Title: Articles and excerpts pertaining to Apalachicola, Florida and district publicized from 1821-1860
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Title: Articles and excerpts pertaining to Apalachicola, Florida and district publicized from 1821-1860
Series Title: Articles and excerpts pertaining to Apalachicola, Florida and district publicized from 1821-1860
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Creator: Lovett, Rose Gibbons
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Volume ID: VID00001
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Full Text


Foreword * * * * * * i

Territorial Florida Journalimn .. ii iv

Apalaohicola Advertiser . . . 1- 5

Apalaohicola Commercial Advertiser . 4 45
Apalachicola Courier . . .. 4 48
Apalachicola Gazette . * 49 58
Florida Journal . 59 6
Watchman of the Gulf . a . 79 80
American Almanao . o.. . . 78
Charleston Courier .. . .. 77
Congressional Globe . .. o 80 82
Daily Picayune (New Orleanse La.) . 72 74
Florida Aota & . . 75
Florida Herald (St. Augustine.Fla.) 79
Florida L.O. Journal r 76
Florida Senate Journal . # . . . 78 -80
Niles Register . . . 64 67
Pensacola Gazette .* . 68 -71
Tallahassee Floridan . . . . 81
United States Laws . a . . 81 8
Williams Territory of Florida ,. 77
Williams View of West Florida . . 76
Index of Watercraft . . 84
General Index . . * 88











1821 1860

Compiled By
Rose Marie Lovett
(Mrs. Patrick Jeremiah Lovett)
Birmingham, Alabama


This data was gathered while
the compiler was searching
through various publications
for family genealogy. It was
entered in this little volume
in hopes that it will be of
use to others who are inter-
ested in the early history
of the Apalachicola District
in West Florida.

The excerpts pertain chiefly
to watercrafts and riverboats
as well as to seagoing sail-
ing vessels, their passengers
and personnel; their freight
or products being shipped on
the vessels.

Achnowledgement is extended
with grateful appreciation
to Dr. (Miss) Dorothy Dodd,
Librarian, Florida State Li-
brary, Tallahassee, Florida;
also to the Florida State
Historical Society for the
article on Territorial
Journalism, by James Knauss,
reprinted by Apalachicola
Times, Feb. 2, 1962, and to
newspaper reporters who ob-
tained the news on the scene.

1821 - -- - - 1860

Compiled By
Rose Marie Lovett
(Mrs. Patrick Jeremiah Lovett)
Birmingham, Alabama

Excerpt from Territorial Journalism, By James
Owen Knauss. (Published by the Florida State
Historical Society, Deland, Florida, 1926,
pages 29-3.)

Newspapers of the Apalachicola District, in.
clouding the towns of Apalachicola and St. Joseph,
Florida . their primary interest was business,
especially commerce, rather than on politics . .
in the late thirties this interest took the form
of bitter rivalry between Apalachicola and St.

The Advertiser . as far as "we know" was
the first paper in the district, started by R.
Dinsmore Wescott at Apalachicola in April or May,
1833 . when the successors of the Forbes Com-
pany obtained title to the land through the decision
of the Supreme Court of the United States, Wescott
was among those who decided to found a new town.

On Oct. 1 11835, R. Dinsmore Wescott issued the
prospectus of a new paper, The St. Joseph Telegraph,
the first issue appeared sometime in November . .
shortly after the Advertiser suspended publication.
In March, 1836, the Apalachicola Gazette spoke of
the "Apalachicola Advertiser now the St. Joseph
Telegraph." . the first numbers of the Telegraph
were probably printed in Apalachicola, as the St.
Joseph Railroad and Wharves were not completed in
1835, nor had many houses been erected there.
The Apalachicola Gazette's first copy was issued
by Cosam Emir Bartlett of New Hampshire, who was
in the newspaper business in Columbus, Ga., on
March 10, 1836 . Bartlett was keen, humorous,
resourceful and energetic .. National and State
news of political nature received little interest
unless they affected the local area . he laughed
at the report that St. Joseph might be chosen as
the Constitutional Convention site . he compromised
when the place was selected . he remarked after

a visit to St. Joseph "The devil himself is not
half so ugly as he is sometimes painted, and the
Saints are pretty clever follows . they have
erected neat snug houses, keep things nice and
they have ice."

Apalachicola Courier When the prospectus of
a rival paper, the Apalachicola Courier, appeared,
the Gazette urged its friends to give the Courier
'favorable c eration' but in the same issue
announced a daily edition of the Oazette to begin
. On Monday, five days after the first issue
of the Courier's initial appearance, Joseph Crosky
editor, the Gazette issued its first daily edition
April 29, 1839 (therefore, the Courier must have
issued its initial edition on April VL, 1839?).. .
Bartlett's Gazette was the only daily paper pub-
lished in the Florida Territorial period . it
was six by nine in size and appeared for two weeks
then was suspended until fall . published for
about three months in the winter of 1839- 0 . .
ini the Spring, in April of 18hO, Cosam Bartlett
left Apalachicola for the Tallahassee *Star'.

Peter W. Gauthier bought the St. Joseph
Telegraph, not later than July, 1836, and changed
the name to the St. Joseph Times in November, its
motto was "Tempora mutantur et nos mutamur in illis,"
and "Florida, one and indivisible." OQautier
took notes at the Constitutional Convention and
gave detailed accounts of the proceedings ,* .
R. A. Dominge aided Gautier on the paper until the
yellow fever epidemic of 1811, the paper was pro-
bably suspended permanently in September of that

The Florida Journal The Gazette was pub-
lished by Washington Bartlett, son of the former
owner, until November, 18lO, when it was purchased
by J. B. Webb, who changed the name to Florida
Journal, he died of yellow fever in August, 181l .
in November, 1841 it reappeared, published by

Brown, Wyman and Dyke, and edited by J. B. Brown .
In April or May of 1842 E. A. Ware became editor,
it was temporarily suspended in 18i3; during this
period it had been moderately 'Whig.'
The Watchman of the Gulf formerly the Journal,
was edited by Ware and William T. Robinson in
August, 1843, it became Democratic . but died
on October 28, 183.

The Florida Journal was revived, by Mr. Robinson
and H. W. Terry, and the paper became neutral .
E. R. Boyle became editor in January, 18.L, and
the Journal ceased to exist in February or March.

The Commercial Advertiser, T. H. Thompson nd
G. F. Baltzell, owners, started at the end of
July, 1840 . neutral in politics . Dr.
Thompson died on August lst. E. R. Boyle was
editor from the beginning . in December,
Baltzell sold the paper to James H. Campbell -ihg
issued it under the name of the
APAIACHICOLIAN James Campbell attempted to estab-
lish a rival press, but the printing material was
moved to Albany, Ga., at the end of March, 180b.

The Commercial Advertiser the third paper
issued in Apalachicola by that name was begun
Feb. 4, 183 by R. J. Young and R. A. Dominge .. .
at the first neutralit later became openly 'Whig.
* . Julius Wyman entered the firm in 18E and
was connected with the paper until Feb. 6, 1856 .
the paper was still in operation in 1859 . "
4** *I ***** ************
The Miles Register was published in Baltimore
from 1811 until August 26, 1837; then was moved
to Washington, D. C. (9-2-'37); then moved back
to Baltimore May 4, 1839, until Feb. 26, 1808;
Philadelphia was the location of the publishers
from July 5, 8ll8 until Sept. 28, 1849.

0. F. Baltzell

Excerpts taken from

The Apalachicola Advertiser

August 1, 1840 ity

"Our City" "So far as the appearance of our
streets is concerned, the long continued rains
have had a beneficial effect, by laying the loose-
end. But as usual in this climate, the humidity
of the atmosphere, caused by evaporation, is
peculiarly favorable for the procreation of insects,
mosquitoes, gnats, and butterflies of many a shade,
and bugs almost fill the air, at least the mis-.
quitoes are sufficiently numerous to be annoying.
Unfortunately this is not the worst for us in the
low parts of the city, Lever and ague has been



"In this latitude tho harvest of commerce,
and labor, in cities, is in winter. Then profits
/ are great and wages are high. In the summer there
is but little doing, and but few sources of
profit. .


City Council reorganized July 24, 1840

Charles Roberts, Mayor; Anson Hancock, Lewis
Leland, A. T. Bennett, Henry W. Terry, Thomas
Orman, Frederick W. Allen.

Election has been held as late mayor and entire
Council were out of town. The late council took
office in January 1840.

T. H. Tho, on
Th lf'

August 15, 1840 Mails

As of July 1, 180O, Mails are due every
Wednesday at noon. Close every Saturday at 6 p.m.

Editor says that the mail bag fell into the river
at Chattachoochoe and is delayed being dried out.)

Apalachicola Advertiser

August 15, 1840 Hotels

Southern Coffee House, 17 Water Street, corner of
Leslie Street, James Gibson, proprietor, July 25th
advertised bar service for boarders and visitors.

October 17, 180o Schools

Mrs. S. H. Hancock will open her school on the lst
Monday in Novemberj "she will teach all the branches
that constitute a solid and useful education."
Terms per year: Orthography and reading .....*.$6.00
The above with, Writing, Arithmetic,
Geography, History and OrAinner ................ 8.00
SNeedlework of various kinds, extra charge ...... 4.00

October 17, 1840 Schools

Daniel B. Shrieves advertises an English School for
both sexes, to begin on the 1st Monday in Novemberi
Senior class Crammer, Arithmetic, Geography, and
the use of maps ............................ ..$5.,0
Junior class Reading, Writing and
Orthography *..,***...*...... ...* ............... 400


October 17, 1840 Mineature painter

W. R. Here will remain in Apalachicola a short
time and solicit professional employment. Stay-
ing at Mrs.Dorsey's Hotel. "If desired, Mr.
Herve will wait on ladies at their residences."

"N. B. A faithful resemblance is guaranteed in
all cases.*

May 24, 1840 Sanitation

The Town Council to meet tomorrow evening. Editor
calls attention to importance of keeping the town
clean. The Revenue of our town is certainly
either very imprudentl expended or our authorities
guilty of gross neglect of duty in suffering filth
of almost every description to be thrown pro-
miscuously in our public streets, In the neighbors
hood of what is called tirish townt, there is such
a stench ensuing from offensive and decayed mat-
ter thus thrown out, which is suffered to go on,
must inevitably produce disease and all of its
attendant evils."
., *

December 16, 1840

Baltzell and Thompson sold the Advertiser to
James H. Campbell, hereafter known as the Apalachi-
cola Commercial Advertiser. Baltzell to operate
the Apalachicolian. Thompson died August 1.

i Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

August 1, 18i0 Hotel

James Gibson, proprietor of the Southern Coffee
House, at 17 Water Street, corner of Leslie,
has "fitted it up in a genteel manner, for the
accommodation of transcient visitors and boarders,
good larder and good bar, oysters in season."

August 1, 1840 'Bay" Navigation

Directions for Apalachicola Bay, by Captain
Cornforth of the Brig Harbinger.

"The lighthouse is on the West end of St.
Georgets Island .* At the West Pass there is
a pilot-cutter attends, and it is intended to have
one at the East Pass, between Dog Island and St.
Oeorge's Island; also a light; which is the only
channel for large ships, having 15 to 16 feet in
the channel at low water, and no bar. The bar at
the West Pass is about sixty feet broad, and of
hard sand . (The Captain touched once going
in, drawing 121 feet, the same going out.)

Ships going in at East Pass can get up to about
12 or 13 miles of the town to load. The Bay in-
side is perfectly safe and will hold a large fleet
of ships; the ground good and soft, an excellent
place for cruisers. Vessels bound for the West
Pass ought not to draw more than 12 feet for,
when over the bar, if you are to load in the Bay,
very little more can be found; in fact, I laid
aground nearly the whole of our time; The ground
soft and vast numbers of OYSTERBEDS all along the

A Lighthouse is built on the West end of Dog Island
which forms the East Pass of Apalachicola and St.

Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

Georgets Island . if was lighted on the 21st
of February, 1839, and has 1 reflectors.'

August 1, 1840 Cotton

On hand October 1, 1839 320
Arrived Oct. 1st Aug. 1st 71569 71,889
Cleared Oct. 1st to date 684112
Stock on hand "T'f

August 1, 18O Professional

R. J. Floyd, attorney at law
Edward R. Boyle, attorney, at law
The firm of A. O. Senmes will continue to reside
in Apalachicola to practice law. (Ad appeared
first time on July 25, 1840)

August 1, 1840 c ity

"So far as the appearance of our Streets is
concerned, the long continued rains have had a
beneficial effect, by laying the loose sand. But
as usual in this climate, the humidity of the
atmosphere, caused by evaporation, is particularly
favorable for the procreation of insects, mis-
quitoes, gnats, and butterflies of many a shade and
hue, almost fill the air, at least the mosquitoes
are sufficiently numerous to be annoying. Un-
fortunately this is not the worst, for in the low
parts of the city, fever and ague has been very

Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

August 1, 1840 Boating

In summer "our magnificent bay is enlivened with
small pleasures boats of such graceful proportions
that they seem to be the work of fairy hands."

August 15, 1840 Mails

"We are informed by the Postmaster at Chattahoochee
that in consequence of the mail bag falling into
the river, the mail was much injured, and is de-
layed to be dryed out, and that the newspapers
were so full of water and otherwise injured, that
the packages would not reach their destination if
forwarded. We regret this exceedingly as our paper
contained matter important to us, and which we
were desirous should be disseminated. This mishyp
shall, however, be reminded of possible."

August 15, 1840 Professional

Dr. W. F. Sams, having located in this City, will
practice Medecine and Surgery, and may be found
at the office lately occupied by Dr. Thompson.
(Inserted August 15, 1840)

August 15, 1840 Cotton

July 1st Cotton Statement

On hand as of October 320
Arrived from Oct. 1st
to date 71, 569 71,919
Cleared from Oct. 1st
to date 68 821
Stock on had 2,

Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

Cotton But one arrival from the interior since
our last review. Our stock at present is limited
and but little offering. Prices range from 5i
to 8j. Ships RUCE and BELVIDOR loading for.
Europe, also the ELIZAHo The shipping now engaged
will close for this branch of business for the

August 22, 1840 Physician

Communication from "M" welcomes Dr. Sams
arrival from St. Joseph to practice medicine, says
since the death of Dr. Thwipson, families have
had to depend upon themselves for medical care.
Comments on "several sudden and unexpected deaths
within the past week." Urges authorities to drain
that part of the city in front of Live Oak Street,
-between Chestnut and the Florida Promenade as a
health measure.

' August 29, 1840 Marine

Arrived -
Brig Florida from N. T.,Merchandise
U. S. Steamer, T. Slamona from Mobile
Steamer Louisa from Brownts Ferry
Brig Florida from N. I. Merchandise

Cleared Brig FLORIDA for New Orleans; Schooner
ZERVIAH, with 6 feet cedar; 9 boxes of leaf tobacco.
Schooner MERCET for N. T. with 20 bales cotton 11n
sticks cedar 1350 feet of lumber.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

Sept. 19, 1840 Marine

Cleared; Belvidera Liverpool, 861 Cotton
Arrived; Harbinger New York, 16 days.
Schooner Hoagly, New York, cargo of 305
casks Lime, 5 casks cement, 10,000 bricks.

Sept. 19, 1840 Mail

As of July 1st, O180;
Due every Wednesday at 12 noon
Closes every Saturday at 6 p.m.

Sept. 26, 1840 Business Warehouse-Commision

John Rees, late of Augusta, has located on Water
Street for transaction of General Warehouse and
Commission Business. Will advance on cotton, in
store, or on shipment to New York or Charleston.
S(1st insertion of Ad was on Sept. 19, 1840).

Sept. 1, 80, Henry Lockhart and William Young have
formed a firm, Lockhart and Young, for transaction
of business, General Commission Business. John H.
Cummings is the firm's agent during the absence of

J. A. Dubois, H. T. Hall, F. N. Ruse, as Hall, Ruse
& Co., have formed a firm for General Commission
Business and Warehouse is built of brick, detached
from others and considered fireproof. The firm
is prepared to advance liberally upon cotton and
other merchandise stored with them. (1st insertion
of Ad, Sept. 6, 1840.)


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

Sept. 26, 1840 Professional

"Dr. Hartridge would most respectfully take this
method of offering his services to the citizens of
Apalachicola and its vicinity, as Physician, Sur-
geon, and Accoucher. He trusts from his experience
and knowledge of Southern Diseases, that he will
be able to give general satisfaction. He may be
found day & night at office on Commerce Street. The
poor will be attended gratis."

October 3, 18hO City

Council elected in Jan. 18h0

Marshall P. Ellis, Mayor) J. Day, and others
councilmen; James Boote was appointed Clerk.
The Council all left town but one in June or Julyj
before the Mayor left he appointed Benjamin S.
Hawley, a councilman as Mayor pro tern. Hawley left
town in July.
A Citizen's meeting declared all offices vacant
S and called an election.
The new council demanded books and papers of Boote,
he refused the council sought a writ of mandamus
from Tillon Jordan, Jordan refused to issue the
writ, since to grant it would be tantamount to re-
moving the original council from office.

October 3, 1840 Cotton

Total cotton export from Oct. 1st, 1839
to Oct. 1st, 1840 a 72,232
Stock on hand, Oct. 1st, 1840 184
Total receipt 72,16 bales

Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

October 17, 1840 Hairdresser

"Hairdresser end Perfumer" Ambrose Brown may be
found at his old stand, with a new stock of articles
for the Toilet. He has also refitted his Baths,
and can accommodate his patrons at any hour of the
"Bleeding, Cupping, Leeching and Tooth-Pilling,
done on the most modern principles and reasonable

October 17, 18O Mails J

Complaint, that "our adjacent little village, St.
Joseph, a place of no importance at all, is generally
a week ahead of us in news."

October 17, 1840 Ba-erL

"Casper's Bakery" Casper Horn has opened his old
s- Fstablishment and "every evening will furnish his
customers with bread, crackers and cakes, accord-
ing to order,"

October 2L, 1840 Marine

Cleared Brig Camilla New York 202 bales
Cotton, 212 stickes cedar, 16 Bbls.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

October 21, 1840 Steamboat

John Jenkins advertises the Steamboat Ellen for
s2le, "as she now lies sunk near Blountstotn; the
river is very low, she can easily be raised, and
at small expense be put in running order."

October 24s 1840 Indians

(From the East Florida Advertiser)

"At the South, they (Indians) are tolerably quiet,
though they are there without doubt in great numbers.
Their trails are large, and frequent. Near Fort
Dallas they amused themselves by carrying off mauls,
wedges, etc used in preparing steamboat wood, and
when at a loss for other employment, made a bon-
fire of the wood."

Nov. 7, 1840 Cotton

"New cotton is coming down in large quantities,
but delayed by the continued lowness of the river..
The receipts during the week have been 606 bales.
We have heard of no sales. The offerings have
been by sellers at 9 cents for very fair, and
inferior qualities in proportion."

November 28, 1840 Money

Florida money 20% offj the sellers want Georgia
money the buyers want to trade with Florida money.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

November 28, 1840 Cotton

"The lowness of the river prevents cotton from
coming froa above, and the unsettled state of the
currency makes both buyers and sellers reluctant
to operate."

Dec. 16, 1840 Cotton

The Flint' River is rising; the Chattahoochee fall-
ing; both are in fine boating condition.

Arrivals of cotton 537 bales for last three days;
Sales, 132 bales at 7 to 8-and 3/4 cents.

Dec. 16, 1840 Fire Engine Co.

A Fire Engine Company was organized at a Citizen's
meeting held at Matherts and Heard's Exchange,

Henry F. Ouyon, Foreman
William Foster, Ass't Foreman
James Hayland, secretary.

No copies of 1841-42 issues in Florida State Library.

Feb. 18, 1813 Cbamber of Conimercet

David 0. Raney was president of the Apalachicola
Chamber of Commerce in 18h2, Richard G. Porter, ccc'ty.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

February h, 1843 Steamboats

The Steamer AGNES from New Orleans was bought
there by Cap-iWnJohn Mbrton and designed for
Flint River trade. Admirably adapted for the pur-
pose as she draws only 15 inches of water has
two engines has Evans safety valves,
Will be commanded by Captain Jenkins who com-
manded the Fann the first steamboat on the
Chattahoochee trade. Captain Jenkins "is the
father of steam navigation in these waters, and
his nnmd is identified with our interior commerce
for a long series of yrers."


March 4, 1813 Cotton Press

A. Downes and C. Wilson advertise charges for
Cotton to Europe 750 per bale - screw press
n 65 - Hydralic
Coastwise 62 : - ecrew press
50 hydralic

"If compressed, one month without storage, dating
from the receipt of the cotton, with h# per bale
for labor of storing."

April 12, 1843 Cotton

Aprl1achicola Chamber of Comrerce awarded 5 silver
pitchers costing about $500 for beat samples of
cotton submitted from Apalachicola River District.
Only 11 samples were submitted, only two of which


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

were of superior quality . And permit us
(the committee) to add, that in our opinion, the
liberal spent by the C of C in procuring honorable
testimonials for promoting the culture and growth
of fine cottons, has not been responded to by the
planters on the river. We did expect to have pre-
sented before us many fine parcels of cotton to
raise the reputation of this market. The lands on
the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers, we are assured,
are capable of producing fine cotton, and if the
planters would bestow more time in handling and
ginning their crops we would soon have in our mar-
ket cotton of equal quality to the best in the gulf.

1st prize went to Columbus, Ga; 3 went to Barbour
Co. Ala., planters and 1 to planter in Stewart
County, Ga.

April 12, 1843 Steamboat

"The new steamer 'Apalachicola', Captain Sutton
arrived at our wharves yesterday. This boat was
built at Blount's Town, on the Apalachicola river,
and has the appearance of being a fine boat. Success
Sto her enterprising Captain and owner."

Card dated April 11th and signed by 8 passengers on
the steamboat, recommends "The new, substantial
and fast running Steamer" commanded by Captain S.

May 3, 1843 Auction
"Hear that Bell!"

"There goes a cryer sounding the alarm bell and
crying Auction Auction!! Gentlemen who wants to
make a forten now's de opportunie! Come up to
Mr. James B. Starr's Auction Iart. Oh, yes! Oh yes!


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

K-^ ^

Now's your time" "Amazed at the hue and cry, and
anxious to take a chance at Dame Fortune's offer-
ings, we stopped the carrier and examined the
Auction bill When lot and behold It was all
about 300 dozen fresh eggs for sale in lots to suit
purchasers. Terms cash we retired."

May 17, 1843


Captain H. W. Vann Vehten (sic) has contracted to
carry the mail between Apalachicola and Chatta-
hoochee for three years beginning 1st of July.
Will use two steamboats for service, has long been
Steamboat Captain on Apalachicola and Chattahoochee

May 24, 1843


C. N. Baldwin, agent of Union Rockland Lake Ice
Co of N. T. announces that ice house will open
daily 6 to 8 a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m. Date of May
8, 18a3.
,r Tickets for sale at office of R. H. Ooodlett.

June 1t, 1843


Statement of Cotton received and exported from this
Port, from Oct. 1st, 1842 to 12th inst.
Total receipts 124,329 balei
Exported to Liverpool 52,054
n Havre 4,196
S Trieste 1,550
t Havana 150


Exported Coastwise

On shipboard, not cleared
On Hand

121,253 bales
92 3
2 161

( r1

Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

July 1, 1843 Mails

Summer mail schedule; Dun Fridays 12 N closes
Fri. 7 p.m.

July 1, 1843 Mails

Mail to Apalachicola twice weekly for eight months
and once a week for four months at cost to Depart-
ment a $5,500. Via Chattahoochee, Tallahassee and
Quincy get tri-weekly mails, the year round. Ad-
vocates road to interior.

July 1$, 1843 Cotton

Cotto..ashipped from this Port the present season,
amounts to 125,308 bales, being an increase over
the exports of last year of about 35,000 bales.

July 22, 1843 River trade

Steamboat FANNY ESSLER libeled for failure to pay

July 29, 1843 Mail Steamboat

Steamboat Seven, Captain Sharpless, sunk 7 miles
below Iola by running foul of a snag. She sunk in
about 8 feet of water, her lower deck being entire-
ly covered. Expected to be raised in a few days,
mail dried, etc.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

August 12, 1843 Amusements

"Shell" writing from St. Joseph, Aug. 3, 1813,
says "Bathing, fishing and an occasional game
of "ten pins" forms our chief amusements. At the
latter sport we have some 'crack' ones and some
good deciples of the immortal Izaak. Speaking of
fishing, I am old it is not so'ine spot here as
it has been in times gone by."

August 12, 1843 Ten Pins

Phoenix Bowling and refreshment Saloon advertise -
"No pains or expense has been spared in building
splendid bowling alleys, for the benefit of all
those who wish to amuse themselves at Ten Pins."


August 19, 1843 Harbor

The Pile driver used in repairing the wharves
S capsized.

August 19, 183 Harbor

Advertiser states that there are no quarantine
regulations for the Port of Apalachicola and that
vessels dock without detention or examination.

August 19, 1843 Ice

Supply gone used up, or rather, sent to Columbus.
More expected soon. "Much boasted supply of ice,


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

from the Union Rookland Lake Ice Co. of New York."


August 19, 1843 Cotton

Dr. Samuel C. Bellamy has packed at his Rockcave
Plantation, and sold to M. L. Covert, of Marianna,
a bale of his new crop, the staple is beautiful.
Dr. B, will in a few weeks have a barge2oad ready
for market. The price paid for the new bale was
ten cents per pound,"

August 19, 18143 Cotton

J. B. Starr advertises he will open office on
Water Street Sept. 1, "to do the Outdoor Auction
Business exclusively." Will only sell "Segars,
Coffee, Wines, and such articles as can be sold
by sample."

August 26, 1843 Fish

A general and successful piscatory war has been
carried on for the past woek or two, along our
wharves, by our citizens of leisure .. ."

August 26, 1843 City

We doubt not that many of our citizens now at tho
North, will fix an early date for their return.
We shall be glad to welcome them home, for the
city has "a lean and hungry look."


Apalachicola Comnercsal Advertiser

August 26, 1843 Btreote

"We notice directly in front of our office a stand-
ing pool of water, uhich has the advantage of be.
ing occasionally "stirred up" by any quantity of
hogs, and is then allowed to settle into a quiescent
state, which produces that verdant appearance so
indicative of sickness. This we think should not
be, especially on our principal street, (Same
issue has a squib about drunks in the market housee)

August 26, 18h3 Hotel

Georgia and Alabama Housej Benjamin Lucas Proprietor*
Hot lunch every day at 11 a.m. "The Bar is supplied
with the best and choicest Wines, Liquors, Segars, eto,"

August 26, 183 Hotel

SPhoonix Bowling and Refreshment Saloon under W. H.
Kelton and Co., advertises for dayboarders and

August 26, 184.3 Hoted

City Hotel Joseph W. Hamiond, prop,
Board and Lodging per month $30.00
Board without lodging 20.00
Board per week with lodging 9.00
Board per day 1.50
Dinner .7;
Con't noxt page


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

City Hotel, Joseph W. Hammond, prop. (Con't)

Breakfast or supper .50
Lodging .50
Fires per month $.00
Single fires .25
Children and servants, half price


August 28, 18143

Lard Lamps

Southworth's Patent Lard Lamps advertised as giving
"a most brilliant light with less than one half
the expense of OIL,"

September 2, 1843


A. L. Clements advertises a pleasure excursion
on the Steamer FLORENCE, Captain Floyd, to Sand
Island on Sept. 12. Persons to bring own provisions.

Sept. 2, 1843


The First bale of cotton came down from Columbus
on the Steamboat (Seven).

Sept. 2, 1843

Pilot Boat

" . our able and vigilant pilots will place a
new and superior boat on the bar in November next."


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

Sept. 2, 1813 River Trade

Barge Lex Brown's Ferry
Steamboat Seven Columbus
Barge Godolphin Eufaula

Sept. 2, 1843 City

The first summer improvements have been made during
the dull season. Many citizens distrusted the
health of Apalachicola and went to St. Joseph,
Pensacola, and up the river and to, the Lord knows

Sept. 9, 1863 Streets

The City Marshall is staking off Water Street,
dividing it from Wharf property in fronts this will
prevent our principal thoroughfare from being al-
most closed up by cotton bags and other merchandise
during the business season i We know of no
other city than this, where either produce or mer-
chandise is allowed to encumber the public streets.

Sept. 23, 183 Cit
"With the next publication, will commence what is
called in this city the commercial year, to wits
October lst., and .;e are in hopes to have all records
and tables connected with our trade and commerce
fully made up and started . ."


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

Sept. 23, 1843 "Apalachicola Packets" Packets

Ship FLORIDAN, William Pratt, master
S UNCAS, P. W. Latharn, master
EMBLEM, A. L. Dyer, master

Brig Manhattan, Win. H. Doan, master
ANI ELIZA, C. H. Mallory, master
METAMORA, A. Ashley, master

These vessels are of light draught of water, built
expressly for the trade, of the beat materials,
copper fastened and coppered, with handsome ac-
comodations, and will sail punctually as advertised,
- When the sailing falls on Sunday, the ship will
sail on the Monday following. The price of passage
is $40., without liquors. All goods forwarded to
the subscribers will be shipped free of commission.
E. D, Hurlbut & Co.
New York, Sept. 1, 1843 84 South St.

Sept. 23, 1843 Ice

Union Rockland Lake Ice Company

"The Company by their big promises and threats,
trumpted through a big-little-mouth-piece, were to
furnish our city with a constant supply of ice,
year,in and year out; and drove private competition
out of the market *. .. The business was someway
managed badly, and will not be forgotten by our
citizens. We understand the Company has realized
heavy profits by their operations in Columbus, of
which we wish them much joy."


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

Sept. 23, 1843 Rents

Complaints of high rents due, the editor believes,
to the policy of Apalachicola Land Company, of
asking high prices for lots and refusing leases
on lots for any length of time. Editor advocates
leases of lots at fair ground rent for 5 or 10 years.

August 26, 1843 Sanitation

"We notice directly in front of our office a stand.
ing pool of water, which has the advantage of
being occasionally 'Stirred up' by any quantity of
hogs, and is allowed to settle into a quiescient
state, which produces that verdant appearance so
indicative of sickness. This we think should not
be, more especially on our principal street. Not
only producing disease, but generating millions of
misquitoes to the no small discomfort of our lightly
slumbers. We wish not for 'ourselves' but with
an eye-single to the public weal,"

Sept. 30, 1843 Merchandise

Stock of goods in Apalachicola as yet small, though
the town is well supplied with staple goods, ex-
cept Liverpool ground salt.

"We hope by next week our market will be much
more animated, as several cargoes of merchandise
are daily expected, and our rivers are in better
order for business than is generally the case at
this season of the year."


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

Sept. 30, 1843 Amusements

Ned, writing from St. Joseph, Sept, 25, 1843.
Mentions ten pins, whist and fishing. Describes
a sailing party on the bay in which there was
"music both vocal and instrumental," including the
notes of the soft guitar, touched by a master hand .
Is going deer hunting tomorrow with a veteran

Sept. 30, 1843 River Trade

The Steamer AGNES arrived from Columbus on the 25th
after a 6k day trip with full freight,

"Merchants who had goods on board have saved
a most handsome profit by sending their merchandise
here instead of sending them overland through Savannah."

" Sept. 30, 1843 Exports
"The value of foreign exports from this Port, for
the year ending this day, as per Custom House books, is
Foreign --------------1, 282,364.08
Coastwise ------ -- 1,602,591.00
Total 2,s88,956.o8

In this calculation for coastwise exports, nothing
has been added for export of lumber, staves, cedar,
hides, furs, tallow, etc."

4+ +


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

October 7, 1843


"Our river is getting down to quite a low stage of
water, and none but the smallest draught boats can
take full cargoes above the forks of the river."

October 7, 1843



Steamboat Seven Balnbridge
Columbus Eufaula 39 bales
Florence Jernigan 1 bales
Lewis' Barge Chipola 12,000 feet lumber.

Sloop Mary from St. Andrews with beeswax and hides.

October 21, 1843


New Steamer, "Charleston", Captain Freeman, will run
between Apalachicola and Columbus, arrived from
SNew Orleans on Sept. 20th.

October 21, 1843

Merchandise Trade

Whitmarsh and Richardson, 33 Water Street, advertises
"West India Fruit and Northern produce, whenever
they can be had, in this market."

November 4, 1843


Dr. Finch, surgeon, dentist, anounces that he will
return about the 20th to resume practice.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

Nov. 4, 1843 School

Apala.hicola Academy to open on Oct. 30, if suf-
ficient encouragement be given, will continue two
terms, including 15 weeks each. Will be held in
the Council Chambers by F. Tuttle. Primary branches,
$10., Higher $12., Drawing, painting, vocal muoic,
$3. extra. $1. discount for cash.

Ng@. 4, 183 Newspaper

Commercial Advertiser announces that it will begin
publication on Monday and Thursday during busi-
ness season.

Nov. 4, 1843 Itel
CITY HOTEL NOW OPLENI Bowling alley ready for
business, can accommodate 80 to 100 boarders through
-.' the season. Famous for "Green Turtle Soup."

Nov. 11, 1843 Newspaper River Trade

Business season delayed because of lowness of river.
Useless to get out two editions of paper till things
pick up.

Tov. 20, 1843 River
Steamboat TALLAHASSEE from Jernigan reports 3 feet
water and river falling.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

Nov. 30, 1843 Chattahoochee

B, S. Hawley has erected a warehouse on the mound
at Chattachoochee for the storage of cotton and
merchandise. The mailboat runs twice a week to
and from the warehouse.

Dec. 25, 1843 Cotton

John Thornton, Esq. of Stewart County, Ga., 'last
season' sold 25 bales of (Good and Fair) cotton
through Messrs. Lockhart and Young of Apalachicola.
They took highest prices of the season and were
awarded the Apalachicola Chamber of Commerce's
first premium for quality the price was 121 cents
per pound in New York. Bought by Manufacturer
whose goods from this cotton took premiums at New
York and Philadelphia fairs. Samples of the prize
goods were sent to Mr. Thornton; dimity and shirting.

Dec. 25, 1843 Cotton

No charge for storing if compressed within one month.
4h per bale for labor, tiering, etc., 200 per bale
and 50 per week thereafter if not compressed within
one month. Turning out for weighing dr sampling and
re-storing a 8# bale, All cotton required to have
6 good ropes grass, tow, bark, or cotton considered
unmerchantable and insufficient and will be charged
at 121 per ropes all bagging 250 per yd. signed by
agents for screw, lever and hydraulic presses.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

Dec. 25, 1843 Hotel

H2oz. Smith advertises the opening of the Apalachicola
Exchange on Dec. 18, 1843.

B. Billings advertised that the Eufaula Coffee
House can accommodate a few gentlemen with board and

Dec. 25, 1843 RR Neroes

John D, Gray, Maoon, Ga., adv. that Albert and John
have run away. The above negroes are well known
in the cities of St. Joseph and lola, having been
employed on the Railroad for several years.

Dec. 25, 1843 Marine

Nourse and Stone advertised that they will pay
i cash for 300 tons of ballast.

January 8, 1844 City Council

David G. Raney, Msyor, was reelected.
Samuel Schiffer, Henry 0. Guyon, Henry F. Simmons,
Ebenezer J, Wood, Enoch C. Roberts, James F. Farrior,
John W. Babcock and A. L. Clements.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

January 8, 18h4


Number of vessels arrived and cleared at this Port,
from October let to December 31st inclusive:.


182A 1843

182 1813

January 8, 18OI
Number of vessels in Port on January 18st

18s43 18l




January 8j 184
Steamboat "Jasa .
before Christmas, "the
has ascended the Flint
point, previous to the



Smith" Smith went to Albany
first season any steamer
River, as far as the above



Apaloahicola Commorclnl Advortiser
January 8, lOw$ Wharfa1eL
Cotton per boal 641j Goodo per Dbl, 200 lb. 30
Salt per sack 301 Wood per cord 23~j Lumber per M
fts, 50 Bricel per M, 50f Shingles per j, 12;.
Back of corn, meals eta not more tian 3 bushsl, 20.
Vessols 17ing at who.f an~ not recolving or die.
charging Sa.50 per dny for berth.
Chamber of Comcerce rules as to longth of timo on
whnrf, extra tharfaFo aftVr 3 days for consignees
of cotton, two daya for purchasoras after 24 hour
for lumber wood. oiened Houroo and Stono.

January 8, 18 4


Exoorts of Cotton from this Port
to December 31st incluesiveo

tfw York 1,166
Boston 11,240
Providence 2,381
Fall River 864

1 e Orloano


from October lot




Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

January 8, 184~ Steamboats

Steamboat FANNI ELLSLER burned to water Thursday,
Jan. 5, at about 7 p.m. when wood near the boiler
caughtafire Passengers and crew deserted the boat,
thinking powder was aboard, the boat burned at
the narrows, 35 miles above Apalachicola, and near
"The Shades."
Cargo of groceries worth $3,000, uninsured was
lost. The boat also uninsured was of no great

January 22, 1844 Mails

Apalachicola Chamber of Commerce appointed a com-
mittee to obtain signatures to a petition re-
questing a reduction in postage rates.

January 29, 18W. Chamber of Commerce

SOfficers elected for the year 184~
B. Franklin Nourse, president
Isaac M. Wright, vice-president
P.C. Kain, secretary-treasurer.

Committees appointed on arbitration and appeals.

January 22, 18W4 Hospital Care of Poor

The City Council approved a contract submitted by
the chairman of the Committee on Charity Hospital,
with Donald Campbell, for boarding poor sick of
the city at $3. per week.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

January 22, 4 8llj Hospital Care of Poor Pon't)

The Council accepted the proposal of Dr. Green to
attend the poor sick of tho city and furnish
medicines, at $200. per year. (Wn. S. Green)
*y *
Feb. 5, 1844 Steamboats

The new Steamboat Champion has arrived to engage
in River Trade between Apalachicola and Columbus.
Captt n Cadwallader.

The Steamboat LOWELL, Captain J. T. Niles, to ply .
weekly between Apalachicola and Eufaula.

Feb. 11, 1844

The new STEAMBOAT CHAMPION ran from Apalachicola
to Columbus in 36 hours, including stops, the
actual running time was 31 hours 5 minutes. About
8 hours, less than usually run by "our fast boats,"
The Champion has double engines and immense power.
Distance 378 miles.

February 12, 18i4 Steamboat

Customs House regulations require annual license -
annual inspection of the hull semi-annual in-
spection of boilers,

February 12, 18h4 River Txade

Barge Lafayette from Old Agency, Crawford Company,
with 69 bales of cotton, 12,000 white oak staves.
Second arrival of cotton direct from Old Agency,
which is some distance above Albany.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser


Feb. 26, 1814


The Steamboat Charleston, Freeman, master in con-
nection with Steamboat LOWELL will make semi-weekly
trips between Eufaula and Apalachicolao When con-
dition of river warrants, will run to Columbus.

Feb. 26, 1844


Apalachicola 19th in Steamboat tonnage of 24 cities
reported to Congress as of last day of Sept. 1843.

New Orleans
New York

Feb. 26, 18W4

80,993 tons


<- Exports Staves and empty barrels to Havana.
Merchandise, wood, cattle and pigs to
Key West
Imports: Merchandise from N. Y., bacon, lard, whiskey,
flour, molasses, sugar, etac from N. 0.
Exports cotton and cedarwood to the Atlantic coast*

March 16, 1844

Ladies FAIR

Advi "The Ladies respectfully announce to the
citizens of Apalachicola, that a FAIR will be held
at the Mansion House on Thursday evening next, 21st.
inst,, when a large collection of Needlework, fancy,



Apalaohicola Commercial Advertiser

March 16, 1844 Ladies FATR Con't

articles, and many other things both durious and
useful will be exibited. The public generally, and
the gentlemen and stranCers in particular, are
invited to give them a call."

April 27, 1844 Ic.e

The Ice Company offers ice at "reduced price" of
40 per pound.

April 27, 1844 Methodist Church
Subscription to build a Methodist Church is nearly
filled. The edifice will be erected during the
ensuing season.

June 8, 1844 "Lyceum" Debating Society

A Lyceum or debating Society is to be organized
Tuesday, June 13, at the school room of Rev. Mr.
Smiley near the Market.

June 22, 1844 "Lyceum" Debating Society

A debating Society was organized by the young men
of the city Rev. John H. Smiley, President.
Subject at regular meeting at Mansion House on
Tuesday next at 7 p.m. "Are the brito creations
endowed with reason?" Public invited.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser
June 22, 1844 Debating Society Con't

July 13, the question for debate next Tuesday "Is
it in the nature of things for Republicanism to
become universal and permanent?"
Ed. suggests that "our fair friends attend,""for
"where beauty smiles our youthful speakers must be.

June 22, 1844 City Council

The City Council closed their session for the summer
months. Several are on the way North.

July 6, 184W Fourth of July

Firing of Cannon and ringing of bells started.
Stars and Stripes streamed from the Shipping and
public buildings. The procession moved to the
City Hall -

Hymn sung "Before Jehovah's Awful Throne."
Prayer offered by Rev. John H. Smiley.
Reading of the Declaration of Independence, by
Col, George 8. Iawkins.
Anthem "America" sung
"Oration" given by John C. Maolay
"Ode" recited by Dr. William Sydney Green
Anthem "0 Give Thanks" sung

"The attendance of a large number of ladies
graced the occasion, and their presence gave a zest
to that patriotism which embraced them within the
sphere of its protection." After the exercises, the
procession re-formed and then were dismissed opposite
the Merchants Planters Hotel.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

July 6, 1844 Fourth of July Con't

At 3 p.m. dinner was held at the Mansion House -
"the toasts were drunk, with firing of cannon, and
with many cheere," 17 regular toasts, beginning
"The Day we Celebrate" ending with "Woman in youth
our instructors in age our companions and at
all times our friends."
41 volunteer toasts were reported. Editor says,
"Many other toasts were delivered, which we regret,
were not handed in to the committee for publication.
The Company adjourned at an early hour, well pleased
and in good spirits,"

July 13, 1844 Temperance

Last night the Reverend Mr. Smiley delivered the
first of a series of lectures on Temperance, he
will talk every Friday night,

July 20, 1344 Marine

The United States Steamer "Poinsett" with Lieutenant
Raphael Semmes commanding, in port from Pensacola
to stay six weeks to complete a survey of the harbor
and coast.

August 10, 18U4. Cotton

The first bale of new cotton was received on August
4, from Fort Gaines,


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

August 19, 184i Fire Engine

Reports a fire "The Engine was of but little
service the pumps and valves were all so dry that
it would nit work very well, and the fire had spread
alarmingly before it could be rendered efficient."

August 26, 18i4 Negro Hre

the name of Joes who is a good pilot, any person
wishing to hire a pilot to run from Columbus to
Apalachicola, or up the Flint River, can have my
Boy on trial for a weekS if they like him, I will
hire him for a month, or for the whole season.
Persons wishing to hire him will do well to address
the undersigned soon, or his services may be engaged.
I will hire him lower by the season than by the
single month."
Ochosee, August 3, 18W~ Sarah L. Soott
Sept. 2, 1844 Cotton

Exported during the year ending August 31, 8184 *
121,613 bales of cotton, leaving 3 bales on hand.

Sept. 9, 18h Storm
Great losa of property in the storm of Sept. 8, most
of the brick stores on Water Streeot were damaged.
The loss was estimated at $18,000 to $20,000. There
was no loss of life.


Apalachicola Comme'cial Ad-vertisor

Sept. 30, 18hh Apalachicola
Buslnass Soa3on

"The preliminaries of our next business campaign
have commenced. Vessels are making their appaaranco
in the bay, and lighters are passing and rcpass-
ing laden with their omniferious freight. The
ringing of the auction bell the cries of the
auctioneer the puffing and blowing of the steamers
as they traverse the waters, reminds us of the busy
scenes that will ensue when they come booming down
the river with their tall chimneys just peeping
over the bales of cotton with which they are laden. .
In a few weeks our wharves will be covered with
cotton our streets filled with people, and the
places of business and amusement opened and every
inducement held out to those who wish to enter the
field of competition and struggle on for wealth. .

October 25, 1844 Packets

New York and Apalachicola Packets Star Line
SShips and Mananna and Rieni -
Brigs Empire, Caroline E. Plat, Virginia, Saratoga,
Cayuga, Mary, all of light Draft of water,
Post and Phillips, 68 South Street, New York.
McKay and Ilartshorne, 40 Water Street, Apalachicola.

Nov. 9, 1844 River

The river is navigable for light draft boats only.
Recent heavy rains are expected to swell the river.
Cotton receipts limited; only a few hundred bales
on the wharf. One boat to New York 10 freight.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

December 28, 1844 Slaves

The Franklin County Grand Jury in Dec. session
recommends revision of the law in selling liquor
to slaves, and to forbid a gift as well as sale
without consent of the master "We are convinced,
that, as the law now stands, and is understood, it
amounts almost to a dead letter .

December 28, 1844 Catholic Services

The Reverend Portier of the Catholic Church will
preach this evening at 7 o'clock in the Council Room.

January 25, 1845 Chamber of Commerce

Officers elected Benjamin F. Nourse, president
for 1845.

Committee of arbitration; Committee on Appeals

February 8, 1845 Marine

The ship, Liberty, Captain Norton, arrived from
New York, February 3, came in 8 days and 6 hours,
fastest passage on record.

February 22, 1845 Methodist Temperance

The temperance Society will celebrate Washington's
birthday by a meeting this evening in the Methodist


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

February 22, 184 Free Negroes

Jurisdiction over slaves and free negroes was trans-
ferred from Mayor to Mayor's Court. "And that in
case of the conviction of any slave or free person
of color before said Court, the master or guardian
thereof, shall be liable for the cost of said con-
viction and execution may issue therefore "

Ordinance passed January 15, 1845
Wn. Vallean, Clerk E. C. Roberts, Mayor
*1 *

March 1, 1845 Slaves

Revenue Ordinances Sec, 2 levies $$. tax on
every slave brought into the city for sale or hire.
Passed Feb. 26, 1845 E. C. Roberts, Mayor


March 1, 1845 Free Negroes

Ordinance levies Tax of $25. on all free persons of
color. $2. on all white males 21 years or over;
$2. on all slaves between 10 and 60 years of age;
$15. fee for physicians and lawyers practicing.
Passed Feb. 26, 1845 E. C. Roberts, Mayor

March 1, 1845 Steamboats

February 24, 1845 the Steamboat (Seven) boilers
burst, J0 persons were killed including the pilot
Clinbus, a black boy. Another black boy pilot,
Henry Kerr, was saved; also, Jane Wilson, black
girl, chamber maid. 200 bales of cotton on board
may be salvaged.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

March 1, 1845

Steamboats Con't

Captain Sharpless stood immediately in front of
boilers and was thrown overboard, but swam ashore.
The disaster occurred near Maj. Coe's landing below
Chattahoochee. The United States Mail was saved*

March 8, 1845


Steamboat Lowell, Captain Moore, downward from
Columbus, struck a snag at Rob Roy Shoals and sunk.
Cargo of 600 bales, 150 bales insured 200 bales
taken off by the Steamboat Augusta, slightly damaged.
The balance probably will be saved in bad condition.
The boat was a total loss.

March 8, 1845


The VIOLA has arrived from New Orleans to ply
between Apalachicola and Columbus. Van Veghten,

March 8, 18t5

Ordinance of Feb. 20, 18415,
barrel on all goods shipped
port of Apalachicola,

March 8, 1845

levies tax of 1240 per
up-country through the

Fire Engine

Fire Engine No. 1 of Apalachicola has a uniform.


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

March 22, 1845 Cotton Steamboat

Steamboat VIOLA, Captain Van Veghten, on downward
passage from Albany on Flint River, struck a rock
about a mile below Albany and sank a total loss.
About 1,000 bales of cotton will be saved in a
damaged state.


March 29, 18h4 Hearse

The City of Apalachicola has bought a "City Hearse,"
to be in charge of the City Sexton.
The City to purchase suitable harness to go with it.

April 19, 18lS Hearse

The House for the Hearse cost the City $44.00

April 19, 1.85 Methodist Church

"A neat and pretty church has just been completed,
which reflects much credit upon the Architect who
framed it, and the denomination of Christians for
whose worship it was erected the Methodists.

April 26, 18l4 River trade

Keel boat of Steamboat AGIES, about one year old
and built on the Flint river is offered for sale.
Carries about 300 bales of cotton.


. Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser
June 24, 1845 Temperance

Apalachicola Temperance Society organized Nov. 9,
18M4 with 12 members; has held regular forthrightly
meetings since 174 persons have joined; 2 people
have died; 2 have been expelled 12 have withdrawn;
leaving 158 in good standing.

July 29, 1845 Summer Slump

"We are at length reduced to our summer population,
and in place of the busy crowd and the noise and
bustle that surrounded us a few weeks ago, we
scarcely see a lounger in our streets, and all is
comparatively calm and quit*" however, "what we
lose in numbers is made up by increased sociality,
and our time is passed quite pleasantly in reading,
visiting, and occasionally a quiet rubber at Whist
in the evenings. The Aspelaggi Band, too -one
of our most praiseworthy associations have fre-
quent meetings, and enliven the citizens with their
delightful serenades. Taking it altogether, we
Sget along very well, considering the scarcity of
ladies among us."

December 12, 184 Fire Engine

The new fire engine has arrived. It cost $8$1.51
The engine will be placed under the control of the
2nd Volunteer Company.
The 1st Company is known as the Boston Company No. 1,


Apalachicola Commercial Advertiser

December 27, 1845 Christmas

Commenting on bad weather for last eight days -
"freezing, frosty, foCgy; damp, drizzle and rain."
Christmas was cold and cloudy with a stiff breeze
from the North highly unfavorable for the shopping
that is usually done for that day* It was a bad
day, too, for the little urchins and negroes, who
have had the privilege, from time immemorial, to
greet everyone with a 'Merry Christmas', and
"Christmas Gift". The weather was just such as
would give anyone the 'blues' and prevent him from
feeling in the mood to respond freely to the least
salutation, ." In spite of all this, the light
Infantry appeared on parade "with horn and drum,
making all the noise they could, and trying to give
our streets a holiday appearance."

January 10, 1846 Council


E. C. Roberts, Mayor; councilmen Daniel J. Day,
Anson Hancock, H. G. Guyon, Samuel Schiffer, William
S. Green, William C. Lawrence, William Peck, John
W. Rinaldi.

February 1, 1846 Tax Assessment

The assessment roll for the year ending February
1, 1846, of the City of Apalachicola, was $9,313.09.


Apalaohioola Commoroial Advertiser

February 21, 1846 Methodist Church

Rev. James E. Glenn will preach at the Methodist
Church this evening and at 11 a.m. tomorrow (Sunday)

February 28, 1846 Sage as above.

March 28, 1846 Water Front

Minutes of Council meeting, March 25, 1846
Resolution adopted

"Resolved, that from and after the first day of
October next, the foot of the streets in Apalachicola
leading to the Apalachicola river, be are declared
open for the use of the city,"

March 28, 1846 Panther

"A very large panther probably the one that was
so often heard and seen, which created such a vast
degree of excitement in our city last summer was
shot a few days since, at the old butcher pen,
about three miles from toinl. He measured nearly
ten feet from the nose to the tip of the tailj had
claws and tushes from an inch and a half to two
inches long; and was altogether an "ugly customer."


Apalachicola Courier
Joseph Croskey

November 12, 1839 Steamboat Mails

A. T. Bonnet, contractor Steamboat COIMTERCE makes
the trip once weekly from Chattahoochee to Apalachicola
with the Hail. Leaves Chattachoochee Sat, at 6 a.m.
arrives Apalachicola Sunday, 8 p.m.
Leaves Apalachicola, Tuesday at 8 p.m.
arrives Chattahooohee Thursday at 6 a.m.

The summer schedule begins on June 25th.

Nov. 12, 1839 Market

Amends Ordinance of May 17, 1838, establishing and
regulating Market.
"The Market House opened every day of the week
save Sunday at sunrise and closed at 9 a.m., opened
again at 4 p.m., and closed at sunset, The city
bell to be hung up at the Market House and rung b y
the Marshal at the opening and closing of the market."

- The Market stalls to be rented out at auction.
Marshall to enforce rules of market.
Copy of this ordinance in Courier of Jan. 1, 1840
is dated Jan. 1, 1839 and signed by L. S. Chittenden,

Nov. 12, 1839 Negros

Ordinance provides for roll of white citizens, 18
to 50 years, to be divided into patrols to do patrol
duty nightly when city bell rings at 9 p.m.
Authorized to examine outhouses and kitchens usually
occupied by slaves or persons of color, and may


Apalnchicola Courier

Nov. 12, 1839 Negroes Con't

arrest any slaves or free negroes found outside
their own lodgings without written permit from
owners employer or guardian, and may give such
person not more than 20 lashls with a switch or

Nov. 12, 1839 Packets

NcW York to Apalachicola
Old Line Ships Oeneco, Emblem, Floridan, Mary
Francis, and one new ship un-named.
$50. without liquors.
Commercial Line Brigs, Leonora, Opulence, Saratoga.
Schooners, Caroline, M. Thorne, Aeolus, Harper &
Holmes, agts.

Nov. 12, 1839 Harbor

Taxes by ordinance Ships over 200 tons, 1- per ton.
under 2 .
Steamboats (every arrival) $1.50
Barges, Cotton Boxes, flats or rafts, $1. each arrival*

Nov. 12, 1839 Reading room

The Courier "We have fitted up a reading room on
the third floor of our premises, open at all times
to our friends and the public."


Apalachicola Courier

Nov. 12, 1839 Mayor
Ordinance passed Feb. 4, signed by D. B. Wood,
Mayor pro tem.
January 1, 1840 Mayor
L. So Chittenden signs a/otice dated Dec. 21, 1839,
as Mayor. Annual election to be held Monday,
Jan. 6, 1840.


SApalachicola Gazette

(A weekly newspaper from 1836-39, Cosam Emir
Bartlett, publisher, began daily in 1839).

April 9, 1836 Cotton

"The exports of cotton were last year (1835) from
Apalachicola, 33,000 bales."

January 13, 1838 Packets

New Orleans Line of Packets lists:
Brig Apalachicola, E. Spicer, Master
0. C. Raymond, C. D. Pool, Master
Energy, S. Shannon, Master
Raymond and Allison, Agentsj will, if necessary,
"take aeam up the Mississippi river."

January 13, 1838 Market

Ordinance of Oct. 5, 1837, establishes a market for
Sthe sale of beef, pork, mutton, fish, vegetables,
and other fresh provisions at Water Street, foot
of Leslie Street. Market hours from daybreak un-
til 10 a.m. every day. John Gorrie, Intendant

J. C. Botte, Clerk
Authorizes contract for building of market.

January 13, 1838 Cotton

Advertisement says that 12 bales of cotton were
picked up in the river, square and round bales with
distinguishing marks such as diamond R above R -
and diamond R above H W. B. diamond H, etc.


Apalachicola Gazette

January 13, 1838 Market

Ordinance of Oct. 5, 1837, establishes market for
sale of beef, pork, mutton, fish, vegetables and
other fresh provisions in Water Street at foot
of Leslie Street.

These goods can be exhibited for sale during Market
hours only, at the Market Place) market house to
be built regular hours, daybreak to 10 a.m. No
meat may remain in market after hours.
John Gorrie, Intendant

S*@ *

January 20, 1838 Buildings

The Offices of the Apalaohicola Gazette is removed
to the third story of Dr. Gorrie's Brick Building,
on the corner of Water and Leslie Streets,

January 20, 1838 Steamboats
-' John Jenkins, Steamboat Ellen Negroes

Advertises for the return of a negro boy, Caesar,
belonging to James C. Watson, Esq. of Columbus;
about 40 years of age, with one eye, and generally
known as a pilot on the river. Well known on all

March 1, 1838 Postmaster

John Gorrie was Postmaster of Apalachicola.


Apalachioola Gazette

March 1, 1838 Mayor

A. K, Allison was Mayor of Apalachicola in 1838,
The Mayor's salary was $1,000. per year.

March 1, 1838 Streets

Ordinance requires owners of lots in blocks 8, 9j
10, between Live Oak and High Streets to fill them
to the Street level. Editorial says that in order
to make Apalaohicola emporium of trade for that
section, and a desirable summer residence, it is
necessary to fill in the chain of ponds running
through the center of city. The last Council spent
a good deal of money completing streets through
the low ground. It is now up to the owners to fill
in to the street level.

March 1, 1838 Hotels

The Steamboat Exchange, Wm. D. Marks, prop., has
moved from the corner of Chestnut and Water Streets
to center of Commerce Street. Has an unrivalled
cook well known by the name of Giles.

March 1, 1838 Mails

A. T. Bennett has take contract for U. S. Mail
between Apalachicola and Bainbridge, per Steamboats.

At Bainbridge, the boat intersects the Stage Line
from Augusta to Mobile and Now Orleans, "on what


Apalachicola Gazotto
Mails Con't

is known as the Lower Route, and also the line
running from Georgia to Tallahassee," The Stoam-
boat "Free Trader" to leave Apalachicola on
Sunday and Wednesdays at 11 PM, and arrive at
Bainbridge the next day at 9 PM leave Bainbridge
on Tuesday and Fridays at 4 PM, and arrive in
Apalachicola at 10 AM the next day.


March 1, 1838 Negro hire

Ordinance of March 1, levies a tax of $100. on
every slave "who hires his or her own time, and is
not under the immediate control of a master who
shall have resided thirty days within the said
A Tax of $15. on every slave not owned by an actual
inhabitant of Apalachicola, but hired to some in-
habitant thereof.
A tax of $2. on all slaves between 10 and 60 years
of age owned by a oitigen of Apalachicola,

*t *

March 1, 1838 Free Negroes

Ordinance of March 1, levies tax of $25. on all
free negroes in the city. A. K. Allison, Mayor.

March 20, 1838 Mails
Northern Mail, via Steamboat from Bainbridge
Due Wednesday and Saturday at 4 P.M.
Closes Sunday and Wednesday at 9 P.M.
St. Joseph Mail, due Wednesday and Saturday at 5 P.M.
Closes Sunday and Thursday at 8 A.M.
John Gorrie, Postmaster


Apalachicola Gazette

June 14, 1838 Trade

Hiram Nourse (Collector of Customst) to William i.
Chase, Apalachicola, May 20, 1838.'

Of Apalachicola "In three years her popu-
lation has quadrupled, there being the census
recently taken a population upwards of four thousand
persons The sales of merchandise for the
past year will amount to three Millions of dollars;
while her importations of salt, coffee, etc. have
been large the imports of salt for the year com-
mencing October last, will be nearly 100,000
The receipts of cotton the present year amount to
50,000 bales as will be shown by the Custom House
Books when the balance now on hand is shipped."

June 21, 1838 Census
The Census taken by the Sheriff in March 1838
'.- showed Apalachicola population, independent of
transients or temporary residents, to be 2060. The
Sheriff listed all transients at first, to get a
total of more than 4,000.

January 4, 1840 Mayor

The Salary of Mayor is $500. by Ordinance passed
January 9, 1839.


Apalachicola Gazette

January 4, 1840 Law

Notice signed by Geoo S. Hawlins, Col. llth Reg.
F M., calling out the Franklin Guard, Capt, Nathan
Baker, on January 6, at 1030O oJclock, in front of
Apalaohicola Exchange, "in uniform armed and equipped
with one round of ball cartridge" apparently
negro man Caesar to be hanged or otherwise punished.

January 4, 1810 Carrier's addroas

"Yes, there have been rent chanteo in the world
since we first carried the Apalachicola Gazette
over the bogs, ponds and mudholeos where now stands
the glorious city of Apalachicolao We well remember
how we used to pick our way up Water Street, some
times on stepping blocks, sometimes on a log or
plank and on one occasion we lost our footing, and
went down, down, till we wero rescued by the old
fisherman with a pair of oyster tongs,"

January 18, 1840 City

In April 1839, the City Counoil paid $1,778.62 for
grading of the Florida Promenade. (It wrote "To
our City Council) By you, we havo been much graded,
now lot us be promenaded.")
May 9287.50 was paid for laying 1150 feet of planks
for a sidewalk, Centre and Droad Streets.
numerous other bills for grading, oysters shells for
the city streets, etc. wore passed.
The City borrowed $5,000 to build a jail in 1838-
but the jail is not yet built.


Apalachicola Gazette

January 18, 1840 City

Marshal P. Ellis was Mayor in 1840j B. Ellison,
R. J. Floyd, L. Baboock, E. Burdsall, B. F. Nurse,
E. C. Roberts, B. S. Hawley, J. Day, were Councilmen,

January 18, 1840 Cotton Press

Henry S. Guyon, proprietor of the Florida Pressj
Commerce and Cherry Streets, has built a Railroad
from the Press to the Wharf, and put 2 good oars
on it.

January 25, 1840 Mails

U. S. Mail fromChattahoochee to Columbus "in four.
horse Post Coaches" via Lumpkin, Cuthbert, etc.
Leaves Chattahoochee on Tuesday and Friday on
arrival of the U. S, Steamboat Commerce from
Apalachicola, and arrives Sunday and Thursday at
8 amr.
Four seats may be engaged a Apalachicola.

Ad dated December 8, 1836.

March 21, 1840 Steamboat

Steamboat Ellen, lately employed in Government service
was snagged a few days ago opposite Blountstown
Island on the Apalach, and sunk immediately. The
boat belonged to Captain Jenkins.

Apalachicola Gazette

March 21, 1840 Cotton
Cotton Statement
On Hand, October slt 320
Arrived from Oct. Ist to Dec. 1st 106
Dec. 1st to Jan. 1st 2584
Jan. Ist to Feb. 1st 4218
Feb. 1st to March 1st 23254
S March 1st to March 7th 2985
S March 7th to March 14th 505
n March 14th to March 21st 2205
Cleared from Oct. 1st to date 22227
Stock on hand 13950

March 21, 1840 Packet

Sailing Sloop Ellen, Chapman, master will leave
weekly for St. Marks. Six passengers and 20 bbls.

March 21, 1840 Bank

At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the bank
of Pensacola on January 10, the following directors
were appointed for the Apalachicola Branch. D. G.
Raney, D. C. Kolb, Thomas L. Mitchell, C. S. Tomlinson.
Dated Apalachicola, Feb. 27, 1840 Signed W. B.
Taylor, press.


Apalachicola Gazette

April 4, 1840 Cotton
River is in good order and cotton is coming in

1810 to date 52,583
1839 30,714
1838 39,940

April 11, 1840 Apalach River

Franklin County Grand Jury, April 6, 1830, states
that the Government has neglected to keep the
Apalachicola River properly cleared of obstructions.

April 11, 180O

Cotton from Albany and Columbus is being shipped in
"Boxes" as well as in boats.
Tarver and Ferguson's Box, from Columbus.
- Glover's Boxes 3 and 4 from Albany.
Barge Wasp, Barge Hornet, box number 1, and number
2 from Albany,

April 11, 1840 Mails
The Grand Jury of Franklin County, on April 6,
recommends that citizens address a petition to the
Postmaster General asking for better mail facilities.
Says revenues of local Post Office justify such


Apalachicola Gazette

April 18, 1840 Negroes

Ordinance of Feb. 15, 1840 levies tax of $25. on
all free negroes; $2. tax on all slaves owned,
hired, or controlled by citizens of Apalachicola.

October 31, 1840 Apalach River

The River has risen several feet, enabling the
steamboats to come down from the interior, load
and return.

October 31, 1840 Steamboats

Steamboat Leroy, link in the Brunswick and Florida
Line between lola and Chattahoochee, near Blounts-
town Island last Monday, October 26, burst her
boiler, took fire and burnt to the water's edge.
Six, including Captain Washington Smith and one
-/ passenger were killed* There was no insurance on
the boat.


Florida Journal

J. B. Webb, Editor

Vol. 1, No. 17

March 17, 1841 Apalach River

Not since 1819 has the River been so high as
Chattahoochee was last Saturday.
"At Chattahooohee, the water is up to the large
crank upon the Wharf, or in other words, up to the
eaves of the Steamboat Hotel .* .
"at Ocheesee, Alexander's house, or rather the roof
of it can be seen, the water being many feet higher
than the top of the Bluff.
The water at Sutton's is up to the first floor . .
lola has got about a foot of water over it."
The above account was furnished by a gentleman on
the Steamboat ELLEN, arrived this morning,

May 1, 1841 Cotton
SReceived this week 2,379
previously $9,170
61, 59
Shipments 48086
On Hand 12,682

Florida exports of cotton probably will be 85,000
bales this year as against 140,000 last year.

August 5, 1842 Cotton

The first bale of new cotton is in from the plantation
of Col. Brown (deceased) in Jackson County, Aug. 1,
sold for 70.


Florida Journal

Sept. 23, 1842 River

The Chattahoochee has risen several feet and re-
ported to be still rising. Four Steamboats and
one Vessel from New York are at the Wharves with
everything ready to go.

Nov. 12, 1842 S B CHAMOIS River

3 members of crew killed when CIAMOIS, Capt.
Morton, burst her boilers near forks of Chattahoocbee
river, Nov. 3. Large loss of goods.

Nov. 12, 1842 River

River very low, two boats are aground near Chattahoocheo.
"The banks of the river on both sides are lined
with cotton ready for market, and our stores aro
groaning with merchandise anxious to be sold. We
want rain the length and breadth of the Chattahoochee."

Nov. 12, 1842 Cotton Press

Mr. Wilson is bringing a steam press from St. Joseph,
this makes three of them in town.

Nov. 19, 1842 River
Everyone is hoping for the rise of the river. "It is
extremely doubtful if we have a good beating river be-
fore January, and we believe that some years it has
been as late as February before boats were able to run."


Florida ?qurnal

Nov. 19, 1842 Packets

Charleston and Apalachicola Line of Packets to
operate during the business season beginning Sept.
15, leaving each place alternately every two weeks.
James F. Farrior and Co., Apalachicola Agents.

Nov. 19, 1812 Harbor
The Schooner UNION surnk alongside the Wharf opposite
34 Water Street during the gale of Oot. 5. It was
later towed into the channel here it had to be
left temporarily, and was marked with a buoy.

Dec. 3, 1842 Steamboat

Steamboat Wabash, Captain Staples, sank near Fort
Gaines on downward passage with 584 bales of cotton,
which will be saved.

Dec. 24, 1842 Steamboats

Captain Woodruff has arrived from Mobile with
Steamboat Oriole, to run on the Chattahoochee river.
Captain Woodruff lost the Steamboat ROANOKE last
year when a tree fell across her at Columbus, Georgia

January 7, 1843 Ice

An Ice House is being erected and a cargo is expected


Florida Journal

January 21, 1843 Steamboats

The Steamboat Augusta, Capt. Harris, arrived from
Columbus bringing 111 bales, largest load of the

February 18, 1843 Ice

Union and Rockland Lake Ice Co., with C. N. Baldwin,
agt., is building a huge ico house. 200 tons are
now in port. The price of ice will be cut in half.

February 18, 1843 Steamboats

Low pressure FANNY, Capt. Phelps, arrived from Port
Leon Monday, with passengers. The FAJWY is a new
arrival in Apalach waters and intended for lighten-
ing, towing, passage etc. "Our difficulties in
navigating the channel will, we presume, give her
S' ahandsome and profitable business."

April 1, 1843 Ice

The Union Rockland Ice Co. of N.Y.
has established an agency and depot at Apalach, ready
to receive orders for any amount of ice from 1 to
1,000 tons. Will keep constant supply the year
round. Ice packed in barrels and hogsheads in
quanity to suit purchasers and retail from Ice House.
Adv. to be copied in papers at Columbus, Tallahassee
and Fort Gaines.


Florida Journal

April 1, 1813 Fire Engine Company
Ordinance relative to persons entering Engine House
and molesting fire engine or hooks, ladders, eta,


The Niles Register

The Niles Register, a weekly publication was started
in Baltimore, Md., in 1811 until August 26 18373
then moved to Washington, D.C., Sept. 2, 1837 until
April 27, 1839; then returned to Baltimore on May
4, 1839 until February 26, 1848} the next move
carried the Niles Register to Philadelphia July 5,
1848 to Sept. 28, 1849.

Sept. 22, 1821, p 51 quotes from the Floridant
"J. G. Forbes Sketches, historical and typographical,
of the Florida, etc., is ornamented with an en-
graved plan of (olinton at the mouth of the Apalachicola
River, or rather, the town that is to be."

June 1, 1822, vol 22, p 224 "Appalachicola, the
Brig 'William and Jane' the first square rigged vessel
that ever arrived at or sailed from this port, has
arrived at New York with 266 bales of cotton, the
product of the first seed ever planted in the neighbor-
hood, which has succeeded beyond expectation."

June 29, 1822, p 276 Mark Harden has been appointed
"Collector of Customs" for Apalachicola.

March 22, 1823, vol. 24, p 36 Charles Jenkins was
appointed collector of Customs at Apalachicola.

April 12, 1828, vol. 34, p 107 Columbus, Ga., The
steamboat Stubenville, Captain Wood, has arrived -
made the run from the bay in 86 hours, can carry
700 bales of cotton or 1100 barrels of flour, when
fully loaded she draws 5 feet, 7 inches.

April 19, 1828, vol 34, p 121 The editor of the
Pensacola Gazette states that "50,000 bales of cotton
will, this year, be brought to the bay of Apalachicola
from the country bordering on the Apalachicola-
Chattahoochee-Flint rivers.


/' The Niles Register

April 3, 1830, vol. 38, p 113-l4 Gabriel Floyd
was appointed as Collector of Customs for Apalachi-
cola district and inspector of revenue for port of
Magnolia, vice collector David L. White, removed.

June 22, 1833 Several deaths have occurred from
Cholera at Apalachicola.

March 28, 1835 -Apalachidola exported 29,000 bales
of cotton in 1834, and during the first two months
of the present year the exports have already reach-
ed 30,000 bales. It is supposed that the whole ex-
ports of the year will be 45,000 bales.

SJuly 18, 1835 The Apalachilola paper of June 15
informs us that "the citizens of that place have
all, without a single exception, resolved to aban-
don it ten masse' and remove to St. Joseph, which
as respects the harbor, local situation and salub-
rity is regarded as a much more eligible site . .
They have been induced to take this step by what
the editor calls 'child's play,' quibbling course
of the proprietors who are non-residents, and it
is announced that Apalachicola will have to bow to
it in silent submission."

Nov. 14, 1835 The Apalachicola Advertiser informs
us that the population of that place, since the let
of August, has not averaged more than seventy souls,
and of this number, thirty-four had fallen victims
to the fever. Not more than five persons who re.
mained there escaped the disease,

March 19, 1836 The Steamboat Soutee sailed Feb. 27,
with the Captain Elmore Company of South Carolina
Volunteers, to establish a Depot at Volusial they
were fired upon about five miles above Palatka on
their trip back . the steamer Dolphin, with


The Niles Register

Con't *
Captain Pennage in command of two companies of U.S.
Troops, sailed Tuesday last, to establish a Depot
at Williams plantation on the Halifax River.

March 26, 1836 A Georgia Officer writes of the
scarcity of provisions at Fort King. Niles comments
"Provisions had, however, become plentiful, supplies
being furnished at convenient points by steamboats."

June 4, 1836 Major-General Scott issued orders
from St. Augustine on May 17, says Governor wild
be requested to hire a steamboat at Apalachicola
or elsewhere, to patrol the Suwanee river from the
mouth as far as possible, one Company will be
stationed aboard.

Nov. 19, 1836 General Read arrived October 22, at the
Withlacoochee with the steamboats, Energy and Superior,
under Cpatian Wood. Another steamer the United
States was wrecked at the mouth of the river.
(During the Indian War).

Dec. 31, 1836 The Steamboat Dolphin, off the bar
at the St. John's River to take on apilot, burst
her boiler when attempting to start engines and
killed fifteen persons three passengers, one mate,
two engineers and nine others.

April 28, 1838 The Bank of West Florida has been
reorganized and is about to rc'commence operations
in Apalachioola. Old bills have been called in and
will be paid off on sight. On April 2, directors,
stockholders elected were H11. Stevenson, A. G. Semmes,
E, Wood, John Locke, John. T. Myrick. P. W. Gautier,
A. K. Allison,


The Niles Register

July 18, 1840 Cotton exported from Apalachicola,
October 1, 1839 were July 1, 1840 65,112 bales;
stock on hand, 6,093.

Nov. 21, 1840 According to the recent Federal
Census, Apalachicola has 1,022 inhabitants.

Feb. 27 "A gone City The City of Apalachioola
has bought out the City of St. Joseph, and here.
after all the business of the latter is to be uni.
ted with that of the former."

Sept. 30, 1843 Niles reprinted from the National
Intellingencer of the 29th "The storm on the Gulf
Coast struck Tallahassee, 15 lives were lost *
very little damage was felt at Apalachicola and St.
Joseph . Light House on Dog Island gone."

April 13, 1844 Niles reported that the Steamboats
Sun, and Balloon, had three wheels a wheel had
been placed before their engines; the object was
to turn the teamer around in her own length . .
the Sun was put on display.

May 18, 1844 The cotton report at Apalaohicola
on May 3rd. was 1,766 received since the last re.
port, total bales 115,636j exported were 104,873,
leaving 10,763 bales on hand.
Feb. 7, 1846 Apalachioola trade for the year end.
ing Sept. 30, 1845s
Customs House reported exports foreign and coast-
wise, 153,386.
Vessels that entered were numbered -
Ships and Barques 95 Brigs 61
Schooners 88 Tonnage 71,323
River steamers 2400 Number men
employed 2,317


Pensacola Gazette


July 6, 1827 Apalachicola river S-boat

Taken From Mobile Register
"Captnin Vincent has taken the Steamboat Steubenville
to the Apalachicola. Fort Gaines was as high as
she could ascend the river at the present low stage,"
but in winter it is thought that she can proceed
to the falls, twelve miles above Fort Mitchell.
We are somewhat surprised to learn that there are
no towns yet established on the river below Fort
Gaines. A place of deposit, we understand, is to
be established near the mouth of the Apalachicola,
at a place called "The Point," and that vessels can :
carry eleven feet over the bar and to within about
six miles of this place."

March 21, 1828 Navigation Chattahoochee

Taken From Macon Telegraph
Three Steamboats have reached the falls of the
Chattahoochee, the opinion general prevails, that
this class of boats will be able to run on that
river from 8 to 9 months of the year. Columbus
is soon to be laid offj already contains 8-900

December 27, 1834 Steamboats

From Apalachicola Advertiser
The Van Buren and her entire cargo of 470 bales
of cotton, Captain Hezekiah lawley and E. J. Wood,
owners, was destroyed by fire the night of Dec. 5,
183l, while tied up at Martin's landing on the
Chattahoochee river. The fire was set by a runaway
negro who had been re-captured.


Pensacola Gazette

January 3, 1835 Steamboats
Taken from Apalachicola Advertiser

"Our wharfs present the appearance of a great Com-
mercial City indeed, our Bay is full of all kinds
of craft and has a maritime aspect four new
Steamboats have arrived within the last two weeks,
intended for trade between this place and Columbus,
which added to the lists, makes the number twelve."

January 17, 1835 Steamboats

Taken from Apalachicola Advertiser
Steamboat disaster "The Steamboat ELOfSA with
her entire cargo, consisting of 630 bales of cotton,
was consumed by fire on last Tuesday morning abou t
5 a.m, the conflagration was so sudden that the
passengers and crew were compelled to jump over.
board to save their lives several were slightly
injured, and the steward, a free man of colour was
drowned. The ELOISA was a new and splendid boat,
owned and commanded by Captian Britt, of Columbus,
Ga., and had just arrived from Pittsburg, Pa.,
Where she was built during the last summer under
the superintendance of her commander. She was per-
forming her first trip between this place and
Columbus. It is not yet ascertained whether there
was any insurance in effect on either boat or cargo.

January 31, 1835 Cotton

Taken from Apalaohicola Advertiser
"Among the numerous improvements now making the
progress of this place, is a hydraulic COTTON PRESS,
constructed on the same principle with those of New
Orleans and Mobile. It is capable of exerting
great power, works with facility, and is quite an
acquisition to our town."



Pensacola Gazette

March 1, 1835 trade Cit

Taken from Apalachicola Advertiser
"The Commerce of this place is daily increasing.
Upwards of 30 thousand bales of cotton have al-
ready been received from the interior of the country,
and as far as we can learn, the quanity in reserve
for this port is sufficient to swell the number to
45 thousand.
The number of bags exported last season according
to the Custom house report, was 29 thousand. From
this it will be seen that an actual increase of
more than 50% is to be realized on this one article.
During the past week two large ships, the DALMTATIA
& the HENRY, have departed hence for Liverpool, the
former with 1,432 and the latter with l3.,05 bales
of cotton. Taking all things into view, we do
not hesitate to predict (the available and increasing
resources of this place are so extensive) that the
day is not remote when Apalachicola will rank rnong
the highest of our Commercial Cities."

July 18, 1835 Steamboat
"According to the arrangements announced in our
advertising columns, this splendid craft made her
appearance in our waters on Sunday last. We have
no such acquaintance with vessels as to enable us
to speak to her model or other details if con.
struction, but her tout ensemble is admirable. She
came up in fine style against a strong tide, and
apparently under an easy press of steam, Her engine
is upon the low pressure principle, her boilers are
of copper, and she is of course, coppered and copper
fastened, Her approach was greeted by the presence
of at least 350 of our citizens and the number of
passengers on board was about 150. We understand
that the MERCHANT started from New Orleans with 600.
Four hours after her arrival she was again on her
way to Mobile."


Pensacola lazette

November 3L, 1835 Apalch. river trade

Taken from St. Jo Telegraph
R. Dinamore Westoott in his pTwspoctus for the St.
Joseph Telegraph 8sys the trade of the Apalach,
Chattahooahee and Flint rivers hts been centered
theretofore at Murder Point on the Apalachicola

January 9, 1836 Steamboat Merchant

"We understand that the Steamboat Merchant will be
here on the 15th inst. on her way to St. Joseph.
On hIr return she will touch at this place and at


\- ,;

Daily Picaymo
New Orleans, La. Mail
Nov. 5, 1840 Steamboat

Taken from St. Joseph Times
"Mail Steamboat Leroy that runs between Chattahoochee
and lola collapsed her flue Sundqr, Oct. 25, near
Blountstown and killed the Captain, engineer, two
white firemen, the steward ( a free negro ), and a
passenger. Her boilers wore in unsafe condition;
the engineer was drunk, and no water in the boilers."

Feb. 4, 181 i St. Joseph

"A GONE CITY The City of Apalachicola has bought
out the city of St. Joseph, and hereafter all the
business of the latter is to be united with that
of the former ."

October 9, 181l Health

The St. Joseph Times says that Yellow Fever in
K-/ Apalachicola has abated. The number of deaths
between June 1st and Sept. 1st exceeded 100, and
the present population scarcely equals the number

October 9, 181l Storm Market

Sept. 1I, storm
Taken from the St. Joseph Times
"At Apalachicola, the storm was of equal violence,
unroofing several of the slate.covered brick stores,
and blowing down the market house, and swamping all
the small boats in the harbor. All of the wharves
were more or less injured some entirely destroyed.


Daily Picayune

October 9, 1841 Storm Market Con't

Two steamboats, lying at Sand Island were scuttled
and thus saved from destruction.
The Steamer Chamois, on the ways, about 7 miles
above the city, had her cabin blown off. There were
no vessels in port."

August 14, 1810 City

Mayor and Aldermen having all left town the people
decided they had abdicated, and elected a new set
of city officials. The de facto government is in
full swing.

Dec. 21, 1841 River

A rise of 50 feet is reported in the Chattahoochee
River, November 26. A later report adds 10 feet,
Steamers Lowell and Florence are detained above
SIrwinton bridge.

November 23, 1842 Steamboat

On October 31, the Steamboat Chamois left Apalachicola
for Columbus and burst her boilers trying to get
over the bar at the junction of the rivers. Three
persons were killed, several were wounded.


Daily Picayune

April 8, 1843 Steamboat

The Steamboat Robert Fulton, commanded by Captain
Haley from lola to Apalachicola, snagged in
rounding Virginia Point and sunk. No freight.

April 17, 1844 FIRE Water Street

Fire of April 8, taken from Apalachicola
. "it broke out in the Drug Store owned by
Mr. B. S. Hawley, in the row of large brick stores
on Water Street, between Panton and Centre Streets,"
The Customs House was burned; 6,000 7,000 bales
of Cotton on the wharves did not catch on fire.

June 1, 1844 Steamboat

The Steamboat Tallahasee with a cargo of 400 bales
Sof Cotton snagged and sank at Miller's Bluff on
May 20, The boat ran between Columbus and Apalachi-
cola. The Cotton will be salvaged, although
damaged; the boat is a total loss.


Miscellaneous Articles

Florida Acts 1827-1828, p. 22

1827, Dec. 29 Misc.

David L. White, Charles 8. Masters, John Jenkins,.
Benjamin J. Buel and Martin Brooks are Trustees,
("body corporate and politic") for West Point, Bay
of Apalachicola.
Their duties are to regulate the harbor, quarantine,
erect wharves, regulate streets, restrain and
punish vagabonds.

1829, Nov. 2, p. 49

Acts of Nov. 2, 1829, incorporate "all free white
male inhabitants over the age of twenty-one years
comprehended within five miles of the centre of
the present settlement of West Point at Appalachicola
Bay" in Washington County, incorporated town of
West Point.

1831, p. 9
Apalachicola, in Washington County, incorporated
(or name changed) by Act of Feb. 7, 1831, setting
up a Court of Commons Pleas and Oyer and Terminer
"for the town of Apalachicola." Sheriff of County.

1829, Apalachicola Post Office Mail

U. S. Register for 1829, lists John P. Booth as
postmaster of Apalachicola as of Sept, 30, 1829;
no compensation shown,


Miscellaneous Articles

1829, Apalachicola Post Office Mail Con't

Apalachioola not registered in the 1827 register.
Not listed in the 1831 register.
Year ending March 31, 1833 William D. Price,
postmaster; compensation, 66.08. As of Sept. 30,
1833 W. D. Price and then Gorrie = $213.44

1832 Florida L. C. Journal Apalachicola

Apalachicola "nearly one hundred and fifty houses
S and stores have been built, and it is estimated that
there are now deposited in store, cotton and other
products, the growth of the upper country, to the
amount of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars.

Williams View of West Florida Apalach Bay

P. 15 Apalachicola Bay. "Vessels drawing twelve
feet of water can enter the bay, and with eight
feet p. 16 can approach Murder point, at the
mouth of the river. This river being the largest
in West Florida, and the outlet an extensive and
fertile country, it will, at some future time,
render this bay a place of extensive business, un-
less the produce of the country should be directed
into some other channel."


Miscellaneous Articles

Williams Territory of Florida Apalach.

p. 124 Apalachicola is a sea port town situated
on a bluff at the mouth of the River Appalachicolay
west side. The plan of this town was re-modelled
and improved in 1836, since which 12 brick stores
and ware-hou~se, besides many wooden dwellings and
stores, have already been added to the improvements
of this thriving place.
The town has one large hotel, three taverns and
private boarding houses. It has two banks is a
seat of Admiralty Jurisdiction, and issues one
Newspaper, the "Appalachicola Gazette."
Exports last year 58,500 bales of cotton,
Entrances and Clearances 300 each,
Steamboats on the river 20


1833 Apalachicola Banks

Commercial Bank of Apalachicola was chartered in

N, I. Adv. March 11, 1835 St. Aug. Steamboats

From Charleston Courier, Feb. 27
"This fine steam packet arrived at this port yester.
day, from St. Augustine via Sovannah. She left
Charleston on Saturday last, and reached St.
Augustine in 22 hours, where she was greeted by a
salute of 24 guns, in honor of the respective States
and one gun for the Territory of Florida. This
compliment was paid by the visitors of St, Augustine,
the cartridges having been manufactured by the fair
hands of its ladies. Thii attention must have been
highly gratifying to Captain Pennoyer. The Dolphin
made her run from St. Augustine to Savannah in 15



Miscellaneous Articles

1835 On Nov. 28, 1835, after confirmation of
grants by U, S. Supreme Court, Colin Mitchell and
his Associates organized themselves into an Association
called the Apalachicola Land Company and elected
Trustees to take Title to the Forbes Purchase.
Trustees were Louis MoLane, Charles Augustus Davis
and Joseph M. White.

1837, Sept. 16 Floridian has an account of storm
at Apalachicola, and lists damage done to brick
buildings on Water Street, by name, 7 or 8 of them.-

1838 Steamboats

Steamboat Irwinton, Cuba, Trader, Ellen, Oceola,
Hypenon, Rodney, Edwin Forest, Muscogee, Alabama,
are running on the Apalachicola River.

>/ 1840 American Almanac


p. 114 Steamboats in use in Florida, Sept. 30, 1837,
tonnage 1,194; Dec. 1838, tonnage 1,974; 17 vessels.

p. 118 The St. Louis Republican estimates average
value of Steamboats on Western Waters at at least
$25,000 each. (Taken from report of the secretary
of treasury)


Miscollaneo s Articles

1840 Florida Herald (St8 Aug.) Mails

Mr. Kendall is a mail contractor "we know
we pay 18-3/4 cents for every letter we get by it,
which we would not regard were it not that tho
horses of the weekly mail are so very weakly that
we only got the weekly mail about once a fortnight."

181 Fla. Senate Journal, p. 131 St. Joseph

Fleming Hixon to Wi. H. Brockenbrough, Esq. Chr. of
Com. of Danks, March 1, 1841. Removal of Central
Bank to St. Joseph. "St. Joseph contains a popu-
lation of nearly 1,000 souls. Investments have
been made perhaps, to t he amount of one million
dollars. P. 132 The citizens have been ruined by
the arrangement alluded to, (number of stockholders
of St. Joseph abandoned the enterprise) and their
property rendered valueless. The new enterprise
will restore to a great extent the value of their
property, and at the same time save a corresponding
-' amount of the public wealth of the Territory from
almost total annihilation."

Watchman of the Gulf Apalaoh Commerce

1842-43 "Vossels arrived at this Port from Oct.
1, 1842 to June 30, 1843.. 287, of 61,000 tons
burthen employing 2,425 men. The ports from which
these vessels arrived aret London, Liverpool,
Havre, Havanna, Genoa, Jamaica, Nassau, Kingston,
Porto Rico, St. Jago de Cuba, St. Thomas, Bermuda,
Montego, Bayj Matanza, Lucca, Point Petre. These
are the foreign arrivals. Amount of cotton exported
this season to date, custom house valuation,


Miscellaneous Articles

Watchman of the Gulf, Sept. 9, 1843


We understand that mail communications will be resumed
between Apalachicola and St. Joseph that pro-
posals have been made for carrying the nail and a
Postmaster will soon be appointed*

January 29, 1844

Council Meeting

Florida Promenade
"The Florida Promenade is to be fenced out and let."

Cong. Globe, Aug. 22, 1850
p. 1627

Apalach Cotton export

E, C, Cabell, speaking to appropriations bill, said
that Apalachicola was the 3rd exporting city upon
the Gulf, exporting from 170,000 to 200,000 bales
of cotton.

Fla. Senate Journal, 1852 Append.
p. 7


E. C. Cabell to J. D. Andrews, August 29, 1852

Apalachicola now ships to foreign ports and coast-
wise upwards of $6,000,000 of cotton and other pro-
duce annually, and receives corresponding amount of
merchandise for transportation into the interior.


-.. r ~

. Miscellaneous Articles

Tallahassee FLORIDIAN, Dec. 1st, 1860 Apalachicola

Apalachicola foreign trade memorial to the Florida


U. S. Laws IV, 1830, Seass I Apalach river

April 23, 1830, p. 394-395

Appropriation of $2,000 for "completing" removal
of obstructions in the Apalachicola river.

Session II, p. 260, March 2, 1831 Apalach river

Appropriation $8,000 for completing removal of
obstructions in the Apalachicola river.

Mar. 2, 1833 Chap. LXIX, Sess II, p. 649

Appropriation of $8,700, including the unexpended
appropriation of last year for completion of re-
movals in Apalachicola harbor, according to esti-
mate of Lieut. Long.

Chap. CXLVII, Sess. I, June 30, 1834 Apalach River
P. 723
Appropriation of $500 for a survey of the East
Pass into Apalachicola Bay and River, to ascertain
practicability and cost of removing obstructions
and improving harbor.


Miscellaneous Articles

United States Laws Con't

March 3, 1835, Chap. XXX, p. 760 Buoys,
Apalach river harbor

Appropriation of $1,000 for Buoys to North Channel
through East Pass of Apalachicola Bay and River.
$600 for 4 Buoys in Channel at East end of St.
George's Island, Apalachicola Bay.

Chap. CCCLXIII, p. 130, July 4, 1836 Apalach Harbor -

Appropriation of $10,000 for removing a mud Shoal,
Bulkhead, in the Channel from East Pass to Apalachicola.

1856 Aug. 5 Apalach Commerce
Cong. Globe p. 1943-v. 25 -

S. R. Mallory stated in senate -
Appalachicola ships 160,000 bales of cotton alone.
> She loads 70 square rigged ships of the Northern
States, for Florida has scarcely any shipping of
her own.

Aug. 6 1856 p. 1954

Mallory adds that shipping does not come within 5
miles of the port. He voted against a bill to
appropriate money to improve the harbor because
he does not believe Congress has the right to
appropriate "money for rivers and harbor improve-
ments for the sake of commerce alone." (Yulee
held the same position,"


Miscellaneous Articles

United States Laws Con't

Wrecking was a unique and picturesque industry in
Florida, Those engaged in this profitable oc.
cupation lived on their vessels awaiting misfortune
to strike vessels in the Gulf.

In 1825 alone, 64 vessels were lost off the Florida
coast at a loss of nearly $1,200,000. In March
Congress decreed that all salvage from shipwreck
on the Florida coast be brought to a port of entry
into the United States. From Dec. 1824 to Dec.
1825, $293,353 worth of salvage goods were sold in
Key West. The Government collected a cool $100,000
in duties. The first lighthouse was not built in
Key West until 1838 (Fla. Historical Quarterly,
July 1938).




Ohipola ... . . . . . 25
Godolphin . . . . . . . 21
Lafayette, Crawford and Company . . 32
Lox . . . . . . . 21
Tarver and Ferguson . . . . 57
Wasp . . . .... .57
Hornet . . . . . . 57


Glover's Boxes No. 1,2,5,4 . . 57
Tarver and Ferguson's No. 1 and 2 . 57


Ann Eliza, C.I. Mallory, master . . 22
Apalachicola, E. Spicer, master . . 49
Camilla . . .* . . . .a 10
Caroline E. Plat . . . 38
Cayuga . . . . .. .. $8
Empire . . . . . . . 58
Energy, S. Shannon, master . 49
Florida . . . . a. 7
Harbinger, Captain Cornforth, master 4,8
Leonora, commercial packet . 47
Manhattan, W.H. Doan, master . . 22
Mary, light draught vessel . . . 38
Metamora, A. Ashley, master . . 22
O.C. Raymond with C.D. Pool, master . 49
Opulence, commercial line . . . 47
Saratoga, commercial line . . . 47
Virginia . . . . . . 38
William and Jane . . . . . 64

Ellen, Captain Chapman . . 6 5
Mary, from St. Androwo . . . 25


Aeolue, packet, Harper and Holmes Co. 47
Caroline 47
Hoagley, from New York . . 8
Mercey . . . . * * *. 7
M. Thornex Harper and Co., Agts. .. 47
Union . . .. o *. * 61
Zerviah . . . . . . . 7


Belvidera for Europe .. . . * 8
Belvidor . * 7
Bruce . . . . . * * * 7
Dalmatia . . . . . . . . 70
Elizah . . . . . . . 7
Henry . . . . . . . .70
Square rigged ships . . .. . .64

Packet s
Emble .... . . . . .22,47
Charleston packets . . . . . 61
Floridan ... . . . . 22,47
Liberty . . .. * * 59
Manana . . . .. * 58
- Mary Francis . .. * * 47
Oeneoo .. * * * * 47
Rienza .. . . . . . 58
Uncas . . . * * 22


Agnes, Captain John Morgan . 12,24,42
Alabama . .. ... * * 78
Apalachicola . . . . . . . 14
Augusta . . . . . . 41,42,62

Balloon . . . * .* * * 67

Chamois, Captain Morton . . . 60,75
Champion, Captain Cadwallader . . .. 52
Charleston, Captain Freeman . .. 25,52,55
Columbus . . . . . . * 25
Commerce, A.T. Bennett . . . 46,55
Cuba . . . . . . 78

Dolphin . . . . . . 65,66,77

Ellen, Captain Jenkins . .. 50,55,56,59,78
K. Eloisa, Captain Britt .......... 69
Energy . .. ...... . . .* 66

Fanny, Captain Jenkins . . . 1
Fanny, Captain Phelps . . . . 62
Fanny Essler . . . . ... .16,51
Florence, Capt. Gabriel Floyd . .20,25,75
Freetrader, mail boat . . . ... 52

Henry . . . . . . * 70
Hypernon . .. .. . . . 78

Irwinton . . . ..... ** 78

Leroy, Capt. Washington Smith . .. 58,72
Louisa from Brown's Ferry . . . . 7
Lowell, Captain J.T. Niles . 52,55,41,7

Merchant . . . . . . 70,71
Muscogee . . . . . 78

STEAMBOATS, continued

Oceola . a .
Oriole * * * .

Poinsett, Lti Raphael Semmes .

Robert Fulton, Captain Haley .
Rodney . a . .
Roanoke . . *

Smith, Jas.Y . . .
Seven, Captain Sharples .
Slamond, T.. . . *.
Soutee a . * *
Steubenville, Captain Wood .
Sun * * * * *
Superior . . . *

* a a
a a a

* a *

* a a
* a a
a a a

. 29
S 64,40
* a a a a 7
S. .. 65
. 64,68
... 67
.* * 66

Tallahassee . .. . .. . 26,74
Trader . . . .. . 78

Van Buron, CaptainsHaylny and Wood 68
Viola, Captain Vann Veghten . . . 41,42

Wahash, Captain Staples ,. . . a 61


Academy 26
Alabama 65,64
Alabama House 19'
Albany, 29,52,42, 57
Aldermen 15
Advertiser 1
Alexanders 59
Albert 28
Allen, Fred W. 1
Allison, A.K.51,52, 66
American Almanac 78

Ashley, A.
Aspelazzi Band
Auction, 14,15,18,

Babcock, L.




Amusements,6,18,17,19, Baker, Nathan 54
20,24,45 Bakery 10
Andrews, J.D. 80 Baldwin,C.N. 15,62
Apalachicolian 5 Baltzell,G.F. 1,5,7
Apalach. Bay, Port, 4, Bank,56,66,77,79
6,16,17,29,60,69,70,75, Bartlett, 0.E. 49
76,79,80,81 Barbour County,Ala.14
Apalach. Commercial- 47,67,84
Advertiser 5 Baths 10
Apalachicola, City of Bellamy, Dr. Sam 0.18
1,5,9,18,21,52,55,54, Bennett,A.T. 1,46, 51
42,44,48,49,54,55,67, Billings, B. 28
70,72,73,75,76,77 Blountstown, 11,14,55,
Apalach. City Council, Boats, Steam 86,87
1,4,5,9,14,16,17,51,55,58, Boote,J.C.9,57, 49
41,45,46,51,52,55, Booth, John P. 49
Bowling, see Amusements
APALACH. City Hall 55 Boyle, Ed.R. 5
Apalach. Incorporated Britt, Captain 69
as City 75,77 Brockenbrough,W.H. 79
Apalaoh. City Stsl,2, Brooks, Martin 75
5,5,7,19,21,57,45,49,51, Brown, Ambrose 10
54,75, Brown, Col. 59
Apalach.Exchange,28,54 Buel, Ben.J. 75
Apalachicola Gazette,50 Buildings,8,57,76,49,50,
Apalaoh. Land Co. 25,79 Buoys 82
Apalachoiola River on Burdsall,E. 55
almost every page. Business, 8,11,18,58,
Apalachicola River Ap- 78

Cabell,E.C, 80
S Cadwallader,0apt, 52
Caesar 50,54
Campbell, Donald 51
Campbell,J.H. 5
Catholic Services 59
Census 55,65,67
Chamber of Commerce, 12,
Chapman, Capt. 56
Charleston 8,55,61
Chase, Wm.H. 55
Chattahoochee River on
almost every page.

Cooe Major


Columbus,Qa, 14,22,24,
Commerce, 1,19,21,16,24,
Cornforth, Captain 4
Cotton on almost every
Cotton Press, 15,27,55,
Covert,M.L. 18,50
Crawford Company 32
CroskeyyJoe 46
J.H. Cummings 8

Davis, Chas,Augustus 78
DayD.J, 44
Day, J. 9 ,55
Debating Society 54,55
Dentist 10,25
Doan,Wm.H. 22
Dog Island 2,67
Dorsey, Mrs* 1
Downes,A* 15
Dubois,J.A. 8
Dyer,A.L6 22

Fllils Marshall P. 65
Ellison,B. 55
Elmore, Capt. 65
Emir, Cosam Bartlett 49
Exchange 57
Eufaula 28,55

Fair 35,54
Farrior,JameF.' 28,61
Finch, Dr. 25
Fire Engine, 12,37,41,
Fishing 17
Flint River,12,15,14,29,
Florida Promenade,7,54,
Floyd, Gabriel 65
Floyd, Capt.John 65
Floyd,R.J 5: 55
orbs J G.7
07oreig, Perta, 8,7,1501


Gautier, P*.W 66,1
Georgia, Ala. House 19
Gibson, James 2,4
Giles 51
Glenn,James E. 45
Goodlet, R.*H 15
Gorrie, John 49,50,76,52
Grand Jury 39
Gray, John D. 28
Green, Dr.W.S,52,35, 44
Guyon, Henry F.12,28,44,
Hairdresser 10
- Haley, Captain 74
Hall,H.T. 8
Hammond, Joseph W.19,20
Hancock, Anson 1,44
Hancock, S.H.Mrs. 2
Halifax river 66
Harden, Mark 64
Harris, Captain 62
Hartridge,Dr. 9
HawleyCapt.Hezekiah 68
Hawkins,GS. 55,54
Harper and Holmes 47
Hayland,James 12

Fort Dallas 11,12
Fort Gaines,56,46,61,62,
Fort King 66
Fort Mitchell,52,65, 64,
Foster, Vfa, 12
Franklin County,59, 54,
Franklin Guard, 15357
Freeman, Capt. 25,55
Fruit 25

loe, 15,17,22,61,62
Imports 55
Indians 11, 65
Indian War 66
lola 16, 72, 74
Irish Town 5
Irwinton 75

Jackson, Andrew 64
Jackson County 59
Jail 54
Jenkins, Charles 64
Jenkins, John,1,55v,50,
Jernigan 25,26
Jesup, Gen. 64
Joe 57
John 28
Jordan, Tillon 9
July 4th. 355,56 64

Kendall, Mr.
Kerr, Henry
Kolb, D.C.

Health,1,57,9J1.19. [i
Hearse 42
Herve, W.R. 3
Hixon, Fleming 79
Hospital 31,52
Horn,Caspor 10
House, Captain 65
Hurlburt, E.D. 22


Lamp 20
Lane, Capt* 64
LathamP.W, 22
Law,59,46,47, 54
Lawyers 5
Lawrence,Wo.0 44
Lewis, Leland 1
License 32
Lighthouse, 4,5, 67
Liquors 18,19,22
Liverpool 15~18
Locke 66
Lockhart & Young 8, 27
Longs Ltb 81
Lucas, Benjamin 19
Lyceum 54

MaClay, John O 5
Macon, Ga. 28
Magnolia, Port of 16,
Mallory,O.H* 22
S MallerySR. 82
Marianna 18
Mansion House, 3554,536
Market,25,46,45,49, 50
Marks,W D. 51
Martin's Landing 68
Masters, Charles S, 75
Mathers & Heard Exchg.12
McKay & Hartsherne 58
MoLane, Louis 78
Merchants Planters Bk.55
Merchandise,25,25,29, 51,

Methodist Church,34,42,
Militia 44,54,63
Miller's Bluff 74
Mineature painter 3
Mississippi river 49
Mitchell, Colin 78
Mitohell,T.L. 56
Money 11,12
Moore, Captain 41
Morton, Capt.John,15,60
Murder Point 71,76
Myriok,John T. 66

Navigation, 4,135,58,47,
Ned (reporter) 24
Negroes,28,29, 50,1, 7,
59,40,46,47,50, 2, 98,
New Orleans, 7,1,25,533
Newspaper 3,6,12,17,26,47,
New York,7,10,22,27,533,8,
Niles Register 64
Niles,J.T. 52
Norton,Oapt, 39
Nourse, B .Franklin,28,51,
Nouras, Hiram 53
Nourse & Stone,28, 50

Orman, Thomas


Panther 45
Peck, William 44
Pennage, Capt. 66
Pennoyer, Capt. 77
Phelps, Oapt. 62
Philadelphia 27
Physician,6,7,9, 18
Pilot Boat 4, 20
Pirates 64
Pittsburg 69
Pool,C.D. 49
Population,see census
Porter, Richard G. 12
Portier,Rev. 39
Post & Phillips 30
Pratt, William 22
S Price, W.D. 76

Quarantine 17,75
Quinoy 16

Railroad 28
Raney, David, 12,28,56
Raymond & Allison 49
Reading room 47
Read, General 66
Rees, John 8
Rents 23
Richardson 25
Rinaldi,J.W. 44
Roanoke 65
Rob Roy Shoals 41
Roberts, Charles 1
Roberts, E.C.28,40, 42
Ruse, F.N. 8

St. Andrews 25
St. Augustine 66,77

St. George Island,5,67,
St. John's River 66
St. Joseph,7,10,17,21,65,
St. Joseph Telegraph, 71
St. Marks 56
Salvage 83
Same, Dr.W.F. 6,7
Sand Island 20, 75
Sanitation 5, 25
Savannah 8, 77
Schooners, Sloops,65,84,85
Schiffer, Sam 28, 44
School 2, 28,33
Scott, General 66
Scott, Sarah L. 57
Ships, Misc.29,47,67, 84
Seafood, 4,18,2649,50
Semmes, A.G. 5, 66
Semmes, Lt. Raphael 56
Shannon,S. 49
Sharpless, Capt. 16, 41
Shell (reporter) 17
Shrieves, Daniel 2
Simmons, Henry F. 28
Smiley, J.H. 35, 56
Smith, Hezekiah 28
Smith, Capt. Wash. 8, 50
Southern Coffee House,2,4
Spicer, E. 49
Stage Line 51, 55
SStaples, Capt. 61
SStarr, James B. 14,18
Steamboat Exchange 51
Stevenson, H. 66
Stewart County, Ga. 27


Stone, Mr. 28
Storm, see weather
Sutton, Capt.S. 14,59
Suwanee river 66

Taxes,41,44,47,52, 58
Taylor,W.B. 56
Temperance, 56,59,45
Ten Pins 17,19
Territory Fla. 77
Teery, W.H. 1
Thompson, T.H. 1
Thompson, Dr. 6
The Point 68
Thornton, John 27
Tobacco 7, 27
Tomlinson, C.S. 56
Tuttle, F. 26

Ulee 62
Union Rockland Ice Co.
U.S. Supreme Court
Records 78
U.S. Laws, 81,82, 85

Washington Plantation,66
Washington County 75
Warehouse 8, 27
Waterfront 45
Watson, James C. 50
Webb, J.B. 59
Wesoott, R.D. 71
West Florida 76
West Point 75
Whitmarsh & Richardson,25;
White, David L. 65,75
White, Joseph M. 78
Wharfage 50
Williams Ter. Fla. 77
Williams View of West
Florida 76
Wilson, C. 13
Wilson, Jane 40
Wood, Capt. 64
Wood, D.B. 48
Wood, Oapt.E.J. 28,66,68
Woodruff 61
Wright, Isaac M. 51

Yellow Fever
Young, Wm.
Yulee (Ulee)

8 ,22


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