Citation
Dominica herald

Material Information

Title:
Dominica herald
Creator:
Allfrey, P. Shand ( Phyllis Shand ) ( Phyllis Shand Allfrey )
Place of Publication:
Roseau, Dominica
Publisher:
Dominica Herald
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Weekly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 42 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Dominica -- Newspapers ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Dominica

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1955? Cf. caption.
General Note:
Editor, <1963-1964>: Phyllis Shand Allfrey.
General Note:
"For the General Welfare of the People of Dominica, the further advancement of the West Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whole."
General Note:
Description based on: Jan. 12, 1963; title from caption.
General Note:
Last issue consulted: December 31, 1964.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services (UFDC@uflib.ufl.edu) with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
82144654 ( OCLC )
2007229365 ( LCCN )
UF00102878_00028 ( sobekcm )

UFDC Membership

Aggregations:
Caribbean Newspapers, dLOC
University of Florida

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Full Text
RESEARCH INSTITU re
SOR THE STUDY OF MAN
162 EAST 78 STREET.
NEW YORK 21, N. Ys

arn TS



(Fur the

& neral We fore of the People of Pominica, the fur ner advancement or the

SATURDAY, JULY

ESTABLISHED 1955

oo

“We Practice Democracy
And Ghristianity” -- ORIT

na letter circulated to affiliates throughout the world, orit,
Latin American regional organisation of the Interna-
tional Confederation of Free Trade Unions accused the
International Federation of Christian Trade Unions of
causing confusion in the ranks of Latin American and
West Indian trade untonism, and other demagogic devices
not only by the similarity of to achieve their hidden, un-
its initials to those of the confessable ends.”
great world-wide tcrTu, but — [tis hoped here that the
(it 1s suggested) by accepting two Dominica Unions con-
Communist. aid in ther cerned will get together and
struggle to dominate the T.U. discuss the matter.
field in the Latin countries.
The reply of the Interna-_
tional Federation of: Christ-. July 7 4 Fet2

ian T.U.s ito these charges is

Young Adven-
turers From

Martinique

Happy And Welcome

A party of French schoolboys
accompanied by three adults one of
them a woman teacher (Mile.
Delphin) landed tn Dominica on
July 17 after a rough crossing from
Martinique in the 30--ft. yacht
“My Destiny” with auxiliary engine.
Most of the 20 young travellers
were seasick on their firse sea
journey. \

The group, under the leadership
of Professor Pierre Lucette were
held up in Roseau harbour for two
hours by immigration formalities,
and arrived tired but relieved | at
St. Mary’s Hostel, which has pro-
Pir, vided hospitality. They are doing
not yet available. i The Cercle Francais of Dominica their TP ohana aud

This quarrel” is of grave celebrated French National Day feel very comfortable “Today. they

concern to trade unionists in (Quattorze Juillet) by a punch and visit Scouts Head and on Sunday
poetry party. at the home o Aas

oa

mia c ct lass Francais at Rockaway.
(the majority) belong to the Sunday forenoon. After the singing will visit che fresh aii Jake; but

Dominica Trade Unio 1 and of the Marseillaise and the reading have abandoned hope of reaching
are among the 23 million ‘of telegrams and other kind exch he boiling lake becuse of ram and
Western Hemisphere trade anges of greetings fom friends abroad, mud.

ey ‘ a vote of thanks was moved by “
unionists affiliated to_ the the Vice President and seconded in Pierre Lucette Here Too
Some of the students are mak ng

ICFTU, and alsotoC.C L, excellent French by Miss Marion Pe-

an offshcot of ORIT. The ter of Portsmouth, who said:- - valiant efforts to speak English dur-
other smaller union (Tech- “Je souhaite que l’établissement 198 thesr visit, and all are required
nical, Clerical and Com- @'us« tlle organisation, | le Cerct Se oe en

i i i e le Dom! -log. ae sch
mercial Workers Union) IS Ste i aves ee une be left behind in Martinique because
affiliated to ICFTU, the grande famille mutuelle, entre la he had an appendix operation,
“Christian” Union. Dominique et ses voisins Frang- althouga he begged for a Doctor's
Ina public statement ais, la Guadeloupe et la Martinique ee - that he could sail with
the others!

headquarters, ORIJT et meme ceux qui sont d’outre-mer’™’s
ee Youngest Boy Eleven

6 A specially appreciated gift book
stated recently: ORIT, was "LA DOCTRINE SOC- The youngest boys, Barthelemy
and St. Prix, are aged 11 and 12;

whose ranks inelude $2 TALE DE L’EGLISE” presented
national trade union confed- ¢o the Cercle by Father Brivet F,M,I and the eldest are about 19. They
erations, will not perm it The splendid box of books ‘pre- are all good sportsmen and keeping
itself to be dragged into a sented 2 a ieee ahaa in ee so far, despite a
a ; : in Trinidad was on display as aiso weather. The boys were receive
sterile polemic with errs the latest collection At heals and by the Mayor at Roseau Town Hall
who resort to sensationalism other reading matter ftom Alliance on Thursday, and Mr, Lestrade
te expressed the wish that exchange

Frangaise, Paris. a
ers student-visits would increase. On
Dominica Gram- Friday they met Mr. Walker, Direc-
mar School

tor of Education; Hon. R.P. St.
Luce conversed with the choolboys
Entrance Examination
Results

—_—

Storm Samage
Loss Of Srops

Heavy rainstorms lashed the
Windward Islands last weck and

The following boys were success- St. Luca reports considerable losses
ful in passing the Grammar Schoo! to banina cultivation due to wind-
Entrance exam nations held recently: storm damage. In Dominica torren.

Alder Hamlet, Hurbert Boland, tial rainstorms have caused consider-
Jeremiah Pollock. (Marigot Govern. able damage to crops, although a
ment School):Stephen Bleau, (Sou- fair proportion of the banana culti-
ftiere): Ralph Scotland, Jeremiah vation is coveted by insurance
Toussaint, Lennox Jeremiah (Ros- through the WINBAN scheme,
eau Senior Boys): Jeremiah David, | Concern 1s felt at the dropping of
Cleveland Robinson, (Portsmouth); the Green Boat Price by Fyffes in
Nicholas Francis, (Mahaut); Giff- the face of a glut from Jamaica and
ord Paul, (Salisbury): Fabien Vidal, the Cameroons. Geest’s are how- young man who got burned at the
Norbert Phillip, (Dublanc); also ever retaining the present price at same time is under surveillance,
Remy, Laville, Bently Gordon, buying and ceception stations until Mrs. Gertrude Isaac and husband
Stephen Brumant, GIS further notice. are being held for inquiry.

in French. Mr. Paul of the Cercle
Francais made a special large “‘wel-
come” loaf for them, and they have
met many local students th rough
Roseau correspondents of “Friends
of the Caribbean’.
Pte. Michel Fire Death
Mrs. Rosalind Balson, 33, felt
flames darting over her at 2.30 a.m.
on July xs, found her bed and
wardrobe on fire, and was helped
by husband and friends to. put out
the blaze. Later she died in P. M.
Hospital. It is reported that a

20, 1963



The Richest Soil

r :

West) Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whule)

PRICE: Tog

INTERNATIONAL UNIONS IN STRUGGLE |

“BG. Must Settle its Own
Problems” -- Sandys
Coalition Still Possibie

Attempts by Duncan Sandys to bring the political
patties of British Guiana together in a coalition govern-
ment are so for not neeting with any great success. After
his departure on Monday, the calks between Jagan’s gov-
ernment party, the P. P. P., wit Forbes Burnham's
P. N. C. broke down on who was to have which port-
folio. eT ne

Discussions were however the U. S. against _interfer-
resumed, but now the ence inthe affairs of British
People’s National Congress Guiana, and_ stated that. he
state that they wilt not con- would: give the local leaders
tinue until the declaration. until ‘October to ’ thrash: out
of the State of Emergency their problems; ifthey have.
has been rescinded.

not come to some agreement’

Reporting to. the House by then. “J: think. the British

of Commons on Tuesday, Government will ha ve to





Mr, Duncan Sandys denied take action itself,”” he said.

pas f the thev will be the en
Dominica some of whom Ee ice 10 GOT STE LST Pr ig ae Recenee nee hee PORE tae de

Vater they 9°.



é —__———. No Suspension Of Constitution
Volunteers -_
Wanted

Visit OF Psychiatrist
Schaffner

He stated that there was no sug-
gestion of suspending the Consti-
tut‘on of British Guiana, or of in-
troducing ‘outsid: elements ‘such as

mittee--—these he * feels would only
exacerbate the racta!l tensions, which
Volunteers are wanied fora the people of B, G. rust ease. off
work of healing and mercy”. This for themselves. The Government
is the cail that goes out from the of B. G. meanwhile issued a state-
Dominica Metal Health Association Ment on Wednesday blaming
after a quick meeting of the Execu- the British Government
tive to greet Dr. Bertrand Schaffner for the breakdown of law and order
(the instigator of the Association) aud asking for immediate indepen-
whilst. he made his brief visit co dence with a “great-power treaty”
Domi ica:. guaranteeing their savereigaty and
After reporting to Dr. Schaffner independence.
the trend of work being done and
details of Mental Health Week
last month, members were encour- PEOPLE IN THE NEWS
raged particularly to start making = youn Melntyre of Eastern. Cari.
Improvements (with the consent of bbean Farm Institute gets the Barba-
the SMO, who was present) inthe dos Agricultucal Society Prize -—
conditions ofthe patients at the top marks of rst year students *
Mental Hospital, One of the most A,C.B WATTY gets scholarship
important factors, said Dr. Schaff- in Public Administration to Cana-
ner, in the treatment of mental ill dian University * A.E. FouBISTER,
health is that the patient should keep Teacher-Trainer cum Head DGS
in touch with the outside world; left Wednesday after farewells to
for this reason it was vital thata DGS, Yechnical Wing students
rota of volunteers who would be anda function atG.H. *ROY
able to visit the Mental Hospital often nernaLt Presbyterian = Church
and regularly, be drawn up. Such Moderator becomes Trinidad Sena-
persons would be required to act as tor * ARCHBISHOP O” Hara, Apos-
friends and helpers to the patients, tolic delegate to Britain died this
encouraging them to play games week after a heart attack * sciEN-
(cards, dominoes etc,,) do work such risr Martelli found not guilty of
as sewing and cooking, and to discuss being a Russian spy in Britain *
events happening in the outside C.M.O’marp Chairman of Board
world, of Leeward Islands Teacher Training
Any persons who feel able and College arrived this week to look at
willing to do this voluntary work the island ftom which ten of his
whether members of the Mental pupils come * D.M, SourHwELt,
Health Association or not, are ask- Asst, Man. at Melville Hallis going
ed to get in touch with the Secretary on a course in Air Traffic Contral,

D,M.H.A., SMO’s Office, Old at Hurn Airport, England, Novem-—

Hospital, Roseau. ber*

the United Nations Colonial Com- *



PAGE TWO



ror

ICFTU Youth
Festival

The Festival of +Democratic
Youth, sponsored by the Interna-
tional Confederauon of Free Trade
Unions wall be staged in Austria,
commencing on the gth July this
yeat. Young trade umonists from all
over the world will be in attendance.

The Caribbean wall be represent-
ed by Brother Raymond Simon,
President of the youtn section of the
Anugua Trades and Labour Union.

Hundreds of young Austman trade
UMOMSs are working hard to com-
plete the camp which wall cventually
house the 4,000 participants attend-
ing the first world youtn rally spon-
sored by the ICF L U sn conjunction
with the Austrian Trade Union
Federation, which will be held near
Vienna in Joly. There will also
be a special Post office, currency ex-
change and shops.

Under the slogan ‘'To Live in
Freedom—To Strive for Peace’’, the
motive behind the rally isto give
young trade unionists from the many
countries affiliated to the ICFTU an
opportunity to meet and discuss their
problems in mutuel co-operation and
also to ‘promote, irternational_ under-
standing ‘amongst young people. The
Rally will-be. preceded by a Setttinar
for youth ‘leaders:

From * Caribbean Labour’’

U.S., Jamaica
Sign Mutual
fense Pact |

By Wilbert E, Hemming

err



KINGSTON. (ANP) Jamaica and the
United States formally signed a de-
fense pact here a few days ago, The
document, signed by Ambassador
William C. Doherty for the U.S.A.
and Sir Alexander Bustamante,
Prime Minister, for Jamaica, makes
no promise of respect for Jamaica's
tert torial integrity by the U.S.

But this shrewdly avoided aspect
of the agreement could have wide
interpretation such as_ permitting the
United States to use the island as a
foothold in defense of this part of
the hemisphere, shoula the occasion
arise in a war.

From the military assistance giv-
en by the U.S, Jamaica will inau-
gurate a coast-guard, and air patrol
force, and bolster her defense and
police forces with equipment adapt-
able to rugged country use.

Doherty said that the agreement
brings the United States and Jama-
ica “much closer.” He added that
the defense articles and defe c: ser-
vices rendered to to the island by
the United States, were for “legiti-
mate self defense, internal security
and participating in regional or col-
lective atrangements of measures
consistent with the Charter of the
United Nations.”

i

Profumo Echo

Lonpon, July. 12. CP:—

A:letter supposedly left by
Christine. Keeler and referring
to a key: figure in the Profumo
scandal has. been sent to Lord
Denning by Bournemouth land-
fady Mrs. -Majorie Wall, who
foyad it under a carpet in ber
seaside apartment.



0e-

we

A
sore

DOMINICA HERALD

A REERRT: Y Nt

DEREK HARVEY writes about
the plan to have iwelve
communications satellites
travelling round the Earth.

Hello, World!

Ground testing in Britain of the giant de Havilland Blue Streak
rocket and its powerful Rolls-Royce engines has now reached an advanced
stage, and flight testing will shortly begin at the Woomera Rocket Range
in South Australia.

Blue Streak will he the first stage of a three-stage satellite launching
vehicle On its launching pad the complete vehicle will weigh more than
100 tons.

After blast-off the first stage will go up about 4o miles, reaching a
ap of 6.800 miles an hour at the end of its two-and-a-halt minute
climb,

International Scheme

For the second stage of the launching vehicle a smaller rocket
(supplied by France) will be carried up on Blue Streak’s nose, and will
be fired automatically at the end of the first-stage thrust petiod.

From this point it will climb steeply to a height of about 129 miles
while Bluc Streak plunges back to Earth.

When these trials have proved satisfactory, a third and still smaller
rocket, built in Germany, wil! be added to the nose of the French rocket.
This wili begin firing, again automatically, at the end of the second-stage
thrust pericd, about 120 miles up

At this height the air is very thin and the thitd rocket, meeting with
litle -resistance, will attain a velocity of about zo,ooo in. p.h, and be
able to go on upwards if necessary for severa! thousand miles.

The tests form part of a big scheme supported by Australia, Britain,
Belgium, France, W-st Germany, Italy and the Netherlands, which will
enable Europe to embark on a-full-scale space programme.

Britain’s Blue Streak rocket shown successfully undergoing a

"static test. ° This rocket, which is Britain’s contribution to
the European Launcher Development Organisation, functioned
perfectly. The rocket is powered by two Roll-Royce engines
and will form the first stage of the Etitopean_ satellite.
France is to provide the second stage and Western Germany
the third stage. “



oH CoN MMT arene rey nenente Veneta nat“ taammneeane
eee ree res ae “Er ener EYEE ran ne Naan ~

SATURDAY, JULY 20, '1963

ner EET







Space Telephone Lines

This Eucopean Satellite Launcher would be capable of putting
communications satellites into orbit.

Of the various types of system being considered is one suggested by
Brita n under which twelve satellites would be placed at equal interva!s
and heights in a ‘circular equatorial orbit of up to 7,500 nautical miles
above the Earth and would provide hundreds of new “telephone lines” to
mast places in the world.

Not only telephone messages, but pictures and television shows will
be beamed into space from ground. stations, to be re-transmited by
satellite to stations thousands of miles away.

Telstar’s Part

The first British station for satellite communications
operating at Goonhilly Downs, in Cornwall,

it made history, you may remember, when it picked up and relayed
to millions of viewers pictures televised from the United States of America
to Europe via the satellite Telstar.

Since then it has received and transmitted hundreds of telephone
calls across the Atlantic, using both Telstar and the later Relay satellite,
and has given us 1 vivid glimpse of what developments the future holds °
in store. ;

When space communications networks are highly developed, we
shall be able to dial a telephone number and speak to friends thousands of
miles away — as eastly and clearly at if they lived im the next street. BIS

POETS CORNER
A ROSEAU

Petite ville rose et blanche ot je suis né

Je te reviens aprés une trés longue absence;
J’eus, par dela les mers, un séjour fortuné
Sous l'azur amical du ciel léger de France.

is already



Pardonne-moi, Roseau, que couronnent les monts

Et qu’un golf éclantant refléte ert ses eaux bleues;

Les parfums de tes Aleurs et de tes gocmons' (
IN’empéchent pas mon coeur d’étre 4 deux mille lieues.

O ville de ma mére, encore de bien longs mois,
_* _Malgré les souffles pure descendus des grands bois,
“Je ne serai qu’une ombre en tes paisibles rues. ~~

Et par les belles ruits ott les vagues sont d’or,
Mes douleurs hanteront, soudainement accrues,

Les vapeurs aux feux clairs qui quitteront ton port.
‘ —Daniel Thaly

A prize of $3.00 is offered for the best translation into English of
Cr. Thaly’s poem printed above. Closing date August 30.

— x octae 6 ote 6 pn 5 ite 6 “Wa 4 96 9S Oates On 6 OS See 6 aS FS BS OS BS

‘NhE “‘VARIETY’ STORE

C. G, PHILLIP & CO. LTD.

LATEST ARRIVALS:—
Refrigerators (all sizes and at special!

iprices), Household Deep Freezers avd!
Iice Cream Freezers; Face Basins, Kiteh-
fen Sinks and Bath Room Fittings; Baby
(Cribs and Door Mats; Glass (Plain andj

‘Frosted); Coffin furniture and Handles,;
etc, etc.

ee 6 pe 6 pen 9 ee 6 Fs pS eS PS 9 8 PS pS PS BS SPS PS
ar pee doe -
ROSEAY CREDIT UNION

reminds
ALL MEMBERS about the 12th
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING
to be held at St. Gerard’s Hall on
MONDAY NIGHT, 22nd July (this month)
beginning at 8 o'clock.
CASH PRIZES will be offered, and may be won
only by MEMBERS WHO ATTEND.
july 13, 20

* [pt ents 6 Dane 8 pe SP ~TaeS p ae 6 PRE Be 6 Pe SB ee 8 ne 6 fb le 5 Pe 8 et

a 9a 4 5G 6 p< 6 9S $e
6} a8 9) ie 8)

= 8 9 “Se



*

pau 6 5 5 9S 6 5a 6 8 la “6 5“ 6 5“ S$ 4)
Apt a 8 9 8 9 <8 ee 8 9 8 ee 9 ee



SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963

MENTAL HEALTH NOTES

Psychiatry And Drugs
Early Steps In Psychology

The treatment of mental diseases is a comparatively
new science, and, as people in Dominica heard during
the recent successful Mental Health Week, many steps
have been taken since the bad old days when “lunatics”
were simply locked up and ignored.

Probing into mental processes started, perhaps, with
the work on hypnotism by Mesmer o ver one hundred
vears ago, but the great fillip to the work was the research
in_abnormal and normal psychology by Sigmund Freud
at the beginning of this century. Twe further schools of
thought also sprang from Vienna, those of Adler and
Jung. Results of their analysis of themselves and neuro-
tic patients led to the school of psychoanalysis, which had
undoubted successes in all minor cases of mental ill-
health.

Tackling Major Diseases

Soon after Werld War II discoverics were made
which, although not affecting complete ‘cures except ina
minority of cases, “vere able to afford relicf in the major
diseases such as schizophrenia, paranoia and the manic
depressive states. One was the use of Elecitic Shock
Therapy, which produces a state of temporary unconsct-
ousness ind the other was by injection of a massive dose
of insulin, inducing a coma regarded as therapeutic. The
same treatment is now being used with other drugs where-
by the patient is putto sleep for scveral days. In the
meantime, the psychoanalysts continued to struggle w it h
these major diseases, by endeavouring, to discover the root
cause (generally beginning in some childhood. stress) and

dispelling the subconscious emotion by helping the patient

to recognise it and recover from it.

Tranquilizers

In the late 40s, a drug which had been used for
centuries as a relief for high blood pressure in India was
rediscovered and applied clinically in the West for the
relief of mental tension. This drug reserpine (Serpas.l)
is‘ particularly valuable for calming manic and psychotic
states. A drug named chlorpromazine was discovered
a little later which had a remarkable effect on agitated
patients, particularly the neurotics. This new group of
drugs are now in general use and are known as tranqu!-
lizers. Although some analysts feared that the use of
tranquilizers might dull the minds of patients and prevent
a full analysis, it is now generally recognized that their
use often prevents a “nervous breakdown” or psychotic
episode (lading to hospial'z tion) and makes tr.atment
easier and shorter. It shou'd be noted that a full psycho-
ana ysis may tale anything from one to three years and is
thus naturally a very expensive treatment.

Group Therapy

In the last fifteen years further developments have
taken place which attempt to decrease difficulties that
inhibit certain kinds of patients from discussing their in-
nermost fears and problems, or make them entirely una-
ble to reach their innermost feelings. One of these is
Group Iherapy, in whch a number of patients with
si nilar or different kinds of mental health problems, sit
together and work out their troubles with each other, avail-
ing themselves of the advice of the group therapis: when
neeeded.

Mescaline And L $ D

Research was also instituted on what was intended
to be an improvement on the gronp therapy based on the
use of a drug called lysergic acidudiethylamide (LSD for
short). This synthetis drug produces a_ hallucinatory
state similar to that produced by the drag mescaline, an
alkaloid derived from the mescal bean growing in Texas
and New Maxico (Sophora secundiflora) and also from the

DOMINICA HERALD





Sophora Williamsii. This latter, known in . Mexico. as
peyotl, come from a common button cactus and was used
by the Aztecs in their religious ceremonies.

Dangerous Drug

The drug LSD, which is not physiogically habit-for-
ming, produces, when taken, a_ bizarre stale of mind
which was once thought to be like that of the schizoph-
renic. It supporters claim that it ‘‘exposes’’ the subcons-
cious to the user “completely” — and that at the same
time the memory of the exposure is retained. Jf this were
truc the function and need for pschoanalysts with its high
fees and long treatment would be outmoded in favour of
a quick cheap remedy. The group which makes high
claims for LSD were originally at Harvard Univesity,
but were asked to discontinue their research or leave as
a result of the publication of careful research studies by
scientists in Universities in Europe North America and
Asia, as to the drug’s actual tack of efficacy as a means of
treating mentally ill persons. In addition the extravagant
promises of ‘‘fast’” and “easy cures” attracted a consider-
able number of young people, intelligent people, with
emotional difficulties and confusions, seeking the so-
called “happiness pill”, and the qualities of a “cult”
appeared.

(Cont on page 7)

ee e-t—~w—“iOO oe

QUOTE OF THE
WEEK

“Human brotherhood is not. just
a goal. It is a condition on which
our way of life depends. The ques-
tion for our time is not whether all

men axe brothers. That question
has been answered by the God who

‘2 6 9S 3“ 6 2 i ee) > eet?

question is whether we have the
strength and the will to make. the

hood of the guidin
brotherhood of man e guiding july 1227
we match our actions to our words?””
—-President Kennedy, December
1962

quired by air.

6 pce 6 8 6 9 es

New Water Bot-
tle Filter Des-
troys Bacteria

A water bottle designed for tra-

Street, on 1st July, 1963.

Sav bea 6 pe 0 a

ties suspended in water and d:stroys
bacteria which cause typhoid, chol-
era, dysentry and gastro-enteritis, has
just been developed.

It contains a porous filter which,
say the British manufacturer, has
been successfully tested in all parts
of the world.

After it has been pumped from
the bottlk— made of p!astic— the
water is completely sate for drinking,
whatever source it originally came
from. No chemicals are added and
the process does not affect the taste.
It is more effective than boiling
water, which usually produces a
“flat?” taste.

The bottle, which is nine inches
high, five inches wide and three in-
ches deap, produces cne pint or pure
water at each filling. It needs very
little maintenance.

British Berkfeld Filters Ltd., Can-
non Lane, Tonbridge, Kent, Eng-
land.

India Bans S. A.
Ships

NEW DELHI July 13 CP:—
‘India today banned alJ South
Aftican ships and aircraft from
Indian sea and air ports as a pro-
test against South Africa’s appart.
heid policy.

Junez2 July 27

So

—





say 6 Rta 8 Sf 9 a SD eS 5 i 6 8 eS 8 eS a 6 8 8 9 6 9 8 ee fe 6 ee OP ee

June 13—

ae!



Phone No. 67 (2 rings).

BOT 6 Pan 0 Pte 8 Ne 8 a Na 6 Bt ita 9 “Che 8 8S PS Re Pe

io .
el nt 4

_ ROSEAU CREDIT UNION
MOVED :

To their own office building at 33 Gt. Marlborough}

Business Hours as usual.
vellers, which eliminates all impuri- family the Credit Union Way.

.PAGE THREE

‘Spy Mystery

A Top Russian intelligence
agent whose defection to the West
was revealed last week 15 in Britain
and is giving important informa-
tion to British intelligence officials.
it was revealed by the Press Asso-
ciation. But the Press Association
said that neither the British Foreign
Office nor the Defense Ministry
could give any details about the
Russian—when and how he arrived
in Britain or the information he
was giving. CP,

A ee
Death-Ray Scien-
tist

The Swiss Government has asked
German scientist Hans Ehrhardi to
leave the country because he carried

out anti-aircraft ‘‘death-ray’* — tests
financed by a foreign power. (CP)

Read
The HERALD

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PAGE. FOUR |





anne oar mptemmareearmsennmemnaveemmmaaein = mae”

DOMINICA HERALD

DOMINICA HERALD

reno Na eran

AN INDEPENDENT WEEKLY

31 New Street,

Ros?au.

Tel. 307

Published by J. MARGARTSON CHARLES, Propri. tor
Editor — MRS. PHYLLIS SHAND ALLFREY

UK & European Represen ative

-- Colin Turner (London) Ltd.

122, Shaftesbury Ave London W. 1.

Asnual Subscriptions :

Town $5.00 Country $6.00

Overseas (Surface Mail) $7.50

RESMONT has departed but the talk
goes on and will do so until an
authoritative statement is put out by the
Government of Dominica. The line of
this newspaper has been from the stare of
the affair: “If the man, an acknow-
ledged hero, is considered by Government
to be. in any way a malefactor, let them
state the charge openly.” (Herald front
page, June 29.) On July 6 we wrote an
editorial attacking secrecy in matters of
public interest. We have also had
recourse to the British House of Ccm-
-mons to teat the veil from this unsa-
voury business,
in this week’s issue, readers may see
an article, fulsome and complimentary in
tone, praising the Government for its
“decision to act,” and implying that the
American’s deportation was connected
with what the , writers call “the Mesca-
line Boys.” thas come to our know-

oe

Over two hundred inches a year is a
lot of. rain; and sometimes nature is even
more munificent to Dominica. During
these last few days we have been pelted
by’ a flood; landslides have held up
traffic, goods and workers on their way
from point to point; the damage may
tater be estimated to have cost Domin-
ica afew thousand dollars, since roads
are expensive lifelines.

In St. Lucia, a lament has gone up
about the danger of a one-crop economy
(bananas) which is so vulnerable to
destruction by the elements. A large
sum of the people’s money has been
blown or washed away in our sister
island by stormy winds and rains. We
do not yet know what damage has been
done here, or what trials the rest of the

oo

People’s Post

Co-respondents are asked tc submit their full names and addresses as
a guarantee of good faith, but not necessarily for publication, Letters should
Controversial political letters will not oe pub-

be as short as possible.

co mee SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963 — oo

(we repeat): TELL THE PEOPLE

ledge through sources close to Gov-
ernment that one at least of the reasons
for Presmont’s ejection has to do with
potestial diuz experiments by a group.
Government has not told the people so
directly, however.

In pursuit of our aim to give the pub-
lic the background facts as and when we
get hold of them, we also publish in
this issue an article on Psychiatry and
Drugs which was drafted by a member
of Dominica’s Mental Health Committee
and checked carefully for scientific ac-cu-
racy by a‘op rank consultant Psychia-
trist.

Any suggestion that some group of
Dominicans in poss:ssion of these facts
would consider or would have consider-
ed supplying dangerous drugs to school-
children is inadmissible. i

In order to protect the people, it is
essential to tell the people.



hurricane season may bring. Sore of
the oldtimers who took an interest in
agriculture (particularly Sir Henry
Nicholls) were stoutly against the risks
of a one-crop economy, and continually
urged upon the people the need to rein-
force their biggest means of subsistence
(whether it was citrus, cocoa, coconuts,
coffee or any other main crop) with
storm-resistant second and thir d-line
planting as a stand-by resource in time of
trouble. We know that many modern
agriculturists support this view.

While a lot of good work on terracing
and the planting of food crops has re-
cently taken place in Dominica, is it
sufficient? ‘Are the people well enough
aware of the gamble ofa one-crop
acreage?

i

i ;

Dirty

ished anonymously. Views expressed in People’s Post do not necessarily

reflect the policy of the Editor or the Proprietor.

Dawbiney’s Will

Madam, —I noted with surprise

in the old Grammar School .......” |ted_ about the

knowledge that the old Grammar | manner?
School was left by Mr. Dawbiney
to be administered by Trustees, those

' Trustees to be the Anglican Clergy-
man in Dominica, the Resident Jud-
ge and ‘ta man of Colour’.

May I inquire whether these Trus-
the report in your issue of July 6|tecs are functioning according to
that ‘Roseau Boys School will be|Mr Dawbiney’s legal cestament and
moved into mote spacious premises | if so whether they have been consul-
: disposition of the
Wall Government’ kindly enlighten | school premises? Or is Government
the. public about this transfer? I have} acting in its usual high-handed

Yours truly,
Juripicus.

Madam,

I feel as if something
dirty has been done in the name of
us Dominicans, by putting out
Presmout so without any explanation.
Let me state that I am a Catholic.
Water came to my cyes when I heard
of this business. What would the
Holy Father of blessed memory have
done? I believe he would have
spoken words of peace and healing,

Yours in shame,

MAHAUTIAN

(Cont. on p. 7)





' than you, Your Honour.”

SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963
.

IN THE CABINET

By Phyllis Shand Allfrey
From Chapter VIII



Once just before l returned to Dominica after half a
life’s abs ‘nce, we went to Haworth in Yorkshire to see the
Bronte’s house. The melancholy of those narrow forbid-
ding rooms where the spirited girls were boxed up by a
stern father, Charlotte’s pathetic dress with its fantastically
narrow waist (no wonder she died in childbirth); the sad
wind-swept moors where Fmily, no coward soul, found
liberation and insight, the grim tombstones in the adjoin-
ing churchyard. . . all these things filled me with pity aod
wonder. How would the Brontes have fared in the lavish
but resistant atmosphere of Dominica?

There was a pub across from the house and church,
and sitting oppos.te to an old man who looked like the
ideal Victorian “gaffer”, my husband and J sipped tank-
aids of beer. We got talking to the old man and be told
us anecdotes about the Brontes. about how “wild Branwell”
used to drink in the pub and how his sisters would have
to come and take !:1m home.

‘The trouble about them was, they all wrote books.”
said the old man

“Pve written a boo<, too,” I sa‘d “It is about an island.”
And I told him some:ning of my misgivings. The old gaffer
studied my expression as J saidtbe words, and madea
remark which | have never forgotten:

“Don’t worry. When Bran drank here and them
girls wrote at the rectory, every squire hereabouts thought ,
he was Heathcliff ”

My novel, The Orchid House, caused more commo-
tion in the confines of Dominica than its far greater fore-
runners did at Haworth. When | met the then Admianis-
trator of Vominica at a party shortly after my return, he
(a stranger to me) asked humorously:

“Do you think you will last out here?”
To which I replicd with equal bonhomie: “Longer



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“SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963

er rr,

The Garibbean Plan

Address by Mr. C. F. Beauregard, Secretary-General of
the Caribbean Organization at the opening session of the
third meeting of the standing advisory committee of the
Carribbean Plan.

Ladies and gentlemen, I am vezy pleased to welcome
you here this morning at the third meeting of your Com-
mittee.

Tam happy to see that all Member Countries are
represented, e x ce pt the Government of British Guiana
which, for reasons we all appreciate, has informed me that
it regrets thac itis unable to send a representative to this
meeting. Also, ic is gratifying to see observers from our
Signatory Powers, and, among them a strong delegation
from the Governmen: of the United States.

Five Associates

I wish to extend a special word of welcome to the
Chief Minister of St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla, whose gov-
ernment has the status of Special Observer in the Cartb-
bean Organization pwnding the modification by the Sig-
natory Powers of the Agreement Establishing the Carib-
bean Organization which will allow the former units of
the Federation of the W bers, Weare all very pleased that s out of the 10 units which
constituted the former Federation have already indicated
their interests in rnembetship in the Canbbean Organi-
zation. Let me express the wish that soon we will have
the pleasure of welcoming these s — and maybe more —
units as full Members. Indeed, if this body is to have its
full meaning as the regional snternational organization of
the Caribbean, jt should be representative of the great
majority of the countries of the region.

The great event of our times. is the universal accert-
ance of the belief that the future does not belong to isola-

ted: territories. There isa general. trend today towards

“economic: grouping among « countries which belong , to the

same geographical area. It is rherefore not surprising that

in ‘this region of the Caribbean the desire for economic
grouping is no less than it is in other parts of the world,
‘There is no doubt that the majority of the countries of
this area’ are conscious of the fact that, irrespective of the
differences in their constitutional structures, if they are to
develop themselves fully, they must cooperate with one
another,

There is no disagreement on this point, but it 1s re-
grettable that there is still divergence of opinion as to the
form that this cooperation should take.

In some quarters, individual efforts are being made
to establish a Caribbean Economic Community, in dis-
regard of the fact that the Caribbean Organization is
already the nucleus for such a grouping.

Colombo Type Plan

Others, particularly in the British Caribbean area,
while recognizing the value of the Caribbean Organiza-
tion, are still calling fora Colombo type Plan for the
area in which, in addition to our Signatory Powers,



achievements inmany— fickdss—

DOMINICA HERALD



donor countries outside the area ‘which are interested in
the ‘development of the Caribbean, such as Canada,
would be Members. They forget that the Caribbean
Plan was set up by the Council as a Colombo type
Plan — taking into consideration the special problems and
need softhe countries of this area — 10 speed up and
harmonize the develoment of the area.

Other circles are appealing direct to the United
Nations to intervene in the development of a Caribbean
Economic Community, while others would like to see the
coantries of the area affiliated to the Economic Com ‘uiss-
ion for Latin America, despite the fact that the Caribbean
Organization has already been estab'ished as the regional
organization of the Caribbean area with objectives that
are inaccod with the principles of the Charter of the
United Nations. Moreover, it must be borne in mind
that the Caribbean area, which includes a large number
of extremely small countries with heterogeneous coris.1tu-
tional structures, and whose population is small compared
to that of the Latin American countries, has problems of
itsown. It would be difficult, indeed, for these specific
problems to be properly dealt with on a world wide level,
or if chese countries were to compete with the Latin
American countries in a larger grouping.

Lack Of Resources

Ladies and geutlemen, the time has come for us to
acknowledge the fact that this diverg:n:e of opinion exists
because the Caribbean Organization is still lacking the
full resources which would allow the Caribbean Plan to
make its impact in the area, as the Colombo Plen has
made in South and South-East Asia.

Does this mean that the Caribbean Plan has not yet
fulfilled its aims? Definitely not. I want to stress here
that, when one considers that the Caribbean Organization
is not yet two years old, oue has to ackn~ * > thata
tremandous amount of ground-breaking w« dy
been accomplised, and there have beens u

—We have already undertaken the ‘first’. annual review of development
plans.and programmes, and the first Annual Report of the Caribbean Plan
is published. Despite waatever shortcomings there may be in this first
report, it should prove to be a-useful instrument to governments, poteatial
investors and all those interested in the development of the area,

—The Clearing House on Trade and Tourisin Information is already
rendering very useful seivice in the development of trade, especially intra-
Caribbean taade.

—We are tackling the problems of improving telecommunications and
transportation facilities which are so vital to the countries of this region.

--A Marketing Study is now underway.

—And last but not least, the Caribbean Organization Fellowship Pro-
gramme will this year allow thirty fellows from the Caribbean area to start
their university studies.

Foundations Laid

The machinery is there. An excellent start has been made, and I have
just outlined briefty for you the progress that has already been made. This
machinery is srmilar to that which was set np for the Colombo Plan
countries aud that recommended by the Punta del Este conference for the
Alliance for Progress countries. It has been designed to foster the esta-
blishment of sound development plans in each country and their harmon-
ization through annual review, the pubtication ofan annual report, the
adoption of regional projects and the establishment of special services for
joint actions. (Cont. on p. 9)

PAGE FIVE
COMMONWEALTH NEWS

Kenya
dence

Kenya becomes independent on
December 12 this year jf all negotia-
tions are compieted in time. The
indesendence has been agreed to for
the end of September, A statement
ftom the Colonial Office indicated
that Brash Troops will remain in
an Independent Kenya. One reason
for this, political observers think, is
that the majority ruling party KANU,
Jed by Premier Jomo Kenyatta,
will revise the constitution immedia-
tely after independence 1n order to
strengthen the central government by
depriving the seven regions (now
mainly setup on tribal lines) of
much of their regional autonomy,
This regional semi-federal set-up
forms the political strength of kaDuU,
the opposition party, led by Ron-
ald Ngala: statesmanship is better
with force behind it!

British Honduras Conference

Indepen- |

Talks are now going on in
London to consider further consti-
tutionol advances for British Hon-
duras. Among other things a large
sum of money wil! be required for
building a new capital some. 45
miles away from the hurricane-deva-
stated ‘Belize. There have been
demonstrations - in Belize since . the’
opposition party (which did pet.
win a'single seat last elections) is not —-
represented at the London conference; ©
this is notwithstanding an invitation

vy the British Government to send.

a delegate and adviser. The talks
ate being presided over by Mr..-
Nigel: Fisher Sees fo

‘Central African \ Federation

“Dead’’

Ina B. B. C. Television inter:
view last Monday night Mr. R. A.
Butler, Britain’s Minister for Cen-
tral Aftican Affairs, called the end- .
ing of the Federation of Rhodesia
and Nyasaland ‘the end of a_ noble
experiment.” He stated that the
Victoria Falls conference, while
severing many links, had also pro-
vided the basis for the forging of
others especially in the economic
sphere. Terms of independence
for Southern Rhodesia were not yet
decided, he said, and the fuller
representation of the African peoples
in that country would have to be
discussed.

(Cont. on page 6)

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PAGE SIX

ew

LONDON LETTER
\
Transport
Developments
To-day

Britain’s surface railways
are, as your correspondent
wrote in a previous letter,
going through agonies of re-
. rganization, with worse to
come But this year we are in-
vited ‘o celebrate the centena-
ry ofa Ertsh railway system
which is stil planning ex-
pansions and additions.
‘fhis is London’s Under-
ground system, the famous

Tube”

100 Year Old System

The briiliant idea ofa
subterranean railway was,
iike so mapy others, a pro-
duct of the Victorian era. In
the late 1830’s, a City soli-
citor saw that, as London
grew, and as tbe streets be-
came da'ly even more con-
gested with horse-drawn
vehicles, some quicker
means of trapsrort was be-
comirg imperative. More
so, as land values rose von-
unually, and dwelling honses
in the ceaire, were being
~pulled- down and theic sites
used for offic: blocks ihts

—anedne longer ard Songer
journeys for those who were
to work in them. ihe soll-
citor, Charles Pearson, sugg-
ested a scheme from the
northern terminus, Kings
Cross, down to Farriugdon
Street in the City. Then the
company which was to be-
come.the Metropolitan Kail-
way proposed a further rail-
from Paddington to link up
with.Pearson’s. After much
negotiation, enabling Bilis
were finaily passed through
Parhament, and in January
1860, work began, digging
under the roadway, thus
making the buyiug of pri-
vate. property unnecessary.
The “uadeiground” railway
was feally an enormous
trench, which was dug, and
then roofed over.

be



Smoke A Problem

Nevertheless, ventilation
was a problem. This was
before the age-of efficient
electric motors, and the
trains had to be drawn by
steam. Aftera scheme to
fill the engines with suffic.-
ent steam at each station for
the next part of the journey
had been abandoned, a com-
paratively fumeless coke-
burning engine was used to
pull the first train, ix Jan-
uary, 1863. By the 1890's,
electric traction was intro-
duced, and the first “deep
tubes”, real tunnels hundreds

—_—_—

“above-ground traffic wul be





of feet below ground were
being constructed in the first
years of this country (un-
known to their builders, they
were later to serve as the
safest and biggest of the air-
aid shcliers of the Second
World War)

The underground “sys-
tem’, at first owned by var-
ious companies, was taken
over as part of London’s
integratea transport syscem
when ‘buses, trains and tubes
were all nationalished to
form the London Transport
Passenger Board in 1939,
and is of course run asa
unit

Everybody’s Doing It

Ata time when the ordinary
railway has te yield to th
motorcar, the railway, part.
cularly underground, 1s be
coming more and more th.
obvious means of transpo.
in crowded cities (Stock
holm is the Jatest city to oper
av underground — syscem)
Last year, London Transport
announced that work was
beginning on a new line in
the system —adeep Tube
from Kings Cross (and be-
yond) to Victoria station, a
useful diagonal across Lon-
cion. Though in fact the new

tube wil! tS Way,
they ~ the relief
it .ondon’s

great. at will be caliéd the
Victoria line, and will be
completed in 1908.

One feature of London Trans-
port has been remarked on by
visitors — toe large number of
West Indians it emp!oys.
area few
workers too -—
Aftica and India).
government now
for London Transport in accordanc.
with standards the Executive has
laid down and it is very satisfied by
its Caribbean worker. ‘‘Mind th.
Doors” 1s now heard as often in
West Indian accents as in cockney.

some from Wes
The Barbados

The Hovercraft

Among other transport develop-
ments Britain has been proud of tts
wor'd lead in ‘ hovercraft”, that
helicopter in reverse, which rides on
a cushion of air. There have bven
a number of pioneer ferry services
over estuaries, and now London
itself will have its hovercraft service

in June. Just over 80 ft, long and

19 ft. wide, the craft will ply along
the river Thames from the Festved
Pier to Tower Bridge, in a_ service
for Tourists at £1 per head. ‘This
seems expensive, particularly as an
ordinary water bus will do the trip
for about 5s. Perhaps the novel-
ty will entice patrons — your
correspondent feels that this would
be much more the case if the

hovercraft was allowed to demons- §

crate its ability to travel over lani
as well as water, and if the trip,
starting inthe Thames, ended on
the steps of St.. Pauls!

The hovercraft has rather taken
the place of the helicopter as the

(Ther :
other Commonweati §

recruits workers 3

DOMINICA HBRALD

=: Soca ee ee Si cies Nn een”

w'vite hope of what will be the
futures’s most useful vehicle, The
heliport at Battersea is now little
used -—a great future was ounce
predicted for it, the picture being of
businessmen jumping from — their
olanes at Londen Airport, and
then being carried immediately into
the city centre. Eneland’s helicop-
ter industry bas now contracted
pretty violently. Helicopters are
expensive to run. In some places
however, expenses of maintenance
and so on are outweighed ifa sav-
ing can be made in airport costs —
the helicopter can do withoat the
need for an airport altogether.

ao <> sh ‘
i ’ \



In order to enable British Euro-
pean Airways to gain experience in
running large helicoptets, and to
save the cost of running two small
airfields, the government have agreed
that B. E. A. shall buy two large

American machines to replace the
bi-plaue service that they run
between the extreme South-West

tip of ,Cornwall and the Scilly
Islands. The service will come
into being next year, and will be a
very worthwhile experiment.

Read i
he HERALD

2

Bed

Re

SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963





COMMONWEALTH NEWS

(Continued from page 5)
East African Federation

Meanwh le the decision of the
East Afr:can countries of Tangan-
yika, Uganda and Kenya to
federate was warmly welcomed in
London, and the Secretary of State
said (in a written reply to Mr.
Fenner Brockway) that this would
not preclude the possivility that
other countries such as Northern
Rhodesia, Nyasaland, Somalia and
Zanzibar would be invited to join
later.

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SATURDAY, JULY. 20, 1963



MENTAL HEALTH NOTES
Psychiatry And Drugs

(Continued from page 3)

- A cult alone would not have been an insurmountable danger, if
the drug itself were not poisonous. It has, however, been conclusively
demonstrated that the drug is definitely toxic to the human brain (the
hallucinations experienced by the users are in past the result of cerebral ir-
ritation), Moreover although the firt claims were that the drug’s effects
wear off within $1 hours, it is now known that severe and sometimes sub-
tle personality changcs last over 48 hours, and distort both the judgement
and performance of the taker.

Short Cut A Dead End

Lastly the claims made as to ‘miraculous insights” and ‘person-
ality restoration’’ have proven to be sad deceptions. Psychiatrists, far
from having less work to do, are now actually having to treat some of
the innocent us:ts of the drug who sincerely believed that it was harmless.
Similar false claims have been made that LSD would enable students to
learn five yeat’s work in one!

One can only have sympathy with a world that wants to. catch up
with all possible speed and despatch to make up for past slowness and de-
Jays — but alas! although modern machinery may produce more and more
miracles, 1.SD does not, but is a potent source not only of disappoint-
ment, but also of man-made temporary brain-damage and disturbances
of human judgement.

—_—_—_— eo See TUE EEE atte

“SO THEY SAY”--
BY BOB & RAY

One week ago today, as the North-bownd airliner raced down the
runway gathering speed and finally lifted from Dominica, the first deportee
who happened to be an American, might well mark the advance of this
island into the hubbub and turmoil of the Twentieth Century. For here,
explained in deed and action but not by word and letter is the undisput-
ed truth that our society will not tolerate certain forms of ideologies nor
behaviours not deemed by’ the authorities as the norm, the accepted, the

'prescribed- Our dope rtee was not really considered an outlaw; not of
the gun-toting Kind of yesteryear, but in t ¢ Most. Modern sense as an out-
law of the mind and the senses. And the act of ‘ejecting this alleged
misfit comes under the general heading of Advancing Civilisation.

There are those who will argue against such an action but in one

- sense it is like arguing on behalf of a weed that is threatening to choke
your cultivation. Would these people say: ‘Let the weed stay. It too
has a right to grow & flourish’? But no} we are depcnident upon our crops
aud we cannot allow the weed to dwarf, yes, even kill-out that which we
rely upon to maintain us. However, let us not forget to praise those who
took the action. Their alertness, their bravery in the matter, their decision
to act are the things we must be grateful for, and it is this newer concept
that lifts the distressing affair to a far greater and more noble effort. We
people living in Dominica are moving ahead.

During the first span of time covering Dominica’s first. deportaton a
more insidious situation developed and was dealt with that would make
fascinsting conversation for those who now only have a_ smattering of the
facts. Already people are beginging to embroider the tale with their_im-
agination, filling in the gaps with wild tales born straight from the fairy:
story books. We mean the “Harvard students’? the ‘*Mescaline Boys’
the * Researchers” who began assembling in Dominica a fortnight ago.
Much of the story has remained shrouded in official mystery and perhaps
wil! remain so but perhaps it is best for details to continue to be fuzzy
since the average person might find difficulty in understanding the true
facts that are both scientific and technical.

Once again Government had another thorny problem dumped in
their laps and this time, it is believed, they had the help of the authorities
of Mexico and the US in solving their dilemma. And again the decision
was decisive and carred out in an amazing series of events that makes one
proud, if a trifle breathless, by what has taken here on t’ny Dominica.

We chanced on a book one time that described Dominica as THE
place to hide from the law and society. The wind, mountainous condition.
sparsely populated by “tignorant peasants,” it said, offer an ideal location
of the common criminal, the bizatre and tormented! The events of the past
few weeks belie tbe book (which is easily accessible and speaks with great
authority) and we hope the publicity generated lately that Dominica is
definitely not populated by “ignorant peasants” will dampen the stories
“in Dominica, one can get away with anything.”

Surely the Associated Press and other news services will pick up the
story of what happened when the “Mescaline Boys” landed in Dominica,
and carry the facts to the four corners of the earth: that Dominica is a
respected, no-nonsense island and furthermore that its people and its
government are wide-awake to insidious and harmful influences and are
quick to act (in this case much quicker than Mexico) when danger,
appears.

For those who don’t know: mescaline is a drug found only in the
catrot like taproot of a thcroughly insignificant little pincushion. projecting
a bare three inches above the barren soil in the dry unfertile regions of
Mexico south of the Rio Grande. The plant. is a humble cactus,
Lopophera Williamsii, by name. This drug:is one of the strangest in

Ns ee es en

DOMINICA HERALD



the pharinacologist’s collection. .A pow-rful hallucinogen, producing
extraordinary visions in the user, it was first used by the Aztecs or pre-
Aztecs and called peyotl. This ancient civilization believed that a deity
dwelt in the cactus and that those who devoured its Hesh would behold
the world ofthe gods.

By the time the Spaniards arrived in. Mexico, the Aztecs were
worshipping peyotl as a veritable divine substance, the ‘Hesh of the gods”,
and, of course, the Svanish priests had their own ideas on the subjzct of
God's flesh and had no intention of tolerating any rival claims to that
dignity. They promptly dubbed the peyotl ‘‘raiz diabolica” and _ perse-
cuted all those who used it, without bothering to investigate the nature
or its properties. Since chen considerable efforts have been mace to
prove that peyot! was harmful but there is no evidence whatever that
peyotl is associated with debauchery, Aldous Huxley believed that as a
euphoriant, peyotl or mescaline is unlikely to replace alcohol “though its
cffects are infinity more interesting and it does not drive the taker into
the kind of uninhibited action which results in brawls, crimes of voilence
and traffic accidents” (Huxley). It has no addiction-for ming pro pettics.
Indians who have consumed it for years stili' manage perfectiy well
without the drug. It seems to have no lasting ill effect on any organ 1G
the body, including the liver on which falls the task of detoxifying this
particular poison, for mescaline is poisonous, albeit the effects are incerest-
ing and the toxic symptoms rarely alarming. It belongsto the class_ of
poisons which the great toxicologist, Lewin, labeled phantastica, a class
of materials now more commonly referred to as hallucinogens.

So such for mescaline or its old-world name peyotl; but earlieur this
year a group of doctors and scientists at Harvard University studying the
effects of the drug were asked to discontinue their use of it on humans.
When they did not, the operating funds were withdrawn
and they were asked to leave. They, we are told, moved
their laboratory to Mexico and recently the Mexican government also
asked then to leave. Then, with or without Dominica’s first deportee’s
aid and assistance, (the facts have never been officially stated), these Mes-
caline admirers sought establishment here on. Dominica. We ate told
thirteen arrived, fifty more were soon to follow, a total of two-hundred
would be here within a few months! Whew! Who needs this?

Yes, the story traveling across the world today is a good one for
Dominica. Burdened with illiteracy, mounting expenses and more ot less
intractable mountains, Dominica is not insensible to rnght and wrong and
is striving mightily and well to lift itself even ever higher for the good and
well-being of its people, and the world. So they say!

SE —_—_——

rl J
Children’s (Factual Test) Corner
Dear Girls & Boys, /
= ; —This week we ~have-with-ushere, --stedents-frostthe
University of the West Indies in Jamaica. They have come to familiarise
themselves with Dominica and its people and problems I guess and at the
same time they have been giving - lectures.

_ Atleast this is one of the fruits of Federation. The gift of the Federal
ships fom Canada has made travelling between th: islands cheaper and
easier. We are getting to know each other better. I am sure they will
gain quite a lot of knowledge about Dominica and Dominicans from their
visit. '

It is not uncommon when one travels to find out that few people
know of Dominica as an island but think we and the Dominican Republic
are one and the same place.

Jamaica, too, to us was like a foreign country. Our students who
travelled to Jamaica a few yeats ago, had the greatest difficuly in reach-
ing there, besides it was quite expensive travelling by plane which was
about the only way to reach there from either Antigua or Barbados. We
were like strangers to each other though we were all West Indians.

Our young people here must have noticed too among the students
quite a few girls. I was pleased to see that they could hold their own on
the platform, Among the’ students from the Dept. of Agriculture from
Trinidad were also two girls.

There is a point I would like to make to our girls. As soon as
they leave school with a certificate— they bid goodbye to books and stu-
dics. Our boys do make an attempt to improve themselves— they join
clubs, discuss both local and foreign affairs read and keep themselves abreast
of the times. But what a sid picture our girls, with few exceptions make in
a general discussions, even on current affairs. Men like to talk to intelli-
gent people.

In Victoriam times, a lady was an ornament in a man’s home but to-
day she must be able to converse with bim intelligently—she must be able
to hold her own when his male ftiends visit him. Men hate to talk
*shop”’ all the time.

I hope this is a hine to our girls. The idea of these student tours is a
very good one. We get to know each other better. In this way,
maybe the next Federation might have a better chance of success. Who
knows, maybe some day we might all join forces again in one big Federa-
tion!





Cherio till next week. Love from Auntie Fran.
QUESTIONS:—
1. Many of our girls go to Canada as domestic servants. Do you
know what is the capital of the Dominion of Canada.———-—---——-

2, Mr, Diefenbaker is no longer Prime Minister of Canada. Who
is the new Prime Minister-——
3, Name 3 of our imported food products which come ftom



ee 6 ee ee



Canada.——---———._—- —— — (Answers nexr week)
Name — — — — —— — —
ScHooln — ~— —— — — — —

See p, to for last week’s results.



PAGE SEVEN

PO ET IDL CIEL,
People’s Post fron p. 4

Sportlight
Correction

Dear Madam, — I wish to inform
you that the sentence, ‘Livingstone
never played for Antigua,’ under the
caption, “Livingstone Scores Bril-
hane Century” as reported in your
journal of Saturday 13th July is in-
correct.

For the benefit of other readers I
reproduce a quotation of the Antig-
ua Star dated 29th June 1963:—
“Before goinz to Britain, he repre-
sented Antigua in the Leeward [s-
lands Cricket Tournament as 2
schoolboy and played for the Anti~
gua Grammar School in the local
senor cr cket competition”.

Iam, Yours faithfully,
A,E. Burton, Mahaur.



Bad Manners

Sit, Iam not'a devotee of
the Cinema, but I was’ present at
the Stage and Fashion Show pree
sented at the Carib Cinema on the
night of the toth July. ,

The various presentations by the
visiting Jamaica Troupe drew ©
enthusiastic cheers from all’ present.

The Dominica Junior: Chamber
of Commerce is to be complimented ~
for having sponsored the show ‘for -
the delectation of the ‘people © of
Domin‘ca. : i pee asa,

Now, Sir, I must complain © that’
I, personally, did not, from where I.
sat, enjoy the shew
cause of the annoyance to me of a
“lady” smoking cigarettes ‘tin ~ my-
face.” BRR ees

My seat which was in the balcony

£

. was against the wall, and my lady

smoker next to me, on my left; my
unenviable position may be imagined.

I am making this complaint of
unmannerly behaviour noticeably
peculiar to some who appear tobe
well-bred and cultured.

Should not .the ‘lady’ - have
shown some regatd for a_ gentleman
(not smoking) at her side by asking
to be excused for her smoking in
his face? Any gentleman in her
position would have shown that
common courtesy to a non-
smoking lady by his side.

But our manners are ‘‘modern”;
the good old Victorian manners are
now outmoded, and there is very
litle of that lady and gentleman
attitude observed.

But the schools need not despair;

they still teach their pupils—the -

future citizens—the necessity for

cultivating good behaviour and

culture at all times, and anywhere.
S, J. LEWIS

———$ <

Crime in Singa-
pore

Eyes were gouged out of the
head of a Prison Superintendent’
with garden tools on July 5 befgre he
was hacked :to death by jailed se-
cret society thugs. In a day of'sa-
dism, terror, iot, and ~ arson
about 350 secret society gangsters
imprisoned on the prisonisland of
Pylau Senang tortured. Superinten-:
dent D.S. Dutton, then hacked
him to death with long gardening
knives, CP. =

_ hes



DOMINICA HERALD



PAGE EIGHT



a



a -



ership and the tremendous
sacrifices these youth are

Is‘ Woman's Place At Home?
: aking.”
BOROrE Tea polene Roy Wilkins, Executive

Is the woman’s place at home? This is a question that has been Secretary of the NAACP,
asked in Poland for many years ana the answers have varied greatly. discounted the friction, say-
‘Vine tact that opinions of the women themselves are divergent ts. best con: jng that impatience and dis-
firmed by the results of the poll concucted by the Central Statistical Office sausfaction of younger mem-
among 5,316 professionally active women and 392 housewives, bers was a vilal force in

The Women’s Commission of the Central Couneil of Trade he evil +t és ai svement
Unions has drawn up a report based on the resuits of the poll. Accord- ei at he Fei shit ;
ing to the report, $4.9 per cent professionally active women in Poland canwhile (he Civil meats
were of the opinion that the women’s place 1s at home, 40 per cent were drive continued throughout
in favour of professional activity, and 5 per cent did not take a deficae the nation,
stand either way. There is a differenée beoween the opimons of manual JNorth Carolina’s Governor
workers and those of sedentary workers. Only 29.4 per cent of manual Terry Sanford, urged a state-
workers were im favour of a woman having a job, while sv.9 per cent wide meeting of 300 mayors,
sedentary workers claimed that a woman should not have to spend all her city managers and civ.c re-
tuume within the four walls of hec home. ; _ presentatives “to display
Out of 5,316 working women, 71.8 per cent said they liked ther isdom and courage and to
jobs, and 22.5 per cent were dissatisfied with their occupation. The jiderstand that every child
latter were mostly manual workers who had not been trained for their job, f God athe @ y
they started work because of financial considerations, because they had . . od on éart SEE Ven
maintain their family or at least to make a contribution on the family chance for ife and buman

budget. On the other hand, women with vocational qualifications dignity.” : .

mostly go to work because they like their job. This 1s also reflected in in Baltimore, inte-
the statistical data: the most numerous group of manual workers were Zrationists renewed
women from families with a low monthly per capita income, In the racial demonstrations

group of sedentary workers, families with a per capita income of half as yesterday at the privately-
much again were most numerous, i, €. 720 rather that soo “‘zlotys” 4 owned Gwynn Oak Amuse-
month, . ; ; ment Park. About 28U per-
ee een cae areata ae poms eae
vocational qualifications, and personal lkings. The poll has also proved ay engwa ae, Wee
that working women make great efforts to improve cheir qualifications, in airested during a demonstra-
spite of being overburdened with vacational work and _housckeepiug. tion at the park last Thurs-
One of che most popular forms of training are vacational courses. day.
For instance, in Polish sndustry 28.2 per cent working women were
‘trained at factory cotsses. The respective percentage was 36.7 per cent in Laymen Told Demonstrate
‘the trade network. On‘the.other.hand, some | 29.7 per cent women }
working in induscy have not raised their qualifications, /\thé. respective In Philadelphia, Dr.. Eug-
‘petcentage being 25.9 per cent in the made network, 28.7 per cent in the ene Carson Blake, top oth-
building industy and 38,6 per cent in the health. sevice. cer of the United «Presbyter-
cheat _ From Social Welfare, India ian Church inthe United

ete Bay weet
7 aS Sea

NAACP -- ‘Direct Action’ In Civil
| Rights Fight mA

laymen’. to de nonsirate
where necessary agaist
racial segregauon, He was
among the Clergymen arrest-
in the Balumore - Amuse-
ment Park demonstration.

~—States; urged-white-Christraa.

SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963



and professors gave joint support to
the U,S. Supreme Court’s recent ci-
vil rights decisions. The statement,
released in Nashvil'e by Vanderbilt
Univers ty and by the other 21 law
schools in rr Southern States. said
such rights are based on justice and
order as guaranteed by the U.S. Con-
stitution and Federal laws.

In Washington, Chairman War-
ren G. Magnuson predicted that the
U S. Senate Commerce Committee
would approve a “‘practical”’ version
of President Kennedy’s Public Ac-
commodations Civil Rights Bill in
about two weeks,

Chairman Emanuel Celler of the
House Judiciary Committee predict-
ed chat the U.S House of Repre-
sentatives vould pass a ‘‘meaningful,
effective and strong” civil rights bill
by early September, (USIS)



CLEANER

TENNIS
SHOES






ee



Violence in Mary-
land

CamBRIwwGe MARYLAND, USA
CP. Shooting described as al-
most bordering on state warfare
broke out nere on Thursday July
11 and six white persons inclu-
ding three soldiers were woun-
ded. Shooting continued far into
the night and the Muarylavd
State Police asked permission to
turn over the restoration of or-
der to the Nation! Guard.
=_—

FOR SALE

Ford Consul No. 42
No reasonable offer refused

Apply:
DELSOL’S GROCERY
June 29 July 6, 20

i





' The, National Association
for the _ Advancement of
Coloured People (NAACP)
is now pledged to a militant
“direct.action” program on
civil rights,

The Organization’s 4th
Annwal Convention ended
in Chicago on an optimis-
tic note. It was held at a
time when all three branch-
es of the U. S. Federal Gov-
ernment — executive, legis-
lative and judicial — were
engaged in action designed
to remove remaining abri-
dgements of civil rights of
Negro Americans.

During the six-day meet-
ing of America’s largest
civil rights organization, the
2,000 Negro and white
delegates:

—Called for an economic
boycott of Portugal, because
of its domination of the
Aftican countries of Moz-
ambique and Angola, and
of the Union of South
Africa for its racial apartheid

policy.

—Passed resolutions calling
for mass protests, picketing,
sit-ins. and buyers’ cam-.
paigns against tacial. segre-

gation. (Previously the
NAACP had concentrated

awed *niBe see) ville, Virginia, was dismissed
Rae ts ; after it refused to alter its
other : civil _mghts organiza~ siand to discontinue extra-
tions in a “Freedom March” curricular sporis activities
August 23 in Washingtcn. when the county schools
A bout 250,000 persons, open in September with
mostly Negroes, are expect- their first Negro students.

ed to demonstrate for Con- in Cambridge, Maryland,
gressional approval of Presi- members of the Cambridge

dent Kennedy’s Civil Rights Housing Authority reported
the city’s mayor has directed

The Albemarle County
School Board in Chariottes-

Pro :
rogram them to go abead with plans
at fora $1 million, 100-unit
Year Of Decision housing development for

Negio-s. An improvement in hous-

The fiery “Year of Deci- ing 1s one of the demands Negro

sion” convention produced leaders are making in their drive {or

some controversy. James integration in this Maryland com-
Meredith, the first known 7"

Negro enrolled at the Uni- gal] For Increased Opportuni-
versity of Mississippi, got a tag

cool reception when he

criticized Negro youth lead- — Negroes in Savannah, Georgia,

ership for lack of discipline voted to boycott stores ‘on the main

and knowledge. street unless integration demands
The crowd burst ig. Es

. More than $00 persons attended a
applause when J ohn Davis, rally in New York City where spea-
youth representative

of the kers called for increased employment
NAACP Board of Direct- opportunities and other rights for
ors, replied, “one just has to Negroes. The rally was sponsored by
look at integration move-

the Greater New York Coordinat-
merits did Nomh Carcliaacce Commuttee for Equal Opport-
and ' Tennessee to see the

int

unity.
In Nashville, Tennessee, smore

quality of Negro youth lead- chan 100 Southern law school deans














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==

SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963



Caribbean Plan

(Continued from page 5)

As part of this machinery,
there is in existence an inter-
national secretariat with 17
years’ experience, and made
up of people mostly from
the Caribbean area, who are
entirely devoted to regional
cuoperation. Jhis 's an
advantage which the coun-
tries of the Colombo Plan
did not initially enjoy. But
the Caribbean Plan is stili to
be provided with the means
it needs, particularly the
technical & financial means,
to enable it to make 1s {ull
impact in the area. The
present resources of the ma-
jority of the Members of the
Organization are limited,
and although the Caribbean
Plan calls for self-help to
play a dominant role among
our Member Countries, the
task which faces us 1s of
such magnitude that substa-
ntial external aid mus! sup-
plement the coatrivuuon
that the majority of our
Members can afford to make
to the Organization

Planning Seminar

In this connection I would
like to call atteation to the
main points. which emerges
from ibe Seniinar op Plaun-
ing Cechniques and Methods
convened earlier th.s yeas by
the Organization wiih the
assistance of the Ford Foun.
dation, and which are. for
your cons.duration at this
meeting.

On the subject of foreign
aid, tue seminar felt that in
view of the specific problems
of the Caribbean zrea, there
is need to coordinate resour-
ces available under foreign
aid, and that by pooling the
resources a better job can
be dope in cera area-
wide pr jects. Jt conciuded
that thereis urgent need for

some rethinking in pol cy on
the part of the governments
and agencies cencerned with
granting aid if this area 13
not to be denied the opport-
unities which foreign aid
programmes seek to produce
for underdeveloped coun-
tries

~

Indeed, the Signatory
Powers have begun to pcol
their ass:stance to the area,
through the Caribbean Plan.
‘The surveys and_ studies
which | have just referred
to would not be possible i
ihe Governments of the
Republic of France, the
Kingdom of the Netherlands
and the United Sates did
not make avilable to the
Organization, at no cost, the
necessary personnel under
technical assistance. And the
Fellowship Programme is

now a reality because the
United States Government,
through its Agency for In-
ternational Development,
has made the x ecessary funds
vailable to the Orgamiz+tion,

Iam therefore confident
that onr Signatory Powers,
which are doing so much
to assist underdeveloped and
developing countries all over
the world — including the
countries of the Caribbean
aree — will give serious con-
sideration to this suggestion
of the Planning Seminar with
a view to giving ‘o the Carib-
bean Plan the mean it needs
to become the instrument
for developing cach country
and the area asa whole in
a peaceful, orderly and har-
monious manner.

It is now up to you mem-
bers of the Standing Advis-
ory Commutee of the Carib-
bean Plan, whom the
Council has entrusted with
the responsibility of advisirg
it on all matters connected
with the Caribbean Plan, to
study the problems and to
find means of making the
Plao the efficient inst ument
for development that it s

_meant to_be.

We have tried to prep"re
for you a c mprchensive
agenda, and you have be-
fore you data in the various
documents to assist youin
your task. You will find my
staff and me entirely at your
disposal during ths meeting.
And now, let me wish you
success in your del beratioas.

————
Caribbean
Development
Bank

As Soon As Possible

A general reaffirmation
that a Caribbean develup-
ment banking inctitution
should be established as
soon as possible, as a major
means of accelerating pro-
gress inthe region, and a
recommendation chat a
special meeting of Member
Governments, Special Ot»
servers and representatives of
the Signatory Powers be
convened at ministerial level,
at an early date, to expedite
the establishment of the
Bank, are two of the main
points emerging from the
Standing Advisory Com-
mittee of the Caribbean Plan
which concluded its Third
Meeting in San Juan last
week.

In the discussions, vari-
ous points were emphasized.

ern ee ee ee eee:

It was agreed that there was
still an urgent unsatisfied
demand for bankable loans
for industrial and commer-
cial purposes at normal rates
of interest. There was also
a demand for loans at low
interest fer long pericds for
infraestructural projects,
urgently required by many
of the smaller and less deve-
loped countries in the area.
Emphasis was again Laid
upon the need for the bank-
ing institution to provide
technical and administrative
assistance to countries re-
quiring such help.

Private Investment

The Committee therefore

recommended that the
Secretary-General of the
Caribbean Organization

should renew efforts to
secure, through a technical
assistance project, the neces
sary staff to carry outa



A ————. a = -_—— d
Dae SO cited 00-192, 0te

in

DOMINICA HERALD



feasibility survey of the regi-
onal bases for the establish-
ment of a Development
Bank in the Caribbean area,
expressing the hope that the
results of such a survey be
presented to the Caribbean
Council at its Fourth Meet-
ing in September 1963.

The Committee further
recommended that the
Caribbean Council should
support the establishment of
a private investment com-
pany to finance industrial

and commercial _ projeets,
and that Member govern-
ments be invited to encour-
age capital investment in

such a cempany, e.g. by tax
exemption and simplifying
legal procedures necessary for
Its operation.
BARGLAYS TAKE-OVER
PORT-OF SPAIN July 12, CP:—
Barclays Bank DCO, a United
Kingdom ~ incorporated banking
concern, has taken over the Bank of
Trinidad (Gordon Grant) Limited.



e

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THE

PAINTERS
CHOICE

BS AUn eI U ROS eee
AVAILABLE AT THE FOLLOWING HARDWARE STORES:

L. A. DUPIGNY Esq.,
J. W. EDWARDS

TROPICAL
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So: EST

HO

PAGE NINE .

~ NOTICE

Vacancy In Pest Of
Housekeeper. Princess
Margaret Hospital.

Applications are invited for the
post of Housekeeper, Princess,
Nargaret Hospital.

2. The salary of the post is
$1,506.60 p.a. inthe scale $1,506
x60 — $1,626 x 72— $1,842.
The appointment is pensionable and
is subject to Medical fitness and 2
years probation in the — first
instance

3. The officer shall perform her
duties subject to the general super-
vision of the Matron.

4. Meals will we provided.
Free quarters will be provided in
the Nurses Hostel. No allowance
will be paid in lieu of quarters.

5, Leave will be granted in
accordance with General Orders of
the Colony. -

6. Applicctions for the post
sbould be addressed to the Chief
Secretary, Administrator’s Office, and’
should reach him not later . than:
2nd August, 1963.

GO 72, July 13, 20.



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~SPORTLIGHT-- 7
BY EDDIE ROBINSON

Tame Draw At
Leicester

Rain Helps Bowlers

The English weather continues to
play havoc with the West Indies
Touring Team. In between showers
last. Saturday, the touring team
bowled out Leicester for 158, Sobers
and Gibbs claiming 5 wickets apiece
But for a partnership between In-
man (39) and Jayasinghe (61) both
Ceylonese, the innings might have
been the lowest of the season.

West Indies also found runs
difficult to come by. Carew play-
eda dour innings of 61 not out,
but McMorris, Kanhai, Nurse and
Sobers all failed. West Indies de-
clared at 159 for 5, Intheir 2nd
innings, Leicester batted more steadi-
ly and declared at 164 for 4, leaving
the West Indies to get 164 for vic-
tory. When stumps were drawn,
the tourists had scored 78 for 2.

On Wednesday, the West Indies
began a match against Derbyshire.
The latest score was West Indies 216
for 6. Kanhai 75, Hunte 52, Sobers
47 not out.

Imperial Cricket Conference

Ata meeting of the, Imperial
Cricket Conference held at Lords
on Wednesday, the main topic of
discussion was overseas tours to
Britain, “In the past, Australia hus
tdured' ritain every fouryears, Scutin
vary Ave (ydais;: ard iNew
Tiida Parte dad West
yiseven years." No decis .
his wWete’ reached, Sue -M, o.C:
promised ‘to explore the possibility
‘of two overseas teams touring Bri-
tain in the same season. This would
cut, down the waiting period consid-
erably, but tHe all important question
of finance wiil have to be settled.

The M C. C. will submit pro-
posals to the various Cricket
Boards in the near future, but in the
meantime, there will be no change
in the itinerary for the next two
years.






Boxing
Liston-Patterson Monday

The long-awaited Heavyweight
title fight between Champion Sonny
Liston and Floyd Patterson takes
place in Tlas Vegas on Monday
night. Liston is a 3 to r favourite
to retain the uitle, but Patterson has
looked very good in ‘raining, At
ringside, and observing all_ strong
points and weaknesses will be nouc
other than Cassius (Cashbox) Clay
who is due to meet Liston in
September if he beats Patterson,

The carly rounds will be impor-
tant for Patterson. Ifhe keeps out
of trouble in the first four rounds,
then he will have a good chance of
out-boxing Liston. On the other
hand, if he ziggs when he should
zagg in the early rounds, then it’s
“Tights out.”

Success Wins
Again
During a Domino Match played

at Beach Club, Fond Cole on Sun-
day r4th July, 1963 at 11:00 a.m,

between the Success Domino Club,
captained by Perry Seraphin and the
Fond Mico Domino Team, cap-
tained by
Fond Mico Team was defeated by a
lead of 229 points. The Score was
Success 2027 pts., Fond Mico
1798 pts. (Contr.)
G.A. James Back On Leave
Magistrate C. A. L. James of
St. K tes-Nevis, well-known Ros-
eau barrister has arrived home for a
short visit and wll shortly be joined
by his wite Mona (Rigsby), Any
former clienrs who wish to see him
(and his many friends) will find him
at 22 Hillsborough St.

NOTICE TO BANANA
GROWERS
HOURS OF RECEPTION AT BUYING
STATIONS

Growers selling fruit at
ROSALIE Buying Station are
notified that as from the
week commencing 22nd July,
1963 Rosalie will be open only
for the first day of thejReseau
Reception from 9 a.m. to 5

p. m
A. D, BOYD
General Manager
DOMINICA BANANA. GROWERS
ASSOCIATION
roth July, 1963.
__July 20

ue

| NOTICE TO E
BANANA PRICES AND

until further notice.

smum prices for cur fruit.

atta 6 Bae 6 See ¢ hm 6 pe 8 Peace 6 fe 6 Pe 6 Pe 6 Of Oe SOS

‘ciation 19th July, 1963.

~ University Of The West Indies |

The following is quoted from an urgent telegram sent fron:
London by the Presiaent of WINBAN: -- {
DUE INCREASED SUPPLIES FROM JAMAICA ANC CAMEROONS te)
FES HAVE ARBITRARILY DECIDED DROP GBP BY TWd UNITS TO
£60.5.0 AS F80M MONDAY TULY 22N0 STOP GEEST ONGE MORE :
HAS REFUSED TO FOLLOW AND WILL HOLD WINDWARD PRICE AT j
£67.5.0 FOR AT LEAST ONE WEEK WITH REVIEW EACH WEEKE
FOLLOWING STOP WINDWARD BOARDS WILL CONTINUE RECEIVE)
OUTRIGHT PAYMENT 6.26 CENTS UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE :
Accordingly, the present price to growers will be maintained)

Producers will note from the telegram the highly precarious
position of Windward Islands bananas on the U.K. market and the in-
valuable part being played by Geests Industries in maintaining maxi-

At the same time it must be appreciated that Geests are able
*to obtain a superior price for our Windwards bananas solsly because:
lof the high lecel of efficiency attained by the firm in their selec-
(tion, handling and marketing arrangements.

: A.D. BOYD, GENERAL MANAGER, Dominica Banana Growers Asso-
July 20 ,

tO ed Ee BES FS Bee 6 fe OES Pa AS Pe fn SS SK Oe

DOMINICA HERALD’

Applications For
Lijjuor Licences

To the Magistrate District *G’
& the Supermeendent of Police
1, Aubrey S. Mc Quilkin now re-
siding at Portsmouth Parish of St.

Andrew Lazare, the John do hereby give you notice

that it is my intention to apply at
the Magistrate’s Court to be held ac
Portsmouth en Wednesday, the and
day of October 1963 ensuing for a

~ wholesale LIQUUCR LICENCE

Bay

in tespect of my premises at
Dated

Street Paiish of S:. John.
the sth day of July 1963
A S. MC QUILKIN

hoa a
To the Mayistrate District ‘G’’, &
the Chief of Police.

I, Fontinel Valentine, of Guillet,
in the Parish of St. John, do hereby
give you notice that it 1s my intention
to apply at the Magis rate’s Court,
to be held at Po.tsmouth, on Wed-
nesday, the 2nd day of Octoher 1963,
ensuing for a RETAIL LIQUOR LI-
CENCE, in respect of my premises,
situated at Guillet, Parish of St, John.

Dated the 26tn day of June, 1963.
FoNTINEL VALENTINE
July 20—Aug. 3

REMINDER

All Chauffeurs of Marigot are re-
minded of thelr feast on the .26th
July whieh consists of a mass. fol-
lowed by entertainment at the
residence of Mrs. James Warrington
at North End.

“All Chauffeurs are aske* to give
their: full support in every. possible
way_on-hoth occasions, .._

2 ance ott 6 Ae: 6 One 8 aes PS Seo AES OR 8S Oe 8 ome Ae a

BANANA GRIW:

MARKET GONDITIONS

aS 9S SRS 98 9:

8 98 9 8

Applications are invited for the post of PLANT BREEDER to work in

the Food Crops Research Unit of the Regional Research Centre.

Postgra-

|
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|
)
i
‘

duate qualifications in genetics or plant breeding are desirable together
with plant breeding experience but candidates without such experience
will be considered. Duties to be assumed as soon as possible.

Salary scales -— Assistant Lecturer: £1,050 x $0 — £1,200.
Lecturer: £1,300 x 60 — £1,660 x 80 — £2,100. Senior Lecturer:
£3,750 x 90 — £2,675. Child allowance (limited to three children)
£150 for first child, {roo for second, £50 for third. F.S,S. U.
Housing accommodation will be let by the University at 10% of salary.
Up to five full passages on appointment, on normal termination and on
study leave (once every three years),

Detailed applications (six copies) giving particulars of qualifications
and experience, date of birth, and the names of three referees as soon as
possible by persons living in the Americas andthe Caribbean area to the
Registrar, University of the West Indies, Kingston 7, Jamaica, and by
all other persons to che Secretary, Inter-University Council fer Higher
Education Overseas, 29 Woburn Square, London W.C.I. Further
particulars may be obtained sinalarly.

SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963

CHILDREN’S FACTUAL TEST CORNER
LAST WEEK’S RESULTS

1st. Hlorsford Nicholas, D.G.S. 2nd. Brian Walker, S.M.A>
Consolation Prize: Zena Hector, C HS,

Although we had many replies, nearly al! were wrong. The answers
are:— 1 (a) The Bill for the Abolition of Slavery was passed in 1807.
(b) In 1833 the Bill for the Emancipation cf Slavery became Law.
2. Dominica has 14 Bank Holidays. 3, Peebles Park was named
after Major Pecbles, once Administcator of the island.

University Of The West Indies

Applications are invited for the post of Lecturer or Senior Lecturer in
Chemical Engineering. Salary scales— Lecturer: £1,300x60—£1,660x80
—£2,100. Senior Lecturer: £1,750 x 90— £2,675. Child allowance
(limited to three children) £150 for first child, £100 for second and £50
forthird. F.S.S.U. Housing allowance of 10% of salary or, if available,
unfurnished accomodation will be !et by the University at 10% of salary. -
Up to five full passages on appointment, on normal termination and on
study leave (once every three years).

Detailed applications (6 copies) giving particulars of experience,
date of birth and the names of three referees should be sent by the 19th '
August, 1963, by persos living in the Americas and the Caribbean
area to the Registrar, University of the West Indies, Kingston 7, Jamaica,
and by ail other persons to the Secretary, Inter-University Council for
Higher Education Overseas, 29 ‘Woburn Square, London, W.C.L.
Further particulars :nay be obtained similarly.

Se TRIS Y
PIRES g
Attention all Housewives -- —

~ JHE PURITY FLOUR

Gontest ls Here SSCS
TWOQ BEAUTIFUL SETS OF

GALAXY GOPPERTOKE ALUMI-
NIUM KITCHENWARE

WILL BE GIVEN FREE, ABSOLUTELY FREE to
two Lucky Customers, 15th Aug. 1963.

It is so easy to win:—







|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
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|

9)
fa



@

It

Just write your name and address on your,

PURITY HOUSEHOLD FLOUR
WRAPPER
and send to the

PHOENIX

Sets on Display in our Showcase

A. G. SHILLINGFORD & CO. LTD.

July 20, 27

00 ee pS OO 6 ft 6 One 6 Se C 8 6 Oe 6 8 6 Be 6 Bs Pe Ba 6 Pe UD”

Se 6 5S 8 Fae 6 Sa 6 9 a 6 Be i 8 +S a 6 pe eS 9 6 9 es es

Pee 6 9 ta 6 9 8 9 9 9 8 et 3 eta 8 pa 9 Ba 6 9 B19 ta 8 9S pa BS 9 | 9H 9 GS 6989 |

‘





a Oe 6 en 6 Oe 6 9S Oe 6 ae 6 OR 6 pS Oe 6 Ae 6 Be 6 9 SP eS Oe

MELVILLE HALL--CASTLE BRUGE |
| ESTATES

Overseer required with experience in coconut,
banana and cocoa cultivation or with agricul-
tural training. Must be prepared to reside at
Melville Hall or Castle Bruce Estates.

|!
l
(
{
t
l
] Apply :

] Manager,

‘Melville Hall Estate
| Juty 20

3 09a Od a Pa ee SE ee

Nn a ee) ee





PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J, MARGARTSON CHARLES, THE HERALD’S PRINTBRY, 31 NEW STREBT, ROSEAU, DOMINICA, SATURDAY JULY 20, 1963



Full Text


RESEARCH INSTITU re
SOR THE STUDY OF MAN
162 EAST 78 STREET.
NEW YORK 21, N. Ys

arn TS



(Fur the

& neral We fore of the People of Pominica, the fur ner advancement or the

SATURDAY, JULY

ESTABLISHED 1955

oo

“We Practice Democracy
And Ghristianity” -- ORIT

na letter circulated to affiliates throughout the world, orit,
Latin American regional organisation of the Interna-
tional Confederation of Free Trade Unions accused the
International Federation of Christian Trade Unions of
causing confusion in the ranks of Latin American and
West Indian trade untonism, and other demagogic devices
not only by the similarity of to achieve their hidden, un-
its initials to those of the confessable ends.”
great world-wide tcrTu, but — [tis hoped here that the
(it 1s suggested) by accepting two Dominica Unions con-
Communist. aid in ther cerned will get together and
struggle to dominate the T.U. discuss the matter.
field in the Latin countries.
The reply of the Interna-_
tional Federation of: Christ-. July 7 4 Fet2

ian T.U.s ito these charges is

Young Adven-
turers From

Martinique

Happy And Welcome

A party of French schoolboys
accompanied by three adults one of
them a woman teacher (Mile.
Delphin) landed tn Dominica on
July 17 after a rough crossing from
Martinique in the 30--ft. yacht
“My Destiny” with auxiliary engine.
Most of the 20 young travellers
were seasick on their firse sea
journey. \

The group, under the leadership
of Professor Pierre Lucette were
held up in Roseau harbour for two
hours by immigration formalities,
and arrived tired but relieved | at
St. Mary’s Hostel, which has pro-
Pir, vided hospitality. They are doing
not yet available. i The Cercle Francais of Dominica their TP ohana aud

This quarrel” is of grave celebrated French National Day feel very comfortable “Today. they

concern to trade unionists in (Quattorze Juillet) by a punch and visit Scouts Head and on Sunday
poetry party. at the home o Aas

oa

mia c ct lass Francais at Rockaway.
(the majority) belong to the Sunday forenoon. After the singing will visit che fresh aii Jake; but

Dominica Trade Unio 1 and of the Marseillaise and the reading have abandoned hope of reaching
are among the 23 million ‘of telegrams and other kind exch he boiling lake becuse of ram and
Western Hemisphere trade anges of greetings fom friends abroad, mud.

ey ‘ a vote of thanks was moved by “
unionists affiliated to_ the the Vice President and seconded in Pierre Lucette Here Too
Some of the students are mak ng

ICFTU, and alsotoC.C L, excellent French by Miss Marion Pe-

an offshcot of ORIT. The ter of Portsmouth, who said:- - valiant efforts to speak English dur-
other smaller union (Tech- “Je souhaite que l’établissement 198 thesr visit, and all are required
nical, Clerical and Com- @'us« tlle organisation, | le Cerct Se oe en

i i i e le Dom! -log. ae sch
mercial Workers Union) IS Ste i aves ee une be left behind in Martinique because
affiliated to ICFTU, the grande famille mutuelle, entre la he had an appendix operation,
“Christian” Union. Dominique et ses voisins Frang- althouga he begged for a Doctor's
Ina public statement ais, la Guadeloupe et la Martinique ee - that he could sail with
the others!

headquarters, ORIJT et meme ceux qui sont d’outre-mer’™’s
ee Youngest Boy Eleven

6 A specially appreciated gift book
stated recently: ORIT, was "LA DOCTRINE SOC- The youngest boys, Barthelemy
and St. Prix, are aged 11 and 12;

whose ranks inelude $2 TALE DE L’EGLISE” presented
national trade union confed- ¢o the Cercle by Father Brivet F,M,I and the eldest are about 19. They
erations, will not perm it The splendid box of books ‘pre- are all good sportsmen and keeping
itself to be dragged into a sented 2 a ieee ahaa in ee so far, despite a
a ; : in Trinidad was on display as aiso weather. The boys were receive
sterile polemic with errs the latest collection At heals and by the Mayor at Roseau Town Hall
who resort to sensationalism other reading matter ftom Alliance on Thursday, and Mr, Lestrade
te expressed the wish that exchange

Frangaise, Paris. a
ers student-visits would increase. On
Dominica Gram- Friday they met Mr. Walker, Direc-
mar School

tor of Education; Hon. R.P. St.
Luce conversed with the choolboys
Entrance Examination
Results

—_—

Storm Samage
Loss Of Srops

Heavy rainstorms lashed the
Windward Islands last weck and

The following boys were success- St. Luca reports considerable losses
ful in passing the Grammar Schoo! to banina cultivation due to wind-
Entrance exam nations held recently: storm damage. In Dominica torren.

Alder Hamlet, Hurbert Boland, tial rainstorms have caused consider-
Jeremiah Pollock. (Marigot Govern. able damage to crops, although a
ment School):Stephen Bleau, (Sou- fair proportion of the banana culti-
ftiere): Ralph Scotland, Jeremiah vation is coveted by insurance
Toussaint, Lennox Jeremiah (Ros- through the WINBAN scheme,
eau Senior Boys): Jeremiah David, | Concern 1s felt at the dropping of
Cleveland Robinson, (Portsmouth); the Green Boat Price by Fyffes in
Nicholas Francis, (Mahaut); Giff- the face of a glut from Jamaica and
ord Paul, (Salisbury): Fabien Vidal, the Cameroons. Geest’s are how- young man who got burned at the
Norbert Phillip, (Dublanc); also ever retaining the present price at same time is under surveillance,
Remy, Laville, Bently Gordon, buying and ceception stations until Mrs. Gertrude Isaac and husband
Stephen Brumant, GIS further notice. are being held for inquiry.

in French. Mr. Paul of the Cercle
Francais made a special large “‘wel-
come” loaf for them, and they have
met many local students th rough
Roseau correspondents of “Friends
of the Caribbean’.
Pte. Michel Fire Death
Mrs. Rosalind Balson, 33, felt
flames darting over her at 2.30 a.m.
on July xs, found her bed and
wardrobe on fire, and was helped
by husband and friends to. put out
the blaze. Later she died in P. M.
Hospital. It is reported that a

20, 1963



The Richest Soil

r :

West) Indies and the Caribbean Area as a whule)

PRICE: Tog

INTERNATIONAL UNIONS IN STRUGGLE |

“BG. Must Settle its Own
Problems” -- Sandys
Coalition Still Possibie

Attempts by Duncan Sandys to bring the political
patties of British Guiana together in a coalition govern-
ment are so for not neeting with any great success. After
his departure on Monday, the calks between Jagan’s gov-
ernment party, the P. P. P., wit Forbes Burnham's
P. N. C. broke down on who was to have which port-
folio. eT ne

Discussions were however the U. S. against _interfer-
resumed, but now the ence inthe affairs of British
People’s National Congress Guiana, and_ stated that. he
state that they wilt not con- would: give the local leaders
tinue until the declaration. until ‘October to ’ thrash: out
of the State of Emergency their problems; ifthey have.
has been rescinded.

not come to some agreement’

Reporting to. the House by then. “J: think. the British

of Commons on Tuesday, Government will ha ve to





Mr, Duncan Sandys denied take action itself,”” he said.

pas f the thev will be the en
Dominica some of whom Ee ice 10 GOT STE LST Pr ig ae Recenee nee hee PORE tae de

Vater they 9°.



é —__———. No Suspension Of Constitution
Volunteers -_
Wanted

Visit OF Psychiatrist
Schaffner

He stated that there was no sug-
gestion of suspending the Consti-
tut‘on of British Guiana, or of in-
troducing ‘outsid: elements ‘such as

mittee--—these he * feels would only
exacerbate the racta!l tensions, which
Volunteers are wanied fora the people of B, G. rust ease. off
work of healing and mercy”. This for themselves. The Government
is the cail that goes out from the of B. G. meanwhile issued a state-
Dominica Metal Health Association Ment on Wednesday blaming
after a quick meeting of the Execu- the British Government
tive to greet Dr. Bertrand Schaffner for the breakdown of law and order
(the instigator of the Association) aud asking for immediate indepen-
whilst. he made his brief visit co dence with a “great-power treaty”
Domi ica:. guaranteeing their savereigaty and
After reporting to Dr. Schaffner independence.
the trend of work being done and
details of Mental Health Week
last month, members were encour- PEOPLE IN THE NEWS
raged particularly to start making = youn Melntyre of Eastern. Cari.
Improvements (with the consent of bbean Farm Institute gets the Barba-
the SMO, who was present) inthe dos Agricultucal Society Prize -—
conditions ofthe patients at the top marks of rst year students *
Mental Hospital, One of the most A,C.B WATTY gets scholarship
important factors, said Dr. Schaff- in Public Administration to Cana-
ner, in the treatment of mental ill dian University * A.E. FouBISTER,
health is that the patient should keep Teacher-Trainer cum Head DGS
in touch with the outside world; left Wednesday after farewells to
for this reason it was vital thata DGS, Yechnical Wing students
rota of volunteers who would be anda function atG.H. *ROY
able to visit the Mental Hospital often nernaLt Presbyterian = Church
and regularly, be drawn up. Such Moderator becomes Trinidad Sena-
persons would be required to act as tor * ARCHBISHOP O” Hara, Apos-
friends and helpers to the patients, tolic delegate to Britain died this
encouraging them to play games week after a heart attack * sciEN-
(cards, dominoes etc,,) do work such risr Martelli found not guilty of
as sewing and cooking, and to discuss being a Russian spy in Britain *
events happening in the outside C.M.O’marp Chairman of Board
world, of Leeward Islands Teacher Training
Any persons who feel able and College arrived this week to look at
willing to do this voluntary work the island ftom which ten of his
whether members of the Mental pupils come * D.M, SourHwELt,
Health Association or not, are ask- Asst, Man. at Melville Hallis going
ed to get in touch with the Secretary on a course in Air Traffic Contral,

D,M.H.A., SMO’s Office, Old at Hurn Airport, England, Novem-—

Hospital, Roseau. ber*

the United Nations Colonial Com- *
PAGE TWO



ror

ICFTU Youth
Festival

The Festival of +Democratic
Youth, sponsored by the Interna-
tional Confederauon of Free Trade
Unions wall be staged in Austria,
commencing on the gth July this
yeat. Young trade umonists from all
over the world will be in attendance.

The Caribbean wall be represent-
ed by Brother Raymond Simon,
President of the youtn section of the
Anugua Trades and Labour Union.

Hundreds of young Austman trade
UMOMSs are working hard to com-
plete the camp which wall cventually
house the 4,000 participants attend-
ing the first world youtn rally spon-
sored by the ICF L U sn conjunction
with the Austrian Trade Union
Federation, which will be held near
Vienna in Joly. There will also
be a special Post office, currency ex-
change and shops.

Under the slogan ‘'To Live in
Freedom—To Strive for Peace’’, the
motive behind the rally isto give
young trade unionists from the many
countries affiliated to the ICFTU an
opportunity to meet and discuss their
problems in mutuel co-operation and
also to ‘promote, irternational_ under-
standing ‘amongst young people. The
Rally will-be. preceded by a Setttinar
for youth ‘leaders:

From * Caribbean Labour’’

U.S., Jamaica
Sign Mutual
fense Pact |

By Wilbert E, Hemming

err



KINGSTON. (ANP) Jamaica and the
United States formally signed a de-
fense pact here a few days ago, The
document, signed by Ambassador
William C. Doherty for the U.S.A.
and Sir Alexander Bustamante,
Prime Minister, for Jamaica, makes
no promise of respect for Jamaica's
tert torial integrity by the U.S.

But this shrewdly avoided aspect
of the agreement could have wide
interpretation such as_ permitting the
United States to use the island as a
foothold in defense of this part of
the hemisphere, shoula the occasion
arise in a war.

From the military assistance giv-
en by the U.S, Jamaica will inau-
gurate a coast-guard, and air patrol
force, and bolster her defense and
police forces with equipment adapt-
able to rugged country use.

Doherty said that the agreement
brings the United States and Jama-
ica “much closer.” He added that
the defense articles and defe c: ser-
vices rendered to to the island by
the United States, were for “legiti-
mate self defense, internal security
and participating in regional or col-
lective atrangements of measures
consistent with the Charter of the
United Nations.”

i

Profumo Echo

Lonpon, July. 12. CP:—

A:letter supposedly left by
Christine. Keeler and referring
to a key: figure in the Profumo
scandal has. been sent to Lord
Denning by Bournemouth land-
fady Mrs. -Majorie Wall, who
foyad it under a carpet in ber
seaside apartment.



0e-

we

A
sore

DOMINICA HERALD

A REERRT: Y Nt

DEREK HARVEY writes about
the plan to have iwelve
communications satellites
travelling round the Earth.

Hello, World!

Ground testing in Britain of the giant de Havilland Blue Streak
rocket and its powerful Rolls-Royce engines has now reached an advanced
stage, and flight testing will shortly begin at the Woomera Rocket Range
in South Australia.

Blue Streak will he the first stage of a three-stage satellite launching
vehicle On its launching pad the complete vehicle will weigh more than
100 tons.

After blast-off the first stage will go up about 4o miles, reaching a
ap of 6.800 miles an hour at the end of its two-and-a-halt minute
climb,

International Scheme

For the second stage of the launching vehicle a smaller rocket
(supplied by France) will be carried up on Blue Streak’s nose, and will
be fired automatically at the end of the first-stage thrust petiod.

From this point it will climb steeply to a height of about 129 miles
while Bluc Streak plunges back to Earth.

When these trials have proved satisfactory, a third and still smaller
rocket, built in Germany, wil! be added to the nose of the French rocket.
This wili begin firing, again automatically, at the end of the second-stage
thrust pericd, about 120 miles up

At this height the air is very thin and the thitd rocket, meeting with
litle -resistance, will attain a velocity of about zo,ooo in. p.h, and be
able to go on upwards if necessary for severa! thousand miles.

The tests form part of a big scheme supported by Australia, Britain,
Belgium, France, W-st Germany, Italy and the Netherlands, which will
enable Europe to embark on a-full-scale space programme.

Britain’s Blue Streak rocket shown successfully undergoing a

"static test. ° This rocket, which is Britain’s contribution to
the European Launcher Development Organisation, functioned
perfectly. The rocket is powered by two Roll-Royce engines
and will form the first stage of the Etitopean_ satellite.
France is to provide the second stage and Western Germany
the third stage. “



oH CoN MMT arene rey nenente Veneta nat“ taammneeane
eee ree res ae “Er ener EYEE ran ne Naan ~

SATURDAY, JULY 20, '1963

ner EET







Space Telephone Lines

This Eucopean Satellite Launcher would be capable of putting
communications satellites into orbit.

Of the various types of system being considered is one suggested by
Brita n under which twelve satellites would be placed at equal interva!s
and heights in a ‘circular equatorial orbit of up to 7,500 nautical miles
above the Earth and would provide hundreds of new “telephone lines” to
mast places in the world.

Not only telephone messages, but pictures and television shows will
be beamed into space from ground. stations, to be re-transmited by
satellite to stations thousands of miles away.

Telstar’s Part

The first British station for satellite communications
operating at Goonhilly Downs, in Cornwall,

it made history, you may remember, when it picked up and relayed
to millions of viewers pictures televised from the United States of America
to Europe via the satellite Telstar.

Since then it has received and transmitted hundreds of telephone
calls across the Atlantic, using both Telstar and the later Relay satellite,
and has given us 1 vivid glimpse of what developments the future holds °
in store. ;

When space communications networks are highly developed, we
shall be able to dial a telephone number and speak to friends thousands of
miles away — as eastly and clearly at if they lived im the next street. BIS

POETS CORNER
A ROSEAU

Petite ville rose et blanche ot je suis né

Je te reviens aprés une trés longue absence;
J’eus, par dela les mers, un séjour fortuné
Sous l'azur amical du ciel léger de France.

is already



Pardonne-moi, Roseau, que couronnent les monts

Et qu’un golf éclantant refléte ert ses eaux bleues;

Les parfums de tes Aleurs et de tes gocmons' (
IN’empéchent pas mon coeur d’étre 4 deux mille lieues.

O ville de ma mére, encore de bien longs mois,
_* _Malgré les souffles pure descendus des grands bois,
“Je ne serai qu’une ombre en tes paisibles rues. ~~

Et par les belles ruits ott les vagues sont d’or,
Mes douleurs hanteront, soudainement accrues,

Les vapeurs aux feux clairs qui quitteront ton port.
‘ —Daniel Thaly

A prize of $3.00 is offered for the best translation into English of
Cr. Thaly’s poem printed above. Closing date August 30.

— x octae 6 ote 6 pn 5 ite 6 “Wa 4 96 9S Oates On 6 OS See 6 aS FS BS OS BS

‘NhE “‘VARIETY’ STORE

C. G, PHILLIP & CO. LTD.

LATEST ARRIVALS:—
Refrigerators (all sizes and at special!

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etc, etc.

ee 6 pe 6 pen 9 ee 6 Fs pS eS PS 9 8 PS pS PS BS SPS PS
ar pee doe -
ROSEAY CREDIT UNION

reminds
ALL MEMBERS about the 12th
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING
to be held at St. Gerard’s Hall on
MONDAY NIGHT, 22nd July (this month)
beginning at 8 o'clock.
CASH PRIZES will be offered, and may be won
only by MEMBERS WHO ATTEND.
july 13, 20

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*

pau 6 5 5 9S 6 5a 6 8 la “6 5“ 6 5“ S$ 4)
Apt a 8 9 8 9 <8 ee 8 9 8 ee 9 ee
SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963

MENTAL HEALTH NOTES

Psychiatry And Drugs
Early Steps In Psychology

The treatment of mental diseases is a comparatively
new science, and, as people in Dominica heard during
the recent successful Mental Health Week, many steps
have been taken since the bad old days when “lunatics”
were simply locked up and ignored.

Probing into mental processes started, perhaps, with
the work on hypnotism by Mesmer o ver one hundred
vears ago, but the great fillip to the work was the research
in_abnormal and normal psychology by Sigmund Freud
at the beginning of this century. Twe further schools of
thought also sprang from Vienna, those of Adler and
Jung. Results of their analysis of themselves and neuro-
tic patients led to the school of psychoanalysis, which had
undoubted successes in all minor cases of mental ill-
health.

Tackling Major Diseases

Soon after Werld War II discoverics were made
which, although not affecting complete ‘cures except ina
minority of cases, “vere able to afford relicf in the major
diseases such as schizophrenia, paranoia and the manic
depressive states. One was the use of Elecitic Shock
Therapy, which produces a state of temporary unconsct-
ousness ind the other was by injection of a massive dose
of insulin, inducing a coma regarded as therapeutic. The
same treatment is now being used with other drugs where-
by the patient is putto sleep for scveral days. In the
meantime, the psychoanalysts continued to struggle w it h
these major diseases, by endeavouring, to discover the root
cause (generally beginning in some childhood. stress) and

dispelling the subconscious emotion by helping the patient

to recognise it and recover from it.

Tranquilizers

In the late 40s, a drug which had been used for
centuries as a relief for high blood pressure in India was
rediscovered and applied clinically in the West for the
relief of mental tension. This drug reserpine (Serpas.l)
is‘ particularly valuable for calming manic and psychotic
states. A drug named chlorpromazine was discovered
a little later which had a remarkable effect on agitated
patients, particularly the neurotics. This new group of
drugs are now in general use and are known as tranqu!-
lizers. Although some analysts feared that the use of
tranquilizers might dull the minds of patients and prevent
a full analysis, it is now generally recognized that their
use often prevents a “nervous breakdown” or psychotic
episode (lading to hospial'z tion) and makes tr.atment
easier and shorter. It shou'd be noted that a full psycho-
ana ysis may tale anything from one to three years and is
thus naturally a very expensive treatment.

Group Therapy

In the last fifteen years further developments have
taken place which attempt to decrease difficulties that
inhibit certain kinds of patients from discussing their in-
nermost fears and problems, or make them entirely una-
ble to reach their innermost feelings. One of these is
Group Iherapy, in whch a number of patients with
si nilar or different kinds of mental health problems, sit
together and work out their troubles with each other, avail-
ing themselves of the advice of the group therapis: when
neeeded.

Mescaline And L $ D

Research was also instituted on what was intended
to be an improvement on the gronp therapy based on the
use of a drug called lysergic acidudiethylamide (LSD for
short). This synthetis drug produces a_ hallucinatory
state similar to that produced by the drag mescaline, an
alkaloid derived from the mescal bean growing in Texas
and New Maxico (Sophora secundiflora) and also from the

DOMINICA HERALD





Sophora Williamsii. This latter, known in . Mexico. as
peyotl, come from a common button cactus and was used
by the Aztecs in their religious ceremonies.

Dangerous Drug

The drug LSD, which is not physiogically habit-for-
ming, produces, when taken, a_ bizarre stale of mind
which was once thought to be like that of the schizoph-
renic. It supporters claim that it ‘‘exposes’’ the subcons-
cious to the user “completely” — and that at the same
time the memory of the exposure is retained. Jf this were
truc the function and need for pschoanalysts with its high
fees and long treatment would be outmoded in favour of
a quick cheap remedy. The group which makes high
claims for LSD were originally at Harvard Univesity,
but were asked to discontinue their research or leave as
a result of the publication of careful research studies by
scientists in Universities in Europe North America and
Asia, as to the drug’s actual tack of efficacy as a means of
treating mentally ill persons. In addition the extravagant
promises of ‘‘fast’” and “easy cures” attracted a consider-
able number of young people, intelligent people, with
emotional difficulties and confusions, seeking the so-
called “happiness pill”, and the qualities of a “cult”
appeared.

(Cont on page 7)

ee e-t—~w—“iOO oe

QUOTE OF THE
WEEK

“Human brotherhood is not. just
a goal. It is a condition on which
our way of life depends. The ques-
tion for our time is not whether all

men axe brothers. That question
has been answered by the God who

‘2 6 9S 3“ 6 2 i ee) > eet?

question is whether we have the
strength and the will to make. the

hood of the guidin
brotherhood of man e guiding july 1227
we match our actions to our words?””
—-President Kennedy, December
1962

quired by air.

6 pce 6 8 6 9 es

New Water Bot-
tle Filter Des-
troys Bacteria

A water bottle designed for tra-

Street, on 1st July, 1963.

Sav bea 6 pe 0 a

ties suspended in water and d:stroys
bacteria which cause typhoid, chol-
era, dysentry and gastro-enteritis, has
just been developed.

It contains a porous filter which,
say the British manufacturer, has
been successfully tested in all parts
of the world.

After it has been pumped from
the bottlk— made of p!astic— the
water is completely sate for drinking,
whatever source it originally came
from. No chemicals are added and
the process does not affect the taste.
It is more effective than boiling
water, which usually produces a
“flat?” taste.

The bottle, which is nine inches
high, five inches wide and three in-
ches deap, produces cne pint or pure
water at each filling. It needs very
little maintenance.

British Berkfeld Filters Ltd., Can-
non Lane, Tonbridge, Kent, Eng-
land.

India Bans S. A.
Ships

NEW DELHI July 13 CP:—
‘India today banned alJ South
Aftican ships and aircraft from
Indian sea and air ports as a pro-
test against South Africa’s appart.
heid policy.

Junez2 July 27

So

—





say 6 Rta 8 Sf 9 a SD eS 5 i 6 8 eS 8 eS a 6 8 8 9 6 9 8 ee fe 6 ee OP ee

June 13—

ae!



Phone No. 67 (2 rings).

BOT 6 Pan 0 Pte 8 Ne 8 a Na 6 Bt ita 9 “Che 8 8S PS Re Pe

io .
el nt 4

_ ROSEAU CREDIT UNION
MOVED :

To their own office building at 33 Gt. Marlborough}

Business Hours as usual.
vellers, which eliminates all impuri- family the Credit Union Way.

.PAGE THREE

‘Spy Mystery

A Top Russian intelligence
agent whose defection to the West
was revealed last week 15 in Britain
and is giving important informa-
tion to British intelligence officials.
it was revealed by the Press Asso-
ciation. But the Press Association
said that neither the British Foreign
Office nor the Defense Ministry
could give any details about the
Russian—when and how he arrived
in Britain or the information he
was giving. CP,

A ee
Death-Ray Scien-
tist

The Swiss Government has asked
German scientist Hans Ehrhardi to
leave the country because he carried

out anti-aircraft ‘‘death-ray’* — tests
financed by a foreign power. (CP)

Read
The HERALD

—



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All assistance and information: concerning |
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JUST RECEIVED
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PAGE. FOUR |





anne oar mptemmareearmsennmemnaveemmmaaein = mae”

DOMINICA HERALD

DOMINICA HERALD

reno Na eran

AN INDEPENDENT WEEKLY

31 New Street,

Ros?au.

Tel. 307

Published by J. MARGARTSON CHARLES, Propri. tor
Editor — MRS. PHYLLIS SHAND ALLFREY

UK & European Represen ative

-- Colin Turner (London) Ltd.

122, Shaftesbury Ave London W. 1.

Asnual Subscriptions :

Town $5.00 Country $6.00

Overseas (Surface Mail) $7.50

RESMONT has departed but the talk
goes on and will do so until an
authoritative statement is put out by the
Government of Dominica. The line of
this newspaper has been from the stare of
the affair: “If the man, an acknow-
ledged hero, is considered by Government
to be. in any way a malefactor, let them
state the charge openly.” (Herald front
page, June 29.) On July 6 we wrote an
editorial attacking secrecy in matters of
public interest. We have also had
recourse to the British House of Ccm-
-mons to teat the veil from this unsa-
voury business,
in this week’s issue, readers may see
an article, fulsome and complimentary in
tone, praising the Government for its
“decision to act,” and implying that the
American’s deportation was connected
with what the , writers call “the Mesca-
line Boys.” thas come to our know-

oe

Over two hundred inches a year is a
lot of. rain; and sometimes nature is even
more munificent to Dominica. During
these last few days we have been pelted
by’ a flood; landslides have held up
traffic, goods and workers on their way
from point to point; the damage may
tater be estimated to have cost Domin-
ica afew thousand dollars, since roads
are expensive lifelines.

In St. Lucia, a lament has gone up
about the danger of a one-crop economy
(bananas) which is so vulnerable to
destruction by the elements. A large
sum of the people’s money has been
blown or washed away in our sister
island by stormy winds and rains. We
do not yet know what damage has been
done here, or what trials the rest of the

oo

People’s Post

Co-respondents are asked tc submit their full names and addresses as
a guarantee of good faith, but not necessarily for publication, Letters should
Controversial political letters will not oe pub-

be as short as possible.

co mee SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963 — oo

(we repeat): TELL THE PEOPLE

ledge through sources close to Gov-
ernment that one at least of the reasons
for Presmont’s ejection has to do with
potestial diuz experiments by a group.
Government has not told the people so
directly, however.

In pursuit of our aim to give the pub-
lic the background facts as and when we
get hold of them, we also publish in
this issue an article on Psychiatry and
Drugs which was drafted by a member
of Dominica’s Mental Health Committee
and checked carefully for scientific ac-cu-
racy by a‘op rank consultant Psychia-
trist.

Any suggestion that some group of
Dominicans in poss:ssion of these facts
would consider or would have consider-
ed supplying dangerous drugs to school-
children is inadmissible. i

In order to protect the people, it is
essential to tell the people.



hurricane season may bring. Sore of
the oldtimers who took an interest in
agriculture (particularly Sir Henry
Nicholls) were stoutly against the risks
of a one-crop economy, and continually
urged upon the people the need to rein-
force their biggest means of subsistence
(whether it was citrus, cocoa, coconuts,
coffee or any other main crop) with
storm-resistant second and thir d-line
planting as a stand-by resource in time of
trouble. We know that many modern
agriculturists support this view.

While a lot of good work on terracing
and the planting of food crops has re-
cently taken place in Dominica, is it
sufficient? ‘Are the people well enough
aware of the gamble ofa one-crop
acreage?

i

i ;

Dirty

ished anonymously. Views expressed in People’s Post do not necessarily

reflect the policy of the Editor or the Proprietor.

Dawbiney’s Will

Madam, —I noted with surprise

in the old Grammar School .......” |ted_ about the

knowledge that the old Grammar | manner?
School was left by Mr. Dawbiney
to be administered by Trustees, those

' Trustees to be the Anglican Clergy-
man in Dominica, the Resident Jud-
ge and ‘ta man of Colour’.

May I inquire whether these Trus-
the report in your issue of July 6|tecs are functioning according to
that ‘Roseau Boys School will be|Mr Dawbiney’s legal cestament and
moved into mote spacious premises | if so whether they have been consul-
: disposition of the
Wall Government’ kindly enlighten | school premises? Or is Government
the. public about this transfer? I have} acting in its usual high-handed

Yours truly,
Juripicus.

Madam,

I feel as if something
dirty has been done in the name of
us Dominicans, by putting out
Presmout so without any explanation.
Let me state that I am a Catholic.
Water came to my cyes when I heard
of this business. What would the
Holy Father of blessed memory have
done? I believe he would have
spoken words of peace and healing,

Yours in shame,

MAHAUTIAN

(Cont. on p. 7)





' than you, Your Honour.”

SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963
.

IN THE CABINET

By Phyllis Shand Allfrey
From Chapter VIII



Once just before l returned to Dominica after half a
life’s abs ‘nce, we went to Haworth in Yorkshire to see the
Bronte’s house. The melancholy of those narrow forbid-
ding rooms where the spirited girls were boxed up by a
stern father, Charlotte’s pathetic dress with its fantastically
narrow waist (no wonder she died in childbirth); the sad
wind-swept moors where Fmily, no coward soul, found
liberation and insight, the grim tombstones in the adjoin-
ing churchyard. . . all these things filled me with pity aod
wonder. How would the Brontes have fared in the lavish
but resistant atmosphere of Dominica?

There was a pub across from the house and church,
and sitting oppos.te to an old man who looked like the
ideal Victorian “gaffer”, my husband and J sipped tank-
aids of beer. We got talking to the old man and be told
us anecdotes about the Brontes. about how “wild Branwell”
used to drink in the pub and how his sisters would have
to come and take !:1m home.

‘The trouble about them was, they all wrote books.”
said the old man

“Pve written a boo<, too,” I sa‘d “It is about an island.”
And I told him some:ning of my misgivings. The old gaffer
studied my expression as J saidtbe words, and madea
remark which | have never forgotten:

“Don’t worry. When Bran drank here and them
girls wrote at the rectory, every squire hereabouts thought ,
he was Heathcliff ”

My novel, The Orchid House, caused more commo-
tion in the confines of Dominica than its far greater fore-
runners did at Haworth. When | met the then Admianis-
trator of Vominica at a party shortly after my return, he
(a stranger to me) asked humorously:

“Do you think you will last out here?”
To which I replicd with equal bonhomie: “Longer



University Of The West Indies

Applications are invited for the post of Asst. Lecturer
(Herbicides) in the Regional Research Centre. Anplicants
should possess a good degree in Agronomy. Experience:
in Crop Protection will be an advantage. Appointment
will be in the Assistant Lecturer scale. Applicants will
eee to carry out field work throughout the West
Indies.

Salary scales — Assistant Lecturer: £1,050x 50 —
£1.200. Lecturer £1,300 x 60 — £1,660 x 80 — £2,100.
Child allowance (limited to three children) £150 for the
first ch Id, £100 for second and £50 for third child.
FS.S.U. Hous ng allow ince of 10% of salary, or if availa-
ble, unfurnished accommodation will be let by the Univer-
sity at 10% of salary Ulp to five full passages vn appo nt-
ment, on normal termination and on study leave (once
every three years). Appintments for three years in first
instance.

Detailed application (six copies) giving full particulars
of qualifications and experience, date of birth and names
of three referees should be sent as soon as possible by
persons living in the Americas and he Cur:hb an area to
the Registrar, University of the West Indies, Kuingstoa 7,
Jamaica and by all other persons to the Secretary, tnter-
Univesity Council for Higher E ucation Overs:as, 29
Woburn Square, London WCl1. Further particulars
may be obtained similarly.

i



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TRAFALGAR FARMERS CLUB

DANCE! DANCE !! DANCE!!!
At Trafalgar on the evening
of Monday 5th August 1968,
Music: Pointe Michel Orchestra
Fee: $1.00
Oh, the romantic Full Moon !!
Take her along!!!
July 20, 27, Aug. 3,

‘Pen 6 8 eS Pea 9 eS pe 6 Pa PA 6S ast 9 “Aha 6 Pn A 6 fe Sb “SS eS n my

=
} ;
!
|
| |
{
“SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963

er rr,

The Garibbean Plan

Address by Mr. C. F. Beauregard, Secretary-General of
the Caribbean Organization at the opening session of the
third meeting of the standing advisory committee of the
Carribbean Plan.

Ladies and gentlemen, I am vezy pleased to welcome
you here this morning at the third meeting of your Com-
mittee.

Tam happy to see that all Member Countries are
represented, e x ce pt the Government of British Guiana
which, for reasons we all appreciate, has informed me that
it regrets thac itis unable to send a representative to this
meeting. Also, ic is gratifying to see observers from our
Signatory Powers, and, among them a strong delegation
from the Governmen: of the United States.

Five Associates

I wish to extend a special word of welcome to the
Chief Minister of St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla, whose gov-
ernment has the status of Special Observer in the Cartb-
bean Organization pwnding the modification by the Sig-
natory Powers of the Agreement Establishing the Carib-
bean Organization which will allow the former units of
the Federation of the W bers, Weare all very pleased that s out of the 10 units which
constituted the former Federation have already indicated
their interests in rnembetship in the Canbbean Organi-
zation. Let me express the wish that soon we will have
the pleasure of welcoming these s — and maybe more —
units as full Members. Indeed, if this body is to have its
full meaning as the regional snternational organization of
the Caribbean, jt should be representative of the great
majority of the countries of the region.

The great event of our times. is the universal accert-
ance of the belief that the future does not belong to isola-

ted: territories. There isa general. trend today towards

“economic: grouping among « countries which belong , to the

same geographical area. It is rherefore not surprising that

in ‘this region of the Caribbean the desire for economic
grouping is no less than it is in other parts of the world,
‘There is no doubt that the majority of the countries of
this area’ are conscious of the fact that, irrespective of the
differences in their constitutional structures, if they are to
develop themselves fully, they must cooperate with one
another,

There is no disagreement on this point, but it 1s re-
grettable that there is still divergence of opinion as to the
form that this cooperation should take.

In some quarters, individual efforts are being made
to establish a Caribbean Economic Community, in dis-
regard of the fact that the Caribbean Organization is
already the nucleus for such a grouping.

Colombo Type Plan

Others, particularly in the British Caribbean area,
while recognizing the value of the Caribbean Organiza-
tion, are still calling fora Colombo type Plan for the
area in which, in addition to our Signatory Powers,



achievements inmany— fickdss—

DOMINICA HERALD



donor countries outside the area ‘which are interested in
the ‘development of the Caribbean, such as Canada,
would be Members. They forget that the Caribbean
Plan was set up by the Council as a Colombo type
Plan — taking into consideration the special problems and
need softhe countries of this area — 10 speed up and
harmonize the develoment of the area.

Other circles are appealing direct to the United
Nations to intervene in the development of a Caribbean
Economic Community, while others would like to see the
coantries of the area affiliated to the Economic Com ‘uiss-
ion for Latin America, despite the fact that the Caribbean
Organization has already been estab'ished as the regional
organization of the Caribbean area with objectives that
are inaccod with the principles of the Charter of the
United Nations. Moreover, it must be borne in mind
that the Caribbean area, which includes a large number
of extremely small countries with heterogeneous coris.1tu-
tional structures, and whose population is small compared
to that of the Latin American countries, has problems of
itsown. It would be difficult, indeed, for these specific
problems to be properly dealt with on a world wide level,
or if chese countries were to compete with the Latin
American countries in a larger grouping.

Lack Of Resources

Ladies and geutlemen, the time has come for us to
acknowledge the fact that this diverg:n:e of opinion exists
because the Caribbean Organization is still lacking the
full resources which would allow the Caribbean Plan to
make its impact in the area, as the Colombo Plen has
made in South and South-East Asia.

Does this mean that the Caribbean Plan has not yet
fulfilled its aims? Definitely not. I want to stress here
that, when one considers that the Caribbean Organization
is not yet two years old, oue has to ackn~ * > thata
tremandous amount of ground-breaking w« dy
been accomplised, and there have beens u

—We have already undertaken the ‘first’. annual review of development
plans.and programmes, and the first Annual Report of the Caribbean Plan
is published. Despite waatever shortcomings there may be in this first
report, it should prove to be a-useful instrument to governments, poteatial
investors and all those interested in the development of the area,

—The Clearing House on Trade and Tourisin Information is already
rendering very useful seivice in the development of trade, especially intra-
Caribbean taade.

—We are tackling the problems of improving telecommunications and
transportation facilities which are so vital to the countries of this region.

--A Marketing Study is now underway.

—And last but not least, the Caribbean Organization Fellowship Pro-
gramme will this year allow thirty fellows from the Caribbean area to start
their university studies.

Foundations Laid

The machinery is there. An excellent start has been made, and I have
just outlined briefty for you the progress that has already been made. This
machinery is srmilar to that which was set np for the Colombo Plan
countries aud that recommended by the Punta del Este conference for the
Alliance for Progress countries. It has been designed to foster the esta-
blishment of sound development plans in each country and their harmon-
ization through annual review, the pubtication ofan annual report, the
adoption of regional projects and the establishment of special services for
joint actions. (Cont. on p. 9)

PAGE FIVE
COMMONWEALTH NEWS

Kenya
dence

Kenya becomes independent on
December 12 this year jf all negotia-
tions are compieted in time. The
indesendence has been agreed to for
the end of September, A statement
ftom the Colonial Office indicated
that Brash Troops will remain in
an Independent Kenya. One reason
for this, political observers think, is
that the majority ruling party KANU,
Jed by Premier Jomo Kenyatta,
will revise the constitution immedia-
tely after independence 1n order to
strengthen the central government by
depriving the seven regions (now
mainly setup on tribal lines) of
much of their regional autonomy,
This regional semi-federal set-up
forms the political strength of kaDuU,
the opposition party, led by Ron-
ald Ngala: statesmanship is better
with force behind it!

British Honduras Conference

Indepen- |

Talks are now going on in
London to consider further consti-
tutionol advances for British Hon-
duras. Among other things a large
sum of money wil! be required for
building a new capital some. 45
miles away from the hurricane-deva-
stated ‘Belize. There have been
demonstrations - in Belize since . the’
opposition party (which did pet.
win a'single seat last elections) is not —-
represented at the London conference; ©
this is notwithstanding an invitation

vy the British Government to send.

a delegate and adviser. The talks
ate being presided over by Mr..-
Nigel: Fisher Sees fo

‘Central African \ Federation

“Dead’’

Ina B. B. C. Television inter:
view last Monday night Mr. R. A.
Butler, Britain’s Minister for Cen-
tral Aftican Affairs, called the end- .
ing of the Federation of Rhodesia
and Nyasaland ‘the end of a_ noble
experiment.” He stated that the
Victoria Falls conference, while
severing many links, had also pro-
vided the basis for the forging of
others especially in the economic
sphere. Terms of independence
for Southern Rhodesia were not yet
decided, he said, and the fuller
representation of the African peoples
in that country would have to be
discussed.

(Cont. on page 6)

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reoagess
PAGE SIX

ew

LONDON LETTER
\
Transport
Developments
To-day

Britain’s surface railways
are, as your correspondent
wrote in a previous letter,
going through agonies of re-
. rganization, with worse to
come But this year we are in-
vited ‘o celebrate the centena-
ry ofa Ertsh railway system
which is stil planning ex-
pansions and additions.
‘fhis is London’s Under-
ground system, the famous

Tube”

100 Year Old System

The briiliant idea ofa
subterranean railway was,
iike so mapy others, a pro-
duct of the Victorian era. In
the late 1830’s, a City soli-
citor saw that, as London
grew, and as tbe streets be-
came da'ly even more con-
gested with horse-drawn
vehicles, some quicker
means of trapsrort was be-
comirg imperative. More
so, as land values rose von-
unually, and dwelling honses
in the ceaire, were being
~pulled- down and theic sites
used for offic: blocks ihts

—anedne longer ard Songer
journeys for those who were
to work in them. ihe soll-
citor, Charles Pearson, sugg-
ested a scheme from the
northern terminus, Kings
Cross, down to Farriugdon
Street in the City. Then the
company which was to be-
come.the Metropolitan Kail-
way proposed a further rail-
from Paddington to link up
with.Pearson’s. After much
negotiation, enabling Bilis
were finaily passed through
Parhament, and in January
1860, work began, digging
under the roadway, thus
making the buyiug of pri-
vate. property unnecessary.
The “uadeiground” railway
was feally an enormous
trench, which was dug, and
then roofed over.

be



Smoke A Problem

Nevertheless, ventilation
was a problem. This was
before the age-of efficient
electric motors, and the
trains had to be drawn by
steam. Aftera scheme to
fill the engines with suffic.-
ent steam at each station for
the next part of the journey
had been abandoned, a com-
paratively fumeless coke-
burning engine was used to
pull the first train, ix Jan-
uary, 1863. By the 1890's,
electric traction was intro-
duced, and the first “deep
tubes”, real tunnels hundreds

—_—_—

“above-ground traffic wul be





of feet below ground were
being constructed in the first
years of this country (un-
known to their builders, they
were later to serve as the
safest and biggest of the air-
aid shcliers of the Second
World War)

The underground “sys-
tem’, at first owned by var-
ious companies, was taken
over as part of London’s
integratea transport syscem
when ‘buses, trains and tubes
were all nationalished to
form the London Transport
Passenger Board in 1939,
and is of course run asa
unit

Everybody’s Doing It

Ata time when the ordinary
railway has te yield to th
motorcar, the railway, part.
cularly underground, 1s be
coming more and more th.
obvious means of transpo.
in crowded cities (Stock
holm is the Jatest city to oper
av underground — syscem)
Last year, London Transport
announced that work was
beginning on a new line in
the system —adeep Tube
from Kings Cross (and be-
yond) to Victoria station, a
useful diagonal across Lon-
cion. Though in fact the new

tube wil! tS Way,
they ~ the relief
it .ondon’s

great. at will be caliéd the
Victoria line, and will be
completed in 1908.

One feature of London Trans-
port has been remarked on by
visitors — toe large number of
West Indians it emp!oys.
area few
workers too -—
Aftica and India).
government now
for London Transport in accordanc.
with standards the Executive has
laid down and it is very satisfied by
its Caribbean worker. ‘‘Mind th.
Doors” 1s now heard as often in
West Indian accents as in cockney.

some from Wes
The Barbados

The Hovercraft

Among other transport develop-
ments Britain has been proud of tts
wor'd lead in ‘ hovercraft”, that
helicopter in reverse, which rides on
a cushion of air. There have bven
a number of pioneer ferry services
over estuaries, and now London
itself will have its hovercraft service

in June. Just over 80 ft, long and

19 ft. wide, the craft will ply along
the river Thames from the Festved
Pier to Tower Bridge, in a_ service
for Tourists at £1 per head. ‘This
seems expensive, particularly as an
ordinary water bus will do the trip
for about 5s. Perhaps the novel-
ty will entice patrons — your
correspondent feels that this would
be much more the case if the

hovercraft was allowed to demons- §

crate its ability to travel over lani
as well as water, and if the trip,
starting inthe Thames, ended on
the steps of St.. Pauls!

The hovercraft has rather taken
the place of the helicopter as the

(Ther :
other Commonweati §

recruits workers 3

DOMINICA HBRALD

=: Soca ee ee Si cies Nn een”

w'vite hope of what will be the
futures’s most useful vehicle, The
heliport at Battersea is now little
used -—a great future was ounce
predicted for it, the picture being of
businessmen jumping from — their
olanes at Londen Airport, and
then being carried immediately into
the city centre. Eneland’s helicop-
ter industry bas now contracted
pretty violently. Helicopters are
expensive to run. In some places
however, expenses of maintenance
and so on are outweighed ifa sav-
ing can be made in airport costs —
the helicopter can do withoat the
need for an airport altogether.

ao <> sh ‘
i ’ \



In order to enable British Euro-
pean Airways to gain experience in
running large helicoptets, and to
save the cost of running two small
airfields, the government have agreed
that B. E. A. shall buy two large

American machines to replace the
bi-plaue service that they run
between the extreme South-West

tip of ,Cornwall and the Scilly
Islands. The service will come
into being next year, and will be a
very worthwhile experiment.

Read i
he HERALD

2

Bed

Re

SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963





COMMONWEALTH NEWS

(Continued from page 5)
East African Federation

Meanwh le the decision of the
East Afr:can countries of Tangan-
yika, Uganda and Kenya to
federate was warmly welcomed in
London, and the Secretary of State
said (in a written reply to Mr.
Fenner Brockway) that this would
not preclude the possivility that
other countries such as Northern
Rhodesia, Nyasaland, Somalia and
Zanzibar would be invited to join
later.

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SATURDAY, JULY. 20, 1963



MENTAL HEALTH NOTES
Psychiatry And Drugs

(Continued from page 3)

- A cult alone would not have been an insurmountable danger, if
the drug itself were not poisonous. It has, however, been conclusively
demonstrated that the drug is definitely toxic to the human brain (the
hallucinations experienced by the users are in past the result of cerebral ir-
ritation), Moreover although the firt claims were that the drug’s effects
wear off within $1 hours, it is now known that severe and sometimes sub-
tle personality changcs last over 48 hours, and distort both the judgement
and performance of the taker.

Short Cut A Dead End

Lastly the claims made as to ‘miraculous insights” and ‘person-
ality restoration’’ have proven to be sad deceptions. Psychiatrists, far
from having less work to do, are now actually having to treat some of
the innocent us:ts of the drug who sincerely believed that it was harmless.
Similar false claims have been made that LSD would enable students to
learn five yeat’s work in one!

One can only have sympathy with a world that wants to. catch up
with all possible speed and despatch to make up for past slowness and de-
Jays — but alas! although modern machinery may produce more and more
miracles, 1.SD does not, but is a potent source not only of disappoint-
ment, but also of man-made temporary brain-damage and disturbances
of human judgement.

—_—_—_— eo See TUE EEE atte

“SO THEY SAY”--
BY BOB & RAY

One week ago today, as the North-bownd airliner raced down the
runway gathering speed and finally lifted from Dominica, the first deportee
who happened to be an American, might well mark the advance of this
island into the hubbub and turmoil of the Twentieth Century. For here,
explained in deed and action but not by word and letter is the undisput-
ed truth that our society will not tolerate certain forms of ideologies nor
behaviours not deemed by’ the authorities as the norm, the accepted, the

'prescribed- Our dope rtee was not really considered an outlaw; not of
the gun-toting Kind of yesteryear, but in t ¢ Most. Modern sense as an out-
law of the mind and the senses. And the act of ‘ejecting this alleged
misfit comes under the general heading of Advancing Civilisation.

There are those who will argue against such an action but in one

- sense it is like arguing on behalf of a weed that is threatening to choke
your cultivation. Would these people say: ‘Let the weed stay. It too
has a right to grow & flourish’? But no} we are depcnident upon our crops
aud we cannot allow the weed to dwarf, yes, even kill-out that which we
rely upon to maintain us. However, let us not forget to praise those who
took the action. Their alertness, their bravery in the matter, their decision
to act are the things we must be grateful for, and it is this newer concept
that lifts the distressing affair to a far greater and more noble effort. We
people living in Dominica are moving ahead.

During the first span of time covering Dominica’s first. deportaton a
more insidious situation developed and was dealt with that would make
fascinsting conversation for those who now only have a_ smattering of the
facts. Already people are beginging to embroider the tale with their_im-
agination, filling in the gaps with wild tales born straight from the fairy:
story books. We mean the “Harvard students’? the ‘*Mescaline Boys’
the * Researchers” who began assembling in Dominica a fortnight ago.
Much of the story has remained shrouded in official mystery and perhaps
wil! remain so but perhaps it is best for details to continue to be fuzzy
since the average person might find difficulty in understanding the true
facts that are both scientific and technical.

Once again Government had another thorny problem dumped in
their laps and this time, it is believed, they had the help of the authorities
of Mexico and the US in solving their dilemma. And again the decision
was decisive and carred out in an amazing series of events that makes one
proud, if a trifle breathless, by what has taken here on t’ny Dominica.

We chanced on a book one time that described Dominica as THE
place to hide from the law and society. The wind, mountainous condition.
sparsely populated by “tignorant peasants,” it said, offer an ideal location
of the common criminal, the bizatre and tormented! The events of the past
few weeks belie tbe book (which is easily accessible and speaks with great
authority) and we hope the publicity generated lately that Dominica is
definitely not populated by “ignorant peasants” will dampen the stories
“in Dominica, one can get away with anything.”

Surely the Associated Press and other news services will pick up the
story of what happened when the “Mescaline Boys” landed in Dominica,
and carry the facts to the four corners of the earth: that Dominica is a
respected, no-nonsense island and furthermore that its people and its
government are wide-awake to insidious and harmful influences and are
quick to act (in this case much quicker than Mexico) when danger,
appears.

For those who don’t know: mescaline is a drug found only in the
catrot like taproot of a thcroughly insignificant little pincushion. projecting
a bare three inches above the barren soil in the dry unfertile regions of
Mexico south of the Rio Grande. The plant. is a humble cactus,
Lopophera Williamsii, by name. This drug:is one of the strangest in

Ns ee es en

DOMINICA HERALD



the pharinacologist’s collection. .A pow-rful hallucinogen, producing
extraordinary visions in the user, it was first used by the Aztecs or pre-
Aztecs and called peyotl. This ancient civilization believed that a deity
dwelt in the cactus and that those who devoured its Hesh would behold
the world ofthe gods.

By the time the Spaniards arrived in. Mexico, the Aztecs were
worshipping peyotl as a veritable divine substance, the ‘Hesh of the gods”,
and, of course, the Svanish priests had their own ideas on the subjzct of
God's flesh and had no intention of tolerating any rival claims to that
dignity. They promptly dubbed the peyotl ‘‘raiz diabolica” and _ perse-
cuted all those who used it, without bothering to investigate the nature
or its properties. Since chen considerable efforts have been mace to
prove that peyot! was harmful but there is no evidence whatever that
peyotl is associated with debauchery, Aldous Huxley believed that as a
euphoriant, peyotl or mescaline is unlikely to replace alcohol “though its
cffects are infinity more interesting and it does not drive the taker into
the kind of uninhibited action which results in brawls, crimes of voilence
and traffic accidents” (Huxley). It has no addiction-for ming pro pettics.
Indians who have consumed it for years stili' manage perfectiy well
without the drug. It seems to have no lasting ill effect on any organ 1G
the body, including the liver on which falls the task of detoxifying this
particular poison, for mescaline is poisonous, albeit the effects are incerest-
ing and the toxic symptoms rarely alarming. It belongsto the class_ of
poisons which the great toxicologist, Lewin, labeled phantastica, a class
of materials now more commonly referred to as hallucinogens.

So such for mescaline or its old-world name peyotl; but earlieur this
year a group of doctors and scientists at Harvard University studying the
effects of the drug were asked to discontinue their use of it on humans.
When they did not, the operating funds were withdrawn
and they were asked to leave. They, we are told, moved
their laboratory to Mexico and recently the Mexican government also
asked then to leave. Then, with or without Dominica’s first deportee’s
aid and assistance, (the facts have never been officially stated), these Mes-
caline admirers sought establishment here on. Dominica. We ate told
thirteen arrived, fifty more were soon to follow, a total of two-hundred
would be here within a few months! Whew! Who needs this?

Yes, the story traveling across the world today is a good one for
Dominica. Burdened with illiteracy, mounting expenses and more ot less
intractable mountains, Dominica is not insensible to rnght and wrong and
is striving mightily and well to lift itself even ever higher for the good and
well-being of its people, and the world. So they say!

SE —_—_——

rl J
Children’s (Factual Test) Corner
Dear Girls & Boys, /
= ; —This week we ~have-with-ushere, --stedents-frostthe
University of the West Indies in Jamaica. They have come to familiarise
themselves with Dominica and its people and problems I guess and at the
same time they have been giving - lectures.

_ Atleast this is one of the fruits of Federation. The gift of the Federal
ships fom Canada has made travelling between th: islands cheaper and
easier. We are getting to know each other better. I am sure they will
gain quite a lot of knowledge about Dominica and Dominicans from their
visit. '

It is not uncommon when one travels to find out that few people
know of Dominica as an island but think we and the Dominican Republic
are one and the same place.

Jamaica, too, to us was like a foreign country. Our students who
travelled to Jamaica a few yeats ago, had the greatest difficuly in reach-
ing there, besides it was quite expensive travelling by plane which was
about the only way to reach there from either Antigua or Barbados. We
were like strangers to each other though we were all West Indians.

Our young people here must have noticed too among the students
quite a few girls. I was pleased to see that they could hold their own on
the platform, Among the’ students from the Dept. of Agriculture from
Trinidad were also two girls.

There is a point I would like to make to our girls. As soon as
they leave school with a certificate— they bid goodbye to books and stu-
dics. Our boys do make an attempt to improve themselves— they join
clubs, discuss both local and foreign affairs read and keep themselves abreast
of the times. But what a sid picture our girls, with few exceptions make in
a general discussions, even on current affairs. Men like to talk to intelli-
gent people.

In Victoriam times, a lady was an ornament in a man’s home but to-
day she must be able to converse with bim intelligently—she must be able
to hold her own when his male ftiends visit him. Men hate to talk
*shop”’ all the time.

I hope this is a hine to our girls. The idea of these student tours is a
very good one. We get to know each other better. In this way,
maybe the next Federation might have a better chance of success. Who
knows, maybe some day we might all join forces again in one big Federa-
tion!





Cherio till next week. Love from Auntie Fran.
QUESTIONS:—
1. Many of our girls go to Canada as domestic servants. Do you
know what is the capital of the Dominion of Canada.———-—---——-

2, Mr, Diefenbaker is no longer Prime Minister of Canada. Who
is the new Prime Minister-——
3, Name 3 of our imported food products which come ftom



ee 6 ee ee



Canada.——---———._—- —— — (Answers nexr week)
Name — — — — —— — —
ScHooln — ~— —— — — — —

See p, to for last week’s results.



PAGE SEVEN

PO ET IDL CIEL,
People’s Post fron p. 4

Sportlight
Correction

Dear Madam, — I wish to inform
you that the sentence, ‘Livingstone
never played for Antigua,’ under the
caption, “Livingstone Scores Bril-
hane Century” as reported in your
journal of Saturday 13th July is in-
correct.

For the benefit of other readers I
reproduce a quotation of the Antig-
ua Star dated 29th June 1963:—
“Before goinz to Britain, he repre-
sented Antigua in the Leeward [s-
lands Cricket Tournament as 2
schoolboy and played for the Anti~
gua Grammar School in the local
senor cr cket competition”.

Iam, Yours faithfully,
A,E. Burton, Mahaur.



Bad Manners

Sit, Iam not'a devotee of
the Cinema, but I was’ present at
the Stage and Fashion Show pree
sented at the Carib Cinema on the
night of the toth July. ,

The various presentations by the
visiting Jamaica Troupe drew ©
enthusiastic cheers from all’ present.

The Dominica Junior: Chamber
of Commerce is to be complimented ~
for having sponsored the show ‘for -
the delectation of the ‘people © of
Domin‘ca. : i pee asa,

Now, Sir, I must complain © that’
I, personally, did not, from where I.
sat, enjoy the shew
cause of the annoyance to me of a
“lady” smoking cigarettes ‘tin ~ my-
face.” BRR ees

My seat which was in the balcony

£

. was against the wall, and my lady

smoker next to me, on my left; my
unenviable position may be imagined.

I am making this complaint of
unmannerly behaviour noticeably
peculiar to some who appear tobe
well-bred and cultured.

Should not .the ‘lady’ - have
shown some regatd for a_ gentleman
(not smoking) at her side by asking
to be excused for her smoking in
his face? Any gentleman in her
position would have shown that
common courtesy to a non-
smoking lady by his side.

But our manners are ‘‘modern”;
the good old Victorian manners are
now outmoded, and there is very
litle of that lady and gentleman
attitude observed.

But the schools need not despair;

they still teach their pupils—the -

future citizens—the necessity for

cultivating good behaviour and

culture at all times, and anywhere.
S, J. LEWIS

———$ <

Crime in Singa-
pore

Eyes were gouged out of the
head of a Prison Superintendent’
with garden tools on July 5 befgre he
was hacked :to death by jailed se-
cret society thugs. In a day of'sa-
dism, terror, iot, and ~ arson
about 350 secret society gangsters
imprisoned on the prisonisland of
Pylau Senang tortured. Superinten-:
dent D.S. Dutton, then hacked
him to death with long gardening
knives, CP. =

_ hes
DOMINICA HERALD



PAGE EIGHT



a



a -



ership and the tremendous
sacrifices these youth are

Is‘ Woman's Place At Home?
: aking.”
BOROrE Tea polene Roy Wilkins, Executive

Is the woman’s place at home? This is a question that has been Secretary of the NAACP,
asked in Poland for many years ana the answers have varied greatly. discounted the friction, say-
‘Vine tact that opinions of the women themselves are divergent ts. best con: jng that impatience and dis-
firmed by the results of the poll concucted by the Central Statistical Office sausfaction of younger mem-
among 5,316 professionally active women and 392 housewives, bers was a vilal force in

The Women’s Commission of the Central Couneil of Trade he evil +t és ai svement
Unions has drawn up a report based on the resuits of the poll. Accord- ei at he Fei shit ;
ing to the report, $4.9 per cent professionally active women in Poland canwhile (he Civil meats
were of the opinion that the women’s place 1s at home, 40 per cent were drive continued throughout
in favour of professional activity, and 5 per cent did not take a deficae the nation,
stand either way. There is a differenée beoween the opimons of manual JNorth Carolina’s Governor
workers and those of sedentary workers. Only 29.4 per cent of manual Terry Sanford, urged a state-
workers were im favour of a woman having a job, while sv.9 per cent wide meeting of 300 mayors,
sedentary workers claimed that a woman should not have to spend all her city managers and civ.c re-
tuume within the four walls of hec home. ; _ presentatives “to display
Out of 5,316 working women, 71.8 per cent said they liked ther isdom and courage and to
jobs, and 22.5 per cent were dissatisfied with their occupation. The jiderstand that every child
latter were mostly manual workers who had not been trained for their job, f God athe @ y
they started work because of financial considerations, because they had . . od on éart SEE Ven
maintain their family or at least to make a contribution on the family chance for ife and buman

budget. On the other hand, women with vocational qualifications dignity.” : .

mostly go to work because they like their job. This 1s also reflected in in Baltimore, inte-
the statistical data: the most numerous group of manual workers were Zrationists renewed
women from families with a low monthly per capita income, In the racial demonstrations

group of sedentary workers, families with a per capita income of half as yesterday at the privately-
much again were most numerous, i, €. 720 rather that soo “‘zlotys” 4 owned Gwynn Oak Amuse-
month, . ; ; ment Park. About 28U per-
ee een cae areata ae poms eae
vocational qualifications, and personal lkings. The poll has also proved ay engwa ae, Wee
that working women make great efforts to improve cheir qualifications, in airested during a demonstra-
spite of being overburdened with vacational work and _housckeepiug. tion at the park last Thurs-
One of che most popular forms of training are vacational courses. day.
For instance, in Polish sndustry 28.2 per cent working women were
‘trained at factory cotsses. The respective percentage was 36.7 per cent in Laymen Told Demonstrate
‘the trade network. On‘the.other.hand, some | 29.7 per cent women }
working in induscy have not raised their qualifications, /\thé. respective In Philadelphia, Dr.. Eug-
‘petcentage being 25.9 per cent in the made network, 28.7 per cent in the ene Carson Blake, top oth-
building industy and 38,6 per cent in the health. sevice. cer of the United «Presbyter-
cheat _ From Social Welfare, India ian Church inthe United

ete Bay weet
7 aS Sea

NAACP -- ‘Direct Action’ In Civil
| Rights Fight mA

laymen’. to de nonsirate
where necessary agaist
racial segregauon, He was
among the Clergymen arrest-
in the Balumore - Amuse-
ment Park demonstration.

~—States; urged-white-Christraa.

SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963



and professors gave joint support to
the U,S. Supreme Court’s recent ci-
vil rights decisions. The statement,
released in Nashvil'e by Vanderbilt
Univers ty and by the other 21 law
schools in rr Southern States. said
such rights are based on justice and
order as guaranteed by the U.S. Con-
stitution and Federal laws.

In Washington, Chairman War-
ren G. Magnuson predicted that the
U S. Senate Commerce Committee
would approve a “‘practical”’ version
of President Kennedy’s Public Ac-
commodations Civil Rights Bill in
about two weeks,

Chairman Emanuel Celler of the
House Judiciary Committee predict-
ed chat the U.S House of Repre-
sentatives vould pass a ‘‘meaningful,
effective and strong” civil rights bill
by early September, (USIS)



CLEANER

TENNIS
SHOES






ee



Violence in Mary-
land

CamBRIwwGe MARYLAND, USA
CP. Shooting described as al-
most bordering on state warfare
broke out nere on Thursday July
11 and six white persons inclu-
ding three soldiers were woun-
ded. Shooting continued far into
the night and the Muarylavd
State Police asked permission to
turn over the restoration of or-
der to the Nation! Guard.
=_—

FOR SALE

Ford Consul No. 42
No reasonable offer refused

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June 29 July 6, 20

i





' The, National Association
for the _ Advancement of
Coloured People (NAACP)
is now pledged to a militant
“direct.action” program on
civil rights,

The Organization’s 4th
Annwal Convention ended
in Chicago on an optimis-
tic note. It was held at a
time when all three branch-
es of the U. S. Federal Gov-
ernment — executive, legis-
lative and judicial — were
engaged in action designed
to remove remaining abri-
dgements of civil rights of
Negro Americans.

During the six-day meet-
ing of America’s largest
civil rights organization, the
2,000 Negro and white
delegates:

—Called for an economic
boycott of Portugal, because
of its domination of the
Aftican countries of Moz-
ambique and Angola, and
of the Union of South
Africa for its racial apartheid

policy.

—Passed resolutions calling
for mass protests, picketing,
sit-ins. and buyers’ cam-.
paigns against tacial. segre-

gation. (Previously the
NAACP had concentrated

awed *niBe see) ville, Virginia, was dismissed
Rae ts ; after it refused to alter its
other : civil _mghts organiza~ siand to discontinue extra-
tions in a “Freedom March” curricular sporis activities
August 23 in Washingtcn. when the county schools
A bout 250,000 persons, open in September with
mostly Negroes, are expect- their first Negro students.

ed to demonstrate for Con- in Cambridge, Maryland,
gressional approval of Presi- members of the Cambridge

dent Kennedy’s Civil Rights Housing Authority reported
the city’s mayor has directed

The Albemarle County
School Board in Chariottes-

Pro :
rogram them to go abead with plans
at fora $1 million, 100-unit
Year Of Decision housing development for

Negio-s. An improvement in hous-

The fiery “Year of Deci- ing 1s one of the demands Negro

sion” convention produced leaders are making in their drive {or

some controversy. James integration in this Maryland com-
Meredith, the first known 7"

Negro enrolled at the Uni- gal] For Increased Opportuni-
versity of Mississippi, got a tag

cool reception when he

criticized Negro youth lead- — Negroes in Savannah, Georgia,

ership for lack of discipline voted to boycott stores ‘on the main

and knowledge. street unless integration demands
The crowd burst ig. Es

. More than $00 persons attended a
applause when J ohn Davis, rally in New York City where spea-
youth representative

of the kers called for increased employment
NAACP Board of Direct- opportunities and other rights for
ors, replied, “one just has to Negroes. The rally was sponsored by
look at integration move-

the Greater New York Coordinat-
merits did Nomh Carcliaacce Commuttee for Equal Opport-
and ' Tennessee to see the

int

unity.
In Nashville, Tennessee, smore

quality of Negro youth lead- chan 100 Southern law school deans














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SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963



Caribbean Plan

(Continued from page 5)

As part of this machinery,
there is in existence an inter-
national secretariat with 17
years’ experience, and made
up of people mostly from
the Caribbean area, who are
entirely devoted to regional
cuoperation. Jhis 's an
advantage which the coun-
tries of the Colombo Plan
did not initially enjoy. But
the Caribbean Plan is stili to
be provided with the means
it needs, particularly the
technical & financial means,
to enable it to make 1s {ull
impact in the area. The
present resources of the ma-
jority of the Members of the
Organization are limited,
and although the Caribbean
Plan calls for self-help to
play a dominant role among
our Member Countries, the
task which faces us 1s of
such magnitude that substa-
ntial external aid mus! sup-
plement the coatrivuuon
that the majority of our
Members can afford to make
to the Organization

Planning Seminar

In this connection I would
like to call atteation to the
main points. which emerges
from ibe Seniinar op Plaun-
ing Cechniques and Methods
convened earlier th.s yeas by
the Organization wiih the
assistance of the Ford Foun.
dation, and which are. for
your cons.duration at this
meeting.

On the subject of foreign
aid, tue seminar felt that in
view of the specific problems
of the Caribbean zrea, there
is need to coordinate resour-
ces available under foreign
aid, and that by pooling the
resources a better job can
be dope in cera area-
wide pr jects. Jt conciuded
that thereis urgent need for

some rethinking in pol cy on
the part of the governments
and agencies cencerned with
granting aid if this area 13
not to be denied the opport-
unities which foreign aid
programmes seek to produce
for underdeveloped coun-
tries

~

Indeed, the Signatory
Powers have begun to pcol
their ass:stance to the area,
through the Caribbean Plan.
‘The surveys and_ studies
which | have just referred
to would not be possible i
ihe Governments of the
Republic of France, the
Kingdom of the Netherlands
and the United Sates did
not make avilable to the
Organization, at no cost, the
necessary personnel under
technical assistance. And the
Fellowship Programme is

now a reality because the
United States Government,
through its Agency for In-
ternational Development,
has made the x ecessary funds
vailable to the Orgamiz+tion,

Iam therefore confident
that onr Signatory Powers,
which are doing so much
to assist underdeveloped and
developing countries all over
the world — including the
countries of the Caribbean
aree — will give serious con-
sideration to this suggestion
of the Planning Seminar with
a view to giving ‘o the Carib-
bean Plan the mean it needs
to become the instrument
for developing cach country
and the area asa whole in
a peaceful, orderly and har-
monious manner.

It is now up to you mem-
bers of the Standing Advis-
ory Commutee of the Carib-
bean Plan, whom the
Council has entrusted with
the responsibility of advisirg
it on all matters connected
with the Caribbean Plan, to
study the problems and to
find means of making the
Plao the efficient inst ument
for development that it s

_meant to_be.

We have tried to prep"re
for you a c mprchensive
agenda, and you have be-
fore you data in the various
documents to assist youin
your task. You will find my
staff and me entirely at your
disposal during ths meeting.
And now, let me wish you
success in your del beratioas.

————
Caribbean
Development
Bank

As Soon As Possible

A general reaffirmation
that a Caribbean develup-
ment banking inctitution
should be established as
soon as possible, as a major
means of accelerating pro-
gress inthe region, and a
recommendation chat a
special meeting of Member
Governments, Special Ot»
servers and representatives of
the Signatory Powers be
convened at ministerial level,
at an early date, to expedite
the establishment of the
Bank, are two of the main
points emerging from the
Standing Advisory Com-
mittee of the Caribbean Plan
which concluded its Third
Meeting in San Juan last
week.

In the discussions, vari-
ous points were emphasized.

ern ee ee ee eee:

It was agreed that there was
still an urgent unsatisfied
demand for bankable loans
for industrial and commer-
cial purposes at normal rates
of interest. There was also
a demand for loans at low
interest fer long pericds for
infraestructural projects,
urgently required by many
of the smaller and less deve-
loped countries in the area.
Emphasis was again Laid
upon the need for the bank-
ing institution to provide
technical and administrative
assistance to countries re-
quiring such help.

Private Investment

The Committee therefore

recommended that the
Secretary-General of the
Caribbean Organization

should renew efforts to
secure, through a technical
assistance project, the neces
sary staff to carry outa



A ————. a = -_—— d
Dae SO cited 00-192, 0te

in

DOMINICA HERALD



feasibility survey of the regi-
onal bases for the establish-
ment of a Development
Bank in the Caribbean area,
expressing the hope that the
results of such a survey be
presented to the Caribbean
Council at its Fourth Meet-
ing in September 1963.

The Committee further
recommended that the
Caribbean Council should
support the establishment of
a private investment com-
pany to finance industrial

and commercial _ projeets,
and that Member govern-
ments be invited to encour-
age capital investment in

such a cempany, e.g. by tax
exemption and simplifying
legal procedures necessary for
Its operation.
BARGLAYS TAKE-OVER
PORT-OF SPAIN July 12, CP:—
Barclays Bank DCO, a United
Kingdom ~ incorporated banking
concern, has taken over the Bank of
Trinidad (Gordon Grant) Limited.



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PAINTERS
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AVAILABLE AT THE FOLLOWING HARDWARE STORES:

L. A. DUPIGNY Esq.,
J. W. EDWARDS

TROPICAL
USE PAI

So: EST

HO

PAGE NINE .

~ NOTICE

Vacancy In Pest Of
Housekeeper. Princess
Margaret Hospital.

Applications are invited for the
post of Housekeeper, Princess,
Nargaret Hospital.

2. The salary of the post is
$1,506.60 p.a. inthe scale $1,506
x60 — $1,626 x 72— $1,842.
The appointment is pensionable and
is subject to Medical fitness and 2
years probation in the — first
instance

3. The officer shall perform her
duties subject to the general super-
vision of the Matron.

4. Meals will we provided.
Free quarters will be provided in
the Nurses Hostel. No allowance
will be paid in lieu of quarters.

5, Leave will be granted in
accordance with General Orders of
the Colony. -

6. Applicctions for the post
sbould be addressed to the Chief
Secretary, Administrator’s Office, and’
should reach him not later . than:
2nd August, 1963.

GO 72, July 13, 20.



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~SPORTLIGHT-- 7
BY EDDIE ROBINSON

Tame Draw At
Leicester

Rain Helps Bowlers

The English weather continues to
play havoc with the West Indies
Touring Team. In between showers
last. Saturday, the touring team
bowled out Leicester for 158, Sobers
and Gibbs claiming 5 wickets apiece
But for a partnership between In-
man (39) and Jayasinghe (61) both
Ceylonese, the innings might have
been the lowest of the season.

West Indies also found runs
difficult to come by. Carew play-
eda dour innings of 61 not out,
but McMorris, Kanhai, Nurse and
Sobers all failed. West Indies de-
clared at 159 for 5, Intheir 2nd
innings, Leicester batted more steadi-
ly and declared at 164 for 4, leaving
the West Indies to get 164 for vic-
tory. When stumps were drawn,
the tourists had scored 78 for 2.

On Wednesday, the West Indies
began a match against Derbyshire.
The latest score was West Indies 216
for 6. Kanhai 75, Hunte 52, Sobers
47 not out.

Imperial Cricket Conference

Ata meeting of the, Imperial
Cricket Conference held at Lords
on Wednesday, the main topic of
discussion was overseas tours to
Britain, “In the past, Australia hus
tdured' ritain every fouryears, Scutin
vary Ave (ydais;: ard iNew
Tiida Parte dad West
yiseven years." No decis .
his wWete’ reached, Sue -M, o.C:
promised ‘to explore the possibility
‘of two overseas teams touring Bri-
tain in the same season. This would
cut, down the waiting period consid-
erably, but tHe all important question
of finance wiil have to be settled.

The M C. C. will submit pro-
posals to the various Cricket
Boards in the near future, but in the
meantime, there will be no change
in the itinerary for the next two
years.






Boxing
Liston-Patterson Monday

The long-awaited Heavyweight
title fight between Champion Sonny
Liston and Floyd Patterson takes
place in Tlas Vegas on Monday
night. Liston is a 3 to r favourite
to retain the uitle, but Patterson has
looked very good in ‘raining, At
ringside, and observing all_ strong
points and weaknesses will be nouc
other than Cassius (Cashbox) Clay
who is due to meet Liston in
September if he beats Patterson,

The carly rounds will be impor-
tant for Patterson. Ifhe keeps out
of trouble in the first four rounds,
then he will have a good chance of
out-boxing Liston. On the other
hand, if he ziggs when he should
zagg in the early rounds, then it’s
“Tights out.”

Success Wins
Again
During a Domino Match played

at Beach Club, Fond Cole on Sun-
day r4th July, 1963 at 11:00 a.m,

between the Success Domino Club,
captained by Perry Seraphin and the
Fond Mico Domino Team, cap-
tained by
Fond Mico Team was defeated by a
lead of 229 points. The Score was
Success 2027 pts., Fond Mico
1798 pts. (Contr.)
G.A. James Back On Leave
Magistrate C. A. L. James of
St. K tes-Nevis, well-known Ros-
eau barrister has arrived home for a
short visit and wll shortly be joined
by his wite Mona (Rigsby), Any
former clienrs who wish to see him
(and his many friends) will find him
at 22 Hillsborough St.

NOTICE TO BANANA
GROWERS
HOURS OF RECEPTION AT BUYING
STATIONS

Growers selling fruit at
ROSALIE Buying Station are
notified that as from the
week commencing 22nd July,
1963 Rosalie will be open only
for the first day of thejReseau
Reception from 9 a.m. to 5

p. m
A. D, BOYD
General Manager
DOMINICA BANANA. GROWERS
ASSOCIATION
roth July, 1963.
__July 20

ue

| NOTICE TO E
BANANA PRICES AND

until further notice.

smum prices for cur fruit.

atta 6 Bae 6 See ¢ hm 6 pe 8 Peace 6 fe 6 Pe 6 Pe 6 Of Oe SOS

‘ciation 19th July, 1963.

~ University Of The West Indies |

The following is quoted from an urgent telegram sent fron:
London by the Presiaent of WINBAN: -- {
DUE INCREASED SUPPLIES FROM JAMAICA ANC CAMEROONS te)
FES HAVE ARBITRARILY DECIDED DROP GBP BY TWd UNITS TO
£60.5.0 AS F80M MONDAY TULY 22N0 STOP GEEST ONGE MORE :
HAS REFUSED TO FOLLOW AND WILL HOLD WINDWARD PRICE AT j
£67.5.0 FOR AT LEAST ONE WEEK WITH REVIEW EACH WEEKE
FOLLOWING STOP WINDWARD BOARDS WILL CONTINUE RECEIVE)
OUTRIGHT PAYMENT 6.26 CENTS UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE :
Accordingly, the present price to growers will be maintained)

Producers will note from the telegram the highly precarious
position of Windward Islands bananas on the U.K. market and the in-
valuable part being played by Geests Industries in maintaining maxi-

At the same time it must be appreciated that Geests are able
*to obtain a superior price for our Windwards bananas solsly because:
lof the high lecel of efficiency attained by the firm in their selec-
(tion, handling and marketing arrangements.

: A.D. BOYD, GENERAL MANAGER, Dominica Banana Growers Asso-
July 20 ,

tO ed Ee BES FS Bee 6 fe OES Pa AS Pe fn SS SK Oe

DOMINICA HERALD’

Applications For
Lijjuor Licences

To the Magistrate District *G’
& the Supermeendent of Police
1, Aubrey S. Mc Quilkin now re-
siding at Portsmouth Parish of St.

Andrew Lazare, the John do hereby give you notice

that it is my intention to apply at
the Magistrate’s Court to be held ac
Portsmouth en Wednesday, the and
day of October 1963 ensuing for a

~ wholesale LIQUUCR LICENCE

Bay

in tespect of my premises at
Dated

Street Paiish of S:. John.
the sth day of July 1963
A S. MC QUILKIN

hoa a
To the Mayistrate District ‘G’’, &
the Chief of Police.

I, Fontinel Valentine, of Guillet,
in the Parish of St. John, do hereby
give you notice that it 1s my intention
to apply at the Magis rate’s Court,
to be held at Po.tsmouth, on Wed-
nesday, the 2nd day of Octoher 1963,
ensuing for a RETAIL LIQUOR LI-
CENCE, in respect of my premises,
situated at Guillet, Parish of St, John.

Dated the 26tn day of June, 1963.
FoNTINEL VALENTINE
July 20—Aug. 3

REMINDER

All Chauffeurs of Marigot are re-
minded of thelr feast on the .26th
July whieh consists of a mass. fol-
lowed by entertainment at the
residence of Mrs. James Warrington
at North End.

“All Chauffeurs are aske* to give
their: full support in every. possible
way_on-hoth occasions, .._

2 ance ott 6 Ae: 6 One 8 aes PS Seo AES OR 8S Oe 8 ome Ae a

BANANA GRIW:

MARKET GONDITIONS

aS 9S SRS 98 9:

8 98 9 8

Applications are invited for the post of PLANT BREEDER to work in

the Food Crops Research Unit of the Regional Research Centre.

Postgra-

|
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|
)
i
‘

duate qualifications in genetics or plant breeding are desirable together
with plant breeding experience but candidates without such experience
will be considered. Duties to be assumed as soon as possible.

Salary scales -— Assistant Lecturer: £1,050 x $0 — £1,200.
Lecturer: £1,300 x 60 — £1,660 x 80 — £2,100. Senior Lecturer:
£3,750 x 90 — £2,675. Child allowance (limited to three children)
£150 for first child, {roo for second, £50 for third. F.S,S. U.
Housing accommodation will be let by the University at 10% of salary.
Up to five full passages on appointment, on normal termination and on
study leave (once every three years),

Detailed applications (six copies) giving particulars of qualifications
and experience, date of birth, and the names of three referees as soon as
possible by persons living in the Americas andthe Caribbean area to the
Registrar, University of the West Indies, Kingston 7, Jamaica, and by
all other persons to che Secretary, Inter-University Council fer Higher
Education Overseas, 29 Woburn Square, London W.C.I. Further
particulars may be obtained sinalarly.

SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1963

CHILDREN’S FACTUAL TEST CORNER
LAST WEEK’S RESULTS

1st. Hlorsford Nicholas, D.G.S. 2nd. Brian Walker, S.M.A>
Consolation Prize: Zena Hector, C HS,

Although we had many replies, nearly al! were wrong. The answers
are:— 1 (a) The Bill for the Abolition of Slavery was passed in 1807.
(b) In 1833 the Bill for the Emancipation cf Slavery became Law.
2. Dominica has 14 Bank Holidays. 3, Peebles Park was named
after Major Pecbles, once Administcator of the island.

University Of The West Indies

Applications are invited for the post of Lecturer or Senior Lecturer in
Chemical Engineering. Salary scales— Lecturer: £1,300x60—£1,660x80
—£2,100. Senior Lecturer: £1,750 x 90— £2,675. Child allowance
(limited to three children) £150 for first child, £100 for second and £50
forthird. F.S.S.U. Housing allowance of 10% of salary or, if available,
unfurnished accomodation will be !et by the University at 10% of salary. -
Up to five full passages on appointment, on normal termination and on
study leave (once every three years).

Detailed applications (6 copies) giving particulars of experience,
date of birth and the names of three referees should be sent by the 19th '
August, 1963, by persos living in the Americas and the Caribbean
area to the Registrar, University of the West Indies, Kingston 7, Jamaica,
and by ail other persons to the Secretary, Inter-University Council for
Higher Education Overseas, 29 ‘Woburn Square, London, W.C.L.
Further particulars :nay be obtained similarly.

Se TRIS Y
PIRES g
Attention all Housewives -- —

~ JHE PURITY FLOUR

Gontest ls Here SSCS
TWOQ BEAUTIFUL SETS OF

GALAXY GOPPERTOKE ALUMI-
NIUM KITCHENWARE

WILL BE GIVEN FREE, ABSOLUTELY FREE to
two Lucky Customers, 15th Aug. 1963.

It is so easy to win:—







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Just write your name and address on your,

PURITY HOUSEHOLD FLOUR
WRAPPER
and send to the

PHOENIX

Sets on Display in our Showcase

A. G. SHILLINGFORD & CO. LTD.

July 20, 27

00 ee pS OO 6 ft 6 One 6 Se C 8 6 Oe 6 8 6 Be 6 Bs Pe Ba 6 Pe UD”

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a Oe 6 en 6 Oe 6 9S Oe 6 ae 6 OR 6 pS Oe 6 Ae 6 Be 6 9 SP eS Oe

MELVILLE HALL--CASTLE BRUGE |
| ESTATES

Overseer required with experience in coconut,
banana and cocoa cultivation or with agricul-
tural training. Must be prepared to reside at
Melville Hall or Castle Bruce Estates.

|!
l
(
{
t
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] Apply :

] Manager,

‘Melville Hall Estate
| Juty 20

3 09a Od a Pa ee SE ee

Nn a ee) ee





PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J, MARGARTSON CHARLES, THE HERALD’S PRINTBRY, 31 NEW STREBT, ROSEAU, DOMINICA, SATURDAY JULY 20, 1963