Group Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Title: Caribbean today
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean today
Uniform Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 38 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Caribbean Pub. Services
Place of Publication: Miami Fl
Miami Fl
Publication Date: June 2008
Copyright Date: 2010
Frequency: monthly
Subject: Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Additional Physical Form: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1989.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 10, no. 3, published in 1999; title from cover.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099285
Volume ID: VID00027
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 40985415


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S0 JUNE 2008

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o/I l. 19 No. 7

Tel: (305) 238-2868
Jamaica: 654-7282

leaders will
( increased
trade and
direct foreign
from the
United States
when they meet Congressman
Charles Rangel and other U.S.
leaders during this month's
Conference on the Caribbean
in New York, page 3.

Miami F.C. has expanded its
core of Caribbean players,
adding Trinidad and Tobago
World Cup star Avery John to
its United Soccer Leagues
(USL) roster. The move has
already started to pay positive
dividends, page 17.

a_ caim

fasestma onth plne,

New s ................... 2 Food ................... 10 Business ............... 14 Politics................. 18
Local .................... 8 Arts/Entertainment ....... 11 Health .................. 15 Region ................. 19
Viewpoint ............... 9 Tourism/Travel .......... 13 Sport ................... 16

W e

born Trevor
Graham, a
Olympic ath-
lete who has
some of the
track stars, has been found
guilty of lying to United States
prosecutors in one of the
biggest doping scandals to hit
the sport, and now faces time
in prison, page 7.


~ June is Caribbean American Heritage
Month and at least one elected United States
official, Georgia State Representative Billy
Mitchell, believes native-born Americans
have much to learn from the people of the
region, page 2.

11i/ in A



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Caribbean community in the U.S. can

CaribohDt no longer be ignored ~ Mitchell

Georgia State
Billy Mitchell
Mountain) says
his stint as a
United States
government Mitchell
employee in the
Caribbeani was the best year of
his life. That declaration, com-
ing from a politician whose
constituency has one of the
largest Caribbean communities
in the U.S., may raise some eye-
brows. But Mitchell has had a
close up look at Caribbean cul-
ture and its influence on the
U.S. Last month he shared
some of those insights with
Caribbean Today's Managing
Editor Gordon Williams.

would describe the evolvement
of the Caribbean influence in the
United States up to this point?

impressed. How I would
d,%t ribi it, it is certainly having
a great impact on our economy,
certainly our community
involvement. Fact of the matter
is I'm so proud at what the
Caribbean community has
been able to contribute to our
community at large because, as
a result of what they are doing,
we have better businesses.
Certainly we're talking about a
community that is better off for
their involvement in just our
general community at large.

G.W.: How do you think the
Caribbean people, the people
who have come to the United
States, specifically to Georgia,
and specifically to your con-
stituency, have managed to
merge into the American socie-
ty? And also, how do you think

the American society has
responded to the Caribbean
community, especially because
it is growing?

B.M.: You know, I've often said
that the Caribbean community
in particular has been able to
take advantage of the American
way more so than a lot of
Americans because I believe
they appreciate the opportuni-
ties. And it's such a good thing.
I like to say businesses, particu-
larly small businesses, is the
backbone of any governmental
structure in the community.
And the Caribbean community
has come in and certainly has
really grasped that concept.
And as a result of that our
cities, our state, is a better place
to be as a result of that. And
that's why I am so proud to see
what's going on there. They've
made certainly a great contribu-
tion to our communities.

G.W.: Do you think the
Caribbean community fully
understands, or fully grasps, the
growing influence that it has been
having in the American society?

B.M.: You know, that's a very
good question. I would perhaps
say that, because I have found
that the Caribbean is a hard
working people, they're interest-
ed to make certain their families
are intact and their businesses
are growing. As a result of that I
don't believe that they fully
understand their impact that
they have on our community. I
think that's going to increase as
more C(irila,,,i, involve them-
selves in the economy and in
business and in our community,
which is a very good thing.

G.W.: Do you think that there
is anything specific that they
need to do in order to fully

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understand their influence in
the American society?

B.M.: You know one of the
things that they ought to do is
what I'm seeing being dis-
played here (at the launch of
Atlanta's Caribbean carnival
last month). They need to sup-
port the Caribbean initiative,
the Caribbean heritage,
because it is a very fine her-
itage. They need to support
Caribbean businesses. They
certainly need to encourage
other Caribbean businesses to
support other businesses as
well. That in itself will kind of
help develop even more oppor-
tunities for them.

G.W.: The American society in
general, how has it embraced
the Caribbean presence, the
growing Caribbean presence?

B.M.: You know one of the
things about America is that
we are all immigrants. Despite
what some may feel, we are all
immigrants, and the fact of the
matter is I think the city of
Atlanta, the Atlanta metropoli-
tan area, embraces those who
can come in and contribute to
the community. And certainly
the Caribbean community has
certainly done that. And I
think, by and large, they have
embraced them. As a country
of immigrants we understand
what it takes to really ingrati-
ate yourself, get involved in the
community, and they have
done that, certainly as best as
any group. And I think, by and
large, the Atlanta community is
certainly welcoming.

G.W.: Your bio tells me you had
a significant role to play in the
establishment of Caribbean
American Heritage Month. How
far do you think that has gone to
establish the Caribbean presence
here in the United States?

B.M.: I think it has gone a
great deal. I must say to you
that in trying to get this legisla-
tion passed, we've had other
initiatives that were on the bal-
lot. As a matter of fact, proba-
bly the most controversial, at
the same time, was the initia-
tive to get the state to apolo-
gize for slavery. That failed.
However, when I came forward
with this initiative to recognize
Caribbean Heritage Month, we
got widespread support from
every corner of Georgia, from
every political persuasion,
because they recognize the
value of the Caribbean com-
munity. And that made me
proud, that that wasn't some-
thing that I had to go and twist
arms to do. They recognize the

value and as a result of that we
were able to get this passed in
short order.

G.W.: You said you had some
experience living in Jamaica
for a year as an employee of
the U.S. government...How
much did that change, or affect,
your view of the Caribbean and
Caribbean people? You talk
about the physical beauty of
the area, but in terms of how
you perceive the Caribbean
people and what they're aiming
for when it comes to the
United States, how did that
year of experience affect that?

B.M.: You know that's another
great question. As a matter of
fact, I always say that that per-
haps was the best year of my
life. I've got great friends... I go
back and I see them often. As
a result of being there, I
thought this would be just a
year of me just getting involved
and maybe going to the beach-
es and the like. But I really
enjoyed myself. I saw a side of
the country that a normal
tourist would not see and I was
a better person for that. And I
was so struck by a number of
things, even the athleticism.
You know Jamaica produces
more Olympic athletes per
capital than any other country
in the world for that matter?
The culture, the education. As
a matter of fact, I've often said
that the education system in
Jamaica is far superior than the
education system that our
(American) youth are going
through. This notion of uni-
forms there I could tell you
what school a student went to
by the colors that their uni-
forms were. And these are the
kinds of things that I think if
everyone in this country saw
they would appreciate Jamaica
so much better and try to
implement what they are doing
there as well.

G.W.: Generally Caribbean
people, though, what do you
think the Americans have
learned from them? You, as
one man, has learned a lot
from a year in the Caribbean.

B.M.: You know, one of the
things I think that they are cer-
tainly teaching us is that, you
know, hard work pays off. How
you can come and work hard
and you can do just about any-
thing that you want to when
you work hard and you are

G.W.: You are a politician, you
are in the political circle. What
is the feedback on the circuit,
outside of public comment? Is

there a general movement
embracing and recognizing
more, from a political stand-
point, the Caribbean contribu-
tion in the United States?

B.M.: I must say to you, politi-
cians doing what politicians do,
voters are important to them.
And as more and more
Caribbean voters are around,
certainly they recognize that
they must avail ili i11 Mh lL
more. They must certainly cater
certain bills, certain laws, cer-
tain advocacy towards the
Caribbean community. And
that's just the fact of the matter.
Wherever there are con-
stituents that need to be served,
that politicians will certainly go
that way. But I tell you, I can
even say that I learned some-
thing about politics in Jamaica
because they take their politics
very seriously in Jamaica, which
is the way it ought to be. We
certainly should take it serious-
ly because just about every
aspect of our lives is affected by
politics and it's good to see that
the numbers that the Caribbean
community has because they
deserve to be represented as

G.W.: So, from the political cir-
cles in America, they are cer-
tainly, now, starting to take full
notice of what's going on the
Caribbean community?

B.M.: Oh, no question about
that. I had a conversation with
Vin Martin, the honorary con-
sul general (for Jamaica in
Atlanta). He's a constituent of
mine. Lives in Stone Mountain.
That's one of his endeavors
that he'd like to encourage as
well, that there be more politi-
cal participation by those in the
Caribbean. When you're
involved, you're involved more
politically, it's easier to ask for
services that you deserve and
be heard.

G.W.: It (the Caribbean) com-
munity is no longer a communi-
ty that can be just overlooked
or ignored (in America)?

B.M.: Absolutely not. As a
matter of fact, you will find
other communities... the
Hispanic community has
learned that they're getting
more involved. Other commu-
nities have learned. The fact of
the matter is, when you're pre-
sented with the kind of num-
bers that the Caribbean com-
munity now has, they're a com-
munity that cannot be ignored.

Cover photograph of Mitchell
by freelancer Dale Nicholson.

June 2008


Usain Bolt shattered the 100
meters world record held by
Jamaican countryman Asafa
Powell and in that blistering
run stamped himself as the
fastest man on the planet late
last month in
New York.
at the Reebok
Grand Prix
meet on a wet
night, but in
front of a
large turnout
of enthusias-
tic, flag-wav-
ing supporters
from his
Bolt clocked
9.72 seconds
to beat world
champion 2
Tyson Gay of
the United
States and
record of 9.74
set in Sept.
"Just Bolt celebrates his w
coming here,
knowing a lot
of Jamaicans were here giving
me their support, it meant a
lot," Bolt said after the race.
"I just wanted to give them

what they wanted."

It was only Bolt's fifth 100
meters race at the senior level,
but the record run was not a

world record time.

total surprise. Last month,
in winning the event at the
Jamaica International
Invitational meet in Kingston,

he warned the world that he
was geared up for an historic
run by clocking 9.76 seconds,
.02 seconds outside Powell's
World and Olympic cham-

Photograph by Sharon Bennett

pion Veronica Campbell-
Brown of Jamaica had sig-


Caribbean leaders want more

trade, investment from U.S.

NEW YORK Caribbean
leaders will seek increased
trade and foreign direct
investment from the United
States during this month's
Conference on the Caribbean,
according to a statement
issued here by the Caribbean
community (CARICOM)
Consular Corps of New York.
It said that the June 19-20
conference would also exam-
ine the growth and develop-
ment of the Caribbean com-
The Caribbean diplomats
said that the two-day event,
dubbed "The New York
Conference on the Caribbean
Community: A 20/20 Vision
Continued", would be attend-
ed by regional leaders, policy
makers, representatives of
various international organi-
zations, the academic commu-
nity and the private sector.
During the conference,
the regional leaders will meet
with Harlem Congressman
Charles Rangel, chairman of
the powerful U.S. House of
Representatives' Ways and
Means Committee, as well as
New York Governor David
Paterson and New York City
Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg.

"Through this conference
we hope to once again direct
the attention of the people of
the United States one of the
Caribbean's major trading
partners and the home of the
largest number of migrants
from the region to the
future of the Caribbean and
its peoples," said McCliLhniy
Emanuel, the Antigua and
Barbuda con-
sul general
and chairman
of the New
on the
Rangel leaders held a
meeting with
U.S. President George Bush
during the first Caribbean
conference last year.
Key highlights at this
month's conference include an
education symposium at
Brooklyn's Medgar Evers
College, which features sever-
al CARICOM heads of gov-
ernment and ministers, along
with leading educational
authorities in the city.

Jamaica's Bolt is world's fastest

Publv% Joins You in (ielebraduip Bahamas fiIldepncii11ce IDay-7.10.(08


it jhfw -n

June 2008

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Jamaican bomb suspect held in Florida without bail until trial

ORLANDO A Jamaican
man arrested in Florida for
attempting to carry pipe-
bomb components onto a
flight has been ordered by a

federal judge to be held with-
out bail until trial.
United States Magistrate
Karla Spaulding said that
Kevin Christopher Brown's

possession of flammable and
explosive nitro-methane in his
luggage, his lack of financial
or residential ties to Central
Florida and evidence that he

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was involuntarily admitted to
a Veterans Affairs hospital for
psychiatric problems, were
key factors in her decision to
detain him.
In a six-page ruling
released last month, Spaulding
determined by "clear and con-
vincing evidence" that no
combination of bail conditions
would protect the community
or assure Brown's appearance
in court.

At an hour-long hearing,
defense lawyers Wayne
Golding and Tim McClain
argued that
their client
only possessed
bomb compo-
nents and not
explosives that
could have
passengers. ,
They also pre-
sented testimo- .
ny from a
brother and his
who said
Brown could
reside with
aunts or
cousins in
Orlando and
that he was
scheduled to
inherit millions
of dollars from Brown being search
his late moth- accosted for suspici
er's estate.
Psychiatrist Dev Chacko
further testified that Brown
had post-traumatic stress dis-
order and was not a threat to
himself or the community as
long as he took medication.
He added that in his opinion
Brown was competent to
stand trial.
Assistant U.S. Attorney
Vincent Citro and FBI Task
Force Agent Kelly Boaz told
the judge that Brown, an
Army ambulance driver in
Iraq in 2003 and a logistics
contractor there last year, had
a history of psychological

Brown, 32, was scheduled
to fly to Montego Bay on an
Air Jamaica flight on April 1
when Transportation Security
Administration officers at the
Orlando International Airport
spotted him acting suspicious-
ly and detained him.
He was searched and offi-
cers discovered two galva-
nized pipes, end caps, two
small containers of BB pellets,
batteries and two containers
of liquid in his luggage. A lap-
top computer and bomb-mak-
ing literature were also found
in his backpack.

led by a law enforcement officer after being
ious behavior at the Orlando airport on April 1.

Early last month, a U.S.
federal grand jury indicted
Brown on one count of
attempting to carry an explo-
sive device on an aircraft.
Citro said in court docu-
ments that Brown was return-
ing to his native Jamaica to
get revenge against two men
charged with strangling his
mother, Sandra McLeod, a
Jamaican hotelier in June
2005. Both suspects in her
murder are out on bail.


Jamaica's Bolt is world's fastest


naled earlier that the evening
of May 31 would be good for
sprinting by winning the
women's 100 meters in 10.91
seconds, a fast time in a field
packed with world stars such
as Americans Alyson Felix
and Lauryn Williams. But the
meet at first seemed an
unlikely place for track and
field's premier event world
record to fall. The day was
plagued by thunderstorms.
Races were run on a wet
track, although in perfect mid-

70s temperatures. The 100
meters for men was even ham-
pered by a false start.
But none of that affected the
6' 5" Bolt, a 21-year-old who
started running the 100 meters
to improve his start and speed
for the 200 and 400 meters.
"He ran a perfect race,"
the American Gay told
reporters after finishing sec-
ond in 9.85.

Wire service reports
contributed to this story.


June 2008



n e WS



U.S. agency pledges another $25M in food aid to Haiti
MIAMI The United States United States has a vital stake istic of its generosity of (help- 200 years now," she said, responding to the urge
Agency for International in providing both emergency ing) Haiti," he said. adding that "I think it's time crisis in his native land
Development (USAID) says assistance as well as long-term The announcement came for us to re-assess our inter- "Together for Hait
it will be dispatching $25 mil- support for Haiti's economic, six weeks after violent riots vention and understand it is which has the support (
lion more in food aid to Haiti, social and economic develop- over rising food prices rocked better for us to invest in bring- er Grammy-Award wir
bringing its total to $45 mil- Haiti, leaving several people musician Paul Simon, m
lion. [- I dead and the country without Petra Nemcova and inf

"We know that we are not
the full solution, we are a part,"
said USAID Administrator
Henrietta Fore in a meeting
late last month with Haitian
American leaders at the
USAID warehouse in West
Miami-Dade County.
"We are trying to be sup-
portive, and we are trying to
help," she added.
Fore said USAID would
help provide 36,000 tons of
food staples to 2.5 million
Haitians through three types
of programs targeting the dis-
abled, orphans, mothers, chil-
dren and the elderly.
The programs are to be
administered by the United
Nations World Food Program
(WFP), Catholic Relief
Services and World Vision,
and will pay Haitians with
food in exchange for helping
to rebuild irrigation systems
and roads to boost domestic
production efforts.
"As close neighbors, the

ment," Fore said.

The announcement was
welcomed by South Florida's
congressional delegation,
including Congressman
Lincoln Diaz-Balart, who
introduced Fore at the event.
Diaz-Balart said that the
U.S. Congress in a "bipartisan
basis" had approved $250 mil-
lion in aid to Haiti.
"Today, the United States
takes another step, character-

a working government. In the
wake of that unrest, Haitian
senators fired the prime minis-
ter on April 12, blaming him
for the crisis.
The Lower House, the
Chamber of Deputies, also
rejected President Rene
Preval's choice of the prime
minister's successor after the
Senate confirmed him.

But Haitian activist
Marleine Bastien criticized
what she described as U.S.
short-term relief.
"What we are doing here
today, it's only for short-term
relief," said the executive
director of Haitian Women of
Miami, who recently visited
the impoverished, French-
speaking Caribbean country
as part of a delegation led by
U.S. civil rights activist
Reverend Jesse Jackson.
"The U.S. has been
engaged in Haiti for almost

Wyclef Jean

ing Haitian agriculture to its
past grandeur."
Meantime, Haitian-born,
international hip-hop artist
Wyclef Jean and two leading
development organizations
have collaborated in dispatch-
ing immediate food aid to Haiti.
The Grammy Award-win-
ning Jean last month said that
his foundation, Yele Haiti, the
WFP and the Pan American
Development Foundation
have established a group
called "Together for Haiti" in

ent food
of anoth-

economist Jeffrey Sachs, would
provide food, create jobs and
support local agriculture in
response to the crisis.
Jean said they plan, over
the next six months, to create
labor-intensive jobs, paying
workers with cash and food;
distribute food to malnour-
ished children under five and
pregnant women, as part of
WFP's existing food assistance
programme; and provide fertil-
izer, seeds, training and micro-
enterprise grants, as well as
support local agriculture.
"It starts with the
ground," Jean said.
"Let's start implementing
projects, so that we can create
jobs. Job creation will slow
down the violence."
He said, to date, the cam-
paign has raised $1.5 million,
with the Haitian cell phone
company, Voila, among the
corporate contributors.

NEW YORK Guyana's
President Bharrat Jagdeo last
month joined an international
conservation group in launch-
ing a new global campaign that
focuses on the "vital role of
healthy tropical fI ,rL "L in sta-
bilizing the climate.
Jagdeo and top executives
of Conservation International
(CI) told reporters at the
launching ceremony that they
would like to change the prac-
tice of burning and clearing
tropical forests, since such a
practice emits at least 20 per
cent of total greenhouse gases
that cause climate change.
"We must create incen-
tives to reward the conserva-
tion of existing forest and sup-
port our communities with
new economic development
alternatives for the 21st centu-
ry," Jagdeo said.
"This will compensate
countries like Guyana that
have protected their forests
for decades, and prevent the
migration of deforestation to
countries where it historically
has not taken place."

Jagdeo and CI leaders
said the central message of
the "Lost There, Felt Here"
campaign, which includes a
video featuring actor Harrison
Ford, is that "destroying trop-
ical forests anywhere hurts
people everywhere".

They said the pri iii '
forests that are home to half
the species on Earth also
combat climate change and
provide essential resources to
the people who live in and
around them.
Jagdeo said he was work-
ing with CI and other interna-
tional and local partners in
creating incentives to conserve
the irrLpLI,.LJhL habitat."
He has offered to place his
country's forest under a strict
regime that pays Guyana for
the carbon dioxide stored in
the trees and other biomass.
Currently, the Kyoto
Protocol on Climate Change
does not recognize forest pro-
tection actions such as
Guyana's as valid carbon
credits. But CI executives said
United Nations' negotiators
were now considering an
expanded market to include
forest conservation.
Jagdeo said Guyana has
retained up to 80 percent of its
original Amazon forest cover.
"Conserving forests is one
of the quickest and most cost-
effective ways to combat cli-
mate change and help people
adapt to the impacts of a
warming planet," said CI
Chairman and Chief Executive
Officer Peter Seligmann.
"We need to ensure that
these investments are propor-
tionate to the magnitude of
the problem."

"These irreplaceable
forests are under threat from
increasing demand from a
resource-hungry world," said
CI President Russell A.
"The fact that the carbon
market is finally beginning to
look at the critical importance
of forest carbon provides a
unique new opportunity to
compensate tropical countries
for protecting these forests at
a scale far beyond anything
that has been done to date
and in a way that is truly sus-
tainable both ecologically and
economically," he added.
Mittermeier commended
Guyana's "enlightened
approach" to this issue, noting
that it could serve as a "model
for many other forest-rich
countries around the world."
The "Lost There, Felt
Here" campaign calls for the
harnessing of nature's technol-
ogy the healthy ecosystems
that regulate the climate and
sustain life on Earth.
"The goal is to raise aware-
ness of the cost and harm to all
of us from destroying some of
the richest tropical forests in
the world," said Bill Bruce,
chairman and chief creative
officer of BBDO New York,
which created the campaign.
"It is intended to shake
people up and get them to
take action."

Children gain from World Bank's

$65M loan package for Jamaica

Bank Board has approved a
$65 million loan package for
Jamaica that would strengthen
the social safety net, improve
health and education services
for children and support
HIV/AIDS prevention and
"The World Bank is
pleased to continue supporting
the g< >\ I rnLn ik 111 social and eco-
nomic development strategy by
investing in projects that pro-
mote equal opportunities for all
Jamaicans," said the World
Bank Country Director for the
Caribbean Yvonne Tsikata.

The bank said that $40
million would go towards the
Social Protection Project
aimed at strengthening the
country's social insurance and
social assistance system by
supporting a number initia-
tives, including the improve-
ment of the Program of
Advancement through Health
and Education (PATH) a
cash transfer program that
provides benefits on the con-
dition that children attend
school and visit health centers
Since its launch in 2002,
PATH has become the
Jamaica's flagship social assis-
tance program, providing cash
transfers to almost 230,000

beneficiaries in 2007.
"The World Bank's sup-
port will also allow the govern-
ment to increase the benefit
level by 23 percent to adjust
for inflation, to increase grants
for secondary school students
by up to 75 percent to stimu-
late grade progression and
high school completion and to
give a one-time bonus to stu-
dents moving to tertiary educa-
tion or training", a statement
from the World Bank said.
"It also will expand benefit
coverage by 50 percent to
reach approximately 14 percent
of the population, the equiva-
lent of the country's poverty
rate in 2007. The increase in
benefits also addresses loss of
purchasing power of PATH
benefits due to the sharp
increase in food prices and the
need to compensate families
for the increasing opportunity
cost of schooling".
The second loan for $15
million will be used to co-
finance the implementation of
the National Strategic Plan for
Early Childhood Development,
while the final loan of $10 mil-
lion would help support the
government's National
HIV/AIDS Program by target-
ing high-risk groups and
increasing access to treatment,
care and support services.

June 2008

Guyana's president collaborates

with int'l group on climate change



n e wS

Tourism summit offers opportunities U.N. monitoring cost of living

for Caribbean diaspora to connect in U.S. impact on Caribbean children

Caribbean diaspora in the
United States will have the
opportunity to directly inter-
act with visiting Caribbean
tourism ministers this month
during town hall meetings
organized in conjunction with
the first Annual Caribbean
Tourism Summit (ACTS).
Ministers of tourism will
converse with Washington/
nationals in open forum dis-
cussions on June 22. The
event is designed to appeal to
Caribbean nationals,
Caribbean Americans,
Caribbean interest groups and
young adults considering a
career in tourism.
The Caribbean Tourism
Development Company
(CTDC), the marketing and
business development unit
owned equally by the
Caribbean Hotel Association
(CHA) and the Caribbean
Tourism Organization (CTO),
has created ACTS as a major
forum in which to focus on the
economic future of the
Caribbean region. A primary
objective of ACTS is to bring
the services industry in the
Caribbean, of which tourism is
a part, to the forefront of
development discussions.

The conference will take
place June 21-24 at the
International Trade Center at
the Ronald Reagan Building
in downtown Washington,
D.C and will celebrate
Caribbean heritage while
coinciding with June's
Caribbean American Heritage
Month in June.
"We have designed this
conference as a way to engage
influencers to help grow
tourism and increase invest-
ment in the Caribbean
region," said Hugh Riley, co-
chief operating officer for

"At the same time, we
want to celebrate the tremen-
dous contributions of the peo-
ples of the Caribbean and to
continue raising the awareness
of our brand."
All events and activities
are open to participants who
register. In addition to town
hall meetings, there will be:

* June 21 CTDC and Cond6
Nast Bridal Media will host a
"Capital Caribbean
Wedding", resulting from
Cond6 Nast Bridal Media's
online search for a couple
with a compelling story on
the theme of "When You
Knew Your Love was
Monumental! Tell us Your
Love Story or Your Picture
Perfect Proposal". The win-
ning couple will publically
exchange vows and receive a
honeymoon to a Caribbean
destination. There's free
admission to attend the wed-
ding, but registration is

* June 22 Founder and
Senior Pastor of Bahamas
Faith Ministries International
Dr. Myles Munroe will make a
presentation at a motivational
brunch. There is an admission
fee of $35. Register online.

is in needof 55 andover adu o assist'n 'td an
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'21 Wendc~Iet'ecanLriL~uteyo~ur wnd~coma e!LpEri~mnc
R51VP ltedqYOU.
To learn miore Bboht haw you can enrich the lives af diikhm
mho rFmIy oceJ your help, wi~dom, and fimc;
Please call Hlazl. at 954-484-7117 ext. 109

Aim "" /MM"'6


Urimd WWay Bnu..d Cnmi

* June 23 Gala Awards
Dinner and Ball. The black-tie
event will feature music from
Byron Lee and the
Dragonaires. Caribbean per-
sonalities, including Professor
Rex Nettleford and the Mighty
Sparrow, are among those list-
ed to attend. Contemporary
luminaries from entertainment,
public service and sports will be
presented with awards named
after famous Caribbean
heroes. Ticket information
available at www.ACTSdrccom.

* June 24 Financial experts
will convene for an interac-
tive "Workshop on Small
Business Investment in the
Tourism Sector", featuring
information on how to source
funding, technical assistance
and incentives offered by gov-
ernments, hotel chains and
investment groups to ensure
greater business success.
Admission fee is $25.

* June 24 Rum & Rhythm
Celebration, from 6 p.m. to 10
p.m. The event will include a
sampling of premium
Caribbean rums, traditional
Caribbean hospitality, and
interactive demonstrations on
how rum is made. Tickets are
at $60.
For more information on
the first ACTS and to register
for all events, visit or call

London-based human rights
group Amnesty International
says murder and police
killings in Jamaica have
remained at a high level.
"Police officers were
largely unaccountable and
rarely brought to justice for
human rights violations.
Discrimination and violence
against women and gay men
were widespread", the human
rights group stated in its 2008
report released late last
It said homicide rates
reached another record high
with more than 1,500 people
murdered during last year.
Amnesty said that
although the Jamaican Justice
System Reform Task Force
launched its preliminary
report last May, with compre-
hensive reform recommenda-
tions, "no clear plan for their

CMC A top official at the
Barbados office of the United
Nation Children's Education
Fund (UNICEF) says the
U.N. is concerned about the
impact which the rising cost of
living is having on children
and other vulnerable groups
throughout the Caribbean.
Tom Olsen,
UNICEF repre- -; ,
sentative at the .
Office for .V ,

Barbados and
the Eastern
Caribbean, told
reporters at a
media exchange
last month that
need to do more
to mitigate the
effects of the

implementation had been
devised by the end of the

It added that while there
has been a continuation of a
review of the Jamaica
Constabulary Force, initiated
by the previous administra-
tion, "there was concern
about the lack of consultation
with human rights organiza-
Amnesty said that during
2007, reports of police brutali-
ty also increased.
"According to the Bureau
of Special Investigations, 203
people were killed by police
between January and
September, a significant
increase compared with 2006.
Victims were mainly from
socially excluded inner-city
communities", it stated.
"Although the police rou-

ness on it," he added.
Olsen said UNICEF's
office in Barbados has to
come up with a strategy to
offer assistance to children
and families affected by the
increasing food prices.
"When we are responding
to it we want to do it adequate-
ly with facts and data and not
,, - ,v. --- *? -.- r" ",


global problem -
on children U.N. worried aboi
"What do region's children.
you do in the
meantime? I think that's
where you have to get a gov-
ernment that is proactive.
Government needs to be on
top of it as well and having
mechanisms in place to ensure
that there are fair prices out
there," he said.
"I hear many people talk-
ing and saying I don't under-
stand because last week the
food prices were like
this'...They come in the shop
today and food prices have
gone up and no container has
come into the port. I would
say somebody is doing busi-

ut impact rising food prices is having on

only making statements. I
think we need some time to
develop that kind of strategy to
see how we can deal with the
increase in food prices and the
impact on children and the
most vulnerable groups," the
U.N. official added.
He noted that the issue of
high food prices is bigger than
the region, pointing to the fact
that U.N. Secretary General
Ban Ki Moon has established
a special committee to deal
with the issues.

tinely claimed that these
killings occurred during shoot-
outs with criminal gangs, eye-
witness accounts often alleged
that police had extra judicially
executed victims".

Amnesty also said that
sexual violence against women
and girls was prevalent
throughout the country, and
that "the authorities failed to
bring those responsible to jus-
Amnesty also said while no
one was executed in 2007, the
new government announced
there would be a free vote
"allowing representatives to
vote according to personal con-
science, in Parliament on the
resumption of hangings".
The last execution in
Jamaica took place in 1988.

June 2008

Amnesty International worries over

human rights abuse in Jamaica



Jamaican-born coach guilty in U.S. athletics doping scandal

Trevor Graham, a
Jamaican-born former
Olympic athlete-turned-
track-coach to several of the
sport's bi_-,,,LI names, has
been found guilty of lying to a
United States grand jury and
faces time in prison.
Graham, who was a mem-
ber of the Caribbean island's
4x400 meters silver medal-win-
ning squad at the 1988
Olympic Games and later
trained world stars including
Justin Gatlin, Marion Jones
and Tim Montgomery, was
convicted on one of three
counts of lying to federal inves-
tigators following a trial which
concluded in San Francisco,
California late last month.
The jury could not agree
on a verdict for the other two
charges of lying to Internal
Revenue Service (IRS) agents,
which had been laid against
Graham following federal
investigations into the use of
performance-enhancing drugs.
He was convicted of a


charge linked to his relation-
ship with Texas resident Angel
"Memo" Heredia, a key prose-
cution witness, who testified
that he supplied Graham with
drugs for some of his athletes.
Graham, who did not testify at
the trial, had earlier denied
those allegations.

Graham's name first sur-
faced in the doping investiga-
tions after a syringe contain-
ing the performance-enhancer

known as "the clear", then an
undetectable steroid, was
traced to the Bay Area
Laboratory Co-Operative
(BALCO) several years ago.
BALCO had been linked to
supplying top athletes with
performance-enhancing drugs.
The syringe had been original-
ly sent to the U.S. Anti-
Doping Agency by an
unknown source. Graham
later admitted that he had
sent it.
Since then BALCO's boss
Victor Conte has been con-
victed of supplying perform-
ance-enhancers. American
Jones, a multi-Olympic cham-
pion who at first vehemently
denied using performance-
enhancers, was later convicted
of lying to federal agents and
sentenced to six months in
prison. Montgomery, also of
the U.S. and a former world
record holder in the 100
meters, also admitted to using
enhancers. Gatlin, another
American, tested positive for

performance-enhancers and
was banned from the sport for
four years. He is appealing his
All three, plus several
other prominent track and field
athletes, trained with Graham
at his Sprint Capitol USA club
based in North Carolina.

William Keane, Graham's
attorney, called his client "the
original whistleblower in
BALCO" who was being

made a scapegoat.
Several of Graham's for-
mer athletes testified at his
trial. Among them was
American Antonio Pettigrew,
an Olympic 4x400 meters
relay gold-medal winner, who
admitted, for the first time,
that he had used performance-
enhancers since 1997.
Up to press time prosecu-
tors had not yet announced if
they would again try Graham
on the other two charges.
Keane said he would try to get
the charges dismissed.
The conviction on the lone
charge carries a maximum sen-
tence of a $250,000 fine and
five years in prison. But
Graham, a first time offender,
is likely to be locked away for
under a year. His sentencing is
scheduled for Sept. 5.

Several sources, including
wire reports, contributed to
this story.

Antigua resolute despite gaming dispute with U.S.

HALIFAX, Canada In the
midst of a five-year battle with
the United States over
Internet gaming, the Antigua
government has insisted it has
no plans to give up on its
financial services sector.
Speaking at the 38th
Annual Meeting of the
Caribbean Development Bank
Board of Governors, Finance
and Economy Minister Dr.
Errol Cort highlighted the
important role of the sector in
the country's economy and
said his government would
continue to pursue policies to
diversify the industry and to
ensure its future growth and
"In an attempt to position
Antigua and Barbuda as a
premier jurisdiction for asset
protection and wealth man-
agement, a number of pieces

of legislation have been enact-
ed. These include the
International Trust Act, the
International Foundation Act
and the International Limited
Liability Company Act," Cort
said last month.
"The government recog-
nizes the need to continuously
update its domestic laws,
thereby ensur-
ing that a
strong regula-
tory frame-
work is main-
tained and, in
this regard, we
have enacted
new legislation
that allows the
Regulatory Commission
(FSRC) to operate as a single
regulatory authority for all

non-bank financial institutions
in addition to all International
Business Corporations," he

His comments come as
the country's financial sector
recovers from a blow dealt by
Washington when, two years
ago, it barred U.S. banks and
credit card companies from
processing payments made to
online and offshore gambling
operators in Antigua. The
move prevented the twin-
island nation from tapping
into the lucrative American
gaming market.
The matter was taken to
the World Trade Organization
(WTO) where a panel of arbi-
trators awarded $21 million in
sanctions against the U.S.

Jamaican, Haitians die after boat capsizes

NASSAU, Bahamas, CMC -
Bahamian authorities identi-
fied the bodies of the three
persons who died when the
boat they were on capsized in
a storm late last month.
They said the deceased
were a Jamaican man and a
man and a woman from Haiti.
Justin Snisky, chairman of
the Bahamas Air Sea Rescue
Association, said a fourth vic-
tim was snatched away by
sharks before officials could
retrieve the body.
Bahamian authorities said
they are also trying to deter-
mine what happened to the
skipper of a sailboat en route
to the Netherlands from Fort
Lauderdale, Florida after his

vessel was caught in the same
storm on the night of May 24
that saw 45 mile-per-hour
winds and 12-foot seas.
It was while looking for the
captain on May 25 that U.S.
Coast Guard officials spotted

the overturned fishing boat
about 13 miles west of Grand
Bahama Island. Bahamas police
spokesman Basil Rahming said
the vessel was apparently head-
ed for the U.S. coast.


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June 2008



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QUESTION: How do I get a
re-entry permit into the U.S.?

ANSWER: If you want to get a
re-entry permit, file Form I-
131, Application for Travel
Document, says the U.S.
Citizenship & Immigration
Services (USCIS).
Officials say you should file
this application well in advance
of your planned trip. The 1-131
is available at and the
instructions on the form will
give you more details. If you
have questions after reading
the instructions, call customer
service at 1-800-375-5283.
A re-entry permit estab-
lishes a presumption that you
did not abandon your legal sta-
tus in the United States, and it
allows you to apply for admis-
sion to the U.S. after traveling
abroad for up to two years,
without having to obtain a
returning resident visa, the
USCIS say.

Getting a re-entry permit into the U.S.

Re-entry permits are nor-
mally valid for two years from
the date of issuance. It can help
prevent problems associated
with your Permanent Resident
Card becoming technically
invalid for re-entry into the
U.S. if you are absent from the
U.S. for one year or more, or
your U.S. permanent residence
being considered as abandoned
for absences shorter than one
year, if you take up residence
in another country.
You may also want to get a
re-entry permit if you plan on
traveling outside the U.S. and
cannot, or do not wish to get a
passport from your home coun-
try. Many countries throughout
the world may allow you to use
a re-entry permit much like you
would use a passport placing
necessary visas, and entry and
exit stamps in the permit so
you may use it as your main
travel document. Be sure to
check with the countries you
plan on visiting about their
requirements before you travel.
U.S. immigration rules do
not require you have the docu-
ment in your possession when

you depart, but they do require
that you apply for the permit
before you leave the U.S.
Note that re-entry permits
can't be extended. If your per-
mit expires, you'll need to
apply for a new one. If you
have a valid re-entry permit in
your possession, you will need
to send it in when you apply
for a new one. You need not
send in an expired re-entry
permit. For security reasons,
the USCIS says it will not issue
a new re-entry permit to some-
one who already has a valid
one in his or her possession.
If you need a new re-entry
permit because your previous
one was lost, stolen, or destroyed,
please indicate this on your appli-
cation for the new permit.
Compiled by Felicia Persaud
The answers provided here are
for information purposes only,
and do not create an attorney-
client relationship; nor are they
a substitute for "legal advice",
which can only be given by a
competent attorney after review-
ing all the facts of the case.



I .......

June is "Caribbean American
Heritage Month". Caribbean
Today will use its FYI col-
umn to list some of the activ-
ities during the month.

June 8 of Caribbean
American Heritage Month in
the United States is being
used to observe National
Caribbean American
HIV/AIDS Awareness Day
NCAHAAD is a national
mobilization effort designed
to encourage Caribbean
Americans and individuals
born in the Caribbean, across
the U.S. and its territories, to
get educated, tested, treated
and involved. It is also a time
to reflect, memorialize and
show compassion for those
infected or affected by

The Caribbean American
Heritage Foundation of
Tampa Bay, Florida has lined
up several events to mark
Caribbean American Heritage
Month. They will be held in
Tampa. Among them are the
* June 7, noon to 5 p.m. -
Caribbean American Business
Expo, Carrollwood Cultural
Center Annex, 13335 Casey Rd.
* June 8-22 Caribbean Art
Festival, Orange Park Gallery,
1215 N. Franklin St.
* June 18, 6:30 p.m. Wide
Awake Wednesday's topic:
"Caribbean American
Commonalities and
Misconceptions", Mango's,
4237 Armenia Ave.
* June 21, 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. -
Caribbean American Wellness
Health Festival, Carrollwood
Cultural Center Annex.
* June 28,9 p.m. Tampa Bay
Seventh Annual Calypso
* June 29, noon to 6 p.m. -
Caribbean American Family
Olympics, Rowlette Park,
North 22nd Street and
Rowlette Dr.

The Georgia Caribbean
American Heritage Coalition
(GCAHC) has announced
several events in June. They
include the following:
* June 7,6 p.m. to 9 p.m. -
Caribbean Cultural Variety
Show, co-hosted by the
Atlanta Caribbean
Association, Hillside
Presbyterian Church, 1879
Columbia Dr., Decatur.
* June 13, 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. -
Launch reception of the
GCAHC's mentorship/intern-
ship program, Junor Fine Art
Gallery, 114 E. Ponce de Leon
Ave., Decatur.
* June 19, 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. -
Business opportunities semi-

June 2008

nar, Clark Atlanta University,
223 James P. Brawley Dr.,
* June 25-26, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. -
Caribbean Arts and Culture
Symposium. June 25 event at
Savannah College of Art and
Design, Atlanta campus, 1600
Peachtree St. June 26 event
at Auburn Research Library
on African American Culture
and History, 100 Auburn Ave.
Visit www.caribbeansympo- for more informa-
* June 28, 7:30 p.m. Awards
banquet and silent auction,
John Williams Ballroom, The
Galleria Centre, 2 Galleria
Parkway, Atlanta. Visit or call
404-667-7933 for more infor-

Street Address:
9020 SW 152nd Street, Miami, FL 33157
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 6010
Miami, FL 33116-6010.
Telephone: (305) 238-2868
(305) 253-6029 Fax: (305) 252-7843
Toll-Free Fax: 1-866-290-4550
1-800-605-7516 Jamaica: 654-7282
Send ads to:
Vol. 19, Number 7 JUNE 2008


Managing Editor

Graphic Artist

Account Executive
Account Executive

Accounting Manager
Caribbean Media Source
Media Representatives

353 St. Nicolas Street, Suite 200
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2Y 2P1
Tel: (514) 931-0422* Fax: (514) 931-0455
Jamaica Bureau
(876) 925-5640
P.O. Box 127, Constant Spring
Kingston 8, Jamaica
Opinions expressed by editors and writers
are not necessarily those of thepublisher.

Caribbean Today, an independent
news magazine, is published every month
by Caribbean Publishing & Services, Inc.
Caribbean Today is not responsible
for unsolicited manuscripts or photos. To
guarantee return, please include a self-
addressed stamped envelope.
Articles appearing in Caribbean
Today may not be reproduced without
written permission of the editor.

JIS/NYC photograph
Geneive Brown Metzger, center, consul general of Jamaica in New York, was among several of her peers who were feted at a
recent reception for new consuls general organized by the Society of Foreign Consuls (SoFC). The consuls general and their guests
were hosted by Christopher Forbes, right, vice chairman, Forbes, at the Forbes Galleries in Manhattan. At left is Michael Hess, sen-
ior managing partner of Giuliani Partners, LLC.

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Never return to old stomping grounds

((Oh to turn back the hands
of time," they say, or, "If I
knew now what I knew then,
things would be different."
Well, I always say what's
past is past, what's gone is gone,
it's all water under the bridge,
so it's best we leave it be.
Still, some people insist on
trying to recapture the past, go
back to the glory days, relive
their youth, or worse yet, return
to a former lover. Well, take it
from me, you shouldn't go back.
Have you ever gone back to your
old primary or prep school and
wander through the classrooms?
The first thought that hits you, is
how small everything seems, the
classroom, the tiny desks and
chairs and the playground.
Everything just seems so out of
proportion and you wonder how
you ever managed to fit into that
tiny world. You have grown.
What is true is that memo-
ry is selective, and usually we
tend to remember only the
good things from past relation-
ships, hence the saying, the
good old days. Heck, there was
nothing particularly good about
the good old days. They were
just normal days, fraught with
peril and misfortune as well as
good times. But as time passed,
we, by process of elimination,
sifted out the bad times and left
only the good memories, and
voila, it's the good old days.
As the book "A Tale of
Two ( IIIc, said: "It was the
best of times, it was the worst
of tim c,. The same applies to
relationships, and if you had
the experience of leaving one,
it's best to leave well enough
alone and don't return. There is
a reason why you left in the
first place. Either she left you
or you left her, or it was by
mutual agreement. But what
matters is that things got so bad
that you had to part ways.

Now years have passed and
the selective memory kicks in,
and suddenly she looks so
appealing again and you want
to have another go. Big mis-
take. First you try to justify all
the reasons to return. "Oh, I
must forgive and forget, let
bygones be bygones, I must
turn the other cheek and take
her back." You only say that
now because your selective
memory has erased all the pain
and hurt that she put you
through over the years. You
forgot the tears, the pain,
anguish and anger that you felt
when she tore up your heart.
If you're a lady, the grief that
he put you through as he ran
around with your best friend
has perhaps abated, and now
you're willing to give him a sec-
ond chance. "Oh, he has
changed, and he won't hurt me
again," you think.
So whether you are man or
woman, you reckon that the
past relationship is worth

another shot,
so you decide
to turn back
the hands of
time and give it
another go.
Well first
of all, time has
marched on,
and as time TONY
passed, so have ROBINSON
both parties
grown. Many
people expect to just pick up
exactly where they left off
when they broke up years ago.
She was 25, he was 30, now she
is 30 and he is 35. It's been a
long five years of separation
and plenty water has gone
under the bridge. Yet so many
couples just expect to resume
life the same place that they
left it.

After a few weeks ilere', a
harsh reality check, as the world
comes crashing down when reali-
ty sets in and both realize that
things and times have put a dif-
ferent spin on the relationship.
No longer is she the young naive
waif like girl who he could bowl
over with his charms. When they
were together he was her idol
and she hung on to every word
that he said like a starry eyed
pupil listening to a professor. In
those five years apart she has
grown, gained her independence,
became .,,c rli1c increased in
stature, has more self esteem,
landed a great new job and is
certainly not dependent on any
man, including him, for anything.
Or flip it, he has grown
tremendously, while she has
remained the same disco queen
of yesteryear, still flitting from
club to club every weekend
night, refusing to mature and be
responsible. For her, the party
has not ended. What happens
too, is that the circle of friends
on both sides may have expand-
ed or become different, and
suddenly he or she is thrust into
a world not of their liking.
"Who are those people that
she's now hanging about with? I
can't relate to them at all" Or,
"Now he's taken up with a rum

before you, but to know that in
the six years that you've been
apart, it's about two or three
different men who have run
through, partook of your pre-
cious fruit. It's perhaps a bit
much to bear. Now when you
make love to her all you can
think about is those big tough
back dudes who encroached on
your property. The thought is
often agonizing, and even
though it might not manifest
itself in the bI-iiiiiiiinn after a
while it will seep through and
come to the fore. And that's
why you should not return.

Interestingly, this doesn't
seem to bother women as much
as men, as it's mostly men who
have expressed this to me. "My
God, every time I see her talk-
ing to a man I wonder if she
had a thing with him when we
were apart. I now see her as
damaged p, d, .
What happens when you go
back is the past somehow
creeps back in, and the selective
memory isn't as selective as it
used to be. Suddenly you start
to remember his annoying little
habits, how lazy he was around

Minister Stephenson King last
month dismissing reports that
he planned to resign over the
current crisis within his govern-
ment that was sparked by calls
by disgruntled legislators for
the dismissal of Economic
Affairs Minister Ausbert

* "Whatever may have
inspired and motivated it
(embargo), it belongs to an era
that is long past" Jamaica's
Prime Minister Bruce Golding
last month calling for the lifting
of the United States-imposed
economic embargo on Cuba.

* "When one gets a feeling of
invincibility, of arrogance, then
that is the time the party must
take stock" Ken Valley,
deputy leader of the ruling
People's National Movement
(PNM) in Trinidad and
Tobago, last month calling for
the removal of Prime Minister

drinking gambling crowd, I am
certainly not used to that."
Another reason why you
shouldn't return is because of
what took place in that dash
between when you broke up
and now. Suddenly, the woman
who was once only yours, now
has a history of exes in the
space between then and now.
Your virgin bride has been sul-
lied, tainted by recent experi-
ences. It was all well and good
if she had a boyfriend or two

* "The relationship between the
police force and the community
has to be 100 percent. You can-
not demand respect from peo-
ple; you have to earn it and once
you earn it any problem is sur-
mountable"- Jamaica's recently
appointed Minister of National
Security Trevor MacMillan last
month discussing his solution to
the crime problem.

* "I am not too
sure where this
is coming from
but I am the
prime minister;
I am here to
serve and I will
continue to
serve in the interest of the
people" St. Lucia' s Prime

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the house, how dependent he is
on his mother even now, and
the floodgates of the negative
waters of hell burst open as you
remember everything. Suddenly
he remembers that she was sexy
only once or twice for the
month, but his selective memo-
ry had blocked out the periods
of forced .bi iniiciL. c
As romantic as it may seem
my friends, you can't return. My
findings are backed up by scien-
tific \i.1ii K il data which proves
that most second tries do not
work. Always remember, things
had to get really bad for you to
have parted in the first place, so
why do you think that those bad
things have gone away?
If you want to relive the
past, it's best to get someone
who closely resembles your ex.
That way you'll have the best
of both worlds same physical
appearance, but a brand new
experience. Perhaps she will
bring you crosses too, but at
least it's new crosses.
You can't return, just look
ahead and stop trying to relive
the past.

seidol@hotmail. com

Patrick Manning last month.

* "The recent downturn in the
U.S. economy is not impacting
the interest in the Caribbean" -
Alec Sanguinetti, director gen-
eral of the Caribbean Hotel
Association, expressing opti-
mism last month about the
region's tourism future.

* "I'm very disappointed. I've
had sleepless nights after that
hearing. I think what happened
is unfortunate" Richie
Richardson, a member of the
West Indies Cricket Board dis-
ciplinary committee and former
captain of the region's team, last
month hitting out at the deci-
sion to ban Marlon Samuels for
two years over his involvement
with an alleged Indian bookie.

Compiled from CMC and
other sources.

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June 2008

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June 2008

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I ww

Versatile shrimp offers easy fix for Caribbean seafood treat

Shrimp is a wonderful
ingredient when you're
cooking for two. You can
buy shrimp by the ounce so

you have just enough for a
meal without leftovers and
you can prepare the seafood
in so many ways you won't get
tired of it.
But shrimp comes in so
many forms, from fresh, which
rare, to cooked, peeled and
ready to eat. Each preparation

style has its virtues and draw-
backs. If you choose the
preparation that suits your
needs you'll save time and
For example, if you're
lucky enough
to find fresh
shrimp in
your super-
L market, savor
the delicate
taste with a
simple prepa-
ration, such
as shrimp in
a lemon-but-
ter sauce.

Shrimp that's
cooked with
the peel is
more succu-
lent and fla-
vorful. If
a m you're
shrimp to use
in a salad
and you have the time, buy
unpeeled shrimp. Rinse the
shrimp under cold water so
the shrimp meat contracts
slightly from the shell and is
easier to remove. Start with 12
ounces of peel-on shrimp and
assume you'll lose about two
ounces of the initial weight.

You have to peel raw
shrimp you're going to use in
soup, stew or a dish with
sauce. Whether you buy
peeled raw shrimp or do the
work yourself depends on
your time and budget. Peeled
shrimp are more expensive,
but you'll shave five minutes
off preparation, if that's
important. Peeling small raw
shrimp is tedious and I recom-
mend buying the peeled prod-
Shrimp have a long dark
vein that runs down the back.
In small shrimp, the vein isn't
an issue; in large shrimp, the
vein can be filled with grit.
You can buy de-veined
shrimp. If you have to do the
job yourself, take a small par-
ing knife, make a slash down
the back and pull out the strip.
Your supermarket fish
counter also offers cooked,
peeled shrimp. This is pricey
and limits your options. Use
precooked shrimp in salads or
for appetizers. Avoid adding
the shrimp to a dish you're
cooking; the results will be
tough and dry.
For the following recipe
of shrimp in a zesty chipotle
chile tomato sauce, start with
large shrimp and peel them
before cooking.


* 1 tablespoon vegetable oil
* 1 small onion, peeled and
* 1 garlic clove, minced
* 1 (14.5-ounce) can diced
roasted tomatoes (see note)
* 1/4 teaspoon chipotle chile
flakes (see note)
* 1/4 teaspoon crushed dried
* 12 ounces large raw shrimp,
* 2 teaspoons lemon juice
* Salt and pepper to taste
* Couscous with herbs

Heat the oil in a large skil-
let. Add the onion and garlic
and cook over medium heat
for three minutes or until ten-
der. Add the tomatoes with
liquid, chili flakes and
oregano. Reduce heat to low
and simmer for one minute.
Add shrimp. Cover skillet and
cook for 10 minutes, or until
shrimp are cooked through.
Stir occasionally. Stir in lemon
juice, salt and pepper.
To serve, spoon couscous
onto two plates. Top each with
the shrimp and sauce.

Makes two servings.

NOTE: If roasted tomatoes
aren't available, use plain
diced tomatoes. Chipotle chile
flakes are available in the
spice section of supermarkets.
If not available substitute
crushed red pepper flakes and
a pinch of chili powder.


* 2 cups chicken broth
* 1 cup large pearl couscous,
also called Middle Eastern
* 2 tablespoons minced
* 2 tablespoons minced chives
or scallions, green parts only

Bring the broth to a boil
in a medium pot. Stir in the
couscous. Reduce heat to low,
cover and simmer for five
minutes or until broth is
absorbed and couscous is ten-
der. Remove from heat. Stir in
cilantro and chives.

2008, Bev Bennett.
Distributed by Tribune Media
Services Inc.




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Guyana expecting record

participation for CARIFESTA
GEORGETOWN, Guyana, that other countries, such as
CMC The 10th staging of the Australia, United Kingdom,
Caribbean Festival of the Arts China, French Guiana and
(CARIFESTA X) is set to Morocco had also indicated an
attract record participation interest in participating in
from Caribbean, Latin CARIFESTA X, which is
American, North American being hosted under the theme
and European countries, "One Caribbean, One Purpose
according to Guyana's Minister Our Culture, Our Life".
of Culture, Youth and Sport Expressing satisfaction
Dr. Frank Anthony. with the response so far,
He said that approximately Anthony said that an an-rL,,-
1,300 of the expected 2,000 del- sive awareness campaign,"
egates from 22 countries have which is to be launched soon,
already confirmed their partici- would further stimulate more
pation in the Caribbean's pre- international interest in the
mier cultural event to be staged festival and assured that ade-
in Guyana this year Aug. 22-31. quate accommodation would
Traditionally, CARIFES- be provided.
TA had showcased the top He pointed to 3,041 exist-
creators of the Caribbean in ing hotel rooms and announced
their varied artistic spheres. his intention to augment this by
However, the festival has reactivating the Bed and

opened its doors to countries
outside of CARICOM and
Latin America.
The culture minister added

Breakfast programme that was
successfully operated during
Cricket World Cup 2007.

Grenada carnival sticks

with foreign judges

ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada,
CMC Carnival organizers here
say they are planning to use for-
eign judges for local calypso
competitions again despite
objections from the Grenada
Progressive Association of
Calypso and Tents (GPACT).
The announcement was
expected to upset GPACT,
whose opposition to foreign
judges sparked a conflict that
thrLJIL nid to throw last year's
carnival celebrations into dis-
"GPACT as you all know
took us to court for that
action last year and they had
expressed to us in our post
mortem meeting that they are
against foreign judges," said
Arthur Hosten, Grenada's chief
carnival organizer.
ILEd on what happened
last year with the confidence
and integrity of the process,

Guyana reviving
CMC Guyana is spending an
estimated $20,000 to acquire
32 steel pans from Trinidad
and Tobago in a bid to resus-
citate the local steel pan
The pans will form the
nucleus of a national steel
band which, according to a
Government Information
Agency (GINA) statement,
will hopefully take its place in
the national cultural arena.
"The National Steel Band
will consist of approximately
56 persons and rehearsals will
commence shortly", the state-
ment added.

we are continuing with foreign
judges this year."

The dispute played out in a
Grenada High Court at the
height of carnival celebrations
last year after Justice Kenneth
Benjamin ruled in favor of an
application by GPACT to pres-
ent their case against the
Grenada Cultural Foundation
However, the start of the
calypso finals, part of De
Manche Gras, the main carni-
val show, was delayed by more
than four hours due to a back
stage quarrel between officials
and GPACT over the composi-
tion of the final judging panel.
Carnival, Grenada's major
cultural showpiece will climax
Aug. 11-12.

steel pan industry
"Steel band was a popular
form of entertainment for sev-
eral years in Guyana but went
into decline. It is hoped that
this initiative will bring it back
to its former glory and reach
even further hi igl, .
Andrew Tyndal, project
consultant for the National
Steel Band and Development
Project, said that the resuscita-
tion of steel band in three
schools has commenced, with
tutors conducting training ses-
sions at St. Joseph's High,
Dolphin Secondary and Lodge
Community High School.


LW-S^^ caribbeantoday

SnimrE*W 7b Aa- MJJa*1x'


Jamaican artist Paul Blackwood shows his artwork to his country's Ambassador to the United States Anthony Johnson next to him.
The pieces were on display last month at the Embassy of Jamaica in Washington, D.C. Also viewing the artwork are, from left, fel-
low Jamaican artist Courtney Morgan and Stephen Salny. The four-day exhibition showcased over 75 works by the two artists,
specializing in landscapes, abstracts and semi-abstracts, oil on canvas and collages. It was the third year that the two artists have
shown their works in the U.S. capital.

0 1

June 2008


Photograph by Dale Nicholson
Costumed revelers show off some of their moves on the streets of the Georgia,
United States city during last month's Atlanta Caribbean Carnival. The carnival sea-
son featured several colorful events, including the King and Queen Band
Competition, a parade in downtown Atlanta, a Caribbean Carnival Festival Village,
and live performances by some of the region's top entertainers, including Iwer
George, Pater Ram, Jamesy P., Problem Child, Burning Flames, WCK and 21ntrigue.

Jamaican jerk fest

moved to November

Citing the constant threat
of rain and the
September heat, pro-
moters of the annual
"Jamaican Jerk I tili\ Il have
moved the event to early
This year's festival will
take place on Nov. 9 at
Markham Park in Sunrise,
The "Jamaican Jerk

I i i\ ,ial is a family treat, with
attractions and activities for
all ages. Each year its package
of Caribbean foods especial-
ly "jerk" dishes and enter-
tainment attract a huge crowd.
Last year rain brought the
festival, produced by Riddims
Marketing and Jamaica
Awareness Inc., to a prema-
ture end.

'An Amazing Grace' hits South

Florida stage on June 15

Jamaican actor Christopher
Daley will do double duty as
director in the play "An
Amazing Grace" which pre-
miere's June 15 at the Coral
Springs Center for the Arts in
South Florida.
The play is written by
South Florida-based graphic
artist Roy "Artbwoy" Martin.
"An Amazing G ri.L is
Martin's first effort at play-
writing, but Daley has been a
popular actor/comedian in
Jamaica for years. Years ago
he gained recognition for his
role as "Little Johnny" in the
television show "Lime Tree
Lane" and has appeared in
several stage productions
since, including "Yard '99",
"Dis Ting", "Oliver and the
Gene", "Cindy Relisha and
the DJ Prince" and "Jamaica
2 Rahtid".
"An Amazing G( rt. L, is a
story about "Johnny", played
by Daley, an aspiring reggae
singer with dreams of making
it big. He struggles with his
criminal past with bad man
"Dredie", played by Andrew
Clarke, and "Puddy", played
by Sammy Question.

Daley plays entertainer "Johnny" in "An Amazing Grace".

"Queenie", played by Ann
"Charm" McKenzie, is
Johnny's love interest. The
"other woman" is church
sister "Grace", played by

Chanise Brady.
For more information,
call 305-405-1059.

Tobago to celebrate heritage festival July 11-Aug. 1

The island of the Tobago
will celebrate its 21st
annual heritage festival
with the theme "One Hand
Can't Clap".
This year's event, set to
take place July 11-Aug. 1, is a
commemoration of the
island's traditions and the
impact of its predominant
African heritage.
Tobago was originally
inhabited by Amerindians.
However, it quickly became
home to many African slaves
after the colonization by
Europeans. These historical
experiences have come
together to define what it
means to be Tobagonian and
essentially given birth to the
cultural extravaganza that is

"Tobago Heritage ILil I .I.
Since the festival's incep-
tion in 1987, Tobagonians
from various communities
have used the annual celebra-
tion of culture to educate and
entertain visitors and the
youth. Each village con-
tributes its own presentation.
The main event is the tradi-
tional "Ole Time Wedding",
hosted in the village of
Moriah. This marriage cere-
mony highlights the influences
of European culture on the
local population. It features a
colorful procession of the
satin-garbed and top-hatted
wedding party and guests
dancing in the streets.

The reception features a
chorus of fiddle music, local
cuisine, speeches and period
The festival is also consid-
ered a family affair, with
children displaying their tal-
ents at the "Junior Heritage
Explosion". The climax of
festivities is the crowning of
"Miss Heritage Personality"
and the "Heritage Calypso
Tobago, along with
Trinidad, is part of a twin-
island republic located in the
southeastern region of the
For more information, or call


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June 2008


Animal rights group intensifies lobby

for boycott of St. Kitts and Nevis

NORFOLK, Virginia An
international animal rights
group has launched a global
campaign aimed at getting
travel agencies to boycott St.
Kitts and Nevis over alleged
cruelty to animals at the
Ross University School of
Veterinary Medicine.
The Virginia-based People
for the Ethical Treatment of
Animals (PETA) has to date
succeeded in getting at least
two major travel agencies in
the United States in boy-
cotting the twin-island federa-
tion over the alleged mutila-
tion and killing of healthy
sheep, donkeys and goats at
the veterinary school.
PETA, in a statement
issued last month, said that
while some travel agencies were
"planning quietly" to steer trav-
elers to other destinations, the
Washington-based Green Earth
Travel was the latest in publicly
announcing that it would
encourage its clients not to visit
the Caribbean nation "until the
school ends its cruel and deadly
surgical procedures on ani-
In April, the Las Vegas-
based Holiday Systems
International, a high-end trav-
el agency, said it had started
to refuse to book holidays to
St. Kitts and Nevis for its over
300,000 clients.
Donna Zeigfinger, presi-
dent of Green Earth Travel,
said she was urging clients to
vacation elsewhere "because of

BARBADOS High airfares
are grounding the develop-
ment of future air travelers,
according to a young travel
expert from the Caribbean.
Javon Griffith, designated
junior minister of tourism of
Barbados 2004-2005, is
lamenting the high cost of
intra-Caribbean travel, claim-
ing it is hindering efforts to
develop a youth travel market.
"The continuing increase
in the cost of travel is limiting
the ability of the Caribbean to
develop a youth travel mar-
ket," said Griffith, who
believes Caribbean youth need
to be educated early about the
importance of tourism to the
region's economy.
"They need to understand
that without the contribution
of tourism to the Caribbean
the region would be rendered
economically non-viable," the
20-year-old said.
"Furthermore, they need
to understand that this is why

the harmful and outdated sur-
geries that are performed on
animals at Ross and the St.
Kitts government's defense of
"We will only resume
encouraging people to book
their travel to St. Kitts once
Ross University ends the
needless suffering of animals
by using humane veterinary
teaching alternatives recom-
mended by PETA", she said
in a letter to PETA.

Zeigfinger added that
Green Earth Travel had also
posted an alert in its newslet-
ter about the alleged animal
cruelty at Ross University.
PETA which has affili-
ates in the United Kingdom,
Germany, the Netherlands,
India, and the Asia-Pacific
region said it had urged the
Denzil Douglas administration
in St. Kitts and Nevis to inves-
tigate the veterinary school
for alleged violations of the
United States' Protection of
Animals Act. It said it had
received complaints from
"concerned Ross students"
about "cruel teaching proce-
durLe .
But PETA said while the
St. Kitts and Nevis' Ministry
of Agriculture had launched
an investigation, the veteri-
nary school reportedly "con-
tinues to conduct needless
practice sessions on healthy
animals that often result in

it is argued so often that the
Caribbean is the most tourism
dependent region in the

Griffith recently complet-
ed a bachelor of science
degree in hospitality and
tourism management from the
University of
the West
Indies. He has
worked as a
part-time serv-
er at the Fish
Pot Restaurant
in Barbados.
He said
affordable Griffith
travel options
help to shape the youth's
world view and address their
need to understand "the scope
of tourism's impacts, the level
of job creation and the valu-
able foreign exchange to be
earned from the sector.

The group also called on
the school to establish a vet-
erinary teaching hospital to
help sick and injured animals
A St. Kitts and Nevis gov-
ernment statement in April said
"the citizens of St. Kitts and
Nevis are peaceful, hardwork-
ing and law-abiding and do not
condone any acts of cruelty
anywhere to animals or humans
alike. Any insinuation by
PETA that our government and
people think or behave other-
wise is a gross misrepresenta-
tion of our proud Caribbean
culture and traditions".
The administration said it
viewed the boycott threats as "a
ploy to attract attention by
PETA and to force the inter-
vention of the St. Kitts govern-
ment into a dispute between
two privately-owned and oper-
ated organizations, both of
which are headquartered in the
United States of America and
which operate under U.S. laws".

A V EI i i 6 6.od o

Retirement of U.S. planes

troubling for
ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada,
CMC The director general of
the Caribbean Hotel
Association (CHA) has
warned that regional
economies stand to suffer sig-
nificantly by the third quarter
of this year as a result of the
decision by major United
States airlines to retire dozens
of their planes from
Addressing members of
the Grenada Hotel and
Tourism Association during
their annual general meeting
last month, Alec Sanguinetti
said that industry analysts esti-
mate that airlines will trim
their fleets because of high
fuel costs and a downturn in
the U.S. economy.
"Airlines will be trimming
between five and ten percent
of their aircraft," Sanguinetti
told the tourism stakeholders
"...I see serious negative
effects on our tourism indus-
try, serious negative effects on
the growth of the region's
economy and serious negative

region CHA
effects on our social life."

While American Airlines
has declined to provide exact
details of its mass plane retire-
ment, the
CHA head
said that
Airlines plans
to cut 30 of its
oldest 737
will retire 34, Sanguinetti
and Delta and
Northwest between 15 and 20.
"All these major cuts
mean less seats available, less
planes available and ultimate-
ly less persons coming to our
region. These changes spell
trouble and it's time for us to
realize that life is not the same
and things should not contin-
ue as we know it in terms of
travel and tourism."

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High airfares affecting youth

travel in Caribbean ~ delegate


June 2008




B u s I n e s s

Jamaica embraces plans to increase

trade with U.S. 'City of Brotherly Love'

Pennsylvania Jamaica's
Ambassador to the Unites
States Anthony Johnson has
announced that his govern-
ment is looking at ways of
increasing trade with the
United States city of
"All efforts will be made to
increase export from Jamaica
to Philadelphia which now
stands at just under US$100
million to US$200 million,"
Johnson told the Philadelphia
City Council recently.
"All efforts will be made
to fortify a stronger trade rela-
tion with Jamaica and

In the 18th century,
Jamaica and Philadelphia,

also known as
the "City of
Love", "had a
strong trading
and there's no
reason why I
we cannot Johnson
that relationship back, so both
Jamaica and Philadelphia can

"All efforts will be made to
fortify a stronger trade
relation with Jamaica and
Ambassador Johnson

benefit economically," the
diplomat said.
He said that trade could
be doubled by making

Philadelphia a port of entry
"for a wide range of Jamaican
products". In addition, the
new U.S. envoy called for the
enhancement of Jamaican
products in Philadelphia, stat-
ing that rum, sauces, pepper
products, liqueurs and beers
are some of the goods that
could be exported from
Jamaica to the large U.S city.
Carol Brooks, manager of
International Trade for the City
of Philadelphia's Department of
Commerce, said in 2007 a total
of $67,538,013 in goods were
imported from Jamaica, a 39.36
percent increase over 2006.
She said the top imports
were beverages, spirits, vine-
gar, vegetables, fruits, and

Small businesses to highlight

Miami trade summit in July

MIAMI, Florida Medium-to-
small companies from a dozen
countries, including the
Caribbean, are expected to
participate in the Miami
International Trade Days
Summit 2008 next month.
The two-day event will be
held July 11-12 at the
Sheraton Mart Plaza here.
The showcase, sponsored
by the corporate members of
the Minority Chamber of
Commerce, will feature
exhibitors in businesses such
as beverages, food, construc-
tion, furniture and textiles.
"We are excited about
bringing a new vision to our
expos here in Miami, Florida,"
Doug Mayorga, chair of the
chamber's committee, said in a

press release issued recently
to promote the event.
"Miami International
Trade Days Summit will focus

"We are excited about bring-
ing a new vision to our
expos here in Miami,
- Doug Mayorga, "Miami International
Trade Days Summit will focus
on all aspects of business."

on all aspects of business, such
as connecting with prominent
exporter and importer compa-
nies as well as providing visi-
tors with leading edge infor-
mation that can offer a true
competitive advantage for
small entrepreneurs."
Among the activities

scheduled for the event are a
series of educational confer-
ence sessions featuring indus-
try insights and business devel-
opment ideas to help stream-
line costs, introduce new items
and grow businesses, and focus
issues about certification for
"nostalgic products".
Registration is limited to
export-import industry profes-
sionals, including owners of
small businesses, supermar-
kets, restaurants, retail stores
and wholesale distributors. It
is not open to the general
For more information,
call Juan Maltes at 786-260-

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Protecting credit during divorce

When a marriage ends
in divorce, the lives
of those involved are
changed forever. During this
time of upheaval, one thing
that shouldn't have to change
is the credit status you've
worked so hard to achieve.
Unfulfilled promises to
pay bills, the making out of
credit cards, and a total break-
down in communication fre-
quently lead to the annihila-
tion of at least one spouse's
credit. Depending upon how
finances are structured, it can
sometimes have a negative
impact on both parties.
Yet by taking a proactive
approach and creating a specif-
ic plan to maintain one's credit
status, anyone can ensure that
"starting over" doesn't have to
mean rebuilding credit.
The first step for anyone
going through a divorce is to
obtain copies of your credit
report from the three major
agencies: Equifax, Experian,
and TransUnion. It's impossi-
ble to formulate a plan without
having a complete understanding
of the situation. (Once a
year, you may obtain a free
credit report by visiting
www.AnnualCreditReport. com.)
Then create a spreadsheet,
and list all of the accounts that
are currently open. For each
entry, fill in columns with the
following information: creditor
name, contact number, the
account number, type of
account (e.g. credit card, car
loan, etc.), account status (e.g.
current, past due), account
balance, minimum monthly
payment amount, and who is
vested in the account

Now make a plan. There
are two types of credit
accounts, and each is handled
differently during a divorce.
The first type is a secured
account, meaning it's attached
to an asset. The most common
secured accounts are car loans
and home mortgages. The sec-
ond type is an unsecured
account. These accounts are
typically credit cards and
charge cards, and they have
no assets attached.
For a secured account,
your best option is to sell the
asset. This way the loan is
paid off and your name is no
longer attached. Next best is
to refinance the loan. In other
words, one spouse buys out
the other. This only works,
however, if the purchasing
spouse can qualify for a loan
by hli mI, 1Ls and can assume
payments on their own.
Your last option is to keep
your name on the loan. This is

the most risky option because
if you're not the one making
the payment, your credit is
truly vulnerable.
In the case of a mortgage,
enlisting the aid of a qualified
mortgage professional is
extremely important. This
individual will review your
existing home loan along with
the equity you've built up and
help you to determine the best
course of action.

When it comes to unse-
cured accounts, you will need
to act quickly. It's important to
know which spouse (if not
both) is vested. If you are
merely a signer on the
account, have your name

removed immediately. If you
are the vested party and your
spouse is a signer, have their
name removed. Any joint
accounts (both parties vested)
that do not carry a balance
should be closed immediately.
If there are jointly vested
accounts, which carry a bal-
ance, your best option is to
have them frozen. This will
ensure that no future charges
can be made to the accounts.
When an account is frozen,
however, it is frozen for both
parties. If you do not have any
credit cards in your name,
obtain one before freezing all
of your jointly vested accounts.
By having a card in your own
name, you now have the
option of transferring any joint
balances into your account,
guaranteeing they'll get paid.
Ensuring payment on a
debt, which carries your name,
is paramount when it comes to
preserving credit. One 30-day
late payment can drop your
credit score as much as 75
points. It is also important to
know that a divorce decree
does not override any agree-
ment you have with a creditor.
So, regardless of which spouse
is ordered to pay by the judge,
not doing so will affect the
credit score of both parties.
Not only eliminate all joint
accounts, but do it quickly.

Jose H. Caraballo is branch
manager for the Coral Gables
office of Source One mort-
gage. You can contact him at
or 305-968-1257.


June 2008


11 6 n t T 91

Fit to a tea: green or black, they pack punch

The leaves of the camellia
sinensis plant contain an
array of bioactive sub-
stances, but scientific interest is
brewing over the medicinal
properties of antioxidant
polyphenol compounds known
as flavonoids.
In green, or unprocessed,
tea, the most potent are the
catechins. As tealeaves are fer-
mented by air exposure to pro-
duce black tea, the catechins
are transformed into
theaflavins and thearubigins.
Though all have benefits for
brain and body, it may be best
to consume a variety of teas.

1. Arthritis: Epigallocatechin
gallate (EGCG) inhibits
inflammation, bone erosion,
and joint damage from
rheumatoid arthritis.
2. Cancer: Populations that
drink green tea have lower
rates of cancer. EGCG com-
bats free-radical cell damage
and activates p57, a protein
that protects healthy cells.
3. Cholesterol: Lowers total
cholesterol and raises good
HDL cholesterol.
4. Intestinal inflammation:

EGCG has potent anti-inflam-
matory properties that could
help treat inflammatory bowel
5. Liver disease: Lowers risk of
developing liver disorders in
men. May also protect liver
against damaging effects of

A cup of tea offers many health benefits.

6. Sunburn: EGCG mitigates
sunburn reaction. May protect
against skin cancer.

1. Bone health: May increase
bone mineral density.
2. Cancer: May reduce risk of
many cancers. Theaflavin-3'-
monogallate (TF-2) acts as a
COX-2 inhibitor to suppress
cancer cells.
3. Cholesterol: Drinking five
cups of black tea per day low-

Finding ways to stop

Question: I know I should quit
smoking. I'm 27 years old and
just started three years ago. I
always believed I could quit any
time I wanted. Now, almost
four months have gone by since
I made my New Year's resolu-
tion to give it up for good. But I
am still smoking a pack per day.
What can I do?

Answer: In addition to nicotine
replacement you can buy with-
out a prescription, your doctor
has additional tools to help
you quit.
Two forms of nicotine
replacement require a pre-
Nicotine inhalers (Nicotrol
Inhaler) Each cartridge deliv-
ers a "puff" of vapor contain-
ing four mg of nicotine through
a plastic holder. The holder
may help satisfy a smoker's
oral urge. The average dose is
six to 16 cartridges a day for up
to 12 weeks, followed by a
gradual reduction in dose over
the next 12 weeks.
Most of the nicotine is
absorbed through the mouth,
not the lungs. Side effects may
include mouth or throat irrita-
tion and cough.
Nicotine nasal spray
(Nicotrol NS) Each spray
delivers 0.5 mg of nicotine.
Use one spray in each nostril
when you feel the urge to
smoke, up to a maximum of 10
sprays an hour or 80 a day for
three months. Side effects may

include nasal irritation, sneez-
ing, tearing, and cough.

Many smokers need more
than just nicotine replacement
and behavioral therapy to stop
smoking. Two of the drugs pre-
scribed most often are bupropi-
on (Wellbutrin, Zyban) and
varenicline (Chantix).
Bupropion (Wellbutrin) -
This antidepressant was
approved for smoking cessa-
tion under the name Zyban. It
doesn't contain nicotine and
can be used in combination
with nicotine replacement
therapy. Start taking bupropi-
on one to two weeks before
your quit date. The dose for
the first three days is 150 mg
once a day, then 150 mg twice
a day for the next eight to 12
weeks or longer if needed.
Bupropion may help prevent
weight gain after quitting. Side
effects may include dry mouth
and insomnia; seizures are very
Varinicline (Chantix) -
This is the newest drug
approved for smoking cessa-
tion. Although experience is

ers total cholesterol and bad
LDL cholesterol.
4. Heart disease: Helps lower
blood pressure. May reverse
endothelial dysfunction; also
reduces blood platelet activa-
tion. Note: Adding milk to tea
cancels the beneficial effect.
5. Stress: Speeds recovery from
stressful events, reducing levels
of cortisol and diminishing
blood platelet activation.

1. Brain health: Catechins in
both green and black tea
(although more concentrated
in green tea) protect against
buildup of amyloid deposits,
implicated in Alzheimer's and
other age-related neurodegen-
erative diseases.
2. Diabetes: Improves glucose
tolerance in borderline diabetics.
3. Oral health: Rich in fluoride,
which protects against cavities.
Theobromine found in teas
appears to strengthen teeth
and protect against cavities
better than fluoride. Added to
chewing gum, green tea extract
protects gum tissue and stimu-
lates salivary glands.
4. Weight control: Catechins
stimulate thermogenesis,
boosting fat metabolism and
calorie expenditure.

still limited, it appears to be
the most effective quit-smok-
ing drug. It blocks nicotine
receptors in the brain while
also partially stimulating these
receptors to reduce nicotine
withdrawal symptoms. The
usual dose is 0.5 mg once a day
for the first three days, then
0.5 mg twice a day for four
days, followed by the full dose
of one mg a day for 12 weeks
or longer. The dose should be
lowered in patients with severe
kidney disease. Nausea is com-
mon and bad dreams may
occur. Contact your doctor if
you experience behavior or
mood changes.
Smoking is the top threat
to public health. So if you
smoke, quitting should be your
top priority.
Over 45 million Americans
have quit smoking and you can,

Dr. Harvey B. Simon is an
associate professor of medi-
cine at Harvard Medical
School and a member of the
Health Sciences Technology
Faculty at Massachusetts
Institute of Technology. For
additional consumer health
information, please visit
www. health., harvard edu.

2008 President and Fellows
of Harvard College. All rights

Distributed by Tribune Media
Services, Inc.

2008 Sussex Publishers,
Inc. All rights reserved.

HAVANA, Cuba, CMC Cuba
and Antigua and Barbuda have
signed a memorandum of
understanding (MOU) provid-
ing a legal framework for the
free eye surgery program,
"Operation MIraj.k that has
already benefited more than
1,000 patients from the English-
speaking Caribbean nation.
The document was signed
by Cuban Health Minister
Ramon Balaguer and Antigua
Prime Minister Baldwin
Spencer, who was on an official
visit to the country at the invi-
tation of President Raul Castro
last month.
Balaguer told the Cuban
News Agency (ACN) that
Spencer was particularly inter-

Distributed by Tribune Media
Services, Inc.

ested in the Cuban experience
in the treatment of diabetes, a
disease that is significantly
affecting the people of the
twin-island federation.
The prime minister also
expressed his interest in
increasing cooperation in the
training of Antiguan nursing
personnel in Havana.
Operation Miracle, a pro-
gram that began in 2004, has
already benefited more than
1.1 million people from 32
countries, mainly from Latin
America and the Caribbean.
Patients from Antigua and
Barbuda entered the program
on July 22, 2005.

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June 2008



West Indies All-Stars team,
comprising several former Test
players, marched to a 37-run
victory over Canada All-Stars
to win the MAQ Twenty20
championship last month.
After winning the toss and
choosing to bat first, the West
Indies scored 128 runs in their
allotted 20 overs, and Canada
could only reach 91 all out in
18.5 overs when they replied
at Central Broward Regional
Park here.
The Windies All-Stars
included Richie Richardson, a

former West Indies captain,
Philo Wallace, Franklyn Rose,
Stuart Williams and Courtney
About 600 fans attended
the championship match, many
cheering for the Caribbean
team that was a crowd favorite
all Memorial weekend.
The West Indies All Stars
won all three matches in the
weekend tournament, which
also included a World XI and
Pakistan All Stars teams.
"It's exciting," said
Richardson, the West Indies
All-Stars captain.


Windies stumble late, lose cricket Test to Australia


KINGSTON, Jamaica A dis-
appointing batting display by
the West Indies on the final
day of a captivating match
handed Australia an impres-
sive victory to open the three-
Test cricket series between the
two long-time rivals in the
Caribbean which began late
last month.
Asked to make 287 runs
to win with one full session
and the entire fifth day in glo-
rious weather the home side,
enthusiastic and competitive
throughout the first four days,
crumbled to 191 all out to lose
by 95.
Only Denesh Ramdin,
Darren Sammy, Devon Smith
and Daren Powell offered any
second innings resistance, and
what was headed for a cliff-
hanger finish fizzled into a
huge anti-climax, although the
players appeared satisfied
with the spirit of the contest.
"I think anyone who
played in this game certainly
enjoyed the atmosphere,"
Australian captain Ricky
Ponting said.
The match was filled with
pulsating intrigue from the
first day. Australia, the top
team in the world, won the
toss and elected to bat at
bright, warm Sabina Park
here, but in front of a disap-
pointing crowd considering
the traditional rivalry and the
recent improvement shown by
the eight-ranked West Indies.

The visitors got off to a
wobbly start at 37 runs for two
wickets on an uneven pitch,
but then asserted lh L mIlNL '
to take control. Ponting top
scored with a century, while
pace bowler Fidel Edwards
grabbed five wickets, as
Australia finished at 431 all
out on the second day.
The West Indies started its
response solidly. Openers

Brenton Parchment and Smith
added 47. Runako Morton
chipped in with 67 and
Dwayne Bravo 46. But it was
senior batsman Shivnarine
Chanderpaul who once again
proved to be the backbone of
the West Indies batting. The
little Guyanese they call
"Tiger" ticked off his 18th
Test century to lead his team's
fight back. Chanderpaul,
despite suffering a crashing
blow to the head that numbed
his body after he ducked into
a short ball from pacer Brett
Lee, scored 118 runs to push
the home team to 312 all out.

Chanderpaul's heroics could not save
the Windies against Australia.

The West Indies began
its second stint in the field
brilliantly. The mighty
Australians were buckled by
the Edwards-Powell one-two
late evening punch and ended
with 17 for four, 136 runs
ahead with six wickets stand-
ing. The crowd, sensing a
home team fight-back, broke
into song "Rally 'Round The
West IndiL, as the match
swung towards an exciting cli-
"It has been an eventful
day," West Indies coach John
Dyson said after day three.

The Caribbean team piled
on more pressure, Powell tak-
ing an early wicket to leave
Australia at 18 for 5, its lowest

start in decades, barely 10
minutes into day four. But the
visitors gradually pulled them-
selves back into the contest
and finished their second
innings at 167 all out. But
after putting just 22 on the
board, Parchment edged man-
of-the-match Stuart Clark to
the wicketkeeper to add to the
mounting drama. When bad
light forced the players off at
46 for one on day four, the
West Indies still needed 241 to
win with nine wickets stand-
ing. Bravo, who took four
wickets in Australia's second
innings, sounded positive his
team could pull it off.
"We are in a position of
strength," he said.
Yet a dramatic start to the
final day sent the West Indies
spiraling towards defeat. The
home team lost five wickets
before lunch and stumbled to
82 for 6. Late resistance by
Sammy, Ramdin and Powell
brought respectability to the
total, but a golden chance to
lead the Test series had
already slipped away.

Final scores: Australia 431
(Ricky Ponting 158, Andrew
Symonds 70 not out; Fidel
Edwards five wickets for 104
runs) and 167 (Symonds 79;
Dwayne Bravo four for 47,
Edwards three for 40).
West Indies 312 (Shivnarine
Chanderpaul 118; Brett Lee
three for 63, Stuart Clark
three for 59) and 191 (Ramdin
36, Sammy 35, Devon Smith
28 and Daren Powell 27;
Clark five for 32).

TEAMS: Second Test May
30-June 3, Antigua; Third Test
- June 12-16, Barbados; plus
one 20/20 on June 20; and five
one-day internationals June
24, St. Vincent; June 27 and
29, Grenada; and July 4 and 6
in St. Kitts.

"Even though I've been
retired from the international
game for a long time, I feel a
little bit of buzz," added the
46-year-old, who captained
West Indies from 1991 to 1996.
In the West Indies total,
Browne top-scored with 48,
while Stuart Williams (13),
Philo Wallace (13) and
Richardson (11) also got to dou-
ble figures.
Geoff Barnett (28) and
Sanjay Thuraisingham (25)
were Canada's chief scorers in
their failed run chase.


Pennsylvania It's clear,
Aaron Ross is drawn to speed.
From pee wee league, through
high school, college and even
now in his job, as a profession-
al American football player,
Ross is about matching strides
with the game's fastest.
But successfully chasing
Jamaican-born track star
Sanya Richards, for what
eventually should be her hand
in marriage, was a different
ballgame than scurrying after
wide receivers. Ross was sim-
ply unaware of what he was
getting into when he first saw
Richards at a track meet in his
home state of Texas a few
years ago.
"To tell you the truth I
didn't know she was a
Jamaican until later on in our
relationship," said the rookie
defensive back for the Super
Bowl champions New York
Giants of the National
Football League (NFL)
recently at the Penn Relays,
which he attended here to be
with his fiancee as she com-
peted for the United States.
Now that he does, he has
some catching up to do and
Ross, even his ladylove
agrees, is not doing badly so
far. The Texan and the
Jamaican appears a game-win-
ning combo.
"She's been a joy in my
life ever since I met her," Ross
said of Richards, "so it's been

An early encounter with
her parents enlightened him
about Richards's Caribbean
"I had a chance to meet
her father (former Jamaican
soccer player Archie
Richards) and I heard his
accent; her mother's and all
that," he said.
Now he's learning to work
himself into the Jamaican cul-
ture. A key approach, Ross
explained, is simply listening
and absorbing the nuances.
But his best strategy to inte-
grate, he said, is to lean on his
own upbringing, where cour-
tesy always worked.
"Just a smile," he said, as
both he and Sanya burst out
laughing. "I'm a Texas gentle-
The two met as students
at the University of Texas
where Richards ran track for
the Longhorns and Ross
played football. Ross was a
productive first round draft
pick of the Giants in 2007 and
is set to earn millions of dol-
lars as a pro. Richards has
already bagged huge sums on

the international track circuit.
They are both financially
secure and may get married in
With Richards as his side,
Ross said he is getting com-
fortable with the Jamaican
culture. Sanya's family has
made his assimilation smooth
as well. And all he has to do
is, well, show up.
"Just being myself," he
said, explaining his game plan.
"I'm around them all the time,
with the family. So everything
is good."
That carries some bene-
fits. Ross now claims to love
Jamaica's reggae music.
Crooner Beres Hammond is
his favorite. But mealtime at
the Richards home has some
perks too.
"I'm loving the food," he

Sanya is happy too.
"I feel very fortunate,"
said the 23-year-old Richards,
who moved from Jamaica at
age 12 and chose to run for
the U.S. "because they've
given me so much."
Despite struggling last
season, where she was slowed
by illness and failed to make
the U.S. team to the 2007
World Championships (W.C.)
in her pet event the 400
meters, Richards still consid-
ers the past year a success.
She earned a gold medal in
the W.C. 4x400 meters relay
and in February attended the
Super Bowl to root for her
man and share his triumph.
"My fiance had the best
year of his life," she said.
"...So I feel definitely fortu-
nate. I'm very happy and my
personal life has gone great."
Yet when she was at her
lowest point, Ross stepped up.
It was a time for him to slow
to Sanya's pace and be sup-
"Absolutely. I mean, it was
exciting to come off my season
and come straight into his and
see him," she said of
:, 11" i 1 is. "As soon as I got
back to the States he became
the starting cornerback and
then it was just success, suc-
cess. So it was good and it defi-
nitely kept me in good spirits."
She is eyeing a 400-meters
gold medal at this summer's
Olympic Games in China. But
Ross's NFL commitments
could prevent him from
attending. It shouldn't matter
much. There will be time for
him to catch up. After all, he
can't let her get away.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.

Caribbean-born runner matches

strides with American grid star

Team of ex-Windies stars wins

20/20 cricket tourney in Florida

June 2008




T&T star joins Miami professional soccer club Caribbean legends for U.S.

GORDON WILLIAMS you are competing, once you loss to England due to suspen-
are fit and once you're doing sion, and returned against Cricket Hall of Fame

MIAMI, Florida Miami EC.
has expanded its core of
Caribbean players, adding
Trinidad and Tobago World
Cup defender Avery John to
its United Soccer Leagues
(USL) roster.
John, a key member of the
"Soca Warriors" who made an
historic appearance at the
game's showpiece event in 2006
in Germany, joined Jamaican
attackers Sean Fraser and Sean
Barrett, and Haitian defender
Stephane Guillaume at the
USL club last month.
The 32-year-old signed
with the South Florida-based
team last month after failing
to agree to contract terms
with his former club New
England Revolution of higher
rated Major League Soccer.
He played for the Revolution
from 2004-2007, appearing in
the MLS finals.
However, John told
Caribbean Today that the
drop in professional level
would not dampen his enthu-
siasm for the game nor his bid
to return to the "Soca
Warriors" squad in time for
the World Cup 2010 qualifiers,
which begin this month.
"It doesn't affect much,"
said the man who has repre-
sented T&T more than 50
"At the end of the day,
wherever you are playing, it
could be the MLS, it could be
the USL it could be the
English first, second, third
division, it could be some-
where else in the world once

what is needed to be on the
national team and competing


< -

week in week out, you should
earn a (national) call."

John's presence appeared
to make an almost immediate
with Miami EC., which had
struggled early this season
under new coach Zinho, who
was a member of Brazil's win-
ning 1994 World Cup team and
up to last season played for the
USL club. Although Miami
EC. lost its first game with
John, the team rebounded to
record two consecutive shutouts
with him at central defense its
first of the season in a win
and a draw later in May.
John is refusing to rest on
the laurels of his World Cup
success, where he played
against Sweden in a surprising
draw with the European pow-
erhouse team, missed out in a

Paraguay, another Tl& loss.
Both coach and player

have put a positive spin on
John's arrival at Miami EC.
"He has experience and
he has leadership," Zinho
described John's attributes to
Caribbean Today. "He has the
World Cup experience and so
he knows how things should
be done at the back."
John, meanwhile, said he
is still cognizant of the fact
that he is also representing the
region, no matter what level
he is playing.
"Always, everytime I step
on the pitch anywhere I go, I
know I represent Trinidad, I
represent the Caribbean," he

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.


HARTFORD, Connecticut -
Former star West Indies open-
ing batsmen Gordon Greenidge
and Desmond Haynes will be
inducted into the United States
Cricket Hall of Fame, organiz-
ers say.
The Hartford, Connecticut-
based U.S. Cricket Hall of
Fame said last month the
Caribbean legends will be
bestowed the honor on Sept. 20
at the Marriott Hotel, down-
town Hartford.
The other nominees are
Florida cricket administrator,
Barbadian Jeff Miller, co-
founder of
Club in
New York ,
Bailey, l '
Mohamed f F
Baksh, a .' ..1A
m e m b e r .; : "m" "
of the I
Indies Haynes
Umpires' Training and
Examination Committee.
Greenidge, one half of
the West Indies' prolific open-
ing partnership with Haynes,
began his career in 1974
against India and continued to
play international cricket until
1991. He played in 108 Test


matches and scored 7,558 runs
with 19 centuries.
Fellow Barbadian Haynes
was Wisden Cricketer of the
Year in 1991. Haynes formed a
formidable partnership with
Greenidge, "which was inte-
gral to the success of the West
Indies team in the 1980s", the
statement said. Haynes com-
piled a 7,487 runs in 116 Test
matches at an average of 42.29.
who began
his cricket
career as a
S youngster
in his
e, Barbados,
himself in
the U.S.
both as a
reenidge player and
an admin-
istrator. Bailey was co-founder
of The Bankers Athletic
Cricket League in New York in
1971. Baksh, from an early age,
was involved with sports at
various levels, serving on a
number of community organi-
zations and regional cricket
boards. For a number of years,
he was a member of the West
Indies Cricket Umpires'
Training Examination

Miami celebrates Caribbean culture at Little Haiti Soccer Park

MIAMI The City of Miami
last month celebrated the
grand opening of the Little
Haiti Soccer Park.
The South Florida park
was also renamed after the
late Emmanuel "Manno"
Sanon, one of Haiti's most cel-
ebrated soccer players, during
the event.
To kick off the ,k.1rai ii, i,
Miami City Commissioner
Michelle Spence-Jones joined
Mayor Manny Diaz and other
elected officials from the City of
Miami, Miami Dade County,
North Miami, North Miami
Beach and members of the Little
Haiti community in a day-long
event. The celebration included
the Toussaint L'Ouverture
Parade, three soccer matches
that included local Haitian teams
and L'Athletique D' Haiti (from
Haiti) and a Haitian festival with
Caribbean music and live bands.

Spence-Jones said the late
Commissioner Arthur E.
Teele first introduced the idea

Photograph by J. Perez, Office of Communications, City of Miami.
Soccer matches highlighted the opening of the new park in Little Haiti.

for a "first-class full/service-
park" park in Little Haiti five
or six years ago.
"His vision included a
facility that exemplifies and
captures the Haitian culture,
rich with the colors of the
Caribbean," she said. "The
recreational and cultural com-
ponents of the park will pro-
vide the Little Haiti, Edison,
Little River, Buena Vista, and
Lemon City residents with a
park that they can truly call
their own."
The Little Haiti Soccer
Park and Cultural Complex is
the first state-of-the-art-facili-
ty in the Little Haiti/Lemon
City area. The soccer park
includes both a practice field
and a playing field, covered
seating for 580 people, a tot
lot with a jungle gym under a
canopy, and a children's water
splash park.
Commissioner Spence-
Jones's vision is to eventually
create a soccer exchange pro-
gram between the City of Miami
and L'Athletique D' Haiti.

"What we want to bring
to the park is a cultural
exchange program where kids
from Little Haiti and Haiti
can interact and communicate
with each other," she said.
To ensure that the new
park incorporates the
Haitian/Caribbean culture, the
City of Miami has created com-
mittees that will provide input
on the cultural and recreational
components of the park and
the cultural complex. In addi-
tion, the office Spence-Jones
has created partnerships with
the city of Jacmel and Port-au-
Prince Haiti.
The Little Haiti Soccer
Park and Cultural Complex is
funded by both the City of
Miami and Miami Dade
County. The total project cost
approximately $36.9 million,
of which the City of Miami
contributed $29.6 million and
Miami Dade County con-
tributed $7.3 million.

June 2008



P 0 1 I T I C S

Jamaican politician renounces U.S. citizenship

KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
The way is now clear for
embattled Jamaica Labour
Party (JLP) candidate Daryl
Vaz, to seek re-election as the
Member of Parliament for the
West Portland constituency.
Vaz announced last month
that he had officially
renounced his American citi-
zenship, allaying concerns
about his eligibility for the by-
election in the West Portland
constituency which was
ordered by court in April.
Chief Justice Zaila
McCalla made the ruling after
the Opposition People's

Jduuuuu, Illl, VdL

National Party (PNP) candi-
date Abe Dabdoub chal-
lenged Vaz's election on the
grounds of his dual citizen-
Vaz's renunciation of his
American citizenship is the
most recent development in

the dual citizenship row here.
Last month, Director of
Elections Danville Walker
resigned with immediate effect
after it was disclosed that he
too held dual citizenship.
Vaz said that he supported
Walker's decision to resign and
also called on Members of
Parliament across the political
divide to declare their loyalties.
Dabdoub has said he
would take the issue to the
Privy Council if he was not
named the M.P. for West

... JLP candidate follows opponent, files appeal

KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
Less than 24 hours after the
Opposition People's National
Party's (PNP) Abe Dabdoub
filed an appeal to be declared
the Member of Parliament for
the West Portland constituen-
cy, the sitting M.P Daryl Vaz
appealed a judge's decision
that disqualified him from
holding the seat.
In documents filed in
court on May 15 the Jamaica
Labour Party's (JLP) Vaz said
Chief Justice Zaila McCalla
was wrong in ruling that he
was not qualified to sit as M.P.

because he holds a United
States passport.
Vaz also intends to chal-
lenge the ruling that he was
not duly nominated in August
last year, just ahead of the
Sept. 3, 2007 general elections.
"Mr. Dabdoub filed an
appeal.. .so as a result I have
had to file an appeal.. .so that
in the worse case scenario I will
be able to stay in Parliament
during the life of the appeal,"
Vaz explained.
"But I am hoping that we
will be successful in arguing
against any stay being granted

which means it would clear
the way for a by-election. If
that is done then obviously
there would be no need for
me to pursue the appeal," he
In April, Chief Justice
McCalla ruled that Vaz should
be disqualified from sitting in
Parliament because he holds
dual citizenship. But instead
of turning over the seat to
Dabdoub she ordered a by-
election, prompting the PNP
candidate to file his appeal.

Haitian Parliament rejects

nominee for prime minister

CMC One month after the
Senate dismissed Prime
Minister Jacques Edouard
Alexis, law-
makers in
Haiti have
Prival's lat-
est nominee
for the post.
Lower Prbval
House of
last month voted by a margin
of 51-35, with nine absten-
tions, to reject economist
Ericq Pierre as Alexis's
"We didn't really believe
in the plan that he had for the
people of this country,"
Levaillant Louis Jeune, a
leading Opposition legislator
told reporters.
Pierre, 63, a senior official
with the Inter-American
Development Bank (IDB),
had been nominated by
President Preval to replace
Alexis who was dismissed on
April 12 over criticism that his
government failed to show

leadership and mismanaged
the economy before violent
food protests that left seven
people dead.

Preval will have to nomi-
nate another candidate, who
must win a vote of confidence
in the two houses of
Parliament and Stephen
Benoit, a
member of
party, said
must unite
behind the
next nomi-
Pierre "We
need to
have a new prime minister in
office soon," he said.
Prival nominated Pierre
for the same position in 1997,
but he was rejected after
promising to push a United
States-backed economic plan
that would have resulted in
thousands of government
workers being laid off and pri-
vatized state-run enterprises.

June 2008


Economic situation on Jamaica

diaspora conference agenda

Bahamas's budget

offers relief

KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
The Jamaica government has
said that the economic situa-
tion in the country would be
among agenda items to be dis-
cussed at the third Biennial
Diaspora Conference to be
held here this month.
A government statement
said Prime Minister Bruce
Golding would discuss the
country's economy and related
development initiatives at the
June 16-17 event.
The statement added that
the role of Jamaicans in the
diaspora would also be dis-
cussed at the two-day meeting
that is expected to be attend-
ed by more than 700 nationals
from the diaspora, including a
high-level delegation from the
United States.
Junior Foreign Affairs
and Foreign Trade Minister
Dr. Ronald Robinson said the
conference would be held
under the theme "A
Borderless Partnership for
Development". He said the

ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada,
CMC China has donated $1
million to Grenada that will
help the government follow
through on a promise of back
pay for civil servants as well as
carry out a number of devel-
opment projects.
The grant, according to
Prime Minister Dr. Keith
Mitchell and China's
Ambassador to Grenada Zhang
Wanhai, who signed the agree-
ment, was in keeping with the
memorandum of understanding

between the
Caribbean F
Caribbean a
signed next

theme underscores the "con-
centrated efforts of many
Jamaicans on the island who
seek to build stronger rela-
tionships with Jamaicans in
the diaspora to achieve
greater economic develop-
Robinson said that the
conference, organized by the
Jamaica Diaspora Foundation
(JDF), "will bring all the dias-
pora representatives together
in one place, where the prime
minister and ministers of gov-
ernment can articulate to them
the policies and direction of
the new administration.
"We are looking to have a
conference this year with a
big, big difference," he added.

The government state-
ment said that experts and
government officials would
discuss five core areas of
development, including eco-
nomic growth and investment,
education and culture, crime

signed between the two coun-
tries at the resumption of diplo-
matic relations three years ago.
"It's clearly written in the
memorandum of understand-
ing that this sum is to be given
annually until the year 2009,"
Mitchell said.

He explained that the
money would be used for,
among other things, budgetary
support and payment of
retroactive salaries to public

and justice, the church role
and faith based organizations
in development and youth and
Robinson said the
Golding administration is
seeking to bring more young
people into the diaspora
movement and to encourage
them to assume leadership
roles to ensure continuity.
"For the first time this
year's conference will have a
delegation of youngsters com-
ing with the members of the
diaspora and we will have a
special session where that is
concerned," he said.
"We will be engaging
these individuals not just as a
new administration, but also
in terms of building on what
was there before. This means
that the conference will be
looking to actualize a lot of
the ideas and thoughts and so
this conference for us is a very
important one."

servants in June as provided
for in the recently signed col-
lective agreements with the
Grenada Public Workers
Union and the Grenada
Technical and Allied Workers'
"In this period every bit of
grant is important to us because
it is money we don't have to
pay back and I assure that it
will be put into productive use,"
the prime minister said.

Caribbean ready to sign EPA in July
FOWN, Guyana, to a statement issued by the trade and industry
Economic Caribbean community (CARI- had considered po
Agreement (EPA) COM) Secretariat. for signing and the
European It said that the EPA had application of the
i (EC) and the been discussed at the special and reported they
worum of African, meeting of the Council for consultations with
nd Pacific States Trade and Economic the subject.
UM) is to be Development (COTED) in
month, according Antigua last month and that

y ministers
possible dates
e provisional
were in
the EC on

NASSAU, The Bahamas,
CMC Bahamas Prime
Minister Hubert Ingraham has
delivered what he described as
a balanced budget to "cushion
the harshness of the impact of
international turbulence" on
In tabling
the $1.8 billion [
fiscal package
in Parliament
late last
Ingraham said
his govern-
ment "careful-
ly determined Ingraham
the size and
components of the fiscal pro-
gram which will touch every
family with significant finan-
cial relief.
"At the same time we will
not under any circumstances
compromise the sound fiscal
status of our economy which
we have worked so hard to
maintain through several
terms in government," he said.

The budget, which prima-
rily focused on providing relief
for low income families who
are mostly impacted by the ris-
ing cost of living, included the
elimination of several taxes on
food items and suspension of
taxes on fuel imports.
"Having reduced the
stamp tax on food items from
four per cent to two per cent
during our last stint in office
we are now moving to elimi-
nate the two per cent stamp
tax on some 160 food items,"
the prime minister said.
The measure will result in
the elimination of import
duties on a number of citrus
fruits, frozen vegetables, cere-
als, oatmeal, and breads.
With regards to the rising
cost of fuel, the prime minister
announced that his govern-
ment will grant a two-year
suspension of customs and
stamp duties on the Bahamas

Electricity Corporation's
(BEC) fuel imports to address
the rising utility surcharge.
Ingraham admitted that
some of these measures will
result in revenue losses for the
government, but said they will
provide some much-needed
relief for consumers and

With respect to the alloca-
tion of budgetary funds, the
ministries of Tourism and
Aviation, National Security
and Education received the
bi-n,-l shares.
"Once again education
receives the greatest call on
the government's resources.
This ought to be no surprise
as we believe that the educa-
tion of our children is the

"Once again education
receives the greatest call
on the government's

most critical investment that
we can make in the future of
our nation," Ingraham said.
"The education, youth,
sports and culture services
receive a total of $312 million
or 20 percent of total recur-
rent expenditure."
He also announced salary
increases for civil servants,
with every public officer
expected to get a $750 hike
and each teacher in the coun-
try's public schools being
promised a $1,250 pay rise.
Despite the global uncer-
tainties, Prime Minister
Ingraham has projected that
the economy will grow 2.8 per-
cent this year, a drop from the
4.8 percent growth recorded in
2006. However, he said, the
anticipated growth was "com-
mendably strong in the con-
text of the developing interna-
tional economic downturn.

China provides $1M grant to aid Grenada

5SIu Anniversawy eciniwwre

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