SWFWMD's SWUCA plan draws questions from
citrus growers and debate over validity of data
Workshops, sponsored by Mutual, opened a direct line of communication between
citrus growers and SWFWMD staffers on the future availability of water in the region
Water made national headlines in
July when the Mississippi River flooded.
S+lee-atftorida-Citrus Mutual, water also
dominated our activities this summer.
Working with the Southwest Flor-
ida Water Management District (SWFWMD),
Mutual held a series of three workshops at
its Lakeland headquarters. These workshops
were to discuss SWFWMD's proposed draft
plan for the Southern Water Use Caution
"The direction the District takes in
resolving the conflict between the quantity
of water allocated in the area and the stabil-
ity of the aquifer in this area holds grave
implications for citrus growers throughout
the District," Mutual Executive Vice Presi-
dent Bobby F. McKown said. "Mutual is
represented on the SWUCA work group and
we've actively voiced our growers' concerns.
However, because of the broad ramifica-
tions of this plan for all citrus growers, we
coordinated these workshops in an effort to
inform as many growers as possible of what
the future may hold in regards to the availa-
bility of water for agriculture in this area.
Mutual appreciates the time and effort of
SWFWMD staffers who participated and
we're especially grateful that Governing Board
Members Ramon Campo, Jim Cox and Joe
L. Davis Jr. took the time out of their busy
schedules to attend these workshops."
The SWUCA is a 5,100 square-
mile area covering an eight-county region
stretchingfrom Hillsborough and Polk Coun-
ties south to Charlotte County. It includes
the current Eastern Tampa Bay and High-
lands Ridge water caution areas.
The District's goal, as outlined in
the draft plan, is to stem the regional dete-
rioration of groundwater quality, halt the
advance of saltwater intrusion and prevent
the further lowering of lake levels within the
Chief among the plan's objectives
are to reduce the average daily withdrawals
from confined aquifers in the Eastern Tampa
Bay Water Caution Area from about 200
-rP~g 4 *f a NO L w ______
Florida Citrus Mutual's water workshops drew long-time citrus growers and
one potential future citrus grower: Candice Clark, pictured above with her parents,
Mutual Director Jay Clark III, far left, and Linda Clark. In the center is SWFWMD
Governing Board Member Joe L. Davis Jr. who also attended the workshops.
million gallons per day (mgd) to 150 mgd;
and, to determine a safe yield for the SWUCA.
Mutual held the workshops to
educate citrus growers about the plan and
to offer the District input. Each workshop
was conducted in full compliance with the
legislative provisions for Government-in-the-
Sunshine having been properly publicly
noticed by the Water Management District
on Florida Citrus Mutual's behalf.
Members of Mutual's Board of
Directors, as well as members of the audi-
ence, adamantly let the District representa-
tives knowthat Florida's citrusindustry didn't
want to be penalized for its past adoption of
conservation measures such as installing
District staff acknowledged that an
across-the-board cut in water quantities would
unfairly penalize citrus. The SWFWMD staff
informed Mutual that the District is also
considering an option that would base water
permit quantities on historical usage.
The first workshop, held July 7,
featured SWFWMD staffers Andy Smith
and Michael Beach who gave a brief over-
view of the technical data which supported
the SWFWMD staff's conclusion that there
had been a lateral movement of the saltwa-
ter interface as a consequence of extensive
pumpage and drought conditions through-
out the basin. Using several diagrams and
charts, they reviewed the analysis process
that began five years ago with the develop-
ment of the Eastern Tampa Bay Water
Resource Assessment Project. This project
led the District to the conclusion that there
was a need to revise the allocation strategy
forthe issuance of consumptive use permits
Please see MUTUAL, Page 2
.11 1 [ 1
Page 2 Triangle
FASS' annual citrus fruit count
survey under way for 1993-94
SWFWMD Deputy Executive
Director Dave Moore refers to a chart
during his presentation at Mutual's July
15 water workshop.
Continued from Page 1
as the District's analysis showed that
SWFWMD had already issued permits to
withdraw about 40 percent more waterthan
the safe yield would allow.
Growers in the audience informed
the SWFWMD staff that they'd prefer the
District develop alternative sources for wa-
ter rather than slash growers' permitted
Smith reported that SWFWMD is
studying alternative sources, including: 1)
aquifer storage and recovery; 2) expanding
the use of reclaimed water, or3) implement-
ing desalination. Conservation also will play
a key-rle-as will the possible-development-
It was agreed that the SWFWMD
staff must make certain the adopted plan
does not penalize citrus growers who have
already made an effort, often at great ex-
pense, to conserve water.
At this workshop, Deseret Farms'
Don Sleight challenged the District's meth-
odology and analysis of the raw data. He
contended that not all of the facts supported
the urgent pace the District had set for the
adoption of the SWUCA plan.
The second workshop, held July
15, began with Dave Moore, SWFWMD's
deputy executive director, answering a
question posed by Mutual Director Dr. Robert
Koo at the previous workshop about the
identity of chlorides detected in well samples.
Moore stated that the District dis-
Please see MUTUAL, Page 3
If you see an unfamiliar crew in
yourgrove, it just might be one of the survey
crews from the Florida Agricultural Statistics
The agency began its survey of the
1993-94 Florida citrus crop the week of July
26. Ten crews began the agency's annual
limb count survey in locations all over the
state and will continue the surveys over the
next two months.
FASS uses this information to cre-
ate a weighted average of fruit pertree. This
information is one of fourfactors FASS uses
in compiling its initial October forecast of
Pforidaf 1993-94 citrus crop. -
The other factors are the number
of bearing trees (as estimated from the
latest available Commercial Citrus Inven-
tory), fruit size and estimated drop. (Fruit
Erly Juice sold
Florida Juice Inc., a company formed
by the Grigsby family of Lake Placid, has
boughtthe ErlyJuice citrus processing plant
The Grigsby family, of Sun-Ray
Farms and Southern Farms' renown, bought
the plant in late July for an undisclosed sum.
The new owners plan to increase
the plant's processing capacity to 5 million
boxes of citrus annually.
size measurements and drop observations
are based on monthly size and drop sur-
In non-freeze years, the agency's
estimates are typically within 4 percent of
the actual crop size.
The first forecast of the 1993-94
Florida citrus crop will be released at 3 p.m.
on Oct. 12.
Continuing a long-standing tradi-
tion, Florida Citrus Mutual will have a direct
link open with the U.S. Department of Agri-
culture on Oct. 12 to receive this important
news. All of Mutual's members are invited to
drop bythe Lakeland headquarters and get
the news firsthand.
If you have any questions regard-
ing the survey, please feel free to call Bob
Terry at FASS at 1-800-344-6277.
FLORIDA CITRUS MUTUAL TRI-
ANGLE (USPS 201-140) is published
weekly except the month of July.
Subscription is through dues of $7.50
per year available to Florida Citrus
Mutual members only by Florida Cit-
rus Mutual, 302 S. Mass. Ave., P.O.
Box 89, Lakeland, FL 33802. POST-
MASTER, send address changes to:
FLORIDA CITRUS MUTUAL, P.O.
Box 89, Lakeland, FL 33802.
SWFWMD staffers Andy Smith, right, and Michael Beach work together using
overhead charts and graphs to present the District's data and explain the District's
concerns which led to the establishment of the Southern Water Use Caution Area.
Page 3 Triangle
EPA to revoke
tolerances for two
Citrus growers are advised that
the Environmental Protection Agency has
proposed revoking the tolerances and food
additive regulations for residues of captafol
and chlorobenzilate because these chemi-
cals are no longer registered by the manu-
Since April 30, 1987, there have
been no captafol registrations in the U.S.
with the exception of one intrastate registra-
tion (until March 1, 1991). The last registra-
tions for chlorobenzilate were voluntarily
canceled on Dec. 23,1988.
In each case, the EPA believes
that there has been sufficient time for exist-
ing stocks to have been used and for legally
treated agricultural commodities to have
gone through the channels of trade.
Growers are reminded that it is
illegal to use chemicals on citrus which are
not registered for use on citrus.
If you have any questions, contact
Mutual at 813-682-1111.
By date of sale
7/26/93 70,000 boxes early
and mids, for processing, pick at ma-
turity, 90 cents per pound solids,
less pick and haul
7/30/93 -100,000 boxes early
and mids, for processing, seasonal
pick, 90 cents per pound solids, less
pick and haul.
Continued from Page 2
missed the theory that the increase in chlo-
rides was caused by fertilizer applications
on the basis that if this was true, the District
would expect more chloridesto be evident in
high use agricultural areas farther inland
and that this is not the case.
Moore then discussed the alterna-
tives the District is considering regarding
permitting which takes into consideration
the discrepancy between what is actually
being used and what is permitted. He used
charts to depict the average annual quan-
By date of sale
7/2293 -8.00 boxesNavels,
forgift, seasonal pick, $10.00 per bo,
7/26/93 -- 5,500 boxes Navels,
for fresh or gift, seasonal pick, $10.00
per box, on-tree.
tity, the ability to reach a 2-in-10 quantity,
and to outline a plan which would allow
growers to build a water credit which could
be tapped during drought years.
The District, in its efforts to de-
velop a fair plan, has several alternatives
including basing future permits on historical
usage versus across-the-board cutbacks.
In review, Moore explained that in
April, SWFWMD staff presented a plan that
would combine incentives for conservation
with sharp reductions in water permits. It
would have cut permitted water use by all
farmers, utilities and other users back to
Please see MUTUAL, Page 5
Rainfall during most of July
was below average in the majority of
citrus-growing counties, according to
the latest issue of Weather & Crop
However, most of the state's
citrus continues to be in very good
condition, the report stated.
"The hot and humid weather
combination is promoting a lot of new
growth on trees of all ages," the Aug.
2 report noted. "New crop fruit is
progressing well with sizes varying
depending on bloom dates of each
block of fruit."
The table to the right shows
air temperatures and rainfall levels
along with departures from normal
during the week that ended Aug. 1.
Departures from normal are
listed in terms of the weekly average
for air temperatures and for the 1993
total to date for rainfall.
Information from the table is
provided by the National Weather
Service, the Florida Agricultural Sta-
tistics Service and other agencies.
Moore Haven Lk
W. Palm Beach
1993-94 Fruit sales reported
,"---~~r,~s l w **S~M ~n*X4 4WJ, 4W*
Page 6 Triangle :
Sign up now: Grapefruit growers needed
to participate in arsanilic acid project
Attention Florida grapefruit grow-
ers: Your participation is needed in a pro-
gram that will test the effectiveness of Pro-
Gen (also known as arsanilic acid) as a
"sweetener" on grapefruit.
Dr. John Attaway, the director of
scientific research for the Florida Depart-
ment of Citrus, is overseeing the program
and is currently looking for grove owners
willing to take part.
Attaway expects the Environmental
Protection Agency to issue an experimental
use permit to apply lim-
ited quantities of Pro-
Gen on Duncan grape-
fruit in the spring of 1994.
anticipatesthat time will
be short once the ex-
perimental use permit
is issued, Attaway is trying to line up Duncan
grapefruit groves now so that the program
can be implemented smoothly and quickly
once the permit is granted.
According to Attaway, the experi-
mental use permit will allow 5,000 acres to
be treated with the product.
Because Duncan grapefruit acre-
age has declined in Florida during the last
decade, Attaway said it's likely that the
program will also consider treating hardship
blocks of Marsh white seedless grapefruit
that have demonstrated difficulty in making
According to Attaway, this program
brings the compound one step closer to
being available to growers.
For the past several years, the
DOC has been working with the manufac-
turer and the EPA on registering Pro-Gen.
Arsanilic acid is an organic arseni-
cal which works similarly to lead arsenate in
lowering grapefruit acidity to give a legal
ratio earlier in the season. As growers are
well aware, lead arsenate is no longer reg-
istered for citrus and is illegal to use.
As an organic arsenical, arsanilic
acid iS not subject to the safety concerns of
inorganic arsenicals such as lead arsenate
and calcium arsenate.
In addition, arsanilic acid is cur-
rently registered with the Food and Drug
Administration as an additive to swine feed
and poultry feed.
"This is not a test of an unknown
material where activity is doubtful," Attaway
said. "The Department of Citrus carried out
field trials for several years and the com-
pound is known to accomplish its purpose."
If you would like to participate in
this program, you are urged to contact Atta-
way immediately. The deadline is Aug. 25
as Attaway must present this information to
the EPA by the end of August
Please have the following informa-
tion available: your address (not a P.O.
box), telephone number, and the number of
acres of Duncan (or Marsh) grapefruit to be
treated. If you do not do your own spraying,
Attaway will also need to know the name,
address and telephone number of the li-
censed applicator who sprays your groves.
To participate in the program, or
for more information, please call Attaway at
the Citrus Research and Education Center
in Lake Alfred at 813-956-1151, Ext. 246.
Continued from Page 5
+Is the citrus industry comfortable
with the 85 percent irrigation efficiency, use
of historical data from metering programs to
establish average use quantities, soil type
assumptions, citrus water use information,
current water use data used in developing
future caps, frost and freeze water require-
ments, crop establishment water require-
ments and other assumptions used in the
*What are acceptable alternative
methods for determining fair allocation of
water between various users, such as pub-
lic supply, industry and agriculture?
*Will the District consider the im-
portance of water application timing during
As always, Mutual encourages the
participation of its members in these meet-
ings and urges you to voice your opinion of
the plan tothe SWFWMDGoverning Board.
The time and date of the next
workshop will be announced in a future
edition of the Triangle.
With this issue, the Triangle com-
mences publication for the 1993-94 Florida
citrus season. The Triangle is published
weekly except during July. While the Ti-
ale was on hiatus, Florida Citrus Mutual
remained active and busy representing our
members. These next few issues of the Tri-
an0le are designed to update our members
on events that occurred this summer.
As always, we look forward to
comments from our readers. Please call
Mutual at 813-682-1111 with your ideas.
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Page 5 Triangle
Continued from Page 3
theirannual averagesforthe past five years.
This proposal would cut permits
less sharply under the theory that actual
water use would always be slightly less than
whatthe permits allow. Butthe District would
also still impose cuts across the board and
cap total water use for the region. The plan
does not allow new uses unless they could
be balancedby cuts elsewhere. Users could
also gain "credits" by developing alternative
water sources such as using treated waste-
water. This credit issue provides growers
with another incentive to conserve waterfor
a dry season.
Ron Cohen, of SWFWMD staff,
then explained the system the District uses
for evaluating data, including the term "effi-
ciency." Following Cohen's presentation,
the ensuing discussion centered on a num-
ber of growers' concerns.
Joe Gleason, Mutual's vice presi-
dent and staff legal counsel, expressed the
concern that if the decision to declare the
resource to be stressed were made by the
Governing Board, agriculture would essen-
tially be issued a mandate to reduce irriga-
tion, as the water would not be available.
Thus, agriculture would be working within a
"credit" system that would not be adequate,
yet new allocations for certain supplies would
continue to be issued.
Mutual DirectorJay Clark stressed
the fact that because citrus had used only
what they were permitted and other com-
rmodities had not, across-the-board cutbacks
would have a damaging effect on citrus.
"The citrus industry as a whole
seems to be taking the heat for the misma.
agement of water by other industries," Clark
noted. He also pointed out that a system
needs to be developed whereby rainfall
could be directed toward the aquifer rather
than into the Gulf of Mexico.
In conclusion, Moore stated that
the District is trying to create a program that
protects the area's water resources for fu-
ture generations to use. He encouraged
agriculture to work with the District and
expressed the need for a series of future
meetings so that the agricultural community
can be comfortable with whatever allocation
plan SWFWMD develops.
At the third workshop, held July29,
the main item was a discussion of the use of
aquifer storage and recovery systems as an
alternative source of water.
The District's Governing Board, in
its preliminary 1994 budget, set aside $10
million for the development of new water
supplies. This.fund would be used for proj-
ects such as wastewater reuse, desalina-
tion, agricultural conservation, and water
supply planning with participants providing
Aquifer storage and recovery sys-
tems are projects that might be funded
through the District's new program.
David Pyne, with the environmental
engineering firm CH2M Hill, described in
detail during Mutual's July 29 workshop just
what aquifer storage and recovery systems
are and how they work. The goal is to
manage water so that it can be made avail-
able during peak demand periods when it
would be least available naturally through a
process which involves pulling excess storm-
water from streams or reservoirs, treating it
and pumping it underground where it could
be recovered later and used for irrigation.
Desert Farms' Don Sleight
challenged some of SWFWMD'sdata and
questioned the fast pace set for comple-
tion and adoption of the SWUCA plan.
At the end, McKown informed the
audience that Mutual will schedule another
workshop for other presentations on these
water issues. Following that, Mutual's Offi-
cers and Board of Directors will develop a
recommendation to be made to the SWFWMD
Goveming Board on the SWUCA plan.
Among the issues that will be raised
in future workshops are the following items:
,Should the District base citrus
water use permitting allocations on actual
average use with a credit system which
would provide adequate irrigation during
Please see MUTUAL, Page 6
SWFWMD Governing Board Member Ramon Campo,
left, chats with Butch Calhoun, center, and Doug Manson, right,
following Mutual's July 15 water workshop.
CH2M Hill's David Pyne, left,discusses aquifer storage
and recovery systems with Mutual Director Jack Norris, right,
following Mutual's July 29 water workshop.
11 j, i
Page 4 Triangle
Southwest Florida Citrus Expo is Aug. 25-26
Make your plans now to attend the
second annual Southwest Florida Citrus Expo
on Aug. 25 and 26 at the Lee Civic Center in
The Expo was organized and spon-
sored bythe Citrus Industry Magazine. Gulf
Citrus Growers Association, and the IFAS
Southwest Florida Research and Education
The seminars, directed by the
SWFREC, are designed to appeal to every-
one in citrus production.
"International marketing will be our
theme, with topics designed to put Florida
citrus growers first in producing for the global
market place," said the SWFREC's Dr. Bob
Presentations will be divided into
four two-hour sessions, one in the morning
and one in the aftemoon each day.
In addition to the global marketing
theme, other seminar topics include pro-
duction practices, hurricane preparedness,
property rights and attracting and maintain-
ing a labor force. An update on the Worker
Protection Standard Act is anotherfeatured
Supervisors, grove foremen and
others will have an opportunity to earn CEU
credits toward their pesticide license by
attending the sessions on safety of pesti-
About 200 commercial exhibits
featuring citrus-related products, equipment
and services will be on display inside the
Lee Civic Center Auditorium.
New features at this year's Expo
will be outdoor tent exhibits and equipment
demonstrations. And don't forget to register
at the trade show entrance for door prizes!
The trade show hours will be from
8 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Wednesday, Aug. 25,
and 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. on Thursday, Aug. 26.
Admission to the trade show and
seminars is free.
Weekly Citrus Update
Week To date
FCOJ (420 brix)
Week ending 7/24/93
Week To date
ORANGE (SS) GRAPEFRUIT (SS)
CHILLED 1992-93 1991-92 1992-93 1991-92
Week To date eak ITo a Week Idate -Wek la.aste
7.180 331,150 6,676 312,895 851 29,480 584 25.930
i~---t=t= =lti~:t~~-i~-- ---------=
Week ending 7/25/93
(thousands of 1-3/5 bu. boxes)
ORANGES '& TEMPLES GRAPEFRUIT
TOTAL FRESH 1992-93 1991-92 1992-93c' 1991-92
SHIPMENTS b Season Season Season Season
Week oat Week to date Week to dat Week to date
5 9,426 1 10,252 11 22,103 0 21,931
=--= .... .----------- -::: : === == = ======= ===-- - -== === == ===
TEST HOUSE FACTOR GRAPEFRUIT 87%
Total U. S. imports of FCOJ Jan. Dec. 1992
Effective May 1 August 31
68.6 mil. gal. 420brix rounded
" Includes early/mids, Navels.and Valencias.
' Includes exports.
c' Citrus Administrative Committee Weekly numbers are preliminary.
Season to Date numbers are certified through 7/18/93