Title: Panama Canal Customer newsletter
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00099413/00008
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal Customer newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: Autoridad del Canal de Panama
Place of Publication: Balboa, Panama
Publication Date: September 2001
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099413
Volume ID: VID00008
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Spanrama0Canal AC

September 2001 s kQO

Brazil Trip Spurs Great Interest in Future Canal Plans

In late August, top Panama Canal
Authority (ACP) officials accompanied a
Government delegation led by President
Mireya Moscoso and high-ranking
representatives to Brazil, to discuss
various issues including the Panama
Canal. Conversations between Canal
Administrator Alberto Alemin Zubieta,
and Brazilian President Fernando
Henrique Cardoso, generated high
expectations regarding future expansion
plans for the waterway. Local
government representatives and
businessmen expressed special interest
in the areas of planning and
communication channels regarding the
Canal's infrastructures, as they foresee
major developments in cargo activity for
northeastern Brazil.
Alem~n Zubieta indicated that an
expanded Canal would be of strategic
importance to Brazil and advantageous
as the nation's future gateway to Far East
markets. Furthermore, Alemin Zubieta
met with businessmen in Sao Paulo and
later in Brasilia, who expressed their
interest in the Canal's modernization
and expansion projects. He mentioned
the possibility of the Brazilian
Government's interest in contributing
financially towards the expansion and
modernization work. During his visit to
Brazil, Alemin Zubieta also held
important meetings with the Brazilian
Ministers of Planning and Defense.
Rodolfo R. Sabonge, ACP Director of
Corporate Planning and Marketing,
stated that with Brazil contemplating the
development of its northeastern territory,
the possibility of utilizing the waterway
would greatly increase within the next
decade. According to Sabonge, the
Asian continent and the west coast of the
United States are important markets for
Brazilian products, and Brazilians are
aware that their competitiveness will
depend on lower production and
transportation costs, thus turning the
Canal into a fundamental component.
Brazil, "the Latin American giant"

During an official visit to Brazil, Alberto Aleman Zubieta, far right, meets Brazilian President
Fernando Cardoso, center, while Mireya Moscoso, Panamanian President, looks on.

exports iron ore, soybeans, minerals,
and finished products, but is planning
to develop the export industry in
northeastern Brazil, where products
are received and shipped to North
America and the Asian markets via the
Panama Canal. Sabonge added that
the principal grain production of
Brazil is located in its central region,
and transportation costs to U.S. east
coast main ports remain high.
Traditionally, Brazilians had little
interest in the Panama Canal, since
their big industries are located in the
South; however, "facing the possibility
of an expanded waterway, they are
planning to increase port activities in
the northeast."

AATA W,~e RdAI K MMU 'Tim?

Positive Notes on the
Panama Canal
Canal safety under Panamanian
administration nearly reached a
historical record during the first nine
months of fiscal year 2001, with
only 14 vessel accident
investigations conducted. This
figure represents 0.12 percent ofthe
11,660 transits recorded over the
same nine-month period. In
contrast, 26 vessel accident
investigations were conducted
during the same period last year.
Canal Waters Time (CWT) was
reduced to 22 hours, or 20 percent
below the record set the previous
year. The ACP has aimed to
consistently offer average CWT of
no more than 24 hours. Overall, the
aforementioned positive indicators
reflect the efficiency of Canal
operations under Panamanian

World Economic Performance to Affect Year-end Canal Cargo results

The world economy, which grew at a
robust pace last year, has slowed
considerably as the United States,
Europe, Japan and some major
developing countries experience a
simultaneous slowdown. In the United
States, industrial production fell 0.7
percent during the second quarter of
2001, while capital investments dropped
by 13.6 percent. The impact of the U.S.
economic deceleration has spread
throughout other regions, given that the
U.S. is the world's largest consumer.
Japan, the second economy of
importance to the Canal in terms of
cargo, has experienced declining growth
rates while near-zero interest rates have
not stimulated economic activity.
Disappointing economic results from
other important world regions such as
Europe and Latin America, have further
contributed to an aggravation of an
already vulnerable world economy for
Weak economic growth in the United
States, the principal importing and
exporting market for Panama Canal
trade, has contributed significantly to the
slowdown in tonnage activity through
the waterway, particularly during the last
six months. According to the U.S.
Census Bureau, June 2001 exports
decreased to $86.0 billion from $87.7
billion in May. Likewise, June imports
decreased $115.4 billion from $116.2
billion in May.

For the
Canal, total
fiscal year
2001 cargo
tonnage is
forecasted at
1 9 4 4
million long
tons, a flat
of 0.4

compared to
the actual
ca r g o
tonnage for fiscal year 2000*. An
estimated increase of approximately
700 thousand long tons over last year,
will be mainly attributed to growth in
containerized cargo, petroleum and
petroleum products, refrigerated
foods, and ores and metals.
Despite maintaining its traditional
position as the leading Canal
commodity group, grains are expected
to experience a 2.0 percent downturn
from fiscal year 2000. A factor
contributing to this result has been a
slow pace of U.S. exports due to
stringent certification procedures
imposed by Japan and China on
imports of genetically modified grains.
On the other hand, overall
containerized cargo trade should
maintain a positive pace with an

I nousand Long Ions
SFY2000 FY 2001

estimated 6.8 percent increase to 35.7
million long tons. The principal two-way
trade route of Asia the East Coast U.S.
will likely represent nearly 50.0 percent
of total cargo volume by containerships
through the waterway. The petroleum
and petroleum products category will
hold at third place, while registering a
13.7 percent boost from the 27.1 million
long tons recorded last year. For
comparative purposes, the enclosed
graph illustrates commodity flows for
fiscal years 2000 and 2001.

* Includes cargo long ton projections by
commodity groups for August and

Positive Trend Forecasted for Panamax Vessel Transits

Preliminary estimates for fiscal year
2001 reflect a 0.4 percent decrease to
12,254 oceangoing transits from the
previous fiscal year*. Despite the
overall slowdown in world economic
trade, Panamax-size vessels, the largest
that can fit Canal locks, are estimated at
4,461 transits for the twelve-month
period of fiscal year 2001, a steady
growth of 2.3 percent over 2000. Tolls
revenue collection is estimated at
$581.9 million, a 1.3 percent rise over

Jan. Feb. March Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. the year2000.
*Transit figures for the months of August
-- FY 2000 FY 2001 and September 2001 were estimated.

Major Canal Cargo Flows October-September

Containerized Cargo
Petroleum and Petroleum Products
Chemicals and Petroleum Chemicals
Manufactures of Iron and Steel
Nitrates, Phosphates and Potash
Lumber and Products
Ores and Metals
Coal and Coke
Refrigerated Foods
0 5000 10.000 15000 20000 25.000 30.000 35000 40000 45000

Visits by Clients and Users

Maersk Sealand Officials
Maersk Sealand officials visited the
Panama Canal on August 22 to see
Panama Canal operations and its
ongoing improvement programs first
hand. The Customer Relations Unit
offered the visitors a tour of Miraflores
Locks and the locks' control house,
where they had the opportunity to
observe lockage operations and turn the
levers that activate locks valves and
miter gates. They also observed the
Canal topographical model and
received a briefing on Canal operations
and the various trade routes served by

the waterway. Mr. Bo Sonnichsen,
Vice President of Maersk Gulf, Ltd.,
and Mrs. Gina Batista, Finance
Manager, Maersk Panama, S.A
represented Maersk Sealand

President Vicente Fox
On June 16, the Panama Canal
welcomed President of Mexico
Vicente Fox. Ricardo Martinelli,
Minister for Canal Affairs; Alberto
Alem~n Zubieta, Panama Canal
Administrator; and Ricaurte Vasquez,
Deputy Administrator, greeted him.
Upon his arrival at Miraflores Locks,
he had the opportunity to see lockage
operations first hand and turn the
levers that activate the locks valves
and miter gates. Mr. Fox was pleased
to witness the commitment of the
Canal's workforce, the waterway's

high-quality transit service, and the
magnitude of the Canal's ongoing
maintenance programs. The purpose of
his visit was to promote the Plan Puebla
Panama. Fox stated that Mexico is the
second most important economy in Latin
America. He also mentioned that among
the commodities transported through the
Canal are petroleum products, fertilizers,
and manufactures of iron and steel.
During fiscal year 2000, Mexico
occupied the seventh place of
importance among Canal users, with a
total 11.1 million long tons of cargo

Homologation conferences held at ACP

On August 6 and 7, 2001, the ACP held
homologation conferences at its
premises, regarding Solicitations Nos.
CDO-103407 and 103984, related to
transportation and market segment
analyses, and SAA-103983, related to an
economic impact study. These analyses
are part of a series of studiesto determine
the most important elements of a
business plan for each particular client
segment served by the Canal. The
segments covered by the market studies
are liquid bulk cargo, grains and other
dry bulk cargo, and liners. The studies
are part of the Panama Canal Expansion
Project, currently in its pre-feasibility
phase. The purpose of this project is to
examine the possibility of expanding the
waterway's capacity in the near future, to
allow the transit of Post-Panamax
Eventually, to seek project financing, the
ACP would develop a single business
plan, aimed at optimizing its capacity, in
proportion to the potential revenue that
each segment would generate.

The economic impact study will
identify and analyze the past, present,
and future direct and indirect
economic impact and benefits
brought about by the Panama Canal,
worldwide, by individual countries,
relevant regions, country blocks, and
entities, including the Republic of
Panama. This study will enable the
ACP to determine the financial value
of the Canal for individual countries
and regions, as well as the opportunity
costs and benefit tradeoffs for Canal
clients, as part of the project's
financial plan and pricing policies.
The study will also help the ACP to
develop its corporate and expansion
project communications strategy and
Representatives of some of the most
reputable consulting firms of the
world in each field of expertise, who
had the opportunity to clarify ACP
requirements and share their concerns
and comments, enthusiastically
attended the conferences. Receipt of

proposals for all solicitations is
scheduled for mid-September, and
awarding of the projects are expected by

Upcoming Events
Panama Canal Adninisraor to address the
following events:
Lecture at the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology (MIT)
Date: September 27, 2001
Sponsored by: Massachusetts Institute of
Technology (MIT)
Location: MIT- Boston, MA

Annual Conference of the American Society
of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Date: October 10-13, 2001
Sponsored by: The American Society of Civil
Engineers (ASCE)
Location: George R. Brown Convention
Center Houston, TX

Panama Week 2001
Date: October 25-26, 2001
Sponsored by: United States Panama
Business Council (USPA)
Location: Ronald Reagan Building &
International Trade Center -Washington, D.C.

Canal Welcomes New Locks Locomotives

As part of the Canal's multimillion-dollar
modernization and improvement
program, eight new locks towing
locomotives arrived at Miraflores Locks
on August 30th, 2001. Mitsubishi
Corporation of Japan manufactured the
locomotives at an average cost of 2.1
million dollars each. The first eight units
arrived at the Panama Canal in August
1 999. In 1997, the former Panama Canal
Commission awarded a contract to
Mitsubishi Corporation for the
construction of 26 new units, to augment
the locomotive fleet. The new
locomotives weigh approximately 50 tons
each and operate with two 290
horsepower traction units with a
maximum towing power of 70 thousand
pounds, at a speed of 4.8 kilometers per
hour and a maximum running free speed

of 16 kilometers per hour. Ten
additional units are expected for
delivery in February 2002.
In addition to the purchase of new
locomotives, the modernization and
improvement program also includes

the widening of the 8-mile long
Gaillard Cut, increasing the towboat
fleet by 41%, modernizing the marine
traffic management and locks control
systems, converting original electro-
mechanical locks machinery to modern
hydraulic systems, and replacing 16
kilometers of locks tow track. The
Gaillard Cut widening and
straightening project, to be completed
ahead of schedule by December 2001,
is divided into two phases: dryand wet
excavation. The dry excavation phase
is already 100% complete, while the
wet excavation phase is 90% complete.
By the time the project ends, the ACP
will be able to provide safe two-way
traffic service to Panamax vessels
through the Cut.

Information Channel to Open Across the Isthmus

The Panama Canal Authority (ACP) is
constructing a new information channel
through its Information and Technology
Department's (IM) Electronics and
Telecommunications Division. Scheduled
for completion in October 2001, this
channel will help strengthen and
modernize the Authority's operations, as
well as increase its communication
capabilities. The 67-kilometer long
information channel will link the agency's
main telecommunications center in Balboa
with Gatun Locks facilities on the Atlantic
In 1990, the former Panama Canal
Commission installed fiber optic cables
in the electrical wiring along the
Transisthmian railroad tracks, with the
purpose of creating a backup for the
microwave system, while satisfying new
communication needs. This design was
more economical than the option of
repairing the original duct. Today, ten
years later, communication needs atthe

Canal have increased, making it
necessary to expand the system and
increase its dependability. Therefore,
the rehabilitation of the Transisthmian
duct proved the best option. Since
much cable routing follows the path of
the railroad tracks, the ACP has
coordinated the work with NEOSHO
Central America Inc., the company
that is currently building the new
Panama Canal Railway Company
(PCRC) Transisthmian railroad.
Future plans include the extension of the
system to provide coast-to-coast
connection to local telecommunications
companies and the expansion to the
Atlantic Ocean shore, to provide global
telecommunications companies with
the opportunity to land their undersea
fiber optic cables and connect with their
Pacific networks via the Canal's duct
This information channel will
contribute to position Panama as a

We want your comments
We welcome your comments and suggestions regarding this newsletter. We want to
convey important news for you and your business. Please let us know your views
about this media (format, content, topics) and what you would liketo see in our next
edition. If you would rather receive it electronically, please send us a note with your
correct email address to: cpxc@pancanal.com If you need additional copies or
copies mailed to other officials within your corporation, please contact us (see box
at right for address, fax, and telephone numbers).

vital link for the expansion of the
telecommunications market worldwide.

WORLD LEADER in services to the
maritime industry and in the
sustainable development for the
conservation of the Canal watershed;
CORNERSTONE of the global
transportation system and driving
force of Panama's progress and
MODEL of excellence, integrity, and
transparency, committed to the full
development ofour work force.

Corporate Planning and Marketing
Panama Canal Authority
ACP-CP P.O. BOX 025513
Miami FL 33102-5513
Tel.: (507) 272-7961 Fax: (507) 272-5916
e-mail: cpxc@pancanal.com
web site: www.pancanal.com

(then click on "Canal News")


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