Material Information

Place of Publication:
Kingston Jamaica
Kingston, Jamaica
Abeng Pub. Co.
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
Physical Description:
1 v. : illus. ; 46 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Jamaica ( lcsh )
Race question -- Periodicals -- Jamaica ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


The weekly Abeng newspaper (February 1 - September 27, 1969) was published in response to the Black Power and protest movement that emerged after the ban on Dr. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese and University of the West Indies historian, who was prohibited from landing in Kingston on October 15th, 1968 after attending a Black Writers conference in Montreal, Canada. Rodney was known in Jamaica for his lectures and talks on African history and the liberation movements in Africa. These talks were given not only on the campus but in communities of the urban and rural poor. The ban triggered protests by UWI students and the urban poor in Kingston and led to public debate about the state of Jamaican social, economic and political life. The Abeng newspaper‘s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University). The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng therefore became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
v. 1- (no. 1- ); Feb. 1, 1969-v. 1, no. 35 (Oct. 3, 1969).

Record Information

Source Institution:
Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location:
Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
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This item was contributed to the Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC) by the source institution listed in the metadata. This item may or may not be protected by copyright in the country where it was produced. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by applicable law, including any applicable international copyright treaty or fair use or fair dealing statutes, which dLOC partners have explicitly supported and endorsed. Any reuse of this item in excess of applicable copyright exceptions may require permission. dLOC would encourage users to contact the source institution directly or to request more information about copyright status or to provide additional information about the item.
Resource Identifier:
05001780 ( OCLC )
5001780 ( OCLC )


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Full Text

A A hytt

We want our People to think or themselves
*We want our People to think for themselves"









D Clive Thomas

it to t 'r 1r. It ald 'I... l arl h'at lwhen It/ r, ic"
r ,, strit I a ,tar o tl r itilt e l ant ebilitne t, mae t up / r
,Il n 1l -aknet I se s rt u h'rcbe bi ,te undeI i irar

,'ialJ Sangi'rcr. ltont Dr. Th'li)na a n~sr de'irabl e iie n

Iha", INt i wbrier ItIy.
r i j. l to irtr in. a[.pprtLiain i iii o the, .u aiiicai (; ii,'rrnii ,
tfo thle w r k uerltrtakn bt tihe IIIe iteV oe f Iee e i 're t Ite ndel, ti I/h'
{ta/.raii'n of s Ihe )/It'r ( "R I' ...n .'.con i.( PtI.i.rinn.i. c ahnd
A spfiret I LO tt r el tlmg C ries. for the i'.'t. i "C it l t
1Gununa ...'.altl .i...h Ci nsulmativ'o G uncil held it Kintd lio
Thie paper nrs a xlrlncir y wi li rett ired i' lby c ( ei t'nilrc ct
i /it rsIt .If i kind presented at tuieh i t i nti. Dch gati \ i rc -ih
i t ,eit praise ,f I the pain.tak ig manne r it whI tit ilt a, Igt mI nt
Ltrl tJrilpei1d which eltarhl it l\ eitJ nietr'in rc rtarch wtrk
hi'oud y ou be ,, giood a to u ni iii t DIr C. Y T hitti.s .ted
fr HaItI,, k irw'scter thc ..H.. C!tI ol a.. trf, ciatiin indo ratd in
f','1 hl tcr
Its'I, i fr,
..tree .... ..u

scdJ ID SA \i ;ST/R
Sitt Ptrite itttt

id / (e t noit ic, Departmnent,
Sin rs ll the Ite v/c /diets.

MthI inority


/, the Hv-fle,,io i ...a... Co.

Ib e r II/.". ... ii....' I

inall e would ih t Depit e I/r hoI /1 whoi i
der our rb best wishtt for regi stetr i l
erthis a lPVP ol sf.ttl e I 70tte '

l, a maortthe UNIA and of the e.49
Sreg st re, u ho'd the ir J sillusio-
whic ove rbeliee it n d
hSovereign ,h l AN is now the lite I
L inr.ty MHR, having .got.. l,
Ln d tha ot-hird o the roeal the /
Sinalliy we would wish to registered electorate. In Jt, the
ler our tery best wishes for stan adwa vote has grow' so much
progress and deeilopnient in two yars that Manel' s .,re iII
the UNIA and of all the 197 w me t both
/rations for the Negroid PNP-J[P u adha es put together
Which we believe it stands "I Tuda"' "A, ti
E And of this all the memib-
may well rest assured th Advertise
one is more interested iln A d v e rtise
ir happiness. prosperity and
II-being than their Sovereign w ith
rd King George and the it
ole Royal Family."
Cleaner Editorial- e n
Friday, Aug. 3, 19"4




In otlher lr-ti n ti o at 'Neod ne, Ld
li Ihe trllth and taken bh tilttr-
hitnuelf and the little hO, tft l id
itt I It il t hit I I i d, I c 11, b I o Il :
bit I e n ll, had ,II ,l nI n i
3arn and r l", l.ld ,nr [h 1.
f tral ti d I ke tt

If eaJt,'i a N "Don It 1. I Ikn,
Ih lltt the blkolherni l en
-n I 'I

I i d fIle tlile, rtt ti l e n

thinkintl l of ItIIh Is u st l In 11 he
III I lnn I h, thII h brl ht l)ll, l i l

A dinmnlstralion against inins-
tice took place right inside IVale
Rotal on Mondai Septenhber lthi
r at Setia;' (,tktail Pairtt hr l)eci
teal C urrttct h.liter',

eiemt on tile rte N Iaxn of the
houteirt te eeetate LIe haIltded li ti
iii:,lionl i",i:: :, I ; l; 1 "i s','; l
oeer 310 leafilet li e i ir,L nL i ll
er t lt t( iian l ,i r (l 'lel I uh e
as. Tle itafi t I titled utl (iee tail
rea s rie feor Il i i n u

/',It tel,, e lt['i // '1 ) i V
ciala teat re t, tttta ei
aereita a\ \l ,/ 'e u dI ,I

th rut tt i iit i u t! / t t '
ou lare Sag toulld not ake
the medicine dished out h% thei

Bishops declare

Black Power Unity

SalurdaN last the Roman Clathoil-
ic Bishops of the West Indies. meet-
ing in Montego Ba\. issued a slate-
ment in qualified support of Black
The statement twas rather gener-
al. The excuse offered was that
the "conditions of the several coln-
tries we represent differ ver. much,
But is this the case? From Guo-
ana to Dominica. Jamaica and Ber-
muda, black man suffers the aune
deprivation. whether it be in prot-
ein food, education, legal protect-
ion, or true self-goernment.
Still. the Bishops "pledged them-
selhes to seek out illd tigoroustn
Ipromole lte good elements in t e
Black Power mo ernt", Thlli mustl
mean, if the Bishops mean what
they said. that we cain expect furtli-
er and more concrete stalementn
and especially actions, to meet the
particular situation in each diocese,
For as the episcopal conference
itself acknowledged, there still reml
ains "the refusal by not a few
ICatholics! today to embrace full
the lesson of the equality of all
men". With their Church's schools
for the wealthy, European liturgy.
property-mindedness, etc.. Church
leaders have a long row of weeds to
dig, They deserve every encourage-
More in particular, there was
the welcome declaration that gen-
uine Black Power leads "toward
the eradication of racism". Our
critics notwithstanding, faithful re-
aders of ABENG will remember
previous issues in which the same
view has been expressed in a var-
iety of ways. In Jamaica true Black
Power does not attack white as
w er brown abron rown All men
are equal.
The attack is on white, brown
or black as ireissu.trii the Afro-
Jamaican, and as an oppressive
ecunomu iir acld social c/l

INt lIi ter thI rehire it AR",
I Black Sntll dorer not eLian
that ,n, is nimportant.t It 1,
iinporlant Inl a country 5 blac hk.
5 oif the health and political
power shoulId be in black hands
Thba is putting il crudely, but thL
meaning, namelr equality should
be cleat Since there in racialiesm
in the oppresiion of the WIest Ind-
ian majo rit, colour iritis enter the

rion of itha lw. in li their r ,

oir i Iterests, in which therefore the
Sor ilwc-I, inte hicL thn-leosst loet
presert class di, isionr ire destroy ed.
ir this (ask, brote e ti e nttitle oll
and wonien can and should collab-
orate. Tie Bishops are pointing the
Finally t we would call the Bill
lps" attention to ihe atst differ-
ence between a t engeful hit od-lalt
;and the use of force in defense of
justice. Nlu onl Christiand hit alio
true Jalaino canl. anidougld ollm we
cout ourTse les, rejeci blood for
blood. But the disciplined use of
force in defe se of ij duticne ia
loug Cheristan tradition. No let a;
thelg Jar.tian n Rollm n Catholic
Karl Rahner says "Tlhe principle
of ote absolute rncipncliation of
force would not therefore be ;
Christian principle" (Tleological
lIne sttigateionn, IV p. 3 3'9)
All in all. the Bisluops. as well
as the committee which prepared
tire statllenlt desene to be tlio i..
tlalted. Theirs miutts be lthe first
such document it c ome fiom Ruon
han eaholi Bishopwo anw her in
ithe world

Ho Chi


IH. ( Il l \lllI who pa ed a ai)
lal L'Lek after a s tdden and tra"e
hien tllrack. It ls 1 for I rhe lat 50

i in SotLidt eat S\ia. aid otie ot
\lit Iorld greatest political thaII
t e f all tie it ppl e ed people
in tiltr fiLght for national I depend

Hot career goee all IIIhe a back
lo 191 sihen he -was a toulndiltg
member If hle French Comlllnlnius
Pit(I I urinig hin career he alo,
i:git l L, h ith lLe Chiner Rvlutio,
aP Political Loitiear in Mao-Tse-
Trung's fa linou Eiltlh Route Arnn
\ prisoner i. colonial aols for long
pIeriods of hi life. Ho Chi Minls
toe ip t lead tiLe peole of I ieL
: ll nll agat l tt e J.apan. s ocCuLILpa
ion lf heir coLunltr in the 1930.
ItAle ILie Sccond World war .l-,
ended and the Japanese defeated.
ite \ el Nanmee people uminder H1l
khii linh we1 nt eon to esilt \eith
bitter armld struggle the reimponi-
lion of French Colonial rule Thit
wair lasted fUt almost 10 Itears and
in I 'U4 at Iticn Bien Pilh tlle
Frenlcb arLil\ \al;n nia;hed in battle
and Iinall sued for IpCee
No nolLer iLL a the ( tLneC, agreed
niet liquidatnnu FIreLnch olonial-

i00.000 cOasiuillies 1111 h1le AImerican
kint igned Le iL Sbal -o. IIaI the

IUS aI ll eis te lowering fiIIre
reof Ho ii thi ltntas been pre heir
national libe rat iot t libeciralti

\een -reater allfiy to the oreat Ho
gCeai Mtet ill. H bigrat er tl Iand-

stiuled tile in financed of arcu Gar

00.)00' i cui1ie ()I the American
ing s :i cook il New York Cit\ lie
on to Mpaldion StaatU e Garden
hI all Ioie ie, h)Pering figure

of H. el hi linl har been peidill

TreilId I In, hi whole life k would
nitliolt il \it toet- bitit .ihereser

tio tke people tnggle e for liberatin
ck an I Jlia I iaiit d jU ti e n te

nPO atR aTO ffi E PEOPLE't
Chi Mih, Ho s biegapbndr, hall
voled lilti henc of lMiafeu Gar
'filat ie o 19i 0 ht n Hot be ditke

to lie lpCul, lltruggle fttr libeiL
c oletit red justice





"This is a



IID NOT!E The following statement was issued to the Minister of
Final ce. M V Edward Seaga. at Iis .Conversion Party at Vale Royal on
Mondia evening last. bh students of the U.W.I. At least one student, as
inmbeh r u woker for tlle Currency Committee. was invited. Interrogated
,or 45 minutes at gate. After they were admitted they circulated about
410l copies of the statement among guests. When one student brought a
S,.In It' Seaga. he was furious, tore it up and called the guards. The
s dents never got a chance to disph their placards.)

We are demonstrating against the exclusion from Jamaica of Dr.
Clie Thomas: a Guyanese lecturer U.W.I. Dr. Thomas has been branded
an undesirable inhabitant or visitor to Jamaica'
This is an untrue judgement because Dr. Thomas. an economist has
done nothing more than give of his best in analysing monetary economic
situations in the Caribbean and offering constructive prescriptions for
impir-ing the social and economic life of the area. Jamaica. like all Carib-
bean territories stood to benefit tremendously from his services.
With this picture clear in our minds, we can go to form conchlsions
regarding to the real reasons for the ban on Dr Thomas Part and parcel of
Dr Tliomas' prescriptions for improving the social and economic life of
the area was his lack of sympathy with imperialist exploitation of our
natural resources and the inability or refusal of our political leaders to do
ane thing constructive about this situation; either through closer regional
coliaburalion to combat the common exploiter, or progressive internal
policies In fact the political leaders have joined with the few local exploit-
ers to create the present situation where the largest section of the popula-
tion suffer misery and insecurity. This sickness is reflected in every phase
of our lives if we care to look. But Thomas was deemed 'undesirable'
because he. like others, exposed these things.
1 RI
So Dr 'homas' ban is less a legal question than a series of questions
uhihli we must ask ourselves:
The banning of Dr. Thomas must be thought of in these terms. So
when we continue to celebrate without serious thought to our condition
we ar really mistaking our national swan-song for a bacchanal,


to fight


is tLi as Macks

Sutiday Sept. 2lst. at Gold Coast-
I'racL Club, St. Thomas Rd,
ir M,.ca3i R',iicr.eary KING TUBBY'S
wn r.'..- I oti,Q sopiaWss. W5
Cn ;i s -: Own Tiana jyo

I must confer to you how I
just love what the "Blackman has
been saying about time for Abeng
to state something definite. How-
ever like most of what is written
in Abeng. have a hard time to foll
ow what he is saving because of the
whole heap of big words and high
sounding phrases used. For the
majority of is black people who
just barely pass through primary
school, the Abeng is hard to read
Too much big word for us the half-
blind that this country make so If
Abeng is for the people, it must
write so that the people can easily
understand. Words like 'bourgeois
monopoly, assets' to name a few
and phrases like "archaic power
structure", "complacancv of privil
eged class" and "arbitrary police
action"--confuse me and only make
me feel to put down the paper.
What is inside the paper is interest-
ing. but if I ha.e to read a paper
with a dictionary beside me every
time, may as well I don t read it.
You get the beat. The way the pap-
er is written, make4 me feet like it
is written for educated people alone
Now brethren, on united black
action. I think it is time that Abene
call together the leaders of the var-
ious Black Organisations in Jamaica
and work out and set out what they
want to do for the black people
and if possible, how they hope to
do it. I see that the African Nation-

alist Union has been formed and
among the big names mentioned. I
did n*o see Brother Claudius Henry.
I do not remember Aheng mention-
inm him and rarely anything about
tIr I1,onquah Now an, Black Org-
anisatin in Jamaica which does not
have Brother Henry playing impot-
ant part in it. will have a heId time
reaching anywhere.
Tlhis also holds gsod for Abeng
If Abeng is for black aufferers.
whv isn't Brother Henry, who truly
ground with thousands of "'rass
root" blackmen. not playing a very
active part
Is it that Brother Henry is un-
willing or there is division within
blackman camp? Divided. we must
fall It is time that leading "black
intellectuals" come down and meet
the "black action-men" and say and
do something definite.
I would be more than gla the
day when Abeng announces a meet-
ing of black leader to work out
something definite. Men like Bro-
ther Henry. Garvey. Doonquah,
Small. Munroe. Hill, Beckford and
some I don't know. But all leaders
in the black struggle should be
involved. Not only the ''lack intel-
lectuals". I know some ont he !edd-
ers are people with big words and
no action. some don't really want
change because change would shake
their pockets or their parents and

Marcus Garvey Jnr.

at Columbia
On 13th August. Marcus Gar bout the part that Negro Anericans
vey mnr. addressed a gathering in might play to support the black
the Harkness Theatre of Columbia nations of the world and on the de-
University. His topic was "Garvey finition of African socialism.
ism and its relationship to Black The gathering also had to con
Power". In his talk he demonstrat -front problems of human nature.
ed that the ideas of the American An Ethiopian student pointed out
advocates of Black Power bore a that only through the subordina-
marked similarity to those of hisfa- tion of personal interests and self
there. Like him they called for an could the black man achieve the
awareness of being African and of success on an international scale
African heritage; they emphasised that Garveyism aimed at And Mar-
pride in being black, the leadership cus carney Jnr, acknowledged that
of blacd institutions by black men, there was a problem of relating Car-
and a sense of unity among black vevism to the individuaaltic phi-
people. Where they diverged from losophies which prevailed both in
Garvey was that the latter also the United States and the West In-
stressed: (l)the need for a link be- dies. An American student posed
tween black men in the Americas, the problem of the cynicism of the
Africa and the West Indies (2?the masses of black people who were
importance of creating a powerful suspicious of the motives of leaders.
black nation in Africa and (3) And it was generally agreed that
'God Concept".(He actually found- Garvey's success was partly due to
ed a church. I his ability to win trust and support:
A long and stimulating disco The meeting began to explore how
,sion followed Mr. Garvey's talk. he had achieved this, but, as it was
Members of the audience not only very late the discussion had to be
asked questions but also expressed brought to an end.
opinions. One of the first questions
was concerned with the relevance The talk was organised by Mr.
of the concept of God to the dig- Cicero Wilson, the president of the
niat of the black man. One opinion Students AfroAmerican Society of
was that the black man should de- Columbia University when I inform-
pict God as blackAnother was that ed him that the son of Marcus Gar-
Garvey had argued rightly that since vey was in New York.
God created the black man then
black skin must be good and beau NOEL WHITE.
tiful. There was discussion, too a-

ITHf O. A/S -

Triends big deep thread-bags. S
mnl, want changes so that they
be tomorrow' Mantle and
and some merely floating with
tide. one wav to another and
destructive SOME ARE REAU
in heart. soul and lungs-Hal
But tet them all come toge
goat and sheep and let thel
people see what thie really are.l
people'" judgement will send t
(Turn to Poge 4}

Letter to


6. Christopher Ro
Kinston 14.
August 29, 1969.
sear Mr Prime Miniater.
As one of the victims. I
to draw your attention to the
palling situation that e\ist in
Jamaica iociet, although I assu
you are aware of the fact.
A, far as skilled person
concerned, and the Jamaican 0
situation, I am a fool therefo
wish to enlighten my knowledge
asking you these questions: "If
re exist a law which says that He
She should be barred from empl
ment if they are not a member
any political party. even if they
bor Citizens of Jamaica. with
cial references to the two major
litical parties.namely: the a
Labour Party, and the Peoples
tional Party.
I am forced to asked you
question Mr. Prime Minister oi
to the many times members of
party, namely: the Jamaica LaL
Party declVres their stand as fat
Victhtimatio is concerned, sand
far have heard no reaction in
I really don't know if thest
dividuals made their points ople
because of political strategy,
they were said simply because
are the basic policies of the
major political parties: again w
sitecial rreence to the Jam
Labour Party and the Peoples
tional Party. Inform me please,
Prime Minister.
1 really wish to bring
special case to your attention: I
an electrician, and I was ba
from enployment-(I assume si
ly because I am not a member
any political arty, and 5 of my
leagues were beaten off the const
etion site at Revere wih bolt
and lnge iron pipes by pol
bloodthirsty gunmen. Think N
Prime Minister. not all the yos
will tolerate this. just because t
refuse to declare their stand as
as the political party is concern
They themselves will resort to
leoce whiehof coursemay retmi
October 16th, which we don't
This situation needs your
gent invepgati on Mr. Prime M
tas, as a man, amy God. you
appreciate this Skilled men
beep driven off construction
who are duly employed thee a
have a right to be there. What
we do, Mr Prime Minister?
our beloved countryand go whet
Well, God forbid.
You see Mr. Praie Minil
this faoces us to think a differ
way as fa as the Justice of Jan
i concerned.mediately Soi
is introduced in my mind, it is
to us to dec"e what type of
ciatena we will decide that as
oes byMr. Prime sisterr.
W9 await yoae urgent 01|
Mr, Priat Minister.
I remoa
Yours faitfully,
PS. AlIE my eilerguas and I.
Wt tsint K+T-H..Sck. and

A reply to Blackmam

"I got something back here...

SJohn H. Clarke tells it!

' i

... *.. *. *.

John H. Clarke
D NOTE JOHN 1,. -LARKE is one of America's most distin
oed Afro American writers and African scholars He recently
,d Jamaica, to collect material for a book on Marcus Garvey
irihich he is Editor Next week his full-length sudy of Malcolm X
be published in the U.S. Brother Clarke has recently been app'
led Professor of Black Studies at HUNTER COLLEGE in New
TBk. He is alo Editor of FREEDOMWAYS, a journal of commen-
y oa the Black Liberation Movement in America.
The following statement is n extract from a recorded
review wit, the Editorial Committee of ABENG.I

". The i.,ture of oppression in America some of even the social-integratiunst is a phoney if I get the total
us just say to hell with it. We put it down. Forget it. man, acceptance of my manhood. ln1 decide integration or non-
take your country. to hell with it. Shove it up your behind, integration based on that, and I'll decide the nature of m$
I'm going to get to hell out of here. And I think we probab- relationships with other people based on that. Then it's not
ly least mean it who say it. We least mean it. You can't a national problem at all in that sense We're going down
deal with this until you deal with the horrible, sad and several roads, and I think the more prevalent a road is for
cruelly beautiful love that the black man has for America. total justice and dignity as a human being. And you make
The schizophrenia that America created is nothing there's your other decisions based on that, even your decision to
no comparable feeling. there's no comparable situation leave America must be based on obtaining that.
among other black people any place in the world We live Now whether we leave America or stay in America
by day-by-day mandate in 4nmerica.
by day -ds date in erica we re not going to yield that we're entitled to that. And to
"And we love it and hate it. Hate it, too. I said once go to Africa now and give up things our forefathers bought
I no longer believe this-- hate what it is, I love what it and paid for before we were born is getting white America
proiss to be. I no longer believe this because I no longer iff the hook. And I'm not about to let white America off
believe the promise was made to me. And I no longer believe the hook that easy. My own mother died from diseases, a
America is going to keep its democratic promise to any washer woman, disease she attracted from washing white
body, black or white people's clothes, complicated by malegra which comes from
"It's not a matter of integrating because for a person a poor diet. My own father died because he needed an
of my professional level I can get as much integration as I eight-dollar orthopaedic belt and he could never quite
want Any day I pick up the telephone I can get a house rape those eight dollars together. So I can accuse America
full of white people who'd all be glad to be there. And I of hitting any number, members of my family And I'm
can be in a house with white who d all be glad to have me not just going to go to Africa and say, O.K, you go scotch-
there So integration in a social sense is not even a problem free I'm going to stay here and remind you, and if I go to
with me at all. and it's not a major problem with most Africa I'm gonna come back and remind you.
articulate, thinking, professional black Americans, because,
ouu know, that's now old hat. even in the South,
"But what is involved is the total dignity of the human he're thinking mericans who are not about to let
being as a human being. And we're beginning t. discover 'he United States off the hook that easy. I'm not about to
why we didnt discover this sooner I don't know even in orget. I'n gonna stay there and collect and lay claim to
a socially integrated set up with all the cocktails and you- mi pound of flesh in America figuratively and literally,
are-ever-so-welcome, you're really being treated like a little whether I collect it or not. \ly claim is gonna be oi the
novelty, a poodle who can do tricks, you know, a talky-dog
or something. But in all this phoney business, you know, agenda forever, you know. I yield to no man my loyalty to
there's something that's not really integrated. Africa, I think the future of the world is in the non-white
world. I think the West is dying and I'd just as soon get
"I maintain there's no integration in the true sense out, but even as I get out I say-I got something back
with white people. Any black man is kidding himself, and here, you know. tna vlo didn't deliver to me."




The heroic struggle of the people of Viet-Nam has
r - proved, after 20 years of cc-tino, .s bttil waged
against Colonial aggression-Japn,, ance, now U.S.A.
A -that the future of all colonized peoples will be
V N B A decided in the ricefields of that county. In the toll-
owing article, is explained the way in which American
aggression against Vet-Nam is being resoundingly
defeated by the revolutionary forces.)
In spite oa me serious failures suffered
throughout 1968 and the first months of 1969,
Yankee imperialism and the puppet clique stub-
bornly cling to their aggression against South
Viet-Nam. They have successively devoted their
passive defensive policy, with a new tactic of
"depth defense". At the same time they have
managed to deploy their forces on all the bat-
tlefields of South Viet-Nam. General Adams'
strategy of "hold and mop-up", the product of
resounding failures suffered during the wave of
general offensives and uprisings in the past,was
characterized by passivity and doomed to an
inevitable defeat. In the first place, it proposed
to reduce the great losses, and in a specific pe-
riod of time, to create a disputed territory.
aimed at creating the conditions to "de-Ameri-
canize the war" step by step.
In coordination with the large-scale bomb
-ing, particularly with the frequent use of sra-
tegic B 52s, which are aimed at exterminating
us from afar, the enemy has carried out con-
stant mopping-up operations in their anxiety
to detect, detain; and frustrate the attacks of
our armed forces of our people, "in their em-
bryonic stage," as well as to carry out the
"urgent pacification", "to destroy the revolu-
tionary bases," "to break up the adversary's
springboard for attack," and to intensify their
actions of reprisal and capture, both within
and around the cities and towns, including
Saigon. They have mobilized, in a passive form
all their forces on the field of battle. For ex-
ample, they have mobilized a division of the
Air Cavalry from the Demilitarized Zone and
from Trin Thien and 'sent them to the Nambo
Plains, to reinforce the defense of Saigon, in
this way putting into practice the so-called
"tactic of long-range defense." They have al-
so tried to establish, precipitantly, defensive
cordons around Da Nang and Hue. At the same
the Yankees and their puppets boast that
time, the Yankees and their puppets boast that

"it will be impossible for the Vie cong to carry
out a new offensive," of their combat ability,
that in the defensive area"it has achieved stabi-
lity and proven its effectiveness,"etc.
But, suddenly, while the enemy was
boasting, a new offensive was launched by the
South Vietnamese army and at the beginning
of this spring, simultaneously, people from
?uang Tri to Ca Mau Point, with majestic.con-
stant, and extremely daring actions, gave the
Yankee one surprise after another. The enemy
was shocked by the great breadth, the rhythm
and the constancy with which the offensive was
carried out, by the objectives slected for attack'
and by the highly effective cinobat methods of
our armed forces. Their astonishment was not
only due to the duration of the offensive but
also to its effects, since the enemy's concrete
and steel fortifications were completely des-
The enemy was surprised, because while
they believed they could decrease their num-
ber of casualties, the opposite happened, and
the casualties,increased in number and propor-
tion in the present offensive, in comparison
with those suffered during the past "Tet." (re-
ported by A.F.P.)
They were surprised because, while they
believed they could prop-up the puppet regime
and prevent its overthow the casualties suffered
by the puppet forces in this offensive were
as reat as the US. losses and it was reported
thai "Administration has lost control over the
greater part of the rural population and, would
surely fall within 30 days after the withdrawal
of U.S. troops." (U.P.I. March 16, 1969).
They supposed they could defend their
key positions but" once more, the Vietcong has
proven that it is capable of carrying out devas-
tating attacks in a series throughout the width
and breadth of the country on any military
obiective." (from the newspaper El Observador,

March, 1969.
US casualties are incicasing by the day,
the morale of the US soldier is in a tailspin.
As a consequence, they are being forced to a-
bandon the outer defense line in order to de-
vote their attention to the inner defense line and
at the same time, to protect Saigon. According
to their calculations, the large number of ca-
sualties suffered by the expeditionary forces
should be equalled by those of the Liberation
army and so, since neither side should be able
to consolidate its position, they should be able
to hold their own. But, unfortunately for them,
the statistics are not on their side. A.F.P. itself
recognized their bitter reality in its March 27,
1969 edition, in which it gave the statistics on
the US casualties, of which we will quote the
In the A Sau Valley, for every 8 Vietcong
woundea mere were 119 US soldiers killed or
wounded. (Naturally,this is less than the real
The Yankee aggressors are getting them-
selves more and more caught up in a blind alley'
their aggressor armies which have such a large
number of troops and such modem weapons
have fallen into a passive position strategy, as
well as both strategic and tactical stagnation.
Nevertheless, they still continue being stubbo-
m and cunmng. But by continuing their aggre-
ssion with such an attitude from a position of
failure,the Yankees are sinking deeper and deep-
er into passivity and defense, thus causing
greater casualties of around a million and a
half Yankee and puppet soldiers, pushing them
toward total defeat.





Revolution or Repatriation?

from an Ex-Soldier
Here I am an ex-soldier, spent is about 30 men for Ceremonial
19 years in my Jamaican army. purposes andabouttwo weeks after
row, I am out, and my Government gun shooting and murder start, and
said he is giving me a Pension. How all I could hear- call out the army.
much do I get-5 a month. After Now tell me could 30 men do that?
serving 19 longyears in my country If it wasn't this same Ja. army could
Armsforce, and DavidSmith getting this Party be in power' And now
L20 a day, and Maskall 10 a dayv they all turn their backs against
and my Prime Minister said he is these young men then they have
Ministry of Defence and that's all nobody for them to take complain-
he can give me for serving my count. ts to There is no one to look out
rry for as long I am a marriedwife for our welfare but I will say again
and four kids. live in a rent house. AMr Prime Minister and vour coll-
and every day I go to look a ob. eagues, you all are going to need
All 1 can hear, soldier all I can that Jamaican army again. Right
pay you is 7.10.0. a week, some now you haven't got an army again.
places 6.10 o. That's all I ger and You got a den full of spies. They)
all small-island man sit in my army are gun-men from the West. But as
and getting all they want. the old saying goes, it's something
So I am an old soldier. I can t coming So I warn you Jamaians
r(nember some time ago, a meme gei David Smith and Maskall out of
ber ,f the House said all ,e need it. Good-bye and good luck.
SMaking of the taribben z reo-lpes' by I.LR James 20 cents
NI Xi ISSLE The Historical Ruots of Black Power" by CLR James
A CIharcoal Portrait li Ras Daniel Heartman. the first in the Bogle
i 'Olerture S'rie, is nosw locally availabic at 50 cents eath
Coltaci Abein tOffit, 14 Rou-ssau Road
qaeWci, & 2)Ul

As D661E Ylt r Itcu: Jitcla TNut NL oot Iiur Musical fitctet
I'P 'tNT

vs o0 & ,.,s,( tPlb 98 tO la am T4 ,d.
Saturday 13th September 1969
/Y l..,/,y y ...-a Sound Of Muzik
ADt. S.ol8, so0 Coule. 75.

A B E G Kingston 5, Jamaica, W.I
Please enter me for a subscription to ABENG WEEKLY beginning
rvth Vol 1 No ...... I wish to subscribe for ( I one year ($2,50)
S mtwo years (4.501 ( ) Special student rate: (S2.00) for one year.
Overseas Rates 3.18.0. England; S7.50 U.S.A. and Canada.
Name ...
(please Print)

City ...... ....Country

either to hell to stay with Nixon
or the heavens to stay with Nkru-
Let them come together and
form a united black struggle If
there was a united struggle with
Abeng grounding with black suffer-
ers, there could be no money
troubles with Abeng and the paper
would spread in every "nook and
creases" of this country. From con-
:ributions. the paper could print
and give away. The paper is not
really grounded in the grass root
of black people back yard
Time for united black action
Peace and loving courage


Defend Your


Important Meeting


time now...

To Work Out

The New Imperialism

By the poet Ras Dizzy
There seems to be a great deal of unsolv-
ed problems at present in Jamaica which causes
violence and crimes, discrimination as well as
authoritative and political frustrations upon our
working class people, especially on those of the
In August 1962, Jamaica received the sort
of an Independence which suits the government
and constitution. By 1963. we began to expe-
rience more protests and demonstrations that
any citizens of a country could have on the
question of Human Rights- And what have the
demonstrators got? Dictatorship, mobilization
of reactionary forces, and more depression.
By 1964, we began to film the picture of
a disgraceful show with the Government and
the bulldozers upon citizens' houses. By late
1965, it was time for the politicians' consti-
tuences and its undisclosable highjacking. It
was now 1966 and the politicians of the two-
party system in Jamaica then spread out. By
1967. it was Jamaica's general elections. The
PN.P. had the people but was short of ammu-
The J.L.P., at that time, made their top fo-
reign trips Between the polling of the elections
and the closing of it. guns were barking like blaz-
ing colts and blue steels in the West. At night,
it was the companion of Texas dollars.
The complex city of Kingston then turned
into crime, terrorism and starvation while the
march of a private or undisclosed police state
keeps the island particularly in the interest and
sector of the Heads of the Jamaican society.
Every day in this situation over 300 more
children born in this land- at present there is
shortage of food, housing and inadequate sch-
ools and education. By 1973 to 1975, Jamaica's
population will be at least 7 million people.
This is. of course, including family planning
birth control and the American changing race
pills, or let us say the bribing capsule to the
political stimulator- well as you have seen,

S today we o he what our fathers heard during slavery-th
D C fta tOd rshi stem is really for blackman s benefit Foreign investment is helpin the
SU.W Jamaican people. Blackman most se behind this propaganda and earn
SIwhy American imperialism must do us more harm than good as well a,
Show this very fact must hasten its own destruction.
U n io n In the firs place most of this investment goes back out (or neveo
cones at all) since it buys machinery made in the enemy's country, very
tLISSIFILED AlD often by the same investing company. Similarly much of the wages pai
goes back out to buy food and other articles from the oppressor. When
Hurst Fashion House, socializes add this to what goes back out in profits, dividends and expatriate salary
ti shits and g;tiaes for men Sit- we ee that very little of the so-called investment stays here
uoted at 5,5 ^aiden Lane Kin Mon
Priced moderate But there is one chief reason why the new American imperial
must always work against the interest of world's sufferers, including n
,, town. Imperialasm represented in Jamaica mainly by bauxite, hasand
,c have no use for the abour of poor people: yet work, along with land.
blackman's first need Imperiallsu has no choice but to deny this ne
SOUND OF" MLSICK DISCO L because it super profits depend on extreme mechanisaion Old style
& RECOR ) MART onialism used and abused blackma- it gave birth to its own gravedigger
the lowly paid labourer. New style imperialism ignores blackman a
194A Ba) Farm Road therefore also makes its own graedijeer this lime the army of land
Cmo of Ol ympic av peasants and unemployed workers. i
S AILt le trrin But blacknan Lnows that though his struggle must triumph. he
have to face an enemy more united. conscious and wel-armned than
previous colonialism in history. A Thud Party dealing in votes only'
LtY YOUR \BENG HERE hardly prepare the named might of our people the only force that c
deal with the imperialist beat.

Si ';,I .' Ltd 1 i Ri,. Rd Kgn 5 kobert A Hill, Secretary readingas II alcroft Ac.. Kgo 8. Printed hy II.P Ltd., 85 Industrial Terrace, Kgn 14.

no better changes have been made so to speak
in the stronghold of the sufferers'.
I and I the Rastafari bretheren along with
our African brothers and sisters is not satisfied
with these conditions and wish to express open-
ly that we have not enjoyed the stake of the
Independent society and have been deprived of
our constitutional rights where the proclamation
of Human Rights is concerned for that of reli-
gious or salvation army freedom in the U.N.
Charter and articles 18, 19. and 21.
Freedom of religion and although the
Rastafari Faith offer Holy Herbs in substitute
of bread and wine, in giving Jehovah God
Holy Thanks and praise in sacramental and a-
toning Grace, you still goes to prison and are
still being molested by the police for it.
Has the Human Rights Council forgotten
its legal action and power? Does the government
of Jamaica prison people for serving God in a
true-hearted glorification to our dear Mastet?
Well, what a shame! The people must pledge the-
ir own determination for either government
revolution or repatriation back to Africa.
Repatriation is the question which the
government must face at once. It is also the
opposition's duty as well, to force the ruling
politicians in power to deal with its citizens.
Rastafari is God and Heaven is in Ethiopia,
Mount Zion and the Holy Land. What a great
relief the government of Jamaica got with all
these amount of people ready for Africa. Espec-
ially like how hard time is on the poor and
Don't forget that God is the Judge, time
is my Solicitor and Faith is I Army. My sisters.
left to use mini-skirts for food and as temptation,
walk the streets of the city, Kingston. The chur-
ch of God and His true messengers witness the
bruise from the oppressors to my sisters. It is
better to rest up in the desert with a hive of
bees more than to dwell with a den of fools.
God bless the youths and children.

by Blackman
Last week Blackman saw that even if a conscious Ihii Prb .
managed to win office, it would still have to face the men who hac r1ea4
power. These whitemen American corporations and local middlemen-
vigilantes-represent the new imperialism which has moved up on the
back of BrIish colonialism Blackman sees that thers whitemen must
attack popular revolutionary forces. But before studying their various
ways of subversion, we have to learn to see clearly through the disguisei
of imperialism. We can do this by remembering how the old colonialism
used to work,
It rules our country and exploited our people first and foremost
through c ntrol of our economy Whitemen in London decided how much
of the old plunder (called investment) would be put back inti Jamaica,
what it would go to produce, how Jamaican land would be used. how,
much pittance blackman would get Old colonialism taught blackman
never to forget that he who controls the bread rules the land, regardless
of which government is in
This lesson applies today to the new imperialism On a world scale
American corporations, in alliance with local houseslaves all over. now
control the bread of poor people They therefore control their politics'
But this economic and political domination is breeding the vers forces of
its own destruction in the villages and dungle of the sufferers: isorld-id
Asia, Africa. Latin America and in the United States itself As poor people
struggle develops, so the US must give its local puppets more arms
training and bases
Number of countries which have I S. Armed Forces
Latin America 19
East Asia(including Australia) 10
Africa II
Europe 13
Near East & South Asia II
Total 64
Let us see how this works in Jamaica Since about 1950 the funds
coming in have come mainly from the United States and of course has
mainly gone back there. Of the 181 businesses set up under Industrial
Incentive Laws the overwhelming majority are either owned, financed or in
some way controlled by the Americans, not the British The local capital
ists Matalon. Henriques. Ashenheim, etc are really parasites who rise or'
fall with American fortunes They are either minority shareholders, junior,
partners on boards of directors, or in charge of the construction required
by the masters investment. Most important the) are also tied i, American
financed banks. They are in the closest touch with bigman abroad
Secondly, over the past fifteen years about one-tenth of Jamaica'
land has gone into the hands of giant bauxite corporations The shift from'
British colonialism to American imperialism is seen most in this fact foi
the first time in our history sugar is no longer the biggest landowner.
five mining companies now own much more land than the 200000 aces
tied up in sugar. Because of this the people of St. Ann. St Elizabeth
Clarendon, St Catherine and Westmoreland are coming under the direct
rule of some of the biggest and most sophisticated plunderers of world
What has this meant for our politics' It has meant that while the
PNP JLP clique are in office. American imperialism is gradually takin
over from sugar colonialism as the real powerholders in Jamaica. This i
seen for example, when at Independence the combined stand of both
huuseslave parties could not resist the imperialists It is a fact that the
PNP JLP clique agreed not to entrench property rights. It is also a fact
that ihey had to bow down when Leslie Ashenheim pointed out ts
wishes of his masters:
"1 represent .a number of foreign corporations who have invested
largely in this country and who contemplate considerable invest
ment Hovw am I going to face them?. They like to see i: Iproper
y rights in black and white Record of Meeting of Independenct
Constitution Committee,
Today like yesterday then, we see that politics, vote or no vote
independence or no independence, bows down to economics,