Group Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Title: Caribbean today
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean today
Uniform Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 38 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Caribbean Pub. Services
Place of Publication: Miami Fl
Miami Fl
Publication Date: September 2008
Copyright Date: 2010
Frequency: monthly
Subject: Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Additional Physical Form: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1989.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 10, no. 3, published in 1999; title from cover.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099285
Volume ID: VID00030
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 40985415


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W e c o v e r

y o

u r

, o r I d




Vol. 19 No. 10

Tel: (305) 238-2868
Jamaica: 654-7282


In a rare ruling, a United States
immigration judge has decided
against deporting a Caribbean-
born lesbian on the grounds
that she might be tortured in
her native country because of
her sexual orientation, page 3.

Breni aancna was a star With
T&T's "Soca Warriors" squad,
which made it to soccer's 2006 1
World Cup finals. After stints C UB A
in Europe, he's back in the
United States trying to jump-
start his career with the
Atlanta Silverbacks, page 22.

News ...................... 2 Viewpoint .................. 9 Arts/Entertainment ......... 15 Sport ............... ..22
Local/FYI ..................6 Environment...............11 Food ......................17
Feature ....................7 Olympic W rap-up ..........12 Health ....................18
Spotlight on Belize ..........8 Business ..................14 Region ....................20

On Sept. 20, Portia Simpson
Miller, left, and Dr. Peter
Phillips will again square off to
see who leads Jamaica's
Opposition PNP in an election
some believe could divide the
political party, page 7.



rwww-.caibeatoayco M

ne ws

Caribbean nationals to sue

N.Y. cops for alleged abuse

Inflation poses challenge

for Suriname ~ IMF

Caribbean nationals here say
they plan to file legal action
against the City of New York
and the New York Police
Department (NYPD) for
alleged abuse and false arrest.
Guyanese Clive Fraser,
27, and his Trinidadian friend
Jeremy Phillip, 26, told the
Caribbean Media Corporation
(CMC) last month that they
have hired a lawyer and will
sue for unspecified damages.
"I'm totally upset about
it," Fraser said. "I feel that my
rights were definitely violated.
I'm definitely taking legal
"The NYPD don't have
any respect for a black man,"
Fraser continued.
Both men said they were
"unjustly and unlawfully"
arrested in July by narcotic offi-
cers attached to the Brooklyn
South Task Force as they wit-
nessed and video-taped, using a
cell phone, three white officers
and one Hispanic officer "drag-
ging and baimng' two unidenti-
fied young black men at a store
near Utica Avenue in

They said when the offi-
cers realized that they were
being video-recorded, they
demanded the cell phone and
asked them to provide proof
of "U.S. citizenship." The

Caribbean men said when
they refused to turn over the
cell phone, they were both
Fraser said he sustained
injuries, as officers drove him
around Brooklyn in an
unmarked van, without air
condition, for over three
hours in further punishing
him. He said just before he
was to appear before a judge
the next day, July 18, he was
inexplicably released.
Phillip said he was also
released after the officers
searched him and confiscated
the cell phone.
"We caught them beating
some guys on the floor," he
said. "They knew they were
doing something wrong. "I
told them, 'You just beat two
guys for no reason.'"
Up to press time the
police had not commented on
the incident.

Meanwhile, the Brooklyn-
based, community activist
group, Caribbean-Guyana
Institute for Democracy
(CGID) has condemned the
police's action.
"It is clear from the video
tape and from what tran-
spired, thereafter, that the two
broke no laws and should
never have been arrested,"
said Guyanese Rickford
Burke, CGID president, who

is also a lawyer.
"Their arrest was purely
an abuse of police powers -
revenge for being caught on
tape committing possible
abuses," he added.
"How can we ask these
youngsters to respect and coop-
erate with the police, when the
police conduct in the communi-
ty is beyond repugnant?"
In addition, Burke said it is
"abhorrent and unlawful" for
NYPD officers to ask young
black men in New York City to
provide identification to prove
that they are U.S. citizens. He
said these hia,,d questions"
cannot be asked in other com-
munities because they \i, j.k,
New York City statutes."
The CGID has called on
New York Mayor Michael
Bloomberg and Police
Commissioner Ray Kelly to
r \ i. \\ this practice, as such
complaints persist.
"Some officers use this
tactic to intimidate immi-
grants," Burke said. "However,
it is a manifestation of preju-
dice and unlawful conduct for
which they should be disci-
The institute has also
called for an internal investi-
gation of the incident involv-
ing Phillip and Fraser and for
more sensitivity training with-
in the NYPD.

International Monetary Fund
(IMF) says inflation has
become a "growing" challenge
in Suriname.
The Washington-based
financial institution said
while substantial
increases in world
food and fuel
prices have clear-
ly contributed to
has also
played a
role "spurred
by the substantial
improvement in
Suriname's terms of trade and
an expansionary macroeco-
nomic policy i,,II,.L .
"In particular, given the
de facto exchange rate peg,
external inflows are fuelling
rapid money and credit
growth, and the envisaged fis-
cal loosening in 2008 will add
further stimulus", it stated.
The IMF has since called
on the Suriname government
to tighten its macroeconomic
policies, recommending also
the issuance of treasury or
central bank bills or raising
reserve requirements to bring
credit growth to "more sus-
tainable kl\ % l, .
The IMF said that a "sig-
nificantly tighter fiscal II nL

is needed this year to help
rein in domestic demand

The financial institution
added that it regards the
exchange rate sta-
bility as advanta-
geous for
Suriname at
this stage
iii-.. and said
,6 that as
en and
develop over
time, greater
exchange rate flex-
ibility would be appropriate,
enabling the economy to bet-
ter weather adverse shocks.
"Setting a more prudent
debt ceiling and an appropri-
ate target for the non-mineral
fiscal balance would help
ensure that fiscal policy avoids
pro-cyclicality and remains
sustainable over the long
run", the IMF noted.
It recommended strength-
ening the monitoring of public
enterprise operations to lower
fiscal risks and broadening the
coverage of public debt statis-
tics to include debt that is not
contracted or guaranteed by
the central government.

U.S. focuses on literacy, curbing HIV/AIDS in Haiti

United States Agency for
International Development
(USAID) says increasing liter-
acy and curbing HIV/AIDS
will form the major part of its
new three-year, multi-million
dollar effort to help stabilize
USAID said the Haiti
Basic Education Project, a $19
million investment, will target
public and private primary
schools, as well as youths who
are no longer in school.
"In Haiti, 50 percent of
children and adolescents have
never attended or didn't com-
plete primary school and can't
read, which means there is lit-
tle chance they can escape the
intergenerational cycle of
poverty," said Rebecca
Adams, manager of USAID's
worldwide education and
health program.
"It's not something you
remedy overnight," she
Adams said through this
program, youths who are out
of school will be offered accel-
erated learning at community
centers, and HIV/AIDS pre-

vention will be added to the

She said the program will
primarily focus on reading,
mathematics, decision-making
and problem-solving courses
for grades one through nine.
Adams said the program
would also provide books and
supplies and would reach

beyond public schools
hLt.,1uL most of Haiti's pri-
mary education is private or
"Bringing educational
services to troubled areas is
intended to keep youths away
from crime, draw parents into
the community and improve
schools," she said.
"While the plan increases
literacy, it also perfects admin-

istrative skills and training for
teachers and school inspec-
tors, so education officials can
better manage schools and
Adams said the American
Institutes for Research, a
Washington-based behavioral
and social science organiza-
tion, along with Catholic
Relief Services and The
Mitchell Group, a company

that provides guidance to
developing countries, are con-
tracted to carry out the pro-
USAID said a database
would track student progress
and document the licensing of
non-public schools and
teacher certification.

St. Vincent includes diaspora in economic consultations

NEW YORK The Ralph
Gonsalves administration in St.
Vincent and the Grenadines
has planned a series of consul-
tations with nationals in the
diaspora as part of what it says
are preparations for a National
Economic and Social
Development Plan for the
A government delegation,
headed Deputy Director of
Planning Decima Corea visit-
ed the United States last
month after conducting con-
sultations in the United
The team held public fora
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

and conducted similar
meetings in New York and
The economic and social
development plan covers the
period 2008 to 2025.
"This involves the process
of developing a shared vision
for the country's future and
deciding upon the major steps
to be undertaken in order to
move the country in that
direction," acting New York
Consul General Cyril
"Scorcher" Thomas told the
Caribbean Media Corporation
last month.
"The plan will incorporate
all dimensions of the develop-

ment paradigm economic,
social, environmental, politi-
cal, cultural and institutional -
into an integrated, multi-sec-
toral policy agenda that pro-
motes sustainable and bal-
anced growth and develop-

Thomas said the method-
ology for formulating the plan
is centered on "inclusion and
widespread participation."
Thomas said public con-
sultations were held through-
out St. Vincent and the
Grenadines during 2007. He
said the primary objective of

the consultations in the dias-
pora is to provide all
Vincentians with an opportu-
nity to "articulate their vision
for St. Vincent and the
Grenadines in 2025, critically
assess the country as it is now,
and identify issues that need
to be addressed."
In addition, the acting consul
general said the consultations
seek to "identify, discuss and
recommend the strategies and
activities that will be needed,
to be undertaken, to realize
the vision."

September 2008

September 2008


n e WS

Judge decides not to deport Jamaican lesbian from U.S.

MIAMI In a rare ruling, a
United States immigration
judge has decided against
deporting a Jamaican-born
lesbian on the grounds that
she might be tortured in her
native country because of her
sexual orientation.
Judge Irma Lopez-Defillo
had initially ordered that the
unidentified woman, 29, be
deported because of drug
convictions, but she deferred
the order last month, basing
her decision on what she
described as a Ilmalll of
intolerance" in Jamaica.
"The general atmosphere
in Jamaica is a feeling of no
tolerance towards homosexu-
als in general and, as such, the
respondent's life is definitely
at risk," Lopez-Defillo ruled.
The judge ordered the
woman to return to court in
three months.
United States Department

Cruise ship


Haitians off

Cuba's coast
MIAMI The Miami-based
Carnival Cruise Line says one
its larger ships rescued 44
Haitians from a sinking
motorboat off the coast of
Cuba late last month.
The company said that
the Carnival Liberty was off
the northeast coast of the
island when the crew on the
bridge spotted the boat. Tim
Gallagher, a spokesman for
the company, said the Liberty
crew notified the United
States Coast Guard, and then
sent a rescue vessel to the
sinking boat to rescue the
U.S. Coast Guard Petty
Officer Nick Ameen said the
Haitians were floating on a
27-foot boat, and that the
motors had fallen off and the
vessel was taking in water.
Ameen said one of the
Haitian migrants, an unidenti-
fied woman in her mid-30s,
collapsed and died soon after
she was rescued. The cause of
death is not known.
He said that the Haitians
also reported that before their
rescue, six migrants had died
and were buried at sea.
"Originally, there were 50
people on that boat; 43
returned to Haiti. This just
shows what happens when you
go out to sea unprepared. It's
dangerous out there," Ameen

of Homeland Security officials
said they still have the author-
ity to send the woman to a
country other than Jamaica.
She was released from a
detention center in Puerto


Rico earlier this year and is
now living with her parents in
Florida. Her 33-year-old
brother testified in court that
she would be ostracized if sent
back to Jamaica.
"Nobody would accept
her. I don't know where (she)

would live or what she would
do. It's not a good move for
her to go back to Jamaica. I'm
strongly against that move,"
he said.
In 2006, the Jamaican was
convicted on a cocaine deliv-
ery charge after pleading no

contest. Shortly afterwards,
she was convicted in a
Broward County Court in
Florida for possession of
cocaine, cannabis, and other


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September 2008

Jamaican-born Rogers scores historic win in Florida House race

Hazelle Rogers became the
first Caribbean American
woman to represent Broward
County in the Legislature fol-
lowing her victory in District
94 of the Florida House of
Representatives last month.
Rogers defeated five other
candidates, including fellow
Jamaican American Eric
Hammond, in a Democratic
primary to earn the seat in
the Aug. 26 elections.
Since there are no
non-Democratic opponents,
Rogers will go directly to
the House.
"Her victory is her reward
for her work," Rogers's media
adviser Glenn Joseph was
quoted as saying in a local
Florida newspaper.
"It validates the opinion
of what the voters think of

her. She has committed her
life to service and this is her
crowning moment."

The same newspaper
quoted Hammond, who in the
past used Rogers as his own
campaign manager, as saying:

"We were up against some
heavy hitters."
In the House Rogers, the
former Lauderdale Lakes city
commissioner, will represent
the South Florida cities of
Lauderdale Lakes, Plantation,
Margate, Lauderhill and
District 94 was vacated by
Matt Meadows due to term
limits. Meadows endorsed
Rogers's campaign.
Rogers tallied just under
40 percent of the 9,627 votes
cast. She finished way ahead
of Hammond, who had made
two other bids for the seat in
2002 and 2004 against
Meadows. He captured 2,606
votes or 27 percent.
Ken Thurston finished
with 2,123 (22.1 percent).
Robert L. Lynch, Roshawn

Banks and Rubin Young were
the other candidates.
The race between Rogers
and Hammond featured less-
than-expected pleasantries
between two Caribbean
American candidates. Reports
circulated that Hammond
believed Rogers used back-
stabbing methods to gain sup-
port, especially in communi-
ties known for their large
Caribbean immigrant popula-
tions. Rogers's camp denied
those accusations.

Yet it was clear that
Rogers had started to build
early momentum during the
campaign. A late July debate
between the candidates left
political observers impressed
by her position on issues,

especially health insurance,
education housing.
Rogers, a city commis-
sioner since 1996, has worked
on several local boards,
including the Broward League
of Cities, the Broward County
Management and Efficiency
Study Commission and the
Broward County Charter
Review Committee.
In 2006 Success Magazine
of Florida named her one of
the 25 most influential women
that year. Rogers, who was
born in Kingston, migrated to
the United States in 1969. She
attended school in New York
and Florida and has been mar-
ried to her husband Clifton for
34 years. She is a realtor and
mortgage broker by profession.

Global situation could damage

Barbados's economy ~ IMF

International Monetary Fund
(IMF) has warned that weaker
global demand could affect
the Barbados economy, prima-
rily through its vital tourism
The Washington-based
financial institution said that
this could take place at a time
when inflation has been
pushed up by rising food and
fuel prices.
With the exchange rate
p ,' d to the United States
dollar and fiscal space con-
strained by high public debt,
the IMF stressed the impor-
tance of addressing these chal-
lenges through a "coordinated
policy rfLpn 11,. .
It said that it saw "the
main task for fiscal policy in
identifying savings to finance
targeted support to the most
vulnerable groups, while con-
taining risks to medium-term
The IMF welcomed the

recently revised budget, which
combines a reduction in the
central government deficit with
"well-identified revenue meas-
urLe to finance additional
social and other priority spend-
ing and encouraged the govern-
ment to make additional efforts
to generate a modest overall
public sector surplus over the
medium term, to reverse unfa-
vorable debt dynamics and put
public debt on a "firmly declin-
ing traJJLrh .r
As fiscal savings could
take time to materialize, the

IMF urged the David
Thompson administration to
identify specific revenue and
expenditure measures early on,
at the same time welcoming
the recent adoption of an auto-
matic fuel price adjustment
mechanism as "an important
step in this direction".
The IMF said a reduction
in interest rates may become
necessary should a more severe
slowdown in economic activity
be accompanied by easing of
inflationary pressures.
It also encouraged the
authorities to advance prepa-
rations for introducing indi-
rect monetary policy instru-
ments, to be ready for their
implementation once global
financial markets have calmed
and viewed the outcome of
wage negotiations as critical in
determining the effectiveness
of the overall policy response
to the current challenges.


Maria Costa Delmont uses her sewing machine to make dolls to be distributed to
needy orphans in Haiti. She is among several seniors at the Springtree Assisted
Living Community in Sunrise, Florida who have been making "Dolls for World
Peace". Some 750 handmade dolls are scheduled to be shipped and distributed by
Food For The Poor.


Surinam Airways Flight 463 is welcomed back to Miami International Airport (MIA) with a water cannon salute by the Miami-Dade
Fire Department. Last month, officials from the Miami-Dade Aviation Department (MDAD), Surinam Airways and the Surinamese
government celebrated the return of passenger service by the airline to MIA after a 16-year absence. The airline will provide
twice-weekly service, Monday and Friday, between Paramaribo, Suriname and MIA, with a connecting stop in Aruba.



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September 2008



LOCA ni /rY

RATION Marriage to a U.S. citizen can lead to permanent residence

You can begin the estimate of the processing interview, the foreign national
process, according to the U.S. time on the USCIS website. spouse will receive a stamp
SIKoRNER Citizenship and Immigration However, you can also contact classifying him/her as a
Agency, by filing a completed an attorney or an immigration Conditional Permanent

QUESTION: I recently got
married to a non-United
States citizen who is here on a
V visa and I need to know
what are the forms I need to
fill out for permanent residen-
cy. His visa runs out at the
end of this month.

ANSWER: Assuming you are
a U.S. citizen, you will be able
to sponsor your new husband
for permanent residence or a
"green card", according to
U.S. immigration laws.
Legitimate marriages of U.S.
citizens are considered "imme-
diate r ,laIi'L under immi-
gration laws; therefore they
are excluded from all numeri-
cal quota limitations. This
means that there are an unlim-
ited number of green cards
available to foreign nationals
who marry U.S. citizens.

Form 1-130, Petition for Alien
Relative. The 1-130 is avail-
able at
Follow the 1-130 relative
petition instructions and the
website for any updates on
instructions or fees. Make
sure your petition is complete.
You will need to submit evi-
dence of your U.S. citizenship,
and evidence proving your
marriage. The document list
to ensure this are as follows:
* Petition for Alien Relative
(USCIS Form 1-130);
* Application to Register
Permanent Residence
(USCIS Form 1-485);
* Biographic Information
(USCIS Form G-325A);
* Affidavit of Support (USCIS
Form 1-864);
* Permission for Work
Authorization (Optional)
(USCIS Form 1-765);

* Medical Examination
Results (USCIS Form I-
* Request for Travel
Documents (Optional)
(USCIS Form 1-131);
* The appropriate supporting
documents; and
* The USCIS filing fees
($1,010 to $1,365).

Processing time depends
on a number of factors. Once
you file a relative petition, the
USCIS will post an updated

counselor to assist you with
this application.
Note that applicants for
adjustment to permanent resi-
dent status are eligible to
apply for a work permit while
their cases are pending. You
should use USCIS Form 1-765
to apply for a work permit for
your husband.

The USCIS will contact
you first regarding the biomet-
rics/fingerprinting appointment.
The USCIS will then issue the
work authorization and permis-
sion to travel approximately 90
days after filing.
The USCIS will contact
you next to schedule an inter-
view. This will be anywhere
from 6 months to 9 months after
filing the initial application.
Following a successful

USCIS will mail the per-
manent resident card ("green
card") approximately four to
eight weeks after the success-
ful interview.
The conditional status may
be dropped by applying for
Removal of Conditional Status
(USCIS Form 1-751) within 90
days of the two year anniver-
sary of the granting of condi-
tional permanent residency.

Compiled by Felicia Persaud.
The answers provided here
are for information purposes
only and do not create an
attorney-client relationship;
nor are they a substitute for
"legal advice", which can
only be given by a competent
attorney after reviewing all
the facts of the case.

E E E E y

The 21st annual Marcus
Garvey Birthday Celebrations
will be held from noon until
Sept. 13 at
University in
those sched-
uled to make
at the lec- Garvey
are: Donald Jones, law profes-
sor at the University of Miami;
Max Rameau, from the Center
for Pan-African Development;
and spoken word artiste Heru.
Prof. Jones is expected to
discuss "Legal and Other
Aspects of the Marcus Garvey
Trial". Rameau will focus on
"The Death of Gentrification".
Heru will discuss "Practical
Other scheduled attractions
include a back to school family
fun day and cultural concert,
plus art and craft and food.
For more information, call
786-663-3000 or e-mail imi-

The Caribbean Bar
Association (CBA) will hold
its annual gala on Oct. 4 to
raise funds for its scholarship
program for high school and
college students.
This year the event will be
held at the Signature Grand,
6900 State Road 84, Davie,
The CBA is hoping to

make this one of its most
entertaining events, as it cele-
brates the "Spirit of the
Caribbean", reflecting the cul-
ture and diversity of the
region, which will be show-
cased in part through the per-
formance of Broward
Caribbean Carnival, Inc., a co-
sponsor and the primary enter-
tainment for the evening.
Cocktail reception is at
6:30 p.m., followed by dinner,
entertainment and dancing.
For more information,
including tickets and sponsor-
ship opportunities, contact
CBA President Sherylle at
954-958-1584 or
sgordon@ghj. com.

The first anniversary of
the unveiling of The Haitian
Memorial Monument in
Savannah will be held on
Oct. 11 in that Georgia city.
Scheduled activities
include church services, a
Haitian festival at the monu-
ment, gala and shopping tours.
For more information,
contact the Haitian American
Historical Society at 786-621-

Miami's Team Metro
Government on the Go Buses
is bringing services into South
Florida neighborhoods every
month. The public can apply
for a United States passport,
purchase a Baby Stroller
Parking Permit, apply for a
library card, purchase a dog
license tag, and transit items, as
well as obtain information on
county services and programs.
For more information on
the Government on the Go

Buses' schedule for September
call the Miami-Dade Answer
Center at 311.

The Miami-Dade Public
Library System's first-ever
Amnesty Program- designed
for patrons to return or replace
overdue materials and have
fines removed from their
accounts runs through Sept. 30.
The program comes
before the implementation of a
new policy for handling over-
due accounts, which begins
Oct. 1. During this period,
patrons who return or replace
their overdue materials will
have the fines associated with
those materials removed from
their accounts.
"The goal of the Amnesty
Program is to give patrons the
opportunity of returning mate-
rials without penalty, so that
other patrons can enjoy them,"
said Library System Director
Raymond Santiago.
Following the amnesty
period, the Library System will
implement new overdue
account policies. Beginning
Oct. 1, when a library card
comes up for renewal, any out-
standing fines must be paid in
full. Patrons can go to the
library's website or contact any
branch to determine their
renewal date. If a patron does
not clear his account of out-
standing fines, and fails to
respond to written notices to
bring his account current, the
account will be referred to a
debt collection agency.
For more information visit or call 305-


AMlaUdaduuI Ld uiid rnlucI, iI, pIsmoucinto ouidla y unuI Ii luoc ivngului insauid
with her letters of accreditation as St. Vincent and the Grenadines' new permanent
representative to the Organization of American States.

The government of St.
Vincent and the Grenadines
has elevated an alternate rep-
resentative to that country's
new permanent representa-
tive to the Organization of
American States (OAS) in
Washington D.C.
Ambassador La Celia
Prince delivered her creden-
tials to OAS Secretary
General Jos6 Miguel Insulza
during a recent ceremony at
the organization's headquar-
ters. She pledged to enhance
her government's involve-
ment and to give OAS even
greater visibility within gov-
ernment circles in St. Vincent
and the Grenadines.
Prince, who is also being
designated as ambassador to
the United States, pledged to
continue her country's close
collaboration and deeper
involvement in the inter-

American system as the gov-
ernment's top diplomat at the
OAS. She said her own gov-
ernment's goals are in line
with priority hemispheric
agenda issues such as educa-
tion, youth, employment and
poverty alleviation, along
with economic and social
development, "so the synergy
is good."
Her country's alternate
representative to the OAS
for the past two and a half
years, Prince said she is
mindful of the tremendous
responsibility of her new
position and assured the sec-
retary general that the gov-
ernment of St. Vincent and
the Grenadines remained
committed to the OAS and
to ensuring the organization
remains financially viable.

September 2008



LW-S^^ caribbeantoday

Internal election sparks division fears in Jamaica's Opposition party


KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
Mention presidential election
to some members and sup-
porters of the People's
National Party (PNP), then
watch fear and anxiety cloud
their faces.
On Sept. 20, the
Opposition party will hold
internal election to elect a
new president and already
there is public sniping and
bickering among the support-
ers of the candidates, leading
many to predict a bitter fight
that could further fracture the
divided party.
But Professor Neville
Duncan, political scientist at
the University of the West
Indies, Mona campus, says the
party can withstand the pres-
sures of another leadership
"There will be a split,
(but) a strategic split because
you're trying to get the person
you prefer to win," said
"There will be no splinter
group; there will be no other
party form out of the PNP I
think the PNP will simply
reunite because they are one
of the two major parties in the
country and there is no advan-
tage to dividing the party
because there will be no hope
of victory for either faction if
that were to happen."
Former National Security
Minister Dr. Peter Phillips
announced in mid-July that he
would be challenging the
incumbent and former prime
minister Portia Simpson Miller
for the top job, arguing that
his decision was a response to
supporters who felt the party
had lost its way and needed
to get back to its roots.
"In response to the
demands of thousands of com-
rades at all levels of the party
and the demands of citizens
across the length and breadth
of Jamaica who have asked
that I accept your nomination
to lead this process of renewal,
my answer is a resounding
yes," said Phillips to deafening
applause at a meeting in St
Andrew where he unveiled his
"We need a PNP which is
united once again, we need a
People's National Party that
recognizes the value of the
grass roots workers and
organizers. Time is too short
and the crisis is too great for
us to fool around any longer
with the old politics of divi-
sion and backbiting."

His decision to run, which
was expected for months, was
welcomed throughout Jamaica
by his supporters but con-

demned by Simpson Miller's
backers, who think the chal-
lenge comes at the wrong time
and could further divide the
party which has not yet healed
from the previous presidential
election in early 2006.
In that fight, Simpson
Miller became the first woman
to head a major political party
in Jamaica, coming out ahead
of Phillips in a four-horse race
that included former Finance
Minister Dr. Omar Davies and
former Water and Housing


Minister Dr. Karl Blythe. The
2006 campaign was bitter and
divisive, splitting the party
into various camps.
Simpson Miller succeeded
P.J. Patterson as PNP presi-
dent and prime minister, but
went on to lose the general
elections last September to the
Bruce Golding-led Jamaica
Labour Party (JLP), ending 18
years of PNP rule. Three
months later the party also lost
the local government elections
on Simpson Miller's watch.
This has given ammuni-
tion to her detractors who
argue that she is incapable of
providing solid leadership to
go up against the JLP.
Simpson Miller, a populist
grass roots politician, is often
caricatured as not being intel-
lectually curious and lacking
an overall vision and strategy
for moving the PNP and the
country forward.

But her supporters feel
that she is being shafted
because of her humble work-
ing class roots. They point out
that this is the first time in the
history of the 70-year-old
party that a sitting president
will be challenged.
"The People's National
Party has an enviable reputa-
tion for internal democracy.
This is however the first time
in our history that a sitting
president of the party is being
challenged and in the year of
our 70th anniversary, no less,"
Simpson Miller herself
acknowledged in a statement.
Party treasurer Roger
Clarke, who is a declared sup-
porter of Simpson Miller, says
the election is likely to open
old wounds despite attempts

that will be made to keep the
peace in the party.
"I look at both comrades -
Phillips and Simpson Miller -
as two elephants within the
party and the PNP as the grass
and I say whatever facade you
see out there, the wounds are
p, PL niniiii Clarke told local
radio recently.

Prof. Duncan told
the Caribbean Media
Corporation, however, that
the party is likely to come
together behind the victor
when the election is over.
"I think the party will
remain united after the essen-
tial conflict that will occur
because they are competing
over the leadership," he added.
With speculation rife that
the JLP might call early elec-
tions to increase its small seat
count in Parliament, Simpson
Miller supporters would like
to see the party get behind her
to boost its chances of retak-
ing government. Simpson
Miller herself has scoffed at
Phillips's challenge, noting
that recent opinion polls here
have put the PNP, under her
leadership, ahead of the JLP
as the party most favored by
the electorate at this time. She
argues that even though it is
the democratic right of any
member to run for office, the
unity of the party should
always be paramount.
"Look at us comrades. In
less than nine months after
losing the closest election in
our history, one poll shows us
ahead of the government. The
Jamaican people are not done
with us. We owe it to them to
conduct ourselves in a manner
worthy of a government in
waiting," she said in July.
Speaking at a recent party
meeting Simpson Miller sig-
naled that she had embraced


post-election recommenda-
tions for the PNP to renew
itself and that she had worked
hard as leader to bring about
unity in the party.
"Comrade Patterson
handed the baton to me. I
kept the same team in place. I
did that; that was our A-team,
and I believe in party unity
and the country first and per-
sonalities after," she said.
"I am not perfect. God is
not finished with me yet. I
also know that my party is not
perfect, but I know that the
People's National Party
remains the best hope for

Simpson Miller
She maintains she will not
be campaigning during the
run-up to the polls as she is
the sitting president and not a
challenger. A group of sup-
porters, known as "Team
PNP" will, however, be look-
ing out for her interest within
the party, she says.

Meanwhile, the PNP
Secretariat says it is working
hard to ensure fairness in the
election, especially with alle-
gations floating around about
attempts by supporters of the
candidates to bribe delegates
and influence which names
are on the voters' list.
In fact, Clarke has openly

accused the Phillips camp of
trying to buy votes. This was
denied by Phillips and his sup-
porters who called for Clarke
to be disciplined by the party.
Some 4,000 delegates will cast
their ballots to elect the new
Under the rules of
engagement, nominees have
pledged to uphold the consti-
tution of the party as well as
its principles and objectives,
abide by its code of conduct,
promote unity, abide by the
outcome of the results, and
give full support to the elected
They have also agreed to
avoid personal attacks and
denigration of all candidates,
their team and supporters,
and to refrain from seeking to
secure votes by threats,
bribery or intimidation.
The election, which will
be conducted by the Electoral
Office of Jamaica, the coun-
try's election management
body, will also see eight per-
sons going up for the four vice
presidential posts in the party.
"It is surprising.
Unprecedented. I don't think
I have ever seen so many
nominees for vice presidents
before," PNP Chairman
Robert Pickersgill said at a
post-nomination press confer-
ence at the PNP's headquar-
ters in Kingston last month.
The party chairman said,
however, that the nominees
were expressing their demo-
cratic rights.
With some six weeks to go
before the PNP polls, the
country is waiting and watch-
ing to see whether this once
formidable party can find it
within itself to unify behind the
person who emerges as leader.


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September 2008

J j




~ A Caribbean Today special feature

Parliament passes legislation allowing recall of parliamentarians

-The Belize Parliament has
passed legislation allowing for
the recall of parliamentarians,
but Prime Minister Dean
Barrow said the new measure
would not come into effect
until next month.
Barrow told legislators that
the government was awaiting
the outcome of an appeal it
filed against a court ruling that
there should be a referendum
before any change is made to
the constitution.
"The government has
appealed the chief justice's
decision. The Court of Appeal
comes in October and we will
wait to see what the Court of
Appeal says. If the Court of
Appeal says it agrees with the
chief justice and we must hold
a referendum, notwithstanding
that it will make no difference
to the law, we will do so
because we are obliged to
respect the courts of this
country," Barrow said.

The prime minister
d,,. ribd the passage of the
Sixth Amendment Bill as "a red

letter day" for his government
and the people of Belize.
"When we pass these con-
stitutional amendments...we
would have made safe, in a way
unprecedented, our democracy
and the rule of openness and
transparency," he said.
Barrow has blasted the
main Opposition Peoples'
United Party
(PUP) and
others who
have gone to
court argu-
ing that
there is need
for a refer-
changes are
Barrow made to the
"As I indicated, that was
always nonsense. The constitu-
tion itself prescribed the
method for amending the con-
stitution and no ordinary law
can interfere with that because
such an ordinary law would be
unconstitutional," he said.
"The chief justice has con-
firmed that, but said that after
the law is passed by the two

Houses, in his view, there
should be a referendum which
cannot affect what the two
houses would have done, which
cannot affect the efficacy and
the validity of the law, but
which he says would give the
people of Belize an opportuni-
ty to express an opinion.
"In my view, that would be
an idle exercise because the law
would already have been the law
and nothing that is said by way
of the referendum could change
that. We want to be absolutely
careful to signal to the entire
country that we have the great-
est possible respect for the chief
justice, more to the point, for the
courts of this country and for the
Supreme Court of this country,"
added the prime minister.

But Barrow noted his
administration did not agree
with the ruling.
"We disagree with the
chief justice that there is any
need to hold what we consider
to be an idle referendum but
out of deference to his position
as the head of the courts, we
will not bring the amendments

Planned referendum on Belize-Guatemala border dispute

Belize is hoping to hold a ref-
erendum by the first quarter of
next year as part of efforts to
settle its longstanding border
dispute with Guatemala,
according to Foreign Minister
Wilfred Elrington.
"We are just now at this
point in time trying to settle on
exactly what is the question we
will be asking of the Belize
people and exactly what is the
question that we'll be asking of
the International Court of
Justice (ICJ)," Elrington said
last month, adding "the hope is
that they will be able to have
the referendum by the first
quarter of next year."
Elrington said the referen-
dum could only be held after
the Belize and Guatemalan par-
liaments pass the necessary res-
olution giving approval for it.
"Once that is done then
we are going to have a referen-
dum for the people again in
general, not only for their rep-
resentatives but for the people
in general to say whether or
not we should proceed with the
"Those are two questions
that have to be agreed upon
first by the negotiators of
both parties. It is only when
the Belize team and the
Guatemalan team together
agree on those questions that
we will be in a position to take
the matter to our national
assembly and to our referen-

dum saying 'these are the ques-
tions, do we go to the ICJ?'"
Elrington held talks with
the Secretary General of the
Organisation of American
(OAS) Jose
Insulza, who
says he sup-
ports the
efforts by
and Belize
to settle
their land
through the Insulza
ICJ in The
Hague. Insulza, who had a two-
day visit to Belize last month,
also met with government and
Opposition officials as part of
the bi-partisan approach that
has been adopted in the negoti-

The OAS is the regional
body under which the negotia-
tions have been conducted and
it maintains a presence at the
border with Guatemala where
it is responsible for promoting
confidence-building measures.
Insulza told reporters that his
advice to both countries is to
solve the dispute at the ICJ.
"The reason for this is that
it is the court that is probably
most prestigious in the world
and probably gives more royal-
ties to all countries that go to

it. Both Belize and Guatemala
have signed a statute," he said.
"The first thing that had to
be done was for the politicians
to accept the recommendation
and they did. First Belize did
and once Belize did they sent
me a letter saying that they are
willing to abide by these rec-
ommendations. And then
Guatemala sent me a letter
with the same thing, saying
that they are also willing to go
to court.
"So the next thing to do is
what they are doing now and
that's to meet and decide exact-
ly the terms of our decision to
go to court, and write them
down in a kind of a treaty or
an agreement. That agreement,
I understand, has to be
approved by the Congress or
the Parliament in both coun-
tries and then take it to refer-
endum," Insulza added.

Elrington said he believes
Belize has a good chance at
winning the matter at the ICJ.
"Personally, I think we
have an excellent chance," he
"I also think, personally,
that the decision to go to the
ICJ is the correct decision; it's
probably the best decision that
we can make at this time. That
is my personal view," he said,
adding that the ruling party
had not yet discussed the mat-
ter up to press time.

into force until this matter has
been sorted out by the Court
of Appeal," he added.
But in their contribution to
the debate, Opposition mem-
bers said while they embraced
the spirit of the legislation, they
would not support legislation
that was "grounded in mischief.
"So we can embrace the
spirit in which the new recall
law is being advanced. I think
everybody understands the
spirit in which it is being
advanced. What we cannot and
should not embrace. However,
it is a deformed recall law
which I believe is grounded in
political mischief and back-
room deals," said Francis
Fonseca, the representative
for Freetown.
His colleague, John Bricefio,
said the other concern for the
opposition is the "bundling" of
the amendment to the constitu-
"And by bundling we
mean that the government has
decided to put a number of
amendments to its constitution
and there are several of them
that we have absolutely no
problems with, such as the

Belize not

joining new

political union
Belize Prime Minister Dean
Barrow said he has no intention
of joining, for the time being, a
planned political and economic
union involving Trinidad and
Tobago and countries of the
Organization of Eastern
Caribbean States (OECS).
But he has commended the
effort being undertaken by the
twin-island republic, Grenada,
St. Lucia and St. Vincent and
the Grenadines to establish the
economic union by 2011 and
political union by 2013.
"I applaud the notion and I
think it is a grand idea worth
pursuing," Barrow told the
Caribbean Media Corporation
(CMC) after holding talks with
Trinidad and Tobago's Prime
Minister Patrick Manning late
last month.
Last month, Manning met
with leaders around the region,
including Antigua and Barbuda,
St. Kitts and Nevis and Dominica,
to discuss the initiative.
Professor Vaughan Lewis,
former St. Lucia prime minister
and former University of the
West Indies senior lecturer, and
Trinidad and Tobago diplomat
Dr. Cuthbert Joseph have been
mandated to prepare a study by
the end of 2008 on the proposed

three terms for prime minister.
I mean we certainly have
absolutely no problem in sup-
porting that," he said.
"But when you bundle
everything, it ties our hands
that we either have to say yes
to everything or no to every-
thing when obviously, that is
not our position. It is very seri-
ous business when it comes to
tampering and amending the
"It is serious business
when you're talking about
changing the fundamental
rights and freedoms of
Belizeans," Bricefio added,
urging that more consultation
should be held with the popu-
lation on the issue.

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Vol. 19, Number 10 SEPT. 2008


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Opinions expressed by editors and writers
are not necessarily those of thepublisher.
Caribbean Today, an independent
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September 2008


V I UW P o I N T

They didn't know us

now wwwfT.caribbeantocly.scm*

Snoop doggy females


I'm sure Jacques Rogge
may have seen a stirred-up
hornets nest before.
But I bet it's nothing like
the one he created when he
chastised Jamaica's Usain Bolt
for his colorful celebrations
following the sprinter's world
record-breaking performances
at the recently concluded
Olympic Games in China.
The International
Olympic Committee's (IOC)
must have thought that criti-
cizing Bolt's post victory
dances would have won him
favors with those watching the
Games. That narrow-minded
plan surely backfired.
See, despite American
Michael Phelps's exploits in
the pool, the Olympics had
been so tightly wrapped, by
China's restrictions and word
that abuses elsewhere had
wiped away claims that the
government had somehow
become more open, it threat-
ened to bounce right out of
the public's hungry embrace.
That is, until Bolt came
along. His exploits in competi-
tion, breaking world records
and winning gold in all three
events he entered, were to
stun even the casual sports
observer. His dancing celebra-
tions, wide smile and let's-
have-fun mentality loosened
almost everyone up. The man
was great. He wanted to make
sure you knew it. You did.
And you loved it. Everyone
did fellow athletes dying to
escape the cloud of suspicion
hovering over them and mil-
lions of spectators all over the

Well, almost everyone.
The handful that thought Bolt
was being a classless show-
boat, including Rogge and
some television commenta-
tors, well, they got to express
their views. Young people
today would call them haters.
But their criticisms didn't stop
the world from embracing
Bolt. He was the best known
athlete at the Games, even if
Phelps won more gold medals
with more world records.
Bolt made people smile.
This is sport, he said with his
exploits, enjoy the ride.
And everyone who knows
the star will swear that this is
the man. A 22-year-old prone
to expressing himself. Youth
just wanna have fun. Turns
out everyone else did too. If
Bolt did not fit the profile of
what a few believe to be the
prototypical winner, complete
with typical acts of post-victo-
ry orchestrated poses, well
sorry. It's just who the man is,

Mr. Rogge. Get used to it.
Oh, you should have been
already. Years ago, when the
15-year-old won the 200
meters at the World Juniors in
his home country, he bounced
about just the same. The cho-
reography may have been a
bit different in Beijing, but
Bolt's bubbly Caribbean spirit
remained: Show off the "gully
creeper" dance or shoot an
imaginary arrow into the sky.
The people loved it.
Even Americans have a
saying for it: It ain't bra,_-ini_-
if you can do it.
Bolt did it. He came to
the Olympics, he competed
and he celebrated. We, mean-
ing almost everyone in the
world looking on, thought that
was what the Olympic Games
were all about. Seems Rogge
and a couple others had other

Led by Bolt, Jamaica
reeled in 11 medals overall,
six gold. Cuba visited the
podium many times. Trinidad
and Tobago, the Dominican
Republic and The Bahamas
earned medals too. The
Caribbean celebrated right
along with them.
Rogge, and the few other
skeptics, just didn't know
about the Caribbean and its
ways. They need to get on the
Usain Train.
Every time predictions in
certain events involving
Caribbean athletes slighted
the region's chances, they sim-
ply rose up to the occasion.
Big names and small names, it
didn't matter. Sure Bolt was
expected to contend for the
gold medal in the 100 meters
dash, but who saw T&T's
Richard Thompson claiming
silver? The top three positions
in the women's dash occupied
by Jamaican athletes, who
knew? The world all but
handed America's Allyson
Felix the 200 meters title. But
Jamaica's Veronica Campbell-
Brown, who came to the
Games as the defending
champion in the event, no
less, thwarted that plan. Who
The Caribbean knew. It's
just "they" who didn't know
about us.
So, Jacques Rogge, when
you find time to revisit the
tapes of the Olympics '08 you
will see that the Caribbean
brought the big package to
your Games. Excellence in
competition, brilliance in spir-
it. Quite a combo. See if you
can finally catch it.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.

Perhaps I should have
named this piece Faas
Ferrets instead, as faas
in the Caribbean means
snoopy, inquisitive, nosy, and
we know what a ferret does,
dig out things.
Well, some women are
equipped with the most basic,
and also the most subtle,
sophisticated, intelligent,
roundabout, skilful way of
acquiring knowledge too, wor-
thy of any forensic data that
police forces the world over
We often watch those TV.
shows like Dexter, Court TV,
CSI, or Forensic Files which
show how police use seeming-
ly innocuous bits of evidence
to implicate and eventually
nab criminals. A simple drop
of blood, a tiny bit of skin
taken from beneath the vic-
tim's fingernail, a fingerprint,
a strand of hair, an eyelash or
a drop of semen are often
enough evidence to be used in
court to convict the bad guy.
Well, women have their own
built-in forensic ability, the
means to ferret out, sniff out,
seek out, dig out, root out and
find out exactly what their
men are up to.
They say that even the
most professional criminal
always makes a mistake,
always leaves behind a telltale
clue that links him to the
crime. The trick is, it takes a
skilful detective or a master
forensic scientist to detect the
evidence. Enter the snoopy
female, who has this innate
gift. Women are able to detect
one thousandth part perfume
on a man, plus tell him what
brand it is, where it was
bought, which woman was
wearing it and how much it
cost on sale. So acute is the
olfactory sense of the snoop
doggy female.

Their other gift is the art
of questioning, as for starters
they will rarely ask a direct
question, but prefer to take
the roundabout route.
Usually it goes something
like this:

"So, when last
you spoke to
"Oh, not for a
io tuie now."
"So when
last you spoke
to her good
.'l ,, who TONY
you used to ROBINSON
go out with?"
"Not in a
long time now."
"But Insaw Liz, and she
told me that you mentioned
Valerie to are you still
in contact with that sketel
Silence, for the man is now
totally confused and befuddled
by her line of skilful question-
ing and dare not answer as all
the names, dates, places and
times are but a jumble in his
head, and liars had better have
good memories.
Did you notice how she
started off with a name com-
pletely different, then adroitly
dropped in the name that she
really wanted to find out
about? Just by going about
the line of questions in a
roundabout way, she has man-
aged to get an answer which
suits her just fine. It might not
be the correct answer, but the
man is so confused that it
might be mistaken for guilt, so
he's busted anyway.

In a real court of law,

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hearsay is inadmissible evi-
dence, but for the snoop
doggy female it's gospel, and
enough to hang the man. All
it takes is a phone call, a text
message, a whisper, a name
dropped, that links you with a
female, and you are doomed.
She will automatically take
that hearsay over your protes-
tations any day, for in the
court of women, you are
guilty as charged, until proven
innocent, and no man is ever
The more you try to
defend yourself against this
hearsay, is the deeper you'll
sink in the quagmire of
despair, despondency and
damnation, so don't even try.
Years ago you may have men-
tioned the names of your exes.
Big mistake, for like all true
forensic scientists, they have
the ability to store these
names in a data bank for
instant retrieval.
So, you'll be out a public
function, mingling about, hav-
ing a good time, until it's time
to go, then she'll say:
"I see that your ex was in
the < ,. '
"What, when... who are
you talking about?" you sput-
"Well, I heard the name
.'sliitl, mentioned by some
ladies, and I recall that you
used to go out with a .'liit/a 15
years ago, so Iput two and two


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* "The hard work,
values and contri-
butions of West
Indian Americans
have made
America stronger
and better" -
United States
President George W Bush last
month praising the Brooklyn-
based West Indian American
Day Carnival Association,
which is responsible for staging
the annual Labor Day extrava-
ganz in that New York borough.

* "It's an expression of the con-
fusion currently existing in
CARICOM, which appears to

be caught in a
bind" Dr. ..
Kenny Anthony,
leader of the
main Opposition
St. Lucia Labour
Party (SLP),
explaining the
indecision within the Caribbean
community (CARICOM) over
the signing of the Economic
Partnership Agreement (EPA)
with Europe.

* "I have been tested so many
times I lost track. And we're
okay with it" Jamaica's triple
Olympic gold medalist and
world record holder Usain Bolt
indicating he has no problems
being tested for performance
enhancing drugs because he is

* "If school is going to be dis-

rupted as a result of teachers
standing up for their just
demand then so be it" Julian
Monrose, president of the St.
Lucia Teachers Union, discusses
industrial action late last month
over wage demands.

* "If Britain is going to have
any say then for God's sake
have a sensible say. Britain is a
waste of time if they are going
to be like that" Bermuda's
.'i,,I-,icw Justice Minister Mark
Peuingill blasting Governor Sir
Richard Gozney for his "silent
~i'p -i of government's latest
crime plan.

* "Looking at the results, we
see that 38 in every 100 stu-
dents did not pass in the sci-
ences; this leaves a lot to be
desired" Grenada's Education
Minister Senator Franka

Bernadine last month express-
ing concern about the number
of students who did not obtain
passes in the Caribbean
Examination Council (CXC)
this year.

* Manning said that the deci-
sion to embark on the proposed
initiative came about because
there is a feeling within the
region that there are "a number
of leaders who are committed
to integration in a way that we
had not seen for some time".
"That is why we are put-
ting together a coalition of the
willing. The position of
Trinidad and Tobago has
always been (that) we are pre-
pared to integrate with any
country in the region that is
prepared to integrate with us"
- Prime Minister Patrick
Manning commenting last

month on his proposed initiative
to establish a political and eco-
nomic union in the Caribbean
by 2013.

* "This is another wild scheme.
They have signed to a political
union by 2013? You know how
many regime changes are possi-
ble? What about the people of
the region? You have to deal
with the people of the region;
leaders can't just come together
and significantly alter their con-
stitutions by forming a political
union. It shows contempt for
the people of the Caribbean" -
University of the West Indies lec-
turer Dr. Paul Ashley offers his
views on Manning's plan during
a radio program.
Compiled from CMC and
other sources.

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together, and came up with
guilty. So yu still love her, she
still love yu, when last yu
spoke to her, when last she
called you?"
Now that's the art of a
snoop at work, taking a snip-
pet of information and con-
victing a suspect, and if it was-
n't so damning, it would be a
thing of beauty to watch in
The very same way foren-
sic scientists can use a strand
of hair to solve a crime, is the
same way a strand of hair can
sink a man. For remember,
wherever a man goes there is
a romantic crime scene, at
least that's what the snoop
doggy female thinks. If she
comes to your house and sees
a hair in your bathroom, she
won't say anything to you at
that time, but will wait until a
few weeks or months before
bringing it up. By then you
won't remember if it was your
puss, dog, sister, auntie, cousin
or friend who visited you, so
once again you're flummoxed.
It may very well be her
own hair, before she got the
dye job, but the facts don't
matter. The snoop doggy
female has gathered and gar-
nered her evidence and once
again, you're guilty as
charged. Another telltale clue
is tissue paper, for it's a scien-
tific fact that women use more
tissue paper than men. So if
she visits your house and sees
the wastebasket stuffed to
overflowing with tissue paper,
then instantly her snoopy
mind will start buzzing,
whirring, spinning into action.
"So which woman came
to visit you?" she'll ask.
Hanged by tissue paper,
and no answer will suffice.
What they also do is place
their hands on your car bon-
net to see what time you really

came home, as opposed to
what you told her. It's no point
to try and explain the intrica-
cies of a Glycol cooled inter-
cooler super hyperventilated
computerized combustion
engine. The fact is, the bonnet
is cool, therefore you were
home longer than you said
you were. So she'll demand to
know who was there with you
before she came.

As for the Internet, that's
the snoop doggy female's
stomping ground, if you're
foolish enough to leave
behind telltale clues like pass-
words and such.
That's like leaving the
name of the hotel that you
once frequented, plus the
room number and the key
along with a road map. She
will beat a path through your
e-mail and misinterpret, mis-
read, miscalculate and miss
the point of every e-mail that
has a female name in it.
Now that's forensic suicide
for any man to be so careless.
The fact is, no woman can
resist the temptation to read a
man's e-mail, go through his
wallet, read his letters, go into
his cell phone address log, or
eavesdrop on his phone calls.
It's just their nature, they can't
help it and it's like giving
cream to cats, they'll lap it up
and cry for more.
But then again, it beggars
the question: Why go to all
that trouble, go out of your
way to find out things will only
cause pain, why dig and deci-
pher, spend so much time and
effort to catch the man if he
slips up.. .is it really worth it?
I want the snoop doggy
females to answer that one for


I n T

September 2008


. ...... ......

'Gustav' sweeps through Caribbean, leaves many dead

Tropical storm Gustav
swept through the
Caribbean late last
month, seriously affecting sev-
eral countries in the region.
The storm has been
blamed for dozens of deaths
and leaving many homeless in
countries such as Haiti, the
Dominican Republic and

As Gustav lashed the
northern Caribbean, the
United States Department of
State warned U.S. citizens
about traveling to Haiti,
Jamaica, the Cayman Islands
and Cuba.
Up to press time, at least
22 people had reportedly died
in the Dominican Republic
and Haiti alone by the pas-

sage of Gustav.
Close to a dozen more
lives were feared lost up to
press time in Jamaica as
Gustav pounded the island
with heavy rains and strong
Many persons in the east-
ern parishes, such as Portland
and St. Thomas reported that
their roofs had been blown

Predatory lionfishh' threatens Caribbean reefs
States A new study has
found that the invasion of
predatory lionfish in the
Caribbean poses yet another
major threat to the region's
coral reef ecosystem.
The study, released
recently, found that within a
short period after the entry of
lionfish into an area the sur-
vival of other reef fish is
slashed by about 80 percent.
Scientists from Oregon

"This is a new and voracious
predator on these coral reefs
and it's undergoing a popula-
tion explosion"

State University (OSU) said
aside from the rapid and
immediate mortality of marine
life, the loss of herbivorous
fish also sets the stage for sea-
weeds to potentially over-
whelm the coral reefs and dis-
rupt the delicate ecological
balance in which they exist.
Following on the heels of
over-fishing, sediment deposi-
tions, nitrate pollution in
some areas, coral bleaching
caused by global warming,
and increasing ocean acidity
caused by carbon emissions,
the lionfish invasion is a "seri-
ous concern," said Mark
Hixon, an OSU professor of
zoology and expert on coral
reef ecology.

The study is the first to
quantify the severity of the
crisis posed by this invasive
species, which is native to the
tropical Pacific and Indian
Ocean and has few natural
enemies to help control it in
the Atlantic Ocean.


The scientists said the first
lionfish were introduced into
marine waters off Florida in
the early 1990s from local
aquariums or fish hobbyists.
They have since spread across
much of the Caribbean Sea,

"In the Caribbean, few local
predators eat lionfish, so there
appears to be no natural con-
trols on them"

the scientists said.
"This is a new and vora-
cious predator on these coral
reefs and it's undergoing a
population explosion," Hixon
"The threats to coral reefs
all over the world were
already extreme, and they
now have to deal with this
alien predator in the
In studies on controlled
plots, the OSU scientists
determined that lionfish
reduced young juvenile fish
populations by 79 percent in
only a five-week period. Many

species were affected, includ-
ing cardinal fish, parrotfish,
damselfish and others. One
large lionfish was observed
consuming 20 small fish in a
30-minute period.
Lionfish are carnivores
that can eat other fish up to
two-thirds their own length,
while they are protected from
other predators by long, poi-
sonous spines.
"In the Caribbean, few
local predators eat lionfish, so
there appears to be no natural
controls on them," Hixon said.
"And we've observed that
they feed in a way that no
Atlantic Ocean fish has ever

away and as many as 100 per-
sons went to shelters. The
heavy rains also left many
people stranded in Jamaica

and the authorities imposed
curfews in some areas.

Donovan D. Taylor, M.D.

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September 2008




I n

~ A Caribbean Today Olympic Games feature

Jamaica's sprinters lead Caribbean gold rush at Olympic Games

The Caribbean, led by
Jamaica's powerful
show on the track and
Cuba's overall depth, dazzled
the world at the Olympic
Games in Beijing, China last
Spearheaded by Jamaica's
Usain Bolt, undoubtedly one
of the top stars of the Games
with three gold medals, all
from record breaking per-
formances, the region finished
with a total of 41 medals.
Cuba led the Caribbean
with 24 medals, including two
gold, 11 silver and 11 bronze.
But Jamaica, through its dom-

find another Usain Bolt,"
declared Jamaica's Don
Quarrie, himself an Olympic
champion and former world
record holder.

Except for a disqualifica-
tion in the women's 4x100
meters relay, caused by a
muffed baton exchange,
Jamaica was flawless in all
three sprint events, male and
female. The island of under
three million dominated the
expected rivalry with the
United States.
Relatively unknown
Shelly Ann Fraser stunned the

world to capture the women's
100 meters title. She was fol-
lowed home by the Jamaican
pair of Sherone Simpson and
Kerron Stewart, who tied for
Veronica Campbell
retained her 200 meters crown
with an equally awesome dis-

play, brushing aside her her-
alded successor Allyson Felix
of the U.S.
Meanwhile, Jamaica's
impressive Melaine Walker
won gold in the 400 meters
No other English-speak-
ing Caribbean nation won a

gold medal at the Olympics.
However, Cuba's Dayron
Robles earned gold in the
men's 110 meters hurdles. His
compatriot Mijain Lopez won
the Greco-Roman wrestling
gold at 120 kilograms.


Bolt poses with his new world record clocking in the 100 meters.

nation of the sprint events,
landed the most gold, six,
finishing with a total of 11
medals, which also included
three silver and two bronze.

Leading Jamaica's charge
was the charismatic 6' 5" Bolt.
The world's fastest human
shattered his own record in
the 100 meters with an aston-
ishing time of 9.69 seconds.
Trinidad and Tobago's
Richard Thompson finished
second to earn one of the twin
island republic's two silver
A few days later Bolt
stunned the world again,
eclipsing American Michael
Johnson's world mark while
winning the 200 meters in
19.30 seconds. He capped off
one of the most electrifying
performances in Games
history by running a leg on
Jamaica's 4x100 meters relay
team, which set another world
record of 37.10 seconds. Nesta
Carter, Michael Frater and
Asafa Powell were the other
members of the victorious
relay team.
"You're never going to

Jamaica's Powell, Carter, Bolt and Frater shattered the world 4x100 meters relay record.
Jamaica's Powell, Carter, Bolt and Frater shattered the world 4x100 meters relay record.

Fraser, left, won gold in the women's 100 meters, with Stewart and Simpson tied for silver.

September 2008

..... ....... "I'll"
e i i i n G


I n

B E I n G

W- I

~ A Caribbean Today Olympic Games feature

Bolt can run faster ~ coach Mills Jamaica's sprinters lead Caribbean gold rush at Olympic Games

Glen Mills, coach of Olympic
sprint double champion and
double world record holder

Usain Bolt of Jamaica,
believes there are greater
things to come from his pupil
over the next few years.
Mills thinks that Bolt,
though running the fastest
times ever seen from a human
being, is still in the developing
stages of his career, and he
feels the sprint phenomenon
will delight track and field
fans once he gets stronger and
develops the right striding
"He is still not as strong
as he should be," Mills said on
the Spikes Magazine website.
"If he gets stronger, his
stride frequency will improve
and when we achieve that in
perhaps the next two years, he
is going to run even faster."
Jamaica is known for
developing world class juniors,
but for one reason or another,
they have rarely transferred
those gifts at the senior level.
Mills noted four years ago, it
seemed that Bolt, on his way
out of high school and with all

the junior titles already
wrapped up, was perhaps des-
tined for the same route. But
the noted coach took Bolt
under his wings and, after
some trying times at getting
him to stay focused, succeed-
ed in helping him become a
great sprinter.
"Our emphasis was to get
him as technically correct as
possible and that took us over
two seasons," said Mills.
"Last year, we concentrat-
ed on correcting his running
the bend, making him more
efficient around the curve.
"I felt that I could signifi-
cantly improve his 200 meters.
He was leaning inside on the
turn and was unbalanced. We
got him to lean forward and
that contributed to him devel-
oping a good first 100

Still buzzing from his his-
toric Olympic feat where he
landed three gold medals with
three world records from
three races, Bolt also admits
to making a huge turn around
under the guidance of Mills.
"Things changed dramati-
cally when I joined up with
Glen," he said. "(He) is like a
father figure to me. He has
never done me any wrong and
he has always made the right
"He is a guiding light in
my career and he has shown
me the way to improve myself
both as a person and as an

The Dominican Republic
earned gold and silver. Felix

Mathieu, Andrae Williams
and Christopher Brown
secured a silver medal,while

Leevan Sands earned the coun-
try's other medal, a bronze.

Campbell-Brown finishes first in the 200 meters.

Olympic champ not

bothered by drugs tests

Jamaican Olympic hero Usain
Bolt is not surprised by the
number of raised eyebrows
following his performances at
the Beijing Olympics, but said
he has nothing thing to worry
about because he is clean.
Bolt turned the Olympics
upside down with his three
gallant performances, winning
gold in the 100 meters and
200 meters in world record
times. He ran the third leg of
the sprint relay as Jamaica
also captured gold in world
record time.
Bolt said he had been
tested numerous times this
season with all the results
returning negative.
"We've been tested a lot.
I was tested four times before
I even started running," Bolt
said, while speaking at an

event put on by his sponsors
"I have taken urine tests
and blood tests. I have been
tested after every competi-
tion," he added.
He continued: "I have
been tested so many times I
lost track. And we're okay
with it. We work hard and we
perform well and we know
we're clean. Anytime they
want to test us is okay with
Bolt took the Olympics
by storm, speeding to 9.69
seconds in winning the 100
meters before returning to
clock a sensational 19.30 sec-
onds to break American
Michael Johnson's 12-year old
200m record and become the
first double Olympic sprint
champion in 24 years.

Bolt wins the 100 meters ahead of Thompson, center

Diaz won the light welter-
weight division in boxing,
while Yulis Gabriel Mercedes
was a beaten finalist in taek-
wondo, 58 kilograms.
T&T's Thompson was
joined by Keston Bledman,
Marc Burns and Emmanuel
Callender on the 4x100
meters team that finished sec-
ond to Jamaica.
The Bahamas's 4x400
meters men's team of
Andretti Bain, Michael

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September 2008

R y



i n ess

Understanding your credit score and repairing it

Credit remediation is a
subject consumers often
face with fear and trepi-
dation, and for good reason.
With the exception of rec-
ognizing that the best score
wins, the average home shopper
knows little about the whole
credit scoring process. Sub-
prime borrowers who were
eager to move into A-Paper ter-
ritory often found 11L11hmIl\ LN at
a loss when trying to find ways
to upgrade their credit history.
The good news is there are
ways to improve less-than-per-
fect credit scores and obtain a
loan for the home you really
The first step in the process
is making sure that you have a
current copy of your credit
report. The United States
Congress recently amended the
Fair Credit Reporting Act so
that consumers may now
receive one free credit report
annually. There are three major
credit bureaus: Equifax,
Experian, and Transunion.
Since entries can vary across
bureaus, you'll want to request
a free report from each of the
three companies. (Go to
www. annualcreditreport. com.)

It's also important to know
just what a good credit score is.
Most A-Paper scores generally
begin around 680, although this
number may differ slightly
among lenders.
Increasing your score just
five points can save a signifi-
cant amount of money. For
example, if your score is 698

and you increase it to 703, then
you could save yourself thou-
sands of dollars over time as a
result of a slight improvement
to your loan's interest rate.
While credit repair is nec-
essary for some, it's not the
only way to increase your cred-
it score. Even if you have stel-
lar credit, you can enhance
your score through these steps:
Evenly distribute your
credit card debt to change the

ratio of debt to available credit.
Let's say you have a credit score
of 665. If you have debt on only
one card, and four additional
credit cards with zero balances,
evenly distributing the debt of
the first card could move you
closer, and possibly into, that
ideal bracket.
Keep your existing
accounts open and active. The
average consumer is usually
anxious to close credit card
accounts that have zero bal-
ances, but doing this can cause
them to lose the benefits of a
long-term credit history and
increase their ratio of debt-to-
available credit. The bottom line
is don't close those old accounts.
(At least not around the time


Connecting The Caribbean 2M


1-800-368-6929 sT


you are thinking of purchasing
or financing a home.)
Keep credit inquiries to a
minimum. Each inquiry into
your credit history can impact
your score anywhere from two
to 50 points. When it comes to
mortgage and auto loans, even
though you're only looking for
one loan, multiple lenders may
request your credit report. To
compensate for this, the score
counts multiple auto or mort-
gage inquiries in any 14-day
period as just one inquiry, so try
and stay within that time frame.

Improving credit scores
requires time and diligent
effort. So it's a good idea to
start at least three to six
months prior to submitting
your application for home
If you decide to make your
own credit improvements, visit
as many websites as possible to
get information regarding cred-
it laws and consumer rights. A
good place to start would be
the Federal Trade
Commission's (FTC) website,
which contains a wealth of
helpful literature.
If you're facing severe or
complicated credit issues, enlist
the assistance of a professional
credit repair company. But
familiarize yourself with the
FTC's regulations on credit
repair. There are over 1,100
credit repair companies.
Examine the FTC's informa-
tion on fraudulent practices to
avoid falling prey to credit
repair scams.
A professional mortgage
consultant can be an invaluable

resource. Part of the mortgage
origination process is going
over the credit report with a
client and finding ways to
increase the credit score if
needed or advising on what
mistakes not to make during
the application process. A well-
versed mortgage professional
will most likely have contacts
with reputable credit repair
companies if needed.

Jose H. Caraballo is a branch
manager of the Source One
Mortgage office in Coral
Gables and is the founder of
The South Florida Institute of

To order your free credit report,
go to:
To read the Fair Credit
Reporting Act, go to:

For the Federal Trade
Commission's information on
consumer credit, go to:
To get a free copy of our book-
let "Your Credit Score" under-
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MY. l --

Fall: A good

time to save

Those who may be near-
ing retirement need to
be sure that they are
prepared to make this impor-
tant life-choice.
According to a study by
Boston College, about one-third
of all Americans, now within 10
years of retirement, eligibility
will not be able to meet their
retirement financial goals unless
they save more or work longer.
To find out how prepared you
are, visit the Social Security
Administration's financial plan-
ning page at www.socialsecuri-
The calculators featured
on this site test different retire-
ment ages and calculate future
potential earnings amounts. A
link to a worksheet will also
help you decide how much
you need to save and invest
for a comfortable retirement.

In addition,
is a financial website supported
by a variety of U.S. federal
agencies. This site provides
information on how to save,
invest and manage your money
during all stages of life.
Working longer may not
always be an option, due to
health issues or other con-
cerns, so it is wise to begin
saving for retirement as soon
as possible. Most financial
planners recommend 70 per-
cent to 80 percent of your
pre-retirement income to live
comfortably. Social Security
will only replace about 40
percent of what average wage
earners make before they
retire. This leaves a 30 per-
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retirement coverage. Private
pensions, IRAs and savings or
other investments will need to
satisfy the difference.
Each year, the Social
Security Administration mails
every United States worker,
age 25 and older, a Social
Security Statement. Read this
document to see how much
you and your family can expect
to receive from Social Security
when you retire, if you become
disabled or die. If you find a
discrepancy between your
records and SSA's records, con-
tact the SSA.
With a little bit of plan-
ning and effort, your transi-
tion from work to retirement
can be as pleasant as the fall

Alfredo Brooks is a U.S.
Social Security public affairs
specialist in Orlando, Florida.




7. >p- Pq XUJ

September 2008

West Indian American Carnival in m N.Y. gets high praises

West Indian American Carnival in N.Y. gets high praises

The colorful carnival spirit comes alive in Brooklyn, New York on Labor Day.

Caribbean artists kept in 'state

of deprivation' ~ Nobel laureate

CMC Nobel Laureate
Derek Walcott has criticized
regional governments and the
private sector for keeping
Caribbean artists in a ,IiL of
During last month's 10-
day Caribbean Festival of
Arts (CARIFESTA), Walcott
called on regional govern-
ments to suspend the festival
until it is produced profession-
The St. Lucian-born
Walcott, who participated in a
panel discussion on "Caribbean
Culture at the Crossroads:
Seeking the Past, Living the
Present, Exploring the Future",
said that disadvantaged
Caribbean artists are further
insulted by the staging of
CARIFESTA every two years.
"What is there to cele-
brate?" asked the internation-
ally celebrated poet and play-
wright who has often uI-'LI -
ed scrapping the event.
"You are killing your
artists," added Walcott, who
described theater in his native
St. Lucia as "an abomination,"
blaming greed and corruption
for the state of affairs.

Walcott further accused
regional governments of pros-
tituting themselves in the
name of development.
"We are selling our lands
like whores and calling it
development," he said. "Don't
let this continue, or something
terrible is going to happen.

"It is terrifying. All
around there are huge hotels
we are going to leave as mon-
uments. We are not leaving

challenge to Caribbean politi-
cians to change their attitude
to ensure there is a guaran-
teed future for artists.


museums or theaters, because
the governments say they
can't afford it," Walcott
Walcott challenged
regional government to pur-
sue what he called "simultane-
ous thinking,"noting that
there must no longer be a
choice between hotels and
The renowned writer said
regional territories must shun
the "either or" mentality and
tell foreign investors "you can
build hotels but we also need
museums and theaters."

Walcott further issued a

The others panelists at the
discussion included Dr. Ian
McDonald, Professor David
Dabydeen of Guyana,
Professor Ken Ramchand of
Trinidad, Professor Edward
Baugh of Jamaica, and
Cynthia McLeod of Suriname.
In his presentation,
McDonald said he wanted
the literature produced by
Caribbean writers to "be
made fully accessible" to the
region, while Prof. Ramchand
noted that the region's culture
is "still in a state of crisis"
even after nearly 50 years of

States President George W.
Bush has hailed the massive
annual West Indian American
Carnival Parade on
Brooklyn's Eastern Parkway
as contributing to America's
"The hard work, values
and contributions of West
Indian Americans have made
America stronger and better,"
Bush said in a letter to the
Brooklyn-based West Indian
American Day Carnival
Association (WIADCA) late
last month.
"I applaud your efforts to
celebrate and preserve your
heritage," he told WIADCA,
the organizers of the annual
spectacle, which culminates on
Labor Day.
"By sharing your culture,
you remind all Americans of
the unique fabric that makes
up our country and you ensure
that your values and traditions
are passed on to the future."
New York State Governor
David Paterson, who has roots
in Jamaica and Grenada, said
that those who hail from the
West Indies are known for a
vibrant lifestyle that adds a

ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada,
CMC Soca monarchs from
five Caribbean countries will
gain automatic entry into the
finals of the world's bin_-L, 1
soca competition, held every
year in Trinidad and Tobago,
organizers Prestige Promotions
have announced.
The winners from
Antigua, Barbados, Grenada,
St. Lucia and St. Vincent and
the Grenadines will compete
in the International Soca
Monarch scheduled for Feb.
20 next year at the National
Stadium in Port of Spain.
Semi-final places are nor-
mally allocated to winners from
other islands, but organizers
have introduced the change as
part of an overall plan to boost
the profile of the event in a bid
to help soca music attain
Grammy award status.
"I must say we are fortu-
nate to have come to an agree-
ment with Caribbean Prestige
Foundation that we would
have automatic admission to
the finals," said Tommy
Mathews, chairman of the
Grenada Carnival Committee.
"So, no longer would we
be competing for a position in
the finals. It is automatic that
they would be part of the inter-
national soca finals listing."

cultural perspective appreciat-
ed by people of all back-
"I applaud the West
Indian American Day Carnival
Association for sponsoring this
festive event for the past 41
years, preserving the honored
customs as well as a valuable
legacy the people of the West
Indies have bestowed upon our
modern society," said Paterson,
who was select-
ed as one of
the parade's
grand mar- -_
can take pride Paterson
in holding the
annual Labor Day Carnival
Parade as a means by which
they can preserve their her-
itage and instill appreciation
of their culture among future
generations," the governor

New York City's Mayor
Michael Bloomberg, another

Soca music has been
achieving growing appeal as a
genre which derived from
calypso. Competitions are
held at the peak of carnivals
throughout the Caribbean and
in the diaspora, and plans are
on stream to also grant auto-
matic entry to the monarchs
from London and Canada.

"Hopefully after 2009 with
the international media cover-
age that we will be showing,
we expect not only the rest of
the Caribbean, but other small-
er islands to come on board
but we have Canada and
London looking in," declared
William Munroe, chairman of
Prestige Promotions who is a
businessman based in Trinidad,
but born in Grenada.
"We have to produce a
proper show to show the
world. If we have to get on the
Grammy award we cannot
come with mediocrity. We
have to come with a profes-
sional event."
Finalists of the
International Soca Monarch
competition will receive an
appearance fee of TT$100,000
while the winner gets TT$1

Five get automatic entry

to international soca finals

September 2008



Biko is Grenada's new

ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada,
CMC Biko Lewis, whose
tune "Ah Can't Understand"
was a satirical examination of
the campaign slogan used by
the New National Party
(NNP) in the July general
elections, has won the 2008
Grenada Calypso competition.
Biko won the title that
was vacated by "Scholar", the
five-time monarch who
refused to defend his title last
"It's a privilege. I would
like to (perform) in other
competitions throughout the
region. I don't think it should
stop here," said Biko, whose
second tune, "Ah done with
that" rebuked calypsonians
who refused to sing about
social ills affecting the coun-
try, but performed on the
NNP platform during the elec-
tion campaign.

"It was like running a
relay. I thought in the first
round I had paced myself well
and the second round it was
just like on the home stretch
taking it home," added Biko.
He amassed 811 points,
five more than "Sour Serpent"
who placed second. Arlene,
an experienced singer who
was making her debut into the
calypso arena, placed third
from a field of 10 finalists.
The calypso crown is the
third major carnival title cap-
tured by a resident of the
northern historical parish of
St. Patricks, which is home to
Prime Minister Tillman
Thomas. The others include
Carnival Queen Ashieda
Charles and new soca mon-
archs Luney Sparks and


Photograph by DerrickA. Scott (JIS)
Singer Richie Stephens leads thousands in joyous, flag-waving celebration of Jamaica's 46th Independence last month at the
Independence Sunday Market hosted by the Embassy of Jamaica at the grounds of the Organization of American States (OAS) in
Washington D.C. The event featured more than 30 booths showcasing a variety of Jamaican products, ranging from art and craft to
food. Entertainment was provided by Stephens and deejay General Degree, plus Image, Bare Essentials and Storm bands.


DerrickA. Scott (JIS)
Singer Ken Boothe, right, accepts the Jamaica National Association Lifetime Achievement Award from Pamela Johnson, assisted
by her husband Ambassador Anthony Johnson, at the association's Independence Ball last month at the L'Enfant Plaza Hotel in
Washington, D.C., United States. The legendary Boothe, who has decades in the music business, is known for numerous hits,
including "Puppet On A String", "Everything I Own", "The Train Is Coming", "Tell You Goodbye" and "Freedom Street".

(305) 885-0558
Fax: (3051 887-6684
7790 NW A6d ret Unit 18 Miami, Florida 33166 email: oghnrntonrmiumiFreight.not

* Islands Fashion Week
The "Islands of the World
Fashion Week" is scheduled for
Nov. 5-8 in Nassau, Bahamas.
The event will seek to make a
splash into the fashion scene, intro-
ducing various styles of island wear
clothing showcasing designers from
the region. Visit www.islandsfash- for more information.

* Spragga Benz's son killed
Carlton Grant Jr., the 17-year-
old son of Jamaican reggae singer
Spragga Benz, was shot and killed
by police in Kingston last month.
According to police, Grant Jr.,
whose father was reportedly off the

grand marshal, has also
praised the event, stating that
it unites the West Indian com-
munity in a shared tradition
and culture.
"As mem-
bers of one of
our city's
largest ethnic
groups, New
Yorkers who
trace their
roots to the
Caribbean Bloomberg
make tremen-
dous contributions to our
economic vitality, cultural
vibrancy, and civic progress,"
Bloomberg said.
"Visitors from around the
world join millions of New
Yorkers in dancing to steel
pan, dining on roti, and

island when the incident occurred,
the teen was carrying a gun.

* Int'l Caribbean Music Fest
The International Caribbean Music
Festival returns to its original Pre-
Thanksgiving weekend on Nov. 16
at the Virginia Key Beach Park, Key
Biscayne, Florida.
Over the years, artistes from
various genres have appeared on
the show, reflecting the diversity of
the region. For more information,

Compiled from several sources.

marching down Eastern
Parkway in the largest parade
in America," he added.
Bloomberg added that as
they do so, "we all recognize
the indelible impact West
Indian New Yorkers continue
to have on the life our city."
WIADCA President
Yolanda Lezama-Clark, who
is the daughter of the late
founder of the carnival Carlos
Lezama, said masqueraders in
about 40 costumed bands
were scheduled to dance to
the rhythms of soca, reggae,
compass, zouk and other
Caribbean rhythms during the
grand extravaganza Sept. 1.
The theme of this year's
event: "One Caribbean, Many
CtliltlrL% '




West Indian American Carnival

in N.Y. gets high praises

September 2008

September 2008



- .

- oat, -

I www .caibeatoa.comI

Two's company: Fruit, vegetable salads signal summertime


If your summer salad con-
sists of lettuce and dress-
ing, broaden your options
and enjoy better tasting and
healthier salads.
Nutrition experts recom-
mend that you not only eat at
least five servings of fruits and
vegetables a day, but also
choose from a wide range of
produce so you get the specif-
ic health benefits of each
Now that farmers markets
and supermarkets are brim-
ming with seasonal produce,
you have an abundance of
foods to choose from.
Instead of limiting your
salad to fruit or vegetable ingre-
dients, combine the two. The
results are delicious, and you're
more likely to satisfy your goal
of eating more produce.
When you shop, think
beyond a piece of fruit for

snacking or a head of lettuce
for a salad and select fruits
and vegetables with salad

To avoid scraps of left-
over produce, select ingredi-
ents you can use completely.
For example, toss a sliced
peach with a bunch of fresh
spinach, combine a small
diced melon with a head of
Bibb lettuce, or mix together
a diced nectarine and a yellow
or red bell pepper cut into
strips. In addition, use fresh
fruit juice instead of or along
with vinegar and add sweet
lively taste to salad dressings.
The exception to the "no
leftovers" suggestion is grilled
fruits or vegetables. Put some
extra bell pepper halves,
asparagus or corn on the grill.
What you don't serve immedi-
ately can be refrigerated for a
couple of days before adding

to a salad.
Here are two summer sal-
ads to whet your appetite.

Corn and avocado salad
* 1 small jalapeno chili, cored,
seeded and minced
* 1 scallion, trimmed and
* 1 small ripe avocado, peeled,
pitted and sliced
* 1 tablespoon limejuice
* 1/2 cup cooked corn kernels
(see note)
* 1 tablespoon canola oil
* 1/4 teaspoon ground cumin
* Salt and pepper to taste
* Romaine lettuce or endive

Combine chili, scallion and
avocado in a medium bowl.
Add limejuice and stir gently.
Stir in corn, oil, cumin, salt
and pepper. Stir gently, but
well. To serve, spoon corn

mixture into cavities of
romaine lettuce leaves.
Serves two.
Note: One small ear of
cooked corn yields half cup.
You can spoon the salad
into hollowed out large cherry
tomatoes as a change from the

Mango and arugula salad
* 1 tablespoon balsamic vine-
gar, preferably white, not red
* 1 tablespoon canola oil
* 2 tablespoons orange juice

* Salt and pepper to taste
* 1 medium mango, peeled,
pitted and diced (see note)
* 1 tablespoon minced chives
* 3 cups baby arugula

Stir together vinegar, oil,
orange juice, salt and pepper
in a cup. Set aside.
Combine mango, chives
and arugula in a salad bowl.
Toss gently but well. Pour on
dressing just before serving
and toss again. Serves two.
Note: If desired, substi-
tute one large ripe peach or
nectarine for the mango.

Bev Bennett is the author of
"30 Minute Meals for
Dummies", John Wiley &
Sons, Inc., 2003.
2008, Bev Bennett.
Distributed by Tribune Media
Services Inc.

'Chunky Chicken Pot Pie Soup' that eats like a meal

Sometimes I think people
worry too much about
labeling what they eat, a
habit that can limit the pleas-
ure we get from food.
Since an omelet is a break-
fast dish, for example, many
people think twice about eating
one for lunch. Labels can con-
fuse us as much as they help.
That's especially true when
it comes to soups and stews.

Chunky chicken soup

There's a hazy overlap between
the two categories, a point at
which eaters might wonder
whether a light stew is really a
soup or a robust soup is actual-
ly a stew. After all, the reason-
ing goes, soups are first cours-
es, and stews are main courses.
I'm a firm believer in eat-
ing what seems good to you for
any given purpose at any given
meal, regardless of what it
might be called. And a perfect
example is my recipe for a
main-course "Chunky Chicken
Pot Pie Soup".
Yes, I call it a soup, mainly
because I like to serve it in a
soup bowl. But the soup is so
chockfull of chicken and veg-
etables, all coated in a thick

and creamy broth, that if you
ladled it into shallower bowls
or plates you could be forgiven
for swearing it was a delicious
stew. The secret to developing
that good flavor is to first saut6
its base mixture of aromatic
vegetables leeks, onions, cel-
ery, and garlic and then sim-
mer them gently and slowly
along with the chicken breast,
carrots, mushrooms, peas, and
pearl onions.
The broth you choose for
simmering also makes a big dif-
ference. Look for the best-
quality, preferably organic
canned broth (or larger-volume
cartons) you can find. (h< i, >,
one that doesn't have too much
sodium, so you can adjust the
seasonings to taste after the
soup has simmered and con-
centrated in flavor.
As well as the reduction
that happens during simmer-
ing, the soup's thick, creamy
consistency also results from
some flour sprinkled into the
sauteed vegetables; and from
some cream stirred in toward
the end of cooking. Of course,
you can leave out the cream if
you'd like a lower-fat soup.
The final element, which
helps transforms it into a full-
fledged main-course dish, is
dumplings that are cooked sep-
arately in a little broth and
then added to the soup at the
last minute. If you prefer, you
can make your favorite biscuit
recipe, baking them and plac-
ing one or two on top of each
bowl at serving time.
Of course, dumplings or
biscuits make labeling this
recipe even more confusing,
turning it into the pie that it's
traditionally named. Which
shows you even more clearly

how meaningless such nametags
are. After all, whatever you call
it, it's just plain delicious.

* 2 tablespoons extra-virgin

olive oil
* 2 medium leeks, trimmed,

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1.800-605- 7516 305-~238.,2869
Fax 305- 252- 7943
-e-mad: Sa/eS@taribbeantedavxeom
Articles far Wftrahat Cusidirweiu: Oceber 176t, 2008





At least 14,000 people
in the Caribbean died
of illnesses related to
Acquired Immune Deficiency
Syndrome (AIDS) last year,
but there appears to be a sta-
bilization in the HIV/AIDS
epidemic, according to figures
released in Trinidad recently.
The figures, which were
released as part of the
Caribbean Launch of the
UNAIDS Global report 2008,
showed that last year an esti-
mated 230,000 to 270,000 per-
sons were living with HIV,
while an estimated 20,000 to
25,000 were newly infected.
"We have made some
headway against HIV in the
region," said Dr. Michel de
Groulard, acting Director of
UNAIDS Caribbean Regional
Support Team.
"But we still have a long
way to go to ensure that our
response is as effective as it
should be and that our pre-
vention strategies really work
and reach those who need
them most," he added.

In a message read at the
launch, Caribbean community
(CARICOM) Secretary
General Edwin Carrington
said that after 27 years since it
was first identified in the
region, the epidemic is chal-
lenging "our basic way of life,
family, society, community and
"Many Caribbean families
have lost their loved ones to
AIDS, many communities
have lost their leaders and
their members to AIDS. In
addition, the persistence of
stigma and discrimination
against people living with
AIDS is an affront to the prin-
ciples of human rights," he

many times
has someone
been denied a
job because
they are living
with HIV?"
Carrington Carrington
CARICOM top official how-
ever pointed to some positive
news in the fight against the
"Despite the somewhat
gloomy picture which the data
tsstes there has been sub-
stantial progress in the
Caribbean. It is the only
region in the world which has
built strong partnerships
against the epidemic,"
Carrington said, pointing to
the Pan Caribbean
Partnership against

United Nations officials
said that although surveillance
systems were largely inade-
quate in several countries,
available data indicates that
most of the HIV epidemics in
the Caribbean appear to have
stabilized, while a few have
declined in urban areas.
"This is particularly evi-
dent in the Dominican
Republic and Haiti. Both
countries are home to the
largest epidemics in the
region", according to
It said that at the end of
last year, an estimated 30,000
people living with HIV were
receiving antiretroviral treat-
ment in the region, a 50 per-
cent increase since the end of
2006 when 20,000 people were
on treatment.
UNAIDS said that the
main mode of HIV transmis-

11 6 n t T 91

Hospital offers free prostate

screenings, childbirth classes

sion in the Caribbean remains
unprotected heterosexual sex,
but "unprotected sex between
men is also a significant factor
in several epidemics."
It added that as many as
one in eight, or 12 percent, of
reported HIV infections in the
region occurred through
unprotected sex between men.
"It reportedly represents
the main driver in Cuba and
studies in Trinidad and
Tobago have found HIV
prevalence of 20 among men
who have sex with men.
"In the Dominican
Republic, surveys have indi-
cated that more sex workers
are protecting lh1 m1I hLS and
their clients against HIV, espe-
cially in the main urban and
tourist areas. Among female
sex workers, HIV prevalence
of nine percent has been doc-
umented in Jamaica and 31
percent in Guyana", the
UNAIDS report stated.
It said that AIDS remains
one of the leading causes of
death among people aged 25
to 44 years in the Caribbean,
but the Illng up of anti-
retroviral treatment could be
reducing the number of HIV
positive people progressing to
AIDS and eventually dying of
AIDS-related illness".

UNAIDS said that the
Caribbean epidemics occur in
the context of high levels of
poverty and unemployment,
gender and other inequalities
and considerable stigma, "all
of which can fuel the spread
of HIV as well as hinder
efforts to control the epi-
"The scaling up of pre-
vention of mother to child
transmission of HIV programs


The North Shore Medical
Center in South Florida
will be offering free
prostate screening testing and
childbirth preparation classes
in the upcoming weeks.
The prostate screenings,
to help combat one of the
most deadly forms of cancer
among men, is part of the cen-
ter's efforts to improve health
through preventative medicine
and education.
Sessions will be held from
1 p.m. to 3 p.m. on the follow-
ing dates at the C. Gordon
Griffith Cancer Center, 1100
N.W. 95th St. in Miami:
Sept. 15
Oct. 17
Dec. 19

The "Prepared Childbirth
Class", designed for first time
parents in their 27th and 28th
week of pregnancy, will feature
topics on general pregnancy
and childbirth, breastfeeding


to fight chr(
CMC Barbados will host a
conference which organizers
say will be critical to crafting
the Caribbean's collaborative
response to the current epi-
demic of chronic non-commu-
nicable diseases (CNCDs).
Cardiologist Professor Trevor
Hassell said the Oct. 16-19
conference, titled "Healthy
Caribbean 2008 A Wellness
Revolution Conference",
would bring together civil soci-
ety groups from across the

and sibling introduction.
Each session of the one-
day class will begin at 10 a.m.
at the North Shore Medical
Center, 11 N.W. 95th St.
Scheduled dates are:
Sept. 14
Oct. 12
Nov. 9
Dec. 12
For reservations for both
programs, call 1-800-984-3434.

;vising plan

iic diseases
region to build a united strate-
gy for going forward.
"Its aim is to mobilize a wide
cross section of the Caribbean
community, including civil
society, health NGOs, educa-
tors, government, trade union-
ists, faith based organizations
and business to address, in a
highly participatory and inter-
active workshop format, these
most burdensome yet prevent-
able lifestyle diseases," said
Hassell, who leads the organiz-


'Chunky Chicken Pot Pie Soup' that eats like a meal

thoroughly rinsed, and
* 1 large onion, chopped
* 2 celery stalks, chopped
* 1 large garlic clove, minced
* 1/3 cup all-purpose flour
* 8 cups good quality canned
chicken broth
* 2 medium carrots, peeled and
cut into 1/2-inch dice
* 1 pound small white button
mushrooms, quartered
* 1 (10-ounce/300-g) bag frozen
peas with pearl onions
* 2 large boneless, skinless
chicken breast halves, cut
into thin strips
* salt
* 1/2 teaspoon dried tarragon
* 1/2 teaspoon ground white
* 1 cup heavy cream

* 3/4 cup all-purpose flour
* 3/4 teaspoon baking powder
* 1/2 teaspoon salt
* pinch freshly ground black
* 2 tablespoons unsalted butter,
* 1 large egg
* 1 tablespoon milk
* 1 tablespoon chopped fresh
flat-leafed (Italian) parsley,
plus extra for garnishing

First, prepare the soup. In
a large stockpot, heat the olive
oil over medium heat. Add the
leeks, onion, celery, and garlic
and saute, stirring occasionally,
until just softened, about seven
minutes. Sprinkle and stir in
the flour and cook, stirring
constantly, for two minutes,
taking care not to let the flour

Remove the pot from the
heat and, stirring constantly,
slowly pour in six cups of the
broth. Add the carrots, mush-
rooms, peas and onions, chick-
en, one teaspoon of salt, the
tarragon, and the white pepper.
Return the pot to medium-high
heat and bring to a boil, stir-
ring occasionally. Reduce the
heat to maintain a gentle sim-
mer, cover the pot, and cook
until the chicken is done and
the vegetables are tender,
about 30 minutes.
Meanwhile, put the
remaining two cups of broth in
a separate shallow saucepan
and add one cup of cold water.
Bring to a boil over medium-
high heat.
For the dumplings, stir
together the flour, baking pow-
der, salt, and pepper in a mix-

ing bowl. With a pastry blender
or the tines of a table fork, cut
the butter into the flour mix-
ture until it resembles coarse
meal. In a small bowl, whisk
together the egg, milk, and
parsley, then stir them into the
flour mixture until a dough
Reduce the heat under the
boiling broth to maintain a sim-
mer. Using a greased teaspoon,
gently scoop up rounded tea-
spoons of the dough and care-
fully drop them into the broth.
Cook until the dumplings are
well risen and cooked through
and float on the surface, about
seven minutes. Keep them
warm in a small amount of the
broth until ready to serve,
reserving the remaining cook-
ing liquid.
Before serving, stir the
cream into the soup. Adjust the

soup's thickness, if necessary,
by stirring in some of the broth
in which the dumplings cooked.
Taste the soup and add more
salt to taste, if necessary. Add
the cooked dumplings, raise
the heat under the soup pot to
medium, and heat through
until the soup is almost but not
quite boiling.
Serve the soup immediate-
ly, ladling it into large warmed
bowls and arranging the
dumplings on top. Garnish
each bowl with extra parsley.

2008 Wolfgang Puck
Worldwide, Inc Distributed by
Tribune Media Services, Inc

Grim HIV/AIDS figures for Caribbean

September 2008


1 E n I T i1


Self-care may help avoid risk of high blood pressure


a very healthy, active and slen-
der woman of 50. I have pre-
hypertension. Hypertension is
hereditary in my family. I
hope to avoid prescription
medication. Are there other
treatment options, such as
yoga or breathing therapies,
that would help me?

ANSWER: Hypertension is
another word for high blood
pressure. A person's blood
pressure is determined by the
amount of blood the heart
pumps and the amount of
resistance to blood flow in the
arteries. The more blood the
heart pumps and the narrower
the arteries, the higher the
blood pressure.
A blood pressure reading,
measured in millimeters of
mercury (mmHg), has two
numbers. The first, or upper,
number measures the pressure
in arteries when the heart beats
(systolic pressure). The second,
or lower, number measures the
pressure in arteries between
beats diastolicc pressure).
Normal blood pressure is
below 120 systolic/80 diastolic.
High blood pressure is above
140/90. Pre-hypertension is
any measurement between
those two. Pre-hypertension
describes the condition when
blood pressure averages less
than 140/90, but more than
Any factor that increases

pressure against the artery
walls can lead to pre-hyperten-
sion. In some cases, an underly-
ing medical condition can cause
the rise in blood pressure.
Possible conditions include
sleep apnea, kidney disease,
heart disease or diabetes. If
you haven't already done so,
talk to your doctor about
screening for these conditions

controlled without prescrip-
tion medication. Lifestyle is
important to keeping elevated
blood pressure in check.

You already have a good
start by being active and slim.
Blood pressure often increases
as weight increases.
Maintaining a healthy weight

It's important to talk to your doctor about screening for high blood pressure.

to ensure that they aren't caus-
ing pre-hypertension.
In addition, some medica-
tions can temporarily raise
blood pressure, such as birth
control pills, cold remedies,
decongestants, over-the-count-
er pain relievers and some
prescription drugs. Once the
possibility of contributing fac-
tors has been ruled out, pre-
hypertension usually can be

and exercising regularly are
linked to lower blood pressure
Watch what you eat and
drink. Make sure your diet is
rich in whole grains, fruits,
vegetables and low-fat dairy
products, and low in saturated
fat, cholesterol and sodium.
This eating plan the DASH
(Dietary Approaches to Stop
Hypertension) diet is often

recommended for people who
have elevated blood pressure.
For more details about the
DASH diet, talk to your doc-
tor or get information online
at Type
DASH in the search box.
In addition, try to limit
alcohol intake. Drinking more
than moderate amounts of
alcohol can raise blood pres-
sure by several points
(mmHg). Most physicians rec-
ommend no more than one
drink a day for women and
two a day for men.
For some, caffeine may
also increase blood pressure.
Although not everyone's
blood pressure rises due to
caffeine, it's wise to limit con-
sumption to no more than 200
milligrams a day about the
amount in two cups of coffee.

Also important is avoid-
ing tobacco products and sec-
ondhand smoke. Nicotine in
tobacco products can raise
blood pressure by 10 mmHg
or more for up to an hour
after smoking. For those who
smoke throughout the day,
blood pressure may remain
constantly high. In addition,
tobacco use can damage arter-
ies directly.
Breathing therapies may
help, too. The United States
Food and Drug Administration
(FDA) has approved a device
called Resperate for reducing
stress and lowering blood pres-
sure. It analyzes a person's

breathing pattern, creates a
personalized melody, and trans-
mits it to earphones. Then, the
listener synchronizes breathing
to the melody. The goal is slow,
deep breathing 10 breaths a
minute with long exhalation.
The theory behind breath-
ing therapy is that many peo-
ple who have elevated blood
pressure also have increased
activity in the part of the nerv-
ous system that controls blood
flow (the sympathetic nervous
system). Regular use of deep,
controlled breathing exercises
reduces this activity, allowing
blood pressure to return to
normal. Studies indicate such
therapy works, but it's not
permanent. If you stop doing
the breathing exercises, your
blood pressure will rise again.
If you prefer not to spend the
money on Resperate the
device costs about $300 and is
not always covered by insur-
ance it may be possible to
achieve similar results by
doing yoga on a regular basis.
By following these healthy
lifestyle choices, perhaps you
can successfully control blood
pressure and avoid or delay
the need for medication.

Dr. Sheldon G. Sheps, Mayo
Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
2008 Mayo Foundation for
Medical Education and
Research. All rights
reserved. Distributed by
Tribune Media Services, Inc.

ing team for the event along
with Professor Henry Fraser,
dean of the Faculty of Medical
Sciences at the Cave Hill
Campus of the University of
the West Indies (UWI).

The organizers said that
the principal outcomes from
the conference are expected
to include a preliminary
Caribbean Civil Society plan
to tackle chronic diseases over
the next two to five years,
with specific attention given to
improving identification and
treatment of diabetes, dyslipi-
deamias and hypertension
throughout the Caribbean.
Prof. Hassell said that the
conference would continue
the campaign against CNCDs,
which began last year when
Caribbean Heads of
Government, recognizing
chronic diseases as the pri-
mary causes of premature
death and reduced quality of
life in the Caribbean, signed

the "Declaration of Port of
Spain; Uniting to stop the
epidemic of Chronic Non
Communicable Disease
The conference is being
facilitated by the Pan American
Health Organization (PAHO),
the Inter-American Heart
Foundation, the Barbados
Ministry of Health, CNCD
Commission and the Heart and
Stroke Foundation of
International and regional
leaders in the field of chronic
disease prevention and treat-
ment are expected to attend
the four-day conference.
Highlights of the confer-
ence will include the delivery
of the Inter-American Heart
Foundation Science of Peace
Lecture and the presentation
of the Science of Peace Award
to UWI Chancellor Sir
George Alleyne and the pres-
entation of the fifth Inter-
American Journalism Contest
Awards on Tobacco Control.

in several countries including
Barbados, Guyana and
Jamaica has significantly
reduced the rate of transmis-
sion to infants", the report
But UNAIDS noted that
there were still many chal-
lenges facing the Caribbean.
It said, for example, that
while surveys in the
Dominican Republic have
indicated that more sex work-
ers were protecting them-

selves, "prevention success
has not kept pace with treat-
ment success.
"This is especially the
case among the most vulnera-
ble populations such as sex
workers, men who have sex
with men and crack cocaine
users. There is, too, a need for
the development of more
effective surveillance systems
so that the region can truly
know its epidemic", UNAIDS
It said that the sustain-
ability of funding was also

another key factor in the fight
against HIV.
"It is recognized that
there is a need to scale up
financing both from country
resources and international
support to ensure that any
gains made are reinforced and
built upon. This is part of a
long-term visionary response
necessary if the epidemic is to
be successfully challenged",
the UNAIDS report added.

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Caribbean devising plan

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Grim HIV/AIDS figures for Caribbean

September 2008


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Manning pleased with visits to Caribbean states


PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad,
CMC Prime Minister Patrick
Manning said he was pleased
with the outcome of his recent
whirlwind visit to four
Caribbean community (CARI-
COM) countries this week to
gather support for plans to
establish a political and eco-
nomic union by 2013.
Manning dismissed media
reports that he had been
blanked by the governments of
the Bahamas, Jamaica, Belize
and Suriname during his visit.
He said that the visits to
these Caribbean islands, as well
as those to Antigua and
Barbuda, St. Kitts and Nevis
and Dominica last month, were
intended to bring the leaders
up to date on the initiative that
had been discussed by him and
the leaders of Grenada, St.
Lucia and St. Vincent and the
Grenadines in Port of Spain
last month.
"At no time was there ever
a suggestion that as we visit the
Bahamas, Belize, Jamaica,
Suriname...that we were seek-
ing to get them to sign on to
any agreement. That was not
so then, it is not so now,"
Manning told a news confer-
"The position of these
countries is very well known to
all of us and therefore we did
not seek to get them to sign on
and there is no question of us
being blanked by anybody or
any such thing. It is not so and
I hope the media would be a
little bit more informed before
they place these things and dis-
tort the reality in the minds of
the population."

stood it at that time, the impli-
cations for CARICOM,"
Manning said.
"This is a coalition of the
willing and each country is free
to look at their own circum-
stances in relation to what is
now being proposed and to
come to their own conclu-
Manning, who led a dele-
gation that also included his
Foreign Affairs Minister Paula
Gopee-Scoon on the visit to
the islands, said Haiti was not
included in the trip because of


the impending passage of
Hurricane Gustav.
"We were well received in
all the countries and in fact all
the leaders expressed the view
that they were very grateful,
very pleased that we took the
time off to come personally to
explain to them the decisions
that we have taken and to dis-
cuss with them what are the
implications might be," the
Trinidad leader said.
He said that in the case of
Jamaica, Prime Minister Bruce
Golding had indicated that
"they were anxious to see the
report" being undertaken by

tions and it requires experts to
consider the views they would
have heard carefully, before
making a recommendation to
the countries involved as to the
direction we should take, the
modalities of economic and
political integration and the
process by which we arrive at
either or both of them."
Manning added that the
leaders of the four islands so
far involved in the initiative
had also taken a decision that
their populations would be
involved in the process, adding
"it is not going to be a move-
ment of leaders, it has to be a
movement of people."

Manning said that the
decision to embark on the pro-
posed initiative came about
because there is a feeling with-
in the region that there are "a
number of leaders who are
committed to integration in a
way that we had not seen for
some time.
"That is why we are put-
ting together a coalition of the
willing. The position of
Trinidad and Tobago has
always been (that) we are pre-
pared to integrate with any
country in the region that is
prepared to integrate with us.
"If there is only one coun-
try prepared to integrate with
us we are prepared to integrate
with it now stands
four countries have signed the
agreement and when the
OECS heads meet, and the
prime minister of Grenada
(who is also OECS chairman)
has committed to a meeting
before the end of the first week
in September, it is possible that
others may consider signing

IMPLICATIONS the former St. Lucia rrime on.
He said the meetings were Minister Vaughan Lewis and The prime minister also
necessary given the fact that Trinidadian diplomat Dr. hinted at the possibility of a
the new initiative represents a Cuthbert Joseph on the form new common currency to gov-
move by a sub-grouping within of economic and political ern the proposed initiative.
CARICOM and "one of the union. St. Lucia, Grenada and St.
things they (the other leaders) Manning said that the Vincent and the Grenadines
would be concerned about is committee, which will submit are part of the sub-regional
the implications for Caribbean its report by the end of the Organization of Eastern
unity and for the existence of year, would also be expanded Caribbean States (OECS) with
CARICOM as it now stands. to include other experts. a common currency and
"We went to explain what "The exact form of politi- Trinidad and Tobago has its
we had decided in Trinidad and cal union has not been deter- own currency.
Tobago and we then went on mined," he said. "It requires 4
to explain, as far as we under- studies, it requires consulta-

Sir Shridath Ramphall launches new book

CMC Former Commonwealth
Secretary General Sir Shridath
Ramphall has launched a book
chronicling his 25 years of serv-
ice to the Commonwealth and
the wider world.
The book titled "The
Commonwealth and the
World" was launched as part
of the activities marking the
Caribbean Festival of Arts
(CARIFESTA) which took

place here last month. It also
coincides with the 80th birth-
day of Sir Shridath, a former
attorney general in Guyana
and also a trade negotiator for
the Caribbean.
The book will be officially
released in London at the head-
quarters of the Commonwealth
Secretariat on Oct. 3 Sir
Shridath's birthday.
"I have to say that this
book is not my work. It is only

about my work and I praise it
for the undertaking not for
the judgments," Sir Shridath
The book features various
essays covering Sir Shridath's
work that includes his stint as sec-
retary general of the London-
based Commonwealth Secretariat
in 1975 and the decade he served
as attorney general and foreign
minister in Guyana.

Cops kill Guyana's

most wanted man

Guyana, CMC -
Guyana's most wanted
man Rondell "Fineman"
Rawlins and one of his
accomplices were shot 4
dead in a confrontation
with police late last
Rawlins and
Jermaine "Skinny"
Charles were killed when
members of the Joint Forces
surrounded and then entered
Kuru Kuru, a forested village
located 30 miles outside the
capital, Georgetown, along
the Soesdyke Linden

Rawlins was said to be
responsible for massacres ear-
lier this year that claimed the
lives of 23 people, while
Charles had been wanted for
the murder of the country's
Agriuclture Minister
Satyadeow Sawh in 2006.

Canadian police to help

fight crime in St. Kitts
BASSETERRE, St. Kitts, dictions, the management
CMC The St. Kitts and crime detection, and crin
Nevis government has enlisted prevention training prog
the services of the Royal that has been developed
Canadian Mounted Police Kitts and Nevis.
(RCMP) to assist in its fight
against crime. PRIORITY

"Our commitment is to quick
response, a systematic
approach and a high degree
of professionalism when a
crime has been committed" -

"In a matter of months, the
RCMP will be here in the fed-
eration, implementing this
program that we have devel-
oped and they will be fund-
ing," Prime Minister Dr.
Denzil Douglas said late last
Douglas, who earlier in
August assumed responsibility
for national security, said the
partnership with the RCMP
was vital since crime is global
in its causes and manifesta-
tions and "the fight against
crime must, similarly, extend
beyond our borders as well."
He said he has been main-
taining direct contact with the
high command of the police
force, in order to ensure that a
relentless, multi-pronged
approach to crime is main-
"Our commitment is to
quick response, a systematic
approach and a high degree of
professionalism when a crime
has been committed. Effective
crime detection is a priority,"
the prime minister told
He said the Ministry of
National Security must be on
the right track since the
RCMP is considering replicat-
ing, in other Caribbean juris-

in St.

Up to press time 15 mur-
ders had been recorded in the
twin-island federation in the
first eight months of this year
and Douglas said that bringing
perpetrators to justice swiftly


was a priority.
"Heightened proficiency
in evidence collection, height-
ened proficiency in the prepa-
ration of case files, heightened
professionalism and capacity
building... these are all priori-
ties," he added.
Douglas said the recent
town hall meetings held by the
security forces across the
country have been invaluable.
"The feedback and the
intelligence that these sessions
have yielded have contributed
greatly to the security forces
ability to meet the perpetrators
of crime head on, and it is this
type of police/community col-
laboration that is always key to
any security forces effectively
countering criminal activity,"
the prime minister said.

September 2008


Premier 'shocked' by Zoom Airlines bankruptcy

HAMILTON, Bermuda,
CMC Premier Ewart
Brown says he is
shocked that the low-
cost transatlantic carrier
Zoom Airlines, which
began a twice-weekly
service to the island last
year from London, has
declared itself bankrupt
leaving hundreds of pas-
sengers stranded in Bermu
"This comes as a shoc
me and the
tourism and
team. Our
people have
launched an
urgent effort
to replace this
valuable low-
fare service Brown
from the
U.K.," said Brown, who is
tourism and transport min
In announcing the sus
sion of all flights on late la
month, the airline posted
statement on its web site
advising passengers to con

High fuel costs blamed for Zoom's losses.
ida. their credit card company for
k to refunds and seek alternative
flights on other carriers.
Opposition Leader and
Shadow Minister for Tourism,
Kim Swan, described the
budget airline's collapse as "a
disappointing development for
The Anglo-Canadian air-
line blamed high fuel costs for
its losses.

is- When Zoom began opera-
tions in June 2007 it provided
pen- competition on the route for
Ist British Airways, which has
a flown to the island from the
U.K. for more than 70 years.
tact "We deeply regret the fact

that we have been
forced to cease all
Zoom operations. It
is a tragic day for our
passengers and more
than 600 staff," said
the airline's founders
,. 'Hugh and John
They said the
company's fuel bill
had jumped nearly $50 million
in one year and they had been
unable to secure a new invest-
ment package.
Jean McCallum, 57, who
arrived on the island on on
Aug. 28 on the last Zoom
flight, for a week's holiday
with her husband Ian, 71, said
passengers received no warn-
ing of the airline's impending
closure or any in-flight
"There was a strange
atmosphere on the flight," she
said. "When we took off you
just had the feeling that some-
thing wasn't quite right."

ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada,
CMC Junior Minister for
Culture Arley Gill says
Grenada will have a new
copyright law by the end of
the year to better protect the
work of the country's enter-
The new Copyright Act
will cover several areas that
are not addressed in the cur-
rent law. It is expected that
under the new law a
Companies and Intellectual
Property Office will be set up
to assist Grenadians to man-
age copyright issues.
"It will also develop a col-
lective management society

for the collection of royalties
on behalf of rights' owners,"
said Minister Gill, who
explained that the new copy-
right law will give performers
greater protection on the
local, regional and interna-
tional scene.
The new legislation is
among 14 pieces of legislation
that will make it easier for
companies and individual to
register their trademark
names and for persons
involved in the creative arts to
protect their intellectual prop-
Registrar of the Grenada
Supreme Court Robert

Branch said the Ministry of
Legal Affairs has submitted
the draft of three of the 14
pieces of legislation to the
World Intellectual Property
Organization (WIPO) for con-
sideration and is awaiting
"Once we receive
approval the necessary steps
for them becoming law will be
undertaken," he said.
Branch did not point out
which pieces of legislation
were submitted to WIPO but
indicated that some existing
legislation will be repealed.

CTO names new interim secretary general

E.U. diplomat warns Caribbean

to sign trade accord by deadline

KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
A senior European Union
diplomat has warned Caribbean
community (CARICOM) coun-
tries that failure to sign the
Economic Partnership
Agreement (EPA) by the Oct.
31 deadline could result in the
loss of preferential access for
their products entering the
European market.
Carlo Pettinato, first
secretary at the European
Commission Office in Jamaica,
told the Financial Gleaner
newspaper late last month that
Europe would simply revert to
the generalized system of pref-
erences (GSP) for those coun-
tries that do not sign the accord.
Pettinato said that the
Caribbean has little room to
manoeuvre, maintaining that the
EPA is a good agreement that
should be put into operation.
"A short delay will not be a
problem, but a long delay will
be a problem because preferen-
tial regime towards the
Caribbean will expire," he said,
noting that the negotiators had
initialed the agreement in
December with the understand-
ing that the agreement would
come into force, even in a provi-
sional manner, by the end of
"So, if this is not provision-
ally in force, the regime simply

expires and we will not have a
legal regime that allows us to
grant the preferential market
access to the Caribbean into
the EU market," he added.

Recently, there have been
conflicting positions within
CARICOM regarding the sign-
ing of the EPA. The agreement
was scheduled for signing in
Barbados on Sept. 2, but some
Caribbean states, including
Guyana, St. Lucia and Grenada
said they were not prepared to
sign the accord as yet.
Barbados, Belize, Jamaica,
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
and Trinidad and Tobago indi-
cated their readiness, but
Barbados Prime Minister
David Thompson requested a
CARICOM meeting to discuss
the situation which has arisen
because of the divergent views.
That special meeting was
likely to be held on Sept. 9,
according to Trinidad and
Tobago's Prime Minister
Patrick Manning.
A number of Caribbean
academics, trade unions, the
Caribbean Conference of
Churches and other non-gov-
ernmental organizations have
called on the regional govern-
ment to renegotiate the accord.

ST. JOHN'S, Antigua, CMC -
Justice Minister Colin Derrick
has denied reports that
Canadian Gary Nelson was
fired as police commissioner
less than six months after he
was appointed to the top posi-
tion of Antigua and Barbuda's
Royal Police Force.
Nelson, a retired member
of the Royal Canadian
Mounted Police (RCMP), left
police headquarters with his
personal belongings late last
month. He is the fourth top
cop to leave the force in as
many years.
It was reported that he has

been released from his two-year
contract due to an unsatisfacto-
ry performance. But Derrick
denied any knowledge of the
commissioner's departure and,
when contacted by the
Caribbean Media Corporation
(CMC), Nelson would neither
confirm nor deny his dismissal,
saying he would issue a state-
ment later.
Nelson was one of four
retired Canadian police officers
appointed on Feb. 29 to the top
four positions of the force, and
the third to leave before the
end of the contract period.

CMC The Caribbean Tourism
Organization (CTO) has
named Director of Marketing
for the Americas Hugh Riley as
interim secretary general of the
CTO Chairman Allen
Chastanet said Riley will act
in the position while the orga-
nization's Executive
Committee completes the
search for a new secretary
During that time, Deputy
Director for Projects and
Administration Sylma Brown
Bramble will act in Riley's
substantive post.
Riley's interim appoint-
ment was necessitated by the

Aug. 14 death of Interim
Secretary General Arley
Sobers, who assumed the posi-
tion at the beginning of July
when the previous Secretary
General Vincent Vanderpool-

Wallace returned home to
become minister of tourism
and aviation in The Bahamas.
Riley was appointed
director of marketing for the
Americas in Mar. 2002 and
has since overseen the
Caribbean's marketing pro-
gram in the United States and
He is also co-chief operat-
ing officer of the Caribbean
Tourism Development
Company (CTDC), the mar-
keting and business develop-
ment unit owned equally by
the Caribbean Hotel and
Tourism Association (CHTA)
and the CTO.

New copyright law coming to

protect Grenadian entertainers

Antigua's top cop leaves

Bishop Phil has God Given Power of Prayer

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September 2008




T&T World Cup star looks to revive soccer career in America

~ Brent Sancho signs on with USL's Atlanta Silverbacks


ATLANTA, Georgia, USA -
The solitary, muscular figure
just kept going round and
round the Atlanta Silverbacks
soccer stadium field alternat-
ing speeds as his shoulder-
length braids flopped up and
More conditioning drills
followed, jumping over and
between small cones while
heading and passing a ball
served up by a trainer. Then
he paused, blowing hard,
eventually bending over, rest-
ing his palms on sweaty knees
before finally taking a seat on
the artificial turf.
Just over an hour before
the Silverbacks kicked off
against Miami EC. in a United
Soccer Leagues (USL) clash
here early last month, few
fans could identify the player
in the home team's red, black
and white kit working up
some heavy sweat on this 90-
degree summer evening.
"I heard they were getting
a new plia r, said Elaine
Carroll, a longtime Silverbacks
team photographer, "but I
don't know who he is."
If Silverbacks fans were
still in the dark about Brent
Sancho, one of Trinidad and
Tobago's World Cup soccer
heroes from 2006, it was not
surprising. The defender had
just joined the team two days
before his workout. He signed
a deal through the remainder
of this season and next, but
had to wait for international
clearance from his former club
in Scotland before playing a
game for the Silverbacks, club
management said. That didn't
mean Sancho wouldn't have to
start work right away. There
was plenty of catching up to
do and not all of it could be
done on his own.
"You know, I do think I
need games," admitted the
Soca Warrior, after showering,
dressing and watching his new
team play. "I would be lying if
I said I didn't."

Since then the defender
has worked his way off the
substitutes' bench and into the
first team. But it would be
hard to hide the reality that
the 31-year-old Sancho is
probably closer to the cross-
roads of his playing career
than a start. He has not added
to his 43 caps for T&T since
the World Cup in Germany
and did not re-sign with
Scottish First Division Club
Ross County this season. He
was out of contract in England
and waiting for an opportunity

T&T World Cup teammates Avery John, left, and Brent Sancho.

when the Silverbacks called
from America. And while the
USL seems a bit of a drop
from international level,
Sancho, who played in the
league before he left for
Europe several years ago, is
using it as a sort of beginning
on the road back.
"Football has changed a
lot," he reasoned. "I think
there's no major difference
between teams or levels or
divisions...I don't see anything
as lower or lesser or anything

Sancho's first few games with
the club. But coach Jason
Smith, who admits a prefer-
ence for T&T players since his
days as their teammates at a
U.S. college, likes several
aspects of the Sancho's game.
He's eager to fit him into the
team's plans.
"Obviously he's got a lot
of experience," said Smith,
who watched Sancho play in
the World Cup against
Sweden, England and
Paraguay and wanted to sign

Sancho is heads up on what he needs to do to return to the Soca Warriors.

like that. I see a professional
organization (Silverbacks)
that's trying to establish them-
selves and move forward in
the right direction. And if
that's the situation, I want to
be involved in something like
He was also not about to
reject a lifeline that could
revive his competitive career.
Sancho's new club believes he
can make an immediate
impact. Through the Miami
EC. game, the Silverbacks led
the USL in goals allowed with
33. The leaking did not stop in

him earlier this year. "He's
extremely tough. He can play
anywhere along the backline."

Aside from the clearance,
the bi-L_--LI push is to get
Sancho in shape. USL 2008
was already past its two-thirds
mark when the player joined
the club and that means
Sancho must quickly adapt to
the Atlanta. Kevin Barrow, a
fellow Trini, is in the
Silverbacks squad, but after
making the transition from
Europe, the early signs indi-

cated that Sancho
still had a way to go
to blend in.
"I think he's
having some adjust-
ment issues with the
heat," Smith said
on Aug. 8. "Even
though he's from
Trinidad he's been
in England a long
time. This surface
gets extremely hot
during the
day...When they
first come off the
field, their very first
training session, the
N ::!!,, shoes come off
because their feet
are on fire."
believes the adjust-
ment to Atlanta will
not be painful. He
has become used to moving
about since leaving St. John's

Getting into playing shape is Sancho's top pri

University in New York in
1997. His professional stops in
the USL include Charleston
Battery and Portland Timbers.
In T&T he played for San
Juan Jabloteh and Joe Public.
He lined up with several clubs
in England and Scotland,
including Dundee United,
Gillingham, Wrexham and
Millwall before his stint at
Ross County. With no wife or
children tugging along, the
transition to America
becomes simpler for the man
from the Belmont area of Port

of Spain.
"Yeah, it's a lot easier," he
explained. "So I can take all
these chances and make these
moves and what not."
Yet eventually he must
settle down, that is, if he
wants to accomplish another
longstanding goal returning
to the T&T national team.
With World Cup qualifiers
resuming last month, Sancho
knows he has little time to
step back into the national
team picture. Up to press time
he had not spoken to T&T
coach Francisco Maturana or
anyone from the T&T
Football Federation about a
possible recall. Furthermore,
his association with a group of
national players who chal-
lenged the federation on a
bonus issue following the
World Cup appears to make
his road back that more diffi-
cult. Many believe the issue
has cost some
players their
places in the
team. Sancho is
among them.
with the situation
that we had with
the World Cup
bonuses and what
not," he said, "I
haven't played
since then."

Yet at least
one World Cup
believes Sancho
has a real shot of
staking a claim,
especially now
that he can get
enough competi-
tive football with
the Silverbacks.
"The most
important thing is
everybody knows
Brent Sancho,"
said Avery John,
who started late
with Miami EC.
this season, but
ority in Atlanta. has since been
recalled by
Maturana. "We
know what he brings to a club
team. We know what he
brings to a national team. The
negative effect is that he has-
n't been playing much. Right
now he needs to get back
match fitness...And once he's
doing well, he deserves to get
a call back...He deserves to
get a chance to be back in the
(T&T) team, at least to get a
chance, to get another look."
But first, even Sancho
admits, he must re-establish


September 2008



West Indies sweeps tri-nation cricket tournament in Toronto


TORONTO, Canada The
West Indies made a clean
sweep of a tri-nation cricket
tournament here last month.
The Caribbean squad won
all three matches at the Maple
Leaf Cricket Club, against
Bermuda once and Canada
twice, including the final, in a
one-day international series
that was initially scheduled as
part of the regional team's
preparation for the ICC
Champions Trophy.
The Champions Trophy,
which should have taken place
in Pakistan this month, was
subsequently postponed due
to concerns over the security
in that country. However, the
West Indies, which included a
few new faces in its squad,
appeared pleased with the
North American tour.
"There's been a lot of
enthusiasm among the squad
here, during their training, dur-
ing their net sessions," coach
John Dyson told Caribbean
Today on the final day of the
series. "It's good to see new
faces get an opportunity."

Captain Gayle scored a brilliant century in the final.

In the final, played on
Aug. 24 in front of a fair-sized
crowd that included many
Caribbean nationals, the West
Indies restricted Canada to
179 all out off 46.5 overs.
Man-of-the-series Rizwan
Cheema topscored with a blis-
tering innings of 61 runs off
45 balls.
Fast bowler Jerome

Taylor took three wickets for
the West Indies, while spinner
Nikita Miller accounted for
two. Darren Powell and
Brendan Nash took a wicket
each. There were three run
In reply the West Indies,
led by captain Chris Gayle's
rampaging, undefeated
innings of 110, which included
14 fours and six sixes off just

77 balls, rattled up 181 for
three wickets off just 27.3
overs. Gayle received good
support from opening partner
Sewnarine Chattergoon, 23,
and Carlton Baugh Jr. 29.
Among the highlights of
the tournament was a scintil-
lating performance by
West Indies batsman Xavier
Marshall. In his team's first
match against Canada,
Marshall blasted 157 not out.
The innings included 12 sixes,
which tied a world record for
most sixes in a one-day inter-

Aug. 18 Canada beats
Bermuda by 26 runs
Canada 260 for seven off
50 overs; Manoj David 48,
Sunil Dhaniram 36, Rizwan
CliLL m., 34. Stefan Kelly two
for 57 off nine overs, Rodney
Trott, two for 50 off 10.
Bermuda 234 for eight off
50 overs; Chris Douglas, 69,
Jekon Edness, 45 and Stephen
Outerbridge, 28.

Aug. 20 West Indies beats
Bermuda by six wickets
Bermuda 158 for nine off 50

overs; Chris Douglas 53,
Irving Romaine 20, and
Dwayne Leverock 20 not out.
Nikita Miller three for 19 off
10 overs, Kemar Roach two
for 29 off 10 overs, Jerome
Taylor one for 22 off nine
overs and Darren Powell one
for 32 off 10 overs.
West Indies 159 for four
off 31.5 overs; Ramnaresh
Sarwan 49 not out, Shawn
Findlay 41, Leon Johnson 27
and Brendan Nash 27 not out.
Delyone Borden two for 38
off eight overs.

Aug. 22 West Indies beats
Canada by 49 runs
West Indies 303 for four
off 50 overs; Xavier Marshall
157 not out, Leon Johnson 51,
Brendan Nash 39 not out.
Rizwan Cheema three for 31
off 10 overs.
Canada 254 all out off
47.2 overs; Cheema 89. Nash
three for 56 off 10 overs, Dave
Mohammed two for 34 off 10

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.

Caribbean teams kick off crucial World Cup qualifiers


TORONTO, Canada Two
Canadian players with deep
Caribbean roots almost dealt
Jamaica a huge setback when
the two countries met in a cru-
cial World Cup soccer qualifi-
er here last month.
First Julian de Guzman,
whose mother is from St.
CaIhLrini, Jamaica, gave
Canada the lead in the 47th
minute of their Aug. 20 CON-
CACAF semi-final round
match played at the BMO
Field. And although Jamaica
equalized through Andy

Williams's 52nd minute goal
directly from a corner kick,
Dwayne De Rosario narrowly
missed opportunities to give
the home team the win.
De Rosario, who was
born to Guyanese parents and
whose father lived for years in
Jamaica, missed a clear sec-
ond half header, which could
have again given Canada the
lead and later was not quick
enough to get onto a ball fum-
bled by Jamaica's goalkeeper
inside the penalty area with
the goal wide open.
de Guzman too missed a
chance to snatch a late win for

Canada when his powerful
long range shot in the 86th
minute smacked the crossbar
in another close call for the
Reggae Boyz. Jamaica
appeared satisfied with the 1-1
"At the end we came out
with what we deserved," said
captain Ricardo Gardner.

The CONCACAF region
is divided into three groups.
The top two teams in each will
advance to the final qualifying
group stage from which the
top three teams will receive

T&T World Cup star looks to revive soccer career in America

himself on the pitch. He has
had discussions with Smith
about his role with the
Silverbacks. International
football is not his immediate
priority, but watching John's
progress from Miami F.C.
back into the national fold has
given him hope.
"I think for Avery, I'm
really happy for him," Sancho
said a day after the two hung
out for a bit and re-hashed old
times, including the World
"...My mind is trying and
establishing myself here (in
Atlanta). If that (national call)
comes, you know, that's all
well and good. But for me it's

all about trying to get back in,
get playing, get into a rhythm
of games and then take it
from there."
That means, like John,
earning the respect of his new
teammates and the support of
Silverback fans. John, despite
missing the first few games of
Miami F.C.'s season, captained
the team against Atlanta and
has been a stalwart in the
team's defense. His progress
has been impressive. For
Sancho, his road back is just
beginning. The sweet taste of
Germany 2006 hasn't quite
left him yet. Nor has the
desire to pull on the T&T
shirt. He still follows the
national team, doing televi-

sion commentary of recent
games. When his chance
comes if it comes he has
no plans to miss it.
"For me, there's no bigger
joy than playing for your
country," Sancho said.
"...And if that opportunity
presents itself, once every-
thing is right, I'll definitely
grab it with two arms."

Gordon Williams is a
Caribbean Today's managing
editor. Photographs courtesy
of Elaine Carroll/Atlanta

bids to World
Cup 2010 in
South Africa.
The fourth
place country
will play-off
for another
place in the Williams
bin-Ll show-
Other Caribbean teams
were also involved in quali-
fiers last month. In Group A,
Trinidad and Tobago scored
an important away win, beat-
ing Cuba 3-1. Haiti, a Group
C team playing at home, was
held to a 2-2 draw by
results, host Mexico beat

Honduras 2-1. Both countries
are in Group B with Jamaica
and Canada. The U.S. trav-
eled to Guatemala to win 1-0
in another Group A clash.
Costa Rica hosted El Salvador
and won 1-0. Both teams are
Group C.
The qualifiers continue
this month with play in all
groups. T&T will host
Guatemala. Cuba will be at
home to the U.S. visits
Canada will host Honduras.
El Salvador will be at home to
Haiti and Suriname will travel
to Costa Rica.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.

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September 2008


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September 2008

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