Group Title: CARIFESTA I - 1972
Title: Bermuda at Carifesta by Oliver Hunter
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 Material Information
Title: Bermuda at Carifesta by Oliver Hunter
Series Title: CARIFESTA I - 1972
Physical Description: Archival
Publication Date: 1972
Spatial Coverage: Guyana -- Georgetown
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099653
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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The folk arts, music, sculpture, drama, literature, song and
dance coming to C'J IFESTA from Beoiuria is the offspring of a progenitor
tremendously enriched by the rich cultural genes of the English adven-
tures, Irish prisoners, Portu.-ueso indentured labourers, Indians
captured in the North American wars and African slaves.

This territory with its 50,000 peoples, 300 coral Islands and
its thousand undoer-round caves is the oldest English colony in the
region. In 1959 the people celebrated 350 years under British rule.
As such Enlish images crowd the cultural horizon.

For as fr-r as memory would permit 3ermuirL was called "Devil
Island". Discovered in 1503 by Juan de Bermudez the group of Islands,
looking like exotic blossoms evolved from pre-historic times, soon be-
came infested with wild hos that the discoverer had left there.

A hundred years passes and no one owned the Islands but the
pigs because of the belief of the mariners that the place was haunted
by evil spirits. The 300 ships which sank on the reefs around Bermuda
were said to be lured to their destruction by supernatural beings.

Much treasure was found recently in one of these sunken ships,
among them was a golden cross studded with emeralds and believed to
be stolen from an Amerindian temple by the Spaniards.

The first set of people to zfgend nearly a year on one of the
Islands were a set of English men and women who were going to Virginia.
Their ship was one of aiue which got lost in a violent hurricane and
ended up on Bermuda.

During the time they spent on the Island they ate wild berries,
wild pigs and giant turtles that can feed a hundred men and it was
during their stay that the first Bermudian was born.

cJ,"YANz',1 l

- 2 -

Nearly all of the people who eventually went to live on the

Islands were forced to do so.

Among the first to be enslaved on the Islands were the North

American Indians captured in wars, then came the African slaves from

other West Indian Islands and rebellious Irishmen and later indentured


Unlike the other Caribbean lands the slaves and indentured

peoples did not work in the sugar plantations but rather spend their

time diving for pearls, harpooning whales or working on the pirate

ships of their masters. There were also many rebellions among the

slaves mainly because their masters who plundered chips in Privateers

were seldom on shore. It is said that the slaves rebelled in order

that they could carry off the masters wives.

Bermudicn.r, or "Onions" as they are called to this day, like

to talk about the old pirate days aW much of their fol: has preserved

the rich tales of this era. 7cze-kiah was said to have been the most

daring of the Bersmrlr pirates. His house remains to this day. But

the folk believe that the house is hLnantcd. They say in the clear

silent moonlight ni ;ht one can still vividly hear him sounding his

bloody pirate cries and moving to and fro in and around the house

with his pirate "Ekull and Cross Bone" hat and sword. The Bermudians

sl caking their Portu-ruese and English love much barbequos, steel-

band and much pop music and their artists prefer abstract themes;

their writers are a new breed in the Caribberri scene ... no doubt

their creative roople will add a new touch to CARIFESTA come August 25.


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