Title: Saving water indoors
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/WC11475305/00001
 Material Information
Title: Saving water indoors
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Southwest Florida Water Management District
Publication Date: 2006
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: WC11475305
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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We need to se water every way we can If we don't conserve, we're pouring water- and
money down the drain The average Floridian uses about 124 gallons of water each day You
can reduce your water consumption by taking ust a few simple steps So stop the leaks, slow
the flow and use water wiselvi

Seekthe Leak
Leaks are the biggest water water
Even a small faucet leak can
waste 300 or more gallons of
water per monthI Take a few
minutes to find out if you
have a leak in your home

Use Your Water Meter to Cfec for Leaks
1 Turn off all faucets and water-using
appliances and make sure no one uses
water during the testing period
Remember to wait for the hot water
heater and ice cube makers to refill, and
for regeneration of water softeners
2 Go to your water meter and record the
current reading Wait 30 minutes
(Remember no water should be used
during this period
3 Read the meter again If the reading has
changed, you have aleak

4 Ifyou have a well, listen for the pump to
luck on and off while the water is not in
use If it does, you have aleak
5 If you cannot find the leak using the tips
m this brochure, you should consult a

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Check for Leaks
Leaks inside your toilet can waste up to 100
gallons per day. Some leaks are silent, some
produce a running water sound and others
may be visible as a small trickle running from
the rim to the water in the bowl.

To detect silent leaks, remove toilet tank lid
and any colored cleaning agents. Flush to
clear water in the bowl. Add dye tablets, leak
detector fluid or a few drops of food coloring
to the tank. If the tank is leaking, color will
appear in the bowl within 10 to 15 minutes.
Flush as soon as the testis complete.

Fix Leaks
If your toilet is leaking, try the following
* Water level in the tank should be about
one-half inch below the top of the overflow
tube in the middle of the tank. To adjust
the water level, use a screwdriver to adjust
the screw on the end of the ballcock float
arm or bend the float arm up or down
(very gently) until the correct water level is
* If you need to jiggle the handle to stop
the water running after a flush, you should
oil, tighten or replace the flush handle. To
tighten, use an adjustable wrench to
tighten the nut attached to the handle on
the inside of the tank.



* Check for "l ,
holes and
cracks in
the float
ball. If the
ball is filled
with water
or no longer
appears to
float, it needs to be
Replace by unscrewing it from its tubing
and screwing another on in its place.
* Adjust lift chain so it hangs straight from
handle lever with about one-half inch slack.
* Check the rubber flapper or flush valve at
the bottom of the tank. If it is worn or
corroded, it needs to be cleaned or
* If the water won't shut off at all, replace
both the flapper and the ballcock.
* If these simple procedures don't stop the
leak, you should call your plumber.

Install Low-Flow
Since the mid-1990s, all new toilets have
been redesigned to conserve water, using
1.6 gallons of water per flush. Older models
use 3 gallons or more per flush. If your toilet
is not a newer water-saving fixture, consider
purchasing one.

Water Managrement Dzstct

WaterMatters.org 1-800-423-1476

Check for Leaks
The next place to check for leaks
is your sink and bathtub faucets
Water losses caused by dripping
faucets can range from several gallons to
hundreds of gallons of water per day Check
faucets regularly for leaks at the faucet head
and seepage at the base and its connections

Fix Leaks
Whether a two-handled model or a
singlelehandled model faucet, leaks are
repaired by replacing washers and by
tightenmg or repacking the faucetstem
Doit-yourselfers can find a variety of repair
kits in local home improvement and
hardware stores Most its contain detailed
instructions a a listing of necessary tools
If preferred, a plumber can make repairs

Install Low-FloW
Ifyou don't already have low-flow fixtures,
you will want to replace them To find out if
you have low-flow, check the amount ofwater
flowing from each faucet You can do this by
opening the faucet and allowing the water to
flow into a container for 10 seconds Multiply
the amount of water in the container by six to
determine the per minute flow Ifyour
existing faucet flows above 2 5 gallons per
minute, stall a low-flow faucet For a
bathroom faucet, a 1 5-gallons-per-mmiute

flow will provide sufficientwater for personal
hygiene needs For a kitchen faucet, you
may want a 2 5-gallonsper-minute flow to
make sure the flow ofwater is enough to
wash and rinse dishes

If installing low-flow faucets is not practical,
install faucet aerators and flow restrictors on
all faucets

Faucet aerators are circular screened disks,
usually made of metal, that are screwed
onto the head of the faucet to reduce flow
Aerators for kitchen faucets are available
with a variety of spray patterns and
flow-control features Faucet aerators
require periodic cleaning of grit and scale
buildup that may inhibit flow

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Check for Leaks
Dripping showerheads can waste 75 to
several hundred gallons of water a week,
depending on the size of the drip Ifthe
showerhead is leaking, make sure it is
screwed tightly Also, remember to
check the washer forwear Ifyou
need a new washer, you can
get one at your local
hardware store or from
your plumber

Fix Leaks
To fx aleaky showerhead, you
need an adjustable wrench or pliers
and point sealer or tape Follow these

* Turn off the water supply
* Use the adjustable wrench to remove
the old showerhead (Use a doth
between the showerhead and the jaws
of the wrench to avoid scratching the
future I
* Clean the threads to remove old joint
* Apply point sealer or tape, using
package instructions
* Use the adjustable wrench to install
the showerhead
* Turn the water supply on and test the

Install LW-FlOW
By timing your shower to less than five
minutes and installing low-flow
showerheads, you can save water The
older the showerhead, the more water it
uses New low-volume showerheads
deliver 2 5 gallons of water per minute
Older high-volume fixtures can deliver as
much as 8 gallons per minute Pressures
have been adjusted to the low-flow fixtures
to deliver as good ashower as the higher
flow showerheads To install a new
showerhead, follow the directions above
for fxing showerhead leaks To determine
if your showerheads and faucets flow at
recommended rates, call the Southwest
Florida Water Management District at
1352) 796-7211 or 1-800423-1476, ext 4612,
and request a free shower flow bag

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MrMIaoro l-04-147

Slow the Flow
Here are more tips for conserving water
inside your home

In the fathoom
* Flush less remember the toilet is not
an ashtray or wastebasket
* While brushing teeth, shaving etc, turn
off the water
* When cold water will do, avoid using hot
* Take shorter showers 5 minutes or less
* In the shower, wetyourself down, turn the
water off lather up, then turn the water
on to rinse off soap
* Use less water for bathing close the
drain first and fill tub only one-third full
That initial burst of cold water will be
warmed by the hot water as the tub fills

In the kitchen
* Operate the dishwasher only
when you have
a full load
SScrape don
rinse, your
dishes before
in the
* When
a dishwasher, consider a waterefficient
* Use your garbage disposal sparingly and
start composting your kitchen waste
* Thaw frozen food i the refrigerator or
microwave, not under running water
* Store drinking water in the refrigerator
instead of letting the tap run while you
wait for cool water to flow
* When washing dishes by hand, fill one
sink or basin with soapy water and fill the
rinsing sink to one-third or one-half full
avoid letting the water run
continuously in the rinsing sink

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In the laundry
* For washers with variable settings for
water volume, select the minimum
amount required per load
* If load size cannot be set, operate the
washer with full loads only
* Use the shortest wash cyde for lightly
soiled loads, normal and permanent press
wash cycles use more water
* Check hoses regularly for leaks
* Pretreat stains to avoid rewashing

Mditional tips
* Install instant water heaters in bathrooms
and m the kitchen so you don't have to let
the water run while it heats up
* Insulate your water pipes -you'll get hot
water faster, plus avoid wasting water
while it heats up

* Avoid installing a water-to-a heat pump
or air-conditioning system newer
air-to-air models are just as efficient and
do not waste water
* Install water-softening systems only when
necessary, save water and salt by only
running the minimum amount of
regenerations necessary to maintain
water softness, turn softeners off while on
* Never put water down the drain when
there may be another use for it, such as
watering a plant or cleaning
* Replace lealy drain plugs in sinks and

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For rrore information, call the Southwest
Florida Water Management Distnct at
1 0C0-23-147, ext 4757 orvisit our
web site at Watensiafes ag

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