Group Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Title: Caribbean today
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean today
Uniform Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 38 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Caribbean Pub. Services
Place of Publication: Miami Fl
Miami Fl
Publication Date: June 2006
Copyright Date: 2010
Frequency: monthly
Subject: Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Additional Physical Form: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1989.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 10, no. 3, published in 1999; title from cover.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099285
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 40985415


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I fN

c o v e r y o u r

So JUNE 200
O O^

w o r I d uJ ) vol. 17i

The mango is
the world's
most popular
fruit, and all
it takes is a
bite to under-
stand why.
The abundant
flesh is gold-
en, juicy, fra-
grant and sweet, and its fla-
vor can be liked to the blend
of pineapple and peaches,
just ask Caribbean people,
page 12.

No easing
into the
gritty real-
ity of
Dr. Imani
Ama cuts
to the
chase from the very first page
of her book "Blood Bullets And
Bodies: Sexual Politics Below
Jamaica's Poverty Line",
page 17.

Kevin Lyttle
is among
the artistes
S down to
should give New Yorkers the
opportunity to experience the
sights, sounds, colors, culture
and tastes of the region over
an entire week this month,
page 18.

No. 7 ct.

W e

News ........................... 2 Education/Youth ..............11 Culture ..............................15 Sport........................... 23
Feature ........................7........ Food .................................12 Books ................................17 Tourism/Travel ................24
Viewpoint...................... 9 Health ................................13 Arts/Entertainment ..........18 Business ..........................25


I: (305) 238-2868




U.S. immigration debate stirs deep Experts hail progress in freedom

emotions in Caribbean community of expression in the region

Marie Thompson
knows what it is like
to live and work in
the shadows.
At 22, Thompson decided
to leave her native Jamaica to
move to the United States. At
home, the adventurous young
woman had a job she enjoyed
working at Scotia Bank in
Thompson agreed to
speak to Caribbean Today if
her correct name was not used
because of the fear of conse-
quences of stepping out of the
Wanting to explore the
possibilities, she came to the
U.S. on a visitor's visa. She
liked her new surroundings
and stayed. That simple act
changed her life forever.
Though it has been more
than 30 years since she
became a legal resident in
America, Thompson identifies
closely with the estimated tens
of millions of illegal immi-
grants who are at the center of

The Caribbean will have
much to cheer about
this month when World
Cup 2006, soccer's premier
event, kicks off in Germany.
At the top of the list will
be the fortunes of first time
entrants Trinidad and Tobago,
which survived a tough quali-
fication run, including a last
ditch play-off round with
Bahrain, to make a historical
entrance to the big show.
But the twin-island repub-
lic of some 1.3 million, which
just failed to make it to the
1990 finals, has no intention of
being intimidated by the tal-
ented field of 32 entrants,
including the game's mighty
names such as Brazil,
Argentina, Germany and
Italy. On the field, the players
have exuded confidence going
into the tournament as under-
dogs, especially when lumped
into a preliminary round
group which includes
European powers England
and Sweden, plus Paraguay
from soccer-mad South
"There are times even
when you are the best team it
doesn't guarantee the result,"
captain Dwight Yorke
was quoted as saying on, the

one of the most heated
debates in recent history. She
is emphatic about how she
"Many of us who are here
legally today, were here ille-
gally at one time," Thompson
told Caribbean Today. "Don't
knock the people that are
here who are undocumented."
Thompson, 54, recalls
vividly what it was like to
clean a lady's home in New
York while she was in the U.S.
"One day she threw
money at me and told me to
get out of her house," she
said, her voice quivering with
emotion. "A lot of us had
decent jobs and had to scrub
floors and do the dirty work,
the real dirty work."

Thompson says what
bothers her most about the
immigration debate that has
captivated much of the nation
as President George W. Bush
and Congress inch toward
immigration reform legislation

website of world soccer's gov-
erning body.
"What I can guarantee is
we will give 100 percent every
time. The manager will get us
to play extremely well and
make it very difficult for
teams to beat us. If we do that
and stick to the methods
which took us so far, I don't
think we'll have a major prob-

T&T's first hurdle in
Germany will be on June 10
against Sweden in Dortmund.
The Soca Warriors will then
move to Nuremburg on June
15 to play England, before

while protesters in key immi-
gration states stage rallies and
work stoppages in an attempt
to let their political clout be
heard and felt is the silence
and lack of participation by
those from the Caribbean who
now live in the U.S.
Fort Lauderdale-based,
Jamaican-born immigration
attorney, Sherna Spencer, says
she understands why the
Caribbean community, for the
most part has remained silent
on the debate.
"We have a different cul-
tural background. We had a
different cultural upbringing,"
Spencer told Caribbean
Today. "I think that we are
not a marching people."
She says that people from
the Caribbean tend to stay out
of the immigration debate
because of how many in the
community perceives them-
"I don't know if we see
ourselves as that much illegal,
because to many people, ille-
gals are seen as taking from

wrapping up the group fix-
tures on June 20 against
Paraguay in Kaiserslautern.
While T&T's players are
hoping to do well enough to
advance from the group stage,
a more realistic target could
be matching the performance
of fellow Caribbean team
Jamaica. The Reggae Boyz,
who were bounced from the
2006 tournament early in the
qualifying stages, scored one
win against two losses -
Croatia and Argentina in the
1998 finals in France.
Yorke, who played top
level club football in England
for years, but now represents
a club in Australia, has some
knowledge of his group rivals.
"Our opening opponents,
Sweden, are a tricky cus-
tomer," he told FIFA's web-
site. "They've beaten England
in the past few years and have
a wealth of talent.. .England
are a team everyone expects
to beat us very easily. They
have some fantastic players
throughout the team and even
on the bench, and they're a
team all our guys are familiar
with... Paraguay as a South
American team are probably
more suited to us, because
they'll want to play the game
We've been brought up to


Experts at an Organization of
American States (OAS)
forum concluded last month
said that despite major chal-
lenges to freedom of expres-
sion in the Caribbean and
Latin America, significant
progress is being made.
They noted positive
developments, such as more
countries introducing access to
information laws, but lament-
ed that challenges continue to
threaten the consolidation of
democracy in the region.
Diana Daniels, the presi-
dent of the Inter-American
Press Association (IAPA), who
is also vice president of the
Washington Post Company,
attributed some of the progress
to "the greater availability of
information, better access to
information, more in-depth
reporting, and the wider dis-
semination of information."
Speaking on a panel dis-
cussion on "Freedom of
Expression in the 21st Century
in the AmL ri,, the seventh
event in The Americas Project
series, Daniels said "a coun-
try's degree of democracy is
directly proportional to the
level of press freedom that
exists there."
The Americas Project
is an OAS joint initiative
with Washington's Rice
University's James A. Baker
III Institute for Public Policy.
The annual Americas Project,
which began in 1997, is part of
the institute's effort to
increase awareness of
Caribbean and Latin
American issues.
Daniels said there is a

"growing wave of self-censor-
ship that is undermining the
role of the press as a watch-
dog in a democratic society."
She welcomed legal
advances in access to informa-
tion legislation in Jamaica,
Trinidad and Tobago and the
Dominican Republic among
other countries.

Another panelist, journal-
ist Pablo Bachelet of the
Miami Herald's Washington
Bureau, noted that "political
instability, institutional weak-
ness, and soaring and frustrat-
ed popular
impact the
media directly,
often resulting
in less free-
dom of the
r ^ press."
Daniels He detailed
instances of
problems with
freedom of information laws,
calling for the "culture of
secrecy" to be overcome in
the Caribbean and Latin
Bachelet said the media
face major challenges as they
try to be independent, particu-
larly vis-a-vis governments,
pointing to, for instance,
advertising budgets by nation-
al and local governments that
favor media that cover the
governments more favorably.
He said it is "more difficult
for media to be independent
where the government is by
far the bi---L ,I advertiser."

International expert predicts

economic fallout in Caribbean as

a result of rising oil prices

ior analyst with a top interna-
tional credit rating agency
says that Caribbean states
could face serious economic
and political fallout from
escalating oil prices.
Helena Hessel, of the
Wall Street firm of Standard
and Poor's, said in a state-
ment last month that the
skyrocketing impact could
cause governments grave
"Apart from the impact
on the balance of payments,
in a number of countries in
the Caribbean, like Grenada,
Belize and Jamaica, where
socio-political issues are
somewhat difficult, if gasoline
prices continue to rise, the
impact would be negative,"

she said.

Hessel, however, ruled

tive effect on
Trinidad and
Tobago and
*% Suriname.
"All of the
except for
Trinidad and
Hessel Tobago and
Suriname -
their balance
of payments and current
accounts are highly negative,"
she said.
"All of them have high
trade deficits because they
import everything and export

T&T's Soca Warriors make historic

march into soccer's World Cup 2006

June 2006


J. Patterson argues case forN E W Seas Jamaicans to vote

RJ. Patterson argues case for overseas Jamaicans to vote

more than a million
Jamaicans reportedly living
abroad and playing a signifi-
cant role in their country's
economic and social develop-
W .' :.

"This is certainly one of
the matters that I know will
be raised and discussed, and
we would have to take it step
by step," he said.
The former Jamaica
leader acknowledged the
contributions of overseas

Jamaicans in national devel-
opment, pointing out that
more steps must be adopted
to reinforce those links.
Since demitting office
as Jamaica's longest serving
prime minister, Patterson
has joined Goodworks

International, a lobbying
and consulting firm with
headquarters in Atlanta,
Georgia, and Washington, as
a senior advisor. Goodworks
represents several large
United States corporations
and some African nations.

Patterson has said he
is not an "employee" of
Goodworks, but would offer
advice based on his vast expe-
rience as a Caribbean leader
who was once his country's
minister of finance.

ment, former Prime Minister
P.J. Patterson says a case can
be made for them to partici-
pate in national elections.
But Patterson said a num-
ber of key legal matters must
first be addressed.
"I have raised certain
concerns, and if those con-
cerns can be satisfactorily
addressed, I think there is a
case that can be made out in
support of it," he was quoted
as saying in the New York
Carib News last month.
Patterson said there are
unresolved legal questions
about the method of voting
and the role, if any, for second
generation Jamaicans.
"It is an issue which has
been raised continuously," he
said. "There are some impedi-
ments which would have to be
"Most of us deal with
constituency representation
as distinct from proportional
representation, and one of the
things that would have to be
determined is if the overseas
people are allowed to vote,
where do they vote?" he
"Would it be in the con-
stituency of their origin or in
the constituency where they
have built a home? In respect
of those from the second gen-
eration, where is it that the
vote would be taken?" he
Patterson said overseas
seats in the House of
Representatives should not
be set aside unless there are
fundamental revisions to the
current Constitution.


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June 2006



Antigua critical of U.S. decision Preval calls for unity as he takes

to indict Internet gaming operators president's oath of office in Haiti

ST. JOHN'S, Antigua, CMC -
Antigua and Barbuda has
accused the United States of
retaliatory tactics over the
U.S. Justice Department's
decision to indict the opera-
tors of an Internet gaming
business on money laundering
The Baldwin Spencer gov-
ernment said the legal action
last month was in retaliation
to the Antiguan government
taking the U.S. to the World
Trade Organization (WTO)
disputes panel claiming that
the U.S. decision to ban cross
border trading by the internet
was illegal.
Antigua's Ambassador to
the WTO Dr. John Ashe said
the indictments and Antigua's
WTO victory were "not unre-
lated." Ashe, in a statement
released by the Antiguan gov-
ernment, said the "indict-
ments, coming at a time when
the United States is supposed
to be undertaking efforts to
comply with the rulings of the
WTO, are surely no coinci-
He said "it is more
than ironic that the U.S.
Department of Justice has
chosen to single out for prose-
cution a well-known gaming
service provider from
Antigua, a jurisdiction that
has been leading global efforts
to license, regulate, supervise
and oversee a robust yet clean
and safe gaming industry."

Under WTO procedures,
the U.S. had until April 3,

2006 to comply with the rul-
ings of the WTO in the gam-
bling case. Having initially
stated that coming into
compliance would involve
significant legislative efforts,
the U.S. made a surprise
announcement at the WTO
meeting in April that it was
already in compliance with the
adverse ruling, despite having
taken no apparent corrective
action at all.

Antigua's Solicitor
General and Chairman of
Antigua's Financial Services
Regulatory Commission
Lebrecht Hesse said he
would be lodging a protest
over the latest action of the
Department of Justice.
"Coming at a time when
Antigua and the United States
are expected to be working
together on a reasonable solu-
tion to our dispute, these
indictments announced by the
Americans which I note have
been laying unsealed,

in secret, since they were
returned over a year ago are
pretty incredible," Hesse said.
"We trust that these
indictments do not represent
the official position of the
United States government and
rather represent the work of
some over-zealous prosecutor.
"We look forward to the
U.S. administration's prompt
clarification of this most
unfortunate incident," he
The Justice Department
said in a statement that the
indictment unsealed in
Washington last month against
the operators of WorldWide
Telesports, Inc. charges two
companies and two individuals
in connection with laundering
of some $250 million in
Internet wagers.
"This indictment under-
scores the Justice Department's
commitment to attacking illegal
Internet gambling concerns by
using federal anti-money laun-
dering laws", the agency said in
a statement.
Charged in the indict-
ment, filed in April 2005 and
unsealed on May 16, were 65-
year-old William Scott, who
renounced his U.S. citizenship
and had been living in the tiny
Caribbean nation of Antigua
and Barbuda; and Jessica
Davis Dyett, a 35-year-old
U.S. citizen alleged to have
authority over various bank
accounts of the operation.

CMC Haiti's new President
Rene Preval called for unity
among his people as he began
his five-year term in office last
The 63-year-old Preval,
who was declared winner in
the Feb. 7 presidential poll,
appealed for peace and con-
tinued dialogue in the impov-
erished nation as he took the
oath of office outside the pres-
idential palace here.
Addressing the large
crowd ga.lh rLd, Preval said
this is the only way to
encourage much needed
investment and the overall
development of the troubled
With a wide cross section
of representatives from the
international community pres-
ent, Preval said while the
future of Haiti was in the
hands of its people, it would
require constant support from
the international community

as well.
Preval took over from the
United States-backed interim

rl Vda

administration of Prime
Minister Gerard Latortue,
which was installed shortly
after the ouster of then presi-
dent Jean-Bertrand Aristide
in 2004.

OAS calls for equal emphasis

on disasters in the Caribbean

Organization of American
States (OAS) said while
extraordinary hurricanes, such
as Ivan and Katrina, are con-
stant reminders of the devas-
tation wreaked by tropical
storms in the Caribbean and
Latin America, equal atten-
tion should be paid to other
natural disasters, such as
earthquakes, floods, mud-
slides, volcanoes and drought.
Speaking at a meeting of
the OAS Joint Consultative
Organ on Natural Disaster
Reduction and Risk
Management last month, OAS
Secretary General
Albert Ramdin said experts
have recognized droughts,
floods, changing rain patterns
and rising sea levels among
serious threats to develop-
ment in Small Island
Developing States (SIDS),
like those in the region. He
noted that concern is also
increasing over the effects of
global warming on glaciers
and the polar ice caps that
raise sea levels i notigli to
damage many low-lying
islands and cities."
The Joint Consultative
Organ is chaired by Jamaica's
Ambassador to the OAS
Gordon Shirley and Chile's
Ambassador Esteban Tomic.

Ramdin cited Jeffrey
Sachs, the renowned develop-
ment economist, who identi-

fied natural upheavals among
three major factors impeding
the region's economic devel-
opment and growth. He called
on OAS-member states to
"proactively seek the adoption
of measures to prevent and
mitigate the disastrous effects
of natural upheavals."
Ramdin pointed to OAS
p the formula-
tion and shar-
ing of individ-
ual country
disaster pre-
response and
Shirley mitigation
plans to facil-
itate "more effective support
from the international com-
He noted a proposal to
amend the statutes of the
Inter-American Emergency
Aid Fund and the Inter-
American Committee for
Natural Disaster Reduction
"to create a single, permanent
inter-American Committee on
natural and other disasters
that will also respond to the
Inter-American Convention to
Facilitate Disaster Assistance.
"The creation of this com-
mittee will consolidate and
focus the efforts of the OAS
related to matters of natural
and other disasters," he said.

little. Some of them have bet-
ter performances in services
accounts because of tourism.
So, their trade deficits will be

Hessel pointed to
Jamaica's situation as an
example of the Caribbean
trend, stating that Omar
Davies, the island's finance
minister, said the nation's eco-
nomic performance was worst

than expected in the 2005-
2006 fiscal year, which ended
in March, because of the hur-
ricane season and rising oil
"He pointed out that the
same thing would be happen-
ing in 2006-2007 because
of high oil prices," Hessel

She added that that large-
scale construction in 2006-
2007 in Barbados would result
in huge oil import bills.
"Barbados, in this year
and next, will probably import
more oil than unusual and,
therefore, it could be affected
by the rising oil prices,"
Hessel said.
Despite this negative pre-
diction, Hessel said Caribbean
states have still managed to
stay afloat at "this point in the

International expert predicts economic fallout in Caribbean

as a result of rising oil prices

June 2006


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June 2006

4 A
FJ ty


Applying for immigrant status for family members

The Immigration and
Nationality Act allows
for the immigration of
foreigners to the United
States based on relationship to
a U.S. citizen or legal perma-
nent resident.
Family-based immigration
falls under two basic cate-
gories: unlimited and limited.
Unlimited family-based -
Immediate relatives of U.S.
Citizens (IR): The spouse,
widow(er) and unmarried chil-
dren under 21 of a U.S. citi-

zen, and the parent of a U.S.
citizen who is 21 or older.
Returning residents (SB):
Immigrants who lived in the
U.S. previously as lawful per-
manent residents and are
returning to live in the U.S.
after a temporary visit of
more than one year abroad.
Limited family-based -
Family first preference (Fl):
Unmarried sons and daugh-
ters of U.S. citizens, and their
children, if any.
Family second preference

(F2): Spouses, minor children,
and unmarried sons and
daughters (over age 20) of
lawful permanent residents.
At least 77 percent of all visas
available for this category will
go to the spouses and chil-
dren; the remainder will be
allocated to unmarried sons
and daughters.
Family third preference
(F3): Married sons and daugh-
ters of U.S. citizens, and their
spouses and children.
Family fourth preference

U.S. immigration debate stirs deep

emotions in Caribbean community

the system."

But Orlando-based
Jamaican born attorney
Nadine Brown says that there
is a major problem with the
immigration debate as it now
"The people who are
framing the debate are look-
ing at immigrants as Mexicans
who are breaking the law
willy-nilly, and that is not the
sole definition of what an
immigrant is. People should
be appalled that that is the
perception of immigrants,"
Brown told Caribbean Today.
"We (immigrants) don't have
a national platform from
which to speak."
Brown points out that the
vast majority of her clients
are, and always have been,
law abiding citizens, who like
Thompson overstayed their
time in the country. Without
legal status in the U.S., many
are forced to live and work
without a driver's license or
other forms of identification,
or a Social Security number
which allows the government
to track earnings of its work-
ers, advocates say.

Attorney Dahlia Walker-
Huntington, who has a Fort
Lauderdale and Jamaican-
based immigration practice, is
hopeful that immigration
debate will spur lawmakers to
think about many of the issues
that have plagued many of her
clients for years without a
foreseeable resolution.
"If we pursue deportation
of all of these people, we will
be breaking up families,"
Walker-Huntington told
Caribbean Today. "What has
come out is a very bitter, anti-
immigrant sentiment. It has
been a very bitter debate and
has set back relationships
between immigrants and black

Walker-Huntington says
that she and other community
leaders, including Spencer, are
working to mobilize those
from the Caribbean who have

so far been reluctant to lend
their voices to the ground-
swell as the debate rages on.
"We like town hall meet-
ings where we can sit down
and quarrel after the fact," she
says, "but we need to get
involved now while we still
have a chance to be involved."
In addition to speaking
out publicly on this issue,
Spencer began circulating a
petition with the hope of
engaging people from the
English-speaking Caribbean in
the debate.
"We need to recognize
that there are moments that
we have to work t, ,gL hl r"
she explains.
Cheryl Little, executive
director of Florida Immigrant
Advocacy Center (FIAC),
told Caribbean Today that her
agency has been at the fore-
front of immigration issues
since the mid-1980s.
"The immigrant commu-
nity tends to be a little too
segregated," Little says. "Each
group has their issues and
how they want to see them
resolved, but there are more
similarities than there are dif-
Thompson says the major-
ity of those who are in the

U.S. legally and illegally need
to step up and become
engaged in the debate.
"I know that there are
those who look down on those
who are here illegally," the
Fort Lauderdale, Florida resi-
dent says now. "But a lot of
them are here legally now
because of someone else who
was here illegally at one point,
and they benefited from that."

Damian P Gregory is
Caribbean Today's deputy
managing editor.

(F4): Brothers and sisters of
U.St. citizens and their spous-
es and children, provided the
U.S. citizens are at least 21
years of age.

Relatives of intending
immigrants who plan to base
their immigrant visa applica-
tions on family relationship
must obtain Form 1-130,
Immigrant Petition for
Relative, from the U.S.
Citizenship and Immigration
Service (USCIS). The peti-
tioning U.S. citizen or legal
permanent resident must sub-
mit Form 1-130 to the USCIS
office. Forms and instructions
are available from USCIS.
Once USCIS approves the
petition, they will send the
petitioner a notice of approval,
Form 1-797. USCIS will also
forward the approved petition
to the Immigrant Visa
Processing Center, which
will contact the intending
immigrant with further infor-

U.S. immigration laws, in
order to protect the health,
welfare, and security of the
country, prohibit the issuance
of a visa to certain applicants.
Examples of applicants who
must be refused visas are

those who: have a communi-
cable disease such as tubercu-
losis, have a dangerous physi-
cal or mental disorder, or are
drug addicts; have committed
serious criminal acts; are ter-
rorists, subversives, members
of a totalitarian party, or for-
mer Nazi war criminals; have
used illegal means to enter the
U.S.; or are ineligible for citi-
Some former exchange
visitors must live abroad two
years. Physicians who intend
to practice medicine must pass
a qualifying exam before
receiving immigrant visas. If
found to be inligibk, the
consular officer will then
advise the applicant if the law
provides for some form of
The petitioner/sponsor
must provide an Affidavit of
Support, Form 1-864. All
applicants must submit certain
personal documents such as
passports, birth certificates,
police certificates and other
civil documents. The consular
officer will inform visa appli-
cants of the documents need-
ed as their applications are

Information obtained and
edited from
Visit the website for more
information on this subject.

T&T's Soca Warriors make historic

march into soccer's World Cup 2006


Paraguay are in that catego-

play the Brazilian way and Yorke said he expects a

Stern John, left, and Kerry Baptiste helped Trinidad and Tobago's Soca Warriors get to the Wo

massive turnout of Trinis for
the World Cup in Germany.
He is correct. Caribbean
Today's checks with
travel agents last
month indicate that
tour groups of
T&T supporters
are practically
booked solid.
German embassies
in the United
States have also
noted a dramatic
increase in visa
applications from
non-U.S. citizens
wishing to attend
the matches in
All that's left
is for the Soca
Warriors to immerse
lhL imUe in the
World Cup battle.

Gordon Williams
is Caribbean
Today's managing

rld Cup.

June 2006


CDB: A love-hate relationship with Caribbean governments


MONTEGO BAY, Jamaica -
The mission calls on the insti-
tution to be the leading cata-
lyst for the development of
resources in the Caribbean
and together with its borrow-
ing and other partners, work
towards "the systematic
reduction of poverty" in the
region through social and eco-
nomic development.
Caribbean countries,
while acknowledging the
invaluable contribution
the Barbados-based
Caribbean Development
Bank (CDB) has made
to their socio-economic
development during its 35
years in existence, almost
every year say it has not
been enough.
The same claim was
made this year as the
bank's Board of
Governors, comprising
mainly prime ministers
and finance ministers
from Caribbean states,
gathered in Montego Bay,
Jamaica's scenic western
tourist area.
However, the CDB
has sought to defend itself
by pointing to some of its
achievements and success-
es. Newly appointed Davies
Jamaican Prime Minister
Portia Simpson Miller said
while there is no doubt that
the CDB would continue to
play a meaningful role in
regional integration, there was
need now for the financial
institution to change gears,
especially in a changing global
environment that is taking its
toll on the Caribbean.
"This role must consist of
a menu, which includes finan-
cial resources, technical assis-
tance, policy advice, rooted in
reducing and ultimately elimi-
nating poverty in the region,"
said Simpson Miller.
She said the current lend-
ing by the bank, which in 2005
was $153 million, a 24 percent
hike over the 2004 period, was
"too small to have the kind of
impact required against the
background of regional needs.
"The bank therefore must
assist its borrowing members
where the constraint is the
lack of absorptive capacity or
issues to proper project identi-
fication and implementation,
or lack of counterpart fund-
ing," the new Jamaica prime
minister added.

Her Finance Minister Dr.
Omar Davies, who is also
chairman of the CDB Board
of Governors, went even fur-
ther, noting that of the 15
loans disbursed to regional
states last year, one of them
..< n. IIILkd for 35 percent of

total approvals.
"While we recognize the
fiscal pressures and debt con-
straints of some borrowing
members, the bank has to find
creative ways to assist the bor-
rowing countries to improve
their absorptive capacity," he
He said given the growing
needs of the region, the CDB
must be systemically trans-
formed in order to be reposi-
tioned to make the "kind of
targeted and effective contri-

bution, which is relevant at
this time to the region."
Guyana, one of the bene-
ficiaries of the Paris Club debt
reduction policy, said that
while it appreciated the assis-
tance given by the bank, espe-
cially following last year's
floods that destroyed crops
and infrastructure, it felt the
bank "should get more
involved, at the analytical,
policy and operational levels,
in respect of global economic
developments impacting on
the region".
It said it was referring, in
particular, to the erosion of
trade preferences, high oil
prices, increased food imports
and the threats under agricul-
tural liberalization.
"Most of the major inter-
national organizations are
now tackling these issues and
coming up with various reme-
dial recommendations, gener-
ally under the theme of 'Aid
for Trade'," said Saisnarine
Kowlessar, the alternate gov-
ernor for Guyana.
"We feel it would be timely
in collaboration with the mem-
ber states and the Regional
Negotiating Machinery, for the
CDB to get more involved in a
Caribbean approach to these
problems," he added.

Grenada, recovering from
the effects of two hurricanes
in recent years, also wants the

bank "to make more
resources available, particular-
ly to the private sector the
primary engine of growth of
our .- m.hiniL '. Finance
Minister Anthony Boatswain,
thankful for the assistance
provided by the institution,
particularly since Hurricane
Ivan struck in 2004, noted that
"poverty continues to persist
among a significant percent-
age of the populations of the
borrowing member countries.
"There is therefore a need
for a redoubling of efforts as
well as a review and evalua-
tion of past and present poli-
cies, strategies and approaches
to addressing this issue," he
Like Guyana, Grenada
also wants mechanisms in
place to monitor programs
and projects, warning that
while all the Caribbean states
have signed on to the
United Nations Millennium
Development Goals "what is
most lacking is our ability to
monitor progress because of
the absence of effective evalu-
ation mechanisms".

But the CDB President
Dr. Compton Bourne has
defended the institution,
describing 2005, as a ,MtA .L.-
ful year" in which the institu-
tion undertook its work "con-
sistent with its charter obliga-
tions and practice." He said it
provided loans for dealing
with natural disasters, low
income housing, economic
reconstruction, and also


embarked on several training
The bank was also suc-
cessful in replenishing its
Special Development Fund
(SDF), totaling $156 million., the SDF is the


bank's principal means of pro-
viding highly concessionary
financial resources in pursuit
of the goal of poverty reduc-
tion, contributors are to be
specially commended for mak-
ing the extra effort in some-
what difficult fiscal circum-
stances," said Bourne.
In March, the CDB
approved its five-year strate-
gic plan, which Bourne said
rL i.iiii, the bank's overarch-
ing strategic focus on poverty
reduction through broad-
based economic growth.

"In pursuing this objec-
tive, the bank intends to make
interventions to strengthen
and modernize public utilities
and the physical infrastructure
essential for economic devel-
opment, improvement of the
competitiveness of busi-
- ness enterprises and
which support agriculture
and rural development."
Bourne said that
despite the economic
obstacles facing the
region, such as structural
changes in the trading
relationship with Europe,
increased oil prices and
global tariff liberalization,
there are still favorable
conditions for economic
growth in the region.
He made reference to
alternative approaches to
tourism, recognition of
the market potential of
the wider Caribbean and
Latin America for busi-
ness enterprises and a
regional energy policy to
take full advantage of the
region's mining and energy
Bourne said domestic
financial capital, while not
sufficient for the major invest-
ment effort required, is avail-
able to a greater degree than
generally believed.
"There is significant
excess liquidity in the financial
system coexistent with an
investment gap as a result of a
mismatch of funding prefer-
ences and demand for invest-


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June 2006


'Everyone lost' in T&T-Barbados fishing boundary dispute


BRIDGETOWN, Barbados -
While Trinidad and Tobago
and Barbados were both

claiming victory
over the recent
ruling by the
Tribunal at the
Dispute Resolution
Centre in The
Hague, one region-
al law expert
believes neither
Caribbean commu-
nity (CARICOM)
country came out
as the absolute win-
after the April
decision, the public
relations spin in
both Port of Spain
and Bridgetown
went into action,
with the twin island
republic's Attorney
General Senator

John Jeremy
declaring "the Tribunal reject-
ed each and every claim made
by Barbados," while his
Barbadian counterpart, for-
mer Attorney General Mia
Mottley, was equally con-
vinced that "Barbados got 99
percent of what it sought
when it started this journey."
But in the midst of public
relations tactics by both coun-
tries, Guyanese attorney
Rahim Bacchus Jr., former
lecturer in the Faculty of Law
at the University of the West
Indies, Cave Hill campus, said
it would be difficult for any
government to sustain an
absolute victory claim in the
case, which Barbados referred
to the international body in
Feb. 2004.
"Everyone lost in a sense
and everyone won something.
Trinidad won a little bit in
terms of the maritime bound-
ary and Barbados won certain
rights, so it's difficult to say
who really won in the sense
we are talking of it, or in
the way the politicians are
putting a spin to it," he told
the Caribbean Media

In its 137-page decision

handed down in April, the
Arbitration Tribunal rejected
the maritime delimitation
claims by both countries and
instead established a single

boundary at roughly
the halfway point
between the two coun-
tries. In so doing,
Barbados lost its
claims to waters north
of Tobago, while
Trinidad lost its claim
to the area north of
the median line close
to Barbados's south
The Tribunal,
however, made a slight
deviation to the east-
ern tip of the median
line, a move it said was
to take into account
Trinidad's coastline.
On the issue of the
contentious flying fish
saga, which has been Mottley
raging on for over a
decade, the Tribunal
held that it lacked jurisdiction
to render a substantive deci-
sion about a fisheries regime
to apply inside Trinidad and
Tobago's Exclusive Economic
Zone (EEZ). It, however,
found that the two countries
"are under a duty to agree
upon the measures necessary
to coordinate and ensure the
conservation and develop-
ment of flying fish stocks and
to negotiate in good faith and

conclude an agreement that
will accord fisherfolk of
Barbados access to fisheries
within the EEZ of Trinidad
and Tobago."

But it determined that
such agreement must take into
account "the right and duty of
Trinidad and Tobago to con-
serve and manage the living
resources of waters within its
Bacchus opined that
knowing the tribunal had no
jurisdiction over fishing rights,
Barbados made a claim to the
area near Tobago to get fish-
ing concerns on the body's

"It used this as a tactic to
bring the boundary limitation
in that area so that the
Tribunal could have the juris-
diction to dis-
cuss fisheries
and by
doing that clev-
erly was able to
get the tribunal
to decide that
fishing rights
would be dis-
cussed through
the back door,"
he said.
"Through the
back door
means that the
two govern-
ments insisted
that they want-
ed the tribunal
to give a view
on the matter.
"By giving a
view on the
matter and by
them giving a
commitment to
the tribunal, the
tribunal was able to say a duty
has been created where now
the government of Trinidad
and Tobago must now negoti-
ate with the government of
Barbados under Article 63-1
of the Convention of the Law
of the Sea, as well as based on
the commitment given by the
The former university law
lecturer said once that com-
mitment was given any party
in breech of it, or found to be
delaying the process, could
face sanctions. But in the
aftermath of the decision it
appeared as if both countries
are willing to talk about fish-
ing access.
For his part, the
Trinidadian attorney general
said his country always held
that a fisheries agreement
should be settled through
negotiation and they were
therefore willing to resume
this route.
"Indeed in my closing
submission I told the Tribunal
that the way for Barbados to
obtain such access is to negoti-
ate for it, something we were
always willing to do until the
fisheries negotiations were
broken off by Barbados. We
are still prepared to negotiate

CDB: A love-hate relationship with Caribbean governments


ment capital. The challenge is
to devise risk-sharing arrange-
ments to induce greater
investment lending by the
banking industry," Bourne

It is a situation, which the
CDB itself must also move
quickly to address, because as
the Jamaican prime minister
had pointed out, financial
institutions "both within and

outside the region are very
aggressive and now constitute
serious competitive offering
alternatives to financing from
the bank.
"In addition, the turn-
around time for these credi-

tors is much shorter than
the bank," Simpson Miller


a fisheries agreement with
Barbados," he said.
In this regard Mottley
said "Barbados will cooperate
closely with Trinidad and
Tobago to ensure that the
rights of Barbadian fishermen
are exercised in accordance
with the award of the tribunal
and international law."
So for the time being
while the boundary lines are
clearly drawn, the fishing
debate returns to the point it
was more than two years ago
and questions remain as to
what role CARICOM treaties
could have played in bringing
a home-grown solution to the
costly dispute.


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Fishing dispute left two nations at sea.

June 2006


Those camera shy Emotion

With all the hoopla sur-
rounding immigration
reform in the United
States over the past few months
one would think Caribbean peo-
ple in the U.S. would be shoul-
der-to-shoulder alongside those
up front in the protest move-
ment, especially those seeking
legal status in America.
Not so.
It's not that Caribbean peo-
ple in the U.S. do not have the
same at stake as other immi-
grants, or are not as affected by
what has been going on. Just lis-
ten to what a South Florida
politician, Jamaican-born
George Pedlar, told the Miami
Herald newspaper last month:
"It's not that they don't care or
(that) they are not interested.
They are just as damn scared as
the Mexicans."
So why aren't Caribbean
people on the evening news
alongside the ,.m,_d Mexicans
demanding a deal that would
legalize the undocumented aliens
so they can live like every nor-
mal citizen in the U.S.? Maybe
they like being in the Land of the
Free, but are a bit skeptical
about Home of the Brave part of
the arrangement bravery,
meaning getting on the front
lines, meaning risking a quick,
forced return trip to Caribbean.
And that, Caribbean people will
tell you, is not part of the current

While that might be shock-
ing, what is even more aston-
ishing are the reasons being
tossed about for non-participa-
tion. One South Florida educa-
tor indicated that the immigra-
tion issue had perhaps not
reached the "crisis level" in the
Caribbean community as it had
among the Hispanics. Well, if
Caribbean people are not
alarmed by so many influential
people clamoring for undocu-
mented aliens even hard-
working, taxpaying, law abiding
ones to be removed from U.S.
shores, I'm not sure what will
get their attention.
Maybe, as Irwin Clare, co-
director of the New York-based
Caribbean Immigration Services,
told me recently, Caribbean peo-
ple are simply too occupied mak-
ing money to find time to march
with placards, shouting and wav-
ing flags. Or they may have
become too comfy in their cushy
"Complacency," Clare said.

Ah, too busy. Now that
sounds like a Caribbean reason.
We are always too busy.
Reminds me of the people who
are always too busy rebuilding
their homes on the gully banks
in Jamaica to understand that

the next heavy rainfall like the
one before it will wash away
whatever they have constructed.
It's called ignoring the signs.
To top it off, Clare offers
that "legal" Caribbean immi-
grants, meaning those with the
"green cards" and the freshly
minted American passports,
seem far more inclined to get
on the front lines of immigra-
tion protest, while those who
either crossed the border ille-
gally or have overstayed their
official welcome appear con-
tented to sit back and let some-
one else do the "fighting" for
them. They say they are afraid.
So up pops that word again:
L- d '. Many Caribbean peo-
ple are so scared they will aban-
don their children at home, then
risk working several jobs to earn
enough money to pay some con
artist who promises "documents"
and rarely delivers. There is
another six-letter "s" word for
that, and that's %lupM '.
The same quantities of
energy and willpower that drive
Caribbean immigrants to
become successful in the U.S.
are also available in intelligence
as well. Caribbean people could
not be stupid. They have
excelled in almost every field
imaginable. But when it comes
to fighting for the cause of
immigrants in the U.S., some-
how the brain tree seems to dry
up and wither.
But that must change. In
South Florida alone, the Herald
estimates, most of the undocu-
mented aliens are not Mexicans
- yup, those same ones you see
on the front lines on the nightly
news but, you guessed it,
Caribbean people. Yet, aside
from the Haitians, it appears
immigrants from most of the
other countries from the region
are camera shy.. .or just plain
selfish. It's like they are telling
the other protesters: "Go out
and hunt and gather, we will
feast tonight".
The problem with that
approach is that if everyone does
not get involved in the mix, the
mixture will be watered down,
diluted and ineffective. Slap it on
the stubborn walls of some law-
makers in the U.S. and it will
simple stick for a moment, then
slide to the ground before being
washed away by the next issue
that comes along.
In the meantime, undocu-
mented Caribbean people may
get to ask the U.S. law enforce-
ment agent hammering at their
door: "Are you here for me?"
Let's hope his answer will not
be: "Yup, but you must have
seen me coming, or were you
too busy?"
That would just be too sad.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.

Caribbean people

al contribution

E emotional
can be good
and bad and can
be likened to what
people bring to
relationships, or
what they bring to
the party.
We all have a
past, and even if
we enter these
relationships as
virgins, we carry
some degree of
baggage that often
tarnishes it, weighs
it down, or
enhances it.
Some of this
contributions '
comes in the form
of children, chil-
dren who are innocent victims
but somehow get drawn into
the emotional maelstrom. It's
always great when the man
meets the woman at first, until
he discovers that she has one
or two kids living abroad or in
the country with her granny.
Sometimes they do live with
her, but he is so blinded by his
passion that he sees no prob-
lem. Well, she has brought
those kids to the party, so he
better start dancing and let
them have a good time.
Many men can't handle
this instant family scenario and
freak out. This has posed a
problem to many people who I
spoke to, as women complain
that the men brought nothing
to the party and are unwilling
to contribute anything either.
Kids are tangible, visible, pres-
ent, but so many people bring
other invisible stuff to the
party that the session must
flop. Some men bring the emo-
tional and tangible contribu-
tion of the string of baby
mothers who the current lady
only finds out about many
months after.

The burden that he bears
not only weighs him down, but
sinks the new woman as well,
as the emotional and financial
strain is a heavy load on them.
Women have told me how

bound to ruin the current rela-
tionship. Many of these hang-
ups are of a sexual nature, and
I pity the poor man who expe-
riences this. So many men
have told me how after the ini-
tial first few weeks, that was it,
shop lock, as their wives
ceased from having anything
physical to do with them,
except occasionally, like on his
birthday. When you check out
her past, you then discover all
sorts of sexual hang-ups and
dislike of sex that only people
like Dr. Phil could explain to
you. Some were abused by
family members, male and
female, resulting in them being
turned off sex forever. Others
were told that sex is taboo, not
to be enjoyed, while some just
lacked affection in their child-
hood and now have a fear of
Still, in order to land a
man, they had to fake it. After
her mission is accomplished,
it's back to normal, her normal,
and he is left to fend for him-
It's a common scenario as
I learnt, as many couples are
living lives without any form of
intimacy. It's a terrible emo-
tional contribution to bring to
a new relationship.
"If I knew you hated sex I
would never have married

after a while
the party
spoil, as he
just brought
too many
problems with
Apart from
kids, some
TONY people bring
ROBINSON relatives and,
as you know,
nothing spoils
a relationship like relatives
hanging around. Mothers-in-
law are legendary. I know of so
many cases, like this young
lady who was seeing this guy,
but couldn't cease from playing
social hostess to her divorced
father and his business associ-
ates. She brought that to the
relationship, so after a while
the young man left in despair,
unable to compete with her
association with her father and
his social demands.
Or this other lady who has
been stuck with not only her
husband's sister, but the sister's
kids as well who came to stay
for a few weeks but ended up
growing up in her house. Even
when they moved house, they
tagged along. Those are things,
the emotional contribution,
brought to the party that's
bound to mash it up.
Some women enter into
new relationships with hang-
ups from their past that are

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Michael Shane P.A.
Immigration Attorney
9100 S. Dadeland Blvd. Penthouse 2, Suite 1810
Miami, Florida 33156
Tel: (305) 671-8777
500 West Cypress Creek Road, Suite 300
Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33309-2181
Tel: (954) 772-8782
Pleasecalifor an appointment
You may obtain free Written information regarding any lawyer or law firm by
calling or writing to the lawyer or law firm during regular business hours.
a Know Your Rights and Fight

June 2006


George Bush's big U.S.border backlash

George W. Bush's big U.S. border backlash

President George W. Bush
hates leaks in the way that all
presidents do, unless he
authorizes the leak.
The White House leaked
like Niagara Falls to give away
the big news in Bush's prime-
time immigration speech days
before he delivered it. The
scoop: He wants to beef up
our border patrol forces with
National Guard troops.
The topic was thoroughly
chewed over by talk radio and
cable T.V. channels long
before Bush delivered his
speech on May 15. Why, then,
bother to give the speech at
all? Because in the television
age, a speech is not delivered
to make news as much as the
news is used as advance hype
to build up the audience for a
speech. Bush hopes this
speech will help boost his
approval ratings, which have
been dwelling in the cellar of

The larger purpose of this
speech, then, was damage con-
trol. Bush's background as
governor of Texas, a border
state where Tex-Mex bi-cul-
turalism is a comfortable way
of life, and as a businessman
who appreciates the value of
cheap labor left him ill-pre-
pared for the backlash that
greeted his immigration pro-
By p--,',_'ini' his prime-time
speech to the theme that "we

do not yet have full control of
the bh ird. r between the
United States and Mexico,
Bush was acknowledging a
new rising consensus on the
suddenly-volatile issue of
immigration. If we Americans
are beginning to agree on any-
thing about immigration, it is
our need to have secure bor-
ders and some semblance of
order about how many new
immigrants are admitted.
Many of us, including me,
detest the sight of walls or
fences between nations or
tribes of people. Yet, even
hard core fence haters have a
hard time arguing against the
fundamental right of every
country to protect its borders.
Mexicans may feel miffed
by the growing network of
fences, walls and border
patrols along our southern
border. But Mexican President
Vicente Fox's government sim-
ilarly guards his country's
southern border, holding back
a potential flood of Central
American immigrants for
whom Mexico would be an
economic bonanza-land.
But border control is only
the first leg of this debate.
Even if we sealed off all 2,000
miles of our border with
Mexico with two parallel 15-
foot walls separated by large
Florida alligators, it would not
stop more than half of the cur-
rent flood of illegal immi-
grants. The rest, according to
government studies, don't
come in over the Rio Grande

but from all
over the
world with
student visas,
tourist visas,
or some
other tempo-
rary visas
that they sim-
ply overstay. CLARENCE
to the wishes of some extrem-
ists, there's little chance the
federal government is going to
launch a national roundup of
illegal immigrants who are
otherwise obeying laws, work-
ing jobs, buying cars, buying
homes and paying taxes.
Yet, the president avoided
any specifics on how he will
make sure his proposed tem-
porary workers return home
when they're supposed to.
Nor did he offer any details
about the touchy topic of
sanctions against employers
who knowingly hire illegals.
Plugging up the holes in the
border is one thing. Reducing

the attraction of employers to
cheap, compliant labor is
quite another.
With that in mind, I was
gratified to hear Bush make a
revealing switch in his usual
rhetoric: His proposed "tem-
porary % irk. r program, he
said, would match willing for-
eign workers with willing
American employers for "jobs
Americans are not doing."
That's a switch. In the
past, he's referred to such jobs
as "jobs Americans won't do,"
which implies that Americans
are just too lazy or snobbish
to accept the sort of jobs that
our immigrant or, in some
cases, enslaved ancestors
To describe them instead
as "jobs Americans are not
doing" is more truthful. It
acknowledges that the
absence of legal workers in
certain jobs is not necessarily
evidence of an unwillingness
to work. Quite the contrary;
there's no job that legal
Americans would not do, if it
paid well enough.

Ask legal workers why
they "are not doing" the jobs
employers hope guest workers
will fill and you probably will
hear something about how the
jobs don't pay enough to com-
pensate for the hours, hazards,
hardships or location far from
During past labor short-
ages, innovative employers
have been known to raise pay
without passing on crippling
costs to consumers. Some also
have been known to improve
working conditions and even
provide small buses or car
pools to shuttle workers from
job-poor neighborhoods to
job-rich suburbs.
That's the kind of immi-
gration debate I'd like to see.
After all, the real issue is not
just immigration. It's jobs for
Americans who already are

2006 by The Chicago
Tribune. Distributed by
Tribune Media Services, Inc.

Emotional contribution


Some women are perenni-
al virgins as they take the vow
of celibacy even while involved
in a relationship. If you learnt
why some men stray, you
would not condemn, but offer
sympathy instead.
"Four months...and nutten
from I.,, "
But it's the men who take
the cake, or worse, to relation-
ships. I have lost count of the
women who have told me how
their men entered into rela-
tionships and either carried
nothing at all, or carried too
much of the wrong thing.
Much of what they bring is
caused by mothers of these
men, who brought them up
spoilt rotten, doing everything
for them, giving them every-

thing, making them their de
facto husbands, then send
them out into the world to
cohabit with women. These
manboys bring nothing to the
party, except the legacy of
being a spoilt pickney. They
can't even peel an orange,
much less iron a shirt. After
all, "Mommy always did that
for me, so why can't you?!"
Everywhere I go I hear
the same lament, how these
selfish men cohabit with peo-
ple's daughter and offer noth-
ing to the relationship. They
just walk in so wid dem two
long hands and expect the
party to swing. They are selfish
beyond belief and believe that
having entered the woman's
life, all they have to do is sit
back, relax and enjoy the fun.
They bring no compassion or
sense of compromise.
"Hey listen, is so yu come
meet me, is so I stay from morn-
;,..,. so just stop de i... ,i,.', and
accept me for what I am."
He in turn though,
expects her to bring everything
to the party, she must bend,
flex, contort, change her ways
to suit him. I listen to the
plight of these women and I
weep inside for them.
"He brought nothing to the
relationship, but expects every-
thing from me."

What emotional contribu-
tion do you bring to the rela-
tionship? Do you bring sensi-
tivity? For some reason, men
avoid being sensitive like the
plague, as they think that it

shows weakness.
Okay, maybe some women
don't appreciate it and trample
all over the men, as some guys
have told me. But the majority
of women who I spoke to
yearn for a sensitive man.
"He gives me ,..I. u. I i. '.
car, jewelry, house and land,
you name it. But the one ingre-
dient that I wished he would
have brought is just a dash of
The irony is, an insensitive
man does not know that he is
insensitive as that's the way he
was brought up. To him his
behavior is quite normal.
"Is what more yu want
from me, me is not yu father?!"
It swings both ways, as so
many women come to the
party expecting to eat and
drink to their hearts' content
without contributing anything
at all. And I'm not talking
about money either, even a lit-
tle moral support would do.
Instead, it's all about them and
what they are doing. They
show no interest in the man's
work, his career, his friends or
his interests. They bring noth-
ing to the party, yet expect to
So my friends, take stock
as you enter into relationships.
What emotional contribution
do you bring? You must bring
something, but try not to make
it a bag of crosses, or you may
just dance alone.

Fans A. Hanna, M.D., EA.C.O.G, RA.
Offering The Women In North Dade Quality Healthcare.
Comprehensive Care
4. Please call for an appointment

5 N 954-966-2133
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June 2006

.w -90



Caribbean student leadership confab

set for June 23 in Washington D.C.

To mark the launch of
National Caribbean
American Heritage
Month, the Institute of
Caribbean Studies (ICS) will
sponsor a conference for stu-
dent leaders in Washington
D.C. this month.
The First Annual
Caribbean American
Heritage Month Student
Leadership Conference,
with its theme "Developing
Future Leaders: Perspectives
of Caribbean American
Success Stories", will be held
from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. June 23
at New York University, 40

Washington Square South.
It will showcase Caribbean
Americans who have made a
positive impact on the social,
economic, and political devel-
opment of the United States.
The goal of the ICS is to
inspire the students to become
leaders lth mn,1 S1 and to play
an active role in shaping their
On Feb. 14, 2006 the U.S.
Senate approved House
Concurrent Resolution 71
declaring June as Caribbean
American Heritage Month.
As the bill awaits the presi-
dent's signature.
The ICS is a non-partisan,

non-profit organization that
was established in 1993. Its
main purpose is to address
economic, educational, tech-
nological, and social issues
that impact the Caribbean
The ICS hopes that the
young leaders will take with
them a stronger sense of com-
munity and self-empower-
ment. Speakers from various
professions such as business
professionals, politicians,
social activists and celebrities
are scheduled to attend the

Good homework habits are a

family assignment

Homework is exciting
for some children who
see it as a sign of
growing up, and provokes
anxiety in other students if
they have trouble keeping up
with assignments or finding
time and space to study.
Whether your child must
memorize math facts or solve
differential equations, practice
spelling words or analyze the
symbolism in Jane Eyre, your
assignment, parents, is to help
your student make the grade.
Here is a primer on creating a
healthy homework climate:

Do communicate with the
Attend back-to-school
night and conferences.
Prioritizing .l, time" with
the teacher puts names and
faces together and makes it
easier to contact him later on
if issues arise. Find out the
teacher's expectations of stu-
dents and parents in the
homework process. Does she
have a web site where you can
monitor your child's grades or
review assignments? Does he
welcome calls at home or pre-
fer messages left at school? If
your child commutes between
two parents' homes, let the
teacher know your preferred
channels of communication,

Do make homework do dou-
ble duty.
Spelling or vocabulary
lists, multiplication tables,
beginning essays or reports (of
the "what-I-did-this-summer"
or "interview-a-grandparent"
sort) can be vehicles for quali-
ty time with your child. Offer
to go over their spelling list
with them (maybe in the car
on the way to soccer practice
or piano lessons). Help them

to brainstorm a list of ques-
tions for grandma. Ask their
opinion about the friendship
between Huck Finn and Jim.
You'll learn a lot about what
your child is thinking, and
they'll be flattered that you're

Do schedule homework time
with your child.
Today's kids keenly feel
the time crunch. Help your
child use time well without
burning out by planning the
week's work in advance. For
example, if you know that
Tuesday is band practice, then
basketball, but Wednesday is
free, encourage your child to
designate harder or longer
assignments for Wednesdays.
Provide a calendar to write
down which assignments
they'll do and when. They'll
feel satisfied to cross some-
thing off as it's finished.

Do create the conditions for
homework success.
Students need a place to
study (and despite occasional
protests to the contrary, this is
not in front of the television
or sprawled out on the floor
with headphones blaring

music. They need nourishing
snacks after school and ade-
quate sleep. They need a desk
and comfortable chair, good
task lighting, and room to
spread out books and papers.
Homework space can be
shared, as at a kitchen table,
or private, as in the child's
room but it should be at
least relatively quiet.
Parents can also avoid
well-intentioned but misguid-
ed obstacles to successful
learning. Here are a few

Don't be afraid to set limits on
other activities.

Brain-boosting crafts for kids

(FeatureSource) When the
school bell rings next term,
young children may be jealous
of older siblings attending
If your youngster is left
behind with an abundance of
energy, curiosity and creativity,
consider adding edu-
cational crafts to
your day's activities.
"Because chil-
dren learn through
their senses, arts and
crafts projects are
ideal for learning,"
says Trish Kuffner,
author of "The
Arts and Crafts
Busy Book"
"The following
activities will help Parents must
your child develop ties to stimul
skills like sorting,
matching and classifying. They
will also learn to recognizing
patterns, shapes and colors."
Try some of these craft
activities with your preschoolers.

Button Collage
This simple project involves
counting and sorting. Write the
numbers 1, 2, and 4 on separate
sheets of cardboard and collect
assorted buttons. Have your
child sort the buttons by the
number of holes each has, plac-
ing buttons with one hole on
the sheet marked "1," two-hole
buttons on the sheet marked
"2" and so on. When all of the
buttons have been sorted, your
child can use glue to create one-
hole, two-hole and four-hole
button collages on the card-

t find

3-D Number Board
Help your child learn the
value of counting, sorting and
pattern recognition by making a
colorful number board. First,
use a marker, ruler and piece of
paper to draw a chart with
twelve rows. In the top row,
write a title like
Numbers." Along
the left edge, num-
ber the remaining
rows 0 through 10.
Next, collect small
objects in groups
of 1 to 10. Try to
find beads, but-
tons, paper clips,
dry cereal and
more. Help your
child glue each
group of objects
d quality activi- onto the appropri-
children, ate row. Finally,
put the finished
work in a place where your
child is able to touch the object
as he or she counts it.

Play Dough Shapes
You can use shapes to help
children develop their sense of
depth perception. First, use a
broad-tip marker to draw shapes
(circle, square, etc.) on construc-
tion paper, one shape per sheet.
Cover the sheets with clear con-
tact paper. Have your child roll
play dough into ropes and shape
them over your drawings. Have
your child close his or her eyes
and try to identify each shape.
You can also play this game with
letters and numbers.

Author: FeatureSource Staff

IDB launches scholarship program

for Caribbean government officials

Inter-American Development
Bank (IDB) has said it is
launching a scholarship pro-
gram for mid-level government
officials in the Caribbean and
Latin America to obtain mas-
ter's degrees at five universities
in the region.
The scholarships are
designed for officials with at
least five years experience in
the public sector who have not
reached the highest managerial
levels in their agencies.
"Scholarship recipients
must agree to return to work
in their countries, and their
employers must expressly
guarantee that the officials
may do so once their studies
are completed", the IDB said
in a statement.
Candidates must be citi-
zens of an IDB-borrowing
member country, under 45
years of age, and have a uni-
versity degree with an excel-

lent academic record.
"Scholarship recipients
will study in another country
than the one they work in, in
order to gain experience and
knowledge that will help
promote regional integration
and a more international out-
look, in addition to the oppor-
tunity to receive technical

training", the statement said.
The scholarship covers the
costs of tuition, medical and
accident insurance, living
expenses and books for up to
two years, plus economy-class,
round-trip air fare from the
student's place of residence to
the university location.

Experience Church with a difference...
Come to a family friendly, multicultural church
with programs for the entire family. You will
leave Living Word Open Bible church uplifted,
inspired by biblical teaching, and enriched by
Joyful worship.
Sunday: 8:00 AM, 11:00 AM & 7:00 PM
Tuesday: 7:30 PM Bible study (Adult)
Children's Bible Program Youth Program

Living Word Open Bible Church Karl Francis
3900 NW 89th Avenue, (Stirling Rd. & NW 89th Ave), Cooper City
For more information, call the Church Office at (954) 438-5604

June 2006


Oo u T



- cc~ C -

Eww .caibeatoa.s c *

Fresh mangoes make summer even sweeter

The mango is the world's
most popular fruit, and
all it takes is a bite to
understand why.
The abundant flesh is
golden, juicy, fragrant, and
sweet, and its flavor can be
likened to a blend of pineap-

& Accessories
Spanish rum cakes,
American cakes,
i cheese cakes & pastries.
Floral Arrangements
Wilton Accessories Baking pans, Cake
toppers, Chocolate, and many other items
of your choke. Items not available
man be special ordered.
Raisins, Curranls & Mixed Peel
Call Sonia Haynes at
E-mail: Soniacakes@aoLcom
9531 160 St. (Colonial D.)

ple and peaches.
Americans associ-
ate the exotic taste
of mangos with .
romantic, faraway
places, such as :
India, Thailand and
Malaysia. They
might be surprised
to learn that deli-
cious, high-quality
mangos are being
grown much closer
to home-in Florida. Mangoes
Florida mango
season runs from late June
through September. Most of
the state's commercial mango
groves are found in Miami-
Dade County, in the agricul-
tural communities of
Homestead and the Redland.

In the last 10 years,
Florida mango growers have
faced stiff competition from
Mexico. To keep the industry
viable, Florida growers have
become even more creative by
experimenting with new prod-
ucts and exploring new mar-
Green mangoes are man-
goes that are picked before
they are ripe. They're firm


and tart, tasting a
little like sour
apples-and they're
very popular in
Asian cooking. In
India, they're a
common ingredi-
ent in pickles and
chutneys. In
Thailand, they are
shredded and
eaten in salads.
Now, green man-
goes are catching
on in the United

It seems reasonable that
Florida farmers should suc-
ceed in finding a niche for
their high-quality products:
Tropical fruits are experienc-
ing a surge in popularity in
Florida and around the coun-
try. Experts say the trend is
due to the increasing diversity
of our population coupled
with our growing health con-

Mangoes are an excellent
source of vitamin A, which
promotes eye and skin health,
and vitamin C, which boosts
the immune system. Both
vitamin A and vitamin C are
antioxidants and may help

reduce the risk of cardiovascu-
lar disease and certain can-
cers. Mangoes are free of
sodium and saturated fat and
rich in potassium and fiber. A
serving (half a mango) con-
tains just 70 calories.
When shopping for man-
gos, look for firm, well-shaped
fruit with shiny, taut skin that
is free of cuts and blemishes.
Color isn't always the best
indicator of ripeness, since
skin color differs from variety
to variety.


* 2 mangoes, diced medium
* 1 avocado, diced medium
* 1/4 cup red onion, minced
* 1 tablespoon jalapeno pep-
per, minced
* 2 tablespoons cilantro,
* 1 tablespoon lime juice
* 1 tablespoon olive oil
* salt and pepper to taste

Combine all ingredients.
Mix well and refrigerate until


* 1/2 cup sour cream
* 1 mango, pureed
* 1/4 teaspoon salt
* 2 tablespoons honey
* 3 cups vegetable oil
* 3/4 cup bread crumbs
* 3/4 cup flour
* 2 teaspoons curry powder
* 1/2 teaspoon white pepper
* 1 teaspoon paprika
* 1 pint oysters, shucked

Make dip by combining
sour cream, mango puree, salt,
and honey. Refrigerate until
Heat oil to 350 degrees F.
Combine bread crumbs,
flour, curry powder, white
pepper, and paprika. Drain
oysters and dredge in bread
crumb mixture. Fry in hot oil.
Serve with mango dip.
Yields four to five appetizer

For more "Fresh from
Florida" cooking ideas, visit
Agriculture. com


June 2006

Publix Joins You in Celebrating Bahamas Independence Day-7.10.06

C 2X10 P.bM. Xs ,,,.nI M gnj nu.iil u aln



Heart-stressing stimulants are risky weight-loss aids


QUESTION: I've been taking
the prescription drug phenter-
mine every day to help myself
lose about 30 pounds. What
exactly does this pill do inside
me to reduce weight? Is it
harmful? Does it affect the
heart? C.W., Orland Park, Ill.
ANSWER: You know that
feeling you get when you're in
imminent danger or a heated
argument? Your heart beats
in your throat, you get dry
mouth and shallow breaths.
It's called the "fight or flight"
response and you can almost
feel the adrenalin surging
through your body. People
who experience panic attacks
know this feeling well.
Certainly it is not a time for
Phentermine tricks your
body into reacting to brain
chemicals (including adrena-
lin), which effectively triggers
this fight-or-flight response. In
normal doses, it's a mild reac-
tion that speeds your heart up
and gives you energy, while
reducing appetite.
Some scientists theorize
that phentermine also raises
leptin, one of our "feel full"
substances, so we eat less. The
drug does affect the heart rate
and can occasionally cause
PPH (primary pulmonary
hypertension), a dangerous
cardiac problem, especially if
combined with other medi-
Is it harmful? Yes, it can
be. Stimulants are my last sug-
gestion for overweight people,
who already have a serious
burden on their heart from
the extra weight. Why further
tax the heart with drugs? The
risks just don't seem to be
worth it. Typical side effects
include dizziness, headache,
insomnia, hypertension, irri-
tability, tremor and depend-
ence. If you get chest pain,
psychosis, swelling in the
hands or feet or lightheaded-
ness, skip your dose and call
your doctor or 911.
QUESTION: Will taking red

- S

* Cosmetic
* Restorative
* Preventive

Member American Dental Association
Most Insurance Accepted
6701 Sunset Drive, Suite 114
SSouth Miami, FL 33143

yeast rice reduce my high cho-
lesterol? My sister-in-law sug-
gested this instead of station
drugs. I asked my doctor, but
he didn't know about it. Do
you feel it's safe? A.R.,
Seaford, N.Y.
ANSWER: Yes, it's safer than
stations popular ones are
Lipitor, Zocor, Pravachol,
Lescol, Advicor, Crestor and
Mevacor. Statins reduce cho-
lesterol well, but I doubt they
improve lifespan. I'm not a fan
of stations they have danger-
ous side effects and the ability
to compromise heart health,
the very reason people take
these drugs.

Statins deplete nutri-
ents like CoQ10, which
your heart needs to in
0 order to beat. This is
wr why some experts,
including cardiologists,
uI_.f.',l red yeast rice.
It's nature's station and
even though CoQ10 is
affected, the depletion
is very subtle. You can
easily supplement with
CoQ10. Red yeast rice works
just like a natural station, but
it's milder, so there's less risk
of muscle wasting, achiness,
weakness, memory loss, joint
pain, rhabdomyolysis, or heart
or liver failure. In combina-
tion with other nutrients, the
effect can be wonderful.
Always continue with doctor
visits to check liver health and
cholesterol ratios. Consider
going vegetarian for a couple
of months to really drive the
numbers down fast.
should go through your medi-
cine cabinet at least once a
year and dispose of old medi-


* Serious health concerns for
Health officials are on the lookout
for a malaria epidemic in the
aftermath of last month's severe
flooding as the waters slowly sub-
side in the interior of Suriname.
These concerns are more
acute in the east of the country
where water levels are still rising in
some areas even as weather fore-
casters are still expecting more
rain. Several cases of diarrhoea
and vomiting, linked to water-borne
illness, have been confirmed, the
National Coordination Centre for
Disaster Management (NCCR) said
in a statement last month.

* China to fund completion of
A Chinese bank is funding the
completion of a hospital in
Antigua, which will be ready in
time for Cricket World Cup 2007.
The Exim bank, a state-run

financial company, will finance the
completion work on the Mount St.
John Medical Centre, said John
Maingley, minister of health. The
bank is providing a loan of $7.8
million at two percent interest with
a five-year moratorium as part of
the deal.

* Cuban eye care project saves
St. Lucia millions
Cuba's Miracle Eye Project is esti-
mated to have saved St. Lucia close
to EC$17 million ($6.4 million) since
its inception on Aug. 31, 2005.
This was revealed last month
by St. Lucia's Diplomatic Head of
Mission in Havana, Senior Foreign
Service Officer Peter Lansiquot,
who says the Miracle Eye Project
continues to perform wonders for
St. Lucians of all walks of life.

Compiled from CMC and other

Oral Surgery
Oral Cancer Screening
Root Canal Treatment

(305) 666-4334

cine. Throw out old tablets
and capsules in the toilet, not
the trash.
This information is not
intended to treat, cure or diag-
nose your condition. Suzy
Cohen is a registered pharma-
cist. To contact her, visit

www.dearpharmacist. com
2006 Dear Pharmacist,
Inc. distributed by Tribune
Media Services, Inc.

.* Olive Chung-James, M.D.
Board Certified Family
children* adults, gynecology
." 0aU mesWa. * weight management
A Dr. Chung-James, practicing in Miami since 1983,
well-known in the Caribbean community.
9275 SW 152 Street, Suite 204. Miami, Florida 33157
(Across from Jackson South ER.)
(305) 251-3975

Donovan D. Taylor, M.D.

IS Board Certified Family
children, adults. gynecology
I weight management
Dornovn Talrr M.D.
Please call for an appointment
(305) 655-0702
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Board Certified
Plastic Surgeon

The look you dreamed of:
Please call for an appointment
(954) 963-1337
Fax (954) 981-7955
2261 North University Dr., Ste 200 Pembroke Pines, FL 33024
(across from Memorial Hospital Pembroke)

* Preventive Dentistry
* Restorative & Cosmetic
* Crowns, Bridges, Dentures
* Oral Surgery & Root Canals
* Bleaching of Teeth



June 2006


When post-surgical probH E A L T H stomach

When post-surgical problems are hard to stomach

had complications following a
tummy tuck six months ago.
The area around my navel
swelled up with fluid, and two
large red areas with rock
hardness directly beneath
them showed up. I was put on
antibiotics for four weeks. The
symptoms improved, but
haven't gone away completely.
How long should it take to
heal from this operation and
these complications? What
other treatment should I get?

ANSWER: It may be small
comfort for you to know that
these complications do not
happen very often after an
abdominoplasty ("tummy
tuck") procedure. That does-
n't change the facts of your
own case, however.
In this operation per-
formed to flatten the
abdomen loose skin and
excess fat in the area are
removed and the abdominal
muscles are tightened. It is
typically elected by women
whose pregnancies have left

them with skin stretched
beyond the point of restorabil-
ity or by individuals who, after
losing a great deal of weight,
have a surplus of skin in the
abdominal area. Similarly,
they may have abdominal fat
deposits that resist change
despite further weight loss.
The cosmetic effects of a
tummy tuck can make a posi-
tive difference in a person's
life, and most patients after a
period of healing report
great satisfaction. But this is a
major operation that incurs
risks and can produce compli-
cations such as infection.
Moreover, the patient will
have a permanent scar, though
its prominence will vary.
Fluid collection occurs
after a tummy tuck as an
inevitable result of the open
spaces created by the inci-
sions. Consisting of lymphatic
fluid, blood and serious fluid
(the liquid that bathes cells),
this material is usually
removed by the temporary
placement of drains a stan-
dard part of the abdomino-

plasty procedure. Fluid
removal can be aided by nee-
dle aspiration. While these
methods are usually sufficient,
localized fluid buildup can

occur, resulting in
a seroma one of
the complications
that you report.
It's quite pos-
sible that the
fluid collection in
your case will
resolve on its
own over the
coming months.
Otherwise, addi-
tional aspiration
or placement of a
temporary drain
should take care
of the problem.
the "two large
red areas with
ij, rock hardness"
you report, there
are two possibili-
ties: a hematoma,
T resulting from
bleeding under
the skin; or fat
necrosis, which is
caused by the death of some
tissue within the subcutaneous
fat layer that remains along
the abdominal wall. In either


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Bringing you closer to your wo
A servc he o oword Coun- y ioard ot County Commissoc

case, they will likely dissipate
over time, though that could
take months. If the red areas
are due to fat necrosis, resolu-
tion could be hastened by
ultrasound or massage thera-
py, which aims to break down
the firm residual tissue.

In general, a patient's
post-surgical activity or
absence of it can make a dif-
ference. For example, the
wearing of an abdominal
binder can provide support,
and avoidance of strenuous or
excessive exercise is essential
for three to four weeks. It is
important, however, for the
patient to perform regular,
mild exercise during this peri-
od. We recommend a short
walk every two to three wak-
ing hours to prevent the for-
mation of lower-limb blood
Also, to avoid compro-
mising the healing process, the
patient should not use tobac-
Given that you still have
remaining compli-
cations, the situa-
tion is understand-
ably frustrating.
Please bear in
mind that six
Months is not a
long time for post-
healing, even
under routine cir-
cumstances. As
long you have no
signs of infection,
a conservative
Approach for per-
haps another six
months is likely
still indicated.
Your symptoms
may simply go
away on their own.
Sarvam P
TerKonda, M.D.,
Plastic Surgery,
Mayo Clinic,
Medical Edge
from Mayo Clinic
11, is an educational
* i, ,i resource and does-
. i.11 n't replace regular
medical care. For
health information,
visit www.may-

2006 Mayo
Foundation for
Education and
VOOD Research.
'ORT Distributed by
Tribune Media
lrld. Services, Inc.


1 0114--slop 11clital Car Cclilcr Ilow opvll. I"r(.(. AvirvIcss illiertivi iii all wriniiials. I

June 2006


SC U LT U R E ......

'Crazy' Caribbean culture invades Philly

On a warm late-April
afternoon, an attractive
young woman stood on
the infield at Franklin Field in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
dressed in the red, black and
white of Trinidad and Tobago
with the national flag of the
twin island republic stretched
wide across her chest.
She didn't have the back-
ing of a famous "posse" as she
swayed back and forth, but
her statement was clear:
Trinidadians were in the house
at the recent 112th running of
the Penn Relays.
But so too were
Jamaicans, plenty of them,
who usually swarm the presti-
gious event on the last week-
end in April each year. And
Guyanese, Bajans, Grenadians,
Caymanians and nationals
from almost every country in
the Caribbean come along for
the festivities as well.

The annual Penn Relays is
where jerk chicken and roti,
reggae and soca, Lish with
the legendary Philly cheese
steak and hip hop, rock and
roll or any other traditional
American music. And if the
main attraction just happens to
be the athletic accomplish-
ments on the stadium track, the
influx of Caribbean culture in
and around the University of
Pennsylvania's campus tends to
leave a significant mark as well.

Athletes like Jamaica's Sonita
Sutherland have been outstand
former at the Penn Relays, an
made the meet a huge attract
Caribbean people in the United
over the years.
Casual estimates in
that Jamaicans alone -
green and gold clad, loi
waving bunch which do
one side of the stadium
bered close to half of th
ly 50,000 spectators tha
up for this year's events
April 27-29. And if the
of Caribbean fans was n
enough, the stalls and b
lining the roads outside
stadium, plus those insi
complex, offered hard-t
ignore reminders that t]
region was truly in the ]
as well.

"It was like a big reunion,"
said Tiphany Lee, a Jamaican-
born university student who
visited the Penn Relays for the
first time this year.
"I thought it was amazing.
We took over the whole stadi-
Well, not quite, but
almost. And don't think the
Americans didn't take note.
For World and Olympic cham-
pion sprinter Justin Gatlin of
the United States, the divided
loyalty in his own homeland
did not go unnoticed.
"It's wild, it's crazy,"
Gatlin told Caribbean Today
with a smile. "I stand on one
section and I hear cheers (from
the American fans) and on the other side I hear boos (from
the Caribbean fans)."
ding per-
nd have FUN
ion for However, Gatlin and fel-
d States low American sprinter Shawn
Crawford admired the spirit of
dicated the Caribbean supporters at
the the meet. Both dL rib d the
ud, flag rivalry between the U.S. ath-
minates letes and those from the
- num- Caribbean as "fun," which can
ie near- only help to increase the inter-

t turned
de the

est in the sport and the meet.
Their chief rival on the track,
Jamaica's Asafa Powell, was
also impressed by the "home-
town" presence at I'nns '.
"I look around and it's like
I'm in Jamaica," Powell, who is
the co-world record holder for
the 100 meters with Gatlin,
told Caribbean Today.
This year's meet drew
entries from more than 40
schools in the C('rihblin, most
of them from Jamaica, but
others from The Bahamas,
Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin
Islands. However, off the track,
the Caribbean vibe was alive
and well too. Many Caribbean
spectators were parents of U.S.-
born athletes who competed at
the meet for American clubs
and schools. But they did not
relinquish their hold on their
regional roots.
U.S. military recruiters
and other non-Caribbean ven-
dors played music from the
region to attract spectators to
their booths. It worked, as
Caribbean nationals flocked to
participate in the games and
contests being offered. They
flocked to the booths and stalls

outside the stadium as well,
where everything from flags,
food, jewelry and clothes from
the region were being sold at
brisk business pace too.
The region's unity was
plain to see at the Team
Jamaica Bickle tent just out-
side the main stadium, where
the organizers offered food to
participating Caribean athletes
and a place they could relax,
talk and feel comfortable.
"It's a win-win situation,"
said Irwin Clare, Bickle's
It's a situation where every
Caribbean national who has
attended the Penn Relays -
beginning decades ago gets a
sample of the region's culture
in the U.S. And once they do,
they rarely want to let go.
"I had a great time," said
Lee as she made her way back
to school in Georgia after the
meet. "I'm definitely going
back next year."
Thousands of Caribbean
nationals can't wait to join her.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.

Guyanese in Toronto celebrate Independence

- A three-day festival mark-
ing Guyana's 40th anniver-
sary of Independence on
May 26 was held in Toronto
last month, with a business
conference, followed by a

cocktail reception.
Called the "Guyana
Diaspora Competitive
Conference", the event took
place at the Woodbine
Banquet and Convention Hall
in Rexdale, on the western
outskirts of Toronto.
Invited were Guyanese
entrepreneurs with businesses
in Toronto and Guyana, as

well as representatives from
government agencies and
business organizations.
The Independence festival
was held under the auspices of
Guyana's Consulate General
in Toronto and details about it
appeared in a newspaper-style

U.K. to help preserve

St. Lucia heritage site

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The British government has
agreed to support St. Lucia in
its efforts to preserve its
recently designed World
Heritage Site, which has come
under threat in recent times
by development initiatives.
Toward this end, the
United Kingdom has agreed to
fund a project, involving the
Pitons Management Area
along the islands west coast
and the Jurassic Coast World
Heritage Site in the U.K. The
British High Commission was
scheduled to make a presenta-
tion of just over E($ ',i' "
($11,300) to Henix Joseph,
manager of the Pitons
Management Area last
Reports ,uI_,L"I that the
island may be in danger of los-
ing its Piton World Heritage
designation as a result of unreg-

ulated development initiatives
within the Piton Management
Area. The project aims to build
on links already made between
the Pitons Management Area
and the Jurassic Coast World
Heritage Site through a series
of exchange of personnel and
sharing of information and best
"Among the activities
planned are familiarization
tours of the two sites, work-
shop sessions on emerging
issues and stakeholder meet-
ings to address areas of con-
cern," said British High
Commissioner Kevin Green.
"It is expected that the
exchanges will provide the basis
for the development of a mem-
orandum of understanding and
twinning arrangement between
the two sites," he added.

June 2006


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The frightening reign of blood, bullets and bodies




No easing into the gritty
reality of Jamaica's
poverty politics, Dr.
Imani Tafari-Ama cuts to the
chase from the very first page.
Sparing no words, and with
little concern for sensibilities,
Tafari-Ama spits it out.
"The local authorities
have deliberately and continu-
ously tried to sanitize the
bloody urban streets of its
capital... the law of the urban
landscape is 'blood for blood'
and 'fire for fire'. Hence, for
poor city residents, violence is
embedded in their past, per-
vades their present, and
threatens to overrun their
future," she says.
This is "Blood Bullets and
Bodies: Sexual Politics Below
Jamaica's Poverty Line".

Port Royal'.s

for Miami
MIAMI Port Royal, the
once pirate-infested city
renowned among the
wickedest on earth, will be the
focus of a South Florida exhi-
bition early next year.
"Port Royal, Jamaica"
will be opened in Feb. 2007 at
the Historical Museum of

Sounds like the start of a riv-
eting fictional story? Well,
think again. This is the pre-
vailing theme in a mountain of
facts that shape the landscape
of poverty and politics in
Jamaica. From start to finish,
the author paints a picture of
an orchestrated poverty class
throughout Jamaica's inner
cities that came about through
a parasitic political machinery
hungry for votes, at any cost.
The culmination of her
doctoral thesis, "Blood Bullets
and B. IdiL, puts
in layman's terms Tafari-
Ama's remarkable participato-
ry research in which she used
the inner-city
community of Southside,
Kingston as an example,
unapologetically shedding
light on the political strategies
that created such garrisons.
She lived for two years, in
the community that borders
Kingston Harbour, and came
away with a damning view of
state authorities, who she
indicts for neglecting the com-
munity they created. The
author argues that the result-
ing poverty, or more precisely
sub-poverty, has forced

legacy set

palisade outside of Kingston,
Jamaica's capital city. The
"city beneath the sea" is a
world historical site, with a
history that reveals tangled
connections to Europe, the
Americas and the New World.
"Port Royal is a sleeping
gem. The Jamaica Committee

Port Royal has been featured in popular movies such as "Pirates of the Caribbean".

Southern Florida in Miami.
Port Royal, once the
home of the buccaneers and
pirates, remains the cause
celeb of theater and screen
where the romance has not
lost its appeal, although, his-
torically, in the 17th and 18th
centuries, Port Royal was the
center of the world.
Today, Port Royal sits as a
quiet fishing village on the

is happy to help display anoth-
er layer of Jamaica's history
while emphasizing the
Historical Museum's role in
attracting and showcasing the
various peoples that make up
the wide South Florida com-
munity," said Jacky Shepard,
director of the Jamaica
Committee which is presenting
the exhibition.

residents to create their own
strategies for survival crimi-
nality, sexual and gender

Tafari-Ama highlights
how the 1966 Foreshore raz-
ing created the Tivoli Gardens
community, which was the
beginning of garrison politics

and warring party loyal-
ists. And, the reward of
i.rL bL ILIIIl and
"phallic prizes of dead-
ly gun weaponry" for
their loyalty marked
the "modern arche-
type of masculinity".
Thus began the per-
petual cycle of
reprisals and gang
violence as factions
fought like hungry
animals to get their
share of the spoils.
The era of the
"rude boys" was
now official, and
with it, patriarchal
dominance, as these
newly crowned
"community lead-
ers" vied to prove
their masculinity.
Now marked as
poor and violent,
these communities are virtual-
ly cordoned off from the outer
cities, creating a swirling fish
bowl of ultra-high unemploy-
ment and poverty with no pos-
sibility of escape. What other
alternative is there but crimi-
nality? Certainly not confined
within these artificial borders,
the violence has spilled out
over the poverty line into the

' lil/vd 'outer cities.
"The various roles that the
politicians and security forces
have played in this war effort
identify them as co-villains
whose autographs have been
written in and with the very
blood of the pawns in their
political power game of bour-
geois democracy," the author
The women in these com-
munities, seeking a way out of
what must seem like perpetual
boiling water, turn to sexual
strategies. With a skewed
sense of identity, some resort
to bargaining with their bod-
ies, and many turn to skin
bleaching in a desperate bid to
improve social status. The
author's analysis of the
"browning" of Jamaica's inner
city is fascinating as she delves
into the psychological under-
current and its relationship to
racism and classism.
"In a severe expression of
internalized racism," she says,
"more and more poor black
women are bleaching their
skin nowadays in a bizarre
attempt to acquire the psy-
chosocial status associated
with brown or 'socially white'



j~I~~t 4~

O n August 6, 2006, the island of Jamaica s
marks the 44th Anniversary of its
independence as a sovereign nation.
Caribbean Today invites the business
community in Jamaica and the United
States to celebrate this significant
SUPPLEMENT! Jamaica at 44 -to be
published in July 2006, will pay tribute
to Jamaica's history, culture, growth and
development including the achievements and
global contributions of a remarkable people.
Promote your products and services in this
40-page keepsake edition, to be distributed
widely throughout Florida, New York, Atlanta,
and the Caribbean.

1-800-605-7516 305-238-2868
Fax 305-252-7843

June 2006



New York welcomes 'Caribbean Week 2006'

New Yorkers will again be able to
experience the sights, sounds, col-
ors, culture and unique vacation
attributes of the Caribbean region
when Caribbean Week 2006 con-
verges on their city June 10-17 for
the annual weeklong series of con-
sumer-focused events, vacation
specials and business meetings.
Arranged by the Caribbean
Tourism Organization (CTO),
Caribbean Week 2006 is expected to
feature events highlighting the
region's vacation experience, fashion,
food, entertainment and two
Caribbean weddings. The week cul-
minates with the black-tie 33rd
Annual Governments of the
Caribbean State Ball at the Waldorf-
Astoria Hotel.
Caribbean Week 2006 will
also feature a partnership with the
United States Postal Service
(USPS) which will make applying
for a U.S. passport at CTO-organ-
ized events quick and convenient.
The partnership helps to address
the new U.S. regulation requiring
all travelers entering or re-entering
the U.S. starting Dec. 31, 2006 to
be in possession of a valid pass-
port. The USPS will have a booth
at the Caribbean Fair as well as at
other events so prospective
Caribbean vacationers can apply
for a U.S. passport on-site.
Scheduled events for
Caribbean Week 2006 are as fol-

* Saturday, June 10, 11 a.m. -
Celebrity cricket match Idlewild
Park, 223rd Street and 148th
Avenue, Queens. Admission is free.

* Saturday, June 10, 8:30 p.m. -
OECS music legends concert at
Borough of Manhattan
Community College, Tribeca
Performing Arts Center, 199
Chambers St., Manhattan. The
concert will feature musicians from
the Organization of Eastern
Caribbean States (OECS), includ-
ing Da Bhann (Antigua and
Barbuda); Kevin Lyttle (St.
Vincent and The Grenadines);
King Short Shirt (Antigua and
Barbuda); Arrow (Montserrat)
and Ellie Matt (St. Kitts). The con-

cert is open to the public and
admission is $35 per person. For
tickets, call 212-541-4117.

* Sunday, June 11, 4:30 p.m.-7:30
p.m. Caribbean Gospelfest at
Hanson Place United Methodist
Church 144 St. Felix St., Brooklyn.
The concert will feature
Hopeton Lewis and Joan Myers
(Jamaica); Wendy Mitchell and
Wayne Johnson (Trinidad and
Tobago); Joseph Niles (Barbados);
The Bahamas Praise Team
(Nassau, Bahamas); Cora
Williamson (Guyana); Harrella
Goodwin (St. Croix, U.S. Virgin
Islands); Janice Charles (Grenada);
Miriam Drakes (St. Lucia); and the
New Life Ambassadors of St.
Vincent and the Grenadines.
Admission is $15 in advance
via or
$20 at the door.

* Monday, June 12, through Friday,
June 16 Caribbean celebrity
chefs at Bloomingdale's, Williams-
Sonoma, Macy's, Marriott
Marquis, South Street Seaport and
the Waldorf-Astoria, Manhattan.
Chefs from world class resorts
of the Caribbean will be in town to
spice up the city with Caribbean
flair and flavors. They will prepare
distinctive Caribbean dishes and
conduct in-store cooking demon-
strations at Bloomingdale's (located
at 59th Street), Williams-Sonoma
(Time Warner Center) and Macy's
Herald Square (June 13, 15 and
16). The chefs will also be fea-
tured at New York City restaurants,
the Caribbean Media Marketplace
(Marriott Marquis), the Caribbean
Fair (South Street Seaport), and
the 33rd Annual Governments of
the Caribbean State Ball (Waldorf-

* Monday, June 12, 6:30 p.m.-
9 p.m. Town hall meetings at
Medgar Evers College, Brooklyn
and St. Luke's Episcopal Church
(East 222 Street, Bronx).
The meetings will provide an
opportunity for visiting Caribbean
tourism ministers to interact with
their New York-based constituents
in discussions led by moderators.

Grenada showcases 2006

carnival celebrations

ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada,
CMC Grenada last month
launched its 2006 carnival sea-
son with appearances by tradi-
tional mas bands, steel bands
and live performances by sev-
eral calyposians and other
The Grenada Carnival
Committee (GCC) said dates
have been chosen for carnival
celebrations over the next three
years, with Aug. 14 and 15 set
aside as the dates for this year.
In 2007, masquerades will

have to prepare for Aug. 13
and 14 while Aug. 11 and 12
are the scheduled dates for
However, Carriacou, the
sister isle in the Grenadine
chain of islands, will celebrate
carnival Feb. 26 and 27.
GCC said that 2006 would
mark the 25th anniversary of
festival and it would be com-
memorating that milestone
with activities under the theme
"August Is The Time".

* Tuesday, June 13, 10 an.m.-7 p.m.
- Caribbean Fair at South Street
Seaport, piers 16 and 17. Two 'live'
Caribbean weddings, a new
Caribbean vacation mart, a USPS

Kevin Lyttle is among the artistes scheduled to
during New York's "Caribbean Week 2006" this

booth so consumers can apply for
passports, and cultural and musical
offerings will highlight the pro-
Approximately 70 Caribbean
country booths showcasing promo-
tional materials, indigenous prod-
ucts, arts and crafts, food samples
prepared by Caribbean celebrity
chefs, and a variety of cultural
items and presentations will be
During a special
I'r ni .ll .n of Pr, ,..i!nll .11 n at
2:30 p.m., Caribbean tourism min-
isters officials, along with private
sector strategic partners, will be in
attendance as New York City and
state officials deliver proclama-
tions officially declaring June 10-
17, 2006 Caribbean Week in New
York. There will also be a flag
raising ceremony for the Islands of
the Bahamas, the venue for the
CTO's next major conference, the
29th Annual Caribbean Tourism
Conference (CTC-29).
Musical performance high-
lights include the Turks & Caicos
Police Band, Da Bhann (Antigua
& Barbuda) Junior Lion (St.
Martin), Leon & the Peoples Band

(United States, Puerto Rico and
the Dominican Republic), Ken
Isles (St. Vincent & the
Grenadines), and Freddie
McGregor and Son (Jamaica).
The evening will be capped off by
Jamaican reggae singer
Half Pint.

Wednesday, June 14, 9
a.m.-1:30 p.m. -
Caribbean marketing
workshop and awards
luncheon at New York
Marriott Marquis Hotel,
1535 Broadway,
Arranged by the
allied members of CTO,
.. it will feature a work-
'! H shop for tourism practi-
tioners, strategic part-
ners and industry repre-
o perform sentatives. The main
s month. topic Economic
Advancement Through
Tourism will be examined from
several points of view by entrepre-
neurs and senior policy makers
from North America and the
Caribbean. The featured speaker
will be Bill Talbert, president of
Destination Marketing Association
International. Talbert is also pres-
ident and chief executive officer of
the Greater Miami Convention
and Visitors Bureau.

Wednesday, June 14,4 p.m.-
7:30 p.m. Caribbean media mar-
ketplace at New York Marriott
Marquis Hotel. Media market-
place is used to arrange interviews
with representatives of both the
print and electronic media eager
to know what's new and different
for 2006.

Friday, June 16,2 p.m.-3 p.m. -
CTO press conference at the New
York Marriott Marquis Hotel. It is
scheduled to include comments on
the status of Caribbean tourism,
highlights emerging from Caribbean
Week 2006 and the 8th Annual
Caribbean Conference on
Sustainable Tourism Development
(STC-8 which took place April 25-

29 in Puerto Rico). Details about
the 29th Annual Caribbean Tourism
Conference (CTC-29) and other
upcoming events will be released.
The press conference will feature
remarks by Pamela C. Richards,
chairperson of the CTO and com-
missioner of tourism for the U.S.
Virgin Islands, and Vincent
Vanderpool-Wallace, secretary gen-
eral of CTO.

* Friday, June 16,7 p.m. to mid-
night 33rd Annual Governments
of the Caribbean State Ball and
Awards Presentation at the
Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, 301 Park
Ave., Manhattan.
Highlights of the event
will be the presentation of the
Distinguished Service Award, the
Lifetime Achievement Award, and
the Caribbean Tourism Innovators
Award. Tickets, advertising
opportunities and special sponsor-
ship packages for the ball may be
obtained by contacting CTO's New
York office at 212-635-9530.
Proceeds from the ball will benefit
the CTO Foundation.

* Saturday, June 17,8 p.m. -
Live music at the Crash Mansion,
191 Bowery at Spring Street,
Manhattan. It will feature "Live
Music Series", a show with Singing
Melody performing.

* Saturday, June 17 8 p.m. to mid-
night Countdown to Antigua
and Barbuda's 50th Carnival at the
Shadow Night Club, Reggae
Room, Manhattan.
This event will be held under
the auspices of Harold E. Lovell,
Antigua's minister of tourism, and
coordinated by the Ministry of
Tourism and Antigua's Carnival
Development Committee.

For more information on
Caribbean Week 2006, contact
CTO's New York office at
212-635-9530 or visit
www. CaribbeanWeekNYcom.

CMC launches CaribVision, a new cable

channel for the Caribbean and U.S. markets

CMC The Caribbean Media
Corporation (CMC) took a
giant step last month with the
launch of CaribVision, a new
cable channel which will be
available on cable systems
throughout the Caribbean and
North America.
Errol Clarke, CMC's
chief operating officer who
announced the new channel,
said it will offer the best in
sports, entertainment, news and
current affairs and will engage
Caribbean-wide resources in
delivering a world-class product.
"This is a Caribbean chan-

nel with a Caribbean voice, and
its survival is dependent on
Caribbean support," Clarke
said. "We believe CaribVision
will offer unique opportunities
to promote our culture, our
goods and services, our rich
Caribbean lifestyles and our
passion. CaribVision will put
the Caribbean on the world's
stage and create opportunities
for social, economic and cultur-
al developments."

Already, CaribVision has
developed partnerships in the
region with the Caribbean

Broadcasting Corporation in
Barbados; TV6 in Trinidad; the
Creative Production and
Training Centre, CVM
Television and TVJ in Jamaica;
ICRT in Cuba; ZNS Television
in the Bahamas and over 40
independent producers
throughout the region.
"All these organizations
have come on board to ensure
that we make the station effi-
ciently available to our poten-
tial viewers and we would like
to take this opportunity to
publicly thank them," Clarke

June 2006


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Gf -


June 2006



The annual Miss Jamaica
Florida 2006 Pageant will be
held on June 25 in South
The pageant, presented
by the Partners for Youth
Foundation in association
with ABI Startime, allows
contestants who are either
Jamaican-born or of
Jamaican parentage to vie for
titles in four age categories:
five to eight; nine to 12; 13-16
and 17-21.
This year's event is
scheduled to be held at the
Coral Springs Center for the
For more information,
call June Minto at 954-739-
6618 or 954-721-6268.

The National Passport
Information Center (NPIC),
the United States
Department of State's single,
centralized public contact
center for U.S. passport
information, is offering a toll
free service and has expand-
ed its service
Persons with questions or
need status checks on pend-
ing passport applications can
call 1-877-487-2778.
Customer service representa-
tives are available from 8
a.m. to 8 p.m. Monday
through Friday, excluding
Federal holidays. Automated
information is available 24
hours a day, seven days a
For e-mail access, visit: Website of
passport and other interna-
tional travel information is
available at

The United States
Citizenship and Immigration
Services (USCIS) has
announced that aliens must
mail applications to renew or
replace permanent resident
cards, commonly known as
"Green Cards", directly to
the Los Angeles Lockbox.
The Lockbox is a pro-
cessing facility used by
USCIS to accelerate the col-
lection of applications and
petitions. The announced
change allows the agency to
improve the processing of
Form 1-90 (Application to
Replace Permanent Resident

Good homework habits are a family assignment

Consider enforcing a
"homework-first" rule: check-
ing e-mail, returning phone
calls and "screen time" is off
limits until homework is done.
Some parents limit extracur-
ricular activities to one or two
per season. Some parents
allow social activities only one
night per weekend. Others
insist on preserving Sunday
nights as "homework-free"
zones so kids can relax before
the school week starts again.
Your child may actually be
grateful for your help to set
limits and preserve "down


Don't let your child substitute
clicks for bricks.
It's great that kids are
comfortable with computers
(often more so than mom and
dad) but you can't plug your
memory stick into an SAT
answer sheet. Critical think-
ing, reading comprehension
and logical reasoning are still
the basis for advanced learn-
ing-starting with college
entrance exams. Internet
resources may be handy for
research (and unlike libraries,
accessible at 11 p.m.) but
beware of mom-and pop web-

JYes, send me 1 year (12 issues) of Caribbean Today
for: U $35(US) First Class 0i $20(US) Bulk Rate
1l Payment Enclosed
Name: I
Address: I
City: State Zip:

Please make check or Money Order payable to
Caribbean Today, and mail to:
9020 S.W. 152nd Street Miami, Florida 33157
or call: (305) 238-2868

Caribbean -d day
I - - - - - - - -_- iJ

sites which may provide accu-
rate and substantiated infor-
mation-or not. If you want
to web surf for information,
ask a college or public librari-
an for some good Internet
research sources on topics
your child is working on.

Don't do the math (or the
five-paragraph essay or the
science project).
Allow your child to do his
or her own work. Well, duh,
you say-but some zealous par-
ents forget their place, and
forget that homework is
where mistakes are supposed
to be made and corrected-and
learned from. Besides, teach-
ers have seen it all, and they'll
likely recognize when you,
and not your child, have done
the work. If your child com-
plains that he doesn't "get it",
talk with the teacher.

Don't make excuses for tardy
or sloppy homework.
Curb the natural impulse
to defend your child. ("But he
had a hockey game until 11,"
or "She had play practice all
week.") Your child needs to
learn that his or her actions
have consequences, and to
plan ahead.
Practicing good home-
work habits and a can-do atti-
tude-on the part of parents
and their students-will go a
long way toward honing life-
long learning skills and the
character traits of persistence
and thoroughness that will
serve your child well beyond
the school years.

Author: Kris Berggren, a par-
enting expert. Her latest book
is "Strategies for Stay-at-
Home Parents"
(Meadowbrook Press).

Card) by electronically cap-
turing data and images and
by performing fee receipting
and depositing from one cen-
tral location, rather than at
the local district office, serv-
ice center, or application sup-
port center (ASC).
Aliens filing a Form 1-90,
regardless of their state of
residence, must mail those
applications with an applica-
tion fee of $185 and a bio-
metrics fee of $70 to one of
the following addresses:
For U.S. Postal Service
(USPS) deliveries:
U.S. Citizenship and
Immigration Services, P.O.
Box 54870 Los Angeles, CA
Or for non-USPS deliver-
ies (e.g. private couriers):
U.S. Citizenship and
Immigration Services,
Attention: 1-90, 16420 Valley
View Ave., La Mirada, CA
Applicants should not
include initial evidence and

supporting documentation
when submitting the Form I-
90 to the Los Angeles
Applicants will receive a
notice for a biometrics pro-
cessing appointment at an
ASC and will submit their
initial evidence during that
Applicants will receive
their biometrics appointment
in the mail.

Multi-lingual counselors
are available to respond per-
sons suffering from stress or
needing help with housing,
food, child care, caring for
teens or other similar prob-
Call 211 from a regular
telephone or 954-537-0211
from a cellular.
The free service is being
offered as part of Broward
County's helplines.

The frightening reign of

blood bullets and bodies

skin. This is a prominent
example of how racist dis-
courses of inscribed embodi-
ment, which place particular
emphasis on women's ideal-
ized sexual desirability, reflect
the historical fracturing of
black identities."
In fact, the thread of sexu-
ality runs throughout "Blood
Bullets and BiidiL The
author embarks on a topic
that has not tradi-
tionally been
explored. She "...the thr
looks at why runs throi
Jamaicans, and for Bullets an
that matter Bullets ar
Caribbean people author en
on a whole, have that has [
not been able to been expl
freely express sex-
uality, yet in many
communities like Southside, it
is these strategies that are
being employed in an attempt
to rise from below the poverty

It is this dichotomy that
begs the question, are we
looking at a lost people?
Tafari-Ama does not think so.
She details development
options that she believes will
make a difference as she
declares this is more than an
"academic exercise." The
roles for politicians, security
forces, the communities,
Rastafari, the women's move-
ment, and even children, are
explored. The author, outlin-

id F

ing the importance of multi-
media communications,
explains that the media has an
integral part to play in dis-
mantling the harrowing state
of poverty in Jamaica's inner
city communities.
But, it all comes down to
viable housing, social develop-
ment strategies, and policies
that will empower poor peo-
ple. The problem is, and has
traditionally been, the lack of
will by politicians who hold
the purse
d of sexuality "Until that
lout "Blood happens,"
Bodies". The says Dr.
irks on a topic Tafari-
traditionally ..the
d." flood of
blood, bul-
lets and
bodies that is overwhelming
the streets of Jamaica's inner
cities, will no doubt continue
to rise rampantly on both
sides of the poverty line."

"Blood Bullets and Bodies"
is available in South Florida
at the African Bookstore,
Shades of Africa, Talawah
Roots, Rainbow Records and
at select outlets in Jamaica.
Visit www.bloodbulletsand-
bodies. com for more informa-

Dawn A. Davis is a freelance
writer for Caribbean Today.

June 2006


SupportR E uling party dips N

Support for Bermuda's ruling party dips

- Support for Bermuda's rul-
ing Progressive Labour Party
(PLP) has slipped by almost
five percent to 34.8 percent
despite a rise in the personal
ratings of Premier Alex Scott,
according to a new opinion
poll published late last month.
But the Opposition
United Bermuda Party (UBP)
has failed to capitalize on the
shift in support, only manag-
ing to increase its latest poll
rating by one percent to
remain five percent adrift of
the governing party.
The poll, conducted for
the Royal Gazette newspaper,
showed that the bi,-_,_LI sec-
tion of the electorate surveyed
- some 35.3 percent is still
undecided about how it would

vote, would prefer another
party or did not express a


The next general election
is due in 2008.
There was good news for

both party leaders with new
Opposition Leader Wayne
Furbert also seeing a strong
increase in his personal stand-
ing among voters, climbing just
over 10 per cent since March
with 39 percent of those polled
giving him a favorable rating.
It puts Furbert almost exactly
on a par with the last poll rat-
ing of former UBP leader
Grant Gibbons who was
replaced in January.
Premier Scott's personal
rating jumped by seven per-
cent to 51.6 percent. The PLP
has been in power for almost
eight years after ousting the
UBP, which had run the coun-
try for 30 years, in the 1998
general election.

Preval picks friend for prime minister


CMC Haiti's newly installed
president has officially desig-
nated agronomist and long-
time friend Jacques Edouard
Alexis to be the impoverished
Caribbean country's new
prime minister, officials said

late last month.
Rene Pr6val wrote to the
presidents of both legislative
chambers to formally inform
them of his choice after a
round of consultations, as
required by the country's con-
Alexis, 58, who served as
prime minister during Prival's

first presidency from 1996 to
2001, promised to work with
all sectors to advance the
cause of the country.
Pr6val's opponents said
they would not obstruct the
appointment and instead
would cooperate to ensure
Pr6val's success.

to disaster
Dr. Barbara Carby, The direc-
tor general of the Office of
Disaster Preparedness and
Emergency Management of
Jamaica, has been elected co-
vice chair of the new United
Nations Disaster Relief Fund's
Advisory Group.
Carby, who has been lead-
ing the Jamaican agency since
1997, will serve as co-vice chair
with Sipho George Nene,
deputy director-general of the
Multilateral Branch of the
Department for Foreign Affairs
of South Africa.
Both were elected last month
during the inaugural meeting of
the advisory group at U.N. head-
quarters in New York. Marika
Fahle, advisor on the Horn of
Africa for the Swedish Foreign
Ministry, was elected chairperson.
Carby is the only Caribbean

relief group
community (CARICOM)
national to be appointed to the
group by
General Kofi
Annan. The
were selected
from 39 nom-
inations, and
include direc- Carby
tors of disaster management
units, officials from international
assistance units, and advisors.

Carby is responsible for formu-
lating, implementing and moni-
toring Jamaica's hazard and dis-
aster management programs.

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June 2006


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June 2006


Caribbean nationals play key roles in Miami's new pro soccer franchise

Caribbean nationals play key roles in Miami's new pro soccer franchise


MIAMI, Florida Two of the
Caribbean's brightest young
players have been signed to
play alongside established
world-class veterans as Miami
EC. seeks to establish itself as
the new professional soccer
team in South Florida.
Fullback Stephane
Guillaume, 22, of Haiti and
23-year-old Jamaican mid-
fielder Sean Fraser have
stepped into a line-up which
includes Romario and Zinho,
both former members of a
world championship-winning
Brazilian team. Romario was
also named the most valuable
player of the 1994 World Cup
played in the United States.
However, the Caribbean
nationals said they are no
longer in awe of the presence
of the former world stars and
are ready to contribute to the
success of Miami F.C. in the
United Soccer League (USL)
thereby launching their own
careers in the game.
"To be here with Romario
and Zinho and playing profes-

sionally with these guys means
a lot to me," said Fraser, who
played in two youth world
championships with Jamaica -
under 17 and under 20 and is
a former member of Harbour
View and
United foot-
ball clubs in
his homeland.
"...My career
just started
ly," he added
later. "So I've
Fraser got a life (in
the game).
I've got to do what I've got to
"(Joining Miami EC.) is
really important because I am
going to play with profession-
als," Guillaume told
Caribbean Today. "This is my
first time that I'm going to
play with a professional team,
so it's really important to me."

Both players have started
the season reasonably well.
Fraser scored his first goal of

the season last month and
Guillaume has played regular-
ly as well. The club appears
satisfied with them, although
another Jamaican, Onandi
Lowe, controversially left the
team shortly after it returned
from a pre-season training
camp in Brazil. Miami EC.
officials described Fraser and
Guillaume as "very skilful"
players who should fit in easi-
ly with the Brazilian style of
soccer the club is hoping to
"I think he is a developing
player. He's still a young play-
er. He's got a lot of skills,"
Miami EC. General Manager
Luiz Muzzi told Caribbean
Today about Fraser last
month. "...I think he's got a
bright future ahead of him.
"(Guillaume) is not afraid
of anybody," Muzzi added.
"Just keeps going and taking
on defenders."
The general manager
insisted that both were drafted
into the team strictly on merit
as players and not as a ploy to
tap into South Florida's large
potential Caribbean fan base.

"They are here on their
own skill," Muzzi explained.
"We're not going to get a
player because he is Jamaican
or Haitian or Brazilian or

The general manager said
the club will be looking to
recruit from
however, if
the quality is
Fraser and
Guillaume have already
started to
make lh mieii % at home at
Miami EC. The style on the
field suits them, but both also
realize that they represent
not only llh miil~ i, but the
Caribbean as well.
"You have to remember
that I'm the only Jamaican
here now since Onandi has
left and I have to act as an
ambassador," Fraser
explained to Caribbean

Today. "So whatever I do I
know that I'm representing
my country. So I have to stay
focused and make sure I'm
doing the right thing at all
times. It means a lot."
With Jamaica and Haiti
being eliminated in the quali-
fying stages of the 2006 World
Cup, the finals of which begins
this month in Germany, the
Caribbean players are anxious
to establish l1 m. L, as pro-
fessionals so they will not miss
a chance at qualification for
the 2010 event.
"We (Haiti) lost in the
World Cup 2006," said
Guillaume. "For me, I'm
going to work for that for
2010 to see if I can be there
with the national team."
For the two young
Caribbean players, Miami
could be the start of that mag-
ical ride.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.

Caribbean stars shine at Jamaica International Invitational meet


KINGSTON, Jamaica -
On a day when two of the
C.iribbc.iins greatest .iililcic
were honored, present stars
offered clear indication that the
region will continue to be a
major force in international
track and field competition.
Trinidad and Tobago's
Hasely Crawford and Jamaica's
Donald Quarrie were both
recognized at the Jamaica
International Invitational Meet
(JII) held here last month, mark-
ing the 30-year anniversary of
their glorious performances at
the 1976 Olympic Games.
At that meet in Montreal,
Canada, Crawford won the
gold medal in the 100 meters
ahead of Quarrie. But the
Jamaican would crown himself
champion soon after as well, by
winning gold in the 200 meters.
Both former stars were present
at this year's JII. Quarrie was
one of the main organizers of
the meet and Crawford a guest.

In addition to the recogni-
tion, both ex-sprinters were
also treated to a view of the
region's promising hopes for
the future in the sport as many
Caribbean-bom .iilhlcIc, turned
in creditable performances.
Asafa Powell of Jamaica,
the world record holder in the
100 meters, clocked 9.95 sec-
onds in his pet event to beat
Marc Bums of T&T, who fin-
ished second in 10.22. Another
Jamaican, Ainsley Waugh, was
third in 10.31.

T&T's Hasely Crawford raises his arms
in triumph after receiving the gold medal
for the 100 meters at the Montreal
Olympics in 1996. At left is Jamaica's
Donald Quarrie, who placed third.
Russia's Valeri Borsov finished third.
In the women's race, Debbie
Ferguson of The Bahamas, 11.28,
edged American Muna Lee,
11.32, and Jamaican Sheri-Ann
Brooks, 11.37.
The 200 meters for both
men and women were also
exciting. In the men's event,
Jamaica's Usain Bolt, 20.10,
held off a strong challenge from
American Tyson Gay, 20.12, to
win in a meet record. T&T's
Aaron Armstrong finished
third in 20.53.
The women's race also pro-
duced quality performances.
Jamaica's Sherone Simpson,
surged past countrywoman and
defending Olympic champion
Veronica Campbell to win in a
meet record 22.14. Campbell
was second in 22.51 and Lee
third in 22.77.
In the 400 meters,
Jamaican-born Sanya Richards,
who now runs for the United
States, broke the meet record

for women with a smart time of
49.89. American Monique
Henderson finished second in
50.83 and Jamaica's Novlene
Williams third in 51.04.

Americans took the top
two places in the the men's 400
meters. Lashaun Merrit won in
44.67, ahead of Andrew Rock,
44.89. Jamaica's Jermaine
Gonzales finished third in 44.90.
The U.S. also swept the
first three places in the men's
110 meters hurdles, with Joel
Brown, 13.30, David Payne,
13.31 and Robby Hughes,
13.34, finishing in that order. In
the women's 100 meters hur-

dles, which was dominated by
Jamaican entries five of
six local star Brigitte Foster-
Hylton won in 12.69, ahead of
American Damu Cherry, 12.78
and Delloreen Ennis-London.
In the 400 meters hurdles
for men, Kerron Clement, run-
ning for the U.S. by way of
T&T, won in 48.95 ahead of
Jamaicans Dean Griffiths, 49.28
and Danny McFarlane 49.35.
The women's event was
won by American Lashinda
Demus in 54.20. Jamaicans
Allison Beckford, 56.19, and
Kaliese Spencer, 56.71, finished
second and third.
Kenia Sinclair of Jamaica
set a meet record of two min-

utes and two hundredths of a
second (2:00.02) to win the
women's 800 meters ahead of
Americans Hazel Clarke,
2:00.24 and Treniece Clement
2:01.77. Guyana's Marian
Burnett finished a creditable
fourth in 2:02.29.
Caribbean-bornm .,il Ilci
did not fare well in the longer
races, but Jamaica's world
champion Trecia Smith stood
out in the field, winning her pet
event, the triple jump, with a
meet record leap of 14.34

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.

November 7, 2006 is a crucial election date. From County Commissioners to County Judges
to the highest State office of Governor, all will be decided in November. It is time to become
engaged and to gather all the facts on ballot issues and candidate races.

This is your chance to get your message out to one of Florida' fastest growing citizen markets.
Get your message out as Caribbean Today follows al the races and issues of the 2006 Elections.

I-800-605-7516 or 305-238-2868
Fax: 305-252-7843
Advertising deadline: September 29th, 2006

We Cover Your World!

June 2006

Regional organizations launch Caribbean CTO to honor Barbados gov't minister
NEW YORK, CMC The gious award."
branding campaign Caribbean Tourism Organization Dame Billie's political
(C(TO) has announced that it will career began in 1976 when she


The Caribbean Tourism
Organization (CTO) and the
Caribbean Hotel Association
(CHA), along with a group of
"Charter tPIrii n r, from both
the public and private sectors
in the Caribbean, have
launched a new branding cam-
paign lining
all market-
ing with a
single, iden-
tifiable logo.
last month's
ceremony at
New York's
Vanderpool-Wallace Marriott
Hotel, in midtown Manhattan,
CTO and CHA executives
said the focus of the campaign
is to increase .iirLe n1L of
the unique vacation
experiences available to con-
sumers, as well as the diversity
of the destinations and facili-
ties throughout the region."
Vincent Vanderpool-
Wallace, the CTO's secretary
general, said the Caribbean
would be advertised as "the
best place in the world.
"The Caribbean is a place
with a great deal of variety
and a certain amount of
rhythm," he said. "This is a
wonderful beginning for us,
and we have some great part-
ners who have decided that
they're interested that we
advance this brand together."

Alec Sanguinetti, CHA
director general and chief
executive officer, said the sign-
ing of the memorandum of
understanding and coopera-

tion on the band by both
Caribbean tourism entities
sends a clear message to the
"This brand is a statement
to bring the Caribbean togeth-
er," he said. "We're going to
use this brand to service the
Caribbean for economic
"The economic impor-
tance of the Caribbean is
stood," he
"Tourism is
about a
much wider
officials Sanguinetti
said the ini-
tiative began in Oct. 2005 with
the signing of a memorandum
of understanding and coopera-
tion by the CTO Chairman
Pamela C. Richards and CHA
President Berthia Parle, fol-
lowed by the formulation of
plans under the dual direction
of Vanderpool-Wallace and
"Those plans have result-
ed in the creation of a 'One
Caribbean' strategy for
extending the Caribbean
brand," they said.
"Essentially, inclusion of
the new Caribbean brand logo
in all of the promotional and
administrative material of
both public and private
sector members should cata-
pult the Caribbean region to
an unprecedented level of
awareness and demonstrate a
degree of cooperation and
coordination that will be the
envy of the tourism world,"
Vanderpool-Wallace said.
"We are confident that

inclusion of the Caribbean
logo will also enhance the
value of individual hotel
brands by proudly declaring
their affiliation with the
Caribbean," Sanguinetti
"We've had a lot of inter-
est in this branding initiative
from our members and antici-
pate a wide acceptance and
use throughout the Caribbean
hotel industry."
The "Charter Ptir i n r ,,
the first who agreed to use the
logo in their advertising and
collateral materials, include
The Bahamas, Puerto Rico,
St. Kitts, the United States
Virgin Islands and Sandals
and Beaches resorts.
our destination facilities and
protect our reputation."

The second annual Haiti
Tourism and Economic
Development Summit
will be held June 23-25 at the
Deauville Beach Resort in
Miami Beach, Florida.
The summit will focus on
rebuilding and developing the
tourism industry of Haiti by
bringing together key players in
the local and international
tourism industry, including the
Haitian and foreign private sec-
tor, the public sector, and civil
society in general, as well as rep-
resentatives of international

be honoring Barbados Foreign
Affairs and International Trade
Minister Dame Billie Miller for
her 30-year contribution to the
Caribbean as a senior public ser-
The CTO said that the
"Lifetime Achievement Award"
will be presented during the
organization's 33rd Annual
Governments of the Caribbean
State Ball to be held in New
York on June 16.
"Dame Billie Miller's contri-
bution and dedication to tourism
has positively affected both her
home country of Barbados and
the entire Caribbean region," said
Vincent Vanderpool-Wallace, sec-
retary general of CTO.
"Her commitment is truly
honorable and we are pleased
to present her with this presti-

financial (donor/investment)
organizations to address issues
affecting the development and
sustainability of Haiti's tourism
Special emphasis will be
placed on innovative marketing
tools and strategies that will
contribute to the increased
awareness of Haiti as a tourism
destination and help improve
the economic well being of the
Haitian people.
Key topics to be addressed
at the summit include: infra-
structure needs for the devel-

was elected Member of
Parliament for the City of
Bridgetown. That same year,
she was named minister of
health and national insurance
and was the
first woman to
sit in the
Cabinet of
her 30-year
career, Dame
Miller Billie has held
many senior
offices, including deputy prime
minister, minister of education
and culture, leader of the
Opposition, and minister of
foreign affairs, foreign trade
and international business.

opment of tourism activities
nationally; the role of the
Haitian diaspora in the mar-
keting and consumption of
Haitian tourism products;
financing and investment
issues; community develop-
ment opportunities; and securi-
ty issues affecting tourism.
For further information,
e-mail Magaly Prezeau at or visit
www. ToHaiti corn

Jamaica Tourist Board to issue passport

renewal reminder cards to U.S. visitors

The Jamaica Tourist
Board (JTB) has
unveiled a special
Passport Renewal Reminder
Card to be distributed to
United States visitors as they
depart Jamaica.
The card is being issued
in an effort to assist travelers
to comply with the new regula-
tions in the U.S. G \ L rn 11 n1\
Western Hemisphere Travel
Initiative. It requires all U.S.
citizens and foreign nationals
traveling to the U.S. to carry
passports for entry or re-entry
as of Jan. 1, 2007.
The JTB designed the
reminder card to be handed
out to travelers at immigra-
tion checkpoints at the
Sangster International
Airport in Montego Bay and
Norman Manley Airport in
Kingston upon their depar-
ture from Jamaica. The front
of the card features an image

of a U.S. passport while the
reverse side explains the new
travel regulations and encour-
ages visitors to begin their
passport application process
A reproduction of the
card as an animated image
has been uploaded to the JTB
homepage, which can be

accessed by clicking on the
travel advisory link at
The JTB is also working
with its trade partners, such as
tour operators and travel
agents, to encourage them to
post similar reminders on
their own websites and to
raise the awareness of the
new initiative with their cus-
Tr, I L r, from the U.S.
make up the majority of our
tourists throughout the year
and the JTB wants to encour-
age potential visitors to plan
ahead," said David Shields,
the JTB's deputy director of
tourism. "As they begin to
plan their vacation to Jamaica
and the Caribbean they
should apply early for pass-
ports to prevent last minute

Haiti tourism and economic summit set

for June 23-25

RFP OT060730
The Procurement Department of the South Florida Water Management District
will receive sealed proposals at the 2"d Floor, B-1 Building, 3301 Gun Club Road,
West Palm Beach, Florida, 33406, for MOSCAD installation for the District's
surface-water network on July 7, 2006, at 2:30 P.M. local time, at which time
proposals will be opened and publicly read.
An optional PRE-PROPOSAL CONFERENCE will be held June 7, 2006, at 2:00
P.M. 3301 Gun Club Road, West Palm Beach, FL 33406, Building B-1, 3B Bridge
Conference Room. All proposals must conform to the instructions in the Request
for Proposals and include a properly executed Contract Compliance Disclosure
Solicitation documents will be available May 26, 2006 in the SFWMD
Procurement Office, at the above address, by downloading a free copy from the
District's website at, by calling (561) 687-6391. Interested
respondents may also call the 24-hour BID HOTLINE 800-472-5290. The public
is invited to attend the RFP opening. Information on the status of this
solicitation can be obtained at our web site
For more information, please contact Don Hill, Contract Specialist at (561)


June 2006


Economic growth for more Caribbean states in 2005


CMC More Caribbean com-
munity (CARICOM) coun-
tries experienced economic
growth in 2005 than the previ-
ous year, but the overall rate
of that growth declined due to
a number of factors, according
to the Barbados-based
Caribbean Development
Bank (CDB).
In its "Annual Economic
R. \ i \\ report issued ahead of
the CDB's 36th Annual Board
of Governors MkL line the
bank said that the slowdown in
economic growth resulted from
a lower rate of expansion in
tourism and a decline in agri-
cultural production.
In contrast, it said, activity
in the construction sector rose
strongly across the region,
reflecting reconstruction and
rehabilitation of hurricane
damaged assets and accelerat-
ed investment in facilities in
support of the World Cricket
Cup 2007.
According to the CDB,
preliminary estimates ,u-',L I
that while five Caribbean
states had higher levels of out-
put in 2005, compared with
the previous year, "all the oth-
ers recorded lower rates of
growth, with actual output
contractions occurring in
Guyana (which recorded a
minus three percent growth)
where substantial higher level
of rainfall resulted in major
flooding, causing substantial
damage and disruption".
The bank said Montserrat

also recorded a negative one
percent in GDP, noting that
the "completion of a new air-
port in the safe zone of the
island led to a sharp decline in
construction sector activity".

The slowdown in tourism
activity was a main contribut-
ing factor to the deceleration
in Antigua and Barbuda,
where the gross domestic
product (GDP) growth was
3.2 percent compared with 5.2
percent in 2004, and Belize,
which recorded a 1.7 percent
growth in 2005, as compared
with 4.5 per cent the previous
The CDB said a contrac-
tion in sugar and banana pro-
duction caused by adverse
weather conditions also con-
tributed to the situation in
"Similarly GDP growth in
Barbados, 4.1 percent com-
pared with 4.8 percent; St. Kitts
and Nevis three percent as
against 6.4 percent; Dominica
2.4 percent, down from 3.6 per-
cent; and St. Vincent and the
Grenadines 4.5 percent
reduced from 5.4 percent in
2004, were affected by the
reduced performance level of
the tourist industry, with the sit-
uation in St. Kitts and Nevis
and Dominica being further
affected by ongoing structural
change", the report said.
The CDB said the decline
in Anguilla was due to the
slowdown in the construction
sector, while hurricane-related
reconstruction was a major
contributor to output expan-

sion in the Bahamas, Cayman
Islands, Grenada, Jamaica and
St. Lucia.
It said in the case of St.
Lucia niw construction sec-
tor activity was a major con-
tributor to the five per cent
growth rate as against four
percent in 2004".
The CDB said that the
rate of growth in Trinidad and
Tobago was maintained at
about seven percent for 2004
reflecting continuing high
activity levels in the petrole-
um and petrochemicals-relat-
ed areas.

The bank said the con-
struction sector in the
Caribbean also prospered
from both the private and
public sectors continuing
"their investment programs in
infrastructure and housing,
and in production facilities.
"The increase in output
was reflected in a rise in gov-
ernment revenue collections,
with this rise also resulting
from efforts to improve the
efficiency and effectiveness of
the management of the public
fminnkL the CDB stated.
It noted that following a
period of relaxation, some
countries moved to tighten
monetary policy, mainly
through an increase in interest
rates, to counter continued
strong expansion in private
sector borrowing and
its resultant pressure on for-
eign exchange reserves.

Haiti invited to become

member of regional bank

CMC The Caribbean
Development Bank (CDB)
ended a two-day meeting here
last month saying it was pre-
pared to begin "operational
work in Haiti" after Trinidad
and Tobago announced it was
prepared to enter into a joint
constituency arrangement with
the former French colony to
become a full-fledged member
of the Barbados-based financial
CDB President Dr.
Compton Bourne told the
closing ceremony of the Board
of Governors meeting that the
bank's engagement into Haiti
would be a two-pronged
approach. He said that approach
had been developed "based
on an immediate short-term
response during the current
financial year geared towards
familiarizing bank staff with the
situation on the ground to be
followed by a medium term
strategy where a permanent
presence is contemplated.
"During this latter phase,
CDB intends to work through
other organizations which have
considerable on the ground
experience in the Haitian envi-
ronment and who share CDB's
objectives for that country,"
Bourne said, adding "CDB's
medium term strategy is consis-
tent with the U.N. Interim
Corporation Framework to
which a number of donors sub-
"Now that elections have
been held and the security situ-
ation has improved, we expect


that a way has been paved to
commence some operational
work in Haiti," Bourne told the

Earlier, Trinidad and
Tobago's delegate, Planning and
Development Minister, Camille
Robinson-Regis, said the Patrick
Manning administration had
taken the decision to assist Haiti
become a member of the CDB
in view of the island's "imminent
return to the Councils of the
(Caribbean) Community
(CARICOM) and the wider
international community
"The details of this matter
are currently the subject of dis-
cussions between both coun-
tries," she said. But sources
told the Caribbean Media
Corporation (CMC) that Port
au Prince had agreed to the
conditions for the initiative.
Bourne also announced
that the bank would continue
its emphasis on deepening the
regional integration process.

Financial questions and answers


Question: In a recent column, a
couple wrote in saying they
couldn't buy more investment
properties because of their
debt-to-income ratio. They
were having trouble getting
I'm a mortgage lender and
there are plenty of loan prod-
ucts that don't require the tra-
ditional debt-to-income and
loan-to-value ratios. They're
called "stated asset/stated
income" loans. The couple
would probably have to pay a
little more for the loan, but at
least they'd be able to purchase
more investment properties.

Answer: Thanks for your letter.
Simply put, stated asset/stated
income loans are ones in which
the borrower tells the lender
how much he earns and how
much he owes. The lender
doesn't necessarily verify this
information. For some people
who operate in the cash econo-
my and are willing to pay high-
er fees, points and interest,

such loans can work.
However, I worry about
recommending these loans
because they're often abused
by predatory lenders.
I've found that when you send
folks out looking for stated
income loans and they don't
know how to avoid predatory
lenders, it's like asking them to
post "Scam Me!" signs on their
backs.Because my columns
reach a general audience, of
whom many are not that edu-
cated about the loan process, I
try to opt for a more conserva-
tive approach.
But you're absolutely right.
Stated asset/stated income
products could help someone
who wants to buy another
investment property but whose
debt-to-income ratios are all
messed up by the depreciation
of their other properties.
I still feel that if someone
has so many investment proper-
ties that they have trouble bor-
rowing more money, they'd be
better off developing a long-
term relationship with a local
lender specializing in commer-

cial lending.

Question: Last year, we refi-
nanced our primary loan with
our same mortgage company.
When all was said and done,
the closing costs were $10,000.
We took out $50,000 to do
some rehab work, but then
decided not to use the money.
Do these closing costs sound
right? And is there anything I
can do to question the lender
now? Also, should we take the
$50,000 in cash and pay down
the loan?

Answer: When I first read
your letter, I thought you had
$10,000 in closing costs for a

$50,000 loan. That would be
ridiculous. But what I think
you're really saying is that your
refinanced mortgage cost you
$10,000 in closing costs. That
does seem high.
Did you read your good faith of closing costs? Did
you look at the HUD-1 form
you should have been given at
the closing? These documents
would tell you what you're pay-
ing for, and who received the
cash. Go back and look at them
now to see if you were billed
incorrectly for something.
When home buyers and
owners ask me about closing
costs being too high, it's
because they don't realize all of
the things they have to pay for.
Prepaid interest can be a big
number. If you close on the first
day of the month, you'd owe a
whole month's worth of interest
up front. On a $300,000 loan at
6.5 percent, that would run
about $1,650. In some cases,
the bi.-.lcI number of all can
be real estate taxes. At a partic-
ular point in time during the
year, the lender may need the

funds for a tax escrow account.
If your property taxes are high,
your closing costs could sky-
rocket with the payment to the
lender of the anticipated
amount needed to pay for an
upcoming real estate tax bill,
along with future tax bills.
In addition, you may have
to pay for title insurance, or an
update to your current policy,
and other fees. After looking at
your HUD-1 and good faith
.limi.l,ic if you still can't figure
out why you were charged cer-
tain fees, call your lender. If
you can't get a satisfactory
answer, contact your state's
department of banking and
finance (which regulates mort-
gage lenders in your state).
Regarding the unused
rehab cash, yes, you should pay
back the cash, unless you have
another use for it. Right now,
you're just paying interest on
money you're not using.

2006 by Ilyce R. Glink
Distributed by Tribune Media

June 2006


Outgoing U.N. peacekeeping chief

urges reinforced mission in Haiti

As he prepares to leave his post,
the head of the United Nations
peacekeeping mission in Haiti
has urged the global body to
maintain its current force
strength there.
"The organization should
stay the course," Juan Gabriel
Vald6s, the head of the U.N.
Stabilization Mission in Haiti
(MINUSTAH) told journalists
at U.N. headquarters last
Vald6s said each time the
U.N. had been in the country, it
had left just when the situation
had begun to improve.
"Rather than leave Haiti,
this was the moment for the
United Nations to reinforce its
presence, maintain current
troop levels, consolidate the
extremely fragile security situa-
tion, and support the new presi-
dent," Vald6s said.
The former Chilean ambas-
sador, who was appointed spe-
cial representative

in July 2004, added that while
there might be some impending
changes in
nature and
that time has
not yet come.

today are con-
Valdez fronted by the
most basic
poverty, destitution and margin-
alization of masses of people,
and that failure to address those
problems could keep peace-
keepers in a country forever,"
he said.
"All stakeholders, including
the donor countries, should
make all possible efforts to pro-
mote stability and development
in Haiti," Vald6s added.
The UN official said that
the two-year tenure of the
American provisional govern-
ment of Prime Minister Gerard

Lartortue, had allowed the
international community and
the Haitian people to begin to
reorganize its institutions "so as
to confront problems concern-
ing poverty, security and nation-
al development."
Vald6s said President Ren6
Pr6val has inspired some hope,
and that the business communi-
ty, civil society, and political par-
ties were rallying behind the
new leader.
"(Preval) has indicated his
wish to see MINUSTAH contin-
ue for the period of his tenure in
office, and until a professional
Police Force and a reformed judi-
ciary were in place," Vald6s said.
About $1.2 billion were
committed for Haiti in 2004, of
which some $800 million have
been disbursed.
"It is important for the
Haitians to clarify how that
money has been spent, particu-
larly with respect to strengthen-
ing infrastructure," Vald6s said.

Former Trinidad president elected

to International Criminal Court body

PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad,
CMC Former Trinidad and
Tobago President Arthur N.R.
Robinson has been elected to
the Board of Directors of the
Victims Trust Fund of the
International Criminal Court
A state-
ment from the
Foreign Affairs
Ministry last
month said
Robinson was
elected unop-
posed by the
States Parties
to the Rome Robinson
Statute of the
Criminal Court to the five-mem-
ber board and will serve a
three-year term, representing
the Latin American and the
Caribbean Region (GRULAC).
He joins a distinguished

ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada,
CMC Hugh Wildman, the
special legal advisor to the
Grenada government, said

panel which includes Queen
Rania Al-Abdullah of Jordan,
Tadeusz Mazowiecki from
Poland, Minister Simone Veil
from France, and Archbishop
Emeritus Desmond Tutu from
South Africa, who represent
their respective regions.
The former member of the
board of directors representing
the Latin American and the
Caribbean Region (GRULAC)
Dr. Oscar Arias Sanchez, who is
the current president of Costa
Rica, tendered his resignation in
Sept. 2005.

The statement hailed
Robinson's election as signifi-
cant, since he was instrumental
in the establishment of an ICC,
which investigates and brings to
justice individuals who commit
the most serious violations of
international law, namely war

crimes, crimes against humanity,
and genocide.
The Victims Trust Fund
ensures that help and compen-
sation is provided to enable
people to rebuild lives often
shattered by war and armed
conflict. The money which the
fund allocates to victims comes
either from a convicted person,
who was ordered by the ICC to
pay compensation, make restitu-
tion or provide for rehabilita-
tion, or through grants from
governments, international
organizations or individuals.
Voluntary contributions
by external entities to the fund
must first be approved by the
board of directors.
The board meets at least
once a year at the International
Criminal Court headquarters in
The Hague, Netherlands.

that the commission of inquiry
into allegations of financial
wrongdoing against Prime
Minister Dr. Keith Mitchell

has been an exercise in futility.
"In my view the commission
of inquiry is really an exercise
in futility right now because it
is of absolutely no value, there
is no evidence against the
prime minister so that is really
a waste of time and
resources," he told reporters.
Wildman said that he consid-
ered the matter closed as no
one came forward, in his view,
and presented any credible
evidence to substantiate the
allegations against the prime
Governor General Sir
Daniel Williams had appoint-

Guyana cuts fuel tax

as energy costs rise

CMC In a bid to ease woes
at the pump the Guyana
government has announced a
slash in the consumption tax
on fuel.
Cabinet Secretary Dr.
Roger Luncheon announced
last month that consumption
tax on diesel has been reduced
from 17.5 percent to 10 per-
cent, following an earlier
reduction in the tax on gasoline
from 45 percent to 30 percent.
"Consequently, the price
of fuel at the pumps should
not exceed G$809 ($4.25) per
gallon for gasoline down from
$846 ($4.45), and $600 ($3.15)
per gallon for diesel down
from $664 (US $3.39).
Kerosene price would also be
reduced to $564 ($3.15)..."
Luncheon said.

Government officials said
it is the policy of the govern-
ment to habitually adjust the
consumption tax on fuel
whenever there is a steep
climb in acquisition cost of
fuel products on the world
"Guyana buys refined oil
which is about 30 percent
more expensive than crude
oil," the government said in a
World market price for
crude oil has climbed meteori-
cally recently exceeding $70
per barrel and government
blamed this hike on increased
demands for fuel in the Asian
giants India and China,
Middle East instability "and
hurricane threats to the U.S.
r- IlnL riL .

Grenada adopts tough stance

regarding violence against women

ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada,
CMC The Grenada govern-
ment last month warned it was
prepared to adopt a tough
stance against persons involved
in violence against women on
the island.
Social Development
Minister Yolande Bain
Horsford said the Keith
Mitchell administration would
be closely monitoring reports
of abuse against women, chil-
dren and other vulnerable
persons and urged victims of
abuse to report the matter
promptly to the police.
Horsford said her ministry
was taking all reports of abuse
seriously and warned that
anyone violating the laws and
abusing others in society would
be dealt with.
"It does not matter who
you are, who your parents are
or even your friends, if you
commit acts of violence of
abuse against others you will

be dealt with," she said.
"I have asked my team
in the Ministry of Social
Development to give priority
to reports of abuse and to treat
the victims with empathy and
"It is unfortunate that
some women and children in
our society feel afraid or
ashamed to report abuse,
many of them feel this way
because they believe that their
case will not be handled pro-
fessionally," she added.
"It is time that we break
this cycle where unprofessional
behaviour provides a cover for
sexual predators and violent
individuals. Women and chil-
dren must not be afraid to
speak out. Those of us in posi-
tions of authority and influ-
ence must not use our position
to take advantage of vulnera-
ble persons."

ed prominent Barbadian
Queen Counsel Dr. Richard
Cheltenham as the sole com-
missioner to investigate the
allegations made against
Mitchell following a trip to
Switzerland in 2000.

Mitchell had admitted
receiving approximately
$15,000 from a German busi-
nessman as reimbursement for
expenses incurred by him on
behalf of a team from
Grenada on official business
to certain European countries
and Kuwait in 2000. But he

has denied any wrong doing.
"For all intents and pur-
poses in my view the case is
closed because the commis-
sioner of inquiry (COI) was
given a time to run its course
and the time has expired,"
Wildman told reporters. He
was responding to recent
statements by Dr. Mitchell
that as far as he is concerned
the matter is closed.
"The governor general
will have to re-open that

government advisor dismisses commission of inquiry

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June 2006



CMC Trinidad and Tobago's
Chief Justice Satnarine
Sharma's challenge against
Prime Minister Patrick
Manning's first attempt to
impeach him in 2005 on allega-
tions of interference in the trial
of a high profile doctor has
been adjourned to July 5.
Last month when the mat-
ter was called before Justice
Carlton Best the judge took no
decision on whether Sharma's
challenge of attempts to
impeach him on allegations
that he interfered in the crimi-
nal prosecution of Professor
Vijay Naraynsingh will go to
Lawyers lIrL"'LIlhing; the
chief justice and Manning met
in camera when the matter was
called before Justice Best in

courtroom 20 of the Port-of-
Spain High Court. It was
adjourned to July 5 for another
case management hearing.

The chief justice took the
prime minister to court over
the latter's decision to advise
President George Maxwell
Richards to appoint a tribunal
to investigate his actions in
office. It was alleged that
Sharma exerted pressure on
Director of Public Prosecutions
Geoffrey Henderson and
Attorney General John
Jeremie to drop a murder
charge that had been brought
against Naraynsingh.
Deputy Chief Magistrate
Mark Wellington discharged
Naraynsingh on a charge of
murdering his second wife, Dr.

on Mar. 11,
2005. Sharma
filed his law-
suit on April
12, 2005,
seeking judi-
cial review of
the prime Manning
decision, and the case went into
mediation stage in October.
Last month, Sharma
blocked another attempt to
have him removed from office,
filing for judicial review of a
similar decision by Manning
after it was alleged he (Sharma)
attempted to influence the out-
come of the criminal trial
against former Prime Minister
Basdeo Panday.

CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC -
The International Monetary
Fund (IMF) wants government
to limit the growth of the civil
service wage bill, convert the
petroleum tax into an exercise
tax, introduce a modern system
of Value Added Tax and excise
taxation in order to strengthen
St. Lucia's fiscal position.
These recommendations
were published in the latest
IMF report released here last
The IMF directors called
for a regional approach to
phasing out such concessions
that curtail destructive compe-
tition for investment. They also
noted the need for careful
management and prioritisation
of capital expenditures, which
would help to lessen the
emerging strains on capacity

stemming from the construc-
tion boom and to contain infla-
tionary pressure.
While the IMF commend-
ed government for its record of
prudent public debt manage-
ment, the best within the
OECS, it recognized that public
debt had risen sharply recently
and urged government to take
advantage of the economy's
robust growth to follow
through with plans to reduce
the debt over the medium term.
"Government is well
placed to avail itself of the
present strength of the econo-
my to address the structural
and fiscal challenges to lay the
groundwork for the continued
sustainable high growth in the
long term and a reduction in
employment", the IMF stated.

Portia bows to construction sector's demand for cement waiver

KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
Prime Minister Portia Simpson
Miller bowed to pressure from
the major players in the con-
struction sector last month and
extended the tariff waiver on
cement from three months to
one year.
Earlier in the month it had
been announced that the 15 per-
cent tariff on imported cement
would be removed for a period of
three months in an effort to get
more cement into the country.
However, the players in the sector

were not satisfied and argued that
the three-month time frame was
not enough. Industry Minister
Phillip Paulwell said the govern-
ment could not extend the waiver
beyond the three-month period.

However, the prime minis-
ter intervened and, by way of a
May 19 release from Jamaica
House the office of the prime
minister, announced an exten-
sion of the duty free regime to
one year.

"This will
clear the way
for potential
importers to
plan import
programs over
a long period,
thereby elimi-
nating the
challenges Simpson Miller
being faced by
them in sourcing a stable supply
to meet the shortfall in the local
market", the release stated.

Southern United States

~1t~r~e73Aeto &7

The Hon. C.P. Ricardo Allicock .
Invite you to A

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Expect more deportees from

U.S., Europe ~ trade unionist

CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC -
The head of St. Lucia's largest
trade union has warned
Caribbean governments to
brace for an increase in depor-
tees from North America and
Europe as a result of tough
new immigration laws.
President of St. Lucia
Civil Service Association
(CSA) Joseph Dosserie says
the tough immigration
laws under considera-
tion are very likely to
become law in the
weeks ahead, making
living outside the
region more difficult
for Caribbean nation-
'0 als.
The United States
and more recently

1France have been
moving to tighten
immigration require-
ments, and Dosserie
says that the economic
factors facing those
developed nations
were driving those
"Whereas in the past
there were sufficient
resources which
allowed them to toler-
ate immigrants from
other countries, they
now find lthL Im1l, S
in a situation where
they need to juggle the
resources they have
left to deal with their
own nationals.
"I think it is impor-
tant that the region
digs deep in trying to
develop more oppor-
tunities for employ-

ment for their youth and oth-
ers seeking jobs, because very
soon we will have quite a few
nationals returning home with
these laws currently being
processed," he added.

In the case of France new
legislation that has not yet
become law will make it hard-
er for unskilled migrants to
enter France and its overseas
territories, and although the
French ambassador to St.
Lucia last month said that St.
Lucians have nothing to fear
from the new measures, there
are concerns that new restric-
tions are something of a trend
in the developed world.
St. Lucia's ambassador to
the U.N. Julian Hunte also
expressed concern for the
development, especially in the
U.S., stating that these restric-
tions were obviously going to
prevent Caribbean people from
going to these places to further
their education and improve
their economic situation.
"While the U.S. problem
appears to relate more to the
Mexican border in principle it
is the same thing and I believe
this will place additional pres-
sure on our governments to
find jobs for young people.
This isthe bi-_"-LI area of con-
cern," he said.
According to Hunte,
"when people cannot move
they have to stay and when
they stay they have to be gain-
fully employed."

Chief justice's challenge against

T&T prime minister adjourned

IMF offers financial

prescription to St. Lucia

June 2006


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June 2006

. 0


The 2006 season begins
June 1. While most
storm preparations
focus on protecting homes and
families before, during and
after a hurricane makes land-
fall, safeguarding personal
finances in advance of a storm
should not be overlooked.
Prepare for the storm season
by using the following tips:

Open a safe-deposit box at
your local bank, where you
can store original copies of
important documents. Banks
often offer free safe-deposit
boxes for account holders, or
they may charge you a nomi-
nal fee. In the event your
bank branch sustains storm
damage, the safe-deposit
boxes will remain unharmed
and may be moved to another
branch location, if needed.
Items to include in the safe-
deposit box include:
Personal items Birth certifi-
cates, Social Security cards,
passports, marriage certifi-
cates, children's immunization
records, irreplaceable photo-

Legal documents Wills, liv-
ing wills, powers of attorney,
property deeds, titles to vehi-
cles and boats, divorce records

Having cash on hand during a storm is a good
and child custody papers
Financial documents Tax
returns; stock and bond cer-
tificates; bank account infor-
mation; insurance policies,
including health and life,
homeowners, vehicles and
boats; photographs and
appraisal value of valuable

* Keep photocopies of impor-
tant documents, along with
your most recent bank
account statement, in a fire-
proof box in your home.

Caleb Center
5400 NW 22 Ave. 1st Floor
(M-F 8 AM to 4:30 PM)
South Dade Government Center
10710 SW 211 St. 1st Floor
(M-F 8 AM to 4:30 PM)

Take the box with you if
you evacuate.

Keep with you account
numbers and the names
and contact information
for your bank, mortgage
lender and insurance

Withdraw cash from
your bank account to
enable you and your
h immediate family to live
comfortably for a week.

Consider having your
paychecks direct deposit-
ed to your bank account.
With direct deposit, your
salary is safely and reli-
ably sent to your bank
account, where you have
access to the funds.

If you own a home, con-
sider opening a home equity
loan prior to storm season.
This will ensure you have
funds available to pay for
immediate repairs, which will
not be covered by insurance
or which will be reimbursed
by your insurance agency sev-
eral weeks or even months
after the storm.

Submitted by Gladys Reed,
Miami market president,

LeJeune Office
3575 S. LeJeune Rd.
(M-F 8 AM to 5 PM)
3071 SW 38 Ave. 1st Floor
(M-F 8 AM to 5 PM)


Are you financially prepared

for the hurricane season?

power outages
during several record-breaking
hurricane seasons.
are very useful when the power
goes out but they can be haz-
ardous when consumers do not
take the time to review safety
directions and follow the manu-
facturers' guidelines," Bronson
said. "People should take time
well before a storm to read the
information so they don't put
themselves and their families at
The U.S. Consumer Product
Safety Commission received
reports of 179 carbon monoxide
deaths associated with portable
generators between 1990 and
2002. In addition to the potential
for toxic engine exhaust, other
primary hazards include electro-
cution and fire.
The primary cause of death
and illness is from carbon
monoxide poisoning because
people used generators indoors
or in partially enclosed areas
such as garages or balconies.
Carbon monoxide is a colorless,
odorless gas. Symptoms of car-
bon monoxide poisoning are
similar to the flu. People who
feel sick, dizzy or weak while
inside but feel better when they
leave their home should be cau-
tioned that there might be car-
bon monoxide present and they
should get immediate medical

Some consumers mistakenly
believed that using the genera-
tors in their garage was safe if
the door was left open. However,
the gases leaked into the homes
through vents. In addition,
garages are not usually well ven-
tilated so if the owner lets it run
awhile and then comes to turn it
off, the carbon monoxide levels
can be so high as to immediately
render the person unconscious
and cause death.
Generators can produce
high levels of carbon monoxide
very quickly. Prior to purchasing
a generator, consumers should
make sure they get one rated for
the amount of power they will
need. Light bulbs, appliances
and equipment usually have
labels indicating their power

Follow these safety tips to pro-
tect against poisoning, electrocu-
tion and fires:

* Never use a generator indoors,
including in garages, balconies,
crawl spaces or other partially
enclosed areas even with ventila-
tion. Opening windows or using
fans does not prevent carbon
monoxide buildup

* Place the generator outdoors
and away from doors, windows
and vents and put it in a covered

* Follow the directions that
come with the unit.

* Install battery-operated carbon
monoxide alarms.

* To avoid electrocution, keep
the generator dry and operate it
on a dry surface under a canopy-
like structure. Dry hands before
touching the unit.

* Plug appliances directly into
the generator or use a heavy-
duty, outdoor-rated extension
cord that is rated in amps or
watts at least equal to the sum of
the connected appliance loads.

* Never try to power a house
wiring by plugging the generator
into a wall outlet. This is extremely
hazardous to the homeowner, utili-
ty workers and neighbors served
by the same utility transformer.

* Don't overload the generator.
Don't operate more appliances
than the output rating calls for.

* Turn off all equipment pow-
ered by the generator before
shutting down the unit.

* Never store fuel for the gener-
ator in the home, and use prop-
erly labeled safety containers to
store the fuel. Also, do not store
excessive amounts of fuel.

* Before refueling the unit, turn
it off and let it cool down. Fuel
spilled on hot engine parts can

Safety guidelines when

using generators
TALLAHASSEE The hurri- requirements. People unable to
cane season is here and Florida determine the amount of power
Agriculture and Consumer they will need should contact an
Services electrician for help.
Commissioner Generators
Charles H. should sup-
Bronson is port the mini-
reminding mum needs of
consumers to a household
heed safety during an
tips when emergency.
using portable Also, during an
generators. emergency the
The gener- fuel supply may
ators have be limited so
become people should
popular as use the genera-
a result of Care must be taken when using generators. tor wisely.


Join the Miami-Dade Water an wetpartmeht
(WASD), and the Adopt-A-Tr Pro m

Sunday, June 25
9 am to 12 noon
N. Miami Beach City Hall
17011 NE 19 Ave, North Miami Beach

For the chance to receive a new low-flow showerhead
ABSOLUTELY FREE in exchange for your previous model!
If you can't make it to the launch event on Saturday, don't
worry ~~ You can still get your FREE Low-Flow Showerhead!
Simply visit any of the following four WASD "Exchange Locations":

Or visit us online at http:l//
or call 786-552-8955 for more information on how the
MIAM Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department
can help save YOU water and money!

June 2006



Plan ahead this hurricane season. Have your
personal or family hurricane plan ready.

0 Safeguard your home. Know your home's
vulnerability to storm surge, flooding and
wind damage.
01 If you live in an evacuation zone, know
where you will evacuate if you need to
(i.e. shelter, friend, relative, hotel).
Remember shelters will open, but they
should be considered a last resort.
0 Know what to do with your pets if you
need to evacuate.

0 If you will be staying home, hurricane
shutters are your best defense. Practice
installing them before a storm
0 Review your insurance coverage flood
damage is often not covered by home-
owner's insurance.
0 Remember, now is the time to work on
your family plan.

For more tips on being hurricane smart, see the enclosed free copy of Miami-Dade
County's Official 2006 Hurricane Guide your source for hurricane preparedness information.


* Call 3-1-1

June 2006

I During




Yood. FaMy. Friends. I
Come hoine to your
Tobago and see the S
at the WOM cup. w
CeJebrate bWtwy in t
place you can tr* call
Logente :-
Ow acilon will Eake pk


June 2006

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