Title: Adaptive control of the propagation of ultrafast light through random and nonlinear media
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100794/00001
 Material Information
Title: Adaptive control of the propagation of ultrafast light through random and nonlinear media
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: Moores, Mark David, 1969- ( Dissertant )
Reitze, David H. ( Thesis advisor )
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2001
Copyright Date: 2001
Subjects / Keywords: Physics thesis, Ph. D
Dissertations, Academic -- Physics -- UF
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Abstract: Ultrafast light sources generate coherent pulses with durations of less than one picosecond, and represent the next generation of illuminators for medical imaging and optical communications applications. Such sources are already widely used experimentally. Correction of temporal widths or pulse envelopes after traversal of optically non-ideal materials is critical for the delivery of optimal ultrashort pulses. It is important to investigate the physical mechanisms that distort pulses and to develop and implement methods for minimizing these effects. In this work, we investigate methods for characterizing and manipulating pulse propagation dynamics in random (scattering) and nonlinear optical media. In particular, we use pulse shaping to manipulate the light field of ultrashort infrared pulses. Application of spectral phase by a liquid crystal spatial light modulator is used to control the temporal pulse shape. The applied phase is controlled by a genetic algorithm that adaptively responds to the feedback from previous phase profiles. Experiments are detailed that address related aspects of the character of ultrafast pulses- the short timescales and necessarily wide frequency bandwidths. Material dispersion is by definition frequency dependent. Passage through an inhomogeneous system of randomly situated boundaries (scatterers) causes additional distortion of ballistic pulses due to multiple reflections. The reflected rays accumulate phase shifts that depend on the separation of the reflecting boundaries and the photon frequency. Ultrafast bandwidths present a wide range of frequencies for dispersion and interaction with macroscopic dielectric structure. The shaper and adaptive learning algorithm are used to reduce these effects, lessening the impact of the scattering medium on propagating pulses. The timescale of ultrashort pulses results in peak intensities that interact with the electronic structure of optical materials to induce polarization that is no longer linear. This leads to modification of the pulse characteristics through nonlinear effects such as self phase modulation. Changing the temporal intensity profile of a propagating pulse modifies the nonlinear interaction. A linear application of phase is used to control the nonlinear self shaping effects of propagation of a twenty five milliwatt pulse over forty nonlinear lengths in a single mode optical fiber. We show the strength of adaptive learning techniques for arriving at experimental solutions to problems with little hope of direct analytical solution. Linear control of nonlinear propagation of guided waves is demonstrated, with broad applicability in fundamental science and is a step towards ultrafast optical telecommunications. Reduction of the optical effects of a scattering material demonstrates successful adaptive control of the effects of a non-ideal optical material. Correlating the applied phase to a modeled dielectric stack gives insight into the random internal structure for the purpose of characterization.
Subject: ultrafast, femtosecond, laser, coherent control, adaptive learning, genetic algorithm, nonlinear
Thesis: Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Florida, 2001.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (p. 171-176).
System Details: System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
System Details: Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Statement of Responsibility: by Mark David Moores.
General Note: Title from first page of PDF file.
General Note: Document formatted into pages; contains ix, 177 p.; also contains graphics.
General Note: Vita.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100794
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 49875502
alephbibnum - 002729356
notis - ANK7120


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