Dominica herald
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102878/00110
 Material Information
Title: Dominica herald
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 42 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Publisher: Dominica Herald
Place of Publication: Roseau, Dominica
Roseau, Dominica
Publication Date: 10-03-1962
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Dominica -- Newspapers   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Dominica
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1955? Cf. caption.
General Note: Editor, <1963-1964>: Phyllis Shand Allfrey.
General Note: "For the General Welfare of the People of Dominica, the further advancement of the West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole."
General Note: Description based on: Jan. 12, 1963; title from caption.
General Note: Last issue consulted: December 31, 1964.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 82144654
lccn - 2007229365
System ID: UF00102878:00110

Full Text
162 EAST 78 STREEi
M YORK 9-1. N. Mi

a>t iJnd betund
he U N. ,C arter
wl,'ch upholds:
I RL.UDOM ) A': Vi)'HI

(For the General Wl'dare of the People of Dominica, the further advancement orthe West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole)



OCIOBL R 3, 1962


Trinidad Offer Reject l

AT THE REGIONAL COUNCIL of Ministers he'd, last weekend in
Barbados, one of lth most important qu'istio.s di;uu;ssd w.is
the continuance of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Board in view
of the announced withdrawal of British Guiann n i Trinidad &
Tobago. Trinidad had offered the use of their proposed new
currency provided the "Little Eight" adopted Trinidad's fiscal
policy. The proposal was rejected out of hand. The group
will have its own Currency Board located in Barbados.
Only Four C. Ms Present w,I. Youth Trust Fund New Address
Grenada,did nat at first send a re- The Board of Managing Trustees
presentative although Chief Minister met on October 4 to settle some out-
Blaiie had been sent an invitation: standing matters, including the contin-
later -Mr. N. E. Venner (an. official) nation in office of Mr. Fred Morgan,
joined the meeting as an observer on Secretary, The office of the Fund has.
behalf of the Grenada Government. In now been moved to 72 'Henry Street,
IL, -, : e !:.-- IR- ,iLBas Port of Spain..: An all-oiit West In-
of the "Little Seven" rather than the di aieap tfr -srpt i I ed_
"Eight." Sir John Stow was in the on Novembtr 3. Mr. Hugh' Small,Jam-
chair and Chief Ministers present were aican, has been appointed to organise
--Mr. VereBird of Antigua; Mr. Errol the raising of funds for the Youth Trust
-Barrow, Barbados; Mr. Edward Le- among migrants in Britain. Una-
Blanc, Dominica and Mr. W. Bramble voidably absent at this meeting was
of Monsterrat. Mr. Robert Bradshaw Mrs. P. S. Allfrey, Dominica's Trustee
(late Federal Minister of Finance) repre- on the Board.
sented St. Kitts, Mr. Herman Colly- French Club To Meet At Grammar School
more St. Lucia and Mr. C. L. Tannis, A general meeting of the Cercle
St. Vincent. Francais will take place at the Domin-
Common Services Representation ica Grammar School at 8.15 p.m. on
The Council appointed representatives Thursday October I8.
for the group on the boards of the var- Members of the Club will read their
ious common services. Hon.E.O.Le- favourite French po:m. New members
Blanc was nominated for the Regional welcome!
Research Centre, Hon. E.L. Barrow for YOLANDE COOLS-LARTIGUE,
Meteorological Services Council, Hon. Hon. Secretary.
P. Southwell for the R e g i o n a Tight Security For Rome
Sh i pp ing S e r v ice (with Council
Hon. C. L. Tannis as adviser) and
two officials from Barbados dnd St. Vatican City, Oct. CP:-Pol-
Lucia on the Regional Labour Board Vaticn Cit, Oct. io. C Po
for the time being. The U. W. I. ice tightened security regulations for
Technical and Grants Committee the opening tomorrow of the historic
Tc a n n ComieRoman Catholic Ecumenical Council.
would have individual representation Ro n Caolic E enical Coun.
from each island and it would be 1,200 police were scattered trough
optional for territories to join the the area.
Caribbean Organisation--no group ERRATUM
representation was advocated.
Jaycees Talent Contest
Train Disaster in Poland
On p. 3 fourth paragraph the sen-
WARSAW Ioth Oct CP: Twe n t y- tence st a r t i n g "They should be

eight persons have been killed and sixty- afraid . ." should read "They should
two injured in an express train derail- not be afraid of strong rhythm in such
ment. prayers.
the Founder of the Labour Party and her husband sat on a graciously proffered
barrel and stool in the sheltered market and took careful shorthand notes of the
speeches made. There were two noticeable vacancies in the familiar set-up of a
Labour meeting: the absence on the platform 'of the Hon. E. C. Loblack,
nominated member, and no singing of the Party Song, "We shall not 1be moved."

Many people thought that the names of Labour party candidates for the forth-
coming Roseau Town Council election would have been announced at. the parry
meeting which took place on Monday October 8, in addition to oratorical a-tempts
to justify the expulsion of their Founder-President. The names were, however
wisely withheld. Only one name was given out-that of Mr. Harold Knight,
who had withdrawn from standing.
Chaired by Miss Acme Trocard, Assistant Secretary, the Minister of Com-
munications and Works Mr. Didier, who had himself been expelled from the
Party long ago and generously reinstated, declared that Mrs. Allfrey had called the
Gwernment "a foolish Governm nt" and deserved to be expelled, ipterlarding his
speech with such expressions as serpent. and venom.
Arnold Active, Party Secretary, spoke next. He seemed disturbed because
people had been saying that he would never have arrived back in Dominica but
for Mrs. Allfrey (who paid his expenses), and announced that as a born Dominican,
of course he would have come back. The.audience was polite, on guard, .and
well behaved, only low rrurmurs and side conversations distracting from the excel-.
lent volume of the donated loud-spra'er,, and at this point one of the voices t ut-
tered: "in 1982'. Mr. Active defended the three Party Offictrs who had expelled
-Mrs AJl lreynd brought in an irrelevant reference to. Mr. Knight's withdrawal,
which he described as an offncerJainanst Partysecrecy bg;meab- n, Mrs. Allfrey.
Talk Of Loyalty'
Following this, Mrs. Mable James expounded on Patty loyalth, read from
the ex-President's foreword to the constitution, and consideredd that publication of a
minor critique in a national newspaper was criticising Governmett behind, its
back. Sh: then revived the Labour Party Executive's resolution against terminal
allowances to Ministers and M. P. s which had in fact been sent to the Governor
General, Colonial Secretary, and Prime Minister behind the Party Founder's back.
The DoMINICA HERALD came in for a number of references, a letter in "People's
Post by Mr. Armantrading being aired with explanatory comment. Before she
wound up on the subject of dirty streets and Town Council dumpers, Mrs. James,
who had hitherto seemed kindly disposed to both ethnic groups of her antecedents,
brought an element of racial strife into the meeting by misquoting (with a lame
apologia) a famous American saying, thus: "You can fool some of the Negroes
some of the time, but you cannot f o! all of the Negroes all of the time."*
Mr. Stevens, Minister of Labour and Social Services, announced that he wa.,
a great believer in discipline and always kept the rules. His own son had been
expelled and he had accepted it. 'ie's'aid he was not so happy about Unita'y
State talk regarding the Little 8, and spoke anxiously, as did other orators, a'boit
a possible reduction of Ministers. He attacked certain unnamed Civil Servants
whom he described as "unscrupulous, dishonest and hopeless". Some of them, he
said, "might still want to build their houses out of Government money.' rHe
wound up a long address with mention that the Roseau Town Council repc. t
was nearly ready, and of the viit of a W. H. 0. consultant on maternity and
child health, saying that there would soon be a large n:w health centre in" Roseau.
Goats and Fishes
By the time the Minister of Trade and Production, Mr. N. A. N. Ducreay,
rose to speak, the mood of the crowd was fairly obvious; it was restive and suspi-
cious, though not hostile. The last speaker sensibly cut short a diatribe against
the ex-President, describing her expulsion as a 'very unpleasant action" and
attempting only briefly to justify it. He confined his extensive and interesting
remarks to some attacks on the almost neglected Opposition, to pumice mining,
and to the new fisheries scheme costing i0,ooo of Colonial Office money.. Mr.
Ducreay also spoke of his food publicity drive, which now had 260 registered
members, and the "goat revolving scheme" which topic- brought some light relief
into the market-place.
It was after eleven when the meciing totally dispersed, and during that time'
(Cont n,.'.xt column)
Note The Dominica Labonr Par,y is wholeheartedly committed to supp, rt the
United Nations Charter, whose aints are."t practice tolerance" and to encourage
respect for human rights and for fuiclamentul freedoms for all without distil.ction
as to race, sex, language, or religion,


_ _



"Political Economy" II
The last article dealt with recommendations pertaining to the countries from
which assistance can be sought, and the type of assistance possible from those
countries. In this edition I propose to discuss the manner in which such help can
be sought, anrd such advantages can be best utilised.
Before outlining such proposals, I wish to make it absolutely clear that I
am not opposed to the "Little Seven" in the event that Grenada joins Trinidad,
but I am sceptical of the economic advantage involved. The political selfishness
which exists creates a serious state of affairs in the balance of national thought.
This, political and economic crisis which we are now facing requires prompt
"While the grass is growing the horse is starvin"--"While we are deciding
to federate, conditions deteriorate." I shall advise that Government negotiate with
Britain for a long term loan, payable within a reasonable time. In order to per-
suade and influence the British Government on such an important issue a strong
case with firm logical argument must be made out. It must be convincing. I
am not saying that loans involving expenditure on social services would be econo-
mical at this time. That is to say, the borrowing of money for the purpose of
building schools, hospitals, and other such institutions would bring too much
pressure to bear on the feeble revenue; but the borrowing of money to improve our
road programme and our agricultural potentialities is of paramount importance.
The economy of a nation depends on its volume of production and production
can only be increased if and when there is easy access to the productive areas. In
this scientific and technological age, to increase production, mechanical implements
are absolutely necessary, in order to meet great demands, and to compete in inter-
national trade. This is where the question of technical assistance finds its way.
smoothly into the argument based on such negotiation. During this time, the
Ministry for Trade and Production should invite industrialists with a view to
manufacture of some products for export. We must understand that Dominica is
very much under-populated and we are too few to make progress unless the above
mentioned problems are dealt with.. -
eIt is one thing getting financial assistance, on a long term loan basis, and another

contract policy, even in the case of colonial grants, and more especially, "loans".
It is only: then that Government will be able to keep a firm check on its expenditure,
as well as to ascertain a guaranteed time for the completion ofconstruction. There
needs to be a firm decision taken in this direction. In a contract basis
Government is only responsible once and for all for the overall expenditure of the
job undertaken. The question of "vote cultivating" immediately becomes a busi-
ness of the past. There is no headache over the provision of materials and standards
of workmanship, also the maintenance of machinery and equipment, but the
matter lies in the hands of the quantity surveyor to estimate the building cost.
The invitation to contracting firms on a tenders basis is the next step, when the
contract is accepted here is where the Government technical and qualified engineers
play the part of securing government's interest, in the plans laid down in the con-
tract. If the contractor blunders he is responsible for the necessary repairs, and the
time prescribed in the contract also must he kept according to plan else he pays
the consequence.
The P. W. Department should be confined specifically and primarily to
maintenance. Celerity and accuracy are the most important factors in the matter
of development, $300,000 contracted to build a road in six months is more
economically beneficial than $275,000 in the hands of P. W. D. to build the same
road which may as well take the department five years and badly done.
In the question of the other countries mentioned in the previous article, some
degree of assistance may be arrived at if similar strong cases are made out in con-
nection with various aspects involving development. It is high time, that Gov
eminent presses C. D. C. to improve on its Electricity Services throughout the
island and to stick to the one year's promise the Corperation had made; for such
.time has passed,
There's more to be discussed later on.
NOTE: Contributed articles do not necessarily reflect the views of the Editor or

This is to inform our Customers and Friends that as from Mon-

i day 8th October the price of washing at our LAUNDROMAT

wil be ninety-five cents (950) per batch of nine (9) pounds

Oct. 6-- 20

C .. ........................... ............. .... .............. ..... ..,.... t

Caribo Plan For Regional Development
Paramaribo, Surinam October Ist, 1962 The main features and
pattern of development planning in the Caribbean area coupled with the growing
tendency to harmonise on a regional basis the individual development plans and
programmes of the countries served by the Caribbean organization, the means of
securing continuing improvement in planning, formed the main theme of discuss-
ion at the second Meeting of the Standing Advisory Committee of the Caribbean
Plan which concluded in Paramaribo today.
The major task before this Committee was the consideration of the first an-
nual review of development Plans aud programmes of Member Countries and
the Committee approved a Draft Annual Report on the overall Caribbean Plan
for submission to the Caribbean Council, the governing body of the organization,
at its Third Meeting which begins on October 3. When this report as amended
by the Council is published at the end of the year, it will indicate the state of de-
velopment in the area and show the trend towards harmonising of development
plans on a regional basis.
During the course of the discussion a proposal was made by the delegate of
the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico that a special unit in the Secretariat be set up
to identify and promote projects suitable for regional action. This proposal will
be further studied by the Members of the organization and considered by the Carib-
bean Council at its Fourth Meeting.
The purpose of this meeting of the Standing Advisory Committee was to
coordinate for the Council all the work done on the important Caribbean Plan
which was brought into being last year September. S. A. C. r e c e i v ed the
specialised report on grassland and livestock improvement, discussed a special study
prepared by Professor B. Stipec indicating the tariff barriers and other obstacles to
intra-Caribbean trade, commented upon the action taken to date on a projected
survey of transportation agencies and. problems in the area and examined the pro-
gress made on the recommendations of its last meeting in March of this year. An
important feature was the Committee's approval of the Surinam delegate's motion to
recommend that all Member Countries institute "Development Day during which
the public be invited to reflection developmenttrends in their own and in other coun-
,tries. It is.hoped that eventually the proposal will find world wide. acceptance.
SSpecific recommendation going forward to the Caribbean Council with the
comment of the 'committees include the following: that the Committes on grass-
-4land limnpza~fieB v a aal tfiu u e .t o- tanl;
Advisory Committee on Animal Health, and Production; that anexpedition be
sponsored in the near future to explore locations in South Africa in order to col-
lect ecotypes of Pangola an other grasses which offer promise of contributing to the
livestock industry of the Caribbean area; that negotiations be pursued towards in-
stituting in the region a programme of training in planningmethods and techniques;
that the Government of all countries served by the Organization should adopt the
customs nomenclature recommended by the League of Nations and so facilitate
comparison of data among countries and thot Secretary-General should keep up-to-
date the information set out in the survey Tariff Barriers and Trade in the Caribbean
disseminating the information received through the Clearing House at the Secretariat.
The Committee also took note of the first issue of the Monthly Journal ofthe
Clearing House on Trade and Tourism Material which had been set up in the
The following Members of the Caribbean Organization were represented at
the meeting held over the period September 24 October i, 1962;
The Republic of France, the Netherlands Antilles, Surinam, British Virgin
Islands Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Island of the United States.
The U.S. Government wat represented by an observer.
The Chairman of the meeting was Ir. W.J.J Snijders, delegate for Surinam
and Dr. Carlos J. Lastra, delegate for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, served
as rapporteur.


The Raffle was drawn at the Convent High School on
Sunday, September 30. at 8:30 p.m.
The following lucky winners received their prizes:
Miss Annette Severin of Roseau, $100.00
Miss Teresa Giraudel of Giraudel, $50.00
Miss Shirley Joseph of New Town, $25.00
The winning tickets were drawn by five-years old Jo Ann Nor-
ris of Roseau, Witness was Policeman Constable Toulon
of Roseau, The net proceeds of the raffle were $564.75, which
were added to the Building Fund of the School,

--'\ IIY-(L------




- rc~~ -----



Taxation-& History
We publish below extracts from the Royal Commission Report of 1894
submitted to H. M. Queen Victocia on March Ioth of that year by Sir Robert
Hamilton after an exhaustive enquiry into the affairs of Dominica.
In order to pat his recommendations with regard to taxation in their proper
perspective we record first a few dates giving the history of certain taxes and oth r
financial matters up to that time:-
1763 Possession of Dominica by British confirmed by the Treaty of
1765 to 73 -- Certain Crown lands (approx 50% of island) sold to En-
glish and other persons for C313,666. 19. 21, (we quote from the Report)
"from which the island appears to have received no benefit whatever" the
whole "sum was paid to the Imperial Exchequer."
1788 An acreage tax imposed which raised 1o00,000.
1853 circ. Small Export Tax imposed (Exports at that time exceeded
Imports by nearly 2zo0 ).
1855 General Tax Act. Export taxes raised. House tax imposed.
(revenue from Export Tax one-tenth of that from Import Taxes),
iS85 Land & House Tax Act 1 % of total net valuation.
1888 Export Duties repealed. Land Tax increased to 2% of net val-
Although some persons had recommended the re-imposition of the Export Tax,
,Sir.Robert states "Still I do not see my way to recommend that the export tax be
re-imposed." His recommendations as regard exports and taxation, and land and
house tax are as follows:
"(7) Graded export licenses should be required of buyers and exporters oi
the produce of the island, based on lines somewhat similar to the trade licenses
now in force,"
"(12) An acreage tax should be substituted as soon as possible for the present
valuation for land tax. But in the meantime, until this can be done, the present
method of valuation should be so adjusted as td get rid of its existing anomalies
It should be raised On the larger estates, which now pay less than the small
SWe'quote further from a memorandum submitted to Sir Robert by Dr
H.A.A. Nicholls (later Sir Henry Nicholls) which is published in the report:
I"The reversion to the old system of export due s caih only -be.recommende
as a ineasure ofrpoicyco-rxpcEncy-- --pise emirgen It is contrary t
all truths of political economy, and it cannot stand when the island becomes moi
prosperous and civilized, .It -would undoubtedly be a retrograde step, and it is
question whether retrogression in any, form is for the true interest of the country
It appears o me to be fr; better to reform the present system that is based on rig1
and enlightenmentt than to go back to a means of raising revenue that has bee
proved over and over again to militate against those countries adopting it. .....
Beside which a large number of people hold land in Dominica that is no u!
whatever to th:.ns'lves or any one else, and this militates against the welfare of tl
island. These persons cannot, or they will not cultivate, their lands, and th<
refuse to sell them. These facts apply uot only to peasant proprietors but I
others, sone of whom occupy good positions in the country."
Dr. Nicholls goes on to make tax-recommendations in detail which are ta]
en up and repeated practically verbatim by the Commissioner, Sir Robert Ham
ton, (as p:'Intel above).

Jaycees Talent Contest 1II
by Professor Pierre Lucette

(Cont. from previous issue)
Now the men! One could put them all in a "shaker" and mix themup-
then we might have a famous singer in Dominica! --Mr. White is a natural come,
dian; Mr. Southwell is a natural baritone; Mr. Avondale breaths well. They all
have a voice. Mr. White has'"showman" possibilities. Mr; Avondale should
work from memory and exercise his voice more. The one who uses his natural
gifts best with simplicity and distinction is Mr. Southwell, What a lot of plea-
sure he gave me:-
To return to the young ladies, Mile. Edith Bellot and Mile. Davis both
have temperament. Mlle. Davis has an easy voice from low to high. Mile. E.
Bellot has a taking charm, and a confideet stage presence. She should equalise
her medium. Two lovely voices to work on, and they gave us so sweetly the
Berceuse of Mozart. Again, bravo!
In the Convent Chorus, there should have been a little more variety in
Strauss: this would have made ir even more beautiful.
The Methodist Choir have a very fine future before them. They should all
be *'as one" and work towards singing with freedom, especially the Negro Spiri-
tual. They should be afraid of strong rhythm in such prayers as for example.
in the Golden Gate quartet. Each one of the members of this chorale should be
able to sing a solo.
Now 'it is essential to say how much pleasure the "Music Lovers" provi.
ded for me, and how much I admire the simple and effective direction of
Monsieur Bellot, Here is a musician, and there is no greater compliment to pre-
sent to him. Thank you, Music Lovers, for "Voices of Spring" by Offenbach.
Madame Cools-Lartigue gives herself, untiringly and humbly, so that music

Can live in Dominica. With what delicacy she accompanied her singing pupils!
Despite premature a p p I a u s e, we were able to taste the final bars which
terminated the melodies. It is important for the Dominica public to learn to wait
for the actual ending before applauding, not only the singer, but also the person
without whom nothing would have been accomplished-the one who brings into
relief the beauty of the voices by an understanding effectiveness: in a word, the
To say "Eddie Martin" is to say rhythm, to say music, and delirious enthusiasm.
The public knows that this young man is one of the best musicians in the Carib-
bean. I like his improvisations, uncomplicated by useless fandangles and always
logical in relation to the original script. His team are all excellent, an what an
effective group they make! I sincerely hope that one day they will come to Mar-
For 1964 I modestly suggest that there should be two concerts: one of classic1
music, the other a variety mixture. It would be good on that occasion to clear
away the musical texts of Roseau (which appear to me to date from the last century
and do not contain the essential classical works which are genuinely suitable 'both
for pupils and public): and I think that "easy arrangements" should be avoided.
There is so much good music to play, that I can't see the necessity to give these
mediocre arrangements to the young musicians.
The Junior Chamber of Commerce could perfectly well, in collaboration
with the music teachers, rebuild the basis of musical culture in Dominica-in short
of culture.- Our youth in the West Indies has too much tendency to assimilate
rather common and vulgar itemt. Nevertheless Bravo to everyone concerned with
this "spotlit" enterprise, and I shall await 1964 with impatiencei


r Schedule of Applications for Certifica'es of Title aid Nitings thereof
and Ca\eats for weLk ending the 13th day of Oct., 1962
Nature of Request whether for
Date of Request Person Presen'ing Certificate of 'Title or Notinu
.______ thereon or Caveat
"Requect for the issue of a hrs-1
S__Requ st dated 'Matilda, Charles Certificate of litle in respect ot
e -- of land situate at Cassa-
a 9th Oct. 1961 da Garden,.in ti-he T ish
Sbv her Solicior Joseph. in the Colony-'b Dominica
i Presented containing 2.4 acres .bounded as
t follows.-On the North-West by
n, 9th Oct, 1962 Vanya Dup.gny land of Randolph Joseph, On the
at 2.30p.m. South-East by Diana Jones and a
a ie Ravine, On the "South-West" by
e a Ravine and Qn the North-East by a Public Road

Registrar's Office,
Roseau, 9th Oct., 1962

Registrar of Titles.

NoTE:-Any person who desires to object to the issuing of a Certific ie
of Title on the above application may enter a Caveat at the above office
within four weeks from the date of the first appearance of the above
Schedule in the Oicial Gazette and in the DOMINICA HERALD nr wsp ip r
published in this Island,



Schedule of Applications for Certificates of Title and Notings thereon and-i,
Caveats for the week ending the 13th day of Oct.., 1962.
Nature of request whetlci lo!
Date of Request Person Presenting Certificate ot Title or Nouing.
thereon or Caveat.
Request dated Diana Jones Request for the issue of a i r s '
Certificate of Title in rcspcc
30th May, 1962 of that lot of land at. Casada,
Garden in the Parish o St Joseph
Presented by her Sclicitor in the Colony of Dominica con-
9th Oct., 1962 training 4.40 acres and bounJcd as
at 2.15 p m Vanya Dup;gny follows:--On the N o r h. by
Public Road; On the South by
land ofT. D. Shiilin,. tbrd (York
Valley Estate) separating it by a Ravine; On the West by the Remaind.r of Cass., d
Garden and on the East by land of Andrew Scotland.

Registrar's Office :
Roseau,,'9th Oct. 1962

Registrar of Titles

NOTE:-Any person who desires to object to the issuing of a Certificate of
Fitle on the above application may enter a Caveat i the above office within four
weeks from the date of the first appearance of the above Schedule in t12
OFicial Gazette and the DOMINICA HERALD newspaper published in this ist... .i


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The reputation of West Indian national leadership as a
whole has diminished appreciably within the past few years, not
alone through the crumbling of the first Federation, with its in-
evitable tarnishing effect, nor even the defeat of Mr. Manley in
Jamaica. In addition there has been the opprobrium which
attached to Mr. Gairy, and minor acts of spitefulness or what the
French call "petitesse" by some small-island chiefs have also
contributed to the reduction of that esteem in which every voting
man or woman longs to hold his chosen representatives.
In considering national leadership, we might reflect on the
parable of the mote and the beam. West Indian politicians
spend a great deal of their platform time on petty and unsavoury
personal attack or vilification, being seemingly unaware that they
themselves commit the worst of political sins the sin against
It would be interesting to take a vote on the qualities which
the West Indian peoples consider v.aluae theirea.ders.- The
HERALD would place high on the list the two great qualities of
magnanimity and probity. Sir Winston Churchill, a Conser-
vative, is probably the world's best example of the great-hearted-
ness of magnanimity. A fierce fighter in battle, a wonderful
word-spinner, he has never sunk in his public utterances to the
squalid depths of spite. Hugh Gaitskell, who once gave his coat
and passport to a h u n t e d Nazi victim in Vienna, afterwards
boarding a train full of hostile guards sheltered only by his integrity
(which he has never lost), was always magnanimous to his tough-
est rival A n e u r i n Bevan. The word magnanimity means
something more than just playing big-shot. In effect, it is to b(
great-minded or noble-minded, and is grouped with the syno-
nyms chivalrous and heroic.
The term probity is a favourite expression of this news-
paper's favourite Secretary of State for the C o 1 o n i e s Mr
Arthur Creech Jones, who has exemplified it in his life and
Work. It is not a word which is often used in Dominica, bui
it means integrity, rectitude and uprightness. We all know the
word "probe" which springs from the same root. A man of
probity may be subjected to any probe and emerge unsmeared.
The Prime Minister of Trinidad and T o b a g o, Dr. Eri(
Williams, although considered an imperfect leader by some people
is yet one who possesses the qualities of greatness though h
too has had his moments of petitesse. In Trinidad's national
flag he has incorporated the colours black, red, and white; for hi
national motto the words Discipline, Production, Tolerance wer
chosen. The first two attributes in this motto are nationally useful
the third is heroic and. essential.
Involved as we 'all are in the great mix-up, the peculia
question-mark of a regional Caribbean future in which the im
ponderables may well upset the obvious factors, the people ar
entitled to expect from their national leaders both probity an<
magnanimity, suffused with that aura of humanity which coulh
shine like a beacon to the free world. There has been talk, fo
example, of closer association with Canada. This is a fine idea
if we do not alarm the kind Canadians with our bristliug preju

dices beforehand. We believe it was Dr. Ralph Bunche who
wrote down, when pressed during his travels to declare his race
on one of countless irritating frontier forms: "The human race".
Recently we have been visited by the representative of the Bri-
tish Council, who refreshed some minds with memories of Charles
Dickens, a great humanitarian. Dickens created two characters
who are global prototypes: one is Mr. Micawber, who happily
spent his family's wherewithal and passed through life in a jocular
bemused state, waiting for "something to turn up." Dickens
also created Micawber's antithesis, Scrooge, the epitome of mean-
ness-a man who hated to spend a cent for the common good,
until he was reformed by the spirit of Christmas. Fortunately
West Indians are not doomed to choose between Scrooge and
In effect, the peoples of these islands have the right to demand
that their national leaders prove themselves men and women of
vision, above petty vindictiveness, magnanimous in speech and
action, individuals of probity aligned to mercy. This requisition
applies equally to the top hierarchies and to town and village
councils. Much lies in the balance, and it is time to weigh and
estimate the national characters of those who may improve or
ruin our future.


Correspondents are asked to submit their full names and addresses as a guar-
antee of good faith, but not necessarily for publication. L letters should be as sho t
as possible Controversial political letters will not be published anonymously.
Views expressed in People's Post do not necessarily reflect the policy of the Ed tor
or the Proprietor

I llllly udlyjpbu
-Sir, -
Kindly print the following,
which comes from inspiration. Spar-
row forgive me! I had to take your
calypso and put new words in our
present confusion. Labour Party boil
down to simply this; its dog eat dog
and survival of the meanest.
Chorus. "If dey know dey did'nt
want Mistress Allfrey.
If dey know dey didn't want black and
white as one. Dey ought to tell de
lady dey really hate her,
and not behave like a blasted traitor:
Dis is no time to say she ain' president-
ial no more."
Accept my sympathy,

Illegal Parking
It is observed that on the motor-
able highways of some villages and on
some of the streets of the suburbs of
Roseau, drivers have strangely left their
vehicles wrongly positioned and could
thereby cause the most serious mishaps.
The provisions of the regulations
should be constantly borne in mind, to
the effect that:-
On the roadways etc. bearing East
and West, machines should be parked
on the Northern side and fully Isft.
from the corners (in Trinidad it is 3oft.).
Likewise on roads from North to
South, park on the Western side.

what I understand from a friend of
mine recently returned from there, the
causes of her expulsion (as published)
are completely without foundation.
Also it seems to me that the whole
business has been carried out in the
most ungentlemanly manner. I am led
to believe that :there were really no
grounds for her expulsion, it was sim.
ply a desire to get rid of a leader so
hat others might step up one.
Even if we in Trinidad wish to expel
a high-up person in a political party we
would not do it in such a malicious
way but would ask for explanations in
confidence first, then ask the person to
resign was Mrs. Allfrey asked to
resign first.
In Trinidad we held Mrs. Allfrey in
very high esteem, a person of great tol-
erance and kindness who treated all
alike regardless of race, colour, or creed.
A conscientious and tireless worker for
all classes of person and a West Indian
who did all West Indians credit where-
ever she went. Can it be a case of a
"a prophet having no honour in his
own country"?
I for one am ashamed of Dominicans
for their ignoble act.
Yours etc.
Maraval, Trinidad
I was not "asked to resign first" -Ed,

Dangerous Wires
Sir, -- It is sad to see Truth so grie-
vously afflicted by no less than Mr. W.
S. Stevens, Sisserou & the like.

These are the facts.
Ignoble Act These C.D.C have erected a High
Sir, Tension cable on Queen Mary Street
I have been surprised to hear about and this wire carrying high voltage death
the "expulsion" of Mrs. Allfrey from dealing current is naked.
the Labour Party of Dominica, From (Cont inued onp. 7)

...... r




r:uu~l (InlrHnCI

- ~ --~----



Extra-MIV al Classes

In addition to the classes now being offered by the Extra-Mural Department
in Infant Psychology, methods of Language Teaching, Social Studies and Youth
Leadership Training a new set of lectures will commence as follows:
MONDAY (starting Oct, 8th) 7.00-8.00 Practical Mathematics at Dominica
Grammar School, Mr. Fourbisher, BA Dip. ED.
(starting Oct. 8th) 8.00-9.oo Mechanics, Dominica Grammar
School, Mr. Hunter
TUESDAY (starting Oct. 9th) 8.00-9.00 English, Dominica Gram.nir
School, Miss O. Brand BA.
on alternating Tuesdays (starting Oct. 9th) 4.30--6.30,
Convent High School, Principles of Education-for teachers
Dr. Muller.
WEDNESDAY (starting upon announcement) 8.00---9.00 D, G. S.
Accountancy for advanced students, Mr. W. S. Richardson. CDC
FRIDAY (starting Oct. z2th) German for Beginners 4,30-5.30
(starting Oct. Izth) German for Beginners 4,30-5.30
Extra-Mural Centre Dr. Muller.
Spanish for Beginners 4.30- -5.30 Extra-Mural Centre, Dr. Muller.
French Conversation 8.00-9.00 Extra Mural Ceitre
These language courses can only allow for a restricted number of Students.
Applicants must therefore register at the Extra-Mural Centre, Bath Road, not
later than Oct. 8th.
(starting Oct. 12th) Accountancy for Beginners D. G. S. Mr.
E. W. Butler.
SATURDAY Principles of Education, on Oct. 6th,
Nov. 3rd, Dec. ist. in Marigot and Oct. zoth
Nov. 17th in Portsmouth.
Every course lasts for 10 hours, which may be given in 10 or in 5 units.
The Fee for one course is $3.00, for 2 courses $5.oo, for 3 courses $6.00 for 4
courses $8.oo etc.
Exemptions: Students for the Youth Leadership Training who are still
fulltime pupils pay only $2.00.
Pupil Teachers for the Infant Psychology-ifthey are not sponsored by the
Education Department- -pay only $2.oo.
S tu elis-fobthLcourse~in Margot and Portsmouth pay only $2.06.
The fees for the courses already in session are to be paid during casses-
October ist--October 8th. (GIS)

Legco Meeting -

At the last Legislative Council
Meeting Official Bills and Resolutions
were passed as was expected without
much discussion. Formalities about
Naturalisation Documents aud fees, the
use of voting symbols for the Roseau
Town Council elections and the extend-
ing of hours of voting (instead of o1 am
to 3 pm from 8 am to 5 pm) called for
little comment. Hon. Didier's Motion
on. the declaring of certain roads public
w4s not a!lwed to lead to much of a
general debate on road building and it
was not nntil the Uuofficial Resolutions
vlere taken that the Council Chamber
liMed& up.
SHon. E.B. Henry's motion for a bet-
ter school building for Mahaut was ac-
cepted5 amended by deleting the word
immediatelyl. His motion on the re-
moval. of Export Duty (Surtax) was ob-
uiously politically inspired and produced
the expected exchange of"picong" with
the C., M. 'he motion was lost.
The two motions by Hon E. C.
Loblack were embarrassingly supported
by the Opposition. The Government
however, supported them both. The first
," motion suggested that Govt. -take steps
to remove the Mental Hospital to the
site of the Princess Margr!etH:ospit1l,
and the otber asked that the RT.C. and
,P.W.D, reports be laid before the
Council as soon as available.

Co-op At Calibishie

Calibishie is going in for Co-opera-
tion in a big way. Last Sunday week
two meetings were held; one, an inaugural
meeting for the Calibishie Branch of the
Dominica Copra Co-operative, the other
for the half-yearly general meeting of
the Consumers Co-operative Buying
The Copra Co-op elected its first ex-
dcutive with Mr. H. Brumant, President;
Hon. J. Royer, Vice-President; Mr.
Wyllis LeBlanc, Secretary and Mr.S.B.
Charles, Treasurer. The Copra Co-
op has already collected by cess $1,ooo.
oo from the proceeds of their first ship-
ment; this will be used for current
expenses and the starting of the reserve
fund required by law.
The Buying Club (which buys
wholesale and sells retail) had a gross
turnover on sale of foodstuffs of over
$2,ooo.oo in the previous six months
The net profits are distributed on the
basis of 90% patronage refunds, and
3 % dividend to members. 5 %:is retain-
ed for guarantee fund and z% towards
the educational fund. Mr. ,John W.
Joseph was in the chair and the meeting
was addressed by the,C.M., Hon. E.O.
Leblancand Mrs. F.lma Napier.

Advertise in


The Aid To Pioneer Industries
Ordinance. 1953

In accordance with provisions of subsection (2) of section 3
of the Aid to Pioneer Industries Ordinance, 1953, (No. 21 of
1953) notice is hereby given that subject to the consideration of
any objection which may be made pursuant to this Notice, the
Administrator in Council proposes by Order in the Form set
out in the Schedule hereto, to declare the mining of pumice to
be a pioneer industry and any products of pumice to be pioneer
products of that industry.
2' Any person, who wishes to object to the making of an
Order in the form set out in the Schedule hereto. is required to
give notice in writing of his objecton and of the grounds on
which he relies in support thereof to the Clerk of the Executive
Council on or before the 13th day of October, 1965.
Ag. Clerk of the Executive Council




S. R. 0.

Made by the Administrator in Council under sub-
section (1) of section 3 of the Aid to Pioneer In-
dustries Ordinance, 1953, (Ord. No. 21 of 1953)



1. SHORT TITLE. 'This Order may be cited as the Aid to
Pioneer Indusiries (Mining of Pumice) ORDER, 1962.

mining of pumice is hereby declared to be a Pioneer industry for
the purposes of the Aid to Pioneer Industries Ordinance, 1953
and any products of pumice are hereby declared to be pioneer
products of that industry,


Made by the Administrator in Council this
of ,1962.

Clerk of theExecutive Council

Oct 6-13

If you have cares prepare to shed them!
now, The troubles you have today can oft
be shed tomorrow, If without more Ado you
use Electricity. Try an ELECTRIG MIXER
or TOASTER today and leave the Washing
Machine for

SSEPT. 15 & 29, OCT. 13 & 27

Si .......... .......... ;............................. ..... *........ -

------------- -~---~- --

- '" ---


Registrar's Office,
3RD October, 1962.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN in conformity with the provisions
of section 38 (2) of the Roseau Town Council Ordinance, 1937,
that an Election for the purpose of electing Five persons to serve
as members of the Roseau Town Council will be held at the Court
House, Roseau, on Tuesday the 30th day of October, 1962.
No person shall be deemed a candidate, unless his name
and consent in wilting to be nominated with the names of the
persons by whom he has been nominated, with their signatures
attached, have been lodged with the Presiding Officer at least
seven days before the opening of an election.
The last day for nomination of candidates is Monday the
22nd day of October 1962
A candidate for election, or someone on his behalf, shall
deposit with the Presiding Officer, on or before the date of his
nomination, the sum of Fve pounds, and, if he fails to do so, he
shall be deemed to be withdrawn
The Poll will be opened at 8 o'clock in the morning and
closed at 5 o'clock in the afternoon.
The attention of intended candidates is drawn to the follow-
ing recent amendments to the Roseau Town Council Ordi-
*'3.. (b) When the Presiding Officer is satisfied that a
recognized political party has applied to him for a party symbol,
he shall allocate 6ne of the symbols numbered 1-5 in the said
Schedule to such party and the official canlilates or candidates
of such party shall be entitled to have the pirty synb l printed
opposite his name"
(c) In the case of other candidates the Presiding Officer
shall allocate one of the symbols numbered 6-12 in the said
Schedule to each such candidate "
Provided that the order in which such symbols are allo-
cated shall coi respond with the ord&rin wich the names of the
candidates, excluding the official party candidates, appear on the
ballot paper."
Presiding Officer
Oct. 6-20

Listless, Underweight, or
Does he catch colds or
anything going around
Ifiso, then start him to
day on a course of
Butterscotch-flay- )
oured Extract of
Malt with Cod Liver
REMOGEN is not a drug |
but a valuable food supple-
ment rich in Vitamins A,
helps to build sturdy bodies,
strongbones and teeth,
and resistance against
Colds and other infectious
diseases, Your child will 1
be his sparkling self again
after a course of RE-
MOGEN. 1 tb, and 2 1b.
jars at 900 aud $1.50 re-.
Oct 13-27

Suopori the

University Of The West Indies
Applications are invited for the post of Lecturer in Mechanical Engineerin.
Interest in Theory of Machines or Vibrations will be viewed as a distinct advan-
tage in considering applications. Duties to be assumed as soon as possible
Salary in the scale 1,os5xso-- 1,400x75- ,850 plus pensionable
U. W. I. supplement of C25o per annum. Child allowance, 15o for fist
child, 100 for second child, and 50 for each subsequent child. F. S. S. U.
Unfurnished accommodation at rental Io% of pensionable salary. Up to five
full passages on appointment, on normal termination, and on study leave (once
every three years).
Detailed applications (six copies) giving particulars of qualifications and
experience, date of birth, and the names of three referees by November 5, r162,
to the Secretary, Inter-University Council for Higher Education Overseas. 29 Woe
burn Square, London, W. C. i, from whom further particulars may be obtained.
..... _

Ooes your mirror show
von embarrassing, un-
ighitly pimples. acne or
blackheads Let the
oenetratlng powers o1
Alcosulph Lottor
quickly and effectlvels
clear up these troubles
Alcosulph Lotion will
give you a smooth, clear
skin, a lighter, brlghte
complexion you will beI
oroud of. .a .

Al o lphl
L O T I 0 N The effective remedy for skin blealile
and infections such as latta mart'I So
zema, athlete's foot, orickly heat fd
rashes of all kinds.

I wish to inform all Importers of our

of our Vessels from New York :
VENIMOS Leaving New York Oct. 24th Arriving Dominica About Nov. 3rd.


S Nov. 7th
" Nov. 28th
" Dec. 19th

" Nov. 16th
" Dec. 5th
" Dec. 28th

Be sure you are booked early for these vessels for all your,
Christmas Requirements, Make sure you quote shipment by

% Hi r;' ru, .UlrWor_ ~H *'~IUICI~I I




Schedule of Applications for Certificates of Title and Notings thereon and
Cavl as for the ,. ,e ending the 13th day of Oct, 1962.
Nature of Requcs' whether for
Date of Request Person Presenting Certificate of little or Noting
thereon or Caveat
Request dated Matilda Charles Request for the issue of a First
Certificate of Titl in respect of
9th Oct, 1961 a portion of land situate at
by her Solicitor 'Cassada Garden in the Paiish
Presented 'of St. Joseph in the Colony
9th )ct 1962, of Dominica, containing 06
at ..3) p ii Vanya Dupigny acres and bounded as follows:-
On the North by land of Ashley
Serrant, On the South bY land of Ashley Serrant, On the North-East by land of
Ruber na t ichards (scp ra ed by a Ravine,) and on the South.East by land of
Ruduipo Joseph.
Registrar's Othie, T. A BOYD
Ko~,i. 9th Oct. .962 Registrar of Titles
NO'lt :-Aity I person wrlo desires to object to the issuing of a Certificate of
Title on the above appi ca ion may enter a Caveat in ,he above oitice within four
weeks from the dait of the first appearance of the above Schedule in the Oqlcial
Gazetri and the ;OMINICA HIERALD ncwspapci published in this Is'3nd.

The "Variety" Store



Water Heaters; ising. 'wne

Scales and Weights; Rim and Mortice Looks;

Ironing Combs; Flourescent Lamps and Fitt-

ings; Floor Varnish; Bath Room Fittings,
1 ~.~-.-.~.~.~~~..U~~N

People's Post
(Cont. from page 4)
It runs less than 5 feet from galvan-
ised roofs ad houses atong most of the
way from River Street corner to Con-
sitution Hill.
This naked death dealing cable
should have been erected on separate
posts high above and away from the
houses as is done elsewhere or at least
insulated. The Truth has been twisted
and economy practised by the Electric
Supply department at the expense of
the lives and homes of the people of
Finally the C D.C have indicated
their willingness to insulate the wire in
front of the newly erected house at the
expense of the builder ! What about
the innumerable houses and galvanised
roofs approximating the wire along
Queen Mary St. and other parts of
Roseau? The C,D.C has offended the
law in these cases. Will Mr. Richardson
explain the position in these cases or
insulate this wire or is he waiting for
a legal suit to arise against the C.D.C.
A. LESLIE, Portsmouth

Quotes Corner


What is the real Good,
I asked in a musing mood.
Order, said the court;
Knowledge, said the school;
Truth, said the wise man;
Pleasure, said the fool;
Love, said the maiden;
Beauty, said the page;
Feedom, said the dreamer;
Home, said the sage;
Fame, said the soldier;
Equity, the seer.
Spake my heart full sadly:
The answer is not here
Then within my bosom
Softly this I heard:
Each heart holds the secret;
Kindness is the word.
Sent in by S. J, L.



The Dominica Credit Union League invites applica-
tions for the newly authorised post of League Field-
Applicants should state their quilfications and
Salary required.
Applicants will be required to have a good know-
edge of book-keeping and the experience of working
with Credit Union.
All application should reach the League Office at
the Catholic Social Centre on or before October 31s
Oct. 13-20


Don't let the heat get you down! When the
night is close and sultry, drift away to dream-
land cooled and relaxed by Limacol. Dur-
ing the day, when you're hot and jaded, Lima-
col will refresh and revive you. Yes, night
and day keep cool with Limacol, plain or
mentholated (it's extra cooling).

III!"" :r '' _"

'i luol ri~T




, ..


Painting In Tropical
Climates: New Re-
search Publication
Better results from e.:penditure on
painting, and the reduction of mainten-
ance costs are the um or' n'e... public-
ation "Recommndi ,ins for Paining
in Tropical C imrris", i..ued by the
U.K. 's Building Recaclch Scation.
The latest ofa Tr.i ical Building
Study series, it is baecd on e:ptllence
gained in Africa, Asi. and the \Vest
Indies. It covers the selection ol'paints
and the painting of ma.Iis, v.ood, and
wall surfaces of all Iype used in tropical
building where Brii.i martrials and
practice are found. Notcs are included
on the design of strucitirs v. here this
can affect paint pert":.rimance.
Emphasis is gixen to giod surface pie-
paration. This is shol\ n to be special
ly important with reell, jn example be-
ing quoted ofanordinlry rtd oxide oil
primer on grit-blai td stiel having thice
times the life of t.ir bi. uhed steel \.wth
a higher quality pi.mcr and top coats.
The problem c.l wurface prtesrvauon
against mould and aladl :nlection is
-dealt with in detail, nih ii it:.rmarion
on various building dcsiln actors
which influence fungal growth.
(Recommendations foi r'Pinting in
Tropical Climatts, Tropical Building
Studies Number Four. Published by
H. M. S. for the Building Re-
search Station o' the Dep.irtment of
Scientific and Industril Research.
Price 6s 6d net-- WI .'1.F5.) (BIS)

Second Trade Fair
In Guadeloupe
A recent Caribo Nio..slciri :etfcrrd to
the opening of a Trade Fair n Cuade-
loupe which will tike place in RjItzr
from November 17 to Dectmlerr 2, i962.
The following Ifaciliics '. ill be offered
to the exhibitors.
Cost of tjiads: i.,:,oc'o old
Francs($zo2. 5S i_'S per stand
built and delieiiJ L) organia-:rs.
It consists: of a roolf'd stand % iilh
a back of gal dra;ed iron sheet.
Flooring and sidci, as well as de-
coration of stand, are at the expense
of the exhibitor.
Water, electricity and telephone ser-
vices will be available. A lump
sum will be charged for electricity;
telephone tolls are to be refunded
to the Organizing Committee but
water will be supplied free of
charge. ,
Rental of open space: 1,500
old Francs ($3.04 US) per m2.
It will be up to each exhibitor to
put up whatever facilities he re-
quires at his expense but subject
to the approval of the Organizing
There is a limited number of h o t el
rooms in Guadeloupe, but.the Commi-
ttee will take appropriate' measures to
provide proper accommodation for both
exhibitors and visitors.
For any further information, please
write to: Foire-Exposition de Pointe-a-
Pitre, Chambre de Commerce, Pointe-
a-pitre, Guadeloupe, Antilles franchises.


Puerto Rico's Referen-

Two select committees of the Puerto
Rican legislature are in executive sesion-
after a month of public hearings- to
draft terms of a plebiscite to be held
sometime this Winter or next Spring
The plebiscite will give voters their
choice among three political alternatives
for this island home of 2.4,million peo
'ple. The choice will be between: (I)
Becoming a completely independent na-
tion (2) Achieving statehood within the
the United Sta es (3) Culiminating the
present Commonwealth Association
ith'- the United Stales.
President Kennedy, in an exchange
of Letters with Governor Luis Munoz
Marii made public last July, indicated

his concurrence with the aims of the pie- stumbling-blocks in the path of inde-
biscite. pendence for Kenya. In an effort to
(U.S.I.S.) force some constructive action on the

Pam Mboya Heads.
Women's Group In
NAIROBI-(ANP)--Mrs. Pamela
Mboya, wife of Tom J. Mboya,
Kenya's Labour Minister, has been
named co-chairman of a women's corn
mittee which is' to launch a colony-
'wide demonstration next month to show
that unity exists among the women of
At a recent meeting held in Nairobi,
a group of women gathered to discuss-
what could be done to settle, the differ-
ences between politicians and political
parties which, the women felt, are the

part of the males, the women decided to
stage colony-wide demonstrations on
October 16.
In Nairobi, they propose to organise
a march of all women on the Kenya
Legislative council, the offices ofKANU
and KADU and upon Government
House. Throughout Kenya, rallies
will be held, and telegrams will be dis-
patched to the UN and the British
Colonial Office, stating that the women
are united, even though the men are
The women hope that these demon-
strations will cause the men to realize
that the women are dissatisfied with cur-
rent affairs in Kenya and that they in-
tend to see that something is done ahout

-- Iy

if J II I fl ...... I


With acknowledgment to Venture"
By R.B. Davison (Institute of Race Relations and Oxford University Press 7s. 6d,)
The impart upon Britain of West Indian migration has received a lot of
attention, but its effect upon the West Indies has hardly been considered. That
the West Indies are poor and over-populated is well enough known, but no one
has shown how far migration aggravates or ameliorates the situation. Dr. Davison
attempts to provide some of the answers to this question. His work is based up-
on a small sample survey of Jamaican emigrants and an apparently rather haphazard
aggregation of other information.
He concludes that migration is in many respects harmful to the West Indies.
Its greatest potential value is as a safety valve for the exploding population: yet
apparently emigration is greatest fr o m the p o o r e s t rather than from the
most densely populated territories, and these are by no means identical.
Moreover the emigrants are usually from the more youthful, skilled and enter-
prising; s, that migration is a serious drain upon the human resources of the islands.
Another alleged benefit from migration is the contribution towards the bal-
ance of payments of migrant's remittances home. But Dr. Davison suggested this
is counterbalanced by the loss of hearing power in the West Indies and the waste of
resources invested in education there. In addition a formidable social problem has
arisen because of the large number of children left behind by their parents.
All this may be so, but unfortunately Di. Davison does not provide suffici-
ent evidence for his general conclusion. Not only is his material inadequate, but his
arguments are riddled with unproven assumptions and even fallacies. Fot instance
his estimate of the number of children left behind seems to be based on counting
many children twice, once for the mother and once for the father. And his
economic reasoning see.ns especially dubious. To take one example, I cannot
agree that pushing up wage rates is necessarily harmful in an under-developed and
under-emp'oyed economy. If it is, Mr. Davisou should give us more supporting
Admittedly this is a short book, little more than a pamphlet, and admittedly
adequate statsuics are lacking. Nevertheless Dr. Davison is dealing with a sub-
,ject of immense importance to the West Indies, and it is a great pity that more
reliable conclusions cannot be drawn from this work.


Caribbean (Dis)Integration?

SIf all goes according to present plan, five sovereign states will emerge fromI
Br.tish colonialism in the Caribbean. In addition to Jamaica, Trinidad (now in-
dependent) and British Guiana (soon independent the 'Little Eight'-Barbados and
the Windward and Leewards -are attempting a federation on their own; while
Brli.h Honduras in Central America, recovering from the effects of a devastating
hurricau;, ,t 1 ha; its sights fixed on the highest target.
Jamaica, with a population of approximately i,600,oo6 and Trinidad with
800,ooo and rich oil revenues, should be able to maintain their political and econo-
mic impetus. The ability of the other territories to conduct a meaningful indepen-
dence remains in doubt. British Guiana has a smaller population than the Bar-
bados-Windwards-Leewards group and a very narrow economic base. But there
are signs that local opinion has not been radically diverted from thoughts of co-
operation by the failure of the Federation. It seems likely that former federal ser-
vices, such as the University College of the West Indies, will continue to receive
regional support for some years ahead. If Dr. Williams, the Trindad Premier,
is ro be taken at his word, his government will pursue a policy of developing cc-
operation with its neighbours. Dr. Williams has been talking of a Common
Market for the Caribbean and. in many parts of the area, the conception that it is
mutually beneficial to coordinate economic activities has steadily gained ground dur-
ing the past few years.
The region, indeed, remains in a condition of considerable fluidity. It is by no
means certain that the plan for a 'Little Eight' federation will get off the ground.
The constitution of Grenada, one of the Windwards, has been temporarily suspended
by the British Government because of local administrative irregularities. The Trini-
dad offer of accession to an unitary state, which remains open, is known to have
adherents in Grenada and in other Windward Islands.
Jamaica's role as an independent force in the area is another uncertain factor
at the moment. Sir Alexander Bustamente, who defeated Mr. Manley in the last
election, was the arch enemy of the Federation during its short life, and played on
insular sentiment as his trump card in his major triumph over Mr. Manley at the
referendum last year. But Sir Alexander has in his cabinet, able, forward-looking
Ministers who will probably shape their policies in accordance with the realities,'
around them. One of the realities, of course, is that Cuba is less than a hundred
miles to the north and another is that Jamaicans form the smallest community in
the Greater Antillet. ,
These considerations may well influence the new Jaimaican Government towards
maintaining close relations with its ex-federal associates in the south; A and may even
lead to Jamican initiatives for greater all-round co-ordination of regional effort.
The moment is certainly one for: conjeeturi rather than' for certainty. The Brit-
ish territories are not alone in the Catibbean and their future may come to depend as
much on what their neighbours do as upon their own achievements. Puerto



kNE!M" - -




TAKE A cough that

Shanks on may
lead to serious
trouble. You

___ON need the double
action of Ferrol

Compound, the
Tonic Cough

Remedy that

builds you up as

it cures your
cough. I

U, S. Cosmonaut's Six Orbits
Last week the Americans had a minor
satellite success when they put Com-
mander Walter Schirra into orbit, let
him whirl around the earth six times
at 14,000 m.p.h. and then landed him
successfully at the chosen spot in the

Pacific Ocean. A matter of a few hours
cannot compare to the 3 and 4- day
space-trips of the R u s s i a-n s and the
world was disappointed in not receiving
television pictures of the cosmonaut at
work in the same way as the Russians
had been able to broadcast. R a d i o
transmission was on the w h ol e good.

Rico, the French and the Dutch territories have shown their readir es to sha e
experiences and plans, but the, three large (in the Caribbean context) independent
states of Haiti, the Dominican Republic and, of course, Cuba, remain outside
Ohe circle.
It iay be assumed that geography will begin to assert itself over history v ith
the arrival: of independence in the British Caribbean, The strong possibility is
that geography will write a different history from the one we have known. But
it is too early for the new outline to b. determ ned with precision.
from "Venture" (Journal of the Fabian Commonwealth Bureau)



Children's (Factual Test) Corner
Dear Boys and Girls,
Today we shall speak about the tallest building in the
world The Empire State building in New York City. More than 14 million
people from all parts of the globe have visited this building. It towers to a
height of 1,472 feet and contains Io2 stories plus 2 below streets level.
It stands on 2 acres of land. 6o,ooo tons of steel were used to build the frame-
work. The marble in its halls and lobbies exhausted the output of several
quarries in France, Belgium, Italy and Germany for a whole year. There are
3,200 miles of telegraph and telephone wires and cables within the building and 50
miles of plumbing.
The stairs from the street to the I02nd floor have 1,860 steps. Fortunately
there are 72 elevators operating 7 miles of shaftways. One man works 8 hours
every day, replacing burnt-out bulbs among the 3,000 lights in the tower alone
300 cleaning women sweep every night. There are two observation towers
for visitors to view the City and environs-one on the 86th floor and the other on
the ioznd floor.
The tower is so high that the temperature is usually many degrees lower than
at street level. Winds sometimes blow at 60 to 80 miles an hour. The outer
balcony is generally closed to the public when the wind exceeds 50 m.p.h.
The T.V. mist at the hcad from the street looks like a cob web. Yet it is
the height of a 17 storey building with a 8 foot square base and weighs 60 tons.
This building was completed in 1931. It took 19 months to build. It
was a great feat to construct this building in the heart of New York City in a
spot where it is estimated that more than 40,000 vehicles and 200,000 pedestrians
pass every day. Yet this building was put up without any major interruption to
passing traffic.
Since materials could not be stored on the streets, delivery was timed so
carefully that the steel found its way straight up in there building after it left the fac-
tory. (We could learn a lesson here).
On a clear day, a visitor on an observatory platform can pick out well-
known land marks 25 miles away. Using a telescope he can spot ships 40 miles
at sea.
,Perhaps some of you have seen a small model of it. Many visitors to New
York have one. One visitor on leaving the observatory remarked "The Sun and
_tos sabres w Vrk --
Cherio till next week.
Love from Auntie Fran.
'this week's questions are- as follows :
I. Name 4 countries in Europe where marble is produced. ----- --

2. What name is given to the place where marble is dug -------

3, The tower has an 8 foot square base. What is the surface area of the
base ----------
SCHOOL- ---- ----
scoo-----I--- --
Last week's answers were as follows:
I. It is 117 years since Elizabeth Fry died.
2. William Savery is the name of the preacher whose sermon influenced
3. Quakers are a religions sect founded by one George Fox. They are
also known as Society of Friends.
Ist, Prize $t.25 won by Elizabeth Peter (Convent High School)
2nd. $1.00 Stephen Henry (St. Mary's Academy)
3rd, $0.75 "Joana Eloi (Convent High School)
Three consolation prizes of 50o each.
1. Everson Serrant (St. Joseph Govt. School)
2. Luke Prevost (Marigot Govt School)
3. Desmond Dewhurst (Dominica Grammar School)
Closing date for entries of this week's Contest will be at 3.30 pm. on
Thursday 18th Oct., in order to allow time for country entries,

Nearly 200 At Religious Confer-
Nearly zoo ministers of Jehovah's
witnesses and persons of good -will con-
vened at the Portsmouth Government
School on Sunday over the past week-
end, to hear a public address entitled:
"Take Courage-God's Kingdom Is
At Hand".
The'speaker, Mr. W.A. Howlett poin-
ted out that although 'the entire w"rld's
condition is very bad,, still we can draw
courage from the fact thatGoid'sKing
dom is near, that it will bring about,

the desired conditions that all true
Christians have prayed for, everlasting
peace and joy by God's Kingdom.
Several times during his, discourse,
the speaker was interrupted by loud ap-
plause from his attentive audience. At
the end a booklet covering the discourse
was released, and a free copy was given
away to all in attendance.
It was a happy week-end for the group
and after a thorough cleaning up of the
school, delegates to the 3-day conference
left for their homes greatly refreshed and

Really Federated
Caribbean Nurses Show The Way
The Caribbean Nurses Organization is a self-governing organization to.
which any local Association of Nurses can be affiliated; it also has a number of
individual members.
Its aim is to promote understanding and friendship between nurses within
and beyond the Caribbean area. C N.O. is closely concerned with all' forms
of nursing education and is administered by a Committee elected biennially
with a Correspondence Secretary based in Antigua.
Conferences are arranged every two years to discuss all matters concerning
nurses, for the pooling of ideas and for the maintaining of contacts with bigger
organizations such as the International Council of Nurses. C.N.O aims at
providing an advisory service for its members, should they be in need of help in
any way. It is trying to organize a News Service to keep members aware of
fresh developments in the medical field, particularly concerning education.
The organization came into being in Antigua in 1957 and in 1959 held its
first conference in Grenada when it had representatives from thirteen territories. In
1961, the second conference was held, twenty territories were represented. The
third conference is planned to take place this year in Dominica, with twenty-three
member territories. as follows- Antigua, Anguilla, Barbados, Bermuda, Br.
Guiana, Br.Honduras, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Mont-
serrat, Nevis, Puerto Rico, Saba, Surinam, Sr. Croix, St. Kitts, St Lucia, St.
Thomas, St. Vincent, Tortola, and Trinidad & Tobago.
The reason for advancing the conference to this year is to avoid clashing with
the International Council of Nurses which hold their quadrennial meeting on un-
even years. Last year the two meetings came too close together to make it possi-
ble for members to attend both conferences.

.- .. ( CONTEST- FREE i

Applications are invited from suitable
candidates .for the p o s t of Secretary/
Manager of The Co-operative Citrus
Growers Association of Dominica Limi-
ted at a Salary of $218o.oo per annum
with a Tiavelling Allowance based on
the totia--al iiBer ofc. CIA; .-A Citrus ex-
ported by the Association.
Applications should be addressed to
the Chairman, P. O. Box 102, No. 4
Laing's Lane Roseau, and should reach
him not later than the 24 October, 1962,
Oct. 13-20

Backs & Necks .35o 400 per lb
Wing ,60o 69o "
Sept 29-Oct. 13


YOU might be the lucky win-
ner of an 'EKCO' RADIO if you

It costs you nothing ityou
shop at


To qualify for entry come
to DUPIGNY'S for further' par-
ticulars. T W 0 consolation
Prizes will also be awarded,
There will be many items
at both our departments.
Winners names will be ad-
vertised In the Press.

Sept 29-Oct 13

____.7u -- *--
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UNA"r 1


Delicious & Healthful, Tasty, Tangy & Terrific
Recommended by Doctors
ROSEAU-- Wednesdays, Fridays, Saturdays








Commencing November 1st to November 30th print your name
and address clearly on the back of all Cash Slips of $2.00 or were
in value, and deposit in barrels placed in front of our store.
The Grand Draw takes place on the evening of November 50th
when Twenty (20) Lucky Customers can win any of the felloe*tl
prizes. All prizes must be won.
ist -Prize i Bosch Refrigerator $380.00
2nfd i Dinnette Set 5pcs. 85.00oo
3rd i Sony Radio 8o.oo
4th i Bed & Mattress 53.00
5th i Tropigas Hot Plate 48.00
6th I Water Fountain ,46.oo
---th r Lawn Mower 45.00
8th ---Reliance Ice Cream Freezer 30.00
9th i Ironing'Board- 2o.po
Ioth i Indola Fan o
uth i Single Burner Kerb. Stuv :iS.oq
12th i Rotary Picture Lamp 14.oo
13th I Metal Book Shelf 13.25
i4th ". Glass Cocktail Set, 5 pieces 5.75
15th I Juice Set, 7 pieces 4.85
i6th --5 pc. Plain 4.00
17th i set Champagne Glasses,
6 pieces 5.70
18th i set Port Wine Glasses
6 pieces 5.70
19th i Crystal Beverage Mug,
4 pc. set. 3.50
zoth i Bicycle 125.o0
Total $iooi.5
The Names and addresses of the Lucky Winners will be published in the Press.
Be Wise And Buy At
ASTAPHANS SHOPPING CENTRE where Variety, Quality, Prices
and Service are unequalled in Dominica and Comparable to Na
where in the World.