Historic preservation in Saint Augustine, Florida : an overview

Material Information

Historic preservation in Saint Augustine, Florida : an overview
Ferro, David E.
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
David E. Ferro
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Historic preservation
St. Augustine, Florida
Architecture -- Florida ( lcsh )
Architecture -- Caribbean Area ( lcsh )


General Note:
Completed for UF course AE 621, March 1976

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text
An Overview

AE 621
University of Florida
Department of Architecture
Historic Preservation Option
David E. Ferro
Itrch 18, 1.970


This study is intended as an overview of the various mechanisms,

legal and functional, whicn affect the St. Augustine, Florida

historic preservation program. It will briefly describe the program's

history, objectives, its current structure, and its accomplishments.


1883- The forerunner of the present St. Augustine Historical Society

was formed, with its primary function to preserve and interpret the

history of St. Augustine and its environs. Originally the organization's

focal interest was in the archaeology and natural history of the region.

The Societyi

a. maintains an extensive Florida and St. AugusLine research

library, and operates two museums.

b. administered Castillo de San ;Marcos (Fort Marion) for twenty

years prior to the National Park Service's take-over in 1.935.

c. purchased its controversial "oldest house" in 1916 and fabric-

ated a Spanish Colonial home from it. The Society has also

restored five other historic houses,-and administers several

historic sites.

d. disseminates historical information.

In its preservation activities, the self- sustaining Society has

acquired and restored only those historical buildings which appear to

be in danger of destruction or misuse. The Society prefers to co-

operate with the efforts of others in the field of preservation and

restoration. Restored buildings owned by the Society are leased for

appropriate business or residential use. See Appendix A for ownership

of historically significant structures in St. Augustine.

Currently the Society's activities are passive in their preservation


1937- The St. Augustine Historic Preservation and Restoration Assoc-

iation was created and funded by the Carnegie Institute. Prior to

World War II, the Institute carried out an extensive program of research

into St. Augustine's early history. Much of this work has been lost.

1959- The Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board (originally the St.

Augustine Historic Restoration and Preservation Commission) was created

by state statute. Action for state developmental assistance was

initiated when local organizations, .recognizing the social and economic

value of their historical surroundings, and the necessity of its pre-

servation and restoration, also recognized their own inability to man-

age and finance such an undertaking. The Board was established as a

state funded developmental mechanism which would not only be actively

involved in the planning, coordination and accomplishment of the pre-

servation program, but would also serve as the liaison between city,

county and state governments, encouraging proper zoning, ordinances

and standards in accordance with its established preservation goals.

This board and the other four similar organizations that followed it

were created by popular vote and have only been held accountable for


such powers and responsibilities as they were willing to impose upon

themselves. There have been no mandated responsibilities imposed upon

them by the state. A state level program review board is being proposed

as a result of recent setbacks in the Key West program, to insure that

the creation of new boards is justified and that the cities involved

are willing to meet specific commitments to be mandated by the state.


Charged with the responsibility of acquiring, restoring, and preserving

St. Augustine's historical landmarks, the Preservation Board called for

the development of a master plan for the proposed restoration program.

The general master plan of the early 1960s encompassed the walled area

of the 1.721 city and declared it a forty block historical area. The

business district was envisioned as being relocated outside the area to

the west. The plan proved to be over-ambitious, financially and log-

istically. Financial limitations have precluded the preparation of a

new plan, although a series of guidelines have been established as a

framework for future developments

a. An eight block primary icstoration area has been established

adjacent to Castillo de San MErcos. See map in Appendix B.

b. Restoration is to depict the growth and change (a cross section)

of St. Augustine's first 250 years.

c. The restoration area should be entertaining as well as authentic,

realistic and educational.

d. iA generally prevailing "Spanish atmosphere" should characterize

the whole historic area.

e. A goal of financially self-sustaining development has been estab-



The Board is currently involved in the reconstruction of two Colonial

period buildings, and its developmental emphasis has been on the cre-

ation of a concentrated central restoration area which serves as the

core of the programs educational and interpretive activity, surrounded

by a "low key" interpretation area in a "living outdoor museum."


Chapter 266, Florida Statutes (See Appendix C).

This statute has served as the prototype for all Florida Historic

Commissions which have followed it, to date.

a. A corporate, seven member board of trustees was created within

the Department of State. Members are are appointed by the Gov-

ernor, and are uncompensated. Two of the members need not be

residents of the state (hopefully they will be persons of nat-

ional financial influence i.e., a Rockafeller or Vanderbilt).

b. The State Treasurer acts as ex officio treasurer, with custidy

of all state funds.

c. Among the more important powers granted the Board, for its auth-

orized purpose arei

i. the power to acquire real or personal property or interest

therein by any legal means it deems necessary, including ease-

ments, condemnation, and real property franchises; and to

operate, maintain and dispose of such property.

ii. the power to demolish and remove "slum" structures within its

jurisdiction, replacing them with public facilities or low

rent housing.

iii. the power to plan buildings and improvements, employ profess-

ional consultants, and construct, alter and repair such improve-


iv. the power to acquire city, county, state and federal properties

or serve as trustee for such properties a- tney are suitable

for use by tne Boara.

v. tne power to freely contract, in its best interest, ana engage

in any lawful activity or Dusiness to further its purposes.

vi. the power to borrow money for preservation, restoration, and

reconstruction projects, as well as to issue negotiable revenue


The Board currently exercises its powers, duties and functions subject

to the budgetary review and approval of the Secretary of State and,

although the board is not a division in the state government, it func-

tions administratively under the Secretary of State.

Important considerations which were not included in this original leg-

islation include:

a. specific criteria for the historical evaluation of properties

and a selection mechanism for significant buildings to be pre-


b. provision for an architectural review board for the regulation

of construction, reconstruction and demolition of private prop-

erty within and adjacent to the historic area.

c. protection against the purposeful neglect of private properties

of historic or architectural significance.

Some of these considerations have been included in more recent legis-

lation of this type.


The powers which enable the control of individual properties and their

development still remain in the hands of the city and county govern-

ments i.e., zoning and architectural review. In these areas the Pre-

servation Board functions only as an adviser. The Board offers an un-

official design appropriateness review and basic technical assistance

to individuals contemplating development or redevelopment in the his-

toric area.

The actual review mechanism for construction, reconstruction and dem-

olition in the historical district is established by the St. August-

ine Building Code. At the present time, a comprehensive zoning ordin-

ance for the city is being written, with emphasis on preservation con-



The St. Augustine Building Codes

a. defines St. Augustine architecture, as it is documented in

Albert Phnucy's book The Houses of St. Augustine, an extremely

thorough study of the city's colonial architecture.

b. establishes a five member Historic Preservation Committee, with

the members being appointed by the city commission. Three ex

officio advisors includes

i. the Director of the St. Augustine Preservation Board.

ii. the President of St. Augustine Restoration, Inc.

iii. the President of the St. Augustine Historical Society.

The Committees

a. serves as an adjustment committee on matters related to con-

struction, reconstruction, demolition and erection in the city's

five historic districts.

b. is charged with the review of all applications for building

and demolition permits, and certificates of occupancy in and

adjacent to the historic districts, including buildings, struc-

tures and appurtenances. This review authority involves only

exterior architectural features. A public hearing is provided

concerning each application. Tf the proposed project is deemed

architecturally appropriate, a certificate of appropriateness

will be issued. If the certificate is denied, the reasons for

denial as well as recommendations to help the applicant revise

his plans are provided. A means of appeal is provided by the

city commission, with further appeals being heard by the Circuit

Court of St. Johns County.

c. is to be given ninety days notice in the case of demolition,

anywhere within the city limits of St. Augustine. If the build-

ing to be demolished is deemed to be of significance, the Com-

mittee will make every attempt to find a means of preserving

it. At the end of ninety days, there is no further control over

the buildings demolition.

d. establishes and defines the city's five historical districts,

and enumerates the permitted uses in each district.

1962- St. Augustine Restoration, Incorporated was founded by a group

of interested citizens. A non-profit corporation, it was formed, pri-

marily as a 'right arm" to the Preservation Board, to accept private


financial contributions and donations of property. Restoration,Inc.

has more latitude than the Preservation Board in raising funds in

the private sector, and can act more quickly, with no "state red

tape" i.e., in hiring architects, other consultants or purchasing


Properties donated to, or purchased by Restoration, Inc. are re-

habilitated and leased to the Preservation Board for operation.

Over two million dollars in reconstruction and restoration work has.

been accomplished by these two organizations. Restoration, Inc. is

now primarily involved in the acquisition of property within the

preservation program area. In an arrangement with the state, the

value of acquired property is used to obtain matching funds which,

in turn, are utilized to acquire additional property. Such acquired

lands are turned over to the state for development by the Preserv-

ation Board. The organization is currently involved in planning an

interpretive facility outside the historic district, portraying the

founding period of the city. Other activities in a different vein

are in the offing, although Restoration, Inc's President, William

F. Howlleston was "not at liberty to discuss them."


In St. Augustine a great deal of competent preservation work has

been accomplished through the cooperative efforts of the Preservation

Board and St. Augustine Restoration, Inc. In the past, large corporat-

ions, various societies, private individuals and religious organ-

izations have been active in St. Augustine's preservation effort.

That this diverse involvement has not always resulted in progress

toward a common goal is no surprise. With the complexity of the

coordination of this type of program, a comprehensive development

plan is a necessity. Such a detailed plan seems as though it would

be an important step in insuring improved activity coordination

and more efficient resource utilization.

The city's building code provides a fairly effective architectural

review mechanism, although the effectiveness of such a mechanism

depends to a great extent on the expertise of the individuals in-

volved and the guidelines furnished them. A means should be sought

to insure that knowledgeable individuals are involved in the review

process, and that they are furnished adequate guidelines to render

productive judgements. The lack of positive demolition control and

anti-neglect provisions are potential weaknesses in the regulatory

mechanism of the code.

It is difficult for me to assess the relative success of the St.

Augustine preservation program without further knowledge of the

progress being made in other similar programs. Although the St.

Augustine legislation is less explicit than that of the four similar

statutes which followed it, a solid base for development seems to

be created by the Board and the city government of St. Augustine.


College of Architecture and Fine Arts. University of Florida. Florida

Historic Preservation Planning: a Symposium. Gainesville,

Floridat January 14-15, 1971.

Division of Archives, History, and Records Management. Florida Depart-

ment of State. Our Past...Our Future. Tallahassees 1973.

Florida. Revised Statutes, Annotated (1975).

Historical Restoration and Preservation Commission. The Restoration

of Saint Augustine, Oldest City in the United States. Saint

Augustine, Floridas 1960.

Little, Rod. Division of Archives, History, and Records IMnagement,

Tallahassee, Florida. Interview, 3 Mhrch 1976.

Rowlleston, William F. Saint Augustine Restoration, Inc. Saint

Augustine, Florida. Interview, 27 February 1976.

Saint Augustine Restoration, Inc. Saint Augustine. Saint Augustine,

Florida: n. d.




Address Ownership

Castillo de San Marcos
City Gate
Wooden Schoolhouse
Arrivas House
Avero House
Avero-Watkins House
Spanish Inn
Paredes House
Triay House
Fornells House
Sanchez House
Joaneda House
Peck House
Perez House
Government House
Public Market
Trinity Church
Lindsley House
McMillan House
Ximenes-Fatio House
Solano House
O'Reilly House
Toledo House
Canova House
Murat House
Sanchez House
Marin House
Jones House
Dummett House
Llambias House
Tovar House
Oldest House
St. Francis Barracks
King's Bakery

14 St. George
44 St. George
37 St. George
52 St. George
43 St. George
54 St. George
42 Spanish
62 Spanish
105 St. George
57 Treasury
143 St. George
101 Charlotte
214 St. George
224 St. George
12 Aviles
20 Aviles
20 Charlotte
32 Aviles
36 Aviles
46 Bridge
250 St. George
43 Marine
53 Marine
56 Marine
279 St. George
31 St. Francis
20 St. Francis
14 St. Francis

National Park Service
National Park Service
Preservation Board
Greek Orthodox Church
Restoration Foundation
Historical Society
Preservation Board
Catholic Church
Preservation Board
Episcopal Church
Library Association
Colonial Dames
Catholic Church
Catholic Church
Historical Society
Historical Society


D(' 1200'


Map A




I i
I !





266.01 Historic St. Augustine Preservatiord Board of Trus-
tees; creation
There is created within the department of state the Historic
St. Augustine Preservation Board of Trustees. a body corporate,
the purpose and function of which shall be to acquire, restore,
preserve, maintain. reconstruct, reproduce and operate for the
use. benefit, education, recreation, enjoyment, and general wel-
fare of the people of this state and nation certain ancient or his-
toric landmarks, sites, cemeteries, graves, military works, monu-
ments, locations, remains, buildings, and other objects of histori-
cal or antiquarian interest of the City of St. Augustine, Florida,
and surrounding territory.


race in the United States having con-
tinuous history, and
"Whireras, St. Augustilne pos.esses
historical values, cultural rraditions
and elcnwentt of unique boluuly and
chl;ir1i, including important liis' ric
sites of statc iand national interest
such as Castillo de San Marcos and
Fort la lnuzas, outstanding examples
of Spanis h military architecture of
the American colonial period, the old
city gates and other historical struc-

tures and houses of unusual interest,
"Whereas, it is desirable to assure
the restoration. the preservation and
maintenance of those and either im-
portanilt lalud a rks, st rul'tures, sites
and records of antiquity, relating to
St. Augustine. in order properly to
interpret and understand the history
of the state as well as all American
history, Now, Therefore,"

Cross References
Control by secretary of state of )boards under this chapter, see 2l";(,.20.

Library References

Statue 0C-4-.

C.J.S. States k 52. 66.

Historical Note

Liaws 1975l (. 7" 1ll 0, 1.
Laws ]. i;, c. (; 10l .6 10, : .5
Laws 1954, c. '-52l, 1.

laws .'19, c. 59-521, detained the
following pre.iiatle:
"Whereas, St. Augustine, Florida,
is the oldest community of the white

266.02 Definitions
Unless otherwise clearly indicated, the following words when
used in-this part shall have the following meanings:
(1) "Board"-the Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board
of Trustees of the department of state;
(2) "Facilities"-historic sites, objects, and facilities for ex-
hibition owned, rented, leased, managed, or operated by the
(3) "Slum"-any areas where dwellings predominate which,
by reason of dilapidation, overcrowding, faulty arrangement or
design, lack of ventilation, light or sanitary facilities, or any
combination of these factors, are detrimental to health, safety,
or morals.

Historical Note
Laws 1970, c. 70-l(;0, 2.
Laws 199, c. W6 -10l. 10, 35.
La;iws .-'9, c. 59-521, 2.

266.03 Membership; terms of office, etc.
The board of trustees shall consist of five members to be ap-
pointed by the governor not later than thirty days after July 1,
1959. Members of the original board shall be appointed for
terms as follows: One for two years, two for three years and
two for four years, and thereafter members shall be appointed
for four year terms except appointments to fill vacancies for
323 _


Ch. 266


unexpired terms in which event the appointment shall be for the
unexpired term only. In addition to the above members, the
board of trustees shall consist of two additional members who
need not be residents of the state and who shall be appointed by
the governor not later than thirty days after July 1, 1965. All
appointments of the board shall be confirmed by the senate.
The members of the board, including the chairman, shall receive
no compensation for their services but shall be entitled to be
reimbursed for per diem and travel expenses incurred in the
performance of their official duties as members of the board,
subject to the provisions and limitations of 112.061. Each
member shall give a surety bond in the sum of ten thousand dol-
lars executed by a surety company authorized to do business in
this state, payable to the governor and his successors in office,
and conditioned upon the faithful performance of his duties.

Historical Note
Li.m- 1970, c. 7(0-160. 3.
Laws 9;'s., c. C65-2, 1.
Li-ws 195, e. 59-521, 3.

States c 44 et s4eq.

Library References
C.J.1S. States 5 '2, 55., 56.

266.04 Organization, meetings, records
Not later than fifteen days after the appointment of its mem-
bership and annually thereafter, the board shall hold an organi-
zational meeting at which it shall elect from its membership a
chairman, a vice-chairman, and a secretary-treasurer. No busi-
ness shall be transacted by the board except at a regularly called
meeting at which a quorum is present and the minutes thereof
recorded. Permanent records shall be maintained which shall
reflect all official transactions of the board.

Historical Note
Lw: 1970, c. 70-1C0, 4.
L wixvs 1959, c. 59-521, 4.

266.05 Treasurer
The state treasurer shall be the ex officio treasurer of the
board and shall have the custody of all of its funds, to be kept in
a special account. All receipts and disbursements of the board

shall be handled subject to the same laws, rules, and regulations
as other state funds are handled.

Historical Note
Laws 1970, c. 70-100, 5.
Laws 1939, c. 59-521, 5.

266.06 Powers
The board shall be the governing body and have power:
(1) To adopt a seal and alter the same at pleasure;
(2) To contract and be contracted with, to sue and be sued, to
plead and be impleaded in all courts of law and equity;
(3) To exercise any power not in conflict with the constitu-
tion and laws of the state or the United States which is usually
possessed by private corporations or public agencies performing
comparable functions;
(4) To establish an office at or near the City of St. Augustine
for the conduct of its affairs;
(5) To acquire, hold, rent, lease, and dispose of real and per-
sonal property or any interest therein for its authorized pur-
(6) To own, operate, maintain, repair and improve its facili-
ties wherever located;
(7) To acquire in its own name by purchase, grant, devise,
gift, or lease, on such terms and conditions and in such manner
as it may deem necessary or expedient, or by condemnation, ex-
cept as otherwise herein provided, in accordance with and sub-
ject to state law applicable to condemnation of property for pub-
lic use, real property or rights or easements therein or franchis-
es necessary or convenient for its purposes and to use the same
so long as its existence shall continue and to lease or make con-
tracts with respect to the use or disposal of same, or any part
thereof, in any manner deemed by the board to be in its best in-
terest but only for the purposes for which it is created. No
property shall be acquired under the provisions of this part upon
which any lien or other encumbrance exists, unless at the time
said property is so acquired, a sufficient sum of money be depos-
ited in trust to pay and redeem such lien or encumbrance; nor
shall any property be acquired hereunder by condemnation
which is owned by a church, a cemetery association, or which is
presently used as a historical attraction;
'? ____--- ^ ^


Title 17

Ch. 266


fraying part of the cost incurred by it in carrying out the pur-
poses of this part.

Historical Note
Law- ]7(), 739 -]%;. 7.
Laiws 1: ; :. v 2"2.
Law- lo;.w 9-5'l-r21 7.

Library References
Slm i C2n1,1. C.J.S. Slates 361 At seM.


266.209 Boards under chapter 266 subject to direct control
of secretary of state
The historic preservation board established in this part and
the historic preservation boards of trustees, established under
bdain te 2;6, for St. Augustine,-,Pensacola and Tallahassee shall
exercise their powers, duties and functions as prescribed by law,
su.jecl to budget review and approval by the secretary of state.
Th boAirds of tr-ustees shal] not be placed wivhin a division of
!' d.a].tr:ne1:t of >tate, but, administratively, shall be directly
under the supervision of the secretary.

Historical Note
I .;. 7'. c. 7 '-' 3 c.

Library References
.Sl.. l,. ':7 -li7. (.'..J.S. t;lll"- 5 ,' Clj6.

Title 17


Article 4. Definitions
Recreational Vehicle -
St. Augustine Architecture

??. Recreational Vehicle. A vehicular portable structure

built or, a chassis with its own wheels, either self-

propelled or towed by another vehicle designed to be

used as a temporary dwelling for travel, vacation,

camping or recreational purposes and including travel

trailers, camping trailers, pick-up campers, converted

buses, motor homes, tent trailers, pop-up trailers,

boats and boat trailers and similar devices.

rnis also includes any vehicle which carries a valid

state of Florida "RV" license plate.

84. Restaurant. An establishment where food is ordered,

prepared, and served for pay primarily for consumption

on the premises in a completely enclosed room, under

the roof of the main structure, or in an anterior court.

A drive-in restaurant as defined here is not a -estaurant.

A cafeteria shall be deemed a restaurant as defined herein

85. Rooming House. A dwelling used for the business of

furnishing accommodations to more than six persons or


G5. St. Augustine Architecture. A distinctive architectural

style influenced by the traditions of the Spanish,

English, Minorcan and early American inhabitants -as

adapted to utilize available materials and meet local

conditions of climate. This style is simple, functional

and unpretentious. The style is described and documented


Article 4. Definitions
St. Aug. Architecture

in the book "The Houses of St. Augustine" by Albert

Manucy, published by the St. Augustine Historical

Society ; 962.

Houses were built flush with the street line, with the

remainder of the front line enclosed by a wall or fence

through which access was gained to the side yard and the

house. A few doors opened directly on the street after

1763. Houses imparted a massive but well-proportioned

look and were, one to two an a half stories in height.

The most common floor plan was a simple rectangle with a

loggia to the side or rear. Stairs to upper floors were

located at one end of the loggia in a protected alcove.

Some houses had an added wing, and a few were U-shaped.

Ground level floors were of tabby (shell concrete) at or

near grade, although some wooden floors set close to the

ground appeared late. Wooden second floors were carried

on exposed beams. Tabby or coquina walls were always

plastered inside and out. White is the only color

described, and was dominant well into the 19th century.

Some late exterior walls were scored in ashlar pattern.

Openings were generally large. Early doors were heavy

and solid, the six-panel door appearing after 1763.

Windows with inside shutters and protecting wooden grills

(rejas) were the rule until 1763. Iron grillwork was'

never characteristic of Spanish St. Augustine. After

1763 double hung windows with glass panes appeared, and


Article 4. Definitions
St. Aug. Architecture -
Service Station

shutters moved to the outside. All woodwork was simple

and somewhat heavy. Street balconies were common; the

early forris supported by corbelled beams. Some second

stories were of wood, usually clapboard. Chimneys were

rare before 1763; common thereafter. Decoration and

ornamentation was minimal and simple.

Before 1763 flat roofs were present, particularly on

masonry houses; they were rare thereafter. Pitched

roofs of both gable and hip types were commonest and

were covered with thatch or wooden shingles. Tiled

roofs are not characteristic of the St. Augustine style.

In interpreting St. Augustine architecture as a basis

for construction under this Zoning Ordinance aspects of

scale, proportion, fabric and texture shall approach the

historic modes insofar as possible and practical, but

the rule shall be to give reasonable latitude for

modifications and aJaptations necessitated by modern

use and convenience, both in business and residential


87. Sanitarium. A facility for the recuperation and treat-

ment of physical or mental disorders, without provision

for. major surgery.

83. Service Station. An establishment whose principal

business is the dispensing at retail of gasoline and

oil and where grease, batteries, tires, and automobile


Article 11. Historic
Preservation Committee
Sec 1-1


: .-.1t Historic Preservation Committee Establishment

and Procedure.

Creation. A Historic Preservation Committee,

consisting of five (5) members appointed by the

city commission of the CiLy of St. Augustine, has

been created and is hereby continued. The Director

of the Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board,

the Presideni of St. AugusLine Restoration, Inc.,

and the President of the St. Augustine Historical

Society, or their assigned designee shall be ex

officio members of the committee and shall serve in

an advisory capacity.

..2 *Tenure. Members of the original board as established

herein shall be appointed for terms as follows:

One for one year, two for two years and two for

three years, and there after members shall be

appointed for three year terms except appointments

to fill vacancies for unexpired terms in which

-vent the appointment shall be for the unexpired

:erm only. The members of the Historic Preservation

-mmittee at the time of this enactment shall serve

intil they are reappoinLed or their successors are

k appointed.


Article 11. Historic
Preservation Committee
Sec 11-1

Representation. All members shall reside in and

h: a qu-;;ified voter and property owner in the

city and shall hold no office under the city government

and shall not be a member of the Zoning Board or

Planning Commission. Each member shall be appointed

by the city commission of the City of St. Augustine

for a term of three (3) years, except as noted in

section 1.2, page 153, and removable only for cause.

The chairman of the committee shall be named by the

members of the committee. Vacancies shall be filled

for the unexpired term of any member by the city

commi ssi on.

The committee shall adopt its own rules of procedure,

provided same are not in conflict with the provisions

of this ordinance.

a. Three or more members shall constitute .a

quorum and shall be in power to act. An

affirmative vote of three or more members

shall be necessary in making any decision

of the committee.

The committee shall promptly notify the

building inspecto., in writing, as to its

decision in :'i.gar-d to any matter referred

to it.

- I ) 4-


I I I U_ I I 11 I L U I I L
Preservation Committee
Sec 11 -2

S 1- 2. Historic Preservatiun Committee Powers and Duties.

T; -- ,nctiCo..s, powers and duties of the Historic Preservation

o imitLee she be, in general:

a. To serve as. an adjustment committee on matters relating

to construction, reconstruction, demolition, erection

re-erection, restoration or repair of any structure

locatLed within historic preservation districts HP-1,

HP-2, HP-3, lIP-4 and HP-5.

b. To review all applications for building permits within

the historical preservation districts (HP-I, hP-2, HP-3,

HP-4 and HP-5) and make a determination as to whether

or not the application warrants the issuance of a

certificate of appropriateness. Additionally the

committee shall review all.applications for building

permits on property abutLing or immediately facing

the (HP-1, HP-2, liP-3 or HP-4) historical districts

to insure reasonable compatibility with the authentic

restoration or preservation of the districts, and where

found to be reasonably compatible, issue a certificate

of appropriateness.

To consider and act upon applications for certificates

-: appropriateness as to the exterior architectural

-i '5-

Article 11. Historic
Preservation Committee
Sec 11-2

-.atures ol any building or other structures proposed for

erection. alteration, restoration or to be moved within a

historic district. Exterior architectural features shall

include the architectural style, general design, an:!

general arrangement of the exterior of a building or other

structure, including the color, the kind and texture of the

building material and the type and style of all windows,

doors, light fixtures, signs and other appurtenant fixtures.

The committee shall follow the definition of St. Augustine

architecture as described in Article 4, item 86, page 23.

However, structures within the historic districts erected

after the period of said St. Augustine architecture, but before

1900, may be considered for alteration or restoration to their

original architectural style, or may be moved to insure their

preservation. In the case of outdoor advertising signs

exterior architectural features shall be construed to mean

the style, material size, and location of all such signs.

Any building, structures and appurtenances LheLre to, erected

prior to the year 1821 in Districts HP-1, HP-2, and HP-3

and any buildings, structures and appurtenances thereto,

e-rected prior to the year 1900 in District HP-4, may be

.tered, repaired, erected, reerected, restored or -recon-

-ructed on the original foundations or site thereof, as

nearly as possible and whenever practical according to its

ancient character ,,:'! dimensions; provided however, that all

detailed plans and i n I orma ion required ;.u determine


Article 11. Historic
Preservation Committee
Sec 11-2

appropriateness are submitted to the historic

preservation committee for their review.

J. The committee shall not have the authority

to consider interior arrangement.

e. To review all applications for demolition

permits within the city limits of St. Augustine,

to include Historical Preservation Districts

HP-1, HP-2, HP-3, HP-4, and HP-5. No building

or structure within the city limits shall be

demolished or otherwise removed until the

owner thereof shall have given the Historic

Preservation Committee 90 days written notice

of his proposed action. During such ninety-day

period the Historic Preservation Committee may

negotiate with the owner and with any other

parties in an effort to find a means of pre-

serving the building if the building or

structure is deemed by the Historic Preservation

Committee to be of historic significance. If the

Historic Preservation Committee finds that the

building involved has no particular historic

l i.;ni fi chance or value toward maintaining the

.;;aracter of the district, it may waive all or

part o! such ninety-day period 0 and autlhori ze

earlier demolition or removal.

tf iLitl I1 n isturl c
Preservation Committee
Sec 11-3

: i-3. Administration and Records.

3_.1 Certiticate of Appropriateness. The building

inspector shall not issue any necessary building

or demolition permit and/or certificate of occupancy

unless the Historic Preservation Committee approves

the application for a certificate of appropriateness.

Such permit shall be subject to the terms of such

approval as well as other necessary provisions of

the City Code of Ordinances.

2 Procedure for ,iling. Applications for certificates

of appropriateness shall be submitted through the

office of the building inspector and shall include,

in duplicate, all plans, elevations, and other

information necessary to determine the appropriateness

of the features to be passed upon.

3.3 Hearing. Prior to issuance or denial of a certi-

ficate of appropriateness, the Committee shall take

such action as may reasonably be required to inform

the owners of any property likely to be materially

affected by the application and shall give the

applicant and such owners an opportunity to be

heard. The Committee shall hold a public hearing

concerning eak, h application.

-1 5 -

Article 11. Historic
Preservation Committee
Sec 11-3

. pprova I of A I cati on. Upon approval of an

application, the Historic Preservation Committee

shall transmit a report to the building inspector

stating the basis upon which such approval was

made, and cause a certificate of appropriateness

to be issued to the applicant. Upon failure of

the Committee to take final action upon any case

within 90 days after the application for a permit,

the case shall be deemed to be approved, except

when by mutual agreement the time limit has been

extended. When a certificate of appropriateness

has been issued, the building inspector shall

from time to time inspect the construction or

alteration approved by such certificate, and take

appropriate action concerning any work not in

accordance with such certificate. The building

inspector shall report his findings to the

committee when such action is deemed necessary.

3 5 Disapproval of Application. In case of disapproval

of an application for a certificate of appropriateness

the Historic Preservation Committee shall state

its reasons; therefore, in a written statement to

the building inspector .and the applicant along

with any recommendations as it may deem appropriate


Article 11. Historic
Preservation Commi ttee
Sec 11-3

concerning'( any exterior architectural features of

the pr, pocd project which may be of guidance or

help to the applicant in revising his plans.

'.L- Appeal. An appeal may be taken by any aggrieved

person to the St. Augustine City Commission from the

committee's action in granting or denying a certificate

or appropriateness. The appeal shall be as prescribed

in Article 10, Section 11.3, page 139. Any appeal from

the decision of the St. Augustine City Commission shall

be heard by the Circuit Court of St. Johns County,

on writ of certiorari, as in the case of any other

zoning decision from the City Commission.

3.7 Review by City Commission: The St. Augustine City

Commission may review and reverse the issuance or

denial of a certificate of appropriateness considered

by the Historic Preservation Committee.

3.8 Record. The Historic Preservation Committtee shall

keep minutes of its proceedings, showing the vote

of each member upon each question or, if absent or

failing to vote, indicating such fact, uand shall keep

records of all it.:, official actions. All meetings of

the Historic Preservation Committee shall be open to

the public.


SArticle 6. Dist Reg

b. Mobile Home Subdivision.

For each mobile home lot:

(1) Front and rear yard: 15 feet

(2) Side yard: 5 feet

Si.n 6-.6. Historic Preservation Districts: HP-1, HP-2,

HP-3, HP-4, HP-5.

The historical heritage of the City of St. Augustine is

-f its mc-t valued and important assets.. It is therefore

purpose of the Historic District regulations:

1. to safeguard the heritage of the City of St. Augustine

by preserving the districtss, which reflect noteworthy

elements of the cultural, educational, social, economic,

political, and/or architectural history;

2. to educate the citizen to realizing, understanding,

and appreciating the city's rich heritage;

3. to stimulate a greater awareness 'and sense of pride

in the founding of the City and the contributions it

has made to the state and nation;

4. to develop an atmosphere and feeling of old, historic

St. Augustine by encouraging the preservation and
;-estoration of historic structures within the districts;

to improve the environmental quality and overall

liveability of the historic section of St. Augustine;

c. to stabilize and improve property values in the district;

; to promote, the use and preservation of the district

Article 6. Dist Reg

fc,- the education, welfare, and pleasure of residents

of St. Augustine and St. Johns County--and of the state

and action n as well;

;. that these aforementioned goals and objectives of the

Historic District be achieved and implemented th-ough

the establishment of and enforcement of the general

districtt guidelines and specific district regulations.

iistri ct HP-1.

North -

i.Jst -

South -

This district is bounded as follows:

Easterly along a line running parallel to

and sixty-five feet r.orth of Palm Row

for a distance of one-hundred ninety

feet; thence northerly along a line

running parallel to St. George Street'

for seventy feet; thence easterly to

St. George Street; thence southerly

along St. George Street .to Cadiz Street;

thence easterly along Cadiz Street to

Marine Street; thence southerly along

Marine Street to Bridge Street; thence

easterly along Bridge Street to the

Matanzas River or Bay.

Matanzas River or Bay.

Cemetery Lane westerly to Charlotte Street;

thence southerly to San Salvador Street;

thence westerly to St. George Street and

continuing a westerly projection line to

Cordova Street.


Article 6. Dist Reg
HP-1 HP-2

West Cordova Street between a projection line

of San Salvadore Street to Palm Row.

Permitted Uses and Structures

a. Single family dwellings

b. Schools

c. Boarding and rooming houses

d. Museums

e. Libraries

f. Military and religious organizations

g. Reconstructed historic buildings with related

uses. Related uses shall mean historical uses

or permitted uses as listed in this section.

(Article 6, Section 6-6, sub-section 6.1.)

h. Churches

i. Multiple family dwellings

ea District HP-2.

North -

East -

South -

This district is bounded as follows:

Hypolita Street easterly to Charlotte

Street; thence northerly along Charlotte

Street to Cuna Street; thence easterly

along Cuna Street to the Matanzas River

or Bay.

Matanzas River or Bay

Easterly along a line running parallel to

and sixty-five feet north of Palm Row for

a distance on one-hundred ninety-feet;

Article 6. Dist Reg

thence northerly along a line running

parallel to St. George Street for seventy

feet; thence easterly to St. George Street;

thence southerly along St. George Street to

Cadiz Street; thence easterly along Cad,z

Street to Marine Street; thence southerly

along Marine Street to Bridge Street;

thence easterly along Bridge Street to

Matanzas River or Bay.

West Cordova Street between Palm Row and

Hypolita Street.

': Permitted Uses and Structures

a. Single family dwellings

b. Churches

c. Hotels and motels with or without


d. Professional offices and services

e. Banks and other financial institutions

f. Retail stores selling new merchandise

g. Antique, souvenir, gift, craft and other

shops related to the historic character

of St. Augustine

h. Service establishments such as barber or

beauty shop, shou repair shop, restaurants

(but not drive-in restaurants), dry cleaners


Article 6. Dist Reg
HP-2 HP-3




and laundry pick-up stations, providing

that no processing be done on the premises.

i. Cocktail lounge or tavern

j. Museums

k. Multiple family dwellings

1. Indoor theaters

m. Governmental or municipal office uses.

HP-3. This district is bounded as follows:

north Grove Avenue easterly to San Marco Avenue;

thence soutnerly along San Marco Avenue to

the intersection of the projection of a

line running along the northern boundary

of the Castillo de San Marcos National

Monument Re-servation; thence easterly along

this projection line to Matanzas River or Bay.

East Matanzas River or Bay

south Hypolita Street easterly to Charlotte

Street; thence northerly along Charlotte

Street to Cuna Street; thence easterly

along Cuna Street to the Matanzas River

or Bay.

West Cordova Street between Hypolita Street

and Castillo Drive; thence westerly along.

Castillo Drive to Ribera Street; thence

southerly along Riberia Street to Orange


Article 6. Dist Reg
HP-3 HP-4

Street, thence westerly along Orange Street

to U.S. Highway 1; thence northerly along

U.S. Highway 1 to Grove Avenue.

Permitted Uses and Structures.

a. Single family dwellings

b. Antique, souvenir, gift or craft shops

related to the historic character of St.


c. Rc.taurants (but not drive-in restaurants),

taverns, or cocktail lounges

d. Museums

e. Reconstructed historic buildings with related

uses. Related uses shall mean historical uses

or permitted uses as listed in this section.

(Article 6, Section 6-6, sub-section 6.3.)

f. Professional offices

g. Reception and Information Center

h. Governmental or municipal office uses

i. Multiple family dwellings.

rict HP-4. This district is bounded as follows:

North Valencia Street between Sevilla Street

and Cordova Street.

East Cordova Street, between Valencia Street

and Bridge Street.


Article 6. Dist Reg

:'.-th Bridge Street, between Cordova Street

and Granada Street

aes Sevilla Street, between Valencia Street

and King Street; thence easterly on

King Street to Granada Street; thence

southerly on Granada Street to Bridge Street

Permitted Uses and Structures.

a. Governmental or municipal office and

service uses to include exhibits.

b. Schools, colleges and universities with

conventional academic curriculums.

c. Museums.

d. Professional and business offices and services.

e. Indoor theaters.

f. Retail stores selling new merchandise.

g. Antique, souvenir, gift, craft and other

shops related to the historic character of

St. Augustine.

h. Service establishments such as barber or

beauty shop, shoe repair shop, restaurants

(but not drive-in restaurants), dry cleaners

and laundry pick-up stations, providing that

no processing be done on the premises.

.ling heights for new construction in HP-1, HP-2, HP-3,

i1 be limited to two and one-half (2 1/2) stories, not

thirty (30) feet in height. This height restriction


Article 6. Dist Reg

to the HP-5 districts. All new buildings or

.in these historical districts shall conform to

'rne architecture. New construction, whenever practical

..Oorm to old foundation lines in order that the -original

pattern of development, can be preserved.


This district is intended to apply to areas

of historical significance outside the boundaries

of the basic Historic District (HP-1 through HP-4),

developed as individual sites which interpret or

memorialize aspects of St. Augustine history through

preservation, restoration, reconstruction or re-

creation and containing adequate area for such

development, including parking and supporting

services. It is not intended that this district be

used for single markers, monuments, or isolated

historical features.

-5 Permitted Uses and Structures.

a. Restored, reconstructed, or recreated historical

structures with related uses.

b. Monuments and memorial structures.

c. Museums and reception centers.

d. Religious structures and churches.

e. Antique, gift, souvenir and craft shops related

to the historic nature of St. Augustine.


Article 6. Dist Reg

";:**,;taurant and refreshment stand but not drive-in

S t s tF! 0 1a 11 t .

i'-Il1iss bible Use by Exception.

a. On the same premises and in connection with

permitted principal uses and structures,

dwelling units only for occupancy by owners or

employees thereof, for purposes of protection

and management of uses on the site.

minimum Lot Requirements.


Maximum Lot Coverage.

N o e

Mini mum Yard Requirements.


Maximum Height of Structures.

35 feet

Permitted Accessory Uses and StrucLures.

a. See Section 7-18, page 109.

b. Parking lots complying with Section 7-17.3, page 107.

Commercial, Professional and Office (CPO)

Permitted Uses and Structures.

Single family dwellings as for RG-1.

>. Medical and dental offices (but not clinic

or hospital), chiropractor (but not masseur).

c. Professional offices, such as accountant,

architect, attorney, engineer, land surveyor,

optometrist and similar uses.



concerned with its programs in any manner. Some specific relationships are

enumerated below:

1. St. Augustine Restoration Foundation, Inc. Maintain close working

relationship in the development of San Agustin Antiguo, and assist the

Foundation in its proposed development of an interpretive facility outside the

Historic District portraying the founding period.

2. Federal Programs. In particular, work with the National Park Service

to achieve a common boundary with Castillo de San Marcos National Monument and

to develop mutually advantageous interpretive programs. Participate in other

pertinent federal programs.

3. State Programs. Cooperate with sister agencies within the Department

of State, and with other state departments and agencies with programs related

to the duties and functions of the Board.

4. City and County Government. Work with the two governing bodies for the

preservation of our heritage. Encourage proper zoning, ordinances, and stan-

dards for this purpose, and work with the city's Historic Preservation Committee

which has the responsibility of architectural review within the Historic District.

5. St. Augustine Historical Society. Cooperate in all parallel program

aspects, including preservation, restoration, reconstruction, research and in-

terpretation. Aid in any possible way the growth of the research library of

the Society.

6. Religious Bodies. Cooperate in the preservation activities of the vari-

ous churches relating to their historic properties in and near the community.

7. Educational Institutions. Encourage cooperative programs with colleges

and universities, including research activities in the fields related to the

program of the Board. Encourage academic research and teaching on St. Augustine

topics. Develop educational programs to be used both on-site and off-site by

elementary and secondary teachers and students.

8. The Media. Cooperate with and provide information to the press, radio,

film, and television, and to writers and others working on subjects related to

the history of St. Augustine and its environs.

9. Non-profit Organizations. Cooperate with other non-profit groups con-

cerned with St. Augustine and its history, such as the Colonial Dames, Public

Library, Lightner Museum and Cross and Sword. When possible, cooperate with non

profit museums and other institutions and organizations throughout the State of


Florida in presenting the St. Augustine story to the public.

10. Private Efforts. Advise and cooperate with individuals, businesses

and corporations interested in preserving, restoring, or reconstructing pri-

vate properties in and around the Historic District.

11. Professional Organizations. Maintain active membership, liaison, and

participation in professional organizations related to the work of the Board,

such as: American Association of Museums, American Association for State and

Local History, National Trust for-Historic Preservation, Association for Pres-

ervation Technology, and national, regional and state societies representing

the several subject matter fields involved in the program.