Hydroscope Newsletter

Material Information

Hydroscope Newsletter


Subjects / Keywords:
Law -- Florida ( LCSH )
Lawyers -- Florida ( LCSH )
Water wells ( jstor )
Drilling ( jstor )
Pumps ( jstor )
Spatial Coverage:
North America -- United States of America -- Florida


Vol. 1, No. 7 July, 1970
General Note:
Box 6, Folder 1 ( Hydroscope - 1970-1985 ), Item 7
Digitized by the Legal Technology Institute in the Levin College of Law at the University of Florida.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
Levin College of Law, University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Full Text


Hildred D. Haight
Vol. 1, No. 7 Editor July, 1970

About a third of the registered drilling contractors attended the June 10th public
hearing concerning changes to the Rules and Regulations, Chapter 357R-1. The
changes, as published in the June issue, were considered and generally accepted
by the drillers. It is hoped the transcript can be completed in time for the District
Governing Board to make a decision at the July 8th meeting.
A portion of Dr. Lehr's testimony will be found in this issue under the heading
"From the Desk of the Chief Hydrologist".

All of the bonds as originally issued expire at midnight on the 30th day of June.
Therefore, it will be necessary for those of you who have not done so to have your
bonds renewed immediately. It is essential for us that all of these bonds have a
common anniversary. The first year is the only time it will make any difference
and your bonding agency will give you credit for the unexpired time. We will fur-
nish the decals upon receipt of the bond renewal.

We have now received the new registration cards and will be sending them to you
within the next few days for signature. In the meantime, your old card will serve.

The National Water Well Association has opened the first scheduled Certification
Program Examination to all drillers. Application must be made by July 15, 1970.
See last page this issue for details.

As many of you have already heard, we are revising the forms. The application
and permit forms are being combined into one form. We feel this will not only
cut down on the volume of paper but will also make for better and more uniform
information. We hope also they will be easier and faster for the drillers to prepare.

The log form has been combined with the completion report. This, too, has been
changed in order to give more uniform information and better and more usable data.

While we are on the subject of completion and log reports, there are many of you
who are not sending in these reports within the thirty-day period after a well is
completed or abandoned. We need to have these.


r When for any reason you do not complete a well, advise us immediately. If a well
is completed by another driller, he must get a permit for that well. This is for
the protection of each driller. Also, if you do not use a permit, please let us know
as we need to keep our records straight.

Published monthly by SWFWDl)(R) to share information with the drilling industry
Post Office Box 457, Brooksville, Florida 33512


Dr. Jay Lehr, Executive Director of the National Water Well Association, testi-
fied last month before the Governing Board of the SWFWMD(R) .public hearing.
Because there has been so much interest from the drillers as to what he said,
these portions of his testimony, appear this month in place of our usual article.

Dr. Lehr said,\ "I have beeh following the Southwest Water Management District
(Regulatory) here in Florida since its inception. I have known your Executive
Director for some time personally and was consulted on the very initial phases
of developing a ground water branch of your organization and it has been with
tremendous delight and real pride that I watched the development of this District
because I do have firsthand knowledge of every single state, local and conserva-
tory district in the United States which has attempted to regulate its ground water
resource and its drilling industry. "

"I can tell you that 25 of our 50 states have made some attempt to regulate their
ground water industry to varying degrees. Sixteen of the 25 could be said to be
doing a fair to good job of it, 9 are totally inadequate and, of course, 25 have
made no attempt at all. Of the 16 states that have reasonable success in regu-
lating, possibly 6 could be considered doing a really good job and on the right
track and constantly improving itself and, let's say, are successful at it. It is
with no haste or without reason that I make this statement that: your particular
organization has progressed better than any other government governing body in
the ground water industry anywhere in the United States. Thal may, to you
sitting here outside of Tampa,' Florida, seem to be a kind of abi outlandish claim,
but I have literally been to all of them, I've seen them, I've worked in every
stage of their operation and problems that beset the country at large are far
greater than what you have experienced primarily because you've gone about it
in a very organized way. You have gotten information from nJany sources, you
have hired very competent people at a slow pace so you were hble to crawl be-
fore you walked and walk before you started to run, which you have not yet been
able to do, and you have accomplished more in the past year than any other
governing body has been able to do, and I hope to be able to publicize your parti-
cular work strongly throughout the country to see that there m-ay be more orga-
nizations like this."

"What we hope to see, of course, is that this be done on a state level and I think
you are all aware that you are going to have trouble getting the state of Florida
to adopt the regulations that you already have adopted but obviously that is the
next step. We have county regulations that vary and this is a bad situation -- so
if you within the state have trouble selling the state, you caniimagine the trouble
I have on the national scene trying to carry the message frori state to state. It
is a difficult problem and you have done a very good job of it. "

"I want now to address my comments to these changes and I have three basic
suggestions. One -- I would like to speak at some length in support of the very
first change on your proposed rules and regulations. I think this is probably
the most important of all the changes you have made -- you are making -- and
for a number of reasons .... you began with a set of regulations last fall that
started to define a well as being a hole larger than two inches in diameter.
.... I think you thought the number of wells drilled that were two inches in dia-
meter was of very little consequence both in number and the quantity of water
they obtained .... and that you have just so much staff and so much ability to do
the work that you have to cut off somewhere and this seemed like a reasonable
place-to cut it off so you would deal with only wells above'two inches. ... in a
survey that I've made in your area it appears that they will probably average


about one-third of the water wells drilled in your District. .... They will gen-
erally yield in the order of 10 to 15 gpm which makes their quantity of water a
* reasonable quantity. "

Dr. Lehr went on to state that "the danger of pollution from two-inch wells can
be tremendous, but basically you are not a pollution control organization, your
object is to manage the water resources. I don't think that you can adequately
manage water resources unless you do in fact control pollution because we can
pollute a great deal. We can pollute water faster than we can use it, so really
they are one and the same. And if there is any differentiation in some of your
minds or perhaps you still feel that you should not or cannot afford to close every
hole in the dike with regard to pollution. .... to overlook the two-inch well, which
is a large number of the wells that are drilled, is to build half a dam. It's to
leave many holes in the dike unplugged. You are not going to get the job done be-
cause you are regulating only a portion of the industry and allowing other ends
of the industry to go along with bad practices which are potential pollutant hazards.
And, in fact, you:will end up driving many drillers who maybe drilled many three
and four-inch wells before to go back to the two-inch wells because it does not re-
quire a permit. ... So, I want to just say in the strongest possible way that this
proposed change in your current rules, I feel, is an absolute must, and I want to
recommend that the Board does adopt this change."

"I have two otherjmuch briefer comments to make and these, on the other hand,
are opposed to sdme of the changes that you suggest, and I want to submit evi-
dence for what I consider would be a better change." Dr. Lehr here suggests
that the definition of a drilling contractor be changed. "... if the words contracts
to were eliminated and it read 'Any person, firm or corporation who constructs,
.alters or repair wells'. (This is the same definition that was originally pro-
posed and as it appears in the March issue of the "Hydroscope".) "...I think by
eliminating those two words you are saying that you will give a drilling contractor
license only if he is literally in the business of drilling water wells. In other
words, if he haA an established business and has experience in this area and
doesn't just quickly put together a contracting firm. So, I think this would be a
wise choice to eliminate these two words which I think can only cause trouble
and can really not do you any good."

"Finally, my last comment would be addressed to your very last proposed change
which has to do with exemptions." Here Dr. Lehr proposed the exemption as set
forth in the NWWA Model Water Law be used instead of the one taken from the
Florida Statutes. The NWWA Model Water Law states, "Nothing in this act shall
prevent a person who has not obtained a license pursuant to this act from con-
structing a well or installing a pump on his own or leased property intended for
use only in a single family house which is his permanent residence or intended
for use only for farming purposes on his farm, and where the waters to be pro-
duced are not intended for use by the public or in any residence other than his
own. Such persons shall comply with all rules and regulations as to construction
of wells and installation of pumps and pumping equipment adopted under this act. "

"I want to close with one statement that you are not directly involved with but
something that you're' going to have to address yourself to. I think this would
be unpopular politically but you do have a problem in this District that I know of
with regard to abandoned oil wells, or at least test holes for oil wells, abandoned
"4 test holes for the phosphate industry, and other mining industries that are going
to be a hazard and a problem to your ground-water management in the area.
These are strong interests; they have their own problems and you're not in a
very strong position to legislate against this type of major industry within the
state of Florida. But, I think that somewhere along the line you're going to have

to address yourself to the already existing problem and strengthen your regu-
lation as tightly or let's say enforce it as tightly as you can, with regard to
these holes, because I know you have many flowing abandoned wells that are
depleting your aquifers, decreasing the pressure, inviting salt water encroach-
ment in many counties of your ,District, and I think that as time goes on you are
going to have to give more,and more attention to them. "

"Again, I want to say that I think you've done a magnificent job. I hope that you
have not thought that I have been critical because I am not. You deserve a tre-
mendous pat on the back each and every one of you, and I think that what you
have done will serve as a tremendous model to others within the state of Florida
and the other 49 United States. Thank you very much. "


After October 1, 1970 certification of well drillers by SWFWMD (R) will be by
examination. It is opportune that at this particular time NWWA has just an-
nounced they will hold the first scheduled examination for the certification of
well drillers throughout the United States on August 7, 1970. This examination
is open to all drillers wishing to take it and not only to members of NWWA as
was originally planned. Since many of you are not members and would not
otherwise be aware of their examination program, and since there is a possi-
bility that this examination may be used in the future by SWFWMD(R) to test
all drillers for certification, we are publishing it here in hopes that many of
you will want to take the examinations) and help to start the national certifica-
tion of well drillers.

We have been asked by NWWA to monitor the examination in this section of
Florida. The test will be given in the District Board meeting room. Anyone
desiring to take the exams should write National Water Well Association, 88
East Broad Street, Columbus, Ohio 43215. For general information you may
contact the SWFWMD(R) office at (904) 796-3511, ext. 46. Those wishing to
take this examination must make application to the National Water Well Associ-
ation before July 15, 1970.

Each examination will have between 30 and 50 questions and will be primarily
true and false or multiple choice. The test may be taken orally. It is possi-
ble to certify in any or all of several categories. Everyone must first take a
general test -- this is obligatory. The fee charged by NWWA for each exami-
nation is $5. 00. The categories are listed below:

Water Well Driller
A. Cable tool drilling in unconsolidated material
B. Cable tool drilling in rock material
C. Air rotary drilling in unconsolidated material
D. Air rotary drilling in rock material
E. Mud rotary drilling in unconsolidated material
F. Mud rotary drilling in rock
G. Reverse rotary drilling in unconsolidated material
H. Jetting and driving wells in unconsolidated material
I. Boring and augering in unconsolidated material
Pump Installer
J. Pump installation domestic 1 to 3 HP
.. Pump installation commercial 3 to 20 HP
L. Pump installation industrial and municipal, over 20 HP