Title: bosque pluvial
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00099613/00003
 Material Information
Title: bosque pluvial
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: USDA Forest Service
Place of Publication: El Yunque National Forest, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico
Publication Date: Spring 2007
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099613
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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The El Yunque National Forest Newsletter

El Bosquc Puvial

Volume II, Issue I

To El Bosaue Pluvlal's
Spring 2007 issue. As
usual it is packed with
interesting stories about
the El Yunque National For-
est, America's only tropical
rainforest and its staff who
work to conserve this vital


From the Forest
Supervisors Desk.

El Yunque NF re-
ceives Wisconsin U.
Camp Santiago:
Forest Service experts
work outside the forest
17th Annual El Yun-
que Clean-up Day a
great success.
rtrest Spotliilht:
Lucy Cruz, FS
Executive Assistant.
"Noche de Artes y
Musica" events at El
Portal visitor center.

Spring, 2007,

President Signs Bill Changing Name to

Forest Supervisor Pablo
Cruz announced that
President Bush on April
2, 2007 ordered the
name of Puerto Rico's
National Forest changed
2 from the "Caribbean
National Forest" to the
"El Yunque National
2 Forest, effective

3 The forest has been
known by many names
over its long history; the
3 aboriginal Taino
inhabitants called it
"Yuke" meaning "White
land," alluding to the
semi-permanent white
clouds that cover the
forest peaks; later
4 Spanish colonizers
called it "El Yunque" or
"The Anvil," probably in
reference to the shape
of one of the forest's

peaks. Still later, when the
peaks were used as
navigational landmarks for
ships, the forest's
mountain range was
shown on maps as "Sierra
de Luquillo" or "Luquillo
Mountains." In the 19th
century, Spain's King
Alphonso XII decreed the
Sierra de Luqullo a forest
reserve, one of the first in
the western hemisphere.
During the American
period the forest's name
changed three times; it
was first named the
"Luquillo Forest Reserve"
in 1903 by President
Thedore Roosevelt. This
name was later changed to
"Luquillo National Forest"
with the advent of the US
Forest Service in 1907.
Still later, in 1935 the
name was again changed
to the "Caribbean National

Forest" by President
Franklin Roosevelt.

However, Puerto Ricans
have referred to the area as
El Yunque verbally and in
literature, maps and
newspapers for many years,
largely ignoring all of the
"official" name changes, and
the forest is currently
universally known by that

In 2003, as the island
celebrated El Yunque's
100th anniversary as a
federal forest, the Chief of
the US Forest Service asked
the Forest Supervisor to
"explore the possibility of
changing the current forest
name to one that better
reflected the cultural values
and sentiments of the local

A bill requesting that the
Caribbean NF name be
changed to the El Yunque
NF was subsequently
submitted to the US
Congress by Puerto Rico's
Resident Comissioner Luis

The change to the El
Yunque NF is in name only;
the forest's size,
administration, and mission
will remain the same.


From the Forest Supervisor's Desk

Our winter and
spring seasons
are at an end.
They have
brought us both
seasonal changes
and challenges.
The first of these
challenges was
several months
of a severe lack of precipitation for
both the island and the forest. We
received half of our normal average
rainfall during the months of
January through April, posing a
huge threat to our ecosystem.
Another challenge we addressed
was a small fire that consumed five
acres of our national forest.
A further challenge was created by
the recent US Department of State
regulations that require American
citizens to possess U.S. Passports
when entering and exiting
neighboring Caribbean island
nations, resulting in a dramatic

increase in our forest's visitation.
Concurrently, we lost our Senior
Community Service Employment
Program. For the past 45 years, the
SCSEP program had provided our
forest with a sustained workforce of
dedicated senior citizens. The loss
of these great people who labored
unceasingly on a host of activities
in this program over the years is a
significant one to our forest.
To take up the slack, we are
transitioning to a substitute
workforce; we will rely more on the
use of dedicated volunteers,
augmented by work-release
probationers from the
Commonwealth penitentiary
system. It has been a very complex
and challenging problem for us to
continue to sustain the high level of
public service and ecosystem
management for our beloved forest.

To conclude on a happier note, I
would like to share our joy with you

on the forest's recent name
change. This initiative was begun
during our 2003 Centennial
celebration, when former US
Forest Service Chief Bosworth
observed that since most local
people referred to our forest as El
Yunque, the forest name should
be changed to reflect this
sentiment. It took four years to
achieve this mandate, but the
hard work and persistence of our
forest personnel paid off when, on
April 2, this year President Bush
changed the name of the
Caribbean National Forest to the
El Yunque National Forest by
executive order. It was a great
moment for us and for the Puerto
Rican people.

Hasta pronto,




The El Yunque National Forest
Customer Service Team's
Conservation Education Staff was
recently named "Partner of the
Year" by the Global

Environmental Teaching Program
of the University of Wisconsin at
Stevens Point. The award was given
in recognition of the group's
"Dedication to teacher
professional development"
during teacher exchanges in 2004,
2005 and 2006. CE staff members
spent a large amount of time with
teachers so they were able to gain a
greater understanding of El
Yunque, the only tropical rainforest
in the US Forest System. For most,
it was their first experience with a
tropical rainforest. One teacher
wrote: "I very much enjoyed the
interpretive hikes on nature trails

and was enthralled by the
Conservation Education group's
informative presentations on
endangered species, native and
migratory birds and tropical forest
conservation; all were superb."

"This is a fine example of the El
Yunque National Forest's training
expertise and our ability to
successfully outreach" said Forest
Supervisor Pablo Cruz; "Our
Conservation Education staff is truly
world c(l.- -




Camp Santiago Project: Forest Experts Work Outside

the Forest!

Since 1998 experts from the El
Yunque National Forest have
been helping the Puerto Rico
Army National Guard with
ecosystem management at Camp
Santiago, an Army National
Guard base near Salinas on
Puerto Rico's south coast.

Members of the Forest Service's
Camp Santiago project team have
assisted the National Guard in
implementing programs
covering a diverse cross section of
technical areas including both
natural and cultural resources
management, conservation

management, and the maintenance
and upgrading of the Geographic
Information System (GIS) database.

Specifically, this little-known
Forest Service program
includes a reforestation project that
plants 5,000 seedlings per year, the
management of two small nurseries,
building an irrigation system for
planted areas, and an arboretum for
endemic and sensitive plant species,
all integrated within Camp Santiago's
vast acreage.

The Forest Service cultural resources
staff (an archaeologist, three
archaeology technicians and four
archaeology aides) is implementing
Camp Santiago's Integrated Cultural
Resources Management Plan. The
team performs archaeological surveys,
evaluates cultural sites, and sorts and
catalogs recovered cultural materials.

A Forest Service GIS data specialist is
helping Army Guard personnel to

install and upgrade their GIS
system, working with databases
for cultural resources, natural
resources, training and range

Forest Service Field Operations
Supervisor, Luis Rivera said he
and his 10 person team find the
Camp Santiago project "both
satisfying and challenging." He
continued "the work we do and
the expertise we provide to the
PRANG is diverse and multi-
disciplined, but best of all, it's
never boring."

17th Annual EIYunque NF Clean-up Day a Great Success

As in past years, the El Yunque
National Forest's 17th annual
Clean-up Day was a resounding
success! Responding to this year's
theme "El Yunque is our forest,
today, tomorrow and forever"
a record number of participants
from surrounding municipalities
came to El Yunque and
collaborated with US Forest

Service staff and the non-profit group
"Yo Limpio Puerto Rico" to ensure the
event's outstanding success.
On the big day, April 21st, over 800
volunteers registered at the forest's
El Portal parking lot volunteering to
clean the trash from El Yunque, their
beloved rain forest. The volunteer
workers collected and bagged over
4,400 pounds of trash during the
morning's event.

The amount of trash collected was
slightly less than last year; an
encouraging indication that our forest
visitors are disposing of their trash in
waste containers rather than leaving
it on the forest's roads, watercourses
and trails!

In the morning while their parents
worked, there were programs for
children including an activity that
taught the kids how to recycle
bottles, cans and plastics into
separate containers.

The Croatto family provided musical
entertainment for the volunteer
workers when they returned to
El Portal around noon to hear the
results of their labor.

"All in all, the event was a great
success; it combined the
satisfaction of a public service job
well done, with the joy of meeting
and working with new and old
friends." said El Yunque National
Forest Supervisor Pablo Cruz.




Pablo Cruz
Forest Supervisor
El Yunque National Forest
HC-01, Box 13490
Rio Grande, PR 00745-9625
Phone: 787 888 1810
Fax: 787 888 5622
Email: pcruz0 I@fs.fed.us

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimi-
nation in all its programs and activities on the basis of race,
color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political
beliefs, sexual orientation, or marital or family status. (Not all
prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabili-
ties who require alternate means for communication of pro-
gram information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should
contact USDA's TARGET Center at 202-720-2600 (Voice and
TDD.)To file a complaint of discrimination write USDA, Direc-
tor, Office of Civil Rights, Room 326-W, Whitten Building, 1400
Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-9410 or call
202-720-5964 (Voice and TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity
employer and provider.

"Noche deArtes y

Musica" events at

El Portal

For the last two years Rolando Feria had a
vision of doing music and arts events at the
El Yunque National Forest's El Portal Rain
Forest Center. He figure that "such a
beautiful place could host the type of events,
that would be attractive to the tourist trade
as well as to the local population." It took
him a while to work out all the details and
obtain the necessary permits from the
Forest Service, but finally it was approved
and begun, Feria's first event was presented
at El Portal on Fri.i.Ly night March 2, 2007,
with a second on F,'id.iL night March 29. A
third event is planned for April 27. The first


Click-clack, click-clack; the
familiar staccato sound her heels make as
she races through the halls of the Catalina
Service Center on another mission is well
known by all who work there.

9 The boundless energy and cheerful
V A demeanor of Lucy Cruz, the Forest
l .. Z Supervisor's Executive Assistant are
'. legendary in the El Yunque National Forest;
"if you want to get a job done quickly and
accurately, with a minimum of fuss; take it to Lucy" is a common
belief among the forest's staff.

Lucy was born in Santurce, Puerto Rico; as a youngster she
moved with her family to Passaic, New Jersey where she lived
for 25 years, attending Passaic High School, graduating in 1972.
Later she attended Drake Business School in Clifton, New
Jersey where she completed secretarial and business courses.

Returning to Puerto Rico she worked for 13 years at the Navy
Exchange at Roosevelt Roads Naval Station in Ceiba, holding
assignments as Accounts Payable Clerk, Assistant to the Food
Service Office manager, and Personnel Assistant in the
Personnel Office.

Lucy has been with the Forest Service at El Yunque for 16
years, beginning in the Special Uses Unit before promotion to
her present position as Executive Assistant to Forest Supervisor
Pablo Cruz.

Lucy lives in Ceiba; she has two daughters, Lisandra and
Veronica, and three grandchildren; Kamalish Nicole, Louie
Devon and Nathan Omar. She attends the Iglesia Bautista
Hermanos Unidos church in Fajardo, where she sings in the
choir and is a member of the church board.
Lucy says "I enjoy working in the forest with the great staff we
have on-board." We're just thankful to have Lucy as a both a
friend and as an extremely valuable asset to the El Yunque
National Forest!

two events were very successful, both featured local
artisans, local food and drinks. The first had an exciting
Bomba y Plena cultural dance show, while the second
featured world renowned Latin Jazz musician Charlie
Sepulveda and his band :Turnaround." Feria said "It was
amazing, to hear that great music and be surrounded by
the beauty of El Yunque with a full moon overhead; it
was spectacular."
Feria will continue to present these exciting events on
the last F,'id.L of each month. Come and join the fun!

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