.- conatileoomVy with this
Chapter and Deriltt r~ltgACl a3fn l-
ment plans, iv; ;
1;'->6tk DupCtcation e4f- waYt quali-
,ty an"i quantity pewrilAting f*.p tiRns
should be eliminated where app1ropjli-
ate throe lg.d tegtiim-a(-i epMlrg~yWt
responsitzUltie* .16 Distril .,.
,19) 1Ot* ,BBupapnet "rm 9iA-
trictrs-- shouA : assial educatipoal
institutions in the development of
edcautiemw~i oamenie aril d- d research
programs which meet FM/ahdts
*pr mret ardaifui*ee water managementt
i needs. u} Jaur^nfiij--'a day fa< >r-ol
6-pedift kiAuthority;: -374.026,
323.O04t1, 4Ill -.., ;Law L i
:impleMaenteai, i 3 73u~aC, 373.3 1.,
t a13..o04 /J 373k sQ tioa73w44 ,.i. s ,&;- :-
SHistory Mew SMefwrtc. r4).,-.-
V v;-

, t- ~


17-40.09 -- 17-40.10

DER 1982



"-"'' `""-'I"*~~ ,~~`~"~"`~`~~"""~~'"-~prr~r, _11-1.1----.-11~~- --I~~- ^_~_--r~---4n~C~--. Cl- -----rPI-rr-

--~~~--~ ~----~--I; ~-~-~.T~ -- --

GAL (6): H-AIW

Florida shall cultivate good health for all itp citizen

promote individual respo a ibi.ity for good he ah, apure

access to affordap*, ?W Mty health carwe 4 Edue health

care costs as a percentage of the total financial resource

available to the state and its citizens.


11. ADULSt :

(o) Provide for stringent regutlatons and enforce to premt

exposure of humans to environmental toains, carcinogens, and

radiation. See 2(g), p. 24.

19. Expand and improve current efforts to protect public health

through clean air and water requirements. See l(a, b, i),

p. 23; 2(a, b, i), p. 24-25.

II~LI~IIIIIRI ~--erCI~-~~n~--*lsC~5~~~---~---~



Florida shall prdt et1i i puil L" b pr~ ng : 'disdauregivi g

and punishing crfi t&- b i idig -tje-.jjbfta '

rate, and protwe .1b 11v ii& pd tip& ty frdu -,,j*wii "

Marewad disaster. -w


25. Require local governments, in cooperation with regional and

state agencies, to adopt plans and policies to protect public

and private property and human lives from the effects of

natural disastersi s" i!w h .s; 1(a), p. (a'p-1 i iSS.f tt W.

/ .Q .' ':?;

fe. .') "i''^ ^* .'''.*.L .y 'Ni.


N-.. -' N N*N~ ~,Ni~

N> I ,.

I~- -i --'YI- ~M"";rr~ 1 '*s~~nrCII~IB*rr~-Puorc1P~~lra -rr*- -I c.-i

~" 'i
,~ ii "- !4~.i:


Florida shall ensure d p t and marine resource use

and beach as inps coastal areas do not

endanger public sey,or Jmportant natural resources.

Florida shall, through a;ouisition and access improvements,

make available to the state's population additional beaches

and marine environment, consistent with sound environmental



7. Protect and restore lpa-teR productivity of marine

fisheries habitat and other aquatic resources. See l(b), p.

23; l(b, e), p. 37.

8. Avoid the exploration and development of mineral resources

which threaten marine, aquatic and estuarine resources. See

1 (b, d), p. 37.

~C +IIJICI~~-~-- ---- 7*~)~CI~.~~PC~--LTu^al"RI^~-~--ra~


Florida shall ensure that aevelop:rnt d narn' rsouo~ ce ue Ahd

beach access inprcwvaents in osital a'ehs do 't kklfv`

safety or important natural resources. Florid sil, thI(k

acquisition and access imp ovfntni ma5e available tb t06 sftateS

population additiornalbeace and marine environment, tnssteat

with sound environmental planning.


3. Avoid the expenditure of state funds that subsidize

development in high-hazard coas~a areas. ee 1 #S), p. 31;

1 (a, b, c, d, p. 37.

": "' ^ \ '- -.-* -i5 ; L '-;- '*'''f- / ?,'^K^, ,L A t>* -." ''1 -"^'^ *6 '

rl 'Li~ I- ~mr~~T^~Ul~rX~"i-----ll--^~XI --*rari* ;rsla~-i


Florida shall protect amd mAcuire wj* natural habitats and.

ecological systems such. as vetanqs, trqgial hardwood

hannocks, palm ha iW> *ed vi gijj Jongleafa pc forests,

and restore degraded natural yst- to a A ctional



3. Prohibit the destruction ofU wNDauG qi speiMa ad pctct,

their habitats. See (4;, ;, i (a ,p 4, Y#4.


V i~:;


- -~


1> *, !


GOAL (10), Rl.AL SYSTEMS A)d SL ... .

Florida shall prot 'ahkL atifre aEIYe itt habit "ali

ecological system tseau'n ,etl ,ttt ~-a.lp -. :. < t a

hMannWks, palm hatafidts, an&; rugle&f'ia rV i:.i ,,,E.A

and restore degraded taira mob.x.*.A.. .. ;


POLIE CY ISTR (45): IA M0 *o t6 :

5. Praoote the use t Citi ii PatE *t iamr ;4

acpatible with the 'Aotteido of 41dlIfe'-an&r niualual.:

system. See 1 (b), p. 15; 2 (c), p. 16; 4 (c), p. 16; 1 (e,

j), p. 23; 2 (d), p. 24; 3 (a), p. 43; 1 (a, b), p. 61; 2 (a,

b), p. 61.

6. Encourage multiple use of forest resources, where

appropriate, to provide for timber production, recreation,

wildlife habitat, watershed protection, erosion control, and

maintenance of wter quality. See 1 (c, h), p. 23; 1 (a, e),

p. 31; 2 (a), p. 43.

10. Emphasize the acquisition and maintenance of ecologically
intact system in all land and water planning, management and

regulation. See 1 tg, h), p. 31; 1 (c, e), p. 37; 2 (a, c),

p. 43.

~~?rrr. i ~. -~~~~,~,~n41J-~~i-- ora~- x~x r;~ ~,, ,,,~,,~,~R~iHir-a- r-7 ~~.-r~-*r~a.r-~r~-r~~ qrxllmaill~i-nlsrrnrel


Florida shall pcotept, aWp.a*uire upique nrt;ural habitats and 4

ecological sysatPs .icd q ptlWans, tropical hardwood

hamodcks, pale hbamocks, a g; f* Mo ..

and restore degraded natural systems to a functional

condition. ......

11. Expand state and local efforts to provide recreational

opportunities to urban areas, including the development of

activity-based parks. See 1 (g), p. 31; 1 (c), p. 37; 2 (a),

p. 43.

12. Protect and expand park systems throughout the state. See 1

(g), p. 31; 1 (c), p. 37; 2 (a), p. 43.

13. Encourage the use of public and private financial and other

resources for the development of recreational opportunities

at the state and local levels. See 1 (g), p. 31; 1 (c), p.

37; 2 (a), p. 43.

-I i~iFd~i~*ll~IIIIL~Al ~Clmn~mRla ----aar.r~~aGI*P~-)~*--nS*~~


All solid waste, infhuding haSakdoust waste wsit'eNtet, wand

all hazardous materials, shall be tkosiefty kAnageid and Iw t

use of landfills ihal' i e4Bt i ilj latR <,t' i ita.


3. Identify and clean up hazardous waste sites. See'i Ci ( b), p

23; 2 (a, b, h, k), p. 24-25.

j, t. J
'' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ : ~.-.'.C ;'* ii .;^ ;''---' .. f:- ^J& Zrcir-ft' ''.} *

A 2"..

't~<2 i: "

:~)li~.: ;I\t (pfr; .~p: .

: f4r

0 tC '* I*

pr~ --- --t,\Jl~sraarrrrrr-aru~-a~aana~-~~~ ~,rrar.

" : ; ; ". A f ,

.:.-~-~.~I ...t~..


All solid waste, ianLugigjaWa0Wyiohtaee am f-.tpt rM No9_

all hazardous mahialaj, hAMU t4,pqpEwois .ag4 Pd

use of landEill&tji tWh;Jb WSW-ay aJw.,

DISPOSAL A7 ;. ,' ... -

1. By 1995, reduce the ooluam qf.jLMbaaar i s sol ,, .

disposed of in landfills.to.45 pfetnt Poft e 1985ilo. :ai,.

See 1 (a, b), p. 231 2,i(at 4), p. 4,,. ,,,..,

7. &noourage the research, developnt, and implaentation of

recycling, resource rawery,ean, gy .rpcor y, aqnd ,

methods of usingiVgw gsme, 4gashi, .: SePe,:si .

hazardous waste,.o otheraid aR Se* ,le 23 2 (i) .2

p. 25. .

9. Identify, develop, and encourage envirorsentally solnd

wasteater treatment and disposal methods. See 1 (a, b, e,

h), p. 23; 2 (a, b, f, h), p. 24.

_ __ ~1_

GOAL (14): NsOIG .. ,

Florida shall j6dte+ it aitf, th'gan*iattf-te Ede b asb f Ar

the adverse ef tt&& *& akePd dnathat tt !

the disturbed areas are rteh&iSi'F o tVbttabL6Mi 't. $nt
use as soon as reasonably possible.


3. Require that disturbed Aks, iEap t 6ia s e sledwto r.. ,
reclaimed by nattily, be ra iaut k ts av-: :

beneficial use within a period etehakisdbn y t'e fitate to be

reasonable and practical. See 2' (c), p. 49.

4. Iequire state rectiatibrsthfidardS to B'Sin te .al :,.
well-coordinated, &9 to be 6'ntisttt' ith Ab6 -MA t fl.

the public inthtre aaitcoAscrtttio if Mt ftWtmtS -S e;

See 2 (c), p. 49.

p *': '**' S y --" S- .iCrf. tA:: Si t'^iS; -'-i >'-:' '7 -^v *y

~m~DIMu -s---l~m~Maranrr~1~ -


Florida shall protect its air, land and water resources from
the adverse effects of resource extraction and ensure that
the disturbed areas are reclaimed or restored to beneficial
use as soon as reasonably possible.


1. Develop a campr nsWive approach to the regulation of
resource extraction. See 1 (c), p. 23; 2 (a), p. 43.

2. Require mining operations to provide evidence of financial
responsibility to ensure the reclamation of mined lands. See
1 (a), p. 23; 2 (a), p. 24; 2 (c), p. 49.

9. Require that mining and reclamation regulation recognizes the
geological constraints and inherent differences in the types
and locations of resources to be mined. See 2 (a, b, c), p.


E,,anpy7 --- l~ ~aa-r~tar~v-

rn .,.an~r r~Pa rr r an- -g. I-(I~V.~ l--*~ T r9111Xww~llU)-~.XIl. i-.-..~A~ -Il.n~


Florida shall protect private property rights anMr recognize

the istence o lgitimte and often capetng pubic
private int s ttrs
private interests in land use regulations and other

government actions.


3. Encourage acquisition of lasris y state or local goverfn t t

in cses where regulation wilTl v ly lmIt practicar se y

of real property. See 1 (g), p. 31; 1 (c), p. 37; 2 (a), p.


-, C--

-~~rll-r~~~~I1I-~~ -

In recognition o the- iipdtanrxe of preserving the natural

resources and enhanEing the quality of life of the state,,

development shall be di.rted to those agea whic have in .

place, or have agre~ents to provide, the land aand water

resources, fiscal abilities, and the service capacity to

acoamdate growth in an envimraentally acceptable manner.


4. Develop a system of intergovwrmental negotiation for siting

locally unpopular public and private land uses which

considers the area of population served, the impct.on land

development patterns or important natural resource ad the

oost-effectiveneas s. eC rvica delivery, Se (bN p. 31.



In recognition of tohejmlabttib ofM. pieda ing tbe aatt ,....

resources and enhanecirg t1 quai ty t tye 0iN ff. a b ,.

development shall be reled- to those areas hi~cb.bV, iP,, .:

place, or have agreil itr to ram vidI, the aItr. and., MMw
resources, fiscal ,bil1i awidb the servio ciaP ity, to

acoannoodte groth hii ah nvitoanacitalty a atoble manner.

POLICY CMlSTER (58): NMATML 1fdi)S5RatK e Pi-1BRIM'It 1Ii

6. insiderr, in lad usei planning and' regulation, the impact ~f

land use on water quality aMn quantity,' theatailab&ity f ,

land, water, anid other nitutal resOuros bo aet deaodU an4

the potential teo i6odirg." See -1 (a, b, aordAo pia 1542 .441 ,

b, q, d), p. 15-iAi r 24-25; 1 (a, b, c, e), p. 31; 1 (b), p. 37; 1 (a, b), p. 43.

7. Provide educational programs and research to meet state,

regional and local planning and growth-managaaent needs. See

3 (a), p. 16; 1 (g, h, i), p. 23; 2 (h, i), p. 24-25; 3 (a,

b), p. 25; 1 (h), p. 31; 1 (e), p. 37; 2 (c), p. 43; 1 (b),

p. 49; 1 (b), p. 61; 2 (b), p. 61.


~~L' -


Florida shall protect the substantial investments in public

facilities that already exist, and shall plan for and finance

new facilities tp seye residents in timely, orderly and

efficient manner.


10. Encourage developet fp gtpryater systa n to extend

existing seerge e capawty,, SeW 4 (a), p. 16.

r p"11, FE"ia"p asr ,an


Florida shall protect ts n il
Florida shall protect the substantial investments in public

facilities that already eist,nd and fhal plan Ear and inane .T

new facilities to serve resid66t i a tuneIy, orderly and

efficient manner.


4. Create a partnership among state government, local

governments, and the private sector whid i 'fld ientify and-' ..

build needed public facilities a d "lEcae" the7 "'-6f s h'

facilities among the partners in proportion to the benefits

accruing to each of them. See 1 (c, d), p. 15; 2(d), p. 16;

3 (b), p. 16; 1 (g), p. 23; 1 (b), p. 31; 2 (d), p. 43.



Florida shall promote an economic climate which provides

economic stability, maximizes job opportunities, and

increases per capital income for its residents.


3. Maintain, as one of the state's primary economic assets, the

environment, including clean air and water, beaches, forests,

historic landmarks, and agricultural and natural resources.

See 1 (a, b, 1), p. 23-24; 2 (a, b, k), p. 24-25; 1 (a, g),

p. 31; 1 (a, b, c), p. 37; 1 (a), p. 43; 2 (a, b), p. 43; 4

(a, b, c, d), p. 44; 2 (a, b, c), p. 49; 1 (a, b), p. 55; 2

(a), p. 55; 1 (a), p. 61; 2 (a), p. 61.

(an*-aprr~urn*crr~--rt~-rr-mr"uar-?a~. ,;,;~_1~_ ~; ~_


Florida shall assure the availability of an adequate sply of water for all
competing uses deemed reasonable and beneficial and sball maintain the
functions of natural system and the overall present level of surface and
ground water quality. Florida shall improve and restore the quality of
waters not presently meeting water quality standards.


4. Protect and use natural water systems in lieu of structural alternatives and
restore modified systems.

6. Bstablish minimum seasonal flows and levels for surface water courses with
primary consideration given to the protection of natural resources,
especially marine, estuarine, and aquatic ecosystems.

7. Discourage the dcannelization, diversion or damning of natural riveriie

8. Enoiurage the development of a strict floodplain management program by state
and local governments designed to preserve hydrologically significant
wetlands and other natural floodplain features.

14. Reserve from use that water necessary to support essential norwithdrawl
demands, including navigation, recreation, and the protection of fish and

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