Citation
Caribbean today

Material Information

Title:
Caribbean today
Uniform Title:
Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
Miami Fl
Publisher:
Caribbean Pub. Services
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
2010
Frequency:
Monthly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 38 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1989.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 10, no. 3, published in 1999; title from cover.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Caribbean Pub. Services. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
40985415 ( OCLC )

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Full Text








o u r


Ok APRIL 2009


O 0 0 N 0 1
Y^_~~~ .Y1^ J


%- o r I d


r-Co
k I


VOI 20 NO. 5


PRESORTED
STANDARD
U.S. POSTAGE
PAID
MIAMI, FL
PERMIT NO. 7315
Tel: (305) 238-2868
1-800-605-7516
editor@caribbeantoday.com
ct ads@bellsouth.net
Jamaica: 655-1479


TH MUTIW R -INN E SM G ZN


With a
r f criminal
charge shad-
owing him,
Jamaican-
born Fitzroy
S Salesman
lost his bid
for re-elec-
tion to the
Miramar City Commission last
month. Is this the end of the
road for the charismatic
politician? page 2.
Miami Beach is
fast becoming
the fashion
capital of
America's
South. This
hotspot boasts
a multicultural
population that
includes a
growing
Caribbean com-
munity. It has
also become
the perfect
backdrop for a
fashion show
featuring up and coming design-
ers from the region, page 11.
Jozy
Altidore, an
American
with Haitian
parents,
scored
three goals
to help the
United
States beat
Trinidad and Tobago in a World
Cup qualifier and put a huge
dent in the Caribbean's last
hope of a place in soccer's
biggest show, page 15.


~ What would make a humble young
man leave beautiful, balmy weather in
the Caribbean to take on a 1,000-mile
race on a dogsled in ice-cloaked,
freezing arctic country? Well, because
he was determined to, says Jamaica's
Newton Marshall. And he made
history along the way, page 19.


CALL ARIBBEAN TODAY IRETRO AMAICA 6547


INSIDE
News ...................2 Summit of the Americas .. .8 Spring Health ..........12
Spring/Summer Viewpoint ................9 Sport ................... 15
Education ...............5 Arts/Entertainment ......11 Local/FYI ..............17


Business/Travel .........18
Feature ................. 19


-in


W e c o v e r y


- fK


O1








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CARIBBEAN TODAY

n e wS


What's next for Fitzroy Salesman?

~ Jamaican-born politician loses election, faces criminal charge


DAWN A. DAVIS

FLORIDA With a criminal
charge shadowing him, Jamaican-
born Fitzroy Salesman lost his
bid for re-election to the
Miramar City Commission.
The hotly contested Seat #1
went to newcomer and commu-
nity activist Barbara Sharief,
who also beat out incumbent
Carl J. Lanke. Salesman
blamed his pending court case
for his most recent setback.
"The main contributing
factor to my losing the election
was the reports that even if I
won, the governor would sus-
pend me again and the city
would have to have another
by-election," Salesman told
Caribbean Today after last
month's race. "That played a
major role in it."
Salesman must now focus
on his new trial, which is
scheduled to start this month
after the collapse of proceed-
ings in early March when a
juror brought a dictionary to
the jury room. The former
commissioner is accused of
aggravated assault with a
firearm stemming from a Nov.
2007 incident in a Miramar
grocery store.
An educator in the Dade
County public school system
for the past 14 years and a


Salesman, seen here in a South Florida
courtroom, sees himself as a political
trailblazer for Caribbean immigrants.
licensed real estate agent,
Salesman said his next move
maybe in the real estate field
because "nobody wants to hire
me with the present charges
hanging over my head."
Asked if he will run again,
the embattled politician said:
"I have not ruled it out, but for
right now it is not in my imme-
diate plans."

ACTIVE
But, Salesman was quick


UNITED NATIONS The
Caribbean community
(CARICOM) has called for
economic emancipation
through the rLdJLg-nin-g of
the global architecture of fair
prices and fair trade".
The 15-member grouping
issued the call as the United
Nations commemorated the
International Day for the
Remembrance of the Victims
of the Trans-Atlantic Slave
Trade on Mar. 25.
According to CARICOM,
that was needed through "jus-
tice for workers, the commodi-
ty supplier states, and the vul-
nerable states, sectors and
communities to climate
change, as we fulfill the moral
and financial obligation still
owed those of African descent,
on the continent and in the
diaspora".
Addressing reporters at
U.N. headquarters in New
York, Grenada's Ambassador
Dessima Williams, speaking
on behalf of CARICOM, said
the call on the international
community was to "honor the
victims of slavery with a sys-
tem of economic freedom for
the planet's poorest billions".

GRATEFUL
As part of CARICOM's


April 2009


NAACP wants Obama to grant

Haitians protected status in U.S.


to point out that he will remain
an active member of Miramar,
a city with a large Caribbean
population located north of
Miami and south of Fort
Lauderdale in South Florida,
United States.
"I have always been an
active community advocate,"
he explained. "That's one of
the things I pride myself on.
"You don't have to call me
commissioner. It's not some-
thing I wore on my lapel. My
name is Fitzroy. Whether I am
sitting on the dais or not, I
have always been an active
member of the community, I
have always helped people
regardless. I am still going to
be the same person I have
always been, I will help those
that I can."
He chided the Miramar
Caribbean community for not
participating enough in the
election process. The city,
which had a majority of three
Caribbean Americans on the
commission board of five in
2003, is viewed as a reflection
of that margin. Popular radio
broadcaster Winston Barnes
was the only Caribbean official
to hold onto his seat at the
commission during in the
recent election. An agitated
Salesman put the blame
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 4)


WASHINGTON One of the
most influential groups in the
United States has joined a
chorus of calls on Washington
to grant Temporary Protected
Status (TPS) to Haitians liv-
ing in the U.S. illegally.
"The recent devastating
environmental disasters from
which Haiti has not recovered,
continuing violence, and unsta-
ble political conditions pose a
serious threat at this time to
the personal safety of anyone
forcibly repatriated to Haiti",
said the National Association
for the Advancement of
Colored Peoples (NAACP)
last month.
TPS grants temporary
protection from deportation
to nationals of a country in
which environmental or polit-
ical events have occurred or
where armed conflict poses a
serious threat to public safety.
TPS has been granted to
nationals of many countries,
including those of Nicaragua
and Honduras in 1999 follow-
ing Hurricane Mitch, and of
El Salvador in 2001 following
severe earthquakes.
Last year's storms and


Williams
efforts to advance this initia-
tive, Williams said the body
intended to name a goodwill
ambassador and to establish a
trust fund in the near future.
She said CARICOM was
grateful to all who have
already made financial contri-
butions to the memorial and
invited others to do likewise.
The Grenadian envoy
said the permanent slavery
memorial will be a "symbol of
our ability to come together,
victor and vanquished, to tell
the story of shame and tri-
umph, to commit to remem-
ber the legacy of slavery, lest
we forget".
0


Caribbean wants economic

emancipation to 'honor the

victims of slavery' diplomat


MIAMI-DADE PUBLIC LIBRARY SYSTEM'S
9R Annual

Art of Storytelling


International Festival

Saturday, May 2 .10:30 a.m.- 4 p.m.
Main Library 101 W. FlaglerSt. 305.375.BOOK


hurricanes killed over 800 peo-
ple and rendered hundreds of
thousands homeless in Haiti.

ASSURANCE
In addition, the NAACP
said granting Haitians TPS
would also directly assist
Haiti's Ii,,L ni democracy in
its efforts to recover from
these conditions, stabilize the
country's economy, rebuild its
political and economic institu-
tions, and provide a future of
hope for Haiti's people".
The NAACP said since
TPS would be extended only
to those Haitians currently
residing in the U.S., concerns
about a mass exodus to the
U.S. would be unfounded. It
noted that Haiti is the hemi-
sphere's oldest democracy,
and has always had a "special
relationship" with the U.S.
"Haitian immigrants have
long contributed to America's
diverse and vibrant culture",
it stated. "The current plight
of Haitians in their homeland
clearly qualifies them for TPS
here in the United S Ij.L .
0


I


/





CARIBBEAN TODAY


Caribbean 'green card' holders on the rise


GORDON WILLIAMS

Despite the threat of declining
prosperity in the United
States, Caribbean immigrants
continued to pour into the
U.S. last year, with the num-
ber of legal permanent resi-
dents "green card" holders -
rising above the total for 2007.
According to figures
released by the Department of
Homeland Security (DHS),
137,098 people from the region
were granted permission to
make America their home,
even as a global economic cri-
sis sparked fears that the
promise of the "American
Dream" may be losing some of
its allure.
The Caribbean's numbers
represented 12.4 percent of
1,107,126 "green card" holders
admitted to the U.S. in 2008.
Last year's total of legal
permanent residents from the
Caribbean surpassed the 2007
mark of 119,123, and boosted
the region's slice of the world's
total by more than a full per-
centage point. However, the
figure was a drop-off from the
2006 total of 146,768, the
Caribbean's highest number in
recent years.

ASIA ON TOP
The latest DHS figures
landed the Caribbean around


mid-pack among the world's
regions. Asia with 383,608 in
2008 continued to send the
most foreigners to the U.S. to
live. That continent supplied
34.6 percent of all American
permanent residents last year.
Europe and Africa accounted
for just over 20 percent of new
"green card" holders in 2008.
Meanwhile, people born in
two Spanish-speaking countries
- Cuba and the Dominican
Republic accounted for the
most U.S. permanent residents
from the Caribbean in 2008.
Some 49,500 Cuban nationals
were granted "green cards",
while 31,879 D.R. nationals
received that status.
French-speaking Haiti
accounted for 26,007 U.S. per-
manent residents in 2008,
while English-speaking
Jamaica supplied 18,477.
Cuba, D.R., Haiti and


SJamaica accounted for
S the bulk of Caribbean-
born immigrants
awarded permanent
residence in the U.S.
The number of
"green card" holders
from Cuba and the
D.R. in 2008 showed a
sharp increase over the
previous year. Some
20,396 more Cuban-
born immigrants were
granted permanent res-
idence in 2008 than the previ-
ous year. D.R. recorded an
increase of 3,855 over the
same period.
Meanwhile, the number of
Haitians who became perma-
nent residents dropped in 2008
from the previous year when
30,405 received that status.
The numbers from Jamaica
also declined over a year. In
2007, 19,375 Jamaicans
received permanent residence.
In 2008 Mexico once
again accounted for the most
"green card" recipients for a
single country with 189,989,
well over double of its nearest
rival China, which supplied
80,271.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.
0


U.S. fingers St. Vincent bank

in investment fraud scheme


WASHINGTON United
States financial regulators
claim they have uncovered
an alleged multi-million dollar
investment fraud scheme at a
Vincent and the Grenadines
based offshore bank.
The Securities and
Exchange Commission (SEC)
said the Millennium Bank, a
subsidiary of United Trust of
Switzerland SA, issued certifi-
cates of deposit promising
improbable returns on invest-
ment, in a manner similar to
what is alleged to have tran-
spired at the Antigua-based
Stanford International Bank.
The SEC filed a com-
plaint against two American
business people William
Wise of North Carolina and
Kristi Hoegel of California -
claiming they duped as many
as 375 investors into buying
"fictitious, high-yielding" cer-
tificates of deposit to the tune
of $68 million from
Millennium Bank.
"As alleged in our com-
plaint, the defendants dis-
guised their Ponzi scheme as a
legitimate offshore investment
and made promises about exu-
berant returns that were just
too good to be true," Rose
Romero, director of the SEC's
Fort Worth Regional Office,


said in a statement.

'BLATANT'
The SEC alleged that the
St. Vincent-based bank made
"blatant misrepresentations
and glaring omissions" while
marketing the certificates of
deposits to wealthy U.S.
clients for
more than
four 3 ,,a .
A Texas
judge has also
agreed to an
SEC request
for the compa-
ny's assets to
be frozen. Stanford
The
SEC's enforcement action
seeks an order compelling
them to return funds and
assets traceable to the alleged
Millennium Bank fraud.
The action by the U.S.
financial regulation body fol-
lows closely on a suit filed
against the Stanford Financial
Group, which it accused of
perpetrating fraud of $8 billion
around the Stanford
International Bank in Antigua.
Stanford's principal, Sir
Allen Stanford, and two of his
senior officials were also
named in that action.
0


I P*+ M ACp


April 2009





CARIBBEAN TODAY


U.S.-based gay rights group

calls for boycott of Jamaica


Jamaica's stance against
homosexuality is once
again under attack, with a
group of United States-based
gay rights activists and blog-
gers calling for a boycott of the
country.
The group is led by Wayne
Besen, Jim Burroway and
Michael Petrelis, who have
established an Internet site
which makes reference to


Golding


Jamaica as the most homopho-
bic place on earth. They have
also asked people who love
their gay friends and family
members not to visit the island.
The group goes further to
warn those who care about the
human rights of gay, lesbian,
bisexual and trans-gender peo-
ple, as well as all gay bars and
restaurants in San Francisco,
California, not to buy popular
Jamaican rum and beer prod-
ucts.
"There is no justifiable rea-
son for gays and our allies who
value the lives of persons with


AIDS in Jamaica to vacation
there, or consume their alco-
holic drinks", stated a release
from the group late last month.

'HATE STATE'
The bloggers argue that it
is time to stop rewarding what
they called "this hate "I.d I
with tourism dollars. The
group further called on the
Bruce Golding-led administra-
tion to "repeal Jamaica's
oppressive sodomy law".
They also want the prime
minister to issue a statement
"clearly and unequivocally"
condemning violence against
gays and apologizing for past
violence, as well as to imple-
ment a gay-affirming program
to train police officers.
Bevan Dufty, a spokesman for
a California-based gay rights
group, said a meeting has been
scheduled for early this month
with the honorary consul of
Jamaica, Dr. Newton Gordon,
to highlight their concerns. He
said during the meeting the
gay advocates will also high-
light the recent U.S. State
Department report on homo-
sexuals in Jamaica.
Last year, Prime Minister
Golding declared during a BBC
program, that he would not tol-
erate gays in his Cabinet. Since
then, the National Security
Ministry has issued a release
saying the government recog-
nizes the rights of all citizens
and condemns all attacks.


- CMC
*


n e w s


Notorious Guyanese prisoner pleads


guilty to drug trafficking, other charges


NEW YORK After spend-
ing nearly three years in a
United States jail, notorious
Guyanese prisoner Shaheed
Roger Khan has pleaded
guilty to drug trafficking and
other charges.
Khan, 37, entered the plea
when he appeared before
Judge Dora Irizarry in a New
York court last month to
answer the charges related to
the importation of cocaine into
the U.S. between Jan. 2001
and Mar. 2006, as well as pos-
session of an illegal firearm.
The new twist to the case
took many by surprise since
Khan's lawyers have been


maintaining his innocence
ever since the U.S. unsealed
the indictment against him.

DRUG LORD
Khan, who has earned the
reputation of Guyana's bi,, ,LI
drug lord, has also reportedly
confessed to plotting with his
lawyer to keep witnesses from
testifying against him as part
of a plea deal with federal
prosecutors that does not
require Khan to testify against
his former attorney Robert
Simels.
The Guyanese prisoner,
who was arrested in Suriname
in 2006 and extradited to the


U.S. to face the charges, is due
to return to court for sentenc-
ing.
During the court case,
details of Khan's alleged drug
trafficking and crime organiza-
tion activities have been com-
ing to light. Khan also claimed
to be a friend of the Guyana
government, who was even
granted permission to import
spy equipment into the country.
But none of this seemed
to be of interest to federal
authorities in the U.S., who
detained Khan on charges of
importation of cocaine into
the U.S.
0


Guyana's first female president dies at 88


GEORGE-
TOWN,
Guyana, CMC
- Janet Jagan,
Guyana's first
female presi-
dent, died
here on Mar.
28.


Jagan, 88, Jagan
was admitted
to the state-owned Georgetown
Public Hospital late Mar. 27
after complaining of feeling
unwell. She was then admitted
to the Intensive Care Unit.
Health Minister Leslie
Ramsammy said the former
head of state died as a result of
an abdominal aneurism.
Jagan led the People's
Progressive Party (PPP) to vic-


tory at the 1997 elections, hav-
ing taken over leadership of
the party following the death of
her husband, Cheddi Jagan,
who was president at the time
of his death.

MULTIPLE ROLES
However, the former first
lady's stint in the country's
highest political office was
short-lived. She resigned in
Aug. 1999 due to ill-health.
Jagan, who authored
several books and at one time
worked as the editor of the
PPP's newspaper, The Thunder,
was born in the United States
city of (Clui ig,- She moved to
Guyana in the 1940s with her
husband, whom she met while
he was furthering his studies as


a dentist at Northwestern
University.
A co-founding member of
the PPP, Janet Jagan also served
in various political and govern-
ment capacities over the years.
She was also the recipient of
many local and international
honors, including the Order of
Excellence, the nation's highest
honor; Woman of Achievement
Award from the University of
Guyana; and the Gandhi Gold
Medal for Peace, Democracy
and Women's Rights awarded
by UNESCO.
Janet Jagan was buried on
Mar. 31. She leaves to mourn
her son, Dr. Cheddi Jagan Jnr,
daughter Nadira Jagan-Brancier,
and five grandchildren.
0


What's next for Fitzroy Salesman?


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 2)
squarely on the shoulders of
the electorate.
"One thing I have learned
about the Caribbean commu-
nity we are still stuck in the
past," he said. "There is this
one precious term that they
keep using: role model. I
don't know how your elected
official becomes your role
model. In my case, are you
going to judge me on the job
that you have given me to do,
or are you going to judge me
on some other superficial or
artificial factors?
"My role model was my
grandmother," he added.
"She was strong, she was lov-
ing, she was caring, and she
was giving. But make no mis-
take, she was not a pushover,
she would not make people
walk all over her. It is the
same for me. I do not intend
to be anybody's role model. I
can help you, I can be an
advisor if you intend to pur-
sue a political career, but I
don't want to be your


role model."

'NO REGRETS'
With conviction, Salesman
said, "I have no regrets." He is
proud of his accomplishments
as a Miramar city commission-
er. To underscore the point, he
noted that there are three trail-
blazers in South Florida of
Jamaican origin: Hazelle
Rogers, a former Lauderdale
Lakes commissioner and now
a representative in the Florida
House of Representatives; Ian
Richards, elected Broward
County court judge; and him-
self.
"I opened the eyes of the
Caribbean community in
Miramar and I showed them
that it could be done,"
Salesman said. "Looking at it
from that perspective, while I
was there I was able to help a
lot of people in so many
ways."

Dawn A. Davis is a freelance
writer for Caribbean Today.


April 2009









incG/summER EDUC ATION''y

~ A Caribbean Today feature


CaribchVt Jamaican-born U.S. school superintendent lands national honor


Tn February, Jamaican-born
SDr Beverly L. Hall, superin-
tendent of Atlanta Public
Schools (APS) for almost a
decade, was named .\,' i..,Il
Superintendent of the I -, 'by
the American Association of
School Administrators .\N l.- was
also chosen Si.'.' Superintendent
of the Y., by the Georgia
School Superintendents
Association. Dr. Hall, who's in
charge of nearly 50,000 students,
close to 4,000 teachers and 100
schools, grades K-12, is the first
superintendent from the state and
the city, respectively, to receive the
honors.. 1..-spoke to Caribbean
Today's Managing Editor
Gordon Williams about her
accomplishments and other
issues relating to education in the
US. and the Caribb'ean. The con-
tent of the interview is edited for
space considerations:

QUESTION: Was the national
"Superintendent of the Year"
award something that you
expected or was it a surprise?
ANSWER: Well, there were
two surprises. First of all, I
did not expect to be named
Georgia state superintendent.
The city of Atlanta has never
won the designation... And so
I had no reason to believe I
was going to break that tradi-
tion... Then when I was named
one of four finalists nationally,
that was another surprise. But
I also knew that only 15 per-
cent of the superintendents
nationwide are women.
Altogether. And I said the
chances of me winning the
national was, you know, slim to
none. And if you think about
African American, or women
of color, then the percentage is
probably less than one per-
cent... Georgia has had, I think,
four national finalists and
nobody has won. So the odds
were not with me...

Q: How big of an accomplish-
ment is that to you personally
and to your district of the
Atlanta Public Schools?
A: ...I think I never would
have gotten it if the district had
not been showing the progress
that it's showing. We have been
on a steady nine-year, you
know, path of progress. The
trajectory has been moving in


the right direction on all of the
metrics whether you look at
student achievement, gradua-
tion rates, student attendance,
recruitment and retention of
teachers... And I think Atlanta
is celebrating this, not just the
school system, but Atlanta in
general...because it is a boost
for the city. To have the super-
intendent named as the nation-
al superintendent of the year
has...sort of, validated that
there is a school system in
Atlanta that's working, that's
showing progress...

Q: Do you view what you have
accomplished, in any way, as a
reflection of what immigrants
can do in America, Jamaicans
in particular, Caribbean people
more generally?
A: ...I really do believe that
the fact that I was born and
raised in Jamaica, in the West
Indies, really contributed to my
belief, and my passion, that all
children can achieve at high
levels, regardless... And so I
think the fact (is) that I was
grounded in the reality of my
experience in Jamaica...I'm
like, why can't people believe
that all means all and that all
children, if they're given the
right circumstances, in terms of
teaching experiences, high
expectations (will achieve)...

Q: In his campaign, and his
early presidency, (U.S.
President Barack Obama) has
consistently listed education
among his top four or five pri-
orities. What does that say to
you as an educator?
A: Well we are more optimistic
now than I think ever before
that education is going to have
its place in this administration
as a major priority...I think
he understands it's the great
equalizer... And so, for the first
time I have real hope that at
the federal level education is
going to get some real, real
attention.

Q: What do you see in Obama,
in what he's saying, that repre-
sents a significant shift in the
way things are being looked at
now, in terms of the federal
government's participation in
the process directly and mean-
ingfully?
A:...The way you know what
people mean is when they put
their money where their mouth
is. And he is putting more
money towards education that
has ever been put at the feder-
al level before...So you know
(Obama) means it. He's putting
some money behind it.

Q: If someone had told you 10
years ago that this is where you
would be, at this point, accom-
plishing what you have so
far...would you have viewed


this as a joke?
A: Absolutely, and it's still hard
to digest... I still can't absorb it.
Like I wake up and it's almost
like it is happening to some-
body else... When I started,
you know, I was a teacher in
Brooklyn, New York and was-


n't even sure I was gonna last
because I had a horrible first
year... I've just been moving,
but never, never thought I
would have been named the
"Superintendent of the Year".

Q: How much did your


Jamaican/Caribbean back-
ground, your schooling and just
how you were raised, influence
you today and how you go
about your business?
A: Everything that I am today,

(CONTINUED ON PAGE 10)


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* Chat with faculty members about prospective majors
* Learn about student organizations and activities
* Attend sessions on financial aid. scholarships and admissions
* Tour the campus

Reserve your spot now!
To reserve your spot or get more information visit
www.mdc.edu/openhouse or call 305.237.8888
if you have special needs or questions concerning accessibility. call the campus you plan to 1 ,sIT at least three days
prior to the event.


Hialeah Campus
1776 W 49th St.
Hialeah. FL 13012-2918
Homestead Campus
500 College Terrace
Homestead, FL 33030-6009
InterAmerican Campus
627 S.W. 27th Ave.
Miami, FL 33135-2966


Kendall Campus
S011 SW. 104th 5L
Miami, FL 33176-3393
Medical Center Campus
950 N.W. 20th St.
Miami. Fl. 33127-4693
North Campus
11380 N.W. 27t1 Ave.
Miami, FL 33167-3495


West Campus
3800 N.W 115th Ave.
Doral, FL 33178-4856
Wolfson Campus
300 N.E. Second Ave.
Miami, FL 33132-2296
Carrie P. Meek
Entrepreneural Education Ctr.
6300 N.W. Seventh Ave.
Miami, FL 33150-4322


College


April 2009


CARIBBEAN TODAY





CARIBBEAN TODAY


-usw^caribbeantodj..c..


MIAMI Ni
Guyriano Cl
journalist in
radio news b
typewriter. IH


spRInG/SUMMER EDUCATION


~ A Caribbean Today fea

'Elevate Miami' raises opportunity I

~ Computer knowledge changes life c
ne years ago, ering corrupt practices he came to live in Miami.
harles, a radio prompted death threats by From his years as a jour-
Haiti, typed his local police. After being nalist, Charles knew how to
broadcasts on a granted political asylum by put stories together and was a
Jis stories uncov- the United States government, fast typist. An educated man,


rture

evels for immigrants

if Haitian American


he also knew what was hap-
pening in the world. Yet with
all his knowledge and experi-
ence, he still couldn't help his
son with most of his home-
work. His son was only in the
second grade.
"You need to understand
how computers work so you
can help with homework,"
Charles said.
Now in the third grade,
his son is growing up. Charles
wants to give him a good life.
But to bring a better life with
more
opportunity,
he knew
that he
needed to
make more
money.
Charles
tried to get
a better job.
He sent out
many appli-
cations. It
got him
nothing.
Finding a
job in
Miami was
not easy Instructor Azucena Her
S"Every during class at theTech
Every Florida.
job you
apply for
asks if you have experience
using computers," Charles
said. "If you know computer
programs you have a higher
percentage chance of getting a
job."

SEARCH
Charles, a determined
man, looked at all the com-
puter classes offered in
Miami, but found the classes
too expensive for his limited
budget, which had to pay for
the home occupied by his wife
and son, buy food, clothes and
school his son. There was no
money to spare for his own
professional development.
Charles became frustrated.
The world around him was
changing so fast.
"Everything is about tech-
nology," he said.
Everyone, including his
son, was walking away from
him towards the Internet, into
the computer, into the digital
world. He couldn't get a good
job. He couldn't help his son
with his homework.
One morning, while read-
ing the newspaper, Charles
learned that "Elevate Miami",
a City of Miami digital literacy
program, was offering free
classes at Curtis Park in the
Allapattah neighborhood
close to his home. He signed
up in June 2008 and, since
then, has learned much about
computers, including how to
navigate the Internet. He


learned to apply for jobs
online and ultimately landed a
job as a security officer.
"When you apply for jobs
in the mail, it takes some time
for the employers to get the
resume," Charles said. "When
you do it online, they get it
right away and if they want
more information, they can
ask right away. It was so fast."

OPPORTUNITIES
On the Internet, he was
also able to apply for Florida


nandez works with Guyriano Charles, seated,
hnology Learning Center, Curtis Park in Miami,


KIDCARE so that his son
could receive free health
insurance. For job applica-
tions, he was able to write his
resume and cover letter using
Microsoft Word, which he
learned in one of the classes.
He also learned how to write
financial reports in Microsoft
Excel, and he's currently tak-
ing an introductory course in
Microsoft Power Point.
Now Charles is inspired to
go to Miami Dade College to
study computer science and
become a web developer.
After only taking classes
at Curtis Park for less than a
year, Charles is grateful that
he is learning about comput-
ers.
"It's like when you finish
eating, you have to drink
water," he said. "You cannot
live without computers."
Created under the leader-
ship of Miami Mayor Manny
Diaz, "Elevate Miami" pre-
pares residents and businesses
of Miami for a leadership
position in the global econo-
my, establishing public and
private partnerships that facil-
itate affordable technology,
including mobile and low-cost
Internet access, employable
skills sets and economic
opportunities.
For more information,
visit www.elevatemiami.com
or call 305-416-1538.
0


Board of County Commissioners


Cordially invite you to view

an exhibit highlighting

Cuban history

throughout the month of May


A commemoration ceremony will
take place on the anniversary of
Cuban Independence Day
Wednesday, May 20, 2009 10:00 a.m.


Stephen P. Clark Center
111 NW 1st Street Miami, FL 33128


Free concert featuring famed Cuban artist
Marisela Verena immediately following
commemoration ceremony


April 2009








inGc/summER EDUCnATION c '

~ A Caribbean Today feature


Essential help for college seniors Miami school assessment study raises concerns


JOYCE LAIN KENNEDY

DEAR JOYCE: My daughter
will graduate from a small liberal
arts college. So far she has done
virtually nothing about finding a
job. Speak to her, please.
- D.D.

ANSWER: The numbers fore-
cast a cold summer for new
college graduates:
As a result of the deteri-
orating economic
situation, employers
expect to hire 22
percent fewer new
grads from the col-
lege Class of 2009
than they hired
from the Class of
2008, according to
an updated study by
the National
Association of
Colleges and
Employers
(naceweb.org). Jobs won't bi
Graduating
seniors can't count on campus
recruiters scouting them out this
year. The NACE survey reports
that 66 percent of responding
employers plan to reduce or
eliminate spring hiring.
More than 46 percent of
NACE-surveyed employers say
they're unsure about their fall
2009 hiring plans, and 17 percent
expect to further trim their col-
lege hiring.

NEXT STEP
Whether college seniors
view this spring break as the
last big fling of college life, or
haven't yet gotten the memo
about the challenges they face,
isn't as important as what they
do next.
Practical tips Speaking to
the college senior: You may
well be able to Twitter your
way into a good perch in the
college afterlife with strategic
networking efforts. But your
very first stop should be your
college career center, where
you'll find resources and spe-
cific advice for your major.
Do what you can to make
your center's specialists invest in
your success. Additionally, ask
favorite professors for job leads
and written recommendations.
Next, focus on the funda-
mentals of a fruitful job search:
Engage in self-appraisal -


Know what you can do best and
want most, then choose several
job targets by title. Even if you
change targets, the process will
sharpen your analytical skills.
Prepare persuasive promo-
tional materials, such as strong
resumes, cover letters, net-
working letters, accomplish-
ment sheets and reference let-
ters. Prepare typed thank-you
letters that read like direct-mail
pieces, not like handwritten


e easy to find, even after graduating college.

"Dear Aunt Martha" thank-
you notes.
Research the job market -
Do attempt to identify and
contact by name the people
who have the power to hire
you; it's the hiring managers
whom you most want to meet.
In addition to networking
and stacking up job leads from
professors and your career cen-
ter, don't overlook other basic
building blocks of the compre-
hensive search published ads
in newspapers and online. Get
organized with a free online
job search manager, Jibber
Jobber (jibberjobber. com).
Prepare for the all-impor-
tant job interview The actions
d,,. riK d above are prerequi-
sites to the big event: Flunk the
interview, flunk the job effort.
Study books (like my own "Job
Interviews For Dummies") and
online interviewing projects for
good answers (Google: N.,
graduates job ini ri kr\i ).
Do all you can to keep your
spirits high No one is attracted
to Gloomy Gus or Sad Sarah.
Once you win the offer,
stay put At least until the
economy revives.

2009 Tribune Media
Services, Inca
0


Al First International


Norma V.Le Mignot
CIPS.CRS.GRI
Broker


Financial Services, Inc.

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More
than a
dozen
areas of need,
emerging needs
and concerns
have been iden-
tified in a
recently
released assess-
ment study of
Miami-Dade
County schools.
The study,
conducted by
Florida
International
University's
(FIU)
Metropolitan
Center, assesses
the county's
socioeconomic
conditions and
provides recom-
mendations that
will help deter-
mine how coun-


CAA Executive Director Julie B. Edwards, left, and Miami Mayor Carlos Alvarez visit a "Head Start" class at
Perrine Community Service Center. Miami-Dade Community Action Agency's Head Start Program is the largest
in the Southeastern United States.


ty services are delivered to
low-income residents.
Sixteen target areas of
need; emerging needs such as
housing, financial and foreclo-
sure assistance; age, ethnic
and racial population shifts;
education trends; public
health concerns; and more
were identified by the study,
which was released by the
county's Community Action
Agency (CAA) late last
month.
Recommendations
include increasing partner-


ships; improving outreach,
especially to juveniles and
young adults; and enhancing
relationships with additional
children's service providers
and the business community
to cultivate more job opportu-
nities.
"We realize there has
never been a more critical
time to come together as a
community to maximize our
resources and take action,"
said Miami-Dade County
Mayor Carlos Alvarez in a
press release issued following


the study.
"The Community Action
Agency is forming community
partnerships that will help
them register more children in
the Head Start program,
NLJ ld ri/L more homes to
keep residents safe from South
Florida storms, and provide
resources to job seekers."
To view the assessment
report, visit www.miami-
dade.gov/caa
0


Make every day


Earth Day!

This year it falls on April 22, but Miami-Dade County can help
you go green on Earth Day and beyond.
* Save water by exchanging your old showerhead for a free, new
low-flow version.
* Get a free tree at a nearby Adopt-a-Tree event you'll help
replenish the earth with life-giving oxygen and improve our
tree canopy.
* Save time and paper by paying your County bills online.
For more Earth Day information and tips on how to live, work and play green,
go to green.miamidade.gov or call 3-1-1.


I


I


April 2009


CARIBBEAN TODAY






CARIBBEAN TODAY


- OUR


11 6 m I s p 91 6 R 6


~ T & T hosts Summit of the Americas


U.S.-Cuba impasse to be hot topic at Summit of the Americas T&Tenvoy


MIAMI Trinidad and
Tobago's ambassador to the
United States expects discus-
sions about Cuba to be a hot
topic at this month's Summit
of the Americas, as more
Latin American leaders push
for the Caribbean country to
be embraced by hemispheric
organizations.
Glenda Morean-Phillip


said that while Cuba is not
officially on the agenda for
the April 17-19 Port of Spain,
Trinidad gathering, it will cer-
tainly be on everyone's lips.
"One issue that's expected
to come up especially from
your president (Barack
Obama of the Untied States) -
is Cuba, because that's on
everybody's mind," she told


reporters in Miami recently.
Cuba, a founding member
of the Organization of
American States (OAS), was
suspended in 1962 after mem-
ber nations said its communist
regime went against OAS prin-
ciples. The T&T envoy
explained that Latin America
was largely in favor of admit-
ting Cuba to hemispheric


organizations.
"I think there is a lot of
sympathy and support," she
said.

FIRST
T&T will be the first
Caribbean community (CARI-
COM) country to host as
many as 33 hemispheric lead-
ers at the same time. The U.S.


American lawmaker vows support for Caribbean on trade, investment


NEW YORK A United
States Democratic Senator
has pledged to assist in the
promotion and development
of investment and trade initia-
tives between the U.S. and the
Caribbean.
Christopher Dodd, a
Connecticut Democrat and
member of the U.S. Senate
Foreign Relations Committee,
told members of the Caribbean
community (CARICOM)
diplomatic corps that he will
attempt to get some of the
region's concerns on the agen-
da for this month's Summit of
the Americas in Trinidad and
Tobago.
"Senator Dodd said that


he was upbeat about the
upcoming event, noting that it
presents an opportunity to
highlight and promote a range
of issues impacting the region,
including but not limited to
the environment, trade and
N .iirni a press release from
the Jamaica Information
Service (JIS), that govern-
ment's news arm, stated late
last month.

OPPORTUNITY
U.S. President Barack
Obama is scheduled to attend
the April 17-19 Port of Spain
summit, which will be the first
opportunity for Caribbean
leaders to engage with him


since he
assumed office
in January.
Dodd also
told the
region's diplo-
mats includ-
ing Jamaica's
New York
Consul


Dodd


General
Genieve Brown Metzger and
Trinidad and Tobago's Harold
Robertson that he will help
in expanding small business
ventures.
"I'm a great believer in
small business development;
that's where most employment
comes from," he said.


"Today, with the availabil-
ity of the Internet, if you can
have access to technology, you
can market your products
very well, so we'll be glad to
try and help in that area," he
added.
He assured the meeting
that he would make an effort
to get the U.S. Department of
Commerce and the Export/
Import Bank to "sit down and
look at how they can jointly
assist small and emerging
businesses to access markets
that commercial banks are
sometimes too reluctant to
support."
0


Summit offers 'new day' in U.S.-Caribbean ties Biden


WASHINGTON United
States Vice President Joe Biden
believes this month's Summit of
the Americas will provide
"important first steps toward a
new day in relations and build-
ing partnerships with and
among the countries and people
of the hemisphere".
"The President (Barack
Obama) and I understand that
only by working together can
our countries overcome the
challenges we face," he said late
last month.
"Today, we are more than
just independent nations who
happen to be on the same side
of the globe," added Biden,
who met with some Latin
American leaders ahead of the
April 17-19 summit in Port of
Spain.
"In today's interconnected


world, we are
all neighbors
who face
many com-
mon con-
cerns."
Biden
said the cur-
rent global
economic cri- Biden
sis had
touched the entire world, with
every citizen searching for
answers, "looking for hope and
turning to their leaders to pro-
vide them.
"It is our duty as global
partners to heed their calls, to
together forge a shared solution
to a common problem," the
vice president said.

STEPS
He added that Washington


was taking several steps to
make that happen and stated
that the U.S. Congress has
approved the American
Recovery and Reinvestment
Act, designed to promote job
creation and to set a course for
growth for the next generation.
In addition, he said Obama had
proposed a budget, designed to
set a foundation for the econo-
my of the future, with impor-
tant investments in health care,
education, and energy.
"Rekindling the U.S. econo-
my and ensuring that interna-
tional financial institutions serve
the interests of the people are
particularly important for the
Americas," Biden added.
"Our economic intercon-
nection means that a robust
U.S. economy is good for the
hemisphere and can become an


engine for bottom up economic
growth and equality throughout
the region."

CHALLENGES
Biden also lamented what
he described as the dual chal-
lenges of security gang vio-
lence and the illegal trafficking
of weapons and narcotics.
"In the United States, we
need to do more to reduce
demand for illicit drugs and
stem the flow of weapons and
bulk cash south across our bor-
ders," he said.
The upcoming summit is
the first meeting of all demo-
cratic heads of government
from Latin America, the
Caribbean, Canada and the
U.S. since the 2005 Mar del
Plata Summit in Argentina.
0


OAS predicts 'good sense', 'spirit of co-operation'


WASHINGTON The
head of the Organization of
American States (OAS) has
expressed optimism that the
upcoming fifth Summit of the
Americas in Trinidad and
Tobago will take place in an
atmosphere of gi'dJ sd LiisL
and with a spirit of co-opera-
tion.
"We will have a Summit in
which many things are going
to be said, but no unreason-
able demands are going to pre-
vail," said OAS Secretary


General Jose Miguel Insulza.
With the new United
States President Barack
Obama expected to gain con-
siderable attention at the Port
of Spain gathering, Insulza
said he believed there will be
a "spirit of co-' ,Lp rii ,n from
dignitaries attending from
countries across the Western
Hemisphere, most of whom
Obama will be meeting for the
first time since assuming office
in January.
The OAS secretary gener-


al added that the attitude that
will prevail at the April 17-19
summit will be one of "give
the president of the U.S. the
possibility of developing his
policy, but don't press him too
hard on issues that we all
know that he can't solve
today," although he admitted
that "of course that's not going
to be everybody's attitude."
With regard to U.S. rela-
tions with Latin America and
the C(,rixihn,i Insulza said it
boiled down not to who is in


charge in Washington, but what
approach the White House
takes towards its neighbors.
"The countries of the region
are willing to engage more in
multilateralism in a common
agenda, provided that we agree
this is what we all want to do
multilaterally," he said.
"The problem is a unilat-
eral setting of the agenda and
a multilateral implementation
of the agenda."
0


alone, headed
by Obama, is
bringing a del-
egation to the
summit that's
more than
1,000-people
strong,
Morean- Morean-Phillip
Phillip said.
U.S. Vice
President Joe Biden told Latin
American leaders late last
month that while the Obama
administration was "willing to
reach out" to Cuba, it did not
have any immediate plans to
lift the near-half-century-old
economic and trade embargo.
CARICOM leaders have
been among many who have
urged the U.S. to end the sanc-
tions. But the embargo will
not be on the summit's agenda.
The global economic situation,
trade and security are sched-
uled to dominate discussions.
The U.S. and Cuba have
been hostile to each other
since the Cuban Revolution
in 1959.






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Vol. 20, Number 5 APR. 2009

PETER A WEBLEY
Publisher
GORDON WILLIAMS
Managing Editor
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Graphic Artist

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Account Executive

SHARON LEE
Account Executive
CARMEN CHANG
Account Executive
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Accounting Manager
Caribbean Media Source
Media Representatives
Opinions expressed by editors and writers
are not necessarily those of thepublisher.
Caribbean Today, an independent
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Caribbean Today is not responsible
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Today may not be reproduced without
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April 2009


I





CARIBBEAN TODAY


VIEu P o n T


LW-S^^ caribbeantoday


For all of the keen intel-
lect that United States
President Barack Obama
showed in his online town-hall
niL lilnl he
didn't seem
to know
much about
reefer eco-
nonfics.
When
asked
whether
legalizing
marijuana CLARENCE
might be a PAGE
stimulus for
the economy
and job creation, he played the
question for laughs.
"I don't know what this
says about the online audi-
ence," he quipped as his studio
audience chuckled and
groaned. "But...this was a fair-
ly popular question. We want
to make sure
that it was L
answered," he
said.
Sure. So
you could
knock it.
"The answer
is, no, I don't
think that is a
good strategy
to grow our
economy."
No stimulus? Hey, more
than a few blinged-out,
Escalade-driving pot dealers
would dispute that notion. You
want "green" industry? Free
the weed, dude.
Such is the call of pro-pot
politicians like California
Assemblyman Tom Ammiano,
who has proposed to legalize
the weed, tax it and regulate it
like booze. He estimates the
move would generate $1 bil-
lion in revenue for the state's
troubled budget and save $150
million in enforcement costs.
It's hard to argue with
Ammiano's logic, but it's easy
to make light of lighting up.
Marijuana is, after all, funny.
Few subjects inspire more bad
puns from headline writers
than those that, well, step on
grass. A quick sample:
"Obama: Nope to dope".
(Russia Today)
"Obama's Marijuana Buzz
Kill". (The Daily Beast online)
"Marijuana issue suddenly
smoking hot". (Politico)

HYPOCRISY
Like sex and sobriety,
marijuana is funny because it is
surrounded by so much
hypocrisy. So is politics.
To listen to Obama's chor-
tles, for example, you'd never
guess that he is the third U.S.
president in a row to have
admitted to using marijuana
back in his years of youthful
indiscretion. Bill Clinton says
he tried it but "didn't inhale."
Oh, sure. George W. Bush


admitted to early pot use in a
taped interview with a friend,
but refuses to discuss it in pub-
lic. Obama described his own
teen drug use in poignant
detail in his first memoir, but
like countless other boomer
dads now shies shyly away
from the subject.
Yet you would not guess
from his snarky town-hall atti-
tude that only a week earlier
his Attorney General Eric
Holder announced that the
federal Drug Enforcement
Administration would stop
raiding and arresting users or
dispensers of medicinal mari-
juana unless they violated both
state law and federal law.
That means you, California, and
a dozen other states that allow
marijuana sales and possession
for medicinal purposes with a
doctor's recommendation.
Holder sensibly announced
that DEA
resources are
too valuable in
sa the war
S. against dan-
gerous drug
lords to be
raiding resi-
dents who oth-
erwise are in
compliance
with state and
local laws and
standards. That would reverse
the Bush administration's
ridiculous scorched-earth pur-
suit that ignored the right of
states to govern ilia infl\l in
such matters.

INCONSISTENCY
Yet convenient inconsis-
tency is not limited to any one
party or administration. A
week after Holder's notice -
and the day before Obama
laughed off the notion of legal
reefers DEA agents raided
Emmalyn's California Cannabis
Clinic, a licensed medical mari-
juana collective in San
Francisco.
DEA spokesmen claimed
that Emmalyn's had violated
local as well as federal law, but
they didn't say how. Local offi-
cials said they didn't have a
clue what DEA was talking
about.
Not laughing is ('ChI, rl,
Lynch, a celebrated cause since
his Morro Bay, Calif., medical
marijuana dispensary was raid-
ed by the DEA in 2007. Two
days before Obama's town
hall, a federal judge postponed
Lynch's sentencing to await
clarification of Team Obama's
new hands-off approach.
Lynch, who has no crimi-
nal record and was welcomed
by the local mayor and busi-
ness community, should be set
free. Instead he's in legal
limbo, with both sides trying to
make him a test case for their

(CONTINUED ON PAGE 10)


Obama's hazy ganja policy


Grade 'F' for

parents
Actor Bill Cosby has
been talking about it,
and so have others
who lament the plight of chil-
dren nowadays: Children who
know not right from wrong,
children who know not the
value of anything, or have any
values themselves.
Oh, how ill mannered and
classless our children are
today, and we constantly
lament, write, complain and
talk about how the youth of
today are different from those
of days gone by. And so they
are. But who is to blame?
I put the blame squarely
at the foot of the parents for
the sad state that our children
are now in today. And sure,
right now as you read this,
you're going to say, "Of
course he's right about all
those other children, but he
doesn't mean mine, mine are
the exception, mine are
good."
And therein lays a huge
part of the problem, as we
always look outward at the
others, and never inwards at
ours. Old time parents were
different, they would chastise
a child who did wrong, verbal-
ly or physically, and a few
well-placed whacks with a belt
were not uncommon. Now it's
called corporal punishment,
and deemed backward and
barbaric.
But corporal punishment
then, saved many boys from
meeting up with the sergeant
later. Now parents want to be


I was a child once, and I grew
up with parents who loved us
dearly, but we were brought
up to show respect, and if we
didn't, punishment was meted
out. This in no way dimin-
ished our love for our parents.
In fact, it strengthened it, and
when we had children of our
own, we tried to pass it on to
them.
Sadly, this is not the case
with many parents, who sim-
ply do not have a clue, and
then expect others to clean up
their mess for them. Imagine,
you have mothers nowadays,
paying their sons to wash the
family car.
Remember the word obe-
dience? Now they can't even
spell it, much less practice it,
so what we have is anarchy
among the youth. Remember
the words home training? We
had to be home by a certain
time, but now I see children

(CONTINUED ON PAGE 10)


their friend,
their pal, so
they are
afraid of
administering
punishment,
even verbally.
Children
used to show
respect, as
respect was TONY
taught. Now ROBINSON
they will see
adults talking
and butt right in without even
saying l V tLiL me". That in
itself is bad enough. But guess
what? The adults will stop
talking to you and talk to the
child, leaving you hanging in
mid sentence like a fool.

CONTROL
I am sick and tired of
watching parents being con-
trolled and ruled by their chil-
dren, like their little brats
have the God given right to
rule all that they survey. Hey,


April 2009






CARIBBEAN TODAY


Caribbean Today contest winne
"My Valentine", written by
Earl Thompson, has been
selected the winner of
Caribbean Today's 2009
Valentine's Day poetry con-
test.
Below is Thompson's
tribute to love:


MY VALENTINE
You told me how much you
care
But of this I'm very much
aware
You showed me this by the
things you do
And you're always the first to
say, "I love you"
You never judge me whenever
I'm wrong
And you've always encour-
aged me to be strong
You're the greatest thing to


Thompson
ever happen for me
And it's so very plain to see
Although I know you're
already mine
I want you to forever be my
Valentine

- Earl Thompson
0


Y I e W P o I n T


r! Grad
(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 9) there
cars
walking the streets at all hours carstill
of the night, and the parents noti
see no wrong in it.
we 1
ALIEN LANGUAGE doi
In those days we could thin
not phone people's homes
after a certain time, but not so eith
now. Ha, that's like speaking soci
an alien language. But guess
what? It is truly alien to him, miso
for he simply does not know den
any better. ado
So who's to blame? atd
Parents nowadays teach their The
children nothing of value, but ha
rather to disrespect authority
Y and to shower them with gifts bef(
all year around. Many chil- dre
dren not yet 10 years old are child
getting computer games that Sad
cost the price of a small car
and think nothing of it. Then


le 'F' for parents


re are parents who buy
for their children who are
in high school and think
thing of it. What values are
teaching our children by
ng this?
Do not for a moment
k that this is just an upper
middle class phenomenon
er, for the so called lower
o economic parents lavish
heir children too, with
placed priorities as evi-
ced by the jewelry that
rns their male and female
dlers who drip in gold.
y spend more on bling
n on books.
You have heard it all
ore, children having chil-
n, grandmas at age 30, five
dren by age 20 and so on.
statistics, and perhaps vic-
s of unfortunate circum-


stances. But what excuse is
there from parents who are
supposedly educated,
informed and brought up
properly, yet allow their off-
spring to run like beasts?
Then they complain.
I have seen daughters
shout at and berate their
mothers in public, and I
cringe. But if the mother just
accepts it, who are we to inter-
vene? Luckily there are still
some parents with old time
values. If it wasn't for them,
we would be sunk, but sadly
they are in the minority. And
of course there are YOUR lit-
tle darlings who do not at all
fall in the categories that I
have mentioned. Lucky you.

seidol@otmail.com
0


Obama's hazy ganja policy


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 9)
competing crusades.
Also not laughing are law-
makers in at least 10 states,
including Obama's home state
of Illinois, who currently are
debating whether and how they
might join the 13 states where


medical marijuana is legal.
If he really cares, Obama
could end this reefer madness
in much the same way that
Franklin Roosevelt ended the
disastrous run of liquor prohi-
bition in 1933. Prohibition had
to go. It was too costly to


enforce. It demoralized a pub-
lic already beaten down by the
Depression. It wasted a poten-
tial tax revenue-producing
commodity by intruding
unnecessarily into private lives
of, iliL r\\ is law-abiding
Americans. Sounds familiar.


Unlike Roosevelt,
President Obama does not
have to amend the Constitution
to end our current marijuana
confusion. He only has to get
out of the way and allow the
states to enforce their own drug
laws. That's not a laughable


notion. It's only sensible.

2009 Clarence Page.
Distributed by Tribune Media
Services, Inc
0


Jamaican-born U.S. school superintendent lands national honor


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 5)
really and honestly, is attrib-
uted to the experiences I had
in Jamaica...I came here with
so much self-confidence... I just
said it was where I was, I could
compete, I could do well and
that was it...

Q: You also spoke of the pend-
ing disappointment if you did
not succeed?
A: Absolutely. You had no
choice. You had to succeed. So
failure is never an option... We
were expected to do better
than the previous generation.
You were expected to go to
school. Education was the way
out. And I think about that all
the time. I just can't fail...

Q: Would you go back to
Jamaica to live, to make a con-
tribution to the education sys-
tem there, with the knowledge
that you have acquired here,
and have you ever been
approached by Jamaica, the
government, to come back and
play that kind of role there?
A: No, I've not been officially
approached, but people infor-
mally, when we're at these
events, will say something...
I'm not sure that I would ever
go back to Jamaica to live
because everybody, my family,
everything is here (in the U.S.).
But I would have no problem
going back to offer any sup-
port, advice, whatever, if I was
asked to do it...

Q: How do you compare


Jamaica's, the Caribbean's,
education system to that in
the United States?
A: Well I'm disappointed in
how it has slipped (in Jamaica).
Because when I came here
there was no question that the
educational system in Jamaica
and Barbados, and so on, were
competitively top notch... It
used to be when (Jamaican stu-
dents) came (to the U.S.) you
could almost guarantee, when
you gave them the assessment
for some of the grade levels,
they would test above their
age. That has not been the case
for quite a while now... (She
pointed to limited resources in
the Caribbean and migration of
teachers as possible factors.)

Q: Do you think that's the rea-
son, the teachers are leaving
and you think the standards
have fallen?
A: I think it's a combination of
things. The political upheaval
that the country went through.
(She mentioned the optimism in
Jamaica after Independence in
1962.)... Something got lost in
the translation and the transi-
tion...There are still some very
good schools, don't misunder-
stand me. They still have some
very good students, but I'd love
to see a more critical mass...

Q: How do you respond to
people who claim you don't
deserve the Superintendent of
the Year award?
A: Well, you know, I mean
everybody has their own opin-
ion... When you talk about who


deserves or not, there are a lot
of superintendents out there
who equally deserved it. But
when you look at the end prod-
uct (in Atlanta); the children,
creating an environment for
them to be successful... In 2002,
the graduation rate was 23 per-
cent. Last year it was 75 per-
cent... Whatever they say they
just can't take away the reality,
the impact, our administration
has had on the students who
are doing so much better.

Q: They also talk about your
no nonsense style. Where did
that come from?
A: ...I have very little toler-
ance for incompetence because
the cost is so tremendous for
the children. And so, if I'm no
nonsense it's because I just
think the work is critical that
we're doing and we have to do
it well...

Q: There have been some seri-
ous charges against the Atlanta
Public Schools system, like peo-
ple being encouraged to cheat
(in the classroom) and the
results. How do you respond to
something like that?
A: When we first began to
show the results we were show-
ing, there was a story that peo-
ple were saying it could be
cheating. The challenge is that
you couldn't have cheated for
nine years in every school.
After a while, the theory would
never hold up. And it has to do
with the fact that lots of people
had very low expectations for
the children of Atlanta and


couldn't quite believe that they
could do what they did. So we
have now so many students
who are going into what you
would consider the small Ivy
League colleges, full scholar-
ships, doing well. So they
would have to have learned
something at APS. So I think
we're beginning to get lots of
evidence that a lot of these
allegations are just that.
You have a lot of disgrun-
tled people. When you say
accountability, when you hold
people accountable, when you
remove ineffective people, they
will write and say just about
anything...But I think the data
is very strong on the progress
of the district, not just on state
tests, but on national tests.
Graduation rates, attendance
rates, those are irrefutable.
They just stand on their own.

Q: Have you ever tried to get
anything from your Caribbean
educational background to
apply here?
A: Well one of the most transfer-
able aspects from Jamaica to
here, in terms of how I approach
it, is in the challenging curricu-
lum; that you can't water down
the curriculum. You have to
teach to high standards, because
kids can do it, and I saw it hap-
pen throughout my childhood...

Q: What has been the response
to that?
A: Well at first there was a lot
of pushback...but I think, over
time, I think they've begun to
see the results... Now we see


more and more and more peo-
ple across the board agreeing
that if you set your standards
and you teach kids they will
reach those (standards).

Q: Tell me the single thing that
you have done that you are
happy with, that you can smile
and look back, in terms of pub-
lic policy or in terms of what
you have done, and the single
most thing that you have done
that caused you to go oopss'?
A: ... It's hard to pick out one
thing that I'm happiest that I
have done. But if I had to
think, it would have to be in
the recruitment and selection
of a high quality team and very
good principals... It's the peo-
ple that you hire to do the
work that can execute. And
I'm very proud of the team
that I've assembled at the top
and the principals that I have
out in the field. Eighty nine
percent of those principals
have been hired in my tenure.
So I can take a lot of owner-
ship for them and I'm very
proud of that group.
Something that you would
have done differently? It's
hard.. .When I came in it was
difficult to get into the guts of
all of the business operations
and we had that whole E-Rate
scandal. And so that has been
the bin.-.L blip in my tenure
here; was the fact that I didn't
realize that people were really
doing illegal stuff...
0


April 2009





CARIBBEAN TODAY


LWW-crbbatoa.co


Caribbean designers take 'Fashion on the Beach' to Miami


DAWN A. DAVIS
Miami Beach is fast
becoming the fashion
capital of America's
South. Known for its tropical
lifestyle, trendy beaches, non-
stop nightlife and art deco
skyline, this hotspot also
boasts a multicultural popula-
tion that includes a growing
Caribbean
communi-
ty. It has
also
become
the perfect
backdrop
for a fash-
ion show
showcasing
up and
coming
Caribbean
designers.

"Fashion
on the
Beach",
produced
by Maurice
Tucker of
Vibezz
Television,
made its
debut dur- Reggae inspired Riddim
ing "Miami Driven line.
Fashion
Week" last month at the
Hotel ChIILk, along one of
the city's hip strips,
Washington Avenue. Not the
best of productions, with a
venue change at the last
minute, fighting for space in
the tiny show area, and inade-
quate lighting, it was left to the
talented designers to save the


night.
Kingston-based designer
Camesha Powell, a finalist in
"Miss Jamaica Universe
2007", unveiled her Poshe line
of dresses. Playful yet elegant,
her designs exude glamour
with an eclectic style reflecting
her own
n. b taste.
Most
impres-
sive, the
designer
is self-
taught.

Powell's
use of
stretchy
satin
fabrics
gives her
dresses a
classy
.. look,
S ..... while
-- allowing
Camesha Powell's Poshe for flexi-
line. ability
and
bounce. She uses a lot of pink
and polka dots, maintaining a
girly, flirty look.

LACE
'Keneea Linton's classic
lines belie the fact that she
too is not professionally
trained in sewing. Silk and
satin fabrics, with her signa-
ture empire waistline cut,
accent the clean-cut line.
Linton's use of lace in
many of her dresses, adds a
sophistication not often seen in
today's fashion houses. The
designer's admiration for
C( ll ,I classic styling is evi-


ENTERTAINMENT BRIEFS


* Guyanese producer sues
T-Pain for $5M
A Guyanese concert producer and
promoter has sued a United States
hip-hop star for $5 million for can-
celing a concert in Guyana in
February because of alleged kid-
napping and death threats.
According to a complaint filed
last month on behalf of Hits and
Jams Entertainment company a
Florida court, T-Pain, whose real
name is Faheem Najm, 23, and his
representatives breached their
contract with the company.

* Caribbean fashion show
"Caribbean Fashion Rocks" will
stage its signature fashion show and
hair event this month in New York.
The event is set for April 26 at
Club Mink, 187-30 Jamaica Ave. in
Queens.
For more information, call 888-
IRIE-NYC.

* Cops, gunman shot at
Luciano's home
A house owned by Jamaican reg-
gae artiste Luciano was the scene


of an alleged shootout between a
gunman and police officers late
last month.
Three cops were injured in the
incident at the Kingston, Jamaica
residence. The alleged gunman
was shot and killed. Luciano, who
was not present at the house dur-
ing the incident, was later arrested
and charged by the police.

* May release for Ziggy Marley's
'Family Time'
Ziggy Marley will release his third
solo album early next month.
The former lead man for the
Melody Makers, a band made up
of the siblings fathered by the late
reggae king Bob Marley, will launch
"Family Time" through Tuff Gong
Worldwide on May 5. Tracks will
feature Ziggy's mother Rita, sister
Cedella, daughter Judah, and musi-
cal legends such as Paul Simon,
Jack Johnson, Willie Nelson and
Toots Hibbert.

Compiled from various sources.
0


dent.
"The inspiration behind
my clothing line is the sophis-
ticated woman who is confi-
dent," Linton said. "My style
reflects my personality, and I
find myself to be a confident,
ambitious woman, and my
designs reflect that.
Working as a professional
designer since 2005, Linton
has shown her designs at
"Caribbean Fashion Week"
and dressed several of the
"Miss Jamaica World" and
"Miss Jamaica InliL r con-
testants.
There could not be a
fashion show on Miami
Beach without a swimsuit
line. And, although not a
Caribbean designer, Melvie
Tucker's swimwear line.


dubbed "Veneno", would
have shone brightly under the
brilliant West Indian sun. The
Alabama native creates cus-
tom-made swimsuits, measur-
ing clients for a perfectly fit-
ted suit. Tucker's Yin and
Yang collection features black
and white suits that are eye-
catching as well. Her Neon
line is flashy. Because her line
is custom-made, plus size
women can finally find
swimwear that fits them and
flatters their body.

CASUAL
An unlikely fashion
house, VP Records, show-
cased casual styles with a reg-
gae flair. T-shirts and jackets
with catchy rL -,iL rI/Ld" say-
ings were a definite hit. Under


the name "Riddim Driven",
young designers Tiffany and
Kimberly Chung have created
what could be the next trend
in reggae T-shirt wear.
Among the casual wear
designers was Wendy Lee of
La Pluma Negra, a Kingston-
based fashion design house.
The comfy, high-end quality T-
shirts, easy slacks and little
dresses were decorated with
unusual artsy designs.
"We insist on quality,"
said Lee. "Clean lines and
quality is what we embody
with La Pluma Negra."

Dawn A. Davis is a freelance
writer for Caribbean Today.
Photographs by Louis Davis.


Ow B~~lirn dI!~


April 2009


mimplim-
a R T S


.............. .......... ........ "Il""Ill""Ill!"",""""""
enT 6 R T ni n m e nT





CARIBBEAN TODAY


PRI tnG


~ A Caribbean Today feature


6300 W. Atlantic Blvd. Margate, FL 33063

VIS (954) 956-9500



Olive Chung-James, M.D.

Board Certified Family
Physician
children adults gynecology
o ZJoEa ms.D. weight management
A Dr. Chung-James, practicing in Miami since 1983,
well-known in the Caribbean community.
Conveniently Located Across From Jackson South E.R. atL
9275 SW 152 Street, Suite 204. Miami, Florida 33157
Phnn.: 305-251 -397fi F. a 30-251 -R83


U.S. to spend $17.6M expanding

Florida's community health centers


WASHINGTON, D.C. The
United States Department of
Health and Human Services
has announced the release
of $17.6 million to expand
services offered at community
health centers in Florida.
The money, according to a
press release issued by the
department late last month,
was made available by the
American Recovery and
Reinvestment Act and comes
as more Americans join the
ranks of the uninsured.
N MrL Americans are los-
ing their health insurance and
turning to health centers for
care," said Health Resources
and Services Administrator
Mary Wakefield. "These
grants will aid centers in their


efforts to provide care to an
increasing number of patients
during the economic down-
turn."
The Increased Demand for
Services (IDS) funds will be
distributed to 43 federally qual-
ified health center grantees in
Horida. The health centers
are expected to use the funds
over the next two years to cre-
ate or retain approximately 255
health center jobs.
Grantees submitted plans
explaining how the IDS funds
would be used. Strategies to
expand services may include,
but are not limited to, adding
new providers, expanding
hours of operations or
expanding services. The
funds will provide care to an


additional 100,976 patients in
Florida over the next two
years.
The IDS awards are the
second set of health center
grants provided through the
Recovery Act. On Mar. 2,
U.S. President Barack Obama
announced grants worth $155
million to 126 new health cen-
ters. Those grants will provide
access to health center care
for 750,000 people in 39 states
and two territories.
To see a list of grantees by
state, go to htp://www.hhs.gov/
recovery/programs/hrsa/ids-
gawards.html. To find a health
center near you or to learn more
about health centers, visit
http://bphc hrsa.gov/.
0


n an effort to increase
awareness, participation and
support for HIV prevention,
care and treatment, Miami-
Dade County Public Schools


CASTHELY ORTHODONTICS
"Creating Straight & Beautiful Smiles"

- DENTAL BRACES INVISALIGN
Free Consultation Easy Payment Options
Mosel Serving Miami's Caribbean Community for Over 9 Years


North Miami Beach Office
1400 NE Miami Gardens Dr,, #101
North Miami Beach, FL 33179
www.casthelyortho.com 305.940.4911


Kendall Office
7887 N Kendall Dr., #103
Miami, FL 33156
305.275.1094


will observe "HIV/AIDS
Awareness Week" April 20-24.
According to Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention
statistics, Miami ranks number
one among reported cases of
HIV/AIDS per 100,000 popula-
tion by metropolitan statistical
area of residence.
Although AIDS educa-
tion is taught throughout the
school year, during the aware-
ness week Miami-Dade
County Public Schools will


focus lessons and activities on
AIDS prevention. Volunteers,
including persons living with
AIDS, will provide education-
al lectures and health fairs.
Contact your local schools
to find out what activities are
planned. For more informa-
tion, call Jacquelyn White,
Division of Student Services,
HIV/AIDS Education
Programs, at 305-995-7273.
0


New weight-loss device offers

gentler option for gastric surgery


PETER ALDHOUS

Gastric surgery is a last resort
for people who are dangerous-
ly obese. But there may soon
be a gentler option in the
shape of a removable device
inserted into the gut though
the mouth.
The EndoBarrier, devel-
oped by GI Dynamics of
Lexington, Massachusetts, is
an impermeable sleeve that
lines the first 60 centimeters of
the small intestine. In animal
experiments and preliminary
human trials, it reduces weight
and rapidly brings type II dia-
betes under control.
Given the rising tide of
obesity across the developed
world, new treatments are a
matter of priority. In the
United States alone, more than
15 million adults meet the cri-
teria for gastric surgery
because they have a body mass
index of more than 40, or a
BMI of 35 plus a complication
such as diabetes.
While the operations do


I,

EndoBarrier
cause dramatic and sustained
weight loss, their high cost and
concerns about the risk of
dying on the operating table
mean only a fraction of those
who might benefit go on to
have the surgery. According to
the American Society for
Metabolic and Bariatric
Surgery, around 220,000 peo-
ple in the United States had
gastric surgery for weight loss
in 2008.

SIMPLICITY
GI Dynamics is not the
only company working on
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 14)


IGNLFAMIYDN ISRI


IAN C. JONES, D.D.S.
* Preventive Dentistry
* Restorative & Cosmetic
Dentistry
* Crowns, Bridges, Dentures
* Oral Surgery & Root Canals
* Bleaching of Teeth


Miami-Dade schools to observe HIV/AIDS awareness


April 2009


...... ........
6 A t T






CARIBBEAN TODAY


S P RI G


I E A n T Ii


~ A Caribbean Today feature


Violence against women fuels HIV growth,


sparks new Caribbean group into action


PETER RICHARDS

PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad -
With women now comprising
51 percent of adults living with
HIV globally, a newly
launched Caribbean women's
group is warning that violence
against the fairer sex is helping
to fuel growing levels of HIV
among women and girls in the
region.
"The role of sexual vio-
lence in HIV transmission is
becoming clearer and such vio-
lence is widespread. One study
in the region found that for
nearly 50 percent of adolescent
girls their first sexual experi-
ence was forced", said the
Caribbean Coalition on
Women, Girls and AIDS
(CCWA), which was launched
here last month.
"Violence, real or threat-
ened, dramatically increases
female vulnerability to HIV by
making it difficult or impossi-
ble to negotiate safer sex and
condom use. It also affects
women's expectations in rela-
tionships and can stop women
from accessing HIV preven-
tion, care and treatment servic-
es".
Under the theme "Women
and Men: United to End
Violence against Women", the
CCWA pledged to vigorously
challenge not just violence
against women but all aspects
of female vulnerability to HIV.
Official statistics show that
for Caribbean countries, such
as Antigua and Barbuda, the


Dominican Republic, Guyana,
Haiti, Jamaica, and Trinidad
and Tobago, an average 15 per-
cent of women in the age
group 15-24 years were sexual-
ly active before their 15th
birthday.

COLLECTIVE
Dawn Foderingham, the
Regional Partnerships Advisor
for the Joint United Nations
Program on HIV and AIDS
(UNAIDS) said it was neces-
sary for there to be "collective
action in addressing violence
against women, which violates
the dignity and human rights
of every female citizen and
makes them more vulnerable
to HIV"
Regional Program Director
at UNIFEMs Caribbean Office,
Roberta Clarke, said that while
there have been gains in the
efforts to improve equality
between men and women in
the Caribbean iILqqulJIIIl
persist and beliefs and practices
deeply rooted in our cultures
perpetuate the vulnerability of
women and girls to certain
harm."
She told the launch that
several Caribbean countries
have amongst the highest
homicide rates and all have
higher than global averages of
sexual violence, with three
countries having amongst the
top 10 highest rates.
"How did we get to this
place where nearly half of all
young girls surveyed in a Pan
American Health


Organization (PAHO) study


reported that their first sexual
encounter was forced or
coerced? How did we get to
this place where one in three
women experience abuse in
intimate relationships? How
did we get to this place of gang
rapes and trafficking in girls
and women?" she asked.
She said while there may


Miller


be complex factors contributing
such situations, the socio-eco-
nomic causes of violence and
insecurity is the base and per-
sisting belief system that
women and girls are somewhat
less than men; that they are
objects of male predatory
behavior, whether verbal or
physical.
"The very fine line
between admiration of the
female physical form and its
objectification is crossed rou-
tinely and crassly. And it is this
devaluing of women's worth,
this reduction of femininity to

(CONTINUED ON PAGE 14)


Seeing red: Getting to know the rainbow's most alarming shade


RACHEL MAHAN


Everyone has a favorite
color, but no color
affects us as strongly as
red. Here's how to make the
hue work for you:
Play better:
Putting on a red .
jersey could give
you a competi-
tive edge at the
gym or in a
pickup basket-
ball game.
According to a
study from
Durham
University in
England,
Olympians
wearing red uni-
forms perform
better than
those wearing "Wearing red ca
blue uniforms in noticed".
combat sports.
Be careful, though. You
may be adversely affected by
the guy next to you on the


n get


treadmill if he has a red shirt.
Wearing red may not make you
play better as much as seeing
red may make your opponent
play worse, says lead study
author and anthropologist
Russell Hill.
Work better: The X's
your grade school teacher
scrawled in red pen might
have left indelible ink on
your brain. German and
American study partici-
pants who viewed a flash
of red had more difficulty
solving anagrams and
completing analogies
compared with those who
saw green or neutral col-
ors like black.
We probably associate
red with mistakes or dan-
ger (consider blood and
fire engines), says lead
you study author Andrew
Elliot, a psychologist at
the University of
Rochester (Rochester, New
York). Similarly, subjects work-
ing on difficult tasks in a red
room performed worse than


those in a blue room, according
to a study by Nancy Stone, a
psychologist at Missouri
University of Science and
Technology, Rolla. Think twice
about that scarlet lamp shade
on your desk.
Stand out: Wearing red can
get you noticed, and not just
because it's a vivid color. When
you see bright red, it may actu-
ally speed up your heart rate,
says Barbara Drescher, a
researcher at the University of
California-Santa Barbara.
Bright green can do the same,
even though green is seen as the
most pleasant hue, while red is
rated least pleasant.
People may pay attention
to you with these colors, but
Drescher isn't sure how long
the arousal lasts.
"We adapt very, very quickly,"
she says.

2009 Sussex Publishers, Inc
Distributed by Tribune Media
Services, Inc
0


Finasteride and prostate cancer


shortened a man's life.
Let's say that the drug is
incredibly effective and could
actually decrease the prostate
cancer death rate by 50 per-
cent per year. There's no way
that it will be anywhere near
that effective. But for my way
of looking at this, I took an
extreme. Because all men are
at risk of prostate cancer and
no method of ,r Ir e iiin
including PSA, defines men at
highest risk, hypothetically all


DR. HOWARD LEWINE

QUESTION: I wonder if I
should take the pill to help
prevent prostate cancer. I'm
57 years old. Other than high
cholesterol and hypertension,
I'm very healthy. What is your
opinion?

ANSWER: I was very sur-
prised at the American
Society of Clinical Oncology
and the American Urological
Association recommen-
dation that doctors offer
men age 50 and over the
drug finasteride to pre-
vent prostate cancer.
We are talking here
about all men who are
50 years of age or older
potentially taking a drug,
perhaps indefinitely, to
prevent prostate cancer.
That's an estimated 42
million men in the
United States!
I am not a statistics
expert. But here's how I Finas
look at the numbers:
The number of cases of
diagnosed prostate cancer
expected this year is 186,320
(and that includes men
younger than 50). The number
of U.S. men who will die from
the disease is about 28,600.
Assuming that the drug is
as effective as it appears, it
will prevent one or perhaps
two fewer cancers per year
out of 100 men who take the
drug compared to those who
don't take it. Many of those
cancers would never have
caused any symptoms or


42 million men in the U.S.
might be offered the drug.
Sticking with my wild assump-
tion that finasteride might cut
the death rate from prostate
cancer in half, the drug would
hypothetically save 14,300
men from dying of prostate
cancer if every man in the
U.S. took the drug.

RISK
But if you look at a man's
individual risk, it looks very

(CONTINUED ON PAGE 14)


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April 2009


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CARIBBEAN TODAY


po -IPR


i nG 6 n tT 9


~ A Caribbean Today feature


Finasteride and prostate cancer


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 13)
different. Let's assume all men
have an equal risk of dying
from prostate cancer. Then, a
man 50 years or older has a
99.93 percent chance that he
will NOT die from prostate
cancer this year WITHOUT
the drug.
If a man did decide to
take finasteride and it turns
out to decrease the risk of
death from prostate cancer by
50 percent, the man's risk of
NOT dying from prostate can-
cer this year would be 99.97
percent. This means you have
improved your risk of not
dying of prostate cancer this
year by only four in 10,000 by
taking finasteride.


In reality, there is actually
no evidence that finasteride
does decrease a man's risk of
dying from prostate cancer.
Personally, I plan to decrease
my risk by watching my
weight, eating healthy and
exercising regularly.

Dr. Howard LeWine is chief
medical editor of Internet
Publishing at Harvard
Health Publications, Harvard
Medical School.

2008 President and
Fellows of Harvard College.
All rights reserved.
Distributed by Tribune Media
Services, Inc.
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Violence against women fuels HIV growth, sparks new Caribbean group into action


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 13)
sexual being that can help us
explain the vulnerability to
harm," Clarke said.

IDENTITY ISSUES
But she was also quick to
note that men also have iden-
tity issues, given the fact that
their socialization continues to
emphasize ,.,r LiIn power
and control as core aspects of
masculinity.
"When power and aggres-
sion and control are combined
with lack of achievement tra-
ditionally defined, with
thoughtlessness and contempt
for society and with access to
guns, we reap the bitter har-
vest evident across the region.
"And so it is that women
and girls are not safe. And too
many young men are in harms
way and doing harm, she said
adding that the socialization
into restrictive and harmful
gender roles does not only
contribute to violence, it is
also deeply implicated in the
HIV epidemic in the
Caribbean," the UNIFEM
official said.
"Across the range of
socializing institutions, specific
ideas about the roles and
behavior of women, men, boys


and girls are promoted. For
boys and men, masculinity is
still associated with risk tak-
ing, with power and control,
with early sexual activity and
with multiple partnerships.
"For girls and women,
socio-economic dependency
whether expected or a conse-
quence of circumstances, inter-
feres or impedes the ability to
demand safe sexual practice."
Last year, U.N. Secretary
General Ban Ki Moon
launched the campaign "UNite
to End Violence against
Women", cognizant of that fact
that "violence against women is
never acceptable, never excusa-
ble, never tolerable." The seven
year campaign, stretching from
2008 to 2015 to coincide with
the target date for achieving the
Millennium Development
Goals (MDGs), calls on govern-
ments, civil society, women's
organizations, young people,
the private sector, the media
and the entire UN system to
join forces in addressing the
global pandemic of violence
against women and girls.

AWARENESS
The overall objective of
the campaign is to raise public
awareness and increase politi-
cal will and resources for pre-


venting and responding to all
forms of violence against
women and girls.
Clarke said for UNIFEM,
two regional priorities are end-
ing violence against women
and halting and reversing the
spread of HIV and that the
support for CCWA brings
these two together in a coher-
ent way.
The CCWA, a broad
coalition of women from a
diversity of backgrounds
including Dr. Jean Ramjohn-
Richards the wife of Trinidad
and Tobago's President
George Maxwell Richards,
Governor General of St. Lucia
Dame Pearlette Louisy and
former Barbados Foreign
Minister Dame Billie Miller,
said there has been a growing
concern that existing AIDS
strategies have not adequately
addressed women's needs.
The CCWA said that its
mandate would also be to con-
vene and create linkages and
partnerships nationally and
regionally with women's rights
activists, HIV/AIDS activists,
and human rights community
as well as policy makers.

- CMC
0


New weight-loss device offers gentler option for gastric surgery


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 12)
alternatives, but its approach is
appealing for its simplicity and
low cost. The device, enclosed
in a capsule, is inserted via the
mouth using an endoscope.
Once in place below the base
of the stomach, the capsule
releases a small ball that with
the help of a _,ili Li r pulls a
flexible sleeve made of the
slippery polymer PTFE
through the intestine. The ball
is jettisoned and the sleeve
fixed in place by releasing a
spiked attachment made from
the shape-memory metal alloy
nitinol.
The entire process takes
less than half an hour, and the
EndoBarrier can also be


removed in less than 10 min-
utes by tugging on a drawstring
to collapse the attachment
device and pull out the spikes.
The EndoBarrier is then pulled
back out though the mouth.
At Massachusetts General
Hospital, Boston, a team led
by gastroenterologist Lee
Kaplan has shown that a
miniature version of the sleeve
causes weight loss in rats
equivalent to a popular form
of gastric surgery in humans,
where food intake is restricted
by an adjustable band placed
around the top of the stomach.
"We aren't doing anything
to the stomach, so the patient
can still eat normally," says
Stuart Randle, president of GI
Dynamics, who adds that some
patients given gastric bands
find ways to fulfill their crav-
ings for more calories.
"They can do a lot of cre-
ative things basically putting
food into blenders," he says.

DIABETES REVERSAL
Kaplan's team also found
that the device caused a rapid
reversal of type II diabetes,
even before the weight loss
kicked in, thought to be the
result of changes in neural and
hormonal signals sent from the
gut. This also happens in
patients given a gastric bypass,
in which the gut is re-plumbed
to miss out a large part of the


stomach and part of the small
intestine.
The weight loss triggered
by the device is larger than can
be explained simply through
reduced absorption of nutri-
ents, Kaplan adds. So that, too,
seems to be driven mainly by
changes to gut physiology.
Around 150 people have
tested the device, with similar
effects to those seen in rats.
Randle says the total cost of
the EndoBarrier, including
installation and removal, will
be around $7,500. This com-
pares to $15,000 or more for
inserting a gastric band, or at
least $20,000 for a gastric
bypass.
More extensive trials will
be needed to ensure the device
is effective and can safely be left
in the gut for long periods, says
David Flum, who studies the
outcomes of gastric surgery at
the University of Washington,
Seattle. But if the studies prove
successful, many more obese
people could have access to
potentially life-enhancing
weight loss treatment.

Peter Aldhous, New Scientist
Magazine, Premium Health
News Service. Distributed by
Tribune Media Service.
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April 2009





CARIBBEAN TODAY


SPORT


LW-S^^ caribbeantoday


Disappointing T&T lose 3-0 to U.S.

in vital World Cup soccer qualifier


GORDON WILLIAMS

NASHVILLE, Tennessee -
The C(rih'Ibiin s last hope of a
place at soccer's biNsIl tour-
nament suffered a huge set-
back early this month when
Trinidad and Tobago was
defeated 3-0 by the United
States at LP
Field here.
A hat trick
of goals by 19-
year-old Jozy
Altidore,
scored in the
13th, 71st and
89th minutes,
helped the Altidore
U.S. cruise to
an important
win in the final round of CON-
CACAF World Cup qualifiers
and moved the Americans to
the top of the six team group.
After three rounds of
games, the U.S. has seven
points. T&T, with two, is tied
for last place in the group with
El Salvador. Costa Rica (six),
Honduras (four) and Mexico
(three) also trail the U.S.
Each team has seven more


qualifying games to play. The
top three group finishers will
advance to the 2010 FIFA
World Cup in South Africa.
The fourth place team will play
one from South America for a
chance to snatch a late berth.

TOUGH TASK
Yet the Soca Warriors,
who qualified for the last
World Cup finals in 2006, will
have much work to do to
ensure a repeat next year.
Against the U.S., T&T hardly
seemed up to the task and
players later admitted that the
team did not put on a quality
show for its hundreds of sup-
porters among the 27,959
crowd.
"It's a huge disappoint-
ment," said regular captain
and '06 World Cup veteran
Dwight Yorke, who did not
play due to suspension. "We
didn't compete. People tried,
but clearly it wasn't good
enough."
The disappointment wasn't
any less for those who partici-
pated, all who understand that
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 16)


Jamaica v. U.S. sprint duel in 2010


GEORGETOWN, Guyana,
CMC The Caribbean com-
munity (CARICOM) has
saluted West Indies batting
star Shivnarine Chanderpaul
for his latest accolades, includ-
ing being given Guyana's third
highest national honor.
Guyana's government con-
ferred on the 34-year-old left-
hander, the Cacique Crown of
Honor last month for being
"an outstanding citizen and a
true role model for young per-
sons all around the world" and
CARICOM endorsed the
decision.
"On behalf of the entire
Caribbean community, I salute
you and wish you continued
success in the years ahead",
CARICOM stated in a con-
gratulatory letter to
Chanderpaul, signed by its
Secretary General Edwin
Carrington.
"The government and
people of Guyana have recog-
nized your excellence at the
national, regional and interna-
tional levels by conferring on
you the third highest national
award".
The Cacique Crown of


Chanderpaul
Honor for Chanderpaul was
announced last month by
Guyana's President Bharrat
Jagdeo at a function at State
House in the city ahead of him


collecting Guyana's
2008 "Sportsman of
the Year" award
and having a street
named in his honor.
Chanderpaul
is the current world
number one in the
ICC Test batting
rankings and was
named World
Cricketer-of-the-
Year at the presti-
gious ICC Awards
S ceremony in
.. J September last year.
S He was also named
in the 2008 ICC
World Test Team-
of-the-Year.
During the
voting period for the
2008 ICC Awards,
Chanderpaul played
eight Test matches,
scoring 819 runs at
an average of 91.00,
including three 100s
and six 50s, all of
which were against the top
seven teams in the world.
0


Series of dual chal-
lenge track meets, fea-
turing top sprinters
from arch rivals Jamaica and
the United States, will debut
in 2010 instead of this year,
according to a joint announce-
ment made by the Jamaica
Amateur Athletic Association
(JAAA) and USA Track and
Field (USATF) late last
month.
The meets were originally
proposed by USATF for 2009,
but those plans were changed
as concerns were raised about
the packed athletics calendar
this year, including the IAAF
World Championships in
Athletics scheduled for
August, and the fact that most
of the aihlk i ,' schedules for
the year had already been set.
The "USA vs. Jamaica
Challenge Series" is now set
to launch in May/June 2010. It
will feature male and female
athletes in the 100, 200 and
400 meters; 100/110 meters
hurdles; long jump; and the


4x100, 4x400 and sprint med-
ley relays.

STARS ALIGNED
USATF's Chief Executive
Officer Doug Logan first pro-
posed the series last month.
"We feel the stars will be
aligned, literally and figura-
tively, next May and June for
this series to really take off,"
Logan said in a USATF press
release.
"We look forward to tak-
ing on our American friends in
head-to-head competition in
2010," said JAAA President
Howard Aris.
The competition between
the U.S. and Jamaica was on
full display at the 2008
Olympic Games in China
where, collectively, U.S. and
Jamaica won 11 of 12 medals
in the 100 and 200 meters; 16
of 18 in the 100 through 200
meters; and five of six medals
in the 400 meters hurdles.
0


I p 'i I I' P





Caribbean Today invites you, the reading public, to participate in our
"Doear Mamma" contest. Write and tell us why you think that your mother is the
best in the world and you could find your mother and yourself
jettin awa to any Caribbean Island .
that Air Jamaica flies to for free.
This is a great chance for you to.
show the world how much your,
mother means to you, and what's r'

even better you could
WIN!! WIN! WI N!!


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or e-mail your entrances to
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or fox to 305-252-7843

DEADLINE IS MAY 10TH, 2009

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April 2009





CARIBBEAN TODAY


SPORT


T&T in, Jamaica booted out of Under 20 World Cup soccer


Trinidad and Tobago will be
the sole Caribbean represen-
tative at this year's FIFA
Under 20 World Cup soccer
finals in Egypt.
The young Soca Warriors
lost 2-1 to Honduras to finish
fourth in the CONCACAF


Championship last month in
T&T. The host nation had earli-
er lost 4-3 in a penalty shootout
against the United States after
the two teams played to a 0-0
draw in the semi-final.
However, T&T had
already earned an automatic


berth in the World Cup by fin-
ishing second in Group B of
the final round of qualifiers
behind eventual tournament
winner Costa Rica.
Jamaica, the other
Caribbean team in the final
qualifying round, which fea-
tured eight countries split into
two groups of four, finished
third in Group A, behind the
U.S. and Honduras.
Only the top two teams in
each group advanced to the


World Cup this September.
T&T started the final
round brightly, scoring a 1-0 win
over Canada, before drawing its
remaining two group matches
against Costa Rica (0-0) and
Mexico (2-2) to finish with five
points. Costa Rica topped the
group with seven points from
two wins and a draw.
Jamaica had mixed for-
tunes in Group A, losing 3-0
to the U.S., beating El
Salvador 2-1, before slumping


4-0 to Honduras. The young
Reggae Boyz finished with
three points, behind the U.S.
(seven) and Honduras (five).
Costa Rica beat the U.S. 3-
0 in the final to claim the CON-
CACAF Championship. The
U.S. team featured two players
- goalkeeper Sean Johnson and
midfielder/ defender Anthony
Wallace whose parents are
from Jamaica.
0


Four Caribbean teams in 2009 Gold Cup tournament


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Haiti has replaced Cuba
as one of the four
Caribbean teams set
to play in this summer's CON-
CACAF Gold Cup soccer
tournament in the United
States.
Cuba, citing developmen-
tal concerns, withdrew from
the tournament last month.
Haiti won a draw over
Trinidad and Tobago to
become the fourth team from
the region.
The other Caribbean
teams are Grenada,
Guadeloupe and Jamaica,
which won the regional cham-


pionship in December.
The 2009 tournament will
be played in a record 13 dif-
ferent U.S. cities, beginning
with the first game on July 3
at the Home Depot Center in
Los Angeles, California, and
culminating with the July 26
final at Giants Stadium in
New Jersey.
"By expanding the Gold
Cup to 13 venues, it will give
fans more opportunity to
experience the championship
in person," CONCACAF
President Austin "Jack"
Warner said in a recent press
release by his organization.
"While 13 cities create
logistical challenges, we think
the benefits of reaching out to
more venues are clearly


worthwhile," added CONCA-
CAF General Secretary
Chuck Blazer. "The ability of
so many people to see nation-
al teams play we feel is well
worth the effort."
The tournament will use
the same format as in 2005
and 2007, with the 12-team
field divided into three, four-
team groups. The top two
teams from each group will
advance to the quarterfinals
along with the two best third-
place teams.
In addition to the four
Caribbean teams, Canada,
Mexico, the U.S., Panama,
Costa Rica, Honduras, El
Salvador and Nicaragua will
also play in Gold Cup 2009.
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Disappointing T&T lose 3-0 to U.S.

in vital World Cup soccer qualifier


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 15)
the Soca Warriors represent
the C(ri hI.iin s final chance
for a spot in South Africa.
"I think we got what we
deserved tonight," said anoth-
er senior Soca Warrior Carlos
Edwards, who played the
entire game. "I think we
were below par.. .At the end
America came away with the
victory they richly deserved.
"It is a big setback," he
added.
Yet the result could be a
huge launching pad for Altidore,
the man who dealt the stinging
blows to the C(.ril'hiin
chances. The teenaged striker
from New Jersey, whose parents
were born in Haiti, became the
youngest American to score
three goals in a game. All scores
came from assists by veteran
Landon Donovan, who Altidore
credited, along with the rest of
the U.S. team, for a dominant
overall performance and his own
success.
"When the team plays well
individuals will shine,"
Altidore said.

ROAD AHEAD
The two countries will
next play qualifying matches in


June, but will not meet each
other again until Sept. 9 in
T&T. Altidore, who is having a
lukewarm start as a profession-
al club player in Europe, could
be even better by then. U.S.
coach Bob Bradley thinks the
maturing youngsters will be a
big part of the program.
"(Altidore) is starting to
establish himself in the group,"
Bradley said.
T&T will be hoping to do
the same among the teams
from the C(.rihIi..nii Central
and North America. The loss
to the U.S., which followed
disappointing draws against El
Salvador and Honduras, was
damaging. But the Soca
Warriors vowed to bounce
back.
"So it's one we gotta take
on the chin," stand-in captain
Dennis Lawrence said after
the loss. "We've got to lick our
wounds and we've got to come
back strong."
"We're still in there," said
Yorke. "Lots of games to play.
We have to stay positive."

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.
0


n


rw66cribe USayco U


April 2009





CARIBBEAN TODAY

S0O c n A


LWW-crbbatoa.co


ST6ON Extending
IMMIGRATION nonimmigrant

SIKORNER stay in U.S.


Nonimmigrant visas are
issued to foreign nation-
als who intend to remain
in the United States for a tem-
porary (less than permanent)
period.
The period varies for dif-
ferent nonimmigrant classifica-
tions.
When a person is admitted
to the U.S., a government offi-
cial at a U.S. port of entry
examined his or her immigra-
tion documentation and, in
most cases, issued a Form 1-94,
"Arrival-Departure Record",
or Form 1-94W,
"Nonimmigrant Visa Waiver
Arrival-Departure Record".
The 1-94/I-94W shows the
person's nonimmigrant status
and the length of time he or
she can legally remain in the
U.S. The 1-94/I-94W shows
how long the person is permit-
ted to remain in the U.S., but
the nonimmigrant visa (if a visa
was issued) does not. A visa
only shows when and how
many times a person may seek
admission to the U.S. from
abroad, based on the classifica-
tion noted on the visa.

EXTENDED STAY
A person may apply for an
extension of stay in the U.S. if:
He or she was lawfully
admitted into the U.S. as a
nonimmigrant;
He or she has not com-
mitted any act that makes he
or she ineligible to receive an
immigration benefit;
There is no other factor
that requires the person to
depart the U.S. prior to extend-
ing status (for example, a
USCIS officer may determine
that the person should obtain a
new visa prior extending his or
her status); and
A person submits an
application for an extension of
stay before the expiration date
on your Form 1-94. (There are
certain limited circumstances
under which USCIS will excuse
a late submission.)
An applicant's passport


must be valid for the entire
requested period of stay in the
U.S.
ELIGIBILITY
If a person was admitted to
the U.S. in any of the following
nonimmigrant categories
shown on the 1-94, he or she
cannot extend that stay in the
U.S. and must depart the coun-
try on or before your 1-94
expires: C (alien in transit); D
(crewman); K-1 or K-2
(fianc6(e) or dependent of
fianc6(e)); S (witness or
informant beyond a total of
three years); TWOV (transit
without visa); or WT or WB
(visa waiver program you
would have been issued a
green Form 1-94W).
APPLYING
Application procedures for
an extension of stay depend on
a person's nonimmigrant status:
Employment-based cate-
gories: If a person is in one of
the following employment-relat-
ed categories, his or her
employer should file a Form I-
129, Petition for Nonimmigrant
Worker, before his or her Form
1-94 expires: E-1 or E-2 (treaty
traders and investors); H-1B, H-
2A, H-2B or H-3 (temporary
workers); L-1A or L-1B (intra-
company transferee); 0-1 or 0-
2 (aliens with extraordinary
ability); P-1, P-2 or P-3 (athletes
and entertainers); Q-1 (interna-
tional cultural exchange visi-
tors); R-1 (religious workers);
or TN-1 or TN-2 (Canadians
and Mexicans under the North
American Free Trade
Agreement (NAFTA)).
Each of the above cate-
gories has specific requirements
and limits, including limits on
length of stay in this country.
For more information, contact
qualified immigration counsel.
Edited from information pro-
vided by the U.S. Citizenship
and Immigration Services
(USCIS).
0


Call for Bids or Proposals

For a listing of available Broward College (BC)
open procurement solicitations, visit:
www.broward.edu/purchasing/bids
or contact

954-201-7455

BC strongly encourages participation by minority and women-
owned business enterprises (MWBE firms)


ix Jamaican nationals in
South Florida will be hon-
ored for their positive
contributions to the Caribbean
nation and its diaspora at the
third annual "Community
Service Awards Ceremony and
Tea Party" on April 19 at
Parrot Jungle Island in down-
town Miami.
The event, hosted by the
Consulate General of Jamaica
for the southeastern United
States, will feature guest of
honor Sheryl Lee Ralph, a
Jamaican-born actress and
philanthropist.
The honorees will be rec-
ognized for outstanding contri-
bution in the areas of culture,
civic, scholastic and profession-
al capacities in Jamaica and
South Florida, as well as
extraordinary achievements
throughout the past year.
COMMITMENT
Consul General Sandra
Grant Griffiths said the
Jamaica government will con-
tinue to acknowledge the com-
mitment of Jamaicans in the
diaspora and their contribution
over the years to the develop-
ment of their homeland, as
well as their respective com-


munities
abroad. She
said in 2009
event will be
even more
meaningful .
with support
given to an
outstanding Ralph
charitable
endeavor
while simultaneously recogniz-
ing honorees in this regard.
This year, the area of phil-
antrophy to be endorsed by
the consulate will be related to
HIV/AIDS education and
intervention projects.
Ralph has turned her
attention to programs benefit-
ing the fight against the dis-
ease. She is the founding direc-


* Severe Injury & Death
* Personal Injury
* Vehicle Accidents
* Worker's Comp.
* Wills/Probate


tor of the DIVA (AIDS)
Foundation, a national non-
profit organization created in
memory of friends she has lost
to HIV/AIDS. She also creat-
ed "Divas Simply Singing", an
entertainment production
which has become an anticipat-
ed AIDS benefits in
Hollywood, California.
Ralph was given the Red
Ribbon Award at the United
Nations for her unique use of
the arts in battling HIV/AIDS.
For more information on
the event, call the consulate at
305-374-8431, extensions 221
and 223.

- JIS
0


* Criminal Defense
* DUI & Tickets
* Divorce/Custody
* Bankruptcy
* Immigration


1-0073-54


April 2009


Six Jamaicans to receive community

service awards in South Florida


S n August 6, 2009. the island
S .Jof Jamaica marks the 47th
Anni\ ersarY of its independence as a .
sovereign nation.
Caribbean Today invites the
business community in Jamaica and
the United States to celebrate this
significant milestone.
OUR INDEPENDENCE
SUPPLEMENT! Jamaiea at 47 -
to be published in July 2009, will pay
tribute to Jamaica's history, culture,
growth and development including the
achievements and global contributions
of a remarkable people.
Promote your products and services in this 32-page keepsake edition,
to be distributed widely throughout Florida, New York, Atlanta,
and the Caribbean.

CALL NOW TO ADVERTISE!
1-800-605-7516 305-238-2868
Fax 305-252-7843
e-mail: sales@caribbean today3.com
ADVERTISING DEADLINE: JUNE 19th, 2009


PL-fflL-PL fflL7yonmEwr
FlEiFmaiafflm SEiaviic:E





CARIBBEAN TODAY


-usw^caribbeantodj..c..


U.S. wants crackdown on Caribbean tax havens


WASHINGTON At a time
when the United States econ-
omy is shaky, the Obama
administration has signaled its
intention to crack down on
lucrative tax havens, including
some in the Caribbean.
U.S. Treasury Secretary
Timothy Geithner said that
the administration will launch
an "ambitious" program to
crack down on companies that
use offshore jurisdictions to
avoid paying taxes.
"We're going to have a
much more ambitious effort to
deal with offshore tax havens,"
Geithner told a U.S. Senate
hearing last month, stating that
Americans should pay their
fair share of taxes rather than
trying to avoid them, "particu-
larly given the scale of the fis-
cal challenges we inherited."
A recently released
Congressional report found
that, in 2007, 83 of the 100
largest publicly-traded U.S.


companies had units in low-
tax or no-tax jurisdictions, like
the Cayman Islands.

'STRONG SIGNAL
Michigan Democratic
Senator Carl Levin, chairman
of the Senate Permanent
Subcommittee on Investigations,
which has delved into alleged tax
haven abuse for years, said he
hoped a bill he is sponsoring, and
similar legislation in the House of
Representatives, will stop banks
from helping wealth Americans
avoid paying taxes.
Levin said the Obama
administration's support for
the bill s, nd, a strong signal
to tax havens that this admin-
istration is not going to toler-
ate the kind of offshore tax
abuses that have been drain-
ing $100 billion-a-year from
the U.S. Treasury and that, as
a result, offload the tax bur-
den onto the backs of honest
taxpayers."


Geithner said the Obama
administration supports the
tax haven legislation, which is
similar to a bill Barack
Obama co-
sponsored as a
senator.
Among
other things,
the proposed
legislation
would close
certain tax
loopholes and Geithner
give U.S. regu-
lators the authority to take
special measures against for-
eign jurisdictions and financial
institutions that impede U.S.
tax enforcement. The proposal
also would treat foreign corpo-
rations managed and con-
trolled in the U.S. as domestic
corporations for income tax
purposes.


Air Jamaica expands New York/Grenada service


MIAMI Air Jamaica is to
expand its service from New
York to Grenada in June,
after instituting a number of
cutbacks in February.
The financially-strapped
national flag carrier of Jamaica
is in the process of implement-
ing a major cost cutting exer-
cise that calls for the lay off of
staff, retirement of aircraft and
slashing of unprofitable routes.
However, officials said the
additional flights, which will
bring Air Jamaica's total week-
ly Grenada flights to four,
were necessary "in anticipa-
tion of the busy summer travel
L I t11 .I
Effective June 26, Air
Jamaica will add a Friday
flight to Grenada and a
Monday flight, effective July
13. The airline currently
operates two weekly non-stop
flights on Wednesday and
Saturday.
"The increase in service
to Grenada was made possi-
ble by close cooperation with
the minister of foreign affairs
and tourism through the
Grenada Board of Tourism


and members of the Grenada
Airlift Committee," said
George deMercado, Air
Jamaica's senior director,
sales.

CUTBACKS
The airline's current
schedule includes 218 weekly
flights to 13 destinations, with
service between Jamaica and
Toronto, New York (JFK),
Chicago (O'Hare), Baltimore,
Philadelphia, Orlando, Fort
Lauderdale, Curacao and
Nassau, as well as service
between New York and
Barbados and New York and
Grenada.
Effective February, Air
Jamaica ended a 40-year serv-
ice at Miami International
Airport (MIA), saying it was
the best option in the face of
the global economic crisis.
"Will we ever come back
to Miami? I can't say," said
Chief Executive Officer
Bruce Nobles in announcing
the termination of service,
which first began in 1969, at
Miami International Airport.
"The economy right now


is not in very good shape," he
said, while disclosing that
about 18 workers would be
let go at MIA.
"Not many people are
going on vacation, and we are
trying to put our resources in
the places where we have the
most strengths and where we
can make money."
Nobles said the Miami
service has not been prof-
itable in recent years, adding
that service will continue at
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood
International Airport, where
four times as many passen-
gers use Air Jamaica.
Besides Miami, the airline
said it would also close its sta-
tions on several routes, includ-
ing Atlanta, Los Angeles and
Grand Cayman. Service
between Jamaica and Barbados
and Jamaica and Grenada has
also been affected.
Meanwhile, the Jamaica
government has announced
that the planned privatization
of the national flag carrier
has been put off until the end
of June.
0


...Winds up Barbados route


KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
Air Jamaica late last month
announced that it will suspend
its New York-Barbados route,
in a move to wind up its
Barbados operations.
Last year, Air Jamaica
recorded huge losses, with $16
million of the total being
attributed to the Bridgetown
route.
The decision to terminate
service to the island is due to
take effect around the middle
of this month and follows an


earlier announcement by the
carrier that it was ending its
direct service between
Barbados and Jamaica.
At the same time, the car-
rier announced plans to
increase its overall schedule
to 246 weekly flights. This
includes New York-Grenada:
four weekly flights; Fort
Lauderdale-Jamaica: five
daily flights; New York-
Jamaica: four daily flights and
Toronto-Jamaica: daily serv-
ice, a company release said.


In recent months, the
financially-strapped national
flag carrier of Jamaica has
been busy making several
changes.
Direct services between
Jamaica and Barbados and
Jamaica and Grenada were
also terminated as part of a
major cost cutting exercise that
also calls for the lay off of staff
and retirement of aircraft.
0


FBI seeks Caribbean victims

of alleged fraudulent scheme


HOUSTON, Texas The
United States' Federal Bureau
of Investigation (FBI) says it is
seeking information from
Caribb.',n as well as other
investors in the Stanford
Financial Group (SFG), which
is accused of perpetrating a
multi-billion dollar internation-
al fraud scheme.
The FBI has identified the
companies, owned by Texan fin-
ancier Sir Allen Stanford, as
Stanford Capital Management,
the Stanford Group Company,
the Stanford Trust Company,
and the Antigua-based Stanford
International Bank (SIB) and
the Bank of Antigua. It also
said it was seeking to "identify
victims and determine the
extent of any potential fraud".

HOTLINE
The FBI has established a
dedicated investor e-mail
address and an informational


telephone line. It is also
requesting that investors pro-
vide basic contact information,
along with details of invest-
ments with the SFG or its affil-
iates. The FBI is also asking
members of the public, if they
have "investigative informa-
tion that may aid the criminal
investigation," to submit that
information.
On Feb. 17, the Securities
Exchange Commission (SEC)
filed a civil complaint against
group's owner, along with two
of his senior employees and
some of companies. The SEC
alleges that the executives per-
petrated an $8 billion invest-
ment swindle that involved
providing misleading informa-
tion about the safety of invest-
ments sold as "certificates of
JdL, 'ii and promising unreal-
istically high rates.
0


Confab focuses on economic downturn


BRIDGETOWN, Barbados,
CMC The impact of the global
economic slowdown is expected
to be a major talking point at an
upcoming Caribbean Tourism
Organization (CTO) conference
in Curacao.
Next month's Fifth
Tourism Human Resources
Conference will also discuss
other pressing matters affect-
ing the industry, including
tourism human resources
development, including creat-
ing hospitable experiences.
"Like the rest of the work-
force, tourism human
resources professionals have to
grapple with the impact of the
global economic meltdown,"
said CTO Director of Human
Resources Bonita Morgan.
"Therefore, it's important
that we explore strategies that


work in difficult times and
learn from each other's experi-
ences," she added.
The three-day event,
which has as its theme "Best
Practices for Creating a
Motivated and Productive
Tourism Wrkld'r.L is being
organized in collaboration with
the Curacao Tourism Board
and is expected to attract
tourism educators, trainers and
human resource professionals.
Hundreds of tourism relat-
ed jobs have been lost across
the Caribbean in recent
months as the financial crisis
has impacted business. The
Bahamas, St. Lucia and
Antigua and Barbuda have
been among the hardest hit in
terms of lost employment.
0


Jamaican Canadian billion-
aire Michael Lee-Chin has
dropped further down in
the ranking by Forbes
Magazine of the world's rich-
est people.
The list for 2009, which
was published last month,
showed Lee-Chin, who was
said to be worth $1.8 billion
last year, falling to 701st on
the list of billionaires. Lee-
Chin was last year ranked 667
out of the world's more than
1,000 billionaires.
This year, he barely made
it on the list of less than 800
persons. According to the
magazine, Lee-Chin, who is
the chairman of AIC Mutual
Funds based in Canada, has
seen assets under manage-


ment plunge by 42 percent
since investors started cashing
out due to the financial down-
turn.
Lee-Chin, 58, also owns
majority stakes in National
Commercial Bank Jamaica,
Total Finance in Trinidad and
Tobago, as well as Columbus
Communications, a cable
company based in Barbados.
His personal real estate port-
folio includes 250 acres of
beach-front property in Ocho
Rios, Jamaica and homes in
Canada and the United States.
Microsoft founder Bill
Gates has regained his title as
the richest man in the world,
with $40 billion.
0


Jamaican billionaire drops down

list of world's wealthiest people


April 2009


momm- I ............... ........ ........ -
I B u s i n 6 S S / T R n V 6 t






CARIBBEAN TODAY


F nT U R 6


LWW-crbbatoa.co


Jamaican dogsledder overcomes doubts, fears in 1,000-mile arctic race


DAWN A. DAVIS

Jamaica has once again
made history this time
involving dog sled racing.
The little island of talented
and creative people just
earned another place on the
world stage with the help of
one humble young man.
Hailing from an island
known for its 90 degree tem-
peratures in the shade, 26-year
old Newton Marshall took
13th place out of a field
of 29 in a dogsled race that
stretched just over 1,000 miles
through the ice-cloaked arctic
region from Whitehorse
Yukon to Fairbanks, Alaska at
the peak of the winter season.
The famous Yukon Quest,
one of the most grueling races
in the world, takes the same
path as the old mail delivery
dogsledders of the 19th to
20th centuries and celebrates
the gold rush of the era that
brought thousands of prospec-
tors to the area. Marshall is
the first black man, and
the first Jamaican, to finish
the arduous winter race,
which began on Feb. 14.
A rookie, Marshall sur-
prised the pa k ', bringing
home his team of dogs in a
time of 11 days, 20 hours and
eight minutes after trekking
through four mountain ranges,
rough jungle ice, glaciers, and
miles and miles of 'sugar snow'.
"A lot of people didn't
think I was going to make it,"
an elated Marshall told
Caribbean Today recently.
"My coach said to me
'you have to finish this race,


scratching is not
an option.' I
kept that in my
head and I got a
lot of encour-
agement from
my family and
friends. And I
said to myself,
anything I start
I want to finish,
no matter
what."
To prepare
for the race and
get acclimated
to the cold
Marshall got to
the Yukon
Valley in late
October, which
gave him time
for practice runs Marshall thanks
in the snow and 1,000-plus miler
adequate time to
interact with his team of 14
dogs.

'EPIPHANY'
So, how did a Jamaican
get involved in this non-tradi-
tional sport? Enter Danny
Melville, founder and chair-
man of Chukka Caribbean
Adventures, a tourism-driven
enterprise based in Jamaica.
"The minute I heard that
there was such a thing as dry-
land dog sledding, I had an
epiphany and I said, we can
do this. I immediately thought
of the thousands of mongrels
roaming the streets in
Jamaica," an enthusiastic
Melville explained.
Despite the skeptics, even
among his family, Melville
barreled ahead, bringing his


one of the dogs for helping him complete the
race.
unique idea to fruition. He
believed racing abroad would
be the perfect opportunity to
promote Jamaica, Chukka
Caribbean Adventures, and
the plight of street dogs. He
also loved the idea of giving
young Jamaicans a chance to
go abroad to become ambas-
sadors for Jamaica, promoting
the island's can-do attitude.
But the venture needed a
sponsor. Melville found a kin-
dred spirit in Jimmy Buffett, a
country singer and owner of
the Margaritaville franchise.
Seen as the 'godfather' of the
team, Buffett injected capital
that allowed the Jamaican dog
sled team and its mushers
(person who works with dogs)
to acquire equipment and
start training.


Marshall, a St. Ann native,
learned his skills from Devon
Anderson, a musher, avid
horseman and operations
manager at Chukka Caribbean
Adventures. Marshall, along
with fellow mushers Damian
Robb and Jermaine Burford
conduct dog sled tours at the
St. Ann property.

CONNECTION
The dogs used on these
tours are stray dogs rescued
from the streets by the Jamaica
Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals (JSPCA).
Fed a special high calorie diet,
which includes mineral supple-
ments, these dogs are pam-
pered and trained to build
muscle and stamina. It is said
that these dogs live even
longer than the average animal
because of the extra care and
attention they receive. The
Alaskan Huskies used for the
races enjoy a high protein, high
fat diet of about 8,000 calories
per day to help them withstand
the Alaskan cold.
"I am very close to the
dogs," Marshall explained.
"You get a sense of when
they want to run and if they
are uncomfortable. You must
have a special connection with
the dogs. If you don't have
that, the dogs will fail, espe-
cially running this race...I
spend a lot of time talking to
my dogs. When they wag their
tails I know that I am going to
have a good run. You can feel
the energy of your dogs."
The young musher has
never competed in any other
sport, not even soccer or


cricket, which are traditional
pasttimes in the Caribbean.
"I never did anything
much except for this crazy
race," he said laughing, adding
"I felt really happy just to be
at the finish line."

OVERWHELMED
Marshall crossed the fin-
ish line in Fairbanks, Alaska
at 6:26 a.m. on Feb. 26.
"It was overwhelming,"
said Melville. "Tears came to
my eyes."
Remarking that compet-
ing in the Yukon Quest was
one of the toughest things he
has had to do, Marshall
revealed that it was music,
specifically Buju Banton's
"All Will Be Fine", that
helped keep his mind steady.
Fighting off sleep and halluci-
nations, the musher sang
along the trail.
"I felt the love in that
song," he said. "It made me
feel stronger."
Marshall will now focus
on his next race, scheduled for
Mar. 2010 in Anchorage,
Alaska the Iditarod Dog
Sled Race, which also covers
1,000 miles. Armed with the
love for his dogs and a gentle
determination, expect him at
the front of the pack.
"Once you are positive
and stay focused, nothing can
go wrong, no matter what
anybody says," he said.

Dawn A. Davis is a freelance
writer for Caribbean Today.
0


Sunday Apnril
Palm Sunday Lilurg) and Procession
Easter Cantata
Festival Choir, Guest Soloists and Organisi

Monday, April 6
Holy Eucharist

Tuesday. April 7
Holy Eucharist

Wednesday, April 8
Service of Tenebrae

Thursday, April 9, Maundy Thursday
Seder Supper
Holy Euchanst. Stripping of the Altar

Frida.. April 10
Good Friday Meditations

Saturda.. April 11
Easter Vigil

Sunday Apnl 12
Easter Day
Festival Eucharist


7:30 a.m.& 10:00 a.m.
6:00 p.m.



6:00 p.m.


6:00 p.m.


6:00 p.m.


5:00 p.m.
7:00 p.m.


12:00 p.m.-3:00 p.m.


6:00 p.m.



6:00 a.m,& 10;00a.m.


Are Your Property

Taxes Paid?
Your property is one of your most valuable assets and the Miami-Dade County Tax
Collector's Office wants to help you understand the consequences of not paying your
property taxes.
Please realize the failure to pay your property taxes will result in a lien being placed on
your property and additional charges and interest will be applied to your tax bill.
Property taxes became delinquent on April 1 st.
If your taxes remain unpaid on June 1st, your taxes will be sold at auction as a tax
certificate and a lien will be assessed on your property.
When a certificate is sold on your property, the buyer of the certificate pays the
taxes you owe and earns interest, which you will have to pay in addition to the
taxes you owe.
If your taxes remain unpaid for a period of two years after a certificate has been
issued on your property, you could lose your property.
Please remember, if you are the current property owner, it is your responsibility to ensure
your property taxes are paid.
To avoid additional charges and interest, and the potential risk of losing your property,
the Miami-Dade County Tax Collector's Office wants to remind you that your payment
must be in our office by May 31, 2009. Postmarks will not be honored for delinquent
taxes. Taxes must be paid by cashier's check, money order or certified funds.
You may also pay in person at one of the following locations:


Downtown Miami
140 West Flagler Street Room 101 or
Miami, Florida 33130


South Dade Government Center
10710 SW 211th Street- Room 104
Miami, Florida 33189


For your convenience, our Downtown and South Dade offices will open on Saturday, May
30th, 2009 and Sunday, May 31st, 2009 from 9 am to 2 pm. E-checking is also available
at www.miamidade.gov through May 31st, 2009 or for additional information, please call
305-270-4916.
MIAM
__________flssl ^_____


April 2009


THE EPISCOPAL CHLRCH OF THE ASCENSION

I Imu. I loi iLi i 5
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Worship Schedule for floly eck and E.istcr




CARIBBEAN TODAY


II iiI I I






G ONE
Br _!." i Ik7H


April 2009




Full Text

PAGE 1

PRESORTED STANDARD U.S. POSTAGE P AID MIAMI, FL PERMIT NO. 7315 Vol.20 No.5 APRIL 2009 Tel: (305 1-800-605-7516 editor@caribbeantoday.com ct_ads@bellsouth.net Jamaica: 655-1479 W e cover your world INSIDEW ith a criminal charge shad-owing him,Jamaicanborn FitzroySalesmanlost his bidfor r e-election to the Miramar City Commission lastmonth. Is this the end of the road for the charismatic politician? page 2. Miami Beach is fast becomingthe fashioncapital of America’s South. This hotspot boastsa multiculturalpopulation thatincludes agr owing Caribbean com-munity . It has also become the perfect backdrop for a fashion show featuring up and coming designers from the region, page 11. News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Spring/Summer Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Summit of the Americas . . . 8 Viewpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Arts/Entertainment . . . . . . .11 Spring Health . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Sport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Local/FYI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Business/T ravel . . . . . . . . . 18 Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 THE MULTI AWARD-WINNING NEWS MAGAZINE CALL CARIBBEAN TODAY DIRECT FROM JAMAICA 655-1479 ~ Jamaican-born educator Dr. Beverly Hall has set about reforming the public school system in Atlanta, Georgia, relying heavily on standards and values learned in the Caribbean to get the job done. That effort has earned her the “National Superintendent of the Year” award in the United States, page 5.Jozy Altidore, anAmericanwith Haitian parents, scored three goals to help theUnitedStates beat T rinidad and T obago in a World Cup qualifier and put a huge dent in the Caribbean’ s last hope of a place in soccer’ s biggest show , page 15. ~ What would make a humble young man leave beautiful, balmy weather inthe Caribbean to take on a 1,000-milerace on a dogsled in ice-cloaked,fr eezing ar ctic countr y? Well, because he was deter mined to, says Jamaica’s Newton Marshall. And he made history along the way, page 19. April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 1

PAGE 2

WASHINGTON – One of the most influential groups in theUnited States has joined a chorus of calls on Washington to grant Temporary ProtectedStatus (TPS ing in the U.S. illegally . “The recent devastating envir onmental disasters fr om which Haiti has not recovered, continuing violence, and unsta-ble political conditions pose a serious threat at this time tothe personal safety of anyonefor cibly repatriated to Haiti”, said the National Associationfor the Advancement ofColor ed Peoples (NAACP last month. TPS grants temporary pr otection from deportation to nationals of a country inwhich envir onmental or political events have occur red or where armed conflict poses a serious threat to public safety.TPS has been granted tonationals of many countries,including those of Nicaragua and Honduras in 1999 follow-ing Hur ricane Mitch, and of El Salvador in 2001 following severe earthquakes. Last year s storms and hurricanes killed over 800 people and rendered hundreds ofthousands homeless in Haiti. ASSURANCE In addition, the NAACP said granting Haitians TPS would also directly assistHaiti’ s “nascent democracy in its efforts to recover fromthese conditions, stabilize the country’s economy, rebuild its political and economic institu-tions, and pr ovide a future of hope for Haiti’ s people”. The NAACP said since TPS would be extended onlyto those Haitians cur r ently residing in the U.S., concerns about a mass exodus to theU.S. would be unfounded. It noted that Haiti is the hemi-spher s oldest democracy, and has always had a “special relationship” with the U.S. “Haitian immigrants have long contributed to America’ s diverse and vibrant culture”, it stated. “The current plightof Haitians in their homelandclearly qualifies them for TPS here in the United States”. UNITED NA TIONS The Caribbean community (CARICOMeconomic emancipation through the “redesigning ofthe global ar chitectur e of fair prices and fair trade”. The 15-member grouping issued the call as the UnitedNations commemorated the International Day for the Remembrance of the Victimsof the T rans-Atlantic Slave Trade on Mar. 25. Accor ding to CARICOM, that was needed thr ough “jus tice for workers, the commodity supplier states, and the vul-nerable states, sectors andcommunities to climatechange, as we fulfill the moraland financial obligation stillowed those of African descent,on the continent and in thediaspora”. Addressing reporters at U.N. headquarters in NewY ork, Gr enada’ s Ambassador Dessima Williams, speaking on behalf of CARICOM, saidthe call on the inter national community was to “honor the victims of slavery with a system of economic freedom for the planet’ s poor est billions”. GRATEFUL As part of CARICOM’s efforts to advance this initiative, W illiams said the body intended to name a goodwillambassador and to establish a trust fund in the near future.She said CARICOM wasgrateful to all who havealr eady made financial contri butions to the memorial and invited others to do likewise. The Grenadian envoy said the permanent slaverymemorial will be a “symbol ofour ability to come together , victor and vanquished, to tell the story of shame and triumph, to commit to remember the legacy of slavery, lest we forget”. DAWN A. DAVIS FLORIDA With a criminal charge shadowing him, Jamaicanborn Fitzroy Salesman lost his bid for re-election to the Miramar City Commission. The hotly contested Seat #1 went to newcomer and commu-nity activist Barbara Sharief,who also beat out incumbentCarl J. Lanke. Salesman blamed his pending court case for his most r ecent setback. “The main contributing factor to my losing the election was the reports that even if Iwon, the gover nor would suspend me again and the city would have to have anotherby-election,” Salesman told Caribbean Today after last month’s race. “That played a major r ole in it.” Salesman must now focus on his new trial, which is scheduled to start this month after the collapse of proceedings in early Mar ch when a juror brought a dictionary tothe jur y room. The former commissioner is accused of aggravated assault with a firearm stemming from a Nov. 2007 incident in a Miramar gr ocer y stor e. An educator in the Dade County public school system for the past 14 years and a licensed real estate agent, Salesman said his next movemaybe in the r eal estate field because “nobody wants to hire me with the present charges hanging over my head.” Asked if he will run again, the embattled politician said: “I have not ruled it out, but for right now it is not in my immediate plans.” ACTIVE But, Salesman was quick to point out that he will remain an active member of Miramar, a city with a large Caribbean population located north ofMiami and south of For t Lauderdale in South Florida, United States. “I have always been an active community advocate,” he explained. “That’s one of the things I pride myself on. ou don’t have to call me commissioner. It’s not something I wore on my lapel. My name is Fitzroy. Whether I amsitting on the dais or not, Ihave always been an active member of the community , I have always helped people regardless. I am still going tobe the same person I havealways been, I will help thosethat I can.” He chided the Miramar Caribbean community for not participating enough in the election process. The city, which had a majority of threeCaribbean Americans on the commission board of five in 2003, is viewed as a reflection of that margin. Popular radio br oadcaster W inston Barnes was the only Caribbean official to hold onto his seat at the commission during in the r ecent election. An agitated Salesman put the blame NAACP wants Obama to grant Haitians protected status in U.S.Caribbean wants economic emancipation to ‘honor the victims of slaver y’ ~ diplomat What’s next for Fitzroy Salesman? ~ Jamaican-born politician loses election,faces criminal charge 2 CARIBBEAN TODAYApril 2009 NEWS NEWS www.caribbeantoday.com (CONTINUED ON P AGE 4) Salesman,seen here in a South Florida courtroom,sees himself as a politicaltrailblazer for Caribbean immigrants. Williams April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 2

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WASHINGTON – United States financial r egulators claim they have uncovered an alleged multi-million dollar investment fraud scheme at a Vincent and the Grenadinesbased of fshore bank. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC said the Millennium Bank, a subsidiary of United Trust of Switzerland SA, issued cer tificates of deposit promising impr obable returns on investment, in a manner similar to what is alleged to have tran-spir ed at the Antigua-based Stanfor d International Bank. The SEC filed a com plaint against two American business people W illiam Wise of North Carolina and Kristi Hoegel of California claiming they duped as many as 375 investors into buying “fictitious, high-yielding” certificates of deposit to the tune of $68 million fr om Millennium Bank. “As alleged in our com plaint, the defendants disguised their Ponzi scheme as alegitimate of fshore investment and made promises about exuberant returns that were just too good to be true,” Rose Romer o, dir ector of the SEC’ s Fort Worth Regional Office, said in a statement. ‘BLATANT’ The SEC alleged that the St. Vincent-based bank made “blatant misrepresentationsand glaring omissions” whilemarketing the cer tificates of deposits to wealthy U.S. clients for more than four years”. A Texas judge has also agreed to an SEC requestfor the compa ny’ s assets to be fr ozen. The SEC’ s enfor cement action seeks an order compelling them to return funds and assets traceable to the alleged Millennium Bank fraud. The action by the U.S. financial regulation body follows closely on a suit filed against the Stanford Financial Gr oup, which it accused of perpetrating fraud of $8 billion ar ound the Stanfor d Inter national Bank in Antigua. Stanford’s principal, Sir Allen Stanford, and two of his senior officials were also named in that action. GORDON WILLIAMS Despite the thr eat of declining pr osperity in the United States, Caribbean immigrants continued to pour into the U.S. last year, with the number of legal permanent residents – “green card” holders –rising above the total for 2007. Accor ding to figures released by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS 137,098 people from the region were granted permission to make America their home, even as a global economic cri-sis sparked fears that the promise of the “American Dream” may be losing some ofits allur e. The Caribbean’s numbers represented 12.4 percent of1,107,126 “gr een card” holders admitted to the U.S. in 2008. Last year’s total of legal per manent residents from the Caribbean surpassed the 2007mark of 119,123, and boostedthe r egion’ s slice of the world’s total by more than a full percentage point. However, the figure was a drop-off from the2006 total of 146,768, theCaribbean’ s highest number in recent years. ASIA ON TOP The latest DHS figures landed the Caribbean around mid-pack among the world’s r egions. Asia – with 383,608 in 2008 continued to send the most foreigners to the U.S. to live. That continent supplied 34.6 percent of all American permanent residents last year. Europe and Africa accountedfor just over 20 per cent of new “green card” holders in 2008. Meanwhile, people born in two Spanish-speaking countries Cuba and the Dominican Republic accounted for the most U.S. permanent residents from the Caribbean in 2008. Some 49,500 Cuban nationals were granted “green cards”,while 31,879 D.R. nationals r eceived that status. French-speaking Haiti accounted for 26,007 U.S. permanent residents in 2008,while English-speakingJamaica supplied 18,477. Cuba, D.R., Haiti and Jamaica accounted for the bulk of Caribbeanborn immigrants awarded permanent residence in the U.S. The number of “green card” holdersfr om Cuba and the D.R. in 2008 showed a sharp increase over the previous year. Some 20,396 more Cubanborn immigrants were granted permanent residence in 2008 than the pr evious year . D.R. recorded an incr ease of 3,855 over the same period. Meanwhile, the number of Haitians who became permanent residents dropped in 2008 from the previous year when 30,405 received that status.The numbers fr om Jamaica also declined over a year . In 2007, 19,375 Jamaicans received permanent residence. In 2008 Mexico once again accounted for the most “green card” recipients for asingle countr y with 189,989, well over double of its near est rival China, which supplied 80,271. Gordon Williams is Caribbean Today’s managing editor. U.S.fingers St.Vincent bank in investment fraud schemeCaribbean ‘green card’ holders on the rise April 2009CARIBBEAN TODAY 3 NEWS NEWS www .caribbeantoday.com Stanford April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 3

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Jamaica’s stance against homosexuality is onceagain under attack, with a group of United States-based gay rights activists and blog-gers calling for a boycott of thecountr y. The group is led by Wayne Besen, Jim Burroway andMichael Petr elis, who have established an Inter net site which makes reference to Jamaica as the most homophobic place on earth. They have also asked people who lovetheir gay friends and familymembers not to visit the island. The group goes further to warn those who care about thehuman rights of gay , lesbian, bisexual and trans-gender people, as well as all gay bars and restaurants in San Francisco,Califor nia, not to buy popular Jamaican rum and beer products. “There is no justifiable reason for gays and our allies whovalue the lives ofpersons with AIDS in Jamaica to vacation there, or consume their alcoholic drinks”, stated a releasefr om the group late last month. ‘HATE STATE’ The bloggers argue that it is time to stop rewarding what they called “this hate state”with tourism dollars. The group further called on the Bruce Golding-led administra-tion to “r epeal Jamaica’s oppr essive sodomy law”. They also want the prime minister to issue a statement“clearly and unequivocally” condemning violence against gays and apologizing for past violence, as well as to imple-ment a gay-af firming program to train police officers. Bevan Dufty, a spokesman fora Califor nia-based gay rights group, said a meeting has been scheduled for early this month with the honorary consul of Jamaica, Dr. Newton Gordon, to highlight their concerns. Hesaid during the meeting the gay advocates will also high-light the r ecent U.S. State Department report on homosexuals in Jamaica. Last year, Prime Minister Golding declared during a BBC program, that he would not tolerate gays in his Cabinet. Sincethen, the National SecurityMinistr y has issued a r elease saying the government recog-nizes the rights of all citizensand condemns all attacks. CMC squarely on the shoulders of the electorate. “One thing I have learned about the Caribbean commu nity we are still stuck in the past,” he said. “There is this one precious term that theykeep using: r ole model. I don’ t know how your elected official becomes your role model. In my case, are yougoing to judge me on the job that you have given me to do, or are you going to judge me on some other superficial or artificial factors? “My r ole model was my grandmother ,” he added. “She was strong, she was loving, she was caring, and shewas giving. But make no mis take, she was not a pushover , she would not make people walk all over her. It is the same for me. I do not intend to be anybody’s role model. I can help you, I can be an advisor if you intend to pursue a political career, but I don’t want to be your role model.” ‘NO REGRETS’ With conviction, Salesman said, “I have no regrets.” He is proud of his accomplishments as a Miramar city commissioner. To underscore the point, he noted that there are three trailblazers in South Florida of Jamaican origin: Hazelle Rogers, a former Lauderdale Lakes commissioner and now a representative in the Florida House of Repr esentatives; Ian Richar ds, elected Br owar d County cour t judge; and him self. “I opened the eyes of the Caribbean community in Miramar and I showed them that it could be done,” Salesman said. “Looking at it fr om that perspective, while I was there I was able to help a lot of people in so many ways.” Dawn A.Davis is a freelance writer for Caribbean Today. NEW YORK After spend ing nearly three years in a United States jail, notoriousGuyanese prisoner ShaheedRoger Khan has pleaded guilty to drug trafficking and other charges. Khan, 37, enter ed the plea when he appeared beforeJudge Dora Irizar ry in a New York court last month to answer the char ges related to the importation of cocaine into the U.S. between Jan. 2001 and Mar. 2006, as well as possession of an illegal firearm. The new twist to the case took many by surprise since Khan’s lawyers have been maintaining his innocence ever since the U.S. unsealedthe indictment against him. DRUG LORD Khan, who has earned the reputation of Guyana’s biggestdr ug lord, has also reportedly confessed to plotting with hislawyer to keep witnesses fr om testifying against him as part of a plea deal with federal prosecutors that does not require Khan to testify against his former attorney Robert Simels. The Guyanese prisoner , who was arrested in Surinamein 2006 and extradited to the U.S. to face the char ges, is due to return to court for sentencing. During the court case, details of Khan’s alleged drug trafficking and crime organization activities have been com-ing to light. Khan also claimed to be a friend of the Guyana gover nment, who was even granted permission to import spy equipment into the countr y. But none of this seemed to be of interest to federal authorities in the U.S., who detained Khan on charges ofimpor tation of cocaine into the U.S. GEORGE TOWN, Guyana, CMC – Janet Jagan, Guyana’s first female president, died here on Mar.28. Jagan, 88, was admitted to the state-owned Georgetown Public Hospital late Mar. 27 after complaining of feeling unwell. She was then admitted to the Intensive Care Unit. Health Minister Leslie Ramsammy said the former head of state died as a result ofan abdominal aneurism. Jagan led the People’s Progressive Party (PPP tor y at the 1997 elections, having taken over leadership of the party following the death of her husband, Cheddi Jagan, who was president at the timeof his death. MULTIPLE ROLES However, the former first lady’s stint in the countrs highest political office was short-lived. She resigned in Aug. 1999 due to ill-health. Jagan, who authored several books and at one timeworked as the editor of the PPP’s newspaper, The Thunder, was born in the United States city of Chicago. She moved toGuyana in the 1940s with herhusband, whom she met while he was furthering his studies as a dentist at Nor thwestern University . A co-founding member of the PPP, Janet Jagan also served in various political and govern-ment capacities over the years. She was also the recipient of many local and international honors, including the Order of Excellence, the nation’s highest honor; Woman of Achievement Award from the University of Guyana; and the Gandhi Gold Medal for Peace, Democracy and Women’s Rights awarded by UNESCO. Janet Jagan was buried on Mar. 31. She leaves to mourn her son, Dr. Cheddi Jagan Jnr, daughter Nadira Jagan-Brancier, and five grandchildren. U.S.-based gay rights group calls for boycott of JamaicaWhat’s next for Fitzroy Salesman?Notorious Guyanese prisoner pleads guilty to drug trafficking,other chargesGuyana’s first female president dies at 88 4 CARIBBEAN TODAYApril 2009 NEWS NEWS www.caribbeantoday.com (CONTINUED FROM P AGE 2) Golding Jagan April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 4

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In February,Jamaican-born Dr .Beverly L.Hall,superintendent of Atlanta Public Schools (APS decade ,was named “National Superintendent of the Year”by the American Association of School Administrators.She was also chosen “State Superintendentof the Year”by the Georgia School Superintendents Association. Dr.Hall,who’s in charge of nearly 50,000 students, close to 4,000 teac hers and 100 sc hools,grades K-12,is the first superintendent from the state and the city,respectively,to receive the honors.She spoke to Caribbean Today’s Managing EditorGordon Williams about her accomplishments and otherissues relating to education in the U .S.and the Caribbean.The content of the interview is edited for space considerations: QUESTION:Was the national “Superintendent of the Year” award something that you expected or was it a surprise?ANSWER: W ell, ther e wer e two surprises. First of all, I did not expect to be named Georgia state superintendent.The city of Atlanta has neverwon the designationAnd so I had no reason to believe Iwas going to br eak that tradi tionThen when I was named one of four finalists nationally , that was another surprise. But I also knew that only 15 per-cent of the superintendents nationwide are women. Altogether. And I said thechances of me winning the national was, you know, slim tonone. And if you think aboutAfrican American, or women of color , then the percentage is probably less than one percentGeorgia has had, I think,four national finalists andnobody has won. So the oddswer e not with me Q: How big of an accomplishment is that to y ou personally and to y our district of the Atlanta Public Schools?A: I think I never would have gotten it if the district had not been showing the progress that it’s showing. We have been on a steady nine-year, you know, path of progress. The trajectory has been moving in the right direction on all of the metrics – whether you look at student achievement, gradua-tion rates, student attendance, recruitment and retention ofteachersAnd I think Atlantais celebrating this, not just theschool system, but Atlanta in generalbecause it is a boost for the city. To have the super-intendent named as the nation al superintendent of the year hassort of, validated thatther e is a school system in Atlanta that’ s working, that’s showing progress... Q:Do you view what you have accomplished,in any way,as a reflection of what immigrants can do in America,Jamaicansin particular ,Caribbean people more generally? A: I r eally do believe that the fact that I was bor n and raised in Jamaica, in the West Indies, really contributed to mybelief, and my passion, that all children can achieve at high levels, regardlessAnd so Ithink the fact (is grounded in the reality of myexperience in Jamaica...I’m like, why can’t people believethat all means all and that all children, if they’re given theright cir cumstances, in ter ms of teaching experiences, high expectations (will achieve Q:In his campaign,and his early presidency,(U.S. Pr esident Barack Obama) has consistently listed education among his top four or fiv e pri orities.What does that say to y ou as an educator? A: Well we are more optimistic now than I think ever beforethat education is going to haveits place in this administrationas a major priorityI think he understands it’s the greatequalizerAnd so, for the first time I have real hope that at the federal level education is going to get some real, realattention. Q: What do y ou see in Obama, in what he’s saying,that represents a significant shift in the way things are being looked atno w , in terms of the federal government’s participation in the process dir ectly and meaningfully? A: The way you know what people mean is when they put their money where their mouth is. And he is putting mor e money towar ds education that has ever been put at the feder al level beforeSo you know (Obamas putting some money behind it. Q:If someone had told you 10 years ago that this is where youw ould be,at this point,accomplishing what you have sofarw ould y ou ha v e vie w ed this as a joke? A: Absolutely , and it’s still hard to digestI still can’t absorb it. Like I wake up and it’s almost like it is happening to somebody elseWhen I started, you know, I was a teacher inBr ooklyn, New York and wast even sure I was gonna last because I had a hor rible first yearI’ve just been moving, but never, never thought Iwould have been named the “Superintendent of the Year”. Q: How much did your Jamaican/Caribbean background, your schooling and just how you were raised,influence you today and how you go about your business?A: Everything that I am today, Jamaican-born U.S.school superintendent lands national honor April 2009CARIBBEAN TODAY 5 SPRING SPRING / / SUMMER SUMMER EDUCATION EDUCATION www .caribbeantoday.com ~ A Caribbean Today feature (CONTINUED ON PAGE 10) Hall April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 5

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MIAMI Nine years ago, Guyriano Charles, a radio journalist in Haiti, typed his radio news broadcasts on a typewriter. His stories uncovering corrupt practices prompted death threats bylocal police. After beinggranted political asylum by the United States government, he came to live in Miami. From his years as a journalist, Charles knew how toput stories together and was afast typist. An educated man, he also knew what was happening in the world. Yet with all his knowledge and experience, he still couldn’t help his son with most of his home-work. His son was only in thesecond grade. ou need to understand how computers work so you can help with homework,”Charles said. Now in the third grade, his son is growing up. Charleswants to give him a good life.But to bring a better life with more opportunity,he knewthat heneeded to make more money.Charlestried to geta better job.He sent out many appli-cations. Itgot himnothing.Finding ajob inMiami wasnot easy . “Every job youapply forasks if you have experienceusing computers,” Charlessaid. “If you know computer programs you have a higher percentage chance of getting ajob.” SEARCH Charles, a deter mined man, looked at all the computer classes of fer ed in Miami, but found the classes too expensive for his limitedbudget, which had to pay forthe home occupied by his wifeand son, buy food, clothes and school his son. There was no money to spare for his ownpr ofessional development. Charles became fr ustrated. The world around him waschanging so fast. “Everything is about technology ,” he said. Ever yone, including his son, was walking away from him towards the Internet, intothe computer , into the digital world. He couldn’t get a good job. He couldn’t help his sonwith his homework. One morning, while reading the newspaper , Charles learned that “Elevate Miami”,a City of Miami digital literacypr ogram, was of fering fr ee classes at Curtis Park in the Allapattah neighborhood close to his home. He signedup in June 2008 and, since then, has learned much about computers, including how to navigate the Inter net. He learned to apply for jobs online and ultimately landed a job as a security officer. “When you apply for jobs in the mail, it takes some timefor the employers to get ther esum,” Charles said. “When you do it online, they get itright away and if they want more information, they can ask right away. It was so fast.” OPPORTUNITIES On the Internet, he was also able to apply for Florida KIDCARE so that his son could receive free health insurance. For job applica-tions, he was able to write his resum and cover letter usingMicr osoft W or d, which he learned in one of the classes. He also learned how to writefinancial r eports in Microsoft Excel, and he’s currently taking an intr oductor y course in Microsoft Power Point. Now Charles is inspir ed to go to Miami Dade College to study computer science and become a web developer. After only taking classes at Curtis Park for less than ayear , Charles is grateful that he is lear ning about computers. s like when you finish eating, you have to drink water ,” he said. “Y ou cannot live without computers.” Created under the leadership of Miami Mayor MannyDiaz, “Elevate Miami” pr e pares residents and businesses of Miami for a leadershipposition in the global econo my, establishing public and private par tnerships that facilitate affordable technology,including mobile and low-costInter net access, employable skills sets and economic opportunities. For more information, visit www.elevatemiami.com or call 305-416-1538 . ‘Elevate Miami’ raises opportunity levels for immigrants ~ Computer knowledge changes life of Haitian American 6 CARIBBEAN TODAYApril 2009 www.caribbeantoday.com SPRING SPRING / / SUMMER SUMMER EDUCATION EDUCATION ~ A Caribbean Today feature Instructor Azucena Hernandez works with Guyriano Charles,seated, during class at theTechnology Learning Center,Curtis Park in Miami,Florida. April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 6

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JOYCE LAIN KENNEDY DEAR JO YCE:My daughter will graduate from a small liberal arts college.So far she has done virtually nothing about finding ajob .Speak to her,please. D .D. ANSWER: The numbers for ecast a cold summer for new college graduates: As a result of the deteriorating economicsituation, employers expect to hire 22 percent fewer new grads from the col-lege Class of 2009than they hir ed from the Class of 2008, according toan updated study bythe National Association of Colleges and Employers (naceweb.org Graduating seniors can’ t count on campus r ecr uiters scouting them out this year . The NACE sur vey r epor ts that 66 percent of responding employers plan to reduce oreliminate spring hiring. Mor e than 46 per cent of NACE-sur veyed employers say they’re unsure about their fall 2009 hiring plans, and 17 percentexpect to fur ther trim their col lege hiring. NEXT STEP Whether college seniors view this spring br eak as the last big fling of college life, or haven’t yet gotten the memoabout the challenges they face, isn’t as important as what they do next. Practical tips Speaking to the college senior: You may well be able to Twitter your way into a good per ch in the college afterlife with strategic networking efforts. But your very first stop should be your college career center, whereyou’ll find r esour ces and specific advice for your major. Do what you can to make your center’s specialists invest in your success. Additionally , ask favorite pr ofessors for job leads and written recommendations. Next, focus on the fundamentals of a fruitful job search: Engage in self-a ppraisal Know what you can do best and want most, then choose several job targets by title. Even if you change targets, the process will sharpen your analytical skills. Prepare persuasive promotional materials, such as str ong resumes, cover letters, networking letters, accomplishment sheets and reference let-ters. Pr epare typed thank-you letters that read like direct-mail pieces, not like handwritten “Dear Aunt Martha” thankyou notes. Research the job mark et Do attempt to identify and contact by name the people who have the power to hire you; it’s the hiring managers whom you most want to meet. In addition to networking and stacking up job leads from professors and your career cen-ter , don’ t overlook other basic building blocks of the comprehensive search published ads in newspapers and online. Get organized with a free onlinejob sear ch manager, Jibber Jobber ( jibberjobber.com ). Prepare for the all-important job interview The actions described above are prerequi-sites to the big event: Flunk the interview, flunk the job effort. Study books (like my own “Job Interviews For Dummies”) and online inter viewing projects for good answers (Google: “New graduates job interviews”). Do all you can to keep your spirits high No one is attracted to Gloomy Gus or Sad Sarah. Once you win the offer, stay put At least until the economy revives. 2009 Tribune Media Services,Inc. More than adozen areas of need, emerging needsand concer ns have been identified in a recently released assessment study of Miami-DadeCounty schools. The study, conducted byFlorida Inter national University’s (FIU Metropolitan Center, assessesthe county’ s socioeconomicconditions andpr ovides r ecommendations that will help determine how county services are delivered to low-income residents. Sixteen target areas of need; emer ging needs such as housing, financial and foreclosure assistance; age, ethnic and racial population shifts;education tr ends; public health concerns; and more were identified by the study,which was r eleased by the county’s Community Action Agency (CAAmonth. Recommendations include increasing partnerships; improving outreach, especially to juveniles andyoung adults; and enhancing relationships with additional children’s service providersand the business community to cultivate more job opportu-nities. e realize there has never been a more criticaltime to come together as acommunity to maximize our resources and take action,”said Miami-Dade County Mayor Carlos Alvarez in a press release issued following the study. “The Community Action Agency is for ming community partnerships that will help them register more children inthe Head Star t program, weatherize more homes to keep r esidents safe fr om South Florida storms, and provide resources to job seekers.” To view the assessment r epor t, visit www .miami dade.gov/caa Essential help for college seniorsMiami school assessment study raises concerns April 2009CARIBBEAN TODAY 7 SPRING SPRING / / SUMMER SUMMER EDUCATION EDUCATION www .caribbeantoday.com ~ A Caribbean Today feature Jobs won’t be easy to find, even after graduating college. CAA Executive Director Julie B.Edwards,left,and Miami Mayor Carlos Alvarez visit a “Head Start”class at Perrine Community Service Center.Miami-Dade Community Action Agencs Head Start Program is the largest in the Southeastern United States. April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 7

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MIAMI Trinidad and Tobago’s ambassador to the United States expects discus-sions about Cuba to be a hottopic at this month’ s Summit of the Americas, as mor e Latin American leaders push for the Caribbean country tobe embraced by hemispheric organizations. Glenda Morean-Phillip said that while Cuba is not officially on the agenda for the April 17-19 Port of Spain,T rinidad gathering, it will certainly be on ever yone’s lips. “One issue that’ s expected to come up especially from your president (BarackObama of the Untied States) is Cuba, because that’s on everybody’s mind,” she told reporters in Miami recently. Cuba, a founding member of the Organization ofAmerican States (OASsuspended in 1962 after mem ber nations said its communist regime went against OAS prin-ciples. The T&T envoyexplained that Latin America was largely in favor of admit-ting Cuba to hemispheric organizations. “I think there is a lot of sympathy and support,” shesaid. FIRST T&T will be the first Caribbean community (CARICOM) country to host as many as 33 hemispheric lead-ers at the same time. The U.S. alone, headed by Obama, is bringing a del-egation to thesummit that’ s mor e than 1,000-people strong, Morean-Phillip said. U.S. Vice President Joe Biden told LatinAmerican leaders late lastmonth that while the Obamaadministration was “willing to reach out” to Cuba, it did nothave any immediate plans to lift the near-half-century-old economic and trade embargo. CARICOM leaders have been among many who have urged the U.S. to end the sanctions. But the embar go will not be on the summit’s agenda. The global economic situation, trade and security are scheduled to dominate discussions. The U.S. and Cuba have been hostile to each other since the Cuban Revolution in 1959. WASHINGTON The head of the Or ganization of American States (OAS expressed optimism that theupcoming fifth Summit of theAmericas in T rinidad and T obago will take place in an atmosphere of “good sense” and with a spirit of co-operation. e will have a Summit in which many things are going to be said, but no unreasonable demands are going to prevail,” said OAS Secretary General Jos Miguel Insulza. W ith the new United States President Barack Obama expected to gain con-siderable attention at the Por t of Spain gathering, Insulza said he believed ther e will be a “spirit of co-operation” from dignitaries attending from countries across the Western Hemisphere, most of whomObama will be meeting for the first time since assuming office in January. The OAS secretary general added that the attitude that will pr evail at the April 17-19 summit will be one of “give the president of the U.S. thepossibility of developing hispolicy , but don’t press him too har d on issues that we all know that he can’t solve today,” although he admitted that “of course that’s not going to be everybody’s attitude.” With regard to U.S. relations with Latin America and the Caribbean, Insulza said itboiled down not to who is in charge in Washington, but what appr oach the White House takes towards its neighbors. “The countries of the region ar e willing to engage more in multilateralism in a common agenda, pr ovided that we agree this is what we all want to do multilaterally,” he said. “The problem is a unilateral setting of the agenda anda multilateral implementation of the agenda.” O AS predicts ‘good sense’, ‘spirit of co-operation’ NEW YORK A United States Democratic Senatorhas pledged to assist in the promotion and development of investment and trade initia-tives between the U.S. and theCaribbean. Christopher Dodd, a Connecticut Democrat andmember of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee,told members of the Caribbeancommunity (CARICOMdiplomatic corps that he willattempt to get some of the region’s concerns on the agen-da for this month’ s Summit of the Americas in Trinidad and Tobago. “Senator Dodd said that he was upbeat about the upcoming event, noting that it presents an opportunity to highlight and promote a range of issues impacting the region,including but not limited tothe envir onment, trade and security”, a press release fromthe Jamaica Information Service (JIS , that gover n ment’s news arm, stated late last month. OPPORTUNITY U.S. President Barack Obama is scheduled to attendthe April 17-19 Por t of Spain summit, which will be the first opportunity for Caribbeanleaders to engage with him since he assumed office in January. Dodd also told the region’s diplo-mats – includ ing Jamaica’s New YorkConsulGeneral Genieve Brown Metzger andT rinidad and Tobago’s Harold Robertson – that he will helpin expanding small business ventures. “I’m a gr eat believer in small business development; that’s where most employment comes from,” he said. oday, with the availability of the Internet, if you can have access to technology, you can market your products very well, so we’ll be glad to try and help in that area,” headded. He assured the meeting that he would make an effortto get the U.S. Depar tment of Commerce and the Export/ Import Bank to “sit down andlook at how they can jointly assist small and emerging businesses to access markets that commercial banks aresometimes too r eluctant to support.” American lawmaker vows support for Caribbean on trade,investment WASHINGTON United States Vice President Joe Biden believes this month’s Summit of the Americas will pr ovide “important first steps toward a new day in relations and building partnerships with andamong the countries and people of the hemisphere”. “The President (Barack Obama) and I understand that only by working together can our countries overcome the challenges we face,” he said latelast month. oday, we are more than just independent nations who happen to be on the same sideof the globe,” added Biden,who met with some LatinAmerican leaders ahead of theApril 17-19 summit in Por t of Spain. “In today’s interconnected world, we are all neighbors who facemany com mon concerns.” Biden said the cur rent global economic cri-sis had touched the entir e world, with every citizen searching for answers, “looking for hope and turning to their leaders to provide them. “It is our duty as global partners to heed their calls, to together forge a shared solution to a common problem,” thevice pr esident said. STEPS He added that Washington was taking several steps to make that happen and stated that the U.S. Congress hasappr oved the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, designed to promote job creation and to set a course forgr owth for the next generation. In addition, he said Obama had proposed a budget, designed to set a foundation for the economy of the futur e, with important investments in health care, education, and energy. “Rekindling the U.S. economy and ensuring that inter national financial institutions serve the interests of the people are particularly important for theAmericas,” Biden added. “Our economic inter connection means that a r obust U.S. economy is good for the hemisphere and can become an engine for bottom up economic growth and equality throughout the region.” CHALLENGES Biden also lamented what he described as the dual chal-lenges of security – gang vio lence and the illegal trafficking of weapons and narcotics. `“In the United States, we need to do mor e to reduce demand for illicit drugs and stem the flow of weapons and bulk cash south across our borders,” he said. The upcoming summit is the first meeting of all democratic heads of government from Latin America, theCaribbean, Canada and theU.S. since the 2005 Mar delPlata Summit in Ar gentina. Summit offers ‘new day’ in U.S.-Caribbean ties ~ Biden U.S.-Cuba impasse to be hot topic at Summit of the Americas ~ T&T envoy 8 CARIBBEAN TODAYApril 2009 OUR OUR HEMISPHERE HEMISPHERE www.caribbeantoday.com ~ T & T hosts Summit of the Americas Street Address: 9020 SW 152nd Street, Miami, FL 33157 Mailing Address: P.O. Box 6010 Miami,FL33116-6010. Telephone: (305 (305305 T oll-Free Fax: 1-866-290-4550 1-800-605-7516 Jamaica: 654-7282 E-mail: editor@caribbeantoday.com Send ads to: ct_ads@bellsouth.net Vol.20,Number 5 APR.2009 PETER AWEBLEY Publisher GORDON WILLIAMS Managing Editor SABRINA HOPKINS Graphic Artist DOROTHYCHIN Account Executive SHARON LEE Account Executive CARMEN CHANG Account Executive JACQUELINE RUBIANO Accounting ManagerCaribbean Media Source Media RepresentativesOpinions expressed by editors and writers are not necessarily those of thepublisher . Caribbean T oday , an independent news magazine, is published every month by Caribbean Publishing & Services, Inc. Caribbean Today is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts or photos. To guarantee return, please include a self-addressed stamped envelope. Articles appearing in Caribbean Today may not be reproduced without written permission of the editor. Morean-Phillip Dodd Biden April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 8

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For all of the keen intellect that United States President Barack Obama showed in his online town-hallmeeting, hedidn’ t seem to know much about reefer economics. When asked whether legalizingmarijuana might be a stimulus forthe economy and job creation, he played thequestion for laughs. “I don’t know what this says about the online audi-ence,” he quipped as his studioaudience chuckled and groaned. “But...this was a fairly popular question. We want to make sur e that it was answered,” hesaid. Sure. So you couldknock it.“The answeris, no, I don’ t think that is agood strategy to grow our economy No stimulus? Hey, more than a few blinged-out, Escalade-driving pot dealers would dispute that notion. You want “green” industry? Freethe weed, dude. Such is the call of pro-pot politicians like Califor nia Assemblyman T om Ammiano, who has pr oposed to legalize the weed, tax it and regulate itlike booze. He estimates the move would generate $1 bil-lion in r evenue for the state’s tr oubled budget and save $150 million in enfor cement costs. It’s hard to argue with Ammiano’s logic, but it’s easy to make light of lighting up. Marijuana is, after all, funny. Few subjects inspire more bad puns from headline writersthan those that, well, step ongrass. A quick sample: “Obama: Nope to dope”. ( Russia Today ) “Obama’ s Marijuana Buzz Kill”. ( The Daily Beast online) “Marijuana issue suddenly smoking hot”. ( P olitico ) HYPOCRISY Like sex and sobriety , marijuana is funny because it is sur rounded by so much hypocrisy . So is politics. T o listen to Obama’s chortles, for example, you’d never guess that he is the thir d U.S. president in a row to have admitted to using marijuana back in his years of youthful indiscr etion. Bill Clinton says he tried it but “didn’t inhale.” Oh, sure. George W. Bush admitted to early pot use in a taped inter view with a friend, but r efuses to discuss it in public. Obama described his own teen drug use in poignant detail in his first memoir, butlike countless other boomerdads now shies shyly away from the subject. Yet you would not guess from his snarky town-hall atti-tude that only a week earlier his Attorney General EricHolder announced that the federal Drug EnforcementAdministration would stopraiding and ar r esting users or dispensers of medicinal marijuana unless they violated both state law and federal law.That means you, Califor nia, and a dozen other states that allowmarijuana sales and possessionfor medicinal purposes with a doctor’s recommendation. Holder sensibly announced that DEAr esources are too valuable in the war against dan gerous drug lords to be raiding residents who otherwise are incompliancewith state andlocal laws and standards. That would reverse the Bush administration’s ridiculous scorched-earth pur-suit that ignor ed the right of states to gover n themselves in such matters. INCONSISTENCY Yet convenient inconsistency is not limited to any onepar ty or administration. A week after Holder’s notice and the day before Obama laughed off the notion of legal reefers DEA agents raided Emmalyn’s California CannabisClinic, a licensed medical mari juana collective in San Francisco. DEA spokesmen claimed that Emmalyn’s had violated local as well as federal law, butthey didn’ t say how . Local officials said they didn’ t have a clue what DEA was talkingabout. Not laughing is Charles L ynch, a celebrated cause since his Mor ro Bay, Calif., medical marijuana dispensary was raided by the DEA in 2007. Two days before Obama’s townhall, a federal judge postponed Lynch’s sentencing to await clarification of Team Obama’snew hands-of f approach. L ynch, who has no criminal r ecor d and was welcomed by the local mayor and business community, should be set free. Instead he’s in legal limbo, with both sides tr ying to make him a test case for theirActor Bill Cosby has been talking about it,and so have others who lament the plight of chil dren nowadays: Children who know not right from wrong, children who know not thevalue of anything, or have anyvalues themselves. Oh, how ill mannered and classless our childr en are today , and we constantly lament, write, complain andtalk about how the youth of today are different from those of days gone by. And so they are. But who is to blame? I put the blame squarely at the foot of the par ents for the sad state that our children are now in today. And sure, right now as you read this, you’re going to say, “Of course he’s right about all those other children, but hedoesn’ t mean mine, mine are the exception, mine aregood.” And therein lays a huge part of the problem, as wealways look outwar d at the others, and never inwards at ours. Old time parents were different, they would chastisea child who did wr ong, verbal ly or physically, and a few well-placed whacks with a belt were not uncommon. Now it’scalled corporal punishment,and deemed backwar d and barbaric. But corporal punishment then, saved many boys frommeeting up with the ser geant later. Now parents want to be their friend, their pal, sothey ar e afraid ofadministeringpunishment, even verbally. Children used to showr espect, as respect wastaught. Nowthey will seeadults talkingand butt right in without evensaying “excuse me”. That initself is bad enough. But guesswhat? The adults will stoptalking to you and talk to thechild, leaving you hanging inmid sentence like a fool. CONTROL I am sick and tired of watching par ents being controlled and ruled by their childr en, like their little brats have the God given right to rule all that they survey. Hey, I was a child once, and I gr ew up with parents who loved usdearly , but we were brought up to show r espect, and if we didn’ t, punishment was meted out. This in no way diminished our love for our parents. In fact, it strengthened it, and when we had children of ourown, we tried to pass it on tothem. Sadly, this is not the case with many parents, who sim-ply do not have a clue, andthen expect others to clean uptheir mess for them. Imagine,you have mothers nowadays,paying their sons to wash thefamily car . Remember the word obedience? Now they can’t evenspell it, much less practice it, so what we have is anarchyamong the youth. Rememberthe wor ds home training? We had to be home by a certain time, but now I see childr en Obama’s hazy ganja policy April 2009CARIBBEAN TODAY 9 VIEWPOINT VIEWPOINT www .caribbeantoday.com TONY ROBINSON CLARENCE PAGE (CONTINUED ON PAGE 10) (CONTINUED ON PAGE 10) Grade ‘F’ for parents April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 9

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competing crusades. Also not laughing are lawmakers in at least 10 states, including Obama’s home state of Illinois, who currently aredebating whether and how theymight join the 13 states wher e medical marijuana is legal. If he really cares, Obama could end this r eefer madness in much the same way that Franklin Roosevelt ended the disastrous run of liquor prohibition in 1933. Prohibition hadto go. It was too costly to enforce. It demoralized a public already beaten down by theDepr ession. It wasted a potential tax r evenue-pr oducing commodity by intr uding unnecessarily into private lives of otherwise law-abiding Americans. Sounds familiar. Unlike Roosevelt, President Obama does nothave to amend the Constitutionto end our cur r ent marijuana confusion. He only has to get out of the way and allow the states to enforce their own drug laws. That’s not a laughable notion. It’s only sensible. 2009 Clarence P age. Distrib uted b y T rib une Media Ser vices,Inc. “My Valentine”, written by Earl Thompson, has beenselected the winner of Caribbean Todas 2009 V alentine’s Day poetry contest. Below is Thompson’ s tribute to love: MY VALENTINE Y ou told me ho w much you careBut of this I’m very muc h awareY ou showed me this by the things you do And you’re always the first to say,“I love you” You never judge me wheneverI’m wrong And you’ve always encour-aged me to be strong Y ou’re the greatest thing to ever happen for me And it’ s so very plain to see Although I know you’realready mineI want you to forever be my Valentine Earl Thompson walking the streets at all hours of the night, and the parents see no wrong in it. ALIEN LANGUAGE In those days we could not phone people’ s homes after a cer tain time, but not so now. Ha, that’s like speaking an alien language. But guess what? It is truly alien to him,for he simply does not know any better. So who’s to blame? Par ents nowadays teach their childr en nothing of value, but rather to disr espect authority and to shower them with gifts all year around. Many children not yet 10 years old aregetting computer games thatcost the price of a small carand think nothing of it. Then ther e are parents who buy cars for their childr en who are still in high school and think nothing of it. What values are we teaching our children bydoing this? Do not for a moment think that this is just an upperor middle class phenomenoneither , for the so called lower socio economic par ents lavish on their childr en too, with misplaced priorities as evidenced by the jewelry that adorns their male and femaletoddlers who drip in gold.They spend mor e on bling than on books. Y ou have heard it all befor e, children having children, grandmas at age 30, five children by age 20 and so on. Sad statistics, and perhaps victims of unfortunate circumstances. But what excuse is ther e from parents who are supposedly educated, informed and brought up properly, yet allow their offspring to run like beasts?Then they complain. I have seen daughters shout at and berate theirmothers in public, and Icringe. But if the mother justaccepts it, who ar e we to intervene? Luckily there are still some parents with old time values. If it wasn’t for them,we would be sunk, but sadlythey ar e in the minority. And of course there are YOUR lit-tle darlings who do not at allfall in the categories that Ihave mentioned. Lucky you. seido1@otmail.com Obama’s hazy ganja policyCaribbean Today contest winner!Grade ‘F’ for parentsJamaican-born U.S. school superintendent lands national honor 10 CARIBBEAN TODAYApril 2009 VIEWPOINT VIEWPOINT www.caribbeantoday.com (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 9) (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 9) really and honestly, is attributed to the experiences I had in JamaicaI came here withso much self-confidenceI just said it was where I was, I could compete, I could do well andthat was it Q: Y ou also spok e of the pending disappointment if you did not succeed?A: Absolutely. You had no choice. You had to succeed. So failure is never an optionWe wer e expected to do better than the pr evious generation. Y ou wer e expected to go to school. Education was the way out. And I think about that all the time. I just can’t fail Q:Would you go back to J amaica to liv e , to mak e a con tribution to the education sys tem there,with the knowledge that y ou have acquired here, and have you ever been approached by Jamaica,the government,to come back and play that kind of role there?A: No, I’ve not been officially appr oached, but people infor mally, when we’re at these events, will say something I’m not sure that I would evergo back to Jamaica to live because ever ybody , my family , everything is here (in the U.S. But I would have no pr oblem going back to offer any support, advice, whatever, if I was asked to do it Q:How do you compare Jamaica’s,the Caribbean’s, education system to that in the United States?A: Well I’m disappointed in how it has slipped (in Jamaica Because when I came here there was no question that theeducational system in Jamaicaand Barbados, and so on, wer e competitively top notchIt used to be when (Jamaican students) came (to the U.S.) you could almost guarantee, whenyou gave them the assessmentfor some of the grade levels,they would test above their age. That has not been the case for quite a while now(Shepointed to limited r esour ces in the Caribbean and migration of teachers as possible factors.) Q:Do you think that’s the reason, the teachers are leaving and y ou think the standards have fallen? A: I think it’ s a combination of things. The political upheaval that the countr y went thr ough. (She mentioned the optimism in Jamaica after Independence in1962.)Something got lost in the translation and the transitionTher e ar e still some ver y good schools, don’ t misunderstand me. They still have some very good students, but I’d love to see a more critical mass Q:How do you respond to people who claim you don’t deserv e the Superintendent of the Year award? A: Well, you know, I mean ever ybody has their own opin ionWhen you talk about who deserves or not, there are a lot of superintendents out ther e who equally deserved it. But when you look at the end product (in Atlanta creating an environment forthem to be successfulIn 2002,the graduation rate was 23 per cent. Last year it was 75 per centWhatever they say they just can’t take away the reality, the impact, our administration has had on the students who are doing so much better. Q:They also talk about your no nonsense style . Wher e did that come from? A: I have ver y little toler ance for incompetence because the cost is so tr emendous for the children. And so, if I’m no nonsense it’s because I just think the work is critical thatwe’r e doing and we have to do it well Q:There have been some serious charges against the Atlanta Public Schools system,like people being encouraged to cheat(in the classroom results.How do you respond to something lik e that? A: When we first began to show the results we were showing, there was a story that people were saying it could be cheating. The challenge is that you couldn’t have cheated for nine years in every school. After a while, the theor y would never hold up. And it has to do with the fact that lots of people had ver y low expectations for the children of Atlanta and couldn’t quite believe that they could do what they did. So we have now so many students who are going into what you would consider the small Ivy League colleges, full scholar-ships, doing well. So theywould have to have lear ned something at APS. So I think we’r e beginning to get lots of evidence that a lot of these allegations ar e just that. You have a lot of disgruntled people. When you say accountability, when you holdpeople accountable, when you r emove inef fective people, they will write and say just about anythingBut I think the data is very strong on the progressof the district, not just on statetests, but on national tests. Graduation rates, attendance rates, those ar e irrefutable. They just stand on their own. Q: Ha v e y ou e ver tried to get anything from your Caribbean educational background to apply here?A: Well one of the most transferable aspects from Jamaica to here, in terms of how I approach it, is in the challenging cur ricu lum; that you can’ t water down the curriculum. You have to teach to high standards, because kids can do it, and I saw it happen throughout my childhood Q:What has been the response to that? A: Well at first there was a lot of pushbackbut I think, over time, I think they’ve begun to see the resultsNow we see more and more and more people acr oss the boar d agreeing that if you set your standards and you teach kids they will reach those (standards Q:Tell me the single thing that y ou ha v e done that y ou ar e ha ppy with,that you can smile and look back, in terms of pub lic policy or in terms of what y ou ha v e done,and the single most thing that you have done that caused you to go ‘oops’? A: s hard to pick out one thing that I’m happiest that I have done. But if I had to think, it would have to be inthe r ecr uitment and selection of a high quality team and very good principalsIt’ s the people that you hire to do the work that can execute. And I’m ver y proud of the team that I’ve assembled at the topand the principals that I haveout in the field. Eighty nine percent of those principals have been hir ed in my tenur e. So I can take a lot of ownership for them and I’m very proud of that group. Something that you would have done dif fer ently? It’ s har dWhen I came in it was difficult to get into the guts of all of the business operations and we had that whole E-Rate scandal. And so that has been the biggest blip in my tenure here; was the fact that I didn’t r ealize that people were really doing illegal stuff (CONTINUED FROM P AGE 5) Thompson April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 10

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DAWN A. DAVIS Miami Beach is fast becoming the fashion capital of America’s South. Known for its tropical lifestyle, trendy beaches, nonstop nightlife and art decoskyline, this hotspot alsoboasts a multicultural popula tion that includes a growingCaribbean community . It has also become the perfect backdropfor a fash ion showshowcasingup andcomingCaribbeandesigners. “Fashion on theBeach”, producedby Maurice Tucker of Vibezz Television,made its debut dur-ing “MiamiFashion Week” last month at the Hotel Chelsea along one ofthe city’ s hip strips, Washington Avenue. Not the best of productions, with avenue change at the lastminute, fighting for space inthe tiny show ar ea, and inade quate lighting, it was left to the talented designers to save the night. Kingston-based designer Camesha Powell, a finalist in“Miss Jamaica Universe2007”, unveiled her Poshe line of dresses. Playful yet elegant,her designs exude glamourwith an eclectic style r eflecting her owntaste.Most impres-sive, thedesigneris self-taught. Powell’s use of stretchysatinfabricsgives herdr esses a classylook,whileallowing for flexibilityand bounce. She uses a lot of pinkand polka dots, maintaining a girly, flirty look. LACE `Keneea Linton’ s classic lines belie the fact that she too is not professionallytrained in sewing. Silk andsatin fabrics, with her signa tur e empire waistline cut, accent the clean-cut line. Linton’ s use of lace in many of her dresses, adds a sophistication not often seen in today’s fashion houses. The designer’s admiration for Chanel’s classic styling is evident. “The inspiration behind my clothing line is the sophisticated woman who is confi-dent,” Linton said. “My style reflects my personality, and Ifind myself to be a confident,ambitious woman, and mydesigns r eflect that. W orking as a professional designer since 2005, Linton has shown her designs at “Caribbean Fashion Week” and dressed several of the“Miss Jamaica W orld” and “Miss Jamaica Universe” con testants. There could not be a fashion show on Miami Beach without a swimsuit line. And, although not a Caribbean designer, MelvieT ucker’s swimwear line, dubbed “V eneno”, would have shone brightly under the brilliant West Indian sun. The Alabama native creates custom-made swimsuits, measuring clients for a perfectly fitted suit. Tucker’s Yin andY ang collection features black and white suits that ar e eyecatching as well. Her Neon line is flashy. Because her lineis custom-made, plus sizewomen can finally findswimwear that fits them andflatters their body . CASUAL An unlikely fashion house, VP Records, showcased casual styles with a reggae flair. T-shirts and jackets with catchy “reggaerized” say-ings wer e a definite hit. Under the name “Riddim Driven”, young designers Tiffany and Kimberly Chung have created what could be the next trend in reggae T-shirt wear. Among the casual wear designers was Wendy Lee ofLa Pluma Negra, a Kingston-based fashion design house.The comfy , high-end quality Tshirts, easy slacks and little dresses were decorated with unusual artsy designs. e insist on quality said Lee. “Clean lines andquality is what we embodywith La Pluma Negra.” Dawn A.Davis is a freelance writer for Caribbean Today. Photographs by Louis Davis. Caribbean designers take Fashion on the Beach’ to Miami April 2009CARIBBEAN TODAY 11 ARTS ARTS & & ENTERTAINMENT ENTERTAINMENT www .caribbeantoday.com Reggae inspired Riddim Driven line. Camesha Powell’s Poshe line. ENTER TAINMENT BRIEFS Guyanese producer sues T-Pain for $5M A Guy anese concert producer and promoter has sued a United States hip-hop star for $5 million for can-celing a concert in Guy ana in February because of alleged kidna pping and dea th threats. According to a complaint filed last month on behalf of Hits and Jams Entertainment company aFlorida court, T -P ain, whose real name is Faheem Najm,23,and his representa tives breached their contract with the company. Caribbean f ashion show “Caribbean F ashion Rocks” will stage its signature fashion show and hair event this month in New York. The event is set for April 26 a t Club Mink, 187-30 Jamaica Ave.in Queens. For more information,call 888IRIE-NYC . Cops,gunman shot at Luciano’s home A house o wned by Jamaican reg gae artiste Luciano was the scene of an alleged shootout between a gunman and police officers latelast month. Three cops were injured in the incident at the Kingston,Jamaicaresidence. The alleged gunman was shot and killed.Luciano,who was not present a t the house dur ing the incident, was la ter arrested and charged by the police. May release for Zigg y Marley’ s amily Time’ Zigg y Marley will release his third solo album early next month. The former lead man for the Melod y Makers, a band made up of the siblings fa thered by the la te reggae king Bob Marley,will launch amily Time”through Tuff GongW orldwide on May 5 . T racks will fea ture Ziggs mother Rita,sister Cedella, daughter Judah,and musical legends such as Paul Simon, Jack Johnson, Willie Nelson and Toots Hibbert. Compiled from various sources. April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 11

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PETER ALDHOUS Gastric sur ger y is a last r esort for people who are dangerously obese. But there may soonbe a gentler option in theshape of a r emovable device inser ted into the gut though the mouth. The EndoBarrier, developed by GI Dynamics of Lexington, Massachusetts, is an impermeable sleeve that lines the first 60 centimeters of the small intestine. In animal experiments and pr eliminar y human trials, it reduces weight and rapidly brings type II diabetes under control. Given the rising tide of obesity across the developed world, new tr eatments are a matter of priority . In the United States alone, mor e than 15 million adults meet the criteria for gastric surgerybecause they have a body mass index of more than 40, or a BMI of 35 plus a complication such as diabetes. While the operations do cause dramatic and sustained weight loss, their high cost and concerns about the risk of dying on the operating table mean only a fraction of thosewho might benefit go on to have the surgery. According to the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Sur gery, around 220,000 people in the United States had gastric surgery for weight lossin 2008. SIMPLICITY GI Dynamics is not the only company working onWASHINGTON, D.C. – The United States Department ofHealth and Human Ser vices has announced the r elease of $17.6 million to expand services offered at communityhealth centers in Florida. The money, according to a press release issued by thedepar tment late last month, was made available by theAmerican Recover y and Reinvestment Act and comesas mor e Americans join the ranks of the uninsured. “More Americans are losing their health insurance and turning to health centers for care,” said Health Resources and Services Administrator Mary Wakefield. “Thesegrants will aid centers in their efforts to provide care to an increasing number of patientsduring the economic down tur n.” The Incr eased Demand for Services (IDS distributed to 43 federally qual-ified health center grantees in Florida.The health centersar e expected to use the funds over the next two years to cre-ate or r etain approximately 255 health center jobs. Grantees submitted plans explaining how the IDS fundswould be used. Strategies to expand services may include, but are not limited to, adding new providers, expandinghours of operations or expanding services.Thefunds will pr ovide car e to an additional 100,976 patients in Florida over the next twoyears. The IDS awar ds are the second set of health center grants provided through the Recovery Act. On Mar. 2, U.S. President Barack Obama announced grants worth $155million to 126 new health cen ters. Those grants will provideaccess to health center car e for 750,000 people in 39 statesand two ter ritories. To see a list of grantees by state, go to http://www.hhs.gov/ recovery/programs/hrsa/idsgawards.html . To find a health center near you or to learn moreabout health centers, visit http://bphc.hrsa.gov /. In an effort to increase awareness, participation andsuppor t for HIV pr evention, care and treatment, MiamiDade County Public Schools will observe “HIV/AIDS A war eness W eek” April 20-24. According to Centers for Disease Control and Preventionstatistics, Miami ranks number one among reported cases ofHIV/AIDS per 100,000 popula tion by metr opolitan statistical area of residence. Although AIDS education is taught thr oughout the school year, during the awareness week Miami-DadeCounty Public Schools will focus lessons and activities on AIDS pr evention. V olunteers, including persons living with AIDS, will provide educational lectures and health fairs. Contact your local schools to find out what activities ar e planned. For mor e infor ma tion, call Jacquelyn White, Division of Student Services,HIV/AIDS Education Programs, at 305-995-7273 . New weight-loss device offers gentler option for gastric surger yU.S.to spend $17.6M expanding Florida’s community health centersMiami-Dade schools to obser ve HIV/AIDS awareness 12 CARIBBEAN TODAYApril 2009 SPRING HEALTH SPRING HEALTH www.caribbeantoday.com (CONTINUED ON PAGE 14) EndoBarrier ~ A Caribbean Today feature April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 12

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DR. HOW ARD LEWINE QUESTION:I wonder if I should take the pill to help prevent prostate cancer.I’m 57 years old.Other than highcholesterol and hypertension,I’m v ery healthy.What is your opinion? ANSWER: I was very surprised at the AmericanSociety of Clinical Oncology and the American Urological Association recommen-dation that doctors of fer men age 50 and over the dr ug finasteride to prevent prostate cancer. We are talking here about all men who are 50 years of age or olderpotentially taking a dr ug, perhaps indefinitely, topr event prostate cancer. That’s an estimated 42 million men in the United States! I am not a statistics expert. But here’s how Ilook at the numbers: The number of cases of diagnosed prostate cancerexpected this year is 186,320(and that includes menyounger than 50). The numberof U.S. men who will die fr om the disease is about 28,600. Assuming that the drug is as ef fective as it appears, it will prevent one or perhaps two fewer cancers per yearout of 100 men who take the drug compared to those who don’t take it. Many of thosecancers would never havecaused any symptoms or shortened a man’s life. Let’s say that the drug is incredibly effective and could actually decrease the prostatecancer death rate by 50 per cent per year. There’s no way that it will be anywhere near that effective. But for my wayof looking at this, I took anextr eme. Because all men are at risk of prostate cancer andno method of scr eening, including PSA, defines men athighest risk, hypothetically all 42 million men in the U.S. might be of fer ed the dr ug. Sticking with my wild assumption that finasteride might cut the death rate from prostatecancer in half, the dr ug would hypothetically save 14,300 men from dying of prostatecancer if ever y man in the U.S. took the drug. RISK But if you look at a man’s individual risk, it looks very PETER RICHARDS PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad With women now comprising51 per cent of adults living with HIV globally, a newly launched Caribbean women’s group is warning that violence against the fairer sex is helpingto fuel gr owing levels of HIV among women and girls in ther egion. “The r ole of sexual violence in HIV transmission is becoming clearer and such violence is widespread. One study in the region found that for nearly 50 percent of adolescent girls their first sexual experience was forced”, said theCaribbean Coalition onW omen, Girls and AIDS (CCW A), which was launched here last month. iolence, real or threatened, dramatically increasesfemale vulnerability to HIV by making it difficult or impossi-ble to negotiate safer sex and condom use. It also affectswomen’ s expectations in r ela tionships and can stop women from accessing HIV prevention, care and treatment services”. Under the theme “Women and Men: United to End Violence against Women”, the CCWA pledged to vigorouslychallenge not just violenceagainst women but all aspects of female vulnerability to HIV. Official statistics show that for Caribbean countries, suchas Antigua and Barbuda, the Dominican Republic, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago, an average 15 per-cent of women in the agegr oup 15-24 years were sexually active befor e their 15th birthday. COLLECTIVE Dawn Foderingham, the Regional Partnerships Advisorfor the Joint United NationsPr ogram on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS sar y for there to be “collective action in addressing violence against women, which violatesthe dignity and human rights of every female citizen and makes them more vulnerable to HIV Regional Pr ogram Director at UNIFEMs Caribbean Of fice, Roberta Clarke, said that while there have been gains in theef forts to improve equality between men and women inthe Caribbean “inequalitiespersist and beliefs and practices deeply rooted in our culturesperpetuate the vulnerability of women and girls to certain harm.” She told the launch that several Caribbean countrieshave amongst the highesthomicide rates and all havehigher than global averages of sexual violence, with threecountries having amongst thetop 10 highest rates. “How did we get to this place where nearly half of allyoung girls sur veyed in a Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) study reported that their first sexual encounter was forced or coerced? How did we get tothis place wher e one in three women experience abuse in intimate relationships? Howdid we get to this place of gang rapes and trafficking in girls and women?” she asked. She said while there may be complex factors contributing such situations, the socio-eco-nomic causes of violence andinsecurity is the base and per sisting belief system that women and girls are somewhat less than men; that they are objects of male predatory behavior, whether verbal orphysical. “The ver y fine line between admiration of the female physical form and itsobjectification is cr ossed r ou tinely and crassly . And it is this devaluing of women’s worth,this r eduction of femininity to RACHEL MAHAN Ever yone has a favorite color , but no color af fects us as str ongly as red. Here’s how to make the hue work for you: Play better: Putting on a r ed jersey could give you a competi-tive edge at the gym or in a pickup basket ball game. According to a study fr om Dur ham University in England,Olympians wearing red uniforms perform better than those wearing blue uniforms in combat sports. Be careful, though. You may be adversely af fected by the guy next to you on the treadmill if he has a red shirt. Wearing red may not make youplay better as much as seeingr ed may make your opponent play worse, says lead study author and anthropologist Russell Hill. Work bettter: The X’s your grade school teacher scrawled in red pen mighthave left indelible ink on your brain. German and American study partici-pants who viewed a flash of r ed had mor e dif ficulty solving anagrams and completing analogies compar ed with those who saw gr een or neutral col ors like black. W e probably associate red with mistakes or danger (consider blood and fire engines), says lead study author Andrew Elliot, a psychologist atthe University of Rochester (Rochester, New York). Similarly, subjects working on difficult tasks in a red room performed worse than those in a blue room, according to a study by Nancy Stone, apsychologist at MissouriUniversity of Science and Technology, Rolla. Think twiceabout that scarlet lamp shade on your desk. Stand out: Wearing red can get you noticed, and not just because it’s a vivid color. When you see bright red, it may actually speed up your heart rate, says Barbara Drescher, a researcher at the University of Califor nia-Santa Barbara. Bright green can do the same, even though green is seen as the most pleasant hue, while r ed is rated least pleasant. People may pay attention to you with these colors, but Drescher isn’t sure how long the arousal lasts. e adapt very, very quickly she says. 2009 Sussex Publishers,Inc. Distributed by Tribune Media Services,Inc. Finasteride and prostate cancerViolence against women fuels HIV growth, sparks new Caribbean group into action April 2009CARIBBEAN TODAY 13 SPRING SPRING HEALTH HEALTH www .caribbeantoday.com ~ A Caribbean Today feature Miller Finasteride (CONTINUED ON PAGE 14) (CONTINUED ON PAGE 14) earing red can get you noticed”. Seeing red: Getting to know the rainbow’s most alarming shade April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 13

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alternatives, but its approach is appealing for its simplicity andlow cost. The device, enclosed in a capsule, is inser ted via the mouth using an endoscope.Once in place below the baseof the stomach, the capsule r eleases a small ball that with the help of a catheter pulls aflexible sleeve made of the slippery polymer PTFE through the intestine. The ball is jettisoned and the sleeve fixed in place by releasing a spiked attachment made from the shape-memory metal alloynitinol. The entir e process takes less than half an hour, and the EndoBarrier can also be r emoved in less than 10 min utes by tugging on a drawstring to collapse the attachmentdevice and pull out the spikes. The EndoBar rier is then pulled back out though the mouth. At Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, a team led by gastroenterologist LeeKaplan has shown that aminiatur e version of the sleeve causes weight loss in rats equivalent to a popular form of gastric surgery in humans,wher e food intake is r estricted by an adjustable band placed around the top of the stomach. e aren’t doing anything to the stomach, so the patientcan still eat nor mally ,” says Stuart Randle, president of GI Dynamics, who adds that somepatients given gastric bands find ways to fulfill their crav ings for more calories. “They can do a lot of creative things basically puttingfood into blenders,” he says. DIABETES REVERSAL Kaplan’s team also found that the device caused a rapid r eversal of type II diabetes, even befor e the weight loss kicked in, thought to be the result of changes in neural and hormonal signals sent from the gut. This also happens in patients given a gastric bypass, in which the gut is re-plumbed to miss out a large part of the stomach and par t of the small intestine. The weight loss trigger ed by the device is larger than can be explained simply thr ough r educed absorption of nutri ents, Kaplan adds. So that, too, seems to be driven mainly by changes to gut physiology. Ar ound 150 people have tested the device, with similar ef fects to those seen in rats. Randle says the total cost of the EndoBarrier, including installation and r emoval, will be ar ound $7,500. This compares to $15,000 or more for inserting a gastric band, or at least $20,000 for a gastricbypass. More extensive trials will be needed to ensure the device is effective and can safely be leftin the gut for long periods, saysDavid Flum, who studies the outcomes of gastric surgery at the University of Washington, Seattle. But if the studies prove successful, many mor e obese people could have access topotentially life-enhancing weight loss treatment. P eter Aldhous,New Scientist Magazine,Premium Health News Service.Distributed by Tribune Media Service. sexual being that can help us explain the vulnerability to harm,” Clarke said. IDENTITY ISSUES But she was also quick to note that men also have iden-tity issues, given the fact thattheir socialization continues toemphasize aggr ession, power and control as core aspects of masculinity . “When power and aggression and control are combined with lack of achievement tra-ditionally defined, withthoughtlessness and contemptfor society and with access toguns, we r eap the bitter harvest evident across the region. “And so it is that women and girls are not safe. And too many young men are in harms way and doing harm, she saidadding that the socialization into restrictive and harmful gender roles does not onlycontribute to violence, it isalso deeply implicated in theHIV epidemic in theCaribbean,” the UNIFEM official said. “Across the range of socializing institutions, specific ideas about the roles andbehavior of women, men, boys and girls are promoted. For boys and men, masculinity is still associated with risk taking, with power and control,with early sexual activity andwith multiple par tnerships. “For girls and women, socio-economic dependencywhether expected or a conse quence of circumstances, interferes or impedes the ability todemand safe sexual practice.” Last year, U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki Moonlaunched the campaign “UNiteto End V iolence against Women”, cognizant of that fact that “violence against women is never acceptable, never excusa-ble, never tolerable.” The sevenyear campaign, str etching from 2008 to 2015 to coincide with the target date for achieving theMillennium Development Goals (MDGs ments, civil society, women’s organizations, young people, the private sector, the media and the entire UN system to join forces in addressing theglobal pandemic of violenceagainst women and girls. A W ARENESS The overall objective of the campaign is to raise publicawar eness and increase political will and resources for preventing and responding to all forms of violence againstwomen and girls. Clarke said for UNIFEM, two r egional priorities are ending violence against womenand halting and r eversing the spread of HIV and that the suppor t for CCW A brings these two together in a coherent way. The CCW A, a broad coalition of women from adiversity of backgr ounds including Dr . Jean RamjohnRichar ds the wife of Trinidad and Tobago’s President George Maxwell Richards, Governor General of St. LuciaDame Pearlette Louisy andfor mer Barbados Foreign Minister Dame Billie Miller, said there has been a growing concern that existing AIDSstrategies have not adequately addressed women’s needs. The CCWA said that its mandate would also be to convene and create linkages and partnerships nationally and regionally with women’s rightsactivists, HIV/AIDS activists,and human rights communityas well as policy makers. CMC Finasteride and prostate cancerViolence against women fuels HIV growth,sparks new Caribbean group into actionNew weight-loss device offers gentler option for gastric surgery 14 CARIBBEAN TODAYApril 2009 SPRING SPRING HEALTH HEALTH www.caribbeantoday.com ~ A Caribbean Today feature different. Let’s assume all men have an equal risk of dying from prostate cancer. Then, aman 50 years or older has a99.93 per cent chance that he will NOT die fr om prostate cancer this year WITHOUT the drug. If a man did decide to take finasteride and it turns out to decrease the risk of death from prostate cancer by 50 per cent, the man’s risk of NOT dying from prostate cancer this year would be 99.97 percent. This means you have improved your risk of not dying of prostate cancer this year by only four in 10,000 bytaking finasteride. In reality, there is actually no evidence that finasteridedoes decr ease a man’s risk of dying fr om prostate cancer. Personally , I plan to decrease my risk by watching my weight, eating healthy and exercising regularly. Dr . Howard LeWine is chief medical editor of Inter net Publishing at Harvard Health Publications, Har var d Medical School. 2008 President and Fellows of Harvard College.All rights reser ved. Distrib uted by Tribune Media Ser vices,Inc. (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 13) (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 13) (CONTINUED FROM P AGE 12) April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 14

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GORDON WILLIAMS NASHVILLE, Tennessee – The Caribbean’s last hope of a place at soccer’s biggest tournament suffered a huge set-back early this month whenT rinidad and Tobago was defeated 3-0 by the UnitedStates at LP Field here. A hat trick of goals by 19year-old Jozy Altidore, scored in the13th, 71st and89th minutes,helped the U.S. cruise to an important win in the final round of CONCACAF World Cup qualifiersand moved the Americans to the top of the six team group. After three rounds of games, the U.S. has seven points. T&T, with two, is tied for last place in the group with El Salvador. Costa Rica (sixHonduras (four (three Each team has seven mor e qualifying games to play. The top three group finishers will advance to the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa. The fourth place team will playone fr om South America for a chance to snatch a late ber th. TOUGH TASK Yet the Soca Warriors, who qualified for the last World Cup finals in 2006, willhave much work to do toensur e a repeat next year. Against the U.S., T&T hardly seemed up to the task and players later admitted that theteam did not put on a quality show for its hundreds of supporters among the 27,959cr owd. s a huge disappointment,” said r egular captain and World Cup veteran Dwight Y orke, who did not play due to suspension. “We didn’t compete. People tried, but clearly it wasn’t good enough.” The disappointment wasn’t any less for those who participated, all who understand thatAseries of dual chal lenge track meets, featuring top sprinters fr om ar ch rivals Jamaica and the United States, will debut in 2010 instead of this year , according to a joint announcement made by the Jamaica Amateur Athletic Association(JAAA rack and Field (USATF) late last month. The meets wer e originally proposed by USATF for 2009, but those plans wer e changed as concerns were raised aboutthe packed athletics calendar this year, including the IAAFW orld Championships in Athletics scheduled for August, and the fact that mostof the athletes’ schedules for the year had already been set. The “USA vs. Jamaica Challenge Series” is now setto launch in May/June 2010. It will feature male and femaleathletes in the 100, 200 and400 meters; 100/110 meters hurdles; long jump; and the 4x100, 4x400 and sprint medley relays. STARS ALIGNED USA TF’ s Chief Executive Officer Doug Logan first proposed the series last month. e feel the stars will be aligned, literally and figuratively , next May and June for this series to really take off,” Logan said in a USATF press release. e look for war d to tak ing on our American friends in head-to-head competition in2010,” said JAAA Pr esident Howar d Aris. The competition between the U.S. and Jamaica was onfull display at the 2008Olympic Games in Chinawher e, collectively , U.S. and Jamaica won 11 of 12 medals in the 100 and 200 meters; 16 of 18 in the 100 through 200meters; and five of six medalsin the 400 meters hur dles. GEORGETOWN, Guyana, CMC – The Caribbean com-munity (CARICOM saluted West Indies battingstar Shivnarine Chanderpaulfor his latest accolades, includ ing being given Guyana’ s third highest national honor. Guyana’ s government conferred on the 34-year-old lefthander, the Cacique Crown of Honor last month for being “an outstanding citizen and atr ue role model for young persons all around the world” andCARICOM endorsed thedecision. “On behalf of the entire Caribbean community, I saluteyou and wish you continuedsuccess in the years ahead”, CARICOM stated in a con-gratulator y letter to Chanderpaul, signed by its Secretary General EdwinCar rington. “The government and people of Guyana have recog-nized your excellence at thenational, r egional and inter na tional levels by conferring on you the third highest national award”. The Cacique Cr own of Honor for Chanderpaul was announced last month by Guyana’s President Bharrat Jagdeo at a function at State House in the city ahead of him collecting Guyana’s 2008 “Sportsman of the Year” award and having a streetnamed in his honor . Chanderpaul is the cur rent world number one in the ICC T est batting rankings and was named World Cricketer-of-theYear at the presti-gious ICC A wards ceremony in September last year.He was also namedin the 2008 ICC World Test Team-of-the-Y ear. During the voting period for the2008 ICC A wards, Chanderpaul played eight Test matches,scoring 819 r uns at an average of 91.00, including three 100sand six 50s, all of which wer e against the top seven teams in the world. Disappointing T&T lose 3-0 to U.S. in vital World Cup soccer qualifierJamaica v.U.S.sprint duel in 2010CARICOM salutes West Indies cricket star Chanderpaul April 2009CARIBBEAN TODAY 15 SPORT SPORT www .caribbeantoday.com Chanderpaul Altidore (CONTINUED ON P AGE 16) April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 15

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Haiti has r eplaced Cuba as one of the fourCaribbean teams set to play in this summer s CONCACAF Gold Cup soccertour nament in the United States. Cuba, citing developmental concerns, withdrew from the tournament last month.Haiti won a draw over Trinidad and Tobago to become the fourth team from the region. The other Caribbean teams are Grenada,Guadeloupe and Jamaica, which won the regional championship in December. The 2009 tournament will be played in a record 13 dif-fer ent U.S. cities, beginning with the first game on July 3at the Home Depot Center in Los Angeles, California, andculminating with the July 26final at Giants Stadium in New Jersey. “By expanding the Gold Cup to 13 venues, it will givefans mor e opportunity to experience the championshipin person,” CONCACAF President Austin “Jack” Warner said in a recent press release by his organization. “While 13 cities create logistical challenges, we thinkthe benefits of r eaching out to more venues are clearly worthwhile,” added CONCACAF General Secretary Chuck Blazer. “The ability ofso many people to see nation al teams play we feel is wellwor th the effort.” The tournament will use the same for mat as in 2005 and 2007, with the 12-team field divided into three, fourteam groups. The top two teams from each group willadvance to the quar terfinals along with the two best third-place teams. In addition to the four Caribbean teams, Canada,Mexico, the U.S., Panama,Costa Rica, Honduras, ElSalvador and Nicaragua willalso play in Gold Cup 2009. T rinidad and Tobago will be the sole Caribbean r epresentative at this year s FIFA Under 20 World Cup soccer finals in Egypt. The young Soca Warriors lost 2-1 to Honduras to finish fourth in the CONCACAF Championship last month in T&T . The host nation had earlier lost 4-3 in a penalty shootoutagainst the United States afterthe two teams played to a 0-0draw in the semi-final. However, T&T had already earned an automatic ber th in the World Cup by finishing second in Gr oup B of the final r ound of qualifiers behind eventual tournament winner Costa Rica. Jamaica, the other Caribbean team in the final qualifying round, which featured eight countries split intotwo gr oups of four, finished thir d in Group A, behind the U.S. and Honduras. Only the top two teams in each group advanced to the W orld Cup this September. T&T star ted the final r ound brightly, scoring a 1-0 win over Canada, before drawing its remaining two group matchesagainst Costa Rica (0-0Mexico (2-2points. Costa Rica topped the group with seven points fromtwo wins and a draw . Jamaica had mixed for tunes in Group A, losing 3-0to the U.S., beating El Salvador 2-1, before slumping 4-0 to Honduras. The young Reggae Boyz finished withthr ee points, behind the U.S. (sevenfive Costa Rica beat the U.S. 30 in the final to claim the CON-CACAF Championship. The U.S. team featured two players– goalkeeper Sean Johnson andmidfielder/ defender AnthonyW allace – whose parents are from Jamaica. Disappointing T&T lose 3-0 to U.S. in vital World Cup soccer qualifierFour Caribbean teams in 2009 Gold Cup tournamentT&T in,Jamaica booted out of Under 20 World Cup soccer 16 CARIBBEAN TODAYApril 2009 SPORT SPORT www.caribbeantoday.com the Soca Warriors represent the Caribbean’s final chancefor a spot in South Africa. “I think we got what we deserved tonight,” said another senior Soca Warrior CarlosEdwar ds, who played the entire game. “I think we wer e below parAt the end America came away with the victory they richly deserved. “It is a big setback,” he added. Yet the result could be a huge launching pad for Altidore,the man who dealt the stinging blows to the Caribbean’schances. The teenaged strikerfr om New Jersey , whose par ents were born in Haiti, became the youngest American to scorethr ee goals in a game. All scor es came from assists by veteran Landon Donovan, who Altidor e credited, along with the rest ofthe U.S. team, for a dominant overall performance and his ownsuccess. “When the team plays well individuals will shine,” Altidor e said. ROAD AHEAD The two countries will next play qualifying matches in June, but will not meet each other again until Sept. 9 in T&T. Altidore, who is having a lukewarm start as a professional club player in Eur ope, could be even better by then. U.S.coach Bob Bradley thinks thematuring youngsters will be abig par t of the pr ogram. “(Altidor e) is star ting to establish himself in the group,” Bradley said. T&T will be hoping to do the same among the teams from the Caribbean, Centraland Nor th America. The loss to the U.S., which followed disappointing draws against ElSalvador and Honduras, wasdamaging. But the Soca Warriors vowed to bounceback. “So it’s one we gotta take on the chin,” stand-in captainDennis Lawr ence said after the loss. “We’ve got to lick our wounds and we’ve got to come back strong.” e’re still in there,” said Yorke. “Lots of games to play. We have to stay positive.” Gordon W illiams is Caribbean Today’s managing editor. (CONTINUED FROM P AGE 15) Personalized gift services for that special him or her for all occasions. Birthdays,anniversary, Valentine’s Day,Mother’s Day,Father’s Day, appreciation,or just because... Save time,let me take care ofit for you. Packaging included.Call Derwyn GarciaMARY KAYSenior Sales Director 305-975-5874FREE DELIVERY April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 16

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Extending nonimmigrant stay in U.S.Six Jamaicans to receive community service awards in South Florida April 2009CARIBBEAN TODAY 17 LOCAL LOCAL www .caribbeantoday.com Nonimmigrant visas are issued to for eign nationals who intend to r emain in the United States for a temporary (less than permanentperiod. The period varies for dif ferent nonimmigrant classifications. When a person is admitted to the U.S., a government official at a U.S. port of entry examined his or her immigra-tion documentation and, in most cases, issued a Form I-94, “Arrival-Departure Record”,or For m I-94W, “Nonimmigrant V isa Waiver Arrival-Departure Record”. The I-94/I-94W shows the person’ s nonimmigrant status and the length of time he or she can legally remain in theU.S. The I-94/I-94W shows how long the person is permitted to remain in the U.S., but the nonimmigrant visa (if a visawas issued) does not. A visaonly shows when and howmany times a person may seek admission to the U.S. from abroad, based on the classification noted on the visa. EXTENDED STAY A person may apply for an extension of stay in the U.S. if: He or she was lawfully admitted into the U.S. as anonimmigrant; He or she has not com mitted any act that makes he or she ineligible to r eceive an immigration benefit; Ther e is no other factor that requires the person to depart the U.S. prior to extend-ing status (for example, a USCIS officer may determinethat the person should obtain a new visa prior extending his or her status); and A person submits an application for an extension of stay before the expiration date on your Form I-94. (There are certain limited circumstancesunder which USCIS will excuse a late submission.) An applicant’ s passpor t must be valid for the entir e requested period of stay in the U.S. ELIGIBILITY If a person was admitted to the U.S. in any of the following nonimmigrant categoriesshown on the I-94, he or shecannot extend that stay in the U.S. and must depart the coun-tr y on or before your I-94 expires: C (alien in transit (crewman(fianc(e) or dependent offianc(e)); S (witness or informant beyond a total ofthr ee years); TWOV (transit without visa); or WT or WB (visa waiver program you would have been issued a green Form I-94W). APPLYING Application pr ocedures for an extension of stay depend ona person’ s nonimmigrant status: Employment-based cate gories: If a person is in one of the following employment-relat-ed categories, his or her employer should file a Form I129, Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker, before his or her FormI-94 expir es: E-1 or E-2 (treaty traders and investors); H-1B, H2A, H-2B or H-3 (temporaryworkers); L-1A or L-1B (intracompany transferee); O-1 or O2 (aliens with extraordinary ability); P-1, P-2 or P-3 (athletes and entertainers); Q-1 (international cultural exchange visi-tors); R-1 (r eligious workers); or TN-1 or TN-2 (Canadiansand Mexicans under the Nor th American Free Trade Agr eement (NAFT A)). Each of the above categories has specific r equirements and limits, including limits on length of stay in this countr y. For mor e infor mation, contact qualified immigration counsel. Edited from information provided by the U.S.Citizenship and Immigration Services(USCIS Six Jamaican nationals in South Florida will be honored for their positive contributions to the Caribbeannation and its diaspora at the third annual “Community Service Awards Ceremony and Tea Party” on April 19 at Parrot Jungle Island in downtown Miami. The event, hosted by the Consulate General of Jamaicafor the southeaster n United States, will feature guest of honor Sher yl Lee Ralph, a Jamaican-born actress and philantropist. The honorees will be recognized for outstanding contri-bution in the ar eas of culture, civic, scholastic and pr ofession al capacities in Jamaica and South Florida, as well as extraordinary achievements throughout the past year. COMMITMENT Consul General Sandra Grant Griffiths said theJamaica gover nment will con tinue to acknowledge the com mitment of Jamaicans in thediaspora and their contributionover the years to the develop ment of their homeland, as well as their respective communities abroad. She said in 2009 event will be even moremeaningful with supportgiven to anoutstanding charitable endeavor while simultaneously recognizing honorees in this regard. This year, the area of philantr ophy to be endorsed by the consulate will be related toHIV/AIDS education andinter vention projects. Ralph has tur ned her attention to programs benefiting the fight against the dis-ease. She is the founding dir ector of the DIVA (AIDS Foundation, a national nonprofit organization created in memor y of friends she has lost to HIV/AIDS. She also creat-ed “Divas Simply Singing”, an entertainment productionwhich has become an anticipat ed AIDS benefits in Hollywood, California. Ralph was given the Red Ribbon Award at the United Nations for her unique use of the arts in battling HIV/AIDS. For mor e information on the event, call the consulate at 305-374-8431 , extensions 221 and 223 . JIS Ralph April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 17

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HOUSTON, Texas – The United States’ Federal Bureauof Investigation (FBIseeking infor mation from Caribbean, as well as otherinvestors in the Stanfor d Financial Group (SFG is accused of perpetrating a multi-billion dollar internation-al fraud scheme. The FBI has identified the companies, owned by Texan financier Sir Allen Stanford, as Stanford Capital Management, the Stanford Group Company,the Stanfor d Trust Company, and the Antigua-based Stanford International Bank (SIBthe Bank of Antigua. It alsosaid it was seeking to “identify victims and determine the extent of any potential fraud”. HOTLINE The FBI has established a dedicated investor e-mailaddr ess and an informational telephone line. It is also requesting that investors provide basic contact information,along with details of invest ments with the SFG or its af filiates. The FBI is also asking members of the public, if they have “investigative informa-tion that may aid the criminalinvestigation,” to submit that information. On Feb. 17, the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC filed a civil complaint against group’s owner, along with twoof his senior employees andsome of companies. The SEC alleges that the executives perpetrated an $8 billion invest-ment swindle that involved providing misleading information about the safety of invest ments sold as ‘’cer tificates of deposit’’ and promising unrealistically high rates. WASHINGTON – At a time when the United States economy is shaky, the Obamaadministration has signaled itsintention to crack down onlucrative tax havens, includingsome in the Caribbean. U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner said thatthe administration will launch an “ambitious” program tocrack down on companies thatuse of fshore jurisdictions to avoid paying taxes. e’re going to have a much more ambitious effort to deal with offshore tax havens,” Geithner told a U.S. Senatehearing last month, stating that Americans should pay their fair shar e of taxes rather than trying to avoid them, “particularly given the scale of the fis cal challenges we inherited.” A r ecently released Congressional report foundthat, in 2007, 83 of the 100lar gest publicly-traded U.S. companies had units in lowtax or no-tax jurisdictions, likethe Cayman Islands. ‘STRONG SIGNAL Michigan Democratic Senator Carl Levin, chair man of the Senate PermanentSubcommittee on Investigations,which has delved into alleged taxhaven abuse for years, said hehoped a bill he is sponsoring, andsimilar legislation in the House of Repr esentatives, will stop banks from helping wealth Americans avoid paying taxes. Levin said the Obama administration’s support for the bill “sends a strong signal to tax havens that this administration is not going to toler ate the kind of offshore tax abuses that have been drain ing $100 billion-a-year from the U.S. T reasury and that, as a result, offload the tax bur-den onto the backs of honesttaxpayers.” Geithner said the Obama administration supports thetax haven legislation, which issimilar to a bill BarackObama co-sponsor ed as a senator . Among other things,the pr oposed legislationwould closecer tain tax loopholes and give U.S. regu-lators the authority to take special measures against foreign jurisdictions and financialinstitutions that impede U.S. tax enforcement. The proposal also would tr eat foreign corporations managed and contr olled in the U.S. as domestic corporations for income tax purposes. FBI seeks Caribbean victims of alleged fraudulent scheme BRIDGETOWN, Barbados, CMC The impact of the globaleconomic slowdown is expected to be a major talking point at an upcoming Caribbean T ourism Or ganization (CTO ence in Curacao. Next month’ s Fifth Tourism Human ResourcesConfer ence will also discuss other pressing matters affecting the industry, including tourism human resources development, including creat-ing hospitable experiences. “Like the rest of the workfor ce, tourism human resources professionals have to grapple with the impact of theglobal economic meltdown,” said CTO Dir ector of Human Resources Bonita Morgan. “Ther efor e, it’ s impor tant that we explore strategies that work in difficult times and learn from each other’s experi-ences,” she added. The three-day event, which has as its theme “BestPractices for Cr eating a Motivated and Productive T ourism W orkfor ce”, is being organized in collaboration with the Curacao T ourism Boar d and is expected to attract tourism educators, trainers and human resource professionals. Hundreds of tourism related jobs have been lost acr oss the Caribbean in recent months as the financial crisishas impacted business. The Bahamas, St. Lucia and Antigua and Barbuda have been among the har dest hit in terms of lost employment. Jamaican Canadian billion aire Michael Lee-Chin has dropped further down in the ranking by Forbes Magazine of the world’ s rich est people. The list for 2009, which was published last month,showed Lee-Chin, who wassaid to be wor th $1.8 billion last year , falling to 701st on the list of billionair es._ LeeChin was last year ranked 667 out of the world's more than 1,000 billionaires. This year, he barely made it on the list of less than 800 persons. According to the magazine, Lee-Chin, who is the chair man of AIC Mutual Funds based in Canada, has seen assets under manage ment plunge by 42 percent since investors started cashingout due to the financial down turn. Lee-Chin, 58, also owns majority stakes in National Commercial Bank Jamaica, Total Finance in Trinidad andT obago, as well as Columbus Communications, a cable company based in Barbados.His personal r eal estate portfolio includes 250 acr es of beach-fr ont property in Ocho Rios, Jamaica and homes in Canada and the United States. Micr osoft founder Bill Gates has regained his title asthe richest man in the world, with $40 billion. Conf ab focuses on economic downturnJamaican billionaire drops down list of world’s wealthiest peopleU.S.wants crackdown on Caribbean tax havens MIAMI Air Jamaica is to expand its service from New Y ork to Grenada in June, after instituting a number of cutbacks in February. The financially-strapped national flag carrier of Jamaica is in the process of implement-ing a major cost cutting exer cise that calls for the lay off of staff, retirement of aircraft and slashing of unprofitable routes.However , of ficials said the additional flights, which will bring Air Jamaica’s total week-ly Gr enada flights to four , were necessary “in anticipation of the busy summer travelseason”. Effective June 26, Air Jamaica will add a Fridayflight to Gr enada and a Monday flight, ef fective July 13. The airline currentlyoperates two weekly non-stop flights on Wednesday andSatur day . “The increase in service to Grenada was made possi-ble by close cooperation withthe minister of for eign af fairs and tourism through the Grenada Board of Tourism and members of the Grenada Airlift Committee,” saidGeor ge deMercado, Air Jamaica’s senior director, sales. CUTBACKS The airline’s current schedule includes 218 weeklyflights to 13 destinations, with service between Jamaica and Toronto, New York (JFKChicago (O’Har e), Baltimor e, Philadelphia, Orlando, Fort Lauderdale, Curacao andNassau, as well as ser vice between New York and Barbados and New Y ork and Grenada. Effective February, Air Jamaica ended a 40-year serv-ice at Miami Inter national Airpor t (MIA the best option in the face ofthe global economic crisis. ill we ever come back to Miami? I can’ t say ,” said Chief Executive Officer Bruce Nobles in announcing the termination of service,which first began in 1969, at Miami International Airport. “The economy right now is not in very good shape,” he said, while disclosing thatabout 18 workers would belet go at MIA. “Not many people are going on vacation, and we are trying to put our resources in the places where we have themost str engths and wher e we can make money Nobles said the Miami service has not been prof-itable in r ecent years, adding that service will continue at Fort Lauderdale-HollywoodInter national Airpor t, wher e four times as many passengers use Air Jamaica. Besides Miami, the airline said it would also close its stations on several routes, includ-ing Atlanta, Los Angeles and Grand Cayman. Ser vice between Jamaica and Barbadosand Jamaica and Gr enada has also been affected. Meanwhile, the Jamaica government has announcedthat the planned privatization of the national flag carrierhas been put of f until the end of June. KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC Air Jamaica late last month announced that it will suspendits New Y ork-Barbados r oute, in a move to wind up its Barbados operations. Last year , Air Jamaica recorded huge losses, with $16 million of the total beingattributed to the Bridgetownr oute. The decision to terminate service to the island is due to take effect around the middle of this month and follows an earlier announcement by the car rier that it was ending its dir ect ser vice between Barbados and Jamaica. At the same time, the carrier announced plans toincr ease its overall schedule to 246 weekly flights. This includes New Y ork-Gr enada: four weekly flights; Fort Lauder dale-Jamaica: five daily flights; New YorkJamaica: four daily flights and Toronto-Jamaica: daily service, a company release said. In r ecent months, the financially-strapped nationalflag car rier of Jamaica has been busy making severalchanges. Dir ect services between Jamaica and Barbados and Jamaica and Grenada were also ter minated as par t of a major cost cutting exercise that also calls for the lay of f of staf f and retirement of aircraft. Air Jamaica expands New York/Grenada serviceWinds up Barbados route 18 CARIBBEAN TODAYApril 2009 BUSINESS BUSINESS / / TRAVEL TRAVEL www.caribbeantoday.com Geithner April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 18

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DA WN A. DAVIS Jamaica has once again made histor y this time involving dog sled racing. The little island of talented and creative people just earned another place on theworld stage with the help ofone humble young man. Hailing fr om an island known for its 90 degree temperatures in the shade, 26-yearold Newton Marshall took13th place out of a field of 29 in a dogsled race that stretched just over 1,000 milesthr ough the ice-cloaked arctic r egion from Whitehorse Y ukon to Fairbanks, Alaska at the peak of the winter season. The famous Yukon Quest, one of the most grueling racesin the world, takes the same path as the old mail deliverydogsledders of the 19th to20th centuries and celebratesthe gold r ush of the era that br ought thousands of prospectors to the area. Marshall is the first black man, and the first Jamaican, to finish the arduous winter race,which began on Feb. 14. A r ookie, Marshall sur prised the “pack”, bringing home his team of dogs in atime of 11 days, 20 hours andeight minutes after tr ekking through four mountain ranges, rough jungle ice, glaciers, andmiles and miles of ‘sugar snow’. “A lot of people didn’t think I was going to make it,”an elated Marshall told Caribbean Today recently. “My coach said to me ‘you have to finish this race, scratching is not an option.’ Ikept that in myhead and I got alot of encour agement fr om my family and friends. And Isaid to myself, anything I startI want to finish,no matterwhat.” T o pr epare for the race and get acclimatedto the coldMarshall got tothe Y ukon V alley in late October , which gave him time for practice r uns in the snow andadequate time tointeract with his team of 14dogs. ‘EPIPHANY’ So, how did a Jamaican get involved in this non-tradi tional sport? Enter Danny Melville, founder and chair-man of Chukka Caribbean Adventures, a tourism-drivenenterprise based in Jamaica. “The minute I heard that there was such a thing as dry-land dog sledding, I had anepiphany and I said, we cando this. I immediately thought of the thousands of mongrels roaming the streets inJamaica,” an enthusiasticMelville explained. Despite the skeptics, even among his family, Melvillebar r eled ahead, bringing his unique idea to fr uition. He believed racing abr oad would be the per fect opportunity to promote Jamaica, Chukka Caribbean Adventur es, and the plight of street dogs. Healso loved the idea of givingyoung Jamaicans a chance to go abroad to become ambassadors for Jamaica, promoting the island’s can-do attitude. But the venture needed a sponsor . Melville found a kin dr ed spirit in Jimmy Buffett, a country singer and owner of the Margaritaville franchise.Seen as the ‘godfather ’ of the team, Buf fett injected capital that allowed the Jamaican dogsled team and its mushers(person who works with dogsto acquir e equipment and start training. Marshall, a St. Ann native, learned his skills from DevonAnderson, a musher , avid horseman and operationsmanager at Chukka CaribbeanAdventur es. Marshall, along with fellow mushers Damian Robb and Jermaine Burfordconduct dog sled tours at the St. Ann property. CONNECTION The dogs used on these tours ar e stray dogs r escued from the streets by the Jamaica Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (JSPCAFed a special high calorie diet,which includes mineral supple ments, these dogs ar e pamper ed and trained to build muscle and stamina. It is said that these dogs live evenlonger than the average animal because of the extra care and attention they receive. TheAlaskan Huskies used for theraces enjoy a high pr otein, high fat diet of about 8,000 caloriesper day to help them withstandthe Alaskan cold. “I am very close to the dogs,” Marshall explained. ou get a sense of when they want to run and if theyar e uncomfor table. Y ou must have a special connection with the dogs. If you don’t havethat, the dogs will fail, espe cially running this race...I spend a lot of time talking tomy dogs. When they wag theirtails I know that I am going to have a good run. You can feelthe ener gy of your dogs.” The young musher has never competed in any otherspor t, not even soccer or cricket, which are traditional pasttimes in the Caribbean. “I never did anything much except for this crazyrace,” he said laughing, adding“I felt r eally happy just to be at the finish line.” OVERWHELMED Marshall crossed the finish line in Fairbanks, Alaskaat 6:26 a.m. on Feb. 26. “It was overwhelming,” said Melville. “T ears came to my eyes.” Remarking that competing in the Yukon Quest wasone of the toughest things hehas had to do, Marshallr evealed that it was music, specifically Buju Banton’ s “All Will Be Fine”, that helped keep his mind steady . Fighting off sleep and halluci-nations, the musher sangalong the trail. “I felt the love in that song,” he said. “It made mefeel str onger Marshall will now focus on his next race, scheduled for Mar. 2010 in Anchorage, Alaska the Iditarod DogSled Race, which also covers 1,000 miles. Armed with thelove for his dogs and a gentle determination, expect him at the front of the pack. “Once you ar e positive and stay focused, nothing can go wr ong, no matter what anybody says,” he said. Dawn A.Davis is a freelance writer for Caribbean T oday . April 2009CARIBBEAN TODAY 19 FEATURE FEATURE www .caribbeantoday.com Marshall thanks one of the dogs for helping him complete the 1,000-plus mile race. Jamaican dogsledder overcomes doubts,fears in 1,000-mile arctic race April 2009.qxd 4/7/09 12:02 PM Page 19

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