Group Title: Bulletin - University of Florida. Florida Cooperative Extension Service ; 110
Title: Livestock shows and fairs
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 Material Information
Title: Livestock shows and fairs
Series Title: Bulletin
Physical Description: 26 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Sheely, W. J
Publisher: Agricultural Extension Service, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1941
Subject: Agricultural education -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Livestock -- Showing -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agricultural exhibitions -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Statement of Responsibility: by W.J. Sheely.
General Note: "June, 1941".
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF90000113
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002571096
oclc - 44698403
notis - AMT7411
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The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.

Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida

Bulletin 110

June, 1941

(Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914)


Fig. 1.-The livestock show.

Single copies free to Florida residents uoon reauest to

H. P. ADAIR, Chairman, Jacksonville R. H. GORE, Fort Lauderdale
W. M. PALMER, Ocala N. B. JORDAN, Quincy
T. T. SCOTT, Live Oak J. T. DIAMOND, Secretary, Tallahassee

JOHN J. TIGERT, M.A., LL.D., President of the University
WILMON NEWELL, D.Sc., Director of Extension'
A. P. SPENCER, M.S., Vice-Director and County Agent Leader
JEFFERSON THOMAS, Assistant Editor'
CLYDE BEALE, A.B.J., Assistant Editor'
E. F. STANTON, Supervisor, Egg-Laying Test
RUBY NEWHALL, Administrative Manager'
W. T. NETTLES, B. S., District Agent
H. G. CLAYTON, M.S.A., District Agent and AAA Administrative Officer
J. LEE SMITH, District Agent and Agronomist
R. S. DENNIS, B.S.A., Assistant District Agent
A. E. DUNSCOMBE, M.S.A., Assistant District Agent
R. W. BLACKLOCK, A.B., Boys' Club Agent
E. F. DEBUSK, B.S., Citriculturist
A. L. SHEALY, D.V.M., Animal Industrialist'
HAMLIN L. BROWN, B.S., Dairyman
N. R. MEHRROF, MAGR. Poultryman'
D. F. SOWELL, M.S.A., Poultryman
WALTER J. SHEELY, B.S., Animal Husbandman
L. T. NIELAND, Farm Forester
C. V. NOBLE, PH.D., Agricultural Economist'
D. E. TIMMONS, M.S.A., Agricultural Economist, Marketing
CHARLES M. HAMPSON, M.S., Agricultural Economist, Farm Management
R. H. HOWARD, M.S.A., Agricultural Economist, Farm Management
V. V. BOWMAN, M.S.A., Economist and Leader in Land-Use Planning
JOSEPH C. BEDSOLE, BSA., Assistant Leader in Land-Use Planning
J. R. GREENMAN, B.S.A., State Representative, B.A.E.
R. V. ALLISON, PH.D., Soil Conservationist'
MARY E. KEOWN, M.S., State Agent
LucY BELLE SETTLE, M.A., District Agent
RUBY MCDAVID, District Agent
ETHYL HOLLOWAY, B.S.H.E., District Agent
ANNA MAE SIKES, M.S., Nutritionist
VIRGINIA P. MOORE, Home Improvement Specialist
Ts.Rir tc S. TnuRSBY, Economist in Food Conservation
Ct..INF.r BELCHER, M.S., Clothing Specialist
A. A. TURNER, Local District Agent
BEULAH SHUTE, Local District Agent


Recommendations for livestock.----. 4 4-H Pig Club-................................. 17
4-H Club exhibits ............... ...----. 6 Workstock Shows and Fairs............ 18
Show Classifications. ..--......---... 7 Sheep Shows and Fairs-...----........... 22
Commercial Cattle Shows...--............. 12 Livestock Show and Sale Equipment 25
Hog Shows and Fairs---.. --.... --...-... ----.. .- 14 Rules and Regulations ................ ..... 25

From the beginning of time livestock shows and fairs have
kept pace with the development of civilization and its livestock.
We are told that "Ezekiel, the prophet who had the vision of
the valley of the dry bones, was the first cattle judge." The
show was held somewhere in Israel in 587 B. C. and was by
comparison, as it is now. "I will judge between cattle and
cattle," was the rule that Ezekiel laid down. Ancient people
brought their cattle together to buy, barter, or sell. Through
this trading, lines of breeding and improvement were formed.
Fairs and shows provide a means for gauging and recording
the march of progress in livestock development. Exhibits of
different classes of horses, cattle, hogs, and sheep furnish themes
for discussion and comparison of types of animals. Standards
may be set at livestock markets; still, it is at fairs and shows
that the producer gets an understanding of the "why" and
"how" of market standards.
When proper classifications are used and competent judges
place the animals, fairs are the show-windows of the livestock
industry. In all livestock shows individuals and classes of
animals are judged on points which characterize the purposes
for which the particular animals are to serve. Livestock shows
and fairs, (such as the Southwestern Exposition and Fat Stock
Show at Fort Worth, the American Royal at Kansas City, and
the International at Chicago), have a standing that is recognized
and appreciated by breed associations which patronize them and
contribute to the premium lists, and by breeders and producers.
County, state, and regional shows are great factors in edu-
cational work with the average farmer and cattleman. Many
states and sections regularly support fairs and livestock shows
with liberal appropriations.

Florida Cooperative Extension

The kind of livestock show in any community or section,
county or state, is determined by the importance of livestock in
the agricultural set-up and the animals that are best suited to
that particular system of agriculture. This can be determined
by a careful survey of long-time trends and farming practices in
a particular area.
The Extension Service and Livestock Fairs.-The Agricultur-
al Extension Service is particularly interested in livestock fairs
and shows throughout Florida to further the development of the
industry. To this end, the Extension Service cooperates closely
with fair organizations, local livestock associations, breed asso-
ciations, and breeders in conducting worthwhile shows. It is
realized that animals placed on exhibit should represent as
nearly as possible the latest in market and production standards.
When the exhibitor is shown the reason for grading one exhibit
above others and in what points his animals are lacking, the
fair becomes an educational institution and the producer is
shown how to improve the breeding and quality of his live-
The scope of service that fairs and shows may render to
the state through developing the livestock industry can be ex-
panded by observing a few fundamental principles in conduct-
ing the contests.
In arranging for livestock shows and fairs, it should be
kept clearly in mind that the purpose is to demonstrate how
livestock fits into the farm organization in the proper use of the
land for greater cash returns that contribute to a higher standard
of living and conservation of the soil.
A creditable exhibit of livestock is one composed of superior
animals representative of the various classes and breeds. Classi-
fication should be so arranged that it is representative of all
breeds commonly kept in the community, county, or state.
Classes clearly defining ages and dates of birth will
avoid confusion in making entries and awarding premiums.
Classes for grade females should be provided but none for grade
sires. Local breeders should be encouraged to fit and show their
breeding animals.
Competent and sympathetic judges who will take time to
explain their placings of animals are a necessity. Inexperienced
or prejudiced judges will "kill" any show. The use of local

Livestock Shows and Fairs

people as judges should be avoided. The local man may be
competent, absolutely honest, and unprejudiced but the fact
that he is a home man usually causes him to be subject to more
criticism than an outsider.
A suitable
place to show
livestock is an-
other requisite.
Horses a n d
mules, breed-
ing cattle, and
fat individual
steers should
be halter-brok-
en so they can
be led into the
ring. Ho gs
sho uld be
trained to be
driven before
they are ex-
priations from
public or pri-
vate funds for
premiums for
Fig. 2.-A time of "high tension"-when the shows should
champion is being chosen, be encouraged
to help compensate exhibitors and create interest.
Premiums are the stamp of approval and the recognition of
the known, the tried, and the proven as opposed to the scrub,
the inferior, and the fake, and should represent the highest and
best in livestock production. Each locality should budget its
premium money on animals in proportion to their importance
and influence on livestock development in that section. Prem-
iums for get-of-sire and produce-of-dam, with both cattle and
hogs, and records of winnings and performances of animals
should be kept.
The showing and handling of livestock should be instructive

Florida Cooperative Extension

and interesting. Friendly rivalry between producers is whole-
some. In addition to the premiums, trophies that must be won
three years in succession before they become the permanent
property of one exhibitor add continued interest.
Ribbons are cheap and give appropriate recognition. The
colors designating awards are as follows: Blue, first; red, sec-
ond; white, third; pink, fourth; yellow, fifth; dark green, sixth;
light green, seventh; tan, eighth; brown, ninth; gray, tenth;
royal purple, champion; and lavender, reserve champion. A
parade of all winning animals is a desirable feature of every

Four-H club members should be encouraged to participate in
livestock shows and be made to feel that they are a necessary
part of the fair. A little time spent with parents, school teach-
ers, and superintendents should facilitate this matter. Open and
special classes should be so arranged that their exhibits receive

Fig. 3.-A 4-H club champion, with an animal of which he can be proud.


Livestock Shows and Fairs

first attention and have prominent places, and their winning
livestock should head the parade.
For these juniors the making of a public exhibit will be a
demonstration of results of their skill in feeding and handling
animals and keeping records of their work.

Fig. 4.-This pen of 3, shown by a 4-H boy, was champion in
the open class.
Livestock classifications are based on the relative importance
of livestock in the long-time farm set-up and the amount of
money available for premiums. Budgeting of available funds
entails judgment and consideration. The following suggestions
on classifications fairly well cover beef cattle, hogs, sheep, and
Beef Cattle.-Possible classifications for beef cattle are: 4-H
club, fat steers, breeding classes, adults, purebreds, individuals,
and such groups as Hereford, Angus, Shorthorn, and Devon.
Under commercial classes, beef cattle would be finished steers,
individuals and groups, and feeder and stocker cattle.
Hogs.-Four-H club, fat barrow, and breeding classes; adults,
purebreds, individuals, and groups of Poland China, Duroc-
Jersey, Hampshire, and Berkshire. Under commercial classes,
fat barrows, feeder pigs, and litters.

Florida Cooperative Extension

Sheep.-Four-H club, lambs, adults, purebreds, individuals,
and groups of Southdown, Hampshire, and other breeds.
Workstock.-Four-H club colts, mare and colt, adults; breed-
ing animals, heavy and light brood mares, stallions, and jacks,
get-of-sire and produce-of-dam. Under home-raised work class-
es: mares, individuals, and teams; and both work and stock

Fig. 5.-Farm horse power for heavy work.
Breeding classes of beef cattle are judged on breed charac-
teristics, type, conformation, quality, constitution, and fitting.
Finished beef animals that yield the largest amount of desirable
beef represent the type most desired. All animals three years
of age or over should be proven breeders.
Registered breeding beef cattle are shown according to age.
The number of classes selected for any given show will depend
on the size of the premium budget, the number of entries ex-
pected in the show, and whether it is a state, county, or sec-
tional show. Usually in fall and winter shows, ages of cattle
are based on January 1 of the year in which the show is held
and May 1 and September 1 of the year preceding the one in
which the show is held; hence:
Junior calves are dropped on or after January 1 of the cur-
rent calendar year.
Senior calves are dropped between September 1 and De-
cember 31 of the year preceding the current calendar year.

Livestock Shows and Fairs

Summer yearlings are dropped between May 1 and August
31 of the year preceding the show season.
Junior yearlings are dropped between January 1 and April
30 of the preceding year.
Senior yearlings are dropped between May 1 and December
13 of the second year preceding the show season.
Two-year-olds are dropped on or after May of the third year
preceding the show season and before April 30 of the second year
preceding the show season.
Competition between breeds (except in fat classes, butcher or
slaughter animals), has been discontinued at practically all
fairs. The system of making up classes for each individual breed
of livestock has become almost universal.
Beef cattle are placed in three classes-purebred, crossbred,
and grades. A purebred is defined as an animal whose sire and
dam are of pure blood of the same breed and registered with
the breed association. A crossbred is defined as an animal whose
sire and dam are both of pure blood but of different breeds. A
grade is the product of cross-breeding a scrub or common animal
with a purebred sire or dam, and showing the predominant
characteristics of the purebred sire's or dam's breed.
The sample classification which follows may be used for any
of the beef breeds. In small shows, age classes may be combined
and certain classes omitted. However, the get-of-sire class should
be retained for records and development purposes.

Fig. 6.-Uniformity of conformation brings results in the show-ring.

Florida Cooperative Extension

Beef Cattle (Any of the Breeds)

1. Aged bull, calved before May 1
three years preceding show
2. Two-year-old bull, calved be-
tween May 1 of 3rd year and
April 30 of 2d year preceding
3. Senior yearling bull, calved be-
tween May 1 and Dec. 13 of 2d
year preceding show
4. Junior yearling bull, calved be-
tween Jan. 1 and April 30 of year
preceding show
5. Summer yearling bull, calved
between May 1 and April 30 of
year preceding show
6. Senior bull calf, dropped be-
tween Sept. 1 and Dec. 1, of year
preceding show
7. Junior bull calf, dropped on or
after Jan. 1 of the show year
8. Senior champion bull (from
Classes 1-3)
9. Junior champion bull (from
Classes 4-7)
10. Champion and reserve champion
bull (8 and 9 competing)
11. Two bulls bred and owned by

1st 2d 3rd 4th
$12 10 8 6

12 10 8 6 4 2

12 10 8 6 4 2

12 10 8 6 4 2

12 10 8 6 4 2

8 6 4 2

Cow Classes
12-21. Classes and ages of cows and heifers are the same as for bulls
shown above.
1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th
22. Get-of-sire. Four animals, any
age, and representing both sexes 12 10 8 6 4 2
23. Graded herd. One two-year-old
or one senior yearling bull, one
two-year-old cow, one senior
yearling heifer, one junior year-
ling or one summer year-
ling heifer, one senior heifer
calf, or one junior heifer calf
(one bull, four females.) 10 8 6 5 3
24. Pair of yearlings. One junior
yearling bull or one summer
yearling bull, one junior year-
ling heifer or one summer year-
ling heifer 10 8 6 5 '3
25. Pair of calves. One senior bull
calf or one junior bull calf and
one senior heifer calf or one
junior heifer calf 10 8 6 5 3
In county or community fairs where premium money will
not permit offering prizes in all the above classes, the following
classification will be found very satisfactory. Make full use of


Livestock Shows and Fairs 11

SBeef Cattle

Bl 1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
Bulls, 2 years old and over.
Bulls, 1 year old and under 2.
Bull calves, 6 months old and under 1 year.
Bull calves, under 6 months.
Cows, 2 years old and over.
Heifers, 1 year old and under 2.
Heifer calves, 6 months old and under 1 year.
Heifer calves, under 6 months.
Get-of-sire, four animals, any age, both sexes.

Grade Cattle Classes
Grade cow, 2 years old and over.
Grade heifer, 1 year old and under 2.
Grade heifer calves, 6 months and under 1 year.
Grade heifer calves, under 6 months old.
Get-of-sire, four grade animals-heifers, steers, or both.
Note.-All grade animals should show definite markings and beef
conformation of their purebred sire.

Fig. 7.-Champion steer at the 1941 Florida Fat Stock Show. It graded
Prime and dressed 67.01 percent.

Florida Cooperative Extension

The general plan is to hold commercial cattle shows in con-
nection with regular fairs. During late winter, spring, and early
fall, commercial cattle shows demand attention. Fat stock
(slaughter cattle) shows have been popular for the last few
years throughout the Southeast. Hence, it appears that the
production of cattle is following practical lines of development.
Since commercial cattle (slaughter cattle, stockers, and
feeders) predominate in numbers, value, and economic impor-
tance, effort should be made to acquaint producers with market
demands and classes. This can be accomplished through properly
managed shows and fairs.

Fig. 8.-A uniform car of good quality steers, showing finish. Breeding
counts in the feed lot and in the sale ring.

Slaughter cattle are judged from the standpoint of finish,
quality, conformation, and beefiness according to the market
grade and class. The following classification and premium list
is taken from a successful fat stock show catalog.

Lot 1. Single Steers, Halter-Broken
1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
Class A. Steers up to 700 lbs. $10 $8 $7 $6 $5 $4 $3 $2 $2 $2
Class B. Steers from 701 to
900 Ibs. 10 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 2 2
Class C. Steers 901 lbs. and
over 10 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 2 2

Livestock Shows and Fairs

Lot 2. Pens of Three Steers, Halter-Broken
Class A. Steers up to 700 lbs. 13 10 8 6
Class B. Steers from 701 to
900 Ibs. 13 10 8 6
Class C. Steers 901 lbs. and
over 13 10 8 6
Lot 3. Carload of 15 Finished Steers
25 20 15 13

5 5 4 4

5 5

4 4

5 5 4 4

11 10 9 8

Feeder and stocker cattle are those that show evidence of
ability to take on additional weight and finish in the feed lot or
on grass. They are grouped according to age and placed in
various market grades as fancy, choice, good, medium, plain,
and inferior.
Steers are grouped as calves, yearlings, two-year-olds, and
over. Heifers are grouped as calves, yearlings, two-year-olds,
and cows.
Cattle are judged on conformation, finish, and quality. Ani-
mals of excellent quality generally show characteristics of high
grade or purebred beef breeds. Hence, breeding, quality, and
uniformity are dominant factors in stocker and feeder cattle.

Fig. 9-These choice steers took championship and reserve honors in 4-H club class(

Florida Cooperative Extension

Class-Feeder Steers 1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th
Carload of 15 feeder calves.
Carload of 15 feeder yearlings.
Carload of 15 feeders, two-year-olds.
Class-Stocker Steers
Carload of 15 stocker calves.
Carload of 15 stocker yearlings.
Carload of 15 stocker two-year-olds.
Some of the larger shows define feeder cattle as cattle known
on the regular markets as "feeder" cattle. They must not carry
excessive fat for this classification but must show evidence of
ability to take on additional weight and finish.
Large shows classify feeder cattle in car-lots on a weight
basis, quality considered. The classifications usually are:
1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th
1. Feeder steers over 600 lbs.
2. Feeder steers 450 lbs. to 600 lbs.
3. Feeder steers under 450 lbs.
Hog shows and fairs offer splendid opportunities for adults
and 4-H club members to observe the conformation and type of
the most desirable individuals of the various breeds.
Breeding class-
I es of hogs are
judged on breed
type, conforma-
r, tion, quality,
constitution, and
fitting. It is de-
sirable that se-
nior yearlings
and aged ani-
mals be proven
breeders and, in
many cases, jun-
io r yearlings
should be.
Fat barrows
are judged on
Fig. 10.-A 4-H boy and his champion pen of finish, conform-
three barrows. ation, quality,
weights, and on possible dressing percentages.

Livestock Shows and Fairs

Stocker and feeder pigs are judged on breeding, type, qual-
ity, and thriftiness, and on apparent ability to finish out into
good hogs.
Purebred registered hogs are shown according to age. The
number of classes selected will depend on the premium budget,
the number of entries expected, and whether the show is for a
community, county, section, or state.
Usually in fall and winter shows, ages of hogs are reckoned
from September 1 for senior classes and March 1 for junior
classes. General classifications of premium lists are:
Junior pigs farrowed on or after March 1 of the year begin-
ning the show season.
Senior pigs farrowed between September 1 and March 1
preceding the show.
Junior yearlings farrowed between March 1 and September
1 of the year prior to the show.

Fig. 11.-Large litters are essential in profitable pork production.

Florida Cooperative Extension

Senior yearlings farrowed between September 1 of the sec-
ond year prior to the show and March 1 of the year prior to
the show.
Aged animals farrowed before September 1 of the second
year prior to the show.
Junior champion-first prize junior pig and first prize senior
pig competing.
Senior champion-First prize junior yearling, first prize sen-
ior yearling, and first prize aged animal competing.
Grand champion-Junior champion and senior champion
Reserve junior champion-First prize animal defeated as
junior champion, and the second prize animal in the class from
which junior champion selected competing.
Reserve senior champion-First prize animals defeated as
senior champion and second prize animal in class from which
senior champion was selected competing.
Reserve grand champion-Animal defeated for grand cham-
pion and second high from the class from which grand champion
was selected.
Young herd-Boar and three sows of junior or senior pig
classes, or both.
Aged herd-Boar and three sows from junior yearling, senior
yearling, or aged classes, or all three.
Get-of-sire-Four animals any age, either or both sexes, the
get of same sire.
Produce-of-dam-Four animals any age, either or both sexes,
produce of same sow.
Competition between breeds, except in fat classes (butcher
and slaughter animals), has been discontinued at all fairs and
shows. A system of making up classes for each individual breed
of hogs has become almost universal.
The sample classification which follows may be used for any
of the breeds of swine. In small community or county shows
premium money should:! be applied on the classes and ages of
greatest importance. The age classes may be combined and cer-
tain classes may be omitted. However, the get-of-sire and pro-
duce-of-dam classes should be retained for record and develop-
ment purposes.

Livestock Shows and Fairs

Class 1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th
1. Boar, 2 years old and over $10 $7.50 $5.00 $4.00 $3.00 $2.00
2. Senior yearling boar 10 7.50 5 4 3 2
3. Junior yearling boar 10 7.50 5 4 3 2
4. Senior boar pig 10 7.50 5 4 3 2
5. Junior boar pig 10 7.50 5 4 3 2
6. Sow, 2 years old and over 10 7.50 5 4 3 2
7. Senior yearling sow 10 7.50 5 4 3 2
8. Junior yearling sow 10 7.50 5 4 3 2
9. Senior sow pig 10 7.50 5 4 3 2
10. Junior sow pig 10 7.50 5 4 3 2
11. Aged herd 10 8 6
12. Young herd 10 8 6
13. Get-of-sire 12 10 8 7 6 5
14. Produce-of-dam 12 10 8 7 6 5
15. Senior champion boar Purple ribbon
16. Junior champion boar Purple ribbon
17. Grand champion boar Royal purple rosette ribbon
18. Senior champion sow Purple ribbon
19. Junior champion sow Purple ribbon
20. Grand champion sow Royal purple rosette ribbon
21. Reserve champion Lavender ribbon

In county or community fat hog shows the classification
and weight may be made to serve the community and benefit
the industry, keeping in mind market demands for the meat
type finished hog.
1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
21. Fat barrow, 180 to 220 lbs. $10 $8 $7.50 $6 $5 $4 $3 $2
22. Pen of three fat barrows 10 8 7.50 6 5 4 3 2
23. Litter of six or more fat barrows,
open gilts, or both, 180-220 lbs. 12 10 8 7 6
Stocker and Feeder Pigs
24. Litter of six or more feeder
pigs, 80 to 110 lbs.
25. Sow and litter of suckling pigs
(6 to 8 weeks old) not less than
6 pigs.

Four-H club classes may be set up from the foregoing classi-
fication. For the special 4-H shows, 4-H members may compete
in open competition and in the club class. Where premium
money is scarce, 4-H club shows may be abbreviated accord-

Fig. 12.-The county agent instructs 4-H boys in swine selection.
1. Junior boar pig 1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th 7th
2. Junior sow pig
3. Litter of six junior pigs


Fat barrow, 180-240 lbs. 1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th
Pen of three fat barrows, 180-240 lbs.


6. Pen of six or more feeder pigs,
80 to 110 Ibs.

1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th


Selections for awards should be based on the desirability
of animals for producing Florida farm workstock and "stock
horses" for handling livestock on the range or stock farm.
Entries in breeding classes should be confined strictly to
sound animals showing evidence of breeding qualities. No
prize should be awarded to any animal showing unsoundness or

Livestock Shows and Fairs

hereditary defects. Stallions and jacks three years old or over
should have been in service (and have mares safely in foal)
the past season, and mares three years or over should have
produced foals before the show date. Medium to light-weight
stallions and mares are more suitable than heavy animals for
both work and production of desirable types of farm horses
and mules for Florida.

Florida classes for 4-H colts should receive preferred at-
tention. Four-H club members with their colts on exhibit will
aid in farm horse and "stock horse" production, as they have
in the beef and pork industry.
The bulk of all premium money should be apportioned
according to the classes of most importance. Any breed, pure-
bred or grade, may compete in the class to which it is adapted.
In small shows, age classes may be combined and certain
classes may be omitted to fit the premium budget. The get-of-
jack or stallion class should be retained.

Base dates for horses, mules and jacks are reckoned from
January 1 of the year foaled.
The sample classification given on the next page may be
used for any of the breeds.

Fig. 13.-A farm mare and her mule colts.

Florida Cooperative Extension

(All animals bridle-wise, all winning animals to be in parade.)
Horses and mules (Workstock)

Stallions and Jacks
1. Stallion 4 years old and over
2. Stallion 3 years old and under 4
3. Stallion 2 years old and under 3
4. Stallion 1 year old and under 2
5. Stallion colt under 1 year
6. Get-of-sire, 4 animals, either sex,
any age. Get of one sire.
7. Champion stallion
1. Mare 4 years old or over
2. Mare 3 years old and under 4
3. Mare 2 years old and under 3
4. Mare 1 year old and under 2
5. Mare colt
6. Produce-of-dam. Four animals, either
sex, any age, produced by one mare
7. Champion mare
Mares and Colts
1. Mare and stallion foal
2. Mare and filly foal
3. Mare and mule foal
Classes the same as for stallions.

1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6t
$8 $7 $6 $5
8 7 6 5
8 7 6 5
8 7 6 5
8 7 6 5
15 10 8
Royal purple rosette ribbon

15 10 8
Royal purple rosette ribbon

1st 2d
8 7
8 7
8 7

4th 5th
5 4
5 4
5 4

Fig. 14.-Good jacks are necessary for raising good mules.

Livestock Shows and Fairs


Mule 4 years old and over
Mule 3 years old and under 4
Mule 2 years old and under 3
Mule 1 year old and under 2
Mule colt
Pair of mules hitched to wagon

Entries in these classes will be judged on the basis of the
most desirable type of horses for the production of horses to be
used in handling livestock on ranches and stock farms. Colors
eligible are: Bays, sorrels, blacks, and greys. Any breed such
as Thoroughbred, Quarter horses, or grades may compete.


1. Stallion 3 years old or over
2. Stallion 2 years old and under 3
3. Stallion 1 year old and under 2
4. Champion stallion
5. Get-of-sire. Four animals, either sex,
any age, get of one sire



2d 3d 4th 5th
$9 $8 $7 $5
9 8 7 5
9 8 7 5
purple rosette ribbon

10 8

Fig. 15.-A good stock horse stallion.


1. Mare 3 years old and over
2. Mare 2 years old and under 3
3. Mare 1 year old and under 2
4. Champion mare
5. Produce-of-dam, four animals, either
sex, any age, produce of one mare

1st 2d 3d 4th 5th
$10 $9 $8 $7 $5
10 9 8 7 5
10 9 8 7 5
Royal purple rosette ribbon

15 10 8



Florida Cooperative Extension

For sample classifications for night or afternoon horse
shows, write the Agricultural Extension Service, Gainesville,

I -l "Ir V..

Fig. 16.-Type of mares used for raising stock horses.

Horses in the fine harness and gaited classes are judged on
conformation, quality, finish, style, soundness, manners, action,
and adaptability to the service to which they are fitted.
Five-gaited saddle horses are judged on the five distinct gaits
-walk, trot, rack, canter, and slow gait. Three-gaited saddle
horses are judged on walk, trot, and canter.
Horses in these classes are usually shown in afternoon or
night horse shows. The Extension Service will gladly furnish
upon application sample classifications for the fine harness and
gaited horses.

Breeding classes of sheep are judged for both meat and fleece
characters. They are placed on breed characteristics, type, qual-

Fig. 17.-H. O. Partin and sons on Florida horses ready to ride the range.

Fig. 18.-This boy shows his lamb
to good advantage.

Florida Cooperative Extension

ity, and constitution. Purebred sheep are shown according to
age. All animals two years old or over must be proven breeders.
In all sheep classes, an exhibitors' flock shall consist of one
ram any age; ewe 2 years old or over; ewe 1 year old and under 2,
and ewe under one year old.
A breeder's young flock shall consist of one yearling ram;
two yearling ewes and two ewe lambs, owned and bred by
A pen shall consist of four lambs, bred and owned by exhibi-
tor, weaned within the year shown.
Aged rams and ewes must be two years old or over, year-
lings one year old and under two, and lambs under one year.
Four-H club members should be encouraged to conduct
sheep projects and to exhibit their sheep and lambs in both open
and special classes.
Base dates of sheep are usually reckoned from January 1.
(Breeding Classes)

1. Ram 2 years old and over
2. Ram 1 year old and under 2
3. Ram under 1 year old
4. Champion ram
5. Ewe 2 years old and over
6. Ewe 1 year old and under 2
7. Ewe under 1 year old
8. Champion ewe
9. Ram any age and 4 ewes (2 ewes 1
year and under 2 and 2 ewe lambs
under 1 year)
10. Get-of-sire-4 lambs bred and
owned by exhibitor
Fat Classes
11. Pen of 3 wether lambs
12. Individual lambs


2d 3d 4th 5th 6th

6 5 4 3
6 5 4

7 6 5
7 6 5

Shows and sales are recognized as necessary features of the
livestock industry. Two essentials for successful livestock shows
and sales are animals and buyers. The success of a sale depends
on the excellence of the animals, which must be shown to the
best advantage, and on the buyers and bidders being kept com-
fortable and in a buying mood.

Livestock Shows and Fairs 25
Shows and sales following the placings of animals by the
judges gives producers an opportunity to evaluate the various
grades and classes of livestock and at the same time check on
production practices.
Sales may be consignments of breeding or commercial live-
stock which are usually selected, well fed animals showing qual-
ity and uniformity.
Conveniently arranged stock pens, scales, show yards, and
pavilions are prerequisites for success. The equipment should
be substantially built, well ventilated, lighted, and comfortable
for both animals and caretakers. Loading chutes, show rings,
scales, pens, and alleys should be located to facilitate the handling
of animals and spectators. The show ring should have at least
three sides available from which the public may see the placings
of the judges and the animals as they are being sold.
All stock pens should be numbered and fitted with water
troughs. Pens 15'x15' will hold 10 to 12 cattle, 15 to 20 calves, or
25 to 30 hogs. The capacity of smaller or larger pens may be
figured accordingly. Hog pens 7'x8' will hold one or two mature
sows or three to five market barrows. Fences for cattle should
be five feet high and for hogs four feet high. Tie-rails should
be arranged for horses and halter-broken cattle. On page 26 is a
suggested arrangement for pens, chutes, show-rings, etc.
The management of shows and sales should print catalogs
setting forth rules and regulations governing exhibitors, and they
should contact buyers. It should be clearly stated just what the
exhibitors should expect and who are eligible to exhibit. Various
classes should be definitely set out; also, the time of showing,
condition under which animals may be shown, the time of
parades, hour of the sale, and the order in which certain animals
will be sold.
Officials should be careful in selecting superintendents of
various departments, and should provide entry blanks and
record books. Clerks should be instructed to follow well defined
plans, to keep records on proper forms of animals entered,
weights, classes, prizes won, and the prices they bring in the sale
The management should make special arrangements for the
entertainment of 4-H club members, for handling their livestock
exhibits, and for 4-H club livestock judging contests.

Florida Cooperative Extension

-J 4 7T_ I

5 I /otIV / <0

It[ 4 Z ZII I

I/A .R L E Y

/1" A a IN: P I "
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Fig. 19.-Suggested plan for fair show and sales barn.

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