Citation
Parque del Sol : urban park, Quito, Ecuador

Material Information

Title:
Parque del Sol : urban park, Quito, Ecuador
Creator:
Pazmino, Carlos Sebastian ( Dissertant )
Schnadelbach, Terry ( Thesis advisor )
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publisher:
College of Design, Construction & Planning, University of Florida
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
2010
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Airports ( jstor )
Chaos ( jstor )
Cities ( jstor )
Connectivity ( jstor )
Landscape architecture ( jstor )
Latin American culture ( jstor )
Municipal parks ( jstor )
Open spaces ( jstor )
Parks ( jstor )
Urban design ( jstor )
Dissertations, Academic -- UF -- Landscape architecture
Landscape Architecture Thesis, MLA
Genre:
non-fiction ( marcgt )
bibliography ( marcgt )
theses ( marcgt )

Notes

Abstract:
The project is located in the capital city of Quito, Ecuador. The first city in the Americas, Quito was declared a World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1978. The area of study is the existing Aeropuerto Internacional Mariscal Sucre (International Airport Mariscal Sucre). The city plans to relocate the international airport to the outskirts of the city. Therefore, the development of an urban park can potentially be the platform to fill the vacant site. The site is situated 9.251 feet (2.820 meters) above sea level. The total area is 126 hectares, 311.35 acres with a slope of .90 % . During the year of 2008 the city held an international competition- “Parque del Lago” which consisted in readdressing the site as a public open space. I am using the information issued during the competition as a platform to create a didactic urban park that can leave an educational legacy for the citizens of Ecuador and give recognition to the profession.
Acquisition:
Landscape Architecture capstone project
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
General Note:
Includes vita.
General Note:
Document formatted into pages; contains 107 p.; also contains graphics.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Permissions granted to the University of Florida Institutional Repository and University of Florida Digital Collections to allow use by the submitter. All rights reserved by the author.
Resource Identifier:
905851495 ( OCLC )

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Full Text






Paraue del Sol

urban park. quito ecuador


- Lr-


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LarlMosSe]aIstInH l


Pazmino


SENIOR CAPSTONE PROJECT MAY 2010
University of Florida, Department of Landscape Architecture
Faculty Advisor: Terry Schnadelbach


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E&WWO. NOW B I t U1 OI 1 P4h


NO &Dedication


"Seek the Kingdom of God above all else,
.... and he will give you everything you need."
Mathew 6:33


This book is a testimony to all those who think that language and culture are barriers to achieving dreams.
When you believe... Things can happen, stereotypes are broken, and through tough times faith is built.

This is to God for walking within and beside me through this amazing journey; to my DAD Alfredo, MOM- Angela,
sister Maria Mercedes, brother David, grandma Lucila. You guys have shown me unconditional love and sincere grace.

To all those who make my'one of a kind' FAMILIA! Thank You for everything!

To every single person I have had the honor to meet either for a season, or for a lifetime.
From Ecuador, to the United States and around the globe.

Thank you to all the Faculty and Staff from the Department of Landscape Architecture., University of Florida.

This is for the ones here and the ones gone.
Thank you for your support, Enjoy!


EN VIDA!











"Now faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see."
Hebrews 11: 1 (NIV)






Tableo f]


Contents


A b stract & P project G o als...................................................................................................2

R e se arch ...........................................................................................................................................6

A n aly sis............................................................................................................................................ 1 6

Concept Design & Process Work............................................26

D e sig n ................................................................................................................................................3 6

A p p en d ix ........................................................................................................................................ 6 4








A, TU Statement



The project is located in the capital city of Quito,
Ecuador. The first city in the Americas, Quito was
declared a World Cultural Heritage Site by
UNESCO in 1978.

The area of study is the existing Aeropuerto
Intemacional Mariscal Sucre (International
Airport Mariscal Sucre). The city plans to relocate
the international airport to the outskirts of the city.

Therefore, the development of an urban park can
potentially be the platform to fill the vacant site.

The site is situated 9.251 feet (2.820 meters) above
sea level. The total area is 126 hectares, 311.35 acres
with a slope of.90 % .



Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador









"I am attracted to parks that create a change, parks that are culturally sensible and respond
to a need in society. Therefore, I am particularly interested in the creation of an urban park
for my homeland Quito Ecuador.
I am eager to understand how the social context is a crucial element in delineating
metropolitan parks."
The city of Quito is moving its original airport to the outskirts of the city.
During the year of 2008 the city held an international competition-
"Parque del Lago" which consisted in readdressing the site as a public
open space.
I am using the information issued during the competition as a platform
to create a didactic urban park that can leave an educational legacy for' a *r-'
the citizens of Ecuador and give recognition to the profession.

"Nearly 60% of Quito's population lives in extreme poverty... Many of
the urban poor are migrants from rural areas who come to the city in search
of a better life. Unfortunately, there are few opportunities for employment.
Poverty can lead not only to malnutrition, illness, delinquency, alcoholism
and domestic violence, it also worsens environmental contamination."
(http: //www. abroaderview. org/quito.php)


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador








G l


Objectives


Create a vision for the future park at the Aeropuerto Mariscal Sucre.
Develope a masterplan that enhances the character of the city.
Create a design that is driven from the society and cultural needs of the area.
Enhance user comfort, education, enjoyment and social interaction.
Create a park that hosts different didactic amenities.
Design a walking and bicycle trail system that will invite locals and visitors.
Increase micro climate by incorporating shaded trees and the use of different materials and lighting.
Provide accurate sitting areas and water features.
Enhance greenspace for potential real state.
Develope a North South transportation connectivity that will ease the current traffic conditions.
To incorporate a variety of recreational areas that will increase the physical activity of the citizens.
Use the genus locci of the site, to create a design that goes back to its origin.
Incorporate storm water into open space by the creation of a didactic water body.
Develop a creative park that will spur economic growth and vitality for the city of Quito.
Use didactic components and amenities that will draw a variety of stakeholders ranging from the real state
market to the tourism industry.
Proposed areas of mix used development.
Create areas of strong visual impact that can be the perfect view points for civic buildings or
tourist enthusiastic.
Give recognition to the profession; therefore, validating the importance of Landscape Architecture.

Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador







ite e1


The program will include the creation of
It will have to include didactic areas for
backgrounds.
The final master plan will illustrate the ri
economical and natural context.
The competition had a program thai
I will expand this idea by incorporating I
a memorial, recreational and leisure area
convention centers- museums, and an c
integration of the park to the city.


Program










park that serves as an educational platform for the city.
the different types of demographics and socio- economical

relationship of the site with the surrounding cultural,

t focused on water as a main recreational element.
bioremediation wetlands, terrestrial botanical gardens,
,s, cultural zones, patches for the incrimination of wildlife,
overalll improvement in the connectivity, accessibility and


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador










4-


RE AC H

















Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador








Th it


Quito


Quito is truly an asset to the history
of America: the great majority of its
buildings have withstood the trials of
Nature and the tribulations of Man. .
The city's diverse cultures have
generated a treasure trove of artistic,
cultural and historic wealth, safe-
guarded down the centuries to the
present. UNESCO recognized this fact
in November 1978 when it declared Quito the first World Heritage Site.
Quito's historic centre is the largest, most-intact and best-restored Old Town
in the Americas. Nestled deep within the valley of towering Andean volcanoes,
at 2,800m (around 10,000 feet) above sea level, Quito's spectacular old town
extends over 320 hectares the largest historic centre in the Americas.





See Appendix for references
Park. quito del Sol
urban park.quito ecuador








Site


History


Mariscal Sucre International Airport (IATA: UIO, ICAO: SEQU) is the international airport serving
Quito, the capital city of Ecuador.
It is named after Venezuelan born Antonio Jose de Sucre, known as the "Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho,
(English: "Grand Marshal of Ayacucho,), a hero of Ecuadorian and Latin American independence.
It began operations in 1960, and currently handles about 3.9 million passengers and 125,000 metric tons
of freight per year.


- ....4*
~'


The airport, one of the highest in the world (at 2800 meters AMSL)
is located in the northern part of the city, in the Chaupicruz parish,
within 5 minutes of Quito's financial center; the terminals are located
at the intersection of Amazonas and La Prensa avenues.
Due to its location (in the middle of a city surrounded by mountains),
the current airport cannot be expanded to accommodate any larger
aircraft or an increase in air traffic. Its operation poses higher risks, too;
six serious accidents and several incidents have taken place in recent years.

Genus Locci: During the colonial times, the airport site was a huge
lagoon that tie the south side with the north portion of the city.
See Appendix for references.


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


VIf


st



~






fssw Guidance


US


Isabel Tobar an Architecture graduate from La Universidad Catolica de Quito.
This young professional has brought imperative information, approaches and her 21st century
view of the current use of Landscape Architecture in the city.

Ivan Donoso A native of Quito, Ecuador currently being Desing Staff for EDSA,
contributed with valuable knowledge about the site condition and use.
Marco V. Larrea A citizen from Ecuador and familiar with Landscape projects in the country,
is now one of the Principals in EDSA. Larrea contributed with overall advises for the project.
Alfredo Pazmino A native of Quito Ecuador and a retired Architect has given essential
history facts, crucial information as far as the transportation movement and the current
socio- economical facts of the area.





Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador







Liertue


Review


Designing Urban Parks to Promote Physical Activity: A set of Design Guidelines for Landscape
Architects: Clinton, Ivy M. Published: 2006. Deep detail of study in how to overcome obstacles,
follow rules of design and learn about sociological aspects of design.

Large Parks: Czerniak and Hargreaves. Published: Princeton Architectural Press. NY 2007. A series
of essays that examines and "increasingly hard to define landscape type: the urban park."

Parques Urbanos no Brazil: Brazilian Urban Parks, Macedo, Silvio Soares. Published: Sao Paulo:
EDUSP. Impresa Oficial SP, 2002. The book emphasizes on different scale urban parks in Brazil, and
the context frame in which they are surrounded.

Rethinking Urban Parks: Low, Setha M. Publushed: Austin: University of.Texas Press, 2005.
The book argues that cultural diversity should be a key goal in designing and maintaining
urban parks.

Urban Parks & Open Spaces: Garvin, Alexander. Published: WA DC. ULI, Urban Land Institute c 1997.
Describes how 15 derelict areas of the United States were developed into new urban parks. It
offers great resources concerning urban public space revitalization.

Urban Spaces New City Parks: Jacob Krauel. Published: Barccl6na. Links 2008. Parks offering a little
bit of nature in the middle of vast gray cities. Distinctiornbetweeh landscape and art, artificial and
natural.
Parque del
urban park. quito ecuad


1S






















Sol
or








Studies
Alameda Central, Mexico City Mexico. A park that is similar in context and culture. The site is
consider a place where people can relax and enjoy the energy of Mexico City "without being
overwhelmed by it." (Mexico City Guide)

Central Park, New York City United States of America. The parks shows the perfect scale and
amenities in an urban city. From the early to the modem days it has become an icon of great public
open space.

Parc Andre Citroen, Paris France. In the Idle of Paris. Parc Citroen offers two green houses and is
considered a gateway for Parisians and visitors; however, it is a controversial design that has not gain
parque del sol
the popularity of the people

Parc de Bercy, Paris France. A vast 139 747 square meters hosts a successful didactic park located
in one of the most visited neighborhoods in Paris.

Parc de la Tdte d'Or, Lyon Paris. The biggest urban park in France. That hosts diffreent activities
and areas of learning. The size of the park is the closest one to the area of study.

Parque Maria Luisa, Seville Spain. The park is a preamble for one of the most forward and
progressive cities sin Spain, bringing activities and unique spaces that resemble the culture of the area.
Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador








Cas Stud


Central Park


Central Park, New York City United States of America.


The world renown park has great program elements that involve comprehensive walking, running
and bicycle routes. A zoo, conservatory garden and theater are also found on the site. A reservoir,
a wildlife sanctuary and natural woods make this park an oasis in the middle of the Big Apple.
People from all over the globe enjoy a multitude of amenities, such as a number of athletic fields.
The urban park is a unique case study similar to the area of study. Central Park is 341 hectares.
In contrast, the soon to be available open public space in Quito is 126 hectares.
The context of Central Park is similar in nature to Parque del Sol.
pro,
The green space is situated at the heart of Manhattan in a dense .. ..
and cosmopolitan metropolis.


JI.~
CK~


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gram


type


context


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador









Parc de Bercy, Paris France

The park is divided into three phases: T
the "Flowerbeds" hosts a series of didac
an expanse of open lawns which are per
that represent children and human right
Frank Gehry. Constructed between 1993
site selected, comprising a total of 14 he
12th arrondissement of Paris and is one
still holding some of the vineyards (gen


Parc Bercy



he "Romantic Garden, encompasses fishponds and dunes;
tic areas dedicated to plant life; and "The Meadows" represent
fect for leisure and pass time activities. In addition, sculptures
s can be found on the site, as well as a structure designed by
and 1997, the urban park is smaller than the project
:ctares. This didactic open space is situated in the
of the citie's most important parks, program
us loci) that once rested on the site.

type




Sconte
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parque dle sor parc die beurcy

Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


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xt









Parc de la T&te d'Or, Lyon Paris

This open space is one of France's supr
varieties. In addition, it houses a collect
takes place. The trails for joggers and c]
a small zoo. There is also a variety of re
mini-golf, horse riding and even a mini
in France, 117 hectares. For this reason
Lyon is the second largest metropolitan
industrial and business center.


Parc de la Tete d'Or 14


eme parks. The park includes a rose garden with more than 300
ion of 8000 different trees and a large lake on which boating
cyclists are extensive. At the northern end of the park, there is
creational equipment, such as a velodrome, boules court,
iture train. The urban park is the largest of its kind
it is the closest park in size to the area of study.
area in France and is considered a major
program

type


scale

Icontext

parque del sol pare de Ia tete d or

Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador











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urban park. quito ecuador


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The picture describes the character of the mix used land that surrounds the site.


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Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


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I High density residential 200 hab/ha.

Medium density residential 121 to 200 hab/ha.

Mixed used commercial/ residential. Low- medium industrial areas. Public services and crafts

W Airport Site

SI Education, culture, health and welfare, religious, public administration, infrastructure installations.


3:

4,







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Existing Pictures


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


14


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S-- Analysis

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- Potential transportation connectivity
- Existing bicycle route


Existing green spaces and vegetation


1 Structures to be removed.
2 Structures to be maintain.


Existing Contaminated Soils


Potential gateway


Existing contour

Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


r
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1 ~2~2 .









11I Conditions 2



BROWN FIELD CLEANUP To clean hydrocarbons, the following procedure is advised: First, a semi-permeable membrane
is placed on top of the existing contaminated soil. Afterwards, the soil is saturated with water. As you know, the by-products
of petroleum do not combine with water and float due to the difference in density.
The petroleum contaminants then get caught in the semi-permeable membrane and the area gets injected with chemicals (as needed)
that will destroy the polluted molecules. It is a long term investment worth doing. Plants can be located in the low points of slopes,
collecting any residue left from the cleansing process. (Information by: Ivan Donoso)

THE COMPLEXITY OF QUITO'S GEOGRAPHY
As ex-mayor Roque Sevilla states, "...the geographical characteristics that make Quito beautiful are the same source of complex
problems."
Quito rests on a thin plateau, above 2,800 meters altitude, between Andean ridges and an active volcano. The city inhabits a
cramped corridor with few prospects for expansion; over the years it has grown longer and thinner from north to south. High
altitude makes engine combustion deficient due to a lack of oxygen in the atmosphere. Along with other problems
including old and outdated buses and trucks that routinely circulate in the city, vehicle emissions have blackened Quito's air.

TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN QUITO
In an article published January 14, 2010, El Comercio reports that in Quito the average occupancy per automobile is 1.3 persons.
An investigation showed that at a busy intersection, 80 out of 100 vehicles were transporting the driver only, resulting in long
lines of 100 to 150 meters during peak hours. Follow Appendix for current maps.
(http://ecuador.suitel0l.com/article.cfm/pico_y_placavehicle_restrictioninquito#ixzzOloHS5aPf)



Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador









i Sections

Topographic North South Cut
Longitude & Altitude (m) 1 meter = 3.3 inches


2,805
2,780
2,760
2,740
2,720


---SIT


Topographic East West Cut
Longitude & Altitude (m) 1 meter = 3.3 inches

2,950


2,850
2,800
2,750


Cut Landing Strip
Section taken from "Parque del Lago" booklet 2008.


SITE


0 2,000 4,000


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


6,000









mSU11ma4a


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Analysis


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Precipitation Map (mm)
- 400 600
S800 1000
_1000 1200
E 1200 1400
W 1400 1600
m 1600 1800


Number of Flooded Events 2000
0
1-2
W 3-4
m 5-6
m 7-12


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Floded areas due to a lack of
drainage 2000


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Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador








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-I 12 -25
26- 50
fl 51 100
S101 150
i 151 300
Q i '>=301


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Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


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T, TEXTILES AND EXISTING POVI


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ERTY


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador

























Ecuador's main export crops are bananas
and fresh cut flowers, most of the latter being
roses.
Located 20 kilometers from the equator line,
Quito is characterized by a perpetual nature, a
constant annual temperature, a mecca for rural
emigrants and a site for perennial life cycles.
The combination of the rhythm and colors used
by the indigenous people, plus the natural forms
of the delicate flora and crops...
Create a one of a kind layout!


Organic Culture


....'..........
L...........


Water as main element ties all the elements
* Main Structure

SOrchidiarium
L Botanical Gardens

j Kids Area
. Ethno Botanical Garden

j Athletic Fields/ community Gardens

. Teen age Zone
j Open green, arts area

Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


Con e*1







Ma4ust


m Organic Culture


Teen Age Zone
Athletic Areas
SOpen Green Areas
Bridge/ Connectivity
Community Gardens


Botanical Gardens
Kids Area
U Ethno Botanical Gardens
S Orchidarium


24


100' 500'


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador








Conee*t


Quito is a cosmopolitan city, where the urban chaos
is inevitable. The city is 42.85 miles long and 3.1
miles at its widest. Therefore, most of the important
avenues extend from north to south.
The crazy traffic of Quito; in addition, to the richness
of the folklore and ethnicity makes the metropolitan
area unique.
This concept is based on the flux of transportation
juxtapose to the texture of the art, crafts and the
mestizaje of its people (the racial and/or cultural
mixing of Amerindians with Europeans).


Texture Chaos










I Water as main element ties all the elements


-d Main Structure


j Botanical garden/ Plaza

. Water Body
d Bosque
. Open green spaces
-J Kids, community garden areas


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador







Ma4 wst


STexture Chaos


F/


10C0' 500'


Teen Age Zone
Kids Area Bosque
Botanical Gardens
Athletic Areas
Community Gardens


Open Green Areas


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


34






gg a,~t


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Culture + Chaos


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador







Ma4 wst


SCulture + Chaos


Butterfly Garden


IKids zone


Athletic Fields


~~-1~


V


Community
Gardens


K-


Open Green Spaces


Urban Promenade


Bosque


Rose Plaza


EdI


Orchidarium


4


100' 500'
100' 500'


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


'4"


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Conee*t


Refinement steps:
Simplify pedestrian connectivity
Incorporate potential areas for mix used and civic- t
Resolve the lack of North South vehicular connect\
Group amenities according to its characteristics
Tie concept directly to context
" Context Map taken from an interdisciplinary team from Arizona University, University of


Refinement












it
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f Illinois and Cal Poly









Pargue del Sol
urban park.quito ecuador
jurist developments
rity


F Illinois and Cal Poly

Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador








Fnlz


Program


Didactic Butter


Cultural Plaza
fly Garden
Didactic Orchid Garden


1


Athletic Zone


Kid & Teenager Playground

Memorial


Didactic Rose Garden
Didacti


c Herb Garden


Urban Wetland


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


34


Marina












12


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Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador









Masterplan
Bridge


"ri


- Main Lake


100' 500'

Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


Strteg6


Bridge


Bridge


Bridge


Mixused
Development


Commercial
Development











Fats


Bridge
Islands of Gardens
Rose, Butterfly, Orchids, Etno- Botanical


Masterplan
Bridge


Cultural Plaza
Museums and Explannade


Top: Athletic Fields
Bottom: Wetland, Ecosystem Zone


6J.Bu.


Bridge


Top: Kids Teen ager Zone
Bottom: Marina


Bridge

Memorial


1 13r1 1,
ifl=. V.


Total Area 18.71 acres

Building Types
Rose Greenhouse & exhibition
Butterfly Greenhouse & exhibition
Orchid Greehouse & exhibition
Etno Botanical Greenhouse & exhibition


Total Area 50.74 acres

Building Types
Expo Center
Natural Science Museum
Anthropology Museum
Cafes


Total Area 16 acres

Building Types
Athletic Rentals
Environmental Educational Center
Storm Water Management Center
Observation Center


Total Area 16 acres

Building Types
Family Center
Skate shop & rentals
Family Rest room
Kayak Rental
Tour Boat Operations
Storage
Cafe
Tourism Kiosks


Exterior pedestrian/ bike trail = 7 490 yards
Interior pedestrian/ bike trail = 7 438 yards
New road length = 5891 yards


ACRE


100' 500'


-


Parking garages located 5 min. from park, they will be situated inside the mix used developments.


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


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Management


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A. Stormwater is collected on rooftops and other impervious surfaces
B. Water is directed to the artificial lake.
C. Lake acts a bio remedetion pond.
D. Native grasses and micro organism clean water
E. Clean water is directed through sewage system to the Machangara River


ACRE I00
100' 500'


'rr ia t p a d .a W ..... r
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Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


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Seto


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I1 Orchid Island


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12' ISLAND 105' 12
LAKE1 157'


NTS
NTS


10' 20' 4
Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


44


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4"


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Secio


I1 Cultural Plaza


F" I


CAFE CIVIL C BUILDING


10- 30 ROAD


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


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NTS


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GRASS MOUNTS




























(REEN ROOF


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12I 12" 30" ROAD


10" 10" 12


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


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ectio


Kids & Marina Zone


j


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24 30" LANE ROAD 24


SKATE CAFE


52" SKATE PARK


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NTS


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


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44


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20' NIX USED


20' 40'

Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


LAKE 145


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mMasterplan


# 4 1 1 . i -- -, --. .. .. ... .. +



Design Guidelines:
Situate greenhouses in each island.
Locate diverse terrestrial and aquatic flora that will increase wildlife and micro climate.
Historic light poles are located every 50' feet with display banners, or baskets with perennials.
12' wide sidewalks with contrast porous pavers for a distinct character.
Neon light at the contour of the island, surroundings and at fragmented lines for security and ambiance.
No hand rails in specific areas to promote human and wildlife interaction.




Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador






4'















Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador









mMasterplan


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


r7 7
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. . .






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Pargue del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


























Explanade serves different purposes


Design Guidelines:
The explanade serves for multi purposes.
The green grass mounts are 3' high and offer a place to sit or lay down.
Yellow triangular translucent walls serve as backdrop.
Light to be incorporated with the grass and pavers.
Main green center area, synthetic grass for high traffic.
One feet high concrete band around bedding planters and water fountains for siting and edging.

Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


. . . ..... ..........







54









............

ML







Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador

























Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador




























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urban park. quito ecuador


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Design Guidelines:
Situate soccer field, volleyball, basketball and tennis court in a north south direction.
Place distinct pavers 3' wide framing the courts and fields.
Light bollards are placed every 22.5', bolted to concrete footer.
Recyclable trash receptacles every 110' fee.
Bike racks to be used as boundary and edge.


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador






5















Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador








Wedand Zone]


Masterplan


r-R:F_ 1--ff
ic ==
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Design Guidelines:
Native grasses planted in lake to help lake as a bio-remedetion area.
Sidewalk without railing allows interaction with nature.
Tower and environmental centers to have a modem architecture.
Locate shaded trees every 30'.
Residential houses will be located along this zone.


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador






5'


., a. 1 ___ ., ,,













Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador









Kids 6 og


Masterplan


a --


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Design Guidelines:
Create a grid of turf grass for life size board games.
White pergola follies every 50'
Different bands of color pavers to delineate areas and give contrast.
Light bollards to be located every 20' and go 5' on water for infinitive perception.
Skate board park to showcase public and graffiti art.
Hand crafted stone bollard and 6" bromze chains for boundary between the zone and the water.



Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


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. . ......


















Pargue del Sol

urban park. quito ecuador
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Mar in Zon]i


Masterplan


Ii -.


Design Guidelines:
Financial District to be located along this zone.
Light bollard to be located 6' apart with soft lighting acting as buffer.
Create areas of port to embark water attractions.
Shaded trees every 30' feet.
Intercalate colorful trees with art sculpture along the perimeter.


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador







64


r


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


; i ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;;;;; ~;;;;.......... ...... ................;,....; i








orrl r1m 11 wrnrH Masterplan


Design Guidelines:
Wood and concrete platforms to be raised 2' from water.
Glass curtains to be placed on site attached to platforms.
Shrub hedging along airplane shape not to oversize more than 3'
Paver lights to be placed in a chaotic manner.
Water fountains to display colorful lights at night.
Tempered glass to host names of crashed victims.


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


L
r

























Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador







AP


IX


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador







Connectivi6t*v]


Map


Maps acquire from the Quito's Municipality.


<4
q
"^---,.


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador










CORPAQ Quito
Quito Official Travel Site
Construction Building Materials
Culture Making
EcoHome Magazine
EL Comercio
Quito Distrito Metropolitano
Landscapeforms


- http: //www.corpaq.com/
- http: //www.quito.com.ec/index.php?lang=en
- www.filbuild.info
- http: //www.culture-making.com/
- www.ecohomemagazine.com
- elcomercio.com
- http: //www.quito.gov.ec/
- http: //www.landscapeforms.com/en-US/Pages/default.aspx


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador








I M M


Board


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Porous pavers


Reinforced grass for heavy duty traffic zones


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador








The following elements are use to unifiy the park:


Same benches throughout the park tie the different zones


Bike rack


Bollard with Light


Street Light


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador








Parque del Sol
urban park.quito ecuador
.- .. ........ .
a- 4s I 1 J


-- -L

Carlos Sebastian Pazni rno


POWE5rPOInE3P3SENTAmI[ON






introduction


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador

Location:Quito, UNESCO 1978
Site: Aeropuerto Mariscal Sucre
Area: 311.35 acres, slope 90',,

Goals & Objectives
*Master Plan.
*Didactic & Recreational Elements
*Improve North South transportation.
*Increase stake holder investments.
*Give recognition to the profession.


Based on 2008 International
Competition:"Parque del Lago"


Parque del Sol
urban park .quito ecuador














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Existing Airport
Site


Thes te characr of te mix ud land that s s te site.
The picture describes the character of the mix used land that surrounds the site.


Il igh density residential 200 hab/ha.

SMedium density residential 121 to 200 hab/ha.

- Mixed used commercial/ residential. Low- medium industrial areas. Public services and cral',

Airport Site

Education, culture. health and \v el Ihr, Icligiou,. public administration, infrastructure installations.



I


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador


1 land uses


a


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it context


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Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador






. synthesis analysis


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Potential transportation connectivity 1 Structures to be removed. Potential gateway
Existing bicycle route 2 Structures to be maintain.
-















Existing green spaces and vegetation Existing contaminated soils Existing contour


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador
j _---" ---- - 1






urban pa'rk. quito ecuador






it a is topographical sections


Topographic North South Cut ,
Longitude & Altitude (m) 1 meter = 3.3 inches


000 4.000 6.000


8.000 10,000


Cut Landing Strip
Section taken from "Parquc del I.a'o" booklet 2008.


Topographic East West Cut
Longitude & Altitude (m) 1 meter = 3.3 inches

2,950
2,900
2,850
2.800 |
2,750


2,000
2,000


4.000


6,000


2.05
2,780
2.760
2,740 -
2,720 t
e\


Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador





, t chaos + culture


- --- -- _.- i--U

,,.w~ _..__ --,- .. .._ ---






Parque del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador







Chaos + culture


Kids zone


Athletic Fields


Urban Promenade


Bosque


Orchidarium


Community
Gardens


Open Green Spaces Rose Plaza


'100 500'


Paraue del Sol
urban park.quito ecuador


Garden


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refinement


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Paraue del Sol
urban park. quito ecuador











Strat- i'c masterplan

Bridge
Islands of Gardens
Rose, lliullcrl- Orchids. Eno- Botanical


H IJ ,.


Cultural Plaza
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Full Text

PAGE 1

Carlos Sebastian PazminoSENIOR CAPSTONE PROJECT MAY 2010 University of Florida, Department of Landscape Architecture Faculty Advisor: Terry SchnadelbachParque del Sol l l S S l S S S l l l S urban park . quito ecuador

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Acknowledgments &Dedication This book is a testimony to all those who think that language and culture are barriers to achieving dreams. When you believe... Things can happen, stereotypes are broken, and through tough times faith is built. This is to God for walking within and beside me through this amazing journey; to my DAD Alfredo, MOMAngela, sister Maria Mercedes, brother David, grandma Lucila. You guys have shown me unconditional love and sincere grace. To all those who make my one of a kind FAMILIA! Thank You for everyting! To every single person I have had the honor to meet either for a season, or for a lifetime. From Ecuador, to the United States and around the globe. Thank you to all the Faculty and Sta from the Departmen t of Landscape Architecture., University of Florida. This is for the ones here and the ones gone. Thank you for your support, Enjoy! EN VIDA !Seek the Kingdom of God above all else, .... and he will give you everything you need.Ž Mathew 6:33

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Now faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see.Ž Hebrews 11:1 (NIV)

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Table of Contents Abstract & Project Goals...................................................................................................2Research............................................................................................................................... ............6Analysis............................................................................................................................... .............16Concept Design & Process Work...............................................................................26Design............................................................................................................................... .................36Appendix............................................................................................................................... ......... 64

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Abstract & Statement The project is located in the capital city of Quito , Ecuador. The first city in the Americas, Quito was declared a World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1978. The area of study is the existing Aeropuerto Internacional Mariscal Sucre (International Airport Mariscal Sucre). The city plans to relocate the international airport to the outskirts of the city. Therefore, the development of an urban park can potentially be the platform to fill the vacant site. The site is situated 9.251 feet (2.820 meters) above sea level. The total area is 126 hectares, 311.35 acres with a slope of .90 % . Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador

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I am attracted to parks that create a change, parks that are culturally sensible and respond to a need in society. Therefore, I am particularly interested in the creation of an urban park for my homeland Quito Ecuador. I am eager to understand how the social context is a crucial element in delineating metropolitan parks.ŽParque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuadorThe city of Quito is moving its original airport to the outskirts of the city. During the year of 2008 the city held an international competitionParque del LagoŽ which consisted in readdressing the site as a public open space. I am using the information issued during the competition as a platform to create a didactic urban park that can leave an educational legacy for the citizens of Ecuador and give recognition to the profession. Nearly 60% of Quitos population lives in extreme povertyƒ Many of the urban poor are migrants from rural areas who come to the city in search of a better life. Unfortunately, there are few opportunities for employment. Poverty can lead not only to malnutrition, illness, delinquency, alcoholism and domestic violence, it also worsens environmental contamination.Ž (http://www.abroaderview.org/quito.php) pond 2

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Goals & Objectives Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuadorCreate a vision for the future park at the Aeropuerto Mariscal Sucre. Develope a masterplan that enhances the character of the city. Create a design that is driven from the society and cultural needs of the area. Enhance user comfort, education, enjoyment and social interaction. Create a park that hosts different didactic amenities. Design a walking and bicycle trail system that will invite locals and visitors. Increase micro climate by incorporating shaded trees and the use of different materials and lighting. Provide accurate sitting areas and water features. Enhance greenspace for potential real state. Develope a North South transportation connectivity that will ease the current traffic conditions. To incorporate a variety of recreational areas that will increase the physical activity of the citizens. Use the genus locci of the site, to create a design that goes back to its origin. Incorporate storm water into open space by the creation of a didactic water body. Develop a creative park that will spur economic growth and vitality for the city of Quito . Use didactic components and amenities that will draw a variety of stakeholders ranging from the real state market to the tourism industry. Proposed areas of mix used development. Create areas of strong visual impact that can be the perfect view points for civic buildings or tourist enthusiastic. Give recognition to the profession; therefore, validating the importance of Landscape Architecture.

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 4 The program will include the creation of park that serves as an educational platform for the city. It will have to include didactic areas for the different types of demographics and socioeconomical backgrounds. The final master plan will illustrate the relationship of the site with the surrounding cultural, economical and natural context. The competition had a program that focused on water as a main recreational element. I will expand this idea by incorporating bioremediation wetlands, terrestrial botanical gardens, a memorial, recreational and leisure areas, cultural zones, patches for the incrimination of wildlife, convention centers Â… museums, and an overall improvement in the connectivity, accessibility and integration of the park to the city. Site & Program

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador RESEARCH

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The City Quito Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Quitos historic centre is the largest, most-intact and best-restored Old Town in the Americas. Nestled deep within the valley of towering Andean volcanoes, at 2,800m (around 10,000 feet) above sea level, Quitos spectacular old town extends over 320 hectares … the largest historic centre in the Americas. Quito is truly an asset to the history of America: the great majority of its buildings have withstood the trials of Nature and the tribulations of Man. The citys diverse cultures have generated a treasure trove of artistic, cultural and historic wealth, safeguarded down the centuries to the present. UNESCO recognised this fact in November 1978 when it declared Quito the first World Heritage Site. See Appendix for references

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 8 Site HistoryMariscal Sucre International Airport (IATA: UIO, ICAO: SEQU) is the international airport serving Quito, the capital city of Ecuador. It is named after Venezuelan born Antonio Jos é de Sucre, known as the "Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho" (English: "Grand Marshal of Ayacucho"), a hero of Ecuadorian and Latin American independence. It began operations in 1960, and currently handles about 3.9 million passengers and 125,000 metric tons of freight per year. The airport, one of the highest in the world (at 2800 meters AMSL) is located in the northern part of the city, in the Chaupicruz parish, within 5 minutes of Quito's financial center; the terminals are located at the intersection of Amazonas and La Prensa avenues. Due to its location (in the middle of a city surrounded by mountains), the current airport cannot be expanded to accommodate any larger aircraft or an increase in air traffic. Its operation poses higher risks, too; six serious accidents and several incidents have taken place in recent years. Genus Locci : During the colonial times, the airport site was a huge lagoon that tie the south side with the north portion of the city. See Appendix for references.

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Professional Guidance Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Isabel Tobar an Architecture graduate from La Universidad Catolica de Quito. This young professional has brought imperative information, approaches and her 21st century view of the current use of Landscape Architecture in the city. Ivan Donoso A native of Quito, Ecuador currently being Desing Staff for EDSA, contributed with valuable knowledge about the site condition and use. Marco V. Larrea A citizen from Ecuador and familiar with Landscape projects in the country, is now one of the Principals in EDSA. Larrea contributed with overall advises for the project. Alfredo Pazmino A native of Quito Ecuador and a retired Architect has given essential history facts, crucial information as far as the transportation movement and the current socioeconomical facts of the area.

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 10 Literature ReviewDesigning Urban Parks to Promote Physical Activity: A set of Design Guidelines for Landscape Architects: Clinton, Ivy M. Published: 2006. Deep detail of study in how to overcome obstacles, follow rules of design and learn about sociological aspects of design. Large Parks: Czerniak and Hargreaves. Published: Princeton Architectural Press. NY 2007. A series of essays that examines and increasingly hard to dene landscape type: the urban park.Ž Parques Urbanos no Brazil: Brazilian Urban Parks, Macedo, Silvio Soares. Published: S ã o Paulo: EDUSP. Impresa Oficial SP, 2002. The book emphasizes on dierent scale urban parks in Brazil, and the context frame in which they are surrounded. Rethinking Urban Parks: Low, Setha M. Publushed: Austin: University of Texas Press, 2005. The book argues that cultural diversity should be a key goal in designing and maintaining urban parks. Urban Parks & Open Spaces: Garvin, Alexander. Published: WA DC. ULI, Urban Land Institute c 1997. Describes how 15 derelict areas of the United States were developed into new urban parks. It oers great resources concerning urban public space revitalization. Urban Spaces New City Parks: Jacob Krauel. Published: Barcelona. Links 2008. Parks oering a little bit of nature in the middle of vast gray cities. Distinction between landscape and art, articial and natural. e r i i e e e s s s s s s h e e e d d d : S S S ã o P P P P a a a a a a a a a a a a u u u u u u u u l l l l l l l l o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o : : : : : : : : : : : : : : r b b b a a a n n n p p p a a a rks i i n n n B B B r a a a a a z z z z z z z z z z z z i i i i i i i i i i i i l l l l l l l l l l l l , , , , , , , , , , , a a a a a a a a a a a n n n n n n n n n d d d d d d d d d d d d d : U U U n n n i i i v v v ersi t t t y y y o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o f f f f f f f f f f f f f f T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e x x x x x x a s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s , , , , , , , , , , , 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . y g g g o o o a a a l l l i i i n n n d e e e e e e e s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s i i i g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n g g g g g g g g g g g a a a a a a a a a a a n n n n n n n n n n d d d d d d d d d d d m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t a a a a a a a a a a a a i i i i i i i i i i n n n n n n n n n n n n i i i i i i i i i i i n n n n n n n n n n n g g g g g g g g g g g A l e x x x a a a a n n n der. P P P u u u b b b l l l i i i s s s h ed: W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A D D D D D D D D D D C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C . U U U U U U U U U U U U U L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a n n n n n n n n n n n n L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L a a a a nd I I I n n n s s s t t t i i i t t t u u u t t t e t h e e e U U U n n n ite d S S S t t t a a a t t t e s s s we r r r e e e d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e v v v v v v v v v v v v e e e e e e e e l l l l l l l l l o o o o o o o o o o o o o p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d i i i i i i i i i i i n n n n n n n n n n n n t t t t t t t t t t t t o o o o o o o o o o n n n n n n n n n n n e e e e e e e e e e e w w w w w w w w w w w u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r b a n n n p p p a a r k k k s s r b b b an p p p u u u b b b l l ic s s s p a c c c e e e r e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t a a a a a a a a a a a a a l l l l l l l l l l i i i i i i i i i i i z z z z z z z z z z z z a a a a a a t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o n n n n n n n n n n n n . K K K r r r a a a u e e e l l l . Pu b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d d : : : : : : : B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o n n n n n n n n n n n a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a . L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n k k k k s 2 t i i i e e e s. D D D i i i i i i i i s s s s s s s s s s t t t t t t t t t t t t t i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n c c c c c c c c c c c c c c t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t i i i i i i i i i i i o o o o o o o o o o n n n n n n n n n n n n b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b e e e t w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a n n n d d d

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Case Studies Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuadorAlameda Central, Mexico City Mexico. A park that is similar in context and culture. The site is consider a place where people can relax and enjoy the energy of Mexico City without being overwhelmed by it.Ž (Mexico City Guide) Central Park, New York City United States of America. The parks shows the perfect scale and amenities in an urban city. From the early to the modern days it has become an icon of great public open space. Parc Andre Citroen, Paris France. In the Idle of Paris. Parc Citroen offers two green houses and is considered a gateway for Parisians and visitors; however, it is a controversial design that has not gain the popularity of the people Parc de Bercy, Paris France. A vast 139 747 square meters hosts a successful didactic park located in one of the most visited neighborhoods in Paris. Parc de la Tête d'Or, Lyon Paris. The biggest urban park in France. That hosts diffreent activities and areas of learning. The size of the park is the closests one to the area of study. Parque Maria Luisa, Seville Spain. The park is a preamble for one of the most forward and progressive cities sin Spain, bringing activities and unique spaces that resemble the culture of the area. p p p e e e r r r f f f e e e c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c a a a a a a a a a a a a l l l e e e a n n n i i i c c c o o o n n n o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g r r r r r r r r r e e e e e e e a a a a a a t t t p p p u u u b b b l l l i t t t r r r o o o e e e n n n o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f f e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s t t t t t t t t t t t t t t w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w o o o o o o o o o o o o o o g g g r n n n t t t r r r r r r r r r o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v v e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s s i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l d d d a a a n n n d d d d d c c c c u u u u u l l l l l l l t t t t t t u u u u u u u u u r r r r r r r e e e e e e e e e e e . . . . . . T T T T T T T h h h h h h e e e e e e e e c o o o C C C C i i i i i t t t t t y y y y y     w w w w w w w i i i i i i i t t t t t t t h h h h h h o o o o o o o u u u u u u u u t t t t t t t t t t b b b b b b b b b b e e e i i i i n n n n n n n g g g c c a a a a a a . . T T T T T T T T T T T T h h h h h h h h h h h e e e e e e e p p p p p p a a a a a a a a a a a r r r r r r r r k k k k k k s s s s s s s s s h h h h h h h o o o o o o o o o o w w w w w w w w w s s s s s t t t t t h h h h e e e y y y s s s s s s i i i i i i i t t t t t t h h h h h h h h h a a a a a a a a a s s s s s s s s s b b b b b b b b b e e e e e e e c c c c c c c o o o o o o o o o m m m m m e e e a a a t h u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c e e e e e e e s s s s s s s s s s s s s s f f f f f f f u u u u u u u l l l l l l l d d d d d d d i i i i i i i d d d d d d d d d d d a a a a a a a c c c c c c c c t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t t i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i c par k T h a t t t t t t t t t h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h h central park parc de bercy parque del sol

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 12 Case Study Central ParkCentral Park, New York City United States of America. The world renown park has great program elements that involve comprehensive walking , running and bicycle routes . A zoo , conservatory garden and theater are also found on the site. A reservoir , a wildlife sanctuary and natural woods make this park an oasis in the middle of the Big Apple. People from all over the globe enjoy a multitude of amenities, such as a number of athletic fields. The urban park is a unique case study similar to the area of study. Central Park is 341 hectares. In contrast, the soon to be available open public space in Quito is 126 hectares. The context of Central Park is similar in nature to Parque del Sol. The green space is situated at the heart of Manhattan in a dense and cosmopolitan metropolis . central park parque del sol l l el cu l S S ua del s Sol s he m a num ark is cta ar d nn vo type context program

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Case Study Parc Bercytype context programParc de Bercy, Paris France The park is divided into three phases: The  Romantic Garden " encompasses fishponds and dunes; the  Flowerbeds Ž hosts a series of didactic areas dedicated to plant life;and  The Meadows Ž represents an expanse of open lawns which are perfect for leisure and pass time activities . In addition, sculptures that represent children and human rights can be found on the site, as well as a structure designed by Frank Gehry. Constructed between 1993 and 1997, the urban park is smaller than the project site selected, comprising a total of 14 hectares . This didactic open space is situated in the 12th arrondissement of Paris and is one of the cities most important parks , still holding some of the vineyards ( genus loci ) that once rested on the site. t x t t e e x x t t e c o o n n t t c c t y y p p e t y y p p e p e e p r o o r o o o o g g r r a r r a m a m l l el cu l S S ua portant p ite t parks , uated e ac ell as than ed in ect ct ed du ep lp by x t x x t t e e t t x x c c o x t t y y p p e p p e e r o o g g r r a a m type context program parc de bercy parque del sol

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 14 Case Study Parc de la Tete dOrParc de la Tête d'Or, Lyon Paris This open space is one of Frances supreme parks. The park includes a rose garden with more than 300 varieties. In addition, it houses a collection of 8000 different trees and a large lake on which boating takes place. The trails for joggers and cyclists are extensive. At the northern end of the park, there is a small zoo . There is also a variety of recreational equipment, such as a velodrome , boules court , mini-golf , horse riding and even a miniature train . The urban park is the largest of its kind in France, 117 hectares . For this reason it is the closest park in size to the area of study. Lyon is the second largest metropolitan area in France and is considered a major industrial and business center . el ecu l ua conside dered a of st no ve rgest stud nd d ur e oa er scale context program type parc de la tete d or parque del sol

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador ANALYSIS

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Land Uses Mixed used commercial/ residential. Lowmedium industrial areas. Public services and crafts Education, culture, health and welfare, religious, public administration, infrastructure installations. High density residential 200 hab/ha. Airport Site Medium density residential 121 to 200 hab/ha. The picture describes the character of the mix used land that surrounds the site . Existing Airport Site

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 18 Site Context Existing Pictures

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Site Analysis Existing green spaces and vegetation Existing Contaminated Soils Existing contour 2 1 1 1 1 Potential transportation connectivity 1 Structures to be removed. Existing bicycle route 2 Structures to be maintain. Potential gateway

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 20 Current ConditionsBROWN FIELD CLEANUP To clean hydrocarbons, the following procedure is advised: First, a semi-permeable membrane is placed on top of the existing contaminated soil. Afterwards, the soil is saturated with water. As you know, the by-products of petroleum do not combine with water and float due to the difference in density. The petroleum contaminants then get caught in the semi-permeable membrane and the area gets injected with chemicals (as needed) that will destroy the polluted molecules. It is a long term investment worth doing. Plants can be located in the low points of slopes, collecting any residue left from the cleansing process. ( Information by: Ivan Donoso) THE COMPLEXITY OF QUITOS GEOGRAPHY As ex-mayor Roque Sevilla states, ƒthe geographical characteristics that make Quito beautiful are the same source of complex problems.Ž Quito rests on a thin plateau, above 2,800 meters altitude, between Andean ridges and an active volcano. The city inhabits a cramped corridor with few prospects for expansion; over the years it has grown longer and thinner from north to south. High altitude makes engine combustion deficient due to a lack of oxygen in the atmosphere. Along with other problems including old and outdated buses and trucks that routinely circulate in the city, vehicle emissions have blackened Quitos air. TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN QUITO In an article published January 14, 2010, El Comercio reports that in Quito the average occupancy per automobile is 1.3 persons . An investigation showed that at a busy intersection, 80 out of 100 vehicles were transporting the driver only, resulting in lon g lines of 100 to 150 meters during peak hours. Follow Appendix for current maps. (http://ecuador.suite101.com/article.cfm/pico_y_placa_vehicle_restriction_in_quito#ixzz0loHS5aPf)

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuadorTopographical Sections Section taken from Parque del LagoŽ booklet 2008.Cut Landing Strip 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,0002,805 2,780 2,760 2,740 2,720 Topographic North South CutLongitude & Altitude (m) 1 meter = 3.3 inches Topographic East West CutLongitude & Altitude (m) 1 meter = 3.3 inches2,900 2,950 2,850 2,800 2,7500 2,000 4,000 6,000SITE SITE

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 22 Stormwater Analysis Floded areas due to a lack of drainage 2000 Number of Flooded Events 2000 0 1-2 3-4 5-6 7-12 Precipitation Map ( mm) 400 600 800 1000 1000 1200 1200 1400 1400 1600 1600 1800

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuadorDemographics hab/ha SITE 6 10 hab per hectare 12 25 26 50 51 100 101 150 151 300 >=301 Site: Aeropuerto Mariscal Sucre Quito Ecuador

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 24 Park relationship Connectivity within the site to the metropolitan area and green spaces

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador CONCEPT MAIN INSPIRATION: ART, TEXTILES AND EXISTING POVERTY

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Concept Organic Culture Ecuadors main export crops are bananas and fresh cut flowers, most of the latter being roses. Located 20 kilometers from the equator line, Quito is characterized by a perpetual nature, a constant annual temperature, a mecca for rural emigrants and a site for perennial life cycles. The combination of the rhythm and colors used by the indigenous people, plus the natural forms of the delicate flora and crops... Create a one of a kind layout! Main Structure Orchidiarium Botanical Gardens Kids Area Ethno Botanical Garden Athletic Fields/ community Gardens Teen age Zone Open green, arts area Water as main element ties all the elements

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 28 Masterplan Organic Culture Teen Age Zone Athletic Areas Open Green Areas Bridge/ Connectivity Community Gardens Botanical Gardens Kids Area Ethno Botanical Gardens Orchidarium 100 500 1 ACRE

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Concept Texture Chaos Quito is a cosmopolitan city, where the urban chaos is inevitable. The city is 42.85 miles long and 3.1 miles at its widest. Therefore, most of the important avenues extend from north to south. The crazy traffic of Quito; in addition, to the richness of the folklore and ethnicity makes the metropolitan area unique. This concept is based on the flux of transportation juxtapose to the texture of the art, crafts and the mestizaje of its people ( the racial and/or cultural mixing of Amerindians with Europeans). Main Structure Botanical garden/ Plaza Water Body Bosque Open green spaces Kids, community garden areas Water as main element ties all the elements

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 30 Masterplan Texture ChaosTeen Age Zone Athletic Areas Open Green Areas Community Gardens Botanical Gardens Kids Area Bosque 100 500 1 ACRE

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Concept Culture + Chaos + +

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 32 Masterplan Culture + Chaos Community Gardens Kids zone Bosque Butterfly Garden Orchidarium Rose Plaza Athletic Fields Urban Promenade Open Green Spaces 100 500 1 ACRE

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Concept Refinement * Context Map taken from an interdisciplinary team from Arizona University, University of Illinois and Cal PolyRefinement steps: Simplify pedestrian connectivity Incorporate potential areas for mix used and civictourist developments Resolve the lack of North South vehicular connectivity Group amenities according to its characteristics Tie concept directly to context

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 34 Finalize Program Didactic Buttery Garden Athletic Zone Didactic Orchid Garden Cultural Plaza Kid & Teenager Playground Memorial Didactic Rose Garden Didactic Herb Garden Urban Wetland Marina

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador DESIGN

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Strategic Masterplan 100 500 Islands of Gardens Rose, Butterfly, Orchids, EtnoBotanical Cultural Plaza Museums and Explannade Top: Athletic Fields Bottom: Wetland, Ecosystem Zone Top: Kids Teen ager Zone Bottom: Marina Memorial Mixused Development Commercial Development Main Lake Bridge BridgeBridgeBridge 1 ACRE

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 38 Facts Masterplan Islands of Gardens Rose, Butterfly, Orchids, EtnoBotanical Cultural Plaza Museums and Explannade Top: Athletic Fields Bottom: Wetland, Ecosystem Zone Top: Kids Teen ager Zone Bottom: Marina Memorial Bridge BridgeBridgeBridgeTotal Area 18.71 acresBuilding Types Rose Greenhouse & exhibition Butterfly Greenhouse & exhibition Orchid Greehouse & exhibition Etno Botanical Greenhouse & exhibitionTotal Area 50.74 acresBuilding Types Expo Center Natural Science Museum Anthropology Museum CafesTotal Area 16 acresBuilding Types Athletic Rentals Environmental Educational Center Storm Water Management Center Observation Center Total Area 16 acresBuilding Types Family Center Skate shop & rentals Family Rest room Kayak Rental Tour Boat Operations Storage Cafe Tourism Kiosks 100 500 1 ACREExterior pedestrian/ bike trail = 7 490 yards Interior pedestrian/ bike trail = 7 438 yards New road length = 5891 yards Parking garages located 5 min. from park, they will be situated inside the mix used developments.

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Stormwater Management 100 500 1 ACRE A. Stormwater is collected on roof tops and other impervious surfaces B. Water is directed to the artificial lake. C. Lake acts a bio remedetion pond. D. Native grasses and micro organism clean water E. Clean water is directed through sewage system to the Machangara RiverA B -E

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 40 Section Orchid Island 1020 NTS 12 12 12 12 LAKE1 157 ISLAND 105

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Section Cultural Plaza NTS 12 18 18 CAFE/ CIVIC BUILDING 10 30 ROAD 12 GRASS MOUNTS

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador 18 CAFE 18 35 12 12 30 ROAD 12 24 10 10 12 12 GRASS MOUNTS GREEN ROOF 25 42

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Section Kids & Marina Zone NTS 2430 LANE ROAD 24 SKATE CAFE 52 SKATE PARK 12

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador LAKE 145 24 15 20 MIX USED 4 4 2040

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuadorIsland of Gardens Masterplan Design Guidelines: Situate greenhouses in each island. Locate diverse terrestrial and aquatic flora that will increase wildlife and micro climate. Historic light poles are located every 50 feet with display banners, or baskets with perennials. 12 wide sidewalks with contrast porous pavers for a distinct character. Neon light at the contour of the island, surroundings and at fragmented lines for security and ambiance. No hand rails in specific areas to promote human and wildlife interaction.

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuadorIsland of Gardens Masterplan

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Parque del Sol Sol urban park . quito ecuador Explanade serves different purposesDesign Guidelines: The explanade serves for multi purposes. The green grass mounts are 3 high and offer a place to sit or lay down. Yellow triangular translucent walls serve as backdrop. Light to be incorporated with the grass and pavers. Main green center area, synthetic grass for high traffic. One feet high concrete band around bedding planters and water fountains for siting and edging.

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuadorRecreational Zone MasterplanDesign Guidelines: Situate soccer field, volleyball, basketball and tennis court in a north south direction. Place distinct pavers 3 wide framing the courts and fields. Light bollards are placed every 22.5, bolted to concrete footer. Recyclable trash receptacles every 110 fee. Bike racks to be used as boundary and edge.

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Wetland Zone MasterplanDesign Guidelines: Native grasses planted in lake to help lake as a bio-remedetion area. Sidewalk without railing allows interaction with nature. Tower and environmental centers to have a modern architecture. Locate shaded trees every 30. Residential houses will be located along this zone.

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Kids Zone MasterplanDesign Guidelines: Create a grid of turf grass for life size board games. White pergola follies every 50 Different bands of color pavers to delineate areas and give contrast. Light bollards to be located every 20 and go 5 on water for infinitive perception. Skate board park to showcase public and graffiti art. Hand crafted stone bollard and 6Ž bromze chains for boundry between the zone and the water.

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Marina Zone MasterplanDesign Guidelines: Financial District to be located along this zone. Light bollard to be located 6 apart with soft lighting acting as buffer. Create areas of port to embark water attractions. Shaded trees every 30 feet. Intercalate colorful trees with art sculpture along the perimeter.

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador Memorial Zone MasterplanDesign Guidelines: Wood and concrete platforms to be raised 2 from water. Glass curtains to be placed on site attached to platforms. Shrub hedging along airplane shape not to oversize more than 3 Paver lights to be placed in a chaotic manner. Water fountains to display colorful lights at night. Tempered glass to host names of crashed victims.

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuador APPENDIX

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Connectivity Map Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuadorMaps acquire from the Quitos Municipality.

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ReferencesI Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuadorCORPAQ Quito http://www.corpaq.com/ Quito Ocial Travel Site http://www.quito.com.ec/index.php?lang=en Construction Building Materials www.filbuild.info Culture Making http://www.culture-making.com/ EcoHome Magazine www.ecohomemagazine.com EL Comercio elcomercio.com Quito Distrito Metropolitano http://www.quito.gov.ec/ Landscapeforms http://www.landscapeforms.com/en-US/Pages/default.aspx

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Image Board Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuadorPorous pavers Reinforced grass for heavy duty traffic zones

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Parque del Sol So ol So ol urban park . quito ecuadorSame benches throughout the park tie the different zones The following elements are use to unifiy the park: Bike rack Bollard with Light Street Light

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POWER POINT PRESENTATION

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€ € € € €

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Conclusions€ € €