Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 List of maps
 Saint Augustine history
 History of the Sisters of Saint...
 History of the Saint Joseph...
 History of the site
 The climate of Saint Augustine
 Redevelopment design considera...
 Program design data
 The design solution
 Back Matter

Redevelopment for the Saint Joseph Convent, Saint Augustine, Florida
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00102605/00001
 Material Information
Title: Redevelopment for the Saint Joseph Convent, Saint Augustine, Florida
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: Harper, Doyle R.
Publisher: Doyle R. Harper
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1979
Copyright Date: 1979
Spatial Coverage:
Coordinates: 29.89029 x -81.311821
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UF00102605:00001

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
    List of maps
        Page v
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Saint Augustine history
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    History of the Sisters of Saint Joseph
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    History of the Saint Joseph Academy
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    History of the site
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 26
        Page 27
    The climate of Saint Augustine
        Page 28
        Page 29
    Redevelopment design considerations
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
    Program design data
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
    The design solution
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 90
    Back Matter
        Page 91
Full Text

A Redevelopment Study for
Saint Joseph Convent






R. Harper



of Florida




Doyle R. Harper

Bachelor of Arts in Architecture, 1975
Iowa State University

A terminal project submitted to the
faculty of the Graduate School of the
University of Florida, in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree Master of Arts in Architecture.

June, 1979


The author wishes to express his sincere appreciation to

Mr. F. Blair Reeves, Mr. Phillip P. Wisely, and Mr. Forrest F. Lisle

for their guidance in preparing this thesis.

The author extends his sincere appreciation to Superior General

Sister Mary Christine Zimorski, S.S.J., Sister Mary Albert Lussier,

S.S.J., Sister Mary Josepha Butterfield, S.S.J., and all the Sisters

of Saint Joseph's Convent for their assistance and for allowing him

to use their site as a project location.

I also wish to express appreciation to my parents, Clifford

and Phyllis, and to my in-laws, O.J. and Luana, for their encourage-

ment throughout the project.

And, a special thanks must go to my loving wife, Karen, for

without her tireless encouragement and support this project would not

have been possible.

Doyle R. Harper



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS . . . . . . . . .*

LIST OF MAPS . . . . . . . . . . . .


1. INTRODUCTION . . . . . .







The Problem . . . . . .

Design Considerations . . . . .

Present Needs . . . . . .

Future Directions . . . . .

Preliminary Design Assumptions . .

Basic Recommendations . . . . .




* . .

* . .

* . .

. . .

. . .

. . .

. . .

* . *

* . *

. . .
. . *
S00 0



Residential Facilities . . .

Convent Support Facilities . .

General Comments and Design Criteria


10. CONCLUSION . . . .

* 0 0 .

* 00000

* 00000

. . .

. .. .

. .. .

. .. .

BIBLIOGRAPHY .. . . . . . . . . .

APPENDIX 0 o 0 0 o o o 0 a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0. .


Map Page

1. Location of the Site . . . . . 20

2. Boazio . . . . . . . . . 22

3. Sixteenth Century Area .. . . . . 23

4. de la Rocque ....* .. .. . 25

5. de la Puente . . . . . . . . . 26

Chapter 1


From the first experience of Saint Augustine, one

becomes aware of the unique character of this historic city. The

charm of the small houses with walled gardens and courtyards, along

narrow, winding streets can only compare to that found in some Euro-

pean cities. The city, its history and previous preservation

activities provide a perfect experience and example for the student

of preservation.

In January, 1978, it was announced that Saint Joseph Academy

would close unless adequate facilities could be obtained. In March

of that year when it was determined that a new school would be built,

I became concerned that the future of the present academy and convent

buildings might be in jeopardy. My enthusiasm for the charm of this

part of the city and my desire to be involved with a real project

involving many planning and architectural problems, led me to inquire

about the future of the convent site.

My involvement with this project began in September, 1978,

when I learned that the Sisters of Saint Joseph were also very con-


cerned about their site and that they needed some suggestions as to

future uses. My suggestion of using their problem for this

academic study project received overwhelming approval. The approach

to this project, therefore, has been toward a realistic solution

based on the changing needs of the convent and its ability to imple-

ment such a program,

Chapter 2


Saint Augustine is the nation's oldest continuously occupied

city. Its interesting history is interwoven with the people's fate

and fantasies of many nations.

Florida was discovered by Don Juan Ponce de Leon, former

governor of Puerto Rico, on Easter Sunday, March 27, 1513. On that

day Ponce de Leon sited the eastern coast of Florida while on a trip

in search of gold and silver. In the following half century Spain

attempted no less than six times to settle Florida, but all failed.

In 1564, the French were successful in establishing a fort and

settlement at the mouth of the Saint Johns River. Feeling the threat

that this development had on Spain's treasure fleet which sailed along

Florida's coastline, King Philip II named Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles

governor of Florida and instructed Menendez to explore and colonize

the territory.

On September 8, 1565, Menendez set foot on the shores of

Florida, naming the site Saint Augustine in honor of the Saint whose

feast day it was when the shore was first sighted. Menendez quickly

followed King Philip's instructions, doing away with the French

garrisons on the Saint Johns River, and successfully established a

permanent colony, Indian missions for the church, and perimeter

fortifications for the town.

Forty-two years before the founding of Jamestown and fifty-

five years before the Pilgrims landing at Plymouth Rock, Saint

Augustine was founded. It remains today, the oldest permanent Euro-

pean settlement in the continental United States.

From the beginning the history of Saint Augustine was not a

quiet one. Maintaining the colony and military base was a mighty

task against unequal odds. The town was pillaged and burned in 1586

by Sir Francis Drake, the English corsair. In 1668, the pirate,

Captain John Davis, and his English buccaneers plundered the homes and

left sixty citizens dead in the streets.

Disputes between the Spainards and the British became more

frequent with the establishment of English colonies in South Carolina

and Georgia. In 1672, work began on the coquina fortress now called

Costello de San Marcos. The fort was nearly completed in 1696 but

was not dedicated officially until 1756. The fort successfully pro-

tected the city, for in 1792, Governor James Moore of South Carolina

had a two month siege without success, and in 1740, British General

James Oglethorpe of Georgia led an even stronger attack, but he too,

met with defeat.

The city was never taken in battle, however, in 1763, by a

stroke of a pen, Spain gave Florida to Great Britian in return for

recently conquered Havana. The British ruled over Saint Augustine

and the territory for twenty years. The British Period included the

span of years of the American Revolution. The citizens of Saint

Augustine remained loyal to the Crown and their number increased as

loyalists fled from the northern colonies.

In 1783, again by treaty, East Florida and Saint Augustine

returned to the Spanish rule. This Second Spanish Period lasted

thirty-seven years. On July 10, 1821, two hundred fifty-five years

after Menendez set foot on the shores of Saint Augustine, Spain sold

Florida to the United States of America. The condition of the town

at this time was pathetic. Poverty of the closing years of the

Spanish Period left apathy among the citizens. Many of the buildings

were run down or in total ruins. With American occupation,

speculators arrived to take advantage of the situation. The mellow

charm of the city with its narrow streets, latticed gates, and serene

courtyards intrigued the Americans. Many distinguished visitors came

to Saint Augustine despite the problems of reaching the city.

The Seminole War of 1836, interrupted the new awakening of

Saint Augustine. With its end, Saint Augustine once more became a

favorite resort for visitors taking advantage of the mild climate.

Saint Augustine prospered through the years of statehood (1845) up to

the eruption of the Civil War. In 1862, a Union blockade squadron

appeared off the inlet and demanded that the city surrender. From

that time on the city was occupied by Union troops.

At the end of the war in 1865, Saint Augustine was three

hundred years old. The privation that the war caused took some time

to wear off, but visitors almost immediately returned to the city.

Facilities were very bad, so work was begun to improve travel


By 1883, Saint Augustine was connected to Jacksonville by

the completion of the Jacksonville-Saint Augustine-Halifax River

Railway. During the winter of 1883-1884 Henry M. Flagler visited the

city and was impressed with the city's charms. As a result, the

Ponce de Leon Hotel was built, as were the Alcazar and Cordova Hotels,

and the wealth and fashionable flocked to Saint Augustine. From

Saint Augustine, Mr. Flagler expanded his Florida East Coast Rail-

road south to Palm Beach and on to Miami by 1896.

Saint Augustine continued to progress as a resort city in

the years that followed. This progress, however, brought doom to

much of the early architecture. It was believed that progress could

only advance by removing the old and worn out, replacing it with

fashionable modern homes. In addition to inevitable "progress," two

fires helped destroy remnants of the earlier city. The cathedral and

most of the block north of the plaza were destroyed by fire in 1887

and another conflageration in 1914 cleared most of the buildings bet-

ween the plaza and the old city gates.

Throughout the first half of the twentieth century Saint

Augustine expanded northward, westward, and across Matanzas Bay onto

Anastasia Island. During these years tourists continued to visit

the city, encouraged by the abundance of attractions geared to their

interest, although not necessarily historically accurate. Uncontrolled

tourist attraction development became a major problem for the city

as many individual groups attempted to profit from the tourist trade.

Finally, in 1959, the State of Florida, persuaded by local organiza-

tions who had the foresight to realize their own inability to

successfully control, preserve, and restore the historic city, establish-

ed the Saint Augustine Historic Preservation Board. This state funded

Preservation Board may acquire, restore, and preserve historic prop-

erties within the Saint Augustine area for the benefit and education

of the general public.

The Preservation Board's early efforts were directed toward

the development of a master plan which called for restoration of an

eight block area depicting the growth of Saint Augustine throughout

its changing periods of occupation. A 1976 master plan extends this

activity toward the preservation of the colonial city plan. The

Preservation Board has been fairly successful considering the great

task set before it. Although hindered at times by internal friction,

lack of direction, and inadequate operating capital, the Preservation

Board has been the primary mechanism behind the architectural

restoration and reconstruction of Saint Augustine's historical past.

Problems revealed through the study of the preservation

effort in Saint Augustine illustrate the need for a united effort of


all preservation interests to address the problems of meeting the

needs of a living, viable twentieth century community, while at the

same time retaining the city's historic character of the past.

Chapter 3


The historical significance in Saint Augustine and Florida

of the Sisters of Saint Joseph may only be understood if one starts

at the beginning of that Congregation in Le Puy, France, in 1650.

Shortly after 1643, Father Peter Medaille, S.J., Procurator

of the college at Saint Flour, became acquainted with a group of

pious women who desired to retire from the world, and at the same

time engage in works of charity for the good of their neighbor.

Father Medaille conferred with the Right Reverend Bishop Henri de

Maupus of Le Puy concerning the organization of this group of

religious women, and received a sanction for the organization of the

group. Bishop de Maupas gave the group the official name of the

Congregation of the Sisters of Saint Joseph at Le Puy in 1648. Appro-

bation for the group was granted by the Holy See on October 15, 1650.

On that day the first Sisters of Saint Joseph assembled, six in

number, to devote themselves to the direction and education of the

girls at the orphanage of Le Puy (McGoldrick, 1961).

On March 10, 1651, Bishop de Maupas published the official

act which gave to the Congregation of Saint Joseph the approbation of


the Catholic Church and dedicated the Congregation to the welfare of

the poverty stricken, the disabled, and to the Christian formation

of the youth.

The Congregation's work in America came about through the

foresight of the Most Reverend Bishop Augustin Verot, the first

Bishop of Saint Augustine. In 1865, the Sisters of Saint Joseph

received an invitation from Bishop Verot, a native of Le Puy, to come

to Florida in order to educate the newly liberated Negro slaves.

On July 27, 1866, eight Sisters selected from sixty volunteers,

left the Motherhouse in Le Puy, France, for the mission field of

post-war Florida. After a several week voyage, the Sisters arrived

in New York on August 18. They continued on to Savannah and then to

Picolata, Florida, where they went ashore on September 1, 1866. One

more night and day of confusion passed before the stagecoach, engaged

by Father Aubril of Saint Augustine, made the two trips necessary

from Picolata, landing on the Saint Johns River. The Sisters were

reunited at the quarantine station on the San Sebastion River, and

entered Saint Augustine on the evening of September 2, 1866.

The Congregation's start in Saint Augustine was assisted by

the Convent of the Sisters of Mercy. However, because two religious

communities could not be supported in Saint Augustine the Sisters of

Mercy returned to Hartford, Connecticut in 1869.

During the first decade, the Sisters experienced a succession

of changes in residence, including the Convent of Mercy abandoned by


that group of Sisters in 1869. The house willed by Reverend Father

O'Reilly, in 1789, to a religious community was deeded to the Sisters

of Saint Joseph by Bishop Verot. This building, abandoned for seventy-

seven years, faced east on Hospital Street (now known as Aviles) and

included property extending to Saint George Street. This became the

first permanent home for the Sisters of Saint Joseph in Florida. It

was a three-story stone house surrounded by an orange grove with a

number of ancient stone edifices standing in the area. Today, the

Father O'Reilly House is considered one of the older houses in Saint

Augustine and remains useful as a Florida museum maintained privately

by the Congregation of Saint Joseph.

Construction on the present convent began in 1872. Based

on simple plans, prepared by Mother Marie Sidonie Rascle, and a simple

hand-written contract, a three-story stone structure was built to house

the convent, school, and novitiate. Archives of the Congregation at

Saint Augustine tell the story of the building process. The coquina

stone was quarried on Anastasia Island and hauled to the Matanzas

River. Here it was loaded on boats and ferried across to the western

shore to be unloaded and hauled to the convent site. In the evenings

after days of toil and teaching, the Sisters worked squaring the

stones, readying them for the masons use the following day. The result

of this effort was a beautiful "C" shaped building of natural coquina

trimmed with brick coursing and window trim. The style, included

both gothic and romanesque arched, shuttered windows, reminiscent of

the architecture of Le Puy, France.

The Florida foundation of the Sisters of Saint Joseph be-

came permanent when they opened their first school in 1867. This

school was established for Negro children and white boys, and was

only the first of many endeavors by the Sisters of Saint Joseph. In

1868, a mission was started in Mandarin, Florida, and the following

year the Sisters took over operation of the Saint Augustine School

for Girls and established Saint Joseph's Academy in Saint Augustine

and Jacksonville. The first decade also saw other schools opened in

Fernandina Beach, Palatka, and five communities had been firmly establish-


The remaining years of the nineteenth century brought

continued expansions for the Congregation. A foundation was opened

at Saint Ambrose (Elkton), an orphanage for girls was established

in Jacksonville, an; Indian school was conducted at Fort Marion for

prisoners held there, a mission and school was started in Orlando, and

a Latin School Mission was established in Ybor City.

Upon the recommendation of Bishop John Moore, the Florida

foundation separated from the Motherhouse in Le Puy, France, in October

of 1899. Reasons for this move were first, inconvenience of communica-

tion--long, tedious, expensive voyages for representatives of either

the Motherhouse or mission; second, increase in number of subjects

from United States, Canada, and Ireland; third, increase in number

of communities; and fourth, decrease in number of Sisters from France

(Alberta, 1940).

Chapter 4


Saint Joseph Academy of Saint Augustine has occupied a

number of buildings throughout its history. During the early years

it used small houses restored by the Sisters for classroom space.

Later, once the Motherhouse was constructed in 1874, the school

occupied the Father O'Reilly House and several other small houses

facing Saint George Street. By 1906, the growth of the school and

number of resident students required expanded facilities. On

November 11, 1907, ground was broken for construction of two four-

story academy buildings at a cost of twenty-five thousand dollars

(McGoldrick, 1961). The new buildings were situated directly north

of the 1874 convent and were connected to one another by wooden


In 1926, two additions were planned for the school. A

thirty foot by ten foot brick addition, housing a stairway and toilet

facilities, was built to the east of the north wing building; and a

fifty foot by twenty-one foot, four-story addition was planned to be

added to the south wing building of the academy, but this addition

was never built.


Major alterations and additions occurred in 1946. At that

time the wooden porches were replaced by a concrete arched arcade

and a stair and elevator tower was added between the north and south

wings. Later alterations included removing the pillared entrance

porch of the academy and the wooden entry of the convent facing

Saint George and replacing them with concrete substitutes similar in

design to one another. The concrete arcade and new entrance porches

were altered to visually unify the academy building and the convent.

In more recent years as needs have required, the Sisters of

Saint Joseph have expanded their physical plant. Neighboring property

was purchased on the west side of Saint George Street for athletic

playgrounds, housing for the novitiate Sisters, and additional class-

room space.

By 1966, space limitations required the discontinuation of

the boarding school. Resident students were no longer accepted as

Saint Joseph Academy became entirely a day school with an enlarged

enrollment. The rapid increase in demand for positions in the school,

and the realization of their limited site and finances, encouraged

the Sisters of Saint Joseph to initiate a joint planning board for

Saint Augustine and Saint Joseph Academy. This board, made up of the

Congregation, parents, and local businessmen, became sponsor for

some funding. The many expenses of the previous few years had drained

the convent financially and reserves had even been used to meet the

many debts.

Severe termite damage in the 1906 academy building became

apparent in 1970. At this time immediate emergency measures were

undertaken to reinforce the building structurally. While classes

were moved and conducted at the Episcopal Church, structural steel

beams and columns were installed to support the deteriorating build-

ing. Although these measures allowed the building to meet the

required floor loads continued use could only be temporary as fire

and safety hazards prohibited continued use as a school facility

without major alterations.

In early 1977, a "Quality of Space Survey" was conducted

by the architectural firm of Robert G. Graf and Associates of

Tallahassee, Florida. This study was to determine the cost of

rehabilitating the facilities to conform with current construction

and safety standards and the potential for converting the buildings

to a new function.

Mr. Graf stated (1977, p. 1)

the "Quality of Space Survey" included a detailed field
inspection of each building and the various sub-systems
or building components to evaluate and rate on a uniform
basis the degree of building absolescence and to establish
the general construction budget necessary to upgrade
the existing school facilities to conform with exist-
ing school construction as established by the State
Department of Education.

As a result of this study, the joint planning board made

its decision and announced in February, 1978, that unless new

facilities could be found Saint Joseph Academy would close at the


end of the 1978-1979 school year. An area wide fund raising program

was started and plans have been made for construction of a new

school facility to be located at the western edge of Saint Augustine.


Map Pinpoints Site Location


Until the new school is completed and ready for occupancy,

the Sisters continue to teach in the 1906 building. Where possible,

classes are held in other structures on or near the site and only a

few classes continue to meet in the old building, most of it now

standing abandoned.

Chapter 5


The site of Saint Joseph's Academy consists of three

individual parcels of land fronting on South Saint George Street in

Saint Augustine. All lie within the historic district number one and

each has a unique and interesting history.

The largest portion is bound by Saint George Street on the

west, Bridge Street on the south, Aviles Street on the east, and

Cadiz Street on the north. It includes the property estates of Father

O'Reilly and several minor properties purchased by the religious

foundation through the years. The past history of this site cannot

be overlooked. Recent research by Paul E. Hoffman and Eugene Lyon

into the location and layout of 1580 Saint Augustine has determined

that the early city was located to the south of the present Artillery


Hoffman and Lyon stated that documents told that there were

a plaza, the fort, a church, a shrine on the plaza, several streets,

a number of houses, and a marina. They knew that two of the fort's

guns were aimed towards two of the streets, and the 1597 Boazio engrav-

ing provided visual evidence for locating the early sity. Early laws



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[-(0 1
d\- ^" \ -i t F



ard ^ "0^ 'n
2.Y '. \\
a~1 l (
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Location of the site, Historic District Number One.


detailed the size of the plaza and the placement of the church and

governmental structures. Based upon this knowledge, Hoffman and

Lyon drew a preliminary plan of the city showing the plaza and the

nine blocks based on the legal norm. Noting that the blocks between

the Plaza of today and Bridge, Marine, and Saint George Streets were

smaller than all others in the old city, they converted the dimensions

of the modern blocks to the "foot" of the sixteenth century--about

eleven inches. They found that most of them fit the specifications

of the 1563 law, within ten feet either way. Evidence, supplied

by Dr. Kathleen Deagan via her sub-surface survey of 1976, confirmed

Hoffman and Lyon's theory. Her survey suggested Artillery Lane to

be the northern boundary of the settlement--which made a city of nine

blocks--one now closed up by the Convent of Saint Joseph. And, the

line of Artillery Lane seemed to agree with the Boazio engraving

(Hoffman, 1977).

_s -C -4- -------
___ F;-, --- -. -,', .-,- -'.- ---__

'c~ i"-OPD'fl&
H> -_- -- _~ ~


P&~~IRRSM 1O.0~P-*-
-4-- ,A wC .

-Dk A. So J D

Boazio, map of Saint Augustine at the time of the attack by Drake, 1586.

il_ St. Augustine

16th Century Area

On the basis of existing street locations, the Boazio engrav-

ing of 1587, and Dr. Kathleen Deagan's 1976 archaeological survey, Dr.

Hoffman locates the heart of the post-1572 town site in the area
bounded by Artillery Lane, Marine, Bridge, and Saint George Streets.


Directly across Saint George Street from the Convent Mother-

house lies the next largest portion of convent property. This property

consists of three lots, two of which run from Saint George Street to

Cordova Street. On this site the Sisters have built tennis courts

and playground for the academy and the new housing for novitiate

Sisters (1975) adjacent to the Villa Flora (circa 1893-1899).

According to Spanish records and maps of the period, the first church

was located on this site and attached to it was the first hospital

built in what was to become part of the United States.

Governor Mendez found a small frame hospital being
constructed adjoining a wooden church. Because he
felt it of great benefit to the garrison, he gave it
his best support toward completion. Governor Mendez
said if there had been no hospital during the summer
of 1597, many soldiers, Indians, and Negro slaves
would have died from a fever which swept the community.
This first hospital was attached to the Hermita
de Nuestra Senora de La Soledad which, according to the
Juan Jose de La Puente map of January 22, 1764, and
the Mariano de La Rocque map of April 25, 1788, was
located on the west side of present-day Saint George
Street and a short distance north of Bridge Street.
The property is now owned by the Sisters of Saint
Joseph (Florida Health Notes, 1968, p. 31-32).

The third and final portion of the site has a much more

recent historical significance. This parcel, known as the Mary Lucas

Hart property, runs along Bridge Street between Saint George and

Cordova Streets. Documented evidence, including correspondence bet-

ween owner and architect, found in the archives of the Sisters of

Saint Joseph reveal that the house on the property was designed by

nineteenth century architect Alexander Jackson Davis. Davis (1803-1892)

? ,1


CD -rI; .o b

*, .s -- -

I-.., -f -?

-r f \ ~ 4j

1 CL~C

II A_*~ ,*," i j

of the firm of Towne and Davis, was an influential architect in

American architecture. He produced some of the grandest Greek revival

buildings in America, including capitols for Indiana, Ohio, Illinois,

and North Carolina. He was one of the founders of the American

Institute of Architects and of the villa estate of Llewellyn Park,

New Jersey (1857).

A family friend of the bride, Davis was asked to design a

vacation cottage for a young married couple named Donaldson. Original-

ly from New York, the couple had traveled through Saint Augustine,

while visiting her father, Judge Bronson, in Palatka, and decided to

settle in the city because of its beauty and mild climate. Strictly

by correspondence the couple expressed their needs and ideas to Davis,

who sent sketches and notes for their approval. The importance of

the house results not only from the fact that Davis designed it, but

also that this was the first recorded northern interest to settle or

vacation in the town. Being built circa 1875 this was fifteen or

twenty years before the big building boom of the 1890's.

Any solution for the re-development of Saint Joseph's Convent

must consider all three sites and the history behind each of them.

Chapter 6


The chief factors of climate control for Saint Augustine

are its latitude and proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and inland


Summers in the city are long and relatively humid. Winters,

although punctuated with periodic invasions of cool to occasionally

cold air from the North, are mild because of the Southern latitude

and relative warm adjacent ocean waters.

July and August are the warmest months with a mean maximum

temperature of ninety degrees Fahrenheit and a mean minimum of

seventy-three degrees Fahrenheit. The summer heat, however, is temper-

ed by sea breezes and frequent afternoon thundershowers. January and

February are the coldest months with mean maximums at sixty-eight

degrees Fahrenheit and mean minimums at forty-five degrees Fahrenheit.

The city enjoys an abundant rainfall with a mean annual

percipitation of fifty-two inches per year, of which about one-half

falls during the "rainy season" from June to September. Humidity

varies from fifty to sixty-five percent in the afternoons to eighty-

five to ninety-five percent at night and early mornings. Saint Augus-


tine's location receives Northeast prevailing winds of approximately

seven miles per hour, but these winds tend to switch more Northernly

in winter and to the South/Southeast during the summer, making the

city vulnerable to hurricane activity.

Although the soil is sandy and low in natural fertility,

it does support a lavish growth of native flora and fauna, provid-

ing beauty year around. This mild climate, and the fact that the

sun shines about sixty to seventy percent of all daylight hours,

makes Saint Augustine an inviting resort for Northern tourists.

Chapter 7


To evaluate the situation at Saint Joseph's Acadmey and

Convent one must first have an understanding of the functional

arrangement of the present plan. Until the new academy is complete,

classes are held only in rooms that provide egress directly to the

exterior porches of the 1906 building. The kindergarten and several

other classes are held at the Mary Lucas Hart property in the

Bronson-Donaldson House and some classes meet in the two-story build-

ing adjacent to the Father O'Reilly House.

Housing for the Sisters occupies the third floor of the

1874 convent, the third and fourth floors of the 1902 academy, and

the Villa Flora and its addition. Lourdes Hall provides convales-

cent care for those that need it. The central kitchen is located in

the upper level of the old laundry building and the central dining

hall is on the second level of the 1906 south wing.

The Administration Offices for the Florida Congregation of

the Sisters of Saint Joseph are located on the second level of the

1874 convent. These include the Office of the Superior General, the

Office of the Archivist, and large and small meeting/conference rooms.


The convent chapel is located on the first floor level of the

1874 convent.

Other functions on the site includes A craft shop in the

Gaspar Papy House, the Florida History Museum in the Father O'Reilly

House, and a maintenance shop located in two adjoining structures on

the east edge of the main site. Other main features of the site

are the out-of-service swimming pool and the athletic playfield

adjacent to the Villa Flora.

The Problem

The Sisters of Saint Joseph soon will be confronted with

making a decision about the future use of their buildings and property

in Saint Augustine. The Sisters have basically two major alternatives:

They may sell their property in Saint Augustine and relocate to a

new convent that would be located on land they now own near Jackson-

ville; or, they may follow any of several routes of upgrading their

present facilities and remain in Saint Augustine.

Any decision they make must be based on careful considera-

tion of all factors involved, assuring a successful future for the

convent and its work. Not only must the Sisters consider their hous-

ing accommodations, but they must also provide a source of income to

meet their individual personal needs. Because their convent is the

Motherhouse and administrative center for the missions of Florida,

any decision must consider adequate space for and accessibility to

these administrative offices.

It is the purpose of this study to identify some of the

major concerns facing the Sisters and to propose an architectural

solution based on this criteria.

Design Considerations

There are several reasons for maintaining the convent site

in Saint Augustine. First of all, this site has been the historic

center for all mission work in Florida. Not only is Saint Augustine

important for the Sisters of Saint Joseph, but for all Florida Catholics

as well. Throughout history, the center of the Catholic Church in

Florida has been Saint Augustine. The tradition continues today with

the Saint Augustine Cathedral. In recent years, however, the business

offices of the diocese have been moved to Jacksonville, making it

more accessible by air and rail service.

Secondly, the Sisters in residence at Saint Augustine like

their location. They are close to their work in the academy and other

mission work and within walking distance to most of their needs. Also,

Saint Augustine is a beautiful city with a character of its own, an

asset much enjoyed by many of the older Sisters. Jacksonville

location has no particular aesthetic value and is quite remote from

many of the services required by the convent.

Finally, cost becomes a factor. Even if the Saint Augustine

location requires some demolition and/or new construction, the cost

of building all new facilities and moving to Jacksonville would be

more expensive than a redevelopment of present facilities in Saint


Assuming that redevelopment is the most desired approach,

problems of the site and facility must be considered to determine

the best avenue of approach. The residents of the site are most

aware of the problems that confront them. A discussion with the

Sisters quickly reveals these concerns.

Changing demands put upon the aging buildings have made

them inadequate in many ways. Although termite damage has tempo-

rarily been solved, the 1906 buildings remain a problem in not

meeting present day fire and safety codes. Adaptive use of the

present buildings, in the present configuration, creates a function-

al problem. Changes in floor levels, exterior passage connections

and below grade storage areas which often flood create extreme

problems for total usage of the facilities by the Sisters.

As a result of the site location being the oldest part of

the city with very narrow streets, a problem arises as to accesibil-

ity to services. Because of one-way narrow streets and sharp

obstructed corners large delivery trucks cannot reach the site.

Presently all garbage and waste must be carried to the west end of

the Mary Lucas Hart property to a dumpster accessible off Bridge Street;

fuel delivery must be pre-arranged for night time delivery so the

fuel truck can gain passage down streets cleared of cars by the city;

other delivery including food stuffs arrive to the site via backing

the delivery -trucks several blocks and hand carting the boxes onto

the site. Even small vehicular traffic to the site is limited. The

county must maintain a special ambulance small enough to travel in

this congested area to reach the convalescent center. A number of

times, critical time has been lost in transporting the extremely ill

Sisters because the wrong ambulance was sent, and unable to reach the

site, another one had to be called--delaying the needed medical care

of the hospital. Also, parking is limited on the site, not even meet-

ing the everyday demands of the ten cars operated by the convent.

present Needs

In planning for the future one must begin by looking at the

present needs. The Sisters of Saint Joseph have a primary concern of

providing adequate housing for a minimum of seventy residents.

Being the Motherhouse for the missions of Florida and the

historic center of the Congregation, periodically most of the Congre-

gation returns to the site for annual meetings and festivities.

Presently, these visitors are housed in overcrowded, substandard

dormitory space in the 1906 academy building, this space setting unused

throughout much of the year. There is a need for a large multipurpose

space that could be used for sleeping by setting up beds usually

held in adjacent storage areas. Throughout the rest of the year the

space could be used for other day-to-day activities.

A library and listening center is needed to hold the convent's

reading collection. It would provide the Sisters with better access

to the books and would provide recordings for the elderly who have

difficulty in reading.


The Administrative Offices for the foundation, being locat-

ed in the convent, creates some difficulties. Facilities are

inadequate to some extent and their location within a particular

convent itself seems to give that convent special status. Also,

working and living in the same building, the Superior General has

little opportunity to get away from her work and relax. Moving the

administrative offices to another building would help eliminate these

problems and could provide better accessibility. Any plan for the

administrative offices should include expanded office space for the

Superior General and an office with secure storage for the archivist.

Also needed, are both large and small meetings rooms required for

administrative planning and evaluation sessions.

Other present needs to be considered are laundry facilities

near living areas and a convenient central kitchen and common food

storage area. Parking and site accessibility for services must also

be improved.

Future Directions

During the past decade the Catholic Church and convent life

have changed greatly. Perhaps this is most visible in the absence of

the habit as Sisters are allowed to wear ordinary street clothes instead.

But there have been many other changes not visible to the outsider.

Where once strict rules were enforced concerning the cloistered life

and silence, modern norms are more lenient.


As the Sisters of Saint Joseph reflect on the past and plan

for the future, they predict that their number will remain constant

or only increase minimally. They see a move toward some decentraliz-

ing of the convent population. Through experience, they have found

that traditional convent life has had its short comings in terms of

the social needs of the residents. Seventy women living together,

sharing common facilities, does not allow for many close relation-

ships. The present trend is toward smaller "family-like" groups

living in the typical family setting of an apartment or detached

home. The Sisters of Saint Joseph predict that in the future they

will decentralize as groups of four to six Sisters leave the main

convent to live in the family setting nearer their mission work.

For example, those involved in teaching at Saint Joseph's Academy

may, in the future, make their residence in a typical home built on

or near the new site at the west edge of Saint Augustine. Under such

conditions the Sisters may get to know one another and share concerns

of their common interests.

As always, the Sisters of Saint Joseph are looking for ways

to expand their work dedicated to the welfare of the poverty stricken,

the disabled, and to the Christian formation of youth. When they

identify needs of the community they must evaluate their ability to

meet those needs, and at all times the Congregation must be aware of

the financial ramifications of a project.


In this time of high inflation and price uncertainty, the

Sisters of Saint Joseph are in need of several income producing pro-

jects. It is very appropriate then, that they consider these as

they plan for the future of the facility.

Presently two on-site activities provide a small income to

the Congregation. These are the Florida History Museum and a craft

shop located in the two historic houses on Aviles Street. Two income

producing alternatives that the Sisters have considered are a fine

arts school and a Montessori School. The fine arts school would of-

fer instruction in music, dramatic arts, and possibly drawing, painting,

sculpture, and dance to any residents of the Saint Augustine area for

a set tuition fee. The Montessori School would provide training for

young children emphasizing free physical activity, informal and

individual instruction, with early development of writing and reading,

and extended sensory motor training. This too would be funded by a

set tuition for each child in attendance.

Upon some research into the needs of Saint Augustine and with

a knowledge of the resources of the convent, several compatible projects

may be proposed. A day care facility caring for children of working

mothers is much needed in Saint Augustine. The Sisters could provide

the necessary experience and background to operate such a facility.

Another service that the convent could offer to Saint Augus-

tine would be a Community Life Center. Under this program a number

of services could be offered. Elderly residents of the city would be

offered a hot, nutritionally balanced meal at a cost based on the

individual's ability to pay. The meal program could be similar to

the congregate meal programs set up in other cities with hblp from

the government. The program would be on a three or five day a week

basis and would include morning or afternoon activities such as lec-

tures, seminars, games, and social hour. The advantage of the

Community Life Center is that it could offer extra benefits of use

of the convent library and listening center to the participants and

it can be established using common facilities and spaces that the

convent uses only at certain times. It could also greatly benefit

the large number of single elderly residents living very near the

convent site. It would give them a chance to get out and socialize

by enjoying the activities and it would help supplement many inade-

quate diets.

Both the day care center and the Community Life Center could

benefit from the close proximity to the large number of semi-retired

Sisters living on the site. These Sisters would be able to join in

on the activities at both of these programs to the benefit of both

the participants and the Sisters.

One final income producing project that could be considered

as an alternative for the future would be the development of a European

type pension. This boardinghouse arrangement could be considered if

future years of decentralization and declining population result in

a large vacancy in the living accommodations at the convent. Its

location in the older section of Saint Augustine provides a prime

location for tourist housing. For a small fee the convent could pro-

vide overnight accommodations and a breakfast. Here again this

function, if ever implemented, could share facilities with the other

functions of the site.

Any:decision by the Sisters of Saint Joseph that would

change the use of their site must be made to conform to the city

ordinances for Saint Augustine. Lying in historic district one (HP-1),

the city code states allowable uses to include: Single family dwell-

ings, schools, boarding and rooming houses, museums, libraries,

military and religious structures, churches, multiple family dwellings,

and historic structures with related adaptive uses. Any of the

proposals for future projects mentioned above are compatible with the

historic character of the area.

Preliminary Design Assumptions

It is beyond the limitations of this academic study to fully

analyze and architecturally design the facilities for Saint Joseph's

Convent. It is therefore necessary to make several recommendations to

the Sisters of Saint Joseph and based on the assumed implementation

of these proposals, design a facility capable of meeting the present

and future needs of the convent.

For the purpose of this study, let us assume that the 1906

academy buildings and their respective additions be demolished. Al-

though the Graf Quality of Space Survey (1977) recommended retaining

the buildings for non-educational convent use, it is felt that

structural problems, life safety hazards and floor level changes

create a great obstical in any adaptive use project of these buildings.

Also, any of the proposed new uses suggested by the convent require

functional space and accessibility not obtainable in the present


Basic Recommendations

1. Continue use of historic houses on Aviles Street
as craft shop and Florida History Museum.

2. Restore Donaldson-Bronson House and use as Ad-
ministrative Offices for the Sister of Saint Joseph
in Florida. Room size and arrangement are quite
suitable to this adaptive use/restoration and the site
has potential accessibility and parking space.

3. Provide ambulance access and parking for Lourdes
Hall off Bridge Street. The west entrance of the convales-
cent center could become the main entrance for an arm of
the Community Life Center offering convalescent care
for a limited number of neighborhood residents on a
temporary basis.

4. Remodel two-story structure between the Father
O'Reilly House and Gaspar Papy House for use as a self-
contained Montessori School.

5. Remodel third floor of 1874 convent to accommodate
sixteen residents in modern living "family type" units.

6. Remodel second floor of 1874 convent adaptive use as
fine arts school. Variety of space sizes would nicely
accommodate their new function: Smaller rooms for lesson
sessions and practice rooms, larger spaces for recital
and studio functions.

7. Restore chapel in 1874 convent removing panel-
ling to expose original walls, gothic windows, and French

8. Continue residential use of the Villa Flora
and its addition.

9. Provide on-site parking where athletic field
now exists, between Saint George and Cordova Streets.
Access should be from Cordova Street to minimize traffic
congestion on Saint George Street. This would supply
the required easy parking access needs of all convent
related activities.

10. General maintenance and upkeep: Replace
aluminum rectangular windows with proto-type of original
gothic casement windows. Level floors where pos-
sible. Replace jalouse windows in doors to eliminate
drafts. Insulate attic space with at least twelve
inches of insulation.

11. Construct a new facility to meet present and
future unmet needs of the convent and its programs.
This building would include residential facilities
for thirty-two Sisters, a central kitchen and dining
facility, a library and listening center, a multi-
purpose room, day care facilities, and common storage
and service facilities.

Chapter 8


The Residential Facilities

The Living Unit: As mentioned earlier, the current trend

in convent living is toward smaller groups of Sisters living to-

gether as a family unit. Under this arrangement each group has the

opportunity to determine their own schedule and social activities.

Each living unit should have four to six members, sharing common

facilities of kitchen, living area and bathroom, with each member

having her own sleeping room.

Sleeping Rooms: The sleeping room is each member's private

space. Here the Sister sleeps, dresses, and may find solitude for

study and prayer. Each sleeping room should include a small closet,

a vanity sink, a dresser, a single bed, and a writing table and chair.

Cross ventilation is preferred and flexible furniture arrangements are

desired. Space should be provided for storage of a trunk or large

foot locker holding the personal belongings of each resident.

Bathroom: Each living unit should have one bathroom to be

shared by the unit members. It should include water closet, a

lavatory, and a shower/tub.


Unit Kitchen: A minimum of two meals per day will be pre-

pared in the unit kitchen. Since members take advantage of common

purchasing, little storage space is necessary. Food stuffs may be

gathered daily from the convent's central food storage. The kitchen

should include standard kitchen equipment such as refrigerator, stove,

and a two-compartment sink. Dining space should accommodate all

unit members with the possibility of expanding for visitors.

Unit Interaction Space: This area provides the opportunity

for interaction and discussion by the unit members. It should in-

clude comfortable seating and adequate lighting for reading or close

handy work.

Unit Devotional Area: This space may be separate from the

living area or it may be as a spiritual corner within the larger liv-

ing space. It provides the opportunity for unit members to conduct

prayer and devotional services as a "family" group. It should contain

a "unit" altar and may include kneeling benches.

Common Storage: Each unit should contain a common storage

area for storage of household cleaning equipment and any additional

trunk storage of personal belongings.

Mechanical Closets Each unit will require its own heating/

cooling system, ergo, a utility closet/mechanical space must be provid-

ed. This may be omitted if a central heating/cooling system is

included in the design that provides zoned individual control in each


Laundry and Sewing Room: Laundry facilities need to be

available with close proximity to each living unit. Since the amounts

of soiled laundry to be cleaned is not excessive, several living

units may share the common household types of washers and dryers.

This space should also contain several ironing boards with irons and

several sewing machines. Storage should be provided for cleaning

detergents and folding tables should be available for individual use.

Common Interaction Space: This room provides a common

area for interaction of members from different living units. It

should provide accommodation for twelve to twenty residents for

television viewing, radio listening, or other small group activities.

As it is shared by several living units, it should have a central

location in relation to these units.

Convent Support Facilities

Dining Hall: This common area provides space for large

group eating and fellowship of all convent members. It will be used

for at least one meal per day and for many special occasions. It

should have a seating capacity of seventy to one hundred persons and

space for portable cafeteria type serving tables.

Central Kitchen: Meal preparation for all dinners served

in the dining hall will be prepared in this kitchen. It will also

prepare the noon day meals for the Community Life and day care programs.

This commercial kitchen should be capable of serving one

hundred fifty people on a daily basis (noon meal) and up to two


hundred on special occasions. Since it will serve various distinct

age groups in different dining areas, food service must be provided

to each remote area. This can be accomplished by using portable,

cafeteria-type serving tables and tray retrieval carts.

The kitchen itself should be adjacent to the central food

storage area where the primary dry and cold storage could be located.

Secondary storage units located in the individual areas within the

kitchen would provide easy access to frequently used food stocks.

The kitchen should be divided into separate individual areas

for the preparation of vegetables and salad, meats and fish, and pas-

try items. A specific area should be provided for cooking and baking.

An enclosed dish washing room is required as is a pot washing area.

Space should be provided for ample storage of portable serving carts

and tables, and the cook should be provided with her own locker and


Central Storage and Receiving: The space must be adjacent

to the central kitchen and accessible to all residents as it contains

all food stuffs and paper goods. It should be easily accessible for

delivery trucks arriving via Saint George Street. The space should

have adequate shelf storage for dry foods and small refrigeration units

for cold storage.

Multi-purpose Room: This space will be used periodically for

sleeping space for large group visits. However, on a day-to-day basis

the space will be used as the main activity space for the Community


Life Center. This program will use the space for both planned group

activities and for dining. It will have other various uses such as

large recitals and other activities in conjunction with the fine arts

school. Because of its multi-purpose nature, this room must be very

adaptable. It should be able to expand to meet the space requirements

for each function. It should be adjacent to adequate storage areas

for chairs, tables, and other equipment.

Library and Listening Center: This space should be located

on a relative quiet area of the site. It will be'used by the Sisters

and the participants of the Community Life Center. It will con-

tain a collection requiring a minimum of three hundred linear feet of

shelving and a record collection of five hundred records. Reading

tables and chairs must be provided and two listening centers are


Convent Reception Area: This space is provided for greeting

all visitors and answering incoming telephone calls. Usually staff-

ed by semi-retired Sisters it provides a waiting area for those

wishing to see on of the residents. It should be centrally located

to all convent project areas and may act as a foyer to the fine arts


Maintenance and Mechanical Space: The maintenance area should

provide space for repair of small objects and storage for tools and

lawn and garden equipment. It should be near the receiving area of

the site and accessible to service-type motor vehicles. The mechanical


area must accommodate the equipment necessary for heating and cool-

ing the main functional spaces.

Community Life Center: This project draws upon resources

already present for the daily functioning of convent life. It will

occupy the multi-purpose space for its general activities and dining

area and it will utilize the facilities of the commerical kitchen,

and library/listening center. In addition to these already present

facilities, it will require toilet facilities. The Community Life

Center should accommodate up to one hundred twenty-five people for

daily meals and related activities.

Day Care Facility: This project, because of its inherent

nature require it to be self-contained and apart from all convent

activities. It should be on ground level and close to the parent drop

off point and off street parking.

A day care center is defined as "any facility for the care

of children for less than twenty-four hours a day" (Waligura, 1971,

p. 9). The day care center conducted by the Sisters of Saint Joseph

would be directed to normal children of working mothers. The facility

should be planned to accommodate fifteen to twenty children between

the ages of two and seven years of age.

The group activity area is the hub of the day care center.

Arranged around it are the different interest centers that may expand

into it as necessary. This space acts as a general multi-purpose area

allowing full participation of all children. Music activities, dramatic

plays, story telling, and indoor physical activity take place here.

For pre-school children, play provides various learning

opportunities. To encourage active participation of each child,

different play alternatives should be provided. These include play

areas for blocks, manipulative toys, housekeeping, and dramatic

play (dress up). These areas should be separated from the general

circulation area to provide uninterrupted play, but adjacent to the

general activity area so they may expand as need arises.

Arts and craft activities are a favorite of young children.

An area for this activity should be provided with clean surfaces and

ample storage.

A science and nature center should be provided including space

for an aquarium, bird and animal cages, a terrarium, and potted plants.

This space should be adjacent to outdoor spaces so the children may

relate their projects to the natural forms in nature.

A reading and listening center should be available for use

by the children. It should include storage and display of reading

material and should be visually distinctive from other areas. An

intimate, special atmosphere should prevail to encourage use of this

specific unique area.

Toilet facilities should be provided within the classroom.

This encourages the children to acquire self-sufficiency in personal

care and frees teaching personnel for more important activity guidance

and instruction.

Each child should have an individual cubical for storage of

coat and cap or other personal belongings. This should be near both

the main entrance and the outdoor recreation area, and it should

provide a sitting area for children to put on their boots.

Other specific needs of the day care center include a tutor-

ing booth for individual instruction and testing, an observation booth,

and a staff preparation area.

Dining may be in the general activity area, or if other pro-

graming allows, the children may use the convent dining hall.

Napping and resting may also use the general activity area.

Storage must be provided for floor mats or cots, and the tables and

chairs may need to be moved and stacked to provide adequate space.

The design of a successful day care facility must consider

the psychological variables of color, light, accoustics, and surface

textures. Particular attention must be given to the scale of the

space, its flexibility and climate control. It must be remembered

that these spaces will primarily be used by and should benefit the


General Comments and Design Criteria

Since this facility is multi-functional, great care must be

given to the individual needs of each function. A delineation must

be made between the private and public spaces in the building. It is

most important to maintain the reverent character of the convent set-

ting. Although through the day the facility will take on a public

atmosphere, during the evenings and nights it will revert to the private

convent environment of reverence and solitude.

Chapter. 9


The following pages illustrate the architectural solution

to this study project*

A Redevelopment Study
Saint Joseph Convent




Doyle R. Harper




of Florida






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Chapter 10


The purpose of this study project was to gain experience in

contemporary architectural design in a fixed historical environment.

The goal throughout the project was to experience, as nearly as

possible, the limitations and constraints put upon the architect in

a non-fictional project. This problem was very successful in that

respect. Involvement with the Sisters of Saint Joseph, as they

considered their building alternatives, was a tremendous learning

experience. The complexity of and variety of functional activities

required by the convent, and its programs, considering the site,

and locational restraints, made a very challenging study.

Due to the numerous, complex design research alternatives

of this project, several recommendations were made as to the direction

the Convent of Saint Joseph may take to solve their present and

future building and economic needs. Based on preliminary assump-

tions, a design program and solution was prepared.

The design solution combined the residential and spiritual

space needs of the convent with that of its income producing projects.


The design considered all site and location restraints, paying

particular attention to visual compatibility with the 1874 convent

and the general character of the residential neighborhood.



Alberta, Sister M., S.S.J. "Study of the Schools Conducted by the
Sisters of Saint Joseph of the Diocese of Saint Augustine,
Florida 1866-1940." Unpublished Master's Thesis, Graduate
School, University of Florida, 1940.

DeChiara, J. and Hancock, J. Time Saver Standards for Building
Types. New York: McGraw-Hill Books, Company, 1973.

Graf, R.G., and Associates, Architects, Planners and Consultants,
P.A. "Quality of Space Survey for Saint Joseph's Academy."
Tallahassee, Florida, May, 1977.

Guralnik, D.B. (ed.). Webster's New World Dictionary of the American
Language, (2nd edition). New York: The World Publishing
Company, 1970.

Hoffman, P.E. "Saint Augustine 1580, The Research Project." El
Escribano, XIV, 1977, pp. 5-19.

Kilpatrick, W.H. The Montessori System Examined. New York: Arno
Press and the New York Times, 1971.

Manucy, A. The Houses of Saint Augustine. Saint Augustine, Florida:
The Saint Augustine Historical Society, 1978.

McGoldrick, Sister T.J., S.S.J. "The Contributions of the Sisters
of Saint Joseph of Saint Augustine to Education 1866-1960."
Unpublished Master's Thesis, Graduate School, University of
Florida, 1961.

National Fire Protection Association. Life Safety Code, 1976.
Boston, 1976.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Climate of the
States. New York: Water Information Center, Incorporated, 1974.

Orem, R.C. and Colurn, M.J. Montessori: Prescription for Children
with Learning Disabilities. New York: G.P. Putman's Sons, 1978.


Pevsner, N., et al. A Dictionary of Architecture. Woodstock, New
York: The Overlook Press, 1976.

Ramsey, C.G. and Sleeper, H.R. Architectural Graphics Standards,
(6th edition). New York: John Wiley and Sons Incorporated,

Reps, J.W. The Making of Urban America. Princeton, 'New Jersey:
Princeton University Press, 1965.

Schoonover, R.A. (ed.). "First Hospital--U.S.A," Florida Health
Notes, LX, No. 2, 1968.

Sisters of Saint Joseph. Living Waters. Saint Augustine, 1966.

Southern Building Code Congress International Incorporated. Standard
Building Code. 1976 edition with 1977-1978 revisions. Birming-
ham, Alabama, 1976-1978.

Southern Building Code Congress International Incorporated. Standard
Plumbing Code. 1976 edition. Birmingham, Alabama, 1976.

Waligura, Randolph L. Environmental Criteria MR Preschool Day Care
Facilities. College Station, Texas: Research Center, College
of Architecture and Environmental Design, Texas A & M University,

Wolfe, A.D. A Parents' Guide to the Montessori Classroom. Altoona,
Pennsylvanniat Montessori Learning Center, 1975.


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Convent Arcade

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Arcade Level Change
Academy Arcade


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Convent: I'est Elevation
Convent: South Elevation

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Donaldson-Bronson House:
a) Front Elevation
b) Rear Elevation




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Villa Flora
Villa Flora Addition





Villa Flora Meditation Garden


Athletic Field

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Convent-Kitchen Connection
Convent-Lourdes Hall Connection


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Convent Service Court
Garden Northeast of Lourdes Hall

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Garden Space Between Lourdes Hall & Classroom Building
Rear of Gaspar Papy House

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Southwest Garden Area
West Entrance-Lourdes Hall

Gaspar Papy & Father O'Reilly House
Wall & Fatio House




Aviles Street--East Side
Aviles Street--Looking South

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Fatio House--Aviles Street
Fatio House--Cadiz Street



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Fatio House--Rear Elevation
Small Residences on Cadiz Street


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Cadiz Street Looking West to Saint George Street

Saint George Street West Side
Prince Murat House, Saint George Street at Bridge Street

Early Saint George Street
1874 Convent Before Alterations

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Present Entrance, 1874 Convent




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