Citation
Revitalization of Jasper, Florida

Material Information

Title:
Revitalization of Jasper, Florida
Creator:
Cain, Gavin
Place of Publication:
Gainesville FL
Publisher:
University of Florida
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
78 p. : ill. ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Buildings ( jstor )
Cities ( jstor )
Counties ( jstor )
Extinct cities ( jstor )
Historic preservation ( jstor )
Rail trails ( jstor )
Recreation ( jstor )
Roads ( jstor )
Towns ( jstor )
Urban design ( jstor )
City of Jasper ( local )
Genre:
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Advisor(s): Tina Gurucharri.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Gavin Cain. Permission granted to the University of Florida to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
004817744 ( AlephBibNum )
1056110115 ( OCLC )

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:

Gavin Cain_Final Capstone Submission_2009.pdf

Cain_Page_076.txt

Cain_Page_074.txt

Cain_Page_033.txt

Cain_Page_103.txt

Cain_Page_011.txt

Cain_Page_073.txt

Cain_Page_005.txt

Cain_Page_063.txt

Cain_Page_025.txt

Cain_Page_093.txt

Cain_Page_056.txt

Cain_Page_059.txt

Cain_Page_037.txt

Cain_Page_027.txt

Cain_Page_071.txt

Cain_Page_026.txt

Cain_Page_015.txt

Cain_Page_082.txt

Cain_Page_098.txt

Cain_Page_084.txt

Cain_Page_010.txt

Cain_Page_097.txt

Cain_Page_090.txt

Cain_Page_100.txt

Cain_Page_003.txt

Cain_Page_079.txt

Cain_Page_049.txt

Cain_Page_078.txt

Cain_Page_013.txt

Cain_Page_016.txt

Cain_Page_086.txt

Cain_Page_061.txt

Cain_Page_075.txt

Cain_Page_054.txt

Cain_Page_012.txt

Cain_Page_021.txt

Cain_Page_052.txt

Cain_Page_099.txt

Cain_Page_017.txt

Cain_Page_038.txt

Cain_Page_104.txt

Cain_Page_023.txt

Cain_Page_043.txt

Cain_Page_007.txt

Cain_Page_055.txt

Cain_Page_083.txt

Cain_Page_077.txt

Cain_Page_053.txt

Cain_Page_047.txt

Cain_Page_064.txt

Cain_Page_062.txt

Cain_Page_041.txt

Cain_Page_081.txt

Cain_Page_036.txt

Cain_Page_004.txt

Cain_Page_028.txt

Cain_Page_069.txt

Cain_Page_006.txt

Cain_Page_068.txt

EYDRFOIOS_96UGY7_xml.txt

Cain_Page_060.txt

Cain_Page_019.txt

Cain_Page_034.txt

Cain_Page_050.txt

Cain_Page_046.txt

Cain_Page_101.txt

Cain_Page_001.txt

Cain_Page_048.txt

Cain_Page_095.txt

Cain_Page_031.txt

Cain_Page_042.txt

Cain_Page_009.txt

Cain_Page_002.txt

Cain_Page_067.txt

Cain_Page_072.txt

Cain_Page_070.txt

Cain_Page_024.txt

Cain_Page_085.txt

Cain_Page_087.txt

Cain_Page_088.txt

Cain_Page_091.txt

Cain_Page_080.txt

Cain_Page_058.txt

Cain_Page_066.txt

Cain_Page_008.txt

Cain_Page_039.txt

Cain_Page_035.txt

Cain_Page_018.txt

Cain_Page_022.txt

Gavin Cain_Final Capstone Submission_2009_pdf.txt

Cain_Page_089.txt

Cain_Page_065.txt

Cain_Page_030.txt

Cain_Page_102.txt

Cain_Page_051.txt

Cain_Page_040.txt

Cain_Page_057.txt

Cain_Page_044.txt

Cain_Page_020.txt

Cain_Page_094.txt

Cain_Page_045.txt

Cain_Page_029.txt

Cain_Page_096.txt

Cain_Page_032.txt

Cain_Page_092.txt

Cain_Page_014.txt


Full Text






AS.PER FL














-- -~%rS -~


V. . - �


tI --,


IL


�.. .'.^ *

� - * *- '< - o '.. ,;





3L


ii


t.l
; * * ;C14
' h .. - . . -





- I . ..i . ./
_. -. :. . . . .: � , . , . : ..... / ,
�' *'" � . .~ . ,, , : .. . .... , , S ,
� ' A^ "^.,C _ , ' , .*{.. .. .

-- . - i * - * " .. **j r _* -. ;,.. .* . . . � � :jo.
.. ' * -"'. ; *" . _ " * - .; . . * .- .. � . L* .. . - "
..-.* ,- . _^ " , .: ,_ ** -.r'

- * -* * ; ,. I; .. . .i *










'I.


AS~


.'JB "y ^,-ss - "i . - .,,* " .* *"
*e . =. - .. . . -, ..
�. .. o . L - * -*... *
. " �.iii~~ ,4 . .: ..".. : .. . .
S-- , ....-.. - ..
O S:
^*'*l"& :'^-41


a

I -


fl~
'4


rc' ~.< F- ~

Li jjS- "I
till


3-

"4.,.'
.4>1
-'


0.


'ii


A ' LI).. o.....-
, I. . "TjI .-
. . ...
.:... : ,. ... : , .-
....": .. . ;i ; ::: ii : ' --- - ..-o '


!.


r-'




























~66- Ralp Waldo Emro





6- Rahe Carso










































































*444



5f' v -

.Ar
















JASPER





��; iCITY LIMITS


.L ,.. *-











Chate 4 - Sytei


Decrpto I Rot System

Site Sttstc 5 GrwhMnae et3
Gols&Obecies6Inil evlpm nt&363
* * SOAportunitSeA
Chapter 2 -Histoy &reserationCaseStuy Reeeomn of 38




Hitoi Prsrvto Chapter5 - D sig Strte ie
Prps e Hitoi Ditrc 125 Prga Elm ns iinPa14




Lan Use Comrca 515
Exstn Str-- re 17 2 Res-ideta 57-6





Existig Soils/ 2 A
Pol Dring Bi lo r p y ReferencAsA9
Stor wate Inrastuctue 3
- - * *0
S - AS





















































r____ �� __ ~ _��


.. ..........~~E~;-=. -


(9;1 I�


I I - ; _ IIIII ~


rJ





















j


3 �----
















The c^^^^^^^^ K ity of jasperi*isa hEistoricB small rural town n eto a ito ony lrd

S--Ste-gite Not Cenra re. o of e he stt adacn to gh glo-gda/GeorgS


A * - * S * 55 * S - See * - * S-S - S>


*e ntw e. o-e . As a reslt Jasper is Sef wit S. Seeioae Sai S.etcrrdro
vacan t bugiggigdings it un-downfacadse
flooding problems, �K^l�K^i~ iailKBityissues wFT

abundan-I. o ti* S*f StS Sti fordabl ho g u
revenuewithlot*s 55Sa eggs mobile hom-s


corio Sees h is So manaie and So rl fucin S S *w l fo * S S - - at






util^^^^^^^^BizKi~ng itoric preservation, ecretin atraie, niors ,asctlss
rSVI


- * 55. 5 Se- * 5. * - -- S s S S S - VKS
S--egg. S. SS^ SK* < * S S S -- s S SCIOSS
S s S - - * S - -* S * - * - * e S * *^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

-4^^^^^^^^^^ii~KtMTF~~aiJ�BKB~JKiT^n
a^^^^^^^^^^�^l!~�T~~nTKi**~*i3B~*



ma^^^^^^^^^ITlto~~~lBMiETiBNp^










CHMAIPTER ONE -EINTOUCTION






Project Description

The work done for the 'Revitalization of Jasper, Florida' project
is a small part of a three year county-wide grant project with the
main goal of stimulating economic development within Hamilton
County, Florida. The overall grant project is titled 'Economic
Development, Community Involvement and Planning for the
Future in Hamilton County, Florida.' Over the three year project an
interdisciplinary team of faculty and students from the University
of Florida will provide assistance to Hamilton County with
economic, physical planning, and design strategies to act as
catalysts to spur future economic development. The grant project
has been coordinated with the University of Florida Institute of
Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) County Extension Office.

There are an abundance of unique natural features within
Hamilton County that attract visitors from around the state and
country, but the current conditions of the City of Jasper need to
improve in order for the whole county to experience any kind
of economic vitality in the future. As the county seat, the City of
Jasper needs to take action now to improve its deteriorating main
street corridor, flooding problems, eroding underground utility
infrastructure, and an overall sense of community pride.

The purpose this project was to analyze the existing
conditions of the City and develop planning and design strategies
that would spur future economic development utilizing historic
preservation, recreation alternatives, and tourism as catalysts.


[Above]: Corporate chains make it tough for small
business owners to compete in a rural town


[Above]: Example of blighted residential areas in Jasper


[Above]: Underutilized abandoned rail corridor















CHARLESTON, SC
236 MILES


NNAH, GA
155 MILES


SONVILLE, FL
79 MILES


ST. AUGUSTINE, FL
1 107 MILES


TALLAHASSEE, FL
79 MILES


ORLANDO, FL
167 MILES


TAMPA, FL
178 MILES


MIAMI, FL
368 MILES


Miles
0 50 100 200 30


Cro~�5~~





Project Location


Latitude: 30.52 N, Longitude: 82.95 W

The City of Jasper is located at the heart of
Hamilton County, Florida. Jasper is
approximately 5 miles east of Interstate 75,
21 miles north of Interstate 10, and about 7
miles directly south of the Florida/Georgia
border.
Lake City, FL (population ~ 12,280 people)
and Valdosta, GA (population ~ 47,570 people)
are the two largest cities within a 30 mile
radius of Jasper.
There are several unique natural features
located within a 20 mile radius of Jasper
including:
*the Alapaha River
(about 4 miles to the west)
*the Suwannee River
(about 11 miles to the south &
about 13 miles to the east)
SOkefenokee Swamp
(about 19 miles to the northeast)
* Largest peat-based 'blackwater'
swamp in North America
SWithlacoohee River
(about 20 miles to the west).


witnlacoocneeKiveran cuwan neerlver. I il


LOCFn ZU356b334/ LOCU IU44/.






HAMILTON COUNTY

ii4


WITHLACOOCHEE
RIVER












II,
SMiles
SO 5 l10


Legend
I Hamilton County Boundary Rivers
City Limits Water Bodies
- Interstate 75 Wetlands
-- Primary Roads

Other towns in Hamilton County (in relation to Jasper):

Jennings ~ 11 miles northwest


White Springs ~ 17 miles southeast


NEE





City of Jasper Statistics


Area ~ 900.25 acres

Population ~ 1800 people

Races in Jasper:
White Non-Hispanic (50.3%)
African American (45.7%)
Hispanic (3.1%)
Two or more (1.0%)
Other (0.7%)

Median household income: $23,175
(The rest of Florida: $47,804)

Cost of living: 1 5% less than the United States
average.

Leading industries - Agriculture, mining, govern-
ment services, accommodation and food service,
truck transportation, forestry, educational ser-
vices
[http://www.city-data.com/city/Jasper-Florida.html]






Project Goals & Objectives


- Create a vision for the future of Jasper and define its sense of place
* Develop a plan to enhance the existing infrastructure of the city including: roads, buildings, utilities, etc.
* Develop an envisioned character of the city.
* Help the community take ownership of the project through regularly scheduled meetings and
presentations.
* Develop general design character guidelines for future infill development.

- Develop creative strategies to spur economic growth and vitality for Jasper now and into the
future.
* Use Historic Preservation techniques and laws as a catalyst in the creation of a self-sustaining local
economy in Jasper.
* Educate local politicians and residents about the advantages of using historic preservation,
both economically and physically.
* Develop a conceptual historic district boundary that will help protect Jasper's historic resources.
* Educate the community about the "Main Street Approach" established by the National Trust for Historic
Preservation.

- Create a pedestrian friendly green infrastructure network forJasper
* Design a linear park that celebrates Jasper's past and becomes a modern interpretation of its roots
in the railroad industry.
* Develop critical linkages between parks and other open spaces in the city.

- Link the city of Jasper to the rest of to the other towns and unique natural features in
Hamilton County.
* Develop a county wide road bike route
* Develop a program of cultural and natural tourism opportunities

- Improve the aesthetic quality of Jasper's Main Street
* Redesign the primary streetscapes in Jasper
* Develop a plan and sections for the proposed restriping of the traveling lanes through Jasper's
Main Street and other primary roads
SDevelop general design guidelines for streetscape improvements










CHAPTER TWOHBBISTR &l H PRESERVATINH





Important Dates in the History of Jasper:

The City of Jasper is named after a Revolutionary War soldier

S~1 825: First known settlement just north of Jasper in area called
Micco. First known settler near Jasper was a gentlemen named
Daniel Bell.

* 1 827: Hamilton County first formed.

* 1 839: Jasper Old Town began when approximately 40 acres were
purchased by the County Commissioner's and ordered to be surveyed
into lots. Presently, the site of Evergreen Cemetery.

* 1 840: Town of Jasper incorporated as part of an act of the
Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida.

* 1842: Indian War ended

*1 845: The Territory of Florida becomes the 27th state to join the
Union.

* 1858: Town of Jasper is officially incorporated. (The reason Jasper
was incorporated a 2nd time is unknown)

* 1 861 -1 865: American Civil War

* 1865: First railroad completed running from Live Oak FL through
Jasper to Dupont, GA

* 1 878: The Methodists constructed new church building (Building
still remains). First newspaper started circulation in the county called
'Spirit of the Times.'

S1 890: The newspaper 'The Jasper News' was started. Jasper Nor-
mal Institute was organized. (Building does not remain).

* 1 892: A fire destroyed the pre-dating city records and most of
Jasper Old Town. Bishop B. Blackwell started the first organized
banking company called Blackwell Banking Company.


(Building still remains)


* 1 899: First long distance telephone line created linking Jasper to
Valdosta, GA

* 1917: First paved road constructed linking the state of Georgia
to Columbia County running through Jennings, Jasper, and White
Springs. Presently, this road is called US Highway 41 and is the
Jasper's 'Main Street'.

S1 960: Interstate 75 opened from Lake City to Genoa (first segment
to open). Interstate 75 under construction from Genoa to the Florida/
Georgia border.

* 1 963: First large phosphate mining operation started between
Jasper and White Springs by Occidental Chemical Company.


[Above]: All historical data and
information about Hamilton
County and Jasper was referenced
from this book. Please refer to
this book if you are seeking a
more detailed history of Jasper.


[Above]: All historic photos on
pages 8-10 where taken from
these two books.


S1 893: A new county jail was constructed in Jasper








City of Jas
Historical E
Morphology of Sm


LEGEND:
1839 Jasper Old Town
1865 Railroad
1917 US Highway 41 I
Main Street


Present City Limits - - - -


Miles
0.5


S=1 acre


er, FL
.lution
own America


;I


[Above]: Old Jasper Train Depot


�


i ' . L
W4IJ i--


to


0.25


[Above]: Jasper 'Main Street' looking west


(A Jasper Old Town
(Top Part Now Evergreen Cemetery)
North


S*.W. 7th St.




land that made up Jasper Old Town
S.W. th t.






land that made up Jasper Old Town
.@B





















[Above]: Circa 1900 Phillippine Insurrection Jasper Street
(Present day East Hatley Street)



All


[Above]: Construction of US Highway 129
[Above]: Construction of US Highway 129


Viii Ui


[Above]: Cotton Gin - built in 1906


[Above]: 'Jasper News' Building -
built in 1893


[Above]: Typical locomotive passing through Jasper


*r ,.


[Above]: Old Jasper High School (Does not remain) Original location was
on the present site of the Bank of America on Hatley & NE 2nd Avenue


~;-
'- -


[Above]: Main Street Jasper


�
















[Above]: Jasper Normal Institute
(Does not remain)


built in 1892 (Building still remains)
- ..r. iffiir~~"'k U m.


[Above]: Intersection of Jasper Main Street &
Old Rail Corridor


- ..... i l l ...-..- -, . . .. 3f
[Above]: Hewitt Hotel (Building still remains -
located on West Hatley Street)


[Above]: Osceola Hotel - built in 1923
(Does not remain)


" """ / ".- .. .-. .


[Above]: W.Y. Sandlin House - built in
1905 (Building still remains)




�~'A


[ADovej: Jasper Post Utnce - Duilt in 19l (tsuiiiing still remains
- Inratcpd n Martin I ithpr Kino nrive


[ADovej: ires banallin House - DUIlt in i ays
-' .1 1. - 1





A Brief Introduction to Historic Preservation:

* The only major private non-profit organization devoted
to historic preservation efforts in the United States is the
National Trust for Historic Preservation.

* The National Trust for Historic Preservation defines
historic preservation as a 'professional endeavor that
seeks to preserve, conserve and protect buildings,
objects, landscapes or other artifacts of historic
importance.'

* The National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 created a
national program to coordinate and support public and
private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect historic
and archeological resources in the United States, called
the National Register of Historic Places. (Beaumont)

* The National Register is placed under the control of
National Park Service, within the US Department of the
Interior.

* The responsibilities of National Register Program are:
STo review nominations and list eligible properties in the
National Register
STo offer guidance on evaluating, documenting, and listing
different types of historic places through the National
Register Bulletin series and other publications
STo help qualified historic properties receive
preservation benefits and incentives


[Above]: Entrance to Evergreen Cemetery located in the southwest
corner in the City of Jasper. Original site of Jasper Old Town


* All protection and regulations for historic structures and sites
is controlled and regulated at the local level of government
through local zoning, ordinances, and codes allowed through
state enabling legislation. *

The city of Jasper currently has two structures listed on the
National Register of Historic Places:

[Below Left]: Old Hamilton County Jail (built 1893)
[Below Right]: United Methodist Church (built 1878)



. 4 >. l.. +
-4.


National Trust for Historic Preservation - www.preservationnation.org
National Park Service - www.nps.gov






City of Jasper, FL
Pr nnncrl I-lictnrir nictrirt


.1 I,



-" '".. i a " '
' -i -r �|
r.e .11 I I --


.' . i - .



- - -- - - - , i -n
I . I a l


* . ' * L




[ A
. ,- ' , .
111 r- - . .- , '




.-- r
-I
II LI1' ~ a


* a
nile


I aV


I- I Q
- i an.
, , J'


Miles

0.25


I


r


t
_


tA h a t I I C It. LE.JLE Et.


I,


i


l.o
?jI


me
* P ad


I
"I
-I I




-T
0*1




~i�


1�


i I- ,,* *
I ' 1

S1











m - , � .

-i ; ='





- LEGEND-
P p



1,. Propo. ed
mi
I , LE D




H Istoric D,hlrlc


Present Cilv LimiS ----


Important Historic
Structures
Eligible Historic
Structures


a~3

W2ll


[Above]: On December 13, 2008, I met with
a group of passionate ladies from Jasper
and conducted a survey of all the structures
and sites that are important to the City's
history.


Proposed Historic District


- To help protect and improve Jasper's historic
resources over time, a proposed historic district
boundary was created after an overall survey was
conducted of the City's sturctures and sites.


Results:


District Area ~ 425 acres


Contributing Structures (Orange) - 1 50
* All Contributing Structures are 50 years or older
* Residential - 103
SCommercial - 32
S Religious/Cultural - 6
S Industrial - 5
SGovernment - 4

Non-Contributing Structures (Black Building
Footprints within blue district boundary) ~ 340

*A more detailed survey of the site's structures
needs to be done. The last survey conducted was
in 1979.*












CH�MA PTER THREE INV NTOY &AAYI
Reia lzto of Js pr FL






Roads Inventory & Analysis

SExit 460 is the first or last exit a
traveler approaches in the State
of Florida, on 1-75, depending on
whether they are heading south or
north.

SBoth exits have minimal
accommodations for travelers.


* There are at least two gas
stations at each exit.


* Both exit's interchanges are nicely
landscaped and maintained.

THOUGHTS:
* Over time, as Hamilton
County develops it is vital that
the county works with design
and planning consultants to
develop strict design guidelines
for these exits and interchange
areas to protect the natural
integrity and 'sense of place'
along the 1-75 corridor.

*The ~30 mile long 1-75 corridor
running through Hamilton County is
a valuable asset to the State of Flor-
ida and FDOT because its character
and aesthetic image leaves a lasting
impression with residents and
visitors in Florida.


Miles
0 2.5 5 10


Existing Roads Inventory
[I Hamilton County Boundary -
S Jasper City Limits
- Interstate 75
- US Highway 41
US Highway 129


County Road 6
County Road 249
County Road 51
County Road 137
County Road 135


Tertiary Roads
- Road Class 2
- Road Class 3
Road Class 4
- Road Class 5
(Off Road/Trails)




f-


[Above]: Intersection of NW Hatley Street
& NW 15th Avenue traveling southwest
toward downtown Jasper.


[Above]: Traveling east on West Hatley
Street in front of City Hall.


r E


Site: City of Jasper


[Above]: Traveling north on State Road 51
towards Bakers Mill.


[Above]: Traveling west on State Road 6,
eventually merges with US Highways
41 & 129 to become 'Main Street'.


[Above]: Traveling west on Martin
Luther King Drive (Old 'Jasper News'
Building on left.


Miles

0 0.5 1

Existing Roads Inventory
[ Hamilton County Boundary - US Highway 41
- Jasper City Limits US Highway 129
- County Road 6
- County Road 249
- County Road 51


- [Above]: Traveling north on US
2 Highway 129 towards
intersection with State Road 6.


Tertiary Roads
- Road Class 2
- Road Class 3
Road Class 4
- Road Class 5




Existing Land Cover Inventory &
Important Sites outside of City Limits
I - . . -1-


N I


L :-


@ Landfill


ii


w- a


0 1 2
Existing General Land Covers Inventory
= Jasper City Limit General Land Cover Types
Primary Road AGRICULTURE URBAN AND BUILT-UP
Secondary Road BARREN LAND TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION & UTILITIES
RANGELAND
Tertiary Road SPECIAL CLASSIFICATIONS
UPLAND FORESTS
WATER
WETLANDS


% \q
Lk, V







Breakdown of Existing Zoning/Land Uses
(acreage/percentage of total land area)
City boundary total area ~ 900.25 acres

* Zoned Residential: (423 acres/- 47%)
* Single Family - (218.21 acres/~24.24%)
*Vacant - (174.42 acres/~1 9.37%)
SMobile Homes - (16.49 acres/~1.8%)
Multi-Family - (9.29 acres/~1.03%)
SRetirement Home - (2.86/~.32%)
* Mixed-Use - (1.72/~.2%)

* Zoned Agricultural: (89 acres/~9.9%)
*Pasture - (67.31acres/~7.5%)
* Timber - (11.74 acres/~1.3%)
Open Space - (9.97 acres/~1.1%)

* Zoned Governmental: (79.3 acres/~8.8%)
*Municipal - (33.52 acres/~3.7%)
County - (32.29 acres/~3.6%)
*Federal - (13.38 acres/~1.5%)
*State -(.116 acres/~.00013%)

SZoned Commercial: (42.55 acres/~4.73%)
* Retail - (35.88 acres/~3.9%)
*Vacant - (4.71 acres/.52%)
*Service - (1.96 acres/-.22%)

* Zoned Institutional: (34.94 acres/~3.9%)
* Public Schools - (29.25 acres/~3.2%)
*Vacant Healthcare - (2.89 acres/-.32%)
SFinancial - (1.79 acres/-.2%)
*Clubs & Union Halls - (1.01 acres/-.11%)

* Zoned Religious/Cultural: (31.71 acres/~3.52%)
SReligious - (20.58 acres/~2.3%)
*Cemetery - (11.13 acres/~1.2%)

* Zoned Industrial: (26.39 acres/~2.93%)
* Active - (13.21 acres/~1.5%)
* Vacant - (13.18 acres/~1.5%)

Transportation Corridors: (74.18 acres/~8.24%)
S Utilities: (10.52 acres/~1.2%)
















-2C~�


-. ..C
asper City Limi[*-i_ -

il -, I -
;' ,-- iI , i-

i1 Qi..-......... ' L
I IU," J T ii TI * '-
L. I.---.- ----- -, '-,


Existing Residential Land Uses I L - L
I Jasper City Limits zin -. i__r I


. I( Single Family
SMulti-Family <10 Units Acre
S Mixed-Use
S Mobile Home
SI Vacant
S Retirement Home


. -- . * -- *. =



. J


0


hI


eI L L


I=1acre


Miles
0 0.25 0.5


-t


77,j '


1~~-f~


I
"'k .,"


I.^


i
7




















Financil ' i 111 - - i
.... ^ ^"[m~ ij-luli iL - -- -, ir- * P'


. . . . . ~n , . r. = |F|i ,I
r - J l' -- I ,


_f--o l -' I I- I


Existing Commercial Land Uses F I I. 17 -.- I_ -
*_II I



S' 1 =1ace 'I
L I-'I,-- ,




II ---I acr e
MiExisting Commercia l and Uses
0 0.2 y i0.5 11
Restau ants, E i `j rr,3ri Cltubs I






























^ IIL


... I I --- 7--
I I I



Existing Industrial Land Uses i '- 1-1
.. i Jasper City Limits ' t ....
industrial
S Vacant , i
= Utilities - -7', ' " -_I _ r
SJ 1111 'L._L-LL_



S=lacre
Miles
0 0.25 0.5 1


~p~II~h~d















Typical view of road side
edge outside of Jasper's
City Limits. Typical view of pasture outside
of Jasper's City Limits















listing Agriculture & Open '- 1=^ II

Jasper City Limits ^ D
M Agriculture =





|Miles
I---- 0--- - -
Open_ Spc e H 0.2 0.5-il
Existing Agriculture, ' h'


= i Timber ' Ir I ' l l l l l l l l


Open Space I l

N=lacre l
Miles
0It 0.25 0.5 A ili


















































Existing Government Land Uses

(Various Levels)

[ l, Jasper City Limits
Federal
State
S County
Municipal




Miles

0 0.25 0.5


-'bR ~.'-~-


^. *i--- *-- -


II1 I - I



I __








:: T


RI-






I bli I _iI 2LH
14 I III '~I' ' I Iac'
I a


��" �*
~R��i
:51��




















Eml H7-1 M 1-:1 Ell L71
id 11= 0[1IUfd f


II ii , F7
I Z I IHt
it , c
U,1 * -11; ?

Existing Religious & Cultural '
Land ..ses
. Jasper City Limits

Cemeteries & I-�--m _ __ |O-_F


I IMiles
0 0.25 0.5


= 1 acre




















111.__._11i l...F ,' I
"..El [I -l .l lM a2 1 .'




V]r.I ......-:,Ir,, ,r. F .,1.1. 4
� ll ,li I


, _' 0.25 0.5 , -




Miles . -N
-0 I-----I,- I I2 II 0'

S0=lacre '
Mie ",














As a typical rural town, Jasper is not
densely populated.
I ,- Total population density: 919 people
- per square mile.
SThe denser areas (darkest grey on
_p adjacent map) of the City are either lots
packed with mobile homes, federal
affordable
S.housing, or
single family
Homes
-- Ipositioned in
Close proximity
to each other. i








Miles
I I I I
0 0.5 1 2
Existing Population Density
Jasper City Limit Population Density
(# of people per acre of land)
0
0-2
2-5
L 2 -5 -7
5 -10
10 - 34 I ra i ;1 i i





*Benefits of a Walkable Community:
* 'Every trip begins and ends with
walking.'
* Cheapest form of transportation
* Creates a vibrant community
* Safe walkable infrastructure is easier
to maintain than other transportation
infrastructure.
* Promotes social sustainability:
* More social interaction
* Physical fitness
* Helps prevent crime and social ills

THOUGHTS:
* The compact relationship of Jasper's
existing infrastructure and land uses
affords the opportunity to create a totally
walkable community over time.














http://www.pedbikeimages.org/Dan Burden

* All walkability information is referenced from:
Dan Burden
Walkable Communities
Glatting Jackson Kercher Anglin, Inc.
120 North Orange Avenue I Orlando, FL 32801
dburden@glatting.com
http://www.walkable.org/








City of Jasper, FL
Circulation Analysis


I


I




I:


Circulation Inventory & Analysis

SThere is frequent traffic on the
primary roads. (Highways 41, 129, &
6)

* Hatley Street and SW 2nd Avenue are
the most frequently traveled roads.

*Martin Luther King Drive is a
frequently traveled road running
parallel to Hatley Street.

* There are only two intersections with
traffic signals. Each
intersection has crosswalks.

* There is minimal traffic in Jasper on
Secondary and Tertiary roads.

* Jasper has five major gateways into
the city.

*Abandoned railway corridor
(Central Avenue) has two-way
streets on either side of the green
way median.

* Traffic calming devices should be
implemented where pedestrian and
vehicular conflicts exist.





Elevation/Watershed Inventory &

Analysis


* The City of Jasper is ~152 feet above
sea level.
* Jasper is in the jurisdiction of the Su-
wannee River Water Management Dis-
trict (SRWMD)
* Jasper is located in the Upper
Suwannee River Basin with a small
area in the Alapaha River Basin.
* The receiving water bodies from Jas-
per's stormwater runoff include:
* Baisden Swamp
* Roberts Pond
* Clardy Lakes
SAll three discharge and overflow into
Tiger & Bell Creek(s).


Existing


Site Slope AnalfR TON OF
FLOW


RIVER

Miles
S2.5 5
0 2.5 5


[Above]: "Generalized cross section in the Suwannee
River Basin showing karst features that facilitate the
exchange of water between the surface and
subsurface."
'The Suwannee River Basin Pilot Study: Issues for Watershed Management in Florida.'
Image: http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/FS-080-96/figl.gif


Existing Elevation Analys
l'kJasper City Limit
- Interstate 75
- Primary Roads
- Secondary Roads
Rivers
SWater Bodies
Wetlands


Existing Elevation
High Point: 200.5 feet

SLow Point: 34 feet







Slope Analysis


* The City of Jasper slopes gently from
north to south.

*Jasper is relatively flat within the City
boundary which promotes walkability, but
can lead to flooding problems.

*Slopes start to increase south and west
of town. Many of the waterbodies that
collect stormwater runoff from the city
are in these areas.

SThe abandoned rail corridor, running
through the middle of town, is built-up
with a sturdy foundation of aggregate
and other materials and is gently sloping
south of town.


Existing Slope Analysis
.... Jasper City Limit
- Primary Roads
- Secondary Roads
- Tertiary Roads
Water Bodies
Wetlands


Percent Slope
Low - 0 - 3%
Moderate - 3 - 8%
High - > 8%







Existing Site Soil Inventory & Drainage Analysis


L 1% 1- �/,,


Miles

0 0.5 1
Existing Soils Inventory Soil Types
C.Jasper City Limits Albany Fine Sand, 0-5 % Slopes
- Highways Blanton Loamy Sand, 0-5 % Slopes
- Secondary Roads 1 Blanton Sand, 0-5 % Slopes
Road Class 3 1 Blanton Sand, 5-8 % Slopes
SChipley Sand, 0-5 % Slopes
Road Class 4 Foxworth Sand, 0-5 % Slopes
Trail Roads Kenansville Loamy Sand, 0-5 % Slopes
S Lowndes Sand, 0-5 % Slopes
n Mascotte & Plummer Soils, Occassionally


S Mascotte Sand
Ocilla Loamy Fine Sand, 0-5 % Slopes
Plummer & Surrency Soils, Depressional
Plummer Sand
Pottsburg Sand
SWater Bodies
n Wetlands


- - - - - - - - - - J -
I 0 0.5 1
Soils Drainage Analysis

C:. Jasper City Limits Water Bodies
- Highways Wetlands
-- Secondary Roads
Tertiary Roads
-- Trail Road


Soil Drainage
VERY POORLY DRAINED
POORLY DRAINED
SOMEWHAT POORLY DRAINED
EXCESSIVELY DRAINED
SOMEWHAT EXCESSIVELY DRAINED
MODERATELY WELL DRAINED
WELL DRAINED








City of Jasper, FL
Existing Stormwater Infrastructure


Problem Areas


-- I .a-


NIP.
-4 -- .


LEGEND:
Undeground stormwater pipes -mmm-
Existing stormwater movement -,.
Flood proi-re-problem areas -
Existing greenway corridor -


Existing Stormwater Problems
* Most of the City was developed prior to
requirements for stormwater
management.

*Several areas in the City are prone to
flooding, which could have negative
consequences on water quality.
* Areas of concern:
S(A) In front
of City Hall &
Bass's Furniture
on West Hatley
Street
* (B) In front of
Family Dollar on
East Hatley Street
(Right).
* (C) In front of
Foodway Grocery
Store
* (Typical) In many of residential areas
south of Hatley Street.

*Abandoned rail functions poorly in col-
lecting and moving stormwater away
from surrounding areas (Below).


SMiles
0.25 O.S


to_










CHAPTIER FBOU, -SYNHESmIS







T r -, ai - . -caII*


Association of State Highway and - AASHTO
Transportation Officials
Adventure Cycling Association - AA
E 1 www.adventurecycling.org/USBRS































a Proposed US Bicycle Corridor -1
- � Proposed US Bicycle - Alternate US Bicycle Corridor AA
Co-signed Corridor A.a - .j . * ,., . ..- ...







City of Jasper, FL
Existing Contextual Synthesis
GEORGIA Opportunities & Constraints



" '" " " Creenway Corridor
SHilorically Opportunities
SSigniicant) Linear Park within Jasper City Limits
'TO. Cemetery - Greenway Recreational Trail linking
ENNCINGS cemetery Jasper to Historically Significant Sites
JL N I\ in Bakers Mill to North and the
. B ERS MILL " Suwannee River to South.
S - -Connection to Statewide Trail
System.
-" ' Constra,,tr
SfL i~ a le Parts ,,f Crc'ri,'., ai, IOCJ�.J on
!:I % . . Private Pru.c .rr,
'E sitinL g %
Gapev a V Potential Trail
G.Xi "a A Linking Jasper [o
k .75 he Alapaha River JASPER --
..-- , 12 mile bicycle loop
t .' - \ Greenway Corridoin 'I .
ci .. - close prox\mi it4 to ' Impor(an Intersections I T P. i
Sewage & QJtd.Wase porn to pro
Facilities. eed to beaesthetic o e improve
aesthetics o ie existing
bu 16 red landscape & in prove signge

/i'. "m-. anilton :,unt - -


1-75 Interchanges/Gate ays r . .sting
Opportunities ,.e
- Improve aesthetics of co ercial E,-r i ' i . K 1
land-uses around the Interst te Exit.. 1 1-5 Phos hat
/_ K ' by implementing stricter desi - -Phosp
S guidelines/ordinances Mines
L TO draw more passer-bys into

Constraint; .'
IL - Users of Inr-. :[ ii. [1". ,, h l '_ " ir -' . hUi iiilu -
L Hamilton County are mostly SSUWAN NT . _ .
passive users. motl SUWANNE
Miles RIVER '
- I TO
0 2.5 5 10 WHITE
SPRINGS


LEGEND:
Important Interchanges/Gateways -
Primary Circulation Route - .
Secondary Circulation Routes --->
Active Railroad Corridor --->
Greenway Corridor - --
Areas of Concern along -"(
Greenway Corridor
Potential Tourism/Trail Hub -
Potential Bike Routes/Loops -


Potential Trail System - *** Slope:
Significant Intersections -0 5 - 10% slope
Problem Areas (Buffer) - >10%-
Water Bodies -
Wetlands - --
Rivers - #So
Hamilton County High School -


Creating Linkages to the

Surrounding Context:


*By improving the designated
gateway nodes (shown on the
adjacent graphic) Jasper could
attract passer-bys into the City.

*There is an opportunity to make the
abandoned rail/greenway corridor,
anchored in Jasper, the spine linking
all non-aquatic recreational activities
within Hamilton County.


SA County-wide recreation hub could
be created in downtown Jasper (pro-
posed location denoted by the star)
to help activate the downtown's
commercial district.


[Above]: One example of showing how recreation
opportunities near a downtown commercial district can
help generate cash-flow within the community.






Existing Parks, Recreation Areas &

Open Spaces


I i - .i.l n i r ln ini . | .1

i-l1):.|-: ' ri.ili i , I r,, ,.: .: Ir _ :1 "I :n l C. -


F:-. -il. I - .
r 1 I11.


City of Jasper, FL
Existing Green Infrastructure


IN IN IN
IN-]
Ni - P *.
II SI'
-' -- .1


i.l l l F I i _ r i .:l , iL r., l:, : I

:'ii E i:r H i rln ., * .ri Fr. lil.,

enhance existing park features.I
enhance existing park features.


__ . 1C
~~tL an


(Left) Evergreen Cemetery is the
only cemetery within Jasper's
city limits. It is also the site of
the original 'Jasper Old Town'.
Opportunity to link to other
historic and cultural heritage
Ssites in Jasper to help preserve
its history.


LEGEND: \
Green\Infrastructure\ -
\ \


(Right) Existing County
recreation area with basketball
& raquet ball courts and
baseball & softball fields.
Opportunity to link to other
recreation areas within the City.


(Left) Existing County soccer
fields) facility. Opportunity to
link a direct connection with
abandoned rail/greenway
corridor just south of the city
lim its.


-: FI~I'
'F




Io��



-kr
::






/ b-
II. I



i( Al / t a
F...
LI-




lul If
mu-----r-


4 _\\ Miles
0 0.25 0 5


r . - f.' I 1\
.'. < ~v " F,
* . .a r - I




F
- -


-J _J









City of
Proposed Green


.:~* -- II


LEGE 4D:
Green\Infrastructure\


S_\\ Miles
0 0.25 0.5


r, FL
e Network


Proposed Green Infrastructure
Network

The proposed green
infrastructure would link all
existing open spaces, parks, and
recreation areas through a net
work of strategically planned
'pedestrian-friendly' sidewalks
and trails.
* Traffic calming devices would be
implemented at all pedestrian/
vehicular conflict areas.
* The new network will allow users the
opportunity to walk around the city
in comfortable, safe, and more social
environment.
* Below are some character
images of what the green net
work could look like:
\-..-


Chris Lathrop


Dan Burder


Lnrln Latnrop


http://www.pedbikeimages.org/
Dan Burden






Growth Management


*Growth management programs are
prepared, adopted, and
administered by local governments
which are designed to regulate
urban growth (Anderson 156).

Benefits of growth management
initiatives/programs:
* Protects natural areas
* Promotes affordable housing
* Preserves historical resources
* Preserves rural lifestyle in areas
outside of the existing urban area
* Controls/regulates growth and
development.


Impact Fees:
* Fees imposed on the owners of
newly developed properties for the
predicted 'impact' the new
development will have on the
community.
* Can be used for transportation
improvements, new parklands, and
expansion of schools.
* Not used to maintain existing
facilities.
* Used to create new facilities
equivalent to the anticipated
demand of new development.
(Libby 1)


[Above]: (White) Existing urban 'built-out' areas, and transportation/utility corridors.
(Black) Natural lands including agriculture, wetlands, water bodies, and open spaces.


THOUGHTS:
Two ways to practice growth management techniques with the goal of
protecting existing natural areas are:

* Infill development in the existing urban area

* Redeveloping/rehabilitating existing structures and
deteriorating infrastructure






Infill Development


SInfill Development is the process of developing
Si .vacant or underutilized parcels within existing
- -'__ _ urban areas.
* Many communities have a significant amount
B e- of vacant land within their city limits because
Before of development trends in our country over the
r - .,f' , Ppast 60 years have sprawled away from the
- _. -- - " downtown cores of our towns and cities.
SA cooperative partnership between public and
private entities is vital for infill development to
be successful.
SThese partnerships typically involve:
I , \ !- different levels of government, the development
S-- community, financial institutions, non-profit
organizations, neighborhood organizations,
After and more. (Kemp 1)

Successful Infill Development Promotes:
V Mixed-Use development
* Seamless integration into its context
� Walkable communities
.. B. 01-, S* Conservation of surrounding resources
I'- Tax dollars for local government
[Av ECapitalization of existing assets
* Creation of new community assets

Benefits of Infill Development:
* Reuses underutilized/blighted properties
* Sustainable lifestyle
* A catalyst to revitalization efforts
[Above]: Example of successfully executed mixed-use
infill development in Coatesville, Pennsylvania.
Images were taken from a book by Peter Calthorpe &
William Fulton called 'The Regional City:
Planning for the End of Sprawl.'






Infill Development
Opportunities in Jasper

S208.8 acres (23.2% of Jasper's total land area)
is suitable for residential, commercial, and
industrial infill development.

Breakdown of existing lands suitable for infill
development in Jasper:

* Vacant Residential: 174.42 acres (19.4%)

SMobile Homes: 16.49 acres (1.8%)

* Vacant Industrial: 13.18 acres (1.5%)

SVacant Commercial: 4.71 acres (.52%)


City of Jasper, FL
Infill Opportunities


I 7


S\Miles
0.25 0.5


0




__ . Fl


L-LjLrl~tL L


1LIiiB


IT
'~74


Ji -,


ff1 ,T


V ~~Th-1


-BEFORE-


Case Study: Redevelopment of
Affordable/Public Housing


* Project location: Curtis Park Neighborhood
(Denver, Colorado)
* Project designed by: Calathorpe Associ-
ates in collaboration with the City of Den-
ver, CO and the Denver Housing Authority
(DHA)
* Existing conditions before redevelopment:
* The circular inward facing site layout of the
existing buildings created many security and
livability problems.
Long block-like residential buildings were out
of scale with the surrounding neighborhood.
Drug dealing and crime tended to thrive in the
void spaces between and around buildings
without anyone claiming ownership or
responsibility for these spaces.


V=1FlW1


da(r sM


Results after redevelopment:
SDesign implemented a range of housing types.
SPublic-oriented building configurations, promotes 'eye's on the
street' concept to promote informal security.
SEach individual housing unit has its own intimate open space.
SCreated vibrant streetscapes.
SNew architectural styles were built with regional materials to
help the buildings blend into the surrounding historic context.
All information and pictures for this project were referenced from Calthorpe
Associates & a book by Peter Calthorpe and William Fulton called 'The Regional
City: Planning for the End of Sprawl.' www.calthorpe.com







Proposed Redevelopment Areas



SThere are four proposed residential/mixed
use redevelopment areas combined totaling
123.27 acres (13.7% of existing land area).


City of Jasper, FL
Redevelopment Opportunity Areas


* Area (1): 46.83 acres

* Area (2): 28.81 acres

* Area (3): 36.5 acres

* Area (4): 11.13 acres


SThere is a total of 28.1 acres of proposed
commercial redevelopment area, the majority
of which is located along Hatley Street.


LEGEND:
Redevelopment
Residential -
Comnercial -


II* . *I
* -*. -
' _ -' = ::-.. ;|S


Areas


0 0.25


.- ,':-., '--!, . . - .. .- - . T ..
. . , r ,l - I ?. ', . , '



: j









II
.0 , - ' - . , - *: . .r , \ "
* *-'" * r . " I- /
S-I. I - p -
-- ''.--I. - - n~m

S ..... ' " - " ' " : ', ; '" I ':
i A .i. 7 , f t
LJ^ -- 1







Miles
0.5 1





Proposed Redevelopment Character Images:


\c~ U


Se -


ii


The fronts of the
proposed redeveloped
buildings in the
residential and
commercial areas
should engage with the
street to create a more
vibrant public realm.
(Pictured)
Architectural style of
the buildings can be a
modern interpretation
of traditional American
architecture.


Jasper should attract
people seeking an active
retirement lifestyle to
help stimulate and create
a stable local economy.


lI:ti


- =l


pm


i-,


Irl lr:










CHAIPTER FIVE DESIGNTRATEIES





Program Elements for Proposed Vision Plan:

* All of the following listed program elements will be a
work in progress, to be completed in different phases
over time:


* Historic District
* All designated contributing historic structures
to be formally surveyed.

* Maintain Jasper's historical significance and
integrity.


* Jasper Linear Park:
* Anchored by proposed civic node including:
SOutdoor Train Museum
* Reconstructed Train Depot
SCounty Recreation Hub
* Mixed-Use Building
SOutdoor Performing Arts Area

*Linked to Hamilton County North/South Trail
(existing abandoned rail corridor)

SStormwater Management System including:
* Urban rain gardens
* Vegetated Bioswales
* Porous Pavement
* Detention Area


* Walkable Community Principles
* City-wide green infrastructure network linking all
existing recreation areas, parks, open spaces, and
cultural landscapes.

*Implementation of 'complete street' elements
including: sidewalks, street trees, bike lanes,
on-street parking, and street lights.


* Main Street Redevelopment/Improvements:
* Restripe road center-line on Hatley Street to
accommodate the installation of street trees

*Implement successful infill development
principles

*Attract small business owners to fill exiting
vacant Main Street buildings


SFour
*


Residential Redevelopment Areas:
Two areas designated for people seeking an
active retirement lifestyle. O


* Two areas designated for mixed income/
affordable housing units. )









City of Jasper, FL
Visioninq Plan


* l . - . i



- T .-. '

% I - -*t
i.
l. .;^! *.


'







,i


LEGEkD
S Historic Distr...r
\Green Infrastruct..'-
Pedestrian circulation Netw.:.,r L
Residential Redevelopment Ar- :
Commercial Redeeelopment Ar.. .
Infill Develhpment Ar,. -:


IMPORTANT AREAS
ALONG LINEAR PARK
S Mixed-Use Building
(Including Hamilton
County Recreation Hub)
) Outdoor Performing Arts
O Area
Reconstructed Train
Depot & Outdoor Railroad
Museum


-IL


I~


SAdditional angled parking
\along trail near
\ commercial buildings

O Community seating areas
S along trail


O Methodist Church
Q Stormwater Collection
Basin/Large Bio-swale
Trail connection to
County Recreation
Facilities


I-


T' |I-- - :"'" . ^)i--- r- -
" I n , - . * -*. . * p
S i- - ' ' I .'" : '


,- -.. . . . - ,,* . . . . ., . .;'.
S. , .


* -,.* - ' r ; ,1




'I . - r

-41
I' I I- /
L -" "- -- -- " -- -- ---------I







0.5 1


Fl


o0


f I I i _


r


0=

7-1





Case Study: Downtown Winter Garden, Florida & the West Orange Trail


The West Orange Trail:
SOne of the premier recreational trails in the Central Florida
Area.
* The 14-foot wide paved trail was created through the
conversion of an abandoned rail corridor.
* The 20 mile long trail links to four cities: Oakland, Winter
Garden, Ocoee, and Apopka


Garden, Florida


Like
Apopka


.


Trail (location of downtown


Downtown Winter Garden, FL
* West Orange Trail runs through the center
of Plant Street (main street).
SOver the past decade the City has
implemented a $4.3 million, three phased
project, to revitalize Plant Street.
SThe project features wider sidewalks,
an increase of on-street parking, clock
tower, a community plaza, extensive
landscaping and the realignment of the
West Orange Trail

Glatting Jackson, a landscape architecture firm
based in Orlando, provided all planning, design, and
management services for both projects (www.glatting.com).


[Abovej: Downtown clock tower, one ot the tocal
points in the redevelopment plan


LADove]: vest range I ral along
abandoned railroad tracts


ive]: Family riding bicycles through downtown


[Above]: W.O.Trail west of downtown















City of Winter Garden, Florida
Plant Street Redevelopment Plan


Plan done by:
[C GLATTING JACKSON KERCHER ANGLIN


-, ~Z~k)W

A~1E


[Above]: New angled parking along Plant Street in front of original Main Street Buildings
[Above]: New angled parking along Plant Street in front of or g nal Ma n Street Buildings


0.


&29a


lessic Sistem


ovej: Lenrrai -iorlaa Kaliroaa
Museum


)vej: Insiae Lenrrai -
Railroad Museum


[Above]: In front of Central Florida Heritage Museum


[,-binibuc. uilCCESullon dlanSeetd
infill building along Plant Street





Existing Conditions of Abandoned
... .. . . .. ......


Rail/Greenway
hfl. 4 .,


Corridor


,-- -


�


j


1 I


I


m


;t~





City of Jasper, FL
Proposed Greenway Transects


RURAL


Transect Concept


The Greenway Transect Concept is an interpretation of the
New Urbanist's 'SMARTCODE' principle applied to the
City of Jasper:


I I
. m " ei - I







. , *.i j
SI I * " - m

.- . .1
': - .. * - " '
�� - i . | .

., II -


-' , -- . I






* r - - -u
* i. i
m
/. 4h - , -- ,





* - ,i

_L W--- -,

*~ FC I
I `� �I


COMMERCIAL


SOUTHERN
TOWN EDGE


* A transect is 'a geographical cross-section
of a region intended to reveal a sequence of
environments.'

*'SMARTCODE' is a form-based code which
is used to guide the form of the built
environment in order to create and protect
development patterns that are compact,
walkable, and mixed in uses.

SIt works to preserve open lands and natural
areas. (Center for Applied Transect Studies
[CATS] www.smartcodecentral.org)

*Transect 'SMARTCODE' applied to Jasper:
* The Civic and Commercial Transects will
be composed of more urban elements.
* The Residential Transect will resemble
that of a neighborhood park.
* The Town Edge Transects will remain
natural in character and aesthetic.
* The Rural Transect will be strictly
natural/preserved, except the trail
surface will be compacted to be suitable
for recreation activities


[Above]: Model of Typical
Transect Concept
http://www.smartcodecentral.org/
module.html


RURAL







RURAL/NORTHERN TOWN EDGE & CHARACTER IMAGES
1 0'Row tL, -I


/ l " ilir ii
SI ! EI I
- I I~ **


p _ - **- * - l


ir---
I
%


* *
.A^


tr -I


F.;~


-.4;


. \ k.


," IL . -" JA


* A


i S


L


Q"-.~
�.
~t� '-


. . . :





SECTIONS A


8'- 12'


0 5' 10'


8' -12'


0 5' 1(


Existing Section
Greenway Corridor: Rural &
Northern Town Edge (Typical)


Proposed Section
Greenway Corridor: Rural &
Northern Town Edge (Typical)






CIVIC TRANSECT & CHARACTER IMAGES


* *


S-I


[Above]: Old Train Depot proposed to be reconstructed
and become a railroad museum


[Above]: Character Image of proposed mixed-
use building housing the Hamilton County
recreation hub.


IF -


[Above]: Families can come and learn about [Above]: Character image of people enjoying an
Jasper's railroad history at the proposed outdoor concert performance
outdoor railroad museum







SECTIONS B


LOCATION OF
OID TRAIN
DEPOT


MUNICIPAL LOCATION OF
OPEN SPACE OLD TRAIN
DEPOT


24' 88' 25' 87' 43' 28


Existing Section
Site of Old Train Depot


0' 10' 20'


STREET NARROW ON-STREET --- --
;LED T, -EW A PI ANGLED PAI, ED r '. i .r11u . kLf .o
\INC STREET PAPKINC TRAIL ,T,,r ,rT, Tf ,L


n- _ 4 i . A U


PATIO
AREA


i-
)R PERFDi
.,'OPEN


ON -TREET
" -A NICLED
i-hluRINC


MUNICIPAL
OPEN SPACE


a


PARKINC LOT
_ r


C(ClMMERCIAL
BUILDING


18'-8" 22' I 18'-8" '10' 12' 46' 1 40' 24' I 143' 20' 18'-8"
Proposed Section
0' 10' 20' Proposed Civic Area
(Site of Old Train Depot)





COMMERCIAL TRANSECT & CHARACTER IMAGES


* % -



k~C


[Above]: Character image of
proposed pedestrian cross-walk


[Above]: Character image of


[Above]: Character image of
proposed porous pavers for parking areas


IF "






SECTIONS C


TWO-WAY STREET


GREENWAY CORRIDOR
(PARKING FOR JASPER HARDWARE PATRONS)


TWO-WAY STREET


I I


North Central Avenue


0 5' 10'


3' 5'
Existing Section
-Jasper Hardware


NARROW TWO-WAY
STREET


ON-STREET
ANGLED PARKING


URBAN
RAIN
GARDEN


URBAN
PAVED RAIN
TRAIL GARDEN


ON-STREET
ANGLED PARKING


ON-STREET
ONE-WAY PARALLEL
STREET PARKING -


-I--.�
m ~. -�-


10'-6"

0 5' 10'


18'-8"


13'1 5' 124 12' 12'1 5' 3' 18'-8"


12' 9' 3' 5'
Proposed Section
North Central Avenue -Jasper Hardware


A


HARDWARE
STORE
LOADING
ZONE


� � � � � � � �


r a






SECTIONS D


ON-STREET
PARKING









17'

0 5' 10'


TWO-WAY STREET


ON-STREET
PARKING


GREENWAY CORRIDOR


ON-STREET
PARKING


TWO-WAY STREET


Sa31e


12'


12'


3' 5'
Existing Section
Central Avenue north of Hatley Street


ON-STREET
PARALLEL ONE-WA'r
, PARKING STREET


ON-STREET
ANGLED PARKING


URBAN
RAIN
GARDEN


IRBAN
PAVED RAIN
TRAIL GARDEN


ON-STREET
ANGLED PARKING


ON-STREET
ONE-WA' PARALLEL
STREET PARKING .





m i,


I10'


0 5' 10'


10'


12'


18'-8"


18'-8"


12' 1


9'-6"


Proposed Section
Central Avenue north of Hatley Street


3' 5' 22' 12' ' 3






SECTIONS E


-7F


ON-STREET ONE-WAY STREET
ANGLED PARKING


GREENWAYOCQRRIDOR


TWO-WAY STREET


10
Existing Section
Central Avenue south of Hatley Street


0 5' 10'


ON-STREET
PARALLEL
PARKING


.t,


ONE-WAY
STREET


ON-STREET
ANGLED PARKING


URBAN
RAIN
GARDEN


URBAN
PAVED RAIN
TRAIL GARDEN


18'-8"


ON-STREET
ANGLED PARKING


18'-8"


Proposed Section
Central Avenue south of Hatley Street


0 5' 10'


-j
w


0 LU 0
ou


t
0,


ONE-WAY
STREET


Q


SI






SECTIONS F


TWO-WAY STREET


GREENWAY CORRIDOR


TWO-WAY STREET


w
/
w 0"
0 i
0

z
Vo
Q "


5' 4 24 46 8 24 8 5
Existing Section
Central Avenue south of Martin Luther King Drive


ON-STREET
ONE-WAY PARALLEL
STREET PARKING


RAIN GARDEN
SWALE


ON-STREET
PAVED RAIN GARDEN PARALLEL
TRAIL SWALE., PARKING


ON-STREET
ONE-WAY PARALLEL
STREET PARKING


AWOL


I I


12' ' 9'-6"


12'


17' 10'


12' 10 8 5
Proposed Section
Central Avenue south of Martin Luther King Drive


0 5' 10'


I I I


0 5' 10'


I I I I I


' 5' ' 4' '


f, _f~$






SECTIONS G


NARROW
TWO-WAY STREET


GREENWAY CORRIDOR


ON-STREET
PARKING


TWO-WAY STREET


5' 10'


0 5' 10'


Swale


Existing Section
3rd Street South Central Avenue


PAVED TRAIL
(CROSSES 63' SPEED TABLE)


ON-STREET
ONE-WAY PARALLEL
STREET PARKING __




- I - I


5' 10' 12'


12'


0 5' 10'


12' 10' 7' 5'
Proposed Section
3rd Street South Central Avenue


ONE-WAY
STREET


V


m


1 7 1 1






RESIDENTIAL TRANSECT & CHARACTER IMAGES







* I m
1- I *4

I l- . .,


h N





i . ... W A,





,a,






htp:/w tr,,ied /
, . W."r l" St.




*1 r ST.




1 " 3t !T.






SECTIONS H


NARROW
TWO-WAY STREET


GREENWAY CORRIDOR


TWO-WAY STREET


Swale


5' 7' 18' 161' 22'


0 5' 10'


PAVED
TRAIL


RAIN GAR[
SWAt�


L ONE-WAY
S' STREET
Ilk-


8' 5'
Existing Section
Between 3rd & 4th Streets
South Central Avenue


ON-STREET
PARALLEL
PARKING


IAlf


5'


0 5' 10'
0 5' 10'


7' 12'


12' 10


8' 5'


Proposed Section
Between 3rd & 4th Streets
South Central Avenue


ONE-WAY
STREET


� � � � �






SECTIONS


NARROW
TWO-WAY STREET


STEEPLY SLOPED
ROAD


STEEPLY SLOPED
ROAD


TWO-WAY STREET


-
~ _


5' 7'

0 5' 10'


w_ -


30' 22' 8' ' 5'
Existing Section
4th Street South Central Avenue


OFF-STREET
ONE-WAY PARALLEL
STREET PARKING


RAIN GARDEN
SWALE


PAVED
TRAIL


RAIN GARDEN
SWALE


OFF-STREET
PARALLEL
PARKING


ON-STREET
ONE-WAY PARALLEL
STREET PARKING


10'


10'


5' 7' 12' 10'


0 5' 10'


|- f


22'-6"


10' 8' 5'
Proposed Section
4th Street South Central Avenue


e"k






SECTIONS J


GREENWAY CORRIDOR


TWO-WAY STREET


Existing Section
5th Street Methodist Church


OFF-STREET
RAIN GARDEN PARALLEL
SWALE PARKING


ON-STREET <
ONE-WAY PARALLEL
STREET PARKING Q
An


IA I,
B*-.*-

''f ^- A iM~^^

TBijw_


24' 10'


15' 10' 12'
15' 10' 12'


10' 13
10' 13'


Proposed Section
5th Street South Central Avenue


0 5' 10'


ow
'STREET


5'

0 5' 10'


OFF- T
PA
SPA


PAVED
TRAIL


1 - I


12' 10'
12' 1 10,


I I


m-
i
~i~il_


4t s -1






SECTIONS K


-

0









5' 1'

0 5' 10'


GREENWAY CORRIDOR


NARROW
TWO-WAY STREET


Swale


TWO-WAY STREET J


Swale


iL


59' 22'


E7'xi 5e
Existing Section


7th Street South Central Avenuet


-J
OFF-STREET
PARALLEL ONE-WAY
PARKING STREET


PAVED
TRAIL






4 - ^
I''


5' 6' 12' 10' 7' 10'


0 5' 10'


--"-I1
- I


0'
10'


12' 7' 5
Proposed Section
7th Street South Central Avenuet


-J


ONE-WAY
STREET


* d





SECTIONS L


NARROW
TWO-WAY STREET


STEEPLY SLOPED
ROAD


STEEPLY SLOPED
ROAD


NARROW
TWO-WAY STREET


Existing Section
8th Street South Central Avenue


0 5' 1(


PAVED TRAIL
(CROSSES 74' SPEED TABLE)


Proposed Section
8th Street South Central Avenue


0 5' 10'


ONE-WAY
STREET


ONE-WAY
STREET


",






SOUTHERN TOWN EDGE & CHARACTER IMAGES






* I a




-- .lr F.,i3CI
-Chsid ~ d.* Ej
i. . .' - *,a





WAM

r S
.4'6



I r I
C-







h ST
:or
Ot
FI 4'
J-0hS 4- -



W AtI~h-ST �
P .1hST.
8th 9?. -






SECTIONS M


NARROW
TWO-WAY STREET


GREENWAY CORRIDOR


Swale


NARROW
TWO-WAY STREET


Swale


18'
Existing Section
11th Street South Central Avenue


0 5' 10'


"
r. r
~ d
.L~YL~ -)� L1��


J . w'


WED
RAIL


mNNE-
STRI
-- '^


RAIN GARDEN
LTENTION BR"


(- j Proposed Section
0 5' 10' 11th Street South Central Avenue


k1


ONE-WAY
STREET




NARROW
)-WAY STREET


GREENWAY CORRIDOR


NARROW
TWO-WAY STRE


Swale


Swale


Existing Section
13th Street South Central Avenue


0 5' 10'


GARDE
lION


Proposed Section
13th Street South Central Avenue


0 5' 10'


I


U-c


4

f I'I #


ONE-WA
STREET


l- I























"A town is saved, not more by the righteous men in it
than by the woods and swamps that surround it."

- Henry David Thoreau











TWO-WAY STREET


' 7.5'

) 5' 1 '
) 5' 10'


I I


12'


12'


L Existing Section
Hatley Street east of Central Avenue









TWO-WAY STREET


-I


'-i


-ggI .U


12'


12'


4'


L Proposed Section
Hatley Street east of Central Avenue


) 5' 10'


0


F2


LI


7.5'









TWO-WAY STREET


-uiUU0I


7.5'


12'


12'


Existing Section
Hatley Street west of Central Avenue


10'


r


5'









LU

QA


TWO-WAY STREET


_i
-1-
0
I
(jn d.


I'.


-Ii SS1


7.5'


12'


12'


L Proposed Section
Hatley Street west of Central Avenue


3 5' 10




..i









D5











.. 4
















Ij~r
,a
.S ....... ...... ....... ............




ago La





Propoed n

U
72


















44























-wV
AOMc















OWN
















Ak


I ~-* .


~.i;Le. �
C~iP; :
~"t~~�Y.jl *


.r


* *
, d


r -rr






I
ON-STREET
PARKING


TWO-WAY STREET


6 1 0'
6' 10'


Existing Section
US Highay 41 west of Central Avenue


0 5' 10'


[EET


TWO-WAY STREET ON-ST'
PARK
1ON-ST

"_ i :.,�
*OB ..---- i


6' 10' 9 1 12' 12' 9y 10' 6'


Proposed Section
US Highay 41 west of Central Avenue


0 5' 10'


ON-STREET
PARKING


A t


I
10, 1 6'


t












0�
Lu
RIGHT-OF-WAY
0
LA


TWO-WAY STREET


S 7" -"- i r
U-j
3 RIGHT-OF-W


I I I
15' 3' 12' c 12' 3' 15'
0 10 Existing Section
0 5' 10' US Highway 129


I 0
-J -J
S TWO-WAY STREET
O O
I t dl
m/ X:^�j� a i


Swale


6' 8' 3' 12' 12' 3' 8' 6'


Proposed Section
US Highway 129


0 5'


Swale


10'










CHAlPTERSIX - CONCLUSION


















"Once you choose hope, anything's possible."

- Christopher Reeve

"Creativity comes from trust. Trust your instincts.
And never hope more than you work."

- Rita Mae Brown

"The pessimist sees difficulty in every opportunity.
The optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty."


- Winston Churchill







Project Conclusion


Over time the City of Jasper and its residents have many realistic
opportunities to improve their currently struggling economic situation. First-and-for-most
the residents of Jasper must accept the responsibility and be proactive about improving
their town.

There is always hope when someone or a group is optimistic about their pursuit.

There is hope thatJasper can one day be a planned destination for
tourists seeking to learn more about small town Florida's culture and heritage.

There is hope that as the 'baby-boomers' get older and retire they could move to Jasper
and enjoy an active retirement.

There is hope thatJasper's downtown can be vibrant again with small business owners
running main street.

There is hope thatJasper's Linear Park can become a source of community pride and help
bridge the gap between different cultures and ethnic groups.

All these scenarios are possible if the effort is made and proper action taken.
Financial burdens should not be the only deterrent in the revitalization process. There are
many government funding programs available to proactive communities seeking financial
aid and assistance.

The ability for a community to write effective grants for these sources of funding is vital
in receiving financial aid. Any capital the community has up-front should be put toward
researching these different forms of funding and writing the necessary grants.

Revitalizing the town of Jasper will be a process that happens over time. Getting started is
always the toughest hurdle to get over, but in the end could be the most rewarding...







Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID EYDRFOIOS_96UGY7 INGEST_TIME 2017-07-20T21:16:21Z PACKAGE UF00103378_00001
AGREEMENT_INFO ACCOUNT UF PROJECT UFDC
FILES



PAGE 2

REVITALIZATION OF

PAGE 3

Gavin Daniel Cain University of Florida College of Design, Construction, & Planning Department of Landscape Architecture Senior Capstone Project 2009 JASPER, FLORIDA

PAGE 4

“Do not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave a trail.” “Do what you are afraid to do” Ralph Waldo Emerson “Those who contemplate the beauty of the earth that will endure as long as life lasts.” Rachel Carson

PAGE 5

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I dedicate this book to my family for their endless support and love. Thank you to my advisor and professor Tina Gurucharri for her inspirational guidance and unparalleled wisdom. To my buddy Tyler for his constant support and motivation as we have worked on our capstone projects in Hamilton County, FL. Thank you to Cindy Eatman, Margaret Davis Lewis, Allen Tyree, Jeff Magwire, Rick Young and the other residents of Jasper, FL who had helped me during my time working on this project.

PAGE 7

CONTENTS Abstract Chapter 1 Introduction Description 1 Regional Proximity 2 Location 3-4 Site Statistics 5 Goals & Objectives 6 Chapter 2 History & Preservation Timeline: Important Dates 7 Evolution 8 Historic Photos 9-10 Brief Introduction to 11 Historic Preservation Proposed Historic District 12 Chapter 3 Inventory & Analysis Roads (Contextual & Site) 13-14 General Land Cover 15 Existing Zoning/ 16 Land Uses Existing Structures 17-23 Population Density 24 Walkability 25 Circulation 26 Elevation/Watershed 27 Slope Analysis 28 Existing Soils/ 29 Soils Drainage Stormwater Infrastructure 30 Chapter 4 Synthesis United State Bicycle 31 Route System Contextual Synthesis 32 Green Infrastructure Network 33-34 Growth Management 35 Opportunities Case Study: Redevelopment of 38 Affordable & Public Housing Redevelopment Opportunities & 39-40 Character Chapter 5 Design Strategies Program Elements: Vision Plan 41-42 Case Study: Winter Garden, FL & 43-44 West Orange Trail Transects Concept 46 Rural/Northern Town Edge 47-48 Civic 49-50 Commercial 51-56 Residential 57-62 Southern Town Edge 63-66 ‘Main Street’/Streetscape 67-76 Improvements Chapter 6 Conclusion 77-78 Bibliography & References

PAGE 9

The city of Jasper is a historic small rural town and seat of Hamilton County, Florida located in the North Central region of the state adjacent to the Florida/Georgia border. Like many small towns in Florida and across America, the City of Jasper developed over time around a railroad corridor and subsequent main street district. As values and transportation technology have changed, residents have moved away from the City and the primary functions of the town have sprawled away from the downtown core. As a result, Jasper is left with a deteriorated main street corridor of vacant buildings with run-down facades, desolate sidewalks, streets with frequent abundance of unattractive affordable housing units, and a loss of municipal tax revenue with lots packed with mobile homes. Perpendicular to the main street, running north/south, is an abandoned railway corridor which is not maintained and poorly functions as a swale for stormwater runoff from the surrounding commercial and residential areas. The corridor currently lacks opportunities for recreation and social interaction for the City’s residents and visitors. The main goal for this project was to analyze the existing conditions of the City and develop planning and design strategies that would spur future economic development utilizing historic preservation, recreation alternatives, and tourism, as catalysts. ABSTRACT

PAGE 11

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Revitalization of Jasper, FL 1

PAGE 12

1 Project Description The work done for the ‘Revitalization of Jasper, Florida’ project is a small part of a three year county-wide grant project with the main goal of stimulating economic development within Hamilton County, Florida. The overall grant project is titled ‘Economic Development, Community Involvement and Planning for the Future in Hamilton County, Florida.’ Over the three year project an interdisciplinary team of faculty and students from the University of Florida will provide assistance to Hamilton County with economic, physical planning, and design strategies to act as catalysts to spur future economic development. The grant project has been coordinated with the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences There are an abundance of unique natural features within Hamilton County that attract visitors from around the state and country, but the current conditions of the City of Jasper need to improve in order for the whole county to experience any kind of economic vitality in the future. As the county seat, the City of Jasper needs to take action now to improve its deteriorating main infrastructure, and an overall sense of community pride. The purpose this project was to analyze the existing conditions of the City and develop planning and design strategies that would spur future economic development utilizing historic preservation, recreation alternatives, and tourism as catalysts. [Above]: Corporate chains make it tough for small business owners to compete in a rural town [Above]: Example of blighted residential areas in Jasper [Above]: Underutilized abandoned rail corridor

PAGE 13

1 2 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Regional Proximity Jasper is centrally located between the states of Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina. Jasper is in close proximity to other cultural/ heritage tourism destinations including: Charleston, SC; Savannah, GA; and St. Augustine, FL.

PAGE 14

3 Project Location Latitude: 30.52 N, Longitude: 82.95 W The City of Jasper is located at the heart of Hamilton County, Florida. Jasper is approximately 5 miles east of Interstate 75, 21 miles north of Interstate 10, and about 7 miles directly south of the Florida/Georgia border. Lake City, FL (population ~ 12,280 people) and Valdosta, GA (population ~ 47,570 people) are the two largest cities within a 30 mile radius of Jasper. There are several unique natural features located within a 20 mile radius of Jasper including: the Alapaha River (about 4 miles to the west) the Suwannee River (about 11 miles to the south & about 13 miles to the east) Okefenokee Swamp (about 19 miles to the northeast) * Largest peat-based ‘blackwater’ swamp in North America Withlacoohee River (about 20 miles to the west). Okefenokee Swamp [http://swampland.com/img/Image/calemine/authors/sbooth/ okefenokee.jpg] Alapaha River LocPh_2035853347_LocID10447.jpg] Intersection of Suwannee & Withlacoochee Rivers WithlacoocheeRiverandSuwanneeriver.JPG]

PAGE 15

1 4 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Other towns in Hamilton County (in relation to Jasper): Jennings ~ 11 miles northwest White Springs ~ 17 miles southeast Suwannee River & Big Shoals Rapids [http://www.mindspring.com/~louis2/SRCIII/BigShoals.jpg]

PAGE 16

5 City of Jasper Statistics Area ~ 900.25 acres Population ~ 1800 people Races in Jasper: White Non-Hispanic (50.3%) African American (45.7%) Hispanic (3.1%) Two or more (1.0%) Other (0.7%) Median household income: $23,175 (The rest of Florida: $47,804) Cost of living: 15% less than the United States average. Leading industries Agriculture, mining, govern ment services, accommodation and food service, truck transportation, forestry, educational ser vices [http://www.city-data.com/city/Jasper-Florida.html ]

PAGE 17

1 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 6 Project Goals & Objectives presentations. Develop creative strategies to spur economic growth and vitality for Jasper now and into the future. economy in Jasper. both economically and physically. Preservation. Create a pedestrian friendly green infrastructure network for Jasper in the railroad industry. Link the city of Jasper to the rest of to the other towns and unique natural features in Hamilton County. Improve the aesthetic quality of Jasper’s Main Street Main Street and other primary roads

PAGE 19

Revitalization of Jasper, FL CHAPTER TWO HISTORY & PRESERVATION 2

PAGE 20

7 Important Dates in the History of Jasper: The City of Jasper is named after a Revolutionary War soldier ~1825 : First known settlement just north of Jasper in area called Micco. First known settler near Jasper was a gentlemen named Daniel Bell. 1827 1839 : Jasper Old Town began when approximately 40 acres were purchased by the County Commissioner’s and ordered to be surveyed into lots. Presently, the site of Evergreen Cemetery. 1840 : Town of Jasper incorporated as part of an act of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida. 1842 : Indian War ended 1845 : The Territory of Florida becomes the 27th state to join the Union. 1858 was incorporated a 2nd time is unknown) 1861-1865 : American Civil War 1865 : First railroad completed running from Live Oak FL through Jasper to Dupont, GA 1878 : The Methodists constructed new church building (Building still remains). First newspaper started circulation in the county called ‘Spirit of the Times.’ 1890 : The newspaper ‘The Jasper News’ was started. Jasper Nor mal Institute was organized. (Building does not remain). 1892 banking company called Blackwell Banking Company. 1893 : A new county jail was constructed in Jasper (Building still remains) 1899 : First long distance telephone line created linking Jasper to Valdosta, GA 1917 : First paved road constructed linking the state of Georgia to Columbia County running through Jennings, Jasper, and White Springs. Presently, this road is called US Highway 41 and is the Jasper’s ‘Main Street’. 1960 to open). Interstate 75 under construction from Genoa to the Florida/ Georgia border. 1963 : First large phosphate mining operation started between Jasper and White Springs by Occidental Chemical Company. [Above]: All historical data and information about Hamilton County and Jasper was referenced from this book. Please refer to this book if you are seeking a more detailed history of Jasper. [Above]: All historic photos on pages 8-10 where taken from these two books.

PAGE 21

2 CHAPTER TWO HISTORY & PRESERVATION 8 A A B B C C [Above]: A plan of the original 40 acre plot of land that made up Jasper Old Town [Above]: Old Jasper Train Depot [Above]: Jasper ‘Main Street’ looking west

PAGE 22

9 [Above]: Construction of US Highway 129 [Above]: Circa 1900 Phillippine Insurrection Jasper Street (Present day East Hatley Street) [Above]: Cotton Gin built in 1906 [Above]: ‘Jasper News’ Building built in 1893 [Above]: Old Jasper High School (Does not remain) Original location was on the present site of the Bank of America on Hatley & NE 2nd Avenue [Above]: Typical locomotive passing through Jasper [Above]: Main Street Jasper

PAGE 23

2 10 CHAPTER TWO HISTORY & PRESERVATION [Above]: Intersection of Jasper Main Street & Old Rail Corridor [Above]: Hewitt Hotel (Building still remains located on West Hatley Street) located on Martin Luther King Drive [Above]: Osceola Hotel built in 1923 (Does not remain) [Above]: Jasper Normal Institute (Does not remain) [Above]: Sheppard-Turner House built in 1892 (Building still remains) [Above]: W.Y. Sandlin House built in 1905 (Building still remains) [Above]: Pres Sandlin House built in 1895 (Building still remains)

PAGE 24

11 * All protection and regulations for historic structures and sites is controlled and regulated at the local level of government through local zoning, ordinances, and codes allowed through state enabling legislation. * The city of Jasper currently has two structures listed on the National Register of Historic Places: [Below Left]: Old Hamilton County Jail (built 1893) [Below Right]: United Methodist Church (built 1878) National Trust for Historic Preservation www.preservationnation.org National Park Service www.nps.gov A Brief Introduction to Historic Preservation: to historic preservation efforts in the United States is the National Trust for Historic Preservation. historic preservation as a ‘professional endeavor that seeks to preserve, conserve and protect buildings, objects, landscapes or other artifacts of historic importance.’ The National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 created a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect historic and archeological resources in the United States, called the National Register of Historic Places. (Beaumont) The National Register is placed under the control of National Park Service, within the US Department of the Interior. The responsibilities of National Register Program are: To review nominations and list eligible properties in the National Register To offer guidance on evaluating, documenting, and listing different types of historic places through the National Register Bulletin series and other publications [Above]: Entrance to Evergreen Cemetery located in the southwest corner in the City of Jasper. Original site of Jasper Old Town

PAGE 25

2 12 CHAPTER TWO HISTORY & PRESERVATION [Above]: On December 13, 2008, I met with a group of passionate ladies from Jasper and conducted a survey of all the structures and sites that are important to the City’s history. Proposed Historic District To help protect and improve Jasper’s historic resources over time, a proposed historic district boundary was created after an overall survey was conducted of the City’s sturctures and sites. Results: District Area ~ 425 acres Contributing Structures (Orange) 150 * All Contributing Structures are 50 years or older Residential 103 Commercial 32 Religious/Cultural 6 Industrial 5 Government 4 Non-Contributing Structures (Black Building Footprints within blue district boundary) ~ 340 *A more detailed survey of the site’s structures needs to be done. The last survey conducted was in 1979.*

PAGE 27

CHAPTER THREE INVENTORY & ANALYSIS Revitalization of Jasper, FL 3

PAGE 28

13 Roads Inventory & Analysis traveler approaches in the State of Florida, on I-75, depending on whether they are heading south or north. Both exits have minimal accommodations for travelers. There are at least two gas stations at each exit. Both exit’s interchanges are nicely landscaped and maintained. THOUGHTS: Over time, as Hamilton County develops it is vital that the county works with design and planning consultants to develop strict design guidelines for these exits and interchange areas to protect the natural integrity and ‘sense of place’ along the I-75 corridor. The ~30 mile long I-75 corridor running through Hamilton County is a valuable asset to the State of Flor ida and FDOT because its character and aesthetic image leaves a lasting impression with residents and visitors in Florida.

PAGE 29

3 14 CHAPTER THREE INVENTORY & ANALYSIS C A B E F D B A C D E F Site: City of Jasper [Above]: Traveling east on West Hatley Street in front of City Hall. [Above]: Traveling west on Martin Luther King Drive (Old ‘Jasper News’ Building on left. [Above]: Intersection of NW Hatley Street & NW 15th Avenue traveling southwest toward downtown Jasper. [Above]: Traveling north on State Road 51 towards Bakers Mill. [Above]: Traveling west on State Road 6, eventually merges with US Highways 41 & 129 to become ‘Main Street’. [Above]: Traveling north on US Highway 129 towards intersection with State Road 6.

PAGE 30

15 B B A A C D Existing Land Cover Inventory & Important Sites outside of City Limits Prison Entrance View of sanitary/waste facility from abandoned railway corrridor south of Jasper City Limit. C D Soccer facilty (part of Hamilton County Recreation facilty)

PAGE 31

3 16 CHAPTER THREE INVENTORY & ANALYSIS Breakdown of Existing Zoning/Land Uses (acreage/percentage of total land area) City boundary total area ~ 900.25 acres Zoned Residential: (423 acres/~ 47%) Single Family (218.21 acres/~24.24%) Vacant (174.42 acres/~19.37%) Mobile Homes (16.49 acres/~1.8%) Multi-Family (9.29 acres/~1.03%) Retirement Home (2.86/~.32%) Mixed-Use (1.72/~.2%) Zoned Agricultural: (89 acres/~9.9%) Pasture (67.31acres/~7.5%) Timber (11.74 acres/~1.3%) Open Space (9.97 acres/~1.1%) Zoned Governmental: (79.3 acres/~8.8%) Municipal (33.52 acres/~3.7%) County (32.29 acres/~3.6%) Federal (13.38 acres/~1.5%) State (.116 acres/~.00013%) Zoned Commercial: (42.55 acres/~4.73%) Retail (35.88 acres/~3.9%) Vacant (4.71 acres/.52%) Service (1.96 acres/~.22%) Zoned Institutional: (34.94 acres/~3.9%) Public Schools (29.25 acres/~3.2%) Vacant Healthcare (2.89 acres/~.32%) Financial (1.79 acres/~.2%) Clubs & Union Halls (1.01 acres/~.11%) Zoned Religious/Cultural: (31.71 acres/~3.52%) Religious (20.58 acres/~2.3%) Cemetery (11.13 acres/~1.2%) Zoned Industrial: (26.39 acres/~2.93%) Active (13.21 acres/~1.5%) Vacant (13.18 acres/~1.5%) Transportation Corridors: (74.18 acres/~8.24%) Utilities: (10.52 acres/~1.2%)

PAGE 32

17 A B F E D I J H G C A B C D E F G H I J

PAGE 33

3 18 CHAPTER THREE INVENTORY & ANALYSIS G F H B E C A D C B A D H G F E

PAGE 34

19 A B E C D D E C A B

PAGE 35

3 20 CHAPTER THREE INVENTORY & ANALYSIS A Typical view of pasture outside of Jasper’s City Limits Typical view of road side edge outside of Jasper’s City Limits. A

PAGE 36

21 A D B C E F G A B C D E F G

PAGE 37

3 22 CHAPTER THREE INVENTORY & ANALYSIS F B C E D A A B C D E F

PAGE 38

23 A B A B

PAGE 39

3 24 CHAPTER THREE INVENTORY & ANALYSIS B A B C C As a typical rural town, Jasper is not densely populated. Total population density: 919 people per square mile. The denser areas (darkest grey on adjacent map) of the City are either lots packed with mobile homes, federal affordable housing, or single family homes positioned in close proximity to each other. A Federal affordable housing units & underutilized central open space Typical mobile home Deteriorating single family housing

PAGE 40

25 ‘Every trip begins and ends with walking.’ Cheapest form of transportation Creates a vibrant community Safe walkable infrastructure is easier to maintain than other transportation infrastructure. Promotes social sustainability: More social interaction Helps prevent crime and social ills THOUGHTS: The compact relationship of Jasper’s existing infrastructure and land uses affords the opportunity to create a totally walkable community over time. http://www.pedbikeimages.org/Dan Burden * All walkability information is referenced from: Dan Burden Walkable Communities Glatting Jackson Kercher Anglin, Inc. 120 North Orange Avenue | Orlando, FL 32801 dburden@glatting.com http://www.walkable.org/ Walkable Community in Victoria, Canada

PAGE 41

3 26 CHAPTER THREE INVENTORY & ANALYSIS Circulation Inventory & Analysis primary roads. (Highways 41, 129, & 6) Hatley Street and SW 2nd Avenue are the most frequently traveled roads. Martin Luther King Drive is a frequently traveled road running parallel to Hatley Street. There are only two intersections with intersection has crosswalks. Secondary and Tertiary roads. the city. Abandoned railway corridor (Central Avenue) has two-way streets on either side of the green way median. implemented where pedestrian and

PAGE 42

27 Elevation/Watershed Inventory & Analysis The City of Jasper is ~152 feet above sea level. Jasper is in the jurisdiction of the Su wannee River Water Management Dis trict (SRWMD) Jasper is located in the Upper Suwannee River Basin with a small area in the Alapaha River Basin. The receiving water bodies from Jas per’s stormwater runoff include: Baisden Swamp Roberts Pond Clardy Lakes Tiger & Bell Creek(s). Existing Site Slope Analysis [Above]: “Generalized cross section in the Suwannee River Basin showing karst features that facilitate the exchange of water between the surface and subsurface.” ‘The Suwannee River Basin Pilot Study: Issues for Watershed Management in Florida.’

PAGE 43

3 28 CHAPTER THREE INVENTORY & ANALYSIS Slope Analysis The City of Jasper slopes gently from north to south. boundary which promotes walkability, but Slopes start to increase south and west of town. Many of the waterbodies that collect stormwater runoff from the city are in these areas. The abandoned rail corridor, running through the middle of town, is built-up with a sturdy foundation of aggregate and other materials and is gently sloping south of town.

PAGE 44

29 Existing Site Soil Inventory & Drainage Analysis

PAGE 45

3 30 CHAPTER THREE INVENTORY & ANALYSIS Existing Stormwater Problems Most of the City was developed prior to requirements for stormwater management. Several areas in the City are prone to consequences on water quality. Areas of concern: (A) In front of City Hall & Bass’s Furniture on West Hatley Street (B) In front of Family Dollar on East Hatley Street (Right). (C) In front of Foodway Grocery Store (Typical) In many of residential areas south of Hatley Street. Abandoned rail functions poorly in col lecting and moving stormwater away from surrounding areas (Below). B A C

PAGE 47

CHAPTER FOUR SYNTHESIS Revitalization of Jasper, FL 4

PAGE 48

31 * There is an opportunity to link Jasper, and the rest of Hamilton County, to National Bicycle Route System currently being planned/coordinated by AASHTO & the ACA ACA AASHTO Jasper

PAGE 49

4 32 CHAPTER FOUR SYNTHESIS Creating Linkages to the Surrounding Context: By improving the designated gateway nodes (shown on the adjacent graphic) Jasper could attract passer-bys into the City. There is an opportunity to make the abandoned rail/greenway corridor, anchored in Jasper, the spine linking all non-aquatic recreational activities within Hamilton County. A County-wide recreation hub could be created in downtown Jasper (pro posed location denoted by the star) to help activate the downtown’s commercial district. [Above]: One example of showing how recreation opportunities near a downtown commercial district can 12 mile bicycle loop -11 mile bicycle loop -16 mile bicycle loop Jasper

PAGE 50

33 A E D C B B C D E A Existing Parks, Recreation Areas & Open Spaces (Left) Typical view of abandoned rail/greenway corridor running north/south through the middle of Jasper. Opportunity to create a ‘railsto-trails’ project acting as the spine for all of Jasper’s recreation and open spaces and linking to a greater trail system throughout the county. (Left) Evergreen Cemetery is the only cemetery within Jasper’s city limits. It is also the site of the original ‘Jasper Old Town’. Opportunity to link to other historic and cultural heritage sites in Jasper to help preserve its history. (Right) Existing City park adjacent to Family Dollar Store on East Hatley Street. Only active playground area in downtown. Opportunity to enhance existing park features. (Right) Existing County recreation area with basketball & raquet ball courts and Opportunity to link to other recreation areas within the City. (Left) Existing County soccer link a direct connection with abandoned rail/greenway corridor just south of the city limits.

PAGE 51

4 34 CHAPTER FOUR SYNTHESIS Proposed Green Infrastructure Network The proposed green infrastructure would link all existing open spaces, parks, and recreation areas through a net work of strategically planned ‘pedestrian-friendly’ sidewalks and trails. implemented at all pedestrian/ The new network will allow users the opportunity to walk around the city in comfortable, safe, and more social environment. Below are some character images of what the green net work could look like: http://www.pedbikeimages.org/ Dan Burden http://www.pedbikeimages.org/ Dan Burden Chris Lathrop Chris Lathrop Community Seating Area Tree-lined Sidewalk Unpaved Greenway Trail Linear Park

PAGE 52

35 Growth Management Growth management programs are prepared, adopted, and administered by local governments which are designed to regulate urban growth (Anderson 156). initiatives/programs: Protects natural areas Promotes affordable housing Preserves historical resources Preserves rural lifestyle in areas outside of the existing urban area Controls/regulates growth and development. Impact Fees: Fees imposed on the owners of newly developed properties for the predicted ‘impact’ the new development will have on the community. Can be used for transportation improvements, new parklands, and expansion of schools. Not used to maintain existing facilities. Used to create new facilities equivalent to the anticipated demand of new development. (Libby 1) [Above]: (White) Existing urban ‘built-out’ areas, and transportation/utility corridors. (Black) Natural lands including agriculture, wetlands, water bodies, and open spaces. THOUGHTS: Two ways to practice growth management techniques with the goal of protecting existing natural areas are: Redeveloping/rehabilitating existing structures and deteriorating infrastructure

PAGE 53

4 36 CHAPTER FOUR SYNTHESIS vacant or underutilized parcels within existing urban areas. of vacant land within their city limits because of development trends in our country over the past 60 years have sprawled away from the downtown cores of our towns and cities. A cooperative partnership between public and be successful. These partnerships typically involve: different levels of government, the development organizations, neighborhood organizations, and more. (Kemp 1) Mixed-Use development Seamless integration into its context Walkable communities Conservation of surrounding resources Tax dollars for local government Capitalization of existing assets Creation of new community assets Reuses underutilized/blighted properties Sustainable lifestyle A catalyst to revitalization efforts [Above]: Example of successfully executed mixed-use Images were taken from a book by Peter Calthorpe & William Fulton called ‘The Regional City: Planning for the End of Sprawl.’

PAGE 54

37 Opportunities in Jasper 208.8 acres (23.2% of Jasper’s total land area) is suitable for residential, commercial, and development in Jasper: Vacant Residential: 174.42 acres (19.4%) Mobile Homes: 16.49 acres (1.8%) Vacant Industrial: 13.18 acres (1.5%) Vacant Commercial: 4.71 acres (.52%)

PAGE 55

4 38 CHAPTER FOUR SYNTHESIS Case Study: Redevelopment of Affordable/Public Housing Project location: Curtis Park Neighborhood (Denver, Colorado) Project designed by: Calathorpe Associ ates in collaboration with the City of Den ver, CO and the Denver Housing Authority (DHA) Existing conditions before redevelopment: The circular inward facing site layout of the existing buildings created many security and livability problems. Long block-like residential buildings were out of scale with the surrounding neighborhood. Drug dealing and crime tended to thrive in the void spaces between and around buildings without anyone claiming ownership or responsibility for these spaces. Results after redevelopment: Design implemented a range of housing types. street’ concept to promote informal security. Each individual housing unit has its own intimate open space. Created vibrant streetscapes. New architectural styles were built with regional materials to help the buildings blend into the surrounding historic context. All information and pictures for this project were referenced from Calthorpe Associates & a book by Peter Calthorpe and William Fulton called ‘The Regional City: Planning for the End of Sprawl.’ www.calthorpe.com

PAGE 56

39 1 2 3 4 Proposed Redevelopment Areas There are four proposed residential/mixed use redevelopment areas combined totaling 123.27 acres (13.7% of existing land area). Area (1): 46.83 acres Area (2): 28.81 acres Area (3): 36.5 acres Area (4): 11.13 acres There is a total of 28.1 acres of proposed commercial redevelopment area, the majority of which is located along Hatley Street.

PAGE 57

40 4 CHAPTER FOUR SYNTHESIS Proposed Redevelopment Character Images: Jasper should attract people seeking an active retirement lifestyle to help stimulate and create a stable local economy. The fronts of the proposed redeveloped buildings in the residential and commercial areas should engage with the street to create a more vibrant public realm. (Pictured) Architectural style of the buildings can be a modern interpretation of traditional American architecture. Chris Lathrop http://www.pedbikeimages.org/ Dan Burden http://www.pedbikeimages.org/ Dan Burden Chris Lathrop www.navi-gator.com www.healthyalberta.com

PAGE 59

CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES Revitalization of Jasper, FL 5

PAGE 60

41 Program Elements for Proposed Vision Plan: All of the following listed program elements will be a work in progress, to be completed in different phases over time: Historic District All designated contributing historic structures to be formally surveyed. integrity. Jasper Linear Park: Anchored by proposed civic node including: Outdoor Train Museum Reconstructed Train Depot County Recreation Hub Mixed-Use Building Outdoor Performing Arts Area Linked to Hamilton County North/South Trail (existing abandoned rail corridor) Stormwater Management System including: Urban rain gardens Vegetated Bioswales Porous Pavement Detention Area Walkable Community Principles City-wide green infrastructure network linking all existing recreation areas, parks, open spaces, and cultural landscapes. Implementation of ‘complete street’ elements including: sidewalks, street trees, bike lanes, on-street parking, and street lights. Main Street Redevelopment/Improvements: Restripe road center-line on Hatley Street to accomodate the installation of street trees principles vacant Main Street buildings Four Residential Redevelopment Areas: Two areas designated for people seeking an active retirement lifestyle. Two areas designated for mixed income/ affordable housing units. 1 2

PAGE 61

42 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES B A C F E E G H D D D Jasper Linear Park IMPORTANT AREAS ALONG LINEAR PARK Mixed-Use Building (Including Hamilton County Recreation Hub) Outdoor Performing Arts Area Reconstructed Train Depot & Outdoor Railroad Museum Additional angled parking along trail near commercial buildings Community seating areas along trail Methodist Church Stormwater Collection Basin/Large Bio-swale Trail connection to County Recreation Facilities A B C D E F G H 2 1 1 2

PAGE 62

43 Case Study: Downtown Winter Garden, Florida & the West Orange Trail The West Orange Trail: One of the premier recreational trails in the Central Florida Area. The 14-foot wide paved trail was created through the conversion of an abandoned rail corridor. The 20 mile long trail links to four cities: Oakland, Winter Garden, Ocoee, and Apopka Downtown Winter Garden, FL West Orange Trail runs through the center of Plant Street (main street). Over the past decade the City has implemented a $4.3 million, three phased project, to revitalize Plant Street. The project features wider sidewalks, an increase of on-street parking, clock tower, a community plaza, extensive landscaping and the realignment of the West Orange Trail based in Orlando, provided all planning, design, and management services for both projects (www.glatting.com). [Above]: West Orange Trail along abandoned railroad tracts www.glatting.com [Above]: Downtown clock tower, one of the focal points in the redevelopment plan [Above]: (Typical) light pole with [Above]: People using Trail through downtown near clock tower [Above]: W.O.Trail west of downtown [Above]: Family riding bicycles through downtown [Above]: Map of West Orange Trail (location of downtown Winter Garden circled) [Above]: Location of WInter Garden, Florida A B C A

PAGE 63

[Above]: Central Florida Railroad Museum [Above]: Inside Central Florida Railroad Museum [Above]: In front of Central Florida Heritage Museum [Above]: Successfully designed 44 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES D F E A B C G G [Above]: New angled parking along Plant Street in front of original Main Street Buildings Plan done by: D E E F

PAGE 64

45 Existing Conditions of Abandoned Rail/Greenway Corridor A B C D E F G H I J

PAGE 65

[Above]: Model of Typical Transect Concept http://www.smartcodecentral.org/ module.html 46 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES A B C D E F G H I J Transect Concept The Greenway Transect Concept is an interpretation of the New Urbanist’s ‘SMARTCODE’ principle applied to the City of Jasper: A transect is ‘a geographical cross-section of a region intended to reveal a sequence of environments.’ ‘SMARTCODE’ is a form-based code which is used to guide the form of the built environment in order to create and protect development patterns that are compact, walkable, and mixed in uses. It works to preserve open lands and natural areas. (Center for Applied Transect Studies [CATS] www.smartcodecentral.org) Transect ‘SMARTCODE’ applied to Jasper: The Civic and Commercial Transects will be composed of more urban elements. The Residential Transect will resemble that of a neighborhood park. The Town Edge Transects will remain natural in character and aesthetic. The Rural Transect will be strictly natural/preserved, except the trail surface will be compacted to be suitable for recreation activities

PAGE 66

47 Existing Conditions Unpaved Trail RURAL/NORTHERN TOWN EDGE & CHARACTER IMAGES Proposed Conditions Unpaved Trail (Compacted Earth) www.pedbikeimages.org / Dan Burden

PAGE 67

48 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES SECTIONS A

PAGE 68

[Above]: Character Image of proposed mixeduse building housing the Hamilton County recreation hub. [Above]: Old Train Depot proposed to be reconstructed and become a railroad museum l [Above]: Families can come and learn about Jasper’s railroad history at the proposed outdoor railroad museum [Above]: Character image of people enjoying an outdoor concert performance l 49 CIVIC TRANSECT & CHARACTER IMAGES http://photos3.meetupstatic.com/photos/event/9/b/7/6/highres_4599798.jpeg www.barrywaite.org B

PAGE 69

50 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES SECTIONS B

PAGE 70

51 COMMERCIAL TRANSECT & CHARACTER IMAGES www.paving.org.uk www.paving.org.uk Proposed Urban Rain Garden Proposed Urban Rain Garden http://www.urbangreenspaces.org/imag es/16%20-%20optimized.jpg Proposed Urban Rain Garden Proposed Urban Rain Garden http://www.portlandonline.com/shared/cfm/ image.cfm?id=124848 Proposed Urban Rain Garden http://www.artfulrainwaterdesign.net/ projects/show/66 D G E F C [Above]: Character image of proposed pedestrian cross-walk [Above]: Character image of proposed on-street angled parking [Above]: Character image of proposed porous pavers for parking areas [Above]: Porous pavers detail l

PAGE 71

52 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES SECTIONS C

PAGE 72

53 SECTIONS D

PAGE 73

54 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES SECTIONS E

PAGE 74

55 SECTIONS F

PAGE 75

56 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES SECTIONS G

PAGE 76

57 RESIDENTIAL TRANSECT & CHARACTER IMAGES Chris Lathrop Chris Lathrop Chris Lathrop Chris Lathrop www.pedbikeimages.org /Dan Burden http://water.unl.edu/image/image_gallery?img_ id=109507&t=1215118757772 Character Image of Linear Park Character Image of Linear Park Character Image of Linear Park Character Image of Linear Park seating Character Image pedestrain cross-walk Character Image rain garden in Linear Park H I J K L

PAGE 77

58 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES SECTIONS H

PAGE 78

59 SECTIONS I

PAGE 79

60 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES SECTIONS J

PAGE 80

61 SECTIONS K

PAGE 81

62 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES SECTIONS L

PAGE 82

63 SOUTHERN TOWN EDGE & CHARACTER IMAGES Bioswale/Retention Pond http://www.orland-park.il.us/images/pages/N894/Ponds.jpg Rain Garden/Bioswale www.ia.nrcs.usda.gov/features/urbanphotos.html M N

PAGE 83

64 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES SECTIONS M

PAGE 84

65

PAGE 85

“A town is saved, not more by the righteous men in it than by the woods and swamps that surround it.” Henry David Thoreau 66 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES

PAGE 86

67

PAGE 87

68 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES

PAGE 88

69

PAGE 89

70 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES

PAGE 90

71 Existing Conditions Re-striped Center Line & Street Trees

PAGE 91

72 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES Redevelop Commercial Buildings relationship to ‘Main Street’ Proposed Conditions

PAGE 92

73 Existing Conditions Re-striped Center Line & Street Trees

PAGE 93

74 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES Redevelop Commercial Buildings relationship to ‘Main Street’ Proposed Conditions

PAGE 94

75

PAGE 95

76 5 CHAPTER FIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES

PAGE 97

CHAPTER SIX CONCLUSION Revitalization of Jasper, FL 6

PAGE 98

77 “Once you choose hope, anything’s possible.” Christopher Reeve “Creativity comes from trust. Trust your instincts. And never hope more than you work.” Rita Mae Brown Winston Churchill

PAGE 99

78 6 CHAPTER SIX CONCLUSION Project Conclusion Over time the City of Jasper and its residents have many realistic opportunities to improve their currently struggling economic situation. First-and-for-most the residents of Jasper must accept the responsibility and be proactive about improving their town. There is always hope when someone or a group is optimistic about their pursuit. There is hope that Jasper can one day be a planned destination for tourists seeking to learn more about small town Florida’s culture and heritage. There is hope that as the ‘baby-boomers’ get older and retire they could move to Jasper and enjoy an active retirement. There is hope that Jasper’s downtown can be vibrant again with small business owners running main street. There is hope that Jasper’s Linear Park can become a source of community pride and help bridge the gap between different cultures and ethnic groups. All these scenarios are possible if the effort is made and proper action taken. Financial burdens should not be the only deterrent in the revitalization process. There are aid and assistance. The ability for a community to write effective grants for these sources of funding is vital researching these different forms of funding and writing the necessary grants. Revitalizing the town of Jasper will be a process that happens over time. Getting started is always the toughest hurdle to get over, but in the end could be the most rewarding...

PAGE 101

BIBLIOGRAPHY & REFERENCES Revitalization of Jasper, FL

PAGE 102

Books Anderson, Larz T. Guidelines for Preparing Urban Plans. American Planning Association. 1995 Arendt, Randall. Crossroads, Hamlet, Village, Town: Design Char acteristics of Traditional Neighborhoods, Old & New. Revised Edition. American Planning Association. 2004 Beaumont, Constance E. Smart States, Better Communities: How state governments can help citizens preserve their communities. National Trust for Historic Preservation. 1996 Clark, Roumelis, & Associates, Inc. The City of Jasper, Florida Local Government Comprehensive Planning Program: Adopted Goals, Objectives & Policies. August 12, 1991. Davies, Richard O. Main Street Blues: The Decline of Small-Town America. Ohio State University Press. 1998 Francaviglia, Richard V. Main Street Revisited: Time, Space, & Im age Building in Small-Town America. University of Iowa Press. 1996 Heckscher, August. Open Spaces: The Life of American Cities. Harper & Row. 1977 Kemp, Roger L. ed. Economic Development in Local Government: Inc. 1995 Kemp, Roger L. ed. Main Street Renewal: A Handbook. McFarland & Company, Inc. 2000 Keune, Russell V. A Guide to Delineating Edges of Historic Dis tricts. National Trust for Historic Preservation. The Preservation Press. 1976 Lewis, Margaret Davis & The History Book Committee. The History & People of Hamilton County. Southern Heritage Press. Liebs, Chester H. Main Street to Miracle Mile: American Roadside Architecture. A New York Graphic Society Book. 1985 Longstreth, Richard. The Buildings of Main Street: A Guide to American Commercial Architecture. Updated Edition. AltaMira Press. 2000 Moudon, Anne Vernez ed. Public Streets for Public Use. Van Nos trand Reinhold Company. New York. 1987 Rifkind, Carole. Main Street: The Face of Urban America. Harper & Row. 1977 Publications & Web Pages Libby, Lawrence W. and Carrion, Cameron. Develop ment Impact Fees. Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet Community Development http://ohioline.osu.edu/cd-fact/1558.html Calthorpe Associates. www.calthorpe.com Center for Applied Transect Studies. http://www. smartcodecentral.org Glatting Jackson. www.glatting.com National Trust for Historic Preservation. http://www. preservationnation.org/