Title: STENAPA update
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100100/00009
 Material Information
Title: STENAPA update
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Place of Publication: Gallow Bay, St Eustatius, N.A.
Publication Date: September 2005
Copyright Date: 2010
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100100
Volume ID: VID00009
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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September 2005

P Newsletter 3/2005


Turtle Satellite Tracking Project

This year we are hoping to finally
solve the mystery of where turtles
go, once they leave Statia's nest-
ing sites. With funding from the
Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance
(DCNA), STENAPA and the Na-
ture Foundation of St Maarten
have started a satellite tracking
study of Green and Hawksbill
Turtles. The aim of this project is
to track these animals on the way
to their foraging grounds, once
they leave the island's waters
towards the end of October.
Getting to know the turtle's
movement pattern will give us a
much clearer picture of their geo-
graphical range. This will allow
us to improve protection and
conservation efforts, not only on
the nesting beaches, but also in
other essential habitats. Satellite
tracking will indicate the migra-
tion pathways turtles use, ena-
bling us to determine any poten-
tial threats, such as fisheries inter-
action these animals may en-
counter on their way between
nesting and feeding grounds.

i Map of
Route of
This is how it

Under the supervision of Dr
Robert Van Dam, a sea turtle
biologist with manyyears experi-
ence using satellite telemetry to
tracl< turtlep in the Caribbean

transmitters will be attached
to three adult females on
Statia and to two on St.

The transmitter is a 12cm by
5cm by 3cm box, and weighs
200 grams with an antenna
attached at one end. There is
no danger of it hurting the
turtle as its design is stream-
lined and therefore will not
interfere with any normal
behaviour and movements.
Attachment procedure of the
transmitter poses no risk to
the animal. To limit move-
ment during tagging, she is
put in a holding box where
her carapace is cleaned of
any algae or barnacles before
attaching the transmitter, plus
a soft cushioning layer to her
shell. It sits towards her head
which will be out of water
when she surfaces for air,
enabling signals to be sent to
satellites. Layers of hardened
protective fiberglass encases
the transmitter, protecting it
from damage during thejour-
ney through the ocean, reefs
and other obstacles the ani-
mal might encounter.
All this is done after she is

finished with nesting.

A very important aspect of
this project has been the
opportunity to increase
public awareness of turtle
conservation issues. Pro-
gramme Coordinator Dr
Emma Harrison visited
Statia's schools in Septem-
ber to give presentations
on satellite telemetry. At the
same time a "Name the
Turtle" competition was
organised. Students were
given the task of drawing
turtles, projecting where
their migratory path might
lead them, writing an essay
about a turtles journey or
making a model of a turtle
using only recycled materi-
als. Over a hundred entries
were received andjudging
was no easy task. All win-
ners were allowed to
choose names for the
tagged turtles, one of them
being Miss Shellie. She and
the other turtles can be
followed on STENAPA's
website ww.statiapark.org

Good Luck to all turtles and
a safe return to Statia !!

Inside this issue:

Plastic Bags Campaign

Launch of new book on
Reptiles and Amphibians

Corallita Research
New Volunteers on Statia

Statia's little Raptor

Election for Board of

Special points of interest:

Wednesday Oct. 19 at 3.00 PM
Join Beach Clean-up at Zeelandia

Saturday Oct. 29 and Sunday
Oct. 30 at 8.00 AM
Hike on the Quill Trail with Au-
thor of Reptiles and Amphibians
of Dutch Caribbean. Meet at the
top of Rosemary Lane.

Saturday Nov. 05 and Sunday 06
at 9.00 AM
Help clear our large trees from
Mexican Creeper Corallita (see
flyers for detail)

*Guided tours at the Botanical
Gardens are available from
8am-- pm every weekday. Con-
tact the office if you want to
have a guided tour outside of
these hours. The Garden is open
from sunrise to sunset everyday.

*Turtle nesting season is nearly
over. Contact the office if you
want tojoin a patrol.

St Euttu Naioa an Mari e Pak nBtncl -adn


Plastic Bags Campaign Update

STENAPA with the aid of the Island Gov-
ernment is addressing the problems asso-
ciated with plastic waste. This type of pol-
lution poses a serious threat to all wildlife,
particularly to the marine environment.
Statia has no recycling facilities therefore
all waste is deposited at Smith's Gut, the
land fill very close to Zeelandia Beach.
Plastic bags constitute a major proportion
of the waste and the aim of the campaign
is to reduce the quantity of plastic bags
entering Smith's gut.
STENAPA is producing re-usable cloth
bags which will be distributed to every
house hold, free of charge. Each house
hold will be given 2 bags and in addition
every school child will receive one bag as
well. By using these bags instead of the
traditional plastic variety given away by
the stores, the unsightly and dangerous
plastic pollution will be reduced.
Over the last few months STENAPA organ-
ized various activities to raise public
awareness of the negative impact of plas-
tic wastes. These included:
Presentations at all local schools to edu-
cate children on the dangers of plastic

Radio Programmes in June and August to

inform everyone about the campaign
and to encourage the public to adopt
other waste reduction measures.

A school contest to design a logo for the
Eco-bags (a picture of the winning design
was published in the last Newsletter).
A radio jingle" contest with the slogan
Re-use, recycle, refuse which is aired
twice daily on PJR 91.5 FM.
Currently activities include the designing
of a poster for schools and shops. The
Eco-bags have been ordered and will
arrive in November/December.
A two hour shop tour to visit
14 store owners was carried
out by Governor Mr. Hyden
Gittens and Nicole Esteban,
Manager of STENAPA with
the aim to brief shop owners
about the ongoing plastic
bags campaign managed by
the government and
STENAPA. They were shown
a large re-usable cotton Eco
bag which is ideal for grocery
STENAPA is delighted at the
response of the shop owners,

they are unanimous in their support of the
campaign and all have agreed to display
the posters and also to stock the Eco-bags
for sale to customers who might have
forgotten to bring their own. Governor
Gittens reiterated the importance of re-
ducing plastic waste, not only for environ-
mental reasons, but also for the enhance-
ment of Statia's beauty. In future, an im-
port tax will be levied on plastic bags to
further encourage shops to charge for
such bags and also to entice the public to
use their Eco-bags.

Launch of new Book on Reptiles and Amphibians

Statia was fortunate to be selected by a
team of fourteen scientists to conduct a
month long study of our reptiles and
amphibians during June of 2004. This
study, organised by Bob Powell and Bob
Henderson, led to publication of several
scientific papers. Dr. Powell was inspired
by Statia's population of Antillean Iguana
/Iguana delicatissima) and organised for
the "Protect Iguana" signs, which are
posted in town and in the Quill and
Boven National Parks. Dr Powell also sug-
gested that he organise production of a
colourful guide to Reptiles and Amphibi-
ans with copyright to STENAPA. Proceeds
from the sale of these books would be
donated to conservation. Fortunately
STENAPA was able to find funding for
the printing of 3000 copies through
World Wildlife Fund Netherlands and
Prince Bernard Nature Fund, and the
book covers the three Dutch Caribbean

Windward Islands. Copies of the book will
be distributed to schools and youth
groups. The three nature conservation
organizations of St. Eustatius, Saba and
Sint Maarten will offer the books for sale.

STENAPA is happy to welcome Dr Powell
back to Statia on the 28-30 of October for
the launch of the 200 page publication
Reptiles and Amphibians of the Dutch
Caribbean, St. Eustatius, Saba and St.

While in Statia, Dr Powell will be hosting
two nature walks to use the guide book
for the identification of lizards, snakes and
frogs. The public is invited to join Dr Pow-
ell at the top of Rosemary Lane on Satur-
day the 29th and Sunday the 30th of Oc-
tober at 8AM for a leisurely stroll along the
Quill trail, lasting about an hour.

,Rt'epih and \mphilir il,
sat- . ;r. Eit alnfrfil iJ St. Alh rten

Page 2

Newsletter 3/2005

Corallita Research

Whether we call it Corallita or by its fancy
botanical name Antigonon leptopus,
Mexican Creeper, Coral Vine, Mountain
Rose, Confederate Vine, Chain of Love,
Heart on a Chain, Love Vine, Coral Bells,
Queen's Jewels, Kadena de Amor,
Queens Wreath or Cemetery Vine, we
are talking about the very beautiful but
deadly invader that threatens Statia's
indigenous flora and fauna.
This very aggressive pest hides its tubers,
which can weigh 7 kilo, in 2 meter deep
soil. It shoots out vines up to 10 meters
long and kills even big trees with its
choking embrace. It covers entire areas
of vegetation, depriving it of sunlight and
so killing all undergrowth. It breaks down
farm fences and interferes with tele-
phone lines.

New Volunteers on Statia

STENAPA recently welcomed the 4th
group of volunteers for Statia Conserva-
tion Project this year. A group of six peo-
ple from Sweden and the UK are working
hard to help staff and interns on conser-
vation projects around the island. Their
areas of activities are the Botanical gar-
dens, improving trails in the Quill Na-

This alien plant employs bees, wasps, flies
and butterflies to spread its pollen and
domestic as well as wild animals, includ-
ing birds, eat its fruit seeds, thus spread-
ing it further as they drop their pellets.
The seeds of this vine are even carried on

It is assumed that many yeas ago, Coral-
lita was introduced to Statia as an orna-
mental plant and possibly to combat soil
erosion. The indigenous home of Anti-
gonon leptopusis South America and

STENAPA has received funding from
AMFO to launch a one year pilot project
to provide an insight into the ecology of
the Corallita Vine and also finding ways
to controlling the species.
Dr Pieter Ketner and Joris Ernst of Twente
University in the Netherlands will visit
Statia from 25th October to I Ith Novem-
ber for their first research trip.

The projects objectives will include:
What is the distribution of Corallita
(where does it occur and how much)?
What are the problem areas?
What areas are vulnerable to this vine?

tional Park and monitoring nesting turtle:
at night time along Zeelandia Beach. The
volunteers work hard during mornings
and also during night time turtle patrols.
. Their afternoons are spent relaxing or
diving. Projects undertaken by this group
include concreting of the entrance road
to the Botanical Garden, improving the
section of Round the Mountain trail from
the Quill trail to the Botanical Garden
and assisting with the turtle satellite
transmitter project.
This picture shows the new group during
a nesting beach clean up at Zeelandia,
shortly after their arri-
val in August.

How deep are the tuber roots located?
Which animals eat the fruits?

Are seeds still viable after being eaten by
these animals?

By what means can the species be eradi-

The duration of the project is divided into
5 phases:
I; Mid October: Literature study, Re-
search proposal
2; Late October: Choice of areas to set up
the tests to local circumstances and to
begin the mapping of vine.
3; Early November: Setting up the tests in
the field, Instruction of the ranger field-
work. Fieldwork will continue until ca.
March/April 2006
4; March/April 2006 Second visit by sci-
entists, Evaluation of results so far, Ad-
vise how to continue with the tests.

5; November 2006 Third visit, Final report
STENAPA would very much welcome
volunteers to help with the clearing of
large trees and also for persons inter-
ested to speak with the researchers
about the Corallita problem. Statia should
not be covered up by a pink blanket.

Statia's little Raptor

s Visitors to Statia and particularly Birders
or "Twitchers" as they are so quaintly
called in the UK, have always been fasci-
nated with our very beautiful Killy Killy.
This little raptor belongs to the falcon
family and its proper name is American
Kestrel /Falco sparverius). It is widely
distributed in the Caribbean as well as in
the Americas. One finds this bird mainly
in open country, but it is often observed
in built up areas of Statia. It nests in tree
cavities, recesses of buildings or at the
base of a palm frond. The Killy Killy is a
fast and fearless bird of prey who lives
mostly from Lizards, larger insects and
Swill not refuse a mouse here and there.
Good spots to watch this bird are along
the way to the Botanical Gardens and
around English Quarter, where one often
sees it hovering in the air, ready to swoop
down on it's next meal.
'4 (Photo by Brenda Kirby)

Page 3


St Eustatius National and Marine
Parks and Botanical Gardens
e^ST. >

National Parks Office
Gallows Bay
St. Eustatius, Netherlands Antilles
Phone/fax: 599-318-2884
Email: semp@goldenrocknet.com

STENAPA is an environmental not-for-profit founda-
tion on St Eustatius and was established in 1988. The
objectives of STENAPA are to upkeep the natural envi-
ronment, to preserve and protect endangered or en-
demic species (flora and fauna) and to educate the
community about the importance of the protection of
the natural environment.

Areas of responsibility include management of the
marine park, the national parks and the Miriam C
Schmidt Botanical Gardens. STENAPA is legally dele-
gated by the Island Council to manage these pro-
tected areas.


Vice President:

Irving Brown
Ronnie Courtar
Jana Mason
Kay Boyd

Election for Board of STENAPA

In accordance with the Statutes that call
for elections of new officers of the Board
every two years, The Board of Sint Eusta-
tius National Parks voted last month for
the positions of President, Vice President,
Secretary and Treasurer.

Mr Irving Brown was voted as the new
President and Mr Ronnie Courtar as Vice
President. Ms Kay Boyd was elected to be
Secretary, pending the return of former
Secretary Jessica Berkel from Maternity
Leave. Ms Jana Mason returns for a sec-
ond term as Treasurer.

Mr Irving Brown thanked Ronnie Courtar
for his leadership during his term as Presi-
dent. Mr Brown believes that right now
STENAPA is doing well, and would like to
keep it going in the right direction.

He acknowledges the importance of
keeping the public involved, maintaining
good contact with government and con-
tinuing to work on the educational pro-
grammes to involve children in the pro-
tection of Statia from a young age.

One of Mr Brown's interests is to encour-
age Statians to come to the Botanical
Gardens to help more with volunteer

The Board of STENAPA currently has
eight members and is actively seeking to
increase the numbers.

In February2004, one representative
from the government and one from the

Fisherman's Cooperative were invited
onto the Board, these positions are still

The Board of STENAPA is also seeking for
wider membership from people in Statia
interested in nature and the environ-
ment. Persons interested should send a
letter to the National Park's Office at Gal-
low's Bay

In photo back left
to right
Daniel Eaton, Ira
Walker, middle
row from left:
Jana Mason and
Kay Boyd, Front
row Irving Brown
and Michele
Faires. Absent::
Ronnie Courtar
(off island), Jes-
sica Berkel
(maternity leave).

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