Dominica herald

Material Information

Dominica herald
Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand )
Place of Publication:
Roseau, Dominica
Dominica Herald
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 42 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Dominica -- Newspapers ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1955? Cf. caption.
General Note:
Editor, <1963-1964>: Phyllis Shand Allfrey.
General Note:
"For the General Welfare of the People of Dominica, the further advancement of the West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole."
General Note:
Description based on: Jan. 12, 1963; title from caption.
General Note:
Last issue consulted: December 31, 1964.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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Resource Identifier:
82144654 ( OCLC )
2007229365 ( LCCN )

UFDC Membership

Caribbean Newspapers, dLOC
University of Florida

Full Text

\ Th. Finest Pdople. | L" J Gu TittI Th iet SoT' I
S (For the General Welfare of the People of Dominira. the further advancement of the West Indies and the Caribbean .1rea as a whole)

--I-----U- ~ --

Leg.,Go. "Speech From Throne" Apology
I N a 533paragraph Throne Speech delivered by H. H. Our Christ as number,
S he Acting Administrator, Mr. John Bully, the present
Government's problems were described as "successfully print under pressure o
tackled" and "a bright era in our agricultural economy time and events, conta ined a
(due in no small measure to Brkain's financial rehabilitation fw ms otaby in th
_-aid after hunicanes Edith and Helena) was appraised. Mayor' message (w h i c h
Torferns__lacked its heading and gave
Two brief references to the tions), housing (Gr a n d "unavailable" for "unavoid,
Eastern Caribbean Federaicn ,report awaited), compulsory able" in line 7, as well as
both cursory and non school attendance for Roseau "desirable" wrongly spelt):
revealing were made. p up i 1 s, more secondary we are sorry. The timing
eni t Of Ahe scholarships, more belated of the Queei's rebroadcast
Phoenix Out Of AsheS attention to D. G. S. techni, was given as 6 p. m. when
Embryo federation cal wing, efforts to get more it should have been p. m.;
bidently described as medical staff. .and there were other 4 minor
.With renewed k errors. Here s hoping for
ii:he only other Achievem6its fewer iA 1965!--
this resurgent Fort Young Hotel (success, tor
The Govern, fully operating), the Blind -~I". T
e to keep the School, better facilities for PEOPLE IN THE NEWS
live in the T. B. patients (ticw wine' M i.To Be rtand with wife and
:,,..-- --- .. -. a--cninfid-treiatient ot mentally ill '-""Qe ",' i r, i; a lo
to observe the 23rd day of (improvements) are set down. UK he is Electroinin g CDC inr*
Feor aiy" (old Federation Vincent as Elerial Engineer*
r (old Fedaion R A N D.9.o L .P H Williams, M.Sc.
Day) "as a public holiday Free Hospital Treatment (Econ.), oWI lecturer, arrived for
until the birth of a Federa- short holiday* MRS. JOAN Christian
tion, when a new date will Free hospital treatment for (neC Bowring), mother of filmstr
be fixed." Surely no sim, patients in public wards is Susannah York of "Tom Jones"
ler or cheaper form of pro good news. Local govern, fame,.who, as a daughter of Ad.
pler or cheaper form of pro, nt wilbe re ible for/ "nstrator Bowringr, started Brown-
federal ; propaganda could ment will be repansible for minsorowi.e sa ay Forte on
have been devised, rate collection and water sup- Hotel.* WILLIAM Murphy, Cha ir
plies in townships and vil- man Casle Bruce Red X, distribdt
"The Spirit Of Nationalism" lages. Only two proposed red American schools gifts to local
pieces of legislation are children on Xmas Day* GERARD
A reference to the- sprit menirined in the Throne C.James recruited to Commission
in UK for E. Caribbean Govern-
of nat;ohalism in the penul, Speech: one in preparation ments JEROME (Bull) Robinson
timate paragraph is purely by D.B.G. A. and the home after UK study to take up
insular, proclaiming an is, other to protect jobs for post in Survey. Dept.* CECIL
landwide rally for school Dominicans against outsiders. Yankey rCeurned from Lab. Tech,
children and youth organiza- nology course at UW1 Mona*
ios and that the freedSocial Security VINCI Bruney back from UK after
tiofs. H. grounds ill "Exertasked for" is the course on running the Data Pro-
of G. H. grounds ill be Essing Unit in the Treasury*
preferred to "everyone far repetitive report on this mat- RODERICK Fortune and Patricia
& wide" on Dominica's Dis ter; the revision of Labour Monell both home from UWI
covry Day (Nw. 3). laws has been requested; pen, Jamaica* BOYD Nal, well-known
y sions (uncategorised) are be, string-orchestra leader, now Dean
am mo ing adjusted and backpay of Music at Toronto Univ., landed
1Jam Tomorrow with Oslofjord tourists Tuesday*
Increases granted. Experts BRITISH businessman Bocockwith
Sorernal je~t cts already will probably advise on in- Ghanaian wife here for thracmonth
tatted, under survey, or due come tax and PAYE. There may looking around.
to reach fruition in election will be an additional Co,
year 1965 are mentioned in operatives Officer. The Sec. Angio|can L o a
the Snch.-Amiongrtse of State has approved pur", Ib, 1" -- LWos
d-soi progress chasef a ss for a new.---The suiden death inn
towarldsa lumber industry, market from a loan fund; Grerada of Rt. Rev. Bishop
deepwater ,harbour (G. D. provision for the building is Shapley (74) from a stroke
& W. sur v e y), pumice deferred until "next develop, on Chritmas Eve, and the
(licence issued and sales ment plan". death in London last Sunday
commencing), oils and fats oads and Agriculture Progress of Archdeacon Yerbury, reo
(pioneer status for a factory), Ras and Agrulture Pogress moves t wo wellloved
water (PAHOWHO re, Among moresolid items Church dignitaries from
port being considered), telep, in the Speech are develop- Anglican Service in the
hones (advanced negotia (Cont. on' p. 8) West Indies.


Beauty And Belly-Laughs

THE first pantomime ever produced in Dominica went off
on its first night on Tuesday with a slick' well-timed
performance of "Cinderlla" near to, professional standard.
Lost cues, dry-ups and scene-shifting delays were at an
absolute minimum and ,he only obvious mechanical defects
were the accustomed hitches ii the St. Gerard's Hall
Praise for best acting Foster, the greatest applause
goes to Beryl Harris (Lady going to th aplomb 'of
Hangover), George Derrick diminutive Jenny Astaphan.
(Buttons), Astid Lewis as a Top honours go to Mary
charming Cinderella a n d Griffin for her localised
Barbara Bully (unentioned adaptation of a Cinderella
o0 the programme as Prince crp England and her
Charming). The Ug:y Sis, eral songs. Jobhn Arm.
ters, Petrolina Kerosine and str designed efftive s
Strong designed elective sets
Gasolina Kerosine, hogged foi the restricted stage and
the laughs and the show did the seen" raintina all
S- ... ".. -' ";s' himself, wh i sfat another
great acting ability was re- Voluntary Service teacher,
quired of Tommy Coulthard Marilyn Smith, was respon-
and Jack Baker to play the sib. efor he "Props'. The
oo!. Music-Lovers Band played
A certain timidity towards Overtures and Entr'acte musict
our oversensitive. politicians Hatry Entwistle tickled the
was obvious and political old "joanna" (piano) whilst
jokes are the lifeblood of that his son Alan did wonders
purely English art-form, the with lighting. Credit for the
pantomime. Keith Alleyne's total organisation goes of
line (he was Baron Hang, course to the Director, Joffre
over) when the Ball invita- Robinson; and the proceeds,
tion was received: "I hope which we hope will be hand,
the Prince remembered to some, go to the Producers-
invite.the Mayor of Roseau" The Dominica Hospital
was inaudible qen rows back. Appeals Fund.
Some good opportunities for -
laughs were taken when the HARBOUR LOG --
Ugly Sisters sang "Let's Fall W,E 30.12.64
in Love".
The sweet, light voices of SUNDAY: V. Pras from UK
A i wwvos with It tons general cargo, beer,
Astrid Lewis and Barbara stout, poultry feed, whisky and 2
Bully carried well in their vehicles. Two passengers landed;
largely unaccompanied (and s.s. Meteor with tourists, later an-
therefore mole difficult) songs chored at Portsmouth MONDAY:
and duets, and George Der, M.V. Ripon from Puerto' Rico via'
rick showed that e hd Montsriat witd-406o bags fertilizer,
rick showed that he had an 300 bags flour TUESDAY: Yacht
eaqy, light tenor voice. The Sea Drift from Martinique with
audience joined lustily in tourists en route to Andagua
singing the 'Tropic Para,- S.S Oskfjord with 300o tourists, 9o
disc" bit of o w"hmtoured _-e i
,WrEDNESDAY: M. V. Piraeus f.oin
tune of "Men of Harlech, 'St. Lucia to load bananas at Fond
boisterously led by Coulthard ColE for UK. T wo passengers
and Baker. landed; Schooner Baby Maude from
Not least of the pleasure Trinidid -general cargo, mostly
S ,+ A cement, also refined oil, beer, match-
of a fresh and spontaneous- e, gas cylinders etc.
seeming evening of fun was
the charming ballet sequence HAPPY EW
by the very youthful ballet
troupe trained by Anne IY_ EARB- TO ALL I


LOT 3750 sq. ft.
Apply M. E. CHARLES,



In the Supreme Court of the Wndward
Island and Leeward Islands,

Colony of Dominica

Shop Assistants
And Clerks

The following letter from the
T.CG.W.U. addressed to:
The Ag. Principal Secretary,
Ministry of Labour and Social
Services, DRMINIA,. Is print-
ed for information: -
Wages Council





To be sold pursuant to an Order made
by The Honourable Mr. Justice E. L. St.
Bernard.on the 30th day of July, 1961, in
the Colony of Dominica, in Suit No. 119
of 1961, between E. J. Thomas and
Lionel Laville: UPON the Application of
the above-named Plaintiff for the sale of
the Defendant's land under Section 4 -of
the Judgments Act at Public Auction by
the Provost Marshal of Dominica, at the
Court House, Roseau, at 11.00 a.m. en
Monday the 11th day of January, 1965.
That portion of land situate at Sam's Cutter near
Village ofMarigot, in the Parish of St. Andrew, i
Colony of Dominkca and bounded as follows:-- N
the Sea and West by land of Reanie Willirr
Dram, Jabez James, Lionel Laville, Marcus
Kenneth Roberts, South by land of Lionel L,
Alfred, Wilhemina Thomas and Phillip .Ge
the Sea and containing 17.812 acres and rec,
of Deeds A No. 8 folios 923-925.
e-J:iAeC CijTdtn aay 61 Septembeii _.
Registra; and Provost Marshal.
Dec. 19, Jan. 2, 9


ouus wia Jiuuy,.
General Secretary.

GO 14,--Dec.rg, 24, Jan a

St. Paul's Cathedrl, famous church designed by Sir
Christopher Wren, attracts many Commonwealth worship,
pers during the Christmas season.




Sir, "
I wish to refer to your letter L.
&S.S. 27/1I1f ISth December 1 U I N lES S M E N :
1964and to say that we note with- WHY NOT SAVE TIME, MONEY & WORRY P
grave concert, the obvious adverse
effects Governmentsd ecdsioh notto TheSIMPLEX ACCOUNT BOOK tells
appoint Wages ou foThe SI PLEX ACCOUNT BOOK tells
Assistants willcause to have opon you at a glance whether the business
the standard oflivingofthe majority y you did for the year is GOOD BUSI-
ofthese workers vho are notyet NESS or BAD BUSINESS.
organized to benefit from Collective
SWe Bargaining.o lso from notes t saves you time, money and worry
2. We noealso from notes on and is obtainable in $ and columns.
Friday 5tb ,ne 1964, when repre-' Throughout U.K., Income Tax Re-
sentativesof tie Uniot presented a urnS supported by the SIMPLEX
Convention resolution calling upon' -tu... po ar accepted by
Government to re-establish the. ACCOUNT BOOK are accepted by i
Wages Council, thatthe onoura-- the Authorities. Itis suitable for all "
be Minister agreed to re-establish i offices, trades and private busi nesses.,
the Council but oiold notpromise j Order your copy or copies direct
to give all ihe.workers' seats to the fromtheAg. Box
T.C. & C.W.U. j2 from'the Agents or Write P.0. Box
3. Government feels"that the Trade 164, Roseau, Dominica, Br. W.I.
Union should negotiate on behalf Oct. 3-Dec. 26. (13 Sats.)
of the workers". We agree and Sub,. $ --; . ..... ..- *.
mit that.the fact that we asked
Government ito establish the POLICE AND TRAFFIC NOTICE
Wages Council is in'it-stdfnegctia-
tioli on behalf of the workers.
We consider it nvlt rnmernt's OWNERS of Motor Vehicles and Moter Vehicles
duty to protect all of its citizens Drivers are hereby informed thtAt the Examiner of Motor
ly the minority groups and when the purpose of examining Motor Vehicls, Applicants fbr
we think that the employers them- drivers licenses and collecting fees.
selves through the Chamber of
Commerce' have recognized the ROSEAU Saturday 2nd January t965 Onwards:
need and asked Government to re,
establish the Wages Council, we Saturday from 9 a.m. to 12 noon.
cannot, understand what led to'the Mondays' to Fridays --f 9a.m. to I p.m.
decision not to do so. and from 2 p.m. to 4,p.m. each day.
5. The fact that a Trade Union or
Unions exist is no reason 'why a PORTSMOUTH From Monday 25th January to Thursday
Government should not seek to pro' 8th January 1965, inclusi e: from
tect certain citizens by way of Wages 8t ay 1965. mclusive: rom
Counclsa and we are supported by 9 a.m. to I p.m. and 2 pm. to 4 p.m.
the practise in Great Britain, Trini, each day.
dad and Tobago and even Grenada
where, although unions exist and MARIGOT From Friday 29th January x965, from
are doing' g.odworkon behalf of 9 a.m. to I p.m. and from 2 p.m. to
Shop Assistants and persons cm- 4 P.m
ployiid int' e Catering Trades, these
Gover ments rcalied that a great Saturday 30th January from 9 a.m. to
deal ofbthe ivorkers sill needed, and 12 ;ooon.
they'tctrefore set up, a permanent Monday Ist February from 9 a.m. to
Wages C;ouncilto take care of those I p.m. and from 2 p.m. to 4 p.m.
who were not covered under Col-
lectiveAgreement. A valid Certificate of Third Party Insurance must be
5. Finally, we wish to advise thatfif produced along with each motor vehicle for examination.
Government cannot see its way to
changing its decision in the .matter, 2. Owners and drivers are hereby advised to pay
it should consider revoking the their Motor Vehicle and Driver Licences by the end of
Wages Regulation (Shop Assistants) January, as drivers and owners of unlicensed motor vehicles
Order 9g9, S.R &c O 26.59, since fond on the roads may be prosecuted as from' Ist February
it would then be easier foE thi Un-
ion to negotiate on behalf of Shop next if they are found operating.
Assistants if there is no statutory 3. The fact that the Examiner has not examined
Regulation ofWages and certain and certified as tc mechanical fitness is no excuse for failing
other conditions of work. to pay the required licence duty, as the life of the last issued
theRe- gulou is .niig ; f i~ e -ne cetificate may be extended to such time-
that the question of setting up the as the Examiner finds necessary. (S. R. & 0,, 52/1951).
Wages Council is being reconsider- 4. No Motor Vehicle will be licensed unless it is
ed. .. covered by Insurance at Third Party Risks.
Y ... f.;k.ih .,l


Banana Mosaic Disease
By I. T. Twyford
Banana mosaic is a well known disease irf bananas
which has not hitherto been seen in the Windward Islands
-ithough it has been recognized in nearby areas like Mar-
tinique and Guadeloupe and a lecture on it was given dur/
ing'the Guadeloupe tcur in February, 1964.
In June, 1964, bananas in Montserrat were observed
to be stffe-ing from what looked like mosaic and the con,
dition was becoming widespread in that island. Recently
it has been seen in St. Vincent, Grenada and Dominica
though not so far ii St. Lucia. It appears that it is only
a matter of time however for mosaic to be present in all the
islands of the group and it is necessary now to describe it
and to put forward tentative control measures so that it will
not be allowed to spread.
Mosaic disease, when it attacks a plant early in its life
miay well cause complete cessation of growth or death and
evei in mild cases, bunch formation will be prevented or
intelfeed with. Wh.;n it strikes a plant near shooting it
causes extreme malformation of the bunch rendering it
unIAleable. It is thus an important disease and last year
250;'ooo plantains were lost in Puerto Rico because of it.
The disease affects all varieties of banana, so far as is
'"own, even the tetraploids, Musa balbisiana and balisier.
ntqins appear to suffer more than commercial varieties of
%. but for the latter it is still devastating.
Appearance Of Affected Plants.

'ost characteristic symptom is the loss of colour
leaf, rendering leaves variegated in appearance. No. This is the famous State coach u
as may be roughly parallel to the lateral veins her Coronation in Westminster Abbey
Sgivingleaves a strapped appearance. As the processions.
leaves emerge misshapen, having perhaps ,
argin instead of being smoothly curved is irregu-
/y, often with blotches of r.ecro:ic (dead) tissue and
,ina is reduced in width. Another common.symp,
is an abnormal thickening of leaf veins making them
eminent. Leaf sheaths also pull away from the pseudo,
stem markedly. When bunches are produced by plants
having mosaic disease they are usually misplaced; in some
cases they extend horizontally from the plant rather, than
hang down, in others they stick upright from ,the' crown
of the p.ant. The bunches themselves ate' severely con,
tortedi(mild case) or cjsist merely 6f two or three hands.
.ii a few veiy tinhi fingers (mpre severe case).
C auseOf The Disease




, .,,r 'eb

used by Queen Elizabeth II when she rode to
', London, in June 1953, and in other state

i L4MAY------ WS SHO

It is fortunate that a recognized expert on mosaic dis,
ease. Dr. J. Bird, lives in Puerto Rico and he is interested
in problems of the West Indian region. It has been possi,
ble to consult him personally and the following is based on
Dr. Birdfs work and advice.
The disease is 'caused by the common cucumber
mosaic (a virus) and as such is not curable at the present
time. Furthermore, as stated above, no varieties are resis-
tant to it as far as is known. There are several stains of
Sthe vilus, some much more virulent than others but at the
moment it is best to regard all strains as potentially danger-

Cucumber mosaic is a serious disease of all plants of
the.cucuwber family cucumber' pumpkin, christophene,
melon eec) and the tomato family (tomato, melongene,
pricklvysola"mr' etc.) as well as of Commelinaceae.
h is feed g on the leaves of
discieLd plants of these families settle Dr. Bird also points out that the
to feed on baanana pla.its and trans, disease may often lie dormant for a
to feed onisease tana p ts and trahe banana generation or two so that an
aphid e involved'is' the 'common affected plant may produce an appa.
cotton aphid. Dr. Bird feels that rently healthy follower. However
transmissions is.not from banana to themat will eventually produce obh
banana but from the other affected viously. diseased suckers again. The
families to the banana. It is therefore . ,
impcrtamt in control to remove all mportant.pbi is '.h fore 'that dis,
plants of the host familiesfrom the aearance ofthe symptoms is nosign
neighbourhood of banana. that the disease has died down.

In striking contrast to the golden coach, Donald Campbell's record-break,
ing Proteus Bluebird passes in review before London's Lord Mayorat the ..
Mansion House.
Control Measures D.T.U. RELEASE
.When the disease appears on a
banana plant it mst be dug up DOMINICA TRADE UNION
completely withall its suckers and
thecorm, taken away, dried and TO FIGHTQLRRUPTION.
burned. It is not necessary, since the
adiearais believe to spread nfom THE Dominica Trade Union Executive has set up, an
from banana to banana, to remove Etbical Practices Committee dedicated to the elimina,
fiom bananat6 banana, to remove
adjacent healthyy plants- It is not tions of all forms of corruption 'in the Trade Union move-
n:cessary, as was formerly thought, meant, following' the expulsion of four leaders of the organ;
to disinfect tools, bands and feet. isation ior alleged corrupt practices.
The diseased plart, if left to dry The Ehical Practices Committee has drawn, up a
near other plants (i n c I u d i n g 'mor, code requiring the Executive to act .promptly when
the disease and all the vegetation charges of corruption are made against their officers,,to con,
(Cont. on p.5) (Cont. on page 6)






31 Kennedy Avenue, Roseau. Tel. 307
Published by J. MaeaARTSON CHARLES, Proprietor
U.K. & European Representative Colin Turner (London) Ltd.
122, Shaftesbury Ave Lndon W. 1.
U.S. & Canadian Representatives S.S Koppe & Company, Inc.
30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 20, N Y., U.SA.
Annual Subscriptions: Town 85.00. Country $6.00
Overseas (Srface Mail) $7.50



SOME rather interesting things have
becasaid recently about nationalism,
community and municipality. One or
two of the prtnouncemetis bave come
ftom exalted wodtd figures such as His
Holiness the Pope and Her Majesty the
Queen, others from noteworthy local char,
actors. We think it would be an interest,
ingNew Year's exercise for our readers
to mpitethese various statements-easily
to be foundin the three recent issues of
this newspapei~icluding the present one,
and make up their own minds what they
understand by the terms nation (and na,
ionalism), community and municipality,
retitng upon the interrelation of these
Another interesting puzzle present itself:

is it possible to have a "spirit of national,
lism" where there is no independent
nation? Is what we are seeking for a nar,
row Dominicaisland nationalism or a
wider cultural and social West Indian
fellowship? This vital question will be
enlarged upon in a future editorial. Mean-
while, it is worth thinking about!
The bells of ig65 will be ringing as
our readers, to so many of whom we are
indebted for kindness and encouragement,
gather festively to celebrate a hopeful New
Year, laying aside thought-provoking
newspapers until they have a quiet hour in
the comfort of hcme. ,
And so our pen rests upon these words:

People's Post From A
Corresoondents we asked rn aJ miit thei pl "" am .w a
aguarmanree o fgodfaith but not necessarilyforpuhicatirn. Letters should \ I1 H as possible. Controversial political itters will not be pub. |A-
lished aonymouslv. Views expressed in People's Pos do not necessarily .ao donUU
reflect thepolicy ofthe Edtor or the roprietor.

The Need For A Pub- Progress, Peace and Justice. This is
the 'Let's Go" call made by the
lic CO im niSSOner B. L. P. Manifesto. I thinking
S m n Daminica a similar post could be
m udsman crated ascrain embers of Coun-
ci and Bureaucrats overides the pow-
Madam, ers vested in them by the people and
Reading one of my monthly state. There is very very great need
newsletters (puished by the Royal for such an officer to investigate and
Bank of Canida) some time in 1963, have legitimate complaints dealt with
I came across' an article entitled, the democratically and justifiably, espec'
Scandinavian Ombudsman. 1 his, ally today when most of our legisla-
explain the letter, is "an Officer ap- tors are morally and educationally
pointed by the state to go into the backward. This responsible officer,
wcrk of the Civil Service in relation serving as a ndiator between public
to the public". It is the duty of and civil administration, could carry
this Officer to see that the public is the name ofA Public Commissiotine
wdll dealt with by the Civil Servants So Let's Go Labour Commis:
of which the judiciary is included. sioner, Police Commissioner, and all
Such an officer is always being ap- other Commssioners our Grant-
pointed from the ranks of respectable aided-Island can afford; but give us
Ex-Civil Servants, retired business bte appointment of a Public Conm
Senior executives and presidents of missioner: An Ombudsman.
National Societies whose long out- and achievements I think it is within the personal
have been with the dealing and inter- power of every voter to see and draw
mingling with people from different the attention of our political parties to
works of life and callings. Its sim, guarantee that we become a go-ahead
pli interpretation means "a guard, people with a sense of national Fur,
ian of the people" protecting their pose, thriving in an expanding corn
rights against the infringement of munity to see that Social justice is
Civil Servants and also the judiciary. maintained. I wonder whether any
Readi though the British So- Labor Party V.I.P.'s of Dom-
S-manestpo .recent cnerai lca -ti-- s s have read
Electio, I noticed that the Socialsts the British Socialist Manifesto. if
proposes to appoint a they have read itor any part of it I
Pali y Commissioner similar in think they should realism by now
duty to the Scandinavian Ombuds that their socalled Labour Party is
ma. "To investigate any miuse of rather deleterious to a socialist re-
power as it affects the public citiz form programme and I beg them to
en". This will give the "little men thinkagai Lt their Party's Motto
poweful aid in dealing with the beJustice, Equal opportunity, no
bitcauma wa tries to invade his Party alignment in regard to public
ri pts,' sa ya the Manifes to amenities, and Fairplay to every

Dear Editor,
Heartily satisfied with
the Herald's work and dterminao
ion I wish both the works and staff
concerned the best wishes, strength,
patience, cooperation, unity and
happiness in the Xmas few hours
and more in the coming new year.
Cannot express my thanks to you
(the Herald) but I must say how
nice and appreciated it is when
there's someone to help with determ,
nation; so wilh this, best of luck for
the future days: for you all are in the
climate to enjoy it!
E.B. London W.9.

Greetings From
A Contributor
Dear Madam,
In this my last contribution for
for 1964,I wish to draw your
Readers' attention that I am very
much obliged for the compliments
paid to me for what I have been
saying; and most sincerely hope to
cominue in future to give them my
opinion of things they would like to
I wish A Very Prosperous New
Year to all.
Yours Truly
New Town


Vieille Case Politician.


"umqw" A few days after the clos,
Dear Madam, ing of the 1964 Stssion of
Reading an article on the Ecumenical Council. the
Thursday's issue ofthe Herald under New York Times among other
the headline of"Chapman Asks A things, wrote editorially:-
Question" and part of the reply "It was during the p
given by Mrs. Barbara Castle: I t was during the
would like to call all Dominicans ficateof the late Pope Pius
to ask them ifitis impossible that IX (1846-1878) Ithat the
we can't have a General Election in Roman Catholic Church
Dominica before this new Federa. lo e d its doors agept
tion s formed Christians and non-
Roseau Christians, but the la Pope
John XIII (r958-1963) and
-- Pope Paul VI opened the
Church door wide to
WHAT IS all Christians and non-
WHATIS Christians.
LA KING LikeHis Lordship, Bisop
L* Boghaert, I am also very
I atenedthe o a.m. deeply impressed by a-stateo
I attended the oam. ment in Pope Paul Vi's
Mass at the Roseau Cathe C tmas Mesage
dral on the occasion of the I964 Christmas Message, in
ral on the ocsion of which an answer to the
island-wide Holy Name thing that was lacking ir
Society Rally on Sunday the Po e Pius Xwi's time tm
3oth December, 196. at ell be sought. Pope F
which some rooo men were VI in hs 1964 Chr
assembled to welcome the VMessage declared
Rev. Father Dennis McCar, Messae .declh
thy, Director of the Holy ,The Church s
Name Society of New York, liy express her s
ard listened to a sermon, people's right
delivered by His Lordship mpnded or f
Bishop Arnorld Boghaert. w. go o
In the course of the sermon, justice and
Fs-fSaLs- hi-sd: -am whatever r Ps true ano
forcibly impressed by a state, whatever is true ana
ment made by the late Pope every religion and it.
Pius XII which he quoted human opion.
as follows:-- Comparing the version
There arena millions of age as published ;n the
Christians, m 1 i o n s o Chronicle vis a-vis that found
Roman Catholics fervent in the H -RALD O
Cacolcs-- who gotoin the HERALD of 24.I2,64,
Catholcs -- who go to therecan be seen a noticeable
Church Sunday after Sun ee cn e ee a rncle
dayo but something is lack nussion -in the Cbronicle
daybut something is lack text. At the first session of
ing." the Ecumenical Council,
I cannot recall the Bishop Pope John XXIII declared
mentioning anything as to that .he Church has nothing
what was lacking. I went to hide, the truth must be

away from the churchh with
a strong wish to find out
and know the thing that was

known to everyone.
Verbum SOtpente.

Schedule of Applications for Certifcates of Title and Notings
thereon and Caveats for the week ending the 19th day of Dec., 1964
Nature of Request. whether for
atf RequestPerson Presenting Certificate of Tile,' or Noting
Sthereon or Caveat
Request for the issue of a-Fir~iCc!-
Request dated Handell Phillip tificate oTitle (.ith plan attached)
in respect ofa portion of land situ- -
12th Dec., 1964 ate in the Village of Wesley, in the
by his Solicitors Parish of St. Andrew, in the
Presented Colony of- Dominica containing
14th Dec. 1964 Cilma A.M. 2908 sgrefeet anL
at 11.10a.m: Dupigny s:- te South by la&-
of Sully Richards; On the North-
East by land of Mrs. Jamesey Tyson; and on the North-West by a
Public Road.
Registrar's Office, (Sgd) JosiH V. JEAN P ERRE,
R'seau, Dominica, 1964 Regitrar ofTitles.
NOTE:-Any person who desires to object to the issuing of a Cer.
tificate of Title on the above application may enter a Caveat in d~i above
office within six weeks from the date of the frst appearance of the above
Schedule in the DOMINICA cHRALD Newsoaoe; published in this, bland or
from the date when the notice prescribed by law was last served on any
owner or occupier of adjoining land in respect of which the application
is made.
Dec. 24-Jan 2

Public Opinion





ASE AGAIN T SI and which is so much mRrc thr
CA E ANST SIR than o.r collectiv- resources is 1
GRANTLEY ADAMS massive though they are: per
I know that life is hard for any
Brought y abados over nt many. The problems that we
face man:.ind often seem to free
HEARING SET FOR EARLY NEXT YEAR defy solution. Some of our mo
(From an article In The Barbados Beacon) Cammonwealth friends over- def
seas are grappling with yet
Last week, the man who pioneered the socialist and difficulties unknown in a mu
progressive movement in this Island, and led the working complex industrial country lute
classes in building up the Barbados Labour Party and the such as Great B r itai n. kn
Barbados Workers Union was handed a summons to There are difficulties of over, Th
appear in the Police Magistrate's Court at District "F", on population, there is hunger, and
Tuesday, January 5th, 1965 at 9 a. m, and drought, and lack of hav
The plaint was headed: .he Windward Islands as the loss of power. There are yearly fam
"rhe Directots of Public cover on steep slopes would probably tensof thousands of young frar
Prosecutions, Informant, Vs be more dangerous than mosaic people flocking into schools, bac
G. H. Adams". \ disease. Itis however essential to seeking education. I wel, life.
It s t a te s: "Iformant remove water grass wherever the come the chance of hearing ate,
disease appears on bananas or where
informsagainst the accusedthe water grass itself is infected. more aboat these problems tair
for that the said accused at Infected Commelina has pale green, when individual Ministers
the parish of St. Joseph yellow or brown streaks on the from the Commonwealth
within the jurisdiction of the l-aves. Ifthe disease spreads however, come to this country, more
Magistrate of District "F." the complete eradication of thi so on such special occasions
M iate ofhDistrict r plant will have to be faced. so on such special occasions
i the 4h day of October, plan will have to be fcd. as the Prime Ministers meet,
'4, published a statement Conclusibn ing. At moments like this
ting on the character of Dr. Bird feels that the disease can I have the benefit not only
'aker of the General be controlled and need nat be of getting to krow some of
.1.- TI J threat to the industry provided stict i. .
rot this Island inhato the industry provi4d s my Prime Ministers better,
"r ot this Island in control measures are maintained. In this
if his duties as connexion it would b appreciated but of welcoming leaders
y to section 35 if all suspected cases or plants with from the new nations of the
legislature (Pri, unusual characteristics are reported Commonwealth. Iv al u e
ties a n d to the Field Officer ofthe WINBAN very highly these meetings,
<963 (Act Reserch Scheme of the island who a raw on
T963 (Act willbe able to decide whether des which allow me to draw on
tructionof the plant nLother Lco* the wisdom of such asr ,__--
r .,culars-rea -i-s tro~ilii~easus are necessary. Prompt tentative bod y. I b lieve
follows: "At a public meet, action should prevent the spread of that in God's good time, all
ing held at Mayers Corner the d ease. the peoples of our Common,
in the parish of St. Joseph Dr Bird has promised tovisi wealth, working side by side,
Montserrat and the Windwardw
on the 4th of October, 1964, Islands soon to give furtherhelp. will attain prosperity.
the accused published a state/ One matter about which he is not The headd which runs
meant suggesting that the sure iswhether arrowroot is a host- Il E
Speaker ct the Gen e r a 1 plntto mosaic disease a-d this can Itu ly E.cts
Assembly of the Island took only be studied in St. Vincent. President
Meanwhile Mr. Kasasian of theFIRST
sides, andwas not impartial Regional Research Centr., Trini, At- 1 l
in the discharge of the duties dad, is examining the possibilitiesof A" *"' FROM
of his office as Speaker." using cover plants other than Con Attempt
There is only one witness melina which would not pose a serL
for the prosecaticn set down ous weed problem. Christian Demo,
__ A_ _L __ TT_ 1- __I.T. TwyFoRD,___- *I 1 I

on the charge. He is an

employee ofe the Advocate O
Co. The Queen's
S- Christmas Mes-
Banana Mosaic sage

(Cont. from p.3)
surrounding the site of the diseased
plant must then be sprayed to kill
aphids, using malathion or other
suitable spray.
Alternate host plantsin the area
must then be completely eradicated.
Tbis includes Commeina (water grass,
French weed) as well as the cucumber
and romat) families.
General coLI- mesdtieris are
never to -.huw tomnat-r -cucumber
faiaity plants in or near a banana
field. The common practice in some
places ofintercropping bananas with
pumpkins is dangerous. As regards
the general eradication of Commelina
however, the -position is more diffi-
cult as this weed is so widely used as
a cover plant. Dr. Bird recommends
its complete elimination and has
apparently succeeded in this in
Puerto Rico but at this time it is
considered undesirble to do so in

Following it the text of i
speech made by H. M. Queen
Elizabeth II on Cbristmrs Day.
As I begin my Christmas
broadcast to you, the people
of Great Britin and the other
Commonwealth country i e s,
my mind journeys far away
and for one monmnt I seem
to be with you in many
-countries, which are now
almost as familiar as my own
native land.
We all, my family and I,
send our affectionate greet-
ings, and hope that your
Christmas is a happy one.
Let us think for a moment
about this great Common,
wealth. What is this wealth
which we have in common,

crat candidate Signor
Saragat was this
week elated President
of the Republic of
Italy after tw-nty at,
tempts at balloting.
Previously leiftwing,
er Nenni had been
leading by some 60
votes but on the 2ist
ballot the Commu,
nists swung support
over to Satagat ena,
bling him to obtain
the necessary votes.
Flood Disaster In
The f o o d i n g
rivers in Calitrnia
and Oregon are re,
ceeding but m or e
rain is forecast. The
latest count shows
44 dead and 17,000
homeless in five states
of the Pacific North,
west. (CP)


ouh our Commonwealth
ove of freedom, and it is
haps in this, more than
thing else, that our real
alth lies. Now the word
d:om, like the word de,
cracy, is a simple one,
ining a simple idea. And
freedom, to be effective,
ist be disciplined. Abso-
e freedom is a state un,
own to the historian.
e many ancient institutions
1 traditions which we
ve inherited and which are
liliar to us all, provide a
nework and a dignified
groundd to our way of
If it is not to degener,
freedom must be main,
ned by a thousand invisi-

ble forces. Self-discipline,
the Coflamon Law, the right
of citizens to assemble, and
to speak and argue. We do
not have to impose a part,
cular form of government on
any peoples of the world.
We merely say, this is what
we do. We know it's not
perfect, but it is the best sys,
tem that we have been able
to create after many centuries
of trial and error.
Al of 'us who have been
blest with young families
know from long experience
that it is when one's house
is at its noisiest, there is often
less cause for anxiety. The
c:eaking of the ship in a
(Cont. on p. 8)

(Dept. 048)19 Craven Road, London, W.2. England
SDepositors can obtain 5% p.a.
So accounts requiring no notice
to withdraw.
Alternative rates of interest:-
L 6% p.a. One month's notice

- 7'%p.a. 6 months notice
8% p.a. 12 months' notice

Minimum deposit 25
SPlease write to the Secretary for descriptive booklet'
and Balance Sheet

P.. .


The Cabrits
On Sunday, acth December a
two-hour visit was paid to the
Cabritts where marvellous military
engineering architecture was carefully
It is not too late to ,save the Cab-
rits Fort buildings or rather walls. It
is very unfortunate dLat perhaps our
meagre revenue c:)uld not provide
funds preservation of the Cabrits
Forts. There might be a hotel and
motorable road as in Englisl, Harbour
in Antigua. The place might be a
tourist resort. It is still an ideal place
for camping, school outings and pic-
nics, and for. a self-supporting reform
m.tory, since there is a cistern con-
taining water.
However, it is noticeable and gra-
tifying and also p r a i s worthy that
Government has not entirely aban-
doned the historic hills. The forest
is planted with useful lumber trees
grown and cared for by the Forestry
After some diligent search, my
guide discovered a beautiful ruined
twc-torey stone building on the
northern slope of the Cabrit Hill on
thesoJth, facing the forts. We prei
'sumed that was the then Governor's
residence. Belw that building on
the north-west is the unm of a para
pet for defending the entrance to tne
Governor's residence and to the forts.
Wildcats and snakes are com-
mon. There is plenty of available
land for a stock farm in the Cabrits.
Granvillia on the south of Ports-
mouth is being developed as a sub
urb. The wooden houses scattered
the Banana Shed, were transport
frte of charge by Governpent to Jand
donated by philanthropic Geest Indus.
try. Streets were built by Central
Housing, Authority and piped water
was supplied. There is a portion set-
aside for block buildings. Some
people there call it the Goodwill o-
the North.

12-Seater, cream & maroon:
good condition. ,o reason-:
able offer refused.
Apply to: H. GEORGEI

8 Rose St., Goodwill
Apply between Noon and 2.30 pm.i
Dec. 3, Jan. 9

| wish to inform the general
public that I have disinherited
my son EMERSON ESPRIT, and I
am no longer responsible for him,
he having given me due causes
for my disinheriting him. The causes
are too numerous to be published.
Dec. 19 Jan. 3
Deep Freeze 11.8 Cu. Ft. Capacity
in perfect working condition
42 Old Street,
Dec. 19, z4 Jan. 2.


Cont. from page 3
duct union business constitutionally, to keep proper records,
accounts and ensure satisfactory expenditure of money.
Union leaders are warned not to accept "UNDER-THE-
TABLE" payments or other inducements from their employ/
ers; or business enterprise, wi*h which their union bargains
collectively, and to avoid all economic interests which
would clash with their responsibilities. In addition the
Committee states that the Union should ensure that no
"CROOKS" or "RACKETEERS" a'e allowed to hold trade
union office. The Committee hopes, by setting high stand-
ards for trade union members, to eliminate the risk of cor,-
ruption in the trade union movement.
R.P. JOSEPH, General Secretary

YI_ ~s



3~~~ 1~ -l~~~


Mary Bignall Rand
By Boy Moor

0 LYMPIC history was made at Tokio when the 24-years-
old English girl Mary Rand won the long jump event
wih a world and Olympic breaking record of zz fet
two inches. In so doing, she became th2 first woman
to jump 22 feet (two and a quarter inches more bhan the
existing world record), and the first womari to win aa
Olympics athletics gold medal for Britain.. Her tinal six
jumps did not vary more that eight inches from 21 feet six
inches to her gold madal winning achievement.
Greatest All-Round Woman Athlete
More medal honours came Mary Rand's way in later
stages of this most memorable Olympics a second place
and silver award in the Pentathl'n and a bronze as a mem,
ber of the British women's spiirit relay.
Mary Rand went to the Olympic Games in Tokio to
compete for gold medals in the long jump, Pentathlon. 80
metrts hurdles and sprint relay, as the greatest all/rouid
woman athlete ever to represent Britain in international
-ack and field athletics.
In addition to the long jump and Pentathlon, she has
'ved Olympic qualifying standard s for too metres,
etres, 8o metres hurdles and high jump.
e is so enthusiastic about her athletics that she
npily competed in these four events at the
'ell as those for which she had been nominated.
actors, rightly, appreciated that even a girl of
rnal athletics talents, could not possibly do
with such an arduous programme, so her
Torts in Tokio were concentrated on the
i tremendous long jumping form all
:and~ her outstanding aciecyvni--- -
had been the breaking ofkthe British record with a leap of
21 feet 7- inch.- io inches b:yorid the previous best set by

Only the Russian champion, Tatona Shchelkanova
(21 feet I T inches) had- beaten Mary's new best in ,world
athletics, but Mary beat Tatana on the two occasions they
met in competition last year.


Mary Rand, Olympic Gold Medalist.

First Championship At 16
Twenty-four last February, Mary missed a great chance
of becoming the Olympic long jump Rome
four years ago. Then, as Miss Bignal, she outjumped all
her rivals in the preliminaries, only to encounter runup
trouble when the pressure was on in the final. She finished
After those Games, she married Br'tain's Olympic
sculler, Sidney Rand. They have a twoyarsxold
daughter, Alison.
Training regularly throughout the year with her' hus,
band, near their home at HenleyonThames, helped Mary
to get stronger than she has ever been.
Ranked (before the Olympics) as the warld's No. z
to Ira Press, of Russia, for the Pentathlon, Mary had a Bri,
tish score this of 4,815 points to Ira's 4,959. Tokio saw
this fiveevent contest included in the Olympic programme
for the first time.
Mary Rand was born at Wells is Somerset, and began
takingan interest in sport at eleven years of age "because
it was comp'ilsry at school". At 15 she won her first
National schools championship at long jumping,
The following year she showed her outstanding vera,
utility by winning the English schools high jump title.
This December she was declared Britain's Sportswoman of
the year.






Sixteen million dollar debts owed by foreign countries to the United States Gov-
ernment was announced on Boxing Day. Four millions of this amount is owed by Bri
tain, and over onewthird of the total is owed by underdeveloped countries.



Local Sportlight
Th- team selected to represent
Dominica in St. Lucia, Messrs,
C'lem John, M.Jno Baptist e,
R. Osborne, W. Wilkins, H. Gage,
A. Gage, D. Payne, P. B a r o n,
R. Williams, H. Elwin, A. Cools,
Lartigue, B. Charles, M. Roberts
Lnd G. Carrington have been bard
at practice this week. Jefl Charles
held a blackboard session with the
team on Tuesday followed by an
actual practice at Windsor Park.
On Wednesday the team began
stamina practice, playing 7 each on
two sides. Tte boys have responded
well and have a lot ofdetermination,
but much more control of foot and
body needs be exercised if the for,
wird line is to click. We wish the
side the best of luck they will
certainly need a lot of it.
The 2nd test match between
South Africa and M.C.C. ended
in a draw at Johanesburg oa Tues-
day. The finalscores were M.C.C.
531, Louth Africa 317 and 336 for
6. South Africa were forced to
followon only 15 runs in arrears,
but once again they were soon in
trouble ending the 4th day 146 for
4, hence needing 68 to avoid an
innings defeat.
But fighting 55 by Grabaeme
Pollock and a fine century by Colin
Bland saved the ,home side. Bland
senrd .44 'not out and was the hero
ofthe last days play. Rain and bad
light robben the players of over 2
hours playing time. Alan took 4
for 87. The 3rd test starts at Cape
Town on Friday ist Jan 1965.

The Queen's
Christmas Mes-
(Cont. from P.s)
heavy sea is music in the ears
of the captain on the bridge.
In fact, little is static, and
without movement, there can
be no progress. Some speak
today as though the age of
adventure and of initiative is
past. On the contrary,
never have the challenges
been greater or more urgent:
the fight against poverty,
malnutrition and ignorance
is harder than ever, and we
must do all in our power to
see that science is directed
towards solving these pro,
I would like to say one
more word to the young
people of the Common,
wealth. Upon you rest our
hopes for the future. You
young people are needed.
There is a great task ahead
of you the building of
a new world. You have
brains and courage, imagine,
tion and humanity; direct


them to desires zhat have to their good legislative conlucti) Som News From
be achieved in this century, during 1964. Leg. Co. thenJ S e From
if mankind is to live together adjourned until Jan. 6, when Swedenl

in happiness and prosperity.
God bless you. And a
very, very happy Christmas
to you all.
--'-- -------
Speech From Throne
(Continued from page i)
ments in agriculture, some
new roads, and citrus de-
velopment plan. increasee
in bananas and citrus is
noted. Financial aid towards
livestock, and an agricultural
credit plan, are among the
points. Chicken and eggs
are pioneer industries now.
The Leader of the Oppo,
siion drew rebuke from ihe
C.M. when he arrived at the
finish of the Speech, and re,
torted with a lengthy explain,
arian. The Speaker comr
plimented Hon. members on

the Throne Speech will be
debated: members were in,
vited zo lunch at G. H.
Legislator In Fight
Hon. John Rover was in,
volved in a street fight w:th
Mr. Martin Frederick at
Vieille Case on De-. 29.
The comb, tants will appear
in Portsmouth Magistrate's
Court next Tuesday. Mr.
Royer appeared in Leg. Co.
with a bandaged hand.

A Chicken in Your
London Engineer Harold Bates
claims to have developed a means
for turning chicken manure into pet,
rol. Using his chicken fuel, a car
was reported to have been driven at
70 miles an hour. (CP)

The second issue of the little
information bulletin "Club Domin-
ica" wes published recently in
Stockholm, This bulletin is for those
people interested in ro'trng to the
Caribbean and particularly in Dom-
inica. It is published by H. Lobe-
lius, representative in S veden of the
Point Mulatre Estate Development
Castaways Development Lt. is
represented in Sweden by Mr. San,
dor Kassai. P.O. Box 264, SoL19A
- Sweden. He was appointed
during the recent visit of Castaways
Development Director Mr. Milan

Mr. Haldo Gibson is interested-in
correspondence with sameope in
D omi n ica- his address is:--
Smedsbacksgatan 9 IV. Stockholm

Congo PMI
Moise Tshombe has co'nolained
tvi Uni:ed Natins Security Carincil
that Ezyptian and ; tAlgrian officers
are commanding the rebel hordes on
the northeastern Congolese frontier;
he said that this open aid amounted
ro a veritable declaration of war
against the Congo. (CP)
A boy arrested in Turin, Iialy, on
Christmas eve for stealing shoes said
he only wanted to spend Christmas
with his brother in gol. CP.


Attention is drawn to Section 40 of the Incon"
Ordinance No. 7 of 1961 which states:-

"Ev:ty person chargeable with tax shall, o
1 A CARD OF T ANKS the prescribed date in every year, deliver
Smissioners a true and correct Return
Mr. and Mrs. KH LIL BROHIM f his income from zny source what
i Mr. and Mrs. KHALIL BROHIM immediately proceeding the yearac.
Sshall, if absent from the Colony, g
Extend their grateful thanks I address of an Agent residing in th
*-_A ,r- ,I
o- a,, those WYho helped to Public Officers.... 3 st January.
save th ds nd r- Persons other than Phbli- Odicers ... 3st March.
jSaVe eir g an pre- It should be specially noted that any person who fails
mi on Christmas ay to make a Return in the manner and at the time required
mises on hri mas ay, by Section 40 of the Incom' Tax Ordinance No. 7 of
eSpecnially members of the ;961 shall be guilty of an offence against this Ordinance
especially mem er e and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not
Fire Brigad P li F re exceeding seven hundred and fifty dollars, and in, default
Fire Brigade, Police Force, 1 of payment-to imprisonment, with or without.hard labour,

and all neighbours for any term not exceeding twelve months. (Vide Section
and friends. I Owing to default in furnishing returns by a large
S. number of persons, the Commissioners of Income Tax are
Caused an unnecessary amount of inconvenience and extra
:-"- :--'-' ---- '__-_- labour in assessing incomee T.ix and accordingly the: pro,
.- -.-,-- visions of the law against such persons will 'be enforced.
L --M-LTUIR' Vi Returns by persons engaged in business or in agricul,
SLOMETHI YOU'VE tural pursuitsmust be accompanied by statements of
SW AI GV FOR I ) account and in this respect the attention of all such persons
WAITING FOR I is drawn to section 74 of the Ordinance which states:-
"Any person engaged in any trade, business or pro/
fession shall keep in the English Language proper
A Hair Brush that lasts and lasts 1 books of account sufficient to record all 'transactions
necessary in order to ascertain thegains and profits
Yes, from Sweden come ROYAL made or the loss incurred in each such trade, business
SWEDEN HAIR BRUSH-ES. Made or profession and any such person who fails co com-
by master craftsmen from mirror- ply with thi provision shall be guilty of ap offence
n smooth Swedish Hardwood s, and in addition to any penalty incurred he .'shall be
ROYAL SWEDEN HAIR BRUSHES liable to pay tax to which he may be assessed under
are stronger, last longer, through the provisions oft Ordinance."
blending nylon with pure Boar It should be noted that deduction for Insurance Pre,
SBristle. miums and Interest on Loans are not allowed unless sup,
tiA vriotv nf atwvic fr Idi 4 ported by receipts.
A vaiey of styles for ladies and 'Pre

gents awaits you at:

Dec. 19-31

16th DECEMBER, 1964.
GO. 147 Dec,Jan. 2. 9


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