Title: STENAPA update
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100100/00013
 Material Information
Title: STENAPA update
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Place of Publication: Gallow Bay, St Eustatius, N.A.
Publication Date: December 2006
Copyright Date: 2010
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100100
Volume ID: VID00013
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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December 2006

SNewsletter 4/2006

Season's greetings !!



STENAPA 2006 Review- Highlights

2006 has been a busy and pro-
ductive year for STENAPA. Here
are some of the highlights:
Headquarters: STENAPA's new
visitor centre was completed in
August, thanks to the hard work
of Marion Murray and his team.
The new facilities include a meet-
ing room, souvenir sales, Internet
access, information centre, two
offices, a public area with picnic
tables, a workshop and equip-
ment storage area, as well as
newly constructed toilets and
We look forward to welcoming
all visitors to the new centre!

New Website: The existing web-
site, wwwstatiapark.orq, has
been revamped and was
launched at the end of Decem-
ber. The new site was created by
RJ van Oosten, a former
STENAPA intern and freelance
graphic designer who liked Statia
so much he has returned each
year to assist STENAPA. This year,
on his third visit, he spent two
months working on the new
website which is now onli ne. The
new-look website still maintains a
'historic' feel but is easier to read
and contains in-depth informa-
tion about the organization, and
its activities. STENAPA wishes to
thank RJ for his many hours

spent behind a computer in
the office instead of enjoying
the sunshine!
Mini Guides: Four more mini
guides have been created,
giving information about the
Marine Park (Diving and
Yachting), Quill National Park,
and a Nature Map. The
guides are for sale for $
each, or are given free with
the sale of annual national or
marine park tags. The guides
are colourful and informative,
with many photos of Statia's
natural beauty, and are simi-
lar in style to the website.

N.I -dttld P! .&-A
--- -m -- N 0

Public Meeting: STENAPA
held an annual public meet-
ing in August. The meeting
was well attended by Statia
residents interested in learn-
ing more about what
STENAPA has been doing
over the past 18 months.
Manager Nicole Esteban gave
an overview of 2005 high-
lights and objectives for 2006.
Dominique Vissenberg gave a
presentation on educational
activities, and Dr. Emma Harri-
son gave a talk about the
ongoing turtle monitoring
and protection programme.
The meeting was presided
over by Irving Brown and all
Board members were present.
STENAPA plans to holda pub-
lic meeting each year.

Special Agents of Police and
FirstAidTraining: In October
2005, STENAPA staff mem-
bers successfully completed
training to become special
agents of police. They were
sworn in in September 2006.
As special agents of police,
staff may intervene if they
notice Marine Park, National
Park or international envi-
ronmental regulations being
broken eg. Driving on Zee-
landia beach, which is pro-
tected year-round. In April
2006, all staff members com-
pleted their first aid training
at Golden Rock Diving Cen-
Marine Park Study A study
showing the beneficial ef-
fects of the Marine Park to
fish populations was recently
published. Whereas less than
ten species were observed in
1992 surveys, some 20-30
species were seen at sites in
2004; over 50 species were

Inside this Publication

STENAPA review &

Statia Morning Glory

New Staff Member

Botanical Garden
Phase II commences

Turtle Monitoring
Programme- update

Special points of

Check out our NewS/qnat FD
Roosevelt airport!

Corallita Researchers Pieter and
Joris come to Statia in January
'07 to report on their findings at

noted in the south reserve. a series of public meetings.
Artificial Reef Benefits Local
Botanical Garden Guided tours
Fishermen: An artificial reef available for school or church
was created in the southern
reserve of the Marine Park in groups
Dec 05/Jan 06. A pipe, con-co-ba How often do ou
create mix barrel and the tug- y
boat 'Miss Cathy were sunk useyours?See below
thanks to the assistance of -
Statia Terminal.

h- -St Eustatius NatioaladMainePS s and Botanica G


Statia Morning Glory- update

In May 200 6, during a visit to Statia Ter-
minal, a Statia Morning Glory (Ipomoea
sphenophylla) vi ne was found by Na-
tional Park Ranger, John de Bruin. In Oc-
tober 2006, a second visit to the Terminal
was carried out, during which ten more
vines were found.

(Above: early stage of flowering)

It would appear that the Terminal area
supports a large number of Statia Morn-
ing Glory vi nes, which is very good news
as the plant is endemic to the island (only
existing on Statia) and only recorded at a

small number of locations. The habitat
within the Terminal property is clearly
suitable for the vine, and hopefully it will
continue to grow there. Statia Terminals
is taking care to ensure that the plant is
protected and invited STENAPA t o survey
the development area. The location of
the vines is not within the current devel-
opment site and should not be disturbed
during the construction work

Following the discovery of such a con-
centration of vines within this area, it was
suggested that a more extensive search
in the same valley might be appropriate,
using binoculars to scan the vegetation
for the vines. Photographs of the plant
were also made available to Terminal
personnel to ensure that they have
knowledge of the vines and do not de-
stroy them.

As the vine appears to have a very re-
stricted range on the island, STENAPA is
trying to propagate more pla nts (with
assistance from Ishmael Berkel who suc-

ceededat Lynch Plantation) that could
ultimately be planted out at suitable sites;
this is currently being initiated at the Bo-
tanical Garden.

Recently, six more Statia Morning Glory
vines were unexpectedly discovered i n a
location outside the Terminal boundaries,
although they're located i n the same
area of the island.

STENAPA will continue to keep a close
eye on all Statia Morning Glory vines and
will be sure to keep you updated

(Above: Flowers in full bloom)

New Staff Member Arturo Herrera

STENAPA is pleased to welcome Arturo
Herrera, who came to Statia in late Octo-
ber as Turtle Programme Coordinator.
We took some time out to ask Arturo
some questions:

What is your background? I have a de-
gree in computer information systems
and used to do contract work for Enron. I
decided to go traveling and volunteered
in the central mountain range of Costa
Rica. Then I saw a flyer for turtle conser-
vation so I signed up a nd stayed for four
months. After 9/11 there were nojobs so
I took biology classes. I worked as a Re-
search Assistant for nesting turtles in
Costa Rica for six months in 2004. Then I
took graduate level courses at Exeter
University (UK), did my thesis in Costa
Rica and finally ended up here.

What does yourjob at STENAPA entail? It
consists of writing reports for funders
(USONA, World Turtle Trust). I have to
write grant applications and carry out
research eg. surveys. I also do habitat

mapping, turtle surveys (abundance,
population trends) and of course
day/night patrols for nesting turtles.

What threats do sea turtles in this area
face? One threat is a lack of understand-
ing of the biology of turtles. Another is
that working to short-term goals neglects
long-term benefits (sand from Zeelandia
beach is cheaper, garbage in Smith's Gut
is away from the town). It takes 15-20
years for sea turtles to reach sexual ma-
turity, and garba ge pollution is a major
threat to all species. Recycli ng would
create jobs, reduce waste and make
Statia look much nicer.

What is the future of sea turtles? It's too
early to tell. It will take around 15 years
to see trends and is dependent on how
Statia, Saba and the other islands man-
age their marine ecology.

How does tourism affect turtles? Tourism
is double-edged: it brings in revenues but
often people don't realise the impact it
has on turtles eg. littering or disturbing

nests. Awareness is key.

How canwe increase awareness? By
informing people through the media and
youth (Snorkel/Junior Rangers Clubs)
what STENAPA is and does.

Do you face anychallenges in your new
job? Yes, but they're good. We aim for an
increase in the population of hatchli ngs
(in 20 years) and increased awareness
within the community, especially with
regard to garbage, sand-mining and
beach erosion. In the long term Statia
can benefit from protecting sea turtles
thrni Inh inrrlcrfT rrn-tnl iri m

Page 2

Newsletter 4/2006

Miriam Schmidt Botanical Garden Completion of Phase I

Previous volunteers who came to Statia
and lived and worked i n the Botanical
Garden will be interested to learn that
Phase I is finally complete! Over the
course of the past year many objectives
have been met. These include:

-The extension a nd maintenance of an
irrigation system (guttering, piping, solar
& wind energy system). Two additional
solar panels were purchased and in-
stalled. The wind energy system was dis-
connected due to the fact that sufficient
energy is being generated by the solar
- Finishing the pathways to the sensory
garden (making path, laying woodchi ps).

4; SiBs

(Above: Sight arbour in Sensory Garden)

-Continued planting and upkeep of
plants within the sensory garden
(weeding, watering).
-The creation and upkeep of rockwalls
andwindbreaks. Due to the fact that the
Botanical Garden is on the southern
slope of the Qui I volcano, and the fact
that it faces prevailing tra de winds, it is
important to build stone walls to control
erosion, and to create windbreaks to
protect more fragile pla nts.

-Propagating pla nts and pla nt inventory
Fundraising (selling surplus of plants
and gra nt writing)

-Developing and continue ng educational
activities. Classes from each primary
school visited the Botanical Garden a nd
enjoyed staff/intern managed activities.
Members of two Junior Rangers Clubs
spent 4 sessions at the Botanical Garden
in 2005 and 2006. Activities included
tour, learn ng about pla nts, weeding,
stone wall building, pla nting, cutting and

Eight school children from Gwendolyn
van Putten school carried out community
service in 2005, and five in November
2006 at the Botanical Garden.
We also arrange activities for the after-
school programme Kidzway each Friday
afternoon for a group of 8 children
every week (started September 2006).

(Above: Sch ool activity i n Taste arbour)

-Improvement of the road to the garde n
-Creation and maintenance of a view-
point area

- Maintenance of perimeter fence and
planting of perimeter cacti
- Creating a better camping area for vol-

- Building of internal road to the parking


SALE '06

(Above: Poster advertising ongoing plant
sale-visit us to purchaseyour plants)

In addition to the development of two
new gardens, we are pleased to an-
nounce that the funding of phase II
(2007-8) enables National Park Ranger
for the Bota nical Garden, Carlton van
Putten to work full time from January
2007. We look forward to welcoming all
visitors to the Garden!
Contact the Visitor Centre to arrange
activities or guided visits.

(Below: Ranger Carlton van Putten)

(Above: Completed internal roa d be-
tween Lookout and Palm Gardens)
The final part of Phase I of the Botanical
Garden was funded by the Pri ns Bern-
hard Culture F und of the N.A. & Aruba.
Phase II has been funded by the Prins
Bernhard Nature Fund and will entail the
development of two new gardens above
the current buildings totaling three
acres; one garden will be for children
and the other a fruit orchard.

St Eustatius: National and Marine
Parks and Botanical Gardens

National Parks Office
Gallocvs Bay
St. EustatiLu, Netherlands Antilles
Phone/Fax 599-318-2884
Email: semp@goldenrocknet.com

STENAPA is an environmental not-for-profit foundation on St Eustatius
and was established in 1988. The objectives of STENAPA are to upkeep
the natural environment, to preserve and protect endangered or en-
demic species (flora and fauna) and to educate the community about the
importance of the protection of the natural environment.

Areas of responsibility include management of the marine park, the na-
tional parks and the Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Gardens. STENAPA is
legally delegated by the Island Council to manage these protected areas.

Resident: Irving Brown
Vice President: Ronnie Courtar
Treasurer: Jana Mason
Secretary: Jessica Berkel

Next edition of STENAPA Update available soon with articles on:

* Find out about our Objectives for 2007
* Visit by botanists to finish the Corallita pilot research project
* Snorkel Club graduation
* Outcome of our Willingness to Pay survey about park fees

Check our web site for previous editions of this quarterly newsletter!

,Lisa' and 'Grace' reach their Holiday Destinations in the Eastern Caribbean

The two turtles that were tracked from St.
Eustatius have made their way to holiday
foraging grounds, and one may have
been busier tha n originally thought.
In September, two sea turtles were outfit-
ted with satellite tracking transmitters as
part of a migration behavi our study. A
hawksbill named Lisa was fitted with a
satellite transmitter on Zeelandia beach
on September 8th and Grace, the green
turtle, on September 18th.
Since the last update, Lisa has been bus-
ier than first thought. Lisa departed from
Statia, going north to St Barth's andto
Scrub Island, east of Anguilla. Lisa re-
mained around Scrub Island for several
days and, based on the signal strengths,
may have nested on the ample sandy
beach on the night of 2425 September,
16 days after nesting on Statia. This is
normal of the typical i nter-nesting behav-
iour shown by Caribbean hawksbills. The
hawksbill movedwest through deeper
waters, onto St. Croix i n the U.S. Virgi n
Islands. Lisa then stayed ust off the
north-western tip of St Croix and a gain
may have nested, perhaps on the night
of October 8-9. After this possible nest-
ing, Lisa swam eastwards, towards An-
guilla and St Maarten, event ually settling
around lie Fourchue as her destination,

an uninhabited cay located between St
Barth's and St Maarten. As of mid-
December 2006, Lisa has been transmit-
ting from this location. Although Lisa
ended up only some 50 km from Statia,
she has swum over 2150 km after possi-
bly nesting on two different islands to
reach her "holi day" feasting grounds.

transmitting from what seems to be her
foraging habitat. These are areas of shal-
low seagrass beds with some sediment
flows from rivers on Nevis. Green turtles
are herbivores and often associated with
such seagrass beds. As of late December,
Grace has traveled over 1 800 km.
The two turtles are part of an inter-island
project funded bythe Dutch Caribbean
Nature Alliance. The aim of this study is
to have a more comprehensive under-
standing of where sea turtles travel to
when they leave our waters. The migra-
tion habits of these species are not en-
tirely known and these studies are
needed to help recognize hazards turtles
may face by providing more information
about their migration routes between
nesting and foraging habitats.

Grace, on the other hand, has taken
quite a different approach to her holiday
destinations! She initially started moving
towards St Kitts, but reappeared on Sep-
tember 29th on Zeelandia. Grace started
moving towards the southeast andwest
coast of St Kitts, moving around to the
southeastern point of that island, along
the coast facing Nevis island roughly
50km from Zeelandia. She has since been


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