SWFWMD's Dilemma

Material Information

SWFWMD's Dilemma
Citrus & Vegetable Magazine


Subjects / Keywords:
Water flow ( jstor )
Water tables ( jstor )
Water wells ( jstor )
Spatial Coverage:
North America -- United States of America -- Florida


Citrus & Vegetable Magazine Article May 1995
General Note:
Box 9, Folder 7 ( SF-Safe Yield - 1956-1995 ), Item 1
Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.

Record Information

Source Institution:
Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Holding Location:
Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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ByJms JT.Gri

" AtMe l of r M, the Southwest

li ire -a 11ve in Ngeem9 bern

rlWs" deilda oilf Hnsbolrou~

olpt south or State eHwy. fi0, e.
tbfinMkljstein enawr crealte. anWt
Un-' COaMM AmnreMa '( ) i e.-h
M! i Iiall r of Harying roa
ei. Tesote ofiStaed counHw es, alri-
cultralX grasps, giablc afflides, emi-
rodumented graspei'and others. The
res warf wer itdraw in mNovember
and repeltkiied in December The
opppafgl peBtiions were reHied.
'lhfrfles creased a Southern Water
UsB Canokto Area (SWUCA) which
eicolpassed al of Hillsborough
COBaty south of State Hwy. 60, all of

fairly allocate a scarce water resource
is in order.

CnrrI wmr yprMMu
SWPWMD as created in the 190s,
first as a floordctrol district and
Mei s one of five water anageme
districts. It has wanted to compare
the preevelopment situation of the
Flordan aquifer with that Whkc has
evole since 1960. They then compare
these levels with the status of lakes,
wedands, etc. ruow hotet the SWUCA
and throughout othr parts of the Dis-
The District suggests that three
specfeareas have serious problems.
One is the area designated as North-
ern Tampa Bay which encompasses
the well fields which furnish water
to major portions of Hillsborough,
Pasco and Pinelas counties. Within
this area there has been very sub-
m~ais4 SI=p mwa of Mphas WloM iM
fasf wreatee te been conletet

ree and Se the District points to low-
I -dcotht... e-t- d Wtak, Ilewlas a-ibg the Ridge in
The testimony is of sufficief counties.
Bt In terms of the rationale b in Park has
LsurM andn the potential ieon:
~ Cl~slllrmom that a review of \ ,1 >inttt
t lftekIttBte an ad /M t
*Lrrdttti irith~i fieB~cdve ^P arldIik^d~i

phate minf industry it muthwest
PNaeContirover atet two deades
was re atd raketevel lowel kI g.
The tiirdl Wta if ethnmfti id In-
creamse* M writer Mtbist fttilthe
inerme~ate'i s a oida ibiE re
along tle 'woeL todt peod f rtky
frohM tP PaY sm tr tCIa4tide
Hivbtw. fhists ;siafld bthe ~itc-
tdl ii the paoentioiteriWc su tace
thewflrbiafit r i aouttern lib-
bont l Wd central Mena Ctee Q ty
whiee tle potetthonire urnfacen has
actual and elbstW sera et~ l
The Ditrieflews topertnn Wa-
ter Resource AsMcaternt #Ift cs
(WRAPS) in fottr reM' L
Tampa Bay, Eastern Taniph
Peace River Valley and iMe
Eastern Tampa Bfay ha
pieted and safe yield"
daui aquifer withi that ar ebitigM
determined. The Ridge study isAm

t~a nu.liS N ity*etiict in
leaving the Nothern Tampa Bay area

$ ~P~"


(continued from page 53) ; lim Vof at colpt s lA es of rainll ar converted to mil-
sion to avoid direct confrontation Open to discislo. lidis of gallons per day, then the wa-
with the large population centers, in- The District cannot expect to write ter cop of the SWUCA in an average
clduingaB of Pineas Comuny, areas sensible rules and propose equitable year is n th neighborhood of 2.2 bil-
saummmadkhg Tampa a portions of allocation procedtma between cur- lion galos per day.
western Pmco Comn. the District rent legal users until it completes all The 2.2 billion gallons represents
had required tst e West oast Re- of these WRAP studies, but that is ex- the amount of water which flows to
Siona Water. f tty reduce, acty what they are trying to do. the ~ -~i lM 4c masQ ua. SaMinaS
pagep I hjt iMjiMop gaJl- may p1ow directlyto the Gulf through
la to U RpaiM aogos per day Wlt aar aSrtre or itmeujacbre the Mlt-
axit S~tO o t ja;r m Ke fields. Table 1 (p. 53) presents data on the dan aquier, the jtp diat aquifer,
jisp wead wy~. ipper mitt~ e at camof landwithin theSWUCA on a or the awgbcal w fer. The recharge
s'*aWing C4pqueB.f 1409 iamla county by county basis. Rod Chewmy water makes its way tpoiWa eha*n-
galla, pri d. but tbatLevwl of and Garald Parker were probably net is the V or tbhe jie rock is a
p:.g p aAl4W. r%.,acmeda jointy responsible for the "Water manmer=adtaapeed ti#notwell
I~R Sy ea~ ll Z)A cl|dcid~d to Crop" theory or concept which was undertood, bitikens toImone M
*l addWpe t "blis At Ride used by the District as a part of its areasofl h ptnpometric~head to
S and- i tbhe outmn Hejleuhorough- regulatory scheme in the early years areas f low p otutiox erc head The
Immatee qpaw. a spgle entiy, but of its existence. Simply stated, the problem is that we don't really know
they ialiQded hPeace River Valley water crop theory implies there is a where it ts moving rapidly, where it's
as an a .tealt part of what they difference of some 10 to 12 acre mowtng lowly, orQetreitas notbe
Oi R t g W YM I ganeoupngdi wa- inches of water between average rain- moving at a. It ay move directly
tear ham Ths ianpis, and District fal of 5Q to 55 inches per yearand into streak or lakes, or it may be
peavmmnal larotestified, that thi the water lost through evapotranspi- discharged either through springs,
ama ae ie to qfee set e bath- ration of some 40 to 45 inches. This flowing wells or by puping
tb in wIh withdrawals.from the results in a water crop of some 10 to The water crop of 2.2 billion gal-
Fl ldawpdfer in one place can have 12 acre inches of water over the en- lns is that water frm which all of us
an adbvee effect upon the Floran tie Distict. and our activities obtain the water
aquifer anywhere else within the As indicated in Table 1, if these Continued on page 56

h~ywa~. ughtwbaI~ir~lrb

ahom id ditesos prsue.

A heMlNe crap produeS a Mghr yiid.

WWI ---.^'.---?'^^ ?^ .


b- ;*
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Salu L -I-thW1 mall22 AW



F our citrus industry giants became
members of the Florida Citrus
Hall of Fame recently during the
Mamwd Florida Citrus Showcase Gov-
ernment Day Luncheon in Winter
Ham~ They were honored for out-
standing vice to the citrus industry
over th years.
M (ir dmW Pt., was an inno-
vator in ftes citrus fruit research and
harvesting Among his accomplish-
ments are die engineering and design
of citrus degreening rooms, a design
that has been accepted worldwide;
helping the industry make the transi-
tin from field boxes to bulk handling
with pallet boxes; the development
of an unprecedented packinghouse
and posthrvest exteion program
and the development of formula and
specifications for integration of indi-
vidual machinery, resulting in maxi-
nmum packing line economy and effi-
Grierson was on the faculty of the
Citrus Research and Education Cen-
ter, Lake Alfred, for many years.
The family of KNl ARimh, M
moved to Sarasota in 1900, the year
he was bon and his father purchased
a ten acre grove. Albritton attended
the University of Florida where he
took citrus courses.
In 1947, he built the packing house
which is still in operation today. As an
innovator, he designed nd built many
of the present packinghouse systems
and layouts and also designed other
citu machinery, including one of the
first citrus hedgers.
He helped organize the Florida Gift
Fruit Shippers, eventually serving on
its board of directors.
In the 1930s, Albritton was asked
to work on the Mediterranean fruit
fly program because of his knowledge
in identifying this insect.
He shared his vast knowledge and
experience with many growers and
worked closely with the Frut Crops
Department at the Citrus Research
Sand Education Center.



Rbert S Edsl has devoted the past
50 years to devising and implement-
ing better and more profitable ways to
produce and market the best citrus
possible. He is a charter member of
Florida Citrus Mutual, and has been a
member of the Florida Citrus Pro-
duction Managers and the Indian
River Citrus League since the 1940s.
Edsall was instrumental in getting
the Ocean Spray Cranberry Coopera-
tive involved in the Indian River.
He encouraged the use of his
groves for experiments by the Cit-
rus Research and Education Center,
including double bed planting, deep
plowing, the use of nutritional
sprays and the citrus budwood pro-
Born in Lavonia, Indiana in 1896,
A.J. UI Sr., moved to Zolfo
Springs, Fla. in 1922 to go into the
real estate business. He subsequently
moved to South Carolina as manager
of the Federal Land Bank of
When he moved back to Florida,
Updike leased a packinghouse in Lake
Placid and embarked on his career in
He encouraged the Equitable In-
surance Company to start selling
mortgage insurance to citrus growers
at a time when they were involved al-
most exclusively with the tobacco
and cotton industries.
Updike's most notable contribution
to the industry was his involvement
with the Florida Orange Marketers
and the Minute Maid Corporation.
On behalf of the Florida Orange
Marketers, Updike negotiated a con-
tract for one dollar per box, delivered
to Minute Maid in Dunedin. This pro-
vided a steady source of income for
Florida's citrus growers.
Updike and his business partners
later went on to purchase Alcoma
Packing Company, a division of New
York' Ata Corporaio. Alcoma
Pacng om is still run by his
decen ts. 0


(continued from page 54)
which is permitted by water manage-
ment districts. Our source of water
may be spigot, it may be the Flordan
aquifer, it may be surface water, but
we get it, we use it and the vast bulk
of it is discharged in a manner such
that it is, in most instances, available
again for someone else to use. That
may be accomplished through a sep-
tic tank, it may be through a sewage
disposal plant, it may be by a residue
from the irrigation process, but much
of the water is used and reused, even
though we have not planned for, nor
provided a mechansm to assure that
it happens.
We have jut as much water as we
had 100 years ago. The pot is the same
size. All we have done is to change
the time whicit takes forria ndfrps
to make their way to the ocearEvery .
ditch and dam or stream diversion
changes the te lae. Every wth-
drawal from the Floridan auifer n-
creases recharge and slows down the
process of moving to the Gulf
Therefore, we have to think about
how we can better use the water and
minimize the rate of discharge to the
ocean. Storm water out of Punta
Gorda probably goes straight into
Charlotte Harbor. When the water
bowing down steams that drain Saa-
sota, or Manatee, or Pas co aties
have increased flow to the ocean, it
may be because of the pavng aind.
houses and te dltchtS hih mm
has placed in the hea water aeas.
We must cmonder these aspectif we
are going to have a sensible water
management srate g
The one chagU we'vdeade in the
water resource for are is thiwe
have lowered the patteAnetric lev-
els within e FlokAanm aqfuier over
the last 50 year. Some of these
changes are probably irreversible.
Others may be able to be treated as
temporary, but we need to under-
stand the differences and act ac-
cordingly. O

Editor's note: The rYmainder of
this article wiS appear inhe July is-
sue of Citrus & Vegrable Magame.
James T.. OfripE if it 10 a"ifng
director XlW<4 wpearAociatesF
in Lakeand, a.


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