Title: STENAPA update
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100100/00019
 Material Information
Title: STENAPA update
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Place of Publication: Gallow Bay, St Eustatius, N.A.
Publication Date: June 2008
Copyright Date: 2010
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100100
Volume ID: VID00019
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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June 2008

Newsletter 2/2008


Fish, Lobster and Conch Census DCNA Board

Underway in Statia Marine Park Meeting 2008 ide thblica

The National Parks Foundation is
pleased to welcome fisheries
biologist and postgraduate re-
searcher, Ms Katherine McClellan,
of the Nicholas School of Earth
and Environmental Science, Duke
University, Durham, NC. Kate is
working with Marine Park staff
and interns to carry out three
very important surveys over the
summer months.
The projects involve both field
research and management. The
first phase includes visual fish,
lobster, and conch censuses at
17 dive sites in Statia National
Marine Park The National Parks
organization is looking at abun-
dance, diversity, and size of their
fish populations.
The questions that the National

and with a literature search
regarding reserve sizes in
other Marine Parks.
Kate will be required to pre-
sent her findings in a compre-
hensive report that can be
used by scientists, practitio-
ners and policy-makers. She
must also present her findings
to the Board of STENAPA and
local policy-makers and stake-
holders before leaving St
To date, visual surveys for fish
and benthic cover have al-
ready been completed at 17
sites in the Marine Park. The
surveys were conducted in
the Northern and Southern
Reserve as well as on artificial
reefs and on reefs in the gen-

Photographic evidence of a Nassau Grouper in Statia Marine Park.
Photographed by Marine Park Intern Julia Smith, June 18, 2008.

Park is asking are: whether MPA
legislation and management
activities are adequately protect-
ing the resources and if the no
take areas are size sufficient to
protect the fish resource popula-
tions. These are interesting man-
agement questions that will be
addressed both using the data
collected over the last 4 years

eral use area. So far, the sur-
veys reveal high fish diversity
in the two Reserve Areas.
In the first week of August
Kate will be a guest on
STENAPA's radio program
and will also be hosting a
town hall meeting at that
time to answer any questions.

The board of the Dutch Car-
ibbean Nature Alliance
(DCNA), an association of all
nature parks on the Dutch
islands, met on St. Eustatius at
the end of May to hold their
semi-annual meeting.

This meeting was to finalize
their five year plan which has
set out five major goals for
the DCNA member parks.

The goals are: Fund raising,
promotion of nature conser-
vation (particularly during
constitutional change), capac-
itybuil ding and training, cre-
ating a central repository of
information and promoting
educational outreach and
public awareness.

At the moment funds have
been raised for bird invento-
ries and awareness projects
on the Dutch islands with the
help of the Dutch Bird Protec-
tion Society.

Fish, Lobster, Conch
Census Underway
DCNA Board Meeting

New Plant Species
New Beetle Species
Statia's Selfish Orchid

New Boven Trail System

Rare Manta Ray in Statia
Marine Park

Friends of STENAPA
Junior Ra nger Grads
Update on the Botanical

Don't forget....

Green Tip:
Buy multipurpose cleaners in-
stead of buying one for every
different surface.
Avoid cleaners altogether by
finding natural cleaning alterna-
Such as baking soda for scrub-
bing a nd vinegar with water in
a spray bottle for windows and

h -St E stais:NtioalandMain e Pa-s and BotniclGr des


An islandwide plant inventory com-
menced inJanuary this year, followed by
further research in March andApril when
there were some amazing discoveries
Some of these discoveries include four
new patches of our endemic pla nt, Statia
Morning Glory (/pomoea sphenophylla)
on Bergje in the Boven National Park
sector, a type of mistletoe (Phoradendron
trinervium) as well as many new records
of orchids.

New areas of the Dancng Doll Orchids
were found in the Ouill National Park,

Raymond Tremblay a ndJim Ackerman
from the University of Puerto Rico came
to Statia in earlyJ une to help Stenapa
biologist and Parks Manager Nicole
Esteban, ranger Hanna h Leslie and intern
Undsay Galway inventory the orchi ds of
the island and establish a monitoring
program to assure the conservation of
Statia's orchid species.
Statia has about 14 species of orchids,
some of which have not been seen for
some time. The island has several more
species than others of similar size such as
St. Barths, St. Maarten, Nevis andSaba,
and more than a number of much larger
islands as well. Orchids on Statia and
elsewhere exist due to a web of relation-
ships with other organisms.
An orchid seed cannot germinate with-
out being infected bya fungus (which
the orchid then parasitizes!), and orchi ds
usually cannot produce seeds without
bees, birds, butterflies, wasps, or moths
to pollinate the flowers.
Each species has one or few types of
pollinators, and in the case of Brassavola

One of the most exciti ng discoveries was
that of the first record of a terrestrial or-
chid i n the Boven National Park. It was
almost completely hidden behind some
rocks on a very inaccessible slope.
Many persons are interested in orchids
and thanks to the plant train ng that the
National Parks staff underwent this year,
they are now fully trained in the docu-
mentation and sample collect on of these
beautiful blooms.
National Parks ranger Hanna h Leslie is
now working on a distribution map of all
the orchids that have been Iocated in the
National Parks. She is being assisted by
Undsay Galway, National Parks intern.
From this edition of the "Stenapa Up-
date" it is evident that increased research
and exploration of our island's nature has
so far this year alone produced some
very remarkable finds. It is astonishing to
think of the amount of natural treasures
that we have on this little island and are
not even aware of.
Grateful thanks to all partners in these
research activities, including Conserva-
tion International, New York Botanical
Garden, Hortus Botanicus (Amsterdam).

Brassavola cucullata

cucullata, the pollinator is likely to be a
long-tongued moth that probes the
depths of the flower searching for nectar.
The flower does not produce any nectar
but instead emits a heavy sweet perfume
at night to attract the moth. The moth is
tricked into probing into the flower for
nectar that it will never find. The orchid,
though, offers nothing for the services of
the moth. Brassavola 's partners for sur-
vival are not partners after all. The orchi d
takes advantage of the fungus and
dupes the pollinator. As Brassavola cucul-
lata shows, Statia should be recognized
not only for its remarkable marine life,
but also its fascinating pla nt life.

New Beetle

Species Found

Dr. Michael vie searching for beetles in
the Ouill National Park,

Very little is known about the diversity and
numbers of fauna (animals) and flora
(plants) of St Eustatius, and much of the
current information available is based on
scientific work carried out before 1970.
In the past five years, St Eustatius National
Parks has been working with a number of
scientists to increase knowledge about
nature on Statia, and particularly within
the National Parks. Recently, we focused
on beetles.
Existing records (dating as earlyas 1937)
report onlyfour families and 11 species of
beetles in St Eustatius.
During a ra pid inventory of beetle diver-
sity in the Quill/Boven National Park on
26-27 May 2008, around 1000 specimens
were collected by entomologist Dr Mi-
chael Ivie from Montana State University.
Dr Ivie, has since his return to the United
States, contacted St Eustatius National
Parks to confirm that he has added re-
cords for 13 new families of beetles.
At the species level, Dr Ivie has confirmed
that the known number of species of bee-
tles has at least quadrupled, with further
examination of the specimens required to
complete the documentation.
The large increase in the number of spe-
cies recorded i just two days of fieldwork
points toward a very much larger number
of beetles in St Eustatius, and Dr Ivie is
planning to return to St E ustatius for a
more detailed inventory.
Whilst there is understandablyvery little
interest in beetles, insects are undeniably
critical to the terrestrial eco-system on St
They are a food source for a animals higher
up the food chain, a nd also speed up de-
composition of dead animals and plants.

New Plant Species Found on Statia

Statia's Selfish Orchid !!

Page 2

Newsletter 2/2008

New Boven Trail System Map

Map showing the prop osedtrailroutes for the Boven National Park which will ha ve a
total of 8 trails of varying difficulty There is also a 3 hour trail mappedout for Signal Hill

At the request of the Executive Council,
STENAPA has prepared a map of the
proposed trail system in the Boven sub-
sector of the Quill/Boven National Park
As the court case about Venus Bay came
to a close, STENAPA's work commenced
in July 2007 to improve our knowledge
of the Boven sub-sector of the National
Park, as well as set out the trail system. As
a result of over 40 hi kes by National Park
staff and interns, with historical advice
from Grant Gilmore and Gay Soetekouw,
we have now identified significant areas
of biological and historical/cultural im-
portance in the Boven sub-sector of the
National Park in particular on Gilboa,
Bergje, Boven and Signal Hills.
We have been astonished to find previ-
ously unknown areas of Statia Morning
Glory, new plants to Statia (including
orchid and mistletoe), Antillean Iguana
and Red-bellied racer snake and sites of
historical interest (including a rum distill-
ery, sugar mill and animal enclosure, net-
works of stone walls, and more). Addi-
tionally, we found many areas of nesting
sea birds (in particular Red-billedTropic
Bird) around the cliffs.

Amongst other things, Gilboa Hill was
once home to a fruit orchard, and there
remains many fruit trees including Suri-
nam cherry, blackberries and tamarinds.
Other plants include gum and caparis
trees. The beautiful pinguin bromeliads
can also be seen along this trail. This is
the only place on Statia to see this beauti-
ful plant.
The Northern hills are the ideal snake
and iguana habitat and they are sure to
be spotted as hikers walk these trails.
There are great views of St. Eustatius, her
neighbouri ng islands and of Statia's At-
lantic and Caribbean coastlines.

Some of the numerous ruins thatyou will
encounter hiking on the Boven trails.

Rare Manta Ray

In Marine Park

In early June while doing a Reef Check
dive at the Mushroom Garden dive site,
STENAPA staff were treated to the rare
and amazing sight of a giant manta ray
at the reef.

Beforehand Lee Munson, the Marine Park
manager had spotted quite a large free
swimming remora over the reef and
wondered what could be in the area that
a remora of that size could attach to. We
did not have long to wonder as within
minutes a manta with a wing span of 2
meters, sailed out of the deep blue and
came over the reef. We were awarded a
good view and even a treat as it circled
the reef again and a actually came in quite
close to inspect the group of divers.

Happily other divers have reported see-
ing the manta ray since then so it seems
that at least for the time being he (or she)
has decided to make our Marine Park
home. The Manta Rayis listed as Near
Threatened on the IUCN list Red List.

Pass by the Visitor Center at
Gallows Bay any weekday
from 7:00am 4:00pm

Prices from FIs 5,- to FIs 50,-
Open during the lunchtime !!

Page 3

"P&an~ RaTR

Page 4

St Eustatius: National and Marine
Parks and Botanical Gardens

National Parks Office
Gallows Bay
St. EustatiLu, Netherlands Antilles
Phone/Fax 599-318-2884
Email: semp@goldenrocknet.com
info@statia prk org

STENAPA is an environmental non-profit foundation on St Eustatius and
was established in 1988. The objectives of STENAPA are to upkeep the
natural environment, to preserve and protect endangered or endemic
species (flora and fauna) and to educate the community about the im-
portance of the protection of the natural environment.

Areas of responsibility include management of the marine park, the na-
tional parks and the Miriam C. Schmidt Botanical Gardens. STENAPA is
legally delegated by the Island Council to manage these protected areas.

Vice President:

Irving Brown
Ronnie Courtar
Ruth Pandt
Ingrid Walther

Next edition of STENAPA Update available soon with articles on:

* STENAPA Summer Club activities
* Completion (?) of the Children's Garden
* How is the Marine Park benefiting fish, conch and lobster?
* Orchids on Statia

"Friends of STENAPA"

The Friends of STENAPA program allows
nature lovers i n the general public to
contribute to nature conservation on the
A number of local businesses now offer
discounts to persons presenting their
Friends of STENAPA membership card.

Blue Bead

5% All food and drinks

Brown's Garage 10% All labor
Dive Statia 2nd hour free-kayak rental

Five Pearls shop 10% All purchases
I.F. Rivers 5-10% General merchandise

Largo Heights
Pandt Steel


10% Foodonly
10% Gates/welding repair

10% Dive fees (rack rates)
10% Food(no take-out)
10% Hot lunch

Intermezzo 10% off Espresso Cocktails

Persons wishing to become a member or
purchase a gift membership can obtain
more detailed information from the Na-
tional Parks Visitor Center or online on
our webs ite (wwws tatiapark.org).

SOL sponsors

Progress at the

Summer Club 2008 Botanical Gardens

SOLAntilles NV (the former Shell Oil) has
donated $ I 000.00 to STENAPA"S Summer
Club program. Proceeds of which have
gone into purchasing materials for the ac-
tivities and paying towards the children's
participation fee.

SOL's DavidAntrobus, Country Manager,
cited in a recent letter that the effort made
bySTENAPA to organize such educational
and environmentally oriented programs for
Statia's youth is recognized and a dmired by
SOL and they are very pleased and proud
to be affiliated with such an endeavour.

As it was lastyear, this year's participation is
at maximum with 35 children attending 4
programs. Hiking, Snorkeling, Botanical
Gardens and Turtle Conservation program
activities are on offer four half days a week.

Staff, Interns andvolunteers supervise the
children during the week's activities. The
Summer Club runs for the entire six weeks
of the school holidays and gives children an
opportunity to explore in depth the various
aspects of nature on their island.

For those interested in a Iovely family
outing, the Botanical Garden is the place
to be. Work on the Children's garden is in
full swing (no pun intended).
The play equi pment, swing sets, swing
animals, climbers and playhouse are al-
most fullyassembled. Some have already
been completed and painted and are
ready for the kids.
Our bra nd new telescope has arrived and
been set up. So wildlife, neighboring is-
lands, as well as passing boats and ta nk-
ers, can be viewed in a different light.
The general public is verywelcome and
encouraged to come out and visit the
Gardens anytime between sunrise and
suns et.


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