Group Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Title: El Pitirre
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 Material Information
Title: El Pitirre
Uniform Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Abbreviated Title: Pitirre (Camarillo Calif.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Wiley, James W
Wiley, James W
Society of Caribbean Ornithology
Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Publisher: Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Place of Publication: Camarillo Calif
Camarillo, Calif
Publication Date: 1991
Frequency: bimonthly
Subject: Ornithology -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Birds -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Language: In English, with some Spanish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 1988)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 2002.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 1, no. 3 covers the period May-Aug. 1988.
Issuing Body: Newsletter of the Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology, Jan/Feb.-Mar./Apr. 1988; the Society of Caribbean Ornithology, May/Aug. 1988-
General Note: Editor, 1988- James W. Wiley.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Vol. 15, no. 1 (spring 2002) (Surrogate)
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100143
Volume ID: VID00013
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 23284416
lccn - sn 99004863
issn - 1527-7151
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Journal of Caribbean Ornithology


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The Society of Caribbean Onlithology is a non-profit organization whose goals
are to promote the scientific study and conservation of Caribbean birds and theit
habitats, to provide a link among island ornithologists and those elsewhere, to
provide a written forum for researchers in the region (refereed jourrial--Ornitologfa
Caribefia, published in conjunction with the Puerto Rico Ornithological Society)
and to pmvide data at technical aid to conservation groups in the Caribbean.

La Sociedad de la Ornitolog(a Caribeha es una organizacidn sin fines de lucro
cuyas metas son promoter el estudio cientlfica y la consen*acian de la avifaucta
caribeita, auspiciar un simposio anual sobre la ornitologia caribefia, publicar utla
revista profeslonal 11amada Ornitalogia Caribefia (publicada en conjunto can la
Sociedad Ornitol6gica de Puerto Rico), ser una focate de comunicaci6n entre
ornildlogos caribefies y en otras Arcas y proveer ayuda Idenica o dates a grupos do
conservation on cl caribe.

El Phirre is the newsletter of the
Society of Caribbean Oraithology,

El Pittirre es el boletin informative de
la Sociedad de la Ornitologin CaribeBa.

EDITOR: James W. Wiley, 1863
Ciprian Avenue, Camarillo, California

News, comments or requests should be
mailed to the editor for inclusion in the

Noticias, comealarios 0 peticiones
deben scr envfadas at editor para
inclusidn en el boleth.


TRICOLOR, FOR TOBAGO. William L Murphy, Trevor Yip Hot
and Adolphus James .................................................... 2
....................................................,, 3
Wiley .................................................................... 4
.......................................................................... 11
CUBAN SOCIETY OF ZOOLOGY. .................................. 12
POSITION WANTED. .............. ...........o........ 13
MEETINGS OF INTEREST .....................,,........,-,,,,....... 13
IMPORTANT NOTICE. ...............,,,,,............................... 14


winter in California and 'll*xas. Wilson's Phalarope is a
common migrant in the western portion of the United States,
but is much less common east of the Mississippi River
(Farrand l983).
Fall migration is direct, from the western and central United
States to the west coast of South America. Stiles and Skutch
(1989) considered it a common to abundant migrant in western
Costa Rica, but reported that the species was unrecorded on the
Caribbean slope. Harrison (1983) reported that most Wilson's
Phalatopes move south in autumn along the Pacific coast,
reaching Ecuador and Peru as early as late July, with some
individuals still in alternate plumage. From southwestern
Peru their migration seems to be across the Andes, with large
concentrations seen moving south at 2,400-4.770 m elevation
in August and September, with hundreds seen during August
on Lake Titicaca (Harrison 1983).
'llie majority of Wilson's Phalaropes winter from Peru and
Uruguay south through Argemina and Chile, ranging south to
Tierra del Fuego, the Falkland Tslands, and even to the
Antarctic Peninsula (Conroy 1971). Extralimital records are
from Hawaii, the Galapagos islands, Brazil, and western
Europe (American Omithologists' Union 1983).
Caribbean reconds.-Sightings of Wilson's Phalarope in the
Antilles are scarce, but are increasing. Hitherto, the species
has been recorded from Old Providence; Grand Cayman and
Little Cayman, where it is a rare translent (Stadley 1965);
Jamaica in early April (Vocus 1983); Hispaniola; Puerto Rico,
where it is a rare visitor from August to March, with four
records (Raffaele 1989); St. Croix, where one bird was
observed 10 and 19 October 1981 at Estate Shays with Lesser
Yellowlegs and Stilt Sandpipers (Sladen 1988), one bird
observed on 6 October 1987 (Norms1987), and where Raffaele
(1989) reported "regular records during the 1980s";
Guadeloupe; Martinique; and Barbades, where gunners
regularly report the species (fute M. B. Hutt). B0ad (1985)
gave the-range of dates of occurrence in the Caribbean as 8
September-10 October and l April-11 May.
Bond's reforcuce to the species in the Caribbean is
noteworthy. In his early publications (Bond 1936, 1947), he
listed no records for lbe Caribbean. In 19568 he added Wilson's
Phalarope to his list of accidentals (Bond 1956), with records
fum Guadeloupe (recorded by L'Herminier in the early 1880s)
and Martinique (specimen, collected 25 September, year not
given, by R6v6tend P6te R, Pimbon). In later revisions,
editions, and supplements, Bond added records from Barbados
on 18 September (Bond 1960), Little Exuma and Jamaica
(Bond 1971), and Grand Cayman, Old Providence, Hispaniola,
and Puerto Rico (Bond 1985). His ecord from Little Exuma
is of particular interest in that it probably refers to an
individual seen there on 3 April by Brudencil-Bruce (1975),
who described it as "either Northern Phalarope or Wilsorts
Phalarope." It appears that Bond eventually rejected the
sighting, dropping Little Exuma from his list of locations in
his later publications.
Wilson's Phalarope is rare in the southern Caribbcun, with a
total of five records from Bonaire, Venezuela, and Surinam.
Voous (1983) reported 3 sightings from Bonaire during the
1970s: a single bird at Great Salt Lake 25-27 January 1970,
another individual there in January 1971, and a flock of about
10 at Goto on 8 March 1979. On the South American


William L, Murphy? Trevor Ylp Holz and
Adolphus Jamesz
I 7202 Mathew Sures Greenbelt, Maryland 20770, U.SA.,
2Mown St Benedict Guest House, Tunapana, Trinidad, West
Indies, and ZScarborough Post Office. Tobago, Khst Indies

On 28 September 1990, Charles and Betty Crabtree, Andrew
Cunningham, Fayc Barnes, Mary Hurd, and the authors
discovered a Wilson's Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor) at
Buccoo Marsh, 7bbago, West Indles (60042'W, 11023'N). The
phalarope was feeding in cattle-grazed, partly submerged grass
along the margin GEa brackish pond bordered by red mangrove
(Rhizophera mangle). The phalarope associated with Greater
Yellowlegs (7Hnga melanoleuca), Lesser Yellowlegs (I
flavipes), Solitary Sandpipers (I solitaria), and Spotted
Sandpipers (4ctitis macularis). We studied the bird at length
and Inter that evening relocated and photographed it, because
no strong fantal systems or hurricanes were present during the
weeks preceding this sighting, we assume that this bird was
simply a vagrant The sighting constitutes the first record of
Wilson's Phalarape for libago and one of the few, but
increasing, number of records for the Caribbean region.
The phalarope was in typical plumage. It was pale gray
above and pure white below, with a faint facial mask and dull
yellow Ings that were shorter than those of the Lesser
Yellowlegs. Its needlMike bill was clearly longer than its
head. As It fed wills the other shorebirds, it was conspicuous
because of its slimness, extreme paloness, and quick
movements. When flushed, it uttered a single low "chocks.
note. In flight, it showed uniformly dark wings, a while
rump, and a whitish taiL Its feeding behavior was distinctive
- it crouched low and swung its bill from side to side like an
Similar species.-Of the three species oE phalampes (Red
PhalaropeR fulicarius, Red-necked PhalaropeR lobarus, and
R tricolor), Wilson's is unique in having an exceptionally
long, narrow, black bill and longisit legs and in lacking, in
basic plumage, a strong white wing stripe, a dark-centered
rump, and a striking black mask (Johnsgard 1981, Harrison
1983). Lesser Yellowlegs could possibly be confused with
Wilson's Phalarope, but the former has finely spotted
upperparts and either dark streaks or a grayish wash on die
throat and upper breast Another species of shorebird that
could possibly be confused with Wilson's Phalaropc is the
Still Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus), which is overall a much
grayer bird in basic plumage than Wilson's Phalarope and
which bas a noticeably longer, heavier bill that droops near the

Range.-Unlike the wide-ranging Red and Red-necked
Phalaropes, Wilson's Phalarope is almost totally restricted to
the Americas. It beceds on prairie potholes and sloughs from
southern Yukon south to central California eastward to
Manitoba, Minnesola, and Kansas, icss commonly around the
southern and eastern Great Lakes, and locally 18 New Mexico
and Massachusetts. It wimers in southern South America,
with a few individuals land sporadically throughout the

Page 2

El Pitlrre Vot 4, No. 2

Patterson, R. L. 1980. Possible unrecognized spring
migration routes of Wilson's Phalarope. Wader Study
Group BulL 29:36.
Raffaele, H. A. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Puerto Rice
and the Virgin Islands. Revised edition, Princelon Univ.
Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
Sladen, F. W 1988. Some new records and observations of
birds in the Virgin Islands. Am. Birds 42:1227-1231.
Spaans, A. L., and L. Autar. 1982. First record of Wilson's
Phalarope (Phalaropustricolor) from Surinam. Bull. Brit-
ish Ornichol, Club 102:114-115.
Stiles, F. G., and A. E Skutch. 1989. A Guide to the Birds
of Costa Rica. Cornstock Publ. Assoc., Ithaca, New York,
Voous, IC H. 1983. Birds of the Netherlands Antilles. Do
Walburg Press, Zutphen, Tbc Netherlands.


Threatened Vireo Populations of IsIns San Andras
and Providencia, Colombia, West Indies
Jon C. Barlow and Mark K. Peck
Department of Ornithology, Royal Omaria Museum, Toronto,
Ontario. Acis 2C6

The small Colombian islands of San Andras and Providencia
in the southwestern Caribbean are home to 4 virco taxa, as
well as 15 other species of resident landbirds, all of which are
at special risk because of habitat loss. The two scrub vireos
(subgenus Vireo) number about 400 birds on Providencia and
200 (confined to about 6 square km.) on San Andras. The two
Black-whiskered Vireos (subgenus Vireosylva) are primarily
arboreal and comprise ca. 100 pairs on Providencia and no
more than 25 pairs on San Andras. Were cowbirds to reach
either of these islands, the survival prospects for passerines in
general would be bleak. Both islands he well outside of
burricans alley la the Caribbean, but the seven season of 1988
did alTect the islands to some degree.

Distribution and Relative Abundance Patterns of
Columbids in Puerto Rico
Frank E Rivera-Millin
Department of Natural Resources Puerta de Tierra, Puerto Rico

la July 1986, a standardized sampling scheme was established
to examine the distribution and relative abundance patterns of
columbids during the different seasons of the year "n the life
Zones of the island. The relative abundance al columbids
peaked during the spring-summer period (March-August). The

Wilson's Phalarape Murphy of al.

Wilson's Phalatoy Murphy at at

mainland, one bird was observed at Chichiriviche, Estado
Falc6a, Venezuela, 5-7 November 1977 (Altman and Parrish
1978), and one individual was seen in Surinam about 50 km
east northeast of Paramaribo, 23 September 1980.
Although Wilson's Phalarope historically has been
considered accideninI En the Caribbean, the increasing number
of observations there during the 1980s would seem to indicate
a change in their migration route. Morrison and Manning
(1976) reported that Wilson's Phalarope has rapidly expanded
Its breeding range northeastward in Canada, and Patterson
(1980) suggested that, beside their traditional migration route
along the Atlantic coast, the species may have established a
new Inland migration route through the Appalachian
Mountain. If the trend continues, Wilson's Phalarope may
eventually be recorded throughout the Lesser Antilles and
northeasIcm South America. The present record from lhbago
thus may begin to fill the gap between northeastern South
America and the Lesser Antilles'
We thank an anonymous reviewer for suggestions that
improved the manuscript.

Literature Cited

Altman, A., and C. Parrish. 1978. Sight records of Wilson's
Phalarope, Ruff, and other shorebirds from Venanda, Am.
Birds 32309-310.
American Ornithologists' Union, 1983. Check--list of North
American Birds, 6th edition. A.O.U,, Lawrence, Kansas'
Bond, J. 1936. Sirds of the West Indies. Acad. Nat, Sci.
-. 1947. Fidd Guide to the Birds of the West Indies.
Macmillan, New York*
1956. Check-List of the Birds of the West
Indies. Fourth edition. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia*
1960. Birds of the West Indies, First American
edition, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.
-. 197L Birds of the West Indies, 2nd editiott'
Collins, London-
-. 1985. Birds of the West Indies, 5th edition,
Collins, London.
Bradley, P. 1985. Birds of the Cayman Islands. Published by
the author. George Town, Grand Cayman, British West
Brudenell-Bruce, P. G. C. 1975. The Birds of the Bahamas-
Taplinger PubL Co., New York.
Conroy, J. W. H. 1971. Wilson's Phalarope in the Antarctic.
Brit. Antarctic Survey Bull. 26:82-83.
Farrand, J., Jr. 1983, Audubon society Master Guide to
Birding. Vol. 1, Loons to Sandpipers. Alfred A. Knopf,
New York-
Rarrison, P. 1983. Seabirds; An [dentification Guide.
Houghton Mifflin Co., Bostan.
Johnsgards P. A. 1981. Plovers, Sandpipers, and Snipes of
the World. Univ. Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London-
Morrison, R. L G., and T. H. Manning. 1976. First breeding
records of Wilsort's Phalarape for James Bay, Ontario. Auk
Norton, R. L. 1987. West Indies Region. Am. Birds
El Pitirre Vol. 4, No. 2

Page 3


Quiscalus Varlaci6n- Sinchez et al.

Colacidn de Ave. Agulcro ct at

caribaeus) reconocidas para Cuba. Se consideraron siete
variables morfoldgicas exterRas (largo de] ala, largo de la cola,
largo del tarso, largo de la garra, largo, ancho y allo del pico).
Para andlisis interpublacional se empleason anklisis de
componenics principles, funcidn discriminated, d4cimas deF
para determinar la interrelacidn de los factors sexo y localidad
y el estad(stica G para tablas de contigencia, a fin de detectar
asociad6n entre la abicacide de los individuos en los groups
definidos por los components principles (confirrnados per un
andlisis de agrupamiento empleando Distancia Euclidcana) con
localidades costeras a no costeras. Se detectartm diferencias
altamente significatives entre sexos para todas [as variables y
localidades las que enmascaran la variacidn interpablacional,
per lo que esta debe ser analizada separando los sexos. Las
bembras resultaron ser mbs variables que los machos y no
utilizables para analizar la variaci6n interpoblacionaL

Nwevos Registros de Rynchopus niger Linneo,
1753 (Aves: Laridne) en Cuba
R Blanco y H. Gonzdicz
burieuto de Ecologta y Sistemdfica, Academia de Ciencias de
Cuba, La Haband, Cuba

La especie migratoria nedrcticaRynchopus niger (Gaviola Pico
de TIjrea), he sido considered trusts cl presented un ram
transeunte universal para Cuba. En el presented trabajo se
muestra la relacide de 22 nuevos registers de esta species en
ecosistemas cubano durante el perfodo de 1958-1990, a partir
de observaciones de campo, revision y anMisis del material de
colecciones zool6gicas del Musee Nacional de Historia
Natural, 51 Instituto de Ecologia y Sistem6tica de la Academia
de Ciencies de Cuba y recapilaci6n de registros de aves
anillades en Ambrica del Norte y recuperadas en Cuba desde
1,914 hasta 1990, suministrada per Bird Banding Laboratory de
Estudes Unidos. Sc ilustran grificamente las regions del
archipi6Iago cubano can mayor nilmero do aves capturadas
entre las que se destacan La Habana, Matanzas y Sancti
Spirits. Se muestran las Areas donde se realizaron los
anillamientos en Normam6rica entre los que se destacan
Virginia, New Jersey y New York, Sc hace referencia alas
possible rutas migratorias utilizadas per esta ave durame sus
desplazamienta a trav6s del Caribe y so propane considerar a
esta species come transeute com6n en actro pais durante el
period utigratorio.

Composition Sistematica de la Colection de Aves
(Pleles) del Instituto de Ecologfa y Sistematica
Instinao de Ecologra y Sistemdrica, Academia de Cienciar de
Cuba, La liabana, Cuba

Se afrecela composici6n de la coleccida bbsicade aves (pieles)
depositada en el Instituto de Ecologia y Sistematica, la que estA
representada par 2,090 ejemplares que pcrtenecen a 241
species de las mAs de 340 species reportadas para Cuba,
agrupadas en 21 didenes, 45 families y 139 g6neros. En esta
colexidn estin representedos el 87% de los g6ncros end6micos,
El Pitirre Vol. 4, No. 2

cl 90% de las species end6micas y e] 89.2 de las subespecies
end6micas. Ademis en esta se hallan depositados los tipos
primatios de 12 subspecies cubanas (hol6tipos), ast coma 28
pardlipos. La familia Emberizidae resuha ser la mcjor
mpresentada en cuanto a nilmero de species y cantidad de
ejomplarcs. Las families Cleoniidae, Cathastidae. Haemento-
podidae, Alcidae y Stumidae no est5n representadas an esta

Inventario de la Herpetofauna y Oruitofauna
Silvestris del Parque Zoologico National
S. O. Cubillas, J. L. Polo, J. E Soy yE Martfnez
Parque Zooldgico Nacional, Academia de Clenciar de Cuba,

El Parque Zool6gico Nacional de Cuba ocupa unu extensi6n de
350 hectimas, en las cuales se observan cuatro comunidades
bidticas fundamentales, donde existen condiciones para cl
asentamiento de fauna silvesire en general. Tomando esto en
consideraci6n, se inicid en el aft 1983 un program para el
studio de dicha fauna, la que en algunos casos se he asociado a
los animals ex6ticos en exhibicidn. Como primera fase de
este studio, se ba ordenado un listado de cuatro species de
anfibios; 19especies de reptile y 113 especies de aves, que
han sido observados en las dlferentes comunidades. Este
studio nos demuestra la importancia natural del Area en el
present, a la vez que comribuye a preservarsus valores para cl
future, 10 que podd lograrse paratelamente at desarrollo del
cenho debide a que la concepd6n del mismo estd basada en el
cread6n de ambiences naturales por excelencia.

Abundancia y Distribucion de Ias Palomas
Terrestres Cnbanas (Generos: Geotrygon y
Daysi Rodrtguez y Barbara SAnchez
hastinue de Ecolog(a y Sistemaitica, Academia de Ciencias de
Cuba, Cluded de La Habana, Cuba

Sc estudi6 la ccologfa de las palomas terrestres cubanas en tacs
localidades de la Cidnaga de Zapata y on una del sur de la Isla
de la Juventud, desde 1986 hasta 1989. Se evalu6 el estado de
las poblaciones utilizando m6todos de abundancia absolute y
relative; la parcel circular resuled cl m6todo dis apropiado
para ustimar la densidad. Enla Cidnaga de Zapata las palomas
tuvieron un aumento de su densidad y frecuencia do ocurrencia
hacia la zona mis conscrvada (Los S6balos), dando 01 Camao
mayores de la Juventud s610 so encontraron poblaciones
estables de Boycro y Barbiquejo; la Paloma Perdiz (Starnoena.s
cy territorio. Los valores morfom6tricos absolutos y relatives y
las caracterfslicas del microhibitat, condicionan al parecer las
diferencias en cuanto a la densidad y distribuci6n local do estas
palomas. "Ibniendo en cuenta que estas species se encuentran
on la mayoral de sus Mbitats disponibles, se propone aplicarles
la category de poco restringida y no la de n*stringida como
consideraron otros aulares.
Page 5


Conducts de Asociacion de Varius Especies de
Aves como Factor de Supervivencia
J. P. Say y S. O. Cubillas
Parque Zooldgico Nacional Academia de Ciencias de Cuba,
Cluded de La Habana, Cuba

El estudio de la interaccida y las relaciones entre los animates
es de gran importancia para la comprensi6n do su conduct
sociaL En la ornitofaunasilvesire que habits a concurre dontro
de las 350 hectireas que ocupa el Parque Zool6gico Nacional,
se observaron y analizaron cinco asociaciones different entre
las siguientes species: There Sabancro (Charadries
vociferu.s), Zarapico Solitario (Tringa solitaria), Zarapico
Semipalmeado (Calidris pusilla), Becasina (Gallinago
gallinago), Zarapico Patiamarillo Chico (Tringa flavipes),
Cabiporra (Himantopus mericanus), Gaviola de Forster (Sterna
forester). Se midicron tas distancias sociates y de fuga, Se
compmbd que la razdu de cada una de dichas asociaciones era de
beneficia para unas especies y sin perjuicios para ninguna.
Estas associaciones observadas contienen un factor de
supervivencia intrinseco que implica so importance evolutiva.

Dinamica Poblacional de Negrito (Melopyrrha
nigra) y los Tomeguines (Tiaris canora y T.
olivacea) en el Area Protegida "Mil Cambres" -
Resulendos Preliminares
Xiomara Gillvez y V. Berovides
Empresa de Proreceidn de la Flora y la Fauna; y
Farnizad de Biologra. Universidad de I.a Habana, Cuba

Se presentan los resultsidos preliminaries de un alio de studio
sobre la densidad publaciortal measual del Negrina (Afelopyrrha
nigra), el tomeguin del Pinar (ZYariscanora) y el Tbmegufn de
la Tierra (I alivacea), en el firea protegida "Mil Cumbres,"
Pinar del Rio. Los contees mensuales so hicieron en seis
localidades diferentes, utilizando el m6todo de la banda
transecto y registrando directamente los animales observados.
El Negrite siempre se encontr6 solo, en pareja o en pequefios
grupos, pero los Timeguines formaton bands mixtos de husta
30 individues. Las densidades ditideron significativamente
entre localidades y entre meses, can picos de mayo-juma a
agosto-sepliembre. Se discuton los resultados en relaci6n can
la crfa en cautiveria y el manejo de las poblaciones de las tres

Ecolog[a Trofica de Ias Principales Especies de
Aves que Afectan el Cultive del Camaron Blanco
en Tunas de Zaza
M. Acosta, Lmirdes Mugica y Giselle AlvareZ
Facukad de Biologra, Univesidad de La Habana, Cuba

Se realize una evaluaclin del consume de alimentos
desarrollado por la Coruu de Mar (Phalacrocoraxauritus), la
Corua de Agua Duke (Phalacrocorar olivaceus) y cl Galleguito
(Lanuarricilla) en los estanques de cha artificial de camarones
blancos (Penaeus schmitti) ca Tunas de Zaza, provincial Santi
Spiritus. se encontr6 que aun cuando ins tres species
forrajean en las inismas dreas, existen diferencias importantes

Ecologia 110fica de Aves Acosta el ul.

cu la composicidn de sus dietas, ya que en la Corua de Mar los
camarones constituyeron entre el 67% y el 83% del alimento
consumido y el resro peces, En la Corua de Agua Duke s6lo
el 7% fue camarones, manifestando una amplia predilacian
por los pequctics peces que pueblan la superficie. Por su parte
el Galicguito s610 ingiri6 camarones que le arrebataba alas
coruas cuando emerging a la superficie. Thniendo ert cuents el
contenido energ6tico de las press ingeridas, ast como su
proporci6n en Ja dieta y el tamailo de Ias poblaciones de cada
una de ]as especies estudiadas, se calcu]6 un consume anual de
21.25 toneladas de paces y 32.04 toneladas de camarones en el
Area muestrada.

Actividad y Explotacion del Subnicho Estructural
de una Comanidad de Aves en la Reserva de In
Biosfern Sierra et Rosario
C. Arredondo Antilnez, V. L6pez Rodrfguez, Isis Arce Alvarez
y M. Pdrez Bejerano
Fackad de Biologia, Instituto Superior Pedagd gico "Enrique I
Hzrona, Cludad de La Habana, Cuba

Durante tres aflos de trabajo (febrero de 1987 a onero de 1990)
se realize un muestreo con fracuencia mensual, utilizando el
mitedo do transepto lineal para el studio de una ornitocenosis
on un mosque siempre verde medio on la zona de El Cuzco,
Sierra del Rosario, Pinar del Rio, Cuba. Se detennin6 la
densidad de la comunidad (indJha) en cada uno de los horarios
establecidos por los autores. En el harario 1 (08:00-09:59)
se registraron las mayores densidades y la mayor actividad de la
comunidad de aves. Las observaciones de campo relacionadas
can la explotaci6n del subnicho structural (unco, rama,
arousto, suelo, aire y las alturas 1 (0-13 m), 2 (L51-3 m) y 3
(>3m) evidencian que el subnicho rama y [as alteras 2 y 3 son
los mds utilizados per las aves en este tip de ecosistema.
Tanto para la actividad de la comunidad come para la
explotacide del subnicho structural se establecen
comparaciones entre el period migratorio do aves nefkrticas
(scptiembre-abril) y el no migratorio (mayo-julic).

Anillamlento de Aves en unu Localidad de la
Cienaga de Zapata, Cuba
P. Blanco, A. Llanes, Ana J. Roaddn, J. Fiatio y L. D,
Institute de Ecologia y Sisteadtica, Academia de Ciencias de
Cuba; Empresa para la Pmisecian de in Flora y la Fauna;
Empresa Forestal lategral Cidnaga de Zapata; y Delegacidn
Territorial de la Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, Cuba

La Peninsula de Zapala est6 geogr6ficamerite ubicada al sur de
la provincia de Malanzas, so extensi6n territorial y diversidad
de bibitats naturaics permite una variada composici6n de la
ornitocenosis durante el aiio. Esto permite cl exiloso
desarrollo de prayectos dirigidos at estudia de los
desplazamientos y migraciones de aves presidents y migratorias
en la regian. Sc realize un plan de capture y anillamiento de
aves cola localidad de Linch de Quintela durante el periododel
5 al 10 de febrero de L989. se report la capara de 89 aves
Page 7

El Pitirrc Vol. 4. No. 2


Conservactoo de Amazona teucocephala Galvez et aL
colorra para anidar. A 6stos, junto con palms sembradas para
numentar los sitios do nidificacion, so le midieron ocho
variables del propio nido y cinco de la vegetaci6n circundante.
Las colorras prefieren los nidos sembrados para anidar por la
mayor profundidad de la cavidad, menor allure de la entrada y
menor densidad do olras palms barrigonas. Con este m6todo
de siembra, la poblaci6n se Encrement6 a una tasa de 1,21
indivJailo. La profundidad del nido fue el components
estructural que mis influy6 en el ndmero de pichones que
volaron. Se exponen adembs los datos preliminates relatives a
abundancia y datos reproductivos on Ias localidades de Mil
Cumbres, Cayo Poweros, Hato Miliftn y Loma de Cunagua.
Por illtimo, se presentan datos relatives a la crfa en cautiverto
de 16 picitones y eldisefio elaborado para el establecimicrto de
criaderos artificiales.

Estudio de Humedales. Oraitofanna de Ambiences
Acuaticos de la Costa Sur Oriental
L. O. Melifm Hern&ndez, Margarita Ayarde Aguilar y J. A,
Plans Fajardo
Departamento de Ciencias Naturales, institute de Ecologra y
SistemArica, Acadenda de Cienciar de Cuba, Swaiago de Cuba: y
Departamento de Clencias Naturates, Instituto de Geograjia,
Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, Santiago de Cuba

Se places6 todala informaci6n geogrfifica de la costasur desde
Punta de Mai8f a Cabo Cruz para determinar los possible
humedates de interds para este trabajo. De los mismos se dan:
nombre, localizacidn, superfide y altitud. Atendiendo a los
parAmetros oblenidos, flmdamentalmente la extensida
superficial, so estudiaron los m6s significativos entre los alios
1985 y 1990. De los humedales estudiades se da informaci6n
derallada cle: Lipo de ambientc acuittico, descripci6n de la
localidad, avifauns acufitica y no acublica presentes en el
humedaL Come resultado del trabajo y basbadose en estos
estudios, se dan criterios de importacia de la regid8 hfimeda que
se trate y una lista anotada que agrupa las aves presences on
estos ecosistemas.

Cicle de Vida del Sahanero (Starnella magna)
(Aves: Icterinae) en el Jardin Botanico Nacional
Lourdes Mugica y M. Acosta
Facultad de Biologra, Universidad de La Habana, Cuba

Se estudia el cicle de vida de la poblacidn de Sabaneros
(Sturnella magna) que habitat on las dreas del Jardin Bot6nico
Nacional, mediante el mitodo parcela, entre los meses de
mazzo de 1989 y febrero 1990. En la parcela muestlcada cl
tainatio de la poblaci6n fu< de 33 & 3.4 individuos on la etapa
no reproductive y 22113 en la reproductive, mientras que las
poblaciones calculadas para lado cl Jardin Botinica fucron de
165 & 15.3 y 109 1 16.5 Endividuos en cada etapa. La
distribuci6n espacial de los sitios de ferrajeo result6 scr
agrapada debida a que ]as zonas mAs ablerias sonias preferidas;
construyen los nidos en et sudo en pcqucitas galerfas entre la
hierba, can entrada lateral; generaimente panea cuatm huevos
que son incubados entre 11 y 12 dfas. Sc brindan dates acerca

Cicio de Vida de Sturncila magna Mugica y Acosta
de la dindmica de cinco characters medidos a los pichones

Consideraciones Ecologicas sobre la Cornunided de
Aves Carroileras de Cuba y Mexico
M. Acosta, Lourdes Mugica, C. Jubten y Elvia Jim6nez
Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de La Habano, Cuba; y
Facuhad de Ciencias Universidad Aut6noma de Mdxico; Mexico

Se analize la estructura de la comunidad de aves currolleras
presence en algunos estados de M6xico y se establecen
comparaciones con las poblaciones decadrarresaxon de Cuba
en el primer trimestre de 1990. Las mayors densidades
encontradas en M6xico se correspondieron can attitudes
inferiores a los 600 m sobre el nivel del mar, predominando
Coragypsacreads on tas zonas bajas de Veracruz y Catharte.s
man en las cercanfas de Acapulco. Polyborusplancus 3610 fue
detecteda por debajo de los 300 m sobrc cl nivel del mar. La
intensidad do agregacidn alcaa26 valores superiores para C.
atrodus. Los valores de densidad, tomaila de grupo e intensidad
de agregacion para C, aura fueron mas elevados ea las
poblaciones cubanas.

Ornitocenesis Asoclada a los Setos Vives de
Neiva, Cuba Central
A. Homhndez Mutioz, C. E. Maya L6pez y E. A. Acosta
COM4RN.4, Academia de Clencias de Cuba, Ciudad de La
Habann, Cuba; y Jardin Bordnice de Smued Spirian, Cuba

Se realize In evaluacidn ecoldgica de la ornitocenosis asociada
a los smos vives de Neiva, Cuba Cemral, entre 105 meses
comprendides do abril de 1990 a marzo do 1991. La riqueza de
species mbxima fue de 20 y la promedio de 12, can un 15%
de endemismo y un 45% de migratorias. Se observaron tres
especies criando on los setos vives: Zenalda macroura,
Columbinapasserina y Mimus polyglottos, de ellas dos (Z.
macrourn y M. polyglanos), fueron dominantes numdricas.
Los valores mis elevados de abundancia relative se presentaron
en el period compreadido de mayo a octabre. La diversidad
promedio alcanz6 2.0349 y la equitatividad fuc de 0.8140. Las
species se agruparon seg6n los hiblios alimentarios as Mete
gremics, siendo los mds importautes: insectivoros de follaje,
gradvotes e insectivoros mixtos.

Inventario y Anfiladento de Aves en Cayo
Pardon Grande, Camag(icy, Cuba
Bdrbara Sinchez, Arturo Kirkannell y Days[ Rodrfguez
Institute de Ecologin y Sistemdfica, Academia de Ciencias de
Cuba; y Musea Felipe Poey Cindad de La Haband, Cuba

Se da a cancer la relaci6a de aves de cayo Pared6n Grande,
detectedas durantc el mes do actubre de 1988, 1989, 1990 y
marzo del Ghimo allo, asi como el resultedo del anillamiento
de aves en an matorral xeromorfo coaster y on la costa arcnosa
en octubre de 1990. Hasta la focha so detectaron 941 species
residents permanentes (51) y de migratorias (43). La posici6n
Page 9

El Pilitre VOL 4, No. 2


El PitIrre \bl. 4, No. 2



The Bahamian Avian Component of the Northern
Coast of Cuba
Orlando H. Garrido and Arturo Kirkconnell
Mused Kacional de Historia Natura( La liaband, Cuba

Three components of the Bahamian avifauna are reported fIom
isolated cays of the northern coast of Cuba, as well as on the
Cuban mainland! Black-faced Grassquit (Tiaris bicolor),
Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola), and Thick-billed Virco (Vireo
crustrosnis). Meristic datra of specimens colleered in Cuba
were compared with data Crom birds collected in the Bahama
Islands by Donald Buden. A summary 0( the distribution of
these taxa was compiled, as well as a reconsideration of their
presumed origin, including that of the Bahama Mockingbird
(Mirnus gundlachii). Maps with the distributions of these four
species are provided.

Current Status of the [vory-billed Woodpecker
(Campephilus priracipalis) in Cuba
Giraldo Alay6n and Orlando H. Garrido
Mano Nacional de Historia Naturat La Habana, Cuba

Three individuals of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker were found
in Ojito de Agua, GuantAnarno Province. Some notes on the
woodpecker's biology and morphological characters arc
prescuted. Information on the habitat, food habits, and local
distributlet are also given. A partial chronological history of
the woodpecker's discovery and reported status is presented,
from Gundlach's 19th century observations through the recent
sightings in the 1980s.
The Taxonomic Status of the Stripe-beaded
Tanager, Spindalis zena (Aves: Throupidae), in the
West Indies
Orlando H. Garridol, George B.Reynard2, Arturo Kirkconnell,
and Robert Suttons
IMusiv Nacional de Historia Natura( La flabana, Cubn; 2105
Midway, Riverton, New Jersey 08072 U.SA; and 3Marshatt's
Pen, RO Box 58, Mandeville, Jamaica

'lhxonomic Status of Spindatis zena Garride et at
The taxonomic status of the Stripe-headed Tanager (Spinddis
zena) in the Greater Antilles and Cozumel island, Yucatin, was
analyzecL Meristic data, coloration, and weight of the seven
described taxa were examined. A tabic with extremes and
means of all measurements is presented. Vocalizations were
also compared, using sonograms of some of the main taxa.
These analyses suggest a rather polylypic species; a complex
porroricerwis, and S, nigricephalu.s. Therefore, the Jamaican
population becomes an endemic species, Spindalis
nigricephalus, whereas Puerto Rico and Hispaniola are
represented by two endemic subspecies:5pituialis porroricensis
porroricemis in Puerto Rico, and S. p. downinicensis in
Hispaniola (including Gonav6 Island).
The third allospecies, Spindalis rena, is also a polytypic
species, represented by five endemic subspecies: Spindalis
rena zena for some islands of the northern and central
Bahamas;S. z. townsendi, confined to Grand Bahama Island,
Great Abaco island, and Great 'llirtle Cay; S. z. pretret
distributed in Cuba; S. z. salvini, confined to the island of
Great Cayman; and S. z. benedicti, on Cozumel Island,

del 27 de enero al l de febrero de 1992
Universidad de La Hubana
Facultadde Biologfa

La Facultad de Biologfa de la Universidad de La Habana se
complace en anunciar la celebraci6n de un evento scientific
soble la Enscilanza de las Ciencias Bioldgicas en la Educacion
Superior. Es prop6sito del Comit6 Organizador promover on
amplio intercambio y debate acerca de los problems mAs
relevantes en la formaci6n de especialistas en Ias diferences
ramas de la Biologia, asi coma en la imparticida de ]as
distintas asignaturas biol6gicas de las carreras universitarias en
los passes iberolatinoamericanos. Como parac de las
actividades del Evento se realizard un Encuentra de Decanes y
Directores de facultades y Escuelas de Biologfa que promovera
la comunicaci6n y cooperaci6n entre los bidlogos de la regl6n.

Las tum&ticas generales a abordar son:
-Zalogia -Bioquimica -Flsiologfa Animal
-Bothica An6tica -Fisiologfa 16getal
-Microbiologfa -Ecologfa
-Biologia Celular -Biefisica
-Bioteenclogia -Antropologfa
Ademis, se realizardn sessions plenarias en mesas redondas y
simposios en las que se debatir5n problems do interds general
para las Ciencias Biol6gicas, tales come:
--'Cantecei6n de planes de studio
-Utilitacidn de la computacl6n en la enseilanza de la
-Incorporacidn de los advance dentificos on la Eduenci6n

Pige 11

Censes Acrees de Catharles aura \Votzkow y Armensol
m, para los horarios de la mailana (09:0D-12:00) y in tardo
(15:00-17:OD), respectivarnente. El mayor registro do allura es
de 1,700 m, observado en la cuenca del rio Cauto, 6 km al N
del Pico del Gato, Santiago de Cuba. Pese al car6cter
preliminary de las observaciones yalas pocas observations
realizadas on algunos biotopos, son evidentes Ias dlferencias
Untre las fases de desarrollo de cultives hclidfiles y entre los
different grades de antropiraci6n de limas forestales. La
aburidancia de secursos alimentaries, la visibilidad y cl valor
termico desprendido par el suelo, pareecri ser los factores que
determinan estas preferencias-



Retired ornishologist-zoologist with broad experience in West
Indian zoology. Bilinual (English/Spanish). Contact: Dr.
David Wetherbec, 91 Reynolds Rd., Shelburne, Massachusetts
01370, U.S.A.


3-7 August 1991 The Society of Caribbean
Ornithology, St. Luda, Lesser Antilles. (Jorge Moreno,
P.O. Box 5887, San Juan, Puerto Rico DD906; or James
Wiley, U.S. Fish and Wildllfe Service, Southwest Research
Group, 2140 Eastman Ave., #100, Ventura, California 93003,

6-11 August 1991 Ameriena Federation of
Avieniture, San Diego, California, U.S.A. (AFA, P.O.
Box 56218, Phoenix, Arizona 85079-6218, US.A.).

11-15 August 1991 Wildlife Disease Association will
hold its 40Eh annual meeting at the University Park Holiday
Inn, Fort Collins, Colorado, (Bill Adrian, Colorado Division
of Wildlife, 317 W Prospect, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522,
USA; telephone 303-484-2836).

13-17 August 1991 109th Stated Meeting of the
American Ornithologist? Union, Montreal, Quebec,
Canada. (Dr. David Bird, Box 193, MacDonald Campus,
McGill University, Ste. Anne De Believue, PO H9X 100,
Canada; telephone 514--457-2000).

22--29 August 1991 22nd International Ethological
Conference, Otani University, Kyoto, Japan. (22nd IEC
Secstarial, c/o Simul Intemational. Inc., Kawa Bidg. No.9, 1-
8-10, Akasaka, Minato-ku, Thkyo, 107 Japan).

13-15 September 1991 Omithological Atlas
Conference, Keystone, Colorado, U.S.A.. (Hugh Kingery,
Zoology Department, Denver Museum of Natural History,
2001 Colorado Blvd., Denver, Colorado 80205, U.S.A.)

23-27 September 1991 Workshop on Snevival
Analysis of Recapture Data from Marked Animal
Populations, Fort Collins, Colorado. Focus on model
building and model selection. (Janis Johnson, Colorado
Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Rescarch Unit, Room 201
Wagar Bldg., Colorado State University, Fr. Collins, Colorado
80523, U.S.A.; lelephone 303-491-6942).

23-28 September 1991 Association of Avian
Veterinarians, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. (AAV, Central
Office, P.O. Box 299, East Northport, New York 11731,
17-20 October 199L Colonial Waterbird Society
annual meeting, Fort Magruder lun and Conference Center,
Williamsburg, Virginia, U.S.A. (Ruth Beck. Biology

Department, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg,
Virginia 23185, U.S.A.; telephone: 804-221-2217).

6-10 Novemoer 1991 Raptor Research Foundation
meeting, Htslin Hotel, Thisa, Oklahoma. (Ms. Keven V
Colbert, George M. Sutton Avian Research Center, P.O. Box
2007, Barticsville. Oklahoma 74005, U.SA Papers or films
on any aspect of raptor biology are invited. For an abstract
form, contact M. Alan Jenkins. at the same address; telephone
918-336-2473. Deadline for abstracts is 15 August).

3-9 November 1991 IV Neotrophal Ornithology
Congress, Quito, Ecuador. (Humberto Alvarez-Lopez,
President; Nancy Hilgert de Beavides, Local Arrangements
Committee, Corporaci6n Ornilal6gin del Ecuador, Casilla
9068 S-7, Quito, Ecuador; telephone: {593-2]-240-642).

2-5 December 1991 American Association for the
Advancement of Science, Caribbean Division, San Juan,
Puerto Rico (Dr. George V. Hillyer, 617-A Pathology, School
of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, San Jean, Puerto
Rico 00936-5067).

27 March 1 April 1992 57th North American
Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference,
Charolette, North Carolina, U.S.A.

9-12 April 1992 The Wilson OrnithologicM Society
will meet with the Florida Ornithological Society at
IGssimmee, Florida, US.A.

10-15 May 1992 International Symposium on the
Preservation and Conservation of Natural History
Collections, Madrid, Spain. (Julia GEsbert & Fernando
Palation. Musea National de Ciencies Naturales, Jos Gutierrez
Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain)

13-18 June 1992 The Animal Behavior Society,
Queen's University, Kingstan, Ontario, Canada. (L. Ra(clifEe
or P. Colgan, Department of Biology. Queea's University,
Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6 Canada).

22-25 June 1992 Society of Avian Paleontology and
Evolution (SAPE) will hold its third symposium at the
Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main,
Germany. Those who wish to participate and to receive the
next circular of information should notify D.S. Peters,
Senckenberg Museum, Senckenberg-Anlage 25, D-6000
Frankfurt/M, Germany.

24-27 June 1992 The American Ornithologists'
Union annual meetinL Iowa State Universily, Arnes,
Iowa, U.S.A.

El Pitirre Vol. 4, No. 2

Page 13

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