Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: September 14, 1978
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00060
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text



Issue No. 60 SepTember 14, 1978

I New IMF team arrives:


Which comrade can now have the slightest doubt devaluation in the
hat what Seaga, Perkins, Hearne and the other region of 15% is
agents of imperialism really want is to mash up the widespread in the
liltary Intelligence Unit?
If that is so, can any serious comrade believe that business community
hese fascists want to mash up the MIU because they with the arrival of
are fascists in it? the new IMF team.
Can Perkins and Hearne who print lies and The reason for th-
propaganda everyday against socialism, against is talk of a new
every workers' struggle now suddenly tell the truth to devaluation is that
5elp poor people?
Comrades who believe that these things are possible the increased pro-
etter wake up and get out of the corner of Seaga and duction promised by
erkins before it is too late. rightist PNP ttinis-
The truth is that the MIU is not anything ter and Economic
revolutionary but it is not reactionary either. Like strategist Richaro
ost other sections of the Manley government half Fletcher is nowhere
nd half. This is why the reactionaries are dead
gainst it and are going to leave no stone unturned see despite the
til they get rid of it. drastic cut in the
Just like th bauxite levy half-way against consumption of the
perialism but fought tooth and nail by the working people whi-
perialists or just like land lease, the crash ch he insisted was
rogramme. the minimum wage or worker required
participation. Most of all just like relations with Cuba
d the education of the masses against imperialism The last IMF ag-
Sall these are to help to uplift the progressive reement has deepen-
"ovement and poor people. None of them go far ed the slump in the
mough but against everyone of these progressive
noves the reactionaries fight with everything they
When it comes to the security forces, they fight a
hundred times more. It is the police and the soldiers
one that can save the slave-drivers when push really
bme to shove like in 1938.
So over the years from Governor Grat, in 1866 right
bwn to the government of Bustamante, 'Father'
lanley, 'Busta' again, Sangster. Shearer right
rough to 1972, the police and the ,itliers were a
rce totally against the people. On independence the
LP le i:: made sure that every single officer who
rent ',:.d for training went to England and
imeri be further indoctrinated by the
hperic : some at the CIA Internaional Police
ehool i. '~hington. Shearer himself as Minister of
efenc,- kei on an English M.I. min ithe British
IA) -a ihad of the JDF intelliger:en until 1970.
hythin progressive whether Rasta .r the Young
socialist League or ordinary youths had the force on
Back the high and the mighty were head-cook
id bottle-washer in the. officers' mess at
Park-Camp society people could do no wrong.
Then came Manley trying to bring some reform.
w Reform Unit to change some of the colonial laws;
tional Home Guard to involve citizens in security
rk against anti-social crime; Financial Intelligence
it to hold some of the big fish like Henriques and
endergast; training of some officers in Cuba to THE WLL will not
eak the monopoly of imperialist indoctrination;
ting up of the MIU to make sure that government tand by and allow
uld have some other source of information other the reactionary
an the lies cooked up over the years against the Gleaner and the
ogressive movement by Special Branch. propagandists to
None of these steps went as far as quarter-way slander the prog-
uch less half-way. Bullies, oppressors and essive movement
ctionaries can still get into the Home Guard; the
still handles some of the biggest capitalists with and demoralize the
gloves; Special Branch and the MIU still spend Jamaican people.
clof their time working aganist the progressive
vement. But when it comes to the Security Forces his was firmly
enquarter way is too far for Perkins, Seaga and the stated by General
es.of reaction. Because even quarter-way allowed secretary comrade
MIU to dig out the link between the CIA and
Local gun men. Even quarter-way was enough to Trevor Munroe last
C onfd.on P.S week when he sued
Wilmot Perkins and

ichar r
economy which has
now spread to big
firms such as D&G,
Guiness Jamaica,
Biscuit Company and
others which are
in the process of
carrying out massi-
ve lay offs. Ex-
pectations are that

this new round of
lay offs will soon
spread to include
workers and civil
servants in the go-
vernment ministries.
The government
has also fallen be-
hind in its collec-
tion of taxes and
bauxite revenue by
more than $30 mill-
ion and is facing
difficulties in rai-
sing the foreign
loans required to
meet the IMF tests.
The IMF team,.led
by Mr Albatelly,
which arrived in th
island on the 29th
of August has come
to prepare for the
September 30th re-
view of the IMF

Informed sources
say that their two
main areas of con-
cern have been for
government to cut
expenditure through
lay offs and to try
and prevent a furth-
er worsening of the
balance of paymen-
ts through larger
devaluations. They
clearly hinted that
if the government
goes deeper into
the IMF debt trap
they may loosen up
on the September


Page 5


-k ...l

is no get .

the Gleaner in the
Supreme Court for

Since the announc-
ement of the upco-
ming formation of
the Workers Party .
of Jamaica (WPJ)
the Gleaner has
intensified its
anti-people campa-
Its latest propag-
anda is slanted at
linking Comrade

Munroe, the WLL,
and the progessi-
ve movement with
the terrorist vio-
lence against the
Hermitage and Aug-
ust Town people.

The writ filed on
Comrade Munroe's
behalf, claimed
damages for libel
contained in Perk-
ins' articles--
"Leninism and Vio-
lent Revolution",
(Sunday Gleaner,

Aug. 20), and "La-
ying the Groundwo-
rk for Revolution"
(Gleaner, Aug. 27).

In instructing his
attorneys to take
legal action agai-
nst Perkins and
the Gleaner, Com-
rade Munroe has
called on all-the
progressive forces
to rally themsel-
ves and beat back
the Gleaner's cam-
paign of lies,




In place of he
Law, he would arr-
ange a "Social
the capitalists,
government and
workers. This"so-
cial contract"
would require otat
the "' istry cf
Lac'ur te infor.-
e- before hana cf
any lay-cffs sc
that com r ztee
wc'_d discuss we-
rier te la-cfs
was iuszified cr
not. Isaacs chose
the 'social co.-
tract" since the
lis did not like
a law which would
help the workers
and control the
Since the capi-
talist knows that
there is no law to
manners them, they
have decided to do



I. .


what they did in
early 1977, They
have started to lay
off and threaten
workers in order to
further weaken th-
eir spirit and
turn the" full
against the Govern-

Workers at Har-
dware and Lumber,
-esnoes and -eddes,
Guines', Hanna's,
Laely Glaaner.
Colgate, Jamaica.
E tscuit Compar.y,
fanr of Mlontreal,
JIDC, Adventure
Inr, Casamonte,
Versair, West Ind-
ies Ball Comoanv
and Crash Program-
me workers being
among the many wor-
kers who have su-
ffered lay off in
the most recent

UAwV IZ; Tanners
Ltd have reached
agreement on wages
for the over 90 em-
ployees of the is-
land's largest Tan-
iery. The agreement
allows for a wage
increase of $12.50
retroactive from
1st January this
year and a further
increase of $12.50
starting 1st Janu-
ary 1979. This is
in addition to an
Incentive Scheme
tied to increased
production. The
UAWU is to carry the
issue or payment
for the recent lock-

have no intention
of honouring any
"Social Contract".
They are serious.
They want to "br-
ing the government
to their knees.
The IMF route and
the social contra-
ct makes this a
The proposed law
calls for a 60-
day notice to be
given in the case
of lay off being
planned by any ca-
pitalist. Tiis
will not stop all
cases of lay off
but it will curb
those wno are using
lay-offs to sabota-
ge the government
and hurt the workers
and their dependen-
For other lay offs
the Government can
use the recent am-

out to the Industri-
al Disputes Tribu-
nal. The Tanners
workers are proud
of the struggle of
their Union .
Casa Monte work-
ers are presently
gearing themselves
to run the.hotel
closed by the Gov-
ernment recently as
a Workers' Coope-
The workers un-
der the leadership
of the UAWU are
presently awaiting
the Cabinet decis-
ion as to whether
they will allow
the workers to

IJ c rptio

Brin [Imt

Page 2
Orange Street dep-
ot protest against
the shooting of
JPS Co. worker Ar-
nold Findlayi by a
s~licenan, Se-ter-
be wi-_ only

De--Jite demands
r susens.lon cdi
the oCingceman, s-
pported b the ":LL
and other orcanis--
ations, the gover-
nment cr.nly agreed
to remove the pol-
iceman from regul-
ar patrol duties
pending investiga-
In a statement,
the JPSCo workers
recognised that
the strike had

f the
orce all
s to di-
lay offs
y take
is can

ing all disputes
concerning lay-
offs before the
Industrial Dispute
Tribunal which
would force the
capitalists to pro-
ve that he can't
avoid lay-off.

Minister of Labour
to act against
the capitalists
laying off any mo-
re workers. This
is necessary beca-
use so long as
Jamaica remains
on the IMF route
then there is go-
ing to be more lay
offs instead of
protection of the
workers' interes-

take over the run-
ning of the hotel.
The workers have
accused the pre-
vious management
of running down
the hotel,thus
causing it to
Negotiations ha-
ve began between
the UAWU and the
management of
Shaw Park Dairies
St. Ann for incre-
ased wages and im-
proved working
conditions. The
Union team is being
led by General Cr-
aniser, Percy (Ske-
llion) Thompson.

it to the atten-
brought hardship ed. Nevertheless, tion of the powers
and economic dis- they felt that -"as that be to insist
location to the workers from an that the public is
country, and apol- essential service, treated with more
ogised for any in- we felt obliged to respect by the Se-
convenience caus- protest, and bring curity Forces."

S E:- revelations o corrupt prac_-.
t: -S = at t-e amaica Development Bank
demonstrate clearly how the capitalists
utilize the resources of the state to
accumulate their capital.
The fact that Minister Bell was able
to fire Noel Chin so soon after taking
over as Minister of Finance shows that
there is no need for a commission of en-
quiry to unearth many aspects of corrup-
The revelations also call into ques-
tion the behaviour of Chin's friend,
ex-Finance Minister David Coore who was
the minister responsible for the JDB
.during Mr. Chin's tenure.
Bad loans

Under his regime, one client received
a loan of $5.78 million when the loans
outstanding for any one enterprise
should not have exceeded $500 ,000 accor-
ding to the bank's policy. Clearly it
is the capitalists who were benefitting
from loans of this size.
Chin's own close family had loans .of
$635 ,000 outstanding up to June 1975.
Loans were advanced even before pro-
jects were evaluated. Loans were not
properly secured. JDB did not insist
on receiving annual financial state-
ments from clients, although it had
power to do so and- 905 of 925 clients
were in arrears. Some clients were not
even properly registered companies.
Money was borrowed to buy machines and
these could not be found. Loans were
given to some members of staff in breach
of agreed terms.
Coore and Chin

Under Coore and Chin the JDB had an
account in New York about which the And
itor General reports:
"The senior officers of the bank were
unable to give any meaningful explana-
tion of the existence of this account".
Those who are responsible should be
charged under the Exchange Control Act
as no evidence could be found that
Bank of Jamaica permission was attained4
Five days after being appointed
Chairman and Managing Director, Chin obl
tained power to approve loans without
going first to the Board of Directors.

Chin has clearly breached the Gov-
ernment's trust and, if it is impossi-
ble to bring the full weight of the
criminal law against him then the gov-
ernment must take whatever civil action
is possible in its capacity as a share-
holder of the bank. In addition, ex-
Minister Coore must be brought back to.
give an account of his stewardship.
The faet that no one is in jail as
yet indicates a totally lackadaisical
attitude on the part of the government.
There is urgent need for a law to
hold public officers and politicians aO
ccountabg tof the people.
The public must be immediately told
all the names of the companies and the
persons involved in the Jpi revelation!

More layoffs with social

contract period. Workers endments o
BY Lambert Brown at Air Jamaica and LRIDA to f
IN MAY of this year the Minister of Labour the Telephone Co- capitalist
William Isaacs announced that the government pany presently face scuss all
would not be passing the law which required that the prospect of before the
all employees give workers two months notice lay-off. place. Th
before any lay-off takes place. The capitalists be done by


Proposals on back-to-school

help solve the
back-to-school pro-
blems facing thou-
sands of children
and parents the
have drafted some
proposals and have
requested an early
meeting with the
new Minister of
Education, Dr Phy-
Ilis McPherson Ru-
Among the propo-
sals are, firstly,
a national uniform
for schools with


farms e

;HERE ARE indica-
tons that the the
nymusk Sugar Wor-
,rs Cooperative
11 this year pro-
uce more cane than
re-crop estimates
4d indicated and
ill experience
> e of their best
rops in recent
Prior to the be-
inning of the
L977/78 crop a ta-
,et of 337,405
:ons of cane had
een set. Produc-
2'n figures for
..e week ending
ugus; 30 show that
he coops have so
ar produced 327,
24 tons of cane.
7,024 more than
ast year. With
mother two weeks
o go before the
ad of crop only a
major natural disa-
er or a massive
t of sabotage
ld prevent the




the State Trading
Corporation or Ari-
guanabo importing
the bulk of materi-
als and the schools
-being responsible
for selling the ma-
terials at a con-
trolled price.
Secondly there
should be a cont-
rolled price on
text books. Thir-
dly there should
be a rationalisa-
tion of the curri-
culum so that all
schools in each
area of the educa-
tional system will
be using the same


books so that pa-
rents with more
than one child
can haDd down bo-
oks from the older
to the younger
These proposals
come in the wake
of the huge price
increases in school
uniforms, shoes,
school books, pen-
cils, patties, mi-
lk, soft drinks
and transportation.
These increases
are the direct re-
sult of devaluati-
ons set out in the
IMF agreement.

hUSK co-op

xceed targets
kers from exce- st be seen against
ng their targ- the background of
a late start to the
hey have also crop, continuous
ned on the pre- haulage problems,
p estimate by frequent factory
704 tons of ca- breakdowns, sabo-
tage (particularly
r frs at Springfield) and
Four farms demoralising news

Already four reports, particu-
ns; Greenwich, larly by the Daily
.t Savannah, Gleaner.
-elands and Bog Figures also show
,e exceeded their that the week
p targets by ending August 16
49, 561, 9,958, Ii was taking the
S319 tons of Monymusk Factory
ne respectively. 11.38 tons or cane
ie respectively.
to produce a ton
Outstanding of sugar. This is
The performance a very good figure
Salt Savannah for this time of
kers is earti- year.

cularly outstand-
ing as this farm
has been hardest
hit by the short-
age of water now
affecting most of
the Vere Plains.
The overall per-
formance of the
Monymusk Coops mu-


The replanting
programme has also
been going well
with 2,681 acres
planted,out of the
2,701 acres which
have been.prepared
for replanting.

Page 3

SComrade John Haughton speaks o e press
about NUDT's successful struggle on behalf of
Tarrant teachers and their determination to
defend all class-room teachers. On his right is
Paulette Chevannes -NUDT Vice-President and
left is Clinton Hutton one of the Tarrant
teachers who was reinstated.

Tarrant teachers


THE FIVE teachers
Clinton Hutton,
Lucy Brown, Juliet
Matcham, Rosemarie
Lindo and Syville
.'right who were
Lsr-ssed lrCm tne
arrant secondary
School at the sta-
rt of t"e summer
holidays, have been
reinstated in their
teacnlng posts.
They ceqan norr-al
;ea;crlng duties on
' September 4th
The NUDT warned
that this victory
did not solve the
problem at Tarrant.
The NUDT repeated
their demand for
the suspension of
the Principal, Mr
Don Collins and
that an investiga-
tion be conducted
into the school.

They also demanded
that all five tea-
chers be given
written notice of
their reinstatement
ind that copies of
es e lut Cn

-ent :o t ae linr-
"try nd n he :;SUT.
A lesson

--ment, the iD
said tnis was "a
_--son co al! -hose
in the profession
who think they can
harass our memb-
ers. ." because "the
classroom teachers
are today more de-
termined, more con-
scious and more or-
ganized than ever
before to success-
fully rebuff such

The NUDT placed
on record the posi-
tive role of the
I.P. for Soutn-
.st St Andrew, Or
-.K. Duncan who, ac
the Union's request
Convened a meeting
of all the parties
The NUDT also
noted the support
of several trade
unions, student and
political organiza-
tions which contri-
buted to the vict-
The NUDT contin-
ued its work in
seeking the rein-
statement of Ms
Joy Lumbly who was
unjustifiably dis-
missed from MDntego
Bay High School.

UA WU5th Congress

November 5

For greater unity

and greater struggle

Cut out form below and mail to: STRUGGLE

SP.O.Box 187, Kgn. 7

Kindly mail STRUGGLE ito me at the


NAME ........... ADDRESS........

I enclose $5.50 overseas J$8.00) forone

year's subscription starting from issue No.

Cut out form below and mail to SOCIALISM
P.O.Box187,Kgn 7 _
Kindly mail Socialism to me at the following

NAME ................ ADDRESS ..............

I enclose $2 (Overseas J$6.00) for one year's
subscription starting from issue No.

Page 4

Political Education series

an f *

IF THE process which started the lop-
sided development of the economies of
the former colonies is buried deep in
the nature of unequal colonial trade
practices, today under imperialism di-
rect investments and loans are the main
instruments by which a handful of econo-
mically developed capitalist countries
systematically plunder the resources of
the greater part of the world.
The export of capital to backward,
colonial and dependent countries are at-
tractive because here they find low
land prices, low wage non-unionisedwor-
kers and cheap raw materials which add
up to low costs and huge super-profits.
Exploitation and robbery
Whatever small contributions these
investments and loans bring to these
countries, the important point is that
they take out m-.h more in the form of
profits, dividends and interest. Be-
cause their local operations are a smal7
part of their metropolitan based enter-
prises they are able to disguise trans-
fers of raw materials and finished pro-
ducts from one to the other as "exports"
and "imports" at manipulated prices
which disguise profits and deprive the
dependent economies of tax revenue.
Today with the destruction of the co-
lonial system and the tendency of the
young states to control their natural
resources by rationalising foreign en-
terprises, the imperialist governments
are stepping in to guarantee the secu-
rity of these investments and the con-
tinuation of exploitation and robbery.

Subtle methods
The imperialist state will either re-
sort to direct threats or other more
subtle methods. They sometimes pretend
a change of heart, a readiness for co-
operation. They will mobilise funds
from private banks establishing interna-
tional consortiums which channel loan
funds to the developing countries.
These loans help divert their attention
from taking over the large foreign en-
terprises. They allow imperialism to
guide and monitor the development of
housing construction, export agriculture,
communications, etc. all of which requ-
ire the importation of building mater-
ials, construction equipment, tractors,
etc. from the lending country.
Tied to imperialism
Taken all in one this keeps the bo-
rrower tied to imperialism in such a way
as to prevent a radical restructuring
of the economy along socialist lines cnd
strengthens the development of capitali-
sm in these countries.
In the struggle for a New Interna-
tional Economic Order, the developing
countries have raised specific demands
to control the drain of surpluses cau-
sed by the export of capital by the de-
veloped capitalist countries.

Cont'd on page

year uuml u r
The Central Com-
mittee of The Move-
ment for National
Liberation has much
pleasure in accept-
ing your invitation
to attend the fir-
st Congress of the
We recognise th-
is conference is of
historical impor-
tance, not only to
the advancement of
the struggles of the
working class mo-
vement of Jamaica
against imperialism
and for the build-
ing of socialism,
but also to the
overall advance-
ment of the Carib-
bean working class
movement and the
progressive move-
The transforma-
tion of the League
into a Marxist-
Leninist working
class party, in the
space of four yea-
rs has come thro-
ugh a process of

Dear Dr Munroe,
I am 29 years
old and a very
staunch supporter.
Today I am writing
to you with great
fulfillment and
joy upon hearing of
the birth to be
this December of the
"Workers Party of
Jamaica" which will
be very welcome in
Here you have a
satisfied Jamaican
for since my. resi-
dence in the Uni-
ted States, 6 yea-
rs today is the
first day that I
have not had a de-
pressing feeling
from reading the
Daily Gleaner,
yesterday, why?
because today I see
hope, hope for .the
best Jamaica we

development marked
with resolute com-
mitment to the pri-
nciples of Marxism-
Leninism, hard
work, diligent
study, abundant sa-
crifices and an
overriding faith in
the Jamaican work-
ing people.
Comrade these
examples have rea-
ffirmed our commit-
ment to the strug-
gles of the wor-
king people of Bar-
bados. We will
forever draw less-
ons from the his-
tory of the League.
,.MGBLI will be
represented by a
two man delegation
and during the pro-
cess of future
communication the
names of the dele-
gates and flight
arrangements will
be forwarded.

Ricky Parris
International Sec-

will ever know,
for after Marcus
Garvey you are
our only hope,
you a person who
for so long have
stood up to all the
criticism and hu-
milation that cou-
ld have been met-
ed out to any one
I have been hear-
ing about you since
my late teens and
I know that you
are our only hope
for leadership.
wishing you the
warmest of greet-
ings in your stru-
ggle to free us
from Neo-Coloniali-
sm and Imperialism,
all means necessary
to overcome

Comrade Lorna
Brooklyn, New York

Dear Sir,
It is with a fe-
eling of pride, al-
so a sense of joy
and satisfaction
that I send this
letter to you.
Let me at the be-
ginning of this le-
tter congratulate
you most heartily
for your address
to the workers of
our country.
Thus I am quite
sure, that you wi-
ll be our Winston
Churchill in soli-
darity with Roose-
velt to help save
Jamaica, your ad-
vise alone will he-
lp us to get rid
of Hitler(----)
our first menace
the CIA the IMF
and the formidable
fifth column(----)
that tries to un-
dermine faith and
confidence in our
government, so as
to once again ri-

se up another re-
ign of terror and
If the workers
fail to Unite, then
we will fail in
this great fight
against Imperial-:;
ism. See the IMF
has us so engaged
in order to strike
Sir, with sad re-
grets, I am now
failing in age,
still I am ready to
take up the strug-
gle with you.
I do..want to be
a member of your
Party but I dont
know the details.
I do want to do
something for my
This is our only
hope. "Unite, Uni-
te and fight". If
ever you need a
scrutineer I will
be willing.


COMRADE TREVOR Munroe addressed thi
Cavaliers Youth Club Rally on Sept. 3. Attendln
were representatives of NUDT, teachers
Cavaliers All-Age School, the PTA, citizens wh
participated in Community struggle to
improvement in the school and the removal
the previous headmaster. The present h
master Mr. Vincent Campbell also attended
Comrade Munroe said their struggle and th
demonstration a year ago were examples
other communities facing similar problem
They like the Jamaican people need to pr
for bigger and harder struggle ag st the IMP

Pace 5

RING the course
f this month IMF
officials will be
nducting a basic (
view of the agre- |
pent with a view
to deciding if any
ew conditions
should be imposed
an the Jamaican go-
This is not just
mother review. In
edition to their
view of the Sep- S
ember tests, offi-
ials will be look-
g at our future
rospects up to June
979. If they are
t satisfied with
at they see, they
ave the power un-
er the agreement
insist on new because the U.S.
tracks in govern- imperialists pres-
ent expenditure sure them in order
nd employment and to drag the Manley
ew devaluations government deeper
before Jamaica can and deeper into the
receive any more IMF trap.
f the IMF loan. It is now much

letting worse clearer to many
And the evidence working people that
s growing that the IMF agreement
s growing that un-is a trap. Des-
u is a trap. Des-
er the IMF agree- .
nt Jamaica' ec- pite all the pru-
.ections of the
nomic situation ecions of the
as been getting pro-IMF advisors
rse,not better like Senator Ric-
[orse,-not better,
th little chance hard Fletcher, the
Simpoveme IMF agreement is
for improvement. n lai t
The IMF officials not leading to any
*re better informed economic recovery.
of this than many The tremendous sa-
eople isn govern- crifices being made
ent. Through their by the working peo-
ocal representa- ple are benefitting
no one but the ca-
ve they demand pitalists and imp-
y and all infor- erialists.
tion on the eco- S
omy, no matter how Costofliving
nsitive. This in- The cost of liv-
ormation goes righting increase for
ck to Washington June 1978 alone was
the U.S. State equal to the in-
partment and to crease for the
e CIA. whole of 1977. Al-
It is no longer ready, for the fir-
iny secret that the st six months of
assing of the Sep- this year the cost
efer test is in of living has gone
rave doubt, and up by 30 percent,
hat the passing and if this conti-
f the December and nues will total 60
water tests is look-percent by the end
ng impossible. A- of the year.
ngst the Ameri- The belief that
an imperialists devaluation would
d the local big make our exports
[apitalists, it is more competitive
Inomon talk that and stimulate the
for Jamaica to pass production of the
he September test, capitalists has
large loan from been exposed as a-
.S. commercial nother example of
nkers must core bankrupt capita-
hrough. The ban- list ideology. Al-
Cers don't want to though the capita-
Owmmit their money lists have been im-
Antil they hear porting more since
rom the IMP. If the start of this
they dp make the year, exports have
'' an, it will be shown no improve-


For the first
six months of this
year, compared to
the same period in
1977, the value of
our exports in U.S.
dollars is less,
whereas the value
of imports has in-
creased a little.
The balance of
trade has WORSENED
over last year.
The bauxite co-
mpanies are keep-
ing back product-
tion of bauxite
and this means
that the amount of
foreign exchange
and bauxite levy
expected is not
coming about. The
local capitalist
exporters like D
and G are laying
off workers rather
than expanding.
All this means
that the taxes and
other revenues
that the govern-
ment had planned
on to meet the IMF
targets are not
coming through.

The IMF agree-
ment has not en-
ded shortages. It
merely rations
goods according to
who is richest or
most powerful.

No hope

If working peo-
ple were not clear
before they should
be clearer now:
there is no long
run hope for eco-
nomic recovery and
improvements in the
life of working pe-
ople under the IMF.
The alternative is
hard and will de-
mand sacrifice,
but offers the on-
ly road out of the
present crisis that
is in the interest
of the working pe-
We need to cam-
paign vigorously
for the government
to resist all'fur-
ther concessions

JACFA talk
of JACFA will be
sponsoring a talk
by Comrade Trevor
Munroe on Friday
September 22nd at
7pm. Venue will
be Linstead All
Age School. The-
re will also be
the launching of
the Marcus Garvey
Movement a revolu-
tionarv -democra-

and to break from tic organisal
the IMF path if the
policy of more de- IMF talk
valuations, freeing Comrade Rub
ap the capitalist Walters addr
sector and strang- the St Mary
ling the working Council in P(
class is not ended. Maria,on Sepl
We need to seek ber 9th. He
our economic future on the IMF a
with the socialist building of
countries in an in- Workers' Parl
tegration of our e-
conomy with COMECON ApologY
(the Council for
Mutual Economic A- The WLL apolc
ssistance). zes to the pe
We need to end in Islington
the fruitless and ticularly me:
harmful policy of :f the Commul
big devaluations. Council for
We need to con- showing up ox
trol prices and to tember 4th t(
take much firmer ak on the IM
government control the launching
over the importa- the WPJ.
tion and distribu- Another tir
tion of goods and will be arrai
the production of Talk on M
the manufacturing OVER 150 peo]
sector. attended a fl
These and many on put on by
more policies are Bannister Col
still within the ty Organisat
capacity of the St. Catherint
progressive move- September 10
ment to carry out. rade Rupert
But time is runn- spoke on 'Ma;
ing out. Garvey's Str

From the Grassroots

eting in May Pen
on Friday, August
5 was very reveal-
ing. The rift be-
tween Shearer and
Seaga was again
brought into the o-
pen. On the plat-
form were all the
'heavyweight' reac-
tionaries and par7
ty leaders except-
ing Shearer.
While the JLP
strained every mus-
cle to bring out
their supporters
from all over the

parish it was ob-
vious that Shearer
did not help in any
way in mobilizing
for the meeting in
his constituency.
Our reporter saw
two half-empty free
buses from Shearer's
constituency head-
ing for the meeting
long after it was
scheduled to start.

A large crowd
left the meeting
at around 10.00
p.m. when Seaga be-
gan his speech.
This was after much

grumbling about
Shearer's absence.


nd the

n Sep-
o spe-
g of

ion in
e on

doubt, told them
of the free trans-
port that was ar-

On Saturday mor- ranged to take them
ning many tired and to the meeting.
hungry party sup- However, at
porters could be 11.30 p.m. when Se-
seen returning to gas' speech was
their districts. concluded no free
Some had to walk transport could be
as much as 10 miles found to take them
as was the case hack home.
with the Waterland
group. The'JLP continu-
Pearnel Charles es to demonstrate
had visited this in every way that
group the Tuesday it has not got the
night before the interest of the ma-
meeting. He, ko ses at heart,

Page 6

CIA on trial

U.S. imperialism
and its arm, the
CIA, in Jamaica o-
ver the 16 years
since Independence
was exposed in de-
tail to thousands
attending the "Tri-
bunal Against Im-
perialism" at the
11th World Festiv-
al in Havana, Cuba.
Comrade Fupert
.alters who 'reser,-
ted the case cn be-
.alf ci Jamaica,
showed how in the
period, 1961 72,
.S. iOmperialisr.
worked hand in
clove with tne prc-

Jamaica gives

poor people of King- lion dollars were

By 1968, follow-
ing the imperialist
line, they banned
all progressive pe-
ople from entering
the island, banned
all progressive
books 'ever. "1lacK
leauty", a child-
len's 'story about
a ncrse and seized
t:-e asspcorts cf
-.ycne ..hc visited
_ e a.
rihe _.eoeie rog;ht

smuggled out of the
country and about
3,000 guns smug-
gled in.

As U.S. imperi-
alism stepped up
its efforts to re-
:aptura the Go.ern-
rent -7rcuhc "-he
LS- i^ 19c,7 CIA
action became mcore
Frorr January t:
cune 197, 16? CIA-
-upcrted ciltia

a-k- s murders 'gere -Do-
.i-ression and threw

imperialist JLP tne JLt ut cf G-
Governmient to heap vernment i. 19.
oppression cn the Faced with the
backs of the Jamai- revival of the an-
can people and de- ti-imperialist Move-
prive us o' our ment under Manley's
rights. Governmert. U.S.
imperialism resor-
ted tc open econo-
In 1963,-the JLP mic sabotage and
Government signed a counter-revolution-
Military Treaty with ary violence.
U.S. imperialism -From 1974, the
giving them the local ruling class
right to intervene began to close down
anytime they saw many factories, put-
fit in the intern- ting thousands out
al affairs of Jam- of work, and cut-
aica. That treaty ting back produc-
still stands. tion.
In 1967, the JLP Several baux-
declared a State of ite companies, con-
Emergency and used rolled by U.S. mo-
the army and police nopolies cut back
to step up repres- production.
sion against the o.-ver 20 M--

From P 4.
They demand the ri;h:. .o nAtr.alise
foreign enterprise, cn control -te acti-
vities of the nmltinationals and t.ey
want assistance geared to support a po-
licy of industrialisation. W'hen all
seven imperialist countries LU.S.A.,
Germany, Britain, Canada, iapan, Frarce
and Italy) met in Bonn Jlly of this
year, their only reply to these demands
were promises of increased aid in ex-
change for "a good investment climate
and. adequate protection for foreign in-
These spokesmen for the monopolies
intend to solve the. own economic prob-
Iems at our expepse~ an are carrying
the same line as, the a agreement to
which we ama'e0,tiied. -

the Killing of 19
pelicemen. voer
S,000 armed robbe-
ries were carried
out. Two police-
men were killed at
the U.S. Embassy by
the CIA who tried
to pin it on the
Progressive Mass
organisations were
attacked in comm-
ando style, ter-
rorizing hundreds.
A PNP affialiated
Youth Club was a-
ttacked by 20 gun-
men with sub-ma-
chine guns, kill-
ing 6 youths and
wounding many.
By mid-1976,
300 guns were dis-
triluted by the CIA
t .rough their 1o-
". s-pcrters -1-i
:r :_inal elemer.a,
* cf' these g:,nl
were r--ecovrea.
Peter *.ittin;-
.am, -tJL candidate
a-rd ex-army offi-
.er, was fc-na with
iocuments indicat-
ing plans to over-
throw the Manley
government and Pear-
nell Charles, JLP
Deputy leader was
found with tapes of
secret transmission
of the Security
A JLI cPad
and busj,essa,, was
diesao l IN'qb?,

manufacturing mo-
lotov cocktail
bombs and hand gre-
nades in his Bott-
ling Company.
And all along a-
ttempts were made
to blame the left
for the violence.
James Holt, CIA
operationss Officer
in the U.S. Embas-
sy. spliced false
messagess on tapes,
calling on the _e-
ple to ta-e up
arrs against the
.lize uand army.
The intenticn was
-t p on the
?NYi and ensure
:_iat the ;aces re-
ach tne Security
forces. This was
discovered and
Holt fled the coun-
The Tribunal
was told how at
present, as well as
the criminal terr-
or, U.S. imperial-
ism carried out its
campaign through
IMF repression on
the people, propa-
ganda campaigns in
the Press and ef-
forts to purge el-
ements in the army
4ho are not in
their pay.


THE PRESS Association of Jamaica last wee
brought together the broadest representation of
journalists in the 35 years of the Association, in
observance of "Journalism Week," including the
"International Day of Solidarity with Jour,
nalists" (Sept. 8).

The PAJ's "Journalism Week" was put r i from
Sept 3-9 to focus national attention on the isauss;
facing journalists and the rest of the people in
their struggles to create a media ihthe service of
the people and not the powerful minorities.

Journalists of varying ages, varying political
outlooks and affiliation, media managers and
rank and file participated in the Church service,
the exhibition on Jamaican media history, the
public discussionand the annual Awards Dinner.

And extending the hand of Internationa
solidarity with Jamaican journalists wen
'Garnero Checa, Secretary-General of the Lati
American Federation of Journalists (FELAP)
and Elson Concepcion, National Secretary of th1
Cuban Union of Journalists (UPEC).

UPEC. Elson Concepcion does the presen-

"In Latin America,
there are more thar
100 journalists in jail,
over 300 have been
forced into exile, and
over 2060 fired from
their jobs for standing
on the side of the
ordinary people in our
day-today fight for a
better life."
(Ben Brodt).

terests and their in-
terests never coincide
with the peoples. They
defend the multi-
nationals, the dicta-
tors, the other owners
of big property. Th
can't help It, they hav
to defend their ln
terest'" (Checa). I

"Whom does the
Geaer support am
'TheprivaltewBers ownm SUipwtr ta
of the press have 4t* ~" eg
defend their on In- the peiqpe ,.wl ar<

John Maxwot;

"PFRIDOl OP the Press a not 'f4lSF
of media ouwere. It is not 40#, RhA
right of jounalists. ft ia rt f f
tile peop7e"--Garnero Cthoa. s"e 0 ha La
gre"tesd Jawu-caon 4wn ta en Wa'
cd5Waz'i i~n Jw aa.

nrodiq 9tvAnE) the ~

the de
vote ot airy at
taw! 440 i~ ___

-- - -- ------- --


N A MOVE clearly
emonstrating to
e world the str-
ngth and firmness
f the 19 year-old
ban Revoiution,
he Cuban Govern-
ent last week re-
eased 48 counter-
evolutionary pri-
oners and aavc
her the go-alead
o migrate to the
nited States

[omrade President
idel Castro last
eek told journal-
sts from the Cub-
n community in
iami that the mo-
was a gesture
n the part of the
uban government
ndicating that
hey were now rea-
to have normal
relations with the
on-terrorist Cub-
Scommunity abro-

bespite the fact
that the counter-
irevolutionary pri-
soners had been
caught in criminal
'and terrorist acts
committed on beh-
alf of the US gov-

Page 7

Release of prisoners




ernment and its
CIA; the US embas-
sy in Cuba is ins
isting that each
of them has to be
carefully checked
before they will
allow them to en-
ter the United

Yet 75% of the pr-
isoners have been
rehabilitated into
Cuban society and
actually hold jobs.
Some of them have
relatives in the
,US and want to jo-
in them.
No limits
Fidel said there
would be no limits

placed on the num-
ber of those who
want to leave for
the United States.
However, this mat-
ter would not be
discussed with the
US government,"be-
,cause this is a
matter of soverei-
gnty and national
dignity, although
we are willing to
talk about it with
the community (Cu-
bans abroad)",Pre-
sident Fidel said.
"It should be kno-
wn, however," he
added, "that among
the counter-revo-
lutionary prison-

ers are a minority
attached to terro-
rist groups and
others who commit-
ted crimes under
the Batista tyran-
ny. There will be
discussion on the-
se cases."

Comrade Fidel was
asked about norma-
lising relations
with the US, and
he repeated that
Lhis depended on
the US government.
"These relations
cannot improve as
lona as the block-

ade e
is a
at ou
ble t

And 1
in Mi
an en

xists, which support for revol-
kind of knife utionary Cuba. The
r throats, Cubans who are me-
g it impossi- mbers of the Refo-
o negotiate." rmed Christian Ev-
angelical Church
Exiles of Hialeah, Flori-
da, we attending a
ast week-end service conducted
3000 Cubans by Rev. Manuel Es-
ami demanded pinosa.
d to the US Threats

blockade of Cuba
and supported the
re-uniting of Cu-
bans at home with
sincere Cubans ab-
This was the first
time that Cubans
in Miami expressed
in mass. public

Despite threats
from terrorist
groupings, some
3000 people block-
ed the streets su-
rrounding the chu-
rch and chanted
against the bloc-

Ja. govt. backs down

efusal of an ap-
lication by the
alestinian Libe-
ation Organisation
to set up an office
in Jamaica to ser-
Vice the English
speaking Caribbean
'must be viewed with
dismay by all in
our country who
upport progress.
For whereas the
rime Minister is
1ell known for his
unflinching and
consistent support
'for the cause of
African freedom a-
gainst the racist
apartheid system,
colonialism and im-
perialism, his pos-
#ture on the cause
f the Arab states
hnd in particular
-he people of Pa-
lestine in their
struggle against
4ionist expansion-
m is not known
SThis is indeed
4culiar, to say
he least, when
considers that
rael maintains
e closest ties -
litical, econo-
ic and military -
iith Vorster's re-
gjme in South Af-
rica. The condi-
tions of the Pal-

estinians under
Israeli domina-
tion are not one
bit less revolting
than that of
blacks in the ghe-
ttos of South Af-
rica's bantustans.
L- -

True, Jamaica
supports the U.N.
resolutions on
the Middle-East
all of which con-
demn Israel and
support the just
cause of the Arab
peoples and the
Palestinians in
particular but be-
yond this nothing.
In fact, it re-
mained silent in
1975 when a U.N.
vote was taken de-
claring Zionism
as a form of rac-
Of a population
of over 10 million
people, 7 million
Palestinians have

been forced to live
in exile away from
their homeland.
At present, the
Israeli Zionists
have in their pri-
sons over 23,000

Torture and mur-
der of Palestinians
is common-place.
No outside groups
are allowed to vis-
it the prisoners,
not even Christians.
Despite all this,
U.S. imperialism
continues to sup-
port the Israelis
with millions of
dollars in arms and
ammunition. But
the Palestinian pe-
ople have been stan-
ding firm in their
struggle. Yassir
Arafat has said
that the only gua-
rantee of peace in
the Middle East is
the full recogni-
tion of the rights
of the Palestinian
In their strug-
gle, they have the
support of the so-
cialist countries
and all other for-
ces in the world
- which stand for
justice and human-
ity. Where does
Jamaica stand?

5 years since Allende's death

September 11th marked 5 years since

the murder of Allende.

TheWLL condemns Pinochetand U.S.

Imperialism Long live the Chilean people.

UNDER THE Duvalier dictatorship which is supported by Ameri-
can imperialism millions of Haitian people live a hand-to-
mouth existence. The unemployment rate is 60%,

Imperialism in Haiti

IN HAITI, as in
Nicaragua poli-
tical rights have
been brutally su-
ppressed. Haiti's
main allies are
the imperialist
Haiti's Preside-
nt-for-life Jean -
Claude Duvalier re-
cently said
"I'd like to men-

tion the names of
our friends in
order of the int-
erest they take in
us : the United
States, France,
the Federal Repub-
lic of Germany and
Israel are giving
us tremendous su-
The support giv-
en by these coun-

tries to the Hat-
ian regime has led
to a situation wh-
ere the infant
mortality rate is
the highest in the
149 deaths per 1000
births in urban.
areas. The unem-
ployment rate is
60% and illiteracy
is over 75%.

Page 8

Party an


;!NY WORKERS have been asking whether
the WLL Workers Party is going to run
in the next elections. Workers ask this
question because in Jamaica whenever
they hear the word 'Party', they immed-
iately think of elections and nothing


The workers' experience tells him that
tn- _:cli-cal party is something you
a-er a t-c_ or see al.nly at election
-i e. in between elections the mass of
-_e7 work .:- pec;-le d1n'c really have
c:- nt with the party; just to ev-
n see ';._ "F cr th= councilor is a
-0 ro1i; ., imuch lss ma:inr contact

Educate the people

-he party o the working
class is far different from this kind
of party. It is interested in elections
but not mainly to see how many votes it
can get or how many- seats it can win.
The Workers Party fights the election
only where enough working people are
conscious enough tc give it support and
only when fighting the election helps
the Party to educate the people politi-
cally, tc make them more united and
mere organised to fight against the
wncle class of exploiters.
~e-ause of this the workers Party couli
ut a candidate in a constitue.-
-r in ivision- :here fighting tih
action a-ld di:i-e the progressiv.-
.ing .le ra- .r _han unie the;
allc- t-e rear:c:.ary forces to
Sc ;:- if the::- :ere a c-nstit'
-here Ie workln people .--re di-,
:alif half -s.--en bak-:.:.ird a.
ares-: "views w: here te pro
woe: -rs were :;.-ded bet-een -
-or 4- -cratic a3ilism and tho
col- u sm, there. -h leaders of
hers t would -ae to slz dowr
Sthe aders cf democratic social
decide -ho should run that consti--
:y. If ath ran, ihe progressive :---
s wouo- be split and the reactionr-
woul s ;in. At all times the Workars
ty wou.- try to avoid division and
promots unity of -rogressive forces
any ela tion.

Elections notall

Seven w'ile fighting elections, ts-e
rkers Party has to explain to the ae-
-e that elections is not all. When
Progressive movement is strong a:-.
Sworkinr people v:ry conscious, v:-
-g in elections can put in a majority
progressive MPs. But does that by
:self put the small people and the .:o-
:rs in -he driving seat? Does elect-
a majority of socialist or even co-
: unist Ms prevent the police or the

soldiers from coming to break up a str-
ike? Does it stop a judge in the court
house from penalising the poor and let-
ting the rich go free? Does it prevent
the management in the factories or in
the different work-places from feather-
ing their own nests whilst continuing
to push around the workers at the bot-
tom? Does it stop the officials in the
various government departments from
playing up to the big man and leaving
the small people out in the cold? Does
electing a majority of progressive MPs
mean that the people in the communities
or in the districts can have up MPs if
they begin to skid and fail to live up
to their promises?

Notin charge

No' Elections alone can never put the
working people in charge of society. It
can put the workers in a better positi-
on to use the government to break down
'society' control over the army, over
the police, over the courts, over the
newspapers, etc., and give the working
people a bigger say.
But that control is not going to come
unless the workers are strong enough
and united enough to overcome the resi-
stance of the exploiters, to beat down
the propaganda, the victimisation and
the violence which they always have to
use to defend the minority against the
majority. That strength and that unity'
of the workers cannot come overnight.
That is why while it is important to
run in elections and get more strength
from elections the corkers Party sees
the everyday work of building up the
workers and the grassroots people as the
only way to final victory in the long

This means ever i3- in the trade union
trying to build -;:e workers' unity,
to getting bette' .ages and conditions,
so that workers ca. be better able to
fight against the w.ole system of wage
slavery; every day _.n-the youth club
and in the comrmuitr- council trying to
educate the youths politically to make
them more prepared to struggle for bet-
ter; everyday in the citizens' associa-
tion, the womens' organisation, the
students' society, the professional bo-
dies, building up the peoples consciou-
sness, building up their organisations,
building up their ability to stand on
their own two feet; everyday with the
small people in the rural towns and di-.
stricts organising the struggle for
land and for work.

Daily struggles

The Workers Party mr'-t be with the str-
uggles of the workir.- people every day.
Without this everyday struggle, fight-
ing or even winning elections can get
the working people nowhere. This is why
the Workers Party cannot be a party in-
terested only in fighting elections.

ovw'OIfluoo Wu OnvIDUl.Lr O;Uwv," ohUtS.tae O
factory gates have reported great inter-
est in our series on MarcusoGarvey. In
tr.i~ issue we begin another series.

In 1929 Marcus Garvey formed Jamaica's
first political party the People's
Political Party. His programme includ-
ed many demands that defended the inter-
est of the working class and the rural
Some of these were:
A minimum wage for the labouring and
working classes of the island.
A law to protect the working and labo-
uring classes of the-country by insura-
nce against acc_ nt, sickness and dea-
th, caused during employment.
An eight hour working day through-
out Jamaica. and reform.

Welcome News

STRUGGLE WELCO;i-S the news that Comrade
D. K. Duncan is offering himself for Gen-
eral Secretary of the PNP.
We call on all who defend progress
to give him full support.


SCont'd from P. 1

provide the information to declare the State
Emergency that helped save Jones Town, Green
Town, Duhaney Park and the whole proves

So from the point of view of the Gleaner
American imperialism the MIU has to go. From
point of view the MIU has to stay with dr
reforms to get out ahy sadists or colonialists, to
it more progressive but the MIU must stay. Comra
who don't understand this betteriwake up before
too late.

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