Front Cover
 Executive Summary
 Table of Contents

Title: Annual report
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100101/00005
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Publisher: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Place of Publication: Gallows Bay, St. Eustatius, N.A.
Publication Date: 2007
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100101
Volume ID: VID00005
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


This item has the following downloads:

STENAPA Annual Report 2007 ( PDF )

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
        Page 1
    Executive Summary
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Table of Contents
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
Full Text



STENAPA is a non profit foundation set up by Statians who wanted to protect and preserve
the flora and fauna of the island for future generations to come.

Our purpose is to serve the well-being, the education and recreation of Statia's population and
visitors to the island. All this with due observance of the primary requirement of preservation.

STENAPA was given the mandate by the Island Government to manage the marine and
national parks. STENAPA also manages a botanical garden that is being established to
preserve flora and as an attraction for the island and a place for locals and visitors to spend
some leisure time.

The year 2007 has been exceptional for STENA PA as w e continue to grow and get recognition
as a leading foundation on the island.

The main objectives for 2007 were pretty much the same as 2006 which were to make the
parks more financially sustainable, enhance professionalism by upgrading buildings and staff,
continue on development of phases in the botanical garden, continue educational programmes
for schools and public, continue with the turtle protection programme, and conduct research
and monitoring projects on environmental issues.

Our major accomplishments for 2007 were: the national park status for our marine park
designated by the central government which was supported by the island government; the
official opening of our visitor centre by the Acting Governor General of the Netherlands Antilles
which saw a great attendance by the general public; the celebration of our 10 years
anniversary of the marine park; commencement of phase two development of the botanical
garden; the further development of our education program ith junior rangers II and a summer
club; and the passing of our first audit that is a requirement of DCNA.

The management and staff of STENAPA did an excellent job during the year to keep us on the
right track. Well done guys you are truly appreciated. We also got some new board members
who I would like to say welcome to the family of STENAPA, and thank you to all board
members for your input. We have a very good team that is very dedicated to STENA PA and
the environment of St. Eustatius. We appreciate the funds that we got from all the funding
agencies that kept us going through 2007, we sincerely thank you. STENAPA is here to
protect and serve the environment, people of Statia and visitors. Please help us do it as we
can not do it alone.

Thank you very much.

Please visit our w eb-site atwww.statiapark.org

President of STENA PA: Irving M Brown

St Eustafius National Parks


St Eustatius National Parks Foundation continued to develop and achieve a range of
objectives throughout 2007 whilst invasive species continued to be the main terrestrial threat
and commercial shipping w as the main threat to the Marine Park. There w ere some changes
in board membership and staff, and the most staff/volunteer time went into the Botanical
Garden development and maintenance and the Sea Turtle Conservation Programme both
with dedicated staff members.

* St Eustatius and its surrounding marine habitats is home to 19 IUCN Red List species, 10
CITES Appendix 1 species and 98 Appendix 2 species.

STENAPA has a number of key ordinances, permitting procedures, rules and guidelines in
place for a range of activities.

STENAPA works with 24 stakeholders and partners including local government and
businesses and a number of international partners.

STENAPA has access to 40-45% of the information sources required to manage a
Protected Areat

Main threats to the Protected Areas are invasive species including bees, Corallita and
roaming animals, that have taken up the most staff time on land (355 hours); commercial
shipping has taken up the most time for the Marine Park staff (558 hours).

Key programmes outside core work of the National and Marine Parks: the turtle
conservation programme has taken up 2418 hours of staff/volunteer time and the Botanical
Garden has taken up 1488 hours of staff/volunteer time.

There were nine research projects on land including research into invasive species, and
seven research projects relating to the marine park including commercial shipping work.

45% of staff time is spent on administration for the Quill / Boven National Park, 52% for the
Marine Park, with the Manager spending 55% of time in Administration and 15% of time
working with Constituents.

The nine staff members of STENAPA have 20 years of service between them and 57% of
staff time is spent on the Marine Park, the remainder on the Quill / Boven National Park
and Botanical Garden.

Consultants have been used for administration work planning, accounts and design.
Volunteers and interns have been used extensively, mostly for administration, and
monitoring and research, contributing a total of 392 weeks of work in 2007.

A wide range of achievements were realized in 2007, varying from the week of events to
celebrate the 10 year anniversary of the Marine Park through to management planning for
the Marine Park to extensive travel/training, fund raising and education projects.

t 18 information sources have been identified in Kenchington, R A Managing marine environments, New York, 1990, a further 4
have been added for the DCNA Management Success Project.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustafius National Parks





















Antilliaanse Mede Financierings Organisatie

Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, Netherlands

Convention for International Trade in Endangered Species

Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance Foundation

Inter-American Convention for the Protection and Conservation of Sea
Netherlands Committee for the International Union for the Conservation
of Nature and Natural Resources
Kleine Natuur Projecten Fonds Nederlandse Antillen/Small Nature
Project Funds Netherlands Antilles
Afdeling Milieu en Natuur/Section of Environment and Nature of the
Ministry of Public Health and Social Development, Netherlands Antilles

National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, USA

Prince Bernhard Culture Fund

Prince Bernhard Nature Fund

St Eustatius Marine Park

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

United Nations Environment Programme Caribbean Region

Uitvoeringsorganisatie Stichting Ontwikkeling Nederlandse Antillen
(Responsible organisation for foundation of development of the
Netherlands Antilles)

Netherlands Representation in St Maarten

Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Network

World Turtle Trust, Haw aii

World Wild life Fund

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustafius National Parks


1 Management Organisation 6
1.1 Board 6
1.2 Committees 6
1.3 Staff 7
1.4 Intern Programme 8
1.5 Statia Conservation Project Volunteer Programme 8
2 Objectives for the year 9
3 Administration 13
3.1 Finance 13
3.2 Administration 13
3.3 Accounting systems 14
3.4 Staff training 14
3.5 Office and Visitor Centre 15
3.6 Equipment 15
4 Statia National Marine Park 16
4.1 Diving 16
4.2 Yachting 19
5 Quill / Boven National Park 20
5.1 Hiker Visits 20
5.2 Trail maintenance 21
5.3 Quill/ Boven Management Plan 22
6 Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden 23
6.1 Phase 2 development 25
6.2 Educational activities 28
6.3 Fundraising 28
7 Monitoring and research 29
8 Law enforcement, policy and legal issues 35
8.1 Law enforcement 35
8.2 Lobbying 36
9 Information, Education and outreach 37
9.1 Information, education and outreach 37
9.2 Public information 38
9.3 Education 39
9.4 Public relations, media and information 41
9.5 Friends of STENA PA 42
10 Travel 44
11 Projects 45
12 Recommendations 48
13 Financial Reporting 51
14 Acknowledgements 53
15 Appendices 54
15.1 Appendix 1: Details and activities of the volunteer programme 54
15.2 Details of press and magazine articles 56

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustafius National Parks


Table 1 STENA PA board members in 2007 6
Table 2 Staffing details 7
Table 3 Progress against 2007 objectives 9
Table 4 Proposed park user fee increase 13
Table 5 External training courses attended by staff in 2007 14
Table 6 Divers registered with Statia National Marine Park (1999-2007) 17
Table 7 Number of yachts visiting Marine Park (2001-2007) 19
Table 8 Purchase of National Parks entrance fee (2001-2007) 21
Table 9 List of research and monitoring activities (2007) 29
Table 10 Courses and events attended overseas by staff and board members 44
Table 11 Current projects 46
Table 12 2008 Objectives 48
Table 13 Interns assisting with STENAPA in 2007 54
Table 14 Working Abroad volunteers assisting STENA PA in 2007 54
Table 15 Details of all recorded newspaper and magazine articles 56


Figure 1 Volunteer time spent on core management and terrestrial/marine work 8
Figure 2 Staff time allocation for core management tasks of the Marine Park 16
Figure 3 Nationality of divers registered with Statia National Marine Park (2007) 17
Figure 4 Diver visits to each dive site in the Marine Park (2007) 18
Figure 5 Nationality of yachtcaptains visiting Statia National Marine Park (2007) 19
Figure 6 Quill/ Boven National Park staff time allocation for core management 20
Figure 7 Five phase conceptual plan, Botanical Garden 25
Figure 8 Division of themes of the 46 press articles in 2007 42
Figure 9 Hours spent on Marine Projects 45
Figure 10 Hours spent on Terrestrial Projects 45

Note: unless otherwise noted, photographs in the report are accredited to STENAPA and are
not listed here.


Nicole Esteban
Manager, St Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Gallows Bay, St Eustatius
Netherlands Antilles

Email: manager@statiapark.org
Phone/Fax: +599 318 2884
Website: www.statiapark.org

Thanks to all staff that assisted with preparation of this report. In particular, contributions
from Mary Enright-Olson and Danielle Stehlikw howorked on data analysis and information

Cover images: Aerial view of St Eustatius from the north (credit: Mauricio Handler)
Green turtle in Statia National Marine Park (credit: Brenda S Kirkby)

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks


1.1 Board

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation has a permanent Board of Directors, which oversees
Foundation activities (Marine Park, National Park, Botanical Garden, other) and directs overall
strategy. Elected Board members have additional responsibilities in accordance with
respective positions. Board meeting intervals were established in 2005 with new Statutes so
that monthly meetings take place, as well as emergency meetings, and a total of ten meetings
took place in 2007. Bi-annual elections for officers are due in April 2008 in accordance with the
Table 1 STENAPA board members in 2007
Name Position Representing
Irving Brown President
Ronald Courtar Vice President
Jana Mason Treasurer
Ingrid Walther Member Dive centres
Kay Boyd Member
Daniel Eaton Member
Ira Walker Member
Ruth Pandt Member Beautification Committee
Pamela Berkel Member Statia Pride

There were three new Board members in 2007. After three years representing the dive
centres, Michele Faires (Golden Rock dive centre) stepped down, and Ingrid Walther
(Scubaqua dive centre) took over. Two additional applications for Board membership were
accepted in early 2007 and Ruth Pandt represents the Beautification Committee of the Island
Government, and Pamela Berkel represents Statia Pride to allow the two foundations to work
more closely to achieve joint goals.

In 2003, the Board invited the local fishermen and the Island Government to nominate a
representative to the Board. These two positions remain open.

1.2 Committees

There w as one active committee in 2007:

Botanical Garden Committee: In June 2003, Board members voted to establish a Committee
to oversee the Botanical Gardens. This Committee meets every quarter (or more frequently if
necessary) to review actions decided previously, decide on next steps or projects and ensure
that developments remain within STENA PA's vision for the Botanical Garden. Meetings take
place at the Botanical Gardens with the Manager, Botanical Garden Ranger and Intern.
Members of this Committee are Jana Mason and Ira Walker. Minutes and actions of these
meetings are recorded and sent to Board members with the Manager's bi-monthly reports.
Major decisions in 2007 concerned the development of phase 2: landscaping plans for the
Fruit Garden and Children's Garden were developed and approved.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

1.3 Staff

The Island Government transferred STENAPA Board member, Jessica Berkel to staff as an
Office Administrator in January 2007. This enabled office support and media networking to be
greatly improved at no additional cost to STENAPA. It also meant that Jessica had to resign
her position on the Board of STENAPA. A new National Park ranger, Hannah Leslie
commenced in February 2007 to replace former ranger, John de Bruin. The new staff
members resulted in additional training costs (first aid, dive training). The Education officer
was shared with Saba and St Maarten and left in August 2007. Staff employed during 2007
are listed in
Table 2.

Table 2

Staffing details

S0 c /)
0) 0 0
o -"C
o o E .0
y .- ._o o o -oa c o

RManager (*mae 00
00 E "0 _

Ranger (marine) aa) r
Position Name < E W >_ >_ n
Man eager Nicole 5 MSc Divemaster V V
Esteban I
National Park Walter 5 Rescue
Ranger (*marine) Blair
National Park Nad io
Ranger (*marine) Spanner 3 BVO Rescue / -/
National Park Hannah
Ranger Leslie 1 Diploma Rescue / / V/ V/ V/ V/
Ranger Leslie
Botanical Garden Carlton
Ranger van Putten 2
Turtle Programme Arturo
Officer Herrera
Off ice Violet
Ofc V . . -3 Diploma / / / / / /
Administrator Busby D
Office Jessica
Of f ice Jessica 1 Di om / V/ / / / /
Administrator Berkel Diploma

Education officer Dominique 2 MSc Open Water
~____~__ Vissenberg _________

A total of five consultants were contracted by STENAPA in 2007:
* Versant Accountants for accounts management and preparation of Financial Statements.
SRJ Van Oosten for graphic design w ork and w ebsite development.
SD. Mac Rae (Coastal Zone Management) Marine Park Management Plan, Tanker Report.

April 2008

Annual Report 2007

St Eustaius National Parks

* Geert Pieters for Computer maintenance.
* Antekfor Payroll and Tax calculations.

1.4 Intern Programme

STENAPA continues to arrange for volunteers to come as Marine Park, National Park and
Botanical Garden Interns. It is expected that these volunteers have relevant qualifications or
experience in these fields, and that they assist with coordination for the Working Abroad
volunteers, particularly in the National Park (trail maintenance, sign building, species
monitoring, etc), Botanical Garden (planting, maintenance, garden development, etc) and
Marine Park (turtle monitoring, mooring cleaning, etc). The nine international interns that
assisted STENA PA in 2007 are listed in Section 15.1 -they carried out a total of 208 weeks of
work addressing core tasks of the protected areas.

1.5 Statia Conservation Project Volunteer Programme

Working Abroad, a French/UK based volunteer organisation has supported the Statia
Conservation Project since early 2003. Groups of up to eight volunteers visit for a period of
two months to work on the Marine Park, the Quill National Park and the Botanical Garden. A
contribution of $1267 is received from each volunteer to cover the costs of camping at the
Botanical Garden, use of a truck and for project costs.

During 2007, a total of 30 international volunteers assisted STENAPA with a total of 171
weeks of work on trail construction, garden development and turtle monitoring. Details of each
group and respective activities are summarised in Section 15.1.

Four local volunteers carried out a combined 13 weeks of work on administration support,
Reefcheck, co-ordinating visiting photographers, historical walks and bee control.

Travel-Training Working with
Infr constituents
Info rma t i o-

Monitoring and
resea rch

Figure 1 Volunteer time spent on core management and terrestrial/marine work

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks


The general objectives for 2007, including objectives for the organisation, for Statia Marine
Park, Quill / Boven National Park and Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden, were discussed
and agreed at Board Meetings in January-February 2007, and are listed in Table 3. Rather
than discussing progress against these goals in a separate section, comments are included on
progress against each objective within the same table. Where more detail is considered
important, the activities are explained in more detailed sub-sections of the Annual Report.

Table 3

Progress against 2007 objectives

Goal Progress
Financial sustainability: to continue to strive for The new fee system was proposed to the Island
finandal sustainability of the Parks by means of various Government. Dive centres agreed to voluntarily
projects: commence the new fee system from January
Increased souvenirs and visitorfadlities. 2008 pending government approval.
Tanker fee collection.
Publicity about guided hikes. Tanker fee collection was discussed at three
Review of Willingness to Pay study by meetings with Executive Coundl and a
Government and implementation of proposed dedicated meeting arranged for January 2008.
fee increase.
Ongoing plant sale. The plant sale expanded with increased sales.
DCNA participation.
Speci partidpai. STENAPA particpated actively in DCNA,
attending two board meetings and several
Executive Committee meetings.
National Park office building expansion project: Construction work was completed, fittings
Complete finishing touches to building (tables, computers, shelving, signage, etc)
construction. arrived for the Visitor Centre and souvenir sales
Improve the garden landscaping and plants section. The range of souvenirs was extended.
with plant markers. Expand souvenir sales Posters were mounted in the meeting room.
Put up information signage and photographs in New signage was completed and mounted by
visitor centre. Arrange meeting room area with the entrance gate.
additional furniture and audio/visual facilities.
Construct Visitor Entrance information sign for A new 'service brochure' was completed and
outside gate. distributed to all stakeholders. Extra copies
Prepare brochure about services and all fees. were delivered to the tourism office and
hotels/dive centres for marketing.

Education programme: The campaign on water was completed mid
Coordinate the campaign on water with 2007. The education officer then resigned the
monthly visits to all primary schools by the position.
Education Coordinator. Funding application for a 3 year education
Complete activity and financial reports for the programme was sent to Stichting Doen. Saba
Prince Bernhard Culture Fund for this project. and St Maarten informed STENAPA they no
Search for funding for school year2007/8 longer wished to have a shared Education
Plastic bag campaign: A report was submitted to the Executive Coundl
Discuss further actions with the Executive with recommendationsfor follow-up.
Continue public awareness via media Several radio shows discussed the campaign.
(newsletter, radio, etc).

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

Goal Progress
Board, staff and volunteers to lead by example. Shops were approached to sell eco-bags.
Complete activity and financial report to KNAP. Reporting was submitted to KNAP.
Research Corallita problem and suggest control Final meetings were held, and
methods: recommendations were published in the form of
Finalise study with 3rd visit in January by Pieter guidelines that were distributed at a public
Ketner and Joris Ernst. meeting and Executive Coundl meeting.
Prepare public and governmental meetings
with appropriate handout information. Recommendations for follow up were sent to the
Follow up on Corallita discussions at CABI Executive Committee.
regional meeting in Trinidad.
Follow up on recommendations of pilot project
with government and public.
Public awareness: The monthly radio programme continued and
Continue monthly radio programme with topics was replayed twice every first Thursday of the
about current activities in parks, about month.
STENAPA and about spedfic research. Quarterly newsletters were distributed.
Continue quarterly newsletters. The annual meeting was merged with seminars
Arrange annual meeting and 10th anniversary for the week long events to celebrate the 10t
marine park anniversary of the Marine Park
Newspaper artides. 46 press articles were registered.
Operational procedure handbook: A draft handbook was sent out to the Board for
Prepare handbook in consultation with Statutes and comment in December.
Marine Park management plan Information collection commenced in January,
Organise collection of information for followed by stakeholder meetings March-July,
consultant. and the draft plan was circulated in October,
Arrange stakeholder meetings. followed by the final plan in November.
Reviewplan and finalise.
Beach restoration project:
Consult with Executive Coundl about ReefBall Funding has not yet been allocated and this
project with management by STENAPA based project is on hold.
on approved management objectives.
Manage project with ReefBall when funding is
Yacht moorings: complete replacement of 12 Three new yacht moorings were installed in
moorings for yachts which were removed due to October and then the hoses ruptured and had to
deterioration. be sent to St Maarten for repair halting work
until 2008.
Turtle programme:
Carry out benthic habitat mapping of the Turtle nesting in 2007 was quieter than in
Marine Park previous years. There was an increased level of
Commence in-water monitoring of juvenile and community interest and participation in night
resident turtles. patrols.
Follow the same monitoring plans as 2006 for Reports were submitted to USONA in
nesting turtles. accordance with the project schedules.
Report to USONA with activity and finandal
Tanker impact survey in the anchorage zones in the The tanker impact survey was finalised in June
Marine Park 2008 and subsequently distributed.
Continue with consultation of Marine Discussions about the recommendations
Department of Statia Terminal. commenced with Statia Oil Terminal.
Finalise the report for this study and distribute.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

Goal Progress
Produce activity and financial report for KNAP.

Zeelandia Beach protection A letter was sent to Statia Oil Terminal
Continue plans for boulders to be placed to requesting permission to place rocks.
prevent access for sand removal from
seagrape roots. A variety of plants and trees were planted
Plant seagrapesto restore area. around Zeelandia to beautifythe area and assist
Arrange study to investigate impact of sand with erosion control.
mining. Sand mining inddents decreased.
Quill/Boven National Park Management Plan Information collection took place in November-
Organise collection of information for December when the author of the first
consultant. management plan, Jan Blok (Staatsbosbeheer)
Arrange stakeholder meetings. visited. Some stakeholder meetings took place
Reviewplan and finalise. at thistime, and the rest planned for early2008.
Improve information about Quill National Park: The trail signage was completely restored and
Prepare information signs about different expanded during March-April 2007.
themes for trail network
Source funding, print and mount. Information signs were planned and text was in
Carry out inventory of all trail signs. draft stage by end 2007.
Protection of land crabs in Quill: continue with A report about land crab population was
survey plans for land crabs, complete report and completed in June 2007. The report was
recommendationsfor legislation. reviewed by board members and no further
action considered necessary at this time.
Control of roaming animals in Quill/Boven: A study of the number and impact of roaming
Carry out study of number and impact of animals was conducted. The numbers have
roaming animals. considerably reduced and it was not deemed
Obtain license for STENAPA gun, carry out necessary for any shooting to take place in
operation to remove goats from the Quill 2007.
seek assistance.
Bird survey to compare 3 years of data, carry out The data comparison took place in early 2007.
annual monitoring and indude consideration of ban on However, the datasets from 2004, 2006 and
hunting doves during mating season: obtain information 2007 were difficult to compare a more robust
about species population numbers and protection monitoring system for bird populations is
regulations on other islands, develop recommendations required. This will be the focus of a DCNA
to protect the spedes. project in 2008-9.
Trail maintenance: to maintain the trail system, Trail maintenance took place 3 times weekly to
improve the 'Round the Mountain' trail (north side) improve the Round the Mountain trail (N and S
(which is difficult to follow and has recently eroded) and sides) and maintain existing trails.
improve signage.
Educational visits to the Botanical Garden: organise Almost every primary dass visited the Garden
school visits to the Botanical Garden for each class during the year. Educational activities were
during the year, with educational activities for groups at developed for different age ranges.
the Garden.
Start phase 2 of the Botanical Gardens: The Children and Fruit Gardens were delineated
Delineate, prepare plans and plant out in Fruit and partially feared (with a section approach)
Garden in order to prepare landscaping plans by early
Delineate, prepare plans and start plants for 2007. Plants were propagated from around
Children's Garden island.
A grant was obtained from USONA to fund
materials and landscaping/construction of
_pavilion and irrigation system.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

April 2008

Goal Progress
Public information: continue with preparation of plant A large number of plant markers (over 200)
markers for all plants of phase 1, continue plant have been prepared and are in position in
inventory information, phase 1. A project to produce standardised
information about each plant (with its position)
Local volunteer group: organise local volunteer group This did not take place though some local
for weekends with focus on Corallita. volunteers visit and help out during the week
Future development: plan development of remaining No further planning tookplace beyond Phase 2.
areas and volunteer fadlities.

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks


3.1 Finance

The organisation has continued to depend heavily on project funding for operational costs as
well as island government subsidy. Independent sources of income (fees, services and
souvenirs) vastly increased in 2007 however it is clear that the organisation needs an
additional $100,000 to cover annual operational costs. Work with DCNA to establish a
Conservation Trust Fund for one terrestrial and one marine park on each of the six Dutch
Caribbean islands will no doubt secure additional operational costs, however this Trust Fund
cannot be touched until earliest 2016 so that it is necessary to explore additional sources of
income. Due to the budget shortfall, STENAPA received Essential Operational Support from
DCNA to make up the shortfall in basic operational costs in 2007.

In addition to discussions with the Island Government about collection of other fees (tanker
anchorage fees, environmental departure tax, nature fee) during 2007, a proposal was
submitted to increase the park fee system. Although the new fee system was not formally
ratified by Island Government, stakeholders agreed to voluntarily implement the new fee
system as of 1st January 2008.

Table 4 Proposed park user fee increase
Protected area Fee type Fee amount
Existing Proposed
St Eustatius Marine Park Dive Single $3 $4
Dive Annual $15 $20
Yacht Nightly $10 $10
Yacht- Weekly $30 $30
Quill/Boven National Park Hiking Annual $3 $6
Combined Park fee Multi pass (Diving/Hiking) $25

3.2 Administration

A w ide range of administration tasks w ere achieved in 2007, varying from financial
administration through to terrestrial and marine park administration (patrols and maintenance).
Basic activities are summarised below:

* Reporting: Annual report 2007, weekly activity reports for the board, Financial Report,
monthly tank inventory report for dive centres.
* Planning: 2007 Marine Park Management Plan, 2007 Annual Action Plan and Annual
* Fundraising: Prof essionalization of National Park 2005-07 ($219,000), New shed andwater
trailer for Botanical Garden ($11,627), Development phase 2 Botanical Garden 2007-08
($20,000), Education coordinator 2007 ($11,627), Tanker impact report 2005-07 ($8,720),
Marine Park management plan 2007 ($8,720), IUCN operational support 2004-07
($201,000), Marine Park improvement 2006-07 ($55,000), DCNA marine park guidebook,
Turtle conservation programme 2006-08 ($93,023), Marine Park mooring maintenance
($5,872), Fruit garden and Children's garden 2007-08 ($28,779), Marine Park support
($23,225). Marine Park fishermen education project pending, DOEN Park
professionalization 2007-09 pending.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

* Patrols: three eekly land patrols (5 hours each) associated with trail maintenance, two
weekly boat patrols (2-3 hours each) and informal patrolling carried out during mooring
* Maintenance: two days perw eek of staff time spent on vehicle maintenance, two hours a
week on boat maintenance, two days week of staff time on botanical garden and office
maintenance, road maintenance once a month for 8 staff members for 5 hours each. Trails
and gardens maintenance on average all staff 1.5 hours aw eek, interns once aw eek,
volunteers once aw eek.

3.3 Accounting systems

Financial administration systems have not changed in 2007. A full-time Office Administrator
enters all book-keeping on Quickbook Pro. Reconciliations are carried out each month and
verified with the Manager and Treasurer.

DCNA provided accounting assistance to finalize the bookkeeping for 2007. VerSant
Accountants then prepared the Financial Statements and Accountant's Compilation Report for
the year ended 31 December 2007. Copies of the Financial Statements are available for
review at the National Parks office and balance sheet and income/expenditure included as a
final section in Annual Reports. In association with DCNA, Ernst and Young carried out an
audit on the Financial Statements for 2007.

3.4 Staff training

In-house training included informative sessions on Marine and National Park regulations,
orientation about the volunteer and intern programmes and history of STENAPA, and practical
skills necessary for dinghy driving, swimming, trail building and turtle nesting patrols. External
training courses attended in 2007 are listed below.

Table 5

External training courses attended bystaff in 2007

April 2008

Training course Trainer Trainee Dates
Emergency First Dive Statia Jessica Berkel July 07
Response: Primary Arturo Herrera
and Secondary Care Hannah Leslie
(CPR/First Aid)
PA DI Rescue dive Golden Rock Dive Centre Hannah Leslie December-
course January 08
PA DI Open Water dive Dive Statia Jessica Berkel December -
course April 08
HAZWOPER c/o Statia Oil Terminal Nadio Spanner July 07
Walter Blair
Hannah Leslie
Carlton van Putten
Arturo Herrera
Nicole Esteban
Violet Busby
Jessica Berkel
Hands on Tourist World Federation Tourist Hannah Leslie February -
Guiding Course Guides Association Carlton van Putten March 07
Nad io Spanner

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

3.5 Office and Visitor Centre

The office in Gallows Bay continues to be the main information centre for the Marine Park,
National Parks and Botanical Garden. Information about the parks and activities is also
available at the Botanical Garden, at the airport arrival booth and the tourist office.

The official opening of the new I cda
National Park Visitor Centre by Ge r
Acting Governor General of the o e
Netherlands Antilles AdBle
Pauline van der Pluijm-Vrede
was the launch of the week of
celebrations to commemorate
ten years of Statia Marine Park
from 3-7 December 2007.
Invited guests and general
public were invited to take a
look behind the scenes and
meet staff and volunteers before the gathering to officially open the Visitor Centre. In addition
to the Guest Speaker, speakers included Commissioner for Tourism Julian Woodley,
Representative for the Minister of Public Health and Social Development, Paul Hoetjes,
President of STENA PA, Irving Brow n, nominated dive centre representative, Rinda Hees from
Dive Statia, and Manager of STENA PA, Nicole Esteban.

Address by Commissioner Woodley Ag Gov General,STENAPA President & Manager

3.6 Equipment

All fixed assets are listed in the Accountant's Report. There were some equipment purchases
during 2007 in connection with the budgeted equipment for the new visitors centre and
facilities (computers, souvenirs, furnishings). All purchases were funded through special
projects, mainly Stichting Doen (listed in Table 11).

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustaius National Parks


Core activities in the Marine Park continue as provided by the Marine Environment Ordinance
(1996) and as set out in the updated Marine Park management plan (2007). Ongoing activities
unique to the Marine Park include administration (infrastructure maintenance), monitoring and
research, law enforcement, and policy and legal issues. Progress on 2007 objectives for Statia
National Marine Park are included in Table 3.

To summarise time spent on core management tasks, Figure 2 shows that 58% of the
combined staff time was spent working on the Marine Park. 45% of staff capacity was used in
Administration (essentially mooring installation and maintenance). Monitoring and Research
used 22% of staff capacity and 60% of the Sea Turtle Programme co-ordinator's time.

Working with

Education- -
Out reach

Law Enforcement-


Monitoring and

Figure 2 Staff time allocation for core management tasks of the Marine Park

4.1 Diving

4.1.1 Visitors divers and snorkellers
The number of divers registered with Statia National Marine Park remained identical to 2006.
Figures in Table 6 show that the number of divers steadily increased since the slump in
tourism in 2001/2; this is the first year that numbers have not increased. Unfortunately, the
proportion of divers purchasing an annual pass decreased between 2006 and 2007, resulting
in a reduction in fee income by some $3,000.

There was no change to the diver fee structure in 2007, remaining at $15 (annual pass) or $3
(single dive fee). The fee system ill change in 2008, as described in Section 3.1.

The Marine Park has been focusing on improving information for divers, producing a dive site
map in 2005 and a new mini-guide 'Diving in Statia Marine Park' in 2006. In order to improve
information for divers, a project to produce a guidebook about Diving in the Marine Park was
underway during 2007, involving creation of route maps, description of dive sites and collation
of images for a 200 page book. This book w ill be on sale from mid 2008.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustaius National Parks

Table 6

Divers registered with Statia National Marine Park (1999-2007)

Year Number of divers Annual passes Single passes
1999 955
2000 830
2001 322
2002 688
2003 1127 717 410'
2004 1353 1253 100
2005 1782 824 958
2006 2130 1410 720
2007 2130 1202 928

The large majority of divers in 2007 originated from the USA, followed by UK, Holland, France
and Germany (Figure 3). A larger proportion of divers came from the USA than previous years,
and many of these w ere yacht visitors that came onshore for one or tw o dives or visited on the
live-aboard dive vessel, Caribbean Explorer.

Figure 3

Nationality of divers registered with Statia National Marine Park (2007)

An analysis of dives in the Marine Park shows that there are clearly favourite dives, and that
each dive centre has different preferred sites. Popular dive sites are those closer to the
harbour, such as STENAPA Reef and Double Wreck, and also in the Southern Reserve on
sites such as Barracuda Reef and Hangover. As the Caribbean Explorer (weekly visiting live-
aboard) only dives at sbi sites with stronger moorings, Figure 4 presents the number of dives
for each dive site by each dive centre. Discounting data for the Caribbean Explorer, it is clear
that the most popular dive sites are STENAPA Reef (artificial reef that is popular as it's close

1 Single dive passes were not introduced until 2003.

April 2008

* UK
o Holland
O France
* Germany
* Canada
* Scandanavia
o Switzerland
* Austria
* Caribbean other
O South Pacific
* Antigua
* South Africa
* Netherlands Antilles
O other/unknown

Annual Report2007

St Eustaius National Parks

to shore, a good night dive site and divers often see turtles), Double Wreck (also popular as
it's close to shore and a good night dive site), Hangover and Anchor Point North (both in the
Southern Reserve).

Dive sites that have a permanent mooring and were infrequently visited are Drop Off (East and
West), Valley of the Sponges, Five Fingers (1), Crooks Castle, Jenkins Bay and Chien Tong.
Although there are low numbers of dives at the snorkel sites, Blind Shoal, Twelve Guns and
Inner Jenkins Bay, these sites are frequently visited by the Marine Park for snorkel and junior
ranger club activities. Some questioning of the need for maintaining expensive moorings at
these infrequently used sites is required in 2008. In mutual agreement with dive centres, no
moorings were maintained at Endless Reef, Five Fingers (2), Stingray, Doobie's Crack and
Tw in Sisters dive sites in 2007.


* Caribbean Explorer II
I Scubaqua
* Golden Rock
SDive Statia

wU 2 > [FL aFL
Ir E ,,, ^ Ei I

-C 0) LL LL

5 Cc < z 10 IT)g'> a -,. -,.C s>-
C > Co U) 0o To ) O<
~100 ~ w- 0 (3 U) a- -o a
O-| | *l -l l |
m~00 0 -1 -az
= 0 z U)
0 It: 2 Ell~av
< 0 = Z 1 0 0
< != < C cc
< Dive site

mH ( O m -
mb=" =Z

Figure 4

Diver visits to each dive site in the Marine Park (2007)

4.1.2 Mooring maintenance
In total, the Marine Park maintains 28 dive site moorings, three snorkel site moorings, three
reserve marker buoys and up to 12 yacht moorings. As shown by Figure 2, maintenance of all
these moorings (termed administration) takes up the majority of staff and intern time. Marine
Park staff aim to check each mooring once every month and to clean ropes once every two
months. Damage to dive moorings is usually reported to Marine Park staff by dive operators,
who were increasingly encouraged to report damage or the need to clean moorings in 2007.
There w ere no changes to existing dive moorings and no new moorings were installed.

During 2007, there were seven yacht moorings in place. Work commenced to install five more
moorings in November 2007 and was delayed until 2008 due to equipment failure (hose

April 2008


Q o


Annual Report 2007

St Eustalus National Parks

4.2 Yachting

Table 7 indicates the number of registered yachts anchoring or mooring in Statia National
Marine Park in the last seven years, and shows that there was a decrease of approximately
20% between 2006 and 2007. Although the efficiency of yacht fee collection remains similar
with daily collection of yacht fees (including every weekend), unfortunately the Willingness to
pay' by yachts has decreased due to increased harbour fees so that yachts sometimes refuse
to pay the Marine Park fee as they feel they have already paid their due. Awareness about
payment of yacht fees to the Marine Park has been enhanced with the new mini-guide though
rangers continue to experience problems with yacht fee collection.

Table 7 Number of yachts visiting Marine Park (2001-2007)
Year Number of yachts
2001 348
2002 313
2003 402
2004 460
2005 411
2006 385
2007 306

The majority of the yachts were private yachts (180 yachts), follow ed by bare boat charter from
St Maarten or Antigua (77 yachts). A total of 44 larger yachts or cruise vessels were chartered
with crew. It is felt that yacht tourism is an important market as many yacht visitors dive, hike,
use local taxis, services and restaurants or return as overnight guests to Statia at a later stage.
As shown by Figure 5, the majority of yacht captains come from USA, followed by UK, Holland
and France. In addition to individual and charter yachts, groups of yachts visited through
educational programmes such as Broadreach and Sea-mester during June-July and assisted
on projects such as clearing Corallita, beach cleaning, Quill clean-up and turtle monitoring.

o Holland
o France
SEurope other
0 Canada
0 Scandana ia
o Germany
0 Caribbean other
0 Australia New Z
0 Other

Figure 5 Nationality of yacht captains visiting Statia National Marine Park (2007)
In consultation with the Harbour, a new anchorage zone for 12 yachts was established during
2007. This zone forms the front line of boat moorings and follows the 5 metre depth contour in
Oranjestadbaai, w ith a slightly deeper zone (7 metre) at the northern end for larger yachts.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks


Core activities in the Quill / Boven National Park continue as provided by the Protection of
Fauna and Flora Ordinance (1997) and as set out in the National Park management plan
(2000). Ongoing activities unique to the National Park include administration (infrastructure
maintenance such as trails and signage), monitoring and research, law enforcement, and
policy and legal issues. Progress on 2007 objectives for the National Park is described in
Table 3.

To summarise time spent on core management tasks, Figure 6 shows that 42% of total staff
time was spentworking on The Quill/ Boven National Park. 52% of staff capacity was used in
Administration (trails, signage, safety controls). Information/Education/Outreach used 26% of
staff capacity and 40% of the National Park Ranger and an Administrator's time.

Working with
Travel-Training constituents

Outreach Administration

Law Enforcement

Monitoring and

Figure 6 Quill / Boven National Park staff time allocation for core management

Management activities within the Quill National Park included trail system construction and
maintenance, research, monitoring, public awareness and education. Activities relating to trail
maintenance were greatly enhanced by employment of a new National Park ranger with focus
on the Quill/Boven National Park made possible by the Stichting Doen project. The ranger
coordinated volunteer activities to enable regular trail crew activities on 2-3 mornings per
week, and also coordinated education clubs (snorkel club, junior ranger clubs).

Due to a landrights' dispute with a local animal owner, very few activities took place in the
Boven sector during 2007, with the exception of monthly monitoring and patrol hikes.

5.1 Hiker Visits

The number of hikers visiting the National Parks continues to vary with tourism season. The
sale of national park entrance fees continued at $3 per year and each hiker receives a
National Park mini-guide. Points of sale include the National Parks office, the Tourist Office,

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

the trail maintenance crew, two hotels, two dive centres and two taxi drivers. Information is
given to hikers about the trails, including a mini-guide, briefing about guidelines and the
current state of trails. Table 8 indicates the numbers of hikers purchasing National Park
entrance fees since sales commenced in late 2001. Although the largest purchaser of
entrance fees and guided hikes (MS Polynesia) stopped in 2007, it is believed that the number
of sales between 2006 and 2007 remained constant due to increase in points of sale.

Table 8 Purchase of National Parks entrance fee (2001-2007)
Year Number of hikers
2001 165
2002 287
2003 645
2004 1068
2005 841
2006 1029
2007 1031

The National Park organises hikes to the Quill crater for visitors, such as tourists from yachts,
groups of students, travel groups and diving groups, and guided hikes were given to 52 hikers
in 2007. The hikes are guided by staff or interns and can be arranged at a day's notice. The
most popular guided hike is to the crater ith second favourite being the Round the Mountain
hike to the Botanical Garden. Since employment of a full-time ranger in 2005, the number of
guided hikes has increased substantially though not covering a full-time salary by any
means. Rangers also gave an increased number of free guided tours to visiting journalists
and officials.

5.2 Trail maintenance

The majority of time (52%) spent on work in the Quill/Boven National Park focuses on trail
building and maintenance. Trail maintenance in 2007 was largely directed by the National Park
ranger, assisted by National Park interns and Working Abroad volunteers. Trail maintenance
was conducted during morning hours only (0700-1200hrs) with an average trail crew of 4-5
persons on three days per week, totaling over 2880 man hours during the entire year. In 2007,
crews focused on several major areas:

1. Step re-enforcement and erosion control on the Quill Trail 2 months of work estimated
480 man hours;
2. Re-construction of the Round the Mountain trail from Quill Trail to the Botanical Garden via
north-side- 5 months of work-estimated 1270 man hours this trail w orkw as difficult to
achieve due to the nine hives along the trail, requiring upgrade of bee control equipment
and large number of visits to the area to burn hives (as the area as too remote to relocate

Other minor trails were also maintained on a regular basis or as need arose, e.g. after a
landslide from the Quill rim buried a section of the Crater Trail in early 2007 and a tree fall
below the Quill rim in November. Trail maintenance included the Tompi Hill Head trail from
Gallows Bay to the top of the cliff, the trails to Mazinga Peak and Panorama Point, and the
Botanical Garden trail from the entrance of the Garden to join the Round the Mountain trail at

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

the intersection with the Bird trail. The trail to Boven was flagged to make it easier for
independent hikers to follow the route.

All trail signs were cleaned, re-painted and re-varnished in January-April 2007. Additionally,
new indicator signs were placed in tow n, on the Round the Mountain trail and on Mazinga and
Panorama Point trails. Additional signage information was collated for enhanced monitoring
and routine maintenance.

5.3 Quill / Boven Management Plan

Work started to prepare for production of a revised Quill / Boven management plan in line with
the DCNA project to arrange for management plans for all National Parks, and following the
completion of the Marine Park management plan in 2007.

Author of the existing management plan, Jan Blok from Staatsbosbeheer, visited St Eustatius
for two weeks in November-December in order to collect technical information for the
management plan, review activities, and meet with some governmental departments. Of note
Ing. Blok found that the trails had vastly improved and that populations of the Red Bellied
Racer Snake had increased since his last
visit in 2000. The stakeholder consultation
stage of the management plan w ill take place
early 2008 prior to completion of the plan.

.. .... .... .........~ Prior to the visit of Ing. Blok, staff w ere
assisted by Island Archaeologist, Grant
Gilmore and President of Historical
Foundation, Gay Soutekouw to explore
sectors of the Boven and Gilboa hills to map
important sites of historical, cultural and
natural interest and plan for the future trail
network and potential zoning. The adjacent
photo shows one of the many battlement
walls found on Gilboa and Boven hills.

A meeting took place with the Executive
Council of the Island Government to discuss
the management plan, and gain input,
particularly w ith respect to economic
development in Venus Bay. It was agreed
that STENA PA would develop a detailed plan
for a trail system and send it into the
Executive Council before starting trail
construction in the Boven sub-sector.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks


Activities to develop, maintain and provide education and awareness about the Botanical
Garden are directed by the Botanical Garden Committee (comprising two Board members,
Manager, Ranger and current interns) and organised, on a day-to-day basis, by Botanical
Garden Ranger and interns. In 2007, work was largely conducted in morning hours (0700-
1200hrs) with an average crew of 3-4 volunteers working daily (Monday-Friday) at the
Botanical Garden. The Ranger and Interns also worked in afternoons. As the Botanical
Garden is still in early stages of development, maintenance and plant care take a large
proportion of time. It is estimated that staff members worked 2000 man hours at the Garden,
and that interns and volunteers worked a total of 6000 man hours.

Phase 1 development was completed during 2006 and includes a Sensory Garden, Palm
Garden, Lookout, Shade house and Public Pavilion. Maintenance of these areas takes
approximately three days per week. Most of the costs for maintaining these areas is funded
through the projects budget of the volunteer programme. These areas are all open to visitors
and described in the mini-guide that is available at the Garden and the National Park Visitor
Centre. As these areas have been described in previous Annual Reports, this section presents
Phase 1 graphically (see follow ing photos) and then focuses on Phase 2 development, which
commenced January 2007 funded by a two year grantfrom the Prince Bernhard Nature Fund.

Dry Garden next to Lookout
" ;<

Entrance pergola, Lookout

Sound arbour, Sensory Garden

April 2008

I nnknut (Gardrn

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

Garden area above carpark
'%WA .--

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

6.1 Phase 2 development

The five phase conceptual plan for the Botanical Garden was developed in 2002. Upon
completion of the first phase in 2006, it was reviewed by the Botanical Garden Committee and
a decision was taken to include the Fruit Orchard and Children's Garden in Phase 2, to
commence in January 2007. Other phases would not be considered until Phase 2 is
completed in order to ensure that staffing and funding is available. In the meantime, the Bird
Observation Trail continues to link visitors through the rear wooded section of the Botanical
Garden to the rear gate and Round the Mountain trail, connecting with the trail system of the
Quill sub-sector of the National Park. Funding was awarded for Phase 2 development by
Prince Bernhard Nature Fund (paying salary for the Ranger for two years) and USONA (for
materials and contractors).

*t Phase 1: Completed 2005/6


T El (
i_'+7, 7tm"77- -E

Phase 2: Jan 2007-Dec 2008
Phase 3: Re-design during project

Phase 4: Re-design during project
Qnzcr rl Qa.rneIiin rlnrin nmiorr

T R A I L I / -.




. ... .... .. ..
i -- E_
. . . . . . . . .


Figure 7 Five phase conceptual plan, Botanical Garden
The Children's Garden is important because it will provide an aesthetically pleasing area for
children to play and learn. There will be an area with playground equipment, a picnic area, a
giant checker board, a shade house with a potting table, and a s mall pond.

The Fruit Garden w ill provide people w ith more information on fruit trees and help them gather
the information necessary to be able to successfully plant fruit trees at their own home.
Teaching people about planting fruit trees in their own yard will allow them to gather fruit
instead of having to purchase it from other islands.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

*- -J I puI II y ^ lrvU

St Eustalus National Parks

6.1.1 Fruit Garden Development
Work began in the Fruit Garden in January 2007. Currently, only a small percentage of fruit
trees have already been planted. These include: Bananas, Bread Nut, Coffee, Mango,
Grapefruit, Papayas, Pineapples (as shown below), Pomegranates, Sour Sop, Sugar Apples,
and Suriname Cherry.

The plants that w ere purchased but have
not yet arrived include: Avocado,
Breadfruit, Grafted Mangos, Orange,
Tangerine, Yellow Limes, Custard Apple,
Guava, Java Plum, Strawberry Guava,
and Wax Apple. In addition, there are
several plants that have to be
propagated through seeds or cuttings
including: Blue Grape, Canistel (Egg
Fruit), Cherimoya, Lemon, Malay Apple, Miracle Fruit, Natal Plum, Persian Limes, Rose Apple,
Rum Berry, and Sapodilla. Many of the cuttings currently in the shade-house at the Botanical
Gardens w ere taken from the personal garden of David and Mary Brow n.

Although all the fruit trees have not been planted, a great deal .
of work has been completed. Over half of the area designated ,--
for the Fruit Garden has been cleared of non-fruit bearing .
trees, weeds, and has been cleared several times of Corallita.
Unfortunately, the Corallita has continued to grow despite
hardworking efforts to remove it. In addition, stone walls were
put up around several of the established areas in the garden
and several cement stepping stones were created using
ceramic pieces found in the garden. In December, three
arches were built around the three different entrances to the
garden (see photo). Six signs were drafted to give visitors
more information on fruit trees in the hopes they would plant
the trees in their own yards, and production of fibre-glass
protected signs is underway.

The barriers to current planting include excess Corallita, lack
of steady water supply, and slow delivery of fruit trees.
Corallita is a hardy invasive species that is very difficult to
remove from the terrain. The plant is especially resilient to
being cut back above ground due to its durable tuberous roots.
Studies have shown that the plant can be weakened by '
destroying the foliage above ground and by applying herbicides. How ever, herbicides are not
used in the fruit garden w which allows people to safely consume the fruits at w ill. In addition,
there is an inadequate water supply. Currently, the water is being pumped from the cistern in
Phase I to a holding tank above the fruit garden. The holding tank works on a gravity based
system allow ing the water to travel dow nhill into both the Fruit Garden and Children's Garden.
Once the cistern is built in the Children's Garden it w ill provide a much more efficient system to
water both gardens. The last barrier to planting is the untimely delivery of fruit trees. Some of
the fruit trees have been ordered from St. Maarten and Florida, but have not been delivered
due to unavailability and miscommunication in the shipping business.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

6.1.2 Children's Garden Development
Work also began in the Children's Garden in January 2007. By August 2007, most of the trees
and stumps were removed from the garden. In addition, about a meter or so of land was
levelled right above the existing car park and a stone wall built. The area was cleared of
Corallita several times by hand.

A bulldozer was hired to make five even levels on either side of the road running up to the
Fruit Garden. The bulldozer served to not only level the area, but also to remove the existing
Corallita. In addition, the bulldozer dug a rectangular cistern hole on the top level, which w ill
provide most of the water for the Fruit Garden and Children's Garden. The pavillion for the
Children's Garden w ill be built on top of the cistern. After the bulldozing, the area was raked
to remove stones from the surface and pick-axed to remove the larger ones from beneath the
surface. These stones were used to make a stone wall along the sides of the levels for both
aesthetics and to help prevent erosion (see photo below). In addition, the areas where the
stones were removed were seeded with grass, which will hopefully out-compete Corallita.

In order to prepare for planting in the Children's Garden, additional cuttings were taken from
around Statia and the Botanical Gardens. The shade house is currently at capacity for
cuttings and the shipment of pots and potting soil arrived at the end of November. Once the
cuttings take root, they w ill be planted in the Children's Garden.

The play set, table for potting, sand box, swing sets, climber, playhouse and surfacing were
ordered between October and December. In addition, one sign w as created for the Children's
Garden and ordered in December 2007.

6.1.3 Phase 2 2008 and onward
The bare structure has been created for both the Fruit Garden and Children's Garden, but
there is room for much development in the future. It will take time for the plants to become
established in both gardens and grow tall enough to provide shade. It will also take time to
remove the Corallita roots and plant grass seed in the Fruit Garden. However, due to the

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

generous grant by USONA, STENA PA w as able to order the materials that w ere not other ise
affordable. The initial framework is in place to create two very different and very productive

6.2 Educational activities
There were numerous school-based activities at the Botanical Garden in 2007, catering for
youngest school-age groups to oldest. Activities for the after-school club (Kidzw ay) continued
with groups of eight different children each Friday afternoon. Arrangements were made for
classes from each primary school to visit the Botanical Garden and enjoy staff/intern managed
activities in May and June 2007. Additionally, eight school children and a teacher from
Gwendolyn van Putten high school carried out community service in November 2007, clearing
a vast area of Corallita from the Fruit Garden.

Members of Junior Rangers I spent four sessions at the Botanical Garden in
October/November 2007. Activities included a guided tour, learning about plants, weeding,
stonewall building, planting, cutting and propagating. Fun activities included a BBQ, games
and plant quiz. Several more advanced activity sessions also took place with members of the
Junior Rangers Ilclub.

6.3 Fundraising
Fundraising is difficult for the Botanical Garden as, by lease agreement with the island
government, it is not permitted to charge entrance fees to visitors. Fundraising is therefore
restricted to a donation box for visitors by the entrance gate, tours for visitors, sale of mini-
guides, plant sales and grant writing.

The plant sale based at the National Park Visitor Centre became a permanent feature in 2007.
Sales raised $192 in income for the Botanical Garden in 2007.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustaius National Parks


A wide range of monitoring and research activities took place in 2007, either in line with
existing monitoring programmes, to meet 2007 objectives, in conjunction with DCNA activities
or to respond to individual requests from visiting researchers.

Monitoring and research activities are listed in Table 9. Significant activities, results and
recommendations are described during this section. All reports are available on the download
section of our web site or by contacting our office.

Table 9

List of research and monitoring activities (2007)

* Mooring maintenance log book
* Violation report log book
* Two REEFCHECK sites monitored twice
* Coral Bleaching REEFWATCH
monitoring: 11 times at 2 sites
* Cliff movement on Zeelandia: 4 times a
week average
* Zeelandia Beach profile measurement on
quarterly basis
* Turtle nesting activities nightly patrols:
* Bird monitoring: 4 different sites in
* DCNA Management success project
* Visitor numbers (diver, yacht, hiker)
* Tank usage
* Dive site visitation
* Monitoring of damage caused by a cargo
boat, Penguin on the windward shore
and monitoring of clean-up

* Phenological study of Corallita Mexican
* Roaming animals study
* Statia morning glory distribution and
* Land crab study
* Endemic spider study

7.1.1 DCNA Measuring Management Success Project
The management success project is an ongoing DCNA project designed to measure the
management effectiveness of each organization in how it successfully manages its protected
areas. This project w ill eventually be used as a tool to attract further resources and support
based on levels of acknowledged success. The management success project involves a tool
for collecting data using objective indicators to measure the status of different elements of
protected area management. STENAPA has provided extensive input into the project during
each annual data collection session since 2004. Results from the 2007 data collection have
been provided by DCNA and incorporated into this report.

7.1.2 Reef Check
The Marine Park completed their third annual monitoring survey of the reef in August. Using
the Reef Check survey protocol, a total of 16 survey dives took place to assess numbers of
fish, invertebrates and reef substrate at Barracuda Reef and Mushroom Garden in the
Southern Reserve. The surveys are conducted by laying down a 100m transect line starting at
the mooring line. The divers then swim along this line recording numbers and species of fish

April 2008

Monitoring I Research

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

and invertebrates, as well as the substrate directly below the line. The data collection is done
on two separate occasions for a better-rounded representation of the reef's health.

Similar to all neighboring islands, St Eustatius experienced an incident of coral bleaching
during August-October 2005 when seawater temperature exceeded 30C over two months.
Data for 2005 and 2007 show that deeper site, Barracuda Reef, was more broadly impacted
by the bleaching with a large decrease in live substrate (from 99% to 57%). The reef at
Mushroom Garden was less impacted (live substrate cover declining from 87% to 73%). In
addition to impacts from coral bleaching, some variation in substrate cover may also be
attributed to the fact that the transect line is not permanent.

Fish populations at both sites are healthy, and, despite the change in reef due to bleaching,
both sites had higher numbers of fish in 2007. The most abundant fish species at the
shallower site, Mushroom Gardens were parrotfish. The most common fish were Haemulidae
(grunts and margates), parrotfish and groupers at Barracuda Reef. The large increase in
numbers of grouper has been particularly notable; this fish family is easily fished out and was
rarely seen w hen the Marine Park opened in 1997.

Another sign of the protected status of these reefs is the abundance of soft corals. Gorgonians
or sea fans (as show n in picture) are the most common coral found at these sites and there
was an amazing total of 212 counted during the survey at Mushroom Gardens.

One way to track recovery of a reef from bleaching is through the amount of nutrient indicator
algae. High algal cover can negatively impact on the repair and revival of hard corals after a
harmful incident such as coral bleaching. Both survey sites currently have approximately 25%
cover by nutrient indicator algae. As the algae is relatively dispersed, it is hoped that hard
coral cover at both reefs will continue to recover in 2008.

7.1.3 Sea turtle conservation programme
In 2007, the Sea Turtle Conservation Programme completed its sixth year of monitoring,
education outreach and research activities. Daily track surveys were conducted from 8 March
through 23 November, and a total of 260 morning surveys were completed. The nesting
season was much quieter than 2006 and extended from 30 March to 13 November;
Leatherbacks nesting from 30 March 18 May; Green turtles were recorded from 15 July until
16 September; Hawksbill nesting was from 8 July until 13 November. A total of 12 nests were
recorded (in comparison to 50 nests in 2006); 5 leatherback nests, 5 green and 2 Haw ksbill
nests. Zeelandia was the primary nesting beach for all three turtle species. All nests were laid
in Zeelandia; there was a false crawl by a Leatherback on Oranje Bay for the first time ever,
there were false craw Is by Greens on Zeelandia, Turtle Beach and Kay Bay and by Hawksbills
on Zeelandia and Crook's Castle. To date, the 2007 season recorded the lowest number of
nests since the inception of the Programme. The reason for the dramatic reduction in nests is
not know n; nesting activities else here in the Caribbean were similar to 2006.

Night patrols were conducted from 30 March 26 September; 119 patrols were completed
totalling 719 hours of monitoring. Three leatherback, one green turtle and two haw ksbill turtles
were encountered during patrols; all leatherbacks received external flipper tags. The first
green turtle w as observed on 29 July. She successfully nested and had a tag which showed
that she was tagged previously in 2002. She was also observed in 2005. This turtle nested
approximately four times during the 2007 season including 1 September 2007 when she was
fitted with a satellite transmitter. No haw ksbills were tagged during the 2007 season. Two

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

haw ksbills were seen but one did not break the high tide line while the other could not be

Beach mapping and erosion monitoring continued in 2007. Seven major cliff falls and 16 minor
cliff falls were recorded from February to December. Monitoring data were collected February,
May, August and December and compared for seasonal changes as well as yearly changes.
28.13% of stakes recorded a positional change from the cliffs that were less than 50cm from
their December positions. 40.63% of the stakes recorded a positional change of 50-100cm
while 29.69% of the stakes recorded a change of over 100cm. Seventeen of the stakes moved
between one to two meters while two moved more than two meters. These data point to
extensive cliff erosion, and possibly steady to accelerating erosion. Preliminary data stills
needs multiple year analyses before any tangible conclusions can be made. Sand mining
compounds the erosion problem at the northern end of Zeelandia Beach. Despite being an
illegal activity, it occurred throughout 2007, both in the gully and on the beach.

Twelve beach clean-ups were conducted on Zeelandia Beach. Cleanups were performed on
Zeelandia Beach, Turtle Beach, Lynch Beach and Oranje Bay. The September cleanup
coincided with Ocean Conservancy's International Coastal CleanupTM Campaign on 15
September. Beach cleanup were carried out by STENAPA board, staff, interns and
volunteers, local citizens and BroadReach volunteers. A total of 22 trucks full of rubbish bags
were removed, including a large mooring rope, fishing nets, oil barrel, fishing ropes and buoys,
several pallets. During EnviroWeek in the week of 16 October the Junior Rangers, led by
Parks Ranger Hannah Leslie, conducted a cleanup on Venus Bay. This was the first recorded
cleanup of Venus Bay by STENA PA, largely due to improved road access during 2007.

7.1.4 Turtle Satellite Tracking (DCNA project)
The last of the five turtle tracking satellites allocated to St Eustatius and St Maarten w as used
on Zeelandia Beach on 1st September. The Green
Turtle, named "Track", attempted to nest but found the
area she chose to be too rocky. The satellite
transmitter w as activated early on the 2nd as the work
to attach the transmitter began. This Green turtle
nested in Statia during 2002 (when she was tagged),
2005 and four times during 2007. -- ,

The entire process was videotaped by Dwight Barran nm* 1
and aired on Channel 15 at 7.30pm on 6 September. Wr,
"Track" is an average sized green turtle, 1.12m length
and 1.07m wide. Track is using Zeelandia Beach as
her home base for the nesting phase of her life. This
makes the data being collected more valuable to see 1,,,s
whatwaters she frequents for other periods of the year.

Track made a brief stop at Prickly Pear Island in the British Virgin Islands and covered over
380km in as little as seven days, averaging 76km/day to her feeding grounds.. Track then
passed Puerto Rico and stopped near El Macao on the north-east coast of Dominican
Republic. STENAPA contacted Yolanda Leon, a known turtle biologist from the Dominican
Republic, who stated that there are many beaches in the area where Track is located. The
area has intense tourism development, however, there are less developed beaches with

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

offshore sea grass nearby. One particular beach in this area was a historically important
leatherback nesting beach.

Track's satellite transmitter stopped responding 23 December 2007 and she was still near El
Macao. The Sea Turtle Programme Coordinator visited all the island schools to give a brief
presentation to all students and arrange two different projects in relation to this project.

7.1.5 Coral bleaching
Since the coral bleaching event observed between August and October 2005, the Marine Park
has closely monitored coral bleaching, starting additional Reef Check (Coral Watch) surveys at
the two sites described in the last section every two weeks in January 2006. The waters
became warm (28"C) in June when some minor bleaching started. Fortunately, bleaching was
not significant and nothing like the 2005 bleaching event was experienced in 2006. The Coral
Watch monitoring continues on a quarterly basis in 2007 when no significant bleaching was

7.1.6 Tanker impact assessment
The aim of the project is to identify the impact of tankers on the Marine Park and to select and
establish means for visual identification of the anchorage zone. During 2004 and 2005,
meetings took place with Statia Terminal personnel to discuss the survey, underwater surveys
were conducted to survey the area and identify existing impacts of tanker anchoring and more
detailed surveys of specific areas were carried out. The research continued in 2006 with a
number of discussions with Statia Terminal and vessel monitoring system experts about the
possibility of tracking tanker vessels anchoring in the Marine Park. The report was distributed
in 2007.

In excess of 1000 tankers use the oil storage facility at Statia Terminals NV each year.
Anchoring is the main threat to the marine resources caused by the operations of Statia
Terminals NV, although pollution is also an important issue with sewage and other wastes
including ballast water entering Marine Park waters from vessels. Field work, involving survey
dives, stakeholder consultation and photographic records, found that significant damage has
been done to the reefs within and beyond the designated anchoring zones for the vessels
using Statia Terminals NV. The main impacts of the damage are:

Direct: Broken individual coral colonies, Structural damage to the reefs, Sedimentation
Secondary: Decreased fisheries production for subsistence, commercial and sport fishing,
Decrease in dive tourism, and related activities, Change in community structure, Ciguatoxic
(poisonous) fish, Decreased recruitment and coral larvae survivorship.

The principal recommendations to manage the anchoring issues include installation of a
Vessel Monitoring System with alerts to unsustainable practices, monitoring of the current
status, ongoing damage and recovery of the coral reefs, and establishment of a protocol for
response and restoration after damage has occurred.

7.1.7 Oranjestad beach development
In late 2003, the Island Government requested comments about a proposed project by the Old
Gin House to dredge sand for the beach in front of the hotels. After consideration of the
project, recommendations were given to the Government to seek alternative environmentally
friendly methods for beach stabilization and creation and to engage a coastal engineer for a
Feasibility Study. In 2004, the Island Government contracted Dr Lee Harris from the Florida

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

Institute of Technology to conduct a feasibility study with assistance from the Marine Park.
Subsequently, AMFO awarded funding for the beach development design (reefball
breakwaters, historical building renovation, landscaping). In 2005, Dr Harris finalised the
engineering design for three submerged breakwaters using five rows of Goliath reef balls to be
followed up with coral transplantation. In 2005, Cworcha Garden submitted plans for
landscaping of the bay area. In early 2006, PREAM Architects submitted plans for the building
restoration of two historical ruins into a shop and caf6 (these ruins were selected and agreed
between the Historical Foundation, Monument Foundation, STENAPA and Executive Council
in mid 2005, and archaeological excavation commenced at this time).

The Island Government has requested STENAPA to manage a project to construct one
breakwater in front of the hotels, and a special bank account was set up in 2007 to operate
this project. Funding discussions are underway.

7.1.8 Pilot project to develop possible means to control Corallita
Due to a lack of previous research into the plant, the project to develop possible means to
control the plant largely focused on a study of phenology, adaptation and distribution, as well
as proposing recommendations for follow up action. The research was carried out by Dr Pieter
Ketner and Joris Ernst.

To study its life cycle, plants were checked for flowering and fruiting at 3 locations. Flowering
and fruiting takes place almost the whole year, except in periods with more than normal
rainfall. The fruits stay on the plants for a long time. Fallen fruits decompose due to fungi and
insects. In very few cases seedlings were found. Seeds taken from the plant show an average
germination rate of almost 50%. Dispersal of the plant is mainly through stem and root cutting
and tubers. In heavily infested areas up to 280 tubers per rr were found.

Field observations have shown that it is not very likely that animals (cows, goats, sheep,
donkeys) are eating the fruits and dispersing them. In general these animals occasionally
nibble on the leaves. There were no seeds found in cow dung. It might be possible that during
a (real) dry season, when leaves turn brown, cows eat the fruits.

Repeated cutting down of the plant only weakens the plant but re-growth continues. Cutting
and subsequent burning have no additional effect. However (manually) cutting/clearing in
combination with application of herbicides (foliage spray) causes serious damage to the plant
and tubers.

Threats to the environment due to Corallita

* Impacting on development of natural vegetation (succession) on former arable fields,
through smothering the plants under athickcarpet of branches and leaves.
* Prevention of germination of native species-particularly detrimental for the survival of
(rare) tree species. If there is no regeneration, the population diminishes.
* A danger to the survival of the tree and large shrubs along the roads and in gardens of
* Modification of soil conditions through accumulation of litter-a layer of 20-30cm of
decomposing litter may be found under the smothering vines.
* Invasion of the national parks from the borders, where it climbs into the tree crowns.
From there seeds can disperse into the park and germinate in open spaces.
* Threat to the status of the endangered Lesser Antillean Iguana (Iguana delicaissima)

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustafius National Parks

Corallita is probably a threat to the natural diet and movement of this reptile w hen habitat
is changed by overgrowth of trees/large bushes.
Minimal effects on other reptiles-anoles, dwarf geckos,wall geckos and snakes should
not be affected in any substantial ay. Ground lizards might be excluded from some areas.
If Corallita displaces native plants, affecting pollinators and other interactions, the effects
on reptiles could be considerably greater.

The study found that Corallita is spread across 15-20% of total land area of St Eustatius. The
total eradication of Corallita is not possible as it has been present for too long (earliest records
found in 1908) and has spread too vigorously. Control is possible to a certain extent, and the
plant can be kept under control with some effort in private gardens. Recommendations are
available on our web site.

7.1.9 Annual monitoring of bird populations
There have been limited investigations into the avian fauna of St Eustatius, and those that
have been carried out comprise species lists, rather than survey or quantitative data. Annual
or bi-annual monitoring of the bird populations commenced in January 2004 with the aim of
completing a basic survey of bird species using counts at various sites that represent the main
classes of vegetation type on the island. Four sites were chosen, two terrestrial vegetation,
one terrestrial human maintained habitat and one coastal habitat. The first survey took place
in January 2004 and this was repeated in January 2006 and January-February 2007. It was
difficult to compare data and establishment of an island-wide bird monitoring programme is
planned in 2008 through a DCNA projectwith funding from Birdlife International.

The IBA Programme aims to identify, monitor and protect a global network of sites for the
conservation of the world's birds and other biodiversity. Birdlife International requested bird
data in 2006 and 2007 to supplement existing information about the proposed Important Bird
Area (IBA) of the Quill. The Quill is under consideration as an IBA and an excerpt from the
Quill IBA form is shown below:

Limited-range species which occur atthe Quill include Bridled Quail Dove Geotrygon nystacea, Purple-
throated Carib Eulanpis jugularis, Green-throated Carib Eulanpis holosericeus Antillean Crested
Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus, Brown Trembler Cindocerthia ruficauda pavida, Bananaquit
Coereba flaveola, Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus, Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops
fuscatus, and Lesser Atillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis One Scaly-breasted Thrasher was observed at
the Quill in 2003, the last recorded sighting being in 1927. Breeding needs to be confirmed for this
species. American Kestrels (Falco sparverius) are regularly sighted.

Species observed at White Wall induded the Red-billed Tropic Bird Phaethon aethereus, Brown Booby
Sula leucogaster, Brown Pelican Pelecanus ocadentalis and Royal Tern Sterna raxima.

There are little data on migrant birds which use the Quill, but it would not be expected to be a significant
overwintering or stopover area due to its small area.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks


The Minister of Justice issued a Ministeriele Beschikking in 2006 for five named staff of
STENAPA to be sworn in as Special Agents of Police (Buitengewoon Agenten van Politie) to
uphold several federal and island laws related to nature conservation:

Eilandsverordening Marien Milieu St Eustatius 1996
Eilandsverordening Bescherming van Flora en Fauna St Eustatius 1997
Eilandsverordening Openbare Orde en Bescherming Gemeenschap 1993
Veeregistratieverordening 1997
Landsverordening Vookoming van Verontreiniging door schepen
Kreeftenverordening St Eustatius 1996

The Governor of St Eustatius arranged a sw earing-in ceremony that took place in September
2006, when the staff members were duly authorised to enforce the above laws. The Public
Prosecutor issued a form book for 'Proces Verbaal' (summons) to STENAPA. Two of the
Special Agents of Police have since left STENA PA.

A DCNA project to publish a handbook about the environmental laws for the Marine and
National Parks of St Eustatius, St Maarten and Saba commenced in 2006. This handbookw ill
be distributed to the Prosecutors, Police, VKE officers and Park staff on each island. All
legislation for the parks was submitted to DCNA for translation, and a handbook drafted for
review by Park staff in 2007. It is expected that the handbook ill be available early 2008.

8.1 Law enforcement

8.1.1 Statia National Marine Park
Patrols of the Marine Park take place once or twiceweekly to verify activity in the Marine Park.
Six incidents took place in 2007: three verbal warnings were given (twofor sand mining, one to
a yacht that anchored in the southern reserve during the night). Two written warnings were
issued (sand mining). One Proces Verbaal was issued for oil emissions from a boat.
Appropriate action was taken on all incidents and reported to other authorities where
necessary. Four permits were issued for dive centres to operate in the Marine Park.

There was one major change to the law pertaining to the Marine Park in 2007. On 3rd
December 2007, on behalf of the Minister of Public Health and Social Development, Mr. Paul
Hoetjes announced that the Marine Park had received National Park status and was therefore
recognized on a Federal level.

8.1.2 Quill/ Boven National Park
There were no changes to the laws affecting the National Park during 2006 to our know ledge.
In order to ensure that regulations of the National Park are respected, patrols of the Quill
National Park were conducted 2-3 times each week at the same time as trail maintenance
activities. Despite the dispute about land rights of the Boven sector, monthly patrols of the
Boven sector were carried out during guided hikes with each volunteer group. Investigation of
land clearance and development was conducted to ensure that development was not
encroaching over the National Park boundary. No incidents were reported during this time. In
terms of permits, one CITES permit was issued (for research reported last year to take blood
samples from Antillean Iguana for inter-island comparison research was later cancelled).

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

8.2 Lobbying

* Unsustainable practices of military training in the Quill sub-sector during recent years were
reported to the Island Government and to DCNA Partners. Questions were asked in Dutch
Parliament and subsequent meetings with military and police in St Eustatius resulted in
agreements to avoid damage from any future military exercises.

* Lobbying took place to obtain financial assistance for cleaning of public bathrooms at the
Visitor Centre. The Island Government granted a monthly subsidy from mid 2007.

* STENAPA lobbied the Island Government for increase in fees and, obtained an in principle
agreement to increase fees recommended by the Willingness to Pay study completed in

* The Marine Park meets all criteria (actively managed, relevant legislation, management
plan) to have National Park status. National Park status enables the Park to receives
Federal status and be internationally recognized. Discussions took place with the Island
Government during 2007, and the Island Government then applied for National Park
status, which was granted by the Minister of Public Health and Social Development in
December 2007.

* Operational procedures for the Board of STENAPA were drafted in line with 2007
objectives. These procedures follow ed the template set by DCNA.

* Small dive boat user guidelines and Corallita control guidelines were adopted in 2007.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks


9.1 Information, education and outreach

STENAPA continues to work with 24 stakeholders and partners including local government,
businesses, dive operators and schools as well as international organizations such as
Conservation International, IUCN-NL, Birdlife International, WIDECAST and the Working
Abroad volunteer organisation.

9.1.1 Celebrations for 10 year anniversary of Statia National Marine Park
A week of events was planned in partnership
with the Tourist Office and Dive Centres
culminating in five days packed with events, s '
launched by the opening of the National Park ,
Visitor Centre and including a children's Statia
Park Splash event (see photos below), snorkel '
event, three evening seminars at restaurants,
underwater photographic seminars, photo
competition, school competition, and grand
finale party. The events were all well attended,
in particular the Statia Park Splash that was
attended by well over 100 children, many of
whomwere given boat trips around the bay by
the Marine Park patrol boat, Scubaqua dive
boat and Dive Statia dive boat.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustaius National Parks

9.2 Public information

One of the priorities since 2005 has been to improve public information about national parks
and STENAPA activities, with particular emphasis on information for general public. The
outcome of this focus ranges from publications and newsletters to web site and radio
programme. The range of activities are summarized below:

* Design work carried out for: Service brochure about STENAPA, Bookmarks, Greetings
cards, fridge magnets, logo for friends of STENAPA, Interpretation signage for trails and
garden, Marine Park dive guide.
Website maintenance monthly, design of Friends of STENAPA page and 10 yr anniversary
of Marine Park page, new reports put ontowebsite as download files.
Radio programmes tw ice a month.
Seven cable TV programmes on topics: turtle satellite tracking, leatherback nesting,
botanical garden tour, junior ranger programme, Enviro-week, 10 year anniversary,
documentary about STENA PA.
Training carried out for new dive leaders.
Presentations: Promotion about work of STENAPA four times to 70 people, DCNA board,
annual report presentation (public meeting during marine park week 10 people), Sea
turtle seminars 6 to 100 people, benefits of Marine Park seminar 15 people,
fishermen's meeting and benefits of MP for fishermen 10 people.
Training for volunteers -5 times, 4 days each, new handbook produced 2007
Training for interns -4 times, 5 days each, new interns handbook developed 2007
The STENAPA update quarterly newsletter distributed electronically to volunteers and
interested parties hard copies printed and handed out.

9.2.1 Web site www.statiapark.org
A graphic designer w as contracted through various projects to keep the web site (created in
2006) updated. The web site has separate pages with information about the National Park,
Marine Park, Botanical Garden, Education, the Organisation, Volunteer Programme and

dow nloadable materials.

9.2.2 Series of mini-guides
A series of five mini-guides is available for sale and
included in the purchase of the various park entrance
fees. Due to demand for a free brochure about the park
system, fees and services offered by STENAPA, a
general brochure w as produced in 2007 and funded by
Stichting Doen. The series of mini-guides are available
through the Tourist Office, from various points of sale
for parkfees and from the National Park Visitor Centre.

Diving in Statia Marine Park
Yachting in Statia Marine Park
Quill National Park
Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden
Nature on Statia (Island Map)
General brochure about STENAPA


lsIt h ..t -i .* 1 B I
A1,, ... H l- ^ .

j LIn. -I -
S_.. lr.. .. .. .. ....-.. ____

.. .. ... .. .... . :
*>*~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~; J'^Wn 1r 1^ *'_ V^l^^^S^^S

April 2008

Annual Report 2007

St Eustaius National Parks

9.3 Education

Educational activities included school presentations, snorkel club, junior ranger clubs and
school visits to the Botanical Garden and Quill. During November, a school trainee, Jonathon
Rogers, worked at STENAPA as part of the school job training programme. Activities are
summarized below:

* Nine morning school tours of the Botanical Garden involving a total of 200 children, two
high school groups with 18 individuals for trails and one group of 16 underprivileged
Statia Park Splash for ages 3-16 150 children for 2.5 hours during 10 year anniversary.
Career programme talk in high school 30 individuals, school community action day with
16 children.
Seven school visits took place for a total of around 200 children and about 50 children took
part in coastline awareness activities.
Course materials and curriculum are contained within educational boxes available to

9.3.1 School programme 'Captain Scout of the Black Turtle'
The coordinated school programme by the Education Officer for the Windward Islands
conservation organizations (STENAPA, The Nature Foundation St Maarten and the Saba
Conservation Foundation) continued in 2007.

In September 2006, the third coordinated educational programme commenced with the theme
of Water' entitled 'The story of Captain Scout of The Black Turtle'. The programme started with
a general introduction to sea turtles and a reintroduction to Scout as the lead character via a
puppet show at all primary schools, and lessons continued until June 2007. With this
programme, the three Nature Foundations continue encouraging schools to indicate the
importance of environmental care to their students.

As the title already implies, the WATER topic is fitted into a pirate theme. The programme
focuses on marine life and the different characteristics of water. In addition, a broader picture
of the water cycle will be discussed. The major awareness goals of this project are that
students learn about the importance of water, our marine habitat and coastal vegetation.
Hopefully this awareness w ill result in the loss of fear of what occurs in the ocean at unknown
depths and an increased respect for marine ecosystems.

Just like former environmental education lessons, the sea turtle mascot, Scout, is again
involved. Cursed by the spell of greed, he becomes the w icked captain of the pirate ship "The
Black Turtle" and he and his crew sail out to find hidden treasure. Each of their adventures
during this journey involves the introduction of one new lesson on water. Topics include: 'scary
underwater life (or rather, defensive survival strategies that only succeed by their chilling
effects)'; 'fun facts on the different eating habits of underwater life'; 'the water cycle'; and
'mangroves'. The programme ends with topics that discuss the physical characteristics of
water such as floating and surface tension. In the end, Scout is freed from the curse of greed
and returns to the sea as the friendly turtle he alw ays was.

The 'Water' programme was funded by the Prince Bernhard Culture Fund of Netherlands
Antilles and Aruba. Funding from Stichting Doen has been sought to continue this programme
in 2008.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

9.3.2 Snorkel Club
The course is aimed at 8-12 year olds who are able to swim, and commences with a swim
test. Snorkel club lasts for about 12-16 weeks (weather, holiday, ability dependant) and
includes skills leading to the PA DI skin diver qualification, as well as marine conservation and
appreciation of marine life. The group shown here graduated in December 2007. Lessons
include boat trips to the Reserves and a Gallows
Bay beach clean up. The membership charge has
remained at fl.50 which includes certification,
provision of mask, snorkel and fins, a marine park
T-shirt and activity-book. Snorkel club finishes
with a fun snorkel, PADI Skin Diver certificate
presentation by staff and snacks. The popularity
of the Snorkel Club increased again in 2007,
partly due to the fact that all school children are
undergoing swim lessons at the public pool and
so more are able to swim and interested in
Snorkel Club. Whilst 26 participated in 2003 and
34 in 2004, a total of 10 participated in 2005, 13
in 2006 and up to 21 in 2007.

9.3.3 Junior Ranger I
This club, aimed at graduates of Snorkel Club aged over 10, focuses on the three sectors
managed by STENA PA: Marine Park, National Park and Botanical Garden. There are lectures
for children to listen to, videos to watch and lots of practical activities including snorkelling,
making trails and growing plants. The first group
of Junior Rangers graduated at the end of 2004
and the second group of three Junior Rangers
completed the club in September 2006. Another
group of eight Junior Rangers graduated in June
2007. The minimum age limit was decreased to
10 in 2006 as it there w as previously a high drop
out rate in older children, and it was much easier
to keep the younger Junior Ranger Club
members interested in the activities. The Marine
Park related activities remain the favourite.
Show n here are the group of eight rangers that
started in September 2007 joining in on a turtle

9.3.4 Junior Ranger II
Following on the success of four groups of
graduating Junior Rangers, there was great
demand for a follow-up club, and the activity book
and curriculum for Junior Ranger II w as prepared
during summer 2007. A group of six Junior
Rangers started the new club in September 2007
and are shown here practising dinghy driving
lessons in Oranjestadbaai.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustaius National Parks

9.3.5 Summer Club
This w as the first year that a Summer Club w as organised and it was oversubscribed beyond
the available 30 places, mostly due to the fact that the fees were sponsored by company
Vecenergy. The club took place over five weeks. Children attended three weekly sessions:
hiking, snorkelling and turtle activities. The children were highly enthused by the club and
many came back to Snorkel Club and Junior Ranger clubs.

9.4 Public relations, media and information

Considerable energy and investment is placed into public education and information on nature
conservation and also STENAPA activities. This is due to the fact that many members of the
public are unsure of the exact work of staff.

STENAPA continues to work with key stakeholder groups (government and private sector) in
order to improve the general awareness of the importance of the environment while ensuring
that economic development opportunities are enhanced.

9.4.1 Nature on Statia radio programme
An important medium for communication on Statia is the St Eustatius Radio, and the monthly
radio programme (Nature on Statia aired tw ice on the first Thursday of the month) that started
in 2004, continued throughout 2007. Topics are summarized below.

January Guests: Joris Ernst and Peter Ketner
Topic: Discussion of the results of the one year pilot project on Corallita.
February Guest: Nicole Esteban
Topic: Fisheries Survey Results
March Guest: Mary Enright-Olson
Topic: Marine Park Management Plan Survey
May Guest: Jessica Berkel
Topic: Replacing plastics with Eco Products
June Guest: Jessica Berkel and Arturo Herrara
Topics: Understanding Governmental Rules of the Parks and the Turtle Program
July Guest: Mirella Wognum
Topic: Her Role as a Marine Park Intern with Stenapa
August (9) Guests: Hannah Madden and Emily Gregus
Topic: Interview with a National Park Ranger and an Intern
August (31) Guests: Irving Brown and Nicole Esteban
Topic: a recording of the Public Meeting held by St Eustatius National Parks Foundation from
7pm at the Government Guest house on 16 August 2006.
Includes information about 2006 activities.
September Guests: Arturo Herrera and Zoe Fukui
Topic: Interview with Turtle Program Coordinator and an Intern
October Guests: Carlton van Putten and Danielle Stehlik
Topic: Interview with Botanical Garden Ranger and an Intern
November Guests: Nicole Esteban and Jerry Akum
Topic: Interview with the Manager of the National Parks and the Tourism Development
Foundation regarding the 10th Anniversary of the Marine Park
December live recording from 3rd December
Topic: Official opening of the National Parkvisitor centre

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustaius National Parks

A strategy to inform the public by means of the local island newspaper, Daily Herald, has been
in place for some years. Figure 8 demonstrates the range of subjects included in our press
exposure. The island journalists were invited to many events in 2006 and about 20 press
releases were sent directly to the journalists, resulting in 46 articles (see Section 0). In addition
to these articles, STENAPA has contributed images to many newspapers and magazines
world ide, often at the request of the Tourist Office.

E Marine Park
E Turtles
o National Park
o Botanical Garden
p Education
E Business/Go\wrnment
E Public Awareness

Figure 8 Division of themes of the 46 press articles in 2007

9.4.2 TV programmes
Thanks to the arrival of nature enthusiast, Dwight Barran who coordinates many of the cable
TV programmes, activities organized by STENAPA were aired through seven separate
programmes, including topics of turtle satellite tracking, leatherback nesting, botanical garden
tour, junior ranger programme, Enviro-week and 10 year anniversary of Marine Park. Luke
Bradford, a volunteer assisting STENAPA in 2007 is a TV
producer, and his personal project focused on creation of a
general docu mentary about STENA PA which addressed many ,
of the issues brought forward by the general public. The \
documentary has been aired many times on local cable TV
channels 7 and 15.

9.5 Friends of STENAPA

Friends of STENAPA w as revived in 2007 with funding from
Stichting Doen to purchase materials. The 'Friends of' scheme
was set up at end 2007 with five annual membership
categories named after species of particular interest in Statia:

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

Spotted Drumfish, Killy Killy, Leatherback Turtle, Antillean Iguana and Statia Morning Glory.
There are different packages available for each category and members also benefit from a
discount at ten local businesses, including restaurants, dive centres and shops. People
wishing to support STENA PA can join at the Visitor Centre or via the website.

9.5.1 Newsletter
The STENAPA Update newsletter was produced quarterly with a wide range of articles to
inform and educate the general public and keep past volunteers and researchers updated. The
articles are listed below.

March June September December
"Lisa is Missing!!" First Hatchlings of 10m' Anniversary of St Highlights of
about a tagged 2007 Eustatius Marine STENA PA activities
haw ksbill turtle Park in 2007
Summer Club
STENA PA objectives Program STENAPA Summer Winning photos from
Club was huge 10 year anniversary
Junior Rangers on Follow ing success week
the Quill procedures...Death
of an endangered Children's The St Eustatius
The Whales are Back species programmes to start Marine Park achieves
this month National Park status
Final Corallita New improved sign
research results for Zeelandia Beach Activities on the Quill/Boven National
National Park trail Park management
Snorkel Club Junior Rangers netw ork plan
Graduates graduate
New Marine Park
National Park fees to STENAPA rangers management plan
Change complete course

Baby Whale spotted

First Trees Planted in
New Fruit Garden

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks


A total of 11 offbiial meetings were attended during 2007, both in St Eustatius and overseas:
four DCNA meetings, AGM for WIDECAST, Annual Sea turtle symposium, dive equipment
technician course, Netherlands parliamentarians meeting, Netherlands political party leaders
meeting, LVV and VROM meeting and meeting with PBCF officials from the Netherlands.

Table 10 Courses and events attended overseas bystaff and board members
Event Location, time Purpose Travelling
AGM for South Carolina, Present results of 2006 Annual Turtle Arturo Herrera
WIDECAST February Programme
International Sea South Carolina, Networkw ith other turtle programmes, Arturo Herrera
Turtle February find out about new research and
Symposium methodolog ies.
DCNA Board Bonaire, Present annual reports, review annual Irving Brown
meeting May activities, network with DCNA
Partners from Netherlands
Dive equipment St Maarten, Half day training session in regulators Nadio Spanner
technician November and first stage diving equipment
DCNA Board Bonaire, Multi year planning for DCNA, Nicole Esteban
meeting November projects, constitutional change within
the Kingdom
DCNA Executive Curacao, Finalise multi year planning, develop Nicole Esteban
Committee December DCNA vision for constitutional change

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks


In terms of marine park projects, the Sea Turtle Programme coordinator spent 1820 hours
working on the Turtle Conservation Programme. The Manager spent 672 hours on the
professionalisation of the National Parks. The Turtle Conservation Programme and the
Working Abroad volunteer programme both involved all eight members of staff. Hours spent
on all projects involving the Marine Park are summarised in Figure 9.

Working abroad Tanker impact
volunteer project, assessment, 14 Marine Park
546 fi she rm en ed uca tion
project, 8
DCNA marine park
guidebook, 217
MPA management
plan, 49

Ed uca tion
coordinator, 18 Turtle conservation
programme, 2418
Professio nali zati on
of national park,

Figure 9 Hours spent on Marine Projects
There w ere fewer projects involving terrestrial work than marine related work. The Botanical
Garden Management programme took 260 hours of the Managers time. The Development and
management of the Botanical Garden used 1768 hours of the Botanical Garden ranger's time.

Fruit garden and
children garden,

phase 2 botanical
garden, 948

Botanical Garden
program mme),
New shed and
water trailer, 27

Figure 10 Hours spent on Terrestrial Projects

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

Projects that were either submitted, started, ongoing or completed in 2007 are listed in Table
11. Due to the fact that so many projects were underway in 2007, with a heavy burden on staff
to achieve project activities and reporting (both activities and financial), only four project
applications were submitted.

Table 11 Current projects
Project Applied Funder Amount $ Current Status
Tanker Impact 30/07/03 KNAP 8,427 Approved. Ongoing. 90%
in the Marine funding received. Report
Park completed with some follow
Turtle 15/08/03 World Turtle Trust Ongoing Approved. $2000 received
programme since 2004.
Water trailer, 25/09/03 Prins Bernhard 14,045 Budget change approved.
shed, signs Culture Fund 50% funding received.
Capacity 13/11/03 DOEN 279,465 Ongoing. Approved 8 Oct
building and 04. Started December 04.
infrastructure Completed December 07.
support ____Final reporting submitted.
MP mooring, 31/03/04 NFWF 50,400 Approved for 2005-6. First
brochures, funding received. Started
ranger April 05. End in August 06.
Reporting completed
January 07.
Goat and 23/04/04 AMFO 49,884 Approved. Ongoing since
Corallita control end 2004. End in Dec 06.
Reporting completed. Last
activities under ay early
Feb 07. Project closed.
Operational 27/04/04 IUCN-NL 205,989 Approved early 2004.
costs 2004-7 Ongoing until April 2007.
Reporting completed.
Project closed.
Anti-plastic 1/7/2004 MINA-Vomil 11,236 Approved end 2004,
campaign received 90% funds.
Reporting completed.
Project closed.
Turtle 27/07/04 VOMIL/USONA 64,959 Approved 15/10/04 in
programme workplan. USONA approval
2005-8 May 06. Ongoing until
December 08.
Education 1/7/2006 Prince Bernhard 55,000 Joint application from 3
Programme for Culture Fund Windward Island
3 islands organizations. Approved
2006/07 ____and completed.
Phase 2 31/08/06 Prince Bernhard 25,000 Approved Sept 06. Project
development of Nature Fund start Jan 07.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

April 2008

Project Applied Funder Amount $ Current Status
Development of 31/08/07 Doen 225,000 Application submitted
national parks, through DCNA.
phase 2
Reduction of 31/10/07 NOAA 13,700 Application under process
ghost fish traps
and education
of fishermen
Materials for 31/08/07 USONA 31,000 Approved Sept 07. All items
Fruit and purchased by Dec 07. Final
Ch ildren activities underway.
Mooring 31/08/07 USONA 5,600 Approved Sept 07. All items
maintenance purchased by Dec 07.
mater ials ____Project completed.

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks


The report on objectives set for 2007 w as presented at the beginning of this report, and most
of the objectives were fulfilled. Those that were not completed have been carried over as
continued objectives for 2008. Objectives for 2008 were set at the first board meeting of 2008,
as shown in the table below.

Table 12 2008 Objectives
Goal Time frame
Financial sustainability: to continue to strive for financial sustainability of the Parks by Ongoing
means of various projects:
Increased souvenirs and visitorfacilities.
Tanker fee collection.
Publicity about guided hikes.
Implementation of proposed fee increase.
Ongoing plant sale.
Active participation in DCNA fundraising.
Participate in lobbying for nature to be considered during constitutional change.
Special projects (e.g. volunteer/intern housing).
Education programme: Year long
After decision to stop the coordinated programme between the three Windward
Islands, determine best approach for a school programme with monthly visits.
Liaise with school management, teachers, parents and staff to decide on the type
and scope of the education programme.
Continue fundraising for any required staffing for the education programme (2008-
Expand the snorkel club with a programme for children who have completed
snorkel club but are too young for Junior Ranger dub.
Plastic bag campaign: Ongoing
Raise awareness about the findings of the plastic bag campaign amongst the
public through media.
Present the recommendations to the Executive Coundl again and advise
Board, staff and volunteers to lead by example.
Research Corallita problem and suggest control methods: Ongoing
Follow up on recommendations of pilot project with government and public.
Control Corallita at the Botanical Garden as a demonstration site.
Public awareness: Ongoing
Continue monthly radio programme with topics about current activities in parks,
about STENAPA and about spedfic research.
Continue quarterly newsletters.
Arrange annual meeting and programmes for celebrations of 10th anniversary October-
national park, 20 anniversary STENAPA. November
Produce press releases for all significant events and visitors.
Staff training
Arrange suitable training and park exchanges for staff Ongoing
Operational procedure handbook: January-June
Reviewdraft handbookfor operational procedures with the Board.
Prepare a package with information and handbooks for all present and future
board members.

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustaius National Parks

Goal Time frame
Marine Park management plan 2007 Year long
Discuss implementation with the various stakeholders.
Arrange implementation of key recommendations of the Marine Park management
Beach restoration project: Ongoing
Consult with Executive Council about ReefBall project with management by
STENAPA based on approved management objectives.
Manage project with ReefBall when funding is assigned.
Yacht moorings: complete replacement of 12 moorings for yachts which were removed January-June
due to deterioration.
Turtle programme: Ongoing
Validate the benthic habitat mapping of the Marine Park and expand with an
Environmental Sensitivity Map.
Complete the in-water monitoring of juvenile and resident turtles.
Followthe same monitoring plans as 2007 for nesting turtles.
Report to USONA with activity and financial updates.
Tanker impact survey in the anchorage zones in the Marine Park: January-June
Implement key recommendations of the tanker impact survey report of 2007, in
particular the Vessel Monitoring System.
Arrange a meeting with Statia Terminal to discuss the recommendations and
adoption in future.
Zeelandia Beach protection Ongoing
Continue plansfor bouldersto be placed to prevent accessfor sand removal from
seagrape roots.
Plant seagrapesto restore area.
Continue monthly beach deanups with maximum publidty in the community.
Quill/Boven National Park Management Plan March-July
Organise collection of information for consultant.
Arrange stakeholder meetings.
Reviewplan and finalise.
Distribute to stakeholders.
Improve information about Quill National Park: Ongoing
Prepare information signs about different themes for trail network
Source funding, print and mount.
Carry out inventory of all trail signs.
Create a Quill trail guide.
Beautify the entrance to the Quill trail.
Plant inventory: January-
Assist Conservation International funded botanists to inventorise plants of St August
Eustatius during two fieldwork visits.
Collect flowering plants and press in preparation for second fieldworkvisit and as
a follow-up.
Bird survey July-
Arrange bird inventory funded through Birdlife International to DCNA. December
Review and, if appropriate, recommend protection of doves, particularly during
breeding season.
Implement recommended monitoring programme.
Trail maintenance: to maintain the trails' system in their current state, improve the Ongoing
'Round the Mountain' trail (north side) and improve signage._

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustaius National Parks

April 2008

Goal Time frame

Educational visits to the Botanical Garden: organise school visits to the Botanical Ongoing
Garden for each class during the year, with educational activities for groups at the
Complete phase 2 of the Botanical Gardens: Ongoing
Continue dearance, Corallita control and planting in the Fruit Garden.
Design and install signage about the Fruit Garden trees and Children Garden.
Construct pavilion with powerand irrigation system for Children's Garden.
Landscape, construct stone walls, grass and install playground equipment in
Children's Garden.
Public information: continue with preparation of plant markers for all plants of phase 1, Ongoing
continue plant inventory information.
Phase 1 maintenance: continue with plant care, maintenance in the Sensory Garden, Ongoing
Lookout Garden and Palm Garden. Maintain plants in the shadehouse and propagate for
new plants in Phase 1 and 2.
Plant identification: plan training week for staff about plant identification, plant Ongoing
propogation and care in a Botanical Garden. Training provided by the Curator for Hortus

Annual Report2007

St Eustaius National Parks


At the request of DCNA and as part of contractual obligations, the 2007 Financial Statements
prepared by VerSant St Maarten w ere audited by Ernst and Young.



(Exressed in Netherlands AAtills Cuilders)


Property, plant and equipment, net

Prepayments and other receivables



Accumulated reserves

December 31,
Nots 2007 2006

3 283.856 309.480
283.856 309.480

26, 163
4 55,780


620.838 520.709


Deferred income

Taxes and social security payable
Other Liabilities


- 33.033




620.838 520.709

April 2008

Annual Report 2007

St Eustaius National Parks




(Expressed in Netherlands Antilles Guilders)

Grant BZK
Sales of merchandise
Donations and contribution
Other income
Total Income

General and administrative
Contribution trust fund
Total Operating Expenditures


Notes January I December 31,
2007 2006

10 636.297 636,606
11 458.991 446.356
83.874 4,607
8.272 36.485
4.444 44.605
1.191.878 1.168.659

45 .991


125.443 75.283

April 2008

Annual Report 2007

St Eustalus National Parks


The St Eustatius National Park Foundation wishes to acknowledge the contributions made by
many organizations and individuals during 2007.

The Foundation recognizes the continued assistance of STENAPA board members and staff,
without whom it could not fulfill its objectives to conserve natural resources for the benefit of
future generations.

The activities of the Marine Park, National Park and Botanical Garden could not be
accomplished without the hard work and dedication of STENAPA interns, international
Working Abroad participants and local volunteers, in particular Celford Gibbs, Dagmar and
Curt Paulus and Mary Enright-Olson. We are grateful for the ongoing dedication and
assistance of Vicky McNeil of the NGO Working Abroad in recruiting well-motivated volunteers
for the Statia Conservation Project.

We received financial assistance through many grants and subsidies from various regional
and international organizations during 2007, including the Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance,
Doen Foundation (Netherlands), IUCN Netherlands, KNAP funds (Netherlands Antilles),
Prince Bernhard Culture Fund (Netherlands Antilles and Aruba), Prince Bernhard Nature Fund
(Netherlands), the Travel Committee of the International Sea Turtle Society, USONA
(Netherlands Antilles) and Working Abroad (France). These awards and donations covered
the majority of operational expenses and project-related costs. We wish to acknowledge the
Island Government for their continued support through a monthly subsidy.

A number of local organizations and individuals assisted with financial and technical support
during 2007. We wish to thank Statia Terminals NV for their work in assisting w ith installation
of yacht moorings, as well as free shipment of supplies from the USA. Thanks to Vecenergy
who purchased all the materials to establish the Junior Ranger II programme, as well as
funding all the fees for 30 children attending the Summer Club. The University of St Eustatius
School of Medicine assisted with loan of tools as well as donations of equipment for turtle
research. SECAR and the Historical Foundation assisted with investigations into historical and
cultural artifacts in the Boven sub-sector of the National Park. Thanks goes to Gay Soetekouw
who gives historical guided walks to every intern and volunteer working with STENAPA. The
Marine Park is very grateful to the dive centres who provide free air fills for maintenance of
moorings. Particular thanks to Brenda and Duncan Kirkby for the generous use of all their
underwater and terrestrial photos, and response to all our requests for additional photos for
the Marine Park dive guide.

Thanks to all supporters of the newly established Friends of STENAPA, in particular the
businesses that give a discount or reduced price to members of the Friends of STENA PA.

Lastly, we thank our colleagues in regional nature conservation organizations who have
provided much needed technical advice and support during 2007. In particular, we thank Paul
Hoetjes, Letitia Buth and Eric Newton (MINA), Kalli de Meyer (DCNA) and Karen Eckert

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks


15.1 Appendix 1: Details and activities of the volunteer programme

The details and activities of visiting interns and volunteers are listed in the following tables.
Table 13 Interns assisting with STENAPA in 2007
Intern Name Period Nationality Applied to STENAPA
Programme through
Marine Park Elizabeth Hartel October 06 US Idealist.org
Mirella Wognum April Netherlands STENAPA web site
August 07
Julia Smith November07- US STENAPA web site
Turtle Zoe Shizu Fukui June- Singapore Turtle list serve
Programme November07
National Park Vincent January Netherlands STENAPA web site
Kleinekorte May07
Emily Gregus May- Canada Idealist.org
Botanical Lauren Maloney January US Idealist.org
Garden July07
Laurence Cook January UK Previous Working Abroad
June 07 volunteer
Danielle Stehlik September07 US STENAPA web site
February 08

Table 14 Working Abroad volunteers assisting STENAPA in 2007
Group Names Nationality Projects
Crew I, Elizabeth Baldwin UK Delineation of Fruit Garden with pathway
10 January- JennyScott UK through from Bird Trail.
9 March Conor O'Loughlin Ireland Clearance and improvement of area above
James Dawson UK Lookout Garden.
Penelope Hands UK Trail improvement on Round the Mountain
Jenny Blanch UK (North).
Jonathan Tuil France Plant marker signs for Botanical Garden.
Beach dean ups of Zeelandia Beach.

Crew II, MatthewTye UK Regular maintenance of the Quill Trail to
20 March Nicholas Rose UK re-inforce steps and rainwater channels
18 May Rachael Bradley UK Improvement of Round the Mountain Trail
David Bone USA (north side)
Caroline Collins UK Night and day patrols of Zeelandia Beach
to locate, monitor and tag nesting
leatherbackturtles and to monitor nests.
Beach dean ups at Zeelandia Beach
Clearance and improvement of area above
Lookout Garden
Improvement of plant sale area at Visitor
Crew III, Richard Pinchbeck UK Night time beach patrols for nesting green

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

April 2008

4 June- David Atkins UK and hawksbill turtles and emerging
30 July Holland Gerrald USA Leatherback hatchlings at Zeelandia
lan Thomson UK Clean ups of Zeelandia Beach
Robert Platts UK Improvement of Round the Mountain trail
(North side)
Trail maintenance on the Quill trail
Clearance of Fruit Garden and Children's
Garden and construction of stone walls.
Crew IV, Lisa Finn Ireland Night time beach patrols for nesting green
7 August Lucy Birch UK and hawksbill turtles and emerging
5 October Simone Goudriaan Netherlands Leatherback hatchlings at Zeelandia
Steven Wood UK Clean ups of Zeelandia Beach
Jane Mellor UK Improvement of Round the Mountain trail
Claire Foot Scotland (White Wall section)
Brook Kiddell Canada Trail maintenance on the Quill trail
Luke Bradford UK Sensory Garden and Pavillion/Lookout
Garden 'best kept garden' contest.
Clearance and planting in Fruit Garden
and Children's Garden.
Creation of STENAPA documentary.
Crew V, Hannah Funnell UK Clean ups of Zeelandia Beach
17 October Patrida Mann Scotland Improvement of Round the Mountain trail
14 December Claire Winfield UK (White Wall side)
Tim Roberts UK Trail maintenance on the Quill trail
Mylene Larcheveque France Sensory Garden best kept garden'
Assistance on celebrations of the 10 year
anniversary of the Marine Park
Clearance and planting of Fruit and
Children's Gardens.

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

15.2 Details of press and magazine articles

Table 15 Details of all recorded newspaper and magazine articles

Date Newspaper Headline Subject
9-Jan the Daily Dutch Parliamentarians Economicdevelopment meeting with
Herald Meet Statia Organisations businesses and social organizations with
representatives discussing the economic and
social situations on the island
17-Jan the Daily Corallita study complete, Public meeting to discuss the results of the
Herald public meeting planned one-year study and suggested ways to
contain and control corallita
19-Jan the Daily Snorkel Cub kidsreceive Report on the graduation often children from
Herald certificates the Snorkel Club programme of Stenapa
5-Feb the Daily Asian Students USESOM Asian Student Association held a
Herald Association Moon Festival celebration and "date" auction
Auction"Dates" for at the Botanical Garden. As a result Stenapa
Stenapa received $308 as a donation from the
proceeds of the event.
9-Feb the Daily islands The schooner Harvey Gamage arrived in
Herald Statia with 23 students and 3 teachers for an
oceanography project.
10-Feb the Daily Tracked Turtles from Continuation of the saga of the turtles Lisa
Herald Statia are Truckin' and Grace as they venture around the
Caribbean. They have tracking satellites
attached to them and their progress is
monitored on the Stenapa website under
19-Feb the Daily Keeping Statia Clean Lettersfrom school children regarding
Herald "garbage disposal and our health"
27-Feb the Daily Stenapa deans up Artide telling of the importance, especially for
Herald Zeelandia Beach the nesting turtles, of one of the regularly
scheduled clean-ups of the beach area.
27-Feb the Daily Rarest plant of the entire Details of the unique, endemic to Sint
Herald Kingdom grows in Statia Eustatius Statia Morning Glory.
2-Apr the Daily First turtle tracks of the Arrival of a female leatherback began the
Herald season observed on 2007 nesting season for sea turtles.
10-Apr the Daily Public dumpsite filled to A dangerous, potentially toxic, situation is
Herald the brim brewing at the overfull Smith Gut landfill.
13-Apr the Daily Large leatherbackturtle A leatherbackwho had been born on
Herald nests on Statia Zeelandia Beach returned to nest. She also
was tagged for identification purposes.
5-May the Daily Dutch minister wants bag In hopes of discouraging the use of plastic
Herald tax bagsthe Minister for the Environment is
considering a tax on plastic bags.
14-May the Daily Statia number one dive The Netherlands magazine Reisburo recently
Herald destination in the world dedared Statia as the most irresistable dive
destination in the world.
14-May the Daily Penguin' still stuckat The ship that ran aground on April 23 has not
Herald Corre Corre Bay yet been salvaged. There are environmental
concerns regarding the leaking oil.
21-May the Daily Dead turtles found in A hawksbill turtle became trapped in the net of
Herald fisherman's nets a local fisherman and drowned.
9-Jun the Daily First baby leatherback Details of the exciting event of hatchlings at

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustaius National Parks

Date Newspaper Headline Subject
Herald hatchlings emerge on Zeelandia Beach and their delicate, potentially
Statia hazardous journey to the sea.
29-Jun the Daily Statians witness release Report of the emergence of the leatherback
Herald of sea turtle hatchlings hatchlings.
4-Jul the Daily Stenapa summer dub Details of the month long program designed
Herald starts off with a bang by Stenapa for children to be active during the
5-Jul the Daily Stenapa, Broad Reach Stenapa had extra help this time with its
Herald clean Atlantic Beaches regularly scheduled beach dean-up day,.
__Over 30 people participated.
9-Jul the Daily Satellite transmission of The sagaof tracking the whereaboutsof
Herald two turtles terminated turtles Lisa and Grace has come to an end.
The tracking batteries died.
13-Jul Travel Inside Saba et Saint-Eustache A destination report about St Eustatius and
(Switzerland) misent sur la promotion Saba and their ecotourism efforts
de I'ecotourisme
23-Jul the Daily Group starts Report on project to enhance the entrance
Herald beautification of Statia's with plants and signs at Zeelandia Beach.
Zeelandia Beach
1-Aug the Daily Turtle migration patterns Caribbean Conservation Corporation describe
Herald monitored their program to follow tagged hawksbill
1-Aug the Daily Statia Marine Park Announcement of plans for the 10th
Herald celebrates 10 years anniversary activities in December.
7-Aug the Daily Stenapa Summer Club 30 children completed the 5 week program of
Herald wasfun and educational activities. Children participated in Quill hikes,
assisting at the Botanical Garden, snorkeling
and sea turtle education activities.
8-Aug the Daily Broadreach programme Students and staff hiked the Quill and also
Herald visited Statia learned about the sinking of the Charles
Brown for us as an artifidal reef.
24-Aug the Daily Last transmitterto be Report of the project that began in 2005 to fit
Herald placed on turtle sea turtles with transmitters for monitoring.
7-Sep the Daily Statia joins international Announcement of Statia's participation in the
Herald coastal cleanup Saturday worldwide deanup scheduled for September
12-Sep the Daily Last turtle provided with "Track' a green turtle who has visited Statia
Herald tracking device for the last 5 years was fitted with a satellite
17-Sep the Daily Slaughtered cow had a Photo shown as example of what plastic bags
Herald wad of plastic bags in its can do to animals. The cow who roamed the
intestines dumpsite had ingested the plastic bags.
20-Sep the Daily Volunteers clean 22 volunteers partidpated in the regularly
Herald Zeelandia beach scheduled cleanup of the beach. Over 75 kilos
of debris was collected and removed from the
21-Sep the Daily Tagged turtle moving to "Track' a tagged green turtle has so far
Herald US Virgin islands travelled over454 km.
27-Sep the Daily Winners of turtle tracking Two local children, Lenaria Brown and Faraha
Herald competitions announced Ishmael received awards for their entries in
the competition. Their entries are on display at
the National Park Visitor Centre.
6-Oct the Daily Tracked turtle located off Continued details available of the green
_Herald Dominican Republic tagged turtle named 'Track' most recently

April 2008

Annual Report2007

St Eustalus National Parks

April 2008

Date Newspaper Headline Subject
coast tracked to the Dominican Republic
11-Oct the Daily EnviroWeekto highlight Promotion of the EnviroWeekconference Oct
Herald alarming issues on island 20-26 in St Maarten. Supporters include
20-Oct the Daily Third reef monitoring Surveys done of Barracuda Reef and
Herald completed in Statia Mushroom Garden to assess numbers of fish,
invertebrates, and reef substrate
26-Oct the Daily islands Statia turtle migrates to the Dominican
Herald Republic
3-Nov the Daily islands Study shows tankers impact reef negatively
1-Dec the Daily photo Group of Six Dutch dvil servants visit to
Herald Stenapa as part of their island tour in
connection with the new constitutional status.
5-Dec the Daily Statia home to first The 10th Anniversary of the Marine Park
Herald National Marine Park celebration was enhanced because of the
new designation by MINA of the Marine Park
as the first national marine parking the
Netherlands Antilles.
10-Dec the Daily Marine Park anniversary Weeklong activities in celebration of the
Herald closed off with gala party Marine Parks anniversary closed with a
dinner and photography award ceremony
12-Dec the Kids Statia celebrates Over 150 children took part in the Statia Park
Herald Stenapa's 10th Splash festivities. Activities induded face
Anniversary painting, games, snorkeling and boat rides
around the Bay
12-Dec the Kids Renewable energy Article by Alleandre Hook about energy and
Herald the importance of conservation
12-Dec the Kids photos From Statia Park Splash
14-Dec the Daily DCNA prepares Information about Jan Bloks (National
Herald management plan Forestry Service of the Netherlands) visit to
Windward Islands Statia, Saba and St Maarten to gather
terrestrial parks information to help provide details for their
National Parks' 5 year management plan.

Annual Report2007

University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs