Group Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Title: Caribbean today
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean today
Uniform Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 38 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Caribbean Pub. Services
Place of Publication: Miami Fl
Miami Fl
Publication Date: December 2008
Copyright Date: 2010
Frequency: monthly
Subject: Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Additional Physical Form: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1989.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 10, no. 3, published in 1999; title from cover.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00099285
Volume ID: VID00033
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 40985415


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- eJLJ vL e r y Lo ] LII i. ...1

W e c o v e r y o u r o r i d )

0 I Tel: (305) 238-2868
Vol. 20 No. 1 Jamaica: 654-7282

Dr. ST.
Kwame Boafo,
director and
for the
has only been
in the region a
couple years, but he already
knows the Caribbean has a
rich culture to offer the world,
page 11.

Trinidad and Tobago will be
the Caribbean's lone represen-
tative when the final round of
CONCACAF World Cup 2010--
soccer qualifiers kicks off
next year, as Tyrone Marshall
and Jamaica's Reggae Boyz
are out, page 16.

New s ...................................2...
Feature .................................7...
Viewpoint ...........................9...

Culture ................. 11 Sport ...................... .........16
Arts/Entertainment............13 Health..................................17
Tourism/Travel .................. 15 Local .................................... 19

Food .......................... ......... 20
Business ...........................21
Region ...............................22

Bob Marley, left, and Toots
Hibbert, two of the biggest
names in Caribbean entertain-
ment history, have been named
to noted American magazine
Rolling Stone's list of "Top 100
Singers Of All Time", page 13.



n e WS

Caribbean American is new U.S. attorney general

Caribbean roots have
taken firm hold at the
highest level of United
States national security.
On Dec. 1 President-elect
Barack Obama appointed 57-
year-old Eric Holder U.S. attor-
ney general, the nation's new
top law enforcement officer.
Holder, whose father and
grandparents are from
Barbados, must be confirmed
by the U.S. Senate at a later
date. If he is, then he will
become the first black to serve
as attorney general.
Holder is not new to U.S.
government service, having
been a senior official in the
Justice Department in the
administration of former
President Bill Clinton. As a
top adviser to Obama, Holder
was long considered a front-
runner for the job of attorney
general because of what has
been regarded as his extensive
record as a prosecutor and a
judge and a well-honed repu-
tation inside Washington.
According to Obama,
Holder "has the talent and
commitment to succeed as
attorney general from the first
day on the job," crediting him
with a "combination of tough-
ness and independence."
Holder, in accepting the
prc ,idL in -l, I. appointment
to the national security team,
pledged to keep Americans



United States legislator has
written President-elect Barack
Obama urging him to make
granting Temporary Protected
Status (TPS) to Haitians a pri-

new adminis-
Hastings, who
represents Hastings
Miramar, a
city just outside Miami,
Florida, said in his letter late
last month that "the people of
Haiti cannot afford to wait a
single day longer for this
much needed assistance.
"While I continue to hope
that our current President
(George W. Bush) will finally
acknowledge and address the
dire plight of the Haitian peo-
ple, it is important that the
next administration be made
aware of the importance of
TPS," said Hastings, who has
been in the vanguard of push-
ing for TPS for Haitians.
He said, since Obama
was elected on a platform of

safe, but also underlined the
big challenge ahead to repel
threats within the U.S. and
from overseas.
"We can and we must
ensure that the American peo-
ple remain secure," he said,
pointing to "much that needs
to be done in this new century."
Obama's advisers report-
edly appeared to have over-
come concerns that Holder's


involvement in a presidential
pardon scandal, as Clinton left
office in 2001, might cloud his
nomination for the job.
Word that Holder, a
Columbia Law School alum-
nus, was likely to be nominat-
ed as attorney general leaked
out last month as Obama
began settling on members of
his team and signaling his poli-
cy priorities following his pres-
idential election victory on

man wants T(

id Status for I

renewing America's global
leadership, by extending TPS
to Haiti, as has been done for
other nations in similar situa-
tions, Obama would "once
again prove that the strength
of America is not simply the
might of its military but also
its capacity for compassion."

Hastings has taken the
lead among Congressional
Democrats in the fight to "end
double-standard immigration
practices, as they pertain to
Haitian migrants."
The congressman is
the author of H.R. 522, the
Haitian Protection Act, which
would designate Haitian
nationals in the U.S. eligible
for TPS.
Hastings has been calling
for the extension of TPS to
Haitian nationals for years,
and has been continuously
engaged in correspondence
with the Bush Administration
on the matter. In October,
Hastings led a bipartisan
group of 31 members of
the U.S. Congress urging
Homeland Security Secretary
Michael Chertoff to grant
Haitian migrants currently

Nov. 4. Obama will be sworn
in as president on Jan. 20.
Last month members of
the Obama Transition Team
said the decision was "all but
certain" in vetting Holder.

Political and legal
observers in Washington said
Holder's biL-,"LI challenge
would be restoring the
credibility of the Justice
Department that was badly
battered by political scandal
during the George W. Bush
administration. The dismissal
of eight U.S. attorneys in
2007 and other controversies
opened up the Justice
Department to accusations
that it had routinely let politics
trump legal considerations.
Holder first met Obama
at a small dinner party in 2004
welcoming him to Washington.
The two lawyers are sons of
immigrant fathers. Obama's
father was from Kenya.
Holder served as an advis-
er to Obama's campaign on
legal issues and was the other
member of the two-member
vice-presidential selection
team that led to the choice of
Senator Joseph R. Biden Jr.
as Obama's running mate.
Prior to his appointment
as attorney general, Holder




residing in the U.S TPS.
"It is unconscionable to
think that, at a time when
Haiti's physical and economic
infrastructure has been oblit-
erated, and cities remain
buried under feet of water
and mud, this administration
is still considering deporting
Haitians," he said.
"Haiti is certainly no
stranger to crisis and despair,
but, at the present time,
deported Haitians simply have
no communities to which to
return," he added.
Hastings noted that, in
October, the Department of
Homeland Security extended
TPS, for the 11th year, for
Honduras and Nicaragua
and, for the eighth year for
El Salvador.
"These nations were
rightfully granted the opportu-
nity to return to a sense of
normalcy," he said.
"Yet, time and again,
Haiti is overlooked," Hasting
said, adding "How dire must
the situation in Haiti become
before the U.S. government
is willing to take adequate

December 2008

U.S. warns deported

Caribbean immigrants

MIAMI United States
immigration authorities have
warned deported Caribbean
and other immigrants that
they could be jailed for up to
five years if they return to the
U.S. illegally.
"People who return after
having been deported from the
country need to know that
they are committing a federal
crime, and they can be arrest-
ed, detained and put in jail,"
Nicole Navas, a spokeswoman
for U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement (ICE) in
Miami, told reporters recently.
The warning came in the
wake of the conviction of two
Mexican citizens in Palm
Beach County, Florida, who
pleaded guilty to entering
the U.S. illegally after being
previously deported.
ICE officials said
Caribbean and other immi-

grants who re-enter the U.S.
illegally must be prepared to
deal with the consequences.
"Entering the U.S. after
having been deported is a seri-
ous crime," said Anthony V.
Mangione, head of the ICE
Office of Investigations in
"We will continue work-
ing with our partners at a local
and state level to identify and
prosecute people who have
been previously deported and
have returned illegally."
U.S. Immigration officials
say more than 300,000 people
have been deported this year
Caribbean community
(CARICOM) leaders have
frequently blamed increased
deportation of convicted
felons in the U.S. for the
region's spiraling crime wave.

China seeking deeper

Caribbean relationship
NEW YORK Already interests and major concerns.
enjoying the diplomatic ties "The two sides will lever-
with several countries in the age their respective strengths,
region, the Chinese govern- tap the potential of coopera-
ment has announced that it is tion, and seek to become each
seeking to develop a "compre- other's partner in economic
hensive and cooperative part- cooperation and trade for
nL rlip with the Caribbean mutual benefit and common
and Latin America, featuring development", the policy
equality, mutual benefit and paper stated.
common development. In addition, it said they
According to China's would "draw on each other's
first policy paper on Latin strengths to boost common
America and the Caribbean, progress and intensify exchanges;
made available in New York carry out more cultural and peo-
recently, Beijing is aiming at ple-to-people exchanges; learn
enhancing solidarity and coop- from each other and jointly pro-
eration with other developing mote development and progress
countries as the "cornerstone of human civilization".
of its independent foreign
policy of peace". 'ONE-CHINA'
China said it viewed its The paper stressed that
relations with Latin America the One-China principle -
and the Caribbean from a which portrays the position
,IrjIgIt plane", stating that that Taiwan is part of China -
those countries represent "an is the political basis for the
important part of the develop- establishment and develop-
ing world and a major force in ment of relations between
the international arena". China and Latin American
It added that its goals and Caribbean countries and
for Latin America and the regional organizations.
Caribbean are to "promote It said the overwhelming
mutual respect and mutual trust majority of countries in the
and expand common ground". region are "committed to the
One-China policy and the posi-
PRINCIPLES tion of supporting China's reuni-
Based on its five princi- fiction and not having official
ples of peaceful coexistence, ties or contacts with Taiwan.
"China and Latin America "The Chinese government
and the Caribbean will treat appreciates such a stance," the
each other as equals and paper added.
respect each other", the paper The only Caribbean com-
outlined. They will also munity (CARICOM) countries
,Ir L ingi h n1 dialogue and that have diplomatic relations
communication; enhance with Taiwan, instead of China,
political mutual trust; expand are Belize, Haiti, St. Lucia,
strategic common ground; and St. Kitts and Nevis and St.
continue to show understand- Vincent and the Grenadines.
ing and support on issues t
involving each other's core



plPOPever~ e hefre


December 2008



n e WS

December 2008

MIAMI As the 2008 Atlantic
hurricane season drew to its
official end on Nov. 30, weath-
er experts said the season was
harder on the Caribbean than
on the United States.
"This will probably go
down as a non-memorable
year for Florida and a cata-
strophic year for Haiti and
Cuba," said U.S. National
Hurricane Center Director
Bill Read, stating that despite
a few close calls and a drench-
ing from Tropical Storm Fay,
Florida escaped the season
mostly unscathed.
With Haiti getting
the greatest brunt of the
onslaught, four consecutive
storms ravaged the impover-
ished, French-speaking
Caribbean country in August
and September: Fay and hurri-
canes Gustav, Hanna and Ike.
Officials said the driving rains
and resulting mudslides flood-
ed towns and crumbled infra-
structure, killing more than
800 people and causing bil-
lions of dollars of damage that
experts say will take years to
Fay, Gustav and Ike also
ravaged Cuba, which then
endured a late-season hit from
Hurricane Paloma last month.
Cuba's civil defense sys-
tem had issued mandatory
evacuations to vulnerable
areas, but damages to roads,
homes and buildings are pres-
ent in several of the island's

"It's sad that
the two poorest
countries in the
hemisphere Haiti
and Cuba are the
ones that got the
most catastrophic
damage," said
Professor Andy
Gomez, a senior
fellow at the
University of
Miami's Institute
for Cuban and
"The impact in
both countries is going to be
longstanding," he added.
"The truth is, these are
two countries that have
become used to these kinds of
disasters and having few
resources available to recov-

U.S. government forecast-
ers were on target when they
predicted in May that it would
be an active hurricane season.
Scientists projected that the
season would likely bring 12
to 16 named storms that
would grow into six to nine
hurricanes, two to five of
which would be Category
Three or stronger. The actual
numbers were 16 named
storms, eight hurricanes, five
of them major.
"The seasonal outlooks
were quite accurate," said
Gerry Bell, the lead seasonal

hurricane forecaster for the
U.S. National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration's
Climate Prediction Center in
"We've been in an active
tropical era since 1995, and we
saw that the conditions associ-
ated with that were still in
place this year."

BUSY '09
Bell said the combination
of the active era and a gradual
warming of the Atlantic
Ocean meant forecasters were
"fairly confident" about this
year's seasonal outlook.
He predicted next year's
hurricane outlook will likely
be another busy season.
"There is no indication
this active era has ended,"
Bell said.
"Historically, these cli-
mate patterns last anywhere
from 25 to 40 years."

Facts on Eric H. Holder

2008 hurricane season hit Caribbean

harder than U.S. ~ weather experts

Eric H. Holder, Jr. was born on
Jan. 21,1951 in the The
Bronx, New York, United States
to parents with roots in Barbados.
Holder's father, Eric Himpton
Holder, Sr. (1905-1970), was born in
St. Joseph, Barbados, and arrived in
the U.S. at age 11. His mother,
Miriam, was born in New Jersey,
while his maternal grandparents
were immigrants from St. Philip,
Holder grew up in Queens, N.Y.
and attended
public school until der
age 10. He went
on to attend
Stuyvesant High
School in
Manhattan, New
York and attended
University, also in Holder
the state, where
he played freshman basketball and
earned a bachelor of arts degree in
American history in 1973.
Holder got his law degree from
Columbia Law School, graduating in
1976. He worked for the NAACP
Legal Defense and Educational
Fund and the U.S. Attorney's office.
Holder is married to Sharon
Malone, an obstetrician. The couple
has three children.

After graduating from law
school, Holder joined the U.S.
Justice Department's new Public
Integrity Section, from 1976 to
1988. In 1988, then-President
Ronald Reagan appointed Holder to
serve on the bench as a judge of
the Superior Court of the District of
Columbia. Holder stepped down
from the bench in 1993 to accept
an appointment for U.S. attorney for
the District of Columbia from
President Bill Clinton. He was the
first African American U.S. attorney

Caribbean American is new U.S. attorney general

was in private practice as a
partner at the Washington law
firm of Covington & Burling.
He had served as a feder-
al prosecutor, a trial court
judge, and U.S. attorney for
the District of Columbia
before becoming the top-rank-
ing aide to Attorney General
Janet Reno in 1997.
Holder was regarded as a
strong ally for federal prose-
cutors and helped shape
Clinton's program to put
100,000 police officers on the

Holder's last days at the
Justice Department in 2001,
however, were marred by his
peripheral involvement in
Clinton's pardon of the fugi-
tive financier Marc Rich.
Republicans strongly criticized
Holder for failing to oppose
the pardon and allowing the

White House to bypass the
normal pardon review process
at the Justice Department.
Holder told the Clinton
White House at the time that
he was niuir.l, leaning
toward favorable" on the idea
of pardoning Rich, whose
former wife, Denise Rich,
had contributed heavily to
Clinton's presidential library.
Obama also announced
other members of his national
security team, including
Senator Hillary Clinton as sec-
retary of state. Robert Gates,
the U.S. defense secretary
under Bush, who will continue
in that post. Janet Napolitano
has been named homeland
security secretary, Susan Rice
as United Nations ambassador,
and Marine General Jim Jones
as national security adviser.

Compiled from various news
sources, including CMC.

in that office.
In 1997, Clinton nominated
Holder to be the next deputy attor-
ney general under Janet Reno.
Holder was the first African
American to serve in that position.
He briefly served as acting attorney
general under President George W.
Bush, until the Senate confirmed
Bush's nominee John Ashcroft.

In his final days with the
Clinton administration, Holder was
involved with President Clinton's
last-minute pardon of fugitive and
Democratic contributor Marc Rich.
Between Nov. 2000 and Jan. 2001
Jack Quinn, Rich's lawyer and for-
mer White House Counsel from
1995-96, had been contacting
Holder, testing the waters for the
political viability of a presidential
pardon. After presenting his case to
Holder in a November phone call
and a last minute Jan. 17 letter,
Quinn arranged a phone call
between the White House and
Holder, asking the deputy attorney
general to share his opinion on the
Rich pardon. Ultimately, Holder
gave a "neutral, leaning towards
favorable" opinion of the pardon to
During his February testimonies
before the House Government
Reform Committee and Senate
Judiciary Committee, Holder argued
his phone call was not intended as a
formal Justice Department blessing
of the pardon. He also did not
believe his opinion would be inter-
preted as a go-ahead for the pardon.
An investigation by the House
concluded, in a 2003 report, that
Holder had played a role in facilitat-
ing the Rich pardon.

Source: Wikipedia

Make this holiday

season the best

one ever!

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is here to help you make the most of them with these Holiday
Survival Tips:
* Do stretch your holiday dollar by giving homemade gifts, like
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Go to for the Ultimate Holiday Survival Guide.
You'll find suggestions on an array of holiday topics, including
finding the perfect gift, ways to make the season safer, and fun
activities for the whole family!

(- y16" A V ii - I^ ^ ^ V



December 2008



n e WS

December 2008

St. Lucia rethinking immunity pact with U.S.

CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC -
St. Lucia appears to be having
second thoughts about a bilat-
eral immunity agreement,
which would prohibit the
island from handing over any
American citizen to the
International Criminal Court
(ICC) for trial.
Earlier, the Castries gov-
ernment had given an under-
taking that St. Lucia would
sign on to the "Article 98
Agreement" which prevents
Americans, including military
personnel and contractors,
from being handed over to the
ICC for prosecution. Article 98
also allows for the surrender
criminals to the U.S. for trial.
But in a statement last
month, Prime Minister
Stephenson King said despite
recent attempts by the U.S.

government to get St. Lucia
to sign the agreement, his gov-
ernment was not yet con-
vinced of the need to do so.
"We have indicated to
them that while we would like
to sign the agreement we need
to ensure it does not contra-
vene other international pro-
tocols, and in our negotiations
we have raised a number of
concerns and have insisted
that unless we are satisfied
that Article 98 conforms with
international agreement we
will not be party to the sign-
ing," King said.

The ICC was set up under
international law to try crimes
of a transnational nature such
as war crimes, genocide and
crimes against humanity. So

far, St. Lucia and a number of
other Caribbean community
(CARICOM) member states
have signed, but are yet to rat-
ify the ICC treaty.
A second look at the situ-
ation comes as a new adminis-
tration prepares to take office
in the U.S., with one local
government official ui,',L2linn1
that Barack Obama-led gov-
ernment may take a softer
approach to the issue than the
outgoing George W. Bush
In 2002, Washington cut
its support to a number of
Caribbean countries after they
joined the ICC. The order pro-
hibiting aid was subsequently
lifted against the states, which
had also refused to sign the
bilateral immunity accord.

Caribbean joins call for end to sexual exploitation of children


The Caribbean has joined in
making an impassioned global
appeal on behalf of "hundreds
of thousands" of the world's
children, who are said to be
victims of sexual exploitation.
"We really need to put
an end to sexual exploitation
of children and adolescents,"
urged Lorraine Bannis-
Roberts, Dominica's minister
of community development,
culture and gender affairs and
While echoing the strong
sentiments expressed here late
last month by host President
Lula da Silva and other
keynote speakers at the
opening of the Third World
Congress Against Sexual
Exploitation of Children and
Adolescents, Bannis-Roberts
noted that problem was not
as prevalent in the Caribbean
as it was in other regions of
the world. However, she
explained that the region was
not immune to practices of
sexual abuse of children and
therefore needed to take the

appropriate preventative
"As they say preven-
tion is better than cure, so
while the problem is not
prevalent in the Caribbean,
we do have on and off inci-
dents of abuse and we
want to avoid sexual
exploitation of children,"
she told the Caribbean
Media Corporation

Earlier, Ann Veneman,
the executive director of the
United Nations Children's
Fund (UNICEF), addressed
the gathering of over 3,000
delegates drawn from 170
countries around the world.
She said while it was still hard
to determine the full extent of
the global problem, it was
clear who the main targets of
sexual exploitation were. The
UNICEF official said that
children living on the margins
of society were especially
vulnerable to sexual abuse,
including those who are poor;
those who work as domestic
servants or live on the street;

and those caught in conflict
and natural disasters.
She highlighted cases in
the Democratic Republic of
Congo where girls were vic-
tims of rape and violence at
the hands of soldiers. In
Kurdistan, she said there was
also strong evidence of prosti-
tution, involving underage
girls who were also victims of
human trafficking; and in
Afghanistan, cases where
young boys were forced into
sexual servitude by older men.
"This is a gross violation
of their rights. It is moral and
ethical outrage. It is an assault
on the world's conscience,"
Veneman argued.
The UNICEF official also

noted the results of a national
study in Romania that showed
nine percent of girls, ages 13
to 14, were sexually violated
in the family. She said that in
countries such as Yemen, girls
as young as nine were forced
by their families to marry men
who are often more than three
times their age.
"Child marriage continues
to be justified as a positive
social norm with social and
financial benefit, yet young
brides are more vulnerable to
domestic violence. They are
more likely to be taken out of
school. They are at higher risk
of contracting HIV and AIDS
and may have children before
they are physically ready,"
she said, while pointing to
international data which
shows that girls who give
birth before the age of 15
were five times more likely
to die in child birth than
women who were in their 20s.
With growing evidence
that child pornography is on
the rise, the UNICEF official
called for more to be done
to done to address sexual
exploitation in all its forms.

In his address, the
Brazilian president warned
that financial resources were
not all, neither were legislative
changes by governments, even
though he said it was impor-
tant for countries to take a
tough stand on the sexual
exploitation issue. He said
there was a need to stamp out
such animal-like behavior and
encourage more humane prac-
tices in society, while arguing
that the problem transcended
class and involved abuse of
media, including the Internet.
The opening also heard
from two of the 300 children
delegates who attended the
four-day meeting at the Rio
Centre here. They appealed to
governments for support of
victims of such abuse and for
the rights of children to be
upheld. They also condemned
the early marriage of children
to older men, while appealing
to various groups including
the mass media to support
the concerns of children.

See related story on page 7.

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King takes on a queen

St. Lucia's Prime Minister
Stephenson King was sched-
uled to tie the knot with
Rosella Nestor, his long time
girlfriend and bank executive,
late last month in Miami,
The wedding, according
to King's personal assistant
Egbert Andrew, was expected
to be a private and quiet
event. Andrew said that rela-
tives and close friends had
been invited.
"The PM did not want the
publicity of it at all," Andrew

told CMC.
Since King took office last
year, Nestor has been at the
prime minister's side for most
official functions, with occa-
sional protocol issues arising
especially when it came to
seating arrangements for offi-
cial events.
The couple is said to have
been together for nearly two
decades. King and Nestor
were expected to have a short
honeymoon before returning

I ?[!.:

Photograph by Derrick Scott/JIS
La Celia A. Prince, left, ambassador of St. Vincent and the Grenadines and her coun-
try's permanent representative to the Organization of American States, engages in a
discussion with Jamaica's Prime Minister Bruce Golding during his recent visit to the
United States capital Washington D.C. Golding met with members of the Caribbean
diplomatic corps at a breakfast meeting hosted by Jamaica's Ambassador to the U.S.
Anthony Johnson at the Ritz Carlton Pentagon.


North Miami Beach Office
1400 NE Miami Gardens Dr., #101
North Miami Beach, FL 33179


F nT U R 6

Facing up to the reality of sexual exploitation in the Caribbean


On the surface, it may appear
as though the Caribbean does
not have a problem.
Images of smiling, happy-
go-lucky children and adoles-
cents, living in a tropical para-
dise along with their families
and seeming not to have a care
in the world belie the actual
reality of daily sexual exploita-
tion across the region.
But a top regional
official of the United Nations
ChldrLiin Fund (UNICEF)
says there is no hiding behind
the fact that a "huge" problem
exists in the C(irilbiin, which,
when paired with the statistics
from Latin America, reflects
an even more worrying picture
of the reality which faces many
"The fact that in the
Caribbean and Latin America
we have 42 percent of the
world's homicides already
makes us a region that is
abnormally violent," points
out Nils Kastberg, the
UNICEF regional director.
On top of that, he said
80,000 children, below age 18,
die each year in the region on
account of violence. And when
it comes to the issue of sexual
abuse, 228 boys and girls pre-
dominantly girls fall victim
every hour within the home.
What's more, the abuse is
often times by someone they
"That speaks to an
extremely violent society and


The bald man in designer
glasses mingled easily
with the top brass of
Jamaica's soccer, media and
insiders after the Reggae Boyz'
two lopsided World Cup quali-
fying wins over The Bahamas
in June. He was there again
when Jamaica shocked Mexico
and Honduras in mid-October.
Even with a distinctive
accent and pale complexion in
tow, Phil Graham is hardly
noticeable at the post-game
gathering. Graham is not a
national coach, former player,
club representative or member
of the Jamaica Football
Federation (JFF), the local
game's governing body. He is
not even Jamaican.
The Brit, by his own
count, has visited the island
"50 times in the last 10 ),Lirs
on soccer business. While
names and faces of some like
former technical director Ren6
Simoes and JFF President
Captain Horace Burrell are

part of the problem is that we
don't talk about it," Kastberg
With the global economic
climate as it is at the moment,
officials are also fearful that
the abuse situation will get
worse before it gets better.
"Usually in this type of sit-
uation when there is very radi-
cal change in the economic sit-
uation of the country, people
tend to migrate and when you
migrate and you don't have a
safety net around, you are so
much more vulnerable," said
Maricruz Tabbia of ECPAT
"Not only that, but since
sexual exploitation of children
sometimes is the means for
surviving, and if more people
need to survive, it is going to
be much, much worse," she

The current downturn has
already spurred many govern-
ments into action.
While the response been
largely financial in form of
major bail out packages and
other emergency cushions, the
UNICEF's representative in
Brazil says she is heartened by
the response of the Lula
administration, which has
warned that countries cannot
afford to lose sight of the
social mandate in the face of
the emerging economic situa-
"That is an extremely
important message for govern-
ments in the world and I am
very glad that Brazil took a

automatically identifiable by
those who follow the movers
and shakers of the country's
most popular game, especially
after that duo guided the Boyz
to the 1998 World Cup finals in
France, Graham has largely
stayed in the background. Yet
make no mistake, he is among
the country's powerful soccer
Beginning with the signing
of local club Harbour View's
then teenaged star Ricardo
Gardner by English club
Bolton Wanderers, following
the "Road To France" cam-
paign, Graham has steadily
scooped up the cream of
Jamaica's talent. He is the
agent most likely to get the
best players under contract
and if you believe him give
them the best chance of getting
into professional clubs over-
"Somebody, ie. me, is act-
ing on the Jamaican behalf,"
Graham made clear after


firm position on this," Marie-
Pierre Poirier said.
For the Cirinbbiin, which
is dependent on tourism, con-
cern has also been raised about
the impact of the industry on
children. Esther Byer-Suckoo,
the Barbados family minister,
is particularly worried about
pedophiles entering the island

to prey on its children. So
rather than the traditional wel-
coming mat that is usually laid
out for tourists, she is prepared
to stop sexual offenders with a
message at the door.
"I don't know what word-
ing we will use, but I think we
have to say 'Pedophiles Not
Welcome'," she told the
Caribbean Media Corporation
Byer-Suckoo is clear that
economically her island cannot
do without tourism. Equally
clear to her is the fact that it
cannot sustain the abuse of its
"Yes tourism is our busi-
ness but we have to look at
sustainable tourism. In much
the same way that we want our
tourism product to be green,
we want that our tourism prod-
uct not only protects our envi-

ronment but that it also does
not harm our children, our
people," she said.

But many offenders don't
have to be let in. Many can be
found right at home.
A 2006 study by the U.N.
Secretary General on Violence
Against Children showed that
150 million girls were victims
of forced sexual intercourse
and other forms of sexual vio-
lence and exploitation.
The study also showed
that most of the perpetrators
of the sexual ..IrL ssi ,n were
male family members broth-
ers and uncles followed by
step-fathers, fathers and
female family members.
"...They are the biLs lI
part of the problem because it
is predominantly men who
commit the violence against
"It is predominantly men
who buy sex, who use the
household money to pay for
that type of thing," said
He argues it is time to
break the silence that sur-
rounds the issue. He also
believes the mindset of men
needs to change from one that
abuses women to one that
treasures them.
"I think it (sexual exploita-
tion) needs to be talked about
in the churches, in the clubs, in
the companies, in the schools,
but also in the homes," he says.

While it was still hard to
determine the full extent of the
global problem, it is clear who

the main targets of sexual
exploitation are. Children liv-
ing on the margins of society
are especially vulnerable to
sexual abuse, including those
who are poor; those who work
as domestic servants or live on
the street; and those caught in
conflict and natural disasters.
This is the reality for many of
Haiti's children, who are
caught up in a seemingly
unending spiral of abuse.
"You have to think that
even though we have all these
laws and the governments have
the commitment and it is their
responsibility to fulfill the
rights of every single child, at
the end of the day the deci-
sions in the family are taken
around the table where the
food is, where the water is,
where I can get a shelter or
not," said Maria Jose Meza, a
regional spokeswoman for
The leading non-govern-
mental organization focused
on child advocacy currently
has an office in Haiti and has
been seeking to combat the
problem of abuse there. But its
work remains very difficult.
"At the end of the day,
poverty is and it has been
proven, one of the major caus-
es of sexual exploitation of
children," Meza said.
The situation is just as alarm-
ing in other countries and
regions of the world, even
though the patterns of abuse
may differ.
Kastberg also explained
that it is just as much a prob-
lem in developed countries as

British agent leads Jamaica's

Reggae Boyz to soccer careers

Covering the

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South Florida

December 2008




British agent leads Jamaica's Reggae Boyz to professional soccer careers overseas

Jamaica thrashed The Bahamas
6-0 in the second leg to advance
to CONCACAF's semi-final
qualifying stage on a 13-0
N, 1b,. 'dy was talking
about Jamaicans (before 1998).
No one knew anything about
the Jamaican players. Now I
represent them and when
(overseas clubs) want to talk
about Jamaican footballers
they come to me automatically
because they know of my con-
Since Gardner, those ties
have become much stronger.
Including rising star Rodolph
Austin, Graham has placed
about a dozen Jamaican play-
ers in Europe. Ricardo Fuller,
Claude Davis, Donovan
Ricketts, Luton Shelton and
Damion Stewart help fill out
his current roster of some 15
clients from the Caribbean
island. Several promising
Jamaica-based youngsters are
on his list as well.

But occasional sideline
whispers have queried why
one man guides the fortunes of
so many players from a single
pool. Some argue that
Graham's players could get
special treatment with the
national program to ensure
they meet requirements for
overseas contracts. Newly
appointed coach John Barnes
dismissed that notion.
"I have to deal with pick-
ing the best eleven players,"
Barnes said recently. "I'm not
getting into any discussions I
don't even know the word to
use is as to who may need to
play to get work permit to go
Other coaches, administra-
tors, players and agents con-
tacted for this story could not
pinpoint any irregularities.
"He (Graham) seems to be
the man on the ground (in
Jamaica)," a British agent said.
"If 15 players want to be with
him, then 15 players want to be
with him. It's not usual or
"What I know is that he is
the most successful person in
getting (Jamaican) players to
England and Europe," said
Burchell Gibson, general sec-

it is in developing ones, with
25 percent of the world's traf-
ficking takes place in and
around Europe.
But such exploitation does
not always meet the glare of the
international community as it
does in places like conflict-torn
Democratic Republic of Congo
where girls are victims of rape
and violence at the hands of sol-
diers or in Kurdistan underage
girls are the unsuspecting vic-

retary in the last JFF adminis-
Graham, without a trace
of smugness, offers a frank
assessment of his ascent into
the confidence of local players.
"You know, I think it's a
matter of trust," he explained.
"You know, it shows. I mean
I'm still Ricardo Gardner's
agent after over 10 years after
taking him to Bolton (currently
in the English Premier League).
Ricardo Fuller (Stoke City,
EPL) for eight years. Claude
Davis (Derby County, English
Championship) for five years.

Graham, left, and Burrell have huge
influence on Jamaica's soccer.

They all know I'm honest and
do a good job for them and
look after them."
The players appear willing
to back Graham's claims.
"He's always looking after
his players," said Gardner.
"...Since I've been with him,
he did almost everything for
me. He helped me to settle in
England. He just made me
comfortable and feel like I'm
at home over there."

That foundation, Graham
argues, separates him from
many other operators in the
often cutthroat world of pro-
fessional athlete representa-
tion, where, for a fee or per-
centage of salary, an agent can
decide if a player launches into
the bright lights of stardom or
slinks off into obscurity.
"A lot of other people
would simply come in and
want to do a deal and just dis-
appear," Graham said. "But
I'm not in it for the short term.
I made a commitment to
Jamaica in 1998 and my com-

tims of both prostitution and
human trafficking. In
Afghanistan, the problem is one
of boys being forced into sexual
servitude by older men. But
equally worrying is the situation
in Yemen, where girls as young
as nine are forced by their fami-
lies to marry men who are often
more than three times their age.
"We have to stop the
hypocrisy that prevents sexual
exploitation from being prop-
erly dealt with and fought
against," warns Brazil's

mitment was I would have the
whole national team playing
overseas within 10 years. And,
by and large, I've actually
achieved that."
The numbers back his
point. Even as Jamaica's soccer
fortunes took a dark twist,
where the nation's rankings by
the game's governing body
FIFA plummeted, Graham
continued to find overseas
clubs for players, particularly in
England. Bad national teams
did not add up to total loss of
faith in local talent. Graham
just wished things had contin-
ued along the same path after
the "Road to France" success.
"Jamaica did exceptionally
well in climbing to 45th in the
world," he explained in mid-
June. Now the Boyz are 83rd.
"So, you know, that is obvi-
ously a decline," Graham
added. "I think what didn't help
was a change in federation. You
know, I think it was a case of 'if
it's not broke, don't fix it'.
Everything was going along
nicely. But that four or five year
period certainly didn't help.
There was a lot of confusion."
That "four or five year
period," he said, included the
time the Burrell administration
was replaced by a Crenston
Boxhill-led JFF. Yet despite
the ratings fall, the Reggae
Boyz still produced enough tal-
ent, according to Graham,
even in the lean years after the
nation missed qualification for
World Cups 2002 under
Burrell and 2006 with Boxhill
at the helm.
"Most Jamaicans are quick,
strong and technically very
good," he said of the continuing
demand. "What they lack is
coaching. So they (overseas
clubs) know they have the
attributes and, as long as the
attitude is right, then.. .People
see a product they can develop."
Graham's job has been to
showcase that pr, ,d itkl ', to
build a bridge that allows the
talent to cross beyond local
shores, where the players -
and, of course, their agent -
can be rewarded. Someone,
Graham said, must lead the
clubs to what is out there.
"No, people don't come (to
Jamaica)," explained the head
of Phillip Graham Sports
Management Ltd. in England.

President Lula da Silva.
But officials have got their
work cut out for them as they
strive to honor the goal of
eradication as set out in the
U.N. Convention On the
Rights of the Child and the
accompanying protocols. More
than a decade after the First
World Congress was held in
Stockholm, Sweden in 1996,
followed by the second such
gathering in Yokohama, Japan
in Dec. 2001, the positive news
is that many seem up to be

"...If there is anybody, they
come to me. People know of my
connections and they will ask
me...I mean, I know virtually
all the national team players."
Graham said he has
watched most of Jamaica's
games over the past 10 years.
He has also witnessed the ups
and downs of JFF administra-
tions, which he said has direct-
ly impacted the nation's soccer
"You had people in the
federation who were very, very
experienced at worldwide con-
tacts," Graham said of the first
Burrell administration, which
ran the JFF for about a decade
before being voted out in 2003
and eventually returning last
November. "They'd been work-
ing ti ,gL tIlL r you know, for 10
years and they had tremendous
worldwide contact."
It was not quite the same,
he added, during Boxhill's tour
of duty. Yet Graham refused to
dump total blame on the past
administration. It was, per-
haps, out of its league.
"The people that came in
(after Burrell) didn't have
those contacts," he explained.
"They found it very, very diffi-
cult. So subsequently it wasn't
easy to arrange games. It was-
n't easy to organize things,
clearly, because they hadn't got
the experience to do it.
"...The people, Mr. Boxhill
and Burchell Gibson were very
good people, and I worked very
closely with them. But they
found it tough. It's a tough,
tough job that they had."
Graham's job has been
frustrating too and not every-
thing touched by the bald
Midas has turned to gold.
Despite negotiating a lucrative
deal with EPL club Stoke City
for Austin, for example, the
player was denied a work per-
mit due to Jamaica's poor
rankings. He is now contracted
elsewhere in Europe. Other
Graham clients are feeling the
same pinch. In mid-October
the agent admitted the situa-
tion is unlikely to change much
when the January player trans-
fer window opens.
But while representatives
of the former JFF administra-
tion agreed that the job was dif-
ficult, they pointed to the num-
ber of Jamaicans who signed

Meza best summed up the
mood at the end of last
month's Third World Congress
Against Sexual Exploitation of
Children and Adolescents in
Rio De Janeiro, which brought
together the officials with chil-
dren who are the victims to
take stock of the issue.


overseas contracts between
Burrell administrations. They
also offered other reasons for
Jamaica's lack of success,
including the Boyz' failure to
qualify for World Cup 2002,
which resulted in dwindling
support for the national pro-
gram for the 2006 campaign.
Limited knowledge of the
world game's backroom skull-
duggery was blamed as well.
"The lack of experience
there may be to understand
the deepness of the politics in
football," conceded Gibson.
Some would argue that sim-
ilar p.l IIh. I is responsible for
Jamaica's recent elimination
from the World Cup 2010 cam-
paign. Poor results led to Barnes
replacing Simoes. And, despite
the team's October successes
against Mexico and Honduras,
and last month against Canada,
Jamaica failed to make the
CONCACAF final round.
Yet Graham remains confi-
dent opportunities will always
open up for Jamaican players.
And, he said, he will be waiting
for them pen and contract in

Gordon Williams is a Jamaican
journalist based in the United

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Facing up to the reality of sexual exploitation in the Caribbean

December 2008



Obama's pop culture drama

ow I

Xmas expectationn

Washington and Wall
Street are not the
only power centers
that are wondering what kind
of change President-elect
Barack Obama is going to
Hollywood moguls are sit-
ting on the edge of their seats in
suspense like a teen-aged boy at
a sequel to "American Pie".
The entertainment indus-
try is trying to figure out what
impact Obama is going to have
on popular culture, particularly
the big-budg-
et movies that
around the
planet will
want to see in
a year or two.
luck with
that, guys. CLARENCE
Presidents do PAGE
leave big cul- __ __
tural foot-
prints, usually
in unpredictable ways. John E
Kennedy brought a glamorous
"Camelot" era to stodgy
Washington. Lyndon B.
Johnson inspired youthful
rebellion, mostly against
Johnson. The Depression-era
story of "Bonnie and Clyde"
surprised many in 1967 by cap-
turing a more devoted youth
audience than the hippie-
theme movies did. So did the
straight-laced but nihilistic
"The Grduiik '.
Richard Nixon's era of
Watergate and the "southern
\IrkL;) similarly is remem-
bered for the moral relativism
of "The GdlI,,liL r and the
loveable bigot Archie Bunker
of "All in the Family".
The Ronald Reagan '80s
gave us the military hits "Top
Gun" and "Rambo" and
revived 1950s-style family com-
edy with "The Cosby Show".
And, let us not forget Oliver
Stone's 1987 "Wall ,r l I, with
its cynical-yet-timely catch
phrase, "Greed is good."

What impact could Obama
have? Your guess is as good as
mine, but since I've got the col-
umn, here's my advice to the
movie folks:
Don't try a movie about
his life. At least, not yet. We've
already seen it played out on
T.V. and YouTube. Hollywood's
fantasy factory is no match for
the real-life thriller that "No
Drama" Obama's quest already
has given us.
Look past his politics to
the themes that make his story
appealing. "A stranger comes
to town" is one of the oldest
plot hooks in the world. The
more Obama's opponents
asked, "Who is Barack
Obama?" the more they
sounded like the befuddled
Butch Cassidy and the

Sundance Kid asking, "Who
are those guys?" as a posse
relentlessly stayed on their
tails. The more they asked, the
more we viewers wanted to
Think of David vs. Goliath.
Yes, you can! Audiences love to
root for David.

Tomorrow's inspiring, fam-
ily-friendly themes are yester-
day's corny themes repackaged.
Some of us remember how
John E Kennedy devastated
the men's hat industry by refus-
ing to wear one. Obama's but-
ton-down style could inspire a
dapper Cosby-style traditional-
ism, only hipper.
He scored enough cool
points to be named one of
Ebony's "25 Coolest Brothers
of All Time". Yet he did not
mind spending a little of that
coolness capital during an
interview on MTV, of all
places, when he announced:
"Brothers should pull up their
pants. A lot of people may not
want to see your underwear.
I'm one of them."
Thank you, Mr. President-
elect. We parents across
America salute you.
Remember, Americans
share more than a flag in
common. We share a desire for
opportunities and achievement.
That's why the campaign ad
works in which Obama
d,%t rilb- his grandfather tak-
ing him on his shoulders "and
waving a little American flag" -
to see some of the astronauts.
"Americans," said grandpa,
"We can do anything when we
put our minds to it." Sure, the
spot could have sounded irre-
deemably corny. But in the
context of Obama's life and the
obvious obstacles he was over-
coming, irony evaporated.
Which brings up a dilemma
that comedians have faced: For
the first time since the Sept. 11
terrorist attacks, Obama's victo-
ry has revived talk of the
alleged death of irony. He's
revived so many old-fashioned,
tear-jerking good feelings about
this country's value to the world
that it's hard for comedians to
make fun of him without sound-
ing downright unpatriotic. That
won't last. Political honeymoons
never do. But until that honey-
moon passes, Hollywood would
do well to savor this moment.
For now, Obama has tapped a
spirit of national pride, unity
and respect for racial and cul-
tural diversity that a lot of us
Americans wish could last for-
Put that on a screen. I'd
buy a ticket to see it.

2008 Clarence Page.
Distributed by Tribune Media
Services, Inc.

t's not everyone who gives
you a gift does so with
charity, but sometimes
more out of obligation, grudg-
ingly you could say. And it's
not everyone who smiles as
they receive a gift, really
means it.
Well, it's here again, the
season of giving, the season of
rIhLl in.- the season of return-
ing gifts that were not liked.
No wonder they call it the silly
Somehow people in the
western world have this very
strange custom of bestowing
lavish gifts on each other at
Christmas, even though they
were tight and "crumooging"
for the entire year. This occurs
so often in the office environ-
ment, where people who you
can't stand, co-workers who
you despise, are suddenly ele-
vated to the status of being
your friend, your pixie, and
you are expected to buy a
wonderful gift for him or her.
Forget about the rest of
the year when your torso
ached from the countless back-
stabbing that you got. Forget
about the corporate crabs in a
barrel mentality, where your
rivals did everything to put you
down and attempted to elevate
themselves. Forget about the
time when the office informer
told the boss everything that
you did, including the time you
made a pass at her. Nothing
was sacred. Now it's Christmas,
and they expect gifts, for as
sure as night follows day, as
sure as for every action there is
an opposite reaction, which is
not necessarily equal, they
expect something from you.
The very same way that
you feel behooved to give,
compelled it seems by some
unseen greater power, is the
same way that people feel
obliged to expect gifts of mag-
nitude. Don't bother to try
and tell people about, "It's not
the gift that counts, it's the
thought," or you will be derid-
ed, vilified and ridiculed. At
this time, people expect gifts of
Even now I remember giv-
ing someone a gift one
Christmas, many years ago,

and right
there in pub-
lic, before her
family and
friends, she
expressed her
displeasure at
my offering.
Other people
have told me TONY
similar stories, ROBINSON
with the
responding to their charity and
generosity thusly, "Is what dis
yu give me pon big big
Christmas, wha dis can do, is
mean yu mean or what?"

Remember the story of
the widow's mite? Of course
not, most people don't even
know what a mite is. It used to
be a coin, of lesser value than a
farthing, and it was all she had,
yet she gave it as her gift. That
was then. Now she would have
been cursed and run out of
Dodge city and perhaps pelted
with stones too.
"Imagine, she want to give
big man monkey money."
In contrast, many rich peo-
ple give so much, but with so
little meaning, just to have
their names on the list of big
It seems that the more you
give, is the more people expect
you to give, and woe betide
you if you set a lofty prece-
dent. If you spent the last few
years giving elaborate gifts,
you will have to maintain that

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standard, for the precedent has
been established, and once set,
it cannot be revised. If you
gave your lady an expensive
gift the last two years, you are
obligated and bound by law,
her law, to give her a gift of at
least equal value or more than
the gift of the previous years.
In fact, don't even think of the
equal value part, but make
sure that it's more expensive.
Then there is the gift of food,
as suddenly so many people
seem to think that all you can
eat, really means all you can
eat for the rest of your life. It's
as if the season opens up the
appetite, or is it that they think
that it's the last supper, so they
had better eat all they can
before the world ends?
I don't envy people who
throw parties nowadays, for if
they haven't got the biblical
knack of feeding the multi-
tude, then dog nyam dem sup-
per. Did I say dog? Poor dog-
gie always gets the blame, so
make that people, people
nyam dem supper and not
even leave one scrap for the

Now I'm not being unkind,
but in many areas, gift giving
seems to be gender specific at
this time of year. Men don't
really expect much from
women, but the women sure
have high expectations. There
is some unwritten law that says

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December 2008




MONTEGO BAY, Jamaica -
Two and a half decades after it
was branded "the gay plague",
AIDS is again taking a toll on
certain vulnerable groups with-
in the Caribbean community
(CARICOM), one of them
being men who have sex with
Globally, homosexual and
bi-sexual males are 19 times as
likely to contract HIV than the
rest of the population and data
released at the 8th Annual
General Meeting of the Pan
Caribbean Partnership Against
October show that in this part
of the world, the HIV preva-
lence among that group is very
When AIDS first appeared
in the 1980s, the mystery virus
was labeled as being a homo-
sexual disease. Stirred on by
the rapid deaths of many of
their friends, gay leaders took
action by mounting prevention
campaigns at the community
level. Their efforts paid off, as
HIV infections among gay and
bisexual men fell dramatically
for a decade.
But officials say the data
showing HIV prevalence
among men who have sex with
men prove that the early les-
sons of the AIDS epidemic
have been forgotten in the
Caribbean and the time has
come for the region to take
what could be the boldest step
yet in fighting the disease -
repealing of buggery laws.

Cuba, the Caribbean coun-
try with the lowest HIV preva-
lence among gay men, does not
have a buggery law, while The
Bahamas repealed the Buggery
Act in the early 1990s. With
precedent already set in the
Caribbean, a leading Jamaican
health official says it is time for
the rest of the region follow

VIE W P 0 I n T

laws force Caribbean full circle with HIV/AIDS 'plague'
"Any lawyer worth their Buggery Act actually con- to these practices and how there socio-economic impact of the
salt will tell you that the tributes to the epidemic," is a need to seriously discuss HIV/AIDS pandemic. But
Buggery Act is just a very poor Figueroa said. decriminalization and how this Barbadian lawyer Juliette
piece of legislation and needs The Jamaican health offi- can impact positively on our Bynoe-Sutherland is not con-
cial will also have great difficul- fight to reduce stigma and dis- vinced that any politician
ty selling his argument in his crimination within the would go the route of repealing
A, .. home country for another rea- Caribbean region and generally the Buggery Act in the absence
son. Jamaica has been dL,, ribl d I would say within the AIDS of consensus from groups in
as the most homophobic coun- global fight," St. Kitts and Nevis civil society and the con-
Stry in the Caribbean and the Prime Minister Dr. Denzil stituents who elected them.
pressure group Jamaicans for Douglas said at the International Dr. Figueroa said the
Lesbians, All-Sexuals and Gays AIDS Conference in Mexico removal of the Buggery Act
;. :.j ~ (J-FLAG) says the island has a City earlier this year. would also help in removing the
long-running tradition of ram- At least two more regional stigma that is associated with
pant homophobia and anti-gay politicians present at the PAN- men having sex with men and
violence. Figueroa agrees there CAP meeting weighed in on send a signal to them that as peo-
would be strenuous resistance the discussion. ple they were not being excluded
to his call, but he is not too per- "I think we need to take from the wider society.
turbed. this to another level, I think "This is important because
"I don't see it as a prob- the level of prime ministers, so when people see 11LIh m l l'L as
lem, I really don't," he said. that the caucus of heads of excluded or
With new voices joining CARICOM can address this discriminated
Golding: Jamaica will not bow. the growing chorus for the issue of buggery," Dominica's against and
Caribbean to repeal the Act, Health Minister John Fabien stigmatized, it
to be repealed; and someone politicians would be the next told the Caribbean Media promotes risky
has to take the initiative on major hurdle. They have long Corporation (CMC). behavior," he
this," Dr. Peter Figueroa, head maintained that they would not "The whole question of said.
of epidemiology and AIDS in commit political suicide by tak- men who have sex with "...What is
the Ministry of Health in ing actions not men.. .we can't get away from more, we must
Jamaica, told nearly 200 dele- popular with this, we can't bow our heads in not forget that Figueroa
gates at the PANCAP meeting. their con- the sand and say it does not when we stig-
The health official cau- stituents. happen." matize men who have sex with
tioned social advocates, who Jamaica's Prime Dr. David Estwick, his men, it drives not only the epi-
mainly want gay acceptance Minister Bruce Barbadian counterpart, said demic underground, but it also
and religious groups that Golding, for that regional politicians should means that men who have sex
oppose legalizing homosexuali- example, has not be afraid to address the with men disguise their sexuali-
ty, that his motive was based made his posi- Douglas issue, even though it might be ty, take on a girlfriend and
primarily on a public health tion clear on ouas seen as a tough one. have sex with women who are
perspective, the issue. "What are we going to do unaware that they are really
Appearing on a British about reaching men who have people who have sex with men,
MORALITY Broadcasting Corporation sex with men when we have and therefore this acts as a
But in a region where (BBC) program on May 20, laws against their sexual activi- bridge in terms of HIV trans-
Christianity is the dominant he said while each Jamaican ty in most Caribbean coun- mission from the gay communi-
religion, the majority public should have the right to priva- tries?" the Barbados health ty where rates of HIV are very
opinion is that the practice of cy and equality before the law, minister asked delegates at the high, into the general popula-
men having sex with men is the government would not bow PANCAP meeting. "How are tion and continues to feed the
abominable. Christians usually to international pressure for we to adequately address sex epidemic," Figueroa added.
point to the biblical story the recognition of gay rights, workers in the region if sex Caribbean countries are
where God destroyed an entire work is illegal?" among 85 which have laws
city, Sodom and Gomorrah, SOFFER STANCE criminalizing sex between men.
because of the gay lifestyles of But an increasing number IMPACT It is punishable by death in
the inhabitants, of politicians from the region, Meanwhile, responding to seven countries (none of which
"The problem is that including at least one prime suggestions that Caribbean are in the Caribbean) and by
because most of our people are minister, have been softening politicians would not commit imprisonment in 76 others.

Christians and they see it as
immoral, it is difficult for them
to understand the public health
argument that shows how hav-
ing outdated legislation and a

their stance on the issue.
"What we are seeking to do
at this level in the Caribbean is
to raise the level of debate and
information-sharing with regard

political suicide by decriminal-
izing buggery and prostitution,
Estwick said many of his
regional colleagues were not
truly aware of the fundamental


Xmas expectationn

that it's the man who's sup-
posed to lavish and be extrava-
gant, and the woman who's
supposed to relish this lavish-
More men buy women
expensive jewelry, perfume and
stuff, than the other way
around. If some men get a
pack of briefs, or a shirt, then
they can consider li, msI\Nl'h
lucky. But for the women, it's
the king's ransom. After all,
diamonds are a girl's best
friend and a ring at this time of
year will be matched only by
the sparkle, if not glint in her
This historical fact only

heightens the gift expectation
factor in women, who geneti-
cally are programmed to
expect more from men, even
when the men give all they
have and have no more. This
applies to emotions, time, sen-
sitivity and love too. Wasn't it
Prince who sang, "You are just
like my mother, she was never
,iiillKd If you think me
wrong, don't give your lady a
gift this Christmas, or give her
some cheap ass, fluxxy, no-
brand-name-gift and see what
you get for the next few
months, cold stares, cold shoul-
der, cold bed.
"The coldest time of my
life, was that ( I.:, 'in. ',i. when I
gave her a cheap gift."

Men really do spend at
this time. But men know why
they pander and cater to this
Xmas 'Xpecation, for as the
old saying goes, nutten fi nut-
ten and something fi some-
But, alas, the times have
changed, and the economy isn't
what it used to be, as the finan-
cial fallout has affected almost
everyone, and money isn't as
plentiful as it once was. All
who were expecting a new car,
or giant plasma T.V with sur-
round sound had better lower
their expectations, for the times
they are a changing. So many
name brand stores have closed
down, even chains that stood
for decades, have now pulled

down their shutters. Perhaps
we can think of more meaning-
ful gifts, remember, it's the
thought that counts...yeah right.
"Is that all you could think
of buying me, a book?"
Some people don't care
about any economic crunch
and they still have high expec-
tations. This crunch is world-
wide too, and even once giant
economies are feeling the
pinch, making former givers
into beggars.
But even the original beg-
gars have increased their stock
in trade as they have become
bullish at this time of year.
They not only expect, but
demand more, for expectation
is in the air, and it's Christmas,

so they all want to breath that
rich mixture.
So don't bother to talk
about giving love, or time,
or that it's the thought that
counts. As they say, that can't
pay rent or buy groceries, plus
the merchants depend on this
expectation for their very exis-
tence, so give generously.
If you're a man and can't
feed this expectation, then you
had better take flight or go
underground, for it's a monster
that has to be fed, and it can
be cold too.

December 2008


C U tT U R

Cariboh-t Caribbean has a rich culture to offer the
world ~ UNESCO director

Last month, Dr. S.T. Kwame
Boafo, UNESCO's director
and representative for the
Caribbean, attended the
"Islands of the World Fashion
Week" in Nassau, Bahamas.
WI/ule there he discussed the
importance of Canrbbean cul-
ture to the region and the world
with Caribbean Today's
Managing Editor Gordon
Williams. The following is an
edited version of that interview:

is the message that you bring to
an event of this nature?

is the lead U.N. (United
Nations) agency in terms of cul-
ture. We support the develop-
ment of culture around the
world, but specifically in the
Caribbean. The message is that
culture plays an important role
in the economic development
of the world; economic devel-
opment of countries in the
Caribb,,n, particularly cultural

G.W.: How far along is the
Caribbean in accomplishing
what you ask here, taking
advantage of the economic
opportunities based on using
its culture?

K.B.: Well I think that the
Caribbean is pretty well
advanced. Maybe not as
advanced in economic terms as,
for example, the U.S. (United
States), but it is pretty well
advanced compared to other
developing parts of the world.
You know that music is big
here the reggae, the calypso
and other forms of music that
you have here. I think that if
one were really to talk about
the export of cultural industries
that is really most advanced
here and better marketed all
over the world, from the
Caribbriin, it's really music.
But in addition to music, there
are other things. You have cul-
tural artifacts. You have the
designs of, I see tee-shirts, and
other things. You have those
who produce sculptures
etc... This is really all part of
the cultural industries.

G.W.: You are from
Africa...How heavily has the
African influence been on the
Caribbean and how far has the
Caribbean gone in fashioning
its own unique product using
the African experience as its

K.B.: I think there has been
considerable amount of
progress from the two years
that I've been here, from what
I've seen...But I think there is
still a long way to go. One of
the major problems that I see

is really that we don't have that
kind of personal contact
between fashion designers in
Africa and fashion designers in
the Caribbean. I think if we
were able to promote that kind
of contact, I think that will
help. Secondly, from what I
saw yesterday (the first day of
IWFW) I think considerable
effort has been made really to
come out with designs that
reflect the cultures, that reflect
the traditions of the Caribbean.
Much of it can be traced back
to Africa.

G.W.: Is the African continent
also looking to the Caribbean...
reaching out to the Caribbean
to blend its culture?

K.B.: I'm from Ghana. Here
again I think efforts are being
made. When I move around in
the Caribbean and our office
located in Kingston, Jamaica
covers 16 countries in the
Carirbbin, so I move around
pretty much and what I see
are efforts to reach out from
Africa to the Caribb ii in
terms of the cultural indus-
tries... Secondly, I think that
we do have quite a number
of fashion shows in Africa.
Ghana has. South Africa has
major ones in Africa and so
have other African countries
and I hope that, again, there
can be some kind of a contact
so that there can be cross-
breeding of experiences.

G.W.: How much is the world
aware of what the Caribbean is
offering in terms of its culture?

K.B.: Again, unfortunately, if
you talk about outside of the
Caribbean I'm not very sure
whether, apart from music, the
other cultural things that are
reflected in the Caribbean are
really that well known. Talk
about merging of cultures,
the Afro-Caribbean and then
influences, let's say from else-
where, particularly from North
America, and in this instance
the U.S., it is inevitable
because the U.S. is a major
exporter of culture, so to
speak. And the Caribbean
(countries) are so close to the
U.S. that it is inevitable that
you can have that kind of
influence. But I do hope that
regardless of that, I think what
is most important is culture
throughout is not static.
Certain traditions may be
static, but cultures are moving,
and they should be subjected
to influences from outside. But
what is most important is to
differentiate between influ-
ences that may be negative and
influences that may have posi-
tive effects...

G.W.: What is it that the world

wants to know about the
Caribbean and what the region
has to offer in terms of culture?

K.B.: The Caribbean fashions,
definitely. First and foremost is
the music the pan music, the
calypso music. I lived in Paris
for 14 years and there are some
Ciribbhaii there, but whenev-
er you see something that is
being organized that is from the
Cribbhan, be it Guadeloupe or
Martinique, or the English-
speaking Cribbhan, you see
the interest of people, you see
the desire of people. And as
you know, the carnivals that
you have is really, if I can say,
apart from music, of course
linked to music, is where the
major export of the Caribbean.
You have carnivals in the U.S.
You have carnivals in Britain
etc., etc. If you see the number
of people, for example, throng
to the carnival in Britain you
can see that people are really
desirous. They want to know.
They want to see and they
appreciate the kind of cultures
that you have.

G.W.: What is UNESCO doing
on the ground in the Caribbean
to help promote that culture

K.B.: Promoting the culture
abroad is not really the role of
UNESCO... We are helping
with the governments in the
Caribbean to come out with
the needed policies, the needed
strategies that will lead to the
development and export, if you
will, of the cultural industries.
That is our role...

G.W.: What is the key element
that the governments of the
Caribbean need to focus on to
get this culture out to the world
and develop it at home?

K.B.: You see the CARICOM
Secretariat, we are working
with them, because we have
learnt something that over a
long period of time has been
discussed a lot by the ministers
responsible for responsible for
culture, that consistent, system-
atic and long term effort will
have to be made to develop, to
sustain and export the cultural
industries. And UNESCO is
working very, very closely with
them. They have set up a work-
ing group and we serve as the
advisory group to ensure that. I
think what is most important is
for the governments here, and
perhaps elsewhere, to recog-
nize the central role of culture
in development. That is crucial.
Once you recognize that, then
you ask yourself what can I do
really to ensure that culture is
served and becomes so devel-
oped, culture then becomes a
source of economic develop-
ment? And what you need is
the policies to guide that. And
that is what we are helping the
governments in the Caribbean
to do.

G.W.: If you had to use a per-
centage, just how far has the
Caribbean gone...towards
understanding what the region
itself has to offer to the rest of
the world in terms of culture?

K.B.: In terms of percentages I
think you probably have gone

beyond 50 percent. That's for
sure. But I think what is more
important, for you to go
towards or as close to 100 per-
cent as possible, is to focus on
the young people. The young
people, not only in the
Cribbhan, but everywhere,
seem to be much more prone to
be influenced by cultures from
outside than from the local cul-
tures. So it is absolutely impor-
tant for some efforts to be
made so that the young people
understand, appreciate and
take pride in their local culture.
It is absolutely important. If
that can be done, then one can
be sure that within the next five
to 10 years or 15 years, then
you move closer to the 100 per-
cent we're talking about.

G.W.: Is there a danger of
young people being inundated
with different cultures coming
from overseas...that the
Caribbean could sacrifice its
own culture and in essence lose
that culture?

K.B.: Lose that culture, I don't
think you will. I don't think any
society will say 'I've lost my
culture'. But the danger is that
the outside cultures that are
coming in will probably pre-
dominate the minds, the behav-
ior, the lifestyles of the young
persons that are coming up. So
what it is that you need to do is
really to put a lot of effort in
inculcation of skills, inculcation
of knowledge and inculcation
in the matter of pride among
the young people in their cul-
tures. You need to put a lot
more effort in local program-
ming, if you will. You watch
television, and let's say about
80 percent, sometimes 90 per-
cent or even 95 percent of what
you are exposed to is a reflec-
tion of cultures from outside.
Of course you stand a risk of
being influenced by that...

(305) 885-0558
Fax: (305) 887-6684
7790 NW 46th Street Unit 18 Miami, Florida 33166 email:

December 2008


-*4 xu

For twenty years of dedicated news coverage of the Caribbean community, we thank you and congratulate you.



December 2008

Bob Marley, Toots Hibbert among mag's'Top 100 Singers Of All Time'

Bob Marley, Toots Hibbert among mag's 'Top 100 Singers Of All Time'

T wo of the bi",LIl names
in Caribbean music his-
tory have been named to
noted American magazine
Rolling Stone's list of "Top 100
Singers Of All Time", which
was released last month.
Late reggae king Bob
Marley and Toots Hibbert,
who many credit with giving
reggae its early lift-off, were
slotted at 19 and 71, respec-
tively, among selections made
by a variety of experts from
the music industry, including
performers, songwriters, jour-
nalists and administrators.
The Jamaicans scored well
on a list dominated by the
names of singers from the
United States. Marley finished
behind some of the greatest,
including the top three of
Aretha Franklin, Ray C(',irls,
and Elvis Presley. He finished
ahead of some big names as
well, including Smokey
Robinson, Michael Jackson
and Whitney Houston.
Hibbert scored ahead of
Dolly Parton, Mariah Carey,
Patti LaBelle, B.B. King and

Mary J. Blige.
According to the maga-
zine, the choices had little to
do with the singers' ability to
fit any classic mold for holding
a tune.
"The beauty of a singer's

iviarleys voice is one of me most
important inspirations of our time."
voice touches us in a place
that's as personal as the place
from which that voice has
issued", the article written by
Jonathan Lethem and Robert
Hilburn, states while introduc-
ing the list and describing what

makes a great singer. "...It's as
if they've fooled us into loving

In reviewing Marley's
qualities, musician Dave
Matthews called the "Tuff
Gong" "one of the greatest
voices of our time.. .He didn't
sing correctly; he wasn't
trained, but he had a beautiful
voice." Matthews compared
Marley to American Marvin
Gaye. But he also made the
observation that the Jamaican
had contributed much more
with his songs.
"It's hard to separate his
voice from what he was singing
about", Matthews wrote for
Rolling Stone. "Bob Marley
sang with a great deal of power
- enough to shake the founda-
tions of his own government.
A measure of a great singer is
getting a message across, say-
ing things that otherwise won't
be hear. And in a world that
has ways of shutting down peo-
ple that talk about peace and
love, Bob Marley could get

Creative islands shine at Bahamas fashion week


NASSAU, Bahamas -
American designer Kenneth
Cole won the biIL_,,_I award,
but Caribbean creations
grabbed their fair share of
adulation during the first
"Islands of the World Fashion
Week" held here last month.
Cole, whose line of cloth-
ing, shoes, fragrances and
other accessories have earned
some $1.5 billion worldwide,
secured the IWFW's special
"Humanitarian Designer
Award" for his work cam-
paigning for causes relating to
AIDS, abortion, gun control
and cloning.
But Caribbean flavor, cre-
ativity and style stood out as
well during the four-day
event. St. Vincent and the
Grenadines' Tamiko Browne,
of Tami B Designs, earned
two awards. She won the
"Culture and Fashion" honor,
which recognizes the designer
best able to incorporate a
uniquely cultural element in
garment design.
Browne also earned
the award for "NexGen
DL ,gniL r which rewards a
designer who has not previ-
ously produced a line of cloth-
ing, has been designing for
less than three years, and does
not currently work for a major
fashion house.
The fourth major honor
went to Esther Joseph -
Queen Esther of Kuumba
Designs out of St. Lucia who
won the "Sustainable Eco-
Fashion" award recognizing
the designer who has incorpo-


Jamaican-born designer Desreen Waller takes
way with her daughter Jade, a budding model
her show.
rated environmental and/or
social issues into his or her
In addition, IWFW also
handed out five "Seals of
Excellence" to designers
Claudia Pegus and Heather
Jones, of Trinidad and Tobago;
Nadine Lurey of Indonesia;
and Beverly Taylor and Jeff
St. John of The Bahamas. The
Ld. 1, 'were awarded by the
panel of judges based on the
designers' creativity, expres-
sion and quality of workman-

The extravaganza, the

first time the event
Shad been staged in
The Bahamas, was
dominated by more
than 30 designers
from islands in the
Caribbean and else-
where, including Fiji
and Indonesia. A
few hitches, includ-
ing delayed starts to
some events and no-
show designers,
marred the week's
activities. But the
production improved
as it went on, and
the runway often
sparkled with cre-
ative fashions leav-
ing little doubt about
the talent on show,
especially in the
Caribbean region.
"We have
some fantastic
3 the run- designers," said
, following IWFW's organizer
Owen Bethel before
the event.
The designers agreed.
"I think this stuff is
good," said Jamaican-born,
London-trained designer
Desreen Waller, who received
enthusiastic crowd response
for her show and allowed her
six-year-old daughter Jade to
model her line on the runway.
IWFW, which was
endorsed by UNESCO, the
United Nations' agency for
promotion of culture, is being
planned as an annual event.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.

that message across.
"It's rare", he added, "that
something so serious and so
beautiful as his music can rise
as clearly to the top as he did.
His voice is one of the most
important inspirations of our

Hibbert is "one of the most powerful and
original soul singers ever."

Marley's "key tracks" were
listed as "No Woman, No
Cry", "Redemption Song" and

amaica's Rose Hall devel-
opment in Montego Bay is
gearing up to offer a feast
for the soul when the ii Vw"
Jamaica Jazz & Blues Festival
unfolds at the resort area Jan.
The festival is expected to
famous per-
formers such as
O'Jays, Atlantic
Starr, Lionel
Richie, Lou
Gramm of
Foreigner fame,
and Maxi Priest.
The O"Jays
are known for
hits like "Lonely Richie
"Put Your Hands T, g I IlL ',
"For the Love of Money",
"Give the People What They
Want", "Let Me Make Love To
You" and "Darlin' Darlin'
Baby (Sweet Tender Love)".
Atlantic Starr enjoyed
success with "Always" and
"Secret Lovers?" Lou Gramm
lent his voice to Foreigner on
cuts like "I Want to Know
What Love Is" and "Waitin'
For A Girl Like You".
Multi-Grammy winner
Lionel Richie is set to return
to Jamaica with old and new
songs, including a sneak peak

Caribbean poetry night
icardo Pau-Llosa and
Geoffrey Philp, two
writers with strong
Caribbean roots, will read
from their own work and that
of other regional literary
artists during a Caribbean
poetry night this month in

"I Shot the Sheriff". Marley
was born on Feb. 6, 1945. He
died from cancer on May 11,
1981. The magazine lists
artistes Bono, Lauryn Hill and
Buju Banton among those he
Reggae pioneer Hibbert,
who singer Bonnie Raitt was
quoted as calling "one of the
most powerful and original
soul singers ever", started out
in the 1960s with his band
"The Maytals". His songs,
according to the magazine,
"set a template for a couple of
generations of ska revivals and
garnered the Jamaican singer
well-earned comparisons to
Otis Redding". Among
Hibbert's noted songs were
"Sweet and Dandy", "Pressure
Drop", "Monkey Man" and
"54-46 Was My Number". The
music of Joe Strummer and
Robert Palmer was reportedly
influenced by Hibbert.

into this 2009 album "Just
Go". The album's lead single
"Good Morning" was released
to Urban AC radio last
month. Yet Richie is still
for classics
like "Stuck
On You",
Love" and
Times A
Priest has
had several
Maxi Priest big hits
including "Just A Little Bit
Longer" and "Close To You".
Other performers slated
for the festival include Randy
Crawford and Joe Sample,
Chicago, Estelle, Robin
Thicke, Alto Reed's Blues
Entourage, Los Van Van,
Tony Hendriks and 13-year-
old Canadian Nikki Yanofsky.
The 2009 festival is being
presented by the Jamaica
Tourist Board, which is the
new title sponsor.

Above information obtained
from CARIBPR Wire, New

in Hollywood, Florida
South Florida.
The event is scheduled for
8 p.m. Dec. 13 at the Morella
Art Gallery in Hollywood. It
is being promoted as a cele-
bration of the wondrous
images and rhythms which

A feast for the soul at 'new'

Jamaica jazz and blues fest

December 2008




The mighty 'Dragon' of Caribbean carnival dies

Cops detain deejay Beenie Man

For over 40 years, the
man known to many as
"The Drg,,iin from his
early days at St. George's
College in Kingston ignited
Jamaica, the wider Caribbean
and the world with pulsating
soca rhythms.
Byron Lee, along with the
Dragonaires, started to per-
form at carnivals around the
Caribbean in the mid-1970s
and became known for hits
such as "Tiney Winey",
"Dancehall Soca" and "Soca
TIlL, .
In the early days of his
career, he created a world
class studio that attracted the
likes of the Rolling Stones,
Roberta Flack and Bob
Marley and the Wailers.
Lee has also been hailed
by his peers as one who truly
understood the music busi-
ness, having bought former
Prime Minister Edward
Seaga's West Indies Records
Limited and used it as the
foundation for the ground-
breaking "Dynamic Sounds".
He also founded Lee
Enterprises and was the
producer of Byron Lee's
Spectacular Show tour, which
featured many Jamaican acts

touring the Caribbean.

Lee's passion for soca
music resulted in the inaugu-
ration of the Jamaica Carnival
in 1990, fulfilling his vision to
unite "uptown" and "down-
town" residents of Kingston.
In the early days of 'ska' -
the precursor to the popular
reggae music Lee was also
credited with taking 'ska' from
the ghettos and giving it

appeal among
Jamaica's middle and
upper classes.
Although he was
diagnosed with stage
three cancer in 2006,
the "Drag,,ii 'contin-
v ued to make his pres-
ence felt through the
work of his band. As
his condition wors-
ened, Lee sought can-
cer treatment in the
United States.
On Oct. 25, he
requested that he be
flown back to
Jamaica via air ambu-
lance and placed in
the care of local
physicians. The fol-
lowing day he was
conferred with the Order of
Jamaica (OJ) the country's
fourth highest national honor.
On Nov. 4, Lee lost his
battle with cancer at age 73.
Lee is survived by wife
Sheila, sons Byron Jr., Edward
John, daughters Deanna,
Judith, Julianne and Danielle,
as well as seven grandchildren.


ST. JOHN'S, Antigua -
Popular Jamaican entertainer
Beenie Man was last month
released from custody here
after being detained by police
and immigration officials
prior to boarding a flight for
Beenie Man, whose real
name is Moses Davis, was
questioned by the authorities
for working without a work
permit and using insulting lan-
guage at an Antigua Labour
Party (ALP) rally on Nov. 22.
Opposition Parliamentarian
Asot Michael was also ques-
tioned by authorities. Michael
was instrumental in making
arrangements for Beenie
Man's performance.
No charges were laid
against either man and both

were released, pending further
ALP Chairman and
Deputy Political Leader
Gaston Browne told the
Caribbean Media Corporation
(CMC) that the dancehall star
is an honorary member of the
party and performed for free.
He admitted that the ALP
had originally paid the
Jamaican artiste an undis-
closed sum to perform at the
event, but the money was
returned after they failed to
secure a work permit for him.
Labor Minister Jacqui Quinn-
Leandro said her office had
not received any application
for a permit.

MDC lecturer wins Jamaican award

Geoffrey Philp, chairman of
Miami Dade College's (MDC)
college preparatory depart-
ment in Florida, recently won
the "Outstanding Writer"
award from the Jamaica
Cultural Development
Commission (JCDC) during
its National Creative Writing
Awards Ceremony and
Exhibition Opening in the
Caribbean island.
Author of "Grandpa
Sydney's Anancy Sio riL ,,
Philp also won a gold medal for
his poem, I,..,a ,t rilIkt ,
and a silver medal for his short
story, "Bobby Bijani and the
Rolling Calf"
in the national competition.?
"It is a stupendous dis-
tinction for Mr. Philp to
receive such honor and recog-
nition for his works," said Dr.
Jos6 A. Vicente, MDC's north
campus president.
The recent ceremony in
Jamaica marked the official

opening of an islandwide exhi-
bition tour to the 13 parish
libraries and features the
medal winning
pieces in the
categories of
poetry, short
stories, plays,
a novels, and
"The Jamaica
Philp Development
has been an
integral part of Jamaica's liter-
ary development and I am
honored to receive these
awards," said Philp in a press
In addition to his prize-
winning works, Philp is the
author of "Benjamin, My
Son" and "Uncle Obadiah
and the Alien" and the chil-
dren's book, "Grandpa
Sydney"s Anancy Stories"

Caribbean poetry night in Hollywood, Florida

Entries must include the writer's full name, address and telephone number. Each writer is
allowed one entry. Look out for the name of the winner and the winning composition,
which will be published in the March 2009 issue of Caribbean Today.


Send entries via e-mail to: or address them to:

9020 S.W. 152nd Street, Miami, FL 33157, USA

emanate from the Caribbean.
"Ricardo and I have
wanted to read together for a
very long time and after his
reading at the Miami Book
Fair International, he and I
just sat down and worked out
the details," said Philp in a
press released issued recently.
"I've always admired
Ricardo's work and this will
be an opportunity for us to
share with others not only our
own work, but the work of
poets whose work has influ-
enced us."
"The Caribbean is the
mother of the New World,"
added Pau-Llosa. "It is a par-
adoxical region fragile and
intense, a lush paradise that
also gave birth to the first
agro-industries on the planet,
a setting that melds cultures
and creeds but where ancient

rites and beliefs thrive to this
day. Its poetry captures all of
Pau-Llosa is a Cuban
American poet, pioneer art
critic of Latin American art in
the United States and Europe,
and author of short fiction.
His books include "Parable
Hunter" (2008), "The Mastery
Impulse" (2003), "Vereda
Tropical" (1999), and "Cuba"
Philp is the Jamaican
American author of "Benjamin,
my son", "Uncle Obadiah and
the Alien", numerous poetry
collections, and a children's
book, "Grandpa Sydney's
Anancy ,i >rki,. He teaches
English at Miami Dade College.
The readings will be in
English. Admission is free and
open to the public.

December 2008

momm- I ............... ........ ........ "Il""Ill""Ill!"",""",
I n It T S oEnTIE RTni n m oEnT



New rules travelers should know for 2009


It's not too soon to start
thinking about traveling
next year.
In 2009, a series of new
rules and regulations kick in
that could affect your vaca-
tion. Ignore them, and you
might find yourself delayed or
denied access to your destina-
No, really.
Last year, when new tray-

processed within two weeks.

Airlines must quote a total
price for tickets
The European Parliament
this year approved a new
"transparency" rule mandat-
ing that airfares have to
include all taxes, fees and
charges added to the basic
ticket price and known at the
time of publication. It is
expected to take effect either
in late 2008 or early 2009,
according to the European

It's still unclear how this
will affect Americans traveling
to one of the countries who
participate in the Visa Waiver
Program. Last summer, E.U.
ministers expressed misgivings
about parts of the program,
and it is possible that traveling
to one of those countries may
involve answering more ques-
tions and a different (and pos-
sibly confusing) application

Caribbean countries like Jamaica have been active in encouraging American citizens to apply for passports.

el document requirements
went into effect, the United
States government was quick-
ly overwhelmed by passport
applications. Don't get caught
by delays. Here are four new
rules you need to know for
Passports will be manda-
tory for all border crossings
On June 1, the U.S. govern-
ment will implement the full
requirements of the land and sea
phase of the Western Hemisphere
Travel Initiative (WHTI)
mc/cbpmc 2223.html). That
means American citizens enter-
ing the U.S. at sea or land ports
of entry must either have a pass-
port, passport card or WHTI-
compliant document. It's a major
- and long-anticipated change
from the current rules, under
which you can cross the border
with either a passport, passport
card or a government-issued
photo identification, such as a
driver's license, along with proof
of citizenship, such as a birth cer-
U.S. passport applications
made at the end of the fourth
quarter or the start of the first
quarter in other words, in
December, January and
February typically get

Union. At least theoretically,
that should mean no more
unpleasant surprises when you
buy a ticket for travel within
Europe or to Europe. Under
the rule, airfare or air rate,
taxes, airport charges and
other charges, surcharges or
fees, such as those related to
security or fuel, have to be
included in the price of the
And any optional price sup-
plements must be communi-
cated in "a clear, transparent
and unambiguous way at the
start of any booking process"
and allow passengers to opt-in
for them, according to the

Visas go paperless
The U.S. Department of
Homeland Security's new
Electronic System for Travel
Authorization (ESTA) will
become mandatory on Jan. 12,
2009. It's a fully-automated,
electronic system for screen-
ing passengers before they
begin travel to the U.S. under
the Visa Waiver Program.
(The Visa Waiver Program
allows nationals of 27 coun-
tries to travel to the U.S. for
tourism or business for stays
of 90 days or less without a

Passengers get a bill of rights
- maybe
Last year, in response to
increasing consumer frustra-
tion over flight delays, the
State of New York enacted
the New York State Passenger
Bill of Rights. It provided
fresh air, waste removal and
adequate food and water for
passengers on flights delayed
by more than three hours.
Although the law was struck
down by a federal appeals
court this spring, that decision
has been appealed, and it may
become law in 2009 or later.
Considering that 2008 is an
election year which typically
means that few significant
laws are passed next year is
shaping up to be an eventful
one for travelers. If nothing
else, new passport, visa and
airline ticket rules, plus the
prospect of a passenger bill of
rights, will make it an interest-
ing one.

Edited from an article written
by Christopher Elliott, the
ombudsman for National
Geographic Traveler magazine.

2008 Christopher Elliott.
Distributed by Tribune Media
Services, Inc.

St. Kitts and Nevis nationals

get visa-free travel to Europe

CMC Nationals of this twin
island federation, traveling on
valid St. Kitts and Nevis pass-
ports, will soon no longer
need visas to enter several
European countries.
This is a result of the
country's signing of a short-
term visa waiver agreement
last month in Brussels. The
agreement covers travel with-
in countries that participate in
the European Union's
Schengen free movement
zone. While the arrangement
applies to most European
countries, it excludes the
United Kingdom and Ireland.
High Commissioner to the
United Kingdom Dr. James E.
Williams said that the short-

term waiver allows persons
concerned to stay for a maxi-
mum period of three months
within a six month period fol-
lowing the date of first entry
into the territory of each of the
member states. The diplomat
also explained that "while it
covers France and the
Netherlands, it does not cover
their dependent territories,"
adding that "this will be cov-
ered by a separate agreement."
The agreement is being
handled in phases, but St.
Kitts and Nevis was fortunate
to be included in the first
phase with Antigua and
Barbuda, The Bahamas,
Barbados, Mauritius and the

AA to cut flights to Grenada

ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada
,CMC American Airlines is
to cut back on its scheduled
service to Grenada just weeks
after the reintroduction of the
service to the island following
a 10-year break, tourism offi-
cials have revealed.
Chairman of Grenada's
Airlift Committee Michael
McIntyre confirmed that the
carrier, which resumed daily
flights to St. George's last
month, will reduce its service to
three times a week from
Tourism officials are con-
cerned that a downturn in the
global economy could force a
second pull-out by the airline.
"We have some concerns
because of the economic situa-
tion in the world and we have

been talking to American and
the possibility of reducing
some of the services because
this whole thing is based on
revenue guarantees,"
McIntyre said.
Grenada secured a com-
mitment from American
Airlines in April, after a num-
ber of local and foreign
investors including Four
Seasons, Camper and
Nicholson, and St. George's
University provided a guaran-
tee of $1.5 million to the air-
line. Since the airline resumed
daily flights to Grenada in
November there has been
concerns in the reduction in
the number of passengers.
Grenada's economy depends
heavily on tourism.

Tourists give thumbs-down

to casinos in Bermuda

- A majority of visitors inter-
viewed in a Department of
Tourism study have given the
thumbs-down to casinos being
established in Bermuda.
Sixty-five percent of peo-
ple questioned in the exit sur-
vey said that if there was a
casino in Bermuda they would
not go there to gamble.
An Air Arrivals Flash
Report, released along with
tourism statistics last month,
stated: "Two-thirds of visitors
indicate that if a casino was
available in Bermuda, they
would definitely not (41 per-
cent) or probably not (24 per-
cent) visit the site to gamble.
NM >r, than half consider
a casino would make Bermuda
less appealing to them as a
vacation destination".
The release of the figures
came a month after Premier

and Tourism Minister Ewart
Brown announced a $300,000
feasibility study into relaxing
Bermuda's gambling laws -
seen by some as a potential
silver bullet to save tourism.
"All science on this sub-
ject is welcome, including sta-
tistical analysis," Brown said
in response to the Flash
Report. "That is exactly why
we jointly commissioned a
feasibility study."
Shadow Tourism Minister
Michael Dunkley said: "The
finding indicates that gam-
bling may not be the panacea
many believe it to be.
"...It is our view that the
real problem behind the pro-
gambling lobby is the lack of
nightlife for our visitors."
The survey involved 721
visitors from July to

December 2008




Bolt is IAAF's top athlete of 2008


KINGSTON, Jamaica -
Trinidad and Tobago will be
the Caribbhani' lone represen-
tative when the final round of
CONCACAF World Cup soc-
cer qualifiers kicks off next
year with spots at the game's
bis.l event in South Africa
2010 at stake.
The Soca Warriors, with
goals from Kenwyne Jones,
Dwight Yorke and Keon
Daniel, advanced to the final
six-team grouping by beating
Cuba 3-0 last month at home
to finish second in Group 1 on
11 points, four behind winner
the United States.
T&T's longtime Caribbean
rivals Jamaica also scored a 3-0
win here against Canada in
Group 2 last month, with goals
from Luton Shelton, Marlon
King and Omar Cummings.
However, that was not enough
to push the Reggae Boyz into
the final round.
That group was won by
Honduras with 12 points.
Mexico finished second on 10,
edging Jamaica, which also
earned 10, on goal difference.
Jamaica finished even with six
goals scored and six conceded.
Mexico had a plus three goal
difference from nine scored
and six conceded.
The top two teams from
each of the three groups
The Reggae Boyz will now
miss their third consecutive
World Cup after their histori-

- Carl Wright hit a maiden centu-
ry as hosts United States walked
away with the ICC Americas
Division 1 crown on Nov. 30.
Wright hit 112 from 105
balls, as the U.S. clinched the
title, following an 87-run victory
over the Cayman Islands in their
final match at Piccolo Park.
Wright shared a command-
ing opening stand of 194 with
Sushil Nadkarni, the most valu-
able player, who made 84 from
103 balls, to propel the U.S. to

cal qualification for the 1998
event in France. T&T, mean-
while, will continue its bid to
return to the big stage after
making an appearance in 2006


in Germany.
Three other Caribbean
nations were eliminated from
qualifying places when last
month's final group games were
played. Cuba, Haiti, Suriname
all failed to advance. The
remainder of CONCACAF's six
final round places will be taken
by Costa Rica and El Salvador.

For Jamaica, elimination
was bittersweet. Playing in
front of a capacity home
"Office" stadium in Kingston,
the Boyz needed to beat
Canada by a score of at least
seven clear goals or win and
have Mexico defeat Honduras.
Neither happened and,
despite a roaring comeback
over the group's final three
games which Jamaica won, the

289 for six in 49 overs. Kevon
Bazil finished with four wickets
for 75 runs from 10 overs.
Rain interruptions curtailed
Cayman Islands' response, and
the match was eventually called
to a halt with that team struggling
on 65 for four in the 24th over.
At the Central Broward
Stadium, the eagerly awaited
clash between dethroned cham-
pions Bermuda and title con-
tenders Canada was eventually
abandoned late in the day with
no result possible. Showers and

Boyz fell short after losing eight
of a possible nine points in the
first three group games. Some
pointed those losses to the for-
mer coach Rene Simoes, who,
they claimed, resisted selecting
the country's best players in the
earlier group games.
"When you look back it
was disappointing," said defend-
er Tyrone Marshall after the
Canada game here, "especially
when we finally put our best
team on the pitch. We didn't do
that in the first few games."
Marshall's view was sup-
ported by midfielder Andy
Williams, who played in the
1998 World Cup.
"Coach Simoes was trying
to instill some younger guys,"
said the man known as
"Bomber", who, along with
Marshall, Cummings and Dane
Richards were among Jamaica
squad members for the Canada
game who play in North
America's Major League Soccer.
"I don't think it was the
right time to bring them in,
especially with those three
away games, big time games."
The top three teams from
the final round of CONCACAF
qualifiers will advance to the
World Cup finals. The fourth
place team will be involved in a
playoff with a country from
another region to possibly earn
a spot in South Africa.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.

lashing winds forced the no-
result, after Canada reached 190
for six in its 42 overs, and
Bermuda's chase was cut short
with the score on 53 for one.
At the Central Broward
Regional Park, Argentina con-
demned Suriname to finish bot-
tom of the table and without a
point, when it completed a six-
wicket victory. Chasing 191 for
victory from 50 overs, the
Argentines reached their target
with 25 balls to spare.

amaica's Usain Bolt, the
world's fastest man and
three-time Olympic gold
medal winner, has been
named top male athlete of the
year by the International
Association of Athletics
Federation (IAAF).
Bolt received the award
last month at the IAAF's
Athletes-of-the-Year awards
ceremony in Monaco.
Russian pole vaulter
Yelena Isinbayeva won the
top female athlete honor.
The 22-year-old Bolt
thrilled the world when he
captured gold in the 100, 200
and 4x100 meters relay at this
year's Olympic Games in
Beijing, China. He clocked
9.39 seconds to win the 100
meters and 19.30 to take the
200 meters both were world
record times. Jamaica's time
of 37.10 seconds in the quar-
ter-mile relay, on which Bolt
ran the third leg, was also a
world record.
"I have a motto that any-
thing is possible," Bolt said.
"But this really is such an

"Just to be included with
every great name in the sport
is wonderful. I'll try to do it
year after year."
Bolt's two individual
world records at the Olympic
were also nominated for the
"Male Performance-of-the-
Year", but surprisingly, Cuba's
Dayron Robles toppled him
for this award. Robles broke
the world record in the men's
110 meters hurdles in June
when he clocked 12.87 seconds
to win the in Ostrava. It was a
world record improvement by
one hundredths-of-a-second.

CMC reports contributed to
this story.

Jamaican in line for WBC title fight

MIAMI Jamaica's former
world champion Glen
Johnson is now in pole posi-
tion for a major title fight
after the World Boxing
Council (WBC) confirmed
him as the mandatory chal-
lenger for the light heavy-
weight title.
The WBC confirmed
recently at its 46th annual con-
vention in Chengdu, China,
that the 39-year-old Johnson is
now in line for their WBC
175-pound belt. He has been
confirmed as the mandatory
challenger to the winner of the
upcoming bout between cham-
pion Adrian Diaconu, of
Romania, and the Italian chal-
lenger Silvio Branco.
No date has yet been
decided on Diaconu's defense
against Branco
Johnson's manager Henry
Foster told CMC Sport that

the Diacanu/Branco bout goes
to purse bid on Dec. 15 and
they are monitoring that
process, eager to face whoever
wins the fight when it happens.
"We will keep busy and
wait for the Diacanu Branco
bout," Foster said.
Canada-based Diaconu,
who represented Romania at
the 2000 Sydney Olympics, is
undefeated in 25 bouts and
Branco has a ring record of 55
wins (34 knockouts) against
eight losses and two draws.
Johnson, 39, a former
International Boxing
Federation (IBF) champion
and 2004 "World Fighter of the
Year", had declared recently
that he wants another world
title opportunity before he
retires. He has a ring record of
48 wins (33 knockouts) against
12 losses and two draws.

Impressive Richards laments New York's MLS defeat

CARSON, California Jamaican
Dane Richards is lamenting New
York's U.S. Major League Soccer
(MLS) defeat after his impressive
showing failed to prevent the
Red Bulls from losing the title to
the Columbus Crew in last
month's final.
Richards superbly set up
an equalizing goal for his team
early in the second half but
Columbus surged to a 3-1 win
at The Home Depot Center
here to cop the MLS Cup for
the first time.
"Right now, I'm sad,"
Richards told reporters shortly
after the game.
"I wish I was holding the
cup," added the little 24-year-

old, dejected
after New
York's per-
slumped from
a dazzling first
half to a
painful loss.
It was hisRichards
second major Richards
ment in five days, after
Jamaica's Reggae Boyz failed to
qualify for the last phase of
CONCACAF World Cup quali-
fying in spite of a 3-0 win over
Canada at the National Stadium
in Kingston last month when he
made a second-half appearance.
Richards had been voted

MLS Cup "Playoffs Player of
the Week" earlier in the month
after he scored a goal, record-
ed an assist and set up the
penalty kick that propelled the
Red Bulls to an upset 3-0 win
over two-time defending cham-
pions Houston Dynamo. The
attacking midfielder reflected
on a good season for the Red
Bulls and hoped they will do
well next year.
"Whenever you reach the
furthest you can in the playoffs,
it's always good, (but) right now
we are really upset. This just
raised the bar for next year, and
next year we are going to go all
the way," he said.

T&T advances, Jamaica out of soccer's World Cup

U.S. cricketers lift Americas Trophy

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December 2008


11 6 n t T 91

U.S. humanitarian agency gets

$4.8M to fight HIV/AIDS in Haiti

MIAMI Cross International,
a Florida-based humanitarian
organization, has been award-
ed a $4.8 million grant for a
new program seeking to stem
the spread of HIV/AIDS
in Haiti.
Cross International
received the funds through
the United States PrLidJLIni
Emergency Plan for AIDS
Relief (PEPFAR), an initia-
tive started by the George W.
Bush administration in 2003
to combat the global
HIV/AIDS pandemic.
The grant was announced
as countries around the globe
observed World AIDS Day

on Dec. 1.
Haiti is one of PEPFAR's
15 focus countries, which col-
lectively represent approxi-
mately 50 percent of HIV
infections worldwide.
Under PEPFAR, Haiti
received more than $28 mil-
lion in 2004, nearly $51.8 mil-
lion in 2005, approximately
$55.6 million in 2006, and
$84.7 million in 2007 to
support comprehensive
HIV/AIDS prevention, treat-
ment and care programs.
Haiti is the Caribbean
country most affected by

Hypnosis is not magic,

but can be therapeutic

QUESTION: I've smoked for
20 years and want to quit. A
friend recommended a hypno-
tist but it scares me. Does
hypnosis work? How can I
find out if this hypnotist is
qualified and reliable?

ANSWER: Hypnosis is one
of the oldest forms of psy-
chotherapy in the Western
world. It may also be the most
misunderstood, given its asso-
ciation with entertainers and
charlatans. But, in fact, it is a
specialized form of meditation
and a relaxation technique.
Hypnosis involves focus-
ing attention inward and using
your imagination and positive
mental images to alter your
perceptions. It's similar to
what happens when you day-

Hypnosis may nelp harness brainpower
to solve problems.
dream or meditate, and are
unaware of what's going on
around you. It may seem as if
you're in a trance, but hypno-
sis is actually a heightened
state of concentration. The
aim is to focus the mind on a
specific image, sensation or

PANCAP award to recognize

work done in HIV/AIDS fight

CMC The Pan Caribbean
Partnership Against
to recognize outstanding work
in the fight against the
HIV/AIDS pandemic with
yearly awards, starting at its
next annual general meeting
scheduled for Grenada.
Senior Project Officer
with PANCAP Volderine
Hackett, in announcing the
launch of the awards recently,
said the unit is convinced that
there are a number of signal
activities and best practices
worth highlighting.
"The first PANCAP award
would form a special feature of
the ninth AGM in 2009 and its
primary objective is to recog-

nize outstanding work that
makes a positive difference to
HIV and AIDS prevention,
care, treatment and support in
the Caribbean," Hackett said.
Hackett said that the
PANCAP awards will be based
on specific criteria for nomina-
tions of candidates. A jury of
three professionals, supported
by a review panel, would make
the necessary decisions for the
conferral of up to four awards
annually. Awardees will
receive cash, sponsorship to
the next international AIDS
conference and a trophy.
PANCAP, a network
which includes Cuba, Haiti,
and the Dominican Republic.

not less likely to get prostate
This was another downer
for Vitamin E. Vitamin E has
anti-oxidant properties and
Vitamin E supplements had
gained popularity as likely
cancer fighters. But most
recent studies show that peo-
ple who take Vitamin E sup-
plement don't have lower can-
cer risk.
Along with Vitamin E,
selenium supplements have
been promoted to improve
prostate health for many years.
Selenium by itself or combined
with Vitamin E did not
decrease prostate cancer risk.
Zinc is another prostate


--p mrmmW/d i orci


QUESTION: I'm thinking
about taking a special supple-
ment for prostate health. It
contains many ingredients,
mostly vitamins and minerals,
such as complex B, Vitamin C,
Vitamin E, selenium and zinc.
I checked the doses and they
don't seem to be excessively
high. I think it's safe but it's
expensive. Can these types of
supplements prevent prostate

ANSWER: Good timing on
your question. The National
Cancer Institute just stopped
a study called the SELECT
trial. The study was looking at
whether Vitamin E or seleni-

Losing weight can bring prostate cancer
risk way down.
um supplements would help
to prevent prostate cancer.
The study started in 2001. A
recent review showed that
men taking Vitamin E pills,
selenium pills, or both were


Lifestyle changes most promising way

to reduce prostate cancer risk



December 2008


lwww -. .*rib e g -dy~om J

S11 n lI T H1

Hypnosis is not magic, but can be therapeutic

goal while ignoring distrac-
tions. This tends to make you

more open to suggestions that
can help with treatment.
Clinicians have proposed
many uses, but it is most help-

Donovan D. Taylor, M.D.

Board Certified Family
children adults gynecology
*weight management
Donovan Taylor, M.D.
Please call for an appointment
(305) 655-0702
Graduate of UWL Previously practiced in Mandeville,
Residency at JMH.
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ful for treating pain and anxi-
ety. The studies evaluating the
effectiveness of hypnosis for
smoking cessation show a
mixed picture.
Some studies ,uI--,l that
hypnosis might help you stop
smoking by reducing cravings,
bolstering willpower or
increasing motivation to take
care of your health. Hypnosis
can be used to soothe yourself
while you have a craving. It
also can help you replace
your preoccupation with
smoking with thoughts like, "I
feel good about taking care of
my body."
But a comprehensive
review found that most of the
current evidence is based on
case reports or poorly
designed studies. It concluded
that hypnosis is no better than
other interventions or even
no treatment at all for
increasing six-month quit


I support your desire to
find out more about the per-
son who's doing the hypno-
tism. Many states do not regu-
late hypnotherapy. To make
sure a therapist is qualified,
ask if he or she is licensed
(not just certified) to practice.
Or check for membership in
the American Society of
Clinical Hypnosis or the
Society for Clinical and
Experimental Hypnosis, two
nationally recognized organi-
zations for licensed profes-
sionals in this field.
Remember that the tech-
nique of hypnosis, which is
intended to induce a medita-
tive, focused state of mind, is
easy to learn. You don't need
any specialized training to
invoke a soothing voice or to
nI___L%,I focusing on some

repetitive stimulus or a relax-
ing image.
But a hypnotherapist does
need specialized mental
health training to understand
emotional and behavioral
problems, to evaluate them
and plan a treatment. Most
therapists who practice hyp-
nosis employ it as one tool
among many that they are
trained to use.
Hypnosis, after all, is not
magic. Rather, it's a specialized
technique that may help you
harness your brainpower to
solve problems. And smoking
cessation may be one of them.

Dr. Michael Craig Miller is
editor-in-chief of the Harvard
Mental Health Letter and an
assistant professor of psychia-
try at Harvard Medical

Lifestyle changes most promising way to reduce prostate cancer risk

supplement that hasn't stood
the test of time.

On a more positive note,
men can make some lifestyle
choices that may lower their
risk of getting prostate cancer.
Also these choices improve
the prognosis if you have
prostate cancer now or devel-
op it in the future.
First in line is body
weight. Men who are obese
have a higher risk of getting
prostate cancer, especially the
more aggressive type. Losing
weight can bring that risk way
down. Compared with obese
men who held their weight
steady, men who lost weight
enjoyed a 42 percent lower
risk of being diagnosed with
high-grade prostate cancer.
You didn't mention
lycopene as one of the ingredi-
ents; but I suspect that there's


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plenty of that in your prostate
supplement as well. Lycopene
is an antioxidant and another
one of the substances promot-
ed as a prostate cancer fighter.
Like Vitamin E and selenium,
lycopene supplements haven't
worked either.
Instead of lycopene sup-
plements, eat foods rich in
lycopene, such as tomatoes.
Cooked tomatoes may be bet-
ter than raw ones. Men who
eat more cooked tomatoes
appear to have a decreased
risk of prostate cancer.
Other foods and nutrients
that may decrease the risk of
prostate cancer include fish
(especially fatty fish); green
leafy vegetables; other vegeta-
bles and fruits with deep, rich

colors (more carotenoids in
those foods) and Vitamin D.
Just the opposite is true
for some foods: Men who eat
a lot of fatty foods, especially
red meat, and consume large
amounts of dairy products
have a higher incidence of
prostate cancer. The same is
true for excessive use of calci-
um supplements.

Dr. Howard LeWine is a clini-
cal instructor of medicine at
Harvard Medical School and
practicing internist with
Harvard Vanguard Medical
Associates and Brigham and
Women's Hospital in Boston,

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December 2008


Question: My sister recently
married her fiance in Tijuana,
Mexico. He got deported, I
believe, in 2002 for domestic
problems with his ex-wife or
girlfriend. My sister is a
United States citizen and
recently learned that she has
breast cancer and would like
to know what she can do to be
able to obtain a visa to bring
him over to California to
spend time with her during
this crucial time in her life.
She just lost her son in Dec.
2007. She is devastated and
wants to be able to spend
time with her hubby. Please
Answer: Unfortunately a
criminal record lasts a lifetime
and once an immigrant is
deported, they are barred
from re-entry, U.S. immigra-
tion officials say. Federal
criminal law makes it a felony
for an immigrant to re-enter
(or be found in) the country
without approval of the U.S.
government. This usually
means a waiver from the U.S.

Jamaica's Minister of
Tourism Edmund Bartlett is
the scheduled guest speaker
for the eighth annual
anniversary banquet and
fundraiser for the Fellowship
New Testament Church of
God, Inc. in Florida, United
The banquet, being
staged under the theme "The
Role of the Church in a
Changing Society", is set for
Dec. 12 at the Plantation
Hotel and Conference
Center in Sunrise.
For ticket information,
call Fred McLeod at
The Bank of America
Charitable Foundation has
named two Miami area non-
profits, Take Stock in Children
of Miami-Dade County and
Sant La Haitian Neighborhood
Center, as recipients of the
Neighborhood Excellence
Initiative (NEI) Neighborhood
Builder awards.
Five community leaders
and five local high school stu-
dents were also recognized
for making a difference
in the Miami community.
Neighborhood Builder win-
ners receive $200,000 in unre-
stricted grants.

attorney general.
If the immigrant re-enters
or is found in the U.S. without
government approval, after a
criminal felony conviction for
a non-aggravated felony, or
after three or more misde-
meanor convictions for drug-
related crimes or crimes
against persons, he or she is
subject punishment by a fine;
or imprisonment for not more
than 10 years; or both fine
and imprisonment.
For immigrants reenter-
ing or found in the U.S. with-
out government approval,
after a criminal conviction for
an aggravated felony, the
statutory maximum term of
imprisonment is 20 years.
Other criminal penalty
increases may be imposed
for aliens who have been
removed after certain kinds
of incarceration, and aliens
deemed to be associated with
U.S. Citizenship and
Immigration Services may
soon increase the maximum

amount of time a Trade-
NAFTA professional worker
from Canada or Mexico can
remain in the U.S. before
seeking readmission or
obtaining an extension of stay.
The proposal will extend the
maximum period of admission
for TN workers from one year
to three years, the same term
that USCIS currently may
grant to H-1B specialty occu-
pation workers, the agency
said this week.
The proposed rule will
further allow eligible TN non-
immigrants to be granted an
extension of stay in incre-
ments of up to three years, as
opposed to the current maxi-
mum of one year.
Canadian and Mexican
citizens seeking temporary
entry to the U.S. as profes-
sionals may come into the
country as TN non-immi-
grants under the North
American Free Trade
Agreement (NAFTA). TN
status is available to Canadian
and Mexican citizens with a
minimum of a bachelor's

degree, or appropriate profes-
sional credentials, who work
in professions listed in
Appendix 1603.D.1 to Annex
1603 of the NAFTA and
under DHS regulations at 8
CFR 214.6(c). Eligible TN
professions include, but are
not limited to, accountants,
engineers, attorneys, pharma-
cists, scientists, and teachers.
- Felicia Persaud
The answers provided here
are for information purposes
only and do not create an
attorney-client relationship;
nor are they a substitute for
"legal advice", which can
only be given by a competent
attorney after reviewing all
the facts of the case.


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Stiff penalties for deportees who

re-enter U.S. without permission

It's final,



The final result in the United
States presidential election
held on Nov. 4 showed
Democrat Barack Obama
winning 365 electoral votes
to Republican John McCain's
The numbers published
in Caribbean Today's
November 2008 issue were
those available at press time,
with some ballots still to be
counted. They were, at that
time, enough to declare
Obama the winner.
Obama will be officially
sworn in as the 44th presi-
dent of the U.S. on Jan. 20,

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Tel: 305-716-2855
Fax: 305-716-2858

Happy Holidays and a
Prosperous New Year!

December 2008

cot -



December 2008

Sc C -


Dance into the holidays with island-style chicken feasts

Most Caribbean people
are gearing up to
take time off to cele-
brate the holiday season.
That means plenty of visi-
tors, laughs, hugs and, most of
all, food.
Caribbean Today will be
celebrating its 20th anniver-
sary as well. As a treat, we are
offering a few recipes for
island-style meals, courtesy of
Publix's Apron's Simple
Meals, that will surely bring
back memories of home and
help entertain family and
friends. Enjoy!

Island style chicken with
tropical salsa

* 1 1/2 pounds boneless
chicken cutlets
* 2 teaspoons garlic salt
* 2 tablespoons butter
* 1/4 cup fresh pre-diced red
* 4 (.67-ounce) slices Swiss

Preheat large saut6 pan on
medium-high two to three
minutes. Sprinkle both sides
of chicken with garlic salt.
Wash hands.
Place butter in pan; swirl to
coat. Add chicken, using


Island Chicken
tongs, and cook four minutes.
Turn chicken over, add onions,
and cook four to five more
minutes or until internal tem-
perature reaches 170E. Use a
meat thermometer to accu-
rately ensure doneness.
Top chicken with cheese
slices. Cover and cook one
more minute until cheese
melts. Serve with tropical

Tropical salsa

* 6-8 sprigs fresh cilantro
* 1 lime
* 1/3 cup jalapefio pepper jelly

Makes eight servings.

Shortcuts and tips
Don't want to cook chick-
en tonight? This flavorful salsa
would make a perfect topping
for sliced rotisserie chicken,
crab cakes, grilled fish or pork

Caribbean chicken salad
with plantain pie

* 1 lemon (for juice, rinsed)
* 1 (10-ounce) package

1 papaya
1 mango
1 cup fresh pineap-
ple chunks
1 avocado

Rinse all unpeeled
fruit and cilantro.
:. , Chop cilantro leaves
finely, then measure
(two tablespoons);
place in large bowl.
Squeeze juice of lime
(one and a half table-
spoons) into bowl; stir
in pepper jelly
until well blend-
Cut fruit into
bite-size pieces, in order
listed; add to bowl. *
Papaya: Cut in half
lengthwise; remove
seeds and peel. Cut up
one fourth of papaya
(two cups). Reserve
remainder for another
* Mango: Cut mango
away from pit. Remove
peel; cut fruit (one cup).
* Pineapple: Cut, as
needed. Avocado: Cut Chicken salk
into quarters; remove
peel and cut fruit (one and
one eighth cups).
Gently stir to coat ingredi-
ents; chill until ready to serve.

* 1/4 cup diced pimientos
* 1/2 teaspoon curry powder
* 12-16 Bibb lettuce leaves

Squeeze juice of lemon into
medium bowl. Stir in remain-
ing ingredients (except let-
tuce) until well blended.
Chill salad (or may be served
at room temperature).
Arrange lettuce leaves on
serving plates; mound chicken
salad in center and serve.

Plantain pie
* 1 prepared nine-inch pie
* 2 very well-ripened plantains
* 1 (24-ounce) jar mango
slices in light syrup (drained)
* 2 eggs (or 1/2 cup egg
* 1 tablespoon brown sugar
* 1 tablespoon honey
* 1/4 teaspoon cinnamon
* 1/8 teaspoon kosher salt

Preheat oven to 450E
Arrange pie crust in nine-inch
pie plate; pinch or fold edges
of dough to finish.

a culture so rich you can taste it

Historically nicknamed "the Land of the Flying Fish," Barbados is a nation with an obvious love
affair with this unique marine animal. From inspiring its art to starring in this Caribbean country's
national dish, the Flying Fish has always held a special place in Barbadian culture and cuisine.

I*1 Happy Independence Day, Barbados. 11* 30 08


roasted, diced chicken
* 1 (8-ounce) can pineapple
tidbits in juice (drained)
* 1/3 cup light mayonnaise


Remittances to Caribbean slowing World Bank

flows to the Caribbean and
other developing countries
have begun to slow down,
marking a reversal of several
years of strong growth, the
World Bank has announced.
The Washington-based
financial institution said the
reduction is reflected in fig-
ures for the third quarter of
2008. The bank said the slow-
down was expected to deepen
further in 2009, in response to
the global financial crisis.
But it said the exact mag-
nitude of "the growth modera-
tion, or outright decline in
some <.," was hard to pre-
dict, "given the uncertainties
about global growth, com-
modity prices, and exchange
rl ii, .'

The World Bank said offi-
cially recorded remittance
flows to the Caribbean and
other developing countries are
estimated to reach $283 billion
this year, up 6.7 percent from
$265 billion last year.

However, factoring infla-
tion, it said remittances are
expected to fall from two per-
cent of gross domestic product
(GDP) in 2007 to 1.8 percent
in 2008.
It stated that in 2009,
remittances are expected to
fall by 0.9 percent, or, in the
worst case, no more than six
The bank reported that
regional pattern of remittance
flows appears to be shifting,

noting that flows from the
United States to Latin
America and the Caribbean
and those from Western
Europe to Europe and
Central Asia are slowing.
The bank said remittance
flows to the Caribbean and
Latin America topped $57 bil-
lion in 2006 and $61 billion in
2007. It said the figure was
expected to remain the same
in 2008 as in 2007.
The World Bank pointed
to several factors that appear
to be responsible for the slow-
down in remittances to the
Caribbean and Latin America,
including the slumping U.S.
economy and tighter enforce-
ment of immigration laws in
the U.S.

Fixing common money mistakes early, often


Everybody makes mistakes.
But when it comes to money,
even little errors can prove
What are the most com-
mon financial mistakes and
how can they be fixed?
Dollar dribbling At the
end of the month, consumers'
pockets are empty and they're
confused. "Where did all the
money go?" David Jones,
president of the Association
of Independent Consumer
Credit Counseling Agencies in
the United States, knows the
answer: It went to dozens of
little, regular expenditures.
"It adds up really quick-
ly," Jones said.
Bruce McClary, communi-
cations director for Clearpoint
Financial Solutions in the
U.S., calls these expenses
dri 11 r, because of the
slow leaks they create in a
monthly budget. Plugging
these leaks is easy once you
find them, McClary adds. The
solution: Keep a notebook
with you and write down
every expense, from the $1
candy bar to the $3 latte. At
the end of the month, add
them up and decide whether
the expenses are worth budg-
eting for or whether they
ought to be eliminated.
Forgetful budgeting -
Some big bills land just a few
times a year and wreak havoc
with the finances of the for-
getful, McClary says. Pull out
copies of all those irregular
bills and divide their costs to
come up with a monthly
amount that needs to be
saved. Also estimate the
amount you'll need for holi-
days and birthday gifts, so you
can be saving for these irregu-
lar but expected expenses on a
regular basis.
Cutting the cushion -

ments such as credit
S card contracts and
mortgage loan docu-
ments. When you
enter into a financial
transaction, read the
fine print and keep a
copy of the document
you signed, McClary
advises. If you don't
agree with the terms,
"_ _don't sign the deal. If
you do sign, make
sure you don't violate
the terms of the
Traps to
Without proper management, money problems can keep watch: over-limit and

pigiiip up.
Everyone needs an emergency
fund, Jones says, particularly
in a dicey economy. Even if all
you can save is $5 a month or
the change collected from your
pocket and the couch cushions
- bank it, McClary advises.
Small amounts add up.
Making the minimums -
Credit card minimum pay-
ments can leave you in debt -
at double-digit rates for the
rest of your life, Jones notes.
The best idea is to use credit
cards just for convenience,
paying them off each month.
If you can't do that, at least
pay more than the minimum.
Saving the kids Parents
in financial trouble often try
to keep their woes from their
children, thinking that they're
saving the kids from worry.
That's a bad approach, Jones
says. He's found that when
asked to help, teenagers can
be extremely useful, finding
dozens of ways to pitch in and
cut costs for their families.
Being involved in the family
money discussions also teach-
es them about finances and
may make them savvier con-
sumers later in life, he says.
Ignoring the fine print There
are dozens of little traps in the
fine print of financial agree-

overdraft fees; prepay-
ment penalties; and penalty
interest rates, which kick in if
you have a late payment or
Missing signs of trouble -
If you're able to pay only the
minimum payments on credit
cards for two months in a row;
if your credit card debts
exceed 15 percent of your
take-home pay; if you're mak-
ing payments late or regularly
juggling bills because your
paycheck isn't stretching far
enough, then you need help,
experts say.
Create a budget. If you
find that you can't do it alone,
seek help from a nonprofit
credit-counseling service. But
be careful when choosing
The Federal Trade
Commission in the U.S. offers
a guide on finding credit coun-
selors that includes questions
to ask and warning signs to
watch for. The link:

Edited from a column written
by Kathy Kristof. (c) 2008
Tribune Media Services, Inc.

A safe haven
Many investors look to municipal bonds
when other investments seem too risky.
- Municipal bonds are issued by states.
cities, counties and other government
entities; the issuer promises to pay
a specified amount of interest. usually twice
a year, and to return the principal at maturity
6, General-obligation municipal bonds
are backed by the issuer's credit, supported
by taxes and voter-approved
Ai. Revenue municipal bonds are secured
by revenues from tolls, charges or renis paid
by users of the facility built with bond
proceeds, examples include toll roads
bridges and hospitals
b- Many municipal bonds are tax-exempt


T&T private sector agency wants

permanent U.S. trade agreement
PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad, force on Oct. 1, 2000 and con-
CMC The American tinues in effect until Sept. 30,
Chamber of Trinidad and 2012. At least 19 countries
Tobago (AMCHAM) said that benefit from the CBTPA
while it welcomed the exten- including all the member
sion of the Caribbean Basin countries of the Caribbean
Trade Partnership Agreement community (CARICOM).

(CBPTA), there was need for
a more permanent agreement
with the United States to facil-
itate planning and the creation
of a platform for the develop-
ment of sustained fair trade.
Addressing a forum exam-
ining U.S. trade policy and
implications for Trinidad and
Tobago last month, AMCHAM
Director Hugh Howard said his
organization was believed that
the basis of the trading relation-
ship with Washington needed to
be expanded and improved.
The CBTPA came into

Howard told the forum,
organized by AMCHAM and
the Trinidad and Tobago
Manufacturers Association
(TTMA), that the current
trading landscape d iu. J i
that we must lock in trading
agreements given that we were
recently removed as a benefi-
ciary country for the
Generalized System of
Preferences (GSP)."

Economic growth breeds discontent ~ IDB

Trinidad and Tobago who have
experienced fast economic
growth in recent years are less
satisfied with their lives than
people in nations with slower
growth rates such as Guyana
and Jamaica, according to a new
study by the Inter-American
Development Bank (IDB).
The study is the latest edi-
tion of the Development in the
Americas series and the IDB
noted that satisfaction in
Trinidad and Tobago, Chile,
Peru and Ecuador countries
with the fastest growth in the
region in recent years is
lower than in nations such as
Guyana, El Salvador,
Paraguay and Guatemala,

whose economies showed little
or no growth.
The study, which the IDB
described as "an unprecedent-
ed look into people's percep-
tions in the region", used data
from the Gallup World Poll
and information commissioned
by the IDB to complement the
Citizens of Latin
American and the Caribbean
were asked how they perceived
key aspects of their lives
including the quality of educa-
tion, healthcare, housing and
employment, providing some
surprising and on occasion
counter-intuitive responses.

wwwocorosoosJom u

Emi: -Oco soos. ahoI o
Siri O h isMain. 65NW 1Sre-Man,131713
Te:(0)6613 -Fx(0)6 10 1


December 2008



e numbers
SOursanding US
rnunicipaf bon de
S 25 tenA
*97 .
20;008 Cc
S, lhe FC-r




CMC The region's leading
banker is urging Caribbean
countries to adopt carefully
worked-out precautionary
policies, as they brace for
more fallout from the current
global financial crisis.
Addressing a regional
seminar here recently,
President of the Caribbean
Development Bank (CDB)
Compton Bourne also out-
lined several measures, includ-
ing budget cutbacks, which he
said regional governments
needed to consider in light of
the economic downturn.
"Governments need to
identify the components of
their expenditure budgets sus-
ceptible to reduction with
least disruptive effects on
their capital investments pro-
grams and on the scope and
depth of their social safety
nets," the CDB president said.
"It may also be necessary,
where existing debt situations
permit, for governments to
engage in debt finance cau-

tiously tailored to the require-
ments of capital investment
programs which sustain or
promote economic growth
and development."


Bourne warned countries
that they must resist the lure
of short-term financial accom-
modation from international
financial institutions. He also
admonished business enter-
prises and individuals that
they too would need to make
certain adjustments.

"For business enterpris-
es...debt management may be
generally necessary to control
interest costs. Some squeeze
on profit margins may also
have to be accepted in an
effort to maintain sales at a
level sufficient to cover oper-
ating costs," he said.
"Households also have to
engage in precautionary behav-
ior, adjusting their expenditures
to a higher level of income
uncertainty and restructuring
their asset liability portfolios,
particularly through stricter
control on consumer debt."
Pointing to the implica-
tions for tourism, Bourne said
that the global financial and
economic crisis could have
serious adverse effects on the
performance of the region's
bread and butter sector. He
also noted that job losses by
Caribbean migrants in the
United States were expected
to cause substantial reduction
in remittances, which are
major sources of income.

Guyana's president backs wiretapping law

CMC President Bharrat
Jagdeo has approved of the
introduction of wiretapping leg-
islation here, as a means of
combating crime in the country.
The Interception of
Telecommunication Bill 2008
"allows for the interception of
communications, the acquisi-
tion and disclosure of data
relating to communications
and the acquisition of means
by which protected communi-
cation may be accessed and
placed in an intelligible form
and for connected purposes",
a statement issued by the

Office of the President said.
"The law will effectively
prohibit the interception of
communication unless a war-
rant is issued by a judge, based
on an application.
"Additionally, intercepted
communication obtained on a
warrant will also be made
admissible in any criminal
pr, It.LLdnLg it added.
The president has also
approved the Criminal Law
Procedure (Amendment) Bill
2008 and the Criminal
Procedure (Plea Bargaining
and Plea Agreement) Bill 2008,
as recommended at a special

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Caribbean community (CARI-
COM) Heads of Government
Conference on crime and secu-
rity in Trinidad and Tobago
last April. The plea bargaining
legislation seeks to formalize
plea agreements and will
allow the Director of Public
Prosecutions (DPP) to arrange
plea agreements for the speedy
disposal of cases.
The Criminal Law
Procedure (Amendment) Bill
2008 will vest in Magistrates
the power to commit accused
persons to trial in the High
Court if a prima facie case is
made out, based on written
instead of oral evidence.
The enactment of these
new security laws is seen as
vital to reducing the upsurge
in crime experienced in
Guyana in recent years. The
changes also bring Guyana's
security legislation in line with
what obtains in other regional

KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
Lawmakers here voted last
month in favor of Jamaica
retaining the death penalty as
the ultimate punishment for
certain offenses.
Parliamentarians took
part in the conscience vote,
with 35 members voting in
favor and 15 voting against it.
The remaining members were
While the death penalty
remains on Jamaica's law
books, there has not been an
execution here for the past
two decades. The last hanging
took place on Feb. 18, 1988.

However, in the wake of
the country's worsening crime
problem, there have been
increasing calls from various
sections of the society includ-
ing the Church for the
resumption of hanging.
Leader of the Opposition
People"s National Party
(PNP) Portia Simpson Miller
was among the absentees as
the parliamentarians declared
their hand in the conscience
vote on a two-tiered resolu-
tion moved by Prime Minister
Bruce Golding a fortnight

T&T leads Caribbean

in gender equality

PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad,
CMC A new report shows
that Trinidad and Tobago has
made "remarkable" strides in
the area of gender equality,
moving 27 spots up from its
ranking last year to 19 in a
survey of 130 countries.
"Trinidad and Tobago
makes a remarkable climb up
the rankings to hold the high-
est position in the region and
to become the only country
from the region to hold a
place among the global top
20", stated the World
Economic Forum (WEF) in
the Global Gender Gap
Report released last month.
"This is partly due to an
improvement in the economic
participation and opportunity
sub-index, but can be mainly
attributed to an increase in the
number of women in

Cuba, a new entrant last
year, fell three places to 25;
while Barbados entered the
ranks for the first time this
year, taking position number
26 the fourth highest spot in
the region.
Jamaica has also been list-
ed at 44 on the measure of
gender equality, while
Suriname at 79 and Belize at
86 occupy the lowest positions
in the region.
Economists use the term
"gender gap" to explain differ-
ences in the outcomes that
men and women achieve in
the labor market.
These dill rLi Ln, are seen
in the percentages of men and
women in the labor force, the
types of occupations they
choose and their relative
incomes or hourly wages.

Montserrat tightens work

permit policy

BRADES, Montserrat, CMC
- The government of this
British Overseas Territory has
announced that it will be
adopting a more forceful
approach to enforcing its
immigration laws, particularly
regarding persons seeking
employment here.
Labour Commissioner
Claude Hogan said that effec-
tive Dec. 1, the government
would adhere to the provisions
set out in the Immigration Act
(Revised) 2002, which requires
job seekers to first have an
invitation for employment
before migrating to the island.
"It's more like a reversion
to the whole implementation

of legislation, where non-
nationals/persons who do not
have residency in Montserrat
will need to have an invitation
from an employer on
Montserrat before coming to
Montserrat to apply or to take
up employment," he said.
Hogan explained that the
government was not adopting
a policy against non-nationals,
but merely taking a more
proactive approach in antici-
pation of less jobs being avail-
able due to a slowdown in the
local employment market,
which, in part, was expected
because of the ongoing global
financial crisis.

Caribbean warned to brace

for fallout from financial crisis

Jamaica retains the

death penalty


December 2008



Global economic crisis forces T&T into cutbacks

PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad,
CMC Prime Minister Patrick
Manning has announced a cut-
back on the construction of
new schools, hospitals, hous-
ing units and the postpone-
ment of the start of construc-
tion of a Carnival Centre, as
the Trinidad and Tobago gov-
ernment implements measures
to deal with a projected short-
fall in revenue caused by the
global economic crisis.
In an address to the nation on
Nov. 30, the second within a
one-week period, Manning
nonetheless said that the cut-
backs would not affect the
programs of the Ministry of
Education and that the gov-
ernment would "continue the
pursuit of the best health care
system for the people of this
The week before his
announcement, Manning said
that the revenue shortfall, due
to a fall in prices on the inter-
national market for local prod-
ucts, had been estimated at
TT$6 billion ($1 billion), but in
his address on Nov. 30 revised
the figure downward to
TT$5.3 billion ($883 million).
He said as a result,
Cabinet had agreed that "seri-
ous cuts were required, and
consequently we will reduce
recurrent expenditure by
TT$3.6 billion ($600 million),
a cut of 6.5 percent; and we
will cut our capital expendi-
ture by TT$1.4 billion ($233
million) a reduction of 16.1


Manning said that the
gravity of the situation was
underscored by the fact that
despite those huge reductions
in expenditure, "the loss of
revenue is so serious that we
are now still projecting a
deficit of TT$741 million
($123.5 million)."
But he told citizens that
with fluctuating prices, "we
anticipate that
this situation
could be
reversed with
an increase of
a mere 25 U.S.
cents per
British Manning
Thermal Units
- standard measurement of
energy) in the price of natural
Manning said that there
would be a slowdown in con-
struction of new schools and
some major infrastructural
projects like the new hospi-
tals planned for Couva and
Port of Spain will have to be
deferred. In addition, despite
the "urgent need for afford-
able housing in Trinidad and
T, b\g< his government,
regrettably, will start no new
housing units at this time.
"However all housing
units under construction will
be completed as well as

preparatory works for projects
already on the drawing board.
We will also expedite the dis-
tribution of those houses
already completed," he added.
Manning said that the
start of construction of the
Carnival Centre will be post-
poned and there will be a
slowdown in the illumination
of public places by Trinidad
and Tobago Electricity
Company (T&TEC), as well
as a reduction in infrastructur-
al improvements in communi-
ties by special purpose state

But the prime minister
gave the assurance that there
would be no cuts in salaries
and wages; pension to old age
people' disability grants as
well as "no cuts in any social
assistance program of any
"We will maintain expen-
diture in these areas; there
will be no cuts in the pro-
grams dealing with the fight
against crime. The budgetary
allocations have remained
untouched," he said, adding
that the cut back would not
also affect training programs
for young people.
"My dear friends, we are con-
vinced that we have achieved
the reduction in our expendi-
ture in the best possible way.
There were other options
"You would notice that we did

Gonsalves wins defamation suit

KINGSTOWN, St. Vincent -
A local radio station and radio
personality have been ordered
to pay Prime Minister Ralph
Gonsalves a total of $160,000
in damages and cost for
defaming his character.
Eastern Caribbean
Supreme Court Master Cheryl
Mathurin handed down the
judgment last month, six years
after Gonsalves sued radio
host Elwardo Lynch and BDS
Limited, the parent company
of Nice Radio.
The matter stemmed from
statements Lynch, the host of
a talk show sponsored by the
Opposition New Democratic
Party (NDP), made concern-
ing Gonsalves's 2002 visit to
Rome to meet the late Pope
John Paul II. Lynch had
claimed that the prime minis-
ter, who was accompanied by
his wife, mother and daughter,
had used government funds to
pay for the trip. However
Gonsalves flatly denied those
"I have had to wait six
years, six long years to be vin-
dicated," the Vincentian
leader said after the judgment
was handed down.

The court ruled that
Lynch and BDS Limited will
each pay Gonsalves damages
in the sum of $59,540 and
have both been ordered to
each pay $12,280 for the
prime minister's costs in the
High Court. Additionally, the
two parties will bear
Gonsalves's Appeal Court
costs, amounting to $8,286,
plus interest of three percent
on the total
sum dating
back the
service of
the writ to
May 25,
prime min-
ister told
onsalves won hidaythat he was
onsves won his day always con-
fident of
victory and
said he hoped that this case
proved to be a lesson to those
who abuse freedom of speech.
He had promised that any
money awarded to him would
go to charity. Following the
judgment, he said he would
select which charities he

would give the money to, after
consultation with people in his
constituency and his friends.

In delivering her judg-
ment, the master expressed
disappointment with the con-
duct of the defendants'
"I must express difficulty
and disappointment in accept-
ing that counsel for the defen-
dants, in the face of that olive
branch that would ensue to
their clients' benefit, could not
have constructed and obvious-
ly did not construct a suitable
apology at that time or at all,"
Mathurin outlined.
She added that that a
proper apology or the offer of
such an apology could have
resulted in a significant miti-
gation of the damages.
Gonsalves also said that if
Lynch and BDS had apolo-
gized and paid something to a
charity of his choice, it would
have amounted to much less
than the eventual judgment.

not dip into our savings; we the subsidy on gasoline which
did not approach international amounts to in excess of two
lending agencies for financing billion dollars every year."
with concomitant conditionali- t
ties; and we did not remove

Grenada swears in new GG

ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada,
CMC Carlyle Arnold Glean
was sworn in as Grenada's
fifth governor general late last
Glean, a former education
minister who served during
the previous National
Democratic Congress (NDC)
administration in the 1990s,
replaces Sir Daniel Williams
who demitted office last
month after serving in the
position for 13 years.
"I feel deeply the gravity
of the role bestowed upon me
and I pledged as the fifth gov-
ernor general of our beautiful
country to perform my duty
with dignity and integrity,"
Glean told a special sitting
of Parliament.
The new Governor

General, who received a 21-
gun salute and inspected a
guard of honor outside the
Parliament building, paid trib-
ute to faith based organiza-
tions and social groups and
promised to assist their
"It is my intention to
meet with the groups which
include youth woman and
other civic organizations to
lend support to their efforts,"
he said.
A teacher by profession,
Glean retired from active poli-
tics in 1995 after NDC of for-
mer Prime Minister George
Brizan lost the elections to
Keith Mitchell's New National
Party, which controlled the
government for 13 years.

December 24 CHRISTMAS EVE 10:30pm
December 25 CHRISTMAS DAY 10am
December 27 HOLY INOCENTS 7pm
December 31 NEW YEAR'S EVE 11pm
January 1 NEW YEAR'S DAY 10am
MIAMI, FL 33157

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