Executive Summary
 Table of Contents

Title: Annual report
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100101/00003
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Publisher: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Place of Publication: Gallows Bay, St. Eustatius, N.A.
Publication Date: 2005
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100101
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Table of Contents
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Executive Summary
        Page 3
        Page 4
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        Page 6
        Page 7
    Table of Contents
        Page 8
        Page 9
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Full Text




I i -- p.


-- E-inF1
L1.J -

St Eustatius National Parks


STENAPA is a non profit foundation set up by Statians w ho wanted to protect and preserve
the flora and fauna of the island for other generations to come.

Our purpose is to serve the well-being, the education and recreation of Statia's population and
visitors to the island. All this with due observance of the primary requirement of preservation.

STENAPA was given the mandate by the Island Government to manage the marine and
national parks. STENAPA also manages a botanical garden that is being established to
preserve flora and as an attraction for the island and a place for locals and visitors to spend
some leisure time.

The year 2005 has been a very good and productive year for STENAPA.

The main objectives for 2005 were to make the parks more financially sustainable, enhance
professionalism by upgrading buildings and staff, continue on phases in the botanical garden,
continue educational programmes for schools and public, continue with the turtle protection
programme, and conduct research and monitoring programmes on environmental issues.

Our major accomplishments for 2005 were the expanding of our staff, acquiring VHF and
special police training for our staff, changing and enhancing our style with new trail signs,
producing our first in a series of mini-guides, setting up a new web site, joining DCNA with our
manager being chosen as chairperson and being able to get funding and publish a book on
reptiles and amphibians of the Dutch Caribbean.

I would like to also use this opportunity to thank management and staff of STENAPA for a job
well done. Thank you goes out also to all the funding agencies that put their trust in us and
gave us funding for the different projects that allow ed us to function throughout 2005. I have
seen the confidence in us on behalf of the island government and the public growing in
general. We appreciate your confidence and we will do everything to maintain that confidence.

President of STENA PA: Irving M Brown

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


This Annual Report contains information about the institutional and operational arrangements
of St Eustatius National Parks Foundation during 2005. The following information is presented:
* The management body responsible for Statia Marine Park, Quill/ Boven National Park and
Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden, including the board, committees and staff;
* Progress against 2005 objectives for the organisation, including all management areas;
* Administration systems, with details about finance, training, facilities and equipment;
* Ongoing and new programmes and activities in Statia Marine Park, Quill National Park and
Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Gardens, including infrastructure, user statistics, monitoring
and research as well as law enforcement, policy and legal issues;
* Information, education and outreach for the protected areas and nature conservation;
* Details about projects initiated or ongoing in 2005, and
* Some financial reporting for the calendar year of 2005, focussing on income revenue. A
separate Statement of Accounts has been issued by VerSant Accountants, St Maarten.

Highlights of the year

The number of staff increased from three to seven during 2005 with two additional rangers
(one Marine Park, one National Park), office administrator and turtle programme coordinator.
These changes were made possible by new grants to improve operational systems and
professionalism of the organisation. This has made a huge difference to ongoing management
effectiveness despite taking about two months of management time for recruitment and

As part of the professionalisation of National Park operations, a great deal of training (both in-
house and external) w as organised with seven external training courses held for staff, ranging
from VHF radio license to Special Police Office courses. All staff members attended at least
one training course during the year.

Design plans were prepared and approved for a complete change in facilities at the National
Park office. The original wooden building with a visitors' centre, off ice, workshop and bathroom
will be extended to house a visitors' centre, souvenir sales section and two offices. A new
concrete building is planned to become a workshop, equipment room and shaded area for
maintenance. Another concrete building is planned as a public bathroom (WC/showers). The
Island Government agreed to increase the size of the current property in Gallows Bay for the
additional build ings.

A major drive to increase public awareness saw five major achievements:

* The new 'house style' for STENAPA (with elements to reflect Statia's famous history) was
launched with new trail signs in Oranjestad and around the Quill National Park trail system.

* 'The Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden', the first in a series of five mini-guides was
designed, printed and distributed to the local community as well as sold to visitors.

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Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

* The new web site for STENAPA w as launched using the new 'house style'. This web site
has much more information for the local community, visitors, scientists and volunteers alike
with a new download section for technical and financial reports of STENAPA with the aim
of making the institutional arrangements more transparent.

* The monthly radio programme by STENAPA continued with airing of the show in the
evening as well as morning to capture a larger audience.

* A plastics campaign to increase awareness of environmental impact of plastic bags, and
offer an alternative- cotton re-useable 'eco-bags'.

The umbrella organisation, Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance (or DCNA) was formally notarised
and launched in February with its first Board meeting in Bonaire. The main goal of the
organisation is to acquire funding for sustainable Park Management to ensure that the rich
biodiversity of species in the Dutch Caribbean w ill be protected for many years. The DCNA is
a huge step forward for National Parks on St Eustatius, firstly to formally link the resources
(both technical and staffing) between neighboring national and marine parks, and secondly,
to seek means for sustainable financing in the long term. The first Board elected the Manager
of STENAPA as Chairperson of DCNA for the next three years. The DCNA comprises
members from all six Dutch Caribbean protected area organ isations.

The activities of the Sea Turtle Conservation Programme were extended due to recruitment of
an experienced full time turtle programme coordinator and assistance from volunteers.
* During 2005, three species of sea turtle nested on Zeelandia Beach: patrols on 165 nights
recorded eight turtles (three leatherbacks (Dermochelys coriacea) and five greens
(Chelonia mydas) and marked 28 nests. Although haw bill tracks were observed, no
individuals w ere sighted during patrols.
* The programme recorded the first returning (remigrant) turtle a green turtle that was
tagged in August 2002.
* A satellite transmitter w as deployed on a green turtle on Zeelandia in September, w ho then
displayed very unusual behaviour, remaining in near-shore waters less than 5km from the
release site throughout the tw o-month tracking period. This was a DCNA funded project in
collaboration with the Nature Foundation St Maarten.

A dedicated Education Officer was available for the first time. Funded by the DCNA to raise
awareness about turtle conservation, the Education Officer was shared between STENAPA,
Saba Conservation Foundation and St Maarten Nature Foundation and made monthly visits to
St Eustatius for education and public awareness activities.

Development in the Botanical Gardens continued so that all the Gardens of Phase 1 have now
been completed, including a Sensory Garden, Palm Garden and Lookout Garden. Many
improvements were made to infrastructure, such as re-painting of pavilion and house, and
replacement of the power supply.

The first book publication by STENAPA, 'The Reptiles and Amphibians of the Dutch
Caribbean: St Eustatius, Saba and St Maarten' w as launched w ith an evening talk and guided
hikes by the author on St Eustatius. The copyright of the book was given to STENAPA by the
authors and all proceeds from book sales w ill go towards conservation efforts by the three

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

organizations of STENAPA, Saba Conservation Foundation and St Maarten Nature

Overview of achievements and issues

A larger team of trained staff is now available to inform the general public and visitors about
nature conservation, ensure that park regulations are respected, spend time on the youth
education programme and quickly respond to emergencies or requests for assistance. Plans
for facilities to enhance the professionalism and operations of the National Parks were initiated
with construction drawings completed for new visitors centre, offices, workshop and public

Considerable time and energy were placed on public education and information about nature
conservation and park activities. All special events were reported in the two local inter-island
newspapers with a total of 33 articles throughout the year. Four STENAPA newsletters were
also completed to inform members of the public, past visitors and interested researchers about

The education programme was greatly enhanced in 2005 with a dedicated Education Officer
available as a both a resource and to organise monthly activities to promote awareness about
protection of sea turtles. This programme also linked with existing education activities such as
snorkel club, junior rangers and the radio programme.

The main operational issues were linked with the funding opportunities available to suddenly
increase the number of established staff from three to seven within the course of a couple of
months. This caused some issues with training, information sharing and team work. It has
proved difficult to improve communicate linkage with staff working on three sites and a number
of mechanisms were developed through the year to overcome these difficulties. The increase
in staff numbers took up more management time (both directly and indirectly) than anticipated,
however the funding opportunities would have been lost if the staff would not have been
recruited in line with funding contracts.

Finance remains a grave concern of the organisation. Operational funding is secure until early
2007 due to an ongoing grant of $68,000 per year that was awarded by the Netherlands
Postcode Lottery. However, there is financial uncertainty after this date as operational costs
can no longer be covered. Whilst expenditure by STENAPA increased greatly in 2005 due to a
large number of ongoing funded projects (15 externally funded projects), the funding received
was dedicated to specific (often additional) activities and cannot be 'saved' for a future time
when expenses exceed income.

It is difficult for the local community to understand that the very visible increase in staffing and
expenditure is temporary, and that STENAPA urgently requires a reliable and sustained level
of income for future years. Although a Trust Fund will be set up through the DCNA to provide
long term income for operational expenses, it is expected that it will take at least ten years for
the Trust Fund to be capitalised; STENAPA needs to find operational funding to replace the
current grant of $68,000 per year until at least 2017.

The plans for the new visitors centre have enabled an increased potential of own-income
generation (such as a book sale/exchange, internet access point, dedicated souvenir sales
section, public bathroom availability) from 2006 when the facilities are completed. However,

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

income generated by user fees decreased slightly in 2005. Decreased 'willingness to pay' by
yachts caused by the increased harbour fees has also affected yacht fee income.

Relationships with other organizations

Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance: The relationship with DCNA grew immensely during 2005.
Although the organisation was formally established in February 2005, the Manager of
STENAPA had already attended a meeting hosted by MINA in 2003 and two meetings hosted
by MINA in 2004, each lasting three days, to discuss and plan for a union of the nature
management organizations in the Dutch Caribbean (see 2004 Annual Report). There were
four meetings of the DCNA in 2005: a preparatory meeting and board elections in Curacao
(February), the first official board meeting in Bonaire (February), the second board meeting in
St Eustatius (June) and the third board meeting in Saba (October). The frequent meeting
interval was necessary to establish the foundation in an interactive, consultative manner so
that the nature management organizations on all six islands were confident and secure in the
objectives and activities of DCNA.

IUCN Netherlands: The relationship with IUCN Netherlands continues since the operational
grant (mentioned in the last section) was awarded in 2004. In accordance with the grant
criteria, STENAPA submitted the 2004 Annual Report, 2004 Financial Statements and an
annual grant report (April 2004 March 2005) to IUCN Netherlands in 2005. The relationship
continues and has increased in strength through the auspices of DCNA due to the fact that
IUCN Netherlands has a seat on the Board as an international conservation organisation with
technical and financial contributions to the DCNA.

Stichtina Doen: A three year grant with Doen commenced in January 2005 to improve
professionalism and income generation opportunities for STENA PA. The grant is funding the
construction work to improve visitor centre and office facilities, salaries for 2006/7 to ensure
employment of two additional rangers, staff training costs, and printing of public awareness
and communication materials. It is hoped that representatives from Doen will be in St
Eustatius to visit the new facilities in 2006.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks







Antilliaanse Mede Financierings Organisatie
Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, Netherlands
Convention for International Trade in Endangered Species
Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance Foundation
Inter-American Convention for the Protection and Conservation of Sea
Netherlands Committee for the International Union for the Conservation
of Nature and Natural Resources
Kleine Natuur Projecten Fonds Nederlandse Antillen/Small Nature
Project Funds Netherlands Antilles
Afdeling Milieu en Natuur/Section of Environment and Nature of the
Ministry of Public Health and Social Development, Netherlands Antilles
National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, USA
St Eustatius Marine Park
St Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Netherlands Representation in St Maarten
Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Network
World Turtle Trust, Haw aii
World Wild life Fund

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks Annual Report 2005


1 M anagem ent Organisation................................................................................ 10
1.1 Board ............................................................................................................ 10
1.2 Com m ittees .................................................................................................. 10
1.3 Staff ............................................ ......................................... ............. ....... ... ... 11
1.4 Intern Program m e ............................................................................................. 12
1.5 W working AbroadVolunteer Program m e ........................................................12
2 Objectives for the year....................................................................................... 13
3 Adm inistration .................................................................................................... 17
3.1 Finance ...... ........................................................................................ .......... 17
3.2 Staff training .............................................................................................. 17
3.3 Office and V visitor Centre ....................................................... .................. 18
3.4 Equipment ......................................................... ........................ ............... 18
4 Statia M marine Park............................................................................................... 19
4.1 Diving Activity .................................................. ............................................... 19
4.2 Yacht visits ....................................................................................................... 21
4.3 Mooring maintenance.................................. ................. ..............................21
4.4 Monitoring and Research ............................................................................... 22
4.5 Law enforcement, policy and legal issues............................................ .....27
5 Quill/ Boven National Park ...................................................... .................... 28
5.1 Hiker Visits....................................................................................................... 28
5.2 Trail m aintenance......................................................................................... 28
5.3 Monitoring and Research ............................................................................... 29
5.4 Law enforcement, policy and legal issues............................................ .....31
6 M iriam C Schm idt Botanical Garden.............................. ....................................32
6.1 Infrastructure .....................................................................................................32
6.2 Phase 1 development....................................................................................... 33
6.3 Phase 2-5 development ................................................................................. 33
6.4 Botanical Garden M ini-G uide ................................... .....................................34
7 Inform ation, Education and outreach ......................................... ..............................35
7.1 Pu blic information .........................................................................................35
7.2 Ed ucation ...................................................................................................... 36
7.3 Public relations, media and information................................................. ....... 39
7.4 Plastics campaign ........................................................... ........................... 40
8 Travel .................................................................................................................... 41
9 Projects ................................................................................................................ 42
10 Recom m endations.............................................................................................. 43
11 Financial Reporting............................................................................................ 45
11.1 Income Generating Activities .................................... .....................................45
1 1 .2 Financial Statements ......................................................................................... 45
12 A ppendices.......................................................................................................... 55
12.1 Appendix 1: Details and activities of the volunteer programme .....................55
12.2 Appendix 2: Press articles................................................................................56

May 2006 8

St Eustatius National Parks


Table 1 S staffing details ............................................................................. . ............. 11
Table 2 Progress against 2005 objectives .............................................. ............... 13
Table 3 Number of divers registered w ith Statia Marine Park (1999-2005) ..................19
Table 4 Number of yachts visiting Marine Park (2001-2005) ......................................21
Table 5 Purchase of National Parks entrance fee (2001-2005)..................................28
Table 6 Turtle education programme activities on St Eustatius ..................................37
Table 7 Courses and events attended by staff and board members ..........................41
Table 8 Current projects in 2005 .................................................. .......................... 42
Table 9 List of objectives for 2006 ................................... ..........................................43
Table 10 Income generating activities (US$) ...................................................................45
Table 11 Interns assisting w ith STENA PA in 2005........................................................ 55
Table 12 Working Abroad volunteers assisting STENA PA in 2005 ..............................55
Table 13 List of press articles about STENAPA activities in 2005................................56


Figure 1 Nationality of divers registered with Statia Marine Park (2005) .....................19
Figure 2 Diver visits to each dive site in the Marine Park (2005) .................................20
Figure 3 Nationality of yachtcaptains visiting Statia Marine Park (2005) ....................22

Note: unless otherwise noted, photographs in the report are accredited to STENAPA and are
not listed here.


Nicole Esteban
Manager, St Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Gallows Bay, St Eustatius
Netherlands Antilles

Email: info@sta tiapark.org
Phone/Fax: +599 318 2884
Website: www.statiapark.org

With thanks to Violet Busby, Emma Harrison, and Dominique Vissenberg for help in
collation of information for this report.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


1.1 Board

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation has a permanent Board of Directors, which oversees
Foundation activities (Marine Park, National Parks, Botanical Garden, other) and directs overall
strategy. Elected Board members have additional responsibilities in accordance with respective
positions. Board meeting intervals were established in 2005 so that monthly meetings take
place, and a total of 13 meetings were held, with an extra-ordinary meeting to discuss the DCNA
in June.

Work by the Committee for Statutes was finalised in 2004 and the original 1988 Statutes for
STENA PA were updated and prepared by the Notary for signature by two board members, Irving
Brown and Jana Mason in April, with change to the Chamber of Commerce entry registered in
May. The changes to the Statutes involve formation of a Working Committee, timely board
meetings, board member representation, and include statutory elections and a maximum of two
terms as an elected officer.

There were few Board changes during 2005. Board member, Maaike Patrick resigned her
position from the Board in February. In May, the compilation of the Board changed following
statutory elections in line w ith the new Statutes, resulting in the follow ing Board:

Irving M. Brown President
Ronald V. Courtar Vice-President
Jana Mason Treasurer
Jessica L.A. Berkel Secretary
Kay Boyd Board member
Ira Walker Board member
Daniel Eaton Board member
Michele Faires Board member & Dive Centre Representative

The Board has invited two additional representations in the past three years. At Marine Park
meetings with fishermen in August 2003, February 2004 and in 2005 newsletters, the President
invited the fishermen to nominate a member to represent them on the Board. When the Island
Government announced the emergency subsidy in October 2003, they requested that there be a
representative of the government on the Board. The Board then invited the Government to
nominate a representative to the Board. These two positions remain open.

1.2 Committees

There w as only one Committee in action in 2005.

Botanical Garden Committee: In June 2003, Board members voted to establish a Committee
to oversee the Botanical Gardens. This Committee meets on a monthly or two monthly basis to
review actions decided previously, decide on next steps or projects and ensure that
developments remain within STENAPA's vision for the Botanical Garden. Meetings take place at
the Botanical Gardens with the Manager, Assistant Manager and the Botanical Garden Intern.
Members of this Committee are Miss Jana Mason and Mr Ira Walker. Minutes and actions of
these meetings are recorded and sent to Board members with the Manager's weekly reports.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

1.3 Staff

There was a lot of change to staffing arrangements in 2005 due to a number of long term and
short term projects funded through IUCN, Stichting Doen, NFWF, AMFO and Prince Bernhard
Culture Fund. At the beginning of 2005, there were three staff members who have permanent
contracts. Plans to extend the staffing to include an Office Administrator, additional Ranger with
Marine Park emphasis, additional Ranger with National Park emphasis, Turtle Programme
Coordinator were fulfilled through the receipt of five project grants. The recruitment process for
additional staff commenced in January with adverts on local radio, the regional newspaper Daily
Herald and through sea turtle and related web sites. A total of 14 interview s for the four positions
were conducted by the Manager with Board representatives in March, resulting in hiring of four
new staff in March/April. Staff employed at end 2005 are listed in Table 1.

Table 1

Staffing details

Position Name General area of work Start date
Manager Nicole Esteban Oversees all programmes, financial and 1 May 2003
project reports, project management,
volunteer management, research /
monitoring coordination.
Assistant Manager Gershon Lopes Botanical Garden coordinator, Education 1 February
coordinator, oversees mooring 1997
maintenance programme.
National Park Walter (Gadjet) Mooring maintenance, yacht/dive fee 1 November
Ranger Marine Blair collection, boat/vehicle maintenance, 2002
Park emphasis assists research, assists snorkel club
National Park Nadio Spanner Mooring maintenance, yacht/dive fee 4 April 2005
Ranger Marine collection, boat/vehicle maintenance,
Park emphasis assists research, assists snorkel club
National Park John de Bruin Trail maintenance, guided hikes, 11 April
Ranger Trail / Botanical Garden equipment 2005
Garden emphasis maintenance, assists with Garden
Office Violet (Tutti) Provides information to visitors, cash box 21 March
Administrator Busby management, accounting entry and 2005
reporting, office supplies, office
Turtle Programme Emma Harrison Schedules and trains volunteers on turtle 1 April 2005
Coordinator programme, leads patrols, arranges turtle
programme research, arranges volunteer
schedule, organises turtle-related
educational activities

The rapid growth of the team of staff, made possible through various projects, has brought new
complexity to staffing arrangements and has resulted in new activities, such as monthly staff
meetings, weekly park meetings (separate meetings for marine park, national park and botanical
garden) that include interns, and the ongoing preparation of a staff handbook. As a result,
management time spent on staff administration and training, both in-house and external (see
Section 3.2), increased tremendously in 2005.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

1.4 Intern Programme

STENAPA continues to arrange for volunteers to come as Marine Park, National Park and
Botanical Garden Interns. It is expected that these volunteers have relevant qualifications or
experience in these fields, and that they coordinate activities for the Working Abroad volunteers,
particularly in the National Park (trail maintenance, sign building, species monitoring, etc),
Botanical Garden (planting, maintenance, garden development, etc) and Marine Park (turtle
monitoring, mooring cleaning, etc). Additional activities for interns include participation in monthly
school presentations, collection of fees from tourists, staffing the office during weekend mornings
and ensuring maintenance of general use areas (bathroom, kitchen, etc) at the Botanical

Interns usually stay for a period of six months. a bed is provided in a shared bedroom at the
Botanical Garden, a shared truck is available for use out of office hours, and costs for energy
and bottled water at the Botanical Garden are covered. In 2005, a small monthly stipend
payment of $75 commenced. This stipend is charged to the Working Abroad account due to the
interns' important role in volunteer coordination. The intern positions are advertised on the
STENAPA web site and on www.idealist.org (a web site offering conservation opportunities
around the w orld). The majority of interns apply after view ing this site or after coming to Statia as
a Working Abroad volunteer. Interns play an extremely valuable role in the organisation and
coordination of project activities, and staff would not be able to coordinate the Working Abroad
volunteer programme without the assistance from interns. Details of the 11 interns who assisted
with different STENAPA programmes in 2005 are listed in Section 12.1.

1.5 Working Abroad Volunteer Programme

Working Abroad, a French/UK based volunteer organisation has supported the Statia
Conservation Project since early 2003. Groups of up to eight1 volunteers visit for a period of two
months to work on the Marine Park, the Quill National Park and the Botanical Garden. A
contribution of $1267 is received from each volunteer to cover the costs of camping at the
Botanical Garden, use of a new truck and for project costs.

During 2005, a total of 25 volunteers assisted STENAPA and helped on a large number of
activities. Details of each group and respective activities are summarized in Section 12.1. This
program developed greatly during 2005 with continued improvements to address comments and
criticisms from former volunteers; and provides a major boost to the activities in all three sectors,
Marine Park, National Parks and Botanical Garden. Development in the Botanical Gardens and
nightly monitoring patrols for the turtle conservation programme would not have been possible
without the assistance from Working Abroad volunteers.

STENAPA would like to than k all interns and volunteers for their efforts in the past year.

1The maximum number per group is limited to eight people due to number of passengers allowed in a
normal open truck
May 2006 12

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


The general objectives for 2005, including objectives for the organisation, for Statia Marine Park,
Quill / Boven National Park and Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden, were discussed and
agreed at a Board Meeting on 18th January 2005, and are listed in Table 2. Rather than
discussing progress against these goals in a separate section, comments are included on
progress against each objective within the same table. Where more detail is considered
important, the activities are explained in more detailed sub-sections of this section of the Annual

Table 2

Progress against 2005 objectives

Goal Progress
Sustainability: to make the In early 2005, STENAPA received confirmation that the monthly
parks more financially government subsidy would continue at Naf 10,000 for 2005 whilst the
sustainable, e.g. tanker fee negotiations for tanker fees continued.
Discussions about the progress on Environmental Fee collection from
tankers took place with the Executive Council during a meeting in June
2005. There were positive comments about the fact that fee income was
not sufficient for STENAPA and the need for additional finandng of
STENAPA through tanker fees. The Island Government suggested the
possibility that they may pay money from the tanker fees to the DCNA
Trust Fund for long term financing.

The project for the Beach Development continued with plans for
restoration of two historical buildings as a cafe and shop, which would
be managed by STENAPA with rent collected to assist with finandal
sustainability. A meeting with the Historical Foundation, Monument
Foundation and the Executive Council took place to discuss this.
STENAPA received an Executive Council letter to confirm the dedsion
to give STENAPA long leasehold of the land by the old fishing village.
STENAPA paid for the survey of boundaries through the AMFO grant
and the paperwork is pending.

The project for expanding the office visitor fadlities indudes additional
income generating possibilities, such as expanded souvenir sales, drinks
and snacks fridge, mini-guide and map sales, internet access point for
tourists and shower/WC fad lities.

National Park office building Plansforthe building expansion and new buildings were commissioned
expansion project: with Esmund Hook (EH) who drafted plans by mid March. After Board
preparation of blueprints, review, additional changes were requested.
approval of building permit,
quotes from contractors, start Whilst working on the plans, EH discovered that the building boundary
building new wall, WC/shower fence was outside of the offidal boundary line drawn up in the property
blockand workshop/equipment lease. Therefore any work on the building had to be halted until the
block Once complete, workon government approved a change in the boundary line. In December, the
current building. Kadaster confirmed that the Executive Council had approved the change
in boundary and came to place the new corner markers. In December,
the building drawings were finalised and the building permit requested.
New plans were distributed to 9 building contractors mid December to
request quotations by end 2005, at which time two quotes were
received. It is hoped that the building work will be completed by April
May 2006 13

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks



Classroom presentations: School visits were much better organised during 2005 as a year long
improve frequency, regularity, education programme took place centering on the awareness of turtle
notification and emphasis. conservation and organised by the Windward Island Education
Coordinator, Dominique Vissenberg. This year long programme was
agreed with all schools during visits in January, and the activities
commenced in February. The Sea Turtle Programme Coordinator and
interns assisted with school visits.

Visitsto all island schools took place almost monthly and included three
talks about turtle biology and conservation, a puppet show, a talk about
impact of plastics, two talks about tracking turtles and how far the turtles
m grated.
Plastic bag campaign: The project for the plastics campaign was approved by MINA early in the
continue with project year and activities commenced in May.
application for canvas
shopping bags (eco-bags) The Governor was interviewed during the May 'STENAPA and Nature'
radio programme.
Presentations were given by the National Park intern to all school
children (grade 3, 4, 5 and 6 in primary school and classes 1, 2 and 3 in
Gwendolyn van Putten school) in May with two contests- for a logo and
A jingle was first aired on radio in July using winning lyrics.
A poster was designed and distributed to all school classrooms and all
shops in November.
Eco-bags were ordered in October and arrived early January 2006.
The project will end in 2006.
Research Corallita problem The search for researchers started in January and ended in July when
and suggest control ABC Advies Foundation succeeded in agreeing for Dr Pieter Ketner to
methods: researcher to study come on board.
problem and conduct
experimental control methods Pieter Ketner and Joris Ernst started research with a literature search in
to start experiments during August-September, and came for the first field trip in November.
2005. Following this visit, an experimental protocol was established, plots were
set up at the Botanical Garden to test different herbicides and
application techniques. The project is being led by the National Park
Ranger and Research Officer.

Initial findings were published in newspapers and in the newsletter.

The research will conclude in 2006.
Training: conduct staff VHF VHF radio training took place in-house for 5 staff members (GL and VB
radio training, already have the certificate) and two interns to take the exam in May.
Three staff members passed, two staff members narrowly failed and
retake in 2006.
Training: attendance of After the job appraisals in January 2005, it was decided that training
Special Police training for should be extended to field staff to indude Manager, Assistant Manager
Manager and Assistant and Rangers. Discussions with the training organisation started in
Manager. February in Curacao and course arrangements completed in June.
Training tookplace over 4 weeks and 2 days in October-December and
all five staff members passed the course. Application forms for BAP
were sent to the Governor in December after a meeting with the
Prosecutor to discuss the process, and interaction between STENAPA
the Police and the Prosecutor once the process is completed.
The next stage isfor the Governor to request a Ministerielle Beschikking.
_Once this is approved, the swearing-in ceremony can be held.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

Goal Progress
Public awareness: complete All text for the new web site was completed between January March
new web site with updated and the new web site, complete with new STENAPA house style, was
design and information, launched in April. The web site is continually updated and there are
plans for further information to be added in 2006.
Beach restoration project: Landscaping plans were completed in March 2005. The design phase
complete design phase, have a was completed for the Reef Ball breakwaters with a design report from
town hall meeting, implement Dr Harris completed in April 2005. The plans for the restoration of two
Beach creation project when buildings have taken much longer than expected due to the discussion
funding is approved, process with Foundations and Government, the requested
archaeological excavations to ensure design is appropriate, and the
review of plans by all Foundations. The final plans are expected in
January 2006 when the design phase of the project can be completed.
Yacht moorings: replace Yacht mooring installation took place in April to improve the existing
moorings for yachts which moorings (to increase manta ray anchors to two per mooring) and install
were removed due to further moorings to bring the number up to the agreed 12 yacht
deterioration. moorings in the bay. Unfortunately, the equipment failed within days and
only five anchors could be installed to create three yacht moorings.
A grant from NFWF provided for a new powerpack (purchase shared
with Nature Foundation St Maarten) which was ordered in June. Due to
hurricane-related delays, the new machine was shipped in December.
As part of the activity to place the artificial reef in December 2005, the
Terminal agreed to provide 4 dead-weight anchors and place them in the
designated area for yacht moorings using the Responder.
Turtle programme: follow the The programme was successful and led by new Turtle Programme
same plans as 2004 with a Coordinator, Dr Emma Harrison who started work on 4t April and
Turtle Programme Coordinator. completed the season on 24 November.
Fisheries baseline study: The research was completed and written up by Marine Park researcher
complete research and review Jo White in August. The final report is almost complete.
any recommendations.
Tanker impact survey in the The research was completed in 2005 and the final report is being
anchorage zones in the Marine prepared.
Park complete this research.
Review any recommendations.
Training: Marine Park Thistraining was planned for October and was postponed to early 2006
Rangers to undertake two due to time constraints with the police training course.
week training in Bonaire
Marine Park
Pilot artificial reef for The Responderwas not able to assist with placement of the artificial reef
fishermen: continue plans with until December when the first item was placed. The artificial reef will be
Terminal to place items to completed in early 2006 when monitoring will continue to compare fish
develop artificial reef. Monitor populations with the baseline survey already carried out.
artificial reef once established.
Reserve demarcation: Two additional corner marker buoys were replaced for the SE and SW
replace marker buoys that corners of the Southern Reserve with assistant of the Responder in
disappeared in the Southern December.
Placement of boulders on Discussionstookplace with the Head of Maintenance of Statia Terminal
Zeelandia Beach: request to assist with heavy machinery for the placement of large boulders.
Government that boulders be Unfortunately, the person responsible left and discussions continue.
placed to prevent access for
sand removal from seagrapes.
Improve information about Funding was received from Doen to print the mini-guide 'Quill National
Quill National Park: complete Park'. Text was drafted in October-November, the design was completed
May 2006 15

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

Goal Progress
and print mini-guide. in December and files sent forprinting in December.
Signage for Trails: re-paint New trail signs were painted and put up around town and in the Quill
trail signs using newdesign. National Park in March. Additional signs were painted and set up in
Protection of land crabs in A literature review was carried out in May and transect stakes set out in
Quill: bring researcher to the Quill Crater. Correspondence with crab researchers in Puerto Rico
Statia to conduct population led to a change in methodological approach and the practical survey
survey of land crabs and now starts in 2006.
hermit crabs to lead to
legislation recommendations.
Control of goats in Quill: Ranger was recruited with AMFO funding to control goats.
recruit ranger with partial focus A meeting took place with the Executive Coundl in February to request a
on control of goats, agree control of goats and public announcement to inform people. The public
public announcement by announcement was aired on radio in March and April to advise the
Government with 2 month public to remove any goats they had in the Quill National Park as
notice to goat owners, start STENAPA would start to remove goatsfrom the beginning of May.
bringing goats to slaughter STENAPA requested to purchase a gun to shoot goats based on advice
house from LVV. The Government had some problems with the gun permit.
Due to the end of the grant, we purchased the gun in accordance with
advice received from police officer, and the gun was brought on island in
October. There followed a problem with the gun permit, which has not
yet been issued.
Ban against hunting doves Baseline bird study conducted by volunteer biologist in January 2004 at
during mating season: four sites. This needs to be updated early 2006.
research species habits,
request government's No other action was taken.
agreement to protect spedes
and alter legislation
Trail maintenance: to The trails' system was maintained. The design for all signage was
maintain the trails' system and changed by National Park intern in late 2004 and new signs placed in
improve signage. 2005.
A new trail map was created by GIS specialist and used for the web site
and Quill mini-guide.
Training: for rangers in Saba This was arranged in Statia and the Saba trail manager came for one
on trail maintenance, guiding weekof training in October. GL, JdB and NS followed the training course
skills, fauna and flora. successfully.
Improve information about The text and design of the mini-guide for the Botanical Garden was
the Botanical Garden: completed in April and copies of the mini-guide received in June. Copies
complete mini-guide, are sold at $1 each at the office and Garden. Copies were given to
SENGO and the Tourist Office foruse in island promotion.
Complete Phase 1 of the The design for the Look out Garden was created by Botanical Garden
Botanical Gardens: remaining intern in April and plants prepared in the shade house at the same time.
is the Look Out garden and Landscaping of the Garden was carried out in July-August and a pergola
third wind break, as well as started at that time.
plant labeling and information Two large picnic tables and another with shade have been constructed.
for visitors. Planting out was almost complete by December.
Three signs have been prepared and were sent for print in December
(Flora of Statia, Geology and Climate of Statia and St Kitts lookout).
Next phase of Botanical Discussions have been planned for a dedicated Board meeting about
Garden: plan next steps for the Botanical Garden.
Phase 2 onw ards. Cuttings have been set up in the shade house forthe fruit garden.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


3.1 Finance
Financial administration systems changed in 2005 with the recruitment of a full-time Office
Administrator and engagement of St Maarten based VerSant Accountants and Consultants. The
Treasurer stopped entering all book-keeping and trained the new Office Administrator in book-
keeping. Additionally, the Office Administrator received two days of in-house training from the

As part of the project for operational costings funded by NC-IUCN, VerSant Accountants
prepared the Financial Statements and Accountant's Compilation Report for the year ended 31
December 2004. The preparation and compilation of accounts included re-categorisation of the
accounts into standardised numbered lines. The Financial Statements were issued in May 2005
and copies sent to the funding organizations requiring Statements. Financial Statements and
Accountant's Compilation Report for 2005 will be completed by VerSant Accounts by end April
2006. Copies of the Financial Statements are available for review at the National Parks office.

3.2 Staff training
Past reports have recognized the need to professionalism the appearance and actions of staff,
and the urgency of training. Organisation of training, both in-house and external, intensified in
2005 due to three main factors, including the need to train the four staff employed in March/April,
special funding available for training through the new three year project (funded by Stichting
Doen) to professionalism the operations of the National Parks, and the ranger exchange
programme initiated through the DCNA. In-house training included informative sessions on
Marine and National Park regulations, orientation about the volunteer and intern programmes
and history of STENAPA, and practical skills necessary for dinghy driving, swimming, trail
building and turtle nesting patrols. External training courses are listed below.

Table 3

External training courses attended bystaff

May 2006

Training course Trainer Trainee Dates
Swimming skills Golden Rock Dive Nad io Spanner April
PADI Open Water dive Golden Rock Dive Centre Nadio Spanner April-May
course John de Bruin
Attachment of satellite Robert van Dam Emma Harrison July,
transmitters to turtles Nicole Esteban September
VHF radio license Department of Nicole Esteban pass July
Telecommunication Nad io Spanner retake
Walter Blair retake
John de Bruin pass
Emma Harrison pass
Trail maintenance and James Johnson, Trail Gershon Lopes September
guiding course Manager, Saba John de Bruin
Nad io Span ner
Prince 2 Management Galan Group Nicole Esteban September
course Violet Busby
Special Agent of PSS, Curacao Nicole Esteban October-
Police course Gershon Lopes December
Walter Blair
Nad io Span ner
John de Bruin

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

3.3 Office and Visitor Centre

The office in Gallows Bay is the main information centre for the Marine
Park, National Parks and Botanical Garden. Information about the parks
and activities is also available at the Botanical Garden during morning
hours, airport arrival booth and the tourist office (which also sells trail
tags). In 2005, displays were improved with a greater number of maps .
and additional information boards about current projects, such as this .
information board about the Turtle Satellite Tracking Project. The first of
a new series of five mini-guides w as also available to visitors from July.

The office continues to open from 7am until 5pm weekdays and is
occasionally closed during special events requiring all staff. The
National Parks office as constructed in 1997 as the Marine Park office
and the building has become too small to house all the staff and
equipment necessary for the National Park and Marine Park (the shared administration office,
meeting area and visitors centre is shown below). In 2004, funding was received from Stichting
Doen to expand the facility with a new building for equipment and workshop, another building for
public shower and WC and an extension of the current office and visitor centre under the same
roof. Construction and design plans were completed in early 2005. Realising that the land area
was small for the new facilities, a request was sent to the Island Government to increase the
property area and the new lease arrangements were confirmed at end 2005. As soon as the
property boundary was delineated, nine construction companies were approached to deliver a
quotation and proposal by end December for
construction in early 2006.

A small visitor centre facility is available at the
Botanical Garden. Information/materials are stored in
the buildings that are used as a base for the
volunteer programme. Visitors to the Botanical
Garden are welcomed by interns during morning
hours on weekdays and, on special request, at
weekends. Interns will give all visitors a tour of the
Botanical Garden during these hours.

3.4 Equipment


All fixed assets are listed in the Accountant's Report. There w ere no major equipment purchases
during 2005 with the exception of new office equipment in preparation for the construction w ork
and some large orders for equipment related to mooring installation and maintenance (new
manta rays, chain, power pack and rope). These equipment purchases were funded through
special projects, mainly Stichting Doen and NFWF (listed in Table 9).

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

Annual Report 2005


Core activities in the Marine Park continue as provided by the Marine Environment Ordinance
(1996) and as set out in the Marine Park management plan (1997). Ongoing activities unique to
the Marine Park include infrastructure maintenance, monitoring and research, law enforcement,
policy and legal issues. Progress on 2005 objectives for Statia Marine Park are included in Table

4.1 Diving Activity

The number of divers registered with Statia Marine Park increased by 23% compared with 2004.
Table 4 shows that the number of divers has steadily increased during the last four years since
the slump in tourism in 2001, and are consistently reaching record levels.

Table 4 Number of divers registered with Statia Marine Park (1999-2005)

Year Number of divers
1999 955
2000 830
2001 322
2002 688
2003 1127
2004 1353
2005 1782

The large majority of divers in 2005 originated from the USA, followed by Holland, Britain,
France and Switzerland (Figure 1). A larger proportion of divers came from the USA than
previous years, and many of thesewere yacht visitors that came onshore for one or two dives.

o France
ONetherlands Antilles
0 Be Ig ium
U known
SAu st ria
C aribbean

Figure 1 Nationality of divers registered with Statia Marine Park (2005)

May 2006

St Eustatius National Parks

Annual Report 2005

There has been no change to the diver fee structure, and there are currently two types of diver
fees. The annual pass remains at $15 and single dive passes are $3. The ratio of annual / single
passes shifted in 2005 and the greater proportion of single dive fees sold led to a decrease in
overall income from dive fees (824 annual fees were sold in 2005 compared with 1253 sold in
2004). Single dive passes remain popular amongst divers from visiting yachts.

An analysis of dives in the Marine Park shows that there are clearly favourite dive sites,
particularly in the Southern Reserve seven of the top ten dive sites are in this reserve. As the
Caribbean Explorer (weekly visiting live-aboard) only dives at six sites with stronger moorings,
Figure 2 presents the number of dives for each dive site by each dive centre. Discounting data
for the Caribbean Explorer, it is clear that the most popular dive site is the artificial reef sunk in
2003, the Charles Brown, followed by the artificial reef, STENAPA reef (popular as it's close to
shore, a good night dive site and divers often see turtles). Two coral reef sites in the Southern
Reserve (Hangover, Barracuda Reef), the historical wreck site, Double Wreck (also popular as
it's close to shore and a good night dive site) and three more sites in the Southern Reserve
(Anchor Point North, Blocks, Grand Canyon) are also visited regularly.

-1 s

-, 5 > 0 0

0 o!
O Dive Site
0 Dive Site

Figure 2

Diver visits to each dive site in the Marine Park (2005)

The Marine Park is focusing on improving information available for divers, and produced an
improved and accurate dive site map in late 2005 (see cover page) after detailed surveys of the
park boundary and both buoyed and un-buoyed dive site locations. This map has been used for
the new mini-guide 'Diving in Statia Marine Park'.

May 2006

St Eustatius National Parks

In order to improve information for divers, a new activity was collection of information, including
approximate route maps, about dive sites in preparation of a guide book for divers about the
Marine Park. This activity was conducted by a volunteer biologist during June-August with the
assistance of all dive centres. It is expected that this activity w ill be ongoing and completed in

4.2 Yacht visits

Table 5 indicates the number of yachts anchoring or mooring in Statia Marine Park in the last
five years, and shows that therewas a decrease of approximately 11% between 2004 and 2005.
Although the efficiency of yacht fee collection increased due to diligent collection of yacht fees
(including weekend work) and additional rangers during 2005, unfortunately the 'willingness to
pay' by yachts has decreased due to increased harbour fees so that yachts often refuse to pay
the Marine Park fee as they feel they have already paid their due. Awareness about payment of
yacht fees to the Marine Park has been enhanced with a new sign for yachts installed on the
harbour pier and list of services offered by the Marine Park.
Table 5 Number of yachts visiting Marine Park (2001-2005)
Year Number of yachts
2001 348
2002 313
2003 402
2004 460
2005 411

It is felt that yacht tourism is an important market as many yacht visitors dive, hike, use local
taxis, services and restaurants or return as overnight guests to Statia at a later stage. The
majority of yacht captains come from the USA, UK, Holland, France and Germany (see Figure 3)
and a large number charter boats from St Maarten. There w ere also groups of yachts that came
from educational programmes such as Broadreach and Sea-mester. A Willingness to Paysurvey
about Marine Park and National Park fees is planned for 2006.

4.3 Mooring maintenance

In total, the Marine Park maintains 31 dive site moorings, three snorkel site moorings and up to
12 yacht moorings. Maintenance of all these moorings takes up the majority of staff and intern
time. Marine Park staff aim to check each mooring once every month and to clean ropes once
every two months. Damage to dive moorings is usually reported to Marine Park staff by dive
operators, w ho were increasingly encouraged to report damage or the need to clean moorings in
2005. During 2005, there w ere some delays experienced during repair of the marine park patrol
boat, Success, w which has major structural problems. A grant application w as prepared for a new
boat in 2005 follow ing inspection of the new Saba Marine park boat, Sabina II.

Currently, there are 6 yacht moorings in place and a project started in April, with funding from
NFWF to re-enforce each yacht mooring with two manta ray anchors instead of one. However,
after a week of mooring installation in April, with three new yacht moorings in place, the power
pack necessary for the jackhammer operation seized and was sent to the USA for repair. It is
costly to repair this item of equipment, and therefore STENAPA and the St Maarten Nature
Foundation have jointly purchased a new power pack. Construction of this power pack was
delayed due to Florida hurricanes and delivery is expected in early 2006. Due to the breakdown

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

in equipment, Statia Terminal kindly donated mooring chain in late 2005 and three additional
deeper moorings were placed in December.

0 Britain
0 Holland
0 France
0 Ge rma ny
0 Switzer land
0 Europe
0 Neth erlandsAntilles
13 Scan din avi a

Figure 3 Nationality of yacht captains visiting Statia Marine Park (2005)

At the request of fishermen, the Marine Park replaced the additional large yellow buoys to mark
the boundary for the Southern Reserve. Buoys and moorings w ere placed w ith the assistance of
the vessel Responder from Statia Terminals. Buoys have not been installed in the Northern
Reserve due to possibility of damage from tankers using the Single Point Mooring (SPM), or
from tugs assisting tankers in this zone.

4.4 Monitoring and Research

4.4.1 New artificial reef for fishermen
In late 2005, the first item was placed in the new artificial reef that was requested by the
fishermen in 2004 at a depth of 23 metres to the w est of the Southern Reserve. This project as
delayed due to necessary repair to the Statia Responder. Two heavy metal items with three
dimensional structure ideal for an artificial reef were placed in December 2005 and January 2006
including the tugboat Miss Kathy and a concrete mixer barrel. This site has been demarcated
with a small buoy for fishermen and will not be buoyed as a dive site. The area was surveyed in
2004 for a baseline fish population and surveys will continue to monitor change.

4.4.2 Sea turtle conservation programme
In 2005, the St Eustatius Sea Turtle Conservation Programme completed its fourth successful
year of monitoring, research and education activities; there follows a summary of the
Programme's principal findings for the year.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

The nesting season ran from 29 March 1 October; leatherbacks nesting from March June,
hawksbills from May September and green turtles from July October. A total of 28 nests
were recorded for the season; 11 leatherback, 15 green and 2 hawksbill turtles. Zeelandia
Beach remained the primary nesting beach for all three species of turtle, with minimal nesting
reported from Turtle Beach and Kay Bay.

Nightly patrols w ere conducted on Zeelandia Beach from 18 April 20 October; 165 patrols w ere
completed, totalling over 1,000 hours of monitoring. All turtles observed were tagged with
external flipper tags, and for leatherbacks, internal PIT tags w ere also applied. Eight turtles w ere
encountered during patrols; three leatherbacks and five green turtles. One green turtle was
encountered with an old tag that had originally been applied in August 2002; this was the first
record of a returning (remigrant) turtle for the project.

All nest locations were marked for inclusion in a study of survivorship and hatching success;
these were checked every day for signs of disturbance, predation or signs of hatchling
emergence. Two of the 28 marked nests w ere lost during incubation; one leatherback nest w as
washed away in extremely high tides, and one green turtle nest was buried under a cliff fall.
Leatherback nests had very low hatching success compared to hawksbill and green turtles;
3.5%, compared to 41.4% and 76.8%, respectively. One reason for this differencewas possibly
the fact that leatherbacks laid their eggs much deeper than either green or hawksbill turtles; the
eggs were more likely to be inundated by water, which killed the developing embryos. Also, all
but one leatherback nest was laid close to the public access area on Zeelandia Beach, which
was the site of continued illegal sand mining in 2005. The removal of sand adds to the natural
erosion of the beach, creating problems for any nests laid in that area. Only one nest was
relocated during the nesting season; during a night patrol, eggs from a green turtle nest were
observed in a bank being washed away by high tides. The nestwas relocated to another section
of the beach away from the erosion zone; the relocation process did not appear to adversely
affect the eggs for hatching success was calculated as 76.4%.

Several different community activities were conducted as part of the Programme in 2005. A
puppet show was organised for local schools, to teach students about threats to turtles, how they
could be avoided and w hat they could do to help. Presentations about turtles w ere also given at
the Auxiliary Home and the Methodist church.

Beach erosion continues to be a significant problem on Zeelandia Beach; this is compounded by
illegal sand mining activities that occur at the northern end of the beach. Five large cliff falls
were reported during the nesting season,
highlighting the need for an extensive erosion
study to monitor the problem.

Another area of concern is the quantity of
garbage on the nesting beach, most of which is --
coming from the Smith's Gut landfill site. Regular
clean-ups conducted on Zeelandia Beach during
2005 gathered more than 12 truck loads of
rubbish bags, in addition to a fridge, large rope,
fishing net and car batteries. Pictured here are a
volunteer and National Park intern efficiently
carrying collected rubbish back to the truck.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

2005 saw Programme staff involved in several regional and international meetings relating to
sea turtle biology and conservation. In January, the 2004 Programme Co-ordinator,
accompanied by a teacher and high school student, attended the 25th International Sea Turtle
Symposium and WIDECAST Annual General Meeting in Savannah, Georgia, USA. The 2005
Programme Co-ordinator was invited to give a presentation about the St Eustatius Sea Turtle
Conservation Programme at a workshop in Cuba in September; this meeting focused on the role
of community involvement in sea turtle conservation projects in the region. In October, the
Programme was featured as part of the month-long "Sea & Learn on Saba" series of lectures
from international biolog ists.

Following the success of the Programme in 2005 it is hoped that the research and monitoring
activities will continue to develop in 2006. There are plans to begin an in-water survey of the
juvenile turtles residing around St Eustatius; training on the survey protocols is scheduled in
Puerto Rico for March 2006. It is also hoped to establish a greater level of co-operation and
information exchange between the turtle conservation projects of the Netherlands Antilles and
other islands in the region.

4.4.3 Sea turtle satellite tracking project

One of the major
achievements of 2005 was
the successful
implementation of the Sea
Turtle Satellite Tracking
Project, funded by the Dutch
Caribbean Nature Alliance.
This research was an inter-
island collaboration of
STENAPA and the Nature
Foundation St Maarten. Dr
Robert van Dam was the
lead biolog ist, providing
expertise and training in
satellite telemetry
methodology. The research
aimed to identify migration
pathways and foraging
grounds of hawksbill and

green turtles nesting on St Eustatius and St Maarten. In addition, it was hoped to use the project
as a means of engaging the public in marine conservation issues.

Although only two transmitters were deployed on nesting females, one on a green turtle from St
Eustatius in September, the second on a hawksbill from St Maarten in October, the project
produced some interesting results. The haw ksbill showed fairly typical migratory behaviour; she
travelled 330km to St John, United States Virgin Islands, a straight-line distance of 175km from
her release site on St Maarten. In contrast, the green turtle displayed very unusual behaviour;
she did not undergo any significant migration, remaining in the near-shorewaters less than 5km
from the release site on Zeelandia Beach throughout the two-month tracking period. This is
possibly the first record of such behaviour for an adult green turtle female, and will be studied
further during additional tracking studies planned for 2006. The project results w ill be presented
at the 26th International Sea Turtle Symposium to be held on Crete, in April 2006, and the
presentation poster is shown above.

May 2006

A Satellite Tracking Project in the Windward Islands
of the Netherlands Antilles

1 --

* *.. I.Lu

S.... ...

Annual Report 2005

"-' a~

""" "'"""""" "'"'""" """ "" ""~ "' ~"""""~
~~U.~.~.~,u~~,~. r.~~.~.~.U.~.~.~~.~~.
i**-lrilrl(Y i-lrili. IIIlL--u_-lr~ ~^

St Eustatius National Parks

The education component of the project was very important, and focused primarily on the island
schools. Students w ere given presentations about satellite telemetry and invited to participate in
two competitions. For the "Name the Turtle" Competition students w ere asked to draw a picture
of a turtle, write a story about their migration or make a model turtle out of recycled materials.
106 entries were received; three w winners were selected and they won various prizes, including
the opportunity to choose the name for one of the transmittered turtles. A similar competition
was held on St Maarten, and received over 200 entries. The green turtle was given the name
"Miss Shellie" (see photo) and the haw ksbill w as called "Archy". All the competition entries were
displayed as part of an exhibit at the public library giving information about the project and
featuring a map that was regularly updated with the location of each turtle. The "Where's the
Turtle?" Competition asked people to guess where they thought the turtles would go on their
migration, and how far they would sw im. Over 250 students participated, and four winners were
announced; one guessing the exact distance that "Archy" travelled from St Maarten to the Virgin

4.4.4 Reef Check
On 10-12 June, STENAPA started Reef Check monitoring with a well-attended training
workshop for interested local divers on coral reefs, their importance to the islands and the 'Reef
Check' monitoring programme. Paul Hoetjes from MINA conducted the workshop and
subsequent practical training that was attended by 11 divers resident on St Eustatius. Reef
Check is a simple survey protocol developed as a volunteer, community-based monitoring
system designed to measure coral reef health on a global scale. Two sites in the Marine Park
(Barracuda Reef and Mushroom Garden) will be monitored on an annual basis and it is hoped
that the volunteer divers w ill continue to assist the Marine Parkw ith these surveys.

4.4.5 Coral bleaching event
Coral bleaching was observed in the Windward Islands since late August 2005. Marine Parks
had been vigilant to reports of bleaching follow ing the April 2005 warning of warmer sea surface
temperatures in the Caribbean due to a change in the normal upwelling patterns, which was
circulated by Paul Hoetjes (MINA). The combined report by the marine parks of Saba, St
Eustatius, St Maarten of October 2005 showed similar impacts and brief observations are
included here.

The first observation by a dive centre of bleached corals w as on 24th August at Cliffs dive site at
a depth of 29m. A visit by the marine park found that there were no bleached corals above the
depth of 26m. Between 26-44m depth (and beyond), only plate coral forms were bleached. All
other coral colony forms were unaffected. There
was a noticeable thermocline at 25m. The
bleaching affected shallower corals from 12th
September when dive centres reported corals
bleached at 16m. By the 16th September, the
marine park observed bleached corals on the old
city wall (3m depth). By this time, corals of all
morphologies were affected. A dive to the deepest
site of the wall (Drop Off West) on 7th October
found that all coral colonies were affected by '
bleaching, some more than others with no apparent
pattern. It was estimated that approximately 70-
80% of all hard corals observed during the 30 L

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

minute dive along the wall were bleached, including fire coral. The marine park does not monitor
temperatures with an accurate instrument. Dive computers recorded 820F (27.80C) in mid
September and 81 F (27.2C) on 9th October after 46.8mm rainfall on the 8-9th October. It is
hoped that the unsettled weather will continue with rainfall that accelerates the water
temperature drop. Additional Reef Check surveys were initiated in late 2005 to monitor the
damage and recovery of corals affected by this massive bleaching event.

4.4.6 Fish catch survey
A fish calch survey and assessment was organized and funded by MINA and implemented in
February. Faisal Dilrosun (Department of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries) collected
baseline information for a rapid fishery survey2 through meetings with fishermen. This was
supplemented by data collected by the Park Ranger and submitted to MINA periodically
(including fishing effort and catch) in 2004 and 2005. MINA is expected to present the report
findings in 2006.

4.4.7 Tanker impact assessment
The aim of the project is to identify the impact of tankers on the marine park and to select and
establish means for visual identification of the anchorage zone. Funding for survey time,
equipment and air fills was awarded by KNAP in late 2003. During 2004 and 2005, meetings
took place with Statia Terminal personnel to discuss the survey, underwater surveys were
conducted to survey the area and identify existing impacts of tanker anchoring and more detailed
surveys of specific areas w ere carried out. The research report ill be completed in 2006.

4.4.8 Oranjestad beach development
In late 2003, the Island Government requested comments about a proposed project by the Old
Gin House to dredge sand for the beach in front of the hotels. After consideration of the project,
recommendations were given to the Government to seek alternative environmentally friendly
methods for beach stabilisation and creation and to engage a coastal engineer for a Feasibility
Study. In May 2004, the Island Government contracted Dr Lee Harris from the Florida Institute of
Technology to conduct a feasibility study with assistance from the Marine Park. Subsequently,
AMFO awarded funding for the beach development design (reefball breakwaters, historical
building renovation, landscaping). In May, Dr Harris finalised the engineering design for three
submerged breakwaters using five rows of Goliath reef balls to be followed up with coral
transplantation. In May, Couchar Garden submitted plans for landscaping of the bay area. In
December, PREAM Architects submitted plans for the building restoration of two historical ruins
into a shop and cafe. The ruins were selected and agreed between the Historical Foundation,
Monument Foundation, STENAPA and Executive Council in mid 2005, and archaeological
excavation commenced at this time.

4.4.9 Population assessment of queen conch, Strombus gigas, and spiny lobster,
Panulirus argus
The population of queen conch and spiny lobster w within the Marine Park w ere studied over a
three month period from March through May as part of an MSc thesis by Joanna White of the
University of Heriot-Watt, UK. Survey dives were undertaken at numerous sites distributed both
within and outside of the reserve regions of the Marine Park. This enabled an assessment to be
made of the effect of the protected regions on the populations. During the investigation, 126
spiny lobster individuals were encountered, with an average of 7.92 individuals observed at sites
within the reserves and 5.17 individuals observed at the general use region sites. Blair's Reef,

2 Dilrosun, F. (2004) Inventory of the Fishery Sector of St Eustatius. MINA. Available from STENAPA.
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Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

situated within the Southern Reserve, was found to have almost a third of all the lobsters
encountered during the survey. Lobsters encountered w within the reserves were found to be on
average larger than those encountered in the general use region. The results suggested that the
Marine Park reserves were having a positive effect on the spiny lobster population. However,
due to the survey coinciding with the end of the lobster fishing season, the lobster population
was at its weakest state follow ing six months of exploitation. The assessment therefore requires
further investigation to enable clear conclusions.

A total of 33 queen conch individuals were encountered during the population assessment. This
indicated a drop of over 60% from the population assessment made in 2003. The density of
conch during the survey w as found to be 0.0073 conch m2, w which represents an 83% decline in
the population density between the two assessments. The conchs encountered in 2005 were on
average larger than those encountered during 2003, indicating that the population is more
mature than in 2003. The observed decline in the population indicates the need for further
investigation, particularly because the conch fishery on the island is openly operating in violation
of the current legislation limiting the conch fishery to 20 conch per fisher.

4.5 Law enforcement, policy and legal issues

Patrols of the Marine Park take place once or twiceweekly to verify activity in the Marine Park. A
low number of incidents in 2005 included placement of fish pots in the Southern Reserve, yachts
anchoring in the Southern Reserve and yacht passengers diving without supervision.
Appropriate action w as taken on all incidents and reported to other authorities w here necessary.

A meeting took place with the Ag. Public Prosecutor to review the regulations written in the
Marine Environment Ordinance (1996) and discuss irregularities between the law and actual
practice. These irregularities need to be reviewed and amended in 2006.

There were no changes to the laws pertaining to the Marine Park in 2005.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


Management activities within the Quill National Park included trail system construction and
maintenance, research and education. Activities relating to trail maintenance were greatly
enhanced by employment of a National Park ranger with focus on the Quill and Botanical
Garden in April. The ranger coordinated volunteer activities to enable regular trail crew activities.

Due to a landrights dispute with a local animal owner, no trail maintenance w orkwas carried out
in the Boven sector during 2005.

5.1 Hiker Visits

The number of hikers visiting the National Parks has been registered since late 2001 when the
sale of entrance fees commenced. The sale of national park entrance fees (yearly trail tags sold
at $3 at the National Parks office, at the Tourist Office and by the trail maintenance crew)
continued. Information is given to hikers about the trails, including copies of maps, briefing about
guidelines and the current state of trails. A new trail map was developed in 2005 in preparation
for the new mini-guide Hiking in the Quill National Park. The number of hikers purchasing tags
decreased by 21% between 2004 and 2005 and it is difficult to explain this decrease as there
has been increased levels of National Park office supervision and presence of the trail crew in
the Quill National Park, which increases public awareness about the National Park entrance fee.
Table 6 shows the numbers of hikers purchasing trail tags since sales commenced in late 2001.
No weekend collection of entrance fee has taken place to date, and there are plans to extend the
number of points of sale of trail tags in 2006, to include taxis and hotels.

Table 6 Purchase of National Parks entrance fee (2001-2005)
Year Number of hikers
2001 165
2002 287
2003 645
2004 1068
2005 841

The National Park organises hikes to the Quill crater for large groups, such as groups of tourists
from the visiting cruise ships, groups of students, travel groups and diving groups. The hikes are
guided by staff or interns and can be arranged at a day's notice. The most popular guided hike is
to the crater and a selection of different guided hikes w ill be prepared and advertised in 2006.

5.2 Trail maintenance

Trail maintenance in 2005 was largely directed by the new National Park ranger, assisted by
National Park interns. Trail maintenance is conducted during morning hours only (0700-1200hrs)
with an average trail crew of 4-5 persons. In 2005, crews focused on several major areas:

1. Re-construction of the Round the Mountain trail from the Quill Trail to the Botanical
Garden via White Wall.
2. Step re-enforcement and erosion control on the Quill Trail.
3. Re-routing of the Crater Trail.

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The Round the Mountain Trail links the Quill Trail with Botanical Garden via White Wall. It is
especially important to provide improved access to the Botanical Garden for visitors without a
vehicle (and also due to the deteriorated road access to the Botanical Garden). Re-construction
of this trail commenced in February and w as completed in December after about 100 mornings
of work with much improved signage, slope erosion control, steps in steep sections and
benching across steeper slopes.

The Quill Trail is the most heavily used trail requiring constant
maintenance. This trail is routinely visited by the trail crew to
maintain and replace steps It is estimated that about 20
mornings of maintenance werespentw working on the Quill Trail
to re-construct broken steps and stabilise the slopes.

Re-routing of the Crater Trail in the Quill was required
follow ing a major landslide (measuring about 20m in width and
50m in length) across the mid section of the trail after heavy
rains in November. The re-routing took about 15 mornings of
work to chain-saw a pathway through trunks of some dead
felled trees, re-construct stone steps around the landslide and
to mark the new trail.

The photo shows a National Park intern completing the new
signage at the junction of four trails on the crater rim.

5.3 Monitoring and Research

5.3.1 Roaming Animals
Previous Annual Reports have commented on the increasing number of feral animals feeding on
vegetation in the Quill, including goats, sheep, pigs, donkeys, cows and chickens and
disappearance of the understorey of vegetation. A project was initiated in late 2004 to control
goats in the Quill National Park (funded by AMFO). A Ranger was hired in association with this
project in April 2005 and meetings took place with LW and the Executive Council to discuss the
problem and possible solutions. In May, the Executive Council aired a public notice to announce
that animal ow ners should remove their animals from the Quill National Park in accordance w ith
the ordinance to protect fauna and flora (1997). In accordance with LVV recommendations to
shoot the goats, a gun was purchased in September and gun permit application submitted. The
gun permit w as not issued during 2005 so this project has not yet started.

An additional roaming animal problem was caused by the Royal Dutch Marines during their
wilderness training in the Quill in July. Despite a guided tour by the ranger and details given
about the National Park regulations, the marines and local VKE corps took live rabbits to kill,
cook and eat as part of their training. Unfortunately, approximately six rabbits escaped during the
training. Subsequently, STENAPA formally advised the Executive Council about this problem
and will request that future wilderness training take place in the Boven sector which is less
ecologically sensitive as most of the vegetation is secondary w ith many roaming an i mals.

5.3.2 Pilot project to develop possible means to control Corallita
Corallita or Mexican Creeper (Antigonon leptopus) has long threatened the native vegetation of
St Eustatius through its smothering effect and, funded by AMFO, a year long pilot research

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

project commenced in September with the aim of providing an insight into the ecology of the
Corallita vine and also finding ways of controlling the species.

After a literature search showed that no research had been published to date, Dr Pieter Ketner
(retired from Wageningen University) and research assistant, Joris Ernst visited from 25 October
through 11 November for their first of three planned research trips. Initial field trips provided a
good understanding of the problem, which was
much bigger than the botanists anticipated.
Experiments were set up, to be monitored by
STENAPA rangers, to study how the plant grows,
when it flowers and when it is carrying seeds in
order to enable us to find out if there is a weak
point in the growing cycle to interfere and hinder
the plant's grow th. Furthermore, possible spread by
animals that have ingested the plant will be
investigated. Experimental plots (see photo above)
were also set up in the Botanical Garden to study
the effectiveness of herbicides and different
mechanical methods.

The Botanists also encouraged the general public to start controlling the plant by clearing trees
in gardens and along the roads by cutting down all plants in a circle of at least 3m around the
tree crown. Maintenance is most important as, if neglected, the plants grow back and all the hard
work is wasted. Litter should also be burned to prevent the plant from spreading. This advice
was published on radio, in the Daily Herald and through the STENA PA newsletter.

5.3.3 Petrological and geochemical studyof the magmas erupted on St Eustatius
Petrologist, Dr Anne-Marie Le Jeune from the University of Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris
(France), visited St Eustatius for one week of field work and rock collection in early August to
prepare preliminary work for a petrological and geochemical study of the magmas erupted on St
Eustatius to compare these magmas to those erupted on the other parts of the volcanic arc
(Montserrat, Mt Pelee, Soufriere de Guadeloupe, St Lucia, St Vincent, etc). Although there is
little information published in the scientific literature, it seems that they are significant differences
between the Quill and all the other Caribbean island volcanoes. Characterisation and
interpretation of these differences, and determining why only the Quill erupted products present
these differences, is quite crucial in terms of understanding past and potential future volcanic

During this fieldworkvisit, Dr Le Jeune surveyed and mapped St Eustatius during visits with the
ranger to the Quill and Boven sectors of the National Park, and identified the different volcanic
units that can be seen. Some samples, of 15c m maximum dimension of the different units, were
taken for the experimental work that ill be carried out in Paris. These samples are to be used to
prepare thin sections for different observational and analytical methods (optical microscopy,
microprobe analysis, scanning electron microscopy) and also to perform geochemical analysis of
the dissolved volatiles and trace elements. A second aspect is the planned characterisation of
the physical properties rheologyy, density, etc) of the Statia magmas and their evolution. At this
time, the results from this study are not yet available.

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St Eustatius National Parks

5.3.4 Reptiles and amphibians of St Eustatius
Following research carried out in mid 2004, herpetologist Dr Robert Powell and his colleagues
wrote text, collated images and prepared a print-ready format for publication of the book The
Reptiles and Amphibians of the Dutch Caribbean: St Eustatius, Saba and St Maarten. Printing of
3000 copies of the book was completed in September and a book tour arranged for October
when Dr Powell launched the book on St Maarten, St Eustatius and Saba, including a
presentation to the DCNA at their board meeting in Saba. Funding for this bookwas awarded by
WWF Netherlands and the Prince Bernhard Nature Fund in late 2004.

5.4 Law enforcement, policy and legal issues R,,. i,,. ,,. A,,,.,,,,,,

In order to ensure that regulations of the National Park are .. t,,. ,.Jn .'. rt. ,
respected, patrols of the Quill National Park were conducted
2-3 times each week at the same time as trail maintenance
activities. The only incident occurred when the ranger
warned one visitor about the cutting of plants.

Despite the dispute about land rights of the Boven sector,
patrols of the Boven sector were carried out during guided
hikes with each volunteer group.

Activities in the National Park are planned in accordance
with the Management Plan for 2000-2004 and this
man age ment plan needs to be updated.

There were no changes to the laws affecting the National
Park during 2005 to our knowledge. Upon completion of the
Special Agent of Police training that, once sworn in, will give
rangers and management special police powers to enforce regulations of the National Park, a
meeting w as held with the Ag. Public Prosecutor to review all existing laws to see if there were
any irregularities. Staff have been correct with understanding of the law and notification of the
police and Public Prosecutor about incidents to date.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


Activities to maintain and develop the Botanical Garden are directed by staff and organised, on a
day-to-day basis, by Botanical Garden Interns. Work is conducted in morning hours only (0700-
1200hrs) and an average crew of 3-4 volunteers works daily (Monday-Friday) at the Botanical
Garden. It is estimated that a member of staff worked on average 2 mornings per week and a
crew of 4 volunteers worked 160 mornings during the year at the Botanical Garden. It had been
anticipated that the Phase I development would be completed by mid 2005 and principal garden
areas (Palm Garden, Sensory Garden and Lookout Garden) were indeed landscaped and
planted by the end of 2005, leaving peripheral areas for 2006. Development projects are
described below.

6.1 Infrastructure

6.1.1 Powersupply
The solar-pow ered electrical system was much improved in 2005 with a new battery bank and
new batteries to replace the 2001 batteries. Unfortunately a volunteer hosed the electrical panel
when preparing the house for re-painting in July and the water damage pre-empted the complete
re-w ring of the system, purchase of a new fusebox and inverter, and installation of two solar
panels purchased in 2004. Replacement of the power supply was funded through the volunteer
programme projects budget.

6.1.2 Road to the Botanical Gardens
The main focus of 2005 was to fill in the largest potholes using a mixture of hand-sized rocks
and gravel, and covering with dirt and sand. There were two 'Family Friday' project sessions
when the Assistant Manager organised for the volunteer crew to fill the largest potholes with
concrete from a portable cement mixer. Additionally, the entrance road leading to the carpark of
the Botanical Garden was concreted to give improved access. All road improvements were
funded through the volunteer programme projects budget.

6.1.3 House and pavillion
STENAPA organises community service for groups of eight teenagers from about 20 yachts from
the youth educational organisation Broadreach when they visit St Eustatius in July. One of the
projects w as to re-paint the house and pavillion. The volunteer crew continued this taskw hen the
yachters left and the inside and out of the house and pavillion were repainted in STENAPA
colours (white/green). Paintwork was funded by Broadreach and by the volunteer programme
projects budget.

6.1.4 Entrance gates
A new wooden entrance gate to the Garden w as completed in early 2005. Trellis work has been
mounted up the gate posts to guide flowering vines and a new entrance sign gives an impressive
entrance to the garden. This gate is usually kept open during working hours and closed after
work to prevent roaming animals from entering. A rear entrance gate was constructed in mid
2005 to link up the Bird Observation Trail with the Round the Mountain Trail so that there is a
circular 45 minute hike based at the Botanical Garden.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

6.2 Phase 1 development

6.2.1 Sensory Garden
This is the main Garden of Phase 1 and is an outdoor classroom for children and adults alike to
explore their senses: touch, taste, smell, sight and sound. Around each of the shady wooden
arbours are plants and activities that appeal to each sense. Interactive lessons at each arbour
can be arranged for children of any age and there
are activity signs at each arbour. This Garden was
improved in early 2005 with replacement of faded
or water-damaged signs and pictures. A
competition was organized with the 4th volunteer
group for the best looking arbour, which led to
severe pruning and tidying of plant beds around
each arbour which much improved the outlook.
Show n here is the Touch Arbour with a view of St
Kitts beyond.

6.2.2 Palm Garden
Both native and Caribbean species of palm have been planted in this Garden created in 2004,
just below the car park. Palms include the Coconut
Palm, Cardboard Palm, Date Palm, Manila Palm .
and Guadeloupe Fan Palm. A pond was
constructed in 2004 and improved in 2005 to serve
two purposes: watering hole for garden birds and
insects and the Tilapia fish in the pond are edible
and keep the water clean and free from mosquito
larvae. Additional palms were planted in 2005 and
planting was completed. Volunteers prepared
information for a sign board that was designed in
late 2005 and sent for printing in weatherproofed
fibreglass in the USA.

6.2.3 Lookout Garden
The landscaping plan was designed and agreed in
mid 2005. As show n in this photo taken at the end
of 2005, an entrance pergola surrounded by a
croton hedge was constructed as part of the
volunteer projects for groups 3-4. All plants were
grown from cuttings and planting out was
completed as volunteer projects betw een
September and December. Three signs for the
Lookout Garden (Geology and Climate of Statia,
Flora of Statia, The Lookout) were designed and
sent for printing (as with Palm Garden) in late 2005.

6.3 Phase 2-5 development

The conceptual plan for the next phases was completed in 2002 and will be reviewed by the
Board in 2006 before planning for the next phases continues. In the meantime, a linkage trail has

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

been prepared to take visitors from Phase 1 through the rear wooded section of the Botanical

6.3.1 Jean Gemmill bird observation trail
This trail will form the basic link between different garden areas created through phases 2
onwards. The project to create the bird observation trail was conceived by Jean Gemmill before
she passed away in late 2003. The trail was started in late 2003 and final touches completed in
2005 with alteration to the rear boundary fence of the Botanical Garden, construction of a new
gate and new benches dedicated to Jean Gemmill along the trail. As this is a new trail through
dense vegetation, it is necessary for the trail crew to spend approximately one morning every
month on clearing the trail and cutting new growth (especially Corallita) across the trail.
Flow ering plants to attract different bird species were also planted along the trail. The trail also
provides an important link to the Quill National Park trail system. The hike to the Botanical
Garden via Round the Mountain trail and White Wall and onto the Bird Observation Trail is now
the second most popular trail with visitors.

6.4 Botanical Garden Mini-Guide

The first of a planned series of Mini-Guides was designed, written and printed in mid 2005. This
glossy information guide is shown in Section 7.1 and describes the objectives of the Botanical
Garden, presents some information about fauna and flora, and also gives layout information to
guide visitors around the different garden areas in the Botanical Garden. Copies are for sale ($1)
at the office and at the Botanical Garden.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


7.1 Public information

A priority amongst staff was to improve public information about national parks, in particular dive
sites and trails. The main emphasis in 2005 was to create an attractive web site and a series of
detailed mini-guides (rather than colourful brochures that serve as marketing materials and do
not contain useful information).

A past intern and graphic designer w as contracted through various projects to create a new web
site using the house-style created in 2004. This web site has separate pages with information
about the National Park, Marine Park, Botanical Garden, Education, the Organisation, Volunteer
Programme and downloadable materials. The web site was launched in April and promoted via
new letters and a newspaper article.

A series of five mini-guides aimed at different types
of park visitor was conceptualised in early 2005, as
listed below. For the first three guides listed, it is
intended that the mini-guide will be given out to each
visitor paying a park fee. Otherwise, the mini-guides
will be sold at $1 each to cover future printing costs.
The costs of initial design and printing are included in
various projects and the funding organisation and
contributors are recognized on each mini-guide.

Diving in Statia Marine Park(NFWF)
Yachting in Statia Marine Park (NFWF)
Quill National Park(Doen)
Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden (AMFO)
Nature on Statia (Island Map) (Doen)

Preparatory work for these mini-guides lasted
throughout the whole year, ranging from a survey to
collect coordinates of the Marine Park boundary
using the patrol boat echo-sounder, surveys of
different dive sites to accurately describe the reef
community, surveys to collect coordinates along each
trail, photo requests and collation and text
preparation. The Botanical Garden mini-guide was
printed in June and distributed to schools and
through local organizations from July. The print-ready
files for the other four mini-guides were completed in
December for printing in early 2006, and the front
folded page of three mini-guides are shown here
(double sided A3 pages folding out to nine

As part of the training and orientation of the new
Office Administrator, regular visits to all Parks and

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May 2006

I I CC- -

Annual Report 2005


St Eustatius National Parks

Botanical Gardens have been arranged to ensure that accurate information is given to tourists
visiting the National Parkvisitors centre.

7.2 Education

Educational activities included school presentations, snorkel club, junior ranger club, school
visits to the Botanical Garden and Quill and also participation in the school'job training' scheme
(for Gwendolyn van Putten School). During July, a returning student, Antonio Fleming, worked at
STENA PA as part of the student vacation programme.

7.2.1 School programme Sea Turtle Conservation
In the past, the school programme comprised of monthly visits to Grades 5-6 (primary) and 1-2
(secondary) with presentations and discussions about nature conservation subjects pertinent to
St Eustatius. For the first time, as part of a DCNA project, the nature foundations on the three
Windward Islands of Saba, St Eustatius and St Maarten shared an education and outreach
officer in 2005. The Truus and Gerrit van Riemsdijk Foundation sponsored this initiative. The sea
turtle awareness project was the first joint project of this extent for the Nature Foundations of
these three islands and their pilot project to implement environmental education.

The campaign entitled "Help out or sea turtles miss out" and featuring "Scout" the mascot, was
adapted from the "RARE- Promoting Protection through Pride" programme that has achieved
widespread success in many countries in the Caribbean region. Additionally, this project served
as a case study, to raise general environmental awareness and care, and to build a foundation
for Nature and Environmental Education on the Windward Islands. The major goals of this
project w ere:
to increase national pride that we still have
sea turtles on our islands;
to create awareness that they need
protection; and
to identify concrete ays in which the public
can help to save sea turtles from extinction. P 0tO nip meI

Different educational methods and instruments
were used to increase public understanding of the
region's sea turtles; the different species, threats -'
and conservation status. The local community of
the three Windward Islands was divided into
different target groups and approached at their ,f '" oc e
levels. The activities included public presentations, t(WI inand
a puppet show, a school song, a portable exhibition E, N'Ist
and different competitions. All lessons and activities la the;r CM
were carried out with the emphasis placed on
active participation and fun. Also various attractive
educational materials and information handouts ,
were produced, such as posters, brochures and
badges. For a detailed description of all activities
and products, see the annual report of this project3.
Table 7 presents details of the specific activities
and the turtle poster is show n here.

3 Available at the National Parks office or by email request.
May 2006 36

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

Table 7

Turtle education programme activities on St Eustatius

Activity type Detail
Community Information Different activities were organized to motivate people to join and get
informed on sea turtle protection.
Sea turtle information Information on turtles was displayed on 8 wooden panels, with
boards games and information on species, nesting, adaptation etc. They
were part of the portable school exhibition but also have been
displayed in the National Park office and in the library.
To motivate and help children or their parents w hen watching these
boards, activity sheets were available and children w ho completed it
received a small token (badge, sticker or key chain). Over 100
children completed the activity sheets as part of the Summer
Vacation programme in the library (July August).
Sea turtle boards In the library (July mid August). Radio announcements were made
displayed in public places to inform students about the exhibition
on St Eustatius
Sea turtle tracking In the library (September 2005 April 2006). Radio announcements
programme display and school visits w ere made prior to the display.
Community activities, Because many people attend church services, the church is an
lectures and excursions ideal instrument for sending a message to a large part of the
were organised community.
The different religions all have some basic conservation ethic
(quotes from religious texts) that was drawn upon to support the
ideas of the conservation campaign. The chosen angle was
"creation", that God created all animals and other life on earth, and
that we as co-creatures should follow His wish to protect what He
made. 4 out of 8 contacted churches on St Eustatius participated
with a sermon or presentation in church.
The Lions Club organised an open lecture on sea turtles on 24th
August. Announcements were made in the local newspaper and by
radio announcement a whole week prior to the meeting. People
from the Churches were invited personally, so they could see why
wewanted their churches' involvement. About 45 people attended.
Nesting patrol Interested people were invited to join the night patrols with the Sea
participation Turtle Coordinator. These announcements were done in different
new spaper/newsletter articles and by posters and flyers. The
satellite-tracking programme was set up in September and also
invited many people to participate in night patrols.
Fishermen Local fishermen were visited to talk about their way of fishing and if
they had any trouble with sea turtles in their nets. The fishermen
council president Renaldo Redan explained that since 1994 no one
has caught sea turtles. The places they catch fish now aren't areas
where turtles reside, and they also never leave their nets
unattended, so if a turtle were caught, they would have time to
release it.
Auxiliary Home We presented a lecture on sea turtles to about 10 elderly residents
who all talked about their old beliefs on sea turtles and how sea
turtles w ere view ed when they were younger.
Snorkel Club A lecture on Sea turtles w as given to the snorkel club.
Visits to all schools: The school project for the primary schools consisted of a puppet

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

Primary: 4 schools: show on sea turtles, completed with an outside activity for grades 2
Golden Rock School to 6 (the portable exhibition) and an end game, testing the gained
Governor De Graff, knowledge on sea turtles. The classes of all four primary schools
Lynch Plantation School have all been visited from cycle one to six grade with the puppet
Statia Terminal School show and portable exhibition. Other visits involved the different
contests organised around the sea turtle tracking project.
Secondary: 1 school: All secondary school classes were visited with a presentation on
Gw endolyn Van Putten sea turtles.

Competitions To enhance the school programme, three competitions were held
for the students during the year:
1. The mascot naming competition
2. The art/essay competition (turtle tracking project)
3. 'Guess w here shewent' contest (turtle tracking project)

The project effectiveness was evaluated by means of a survey that w as conducted at the start
and end of the programme. The end survey showed that 75% of the persons interviewed had
heard about the sea turtle project. 45% of them mentioned they had actively taken part or knew
somebody that had taken part in a 'sea turtle activity' related to this project. School visits and
newspaper articles appeared to be the most effective approach to reach the community. 36% of
the persons interviewed mentioned that the programme got them more interested in sea turtles
and 42% mentioned to be proud that sea turtles are still on their islands. When comparing the
initial survey to the evaluation survey, it showed that persons appeared to have better
knowledge of sea turtle facts and therefore answered more questions correctly. In general, the
project showed much positive feedback from the community on all three islands, and offered a
great deal of encouragement to continue the work to prolong its success in sea turtle
conservation and environmental education in general. The sea turtle educational programme is
still available for schools on request.

7.2.2 Snorkel Club
The course is aimed at 8-12 year olds w ho are able to sw im, and commences with a swim test.
Snorkel club lasts for about 12-16 weeks (weather, holiday, ability dependant) and includes skills
for the PADI skin diver qualification, marine conservation and appreciation of marine life.
Lessons include a boat trip to the Southern Reserve and a Gallows Bay beach clean up. The
membership charge has remained at fl.50 w which includes certification, provision of mask, snorkel
and fins, a marine park T-shirt and activity-book. Snorkel club finishes w ith a fun snorkel, PADI
Skin Diver certificate presentation by staff and snacks. The popularity of the Snorkel Club
decreased in 2005 due to two possible factors: all interested children in the age group 8-12 had
already completed snorkel club and there was an
increased number of after-school activities. Whilst
26 participated in 2003 and 34 in 2004, a total of 7
participated in the February-June group and 3 in
the September 2005 through March 2006 group
with four and two snorkel club assistants (previous
snorkel club graduates) joining each group ,
respectively. The group, (both snorkel club and
junior rangers present) shown here during a beach
clean-up in May, graduated in June.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

7.2.3 Junior Ranger Club
This club, for graduates of Snorkel Club aged over 12, focuses on the three sectors managed by
STENAPA: Marine Park, National Park and Botanical Garden. There are lectures for children to
listen to, videos to watch and lots of practical activities including snorkeling, making trails and
grow ing plants. The first group of Junior Rangers graduated at the end of 2004. A new group of
8 Junior Rangers started the second club in April 2005, and are due to graduate in mid 2006.
Overall, it has been easier to keep the younger Junior Ranger Club members interested in the
activities and the age range w ill be low ered for the next group. The Marine Park related activities
remain the favourite.

7.3 Public relations, media and information

Considerable energy and investment is placed into public education and information on nature
conservation and also STENAPA activities. Many members of the public are unsure of the exact
work of staff, and often are of the opinion that the work just involves diving.

7.3.1 Public Outreach
During 2004, many activities and events involving STENAPA were documented in the local
newspapers (refer to Section 12.2). These activities included a morning visit and picnic to the
Botanical Garden of a group of 50 retired people as part of Senior Citizen Appreciation Week,
organised visits for class groups from all primary schools to the Botanical Garden, and an
presentation to the general public about turtles at the Lion's Club.

Two activities of particular note are the launch of the first publication of STENAPA and the
participation of STENAPA in the mini Trade Show and mini Congress on Renewable Energy and
Environment, as detailed below.

A 200 page publication entitled Reptiles and Amphibians of the Dutch Caribbean: St Eustatius,
Saba and St Maarten by Robert Powell, Robert Henderson and John Parmerlee Jr was
produced using information collated and research conducted in June 2004. With funding by
WWF Netherlands and Prince Bernhard Nature Fund, 3000 copies of the book ere printed and
the copyright donated by the authors to STENAPA with all profits going to benefit the three
nature organizations. Robert Powell visited St Eustatius on 28-30 October to launch the book to
the general public at an evening presentation for school principals, youth organizations and
contributors as well as two weekend trail tours offered to members of the public (about 15
attended each day).

St Eustatius hosted a Mini Congress on Renewable
Energy and Environment as part of the Floating
Trade Mission, 'Doing Business in the Kingdom of
the Netherlands' on 3rd December. The Manager of
STENAPA was invited by the St Eustatius Business I -
Association to join four other speakers to give a 25
presentation on the link between Statia Marine Park
and tourism. During the same afternoon, the
Assistant Manager and Office Administrator .:
manned a stand at the Mini Trade Fair; the stand is
pictured here with Nicole Esteban and Gershon

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

STENAPA continues to work with key stakeholder
groups (government and private sector) in order to
improve the general awareness of the importance of
the environment while ensuring that economic
development opportunities are enhanced. An important
medium for communication on Statia is the St Eustatius
Radio, and a monthly radio programme (aired tw ice on
the first Thursday of the month) called 'Nature on
Statia' started in 2004 and continued in 2005. Topics
were extremely varied and included 2005 objectives, i
recycling, composting, turtle conservation, the impact ,
of plastics on nature, the eco-bag project, the Quill
trails and the Marine Park.

7.4 Plastics campaign
The first joint project between STENAPA and the -
Island Government commenced in June with the broad
objective of reducing the number of plastic bags used
through a public awareness campaign and availability
of an alternative. To date, all plastic bags are deposited
at the landfill site, very close to Zeelandia beach and
are often blow n around the area and into the sea.

Several activities were organised to improve public
awareness about the environmental impacts of plastic bags, including:
* Presentations at all local schools to educate children aged 6-13 about the dangers of plastic
* Radio programmes in June and August to inform everyone about the campaign and to
encourage the public to adopt other waste reduction measures, such as re-using bags,
composting organic w aste.
* A school contest to design a logo for the eco-bags and to design a radio 'jingle'. The logo
contest w inner, Benjamin Boyce, is show n above with the presenting National Park intern.
The jingle slogan of 'Re-use, recycle, refuse' was used to prepare two different jingles

reflecting different stages of the project.
* Designing of a poster (shown right) using the logo and
jingle, to be exhibited in every classroom and all shops.
* A two-hour tour of 14 shops by the Lieutenant Governor
and Manager of STENAPA to brief shop owners about the
plastic campaign and eco-bags.

The alternative option to plastic bags is the new cotton re-
useable 'eco-bag' that was printed with the project logo.
Delivery of 3000 bags w as received in late 2005. A pocket w ith
the logo will be sewn onto 1500 eco-bags locally, to spend
project money on island and encourage ownership of the
project (the other eco-bags are pre-printed). During late 2005 /
early 2006, each household received two eco-bags. Each
school child also received an eco-bag so that larger
households automatically receive a larger number of bags
(see above photo). The project w ill be completed in 2006.


RE USE om""' ebcrws drinking
RE-US boEdes andplamnr ba

REDU SithCE ";r5Gut lill
REFUSE "'" """"'"
puprr or lotrh ,,-ballg inslvad

ii iI1 ,2- i .;-I '

*6 ,

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


Several trips were organised for members of staff to attend conferences and regional meetings,
attend training courses and assist other conservation organizations, as listed in Table 8.

Table 8

Courses and events attended by staff and board members

May 2006

Event Location, Purpose Travelling
Sea Turtle Savannah, USA Present results of 2004 Annual Turtle Rozenn le Scao
Symposium and January Programme, network with other turtle
AGM of programmes, find out about new
WIDECAST research and methodologies.
Planning Curacao Finalise statutes, elect board officers, Nicole Esteban
meeting for February trust fund study workshop.
Signing of the St Maarten Visit notary with the St Maarten Nicole Esteban
DCNA Statutes February Nature Foundation to sign the DCNA
at the Notary statutes to formalise the new
office foundation.
DCNA 1' Bonaire Plan yearly activities for DCNA. Nicole Esteban
board meeting February pre- Develop good governance systems
Nature Forum for this new foundation.
Nature Forum of Bonaire Present activities of STENAPA, learn Nicole Esteban
the Netherlands February about other conservation activities, Jana Mason
Antilles and netw ork.
Prince 2 project Curacao Learn about new project approach Nicole Esteban
management September and documentation for DCNA projects Violet Busby
training as w ell as ow n projects.
Assist with turtle St Maarten Assist the Nature Foundation St Emma Harrison
satellite project September Maarten with monitoring their beach to
in St Maarten tag a haw ksbill.
Sea turtle Cuba Present information about the Sea Emma Harrison
workshop September Turtle Conservation Programme and
discuss role of the local community in
turtle conservation.
Presentation Saba Scheduled event at Sea and Learn Emma Harrison
about STENA PA October Saba.
turtle monitoring
DCNA 3ra Saba Update on DCNA activities, planning Nicole Esteban
board meeting October for trustfund and budget.

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


Projects that were either completed, ongoing or
that were rejected during 2005 are also included.

Table 9

started in 2005 are listed in Table 9. Projects

Current projects in 2005

Project Applied Funder Amount $ Current Status
Tanker Impact in 30/07/03 KNAP 8,427 Approved. Ongoing.
the Marine Park
Turtle programme 15/08/03 World Turtle Trust Ongoing Approved. $2000 received since
sponsorship ___ _2004.
Fishery Baseline 3/9/2003 UNEP 8,000 Approved. Ongoing.
BG Phase 1 25/09/03 Prins Bernhard 14,045 Approved. Awaiting first 50%
completion Culture Fund funding. Ongoing
Water Truck 25/09/03 Prins Bernhard 14,045 Approved. Awaiting budget
Culture Fund change approval.
Turtle programme 25/09/03 Prins Bernhard 14,045 Completed. Awaiting funding.
Culture Fund
Capadty building 13/11/03 DOEN 279,465 Ongoing. Approved 8 Oct 04.
and infrastructure Started December 04.
Volunteer truck- 21/03/04 KNAP 8,427 Completed. Final 10% received in
partial ____June.
MP mooring, 31/03/04 NFWF 50,400 Approved for 2005-6. First
brochures, ranger funding received. Started April
Goat and 23/04/04 AMFO 49,884 Approved. Ongoing since end
Corallita control ___ _2004.
Botanical Garden 23/04/04 AMFO 33,483 Approved mid 2004. Completed
access and mini- reports. Awaiting final funding.
Operational costs 27/04/04 IUCN-NL 205,989 Approved early 2004. Ongoing
2004-7 ____until April 2007.
Turtle truck 28/04/04 AMFO 24,151 Approved mid 2004. Submitted
final report. Awaiting project
Anti-plastic 1/7/2004 MINA-Vomil 11,236 Approved end 2004, received
campaign __ __90% funds. Ongoing.
Beach 22/07/04 AMFO 33,803 Approved. Final activities
replenishment 1 ___ _underway. End expected jul06.
Beach 22/07/04 AMFO 1,538,939 Application rejected.
replenishment 2 01/05/05
Turtle programme 27/07/04 VOMIL/USONA 64,959 Approved 15/10/04 in workplan.
2005-8 __ __USONA review pending.
AGM/Symposium 16/09/04 AMFO/Widecast 83,951 3 attended symposium in
January. Project completed.
Reptile book 28/09/04 Prins Bernhard 29,040 Approved. Final shipment
2004-5 Nature Fund/WWF underway.
New boat for 15/09/05 AMFO 75,032 Application submitted. Awaiting
Marine Park review.
Prince 2 training 1/8/2005 AMFO 2,092 Verbal approval only.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


A report of activities accomplished for each of the objectives for 2005 was prepared and
reviewed at the first Board meeting on 3rd January 2006. Subsequent to review of progress per
objective, a list of objectives for 2006w ere developed, discussed and agreed upon by the Board.
The agreed objectives are detailed in Table 10.

Table 10 List of objectives for 2006


1. Financial sustainability: to continue to strive for financial sustainability of the Parks by means
of various projects, e.g. increased souvenirs and visitor facilities, tanker fee collection,
publicity about guided hikes, restoration of historical ruins on bay and lease of cafe and
2. National Park office building expansion project: contract builders and supervise works to
construct workshop/equipment building, expand current office building, construct WC/show er
building, construct new fence and entrance gate. Expand souvenir sales.
3. Education programme: coordinate the pollution campaign 'The Waste Watchers' education
programme with the Education Coordinator at all participating schools.
4. Plastic bag campaign: distribute the eco-bags and update the radio jingle. Complete the
5. Research Corallita problem and suggest control methods: Continue with experimental control
research plots and phenology monitoring set up by Dr Pieter Ketner. Assist researchers
during field visit in April. Finalise study and recommendations towards end 2006.
6. Public awareness: complete printing process for mini-guide series, arrange circulation and
display, complete signs for entrance of Quill National Park, Botanical Garden and
airport/office and arrange printing.


1. Beach restoration project: review final architectural plans for restoration of two historical ruins
and complete project end report for AMFO. Seek funding for restoration of the two buildings.
2. Yacht moorings: complete replacement of 12 moorings for yachts which were removed due
to deterioration.
3. Turtle programme: follow the same plans as 2005 with leadership by the Research Officer.
Follow up on USONA funding for three year turtle conservation programme.
4. Fisheries baseline study: finalise the report for this study and distribute.
5. Tanker impact survey in the anchorage zones in the Marine Park: finalise the report for this
study and distribute.
6. Training: Marine Park Rangers to undertake two week training in Bonaire Marine Park.
7. Pilot artificial reef for fishermen: continue plans with Terminal to finalise the items to develop
artificial reef. Monitor artificial reef once established.
8. Placement of boulders on Zeelandia Beach: continue plans for boulders to be placed to
prevent access for sand removal from seagrape roots.


1. Improve information about Quill National Park: finalise printing and distribute mini-guides.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

May 2006

2. Fee system for trails: review trail fee system, arrange information collection about hikers,
carry out 'user willingness to pay' survey to establish appropriate fee system.
3. Signage for Trails: extend new trail signage around Quill trail system.
4. Protection of land crabs in Quill: continue with survey plans for land crabs, complete report
and recommendations for legislation.
5. Control of goats in Quill: obtain license for STENAPA gun, carry out operation to remove
goats from the Quill and sale at slaughterhouse in line with agreement with LW.
6. Ban against hunting doves during mating season: obtain information about species
population numbers and protection regulations on other islands, develop recommendations
to protect the species.
7. Trail maintenance: to maintain the trails' system, improve the 'Round the Mountain' trail
(w which is difficult to follow and has recently eroded) and improve signage.


1. Educational visits to the Botanical Garden: organise school visits to the Botanical Garden for
each class during the year, w ith educational activities for groups at the Garden.
2. Complete Phase 1 of the Botanical Gardens: remaining is the Look Out garden and some
small garden areas around the principal gardens, as well as plant labeling and information
for visitors.
3. Next phase of Botanical Garden: plan next steps for Phase 2 onwards.

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


11.1 Income Generating Activities

STENAPA aimed to increase income through souvenir sales and improved collection of fees
during 2005, particularly through additional staff and the possibility to offer guided hikes by the
new National Park ranger. This is an important means of providing a sustainable income
although, at current levels of tourism, souvenir sales and fee income cannot provide complete
financial sustainability. Fee income decreased slightly in comparison with 2004 levels. A
comparison of income generating activities from 2000 until 2005 is detailed in Table 11.
Table 11 Income generating activities (US$)
Sector Activity 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Marine Park Dive Fee/Centre permit 16526 10728 14126 18373 18963 18678
Registered divers 1247 402 688 1127 1353 1782
Yachts 4890 3510 3129 5854 6816 5300
National Entrance fee (Trail tag) 300 494 861 2066 3206 2306
Parks and guided hikes
Botanical Plant sales 0 117 0 869 0 0
Combined T-shirt sales 1975 1138 497 1558 2814 1788
Souvenir sales, Garden 0 131 1 509 527 2456
Snorkel/Ranger dub 0 0 0 736 679 134
_Volunteer projects 0 0 0 4965 14032 2136
Total from own income generation 23691 16141 18647 29270 47037 32261

Fee generated income was discussed in previous sections. Souvenir sales increased during
2005 due to increased range of souvenirs (T-shirts, maps, key rings, toys) and management of
souvenirs by the office administrator. The contribution by Working Abroad volunteers towards
project costs decreased in 2005 as all project costs (supplies and equipment for projects, etc)
were accounted under the separate volunteer account.

11.2 Financial Statements
The accounts for the calendar year of 2005w ere compiled by VerSant Accountants and finalised
at the end of April. The complete statements are show n in the next section.

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks



(Expressed in United States Dollars)


Notes 2005

Property, plant and equipment, net

Prepayments and other receivables
Accounts receivable



Fund balance

Deferred income
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities


- See notes to financial statements -

May 2006















Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks




(Expressed in United States Dollars)

Notes January 1 December 31,

Subsidy -Island Government
Sales and other fees
Donations and contribution
Other income

General and administrative





Other income (expenses)










-See notes to financial statements-

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


(Exoressed in United States Dollars)


Balance at December 31, 2003
Surplus for the year 2004
Balance at December 31, 2004
Surplus for the year 2005
Balance at December 31, 2005

101,119 -- 101,119
-- 113,599 113,599
101,119 113,599 214,718
-- 8,440 8,440
101,119 122,039 223,158

-See notes to financial statements-


(Expressed in United States Dollars)

Surplus for the year
Adjustments for:
Gain (Loss) on disposal of fixed assets
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Increase in accounts receivable
Increase in prepay ments and other receivables
Increase in deferred income
(Decrease) Increase in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

Investments in property and equipment









(145,463) (207,915)
(1,189) --
128,853 201,740
(3,554) 6,125
18,091 142,331

(18,285) (64,431)
(18,285) (64,431)



123,183 45,283

122,989 123,183


- See notesto the financial statements-

May 2006


Total Fund

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks



The St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation (STENAPA) was established on November 21,
1988 on the island of St. Eustatius N.A. under the laws of the Netherlands Antilles.
STENA PA's main activities include:
(a) The acquisition, preservation, protection and administration of parcels of land/Water on
St. Eustatius, worthy of preservation, due to its scenic beauty and or the presence of
flora and fauna important in scientific or cultural respect or valuable from a geological,
archeological or historical point of view.
(b) The education and recreation of the St. Eustatius population as well as that of visitors,
but within the context of its primary objective

STENAPA will endeavor to accomplish its objective by the acquisition, ownership and
administration of parcels of land/Water and buildings destined for this purpose. The St.
Eustatius National Parks Foundation is governed by a Board of Directors.


a. Valuation:
The financial statements have been prepared in accordance and comply with
International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS") as prescribed by International
Accounting Standards Board (IASB).

The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention. Assets and
liabilities are stated at their nominal value unless otherwise mentioned.

b. Revenue recognition and deferred income
Income in the form of grants, donations, contributions and subsidies are recognized in the
year in which it is received. If a grant is awarded and a portion of the funds was received,
the outstanding portion is recognized as deferred income against accounts receivable. The
deferred portion is recognized as income when collected. Funds received from the
Working Abroad volunteers is recognized as income when transferred to STENAPA
accounts from a special account maintained by management. Sales revenues represent
gross proceeds received from sales of merchandise/souvenirs to customers. Other fees
represent gross proceeds from various marine activities and other program conducted by

c. Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires management to
make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial
statements and accompanying notes. Management believes that the estimates utilized in
preparing these financial statements are reasonable; however, actual results could differ
from these estimates.

d. Property, equipment and related depreciation:
Property and equipment bought by the Foundation or donated are stated at cost or estimated
market value at the time of purchase or donation less accumulated depreciation.
Depreciation is based on the estimated useful life of the related assets and is calculated on a

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks

straight-line basis. Assets are depreciated from the month of acquisition or from the time an
asset is held ready for use.

The depreciation rates or useful lives used for each class of assets are as follows:
Class of Fixed Asset Depreciation Rates Depreciation Method
Buildings 6.67% Straight Line
Boats 10-20% Straight Line
Furniture and Fixtures 20% Straight Line
Machinery and Equipment 20-25% Straight Line
Office Equipment 33.33% Straight Line
Vehicles 33.33% Straight Line

e. Donated assets:
Donated assets are recorded at their estimated market value at the time of donation against
the net restricted assets. Depending on the estimated useful life of the related assets, the
balance in the net restricted assets is amortized against the unrestricted assets.

f. Cash:
Cash is carried in the balance sheet at face value. For the purposes of the cash flow
statement, cash comprises of cash on hand and in banks. The cash reflected in the accounts
at yearend represents cash collected in 2005 and 2004 for various projects that are still to be
carried out in the subsequent year.

g. Foreign currencies:
The accounts of the Foundation are maintained in United States Dollars. A significant volume
of the Foundation's transactions is conducted in Netherlands Antilles Guilders.
The exchange rate between the Netherlands Antilles Guilders and the United States Dollars
is fixed at 1.78 guilders per dollar. Consequently the use of guilders has not resulted in
foreign currency translation gains or losses.

h. Reclassifications:
Where considered necessary, the prior year figures have been reclassified for presentation

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


(Expressed in United States Dollars)



Furniture and fixtures
Office Equipment




Invest- Disposal Balance Current Disposal Balance Dec. 31, Dec 31,
12/31/0 ments 12/31/0 12/31/04 Year 12/31/05 2005 2004

54,039 -- 54,039 29,347 3,634 -- 32,981 21,058 24,692
29,848 -- 29,848 8,361 3,692 -- 12,053 17,795 21,487
5,142 5,137 -- 10,279 645 1,970 -- 2,615 7,664 4,497
7,037 8,447 -- 15,484 4,460 1,839 -- 6,299 9,185 2,577
12,649 4,701 -- 17,350 12,549 1,105 -- 13,654 3,696 100
81,513 -- 81,513 35,249 18,764 -- 54,013 27,500 46,264

190,228 18,285 -- 208,513 90,611 31,004 -- 121,615 86,898 99,617

May 2006

Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


Grant receivable DOEN
Grant receivable- NFWF
Grant receivable- MINA
Grant receivable UCN-NL
Grant receivable AMFO
Grant receivable UNEP
Grant receivable- KNAP Fonds


Cash on hand
Windward Islands Bank Ltd. ANG
Windward Islands Bank Ltd. US D

Vbst of the cash reflected above is cash received for projects
still to be commenced.

Deferred income IUCN- L
Deferred income AMFO
Deferred income UNEP
Deferred income NFWF
Deferred income DO EN


Accounts payable -trade
SVB premiums payable
AOV/AWW premium ms payable
AVBZ prerriums payable
Wage tax payable
Accrued professional fees payable

122,989 123.183
that are in progress or are






4.703 8257

2005 2004


Grant DO EN
Grant -AMFO
Grant KNAP Fonds
Grant- UNEP
Grant Prins Bernard Nature Fund
Grant -World Turtle Trust
Grant NFWF Contributions




5 --
28 61,737
55 87,100
[0 18,598
[2 1,292
6 972
5 --

223.991 203.411







Annual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


Island government



67,416 56,180


Land park and trail fees
Single dive fees
Equipment rental fees
Yacht fees
Annual dive fees
Dve live-abroad fees
Working abroad fees 1'
Snorkel and junior ranger club fees
Souvenir sales




30,225 40,071

. This item represents income from overseas volunteers that occasionally visit the Island
and make use of STENA PA vehicles and other items. In exchange for services rendered a
monetary contributbn is often given to the foundation. These funds are held n a separate
account and transferred when necessary to the foundation accounts.


Gross salaries and wages
AOV/AWW premium
SVB premiums
AVBZ premiums
Staff edLcational expense
Medical insurance expense
Uniforms expense




138.228 93.542


Amnual Report 2005

St Eustatius National Parks


Repairs and maintenance
Vehicles expense
Boats expense
Dve and trail tags
Freight and harbor fees
Other programs expense
DCNA governance
Reptile books expenses






Rofessbnal, consulting and accounting fees
Travel and entertainment
Telecommunication charges
Licenses and permits
Dues and subscriptbns
Fbstage and courier





42.903 20.934

May 2006

A n ual Repo rt 20 05

St Eustatius National Parks


12.1 Appendix 1: Details and activities of the volunteer programme

The details and activities of visiting interns and volunteers are listed in the following tables.
Table 12 Interns assisting with STENAPA in 2005
Intern Name Period Nationality Applied to STENAPA
Programme through
Maine Park Lucy Savage August 04 Britsh Former Working Abroad
April 05 volunteer
Catherine d November US Idealist.org
Cioccio 04-May 05
Katherine Owen May- Britsh Recommendation from
September friend
Jackson Moller May- July US Idealist.org
National Park Emily February- Briish STENAPAweb site
Richardson August
Mite Abbott July05- Canadian STENAPAweb site
SJanuary 06
Robert Jan van September- Dutch Former Intern
Oosten December
Botanical Adam Levy January- Briish Former Working Abroad
Garden May volunteer
ConnnaBerger March- German STENAPAweb site
ErinKnock July05- NewZealand STENAPAweb site
SJanuary 06
Katy Bilton September- Briish Former Working Abroad
SDecember volunteer

Table 13 Working Abroad volunteers assisting STBEA PA in 2005

Grotp Names Nationality Project
Crew I, Daniel von Drach German Maintenance of the Sensory and Palm
18 January Gardens
18 March Construction of the Jean Gemmill Bid Trail
Construction and improvement of the Quill
Trail and Crater Trail
Crew II, Pauline Denrington British Preparation, planting and activities for the
12 April- 12 Leslie Chenery British Sound Arbour in the Sensory Garden
June Jamie Gardner British General maintenance in the Sensory
Annali Harris British Ga rden
Rachel Storrs British Initial preparationand clearing of Lookout
Tobias Kraeuchi Swiss Garden
Neal Phillips British Regularmaintenanceof the Quill Trail to
re-inforce steps and rainwater channels
Improvement of Round the Mountain Trail
(South side)
Compleion of Jean Gemmill Bird Trail
Night and day patrols ofZeelanda Beach
to locate, monitor and tag nesting
leatherbackturtles and to monitor nests.
Crew III, KatyBilton British Night time beach patrolsfor nesting green
19 June-19 TaraClark American and hawksbill turtlesat Zeelandia
August Lindsey Leone American Sunset and night patrolsforleatherback
AndyMackey British hatchlings at Zeel a ndia beach


A r ual Repo rt 20 05

St Eustatius National Parks

Samuel Medcalf Australian Clean upof Zeelandia Beach
Chris Petitt British Improvement of Round the Mountain trail
KirstyAnne Henney British (South dde)
Maintenance of the Sensory Garden
Trail maintenance on the Quill
Crew IV, Neil Emrch British Assisting with excavation of green turtle
29 August Jon J6nsson Swedsh nests
29 October Hanna Linner Swedsh Monitoring and recording night time turtle
Susanna Dearden British activity on beaches around the island
Lynsey Runtel British Clean up of Zeelandia Beach
SallyGould British Landscaping of Sensory Garden
Trail maintenance on the Quill trail and
Around the Mountain (South side) trail
CrewV, Laura Chapman British Maintenance of the National ParkTrail
8 November Victoria Reed British system (Quill Trail ard, in particular,
-8 January Jason Woodhouse British Around the Mountaintrail (South side)),
Lynsey Runtel British signage for the National Parktrail system.
Assistance on development of the Lookout
Construction of stepsfrom pavillbn to
Clean up of Zeelandia beach

12.2 Appendix 2: Press articles

Table 14 Listof press articles about STENAPA activities in 2005
Date Paper Headline Details
24 The Daily Beachfront Development Discussions held about renovation of
January Herald Project indegn phase historical ruinsto setup a beach bar and
shop. Architectural plansfunded by AM FO.
27, 31 The Daily Office administrator Employment advert
January, 2 Herald
Feb ruary
28 The Daily Biologst Vissenberg has Dominique Vissenberg visited StEustatius
February Herald turtle awareness to start educationprogramme onturtle
programme on Statia conservation
9 February The Daily Scout's ABC on Sea Information about Turtlesin Children's
Herald Tu rtles- 'A' Section.
11,14,16 The Daily Two National Park Employmentadvert
February Herald Rangers
11,14, 16 The Daily Coordinator of the Sea Employment advert
February Herald Turtle Programme
2 March The Daily Nicole Esteban isNature DCNA elected Nicole Esteban asthe first
Herald Alliance'sfist President President of the umbrella organisation for
Dutch Caribbean nature organizations
15 March The Daily Biologst Vissenberg Dominique Vissenberg visitsStatia schools
Herald Lectures studentson turtle to give general information aboutturtles.
22 March The Daily Scout's ABC on Sea Informatin about Turtlesin Children's
Herald Turtles 'B' Section.
March STENAPA STENAPA Update 1. Sea Turtle Conservation Programme
2005 Newsletter 2. Volunteersand Interns
3. Sea Turtle Report2004
4.Humpack Whales sighed in Statia's
5. Junior Rangers Club.
6. New Staff forSTENAPA.


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St Eustatius National Parks

Date Paper Headline Details
9 April The Daily National parkintern Intern R.J. van Oosten leaving Statia after
Herald leaving seven months working astrail intern for
22 April The Daily English biologist on St. Emma Harrison arrives on Statia to
Herald Eustatiusto co-ordinate coordinate sea turtle programme
___ sea turtle programme
10 May The Daily St. Eustatiusto address Startof the eco-bag project funded by
Herald plastic wastesproblem MINA with announcement of the activties
10 June The Daily British volunteersto leave STENAPA vdunteersleaving party and
Herald St. Eustatius summaryof heir activities
11 June The Daily STENAPApresents 18 people attended the Reef Check
Herald training in coral reef training workshop provided by Paul Hoetjes
identification and surveys from MINA
24 June The Daly Dutch Caribbean Nature The events of the 2'" Board meeting of the
Herald Alliance meets on Statia DCNA in Statia
29 June The Daily Hole in hose causes oil Oil spill off Statia current taking oil out to
Herald spill off Statia open sea
29 June The Daily Scoutthe Sea Turtle on 'A Informatin on turtlesin Children's Section
Herald Frenzy swim to safety'
1 July The Daily Statia students at Statia students and theiractiitiesat the
Herald botanical garden Botanical Garden
2 July The Daly Boyceand Gibbswin logo The eco-bag project announces the logo
Herald and jingle and jingle contest winners inthe schools
23 July The Daily Sea turtle nesting season Seaturtle nesting season hasbegun with a
Herald underway on Statia summaryof actiVtiesso far
10 August The Daily ABC'sof sea turtles, Informatin on sea turtlesin Children's
Herald Scoutthe sea turtle, on Section
gypsy turtles
11 August The Daily Statia ignoresfishermen Letter in newspaper: Local fishermen
Herald angered because the Government is
ignoring their interests
29 August The Daily Lbnshost sea turtle Statia Lions club hosts a public information
Herald information evening meeting on sea turtles with presenter
Dominique Vissenberg
24 The Daily Turtles on Statia are fitted Robert van Dam helps Marine Park track
September Herald with transmitters to track turtles with satellite transmitters- a DCNA
migration project
September STENAPA STENAPAupdate 1. Election Board for STENAPA
Newsletter 2. Turtle Satellite Tracking Project
3. Plastic BagsCampaign Update
4. Launch of new Bookon Reptiles and
5. Corallita Research
6. New Volunteers on Statia
7. Statia's little Raptor
1 October The Daily Statia's Park Rangers Trail manager JamesJohnson completes
Herald receive trail training weekof training fr 3 National Park staff
1 October The Daily Statia promotes use of Governor Gittensand Nicole Esteban visit
Herald cloth bagsforshcpping all local shops to discuss use of cloth bags
to reduce use of plastic
3 October The Daly An important step for St. Letter from St Maarten PRIDE
Herald Eustatius complementing the campaignto reduce
use of plastic shopping bags
1 October The Daily Irving Brown elected STENAPA board elects Irving Brown
Herald President of St. Eustatius president, Ronnie Courtar a sVice
National Parks President, Jana Mason as Treasurer and
Jessica Berkel asSecretary
5 October The Daily Senior citizens erjoy day Culture department of Statia organized a


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St Eustatius National Parks

Date Paper Headline Details
Herald at Schmidt Botanical trip to the Botanical garden for senior
Garden citizens
7 October The Daily Winners announced in Krystell Statie, Naomi Smith and Evan
Herald Statia's TurtleTracking Hassell win turtle art,essay and craft
Program contest contest
19 The Daily St. Maarten, Statia sea Beginning ofsea turtle tracking programme
October Herald turtle project swims of for St Maarten and Statia
26 The Daly Majorcoral bleaching NOAA announced a major coral bleaching
October Herald event event is underway in the Caribbean, this is
seen in Statia
26 The Daily Windward IslandsReptiles Offidal launch for the Reptilesard
October Herald booklaunching Thursday Amphibians of the Dutch Windward Islands
book the first book written onthistopic
1 The Daly Map and caption about Map of the progress of St. Maarten sea
November Herald tracking programme turtle "Archy"leaving St Maarten
3 The Daly DCNA meetsin Saba Dutch Caribbean NatureAlliance holds in
November Herald 3rd board meeting in Saba
8 The Daily Miss Shellie staysin Statia Updateson progressof sea turtle migration
November Herald waters, Archy still in the (maps included)
Virgin Islands
12 The Daily STENAPAbeginsCorallita Pieter Ketner, rei red plant ecologist came
November Herald project in St. Eustatius to Statiato help design and set up the
Corallita project
15 The Daily Statiadiving high on Scuba diving on Statia received number
November Herald Fodors Choice list two ranking on Fodors Choice list of travel
experiencesfor winter 2006
16 The Daily Coral near Saba expected Saba National Marine Park manager
November Herald to recoverfrom bleaching announces that Saba's coral bleaching has
19 The Daily Vacancy "Assistant Helpwanted ad forSTENAPA, seeking
November Herald National ParkRanger" Assistant Park Ranger
22 Terminal November2005 Statia Statia school happenings included article
November School Terminal School on turtle transmitter project
Newsletter Newsletter
10 The Daily Statians, Sabans Seven Statian's and 2 Sabans awarded
December Herald completetheir Special certificates as "special police"officers
Police Training
30 The Daily New Uniformsfor STENAPA employees receive new
December Herald STENAPA uniform funded by Stichting Doen
30 The Daily Quill Crater Trail Trail leading to the craterof the quill
December Herald temporarily closed temporarily dosed due to landslide
December STENAPA STENAPAupdate 1. Corallita pilotproject
Newsletter 2. Congresson renewable energy and
3. Spedal agent ofpolice training
4. New unibrms forSTENAPA
5. Report on coral beaching
6. MissShellie lovesthe watersof Statia
7. Closure of cratertrail
8. Great photographs
9. And so this isChristmas


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