Citation
Caribbean today

Material Information

Title:
Caribbean today
Uniform Title:
Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Place of Publication:
Miami Fl
Publisher:
Caribbean Pub. Services
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
2010
Frequency:
Monthly
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 38 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1989.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 10, no. 3, published in 1999; title from cover.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Caribbean Pub. Services. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
40985415 ( OCLC )

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y o u r w o r I d


SIJANUARY 2007


jO 0
\o OA A(?
V^ J~v^ II I v-^ Y-^V^^


I THE MULTI AWARD-W~INNN ESMGZN


St. Lucia's
new Prime
Minister Sir
John
Compton
has select-
ed a mix of
old and new
faces to
make up the
Cabinet following his party's
election victory last month,
page 4.


Caribbean-born teenager
Jermaine Bridgmohan, right,
has become the latest riding
sensation, following his
brother Shaun's footsteps into
thoroughbred racing,
page 19.


News .......................................2...
Local ................................. ........6...
Feature .....................................7...


J4


- Trinidad and Tobago's Andre
Neverson has become the United
States Marshal Service's most
wanted criminal from the
Caribbean, page 2.


INSIDE
Viewpoint ............................... 9 Books .....................................14
Food/Health........................... 11 Arts/Entertainment ................15
Tourism/Travel .................... 12 Business ...............................17


Sport .......................................19
Region ...................................21
Politics ...................................22


] PRESORTED
STANDARD
U.S. POSTAGE
PAID
MIAMI, FL
PERMIT NO. 7315
O Tel: (305) 238-2868
1-800-605-7516
-editor@caribbeantoday.com
ct ads@bellsouth.net
Vol. 18 No. 2 Jamaica: 654-7782


W e


c 0 V


e r


mmmmmMM9





CARIBBEAN TODAY


T&T's Neverson is lone Caribbean

national on U.S. 'Most Wanted' list


February decision

on 'Grenada 13'


NEW YORK A Trinidadian
remains the lone Caribbean
national on the United States
Marshals "15 Most Wanted" list.
The U.S. Marshals said
that Andre Neverson, 39, is
wanted, since 2002, for the
fatal shooting of his ex-girl-
friend and sister in New York.
"Andre Neverson has a
history of violence and numer-
ous prior convictions," said
Bob Finan, assistant director
and head of the U.S. Marshals
Service Criminal Division.
"He must be brought to jus-
tice."
Finan said Neverson has
been on the run since alleged-
ly abducting and killing his
Trinidadian ex-girlfriend,
whose body was found in a
parking lot in Brooklyn, on
July 10, 2002, two days after
she was reported missing. He
also said Neverson allegedly
shot his sister dead in her
Brooklyn apartment on July 8.
Finan said Neverson, who was
on parole violation in New
York State, is also wanted for
re-entering the U.S., from
Trinidad, illegally.
The U.S. Marshals Service
also reported that on Nov. 6,
2002, the fugitive, armed with
a handgun, allegedly entered
the home of another ex-girl-
friend in an attempt to visit
his daughter. The woman's


brother interrupted the unan-
nounced visit, and Neverson
fled with no further incident.
The New York City Police
Department searched the area
for the felon, but never locat-
ed him.

ALIASES
He said Neverson speaks
several languages, and uses
several disguises and aliases,
such as "Andre Humphrey",
"Andre HL ndi rn "Troy
Michael
Anderson"
and "Troy
Michael
Hfk ind rn a l i
According to
the U.S.
Marshals
Service, "the
fugitive is a
Neverson black male,
who was born
in Trinidad and Tobago May
5, 1964. He is about six-feet
two-inches tall and weighs
approximately 240 pounds.
He has brown eyes, black
hair and a muscular build.
Investigators believe the want-
ed man is computer literate.
"His criminal history
includes one conviction for
assault, two for weapons
offenses and one for attempt-
ed murder. He served nearly
five years in the custody of


correctional authorities in
New York for prior convic-
tions, and was deported July
7, 2000, as an aggravated
felon. He illegally re-entered
the United States in
September 2000 by using a
false Jamaican passport", the
agency added.

DANGEROUS
The U.S. Marshals Service
describe Neverson as "6 feet,
2 inches tall, and at one time
weighed 240 lbs. Neverson is
bald and has a scar on his
forehead. Neverson may dis-
guise his appearance by wear-
ing a wig and is known to
carry a firearm. Neverson
may be thinner than noted in
his wanted poster (240
pounds) and may work as a
bouncer at a night club.
NL \ L r,,, 1 may be buying
and selling cars," the agency
added. "He was seen at a car
auction in Trinidad. He was
also big into music and dee
jaying. His company was
DTROY Productions. He also
bounced at Caribe-themed
clubs in Brooklyn. He is a
ladies man and apparently has
the gift of gab. The women
are usually professional type,
nurses, teachers etc. His father
and mother still reside in
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 4)


LONDON, CMC The
Judicial Committee of the
Privy Council has reserved
judgment until next month in
the appeal brought by "the
Grenada 13" who were con-
victed for the murders of
Grenada Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop and 11
others during the 1983
coup.
After three days of
hearing last month,
President Lord Bingham
said the board needed time
to arrive at a decision.
Lawyers argued for the
release of Bernard Coard
and 12 others for their
roles in the execution of Bi-
Bishop and members of his
government on Oct. 19,
1983. Bishop and others were
killed during an internal battle
among members of the
People's Revolutionary
Government in St. George's.
The appeal was heard
before Lords Bingham,
Hoffmann, Carswell, Brown,
and Chief Justice Lord Phillips.
The appellants were
Coard, Callistus Bernard,
Lester Redhead, Christopher
Stroude, Hudson Austin,
Liam James, Leon Cornwall,
John Anthony Ventour, Dave
Bartholomew, Ewart Layne,
Colville McBarnett, Selwyn


Strachan and Cecil Prime.
The appeal was heard days
after three others involved in
the 1983 coup Andy Mitchell,
Vincent Joseph, and Cosmos
Richardson were freed after
spending their court imposed


jail sentences. Coard and the
others argued, should they not
be released, they were entitled
to be re-sentenced in Grenada.
They are also argued that
the governor general's imposi-
tion of an order that they be
detained for the rest of their
natural lives was unconstitu-
tional. They contend that it
was a breach of the rules of
natural justice to impose a life
sentence without allowing
them an opportunity to make
representations.
0


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CARIBBEAN TODAY

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ST. GEORGE'S Grenada,
CMC The Grenada govern-
ment says it will not bow to
pressures from an internation-
al oil explorer to settle a suit
against Energy Minister
Gregory Bowen out of court.
In a letter sent to Prime
Minister Dr. Keith Mitchell
dated Dec. 14, Jack Grynbery,
chairman of RSM Production
Corporation, said he was
seeking the prime minister's
support "to facilitate a
resolution to the ongoing
disagreement between the
Government of Grenada
and RSM Production
Corporation". The Grenada
government had entered into
an oil exploration agreement
with Grynbery in 1996, and in
the letter wrote of an interna-
tional oil and gas company as
a potential partner with con-
trolling interest in the RSM
Grenada Production License.

Mix of old and
CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC -
Prime Minister Sir John
Compton has named a 12-mem-
ber Cabinet that was sworn into
office last month promising to
deal effectively with the socio-
economic problems confronting
St. Lucia.
In addition, Sir John has also
named four junior ministers.
Sir John's United Workers
Party (UWP) won the Dec. 11
general elections by defeating the
St. Lucia Labour Party of former
Prime Minister Dr. Kenny
Anthony by an 11 to six margin.
CRIME PRIORITY
Sir John said that the crime


He said that if the Mitchell
administration agrees to the
new proposals "RSM will
undertake to
end both the
arbitration in
front of the
International
Centre for
Settlement of
Investment
Disputes and
Bowen the court
action filed in
the United Sates District
Court.
"Furthermore I would
then arrange for a full public
apology to Minister B, .n .

'BRIBE'
The suit in the New York
court accuses Bowen of
attempting to exact "signifi-
cant bribe payments from
RSM and Grynberg in order
for them to do business in


Grenada". It also accused
Bowen of obstructing, harass-
ing and intimidating "RSM
and Grynberg in their efforts
to explore, develop and pro-
duce Grenada's oil and natu-
ral gas rL mIuriL .
But Bowen has dismissed
the accusations saying that he
had never met or held any dis-
cussions with Grynberg.
During the recent budget
presentation, Bowen spoke at
length on the matter stating
and referred to a recent inci-
dent involving Grynberg one
of Grenada's trade ambassa-
dors in New York, Michael
Melnick. Bowen said that the
Mitchell government would
not settle the matter out of
court and was also not pre-
pared to sit idly by and allow
the island's reputation to be
tarnished.
0


new make up St. Lucia's Cabinet


situation had become a top pri-
ority for his new administration
and that he had chosen Dr.
Keith Mondesir to head the
Home Affairs and National
Security Ministry.
He created a new Ministry
of Housing and Urban
Renewal, coupled with Local
Government, and has handed
the portfolio to attorney
Richard Frederick, another first
time government minister.
CHALLENGE
Sir John also spoke of the
challenge ahead in the field of
tourism and the need to appoint
someone who had the knowl-


edge and experience to guide
the country in a vital area of the
economy. Hotelier Allen
Chastanet was named tourism
minister.
Sir John also lauded the
appointment of former public
servant Ausbert d'Auvergne
to head the Ministry of
Economic Planning, National
Development and the Public
Service.
Other appointments
announced by Sir John, who
will hold the finance ministry,
are: Leonard Spider Montoute,
minister of social transforma-
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 6)


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BkX4-M'RD


Popular Jamaican actor
and writer Charles
Hyatt died in Florida


NEW YORK, CMC New
York City Council has hon-
ored the first Haitian
American to be elevated by
the Roman Catholic Church
to the post of bishop.
In a statement, the council
described Bishop Guy A.
Sansaricq as a m uriL of
immense pride in the city's
immigrant community, partic-
ularly, Haitians Americans".
"I want to congratulate
Bishop Sansaricq and applaud
his long commitment of serv-
ice to our community," said
Councilmember Leroy
Comrie, who presented the
proclamation to Bishop
Sansaricq.
"I represent a large com-
munity of Haitian Americans
who are immensely proud of
the achievements of his holi-
ness.
"I want to convey their
sentiments here in the city
council and join them in cele-


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 2)
Brooklyn, but he has family in
Trinidad and St. Vincent.
"Due to his past criminal
history and the nature of his
alleged crimes, he is consid-
ered armed and dangerous,
the agency stated. He also is
wanted by the U.S. Bureau of
Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, Division of
Parole for New York State


on Jan. 1 after battling can-
cer. He was 75.
The Kingston-born
Hyatt appeared many
times in Jamaica's pan-
tomimes and other stage
and screen productions
in the Caribbean island
and overseas, including
"Busha Bluebeard",
"BLJd\\rd "Old Story
Time", "Two Can Play"
and "Smile Orange".
"Uncle Charlie" also
hosted the radio pro-
gram "It's Charlie's
Time" in Jamaica.
Hyatt is survived by
four children, grandchil-
dren, great-grandchildren
and his wife Marjorie.


rating the success of a reli-
gious leader whom is a ster-
ling example of the immigrant


Sansaricq


contribution to our city and
nation."
Bishop Sansaricq, 72,
who studied in Canada, was
ordained as bishop on Aug.
22, and also serves as the aux-
iliary bishop of the Brooklyn
diocese.
0


and the New York Police
Department.
U.S. law enforcement offi-
cers are asking anyone with
information about Neverson's
movements or whereabouts to
contact the U.S. Marshals at
1-800-336-0102.

Compiled from multiple
sources, including CMC and
U.S. Marshals Service.
0


Grenada to defend suit in U.S. court


January 2007


Charles Hyatt, Jamaican

actor, dies in Florida


New York City Council

honors Haitian bishop


T&T's Neverson is lone Caribbean

national on U.S. 'Most Wanted' list


t.)





January 2007


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CARIBBEAN TODAY

LO c n


REWARD SWEETENS LABOR


Photograph by Derrick A. Scott
Jamaica's Minister of Labor and Social Security Derrick Kellier, left, greets 85-year-old Hazel Morris, one of the first persons to be
employed in the Jamaica Central Labor Organization's (JCLO) overseas work program. Kellier and Morris met at the JCLO's annu-
al awards luncheon last month in Washington D.C., United States, to honor long serving members of the JCLO. Deanna Cantu
was honored for 37 years; Yvonne Dixon for 34 years; Grace Brown, 25 years; and Ambassador Richard Pierce, five years. The
minister gave the keynote address at the function, explaining that the provision of overseas work for the people of the Caribbean
is vital to the region's economies, societies and quality of life of the people.


Jamaica's consulate in Miami

announces new passport rules


Effective this month
there will be several
changes in office
procedures at the Consulate
General of Jamaica in Miami.
The lobby will now open
to the public from 9 a.m. to
noon, Mondays to Fridays.
The fees for passport renewal
will be increased to $105 for
adults and $75 for children
under age 18 years. The cost
of replacing passports is $185
for adults and $125 for chil-
dren.
The information was
made public in a press release


issued last month. According
to the release issued by the
consulate, the general fees
include mailing cost
for all applications,
whether by mail or
for those submitted
at the window. All
processed passports
will now be mailed
to passport appli-
cants.

PROCESSING TIME
Meanwhile, processing
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dow applications and eight
weeks for those mailed to the
consulate.
The consulate
will no
longer
issue tem-
poraryn
emergency
certificates
(EC), as
these will
no longer be
accepted by the United States'
Department of Homeland
Security (DHS) from persons
entering the U.S.
The new ruling by them
DHS coincides with the new
immigration law, known as the
Western Hemisphere Travel
Initiative, which goes into
effect on Jan. 23. That law
states that all traveling U.S.
citizens and residents must
be in possession of a valid
passport.
Meanwhile, Jamaica'so
Consul General, Ricardow
Allicock has urged all v
Jamaicans, Americans and
other nationals wishing to
travel abroad to have a valid
passport prior to departing
the U.S.
The office of the con-
sulate is located in downtown
Miami at the Ingraham

Suite 842. Persons can con-
tact the office at 305-374-8431.
0


Visiting rights


'IMMIGRATION for spouses of

f KORNER U.S. residents


QUESTION: I am a Caribbean
national living and working in
the Cayman Islands. I have
been engaged to my baby
father, an American citizen for
over five years and we lived
together while he was in
Jamaica. We have a four-year-
old daughter together and have
known each other for over 15
years. He wants us to get mar-
ried now, but I only need to be
able to visit him or be able to
accompany him on trips to his
home in the U.S. on occasions,
because I am working in the
Cayman Islands, and my daugh-
ter is going to school in
Jamaica. I want to marry him
very much but do I have to live
in the U.S.?

ANSWER: Your question is
rare, especially since so many
Caribbean and other immi-
grants yearn to marry a U.S.
citizen to settle in the U.S. and
earn immigration benefits,
says attorney Dolly Hassan.
But you can get married and
maintain visits without actual-
ly living in the U.S. You can
stay married that way, but
under U.S. immigration laws,
if he petitions for you and
your application is approved
for permanent residency, you
will be required to live in the
U.S.
However, since you do not
wish for him to petition for
you, then you will not be
affected by that clause, added
Hassan, and the U.S. immigra-
tion would not be involved.
However, you'll need to simply
maintain a visitor's visa and
not overstay the time allotted
upon entry at the border.
Note also that should you
change your mind after the
marriage and wish to settle
fully with your spouse, he can
petition for you using the I-
130 form or also sponsor you


before hand as a fiance and
get married within 90 days of
you arriving in the country.
For the sponsorship after
marriage route, however, the
U.S. Immigration and
Naturalization Service must
approve your application and
the U.S. State Department
visa bulletin must also show
that a spouse immigrant visa is
available.
Since you are outside the
U.S., when your visa petition
is approved, and when an
immigrant visa number
becomes available, you will be
notified to go to the local U.S.
consulate to complete the pro-
cessing for the visa. If you are
legally inside the U.S. when
your visa petition is approved,
and an immigrant visa number
becomes available, you may
use Form 1-485 to apply to
adjust to that of a lawful per-
manent resident, according to
the U.S. immigration laws.

This column, compiled by
Felicia Persaud, is created
especially for immigrants
concerned or unsure of issues
pertaining to the United
States immigration law. It
answers some of our readers'
frequently asked questions
and provides responses from
qualified immigration attor-
neys and advocates lobbying
for the U.S. immigration
cause.
Log on to www. immigra-
tionkornercom and submit
your questions. Personal
answers will not be provided
Answers provided are for infor-
mation purposes only, and does
not create attorney-client rela-
tionship, nor is it a substitute
for "legal advice", which can
only be given by a competent
attorney after reviewing all the
facts of the case.


Mix of old and new make up St. Lucia's Cabinet


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 4)
tion, human services, youth and
sports; Rufus Bousquet, minis-
ter of external affairs, financial
services and broadcasting; and
Stephenson King, minister for
health and labor.
The Cabinet will also
include Ezekiel Joseph, minister
for agriculture and fisheries;
Guy Joseph, minister for com-
munications, works and trans-
port and public utilities; Arsen
James, minister for education
and culture; and Guy Mayers,
the former head of the private


sector grouping here, as the
minister for trade, industry and
commerce.
The junior ministerial port-
folios will be held by Tessa
Mangal, in social transforma-
tion, women affairs, youth and
sports; Marcus Nicholas, minis-
ter in the Ministry of
Agriculture; Gaspard
Charlemagne, minister in the
Ministry of Education; and
Edmund Estephane, minister in
the Ministry of Trade, Industry
and Commerce.
0


January 2007






CARIBBEAN TODAY


F nT U R 6


LWW-crbbatoa.co


2006: The best and worst of times for the Caribbean


PETER RICHARDS

PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad,
CMC It was the best of times
and the worst of times.
It was a year of new begin-
nings as the much-anticipated
Caribbean community Single
Market
(CSM) was
ushered into
being and it
was a year of
endings as
BWIA, a
common sight
in regional
skies for over
60 years, Portia Simpson Miller
made prepa- became Jamaica's
rations for its first female prime
final descent minister.
at the end of
the year.
Environmentally, there
were no hurricanes or major
disasters to affect the lush land-
scape of the Caribbean. Nor
did Mother Nature vent her
wrath on the spanking new
infrastructure being developed
in the Caribbean to host the
International Cricket Council
World Cup 2007.

POLITICAL CHANGE
However, politically, things
were different with many polit-
ical winds of change blowing
across the region. As it did
more than 200 years ago, Haiti
led the political scene with a
return to democratic rule in
February; while in Jamaica,
P.J. Patterson changed the
landscape by resigning in
March after 14 years as prime
minister paving the way for the
Caribbean community (CARI-
COM) state to become the sec-
ond regional country after


Dominica, to be led by a
woman prime minister.
Guyana's President
Bharrat Jagdeo secured a
another term after general
elections, but towards the end,
his former CARICOM col-
league Dr. Kenny Anthony was
not as fortunate as Sir John
Compton defied the odds in St.
Lucia and at 82, became the
oldest person in the Caribbean
to be elected as prime minister.
"Age is not a factor here, I
am not here running for the
Olympics. Age is really in the
state of mind, I am giving my
experience and my intelligence
that God gave to me. I am not
going for a marathon, I am not
going for the Olympics," Sir
John told the Caribbean Media
Corporation (CMC) shortly
after his victory.
In the volcano-ravaged
island of Montserrat, John
Osborne was replaced as chief
minister by surgeon Dr. Lowell
Lewis, who said he was deter-
mined to have his coalition
administra-
tion stay its
five-year
term follow-
ing the May
31 general
elections in
the British
Overseas
Territory.
Lewis has Bharrat Jagdeo
the backing secured another term
of Osborne in Guyana.
as well as
another for-
mer chief minister, David
Brandt, who won a seat as an
independent.
Bermuda's new Premier
Ewart Brown took up office
in October after also ousting


incumbent Alex Scott as head
of the ruling Progressive
Labour Party (PLP), while in
Belize, Prime Minister Said
Musa's ruling Peoples United
Party (PUP) suffered a humili-
ating loss at
the Local
Government
elections to
the main
Opposition
United
Democratic
Party (UDP).
By year-
end, there Dr. Ewart Brown
were calls for ousted Alex Scott in
fresh elec- Bermuda.
tions not only
in Bermuda,
but in Jamaica, where the
Opposition Jamaica Labour
Party (JLP) is seeking to make
Prime Minister Portia Simpson
Miller the island's shortest-
serving prime ministers since
Independence in 1962.
Her reversal is largely due
to a scandal over the accept-
ance by the People's National
Party (PNP) a $470,000 cam-
paign donation from a Dutch-
based commodities firm,
Trafigura Beeher BV that also
saw the resignation of the
Information Minister Colin
Campbell, who was also the
party's general secretary.
Calls for general elections
also echoed in Trinidad and
Tobago, where the incumbent
Peoples National Movement
(PNM) will most likely face a
challenge in 2007 from the
main Opposition United
National Congress (UNC) and
the newly formed Congress of
the People (COP), a break-
away faction of the UNC led
by former Central Bank gover-


nor, Winston Dookeran.
Prime Minister Owen
Arthur continued to toy with
the idea of seeking a new man-
date from the Barbados elec-
torate with his Barbados
Labour Party (BLP) holding
regular weekly public meetings.
For its part, the Opposition
Democratic Labour Party
(DLP), headed once more by
attorney David Thompson,
says it is ready to answer
Arthur's bluff.

DARK CLOUD
The electoral victories
removed the dark cloud over
the region's politics that saw
the conviction of former
Trinidad and Tobago's Prime
Minister Basdeo Panday and
the historic assassination of a
government minister in
Guyana.
The much-heralded CSM,
a first component of the efforts
by the regional governments to
establish a Caribbean Single
Market and Economy (CSME)
that would allow for the free
movement of goods, skills,
labor and services across the
region, came into being in two
stages in 2006.
In January, Barbados,
Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago,
Belize, Suriname and Guyana,
signed the CSM agreement at a
ceremony at the Mona campus
of the University of West
Indies (UWI), while the sub-
regional Organization of
Eastern Caribbean States
(OECS) did so in July, after
receiving assurances that their
participation would not place
them at a further disadvantage
within the CARICOM group-
ing.
The regional governments


have also agreed on the estab-
lishment of a $250 million
Regional Development Fund
(RDF) to help disadvantaged
countries. However, with the
possible exception of oil-rich
Trinidad and Tobago,
Caribbean countries in 2006
struggled to maintain economic
growth. The situation was not
helped by
the rising
global prices r
for oil and (
even though
some region-
al states
sought to
take advan-
tage of the
PetroCaribe
PetroCaribe Basdeo Panday was
initiative convicted in Trinidad
provided by and Tobago.
Venezuela,
the interna-
tional financial and lending
agencies were warning of low
to moderate growth for the
Caribbean.

TRADE TROUBLES
Furthermore, the region's
plight has not been made any
easier by the positions adopted
by other countries within the
World Trade Organization
(WTO) particularly as they
relate to the Caribb.rni' prod-
ucts and services, such as rum,
sugar and bananas. In addition,
the proposed Economic
Partnership Agreement (EPA)
with Europe provided yet
another area of concern for the
region in 2006, particularly as
the Caribbean negotiators have
insisted that the new accord
must go beyond a trading
arrangement and embrace gen-

(CONTINUED ON PAGE 8)


Caribbean spearheads call for slavery reparation


EARL MOXAM

KINGSTON, Jamaica Mike
Henry, a veteran Opposition
Member of Parliament, wants
his resolution calling for repa-
ration for the slave trade to be
taken up by other parliaments
throughout the Caribbean
community (CARICOM).
"That would be my dream
and my hope, because anything
done in isolation will not have
the same impact," said Henry,
in an interview with the
Caribbean Media Corporation
(CMC).
And, in an impassioned
appeal to "all my Caribbean
colleagues," Henry said it was
crucial to recognize the impor-
tance of forging a united posi-
tion on the matter bIn.,tuL, in
that way, we would be able to
overcome the obstacles that
relate to it, remembering that
the divide-and-rule strategy has
always been used to keep us
where we are."
The issue should be picked


up by individual parliaments
within CARICOM, and also by
the Assembly of Caribbean
Community Parliamentarians
(ACCP), Henry ,ui..Lss It
would, he contends, be an
appropriate issue on which to
mobilize and make AACP
more relevant.

DEBATE
Henry's reparations
resolution will be debated
by Jamaica's House of
Representatives this month,
ahead of the official com-
memoration in March of the
200th anniversary of the -.
abolition of the Trans-
Atlantic Slave Trade. It
calls, among other things, Imp
for the acceptance by all
members of the legislature that
reparation is due "to the coun-
tries of the displaced descen-
dants (of African slaves)".
The resolution calls, as
well, for a House committee to
be established to quantify the
reparation due; and for the rel-
evant nations to be called upon


to provide compensation "by
way of cash and/ or debt
relief".


ported slaves.


Dr. Peter Phillips, leader of
government business in the
House of Representatives, is
looking forward to the resolu-
tion being debated, describing
it as "an appropriate move."
According to Phillips,
"this issue cuts very close to
the bone for Jamaican and


Caribbean people; the histori-
cal catharsis is very necessary."
As for what form the
actions resulting from the
debate will take, Phillips told
CMC that this had not yet
been determined.
"How that debt is paid -
people will differ on the ques-
tion," Phillips said. "Some want
cash payment, some say an apol-
ogy will suffice. We will need to
examine it carefully, bearing in
mind that it
has resulted in
the retardation
of Africa's -
development
and that the
results live on
in today's con-
ditions of
poverty in the
Caribbean." Henry

NOT SATISFIED
Plans for debating the res-
olution, coincide with (British
Prime Minister) Tony Blair's
publicized expression of "deep
sorrow" about his country's


role in the slave trade, abol-
ished by an Act of Parliament
on March 25,
1807. While
welcoming
this as a small
first step,
Henry is far
from satisfied
with Blair's
statement.

"Invariably, the Philips
conquering
races have been able to get away
with apologies and an escape of
the real costs to their pockets,
because, ultimately, money is what
they understand," he stressed.
Leading scholars in
Jamaica have also joined the
debate sparked by Tony Blair's
statement. Professor Verene
Shepherd, chairperson of the
Jamaica National Bicentenary
Committee, d,,. r ib-d the
statement as inadequate,
though an improvement on
previous positions taken by the
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 8)


January 2007






CARIBBEAN TODAY


66-, US, U iiiii3^ a


"Age is not
a factor here, I
am not here
running for
the Olympics"
82-year old
Sir John
Compton after
guiding his
United Workers Party (UWP)
to a stunning victory in St.



(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 7)
uine development.
It was a year of turbulence
for regional air carriers and at
the end of the year, the debt
ridden 60-year-old BWIA, the
Trinidad and Tobago national
carrier, was no more, making
way for a leaner Caribbean
Airlines that has also promised
better service on fewer routes.
The cash-strapped Leeward
Islands Air Transport (LIAT)
was still engaged in merger talks
with another regional airline,
Caribbean Star and the three
major Caribbean government
shareholders in LIAT said they
expected the new entity to
become operational early this
year. Health challenges
remained throughout the year
with the CJ(hbrlI1n, which ranks
behind Africa as having the
highest incidence of HIV infec-
tion in the world announced in
2006 that model legislation on
HIV was being developed and
could be completed by next year.
A malaria outbreak in
Jamaica was holding the atten-
tion of the authorities towards
the end of the year, and some
Caribbean governments
announced measures to limit
its spread. In
a year when
the
Caribbean
Court of
Justice sat for
its first major
appeal, shock
waves spread
across the
Owen Arthur offered region when
a new mandate in Trinidad and
Barbados. Tobago's
embattled
Chief Justice Satnarine Sharma
became the first sitting head of
the judiciary to face a criminal
charge.
"The bottom line is that
there is in Trinidad and Tobago,
as I have said before, a principle
of equality before the law. We
subscribe to it, we live by it,"
said Attorney General John
Jeremie said of the charge.
After several attempts to
prevent his arrest, including a
challenge before the London-
based Privy Council, Sharma
was slapped with a charge of
seeking to pervert the course of
public justice. The charge arose


Lucia's general elections last
month.

* "The result was a shock. It
was clearly different from the
opinion
polls" Dr.
Kenny
Anthony,
whose ruling
St. Lucia
Labour Party
lost the recent
general elec-
tions despite
pre-ballot polls projecting the
SLP as a clear favorite for a


FEATU RE


third term in office.

"It is an
unnatural situ-
ation to have
hostilities
between two
countries
which are 90
miles away
from each
other" St. Vincent and the
Grenadines Prime Minister
Ralph Gonsalves last month
predicting that the decades old
trade embargo by the United
States on Cuba will soon


be resolved.

* "I really
can't feel my
legs. This is
phenomenal"
- 18-year-old
Barbadian-
born singer
Rihanna
expressing her
joy after winning three major
honors at the Billboard Music
Awards last month in the
United States.

* "If you help the people at


2006: The best and worst of times for the Caribbean


out of his alleged role in the
trial of Basdeo Panday, who had
been sentenced to two years
imprisonment after he was
found guilty in a Magistrate's
Court of knowingly failing to
declare his London bank
account to the Integrity
Commission for the years 1997,
1998, and 1999. Panday has
since appealed the conviction.
But Panday was not the
only politician in Trinidad to
have ran afoul of the law.
Several former members of his
Cabinet are still before the
courts on charges arising out of
the Piarco Airport rehabilita-
tion project and in 2006, two
government ministers, and pos-
sibly a third, in the Patrick
Manning administration were
facing criminal charges on mat-
ters not related to the airport.

CRIME
Crime continued unabated
in the Caribbean during 2006, as
like Trinidad and Tobago and
Jamaica, Guyana and indeed
the entire Caribbean continued
to be haunted by rising criminal
activities particularly murder.
Antigua and Barbuda, for
example, announced a series of
measures including a mobile-
armed task force, the searching
of vehicles at nights and tighter
control of the air and seaports
in a bid to deal with the crime
situation on the island. While
Jamaica led the region with the
number of homicides in 2006,
the region was stunned by the
assassination of Guyana's
Agriculture Minister
Satyadeow "Sash" Sawh, as
well as the murder of several
media workers and the
unprecedented level of killings
linked to armed groups in
Guyana.
The country's crime situa-
tion was further compounded
by the disappearance of a num-
ber of Russian-made AK-47
rifles from the Guyana
Defence Force and used in
many killings. Caribbean gov-
ernments continued to point an
accusing finger at the "return-
ing criminal deportees" from
the United States for the
upsurge in crime, even though
Washington maintained there
was no proof linking its policy
of returning criminals to the
Caribbean.


HAITI'S STRUGGLES
Haiti still in need of a
heavy dose of foreign direct
investment to boost its ailing
economy, continued to reel
under the pressure of crime,
particularly kidnapping, where


armed gangs were now using
that activity to secure funds
from wealthy and in some
cases, not too wealthy families.
The Trinidad and Tobago gov-
ernment reported a drastic
decline in kidnapping during
the year, but the Opposition


Caribbean spearheads call for

slavery reparation


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 7)
British government. Shepherd,
professor of social history at
the University of the West
Indies (Mona), in a statement
to the Jamaican media, noted
that the British prime minister
had i ,pp d short of apologiz-
ing for Britain"s role in the
trade in Africans and offering
to make amends."
Advancing an argument for
reparation, she recalled that "the
forced relocation of Africans to
the Americas and the productive
output of such Africans and
their descendants, helped to
transform the Atlantic into a
complex trading area, turning it
into the center of the interna-
tional iiin m) Furthermore,
she asserted, "without enslaved
Africans and the trans-Atlantic
trade, the potential economic
value of the Americas could
never have been achieved."
Professor Rex Nettleford,
vice chancellor emeritus of the
University of the West Indies, in
his own statement on the mat-
ter, made a number of uI_._-.-
tions as to how Blair and the
British government could com-
pensate the people of the West
Indies, "the longest colonized
piece of real estate." A princi-
pal means of reparation, he
said, could be a significant
monetary contribution towards
"widening the provision of terti-
ary education and training in
the West Indies to equip the
descendants of the slaves to
meet the challenges of this
new century and beyond."
Education, he noted, had pro-
vided an escape out of endemic
poverty for many descendants
of African slaves in the West
Indies, but stressed that too
many still had not achieved this.
Accordingly, the renowned
scholar wants the British gov-
ernment, "with its high regard


for the benefits which education
can bring to all societies," to
make "a substantial contribu-
tion to education in the region."
It's a suggestion that finds
favor with Henry, the sponsor
of the reparation resolution in
Jamaica's Parliament, as "one
of several approaches to com-
pensating our people for the
deprivations suffered during
slavery and the slave trade."

FOREFRONT
Jamaica led the way in
convincing the United Nations
General Assembly to mandate
member states to commemo-
rate the abolition of the Slave
Trade on Mar. 25, 2007. Some
160 countries, including former
colonial powers the United
Kingdom, France, Belgium and
the Netherlands, as well as all
African states, supported the
resolution, adopted on Nov. 28.
The resolution was spearhead-
ed by Jamaica and tabled by
CARICOM countries, procur-
ing the agreement of the
General Assembly to designate
Mar. 25 as the International
Day for the Commemoration
of the 200th Anniversary of the
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade.
The resolution urged member
states to develop educational
programs to educate and incul-
cate in future generations, an
understanding of the lessons,
history and consequences of
slavery and the slave trade.
The General Assembly will
convene a special commemora-
tive meeting in remembrance of
the event on Mar. 26, 2007.
The Jamaica National
Bicentenary Committee is coor-
dinating several activities to
commemorate the anniversary.

- CMC
I


the destina-
tion, you are a
pilgrim, other-
wise you're
merely a trav-
eler" Lelei
LeLaulu, pres-
ident of I
Counterpart
International, urging tourists
to assist the less fortunate in
the places they visit.

Compiled from CMC and
other sources.
0


and business groups say this
was due mainly to the forced
payment of extortion money
or "coward tax" to protect fam-
ilies from kidnappers.

- CMC


*


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Vol. 18, Number 2 JAN. 2007

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January 2007





CARIBBEAN TODAY


GORDON WILLIAMS

Last month, an American
television network ran a
feature about an
African man, well into his 80s,
who had enrolled in his vil-
lage's basic school.
The man, who never
attended school before, said
he wanted to learn because
there is much he wants to con-
tribute. Certainly he is not too
old to learn.. .or to try and
help out.
In the Caribbean, another
man in his 80s, was back in the
classroom too last month. The
course he enrolled in kind of
a refresher is running a gov-
ernment.
Former Prime Minister
Sir John Compton was
returned to power in St. Lucia
by a significant majority, his
United Workers Party (UWP)
defeating Kenny Anthony and
the St. Lucia Labour Party's
bid for a third consecutive
term. And right off the bat the
82-year-old made it clear that
he knew his age would never
be a factor in the result.
"Age is really in the state
of mind," Compton declared.
"I am giving my experience
and my intelligence that God
gave to me. I am not going for
a marathon, I am not going
for the Olympics."

NEW START
The election results show
that the voters understood
that message as well. What
they wanted was a new
start... even if it is being led by
an old hat. Compton has been
around awhile. He guided St.
Lucians into associated state-
hood. In the late 1970s he was
their leader when the island
claimed Independence from
Britain.
Ten years ago, Sir John,
at a nice ripe age usually
reserved for retirees, stepped
down as St. Lucia's prime min-
ister. Since then, other power-
ful figures in the Caribbean
have left political leadership,
including former prime minis-
ters of Jamaica P.J. Patterson
and Edward Seaga. New
blood is running through their
political landscape, including
Jamaica's first woman prime
minister, as they get more
comfy on the sidelines.
However, UWP followers
were plunged into a dark
political patch after Compton
left, losing heavily in the elec-
tions of 1997 and 2001. So this
time around they summoned
Sir John. At 82, he has deliv-
ered their prize.
Among the interesting
notes from St. Lucia's general
elections is that an estimated 60
percent of some 135,958 elec-
tors turned out to vote. Not bad,
but not great either. Refreshing


is that both major parties con-
ceded that the elections were
generally clean and fair.

CAMPAIGN FUNDING
But election campaign
funding, one issue which was
raised during the St. Lucia
campaign, still remains a bug-
bear after the polls have
closed. With the steady influx
of illegal drug money into the
Caribbean, the region has
always been the target of
speculation that the powerful
drug barons pull more than
enough strings at election
time. That is not a comfort-
able situation to live with. In
some countries of the region,
Jamaica for example, the issue
of campaign funding reform
has come up for recent
debate.
Meanwhile, St. Lucia's
recent elections have not
escaped the probing eyes
of outside observers.
Immediately after the Dec. 11
polls, an Organization of
American States (OAS) team,
which observed the elections,
publicly called for "cross party
accord on campaign financ-
ing" to further enhance demo-
cratic rule in the Caribbean
state. The OAS admitted that
campaigning in the Caribbean
had become "increasingly
. \ ~P'L 1\ L but pushed for the
accord to promote "trans-
parency and accountability" in
the region's democracies.

CLEAN SLATE
Sir John, with a clean
slate and a fresh mandate, has
a chance to move his country
in the right direction on this
issue. The problem of dirty
money scattered across
Caribbean elections did not
arise after he left St. Lucia's
top job the first time. The old
hat has been around long
enough to watch the scourge
hatch and grow. Now he is at
the helm again. Whether he
likes the Olympic theme or
not, St. Lucians have again
handed him the leadership
baton. His job is to run with it
and win the positive changes
that the people demand.
And that is the advantage
for Sir John. While the
African man was entering the
classroom for the first time,
Compton has been there
before. He is not some wet-
foot youngster learning the
ropes of St. Lucia and
Caribbean politics. He may
have some catching up to do,
but he must also be held to
the highest level of accounta-
bility; maybe even higher than
anyone else before him.
Class, is now officially in
session.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.


V I W p o i n T


Old people really get a
raw deal, and not until
you've reached their
age can you really appreciate
their trials, tribulations and
lack of titillation.
The subject of old people
and sex is a vexing one are
they getting it, are they enjoy-
ing it, should they be partici-
pating?! Old in this case being
people over 70 years or so, I
would imagine.
The Lord did give us
three score and 10 years. He
didn't say to score up until the
last day. Now, what in heav-
en's name is someone over 70
doing having sex? At that age
shouldn't they put down those
activities and take up the
Bible and join church or
something?
Did I say join church?
Let's take that back, for that's
where the sex seems to be, the
way those deacons and elders
are carrying on with the young
flock. "Leave sex to young
people," at least that's what
some people tend to think.
After all, no one really thinks
of people up in age, say 75 or
even 80 or over, having sex.
Now close your eyes and
mentally conjure up that pic-
ture. But as unappealing as it
may look, they do, and have
every right to.

PERCEPTION
We were all conditioned
to believe that sex is only for
the young. After all, most of
the magazines, movies, books,
commercials and porno stuff,
show young, youthful, well
sculpted, muscular men, plus
shapely, sexy, curvy female
bodies, wrapped up, entwined,
cleaving unto each other in
the throes of passion. Never
ever will we see geriatrics, old
and wrinkled, wrapped in a
lovers' embrace.
Can you imagine a porno
movie showing that? No way.
So, as a result, our image of
sex is only between young peo-
ple. But old people do it too.
Many experts speak of
older couples not necessarily


having a
need for 'real
sex', but
more having
a desire to
cuddle and
caress with a
need to feel
wanted. They
also say that TONY
in many cases ROBINSON
the sex act
wasn't even
consummated, just the lovey
dovey stuff.
Well, I say an emphatic
no, as my studies and old
friends have proven other-
wise. That may hold true for
old women, but old men in
Jamaica don't just want lovey
dovey, touchy feel, caressing,
hand holding only crap. They
want the real deal, the raw
basic animal-humping-sweaty-
head-banging-sweaty-sex that
they used to have in their
lusty youth. And that's why
Viagra was invented, so that
dirty old men could get down
and dirty.
To prove my point, with
the advent of Viagra, many old
men simply got up and left
their wives after they finally
got it up. Even more, many old
men, now on Viagra are con-
tracting all sorts of venereal


m wwwcaribb* e antoda 7*comI


diseases and bringing it home
to their unsuspecting hapless
wives. This includes HIV/
AIDS, which hardly bothers
some old cowboys who say,
"AIDS take all of 10 years to
kill you, I am 75, do the math,
what do I care...I am having
the time of my life."

REAL ROCK
So much for cuddling and
touchy feely only for old peo-
ple. The men want the real
thing. Just check and see who
watches porno movies, visit
go-go clubs, chase schoolgirls,
buy prostitutes. A significant
majority are old men who give
God thanks, but thank Viagra
even more. And whereas old
men are having sex, they
aren't having it with old
women either, and in many
cases it's not their fault, but
they're merely victims of bio-
logical circumstances, and
here's why. You take a man of
75 years, perhaps suffering
from erectile dysfunction or
weakened, limp, half mast and
put him with a woman of 70
and see what happens. But
voila, take that same old man
and put him with a young
nymphet and see the raging

(CONTINUED ON PAGE 10)


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January 2007






CARIBBEAN TODAY


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V I e W P 0 I N T


Racial fairness again on trial in America


WASHINGTON Affirmative
action is on trial at the United
States Supreme Court. Judging
by the chilly reception that five
of the nine justices gave it dur-
ing oral arguments recently, the
only question left is how far the
court will go in overruling racial
preferences as a constitutional
way to reme-
dy the histori-
cal damage
done by racial
preferences.
I do not
use the P-
word lightly. I
have publicly
debated for- A
mer CLARENCE
University of PAGE
California
regent Ward
Connerly and others who use
the word p ili h 1' to
denounce any effort by govern-
ment to remedy the historical
problems of race by taking race
into account.
I have defended affirmative
action when employed in the
judicious way that past conser-
vative Supreme Courts have
allowed it: "narrowly applied"
with "strict scrutiny" when there
is a "compelling state interest".

OVERREACHING
But, the Louisville and
Seattle public school student
assignment plans now before the
court offer troubling examples
of the overreaching "reverse dis-
crimination" that affirmative
action foes rail against. For
those with long memories, the
case of Joshua McDonald is par-
ticularly poignant. Joshua is a
white Louisville student who
was assigned to a kindergarten
that was a 90-minute bus ride
away, past a closer school which
Jefferson County school officials
said already had enough white
students that year.
That's painfully ironic.
Linda Brown, a black third grad-
er in Topeka, Kansas, was forced


to take a long bus ride to school
every day past a closer neighbor-
hood school that did not admit
blacks. The landmark 1954
Brown vs. Board of Education
school desegregation decision
bears her father's name. Where
have we Americans come, we
must ask ourselves, when the
decision to help black kids like
Linda Brown who were turned
away from schoolhouses in the
name of segregation is used to
turn Joshua McDonald away in
the name of desegregation?
Worse, as Bill Cosby force-
fully told civil rights leaders at
the 50th anniversary of the
Brown decision, what have we
gained when the past half-cen-
tury of desegregation has failed
to close the academic achieve-
ment gap between blacks and
Latinos on one side and whites
and Asians on the other?

TRUTH
Some of my fellow African
Americans were offended by
Cosby's candor but he spoke the
truth. Close the grade and test
score gap and the affirmative
action debate ends.
Unfortunately, we too often
have seen school desegregation
lead to further divisions in
which black and Latino students
are tracked into lower-perform-
ing classes and white and Asian
students tracked toward college.
That problem is bigger than
buses.
Diversity is a virtue, but we
need to focus on educating all
kids regardless of the racial
makeup in classrooms. That's
going to take more than march-
es, pickets and "Save Brown"
chants, as we saw outside the
Supreme Court building. It's
going to take a massive effort as
focused and relentless as the
civil rights revolution that
Brown ignited.
Again, history offers
important lessons. The 1971
case of Swann vs. Charlotte-
Mecklenburg Board of


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Education in North Carolina
upheld the busing of students as
an appropriate remedy for the
problem of racial imbalance.
But its impact was watered
down three years later. That's
when the Supreme Court
barred forced busing across
school district lines in the
Milliken vs. Bradley decision,
which only served to accelerate
white flight to the suburbs.

NO TURNING BACK
Left with dwindling num-
bers of white students, urban dis-
tricts were left to do what they
should have done all along:
improve their schools to lure the
middle-class back. Except the
cities mostly improved a few
showcase "magnet" schools
and left the rest to get by the
best they could.
When Charlotte-Mecklenburg
took that route, it closed the
achievement gap in reading
and math well enough to be
recognized by the Council of
the Great City Schools as one of
four top urban districts. Alas, it
also was sued successfully by
white parents whose children
had been turned away by the
magnets of their choice.
Students in Charlotte-
Mecklenburg's schools have con-
tinued to perform well across
racial lines. Yet, in the absence of
desegregation plans, enrollment
by race has followed the racial
patterns of neighborhoods. A
similar pattern is expected to fol-
low nationwide if the Supremes
overturn Seattle and Louisville's
desegregation plans.
Either way, it would not be
the end of Brown vs. Board,
despite the alarms sounded by
some civil rights leaders. Blacks
will not be returned to the back
of the bus or to the "colored"
waiting rooms and water foun-
tains that humiliated my family
and me in my youth. Instead,
we could be motivated, as some
school districts already have
been, to move to the next


rational step for our liberation:
the integration of low-income,
low-achieving students into a
higher-achieving future. It will
take more than a bus for us to
make that trip.


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 9)
bull unleashed.
Walk softly and carry a
big stick is the mantra of the
lusty old man, plus Viagra in
the back pocket can't hurt
either. The fact is, young
women are the old man's
Viagra, as men being visual
creatures, are turned on more
by a young body, than by an
old one. If this were not true,
then go-go dancers would be
70 years old and over. If this
were not so, call girls would be
recruited from the old folks
home. If this were not true,
old men would leave their
wives and take up with an
even older woman, or have an
older mistress on the side.

CONSEQUENCES
Now the consequence of
the old man dealing with the
young girl may be dire, as after
a while he may not be able to
manage, and she in turn may
seek a younger man, closer to
her age. But the fact is, the
desire for sex with the young
girl is powerful in the old man.
Also, he better have
money, as no young girl will
be taking up with any broke
pocket old man. When you
check out those Internet
scams, where young girls are
lured into sexploits, in most
cases they are victims to old
grey back men. Right now in
the U.S. there is a huge cam-
paign to crack down on this
practice, and just a few
months ago a high ranking
U.S. official was caught in a
sting operation as he solicited


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a 14-year-old girl online.
So anyone who thinks that old
people aren't having sex had
better think again.. .but just ask
who they are having sex with.
Just as a sidebar, there is
now a growing trend of beauti-
ful female teachers in the U.S.
having sex with their students.
One was even a former beauty
queen. So slightly older women
have needs for younger folk
too.
But I pity the poor old
woman, for while the old
crusty grey back man, souped
up on Viagra or Cialis, can
have all the sex that he wants,
poor granny isn't getting any
of the action. Let's face it, let's
be real, would you troll the
corridors of the Golden Age
Home looking for a lay? I'm
not being unkind, but that's
the way it is. Most of the ladies
on display in red light districts
are pretty tempting, but some
in the back streets down, close
to the docks, are over the hill,
weather beaten, and seen bet-
ter days and better lays. They
are the old ladies of the night,
ageing dowagers who must
have been on the reserve team
in the dark light district. They
are as old as dirt, and no won-
der they are on the back alleys
near the canal in the shadows
and not on the front page.
Naturally those go for less
than half price, closing down
sale price even. But even so,
they get few takers. And little
wonder, as chances are, even
the most virile man would
have been a complete flop
with them. So much for old
women and sex, such is their
plight.
Now, I'm sure that there
are old loving couples still
indulging, who may even
refute my claims saying: "We
may be old, but we're not
cold." I'm happy for them.
But I guarantee, put a young
girl beside that old man and
watch him transform, and I'm
sure that the old lady would
prefer a younger firm bodied
stud too, if he would have her.
What I do know is that old
folks need love too, but unfor-
tunately, the word dirty pre-
cedes a lusty old man, and per-
haps for good reason, as dirty
old men are having lots of fun.
But they aren't having it with
old women who also need love
too. Why no dirty old women?
Now that needs exploring.

seidol@hotmail. corn
0


Old folks need love too


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Black currants: a tasty alternative to fish oil SANTA'S SURPRISE


SUZY COHEN

QUESTION: I have heard
that fish oil is good for heart
health, but when I eat fish, my
throat starts to close and I'm
certain that I'm allergic to
seafood. Will fish oil supple-
ments create this allergic reac-
tion as well? What do you
suggest?

ANSWER: If your reaction is
that severe, then avoid sup-
plementation with fish oils.
You are right though, the
essential fatty acids (EFA)
found in fish oils are good for
the heart, and that's what
most people have heard
about. But EFAs are good for
many conditions.
There is research to sup-
port the ability of EFAs to
boost mood, improve choles-
terol ratios, protect our brain
and memory, relieve joint
pain, improve digestion, ease
constipation, fight infections
and smooth out wrinkles.

OPTION
If you'd like to take
EFAs, but you are allergic to
fish or don't want to use an
animal-derived product, then
consider black currant oil as
an option. Black currants con-
tain a lot gamma linoleic acid,
which provides powerful anti-


inflammatory substances when
taken in normal dosages.
Don't overdo anything, though


Black currants


- not even good stuff.
Black currants are little
fruits that provide EFAs that
are particularly helpful in
reducing inflammation, espe-
cially in gals. What comes to
mind here is all that breast
tenderness that women get
right before their period, and
other PMS problems in gener-
al. Taking even one gelcap a
day of this supplement (1,000
mg) can make a considerable
difference in your overall
health.
Black currant products are
also found as jams and teas.
Since they're fruit rather than
fish-derived, you can make
tastier things out of them.
While we're on the sub-
ject of PMS, you could add


vitamin B6 (about 50 mg
daily), magnesium (about 100
mg daily) and Vitamin E
(about 400 mg daily) and real-
ly see some terrific cramp-
reducing and mood-boosting
benefits.

POWERFUL
Black currants have as
many powerful antioxidants as
blueberries, maybe more.
They also have more Vitamin
C than oranges, plus they con-
tain anthocyanins the plant
pigment that provides anti-
cancer protection because it
fights free radicals.
So just because you can't
take fish oils doesn't mean that
you can't get a good source of
EFAs. You can also look at
other oils, such as evening
primrose oil and borage oil.
Did you know? If you are
allergic to peaches, plums,
cherries or apricots, then you
could also be allergic to
almonds? They all belong to
the same family.

Suzy Cohen is a registered
pharmacist. To contact her,
visit www.dearpharmacist.com

2006 Dear Pharmacist,
inc. Distributed by Tribune
Media Services, Inc.
0


Ackee returns to the U.S. after year-long ban


The United States has
lifted its ban on ackee
imports and Jamaica's
national fruit, a tasty delicacy


AcKee disn


from the Caribbean island, is
again back on store shelves
after being sorely missed by
the diaspora for over a year.
According to
a recent report from
the Associated
Press, "Jamaica has
.. resumed shipments
of its beloved
national fruit to the
United States,
where fears of a
toxin that can occur
naturally in the red-
skinned ackee
$9 prompted the gov-
t ernment to order
them off store
shelves (in 2005)".
S Well over 100
cases of ackee left


Jamaica's capital Kingston
early last month for Florida.
The U.S. Food and Drug
Administration (FDA), which
issued the original recalls,
approved the resumption of
imports under new screening
procedures that began in
November, the news agency
reported. Only firms that have
shown themselves capable of
keeping the toxin under con-
trol will be allowed to export
the fruit to the United States,
said FDA spokesman Michael
Herndon.

DANGER
The popular fruit, which


contains edible pods, pro-
duces a compound known as
hypoglycin that can reach
dangerous levels when it is
picked too early and is not
ripe. The toxin can cause a
drop in blood sugar and vom-
iting, and, in rare cases, con-
vulsions, coma and death. The
recall affected fruit sold in
Massachusetts, Connecticut
and New York.
The Associated Press
reported that the FDA said it
will establish with the
Jamaican government com-
mon standards to better regu-
late ackee sales in the U.S.
Jamaica's Agriculture


Minister Roger Clarke said
the country's standards
bureau sent teams to ackee
processing plants across the
Caribbean island to ensure
screening procedures are up
to date, the A.P. reported.
Ackee trees are native
to West Africa, and many
believe they came to Jamaica
aboard slave ships. Sauteed
like a vegetable, the golden
flesh of the ackee resembles
scrambled eggs. Ackee mixed
with dried and salted codfish,
once a staple of slaves, is now
Jamaica's national dish.
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January 2007


CARIBBEAN TODAY





CARIBBEAN TODAY


. .iiiiii3^ a


Region expects growth,

despite challenging 2006


St. Lucia wins top

Caribbean destination


BRIDGETOWN, Barbados -
The Caribbean Hotel
Association (CHA) has
described 2006 as a challenging
year for the region's bread and
butter tourism industry, but
said most countries should end
the year with some growth.
"I think that it is safe to
say that for the Caribbean the
summer (last) year was a bit
of a difficult period. There
was a general slow down in
the area. I think some coun-
tries are still maintaining some
growth," CHA President
Peter Odle told the Caribbean
Media Corporation.
Using Barbados as an
example, Odle said the coun-
try was "on target to hit the
four percent growth which
had been projected at the start
of the year. I think that possi-
bly it might exceed it by a
couple of decimal points."

NEGATIVE IMPACT
The CHA president said a
combination of factors, both
internal and external, impact-
ed negatively on Caribbean
tourism last year.


"One of the problems in
recent times is that we have
had a lot of hurricanes in the
region so we are finding that
period, for example, middle
of August, end of August,
September, October, people
are tending to shy away from
the region a little bit because
that late period is associated


with hurricanes.
"We have had the situation
where there was (World Cup
soccer) in Europe this year and
that attracted a number of peo-
ple going to Germany and that
affected us around that time as


Plviir!-5tih State
'UNI '1 R7%


well," he said.
He added that countries
in Asia affected by the tsuna-
mi two years ago have been
coming back into the market
and this has had an impact on
the industry in the Caribbean.

EXPECTATIONS
However, Odle still
expected most regional desti-
nations to record growth this
year even though he admitted
that there were some concerns
ahead of next year's Cricket
World Cup.
"March is one area where
we still have some concerns,
but there are a number of ini-
tiatives in the market place to
try to move the March num-
bers.
"We think that is a direct
result of people thinking that
cricket is in March and
April...the traditional people
who come in that period tend
to shy away somewhat because
they are not necessarily com-
ing for the cricket," he said.

- CMC
0


CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC -
St. Lucia has been recognized
as the top Caribbean destina-
tion in the 2006 annual Travel
Weekly Readers' Choice
Awards.
The St. Lucia Tourist
Board stated last month that
the award recipients were cho-
sen by Travel Weekly readers,
a collection of agents, industry
marketing executives and
chief executive officers of the
world's largest travel compa-
nies throughout North
America.
These travel industry
leaders visited the Travel
Weekly website and voted to
select just 12 resorts and 103
suppliers as finalists in this
year's Readers' Choice
Awards competition.
Called the "Emerald Ilk
for its majestic mountains,
lush rainforest and secluded



LIAT, Carit


to merge
BRIDGETOWN, Barbados,
CMC Barbados Prime
Minister Owen Arthur says
regional airlines Caribbean
Star and Leeward Islands Air
Transport (LIAT) will merge
on Feb. 1.
The Barbados govern-
ment is one of three major
shareholder governments in
LIAT, with the other two
being Antigua and Barbuda


and St. Vincent and the
Grenadines.
The Feb. 1 start-up date
was announced at the end of
a negotiating session late last
month led by Arthur and Sir
Allen Stanford, the Caribbean
Star owner. While Antigua
was present at the mLL in-'
Arthur said that the decision
taken had to be put to St.
Vincent and the Grenadines
and the other shareholders for
full approval. He said that the
airlines would begin operating
immediately as though the
merger was in place, replacing
the current practice of intense
competition with intense co-
operation.
"A commercial agreement


waterfalls, St. Lucia was
chosen out of a pool of five
Caribbean destinations,
including Aruba, Dominican
Republic, Jamaica, and the
United States Virgin Islands.
Lorine Charles St. Jules,
director of marketing North
America, accepted the award
on behalf of St. Lucia.
"St. Lucia's wild and
exquisite beauty, hospitable
culture and vast tourism offer-
ings are truly remarkable,"
she said. "We are thrilled that
the readers of Travel Weekly
have recognized St. Lucia as
the leading destination in the
Caribbean."
The award was
announced at a function
at the Pierre Hotel in New
York last month and will be
featured in the Jan. 15 issue
of Travel Weekly.



)bean Star


on Feb. 1
will be put in place to utterly
change the schedules that the
airlines now operate, to
rationalize them and to be
better able to use the airlift
capacity," Arthur said.
"It will manifest itself in
the airlines being able to use
less aircraft than they're
presently using, to provide a
more rational service, and that
will come into effect from
early February."
Arthur said that the merg-
er would be completed within
three to four months of the
initial Feb. 1 start up date,
adding that the rights of work-








Caribbean Star

ers would be protected once
the merger had taken place.

'PERFECT SENSE'
Sir Allen said that the
merger makes perfect sense.
He also said it would benefit
the traveling public and the
two airlines.
"At the end of the day the
Caribbean travelling public is
going to benefit tremendously
out of this," Sir Allen said.
"In this the process, it's
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 13)


all during the Miami-Dade Public Library System's
EoamG fffiBsoo


GET UP, STAND UPr
Join Reggae Historian Herbie Miller as he presides
over an afternoon of art, music and discussion
on Saturday, January 20,2:00 5:00 p.m.


'EQUAL RIGHTS:
REGGAE AND SOCIAL CHANGE
A traveling exhibit that presents social history
through Jamaican art and music.


EquatRlhts, Album byPoteTosh,Year
Released. 1977 Cover Design Andy Erigle
phaoto b John v Co. rtesy of l PInU~h
State Usiverslty


Main Library
101 W. Flagler St. 305-375-2665

cifibank n@ 'e tfamiximes o UsiibUT W le -
For information about these and other Black History Month programs, visit www.mdpls.org


January 2007


F


0 U R I S M / T R n V IE t








Air Jamaica picks up slack in Barbados / T RAV

Air Jamaica picks up slack in Barbados


BRIDGETOWN, Barbados,
CMC Regional carrier Air
Jamaica will fill the void created
by Caribbean Airlines' decision
to drop non-stop direct flights
between Barbados
and New York,
according to tourism
officials.
Minister of
Tourism Noel Lynch
said that with the
Caribbean Airways -
Trinidad and Tobago's new
national airline to replace
BWIA deciding to cease direct
flights on the
Barbados-
New York
route from
this month,
Air Jamaica
would pick up
the slack by
office daily
flights effec-
tive Jan.10.
Lynch Lynch
admitted that
tourism officials and hoteliers
here were worried about the
possible impact Caribbean
Airways' decision to cease non-
strop flights into and out of JFK
airport could have on the U.S.
tourism market, which
remained an important one
for the island's main foreign


L ~crbbatoa.co


exchange earning sector.

BENEFITS
Campbell Rudder, Air
Jamaica's regional director for


the northeast U.S., said the
Jamaica government-owned air-
line was confident that the route
would be sustainable based on
the considerable interest shown
in the service through advanced
bookings and strong response
from agents.
"What it does for Barbados
is that you now have 14 weekly
non-stop flights seven in and
seven out. It also allows you
that ability to tap into the U.S.
markets, another six or seven
cities within the U.S., bringing
tourism into the market,"
Rudder added.
He said the service would
also benefit other Eastern
Caribbean countries as it would
go on to St. Lucia four days a
week and Grenada on the other
three days.
0


Dominica launches

new travel website


T he National Development
Corporation in Dominica
has officially launched its
new website, www.discoverdo-
minica.com.
The site is dedicated to
providing comprehensive
information about Dominica
as a premier eco-tourism and
adventure travel destination.
Enhancements to the origi-
nal website include interactive
maps, streaming video, down-
loadable screensavers and
E-cards. It also has a live
webcam.
The new website features
a range of information about
the island, including what to
see and do, where to stay,
places to eat, a calendar of
events, and a features section
that highlights packages, and
the island's latest news.

GROWTH
"Dominica is continuing to
grow as both a premier eco-


tourism and adventure travel
destination, and our online
presence will reflect that posi-
tion," Yvor Nassief, minister of
tourism, industry and private
sector relations for Dominica,
said in a recent press release.
"The website will be used
as a tool to assist in building
continued awareness of the
destination and we believe its
design and new features will
effectively differentiate us
from some of our primary
competitors."
Dominica is also home to
the last remaining "L i l m1 n111 of
the indigenous peoples of the
Caribbean Carib Indians.
For more information
on Dominica, contact the
Dominica Tourist Office in
New York at 888.645.5637; or
visit Dominica's official web-
site at www.discoverdomini-
ca.com.
0


LIAT, Caribbean Star to merge on Feb. 1


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 12))
been somewhat painful over
the past few years fighting
each other, and now coming
together makes all the sense
in the world. Our only goal is
to provide a safe, affordable
and consistently reliable air
transport link between the


islands and I'm just proud to
be part of this process today."
LIAT and Caribbean Star
have been exploring the possi-
bility of a merger for months
now. Both sides began official
talks in October.
0


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CARIBBEAN TODAY





CARIBBEAN TODAY


- u scrbes..


BOOKS


A light-hearted multi-cultural romp, s'il vous plait


* TITLE: SEX, CHEESE
AND FRENCH FRIES -
WOMEN ARE PERFECT,
MEN ARE FROM
FRANCE

* AUTHOR: CARINE
FABIUS

* REVIEWED BY: DAWN
A. DAVIS
The first thing that struck
me about this book was
the long list of French
names in the front of the book
(names of characters in the
book), male and female, and
all quite similar. I had a feel-
ing on viewing this list of
"JJII, and NljriL," that I
would be in for a bit of sar-
casm and humor. I was not
wrong!
A light-hearted romp
about the author and her
French husband "Pee-erre"
(that's mangled French for
Pierre), "Sex, C'ILm.L and
French Fries" encapsulates
the adventures and misadven-
tures of the couple, although
the author, Carine Fabius,
insists it is not a biography -
well sort of?
The story revolves around
art, French attitudes about
food or, better yet, cuisine,
love and relationships, hence
the title. Let me explain:
C' ILL. is a French obsession;
the choices are maddening, as
is the unending selection of
wines, another obligatory part
of any meal. Of course, every-


ma fetl Mm afi m PMm
one knows that sex and
romance is a natural part of
the French charm. But, how
does French fries fit into this
equation? Well, the couple is
in the United States after all,
and Pee-erre has to deal with
typical American "unfrench-
ness".

MULTI-CULTURAL EYES
A hilarious look at life
through the eyes of a native of
a once French colony Haiti
- readers become guests at the
dinner table with francopho-
nes and Americans who can't
stand the French, are privy to
private encounters with the
author and her very French
husband, and eventually learn
the art of getting a "word in
d dgL%\\ IL when conversing
with a Frenchman.
Hooray for multi-cultural
relationships, Fabius seems to


be saying. As exciting, stimu-
lating, and frustrating as it
may be, the author puts it all
in perspective. Through all the
guffaws, the ups and downs,
the misunderstandings, the
love and intimacy, we learn
the keys to deciphering
French attitudes, style and
language.
"Sex, C'IIL. and French
Fries" takes us on a joyful ride
through California, Hawaii,
Morocco, and the lives of a
seemingly mismatched couple
who couldn't be more perfect
for each other.

VIVE LE FRANCE!


* TITLE: IRON
BALLOONS HIT
FICTION FROM
JAMAICA'S CALABASH
WRITER'S WORKSHOP
(CWW)

* AUTHORS: SELECTED
WRITERS FROM CWW

* EDITED BY: COLIN
CHANNER

* REVIEWED BY:
GORDON WILLIAMS

It is easy to imagine a com-
pilation music album as a
collection of the best of
the best hit after hit pressed
on to a single disc.


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The read is a cultural edu-
cation too we learn much
about French tastes and tradi-
tion. For example, it was their
unyielding and revolutionary
spirit that resulted in the most
generous leisure time the
French, and I dare say most
Europeans, still enjoy today.
"The average secretary in
France has five weeks paid
vacation," Pee-erre boasts.
Vive le France!
Reading "Sex, CI'hI..
and French Fries" is like tak-
ing a long holiday through
France. Without perfect
French we stumble our way
through, but are well educated


But many times it's just
not so. It can be a combina-
tion of works bound to a com-
mon theme that tells a single
story or even the same story
being told in different ways.
"Iron Balloons Hit
Fiction From Jamaica's
Calabash Writer's Workshop"
is more like a basket of tropi-
cal fruits. The fruits are short
stories by 11 different authors
- an anthology of sorts. Some
stories are tastier than others.
But all must be tasty to some-
one... at some point.
That is the same reason
people buy compilation
albums. Sometimes they see
the one sweet cherry in the
basket, but they have to take
the whole package just to get
a chance to sample it. And if
they are lucky, they still get a
chance to enjoy the other
fruits as well.

FLAVORS
The best part about "Iron
Balloons" is the Caribbean
flavor of the stories that is so
sweet, if its juice drips down
your arm you'll lick it up, even
in public, like you would a
Bombay mango. Jamaica and
its champion music reggae
rings throughout, but the title
does not make a believer out
of me. How can these writers
still be "Iron Balloons", still


in the ways of the mysterious
French. And, even if we think
they are rude or incorrigible,
we come home with a feeling
of satiety, because we have
learned to appreciate a culture
so unlike our own, it becomes
a refreshing difference.
Give me "French" fries
s'il vous plait.

PUBLISHED BY. Kouraj
Press, Los Angeles, California,
2006.

Dawn A. Davis is a freelance
writer for Caribbean Today.
0


trying to bus' out into main-
stream publishing and... make
it? Impossible. The talent is
too rich.
Colin Channer, who edits
the book and is one of the
better known authors among
the anthology's chosen 11, hits
the mark square on when he
says in his introduction that
the book "knows how to
,dtLiuL The lust begins early,
with Marlon James's "The
Last Jamaican Lion". His
main character Maximilian
Morrison may have lost politi-
cal power, and possibly his
mind, but the story never
loses its way. It is captivating
and spunky, moving at a pace
that poor Maxi inevitably cre-
ates, but finds so frustrating to
keep up with.
"Iron Balloons" wants
everyone to see that Caribbean
authors, like their reggae music
counterparts, are not at all
short on talent and ideas. It's
all fiction, but you believe in
them. It's Jamaican flavor
served in 11 easy to digest
doses. If Channer, who has
earned recognition for out-
standing works such as
"Waiting In Vain", tells you
"ah suh it guh" in his story
"How to Beat a Child the
Right and Proper Way", then
"a suh it guh wid yaad people".
Stories from "Iron
Balloons" come mainly out of
the Calabash International
Literary Festival in Jamaica,
which offers exposure to peo-
ple who want to write. They
have great stories to tell. And
given the right opportunities,
they just have to bus' out and
soar. The anthology says they
already have.

PUBLISHED BY: Akashic
Books.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.
0


'Iron Balloons' take off and soar


January 2007





CARIBBEAN TODAY


........... .....


Jamaican actor lands role

in new television drama


Caribbean spirit ushers Boston


into the New Year


NEW YORK Jamaican play-
wright and actor David Heron
has landed a role in the new
drama series "Ya Ma Afrika",
scheduled to have its world
network premiere next month.
Set in New York City, "Ya
Ma Afrika" follows the per-
sonal and professional lives of
four ambitious and attractive
young African women sharing
an apartment in Brooklyn. As
they try to forge a better life
for liL msIn,\ S in their adopted
homeland, they encounter
numerous obstacles and chal-
lenges ranging from immigra-
tion issues to romance to vari-
ous family crises.
The half hour drama series is
scheduled to air on the interna-
tional cable channel 3A Telesud,
which is beamed to viewers
throughout Africa and Europe
and is seen in the United States
on The Dish Network.

CHALLENGING ROLE
Heron plays the role of
Marcus Leslie, an advertising
agency employee and co-work-
er to one of the four principal
characters.
"He's employed to the
same ad agency as Thandi, one
of the four roommates who


hails from South Africa,"
Heron says.
"They are good friends,
and he's married, but he has
also has a bit of an eye, so
there are sev-
eral compro-
mising situa-
tions in which
he gets him-
self as the
series goes
on."'
It is
Heron's first
Heron recurring role
in a television
series and he is eagerly antici-
pating the challenge.
"Marcus is Jamaican born
and has been living in New
York for many years, but like
the four lead characters, he
still identifies strongly with his
homeland...I'm hoping to
inject a real 'yard' vibe into
him to add to the show's diver-
sity and appeal, and hopefully,
keep Jamaica firmly in focus
and on the map," he said.

SWITCH
Ironically enough, Heron
had originally auditioned for

(CONTINUED ON PAGE 16)


Caribbean arts and craft


festival to expand in 2007


ROAD TOWN, Tortola,
British Virgin Islands The
Caribbean Artisan Network
and the British Virgin Islands
Chamber of Commerce and
Hotel Association (BVIC-
CHA) will host the largest
artisan festival of its kind in
the British Virgin Islands from
Mar. 10-17.
The Caribbean Arts and
Craft Festival will move to
key locations around the BVI,
from three days of showcasing
art, pottery and outdoor
sculpture on the yachting
anchorage at Trellis Bay on
Beef Island to venues in Road
Town, Cane Garden Bay,
Virgin Gorda and, for the first
time, Jost Van Dyke.
The festival offers artisans
throughout the Caribbean an
opportunity to display, sell
and demonstrate their crafts.
At last year's event, 12 differ-
ent countries participated,
attracting more than 50 of the
region's top artisans to
NjI iu rL Little Secrets".

PRESERVING CULTURE
The Caribbean Artisan
Network is a four-year-old
regional organization dedicat-
ed to the promotion and
preservation of Caribbean arts


and crafts. By creating links
between artisans, the network
strengthens the production of
traditional and innovative
Caribbean crafts though edu-
cational workshops, marketing
initiatives and skill preserva-
tion efforts.
The network is dedicated
to increasing the commercial
viability of crafts and help
preserve the Caribbean's cul-
tural identity.
The BVICCHA is the
largest civil society organiza-
tion in the BVI. With more
than 250 members, BVIC-
CHA represents the business
community and hotel sector
both locally and international-
ly. Some of its key community
projects include the Spring
Regatta, BUYBVI Trade
Show, Junior Achievement,
Right Start programs, and the
culinary program.

For more information
about the Caribbean Arts and
Craft Festival, contact
Aragorn Dick-Read at dread-
eye@surfbvi.com or
info@caribbeanartisan.net.
Also, visit www. caribbeanar-
tisan.net for updates.
0


The city of Boston in the
United States rode a
wave of Caribbean spir-
it into the New Year.
Jamaican artist Lucilda
Dassardo-Cooper created the
image that residents from the
city, located in the state of
Massachusetts in the northeast
U.S., chose to celebrate as
they brought in 2007.
First Night Boston Inc.
used a detail from "Cosmic
Dancer", a 1991 painting by
Dassardo-Cooper, to adorn
advertisements, posters, bill-
boards and the buttons sold
for admission to the perform-
ances and exhibits that were
scheduled for the city's cele-
bration on New Year's Eve,
Dec. 31, 2006.
The buttons showed a
Hindu god dancing on one
foot inside a circle whose
edges appear to be in flames.
The"Dancing Shiva", or
Nataraj, is an iconic image of
Hinduism, the dominant reli-
gion in India. The other side
of the painting in blue tones
shows a hummingbird that
seems to be standing still in
mid-air, but whose wings are
vibrating faster than the
human eye can see.

EASY CHOICE
"Lucilda's 'Cosmic
Dancer' was an easy choice
for us," said Joyce Linehan,
public relations director for
First Night Boston.
"In addition to examining


Lucilda Dassardo-Cooper stands next to a poster used for
incorporates her painting titled "Cosmic Dancer".


and depicting issues around
creation and the elements,
which have always been
important components of our
event, the image is very fes-
tive, and lends itself well to
the idea of celebrating the
arts."
Other Bostonians wel-
comed the use of Caribbean
culture to highlight the festivi-
ties.
"There is a large
Caribbean community in
Boston," State Representative
Haitian-born Linda Dorcena
Forry told Caribbean Today.
"It is great when you have
other cultures displaying their
artwork."
Linehan explained that
Boston represents home for


many from different back-
grounds, and Dassardo-
Cooper represents that ele-
ment of Caribbean flavor.
"It's sort fo indicative of
the life journey of many
Bostonians," she told
Caribbean Today. "Lucilda
talks a lot about her works
being influenced by the colors
of the Caribbean."

JAMAICAN PRIDE
Dassardo-Cooper, who is
of Indian and Afro Caribbean
descent, was born in Jamaica
and immigrated to the U.S.
as a teenager. She graduated
from Dorchester High School
and Massachusetts College of
Art, and lives in the Port
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 16)


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CARIBBEAN TODAY


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Bolton joins star lineup for Air J Jazz and Blues Festival


Grammy award-winning
singer Michael Bolton
is set to perform for the
first time ever in Jamaica at the
2007 Air Jamaica Jazz and
Blues Festival set for Jan. 23-27
in Montego Bay.
Jamaica was Bolton's vaca-
tion spot of choice for years.
He even learned to snorkel
and received his water sport's
certification in the beautiful
Caribbean country. But despite
invitations from several pro-
moters, a performance never
materialized.
But this month the singer,
who has sold over 53 million
records worldwide, will grace a
Jamaican stage in Montego
Bay. He dJL. rib 1 the event as
"a land mark moment because
it is the tenth anniversary" of
the festival.
Bolton has promised the
audience ,>Imi great surpris-
es," adding that he expects
to deliver hits like "Soul


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 15)
another role when he first met
with the producers in October.
"I was up for the role of a
cop who becomes a kind of
knight in shining armor for one
of the four girls," Heron
explained. "But the producers
called me back and said they
were going to create a totally
new character for me, based on
what I'd done in the audition...
And now it's developed into a
larger role than the one I'd
originally gone in for.. .That
was really flattering."
Heron joins an internation-
al cast including Miss Universe


Bolton


Provider", "How Am I
Suppose to Live without You"
"with some variations" to
make them "feel fresh." He
will also add the big band
sound and some swing.

ALL STARS
Bolton will join a line-up
of some of music's best jazz, R
& B, country, blues and reggae
performers, including Kenny
Rogers, Christopher Cross, jazz
instrumentalist Roy Ayers,
trumpeter Chuck Mangione,
Pieces of a Dream, ABBA -
The Tribute, blues icon Robert


1999, Mpule Kwelagobe of
Botswana; runway model
Soulemayne Sy Sylvane, origi-
nally from the Ivory Coast;
and U.S. radio personality
Omekongo, who is of
Congolese descent.
African filmmaker Thato
Mwaso, also from Botswana,
serves as writer and director
for the series, which is execu-
tive produced by Cameroonian
born Else Bollanga.
"It's an exciting opportuni-
ty for me to be part of a truly
international production team
that includes personnel from
all over the diaspora, including
Cameroon, Botwsana, Kenya,


Cray, Jamaican pianist Monty
Alexander, Russell Tompkins
Jr., and The New Stylistics,
Anthony Hamilton, as well as

NDTC dance
r he National Dance
Theatre Company of
Jamaica (NDTC) will give
a one-night only benefit show
next month in South Florida.
The dance troupe will per-
form at 8 p.m. Feb.10, at the
Broward Center for the
Performing Arts, Amaturo
Theater in Fort Lauderdale.
The performance is being
staged by Jamaica Awareness,
Inc., under the auspices of the
Jamaican Consulate General.
Proceeds from the show will
benefit the development of the
Jamaican diaspora movement in
the southern United States.
Formed in 1962 and under
the artistic direction of co-
founder Rex Nettleford, NDTC


Nigeria, the USA and Haiti,"
Heron added. "It gives the
production a really cosmopoli-
tan outlook and will give view-
ers around the world a totally
different perspective on the
lives of Africans and other
people of color living in the big
city."
Heron also revealed that
the producers are in negotia-
tions to have the show broad-
cast throughout the West
Indies, including Jamaica,
eventually.

- JIS
0


Caribbean spirit ushers Boston into the New Year


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 15)
Norfolk section of Dorchester.
She maintains studios in
Rockland, Massachusetts and
Jamaica. Dassardo-Cooper
said she was happy with
Boston's choice.
"I am proud to present
my interpretation of a famous


image from another culture to
Boston residents," she said.
As part of First Night, she
exhibited her art at the Hynes
Auditorium in Boston on
Dec. 31.
First Night Boston, which
usually attracts more than a
million revelers, was estab-
lished in 1976 by artists who


wanted to create an alterna-
tive to traditional celebrations
on New Year's Eve. Since then
more than 200 communities
around the world have adopt-
ed the model.
Photograph by Elise
Amendola.
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Jamaican actor lands role in new television drama


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CARIBBEAN TODAY


B u s n e s s


LWW-crbbatoa.co


New Year's resolutions for businesses require change

Tips to help boost operations in 2007


Millions are resolving to
change their lives for
the better in the New
Year. Why not take this time to
do the same for your business?
A few simple moves can
help businesses of all sizes
churn greater profits, says
Samuel Kerch, chartered public
accountant and controller for
Symmetry Software.
"The New Year is the per-
fect time to make any needed
changes in daily operations," he
said. "Many individuals are
vowing to make changes in their
personal lives, so new plans on
the business side are a natural
progression on this theme."
Kerch offers five tips for
making the best of 2007:

* Reevaluate your business
plan When was the last time
you revamped your business
plan? Companies that thrive
on innovation need to continu-
ally reevaluate the plan. A
five-year-old plan contains
ideas that are five years old; in
this era of innovation, that can
be an eternity.
Some items to consider:


status?
MICHAEL ROSENBERG

n most cases, a non-United
States citizen who is con-
templating a permanent
move to the U.S. will likely
meet with U.S. tax counsel
prior thereto in order to obtain
an understanding of the com-
plex and far-reaching U.S. tax
regime.
In its simplest terms, a
non-U.S. citizen can be classi-
fied as a U.S. income tax resi-
dent alien in one of two ways,
i.e., by obtaining U.S. immigra-
tion lawful permanent resident
alien so-called "green card"
status or by spending a certain
number of days in the U.S.
during a three-year period.
This second test, known as
the Substantial Presence Test
(SPT), is a three-year weighted
average percentage test. It is
somewhat complex, contains
numerous special rules and
exceptions, and any individual
currently spending time in the
U.S. or contemplating a more
permanent move to the U.S.
should make certain that he or
she understands each aspect of
the SPT as a failure to do so
can prove extremely costly and
onerous.

STARTING DATE
An extremely important
provision amongst the many


has your customer base
changed or should it? Can
you be more profitable and
efficient by changing the num-
ber or types of employees you


No monkey business, considering changes is
good plan.

have? What are your short
and long term goals and how
will you achieve them?

* Streamline payroll -
Whether a company has five
employees or 5,000 employees,
streamlining payroll operations
can be beneficial to both the
employer and the employee.
Don't keep large files with hun-


dreds of blank tax forms. You
run the risk of providing
employees with outdated infor-
mation.
To remedy this, download
current tax forms on
an as-needed basis.
\ Companies in the
United States needing
tax withholding forms
can download them as
needed for free at
www.StateW4. conm.
.A Additional software is
available at
www.StateW4.com
that enables employers
to completely auto-
mate the payroll
process, eliminating
often a outdated forms and
all-too-common entry
errors.
Employees can be certain
their withholding forms have
been filled out correctly, and the
data can be uploaded to the
company payroll system with a
few mouse clicks.

* Clean house Is your
office drowning in paper? Not
only is the mess confusing, a
long paper trail is also a secu-


Then plan accordingly
resident alien provisions is the his family to live, the right
determination of the individ- school for his children, the
ual's residency starting date. right church or synagogue for
Solely for the purpose of his and his family's religious
administrative ease, and not needs, the right parks, clubs,
with the intention of explaining shopping and other facilities,
etc., and "T" does so
-03 while still maintaining all
2003 I", of his everyday contacts
-' 2 03- .... and connections in his
o home country.
200311il -1 After finding the "per-
fecti tplf "T" returns to
I.2W 1 his home country and
2003 11 / later comes to Florida
-- -again sometime in July,
.. and from the date of his
arrival through Dec. 31,
2007, "T" and his family
herein every aspect of the resi- spend 180 days in the U.S.
dent alien definition, assume "T's" FLACO employment
the following: "T", a non-U.S. opportunity will run through
citizen/non-green card holder Dec. 31, 2010 as both he and
who will begin spending more TECHCO believe that by then,
significant time in the U.S. FLACO will be ready for an
in 2007, has been offered initial public offering and "T"
the opportunity from his can return to TECHCO in the
Caribbean technology compa- Caribbean.
ny (TECHCO) to become Suppose further that "T"
the chief executive officer of originally purchased shares in
TECHCO's new Florida start- TECHCO when it was a start-
up subsidiary or affiliate up company, which shares
(FLACO). "T" has never pre- cost him $100,000 but that
viously spent more than a week said shares are now worth
at the most in the U.S. on a $5,100,000. In Mar. 2007, "T",
yearly basis. "T" accepts the in contemplation of his move
Florida employment opportu- to the U.S., sells his TECHCO
nity, he visits Florida from Jan. shares and realizes a gain of $5
5-12 (eight days) in order to million.


find the right place for him and


(CONTINUED ON PAGE 18)


rity risk. Payroll forms, invoic-
es, employee verification docu-
ments, deposit slips and time
cards all pose liability risks if
they fall into the wrong hands.
Companies of all sizes are now
adopting document manage-
ment systems that allow the
company to "go paperless".
This helps larger companies
keep track of thousands of


sheets of paper that may have
otherwise been sent to off-site
storage. Recalling those files
is costly and time consuming.
In addition, employers can
control access to digitized doc-
uments by limiting permission
for viewing or changes to spe-
cific users. This is especially
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 18)


IMF praises Dominica

on economic program


ROSEAU, Dominica, CMC -
The International Monetary
Fund (IMF) has undertaken a
last review of the performance
of the Dominica economy
praising the Roosevelt Skerrit
administration for the success-
ful implementation of a three
year Poverty Reduction and
Growth Facility (PRGF)
arrangement, according to an
official statement released
here.
The statement, issued at
the end of last month, gave no
details as to when the review
was conducted, but it quoted
Murilo Portugal, the IMF's
deputy managing director as
saying that Dominican author-
ities have "continued to
implement their economic
program successfully, and
macroeconomic performance
has strengthened further.
"Economic activity is
expanding strongly in almost
all sectors, with buoyant
domestic demand and indica-
tions of a rebound in private
sector confidence. Progress
has also been made with struc-
tural r. h mrn .

SKERRIT PRAISED
Portugal also commended
the Skerrit administration for
the progress being made in
some critical areas.
"Key reforms in the eco-
nomic program are the recent
amendments to the Electricity
Supply Act and related legisla-
tion and the approval of meas-
ures to eliminate the unfunded
liability of the Dominica Social
Security (DSS) and to
strengthen the AID Bank".
The IMF also stressed the
importance of further struc-
tural measures that would
help bolster private sector-led
growth. These include amend-
ments to the Finance
Administration Act, approval
of the Financial Services Unit
Act and reform of the
Dominica Export Import
Agency (DEXIA).
"Significant progress has
been made recently in debt
restructuring, and the authori-
ties are making good-faith


efforts to reach collaborative
restructuring agreements with
their remaining creditors," the
Washington-based financial
institution said.

'ENOUGH IMF'
Prime Minister Skerrit
announced in 2006 that
Dominicans would decide
whether his administration
would continue to engage
the IMF that came to the
island's assistance following
the collapse of the economy.
But leader of the minority
Opposition People's Democratic
Movement (PDM) William
Riviere said that the IMF pro-
gram has not worked and that
many of the economic meas-
ures were not beneficial to the
population.
"We need to be reminded
of these conditionalities; the
four percent levy, the freeze in
public sector hiring and the
five percent cut in public sec-


Skerrit


tor salary," Rivieere said.
"The increase in sales tax on
consumer items, the outsourc-
ing and the imposition of
Value Added Tax, have not
been worth it.
"The IMF during the four
years of its existence in our
country has not brought a
higher standard of living to
the greater number of our
people," he said, adding
Dominicans have had enough
of the "IMF medicine."
0


Contemplating U.S. tax residency


January 2007





CARIBBEAN TODAY


-usw^caribbeantodj..c..


B USI n ESS


CRICKET BUSINESS BOOST


~pr


Former West Indies cricket great Courtney Walsh, left, stands in front of a Jamaica Tourist Board poster of himself bowling while
sharing a conversation with Janice Allen, JTB's destinations manager, center, and Dr. Basil K. Bryan, consul general of Jamaica, dur-
ing a media lunch hosted by the Ruder Finn Agency last month in New York. Walsh is part of the JTB's campaign to promote Cricket
World Cup 2007. Jamaica will host warm-up games, group matches and a semi-final during the CWC tournament, which begins in
March, and is expected to attract thousands of visitors and millions of dollars to the island and the rest of the Caribbean.


New Year's resolutions for businesses require change


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 17)

important in offices where
security is paramount, such as
those where financial or med-


ical information is stored.
When transferring to auto-
mated systems, be sure to dis-
pose of outdated files correctly.
Files with confidential client or


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employee information need to
be shredded.

* Implement/Refine your ESS
system A new study by
America's SAP (Systems,
Application and Products in
Data Processing) Application
Users' Group found companies
with Employee Self-Service
(ESS) systems have human
resource transaction costs that
are 26 percent lower than those
that don't. ESS enables
employees to view and update
their own payroll and personal
information, taking the mid-
dleman role out of the human
resources department, increas-
ing productivity and driving
down costs.

* Upgrade technology If you
are comfortable dancing to the
beat of a Walkman and think
Windows 98 is as good as it
gets, your clients and/or
employees may disagree.
Evading the wave of technolo-
gy can severely limit a busi-
ness's capability to expand in
the future, both in terms of
staff and revenue.
While keeping pace with
rapid advancements may seem
impossible, small changes can
yield big results. Upgrade fre-
quently-used software, down-
load software security patches
and invest in comprehensive
virus protection and network
firewalls. Outdated software
directly affects worker produc-
tivity You should also make
efforts to keep your company
web site updated with current
information and professional
design.

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0


CDB offers financial help


to debt-ridden Belize


BELMOPAN, Belize, CMC -
The Belize government, which
recently received a financial
ease from some of its credi-
tors, is getting further financial
assistance from the Caribbean
Development Bank, the CDB
has announced.
The Barbados-based bank
said it had approved a $25
million loan to help govern-
ment close the fiscal and
external financing gaps over
the short to medium term,
while it continued to imple-
ment corrective measures.
"These measures include
restructuring its debt, reform-
ing its tax regime and strength-
ening its fiscal management
capacity. The loan is part of a
broader strategy to enable the
government to improve its
ability to undertake critical
investments in social and eco-
nomic infrastructure in order
to achieve its growth and


poverty reduction objectives,"
the bank said.

UPGRADE
Additionally, the regional
financial institution said it also
approved a $12.6 million loan
to the Belize government to
assist it in upgrading the
Placencia Road from a gravel
road to a paved all-weather
road to assist in government's
thrust to promote the Placencia
Peninsula as a tourist destina-
tion.
Recently, a number of
regional and international
financial institutions agreed to
participate in Belize's debt
exchange proposal and unani-
mously agreed to accept a new
United States dollar denomi-
nated bond in exchange for a
substantial portion of the coun-
try's outstanding debt to them.
0


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 17)

TAX DILEMMA
Suppose further that "T's"
gain is not subject to income
tax in his own country (it may
or may not be and that is a
question for foreign counsel,
but this supposition is made
solely for illustrative purposes).
Assuming, as I have, that prior
to 2007 "T" has never spent
more than a few days a year in
the U.S., and assuming "T"
does not have a "green card"
when he comes to the U.S. in
2007, his status as an resident
alien versus a U.S. income tax
nonresident alien will be deter-
mined under the SPT.
For SPT and resident alien
purposes, "T" will have spent
188 days in the U.S. in 2007;
however, if T can prove that he
maintained closer connections
to, and a tax home in, his
Caribbean home country dur-
ing the eight days he spent in
Florida in Jan. 2007, "T's" resi-
dency starting date would be
the first day in July and his $5
million gain from the March
sale of his TECHCO shares
would be U.S. income tax-free!
As oftentimes occurs,
sometime on or close to April
15, 2008 (the due date for "T's"
2007 U.S. individual income tax
return, Form 1040), "T" will
visit a certified public account-
ant (CPA) in order to timely
file his return. Among the
data "T" will likely provide to
the CPA will be documentation
reflecting the sale of "T's"
Caribbean company shares and
because "T" will be an resident
alient for 2007 as a result of his


meeting the SPT (i.e., in this
case, "T" will have spent more
than 182 days in the U.S. in
2007 which is one way, but not
the only way, "T" may be found
to have met the SPT), and if
"T" and the CPA are not aware
of the residency starting date
rules and the special de minimis
rule which in "T's" case would
exclude his initial visit in
January for residency starting
date purposes, he will likely be
advised to pay the U.S. 15 per-
cent long-term capital gains tax
on his $5 million gain from the
sale of those shares!
The above illustration
reflects only one of many fine
points which must be under-
stood by any non-U.S.
citizen/non-"green card" hold-
er spending time in the U.S. or
contemplating spending time in
the U.S. as, by merely review-
ing the illustration above, by
simply "missing" one of many
complex provisions, "T's" cost
would be $750,000!
In the event "T" may be
subject to tax in his home
country on the gain from his
sale of the TECHCO shares,
he must make certain that both
his Caribbean tax advisors and
his U.S. tax advisors properly
coordinate any credits he may
be entitled to. "T" should not
assume anything, and instead
should make sure he is proper-
ly counseled in advance.

Michael Rosenberg is a share-
holder with the Coral Gables
law firm of Packman,
Neuwahl & Rosenberg and
can be reached at 305-665
0


Contemplating U.S. tax residency

status? Then plan accordingly


January 2007






CARIBBEAN TODAY


GORDON WILLIAMS

J amaican teenager
Jermaine Bridgmohan
established himself as the
star of the recent "Tropical at
Calder" thoroughbred race
meeting in Florida, riding
more 100 winners to shatter
the record for the fall event in
his first season in the saddle.
Bridgmohan, who began
riding professionally in August,
scored his first win at Calder in
the opening week of the
month. He dominated the 60-
day "Tropical at Calder" meet-
ing, which ended on Jan. 2, and
has become one of the hottest
young riders in the U.S.
Bridgmohan's record-set-
ting accomplishment at Calder
was achieved in just 48 days,
when he rode his 85th winner.
The previous record, estab-
lished by Panamanian Cornelio
Velasquez in 2002-2003, was
reached on the last day of the
then 53-day meeting.


one who really stuck his neck
out for me when others
wouldn't."
He also credited his older
brother Shaun, a jockey riding
in the United States. Shaun
Bridgmohan is a former


"I'm very proud of it," he
said. "I expected to do well,
but probably not so soon."

MARK
Bridgmohan said it is dif-
ficult getting established as a


.r h. bW I
Bridgmohan brothers Shaun, left, and Jermaine, are enjoying riding success in the U.S.


apprentice Eclipse Award


jockey, but his brother's inl


PRAISE winner, one of me highest ence nad opened some doo
Bridgmohan, 18, who awards in U.S. racing, and for him, while his own har
migrated from the Caribbean recently shared champion work had helped him main
island as a three-year-old, jockey honors at the Churchill that momentum. Now the
praised others from the region Downs fall meeting in Boyd Anderson High Scho
for his success, including his Kentucky. (Florida) graduate is look
family and Jamaican trainer Jermaine Bridgmohan, to make his "own mark" ii
Kirk Ziadie, the leading train- who turned down a scholar- the highly competitive gan
er "Tropical at Calder". ship to attend the University of thoroughbred racing. H
"The Jamaican trainers of Florida to pursue race rid- studies the game keenly, es
have helped me out a whole ing, said he did not expect to cially handicapping horses,
lot," Bridgmohan told have such early success, but "I try to apply the infc
Caribbean Today at the end was happy at the way his bud- (CONTINUED ON PAGE 20)
of last month. "(Ziadie) is the ding career has progressed.

Caribbean-born boxers clash again

for world cruiserweight title


GORDON WILLIAMS

For one, it will be a chance
to regain lost glory; for
the other, an opportunity
to mark his place among the
elite of the fight game.
But in March, when two
Caribbean-born boxers again
square off in the ring, they
will again decide who is the
world's best in the cruiser-
weight division.
The long awaited rematch
between Jamaican-born United
States resident O'Neil Bell and
Jean-Marc Mormeck from
Guadeloupe, has been set for
Mar. 17 in France, Mormeck's
adopted home. On the line is
Bell's World Boxing Association
(WBA) and World Boxing
Council (WBC) titles, both of
which he took from Mormeck
in Jan. 2006 in an epic bout in
New York. Bell knocked out
Mormeck in thelOth round, the
first time the Frenchman had
been stopped inside the dis-
tance.

INACTIVE
Neither fighter has been


overly active since that night
in Madison Square Garden.
Mormeck, with a ring record
of 35 fights, 32 wins and three
losses, has had a single bout,
knocking out Sebastian Hill


flu-
ors
d
Ltain

)ol
ng
n
ie
e
spe-

or-


failing to make a mandatory
defense, although he claimed
a medical problem prevented
him from doing so. But the
Jamaican is confident the lay-
off will not hurt him.


Bell will have to defend the championship belts he took from Mormeck in March.


last July. Except for sparring,
Bell, who has lost only once
in 28 fights, has not fought at
all. He was stripped of his
International Boxing
Federation (IBF) title for


"You leave it to the
degree of how the mind
works," he told Caribbean
Today late last month. "If you

(CONTINUED ON PAGE 20)


PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad,
CMC Cuba stayed number
one in the Caribbean Football
Union (CFU) rankings for the
second month in a row when
FIFA issued its latest Coca
Cola world soccer rankings
last month.
After unseating Jamaica
as the top team in the region
in November and maintaining
their unbeaten run in Digicel
Caribbean Cup, the Cubans
kept their world ranking of
46th in the December ratings,
11 places above Jamaica.
Jamaica's Reggae Boyz,
who suffered a surprise elimi-
nation from the Digicel
Caribbean Cup and drew 1-1
with Peru in their latest inter-
national, climbed one place
up FIFA's world list to 57.
St. Vincent and the
Grenadines, which upset
Jamaica in the Digicel Cup in
September, retained third
place in the CFU, followed by
Trinidad and Tobago in an
unfamiliar position of fourth.

T&T SLIPS
Trinidad and Tobago,
with a remarkable eight
Caribbean Cup titles in 12
years of the competition,
qualified for its first ever
World Cup finals tournament
- appearing in Germany last
year. The T&T Soca Warriors


had risen to number one in
the CFU for July, August and
September before being sur-
passed by Jamaica in October
and slipping further in subse-
quent months.
Barbados and the
Dominican Republic were
the bi-L_--I movers in the
CFU for the December rat-
ings. The Barbadians, who
toppled higher rated St.
Vincent and the Grenadines
while winning Group G of the
Digicel Cup's second round at
home with an unbeaten label,
moved three places up the
CFU list to number five. The
Barbadians also re-entered
FIFA's top 100 by moving 11
places up to 98th.

BIGGEST MOVERS
The Dominican Republic
was FIFA's bi---L,,I world
movers, leaping 23 places up to
136th. The DR beat Antigua
and Barbuda and lost to
Guadeloupe and Guyana in
the Digicel Cup Group H sec-
ond round, and their FIFA
jump earned them a four-place
hike on the CFU list to 11.
High-riding Guyana
climbed five places up FIFA's
list to 100, becoming the sixth
CFU team in the top 100
world teams.
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 20)


S PO0 RT


Teen Jamaican jockey shines at Calder


Cubans stay on top

in Caribbean soccer


2007 Full Council Ml1 ling Calendar
Thursday, January 18, 2007
I hursda%, February 15, 2007
Thursday, March 15, 2007
Thursday, April 19. 2007
Thursday, May 17, 2007 Budget Workshop, 9:00 a.m.-2:00 p.m.)
(Budget Workshop to be held at Hollywood Beach Culture & Conununity Center)
Thursday, June 21, 2007
(Tentative) Thursday, July 19, 2007
Thursday, August 16, 2007
(Tentative) Thursday, September 20, 2007
(Council Mhcling, 4:00pm)
Thursday, October 18, 2007
Thurd.ia, November 15, 21117
Thursday, December 20, 2007

PLEASE NOTE:
Mtelen n'me subject to change. Please check our website calendar.
www.cscbroward.org, for updated information.
Council meeting packet information will be posted on the website,
www.cscbroward.org, a few days before each meeting.
ripII ll ,i aii, da will be available at the meeting.
If yol, 1i; que.LI.Airh or need additional information, please contact
Amy Ricketts at 1954i 177-1675.
If you require any auxiliary aids for communication or other special
accommodations, please contact Evan Goldman at (954) 377-1000
at least one week in advance so that proper arrangements can be made.
Unless otherwise indicated, all meetings will be held at:
Place: 6301 NW 5th Way, Suite 3000, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33309
Time: 9:00 a.m.
Contact Info: (954)377-1000; www.csebroward.org


January 2007





CARIBBEAN TODAY


- u scrbes..


West Indies captain Brian
Lara is positive about his
team's build up for Cricket
World Cup (CWC) in March
in the Caribbean, despite the
regional team's failure to win
its latest series.
West Indies produced a
tame performance last month
and plunged to a seven-wicket
defeat against Pakistan in the
series-deciding fifth one-day
International (ODI) at the
Karachi National Stadium,
losing the series 3-1.
Lara was unhappy over
the loss and said even though
the team was without regular
players Ramnaresh Sarwan
and Dwayne Bravo, who
returned to the Caribbean and
missed the series, the remain-
ing players should have risen


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 19)
mation as much as I can," he
said. "I do give credit to the
strategy I have going into to
the race."
Among Bridgmohan's


to a higher level of perform-
ance.
"We did not end on a very
good note.
We were :.
missing key
players and it
was important
that whichev-
er 11 we put
out on the
middle that
we gave of Lara
our best and
try to win the series," he said
after the game.

COMFORTABLE
But Lara is reasonably
comfortable that the effort
was there from the players
and he is not worried that the
series result could be a psy-


goals is to ride in the
Kentucky Derby, like his
brother, and do one better by
winning the famous race. He
has no regrets about leaving
academic life behind for now.
"I feel I am in a good


SPORT


Regional effort to border

controls for CWC 2007


chological setback heading
into the CWC.
"I think the guys did give
of their best," he said.
"It was tough and you
have to take into considera-
tion that we have been on the
road for a pretty long time.
Psychologically I think this is
not going to affect us in our
future one day games espe-
cially over the next four to
five months with the World
Cup coming up," Lara added.
Lara was generally happy
with their three-and-a-half
month tour of Asia and thinks
the team gave indicators it is
growing into a formidable
force for CWC 2007.
0


C aribbean governments
have received a list of
recommendations stem-
ming from the recent ICC
Cricket World Cup 2007
Security Workshop for Regional
Airline, Airport, Ground
Handling and Shipping Agents.
These action points, aimed
at improving and fine-tuning
airport and seaport operations
for this year's tournament, cov-
ered a number of areas includ-
ing: airport security, airline
security, immigration and cus-
toms support, red and green
customs line management, air-
port operational hours, disrup-
tive passengers and aircraft
arrivals and departures.
CWC's Visitor Experience
Manager Cliff Hamilton said the
distribution of the action plan,
via CARICOM, will allow for a
regional approach to many of
the security issues which arose
during the one-day InLL lini1
held in Trinidad and Tobago
by CWC's Airline, Air and
Seaports Task Force last month.
"We are trying to establish
common procedures for the
implementation of security
measures on airlines and at air-
ports and seaports during
Cricket World Cup so that
all the host venues will be
operating on the same level,"
Hamilton explained, adding
that the benefits of such actions
would be another fruitful lega-
cy of the event.

RECOMMENDATIONS
Some of the recommenda-


Cubans stay on

top in Caribbean

soccer

(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 19)
In the CONCACAF
(Confederation of North,
Central American and
Caribbean Association
Football), ratings, Mexico
remain number one and 20th
in the world, while second-
rated United States retained
31st position in the world.
Cuba kept its number three
spot in CONCACAE
Meanwhile, five-time
World Cup champions Brazil
is still holding the premier
spot on FIFA's world list,
stalked by current World
Cup holders Italy, followed
by Argentina, with France
fourth, England fifth and
Germany sixth.


tions include: holding a meeting
with chartered airlines and
cruise lines to ascertain their
level of bookings for the seven-
week period of ICC Cricket
World Cup next March and
April; extending operational
hours of regional airports; the
appointment of persons to liaise
with travelers throughout the
host venues on security meas-
ures and requirements.
"There are other actions
which relate specifically to the
internal operational mecha-
nisms of airports and seaports
and how various functions
inter-connect. It will be
extremely important to get
these implemented across all
host venues during tournament
time so that travel can be facili-
tated as smoothly as possible,"
noted Hamilton.
The security workshop, he
added, was "very uI lul in
bringing together nearly 50
officials from several relevant
entities, such as the directors
of security for regional and
international carriers operating
in the region; chief executive
officers of ground-handling
companies; airline customer
service managers; directors of
airport security; comptrollers of
customs; regional aviation
authorities and officials from
CWC's Security Directorate.
Regional consular representa-
tives of the tournament's 16
participating nations were also
invited.



CFU rankings
(world ranking in brackets)
1. Cuba (46)
2. Jamaica (57)
3. St. Vincent and the
Grenadines (85)
4. Trinidad and Tobago (91)
5. Barbados (98)
6. Guyana (100)
7. Haiti (102)
8. Bermuda (107)
9. Suriname (122)
10. Antigua and Barbuda (132)
11. Dominican Republic (136)
12. St. Kitts and Nevis (143)
13. The Bahamas (146)
14. St. Lucia (160)
15. Grenada (163)
16. Turks and Caicos (169)
17. Netherlands Antilles (177)
18. Dominica (181)
19. Cayman Islands (189)
20. British Virgin Islands (190)
21. Puerto Rico (195)
22. Anguilla (196)
23. Aruba (198)
23. US Virgin Islands (198)
23. Montseratt (198)
0_______


position to improve and
develop," he said.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.
0


Caribbean-born boxers clash again for cruiserweight title


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 19)
keep your mind in the battle
you'll be O.K.
"The 14 months off, I'll be
double charged," he added.
"Even 10 times more dan-
gerous."

READY TO SHINE
Bell, who was scheduled
to intensify his training for the
Mormeck fight this month,
was expected to participate in
a tournament for heavy-
weights in early December.


CAN WE TALK?


Peter A. Webley,
Publisher


But the "Superfighter" event
in Australia was postponed.
He claimed he has already
shrugged off that disappoint-
ment.
"I'm still here, recharged
my mind," said the man also
known as "Supernova".
"...The struggle continues."
Bell's management team
blamed the delay of the
rematch on American Don
King, who acquired the rights
to promote the fight. But the
Montego Bay-born boxer, who


currently lives in Atlanta, said
fight fans demanded the event
and he is eager to grasp the
opportunity.
"(The people) have the
greatest champion right in
front of their eyes and the sys-
tem is preventing him from
fighting," Bell said. "...I am
ready to shine."

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.
0


Most of us try to attract other people by the friends
we keep and the way we carry ourselves. If you
are going to a party or a formal function, don't you
dress well? We all want to promote a favorable
impression of ourselves to other people we meet
and talk to.
If we agree on that, then think of this. Why should it
be any different for your business? If you want to
project a favorable image of your company, in
order to win customers, you should keep your com-
pany with good friends and... dress your company
well in...


CaribbUeainday
Consistently credible
For information, please call
305-238-2868, or fax 305-252-7843


Lara still upbeat West Indies will

be Cricket World Cup force


Teen Jamaican jockey shines at Calder


January 2007


/





CARIBBEAN TODAY


REGION


LWW-crbbatoa.co


A 'sleeping giant' still haunts Montserrat's paradise


KAYMAR JORDAN

BRADES, Montserrat -
There are really two sides to
Montserrat. One that's rather
charming and full of promise,
but the other side, which is
much better known, can be
quite frightening particularly
when it's venting.
For the moment, though,
things are relatively quiet. But
don't be fooled: this
is no gentle giant.
In fact, scientists
say the Soufriere
Hills Volcano could
erupt at any time.
As several dis-
placed residents
struggle to eke out
a new way of life,
scientists monitor-
ing Montserrat's
Soufriere Hills
Volcano say the
lava dome contin-


ues to grow at a
rapid rate and they
are advising resi-
dents to keep up
their precautions.
"It is rapid.
This dome at its full
volume of 125 mil-
lion has grown
since May 20 this
year. It's an average
growth rate of nine
cubic metres a sec-
ond...
"In terms of this
type of eruption it
certainly is a fast
growth rate. A sig- The Soufrier
nificant change, it's
certainly faster than
the growth rates we saw in the
last episode of dome growth,
which was 1999 to 2003.
"It's also a significant
change from the early stages
of the eruption the so-called
volcanic crisis when many
small domes grew, collapsed,


exploded," explained Dr.
Victoria Hart chief scientist of
the Montserrat Volcano
Observatory.

AWAKE
In 1995 the Soufriere Hills
Volcano roared to life after
350 years of lying dormant,
raining burning lava, ash and
massive boulders over a third
of this seven-mile by 11-mile


e Hills 'monster' erupts.


British dependency. It was an
eruption that shattered life as
most residents knew it, and
was followed by another erup-
tion which finished off what
the earlier eruption had left of
the then capital, Plymouth,
and sent nearly two-thirds of


the 12,000 residents fleeing to
Britain and other nearby
Caribbean countries.
Over the past 11 years
there have been several of
these explosive-type events,
which the remaining approxi-
mately 5,000 residents still
don't like, but have come to
accept.
"Well we made a choice
to stay here so whether it acts
up or not we have to
live with it," one of
these resilient resi-
dents told the
Caribbean Media
Corporation.
"The vol-
cano, people should
get along with it
cause see he hasn't
thrown off any real
activity to say harm
us...we don't pay
much mind cause
see we have scien-
tists to set off alarms
and we have a big
siren on top the hill
up there so we
should hear it," said
another resident.

STILL PARADISE
The residents
say Montserrat is
still their island par-
adise even though
life is not as nice as
it used to be.
"We need to have
something to boost
the economy in
terms of construc-
tion. Some houses
have been put up
but there are still people who
are unemployed so we need to
find a means of employment
for those people," one resi-
dent said.
"The government gives
you money when the month
come to help you buy food


and get whatever you want
and so, but it still isn't enough
cause when you pay for light
bill what left if you don't save
it, if you don't know how to
save, dog better than you,"
another resident said.
There can be no going
back, so for the moment they


can only look out in the hope
that the giant that lurks close
by may finally go back to
sleep.

- CMC
0


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In an attempt to address
the age old problem of
parents leaving Jamaican
hospitals without naming their
children, the Registrar
General's Department (RGD)
says it will issue free birth cer-
tificates for every child regis-
tered with a name at birth.
The EGC said the pro-
gram, which was scheduled to
begin on New Year's Day
2007, follows the public edu-
cation campaign launched by
the department aimed at
reaching more than 18,000
children who were not regis-
tered at birth and as a result
are without birth certificates.
Officials said that approx-
imately 7,000 children across
the island have still not been


registered under the "Name
the Child" project.
"This project sought to
name the 18,000 toddlers who
were registered without
names, the project ran from
September 11 to October 13
of this year and at its comple-
tion some 11,000 children
were named," said Dr. Sheila
Campbell-Forrester, acting
chief medical officer in the
Ministry of Health.

STRATEGY
As part of the strategy to
ensure that the remaining
children are named, some
hospitals would be issuing
same-day birth certificates to
parents who register their
child with a name on Jan. 1.


However, children who are
not named within six weeks of
birth will not be issued with a
free birth certificate.
RGD's Chief Executive
Officer Dr. Patricia Holness
told reporters that if children
were named before leaving
the hospital this would make
it easier for the department to
process their birth certificates.
Meanwhile, the RGD said it
would publish and distribute a
booklet containing baby
names to all pre-natal clinics
and maternity centers.
Each year, Jamaica
records approximately 45,000
births.
0


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for: IU
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Address:
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January 2007





CARIBBEAN TODAY


- u scrbes..


P 0 1 I T I C S


BRIDGETOWN, Barbados,
CMC A hemispheric body
has described 2006 as a good
year for Caribbean democra-
cies, but said the issue of elec-
tion campaign financing must
be addressed.
This assessment came
from Organisation of
American States (OAS)
Assistant Secretary General
Albert Ramdin, who said the
body was pleased with the
conduct of elections in Haiti,
Guyana and St. Lucia last
year, but believed that some
attention must be paid to the
contentious issue of campaign
financing.
"A lot of money has been
spent in the Caribbean cam-
paigns over the past year,"
Ramdin said. "There are
many questions raised with
regards to the source of those
funding.
"I don't want to pinpoint
in any particular case, but
there are many questions
raised and I believe it is some-
thing which should be dis-
cussed among CARICOM
(Caribbean community) lead-
ers as an issue of concern for
the future because this can
create a situation in which we
can get undesirable effects of


involvement of non political
play in the political process,"
he added.

ASSISTANCE
The OAS official said
countries should move to
strengthen their electoral law,
and added that this was an
area in which his organization
was willing to assist.


Hamdin


"That assistance can be
provided. We intend to sug-
gest and work with the CARI-
COM Secretariat in organiz-
ing once again another meet-
ing of political representatives
to talk about these issues and
probably this time much more


focus on campaign financing
and political party financing,
so that hopefully we can get
an idea about where the
politicians in region would
want to go," he said.
Within recent times the
issue of campaign financing
emerged as a major issues in
some Caribbean countries,
especially in Jamaica, where
political parties are
expected to go to the
polls this year, and St.
Lucia where a new gov-
ernment was elected in
the Dec. 11 general
election. Last month,
former Prime Minister
Dr. Kenny Anthony
insisted that drug
money was used to
finance the last general
election campaign,
which resulted in defeat
for his St. Lucia Labour
Party (SLP).
"When you are prime
minister of a country
and you have responsibility
for national security there is
information that you receive,
and you will have to go to
your grave with some of that
information," Anthony said in
a Dec. 27 television interview.
0


NEW YORK, CMC A lead-
ing Caribbean political scientist
here says the stepping down of
Fidel Castro, due to illness, as
head of the Cuban government
was the major political event in
the Caribbean for 2006.
Dr. Basil Wilson, the
Jamaican-born provost at John
Jay College of Criminal Justice
in Manhattan, said that "irre-
spective of the grave or un-
grave nature" of Castro's ill-
ness, "there is the likelihood
that the Fidel era has come to
an end in Cuba.
"The revolutionary baton
has been passed to his brother,
Raul Castro, but it will not
be too long before power is
passed to a younger generation
of party members," Dr. Wilson
said in a statement late last
month.
"That changing of the
guard could set the stage for
the normalization of relations
with the United States and the
possibility of democratic elec-
tions," he added.

'ASTONISHING'
Wilson said it is astonish-
ing that the Cuban revolution
has survived 47 years despite
United States' economic boy-
cott and rLpLjILd attempts to


assassinate Fidel Castro."
He said the accomplish-
ments of the Cuban revolution,
under Castro's aegis, have been
substantive, despite "numerous
missteps."
Wilson said even though
Castro has adhered to a strict


udsi U


ideological line of he has
always been mindful of the sur-
vival of the revolution and has
been willing to transcend
"Marxist-Leninist orthodoxy.
"Fidel Castro has stepped
off the world stage after almost
five decades," he said. "He has
been a larger than life figure.
"No political figure in the
Americas has triggered more
passion," he added.
0


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CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC -
John George Melvin Compton
took the oath of office as prime
minister of St. Lucia for a
record seventh time last month
after leading a rejuvenated
United Workers Party (UWP)
to victory in
general elec-
tions.
The vic-
tory at the
polls halted
the efforts of
the incum-
bent St.
Lucia Labour
Party (SLP)
for an
unprecedent-
ed third /
straight term
in office and
in the Compton is hoisted on
process pro- party won the general
vided the
English-speaking Caribbean
with its oldest ever head of
government.
The UWP won 11 of the
17 seats contested in the Dec.
11 elections.
Sir John, 82, who returned
to active politics last year fol-
lowing two convincing victories
by the SLP in the 1997 and
2001 general elections, has
promised a government of


inclusion and urged St. Lucians
to put behind them years of
political tribalism that was evi-
dent in the just ended election
campaign.
"We must now harness our
scarce human and material


~.
-AP photographs
to the shoulders of supporters after his UWP
elections in St. Lucia.

resources behind the common
national cause and engage the
energies of all St. Lucians in
the process of national devel-
opment," an emotional Sir
John said.

PRIORITIES
He said an immediate pri-
ority of his administration
would be to deal with the ris-
ing crime situation, and


warned that the fight would be
based on a zero-tolerance
strategy.
"We will give the police a
free hand to do their duty with-
in the law, and establish an
independent Police Complaints
Commission to safeguard the
rights of the public," he said.
The veteran politician also
promised an end to the "day-
to-day" political interference
in the St. Lucia Police Service.
Sir John also promised
that a series of consultations
would be held with the church-
es and other stakeholders in a
bid to restore discipline in
schools and the halt the
decline in the moral and social
fabric of the society.
Sir John said his new
administration would put an
end to the financial misman-
agement and wastage of public
funds, which he said was one
of the hallmarks of the outgo-
ing government of Prime
Minister Dr. Kenny Anthony.
The new UWP govern-
ment, he said, would seek to
create at least 7,000 new jobs
in the tourism and information
technology sectors during the
five-year period.
0


OAS wants Caribbean to address

election campaign financing rules


Castro's departure tops


2006 political highlights


New government in St. Lucia;

'zero tolerance' on crime ~ P.M.


I


January 2007


m


IF X-






CARIBBEAN TODAY


PASSPORT REMINDER
The Western Hemisphere
Travel Initiative (WHTI) is
scheduled to take effect this
month.
The WHTI requires all
those United States citizens
traveling by air to the
Caribbean to have a passport.
For information about
applying for a U.S. passport,
visit http://usps.com/passport
or call 800-ASK-USPS.

PARENT RESOURCE
GUIDE
The Miami-Dade County
Public Schools and The
Education Fund have co-pub-
lished a free Parent Resource
Guide 2006-2007 for the public.


The 88-page guide, spon-
sored by global financial serv-
ices provider ING, gives par-
ents information they need to
know about their child's
school, curriculum and stu-
dent requirements.
The guide is printed in
three languages -English,
Spanish and Haitian creole.
Each school in the system will
receive additional copies for
use in parent-teacher meet-
ings.
The guide may also
be viewed online at www.educa-
tionfimdorg (under "Our
Publications") and www.dade-
schools.net (under RI' t Lr ").
The 2006-2007 guide pro-
vides a wealth of information


CHRISTMAS CARIBBEAN STYLE


LWW-crbbatoa.co


FY I

including revised curriculum
requirements, test schedules,
immunization requirements,
student services, legal rights
and parental involvement.

PASSPORTS
The National Passport
Information Center (NPIC),
the United States Department
of State's single, centralized
public contact center for U.S.
passport information, is offer-
ing a toll free service and has
expanded its service availabili-
ty/options.
Persons with questions or
need status checks on pending
passport applications can call
1-877-487-2778. Customer
service representatives are
available from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Monday through Friday,
excluding Federal holidays.
Automated information is
available 24 hours a day, seven
days a week.
For e-mail access, visit:
npic@state.gov Website of
passport and other interna-
tional travel information is
available at travel.state.gov

'GREEN CARD' FILING
The United States
Citizenship and Immigration
Services (USCIS) has
announced that aliens must
mail applications to renew or
replace permanent resident
cards, commonly known as
"Green Cards", directly to the


Los Angeles Lockbox.
The Lockbox is a process-
ing facility used by USCIS to
accelerate the collection of
applications and petitions.
The announced change allows
the agency to improve the
processing of Form 1-90
(Application to Replace
Permanent Resident Card) by
electronically capturing data
and images and by performing
fee receipting and depositing
from one central location,
rather than at the local district
office, service center, or appli-
cation support center (ASC).
Aliens filing a Form 1-90,
regardless of their state of res-
idence, must mail those appli-
cations with an application fee
of $185 and a biometrics fee
of $70 to one of the following
addresses:
For U.S. Postal Service
(USPS) deliveries:
U.S. Citizenship and
Immigration Services, P.O.


Call for Bids or Proposals
For a listing of available Broward Community College (BCC)
open procurement solicitations visit:
www.broward.edu/purchasing/ bids
or contact
954-201-7455
BCC strongly encourages participation by minority and women-
owned business enterprises (MWBE firms)


Box 54870 Los Angeles, CA
90054-0870;
Or for non-USPS deliver-
ies (e.g. private couriers):
U.S. Citizenship and
Immigration Services,
Attention: 1-90, 16420 Valley
View Ave., La Mirada, CA
90638
Applicants should not
include initial evidence and
supporting documentation
when submitting the Form I-
90 to the Los Angeles
Lockbox.
Applicants will receive a
notice for a biometrics pro-
cessing appointment at an
ASC and will submit their ini-
tial evidence during that
appointment.
Applicants will receive
their biometrics appointment
in the mail.
0


Photograph by DerrickA Scott
Beryl Riley, center, Jamaica's honorary consul to Richmond, Virginia in the United
States, presents a gift to Richard White, one of many children who received presents
at the Association of Jamaicans in Richmond's (AJR) annual Christmas celebration
last month. Assisting Riley is Harvey Neyfville, right, a board member of AJR.


SMALL BUSINESS GRANT
APPLICATIONS AVAILABLE
January 12, 2007 January 26, 2007

Commissioner Barbara J. Jordan has made $150,000 available through the Mom and Pop
Small Business Grant Program for FY 2006 2007 to be distributed to qualified small
businesses located in Miami-Dade County District 1 area only. Maximum amount per
business is $5,000. Home Based businesses are welcome to apply. Businesses awarded
funding two consecutive years must sit out one year.

District 1
Applications Available: at District Office
2780 NW 167thStreet
Contact: Shareeke Edmead
305-474-3011

NANA, 180 NW 62nd Street
Contact: Ms. Lawanza Finney
305-756-0605

Applications also available January 12, 2007
download at www.miamidade.gov/district 01
or nanaflorg

An information workshop is
scheduled for 6:30 p.m. 7:30 p.m.
Tuesday, January 23,2007 at Barbara J. Jordan
North Dade Regional Library, located Miami-Dade County
2455 NW 183 Street, Miami, FL 33056 Commissioner District 1

All applications must be hand delivered and returned by 5 p.m.
Friday, January 26, 2007, at either location. For more information,
contact Ms. Lawanza Finney at (305) 756-0605 from 10 a.m. 4 p.m.


It is with pleasure that we pause from
our usual routine to say



for your friendship, goodwill and loyalty.
May the happiness and good cheer of the
Holiday Season be yours throughout the
New Year.






6o0111ecfiq$, t/ e (?ai 'q6eaf/


I


January 2007


MIA14




CARIBBEAN TODAY


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January 25 -27, 2007
The Aqueduct on ose Hall
Montego Bay. Jamaica


Artists scheduled to appear:
* Earth Wind and Fire Michael Bolton Kenny Rogers
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Full Text

PAGE 1

PRESORTED STANDARD U.S. POSTAGE P AID MIAMI, FL PERMITNO. 7315 Vol.18 No.2 JANUARY 2007 Tel: (305 1-800-605-7516editor@caribbeantoday .com ct_ads@bellsouth.net Jamaica: 654-7782 W e cover your world INSIDESt. Lucia’ s new Prime Minister SirJohnComptonhas select ed a mix ofold and newfaces tomake up the Cabinet following his party’selection victor y last month, page 4. The United States has lifted its ban on ackeeimpor ts and Jamaica’ s nationalfr uit, a tasty delicacy from theCaribbean island, is back on store shelves after being sorelymissed by the diaspora, page 11. Caribbean-born teenager Jer maine Bridgmohan, right, has become the latest ridingsensation, following his br other Shaun’s footsteps into thor oughbr ed racing, page 19. News..........................................2 Local ............................................ 6 Feature........................................7 Viewpoint..................................9 Food/Health .............................. 11 Tourism/Travel........................12 Books........................................14 Ar ts/Enter tainment ................ 15 Business..................................17 Sport..........................................19 Region ...................................... 21 Politics......................................22 Trinidad and Tobago’s Andre Neverson has become the UnitedStates Marshal Ser vice’ s most wanted criminal from the Caribbean, page 2.~ It was the best of times and the worst oftimes for the Caribbean last year. Some greatnames passed on. The r egion’ s leaders announced new hope, like the much-anticipated Caribbean community Single Market, and sadendings for commonsights like BWIA, page 7. THE MULTI AWARD-WINNING NEWS MAGAZINE CALL CARIBBEAN TODAY DIRECT FROM JAMAICA 654-7782 CALL CARIBBEAN TODAY DIRECT FROM JAMAICA 654-7782 MIXED BLESSINGS MARK THE CARIBBEAN IN 2006Owen Ar thur Bhar rat Jagdeo Por tia Simpson Miller Ralph Gonsalves CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:34 AM Page 1

PAGE 2

LONDON, CMC The Judicial Committee of thePrivy Council has r eserved judgment until next month in the appeal brought by “the Grenada 13” who were convicted for the murders of Grenada Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and 11others during the 1983 coup. After thr ee days of hearing last month, Pr esident Lord Bingham said the board needed time to arrive at a decision. Lawyers argued for the release of Bernard Coardand 12 others for their roles in the execution ofBishop and members of hisgover nment on Oct. 19, 1983. Bishop and others were killed during an internal battleamong members of the People’s Revolutionary Government in St. George’s. The appeal was hear d before Lords Bingham, Hof fmann, Carswell, Br own, and Chief Justice Lord Phillips. The appellants were Coard, Callistus Bernard, Lester Redhead, ChristopherStr oude, Hudson Austin, Liam James, Leon Cornwall, John Anthony Ventour, DaveBar tholomew , Ewar t Layne, Colville McBarnett, Selwyn Strachan and Cecil Prime. The appeal was hear d days after thr ee others involved in the 1983 coup Andy Mitchell, Vincent Joseph, and Cosmos Richardson were freed after spending their court imposed jail sentences. Coard and the others argued, should they notbe r eleased, they were entitled to be re-sentenced in Grenada. They are also argued that the gover nor general’s imposition of an order that they be detained for the r est of their natural lives was unconstitu-tional. They contend that it was a breach of the rules ofnatural justice to impose a lifesentence without allowing them an opportunity to make representations. NEW YORK A Trinidadian remains the lone Caribbeannational on the United StatesMarshals Most W anted” list. The U.S. Marshals said that Andr e Neverson, 39, is wanted, since 2002, for the fatal shooting of his ex-girlfriend and sister in New York. “Andre Neverson has a history of violence and numer-ous prior convictions,” saidBob Finan, assistant dir ector and head of the U.S. Marshals Service Criminal Division. “He must be brought to jus-tice.” Finan said Neverson has been on the run since alleged-ly abducting and killing hisT rinidadian ex-girlfriend, whose body was found in a parking lot in Brooklyn, onJuly 10, 2002, two days after she was reported missing. Healso said Neverson allegedlyshot his sister dead in her Brooklyn apartment on July 8.Finan said Neverson, who was on parole violation in NewY ork State, is also wanted for re-entering the U.S., from Trinidad, illegally. The U.S. Marshals Ser vice also reported that on Nov. 6, 2002, the fugitive, ar med with a handgun, allegedly entered the home of another ex-girlfriend in an attempt to visithis daughter . The woman’ s brother interrupted the unannounced visit, and Neverson fled with no further incident.The New Y ork City Police Depar tment searched the area for the felon, but never locat ed him. ALIASES He said Neverson speaks several languages, and usesseveral disguises and aliases,such as “Andr e Humphrey”, “Andr e Henderson”, “Troy MichaelAnderson” and “TroyMichaelHenderson”. According tothe U.S.Marshals Service, “thefugitive is ablack male, who was born in Trinidad and Tobago May5, 1964. He is about six-feettwo-inches tall and weighs approximately 240 pounds. He has br own eyes, black hair and a muscular build. Investigators believe the want-ed man is computer literate. “His criminal history includes one conviction forassault, two for weapons offenses and one for attempted murder. He served nearlyfive years in the custody of correctional authorities in New York for prior convictions, and was deported July7, 2000, as an aggravatedfelon. He illegally r e-entered the United States inSeptember 2000 by using a false Jamaican passport”, theagency added. DANGEROUS The U.S. Marshals Service describe Neverson as feet,2 inches tall, and at one timeweighed 240 lbs. Neverson isbald and has a scar on his forehead. Neverson may disguise his appearance by wear-ing a wig and is known to carry a firearm. Neversonmay be thinner than noted inhis wanted poster (240pounds) and may work as abouncer at a night club. “Neverson may be buying and selling cars,” the agencyadded. “He was seen at a car auction in Trinidad. He wasalso big into music and deejaying. His company wasDTROY Pr oductions. He also bounced at Caribe-themed clubs in Brooklyn. He is aladies man and appar ently has the gift of gab. The women ar e usually pr ofessional type, nurses, teachers etc. His father and mother still reside in February decision on ‘Grenada 13’ T&T’s Neverson is lone Caribbean national on U.S.‘Most Wanted’ list 2 CARIBBEAN TODAYJanuary 2007 NEWS NEWS www.caribbeantoday.com Neverson Bishop (CONTINUED ON PAGE 4) CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:34 AM Page 2

PAGE 3

January 2007CARIBBEAN TODAY 3 CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:34 AM Page 3

PAGE 4

NEW YORK, CMC New York City Council has honored the first HaitianAmerican to be elevated bythe Roman Catholic Chur ch to the post of bishop. In a statement, the council described Bishop Guy A.Sansaricq as a “sour ce of immense pride in the city’s immigrant community, particularly, Haitians Americans”. “I want to congratulate Bishop Sansaricq and applaudhis long commitment of ser v ice to our community,” said Councilmember LeroyComrie, who pr esented the proclamation to Bishop Sansaricq. “I represent a large community of Haitian Americans who are immensely proud ofthe achievements of his holi ness. “I want to convey their sentiments her e in the city council and join them in celebrating the success of a religious leader whom is a ster-ling example of the immigrant contribution to our city and nation.” Bishop Sansaricq, 72, who studied in Canada, was ordained as bishop on Aug.22, and also ser ves as the aux iliary bishop of the Brooklyn diocese. New York City Council honors Haitian bishop Brooklyn, but he has family in Trinidad and St. Vincent. “Due to his past criminal history and the nature of his alleged crimes, he is considered armed and dangerous, the agency stated. He also is wanted by the U.S. Bur eau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Division of Parole for New York State and the New Y ork Police Department. U.S. law enforcement officers ar e asking anyone with infor mation about Neverson’s movements or wher eabouts to contact the U.S. Marshals at 1-800-336-0102 . Compiled from multiple sources, including CMC and U.S. Marshals Ser vice. ST. GEORGE’S Grenada, CMC The Grenada govern-ment says it will not bow to pressures from an internation-al oil explor er to settle a suit against Ener gy Minister Gregory Bowen out of court. In a letter sent to Prime Minister Dr. Keith Mitchell dated Dec. 14, Jack Grynbery, chairman of RSM ProductionCorporation, said he wasseeking the prime minister support “to facilitate a resolution to the ongoing disagreement between the Government of Grenada and RSM Production Corporation”. The Grenadagover nment had entered into an oil exploration agr eement with Gr ynbery in 1996, and in the letter wrote of an international oil and gas company as a potential partner with controlling interest in the RSM Grenada Production License. He said that if the Mitchell administration agrees to the new proposals “RSM will undertake toend both thearbitration in front of the International Centre forSettlement ofInvestmentDisputes andthe cour t action filed in the United Sates District Court. “Furthermore I would then arrange for a full publicapology to Minister Bowen”. ‘BRIBE’ The suit in the New Y ork court accuses Bowen of attempting to exact “significant bribe payments from RSM and Grynberg in order for them to do business in Grenada”. It also accused Bowen of obstructing, harass-ing and intimidating “RSM and Grynberg in their effortsto explor e, develop and produce Gr enada’s oil and natural gas resources”. But Bowen has dismissed the accusations saying that he had never met or held any discussions with Grynberg.During the r ecent budget pr esentation, Bowen spoke at length on the matter stating and referred to a recent incident involving Grynberg one of Grenada’s trade ambassadors in New York, MichaelMelnick. Bowen said that theMitchell gover nment would not settle the matter out ofcour t and was also not prepared to sit idly by and allow the island’s reputation to be tarnished. CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC Prime Minister Sir John Compton has named a 12-member Cabinet that was sworn intoof fice last month pr omising to deal effectively with the socioeconomic problems confronting St. Lucia. In addition, Sir John has also named four junior ministers. Sir John’ s United W orkers Party (UWP general elections by defeating the St. Lucia Labour Party of former Prime Minister Dr. Kenny Anthony by an 11 to six margin. CRIME PRIORITY Sir John said that the crime situation had become a top priority for his new administration and that he had chosen Dr.Keith Mondesir to head theHome Af fairs and National Security Ministry. He created a new Ministry of Housing and UrbanRenewal, coupled with LocalGover nment, and has handed the por tfolio to attor ney Richard Frederick, another first time government minister. CHALLENGE Sir John also spoke of the challenge ahead in the field oftourism and the need to appoint someone who had the knowledge and experience to guide the countr y in a vital ar ea of the economy. Hotelier Allen Chastanet was named tourismminister . Sir John also lauded the appointment of former public servant Ausbert d’Auvergne to head the Ministry of Economic Planning, NationalDevelopment and the Public Service. Other appointments announced by Sir John, who will hold the finance ministry, are: Leonard Spider Montoute, minister of social transformaT&T’s Neverson is lone Caribbean national on U.S.‘Most Wanted’ listGrenada to defend suit in U.S.courtMix of old and new make up St.Lucia’s Cabinet 4 CARIBBEAN TODAYJanuary 2007 Bowen NEWS NEWS www.caribbeantoday.com (CONTINUED FROM P AGE 2) Charles Hyatt,Jamaican actor,dies in Florida Popular Jamaican actor and writer CharlesHyatt died in Florida on Jan. 1 after battling cancer . He was 75. The Kingston-bor n Hyatt appeared many times in Jamaica’s pan-tomimes and other stage and screen productions in the Caribbean islandand overseas, including “Busha Bluebeard”, “Bedwar d”, “Old Story Time”, “Two Can Play” and “Smile Orange”. “Uncle Charlie” also hosted the radio pr ogram “It’s Charlie’s Time” in Jamaica. Hyatt is sur vived by four children, grandchil-dr en, great-grandchildren and his wife Marjorie. Hyatt Sansaricq (CONTINUED ON PAGE 6) CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:34 AM Page 4

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January 2007CARIBBEAN TODAY 5 NEWS NEWS www .caribbeantoday.com CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:34 AM Page 5

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tion, human ser vices, youth and sports; Rufus Bousquet, minister of exter nal af fairs, financial ser vices and br oadcasting; and Stephenson King, minister for health and labor. The Cabinet will also include Ezekiel Joseph, minister for agriculture and fisheries; Guy Joseph, minister for communications, works and transport and public utilities; Arsen James, minister for education and culture; and Guy Mayers, the former head of the private sector grouping here, as the minister for trade, industr y and commerce. The junior ministerial por tfolios will be held by Tessa Mangal, in social transfor ma tion, womens af fairs, youth and spor ts; Marcus Nicholas, minister in the Ministry of Agriculture; GaspardCharlemagne, minister in the Ministr y of Education; and Edmund Estephane, minister in the Ministr y of T rade, Industry and Commerce. Mix of old and new make up St.Lucia’s Cabinet Ef fective this month ther e will be several changes in office procedures at the ConsulateGeneral of Jamaica in Miami. The lobby will now open to the public fr om 9 a.m. to noon, Mondays to Fridays. The fees for passport renewal will be increased to $105 foradults and $75 for childr en under age 18 years. The cost of replacing passports is $185for adults and $125 for chil dren. The infor mation was made public in a press release issued last month. According to the release issued by theconsulate, the general feesinclude mailing costfor all applications,whether by mail orfor those submitted at the window. Allpr ocessed passpor ts will now be mailed to passpor t appli cants. PROCESSING TIME Meanwhile, pr ocessing time for all applications remains at six weeks for window applications and eight weeks for those mailed to theconsulate. The consulate will nolonger issue temporary emer gency certificates (EC these will no longer be accepted by the United States’Depar tment of Homeland Security (DHS entering the U.S. The new r uling by the DHS coincides with the new immigration law , known as the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative, which goes into effect on Jan. 23. That lawstates that all traveling U.S. citizens and residents must be in possession of a validpasspor t. Meanwhile, Jamaica’s Consul General, Ricar do Allicock has urged allJamaicans, Americans andother nationals wishing totravel abr oad to have a valid passpor t prior to departing the U.S. The office of the consulate is located in downtownMiami at the Ingraham Building, 25 S.E. Second Ave., Suite 842. Persons can con-tact the of fice at 305-374-8431. Visiting rights for spouses of U.S.residentsJamaica’s consulate in Miami announces new passport rules 6 CARIBBEAN TODAYJanuary 2007 Photogra ph by Derrick A.ScottJamaica’ s Minister of Labor and Social Security Derrick Kellier,left,greets 85-year-old Hazel Morris,one of the first persons to be emplo yed in the Jamaica Central Labor Organization’s (JCLOKellier and Morris met at the JCLO’s annual awards luncheon last month in Washington D.C.,United States,to honor long serving members of the JCLO.Deanna Cantu was honored for 37 years; Yvonne Dixon for 34 years; Grace Brown,25 years; and Ambassador Richard Pierce,five years.The minister gave the keynote address at the function,explaining that the provision of overseas work for the people of the Caribbean is vital to the region’s economies,societies and quality of life of the people. REWARD SWEETENS LABOR LOCAL LOCAL www.caribbeantoday.com QUESTION:I am a Caribbean national living and w orking in the Ca yman Islands.I have been engaged to m y baby father,an American citizen for over five years and we livedtogether while he was in Jamaica.We have a four-yearold daughter together and have known each other for over 15y ears.He wants us to get married no w,but I only need to be a ble to visit him or be able to accompany him on trips to his home in the U.S.on occasions, because I am working in the Cayman Islands,and my daugh-ter is going to school in Jamaica.I want to marry himv ery much but do I have to live in the U .S.? ANSWER: Your question is rar e, especially since so many Caribbean and other immi grants yearn to marry a U.S. citizen to settle in the U.S. and earn immigration benefits,says attor ney Dolly Hassan. But you can get mar ried and maintain visits without actually living in the U.S. You canstay mar ried that way , but under U.S. immigration laws, if he petitions for you and your application is approved for permanent residency, you will be required to live in theU. S. However, since you do not wish for him to petition foryou, then you will not be affected by that clause, addedHassan, and the U.S. immigra tion would not be involved. However, you’ll need to simply maintain a visitor’s visa andnot overstay the time allotted upon entry at the border. Note also that should you change your mind after the marriage and wish to settlefully with your spouse, he canpetition for you using the I130 form or also sponsor you before hand as a fiance and get mar ried within 90 days of you ar riving in the country. For the sponsorship after marriage route, however, theU.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service must approve your application and the U.S. State Departmentvisa bulletin must also showthat a spouse immigrant visa isavailable. Since you ar e outside the U.S., when your visa petition is approved, and when animmigrant visa numberbecomes available, you will benotified to go to the local U.S. consulate to complete the pro-cessing for the visa. If you ar e legally inside the U.S. when your visa petition is approved,and an immigrant visa numberbecomes available, you mayuse For m I-485 to apply to adjust to that of a lawful permanent resident, according tothe U.S. immigration laws. T his column, compiled b y Felicia Persaud,is created especially for immigrantsconcerned or unsure of issuespertaining to the United States immigration law.It answers some of our reader frequently asked questions and provides responses fromqualified immig ration attor neys and advocates lobbying for the U.S.immigrationcause . Log on to www.immigrationkorner .com and submit your questions.Personal answers will not be provided. Answers provided are for infor-mation pur poses only , and does not create attorney-client relationship,nor is it a substitutefor “legal advice”,which can only be given by a competent attorney after reviewing all the facts of the case. (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 4) CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:34 AM Page 6

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PETER RICHARDS PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad, CMC It was the best of timesand the worst of times. It was a year of new beginnings as the much-anticipated Caribbean community SingleMarket(CSM ushered into being and it was a year ofendings asBWIA, acommon sight in regionalskies for over60 years,made pr eparations for itsfinal descentat the end ofthe year . Environmentally, there wer e no hurricanes or major disasters to af fect the lush landscape of the Caribbean. Nor did Mother Nature vent herwrath on the spanking new infrastructure being developedin the Caribbean to host the International Cricket Council World Cup 2007. POLITICAL CHANGE However , politically, things wer e dif fer ent with many polit ical winds of change blowing across the region. As it did more than 200 years ago, Haiti led the political scene with a return to democratic rule in February; while in Jamaica, P.J. Patterson changed thelandscape by r esigning in March after 14 years as primeminister paving the way for the Caribbean community (CARI-COM) state to become the sec ond regional country after Dominica, to be led by a woman prime minister. Guyana’s President Bharrat Jagdeo secured a another term after general elections, but towards the end, his former CARICOM colleague Dr. Kenny Anthony was not as fortunate as Sir JohnCompton defied the odds in St.Lucia and at 82, became theoldest person in the Caribbean to be elected as prime minister. “Age is not a factor her e, I am not here running for the Olympics. Age is really in thestate of mind, I am giving myexperience and my intelligence that God gave to me. I am not going for a marathon, I am notgoing for the Olympics,” Sir John told the Caribbean Media Corporation (CMC shortly after his victory. In the volcano-ravaged island of Montser rat, John Osborne was replaced as chief minister by sur geon Dr. Lowell Lewis, who said he was deter-mined to have his coalition administration stay itsfive-year term follow-ing the May31 generalelections inthe BritishOverseas Territory. Lewis has the backingof Osbor ne as well as another for-mer chief minister , David Brandt, who won a seat as an independent. Bermuda’s new Premier Ewart Brown took up office in October after also ousting incumbent Alex Scott as head of the ruling Progressive Labour Party (PLPBelize, Prime Minister Said Musa’s ruling Peoples United Party (PUP-ating loss atthe Local Governmentelections tothe mainOppositionUnitedDemocratic Party (UDP By yearend, there were calls for fresh elections not onlyin Ber muda, but in Jamaica, wher e the Opposition Jamaica Labour Party (JLP Prime Minister Portia Simpson Miller the island’ s shortestserving prime ministers since Independence in 1962. Her reversal is largely due to a scandal over the acceptance by the People’s National Party (PNP paign donation from a Dutchbased commodities firm, Trafigura Beeher BV that alsosaw the r esignation of the Information Minister Colin Campbell, who was also the party’s general secretary. Calls for general elections also echoed in Trinidad and Tobago, where the incumbentPeoples National Movement(PNM challenge in 2007 from themain Opposition United National Congress (UNCthe newly for med Congr ess of the People (COP away faction of the UNC ledby for mer Central Bank gover nor , Winston Dookeran. Prime Minister Owen Arthur continued to toy with the idea of seeking a new mandate from the Barbados elec-torate with his Barbados Labour Party (BLP regular weekly public meetings. For its part, the Opposition Democratic Labour Party(DLP e by attor ney David Thompson, says it is ready to answerAr thur’s bluff. DARK CLOUD The electoral victories removed the dark cloud over the region’s politics that saw the conviction of formerT rinidad and Tobago’s Prime Minister Basdeo Panday andthe historic assassination of a government minister in Guyana. The much-heralded CSM, a first component of the effortsby the r egional governments to establish a Caribbean SingleMarket and Economy (CSME that would allow for the free movement of goods, skills, labor and services across the region, came into being in twostages in 2006. In Januar y , Barbados, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Belize, Suriname and Guyana, signed the CSM agreement at a ceremony at the Mona campus of the University of West Indies (UWIr egional Organization of Easter n Caribbean States (OECS, afterr eceiving assurances that their participation would not place them at a fur ther disadvantage within the CARICOM grouping. The r egional gover nments have also agr eed on the establishment of a $250 million Regional Development Fund(RDF countries. However, with thepossible exception of oil-rich Trinidad and Tobago,Caribbean countries in 2006 struggled to maintain economic growth. The situation was nothelped bythe risingglobal pricesfor oil andeven though some region-al statessought to take advantage of thePetr oCaribe initiative provided by Venezuela, the international financial and lending agencies were warning of lowto moderate gr owth for the Caribbean. TRADE TROUBLES Furthermore, the region’s plight has not been made anyeasier by the positions adoptedby other countries within theW orld T rade Organization (WTO r elate to the Caribbean’s products and services, such as rum, sugar and bananas. In addition, the proposed Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)with Eur ope provided yet another ar ea of concer n for the region in 2006, particularly as the Caribbean negotiators have insisted that the new accordmust go beyond a trading arrangement and embrace gen2006: The best and worst of times for the Caribbean EARLMOXAM KINGSTON, Jamaica Mike Henr y , a veteran Opposition Member of Parliament, wants his resolution calling for repa-ration for the slave trade to betaken up by other parliaments throughout the Caribbeancommunity (CARICOM “That would be my dream and my hope, because anythingdone in isolation will not have the same impact,” said Henry,in an inter view with the Caribbean Media Cor poration (CMC . And, in an impassioned appeal to “all my Caribbean colleagues,” Henr y said it was cr ucial to recognize the importance of for ging a united posi tion on the matter “because, in that way, we would be able to overcome the obstacles that relate to it, remembering that the divide-and-rule strategy hasalways been used to keep us where we are.” The issue should be picked up by individual parliaments within CARICOM, and also bythe Assembly of CaribbeanCommunity Parliamentarians(ACCP y suggests. It would, he contends, be an appr opriate issue on which to mobilize and make AACP more relevant. DEBATE Henry’s reparations resolution will be debated by Jamaica’s House of Representatives this month, ahead of the official commemoration in March of the200th anniversar y of the abolition of the T ransAtlantic Slave T rade. It calls, among other things,for the acceptance by all members of the legislature thatr eparation is due “to the countries of the displaced descendants (of African slaves The resolution calls, as well, for a House committee to be established to quantify the reparation due; and for the relevant nations to be called upon to provide compensation “by way of cash and/ or debt relief”. Dr. Peter Phillips, leader of gover nment business in the House of Representatives, is looking forward to the resolu-tion being debated, describing it as “an appropriate move.” According to Phillips, “this issue cuts very close to the bone for Jamaican and Caribbean people; the historical catharsis is very necessary As for what form the actions resulting from thedebate will take, Phillips told CMC that this had not yet been deter mined. “How that debt is paid people will differ on the question,” Phillips said. “Some want cash payment, some say an apology will suffice. We will need to examine it carefully, bearing inmind that it has resulted in the retardation of Africa’sdevelopmentand that ther esults live on in today’s con-ditions of poverty in theCaribbean.” NOT SATISFIED Plans for debating the resolution, coincide with (British Prime Minister) Tony Blair’s publicized expression of “deep sorrow” about his country’s role in the slave trade, abolished by an Act of Parliament on March 25,1807. Whilewelcomingthis as a smallfirst step,Henr y is far from satisfied with Blair’sstatement. “Invariably, the conqueringraces have been able to get awaywith apologies and an escape of the real costs to their pockets,because, ultimately , money is what they understand,” he str essed. Leading scholars in Jamaica have also joined the debate sparked by Tony Blair’s statement. Professor VereneShepher d, chairperson of the Jamaica National Bicentenary Committee, described thestatement as inadequate, though an improvement on previous positions taken by the Caribbean spearheads call for slavery reparation January 2007CARIBBEAN TODAY 7 FEATURE FEATURE www .caribbeantoday.com P ortia Simpson Miller became Jamaica’ s first female prime minister. Bharrat Jagdeo secured another termin Guy ana. Dr .Ewart Brown ousted Alex Scott in Bermuda. Basdeo Panday was convicted in Trinidad and Tobago. Imported slaves. Henry Philips (CONTINUED ON PAGE 8) (CONTINUED ON PAGE 8) CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:34 AM Page 7

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2006: The best and worst of times for the Caribbean 8 CARIBBEAN TODAYJanuary 2007 FEATURE FEATURE www.caribbeantoday.com Age is not a factor her e,I am not her e running forthe Olympics”82-year old Sir JohnCompton afterguiding hisUnited Workers Party (UWP to a stunning victory in St. Lucia’s general elections last month. “The result was a shock.It was clearly different from theopinionpolls” – Dr . Kenny Anthony,whose ruling St.Lucia Labour Partylost the recentgeneral elec tions despitepre-ballot polls projecting theSLP as a clear favorite for a third term in office. “It is an unnatural situation to havehostilitiesbetw een two countries which are 90 miles awayfrom eachother” – St.Vincent and the Grenadines Prime MinisterRalph Gonsalves last monthpredicting that the decades old trade embargo by the UnitedStates on Cuba will soon be resolved. “I really can’t feel my legs.This isphenomenal” 18-year -old Barbadian-born singerRihannaexpressing her joy after winning three majorhonors at the Billboar d Music A wards last month in the United States . “If you help the people at the destination,you are a pilgrim,otherwise you’re merely a trav-eler” Lelei LeLaulu, president ofCounterpart International,urging touriststo assist the less fortunate inthe places they visit. Compiled from CMC and other sources . uine development. It was a year of turbulence for regional air carriers and atthe end of the year , the debt ridden 60-year-old BWIA, the Trinidad and Tobago national carrier, was no more, making way for a leaner Caribbean Airlines that has also pr omised better ser vice on fewer r outes. The cash-strapped Leeward Islands Air Transport (LIAT) was still engaged in merger talks with another regional airline, Caribbean Star and the three major Caribbean government shareholders in LIAT said theyexpected the new entity tobecome operational early this year. Health challengesr emained thr oughout the year with the Caribbean, which ranks behind Africa as having the highest incidence of HIV infec-tion in the world announced in2006 that model legislation onHIV was being developed andcould be completed by next year . A malaria outbreak in Jamaica was holding the attention of the authorities towards the end of the year, and some Caribbean governments announced measures to limit its spread. Ina year whentheCaribbean Court of Justice sat for its first major appeal, shock waves spr ead acr oss the r egion when T rinidad and Tobago’s embattled Chief Justice Satnarine Sharmabecame the first sitting head of the judiciary to face a criminal charge. “The bottom line is that there is in Trinidad and Tobago,as I have said befor e, a principle of equality befor e the law. We subscribe to it, we live by it,”said Attor ney General John Jeremie said of the charge. After several attempts to prevent his arrest, including a challenge before the Londonbased Privy Council, Sharma was slapped with a char ge of seeking to pervert the course of public justice. The char ge ar ose out of his alleged role in the trial of Basdeo Panday, who hadbeen sentenced to two yearsimprisonment after he was found guilty in a Magistrate’s Court of knowingly failing todeclar e his London bank account to the IntegrityCommission for the years 1997,1998, and 1999. Panday has since appealed the conviction. But Panday was not the only politician in T rinidad to have ran afoul of the law . Several former members of his Cabinet are still before the courts on charges arising out of the Piarco Airport rehabilitation project and in 2006, two government ministers, and possibly a thir d, in the Patrick Manning administration were facing criminal char ges on mat ters not related to the airport. CRIME Crime continued unabated in the Caribbean during 2006, as like T rinidad and T obago and Jamaica, Guyana and indeed the entire Caribbean continuedto be haunted by rising criminal activities particularly murder. Antigua and Barbuda, for example, announced a series of measures including a mobilearmed task force, the searchingof vehicles at nights and tighter control of the air and seaportsin a bid to deal with the crimesituation on the island. WhileJamaica led the r egion with the number of homicides in 2006, the region was stunned by the assassination of Guyana’ s Agricultur e Minister Satyadeow “Sash” Sawh, aswell as the mur der of several media workers and the unprecedented level of killings linked to armed groups in Guyana. The countr s crime situa tion was further compounded by the disappearance of a num ber of Russian-made AK-47rifles fr om the Guyana Defence For ce and used in many killings. Caribbean gov ernments continued to point an accusing finger at the “returning criminal depor tees” from the United States for the upsurge in crime, even though Washington maintained there was no proof linking its policy of r etur ning criminals to the Caribbean. HAITI’S STRUGGLES Haiti still in need of a heavy dose of foreign directinvestment to boost its ailing economy, continued to reelunder the pr essure of crime, par ticularly kidnappings, where armed gangs were now using that activity to secure funds from wealthy and in somecases, not too wealthy families. The Trinidad and Tobago government reported a drasticdecline in kidnappings during the year , but the Opposition and business groups say this was due mainly to the forced payment of extortion money or “coward tax” to protect families from kidnappers. CMC Caribbean spearheads call for slavery reparation British government. Shepherd, professor of social history at the University of the West Indies (Mona to the Jamaican media, noted that the British prime minister had “stopped shor t of apologiz ing for Britain’ s r ole in the trade in Africans and of fering to make amends.” Advancing an argument for r eparation, she recalled that “the forced relocation of Africans to the Americas and the productiveoutput of such Africans andtheir descendants, helped to transform the Atlantic into acomplex trading ar ea, tur ning it into the center of the international economy.” Furthermore, she asserted, “without enslavedAfricans and the trans-Atlantic trade, the potential economic value of the Americas couldnever have been achieved.” Pr ofessor Rex Nettlefor d, vice chancellor emeritus of the University of the W est Indies, in his own statement on the mat ter, made a number of suggestions as to how Blair and the British government could compensate the people of the WestIndies, “the longest colonized piece of real estate.” A principal means of reparation, hesaid, could be a significant monetar y contribution towar ds “widening the pr ovision of ter ti ary education and training in the West Indies to equip thedescendants of the slaves tomeet the challenges of this new centur y and beyond.” Education, he noted, had provided an escape out of endemic poverty for many descendants of African slaves in the West Indies, but stressed that toomany still had not achieved this. Accordingly, the renowned scholar wants the British gov ernment, “with its high regard for the benefits which education can bring to all societies,” to make “a substantial contribution to education in the region.” It’s a suggestion that finds favor with Henry, the sponsor of the reparation resolution in Jamaica’s Parliament, as “one of several approaches to com-pensating our people for the deprivations suffered during slavery and the slave trade.” FOREFRONT Jamaica led the way in convincing the United NationsGeneral Assembly to mandate member states to commemorate the abolition of the Slave Trade on Mar. 25, 2007. Some 160 countries, including formercolonial powers the UnitedKingdom, France, Belgium andthe Netherlands, as well as all African states, supported the resolution, adopted on Nov. 28.The r esolution was spear head ed by Jamaica and tabled by CARICOM countries, procuring the agreement of theGeneral Assembly to designateMar . 25 as the International Day for the Commemorationof the 200th Anniversar y of the T rans-Atlantic Slave T rade. The r esolution ur ged member states to develop educational programs to educate and inculcate in future generations, anunderstanding of the lessons, history and consequences of slavery and the slave trade. The General Assembly will convene a special commemora tive meeting in remembrance of the event on Mar. 26, 2007. The Jamaica National Bicentenary Committee is coordinating several activities to commemorate the anniversary. CMC Street Address: 9020 SW 152nd Street, Miami, FL33157 Mailing Address: P .O. Box 6010 Miami,FL33116-6010. T elephone: (305 (305305 1-800-605-7516 Jamaica: 654-7728 E-mail: caribtoday@earthlink.net Send ads to: ct_ads@bellsouth.net Vol.18,Number 2 JAN.2007 PETER A WEBLEY Publisher GORDON WILLIAMS Managing Editor DAMIAN P . GREGOR Y Deputy Managing Editor SABRINA FENNELL Graphic Artist DOROTHY CHIN Account Executive SUNDA Y SELLERS Account Executive JULISSA RAMOS Accounting ManagerCaribbean Media Source Media Representatives TOM JONAS 353 St. Nicolas Street, Suite 200 Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2Y2P1 Tel: (514514 E-mail: tom@cmsworldmedia.com Jamaica Bureau MARIE GREGOR Y (876 P.O. Box 127, Constant Spring Kingston 8, JamaicaOpinions expressed by editors and writers are not necessarily those of the publisher. Caribbean Today , an independent news magazine, is published every month by Caribbean Publishing Services, Inc. Subscription rates are: US$20 per year (Bulk. Caribbean Today is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts or photos. To guarantee return, please include a self-addressed stamped envelope. Articles appearing in Caribbean Today may not be reproduced without written permission of the editor. (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 7) (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 7) Owen Arthur offered a new mandate in Barbados. CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:34 AM Page 8

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GORDON WILLIAMS Last month, an American television network ran afeatur e about an African man, well into his 80s, who had enrolled in his village’s basic school. The man, who never attended school before, said he wanted to learn becausether e is much he wants to contribute. Cer tainly he is not too old to lear nor to try and help out. In the Caribbean, another man in his 80s, was back in the classroom too last month. The course he enrolled in kind of a refresher is running a gov-er nment. For mer Prime Minister Sir John Compton was returned to power in St. Lucia by a significant majority, his United Workers Party (UWPdefeating Kenny Anthony and the St. Lucia Labour Party’s bid for a third consecutiveter m. And right off the bat the 82-year -old made it clear that he knew his age would never be a factor in the result. “Age is really in the state of mind,” Compton declared.“I am giving my experienceand my intelligence that Godgave to me. I am not going fora marathon, I am not goingfor the Olympics.” NEW START The election results show that the voters understoodthat message as well. Whatthey wanted was a new starteven if it is being led byan old hat. Compton has been around awhile. He guided St.Lucians into associated state hood. In the late 1970s he wastheir leader when the island claimed Independence fromBritain. T en years ago, Sir John, at a nice ripe age usually r eserved for retirees, stepped down as St. Lucia’s prime minister . Since then, other power ful figures in the Caribbean have left political leadership, including former prime minis-ters of Jamaica P .J. Patterson and Edwar d Seaga. New blood is running through their political landscape, includingJamaica’ s first woman prime minister , as they get more comfy on the sidelines. However , UWP followers were plunged into a dark political patch after Comptonleft, losing heavily in the elec tions of 1997 and 2001. So this time around they summoned Sir John. At 82, he has delivered their prize. Among the interesting notes from St. Lucia’s generalelections is that an estimated 60 percent of some 135,958 electors turned out to vote. Not bad, but not gr eat either . Refr eshing is that both major par ties conceded that the elections wer e generally clean and fair . CAMPAIGN FUNDING But election campaign funding, one issue which wasraised during the St. Lucia campaign, still remains a bug-bear after the polls have closed. With the steady influx of illegal dr ug money into the Caribbean, the region has always been the target of speculation that the powerful drug barons pull more than enough strings at election time. That is not a comfort-able situation to live with. In some countries of the r egion, Jamaica for example, the issue of campaign funding reform has come up for recent debate. Meanwhile, St. Lucia’s recent elections have not escaped the pr obing eyes of outside observers. Immediately after the Dec. 11 polls, an Organization ofAmerican States (OAS which observed the elections, publicly called for “cross party accord on campaign financing” to further enhance demo-cratic r ule in the Caribbean state. The OAS admitted that campaigning in the Caribbeanhad become “incr easingly expensive”, but pushed for the accor d to pr omote “trans parency and accountability” in the region’s democracies. CLEAN SLATE Sir John, with a clean slate and a fresh mandate, has a chance to move his country in the right direction on thisissue. The pr oblem of dir ty money scattered across Caribbean elections did notarise after he left St. Lucia’ s top job the first time. The old hat has been ar ound long enough to watch the scour ge hatch and grow. Now he is at the helm again. Whether helikes the Olympic theme ornot, St. Lucians have againhanded him the leadership baton. His job is to run with itand win the positive changesthat the people demand. And that is the advantage for Sir John. While theAfrican man was entering theclassr oom for the first time, Compton has been there befor e. He is not some wetfoot youngster learning the ropes of St. Lucia and Caribbean politics. He mayhave some catching up to do,but he must also be held tothe highest level of accounta bility; maybe even higher than anyone else before him. Class, is now officially in session. Gordon W illiams is Caribbean Today’s managing editor. Old people r eally get a raw deal, and not until you’ve r eached their age can you r eally appreciate their trials, tribulations and lack of titillation. The subject of old people and sex is a vexing one arethey getting it, ar e they enjoying it, should they be par ticipating?! Old in this case being people over 70 years or so, Iwould imagine. The Lord did give us thr ee score and 10 years. He didn’ t say to score up until the last day. Now, what in heaven’s name is someone over 70 doing having sex? At that age shouldn’t they put down thoseactivities and take up the Bible and join church or something? Did I say join church? Let’s take that back, for that’s where the sex seems to be, the way those deacons and eldersar e carrying on with the young flock. “Leave sex to young people,” at least that’s whatsome people tend to think. After all, no one really thinksof people up in age, say 75 or even 80 or over, having sex. Now close your eyes and mentally conjure up that picture. But as unappealing as it may look, they do, and haveever y right to. PERCEPTION We were all conditioned to believe that sex is only for the young. After all, most ofthe magazines, movies, books,commer cials and por no stuf f, show young, youthful, well sculpted, muscular men, plus shapely, sexy, curvy femalebodies, wrapped up, entwined,cleaving unto each other in the throes of passion. Never ever will we see geriatrics, oldand wrinkled, wrapped in alovers’ embrace. Can you imagine a porno movie showing that? No way.So, as a r esult, our image of sex is only between young peo ple. But old people do it too. Many exper ts speak of older couples not necessarily having a need for ‘realsex’, but more having a desire to cuddle andcar ess with a need to feelwanted. Theyalso say thatin many casesthe sex act wasn’t evenconsummated, just the loveydovey stuf f. W ell, I say an emphatic no, as my studies and old friends have proven otherwise. That may hold true for old women, but old men in Jamaica don’t just want lovey dovey, touchy feely, caressing,hand holding only crap. They want the real deal, the raw basic animal-humping-sweatyhead-banging-sweaty-sex thatthey used to have in theirlusty youth. And that’ s why V iagra was invented, so that dir ty old men could get down and dirty. To prove my point, with the advent of V iagra, many old men simply got up and left their wives after they finally got it up. Even more, many old men, now on Viagra are contracting all sorts of venereal diseases and bringing it home to their unsuspecting haplesswives. This includes HIV/ AIDS, which hardly bothers some old cowboys who say, “AIDS take all of 10 years tokill you, I am 75, do the math, what do I car eI am having the time of my life.” REAL ROCK So much for cuddling and touchy feely only for old people. The men want the real thing. Just check and see who watches por no movies, visit go-go clubs, chase schoolgirls, buy prostitutes. A significant majority are old men who give God thanks, but thank Viagra even more. And whereas old men are having sex, they aren’t having it with old women either, and in many cases it’s not their fault, but they’re merely victims of bio-logical cir cumstances, and her s why. You take a man of 75 years, per haps suf fering fr om er ectile dysfunction or weakened, limp, half mast and put him with a woman of 70and see what happens. Butvoila, take that same old manand put him with a young nymphet and see the raging Never too old to run Old folks need love too January 2007CARIBBEAN TODAY 9 VIEWPOINT VIEWPOINT www .caribbeantoday.com TONY ROBINSON (CONTINUED ON PAGE 10) CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:34 AM Page 9

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W ASHINGTON Affirmative action is on trial at the United States Supreme Court. Judging by the chilly reception that five of the nine justices gave it during oral arguments recently, the only question left is how far the court will go in overruling racial pr eferences as a constitutional way to r eme dy the histori cal damagedone by racial preferences. I do not use the Pword lightly. I have publicly debated formerUniversity of California regent Ward Connerly and others who use the word “preferences” to denounce any effort by government to remedy the historical problems of race by taking race into account. I have defended affirmative action when employed in thejudicious way that past conser vative Supr eme Courts have allowed it: “narrowly applied” with “strict scrutiny” when there is a “compelling state interest”. OVERREACHING But, the Louisville and Seattle public school student assignment plans now before the cour t of fer tr oubling examples of the overreaching “reverse discrimination” that af fir mative action foes rail against. For those with long memories, the case of Joshua McDonald is par-ticularly poignant. Joshua is a white Louisville student who was assigned to a kinder gar ten that was a 90-minute bus ride away, past a closer school which Jefferson County school officials said already had enough white students that year. That’s painfully ironic. Linda Br own, a black thir d grad er in Topeka, Kansas, was forced to take a long bus ride to school ever y day past a closer neighborhood school that did not admitblacks. The landmark 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education school desegregation decision bears her father’s name. Wherehave we Americans come, we must ask ourselves, when the decision to help black kids likeLinda Br own who were turned away from schoolhouses in the name of segregation is used to turn Joshua McDonald away in the name of desegregation? Worse, as Bill Cosby forcefully told civil rights leaders at the 50th anniversar y of the Brown decision, what have we gained when the past half-cen tury of desegregation has failed to close the academic achieve-ment gap between blacks and Latinos on one side and whites and Asians on the other? TRUTH Some of my fellow African Americans were offended by Cosby’s candor but he spoke the truth. Close the grade and testscor e gap and the affirmative action debate ends. Unfortunately, we too often have seen school desegregation lead to further divisions inwhich black and Latino students are tracked into lower-performing classes and white and Asian students tracked towar d college. That problem is bigger than buses. Diversity is a virtue, but we need to focus on educating all kids regardless of the racial makeup in classrooms. That’s going to take more than marches, pickets and “Save Brown” chants, as we saw outside the Supr eme Cour t building. It’ s going to take a massive ef fort as focused and relentless as the civil rights revolution that Brown ignited. Again, history offers important lessons. The 1971 case of Swann vs. CharlotteMecklenburg Board of Education in Nor th Carolina upheld the busing of students as an appropriate remedy for the problem of racial imbalance. But its impact was watered down three years later. That’s when the Supreme Court barred forced busing across school district lines in the Milliken vs. Bradley decision,which only ser ved to accelerate white flight to the suburbs. NO TURNING BACK Left with dwindling numbers of white students, urban districts were left to do what they should have done all along: improve their schools to lure the middle-class back. Except the cities mostly improved a few showcase “magnet” schools and left the rest to get by the best they could. When Charlotte-Mecklenburg took that route, it closed the achievement gap in reading and math well enough to be recognized by the Council of the Great City Schools as one of four top urban districts. Alas, italso was sued successfully by white par ents whose children had been turned away by themagnets of their choice. Students in CharlotteMecklenburg’s schools have continued to perform well across racial lines. Yet, in the absence of desegr egation plans, enr ollment by race has followed the racial patter ns of neighbor hoods. A similar pattern is expected to follow nationwide if the Supr emes overturn Seattle and Louisville’s desegregation plans. Either way, it would not be the end of Brown vs. Board, despite the alar ms sounded by some civil rights leaders. Blackswill not be r eturned to the back of the bus or to the “colored” waiting rooms and water fountains that humiliated my family and me in my youth. Instead, we could be motivated, as some school districts alr eady have been, to move to the next rational step for our liberation: the integration of low-income, low-achieving students into a higher-achieving future. It will take more than a bus for us to make that trip. 2006 Clarence P age. Distributed by Tribune Media Services,Inc. Racial fairness again on trial in America 10 CARIBBEAN TODAYJanuary 2007 VIEWPOINT VIEWPOINT www.caribbeantoday.com bull unleashed. Walk softly and carry a big stick is the mantra of the lusty old man, plus V iagra in the back pocket can’ t hurt either . The fact is, young women are the old man’s Viagra, as men being visualcr eatures, are turned on more by a young body , than by an old one. If this wer e not true, then go-go dancers would be 70 years old and over . If this wer e not so, call girls would be recruited from the old folks home. If this were not true,old men would leave their wives and take up with an even older woman, or have an older mistress on the side. CONSEQUENCES Now the consequence of the old man dealing with the young girl may be dire, as aftera while he may not be able to manage, and she in turn mayseek a younger man, closer toher age. But the fact is, the desir e for sex with the young girl is powerful in the old man. Also, he better have money, as no young girl will be taking up with any broke pocket old man. When you check out those Internet scams, where young girls are lured into sexploits, in most cases they are victims to old grey back men. Right now inthe U.S. ther e is a huge cam paign to crack down on this practice, and just a fewmonths ago a high ranking U.S. official was caught in a sting operation as he solicited a 14-year-old girl online. So anyone who thinks that old people aren’t having sex hadbetter think againbut just askwho they ar e having sex with. Just as a sidebar, there is now a gr owing trend of beautiful female teachers in the U.S. having sex with their students.One was even a for mer beauty queen. So slightly older women have needs for younger folktoo. But I pity the poor old woman, for while the oldcr usty grey back man, souped up on Viagra or Cialis, canhave all the sex that he wants, poor granny isn’t getting any of the action. Let’s face it, let’s be real, would you troll thecor ridors of the Golden Age Home looking for a lay? I’m not being unkind, but that’sthe way it is. Most of the ladieson display in r ed light districts are pretty tempting, but some in the back streets down, close to the docks, are over the hill, weather beaten, and seen better days and better lays. They are the old ladies of the night,ageing dowagers who must have been on the reserve team in the dark light district. Theyar e as old as dirt, and no wonder they are on the back alleysnear the canal in the shadows and not on the front page.Naturally those go for lessthan half price, closing downsale price even. But even so,they get few takers. And littlewonder , as chances ar e, even the most virile man would have been a complete flopwith them. So much for old women and sex, such is their plight. Now, I’m sure that there are old loving couples stillindulging, who may even refute my claims saying: “We may be old, but we’re notcold.” I’m happy for them.But I guarantee, put a younggirl beside that old man and watch him transform, and I’m sure that the old lady would prefer a younger firm bodiedstud too, if he would have her . What I do know is that old folks need love too, but unfor tunately , the word dirty precedes a lusty old man, and per haps for good reason, as dirty old men are having lots of fun. But they aren’t having it withold women who also need love too. Why no dirty old women? Now that needs exploring. seido1@hotmail.com Old folks need love too (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 9) CLARENCE PAGE CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:34 AM Page 10

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SUZYCOHEN QUESTION:I have heard that fish oil is good for heart health,but when I eat fish,mythroat starts to close and I’mcertain that I’m allergic toseafood. Will fish oil supplements cr eate this allergic reaction as w ell? What do you suggest? ANSWER: If your reaction is that severe, then avoid sup-plementation with fish oils. You are right though, theessential fatty acids (EF A) found in fish oils ar e good for the heart, and that’s what most people have heard about. But EFAs are good formany conditions. There is research to support the ability of EFAs toboost mood, impr ove cholesterol ratios, protect our brain and memory, relieve joint pain, improve digestion, easeconstipation, fight infectionsand smooth out wrinkles. OPTION If you’d like to take EFAs, but you are allergic to fish or don’t want to use ananimal-derived pr oduct, then consider black currant oil as an option. Black currants con-tain a lot gamma linoleic acid, which provides powerful antiinflammatory substances when taken in normal dosages. Don’t overdo anything, though not even good stuff. Black currants are little fr uits that provide EFAs that ar e particularly helpful in r educing inflammation, especially in gals. What comes to mind her e is all that br east tenderness that women get right before their period, and other PMS problems in general. Taking even one gelcap aday of this supplement (1,000mg) can make a considerabledif fer ence in your overall health. Black currant products are also found as jams and teas.Since they’r e fruit rather than fish-derived, you can make tastier things out of them. While we’re on the subject of PMS, you could add vitamin B6 (about 50 mg daily), magnesium (about 100 mg daily) and Vitamin E (about 400 mg dailyly see some ter rific crampr educing and mood-boosting benefits. PO WERFUL Black cur rants have as many powerful antioxidants as blueberries, maybe more. They also have more Vitamin C than oranges, plus they con-tain anthocyanins the plant pigment that provides anticancer pr otection because it fights free radicals. So just because you can’ t take fish oils doesn’t mean that you can’ t get a good source of EFAs. You can also look atother oils, such as eveningprimr ose oil and borage oil. Did you know? If you are aller gic to peaches, plums, cher ries or apricots, then you could also be allergic toalmonds? They all belong tothe same family . Suzy Cohen is a registered pharmacist.To contact her,visit www .dear pharmacist.com 2006 Dear Pharmacist, inc.Distributed by TribuneMedia Ser vices , Inc. The United States has lifted its ban on ackeeimpor ts and Jamaica’ s national fruit, a tasty delicacy from the Caribbean island, is again back on store shelves after being sor ely missed by the diaspora for over a year . According to a recent report fromthe Associated Press, “Jamaica has resumed shipmentsof its beloved national fruit to theUnited States,wher e fears of a toxin that can occur naturally in the red-skinned ackee prompted the government to order them off storeshelves (in 2005 Well over 100 cases of ackee left Jamaica’s capital Kingston early last month for Florida. The U.S. Food and Dr ug Administration (FDA issued the original recalls, approved the resumption ofimpor ts under new scr eening procedures that began in November, the news agency reported. Only firms that have shown themselves capable of keeping the toxin under con-tr ol will be allowed to expor t the fruit to the United States, said FDA spokesman MichaelHer ndon. DANGER The popular fruit, which contains edible pods, produces a compound known as hypoglycin that can r each danger ous levels when it is picked too early and is not ripe. The toxin can cause adr op in blood sugar and vom iting, and, in rare cases, convulsions, coma and death. The recall affected fruit sold in Massachusetts, Connecticut and New York. The Associated Pr ess reported that the FDA said it will establish with theJamaican gover nment com mon standards to better regulate ackee sales in the U.S. Jamaica’s Agriculture Minister Roger Clarke said the country’s standardsbur eau sent teams to ackee pr ocessing plants acr oss the Caribbean island to ensure screening procedures are upto date, the A.P . r epor ted. Ackee trees are native to West Africa, and manybelieve they came to Jamaica aboard slave ships. Sauteedlike a vegetable, the goldenflesh of the ackee r esembles scrambled eggs. Ackee mixed with dried and salted codfish,once a staple of slaves, is now Jamaica’s national dish. Black currants: a tasty alternative to fish oilAckee returns to the U.S.after year-long ban January 2007CARIBBEAN TODAY 11 FOOD FOOD / / HEALTH HEALTH www .caribbeantoday.com SANTA’S SURPRISE Photograph by Miami-Dade / Benjamin ThackerThe youngest patients at the Miami Children’s Hospital Cancer Center enjoyed a special visit from Santa Claus last month during the second stop for CommissionerJose epe” Diaz, who had been making the rounds in Miami-Dade County dressed in the popular red suit. Bronte Bredemeyer , a three-year -old from Davie,Florida, was thrilled by Santa’s special appearance.Each child,including patients’ siblings, received a present from Old St.Nick and was treated to Christmas carols. Ackee dish Black currants CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:34 AM Page 11

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CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC St. Lucia has been recognized as the top Caribbean destination in the 2006 annual Travel Weekly Readers’ ChoiceA wards. The St. Lucia Tourist Boar d stated last month that the award recipients were chosen by Travel Weekly readers, a collection of agents, industrymarketing executives andchief executive of ficers of the world’s largest travel compa-nies thr oughout North America. These travel industry leaders visited the Travel W eekly website and voted to select just 12 resorts and 103suppliers as finalists in thisyear s Readers’ Choice A wards competition. Called the “Emerald Isle” for its majestic mountains, lush rainforest and secluded waterfalls, St. Lucia was chosen out of a pool of fiveCaribbean destinations, including Aruba, DominicanRepublic, Jamaica, and theUnited States V irgin Islands. Lorine Charles St. Jules, dir ector of marketing North America, accepted the award on behalf of St. Lucia. “St. Lucia’s wild and exquisite beauty, hospitablecultur e and vast tourism offerings are truly remarkable,”she said. “W e are thrilled that the r eaders of T ravel Weekly have recognized St. Lucia as the leading destination in theCaribbean.” The award was announced at a function at the Pier re Hotel in New Y ork last month and will be featured in the Jan. 15 issue of T ra vel Weekly . BRIDGETOWN, Barbados The Caribbean HotelAssociation (CHAdescribed 2006 as a challenging year for the region’s bread andbutter tourism industr y, but said most countries should end the year with some growth. “I think that it is safe to say that for the Caribbean the summer (last of a difficult period. There was a general slow down in the ar ea. I think some countries ar e still maintaining some gr owth,” CHA President Peter Odle told the Caribbean Media Cor poration . Using Barbados as an example, Odle said the country was “on target to hit the four percent growth whichhad been pr ojected at the start of the year . I think that possibly it might exceed it by acouple of decimal points.” NEGATIVE IMPACT The CHA president said a combination of factors, bothinter nal and exter nal, impact ed negatively on Caribbean tourism last year . “One of the problems in recent times is that we have had a lot of hurricanes in the region so we are finding thatperiod, for example, middle of August, end of August, September , October, people are tending to shy away from the region a little bit because that late period is associated with hur ricanes. e have had the situation where there was (World Cup soccer) in Europe this year andthat attracted a number of peo ple going to Germany and that af fected us ar ound that time as well,” he said. He added that countries in Asia affected by the tsuna-mi two years ago have beencoming back into the marketand this has had an impact on the industr y in the Caribbean. EXPECTATIONS However, Odle still expected most regional destinations to record growth this year even though he admitted that ther e were some concerns ahead of next year s Cricket W orld Cup. “March is one area where we still have some concer ns, but there are a number of ini-tiatives in the market place to try to move the March num-bers. e think that is a direct r esult of people thinking that cricket is in March andApril...the traditional peoplewho come in that period tendto shy away somewhat because they are not necessarily com-ing for the cricket,” he said. CMC St.Lucia wins top Caribbean destination BRIDGETOWN, Barbados, CMC Barbados PrimeMinister Owen Ar thur says regional airlines Caribbean Star and Leeward Islands Air Transport (LIAT) will mergeon Feb. 1. The Barbados government is one of three major shareholder governments in LIAT, with the other twobeing Antigua and Barbuda and St. V incent and the Gr enadines. The Feb. 1 start-up date was announced at the end of a negotiating session late last month led by Arthur and SirAllen Stanfor d, the Caribbean Star owner. While Antigua was present at the meeting, Arthur said that the decisiontaken had to be put to St.V incent and the Grenadines and the other shareholders forfull appr oval. He said that the airlines would begin operating immediately as though the merger was in place, replacing the cur r ent practice of intense competition with intense cooperation. “A commercial agreement will be put in place to utterly change the schedules that theairlines now operate, torationalize them and to bebetter able to use the airlift capacity,” Arthur said. “It will manifest itself in the airlines being able to use less aircraft than they’re presently using, to provide a more rational service, and that will come into effect from early February Ar thur said that the merger would be completed within thr ee to four months of the initial Feb. 1 star t up date, adding that the rights of workers would be pr otected once the merger had taken place. ‘PERFECT SENSE’ Sir Allen said that the mer ger makes perfect sense. He also said it would benefitthe traveling public and thetwo airlines. “At the end of the day the Caribbean travelling public is going to benefit tr emendously out of this,” Sir Allen said. “In this the process, it’s Region expects growth, despite challenging 2006 12 CARIBBEAN TODAYJanuary 2007 Odle LIAT Caribbean Star TOURISM TOURISM / / TRAVEL TRAVEL www.caribbeantoday.com (CONTINUED ON PAGE 13) LIA T , Caribbean Star to merge on Feb.1 CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:35 AM Page 12

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been somewhat painful over the past few years fighting each other, and now coming together makes all the sensein the world. Our only goal is to pr ovide a safe, affordable and consistently reliable air transport link between the islands and I’m just proud to be part of this process today LIAT and Caribbean Star have been exploring the possibility of a merger for months now. Both sides began official talks in October. LIAT,Caribbean Star to merge on Feb.1 BRIDGETOWN, Barbados, CMC Regional car rier Air Jamaica will fill the void cr eated by Caribbean Airlines’ decision to drop non-stop direct flights between Barbados and New York, according to tourism officials. Minister of T ourism Noel Lynch said that with theCaribbean Air ways Trinidad and Tobago’s newnational airline to r eplace BWIA deciding to cease direct flights on the BarbadosNew York r oute from this month,Air Jamaicawould pick up the slack by office daily flights effective Jan.10. Lynch admitted that tourism officials and hoteliers here were worried about the possible impact Caribbean Air ways’ decision to cease nonstr op flights into and out of JFK airpor t could have on the U.S. tourism market, which remained an important one for the island’s main foreign exchange ear ning sector. BENEFITS Campbell Rudder , Air Jamaica’s regional director for the northeast U.S., said the Jamaica gover nment-owned airline was confident that the route would be sustainable based on the considerable interest shown in the service through advanced bookings and str ong response from agents. “What it does for Barbados is that you now have 14 weekly non-stop flights seven in andseven out. It also allows you that ability to tap into the U.S. markets, another six or seven cities within the U.S., bringing tourism into the market,” Rudder added. He said the service would also benefit other Easter n Caribbean countries as it wouldgo on to St. Lucia four days a week and Gr enada on the other three days. The National Development Corporation in Dominica has officially launched its new website, www.discoverdominica.com . The site is dedicated to pr oviding compr ehensive infor mation about Dominica as a premier eco-tourism and adventur e travel destination. Enhancements to the origi nal website include interactive maps, str eaming video, downloadable screensavers and E-car ds. It also has a live webcam. The new website featur es a range of information about the island, including what to see and do, wher e to stay , places to eat, a calendar of events, and a featur es section that highlights packages, and the island’ s latest news. GRO WTH “Dominica is continuing to grow as both a premier ecotourism and adventure travel destination, and our online presence will reflect that position,” Yvor Nassief, minister of tourism, industry and private sector relations for Dominica, said in a recent press release. “The website will be used as a tool to assist in building continued awareness of thedestination and we believe its design and new features will effectively differentiate us from some of our primarycompetitors.” Dominica is also home to the last r emaining settlement of the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean – Carib Indians. For mor e infor mation on Dominica, contact the Dominica T ourist Office in New York at 888.645.5637 ; or visit Dominica’ s of ficial web site at www .discoverdomini ca.com. Dominica launches new travel website January 2007CARIBBEAN TODAY 13 Lynch TOURISM TOURISM / / TRAVEL TRAVEL www .caribbeantoday.com (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 12)) Air Jamaica picks up slack in Barbados CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:35 AM Page 13

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TITLE: SEX, CHEESE AND FRENCH FRIES WOMEN ARE PERFECT,MEN ARE FROM FRANCE AUTHOR: CARINE FABIUS REVIEWED BY : DAWN A. DAVIS The first thing that struck me about this book was the long list of French names in the front of the book(names of characters in thebook), male and female, andall quite similar . I had a feeling on viewing this list of“Jeans” and “Maries” that I would be in for a bit of sarcasm and humor. I was not wrong! A light-hearted romp about the author and herFr ench husband “Pee-erre” (that’s mangled French for Pier r e), “Sex, Cheese and Fr ench Fries” encapsulates the adventures and misadventures of the couple, although the author, Carine Fabius,insists it is not a biography – well sort of? The story revolves around ar t, Fr ench attitudes about food or, better yet, cuisine, love and r elationships, hence the title. Let me explain: Cheese is a French obsession; the choices are maddening, asis the unending selection of wines, another obligatory part of any meal. Of course, everyone knows that sex and romance is a natural part of the French charm. But, how does French fries fit into this equation? Well, the couple isin the United States after all, and Pee-erre has to deal withtypical American “unfr ench ness”. MULTI-CULTURAL EYES A hilarious look at life through the eyes of a native ofa once Fr ench colony Haiti readers become guests at the dinner table with francophones and Americans who can’tstand the Fr ench, ar e privy to private encounters with the author and her very French husband, and eventually learn the art of getting a “word in edgewise” when conversingwith a Fr enchman. Hooray for multi-cultural relationships, Fabius seems to be saying. As exciting, stimulating, and fr ustrating as it may be, the author puts it all in perspective. Through all the guffaws, the ups and downs,the misunderstandings, the love and intimacy, we learnthe keys to decipheringFr ench attitudes, style and language. “Sex, Cheese and Fr ench Fries” takes us on a joyful ridethr ough California, Hawaii, Morocco, and the lives of a seemingly mismatched couple who couldn’t be more perfect for each other. VIVE LE FRANCE! The read is a cultural education too we lear n much about Fr ench tastes and tradition. For example, it was their unyielding and revolutionary spirit that resulted in the most generous leisure time the French, and I dare say mostEur opeans, still enjoy today. “The average secr etary in France has five weeks paidvacation,” Pee-er re boasts. V ive le France! Reading “Sex, Cheese and Fr ench Fries” is like taking a long holiday through France. Without perfectFr ench we stumble our way through, but are well educated in the ways of the mysterious Fr ench. And, even if we think they ar e rude or incorrigible, we come home with a feeling of satiety, because we have learned to appreciate a cultureso unlike our own, it becomes a refreshing difference. Give me “Fr ench” fries s’il vous plait. PUBLISHED BY :Kouraj Press ,Los Angeles,California, 2006. Dawn A.Davis is a freelance writer for Caribbean Today. A light-hearted multi-cultural romp,s’il vous plait TITLE: IRON BALLOONS – HITFICTION FROM JAMAICA’S CALABASH WRITER’S WORKSHOP (CWW AUTHORS: SELECTED WRITERS FROM CWW EDITED BY: COLIN CHANNER REVIEWED BY : GORDON WILLIAMS It is easy to imagine a compilation music album as acollection of the best of the best – hit after hit pressedon to a single disc. But many times it’s just not so. It can be a combina-tion of works bound to a com mon theme that tells a single stor y or even the same stor y being told in different ways. “Iron Balloons – Hit Fiction Fr om Jamaica’ s Calabash W riter s W orkshop” is more like a basket of tropical fruits. The fruits are shortstories by 11 dif fer ent authors – an anthology of sorts. Some stories ar e tastier than others. But all must be tasty to some-oneat some point. That is the same r eason people buy compilationalbums. Sometimes they see the one sweet cherry in thebasket, but they have to takethe whole package just to geta chance to sample it. And if they are lucky, they still get achance to enjoy the other fruits as well. FLA VORS The best part about “Iron Balloons” is the Caribbeanflavor of the stories that is sosweet, if its juice drips down your arm you’ll lick it up, even in public, like you would a Bombay mango. Jamaica and its champion music reggae rings throughout, but the title does not make a believer out of me. How can these writers still be “Iron Balloons”, still trying to bus’ out into mainstr eam publishing andmake it? Impossible. The talent istoo rich. Colin Channer, who edits the book and is one of the better known authors among the anthology’s chosen 11, hitsthe mark squar e on when he says in his intr oduction that the book “knows how to seduce”. The lust begins early, with Marlon James’s “The Last Jamaican Lion”. Hismain character MaximilianMor rison may have lost politi cal power, and possibly his mind, but the stor y never loses its way . It is captivating and spunky, moving at a pace that poor Maxi inevitably cre-ates, but finds so fr ustrating to keep up with. “Iron Balloons” wants ever yone to see that Caribbean authors, like their reggae music counterpar ts, ar e not at all shor t on talent and ideas. It’ s all fiction, but you believe in them. It’s Jamaican flavorser ved in 11 easy to digest doses. If Channer, who has earned recognition for out-standing works such as aiting In Vain”, tells you“ah suh it guh” in his stor y “How to Beat a Child the Right and Proper Way”, then“a suh it guh wid yaad peeple”. Stories fr om “Ir on Balloons” come mainly out of the Calabash Inter national Literary Festival in Jamaica, which offers exposure to peo-ple who want to write. Theyhave gr eat stories to tell. And given the right opportunities, they just have to bus’ out andsoar . The anthology says they alr eady have. PUBLISHED BY:Akashic Books. Gordon Williams is Caribbean T oday’ s manag ing editor. ‘Iron Balloons’ take off and soar 14 CARIBBEAN TODAYJanuary 2007 BOOKS BOOKS www.caribbeantoday.com CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:35 AM Page 14

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ROAD TOWN, Tortola, British V ir gin Islands – The Caribbean Artisan Network and the British Virgin Islands Chamber of Commerce and Hotel Association (BVICCHA) will host the largestar tisan festival of its kind in the British Virgin Islands from Mar. 10-17. The Caribbean Ar ts and Craft Festival will move tokey locations ar ound the BVI, from three days of showcasingar t, potter y and outdoor sculpture on the yachting anchorage at T r ellis Bay on Beef Island to venues in Road Town, Cane Garden Bay, Virgin Gorda and, for the firsttime, Jost V an Dyke. The festival of fers artisans throughout the Caribbean anoppor tunity to display , sell and demonstrate their crafts. At last year s event, 12 dif ferent countries participated, attracting more than 50 of ther egion’s top artisans to “Natur es Little Secrets”. PRESERVING CULTURE The Caribbean Artisan Network is a four -year -old regional organization dedicated to the promotion and preservation of Caribbean arts and crafts. By creating links between ar tisans, the network strengthens the production of traditional and innovative Caribbean crafts though educational workshops, marketing initiatives and skill preserva-tion ef for ts. The network is dedicated to increasing the commercialviability of crafts and helppr eser ve the Caribbean’ s cul tural identity . The BVICCHA is the lar gest civil society or ganiza tion in the BVI. With more than 250 members, BVIC CHA represents the businesscommunity and hotel sector both locally and international-ly . Some of its key community pr ojects include the Spring Regatta, BUYBVI TradeShow , Junior Achievement, Right Start programs, and the culinar y pr ogram. For more information about the Caribbean Arts and Craft F estival,contact Aragorn Dick-Read at dreadeye@surfbvi.comor info@caribbeanartisan.net. Also, visit www .caribbeanar tisan.netfor updates. NEW YORK Jamaican playwright and actor David Her on has landed a r ole in the new drama series “Ya Ma Afrika”, scheduled to have its world network pr emiere next month. Set in New York City, “Ya Ma Afrika” follows the personal and professional lives offour ambitious and attractiveyoung African women sharingan apar tment in Brooklyn. As they try to forge a better life for themselves in their adoptedhomeland, they encounter numerous obstacles and chal-lenges ranging fr om immigration issues to romance to various family crises. The half hour drama series is scheduled to air on the international cable channel 3A Telesud,which is beamed to viewers throughout Africa and Europeand is seen in the United Stateson The Dish Network. CHALLENGING ROLE Heron plays the role of Marcus Leslie, an advertising agency employee and co-work er to one of the four principal characters. s employed to the same ad agency as Thandi, one of the four roommates who hails from South Africa,” Her on says. “They ar e good friends, and he’s married, but he has also has a bit of an eye, so ther e are several compromising situa-tions in which he gets him-self as theseries goeson.” It is Heron’s first recurring role in a television series and he is eagerly anticipating the challenge. “Marcus is Jamaican born and has been living in New York for many years, but likethe four lead characters, he still identifies strongly with hishomelandI’m hoping to inject a real ‘yard’ vibe into him to add to the show’s diversity and appeal, and hopefully, keep Jamaica firmly in focusand on the map,” he said. SWITCH Ironically enough, Heron had originally auditioned forThe city of Boston in the United States rode awave of Caribbean spir it into the New Y ear. Jamaican artist Lucilda Dassardo-Cooper created theimage that r esidents from the city , located in the state of Massachusetts in the nor theast U.S., chose to celebrate as they brought in 2007. First Night Boston Inc. used a detail fr om “Cosmic Dancer”, a 1991 painting by Dassar do-Cooper , to adorn advertisements, posters, billboards and the buttons sold for admission to the perform-ances and exhibits that wer e scheduled for the city’ s celebration on New Year’s Eve, Dec. 31, 2006. The buttons showed a Hindu god dancing on one foot inside a circle whose edges appear to be in flames.The“Dancing Shiva”, orNataraj, is an iconic image ofHinduism, the dominant r eligion in India. The other side of the painting in blue tones shows a hummingbird that seems to be standing still in mid-air , but whose wings are vibrating faster than the human eye can see. EASY CHOICE “Lucilda’ s ‘Cosmic Dancer’ was an easy choice for us,” said Joyce Linehan, public r elations dir ector for First Night Boston. “In addition to examining and depicting issues ar ound creation and the elements, which have always been important components of ourevent, the image is ver y festive, and lends itself well to the idea of celebrating the arts.” Other Bostonians welcomed the use of Caribbean culture to highlight the festivities. “There is a large Caribbean community in Boston,” State Repr esentative Haitian-born Linda Dorcena Forry told Caribbean Today . “It is great when you have other cultur es displaying their artwork.” Linehan explained that Boston represents home for many fr om different backgrounds, and DassardoCooper represents that element of Caribbean flavor. s sort fo indicative of the life journey of many Bostonians,” she told Caribbean Today . “Lucilda talks a lot about her worksbeing influenced by the colorsof the Caribbean.” JAMAICAN PRIDE Dassardo-Cooper, who is of Indian and Afr o Caribbean descent, was born in Jamaica and immigrated to the U.S. as a teenager. She graduated fr om Dor chester High School and Massachusetts College of Art, and lives in the Port Jamaican actor lands role in new television dramaCaribbean spirit ushers Boston into the New Year January 2007CARIBBEAN TODAY 15 ARTS ARTS / / ENTERTAINMENT ENTERTAINMENT www .caribbeantoday.com Heron Lucilda Dassardo-Cooper stands next to a poster used for irst Night Boston”,which incorporates her painting titled “Cosmic Dancer”. (CONTINUED ON P AGE 16) (CONTINUED ON PAGE 16) Caribbean arts and craft festival to expand in 2007 CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:35 AM Page 15

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another r ole when he first met with the pr oducers in October . “I was up for the r ole of a cop who becomes a kind of knight in shining armor for one of the four girls,” Heronexplained. “But the pr oducers called me back and said they were going to create a totally new character for me, based on what I’d done in the audition And now it’s developed into alar ger role than the one I’d originally gone in forThat was really flattering.” Heron joins an international cast including Miss Universe 1999, Mpule Kwelagobe of Botswana; runway model Soulemayne Sy Sylvane, origi-nally fr om the Ivory Coast; and U.S. radio personality Omekongo, who is ofCongolese descent. African filmmaker Thato Mwaso, also fr om Botswana, serves as writer and director for the series, which is executive produced by Cameroonian born Else Bollanga. s an exciting opportunity for me to be part of a truly international production teamthat includes personnel fr om all over the diaspora, including Camer oon, Botwsana, Kenya, Nigeria, the USA and Haiti,” Heron added. “It gives the production a really cosmopoli-tan outlook and will give view ers ar ound the world a totally dif fer ent perspective on the lives of Africans and other people of color living in the bigcity Heron also revealed that the producers are in negotiations to have the show broadcast throughout the WestIndies, including Jamaica, eventually. JIS Jamaican actor lands role in new television drama Grammy awar d-winning singer Michael Bolton is set to perform for the first time ever in Jamaica at the2007 Air Jamaica Jazz andBlues Festival set for Jan. 23-27 in Montego Bay. Jamaica was Bolton’ s vacation spot of choice for years.He even lear ned to snorkel and received his water sport’s certification in the beautiful Caribbean country. But despite invitations from several promoters, a performance nevermaterialized. But this month the singer , who has sold over 53 million records worldwide, will grace aJamaican stage in MontegoBay . He describes the event as “a land mark moment because it is the tenth anniversary” ofthe festival. Bolton has pr omised the audience “some great surprises,” adding that he expects to deliver hits like “Soul Pr ovider”, “How Am I Suppose to Live without You” “with some variations” to make them “feel fresh.” Hewill also add the big band sound and some swing. ALL STARS Bolton will join a line-up of some of music’s best jazz, R & B, country, blues and reggae performers, including Kenny Rogers, Christopher Cross, jazz instrumentalist Roy Ayers, trumpeter Chuck Mangione, Pieces of a Dr eam, ABBA The Tribute, blues icon Robert Cray, Jamaican pianist Monty Alexander , Russell Tompkins Jr ., and The New Stylistics, Anthony Hamilton, as well as “the Art of Reggae”, featuring r eggae/dancehall stars Freddie McGr egor, Wayne Wonder, Sanchez and Shaggy. For more information, visit www .airjamaicajazzandblues.com. Norfolk section of Dorchester. She maintains studios in Rockland, Massachusetts and Jamaica. Dassardo-Cooper said she was happy withBoston’ s choice. “I am pr oud to pr esent my interpretation of a famous image fr om another cultur e to Boston residents,” she said. As part of First Night, she exhibited her ar t at the Hynes Auditorium in Boston on Dec. 31. First Night Boston, which usually attracts more than a million r evelers, was estab lished in 1976 by ar tists who wanted to cr eate an alter native to traditional celebrations on New Year’s Eve. Since then mor e than 200 communities ar ound the world have adopt ed the model. Photograph by Elise Amendola. NDTC dancers to perform in South FloridaBolton joins star lineup for Air J Jazz and Blues FestivalCaribbean spirit ushers Boston into the New Y ear 16 CARIBBEAN TODAYJanuary 2007 Bolton ARTS ARTS / / ENTERTAINMENT ENTERTAINMENT www.caribbeantoday.com (CONTINUED FROM P AGE 15) (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 15) The National Dance Theatr e Company of Jamaica (NDTC a one-night only benefit show next month in South Florida. The dance tr oupe will perfor m at 8 p.m. Feb.10, at the Broward Center for thePer forming Arts, Amaturo Theater in For t Lauderdale. The performance is being staged by Jamaica Awareness,Inc., under the auspices of the Jamaican Consulate General. Proceeds from the show will benefit the development of the Jamaican diaspora movement in the southern United States. Formed in 1962 and under the ar tistic direction of cofounder Rex Nettlefor d, NDTC has given performances in the Caribbean, Canada, Mexico,V enezuela, Britain, Germany, Australia and the Soviet Union. The 45-member company ismade up of dancers, singers andmusicians. The NDTC’s benefit performance represents the launch of Jamaica A wareness’s “Caribbean Dance Celebration Series”, which will is scheduledto continue in April with a presentation of other dancetr oupes from the region. Sponsors of next month’s perfor mance include Air Jamaica, Jamaica National, Riddims Marketing, Miami-Dade County Department of Cultural Affairs, National Endowment for the Ar ts, and News/T alk 1080 AM WTPS. For mor e information, call 305-891-2944 or 786-348-2594 or online at www .jamaware .org CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:35 AM Page 16

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MICHAEL ROSENBERG In most cases, a non-United States citizen who is contemplating a permanent move to the U.S. will likelymeet with U.S. tax counsel prior thereto in order to obtain an understanding of the com-plex and far -r eaching U.S. tax regime. In its simplest terms, a non-U.S. citizen can be classified as a U.S. income tax resi-dent alien in one of two ways,i.e., by obtaining U.S. immigra tion lawful per manent r esident alien so-called “gr een car status or by spending a cer tain number of days in the U.S. during a three-year period. This second test, known as the Substantial Presence Test (SPT average percentage test. It issomewhat complex, contains numerous special rules andexceptions, and any individual cur r ently spending time in the U.S. or contemplating a mor e permanent move to the U.S. should make cer tain that he or she understands each aspect of the SPT as a failure to do so can pr ove extremely costly and onerous. STARTING DATE An extremely important provision amongst the many r esident alien pr ovisions is the deter mination of the individ ual’s residency starting date. Solely for the purpose of administrative ease, and notwith the intention of explaining her ein ever y aspect of the r esi dent alien definition, assume the following: “T”, a non-U.S.citizen/non-gr een car d holder who will begin spending more significant time in the U.S. in 2007, has been of fer ed the opportunity from his Caribbean technology compa-ny (TECHCO the chief executive officer ofTECHCO’ s new Florida startup subsidiar y or affiliate (FLACO“T” has never pre-viously spent mor e than a week at the most in the U.S. on a yearly basis.“T” accepts the Florida employment opportunity, he visits Florida from Jan. 5 (eight days find the right place for him and his family to live, the right school for his childr en, the right church or synagogue for his and his family’s religious needs, the right parks, clubs,shopping and other facilities, etc., and “T” does sowhile still maintaining all of his everyday contacts and connections in his home country. After finding the “perfect place”, “T” returns to his home country andlater comes to Florida again sometime in July, and from the date of his arrival through Dec.31,2007, “T” and his family spend 180 days in the U.S. s” FLACO employment oppor tunity will r un thr ough Dec. 31, 2010 as both he and TECHCO believe that by then, FLACO will be r eady for an initial public of fering and “T” can return to TECHCO in the Caribbean. Suppose further that “T” originally purchased shares inTECHCO when it was a star tup company , which shares cost him $100,000 but that said shar es ar e now wor th $5,100,000.In Mar. 2007, “T”, in contemplation of his moveto the U.S., sells his TECHCO shares and realizes a gain of $5million.Millions are resolving to change their lives for the better in the New Year.Why not take this time todo the same for your business? A few simple moves can help businesses of all sizes churn greater profits, says Samuel Kerch, chartered public accountant and controller for Symmetry Software. “The New Year is the perfect time to make any neededchanges in daily operations,” he said.“Many individuals arevowing to make changes in theirpersonal lives, so new plans on the business side are a naturalpr ogression on this theme.” Kerch offers five tips for making the best of 2007: Reevaluate your business plan – When was the last time you revamped your businessplan? Companies that thrive on innovation need to continually reevaluate the plan.A five-year-old plan contains ideas that are five years old; in this era of innovation, that can be an eternity. Some items to consider: has your customer base changed or should it? Can you be more profitable and efficient by changing the num-ber or types of employees you have?What are your short and long term goals and how will you achieve them? Streamline payroll – Whether a company has five employees or 5,000 employees, streamlining payroll operationscan be beneficial to both theemployer and the employee.Don’ t keep lar ge files with hun dreds of blank tax forms.You r un the risk of providing employees with outdated information. To remedy this, download current tax forms on an as-needed basis.Companies in the United States needing tax withholding for ms can download them as needed for free at www.StateW4.com. Additional software is available atwww .StateW4.com that enables employers to completely automate the payroll process, eliminatingoutdated for ms and all-too-common entr y errors. Employees can be certain their withholding forms have been filled out cor r ectly, and the data can be uploaded to the company payroll system with afew mouse clicks. Clean house – Is your of fice drowning in paper?Not only is the mess confusing, a long paper trail is also a secu rity risk.Payroll forms, invoices, employee verification docu ments, deposit slips and time cards all pose liability risks if they fall into the wrong hands. Companies of all sizes are now adopting document manage-ment systems that allow the company to “go paperless”. This helps lar ger companies keep track of thousands of sheets of paper that may have other wise been sent to off-site storage.Recalling those files is costly and time consuming. In addition, employers can control access to digitized documents by limiting permissionfor viewing or changes to spe cific users. This is especially IMF praises Dominica on economic programContemplating U.S.tax residency status? Then plan accordinglyNew Year’s resolutions for businesses require change ~ Tips to help boost operations in 2007 January 2007CARIBBEAN TODAY 17 BUSINESS BUSINESS www .caribbeantoday.com No monkey business,considering changes is often a good plan. ROSEAU, Dominica, CMC The International Monetary Fund (IMF last review of the performanceof the Dominica economy praising the Roosevelt Sker rit administration for the successful implementation of a three year Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF arrangement, according to an official statement released here. The statement, issued at the end of last month, gave nodetails as to when the r eview was conducted, but it quoted Murilo Portugal, the IMF’sdeputy managing dir ector as saying that Dominican authorities have “continued toimplement their economic program successfully, and macroeconomic performancehas str engthened fur ther . “Economic activity is expanding strongly in almostall sectors, with buoyant domestic demand and indica-tions of a r ebound in private sector confidence. Progress has also been made with structural reforms”. SKERRIT PRAISED Portugal also commended the Sker rit administration for the progress being made in some critical ar eas. “Key reforms in the economic program are the recentamendments to the ElectricitySupply Act and r elated legisla tion and the approval of measures to eliminate the unfundedliability of the Dominica SocialSecurity (DSSstr engthen the AID Bank”. The IMF also str essed the importance of further structural measures that wouldhelp bolster private sector -led growth. These include amendments to the FinanceAdministration Act, appr oval of the Financial Ser vices Unit Act and reform of the Dominica Export ImportAgency (DEXIA “Significant pr ogress has been made recently in debt restructuring, and the authorities ar e making good-faith efforts to reach collaborative restructuring agreements with their remaining creditors,” the Washington-based financialinstitution said. ‘ENOUGH IMF’ Prime Minister Skerrit announced in 2006 that Dominicans would decidewhether his administrationwould continue to engage the IMF that came to the island’s assistance following the collapse of the economy . But leader of the m inority Opposition People’s Democratic Movement (PDMilliamRivier e said that the IMF pr o gram has not worked and that many of the economic meas ures were not beneficial to thepopulation. e need to be reminded of these conditionalities; the four percent levy, the freeze inpublic sector hiring and thefive per cent cut in public sec tor salar y ,” Rivieere said. “The incr ease in sales tax on consumer items, the outsourcing and the imposition ofV alue Added T ax, have not been worth it. “The IMF during the four years of its existence in ourcountr y has not brought a higher standard of living to the greater number of ourpeople,” he said, adding Dominicans have had enough of the “IMF medicine.” Skerrit (CONTINUED ON P AGE 18) (CONTINUED ON P AGE 18) CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:35 AM Page 17

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T AX DILEMMA Suppose fur ther that “T’ gain is not subject to income tax in his own countr y (it may or may not be and that is a question for foreign counsel,but this supposition is madesolely for illustrative purposes).Assuming, as I have, that priorto 2007 “T” has never spent more than a few days a year in the U.S., and assuming “T”does not have a “gr een car when he comes to the U.S. in 2007, his status as an residentalien versus a U.S. income tax nonresident alien will be determined under the SPT. For SPT and r esident alien purposes, “T” will have spent188 days in the U.S. in 2007;however , if T can pr ove that he maintained closer connections to, and a tax home in, his Caribbean home country dur-ing the eight days he spent in Florida in Jan. 2007, “T’s” residency starting date would be the first day in July and his $5 million gain from the March sale of his TECHCO shareswould be U.S. income tax-fr ee! As oftentimes occurs, sometime on or close to April 15, 2008 (the due date for “T’2007 U.S. individual income taxr eturn, Form 1040), “T” will visit a cer tified public account ant (CPA) in order to timely file his return.Among the data “T” will likely provide to the CPA will be documentationr eflecting the sale of “T’ Caribbean company shares and because “T” will be an r esident alient for 2007 as a result of his meeting the SPT (i.e., in this case, “T” will have spent mor e than 182 days in the U.S. in 2007 which is one way , but not the only way, “T” may be found to have met the SPT), and if “T” and the CPA are not aware of the r esidency star ting date r ules and the special de minimis r ule which in “T’ s” case would exclude his initial visit in January for residency startingdate purposes, he will likely be advised to pay the U.S. 15 percent long-term capital gains tax on his $5 million gain from the sale of those shares! The above illustration reflects only one of many fine points which must be under-stood by any non-U.S.citizen/non-“gr een car d” hold er spending time in the U.S. or contemplating spending time in the U.S. as, by merely review-ing the illustration above, bysimply “missing” one of manycomplex pr ovisions, “T’ s” cost would be $750,000! In the event “T” may be subject to tax in his home country on the gain from his sale of the TECHCO shares,he must make cer tain that both his Caribbean tax advisors and his U.S. tax advisors properly coordinate any credits he maybe entitled to. “T” should notassume anything, and insteadshould make sur e he is properly counseled in advance. Michael Rosenberg is a shareholder with the Coral Gables law firm of Packman, Neuwahl& Rosenberg and can be reached at 305-665 important in offices where security is paramount, such asthose wher e financial or medical information is stored. When transferring to automated systems, be sure to dispose of outdated files cor r ectly. Files with confidential client or employee information need to be shredded. Implement/Refine y our ESS system – A new study by America’s SAP (Systems, Application and Products in Data Processing) Application Users’ Group found companies with Employee Self-Ser vice (ESSr esour ce transaction costs that ar e 26 per cent lower than those that don’t.ESS enables employees to view and update their own payroll and personal information, taking the middleman role out of the human resources department, increasing productivity and drivingdown costs. Upgrade technology – If you ar e comfor table dancing to the beat of a W alkman and think Windows 98 is as good as itgets, your clients and/or employees may disagree. Evading the wave of technolo gy can sever ely limit a busi ness’ s capability to expand in the future, both in terms of staff and revenue. While keeping pace with rapid advancements may seemimpossible, small changes can yield big results.Upgrade frequently-used software, download software security patches and invest in comprehensivevir us protection and network firewalls.Outdated software directly affects worker productivity.You should also make efforts to keep your company web site updated with current information and professional design. Symmetry Software Contemplating U.S. tax residency status? Then plan accordingly BELMOP AN, Belize, CMC The Belize gover nment, which recently received a financial ease from some of its creditors, is getting further financial assistance from the Caribbean Development Bank, the CDB has announced. The Barbados-based bank said it had approved a $25 million loan to help gover nment close the fiscal and exter nal financing gaps over the short to medium term, while it continued to implement corrective measures. “These measures include r estructuring its debt, reforming its tax regime and strength-ening its fiscal management capacity. The loan is part of a broader strategy to enable the government to improve its ability to undertake critical investments in social and economic infrastructure in orderto achieve its gr owth and pover ty reduction objectives,” the bank said. UPGRADE Additionally, the regional financial institution said it also approved a $12.6 million loan to the Belize government toassist it in upgrading the Placencia Road from a gravel r oad to a paved all-weather road to assist in government’s thr ust to promote the Placencia Peninsula as a tourist destination. Recently, a number of regional and internationalfinancial institutions agr eed to participate in Belize’s debt exchange proposal and unanimously agreed to accept a new United States dollar denominated bond in exchange for a substantial portion of the country’s outstanding debt to them. CDB offers financial help to debt-ridden Belize 18 CARIBBEAN TODAYJanuary 2007 F ormer West Indies cricket great Courtney Walsh,left,stands in front of a Jamaica Tourist Board poster of himself bowling while sharing a conversation with Janice Allen,JTB’s destinations manager,center,and Dr.Basil K.Bryan,consul general of Jamaica,during a media lunch hosted by the Ruder Finn Agency last month in New York.Walsh is part of the JTB’s campaign to promote Cricket World Cup 2007.Jamaica will host warm-up games,group matches and a semi-final during the CWC tournament,which begins in March,and is expected to attract thousands of visitors and millions of dollars to the island and the rest of the Caribbean. CRICKET BUSINESS BOOST BUSINESS BUSINESS www.caribbeantoday.com New Year’s resolutions for businesses require change (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 17) (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 17) CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:35 AM Page 18

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PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad, CMC – Cuba stayed numberone in the Caribbean FootballUnion (CFUsecond month in a r ow when FIF A issued its latest Coca Cola world soccer rankingslast month. After unseating Jamaica as the top team in the regionin November and maintaining their unbeaten run in DigicelCaribbean Cup, the Cubans kept their world ranking of 46th in the December ratings,11 places above Jamaica. Jamaica’ s Reggae Boyz, who suffered a surprise elimination from the Digicel Caribbean Cup and dr ew 1-1 with Peru in their latest inter-national, climbed one place up FIFAs world list to 57. St. V incent and the Gr enadines, which upset Jamaica in the Digicel Cup inSeptember , retained third place in the CFU, followed byT rinidad and T obago in an unfamiliar position of fourth. T&T SLIPS T rinidad and T obago, with a remarkable eight Caribbean Cup titles in 12years of the competition,qualified for its first everW orld Cup finals tour nament appearing in Germany – last year . The T&T Soca Warriors had risen to number one in the CFU for July , August and September befor e being surpassed by Jamaica in Octoberand slipping fur ther in subsequent months. Barbados and the Dominican Republic were the biggest movers in the CFU for the December rat-ings. The Barbadians, whotoppled higher rated St. Vincent and the Grenadines while winning Gr oup G of the Digicel Cup’s second round athome with an unbeaten label, moved thr ee places up the CFU list to number five. The Barbadians also re-entered FIF As top 100 by moving 11 places up to 98th. BIGGEST MOVERS The Dominican Republic was FIF As biggest world movers, leaping 23 places up to136th. The DR beat Antiguaand Barbuda and lost toGuadeloupe and Guyana in the Digicel Cup Group H sec-ond r ound, and their FIF A jump earned them a four-place hike on the CFU list to 11. High-riding Guyana climbed five places up FIFAslist to 100, becoming the sixthCFU team in the top 100world teams. GORDON WILLIAMS For one, it will be a chance to regain lost glory; forthe other , an oppor tunity to mark his place among the elite of the fight game. But in March, when two Caribbean-born boxers again square off in the ring, they will again decide who is the world’s best in the cruiser-weight division. The long awaited r ematch between Jamaican-born United States r esident O’Neil Bell and Jean-Marc Mormeck fromGuadeloupe, has been set for Mar. 17 in France, Mormeck’sadopted home. On the line isBell’ s W orld Boxing Association (WBAorld Boxing Council (WBCwhich he took fr om Mormeck in Jan. 2006 in an epic bout in New York. Bell knocked out Mormeck in the10th round, the first time the Frenchman had been stopped inside the dis-tance. IN A CTIVE Neither fighter has been overly active since that night in Madison Squar e Gar den. Mormeck, with a ring record of 35 fights, 32 wins and threelosses, has had a single bout,knocking out Sebastian Hill last July. Except for sparring, Bell, who has lost only once in 28 fights, has not fought at all. He was stripped of his Inter national Boxing Federation (IBF failing to make a mandatory defense, although he claimed a medical problem prevented him from doing so. But the Jamaican is confident the layoff will not hurt him. ou leave it to the degree of how the mindworks,” he told Caribbean T oda y late last month. “If you Caribbean-born boxers c lash again for world cruiserweight title GORDON WILLIAMS Jamaican teenager Jer maine Bridgmohan established himself as the star of the r ecent “Tropical at Calder” thoroughbred race meeting in Florida, riding more 100 winners to shatter the record for the fall event inhis first season in the saddle. Bridgmohan, who began riding pr ofessionally in August, scor ed his first win at Calder in the opening week of themonth. He dominated the 60-day “T ropical at Calder” meeting, which ended on Jan. 2, andhas become one of the hottestyoung riders in the U.S. Bridgmohan’s record-setting accomplishment at Calderwas achieved in just 48 days, when he rode his 85th winner. The previous record, estab-lished by Panamanian Cor nelio Velasquez in 2002-2003, was reached on the last day of thethen 53-day meeting. PRAISE Bridgmohan, 18, who migrated from the Caribbean island as a three-year-old, praised others fr om the r egion for his success, including his family and Jamaican trainer Kirk Ziadie, the leading train-er “T r opical at Calder”. “The Jamaican trainers have helped me out a wholelot,” Bridgmohan told Caribbean Today at the end of last month. “(Ziadie one who really stuck his neck out for me when others wouldn’t.” He also credited his older br other Shaun, a jockey riding in the United States. Shaun Bridgmohan is a former appr entice Eclipse Award winner , one of the highest awards in U.S. racing, and recently shared champion jockey honors at the Churchill Downs fall meeting in Kentucky. Jermaine Bridgmohan, who turned down a scholar-ship to attend the University of Florida to pursue race rid-ing, said he did not expect tohave such early success, but was happy at the way his budding career has progressed. “I’m very proud of it,” he said. “I expected to do well, but probably not so soon.” MARK Bridgmohan said it is dif ficult getting established as a jockey , but his brother’s influence had opened some doors for him, while his own hardwork had helped him maintainthat momentum. Now theBoyd Anderson High School(Floridato make his “own mark” inthe highly competitive gameof thor oughbr ed racing. He studies the game keenly, especially handicapping horses. “I try to apply the inforCubans stay on top in Caribbean soccerTeen Jamaican jockey shines at Calder January 2007CARIBBEAN TODAY 19 SPORT SPORT www .caribbeantoday.com (CONTINUED ON PAGE 20) (CONTINUED ON PAGE 20) (CONTINUED ON PAGE 20) Bridgmohan brothers Shaun,left,and Jermaine,are enjoying riding success in the U.S. Bell will have to defend the championship belts he took from Mormeck in March. CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:35 AM Page 19

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keep your mind in the battle you’ll be O.K. “The 14 months off, I’ll be double char ged,” he added. “Even 10 times mor e dan gerous.” READ Y T O SHINE Bell, who was scheduled to intensify his training for the Mormeck fight this month, was expected to participate in a tour nament for heavyweights in early December . But the “Super fighter” event in Australia was postponed. He claimed he has already shrugged off that disappoint-ment. “I’m still here, recharged my mind,” said the man also known as “Supernova”. “The struggle continues.” Bell’ s management team blamed the delay of the rematch on American Don King, who acquired the rights to promote the fight. But the Montego Bay-born boxer, who cur r ently lives in Atlanta, said fight fans demanded the event and he is eager to grasp the opportunity. “(The people greatest champion right infr ont of their eyes and the sys tem is preventing him from fighting,” Bell said. “I amr eady to shine.” Gordon Williams is Caribbean Today’s managing editor. Caribbean-born boxers clash again for cruiserweight title In the CONCACAF (Confederation of North,Central American andCaribbean AssociationFootball), ratings, Mexico remain number one and 20thin the world, while secondrated United States retained31st position in the world.Cuba kept its number thr ee spot in CONCACAF. Meanwhile, five-time World Cup champions Brazilis still holding the pr emier spot on FIF As world list, stalked by current World Cup holders Italy, followed by Argentina, with France four th, England fifth and Ger many sixth. Cubans stay on top in Caribbean soccer mation as much as I can,” he said. “I do give credit to thestrategy I have going into tothe race.” Among Bridgmohan’s goals is to ride in the Kentucky Derby , like his br other , and do one better by winning the famous race. He has no r egr ets about leaving academic life behind for now. “I feel I am in a good position to improve and develop,” he said. Gordon Williams is Caribbean T oday’ s managing editor. Caribbean governments have received a list ofr ecommendations stemming fr om the recent ICC Cricket World Cup 2007 Security Workshop for Regional Airline, Airport, Ground Handling and Shipping Agents. These action points, aimed at improving and fine-tuningairpor t and seaport operations for this year s tournament, cover ed a number of areas including: airport security, airline security , immigration and cus toms support, red and green customs line management, airport operational hours, disruptive passengers and aircraftar rivals and departures. CWC’ s Visitor Experience Manager Cliff Hamilton said thedistribution of the action plan,via CARICOM, will allow for a regional approach to many of the security issues which aroseduring the one-day meeting, held in Trinidad and Tobago by CWC’s Airline, Air and Seaports Task Force last month. e ar e tr ying to establish common procedures for the implementation of security measures on airlines and at airports and seaports during Cricket World Cup – so thatall the host venues will beoperating on the same level,”Hamilton explained, addingthat the benefits of such actions would be another fruitful lega-cy of the event. RECOMMENDATIONS Some of the recommendations include: holding a meeting with char tered airlines and cruise lines to ascertain their level of bookings for the seven-week period of ICC Cricket World Cup next March andApril; extending operational hours of regional airports; theappointment of persons to liaisewith travelers thr oughout the host venues on security meas ures and requirements. “There are other actions which relate specifically to the internal operational mecha-nisms of airpor ts and seaports and how various functionsinter -connect. It will be extr emely important to get these implemented acr oss all host venues during tournament time so that travel can be facili-tated as smoothly as possible,”noted Hamilton. The security workshop, he added, was “very useful” inbringing together nearly 50 officials from several relevant entities, such as the directors of security for regional and international carriers operatingin the r egion; chief executive officers of ground-handling companies; airline customerser vice managers; dir ectors of airport security; comptrollers of customs; regional aviation authorities and officials from CWC’s Security Directorate. Regional consular representa-tives of the tour nament’ s 16 participating nations were also invited. Regional effort to border controls for CWC 2007Teen Jamaican jockey shines at Calder West Indies captain Brian Lara is positive about his team’s build up for Cricket World Cup (CWCin the Caribbean, despite ther egional team’s failure to win its latest series. West Indies produced a tame per for mance last month and plunged to a seven-wicket defeat against Pakistan in theseries-deciding fifth one-day International (ODIKarachi National Stadium,losing the series 3-1. Lara was unhappy over the loss and said even though the team was without regular players Ramnaresh Sarwanand Dwayne Bravo, whor eturned to the Caribbean and missed the series, the remain-ing players should have risen to a higher level of performance. e did not end on a very good note.W e were missing keyplayers and it was importantthat whichev er 11 we putout on themiddle thatwe gave ofour best andtr y to win the series,” he said after the game. COMFORTABLE But Lara is reasonably comfortable that the effortwas ther e from the players and he is not worried that theseries r esult could be a psychological setback heading into the CWC. “I think the guys did give of their best,” he said. “It was tough and you have to take into considera tion that we have been on the road for a pretty long time.Psychologically I think this is not going to affect us in our future one day games espe-cially over the next four to five months with the WorldCup coming up,” Lara added. Lara was generally happy with their thr ee-and-a-half month tour of Asia and thinks the team gave indicators it is growing into a formidable force for CWC 2007. Lara still upbeat West Indies will be Cricket World Cup force 20 CARIBBEAN TODAYJanuary 2007 Lara SPORT SPORT www.caribbeantoday.com (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 19) (CONTINUED FROM P AGE 19) (CONTINUED FROM P AGE 19) 1. Cuba (46 2.Jamaica (57 3. St. Vincent and the Grenadines (85 4.Trinidad and Tobago (91 5. Barbados (98 6. Guy ana (100 7.Haiti (102 8. Bermuda (107 9. Suriname (122 10. Antigua and Barbuda (132 11. Dominican Republic (136 12. St. Kitts and Nevis (143 13. The Bahamas (146 14. St.Lucia (160 15. Grenada (163 16. T urks and Caicos (169 17.Netherlands Antilles (177 18.Dominica (18119. Cayman Islands (189 20.British Virgin Islands (190 21.Puerto Rico (195 22.Anguilla (196 23.Aruba (198 23. US Virgin Islands (198 23.Montseratt (198 CFU rankings (world ranking in brackets CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:35 AM Page 20

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In an attempt to address the age old problem ofpar ents leaving Jamaican hospitals without naming their childr en, the Registrar General’s Department (RGD says it will issue free birth cer-tificates for ever y child register ed with a name at bir th. The EGC said the program, which was scheduled tobegin on New Y ear s Day 2007, follows the public education campaign launched by the department aimed at reaching more than 18,000 children who were not registered at birth and as a result ar e without bir th cer tificates. Of ficials said that approximately 7,000 children across the island have still not been registered under the “Name the Child” project. “This pr oject sought to name the 18,000 toddlers who were registered without names, the project ran fromSeptember 11 to October 13 of this year and at its completion some 11,000 children were named,” said Dr. Sheila Campbell-Forrester, actingchief medical of ficer in the Ministry of Health. STRA TEGY As part of the strategy to ensure that the remaining children are named, somehospitals would be issuing same-day birth certificates to parents who register theirchild with a name on Jan. 1. However, children who are not named within six weeks of bir th will not be issued with a fr ee bir th cer tificate. RGD’s Chief Executive Officer Dr. Patricia Holnesstold r epor ters that if childr en were named before leaving the hospital this would make it easier for the department to process their birth certificates.Meanwhile, the RGD said itwould publish and distribute abooklet containing babynames to all pr e-natal clinics and maternity centers. Each year, Jamaica records approximately 45,000 births. KAYMAR JORDAN BRADES, Montserrat There are really two sides to Montserrat. One that’s rather charming and full of promise,but the other side, which ismuch better known, can be quite frightening par ticularly when it’s venting. For the moment, though, things are relatively quiet. But don’t be fooled: thisis no gentle giant.In fact, scientistssay the Soufrier e Hills V olcano could erupt at any time. As several displaced residents struggle to eke outa new way of life,scientists monitor ing Montser rat’s Soufriere Hills V olcano say the lava dome continues to grow at arapid rate and theyar e advising r esi dents to keep up their precautions. “It is rapid. This dome at its fullvolume of 125 mil lion has grown since May 20 this year. It’s an averagegr owth rate of nine cubic metres a sec-ond “In terms of this type of er uption it certainly is a fast growth rate. A significant change, it’s certainly faster than the growth rates we saw in the last episode of dome growth,which was 1999 to 2003. s also a significant change fr om the early stages of the er uption – the so-called volcanic crisis when many small domes grew, collapsed, exploded,” explained Dr. Victoria Hart chief scientist of the Montserrat Volcano Observatory. A WAKE In 1995 the Soufrier e Hills V olcano roared to life after 350 years of lying dormant, raining burning lava, ash and massive boulders over a thirdof this seven-mile by 11-mile British dependency. It was an er uption that shatter ed life as most residents knew it, and was followed by another eruption which finished off whatthe earlier er uption had left of the then capital, Plymouth, and sent nearly two-thirds of the 12,000 residents fleeing to Britain and other nearbyCaribbean countries. Over the past 11 years there have been several ofthese explosive–type events,which the r emaining approximately 5,000 r esidents still don’t like, but have come to accept. ell we made a choice to stay here so whether it acts up or not we have tolive with it,” one ofthese r esilient residents told the Caribbean Media Corporation . “The volcano, people shouldget along with it cause see he hasn’t thrown off any real activity to say harm uswe don’t paymuch mind cause see we have scientists to set off alarmsand we have a big siren on top the hill up there so weshould hear it,” said another resident. STILL PARADISE The residents say Montserrat is still their island paradise even thoughlife is not as nice asit used to be. e need to havesomething to boostthe economy in terms of construc-tion. Some houseshave been put up but there are still people whoar e unemployed so we need to find a means of employment for those people,” one resi-dent said. “The gover nment gives you money when the month come to help you buy food and get whatever you want and so, but it still isn’t enoughcause when you pay for light bill what left if you don’t save it, if you don’t know how tosave, dog better than you,”another r esident said. Ther e can be no going back, so for the moment they can only look out in the hope that the giant that lurks closeby may finally go back tosleep. CMC Jamaica offers free birth certificates A ‘sleeping giant’ still haunts Montserrat’s paradise January 2007CARIBBEAN TODAY 21 The Soufriere Hills ‘monster’ erupts. REGION REGION www .caribbeantoday.com CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:35 AM Page 21

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NEW YORK, CMC – A leading Caribbean political scientisther e says the stepping down of Fidel Castro, due to illness, as head of the Cuban governmentwas the major political event inthe Caribbean for 2006. Dr. Basil Wilson, the Jamaican-born provost at JohnJay College of Criminal Justicein Manhattan, said that “ir respective of the grave or ungrave nature” of Castro’s illness, “there is the likelihoodthat the Fidel era has come toan end in Cuba. “The revolutionary baton has been passed to his brother,Raul Castr o, but it will not be too long befor e power is passed to a younger generation of party members,” Dr. Wilsonsaid in a statement late lastmonth. “That changing of the guard could set the stage for the normalization of relationswith the United States and the possibility of democratic elec-tions,” he added. ASTONISHING’ Wilson said it is astonishing that the Cuban r evolution has survived 47 years despite United States’ economic boy cott and “repeated attempts to assassinate Fidel Castro.” He said the accomplishments of the Cuban r evolution, under Castro’s aegis, have been substantive, despite “numerousmissteps.” Wilson said even though Castro has adhered to a strict ideological line of he has always been mindful of the survival of the revolution and hasbeen willing to transcend “Marxist-Leninist orthodoxy. “Fidel Castro has stepped off the world stage after almostfive decades,” he said. “He has been a larger than life figure. “No political figure in the Americas has trigger ed mor e passion,” he added. BRIDGETOWN, Barbados, CMC A hemispheric bodyhas described 2006 as a goodyear for Caribbean democra cies, but said the issue of elec tion campaign financing must be addr essed. This assessment came from Organisation ofAmerican States (OAS Assistant Secretary GeneralAlber t Ramdin, who said the body was pleased with theconduct of elections in Haiti,Guyana and St. Lucia lastyear , but believed that some attention must be paid to thecontentious issue of campaignfinancing. “A lot of money has been spent in the Caribbean campaigns over the past year Ramdin said. “There aremany questions raised with regards to the source of thosefunding. “I don’ t want to pinpoint in any par ticular case, but there are many questions raised and I believe it is some-thing which should be dis cussed among CARICOM (Caribbean community ers as an issue of concern forthe futur e because this can create a situation in which we can get undesirable effects of involvement of non political play in the political process,”he added. ASSIST ANCE The OAS official said countries should move to strengthen their electoral law,and added that this was an area in which his organizationwas willing to assist. “That assistance can be pr ovided. W e intend to sug gest and work with the CARI COM Secretariat in organizing once again another meet-ing of political r epr esentatives to talk about these issues and probably this time much more focus on campaign financing and political party financing,so that hopefully we can getan idea about wher e the politicians in r egion would want to go,” he said. W ithin recent times the issue of campaign financing emerged as a major issues insome Caribbean countries, especially in Jamaica, where political par ties are expected to go to the polls this year, and St. Lucia where a new gov-er nment was elected in the Dec. 11 generalelection. Last month,for mer Prime Minister Dr . Kenny Anthony insisted that drug money was used tofinance the last generalelection campaign, which resulted in defeatfor his St. Lucia LabourPar ty (SLP “When you ar e prime minister of a country and you have responsibilityfor national security ther e is infor mation that you r eceive, and you will have to go to your grave with some of thatinfor mation,” Anthony said in a Dec. 27 television interview. Castro’s departure tops 2006 political highlightsOAS wants Caribbean to address election campaign financing rules CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC John George Melvin Compton took the oath of office as prime minister of St. Lucia for a record seventh time last month after leading a rejuvenated United Workers Party (UWP to victory in general elections. The victory at the polls halted the efforts of the incum-bent St. Lucia Labour Party (SLP for an unprecedented third straight term in office and in the process provided the English-speaking Caribbeanwith its oldest ever head of government. The UWP won 11 of the 17 seats contested in the Dec.11 elections. Sir John, 82, who returned to active politics last year following two convincing victoriesby the SLP in the 1997 and2001 general elections, has promised a government of inclusion and urged St. Lucians to put behind them years of political tribalism that was evident in the just ended election campaign. e must now harness our scarce human and material resources behind the common national cause and engage the energies of all St. Lucians in the process of national devel-opment,” an emotional SirJohn said. PRIORITIES He said an immediate priority of his administration would be to deal with the ris-ing crime situation, and warned that the fight would be based on a zero-tolerance strategy. e will give the police a free hand to do their duty within the law, and establish anindependent Police Complaints Commission to safeguard the rights of the public,” he said. The veteran politician also promised an end to the “dayto-day” political interference in the St. Lucia Police Service. Sir John also promised that a series of consultations would be held with the churches and other stakeholders in a bid to restore discipline in schools and the halt the decline in the moral and social fabric of the society. Sir John said his new administration would put an end to the financial mismanagement and wastage of public funds, which he said was one of the hallmarks of the outgoing government of Prime Minister Dr. Kenny Anthony. The new UWP government, he said, would seek to create at least 7,000 new jobs in the tourism and information technology sectors during the five-year period. New go vernment in St. Lucia; ‘zero tolerance’ on crime ~ P.M. 22 CARIBBEAN TODAYJanuary 2007 Ramdin Castro AP photographsCompton is hoisted onto the shoulders of supporters after his UWP party won the general elections in St. Lucia. 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P ASSPORT REMINDER The Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI scheduled to take ef fect this month. The WHTI r equires all those United States citizens traveling by air to the Caribbean to have a passport. For information about applying for a U.S. passpor t, visit http://usps.com/passport or call 800-ASK-USPS . PARENT RESOURCE GUIDE The Miami-Dade County Public Schools and The Education Fund have co-published a free Parent ResourceGuide 2006-2007 for the public. The 88-page guide, sponsored by global financial services provider ING, gives parents information they need toknow about their child’ s school, curriculum and student requirements. The guide is printed in three languages -English, Spanish and Haitian creole.Each school in the system willr eceive additional copies for use in par ent-teacher meetings. The guide may also be viewed online at www.educationfund.org (under “Our Publications”) and www.dadesc hools .net (under “Resour ces”). The 2006-2007 guide provides a wealth of information including revised curriculum requirements, test schedules, immunization requirements,student ser vices, legal rights and par ental involvement. PASSPORTS The National Passport Information Center (NPIC the United States Department of State’s single, centralizedpublic contact center for U.S.passpor t information, is offering a toll fr ee service and has expanded its service availability/options. Persons with questions or need status checks on pendingpasspor t applications can call 1-877-487-2778 . Customer ser vice representatives are available fr om 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Monda y through Friday, excluding Federal holidays. Automated infor mation is available 24 hours a day, sevendays a week. For e-mail access, visit: npic@state.gov Website of passport and other international travel information isavailable at travel.state.gov ‘GREEN CARD’FILING The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCISannounced that aliens must mail applications to renew orr eplace per manent r esident car ds, commonly known as “Green Cards”, directly to the Los Angeles Lockbox. The Lockbox is a processing facility used by USCIS toaccelerate the collection ofapplications and petitions.The announced change allows the agency to improve the processing of Form I-90(Application to Replace Permanent Resident Card) by electronically capturing dataand images and by per forming fee r eceipting and depositing fr om one central location, rather than at the local district of fice, ser vice center, or application support center (ASC Aliens filing a Form I-90, r egardless of their state of residence, must mail those appli-cations with an application feeof $185 and a biometrics feeof $70 to one of the following addresses: For U.S. Postal Ser vice (USPS U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Ser vices, P.O. Box 54870 Los Angeles, CA 90054-0870; Or for non-USPS deliveries (e.g. private couriers U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, Attention: I-90, 16420 Valley View Ave., La Mirada, CA90638 Applicants should not include initial evidence andsuppor ting documentation when submitting the For m I90 to the Los AngelesLockbox. Applicants will r eceive a notice for a biometrics pro-cessing appointment at anASC and will submit their ini tial evidence during thatappointment. Applicants will r eceive their biometrics appointmentin the mail. January 2007CARIBBEAN TODAY 23 FYI FYI www .caribbeantoday.com CHRISTMAS CARIBBEAN STYLE Photogra ph by Derrick A ScottBeryl Riley,center,Jamaica’s honorary consul to Richmond,Virginia in the United States,presents a gift to Richard White,one of many children who received presents at the Association of Jamaicans in Richmond’s (AJRtion last month.Assisting Riley is Harvey Neyfville,right,a board member of AJR. CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:35 AM Page 23

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24 CARIBBEAN TODAYJanuary 2007 CTJan07.qxd 1/8/07 10:35 AM Page 24