Hydroscope Newsletter

Material Information

Hydroscope Newsletter


Subjects / Keywords:
Law -- Florida ( LCSH )
Lawyers -- Florida ( LCSH )
City of Brooksville ( local )
City of Tampa ( local )
Groundwater ( jstor )
Rivers ( jstor )
Rain ( jstor )
Spatial Coverage:
North America -- United States of America -- Florida


Quarter II, 1983
General Note:
Box 6, Folder 1 ( Hydroscope - 1970-1985 ), Item 122
Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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1983- a wetyearsofar
In case you haven't noticed-it's been a bit wet lately. them to be. We're really soaked."
That may not be the most welcome news you could A glance at the April Hydrologic
receive if you're into outdoor sports or if your home or Conditions report bears out
business was built in a flood-prone area. But for those Whalen's point. Within the South-
involved in water management, it makes life interesting. west District, rainfall totals range
After years of barely normal and less than normal from about six to 16 inches greater
rainfall, the water scene is looking up as is evidenced by than they would normally be at this
rainfall totals, lake levels, streamflows and groundwater point in the water year (a standard
readings considerably higher than those we have all time frame for maintaining hydro-
become accustomed to. logic records, the water year runs
Just how wet is it? Very. According to Jim Whalen, from October 1 through Septem-
hydrologist in the Data Collection and Regional ber 30). This compounds the effect
Analysis Section of Resource Regulation, "We are of a wet 1982 during which rainfall
saturated. This is the wettest spring we've had in totals ranged from approximately
southwest Florida since the spring of 1960." three to more than 25 inches
Pointing out that 1959 is the wettest year in the greater than normal. As a result,
area's 65-year period of record, Whalen explains that it most of the northern half of
was followed by a wet winter, spring and summer-"and the District and a large pocket-
then by Hurricane Donna in September 1960. The shaped area in the central District is
situation now is much like it was that spring. 1982 was a within the high-normal and wet
l very wet year here, with rainfall totals in every range, while the southern half is
SWFWMD area within the high-normal or wet range. well within the normal range.
The fall and early winter months weren't particularly Surface water levels throughout
rainy, but it didn't dry out much either. And then the District reflect the rainfall
February, March and April were very wet. Conse- dramatically. By April, all stream-
quently, lake levels, streamflows and groundwater levels flows were recorded at greater than
are much higher now than we would normally expect three times their average, while
Shell Creek, Manatee River and
Brooker Creek were greater than 20
times theirs. Similarly, lake levels
cited in the report averaged two
Feet higher than those recorded in
re e is April 1981. Lake Gornto, in
erno Hillsborough County, rose above its
nan extreme low management level
chamb e r ifor the first time in more than four
Years and, aside from that lake,
aw a only Lake Wimauma and Crooked
Wr Lake remain below their established
The Southwest Florida Water low management levels. According
Management District is the proud to the report, most lakes within the
recipient of the Hernando County District are now showing a seasonal
Chamber of Commerce's 1983 decline, though some are unusually
Business-Industry Award. The pres- stable and a few in and near the
entation was made during the Ridge area are continuing to rise.
Chamber's sixty-first annual ban- The above normal rainfall also
quet on April 23 by James H. recharged the water table aquifer
Kimbrough, President of the enough to maintain elevations
Hernando State Bank and Secretary somewhat higher than those his-
of the SWFWMD Governing Board. torically expected in April. This
The award was based on the could mean an increase in runoff
District's "employment and payroll generated by a rainstorm, however,
efforts, economic development and because it necessarily reduces the
growth, social and civic improve- amount of available storage area.
ment and development, favorable Both recharge to the Floridan
public relations and advertising of Aquifer and reduced groundwater
( Hernando County." Acting Execu- withdrawal have meant higher aqui-
tive Director Gary Kuhl accepted fer levels throughout most of the
the award along with the Chamber's Southwest District. In the major
expressed appreciation for all the wellfields, pumpage increased by ten
SWFWMD staff has accomplished. Acting Executive Director Gary Kuh! ...please turn to page 2

Peace Basin study completed

A new staff study entitled
"Offstream Reservoir Yield
Analysis: Peace River/Ft. Ogden
Reservoir" was accepted by the
Peace River Basin Board in April.
Undertaken to determine how
much water could be safely taken
from the Peace River and used for
public supply, the study was
conducted by Hung Nguyen and
Richard McLean of the District's
Resource Management Department.
An offstream reservoir is a water
storage facility built near a river or
stream away from the riverine
forest. According to the report, this
type of system avoids many of the
problems that an instream system
such as a dam could create. The
authors point out that not only is
it expensive to construct a dam in
or across a stream bed, such a
project also entails acquisition of
large tracts of land upon which to
store the rising water. Additionally,
installation of a dam frequently
results in degradation of water
quality, destruction of the riverine
forest and habitat due to the
increased water levels and damage
to the downstream estuary.
Another potential problem is the
danger of pollutants reaching the
reservoir, mixing with the
impounded water and causing

serious problems for the people
who depend on the system for
potable supply. Combined, these
effects can make an instream
reservoir an unattractive alternative
both from an economic and an
environmental standpoint.
By contrast, in an offstream
reservoir system water is pumped
from the river to a nearby storage
facility. No structural alterations
are made to the river and, except
for that which is withdrawn,
streamflow continues normally.
Consequently, the riverine forest
and habitat, the water quality of
the river and the downstream
estuary all remain in their natural
state. The potential for pollution of
the reservoir is also reduced
through use of an offstream system.
If pollutants are detected in the
stream, the pumping can be
stopped until the danger has
The study was conducted using a
staff-developed computer model
simulating the function of an
offstream system. This technique
allows analysis of the various
factors which can affect the
potential yield of the system,
including streamflow, regulatory
withdrawal constraints, pump
capacity and storage capacity. In

this way, a better understanding o
the offstream system's usefulness a
a potential regional supply source
can be obtained.
According to the authors, for the
options analyzed, the amount of
water which could potentially be
obtained from an offstream system
at Ft. Ogden ranges from about six
to 41 million gallons daily,
depending upon regulatory con-
straints imposed by the District,
seasonal streamflow, size of the
pump and storage capacity of the
facility. The yield of the system
could be larger with larger facilities.
Among the options discussed in
the report is the possibility that in
the Ft. Ogden area, groundwater
could be used to increase an off-
stream system's yield by as much as
50 percent without requiring major
alteration to the water treatment
facilities. Another possibility
includes using recharge-recovery. In
this process, currently being tested
at Lake Manatee, water is with-
drawn from the river during high
flow periods, treated and stored in
the aquifer system via recharge
wells. During the dry season, much
of the water could be recovered,
supplementing the water supply.

WET from page 1...
percent between the March and
April reports, but it nevertheless
remained 26 percent below that
reported in April 1981 and 19
percent less than last year's figure.
The report also notes that the
groundwater levels recorded in two
monitor wells, one near Bowling
Green and one near Mulberry, were
the highest recorded since 1964.
What's ahead for the remainder
of the year? Obviously no one
knows for sure. But if you are
planning to picnic, better have an
indoor alternative in mind. Accor-
ding to the report, the National
Weather Service predicts continu-
ation of the same type of weather
systems we have been experiencing.
Normal to high normal rainfall is
expected throughout May, which is
historically the last month of the
dry season, and then the summer
rainy season begins.



Northern Withlacoochee
Southern Withlacoochee
Northern Coastal
Southern Coastal
Northwest Hillsborough
Green Swamp
Northern Peace
Southern Peace




*This column represents the Total Departure from Normal for Water Year 1982 and is included to
advise of conditions at the start of Water Year 1983.
NOTE: April 1983 averages were computed from daily rainfall secured by telephone from
approximately 50 observers.
The format change for this section has been done to allow for the recalculation of date to
develop a more representative method for illustrating deficit and/or surplus figures
pertinent to hydrologic conditions.


cooperative program studies released

Three new reports have been released under the
District's ongoing cooperative program with the U. S.
) Geological Survey.
The first of these is entitled "Geohydrology of the
Floridan Aquifer in the Withlacoochee River Basin of
the Southwest Florida Water Management District."
Identified as U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources
Investigations Open-File Report 82-331, it consists of
four large sheets of text, maps and graphs that together
describe the hydrology, geology and geography of the
basin. The report also discusses the occurrence of water
in the Floridan aquifer and the aquifer's relation to the
Withlacoochee River and points out some hydrologic
aspects of the basin that may warrant further
According to the USGS, the Floridan aquifer has
been subjected to minimal stress within the Withla-
coochee River Basin to date. This is likely to change,
however, in light of rapid population growth and new
residents' increasing awareness of central Florida's
attractiveness. The new report, and the data file on
which it is based, will serve as a reference from which to
gage the effects of the increasing stress on the aquifer
which is expected to accompany these changes.
The authors of the study, Warren Anderson and C. P.
Laughlin, point out that large amounts of high-quality
water can be obtained from the aquifer at most
locations within the basin. At any given site, however, a
well may yield inadequate water or water in which the
concentration of one or more chemical constituents is
mndesirably high.
L The second report focuses on variations in water
quality in the coastal areas of the Manasota and Peace
Basins. Entitled "Origins and Distribution of Saline
Groundwaters in the Floridan Aquifer in Coastal
Southwest Florida," the report was written by
William C. Steinkampf and is identified as U. S.
Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations

According to the author, urbanization in Florida's
western coastal area has taken place at a startling rate.
From 1970 to 1980, for example, the population in
Charlotte, Lee, Manatee and Sarasota Counties increased
by an average of about 80 percent. This growth is
expected to continue, further taxing existing water
supplies. These supplies are produced from progres-
sively shallower underground zones and vary in quality
from fresh to moderately salty. In light of the finite
extent of the freshwater system, and of the limited
amount of water-quality data specific to the area,
SWFWMD authorized the detailed study.
The study addresses regional and vertical variations in
the chemical compositions of the area's groundwater. It
also details the reasons for those differences, citing
precipitation, mineral solution and mining process.
According to the author, precipitation enters the
Floridan aquifer in the recharge area in the central part
of the peninsula. As this essentially pure water flows
downward, it reacts with the various minerals in the
aquifer, gradually increasing concentrations of specific
The third report, "Source, Use and Disposition of
Water in Florida 1980," is a compilation of results from
the state-wide water use data collection program. The
report documents the amount of freshwater and saline
water withdrawn from surface and groundwater sources
and the amounts used for public supplies, rural and
livestock, industry and thermoelectric power generation.
Also indicated is the amount of water consumed and
returned to the system by each of these categories.
The three reports are available for inspection in
SWFWMD's technical library in Brooksville; in USGS
offices in Tampa, Orlando, Jacksonville, Miami and
Tallahassee; and in libraries of the State University
System of Florida. Copies may be obtained from the U.
S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, 227 N.
Bronough Street, Tallahassee, Florida 32301.

June is American Rivers Month
June 1983 marks the second annual celebration of American Rivers
Month. Dedicated to increasing public awareness and appreciation of rivers,
the national event is sponsored by the American Rivers Conservation Council.
Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the Council hopes that the month-long
celebration will foster an alliance between river enthusiasts and elected
officials as well as encourage support for public programs designed to protect
According to the organization, last year's event resulted in more than 200
river-oriented activities in more than 40 states and in governors of 20 states,
including Florida, issuing Rivers Month proclamations.
Last year Governor Graham's June 9 proclamation declared June to be
Florida Rivers Month and emphasized that Florida's rivers are irreplaceable
resources which provide immense benefits and which must be protected
from pollution and preserved for both present and future generations. The
proclamation also noted that "Floridians recognize and support the need to
e' protectt their rivers through environmental protection programs and acqui-
Ssition of water resource lands under the 'Save Our Rivers' program," and
finally encouraged "all citizens and organizations in our State to take advan-
tage of the opportunity to dedicate themselves to the protection and
preservation of our priceless rivers and all Florida water resources.". J

Urban Stormwater Management

Urban stormwater drainage has been practiced in
Florida since man began invading and altering the state's
numerous low-lying coastal and riverine systems. The
most common drainage technique was straight-line
canals designed to swiftly remove surface water. In
addition, these canals drained the stored subsurface
waters. One consequence of this has been various water
quality problems in many of Florida's once-natural
bays, estuaries and rivers. These problems are due in
part to nutrient loading exceeding assimilative capacity,
aquatic toxicity due to heavy metals, pesticides, etc.,
and bacterial contamination.
The alternative to urban stormwater drainage is urban
stormwater management, a relatively new concept. Its
foundation lies in the passage and implementation of
Section "208" P.L. 92-500 (Clean Water Act). Proper
stormwater management, like that of any system,
requires not only good engineering technology, but also
economic feasibility, financial feasibility, socio-political
feasibility and environmental feasibility.
Sarasota County has long been concerned over the
continuing problem of inadequate control of non-point
sources of pollution. The County expressed concerns
over this type water quality degradation in a January
1982 letter to the SWFWMD. In response, Southwest
initiated the Urban Runoff Project. Phase I of the
project was designed to explain current "state-of-the-
art" stormwater management practices used in Florida
and to provide a literature assessment of published
stormwater research results. Early this year the results
of Phase I were presented to, the Manasota Basin Board
in a report entitled, "Urban Stormwater Management in
Florida; a review of state-of-the-art technology. "
Written by Alison Adams, an engineer in SWFWMD's
Resource Management Department, the report provides
information on methods used to evaluate and assess
stormwater runoff problems; recent studies performed
in Florida to determine the extent of actual pollution
problems; maintenance practices; current stormwater

SWFWMD Engineer Alison Adams

management practices developed by researchers, the
Department of Environmental Regulation (DER)
and the South Florida Water Management District
(SFWMD); and a review of two studies previously
performed in Sarasota's Phillippi Creek Drainage Basin.
The following material was excerpted from the
Phase I report.

Within a developed watershed, there are many
demands upon land and water resources. Urbanization
and other land use practices reduce the amount of area
available for natural storage of surface runoff, making
stormwater management a time-related space allocation
problem. Providing storage of stormwater in these
urbanized areas is the first step toward making use of
the runoff as a resource suitable for several potential
uses including lawn irrigation, groundwater recharge,
low-flow augmentation and industrial water use.
Problems encountered in managing stormwater runoff
involve first determining the amount of water requiring
storage and then meeting acceptable water quality
standards of the effluent. The long-term performance of
detention facilities has been poorly documented for
urban stormwater control because of an inadequate data
base to definitely compare their performance to the
accuracy of various methods used for their design.
During the 1960s however, nation-wide emphasis
switched from flood-control to water quality assessment
Since that time, researchers have developed numerous )
mathematical techniques with which to describe various
aspects of stormwater monitoring and management.
In comparing the various methods, it is necessary to
recognize that statistical, empirical and analytical
techniques are first-cut approaches, while simulation
techniques yield greater design and analysis flexibility,
although they require a large data input. Further,
empirical and analytical methods are not applicable for
determining long-term water quality treatment
performance of stormwater detention facilities.
Various agencies have researched stormwater man-
agement, including the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS),
SFWMD and the Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA). Much of the data collected can be used in
determining which pollutants should be monitored as
well as the extent to which treatment of stormwater
runoff is necessary. In addition, University of Florida
researchers have found that preliminary screening
techniques should be used to identify local rainfall
characteristics and stormwater quality characteristics,
two parameters essential to an overall stormwater
management plan. While much research has been
performed on the design of stormwater management
systems, county officials have expressed concern over
the treatment efficiencies of as-built systems. Limited
data are available which address this concern, primarily
due to the recent implementation of state rule_%,
requiring stormwater management systems. However, )
treatment efficiencies of various systems located in the
Orlando area indicate that for percolation systems
(retention), treatment of the first inch of runoff will
...please turn to page 5

new WDAC members
Three new members were installed on SWFWMD's
/^ell Drilling Advisory Committee in April. Raymond
. ownsend of Citrus County, Ronald Fisk of Tampa and
Don Mixon of Tampa were installed as part of the
committee's regular meeting in the District's Tampa
office. They replace outgoing members W. D. Troutman,
J. R. LeVar and R. A. Matthews. Others now on the
committee are Ken Seefried, Eddie Miller, Harper
Thompson and Jody Cannon.
Among the topics discussed during the meeting were
state licensing requirements for water-well contractors, a
draft permitting ordinance under consideration by
Hillsborough County and a revised version of the well
completion report form required by the District. The
staff also updated the committee on its work on
drafting revisions to rules governing the permitting
of wells.
The WDAC was created by Southwest's Governing
Board in 1969 to review technical and policy matters
relating to the drilling industry and provide opinion and
advice on various well-construction matters important
to both the District and the drilling industry. A major
contributor to the development of well drilling and
construction codes, the group was also instrumental in
guiding the District in the registration of drillers and
contractors. Committee members are appointed by the
Governing Board, serve three-year terms without pay
and have extensive experience in the well drilling

Mel Anderson

elected AWRA

Dr. Melvin W. Anderson, Chair-
man of the Department of Civil
Engineering and Mechanics at the
University of South Florida, has
been elected president of the
American Water Resources
Active in AWRA since 1965,
Anderson has served as director of
the South Atlantic District and vice
president. He has been active on
numerous national committees and
in 1978 was general chair of the
organization's 14th Water
Resources Conference. Anderson
was one of the founders of the Florida Section of
AWRA and has served as its president and as a member
of its Board of Directors.
A registered professional engineer, Anderson is
faculty advisor for the Florida Gamma Chapter of Tau
Beta Pi and the student chapter of the Florida Engi-
neering Society. He is also a member of the American
Society of Civil Engineers, the National Society of
Professional Engineers, the Florida Engineering Society,
the American Society for Engineering Education, Chi
Epsilon, Sigma Xi and Omicron Delta Kappa. J

from page 4...
average about 80 percent removal of impurities, while
treatment of the first one-half inch of runoff will
remove about 62 percent, based on annual average
removal efficiencies.
Research efforts directed toward determining the
treatment efficiencies of stormwater management
facilities have revealed design and operation prob-
lems which involve settling of suspended particles;
effective storage volume; physical characteristics of
rainfall; wide range of flow rates applied to control
facilities; basin hydraulic characteristics; purpose of the
control facilities; and type and concentration of the
pollutants contained in the runoff.
Even with the uncertainties surrounding stormwater
management, several types of facilities are being used in
Florida. These facilities include detention ponds,
retention ponds, swales and exfiltration systems. To
date, no one system has been identified as best,
although detention ponds are the most popular. The
report discusses both structural and non-structural
controls, including stormwater management policies,
ordinances, street sweeping, and sewer flushing as well
as a combined approach which may provide a more
cost-effective method of control than using a single
.~ 2"ethod.
Maintenance of all the systems is important. Planning
and implementation of various control methods are
particularly challenging for urban communities because
these methods deal with land use planning. In addition,

many of the techniques utilize storing water in a widely
dispersed manner, and therefore, normal operation and
maintenance concepts do not apply. Properly designed
storage should be fully operable without requiring
operational care or unusual maintenance .to ensure
proper function when needed.
Prior to initiating further study efforts, it is necessary
that decision-makers determine the type of study results
required and the degree to which implementation is
desired. Previous "208" studies have identified locations
at which water quality problems exist and have identi-
fied what additional data are needed. Primary solutions
can only be implemented by local governments which
have control over planning and land use in their juris-
dictions. Research to adequately assess stormwater
management practices is costly. Only through amply-
funded research projects can the water quality of urban
stormwater runoff be defined.
Through the combined efforts of researchers, state
and local governmental agencies, the answers to many
stormwater management questions can be obtained and
measures taken to alleviate the problems. However, one
of the most important questions to be addressed is,
what is the problem? Once decision makers define this
question, research can be performed which will
accurately answer all the concerns.
Stormwater management in urbanized areas is a
rapidly developing field, in which practice has advanced
without adequate research. Although there is a lack of
uniformity, methods appear to be developing rather
rapidly and stormwater management has wide public
support. O

Green Swamp soils investigation contract awarded

Green Swamp soils investigation contract awarded

Jammal & Associates, Inc. received the contract award
for soils investigations in the Green Swamp Flood
Detention Area during the Governing Board's May
The program was authorized to obtain enough
information to allow initial design work for a concep-
tualized structural project in the Green Swamp area
so that costs can be estimated more accurately.
"That's not to say we're necessarily headed for a
structural project in the Green Swamp," cautions Pete
Hubbell, Southwest's Resource Management Depart-
ment Director. The District is currently reexamining the
Green Swamp effort as a whole to determine the best
way to protect the hydrologic value of the area while
also meeting the many water management, aesthetic and
economic needs of its citizens and the state. As part of
that effort, what we're looking for now is some sound
data to use in developing up-to-date projections of costs
which would be entailed by a structural program. Then
the Board can consider them in evaluating the feasibility

of various structural and non-structural project
Slated for completion in October 1983, the so o
investigation involves a multi-task approach which wii
culminate in a report that includes
a description of the work performed;
an evaluation of site conditions, including geology,
hydrogeology and soils;
results of laboratory and field data collection and
a summary of analysis, evaluation and design
preliminary design for feasible structure
design alternatives for two levee sections; and
recommendations pertaining to construction,
including type of construction soils; foundation
soil preparation; quality control inspections;
and essentials of performance specifications, fill
requirements, compaction and surveillance.

model flood ordinance

A lot has happened since the
Governing Board approved the
Model Flood Ordinance last fall.
Since then, the Technical Assist-
ance Division has been hard at
work in numerous workshops and
public speaking engagements. More
than 30 public meetings have been
held with county commissions and
various agency boards, citizens'
groups and service clubs throughout
the District, while more than 1100
copies of the document have been
distributed to county adminis-
trators, regional planning councils,
and city officials within the Dis-
trict, as well as to the Governor's
office, State Legislators, U. S.
Senators and Congressmen, state
and federal agencies and many
Developed by the District staff in
cooperation with the University of
Florida Law School's Center for
Governmental Responsibility, the
model ordinance provides local
governments a tool for use in
conjunction with existing ordi-
nances or in formulating, adopting
and implementing new ordinances
governing encroachment into
floodplains or flood-prone areas.
This can help reduce the potential
for damage and personal injury
from flooding and avoid the need
for costly and environmentally
destructive flood control projects as
well as help communities qualify
for participation in the National

Flood Insurance Program. The
ordinance is purposely general in
nature in order to allow local
officials the flexibility to address
concerns specific to their areas.
According to Ed Comer, Tech-
nical Assistance Division Director,
"Most everyone has been favorably
responsive in recognizing the need
for the ordinance. In fact, some
counties, such as Pasco and Polk,
are now incorporating portions of
the model into their existing
ordinances." Comer points out that
restricting land use is not an easy
task for local government but that
in some cases it is an essential one,
especially when development or
construction would interfere with
natural flow patterns, increase
flooding, reduce recharge or cause a
significant increase or threat of
pollution. "The ordinance also
provides for the future by con-
trolling development in the flood-
plain and so avoiding the need
for expensive construction of flood
control works such as canals, levees
and dams. An added advantage of
this approach is the prevention of
damage to the environment
including fish and wildlife."
Although much in the way of
informing local governments and
private citizens has been done,
much remains to be accomplished
and Comer has planned a concen-
trated effort to continue public
workshops with local officials as

well as presentations to citizens'
groups explaining how they can
work with local government to
adopt flood management ordi-
nances. In conjunction with this
effort, an audio-visual presentation
has been prepared which explain!
the need for a flood management f '
ordinance and major facets of
the model code. A brochure on the
ordinance is available on request
through SWFWMD's Public Infor-
mation Office, which is also
coordinating public speaking
engagements about the ordinance
through its Speakers Bureau. The
model ordinance itself is available
to government officials and other
groups by contacting the Technical
Assistance Division at the
Brooksville office.

the speakers bureau

If your club or organization is looking for a speaker,
he District can be of service. We have a score of staff
(,embers who are qualified to make both technical and
non-technical presentations as well as a variety of
audio-visual programs on various water-related topics.
Through our Speakers Bureau we reach thousands of
citizens each year in colleges, schools, professional
groups, fraternal, civic and service clubs all over south-
west Florida. Last year the District provided speakers to
more than 150 different organizations. So if your club
or organization needs a speaker, drop a line to the
SWFWMD Public Information Office at the Brooksville
address and let us know.
Please give us at least three weeks notice before your
meeting date so we can assure that a speaker is available.
Following is a list of audio-visual presentations currently
1. The Basin Board Concept (11.0 minutes) describes the relationship
between the various basins, their local board members, and the
Southwest Florida Water Management District and its Governing
2. District Overview (13.0 minutes) gives a history of Southwest
detailing the District Governing Board, taxing capability and major
objectives (flood control, floodplain mapping and delineation,
regulation of water resources and water management planning). It
also briefly discusses the Regional Observation Monitor-Well Project,
the Quality of Water Improvement Project and the U. S. Geological
Survey Cooperative Program.
3. Southwest Florida Water Management District Regulatory (8.5
minutes) explains how the District regulates its water resources
S through its permitting system.
4. Basic Hydrogeology (8.5 minutes) describes the hydrologic cycle
and water's occurrence as precipitation, surface water and ground-
water and answers such questions as: "Where do springs come
from" and "How much water can be obtained from the ground."
The show is designed for the lay audience as well as for students of
5. Water Conservation(14.75 minutes) provides information pertaining

to current and projected water use by agricultural, industrial and
domestic users. Includes recommended conservation tactics for all
water users in southwest Florida.
6. Water Shortage Plan (8.0 minutes) gives a brief explanation of what
the District can do during a water shortage. It also describes how
water users will be affected during shortages and explains what
types of reductions are called for under specific drought conditions.
7 Aerial Mapping (12.5 minutes) describes the District's involvement
in flood control through "non-structural" means. The show explains
how floodplains of rivers, streams and low-lying areas are mapped
and delineated to determine their potential for flooding and dis-
cusses how this information can be used as a tool for flood control.
8. Model Flood Management Ordinance (10.0 minutes) discusses the
need for protecting our floodplains, wetlands and hydrologically
sensitive areas from improper development. Also provides basic
elements of the District's suggested ordinance for local governments.

9. Four River Basins, Florida Project (14.0 minutes) describes South-
west's flood control project, giving a brief history of construction
and funding and describing completed facets and current status.
10. Quality of Water Improvement Project (QWIP, 16.5 minutes)
describes Southwest's program of plugging contaminating wells in
the Peace, Alafla and Manasota Basins in order to restore and
protect the aquifer.
11. Regional Observation Monitor-Well Project (ROMP, 11.25 minutes)
explains how Southwest monitors water conditions in the shallow
and deep aquifers through a District-wide network of monitor wells
12. Aquatic Weeds (11.5 minutes) explains the problems created by
various aquatic weeds in the Southwest District and what
SWFWMD, in cooperation with other agencies, is doing about
13. Lake Management (10.5 minutes) describes the necessity for water
level fluctuation on lakes with control structures, and answers the
question "Why do lake levels fluctuate."
14. Phosphate Water Use (10.5 minutes) describes phosphate water use
within the Southwest Florida Water Management District. In addi-
tion to describing how phosphate is mined, it gives current and
projected amounts of water used to mine phosphate. /

water shortage plan workshops held
The proposed District Water purposes; and golf course and lawn
Shortage Plan, approved for distri- irrigation as well as exemptions
bution by the Governing Board in from restrictions if certain water
January, was presented to numer- conservation measures were already
ous groups throughout southwest being employed.
Florida during six workshops in Southwest's Water Shortage Plan
March. Various city, county and was written in accordance with
regional agencies, along with repre- Chapter 373 of the Florida
sentatives from industry, agricul- Statutes, which requires each water
ture and the housing construction management district to formulate a
industry, as well as numerous plan for implementation during
citizens, have reviewed and periods of water shortage so as to
responded to the District's plan. protect the water resources from
Numerous comments and sug- harm, assure equitable distribution
gestions were received during the of water in times of shortage,
workshops. The District's Planning provide advance knowledge of how
taff is now reviewing these sug- water apportionments and reduc-
r stions, and incorporating appro- tions will be made during times of
private recommendations into the shortage and promote greater
plan. Most suggested changes per- security for holders of a District
tain to water use involving fire permit.
fighting; health, medical and utility The District continues to receive

input from those who attended the
workshops as well as from those
who read about the plan in news
articles. According to District
Planner Richard Owen, "The next
step is to incorporate appropriate
suggestions and recommendations
into the plan. Then, after staff and
Board members have again reviewed
it and its been finalized, the Water
Shortage Plan will be printed, sent
to the State Legislature and
Anyone who has questions,
suggestions or recommendations
concerning the Water Shortage Plan
or who wants to obtain a copy of
the Draft is asked to contact
the District's Planning and Per-
formance Evaluation Department at
our Brooksville address.

Hillsborough, Alafia members reappointed/appointed

Governor Graham recently reappointed five members
and appointed three new ones to the District's Hillsbor-
ough and Alafia Basin Boards.
Renamed to the Hillsborough River Basin Board were
John B. Sargeant of Lakeland and Patricia R. Pieper of
Land O' Lakes. Mr. Sargeant is one of the original
appointees to that Board, representing Polk County
since 1962, while Ms. Pieper has served as the Pasco
County member since 1981.
Just named to the Hillsborough Board were E. W.
(Jean) Perchalski of Temple Terrace and Aaron Donald
Bailey of Seffner. Both new members represent Hillsbor-
ough County on the Basin Board which includes 385
square miles of Hillsborough County, 258 of Pasco, 50
of Polk and 17 of Hernando.
On the Alafia River Basin Board, members Martha B.
Kjeer of Brandon, John W. Lee of Tampa and Patricia B.
Odiorne of Brandon were reappointed. They have repre-
sented Hillsborough County on the Board respectively
since 1981, 1975 and 1974.

Robert L. Roderick of Plant City is the new appointee
to the Alafia Board. He also represents Hillsborougl.
County on the Board which encompasses some 52'
square miles of Hillsborough and 160 of Polk Counties.
Southwest's basin board members are appointed by
the Governor and confirmed by the Florida Senate.
They are unsalaried, serve three-year terms and are
eligible for reappointment. Board members typically
have a history of civic involvement and are long-time
residents who are familiar with water-related aspects of
the areas they serve.
Basin board members serve as the communications
link between the Governing Board and the general
public. Their primary responsibilities involve identifying
the water-related concerns and problems within their
areas and adopting budgets to support those concerns
and fund resolution of the problems. Once a basin board
adopts a budget, it requests the Governing Board to levy
the necessary ad valorem tax within its area.

we were there-

Southwest put in a plug for the water resource during
this year's Florida State Fair with a dramatic new
display centering around the hydrologic cycle. Built by
the District's Public Information and Field Maintenance
staff, the display features nine internally lit aluminum u
and plexiglass photo cubes depicting major facets of the
water cycle. It was accented by drought-tolerant and
native-plant landscaping provided by Holmes Nursery
and accompanied by a staff-written flyer describing the
hydrologic cycle and various pieces of water
conservation literature.
After the Fair, the display and accompanying
materials were used at the West-Central Florida Home
Show, the University of South Florida's Engineering
Exposition and the Sarasota County Fair.
If you'd like a copy of the information distributed,
just drop a note to the SWFWMD Public Information
Office in Brooksville. 0

HYDROSCOPE is published quarterly at an annual
printing and postage cost of approximately $2,372 to
provide public officials and private citizens a current
source of information about the SWFWMD and its
Inquiries, comments and suggestions are welcome and
should be addressed to the Public Information Office,
SWFWMD, 2379 Broad Street, Brooksville, FL
33512-9712; Phone (904)796-7211, SunCom 684-0111.
Permission to reproduce material found herein isgranted,
and credit to the HYDROSCOPE is appreciated.
Southwest Florida Water Management District
Board of Governors

Bruce A. Samson
Wm. O. Stubbs, Jr.
James H. Kimbrough
Ronald B. Lambert
Don Crane
Archibald R. Updike, Jr.
Walter H. Harkala
Mary A. Kumpe
Michael Zagorac, Jr.
Gary W. Kuhl

Vice Chairman
Assistant Secretary
Assistant Treasurer
Acting Executive Director

Donna K. Parkin-Welz, Editor
C. D. Rusk, Layout Design

Southwest Florida
Water Management District
2379 Broad Street
Brooksville, FL

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8 JUN 1 5 1983