Group Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Title: Caribbean today
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean today
Uniform Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 38 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Caribbean Pub. Services
Place of Publication: Miami Fl
Miami Fl
Publication Date: March 2006
Copyright Date: 2010
Frequency: monthly
Subject: Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Additional Physical Form: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1989.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 10, no. 3, published in 1999; title from cover.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099285
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 40985415


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VOI. 1 / No. 4


I: (305) 238-2868

Haitians went to the polls last
month, and when the results
were finally made public
Rene Pr6val was elected
president of the troubled
Caribbean nation to replace
his mentor Jean-Bertand
Aristide, who had been forced
to flee the country in Feb.
2004, page 7.

Coach Leo Beenhakker took
Trinidad and Tobago's "Soca
Warriors" to South Florida last
month as part of preparations
for their historic berth in this
summer's soccer World Cup in
Germany. The training camp
was intended to identify possi-
ble additions to the squad for
upcoming matches, including
the game's biggest showpiece
tournament, page 24

New s. ..................... 2 Food ...................... 12 Health .................... 21 Region .................... 28
Feature .................... 7 Arts/Entertainment ......... 16 Sport ....................24
Viewpoint.................9 Financial Planning ........19 Transport and Cargo ......25


11-1 4 '7 A

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T ie day after Portia
Simpson Miller grabbed
hold of the reins of the
People's National Party the
first time in history a woman
had moved to the helm of
Jamaica's ruling party and the
fourth PNP president ever the
streets of the Caribbean nation
appeared generally hushed.
On a bright Sunday morn-
ing, few seemed stung by the
excitement of the events that
had transpired the night
before, which sent the island
nation hurtling towards a new
era in politics, and even fewer
found the election results
worth laboring over.
"Everybody did dun
know Portia did a guh win,"
a man told his friend as the
two talked along Knutsford
Boulevard in Kingston's
uptown business district.
For years popularity polls
had prepared Jamaicans for a
possible win by Simpson Miller,
despite her facing a battery of
three other candidates all
boasting superior academic cre-
dentials and the all-too-familiar
gender quotient, oft repeated
points of debate throughout
the campaign leading up to the
Feb. 25 party election brought
on by the impending retire-
ment of long time PNP
President and Prime Minister
PJ. Patterson.
The margin of her victory,
securing 1,775 of the 3,808
votes cast by PNP delegates,
was hardly surprising either.
Finance Minister Dr. Omar
Davies, who earned 283 votes
from his "Prosperity" cam-
paign; and former Minister Dr.
Karl Blythe (204) had been
viewed by Jamaicans as long
shots to relieve Patterson.
Davies was viewed as aloof
and at times arrogant; Blythe
had long left the PNP Cabinet
tagged to a scandal involving a
government housing agency.
But Dr. Peter Phillips, cur-
rent minister of national secu-
rity, was a different proposi-
tion. He had been viewed by
many political observers,
inside and out of the PNP, as
the one chosen, to succeed
Patterson. Yet his "Solid As A
Rock" campaign, burdened by
Jamaica's spiraling murder
rate which placed the island of
just over 2.6 million dubiously
atop the list of the world's
worst, eventually crumbled to
dust when confronted by
"Team Portia", whose sup-
porters seemed eager to shake
up the old boys club that long
ruled the PNP's and
Jamaica's upper level politics.

The 1,538 votes secured
by Dr. Phillips would not be

enough, despite the generous
embrace in victory by
Simpson Miller, coupled with
her outstretched attempts at
reconciliation to unify the
PNP following a testy cam-
"Now it's time for unity,
and if there are wounds to be
healed, it's time for healing,"
she said in her victory speech
delivered to a wildly cheering
Simpson had been ush-


n e wS

to the historic significance
of the .\ inih' a PNP in tran-
sition which would look to
future battles with the main
Opposition Jamaica Labour
Party also boasting new lead-
ership. Patterson told the
crowd that the winner would
lead the PNP and, in the next
few weeks, become prime
minister when he officially
steps from that post. He also
took the responsibility of
announcing the election

Dr. Peter Phillips, left, who finished second in the PNP leadership race, congratulates
the winner Simpson Miller.

ered onto the packed
stage in full yellow to
the beat of Shaggy's
"Strength Of A
Woman", and she
vowed to draw on
that force to bridge
the party divide
opened by campaign
"I come to you
with a promise of
hope as we will con-
tinue the transforma-
tion of the People's
National Party and a
promise of hope that
all of us will unite to ,
work for a better and
brighter Jamaica," Simpson M
she said. victory.
But on a night
they unabashedly burst into
sustained, unbridled joy, many
of Simpson Miller's supporters
refused to immediately forget
the innuendos and diJ..'
they claimed Phillips's cam-
paign relied on in attack
against their new party leader.
As Phillips left the PNP's St.
Andrew headquarters on elec-
tion night, he and his cam-
paign team were taunted by
dancing Team Portia support-
ers who chanted "Portia, a
Portia!", "PhD couldn't save
yuh!" and "Woman time

Earlier in the evening
Patterson, and PNP Chairman
Robert Pickersgill had alluded

miller supporters celebrate their candidate's

results. That he chose to do it
in "alphabetical rdJ. r only
heightened the crowd's expec-
tations, with the exact total of
Simpson Miller's winning tally
largely drowned out by thun-
derous applause marking the
start of a new era.
"Today is a great and his-
toric day for the People's
National Party and for
Jamaica and I thank you for
helping me to write history,"
Simpson Miller would later
"For the first time we're
having a female president and
a female prime minister of
Jamaica and I am honored,"
she also said striving for
humility. "And as I said to you
throughout the campaign, it's

Date of birth: Dec. 12, 1945.

Education: St. Martin's High
School; Union Institute and
University of Miami, where she
earned a bachelor of arts degree
in public administration; Jamaica
Institute of Management/
University of California Berkeley,
where she received a certificate
in advanced management;
Harvard's executive program for
leaders in development at the
John F. Kennedy School of

Family: Married to Errald Miller,
former head of Cable and
Wireless in Jamaica.

not about me. I'm just the
messenger. I am the vessel. I
am the servant."
However, the process
which launched her into the
PNP's leadership was not
entirely smooth. Voting start-
ed that morning at a local high
school and ended with the
counting of ballots at the PNP
HQ later in the afternoon.
Some delegates, many who
traveled overnight from all
across the island, complained
bitterly of not being allowed
to cast their vote. One
despondent delegate, who
came from Westmoreland in
the western end of the island,
told Caribbean Today that
when he first tried to vote he
was told that his name was not
on the list, although, he said,
he had been properly regis-
tered, "picture tek and all."
He was advised to return later
in the day as he would be part
of the substitute's list. But
when he did that, he was told
that his name was not on that
list either. The elderly man,
clothes soiled by the dusty
grounds, slumped into a chair,
near tears, under a tree which
shaded him from the after-
noon sun, but not disappoint-
ment and frustration.
Yet later, by the time
Patterson's teasing hints as to
who would succeed him had
ignited the crowd, which
packed the streets outside the
HQ, word had already spread
that Simpson Miller had
secured victory. So the gather-
ing was dominated by yellow
shirts and waving yellow flags
proclaiming "Team Portia".
When Patterson proclaimed
his labor and sport minister

March 2006

Hobbies: Music, reading, horse-
back riding and sports.

Politics: More than three
decades. Served as a councilor
in the Kingston and St. Andrew
Corporation. Member of
Parliament for South West St.
Andrew since 1976. Has served
as People's National Party vice
president and president of the
PNP Women's Movement.

Government: Has held the
Cabinet posts of minister of labor
welfare and sport, minister of
tourism and sport, minister of
local government, community
development and sport.

the new PNP leader the crowd
erupted, dancing, singing,
shouting and spraying beer,
soft drinks and juices high into
the night air.
Yet if the PNP, particular-
ly Simpson Miller's support-
ers, could not restrain their
jubilation, by the following
day the rest of the nation was
already soberly looking to
business as usual. Even on
election day, a local track and
field meet, barley a mile away
from the PNP HQ, had drawn
a sizeable crowd far more
interested in baton changes,
fast times and school loyalty
than party politics. It is that
group, the Jamaican wider
public which polls repeatedly
show is caring less and less for
political wranglings, which
Simpson Miller will now have
to focus on.
That was not lost on the
new PNP leader, who somehow
found the fresh legs to run a
victory lap at the National
Stadium to enthusiastic
applause from those attending
the Gibson Relays. For her,
and Jamaica, the real race may
have just started. A Sunday
morning stroll across Jamaica
the day after her proudest
political moment could have
told her as much.

Gordon Williams is the man-
aging editor of Caribbean
Today news magazine. He
covered the PNP election in

Main cover and page 2
photographs by Michael

Portia takes PNP power




In Caribbean Today's Feb. 2006 edition a story titled "Seaplane
crash spoils holiday celebrations in The Bahamas" stated
Sophia Sherman died the day before her birthday, not her
daughter Bethany, as reported. We regret the error.



n e wS



U.S. Senate approves bill for Caribbean American Heritage Month

United States Senate last
month unanimously approved
a bill that would designate a
national Caribbean American
Heritage Month.
The bill, authored by
California Congresswoman
Barbara Lee
and cele-
brates the 0
of Caribbean
Americans to
the U.S.
the country's Lee
"Establishing a Caribbean
American heritage month will
help pay tribute to the
tremendous contributions
Caribbean Americans have
made throughout the history
of this country," Lee said.
"They have influenced every
aspect of American culture,
society and government. Their
history is interwoven with
ours and should be recognized
and celebrated.
"I appreciate the biparti-
san support of my colleagues

DUbl I

in both the House and the
Senate, especially Senator
(Charles E.) Schumer (D-New
York), in passing this meas-
ure," Lee added, "and I hope
that President (George W.)
Bush will act quickly to desig-
nate June as national
Caribbean American month."
The House of
Representatives approved
Lee's bill, known as House
of Congress Resolution 71,
on June 27 last year, with 81
co-sponsors and support from
more than 40 non-governmen-
tal organizations working on
Caribbean American issues.
Under Congress's rules, estab-
lished in the 104th Congress,
only the president has the
authority to designate a peri-
od for annual national recog-
nition of a community or
cause, but Congress may
express the opinion that there
is cause for such recognition.
Though the bill is non-

binding, Lee plans to work
with supporters to urge
President Bush to follow

Congress's lead by proclaim-
ing June National Caribbean
American Heritage Month in

time for official
celebrations this summer.
Caribbean Americans

welcome the bill, page 4.




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March 2006




n e WS

Miami honors Caribbean nationals as community icons


MIAMI The Caribbean held
a strong presence among
those honored last month as
community icons by the City
of Miami.
Three of 12 recipients rec-
ognized in celebration of
Black History Month were
born in the region.
Among the honorees was
the Jamaican-born Grammy
award-winning quintet Inner
Circle band, which was recog-
nized for a music career that
stretches back to the mid-
1970s in their native land. The
group signed with renowned
record label Island Records in
1978. It has had its share of
adversity too when lead singer
Jacob Miller was killed in a
car accident just before the
group's major crossover suc-
cess. In 1993 the group's "Bad
Boys" won a Grammy award
for "Best Reggae Album".

Two Haitian-born com-
munity activists were also

honored by Miami. Reverend
Jean Fritz Bazin was recog-
nized for his work in the area
of religion and Lavarice
Gaudin as a local activist.
Rev. Bazin, who has
lived on many islands in
the Caribbean including
Barbados, Jamaica and his
native Haiti, used the awards
ceremony to send a message
of unity for all the members
of the black community.
"We have to stick togeth-
er or we will all perish togeth-
er," he said.
Gaudin, who moved to the
United States from Haiti in 1981
and has served as president of
the Haitian Refugee Center as
well as the Organization for the
Development of Haiti, was
praised for his dedication to
educating the community about
the plight of Haitians in South
"There are some people
who come, work hard and
leave the cause," Marlene
Bastien, president of the
Haitian Women of Miami,
said. "There are others who

Miami Mayor Manny Diaz, left, and City Commissioner Michelle Spence-Jones, fourth
from right, pose with members of the Grammy award-winning Inner Circle music
group, one of the community icons honored by the city recently.

never leave."

But they were not the
only people with Caribbean
roots. Judge John Johnson,
who was singled out for his
work in the area of law, is the
youngest of seven children
born to Bahamian immigrants.

The family settled in Miami
in 1903. Johnson was first
appointed to the bench in Nov.
1955 and retired from practic-
ing law in 1991. As a judge he
presided over 50,000 cases.
Also honored at the Feb.
15 ceremony were Dr. Carl E.
Yaeger, Jr., for his contribu-
tions in medicine; former

Miami Dolphins football play-
er Nat Moore, in the area of
sports; visual artist Dinizulu
Gene Tinnie for art; former
Miami Commissioner Thelma
Vernell Anderson Gibson for
politics; and former broadcast
journalist Edwin L. O'Dell for
journalism. Former Miami
attorney George E Knox for
philanthropy; Miami-Dade
County Public Schools' board
member Dr. Robert Ingram
for education; and real estate
developer Otis Pitts, Jr., for
his work in business, rounded
out the list of honorees.
Last month's function
marked the third year that the
award was conferred on those
who have made outstanding
contributions to the black
cause in Miami.
Damian P Gregory is
Caribbean Today's deputy
managing editor.

Six-year-old Haitian American schoolboy

suspended over sexual harassment claim

BOSTON, Massachusetts,
CMC A six-year-old Haitian
American schoolboy, who was
suspended for sexual harass-
ment, does not even under-
stand the term, according to
his mother.
"He doesn't even know
what that word s,\ial' is,"
Berthena Dorinvil, 38, told the
Boston Globe newspaper last
"I don't see how I'm
going to explain it to him," she
added. "I can't. He's just too
young for that."
Dorinvil said Brocton
school district officials told her
that her son was being suspend-
ed for three days for putting two
fingers inside a girl's waistband
and touching her back.
"My son told me that the
girl touched him first, so he
touched her back," the Haitian

mother told reporters. "I was
shocked. I was crying. I was out
of control."

School officials defended
the boy's suspension, but
wouldn't comment on what he
is supposed to have done.
"We take all allegations
of sexual harassment very
seriously," said Brockton
schools Superintendent Basan
Nembirkow. "Principals are
trained to handle these difficult
Dorinvil, a stay-at-home
mom, who said she is raising
her son by the conservative
standards of Haitian evangeli-
calism, has not brought her
son back to the Downey
Elementary School since the
Jan. 30 suspension. She wants
him transferred to another

school. Experts say only in
rare, troubling cases can chil-
dren that young truly sexually
harass another.
"The connotation is you're
getting some kind of sexual
gratification, or wanting sexual
gratification, or are putting
pressure on for some kind of
sexual gratification, when a six-
year-old doesn't have that
capacity," said Christopher
Murray, a civil rights attorney
who has handled school disci-
pline cases.
A New York City school
official said the department
does deal with sexual harass-
ment by youngsters, but a typi-
cal punishment would not
involve suspension.
"It does happen, kids get
curious," he said. "Usually, the
kids get put into counselling."

Caribbean nationals welcome

bill to celebrate region's heritage

Caribbean nationals in the
United States have expressed
delight over last month's pas-
sage of a bill in the U.S.
Senate that would make June
Caribbean American Heritage
"This is an idea whose time
has come," exclaimed Vera E.
Weekes, the Montserratian-
born outreach coordinator at
the Caribbean Research Centre
at Medgar Evers College in
"This bill is an attempt
to acknowledge and publicize
our contribution to the

society and
our gratitude
and indebted-
ness to the
nations that
nurtured and
educated us to Stewart
be citizens of
our host nation," she added.
New York City
Councilman Dr. Kendall
Stewart, the Vincentian-
born chair of the Council's
Committee on Immigration,
said the bill, if signed into law
by President George Bush,

would give Caribbean nation-
als more recognition for their
work and contribution to
American society.
"That would be beautiful
that we can have a month set
aside for our heritage," he
said, stating that he would
gladly shift Caribbean celebra-
tions at City Hall from August
to June.
"It would be a great day
for Caribbean people since
Caribbean Americans have
been playing a great role in
the development of this coun-
try," he added.


parents of an Alabama,
United States teen who disap-
peared last year during a high
school trip to Aruba has filed
a lawsuit against a teen once
considered a suspect in the
case, as well as his dad.
Neither Joran van der
Sloot, 17, nor his father, Aruban
Judge Paul van der Sloot, are
facing criminal charges related
to Natalee Holloway, but a
lawsuit filed in Manhattan
Supreme Court last month
contends they are responsible
for her disappearance.
The suit, filed by
Natalee's parents, Elizabeth
Ann Twitty and Dave
Edward Holloway, accuses
Joran of "malicious, wanton
and willful disregard for the
rights, safety and well being
of the plaintiffs and their
Natalee was last seen with
Joran and two of his friends
by her classmates, according
to court papers, in the early
morning hours of May 30.
"The next hours of
Natalee's young life were
marked by torment, terror
and d, I\iLm iim I the suit

Joran and the others were
eventually arrested and held
several weeks before being
released because of lack of

evidence. But Natalee's fami-
ly, including her mother and
father, has been speaking out
about the case. The suit
charges that the "wholly per-
missive environment that
passed as the Van der Sloot
home had dire consequences
for Natalee".
Investigators working for

the Holloways served the Van
der Sloots with papers on Feb.
16 just after the family landed
at John F.E Kennedy
International Airport in New
York. None of the parties live
in New York. Scott Balber, the
Holloway family lawyer, said
the fact the Van der Sloots
were served in New York
allowed his clients to take the
case to a New York judge and
avoid the Aruban court system.
Aruban Tourist authori-
ties said last month that the
Holloway case has tarnished
the image of the relatively
peaceful Dutch-Caribbean

March 2006

Parents sue ex-suspect, dad

in Aruba missing girl case


n e wS

Veronica Campbell, second right, Jamaican Olympic gold medalist, displays a proclamation presented to her by Councilwoman
Yvette D. Clarke, left, from the City of New York. The proclamation was awarded in recognition of Campbell's athletic achieve-
ments. She was in New York last month to participate in the 60-meter sprint at the Millrose Games at Madison Square Garden, an
event Campbell won. Also present at the ceremony were Dr. Una Clarke, vice-president of Empire State Development Corporation,
and Dr. Basil K. Bryan, Jamaica's consul general to New York.

N.Y. politicians condemn attacks

on Caribbean American labor leader

Caribbean American politi-
cian has introduced a resolu-
tion in New York City Council
calling on members to repudi-
ate what is characterized as
"ignorant and bigoted"

popular radio
personality on
born labor
leader Roger
Yvette D..
Clarke, the
daughter of Toussaint
immigrants, and representative
for the 40th Councilmanic
District in Brooklyn, last month
introduced the resolution with
support from colleagues Leroy
Comrie, the council's deputy
majority leader, of Jamaican
roots, and John Liu, an Asian
American, who represents the
20th Councilmanic District in
"Simply put, this distaste-
ful display of self-hatred and
bigotry has once again shown
Hot 97 to be a forum for the
destruction of our communi-
ty," said Clarke, whose district
comprises an overwhelming
number of Caribbean nation-
als. "Time and again, this
radio station has provided a
forum for the flourishing of
everything negative in hip-

"I am introducing this res-
olution to send a message that
this type of bigotry will not
be tolerated by anyone," she
added. "Hot 97 and their
parent corporation, Emmis
Communications, owe a deep
apology to the Caribbean
community and all New

Using the pseudonym,
"Miss J, nii L, Tarsha Nicole
Jones, on her morning radio
program on Hot 97/WQHT-
FM, on Dec. 20, referred to
Toussaint, who heads the

"Simply put, this distasteful
display of self-hatred and
bigotry has once again
shown Hot 97 to be a forum
for the destruction of our
Yvette D. Clarke

union representing bus and
subway workers in New York
City, as a "dumb coconut who
probably doesn't have a green
card." She then proceeded to
perform what is described as
"an insulting skit," depicting
Toussaint as being arrested
and deported.
Toussaint's Transport
Workers Union, Local 100,

last December paralyzed New
York City for three successive
days, at the height of the
Christmas season, when it
took strike action against the
Metropolitan Transportation
Authority (MTA), the agency
that oversees subway and bus
Jones had come under
similar fire almost a year ago
for making disparaging
remarks about Asians during
the tsunami disaster.
Clarke said Jones and
management of the radio
station seemingly have not
learned from the resulting
public outcry, demonstrations
and suspensions.
"This is totally unaccept-
able," Liu said, "and we
will hold those responsible
accountable for their actions."
"Tarsha Jones has a long
history of foot-in-mouth dis-
ease and has demonstrated
her unique talent for spewing
garbage," Comrie said. "Her
use of words 'dumb coconut'
illustrates that she is a young
woman, who, obviously, har-
bors a lot of self-loathing and
hatred for human beings in
general and her own commu-

Antigua and Barbuda govern-
ment is protesting two recent
Internet gambling bills intro-
duced in the United States
Congress, which it said were
in direct contravention to a
World Trade Organization
(WTO) ruling.
In 2005, Antigua won a
case against the U.S. in the
WTO over America's prohibi-
tion on Internet gambling
services offered to its con-
sumers from Antigua, and
under WTO procedures the
U.S was given until April 3,
2006 to bring its laws into
compliance with the WTO
However, Antigua is
complaining that the only
pieces of legislation intro-
duced into the Congress to
date have been bills spon-
sored by Congressmen Jim
Leach (R-Iowa) and Bob
Goodlatte (R-Virginia), both
of whom seek to impose fur-
ther restrictions on Internet

In a Feb. 16, 2006 letter to
U.S. Trade Representative
Rob Portman, Antigua's
Ambassador to the WTO Dr.
John Ashe noted that both
pieces of legislation were in a
number of respects directly
contrary to the ruling of the
WTO in the gambling dispute.
"As of today," noted
Ambassador Ashe, "with less
than two months remaining
on an 11 month and two week
compliance period, to our
knowledge no legislation has
been introduced into the
Congress that would seek to
bring the United States into
compliance with the (WTO)

PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad,
CMC Following the attack
last month on three British
golfers and the rape of an
elderly British tourist in
Tobago, the British Foreign
and Commonwealth Office
has criticized the Tobago
authorities and the police in a
strongly worded updated trav-
el warning.
In its latest advisory, the
Foreign and Commonwealth
Office accused Tobago's law
enforcement as \.,,k and
said the "inability of the
Tobago authorities to appre-
hend and prosecute the perpe-
trators is a serious concern."
Checks with Tobago

"Further, your govern-
ment has given no indication
to Antigua and Barbuda as to
how the United States intends
to effect such compliance. The
only legislative efforts so far,
the Goodlatte Bill and the
Leach Bill, are baldly contrary
to the rulings and recommen-
dations of the (WTO).
"We can only assume that
this legislation was neither
sponsored by nor enjoys the
support of the U.S. Trade
Representative and the current
American administration."
Mark Mendel, lead coun-
sel representing Antigua in
the WTO case, observed that
the exceptions to the Internet
gambling prohibition con-
tained in both of the bills
highlight the discriminatory
trade effect of the U.S prohi-
bition on the cross-border
provision of gambling and
betting services into the U.S.
"By creating carve-outs
for certain domestic remote
gambling opportunities,
including in particular wholly-
intrastate remote gambling,
both of these pieces of legisla-
tion fly directly in the face
of the WTO ruling. The
economic basis of the U.S.
restrictions simply cannot be
more obvious," Mendel said.
Ambassador Ashe further
expressed his country's com-
mitment to the case, noting,
"Antigua and Barbuda stands
prepared to ensure that our
people reap the benefits of
this historic decision," he said.
"We will use the avenues
open to us at the WTO and
otherwise to see that the
United States complies with
the decision in a timely and
comprehensive manner."

police revealed that the three
men questioned in connection
with the cutlass attack on the
foreigners have been released
because they could not have
been positively identified as
the attackers.
The Foreign and
Commonwealth Office,
recommends against staying
in villas in the south west of
the island around the Mount
Irvine Golf Club.
There have been several
violent attacks, including rape
against British nationals, in
Trinidad's sister island of
Tobago recently.

March 2006


Antigua protests U.S.

anti-gambling legislation

Britain blasts T&T police

in strong travel advisory

- u scrbes..


n e wS

March 2006

St. Vincent calls for better

U.S.-Caribbean relations


International Monetary Fund
(IMF) working paper has
I-ee-L ILdJ that there is evidence
of high emigration and brain
drain from the Caribbean.
The paper says Caribbean
countries have lost 10 percent
to 40 percent of their labor
force to emigration to
Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development
(OECD) member countries.
"The migration rate is
particularly high for the high-
skilled," it says. "Many coun-
tries have lost more than 70
percent of their labor force,
with more than 12 years of
completed schooling among
the highest emigration
rates in the world."

The paper also says the
region is the world's largest
recipient of remittances as a
percent of the Gross Domestic
Product (GDP), constituting
about 13 percent of the
region's GDP in 2002.
impIk welfare calcula-
tions \-IeaLI that the losses
due to high-skill migration
outweigh the official remit-
tances to the Caribbean
region," it says. "The results
LIteeLI that there is, indeed,
some evidence for brain drain
from the Caribbean."
The paper says the major-
ity of Caribbean countries

have lost more than 50
percent of the labor force in
the tertiary education segment
and more than 30 percent in
the secondary education seg-
ment (nine to 12 years of
For instance, it says, the
tertiary educated labor force
in Jamaica and Guyana has
been reduced by 85 percent
and 89 percent, respectively,
due to emigration to OECD-
member countries.
Though Haiti has the low-
est aggregate emigration rate -
about 10 percent in the
region, its tertiary-educated
labor force has been reduced
by 84 percent due to emigration
to OECD-member countries.
In fact, the paper says,
almost all Caribbean nations
are among the top 20 coun-
tries in the world with the
highest tertiary-educated
migration rates.
"The magnitude of these
migration rates uLI--,2LI, that,
potentially, emigration can
have large impacts on the
local labor markets and on the
welfare of those who stay
behind in the Caribbean coun-
tries," it says.
It says that the total losses
due to skilled migration -
which includes the "emigration
loss," externality effects, and
government expenditure on
educating the migrants out-
weigh the recorded remittances
for the Caribbean region on
average, and for almost all the

individual Caribbean countries.

The working paper says
that the simple labor demand-
supply framework \uLh',lI that
changes in domestic labor sup-
ply and wages due to emigra-
tion lead to a net welfare
reduction, or emigration loss,
for the producers and workers
who have stayed behind.
It says that the welfare
loss occurs due to the move-
ment of infra-marginal work-
ers, or those who paid less
than their marginal product.
The paper laments that
high-skilled workers often
confer L \iL rinIliL, to those
stayed behind by affecting
their productivity through
transfer of know-how and
through better monitoring and
"If high-skilled workers
confer a positive externality,
then the loss due to their
migration will be higher than
the simple emigration loss," it
The paper concludes that
the total losses due to skilled
migration, which includes the
"emigration loss," externality
effects and government expen-
ditures on educating the
migrants outweigh the
recorded remittance for the
Caribbean region on average
and for almost all the individual
Caribbean countries.

I a Sojic t~~Sjl




Vincent and the Grenadines'
Prime Minister Dr. Ralph
Gonsalves has called for a
i w language of di,,, urNL
between the region and the
United States.
He made the call against
the background of what he
claimed was insufficient
appreciation by many United
States' leaders of the depth
and maturity of democracy in
the region.
In his acceptance speech,
after receiving the 2005
"Democracy Prize" from the
Brooklyn-based Caribbean
Guyana Institute for
Democracy (CGID) last
month, Gonsalves said this
in'w language of di tourNL
is critically significant in U.S.-
Caribbean foreign relations.
"The dialogue ought not
to be simply between a super-
power on the one hand and
mini states on the other," he
told the gala ceremony at El
Caribe Country Club in
Brooklyn. "That is a limited
and limiting conversation.
"It ought to be between
two civilizations American
and Caribbean which are
inextricably intertwined
through commerce, trade,
culture, tourists, migrants,
crime, security, and liberal
democracy," he added.
The Vincentian leader,
whose speech was entitled
"Good Governance, Regional,
Integration and Foreign
Policy: A Caribbean
Perspective, said this "conver-
sation" must be grounded
jointly in "people's own
Gonsalves, a former lec-
turer in government at the
University of the West Indies
(UWI), said the region's pro-
found commitment to demo-
cratic values constitutes "an
umbilical link" with the "giant
neighbor to the north" the
United States.

But, unfortunately, he
said, American diplomats and
leaders "at practically every
level of government" have
often displayed "clumsy pater-
nalism" towards the region. It

is, therefore, partially for this
"American attitude," he said,
that prompted the late
Barbados Prime Minister
Errol Barrow to assert in
1986: "'It is dehumanizing
and false to view the Caribbean
as potential American prob-
lems. We don't need lessons in

democracy from anyone.
"'However severe the
economic difficulties facing
the Caribbean, we are viable,
functioning societies with the
intellectual and institutional
resources to understand and
grapple with our problems,'"
Gonsalves quoted Barrow as

Gonsalves, an ardent
proponent of Caribbean inte-
gration, said while the region
is awash with only small
nation-states, it is fallacious
to deduce that "they possess
no sense of being in a defined
seascape and landscape.
"These nation-states are
not accidents, not dots on a
map, not merely pieces of
'nice real estate,' to use the
infelicitous phrase of one
American policy maker of the
1980s," he said. "They contain
populations with a history, a
legitimacy and a trajectory of
Gonsalves was the third
Caribbean leader to receive
the institute's "Democracy
Prize", following the footsteps
of Trinidad and Tobago Prime
Minister Patrick Manning in
2003 and Barbados Prime
Minister Owen Arthur last

T e- ;Hiest o- f F" -Carni'a t -r ibraie

),nl,.. vc ;.1 ,Id"..ll.n l,. ,.t >m. I I1- S (I h~ in^M p H, >>oi.l,<>.,,k-.. li.^~~ I1"~j "* ir o* In'll I1 pts ,Ii

High emigration, brain drain

from the Caribbean ~ IMF

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~ Eye on Haiti

Preval declared winner of Haiti's

tumultuous presidential elections
PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti, first-round victory. Preval, an said the number of blank and
CMC Haiti's electoral coun- agronomist and former presi- missing ballots rose to keep his
cil last month declared fron- dent, replaces Jean-Bertrand total just below the required
trunner Rene Preval the win- mark for a first round victory,
ner of the Feb. 7 presidential although Haitian law recog-
elections, after officials agreed nizes a blank vote as a form of
to toss out thousands of dis- protest.
puted ballots amid allegations The agreement gave
of fraud and manipulation and Prrval 51.5 percent of the
volatile protests. vote, avoiding a costly runoff.
"We...reached a solution However Pr6val's oppo-
to the problem," said Max nent Leslie Manigat has brand-
Mathurin, president of the ed the victory a "coup d' etat."
Provisional electoral council. Last month thousands of
"We feel a huge satisfaction at supporters of the former ally
having liberated the country of deposed President Aristide
from a truly difficult situation." staged demonstrations
The elections had trig- Prbval through the streets of the cap-
gered massive street protests ital, Port au Prince, demand-
by backers of Pr6val, who said Aristide, his former mentor, ing that Pr6val be declared the
fraud was being carried out to who was ousted in a bloody winner.
deprive him of the 50 percent rebellion two years ago.
plus one vote needed for a The 63-year-old Prival had

Is the Caribbean ready to re-admit Haiti?


PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad -
It has been more than two
years in the waiting, but Haiti
seems poised to re-enter the
fold of the Caribbean commu-
nity (CARICOM) even
though regional leaders have
been told that they need to
put in place mechanisms to
expel members who do not
electoral democracy.
Haiti's return was made
dependent on the outcome of
the Feb. 7 presidential and
legislative council elections
being certified as being free
and fair and having met the
standards set by both the
regional and international
community for voters exercis-
ing their democratic rights to
elect a gov-
ernment of
their choice.
Minister P.J.
Patterson, the
elder regional
statesman Patterson
who has
announced that he would be
quitting active politics by
April this year, said history
would judge whether the
stance adopted by CARI-
COM in not accepting the
United States-imposed interim
administration in Port Au
Prince in 2004 was the correct
"We must always operate
foreign policies that are gov-
erned by principle and not by
expediency," he told a news
conference last month at the
end of the CARICOM 17th
inter-sessional summit in Port
of Spain.

"History will judge us for
the integrity of the policies we
pursued and I applaud the
determination of the people
of Haiti to have a government
chosen by them, which reflects
the democratic will of the
Patterson has said that the
regional leaders had mandat-
ed CARICOM Chairman
Patrick Manning to issue an
invitation to the new govern-
ment in Port au Prince to
attend the next summit in St.
Kitts in July, but only after the
elections were declared free
and fair.
Despite suspending Haiti
from participating in the activi-
ties of CARICOM following
the controversial departure of
its elected president, Jean-
Bertrand Aristide, Caribbean
countries tried desperately to
have the issue remain on the
front burner only to be
stumped by moves by the U.S.
and France, the two countries
Aristide blamed for engineer-
ing his removal. In the end,
they had no choice but to agree
to an Organization of
American States (OAS)
backed inquiry that has not
achieved much
to date.

regional lead-
ers themselves
became divid-
ed on whether
or not there Manning
should be a
"constructive engagement"
with the administration of the
interim Prime Minister
Gerard Latortue, with St.
Lucia, St. Vincent and the
Grenadines and Guyana
remaining faithful to their

original positions of having
nothing to do with what the
St. Vincent Prime Minister Dr.
Ralph Gonsalves described as
"a selected administration."
However, in an interview with
CMC last month, following
the poll in Haiti, Latortue hit
back at regional leaders who
had earlier u,,LiLd that they
would not have sent troops to
the French-speaking
Caribbean country to prop up
the regime.
"Who are they in the
Caribbean and where are they
going to get the troops any-
way to send here?" ques-
tioned Latortue.
"People are talking, let
them talk," he continued,
adding that "the day will come
I believe when good sense will
"We don't need troops
from St. Lucia nor from St.
Vincent. We don't need them.
Let me say that on behalf of
the country of Haiti. Thank
God. We will not need troops
from them," he stressed.
Latortue himself has
sought to defuse the tension
within the region and prior to
the summit here paid an offi-
cial visit to Port of Spain at
the invitation of host Trinidad
and Tobago Prime Minister
Manning. Before he left Port
of Spain, Latortue urged the
regional leaders to send a fact-
finding mission to Port au
Prince to observe first hand
the changes that had occurred
since Aristide's departure in
Feb. 2004. That invitation
remains on the table.
When he addressed the
summit, St. Lucia's Prime
Minister Dr. Kenny Anthony
applauded the Haitian voters

CMC Haiti's president-elect
said his one-time mentor, oust-
ed President Jean-Bertrand
Aristide, could come back in
the country if he wanted, and
promised to restore security
and order to stimulate private
investments in the impover-
ished Caribbean nation.
Rene Pr6val said Aristide,
who is living in exile in South
Africa, could return to his coun-
try because the constitution
bans exile.
"The constitution provides
that no Haitian needs a visa to
leave the country or to come
back to the country," Pr6val
"As to whether president
Aristide will be involved in
politics or will go to teach,
that's a question you should
address to him, not to me,"
Pr6val told journalists during
his first news conference since
he was declared the winner
last month.
In a statement on Feb. 21,
Aristide said he would be back
to Haiti soon.
Aristide fled the country
on Feb. 29, 2004 in the face of
a bloody armed revolt and
under United States and
French pressure to quit.

Pr6val ensured his admin-
istration would create a secure
environment to encourage pri-
vate investments in order to
create jobs and opportunities
for the Haitian population. He
declined to comment on the
formation of the next govern-

ment, saying he had to wait for
the configuration.
According to the constitu-
tion, the party that holds the
majority in Parliament will
pick the prime minister and
form the government. A run-
off election for the legislative
branch is scheduled to take
place on Mar. 19.
Pr6val encouraged
Haitians to turn out massively
to elect parliamentarians whose
support will be crucial for the
implementation of his plans.
About the security in the
country, particularly in danger-
ous places such as the slum of
Cit6 Soleil, Pr6val said military
action could not solve the
"I'm convinced that the
problem cannot be solved mili-
tarily because it would have
already been solved. We had
U.S. troops, we had French
and Canadian troops on the
territory. The military could
not solve it," he said.
He promised to discuss
with different groups to find a
solution through dialogue.
Pr6val is due to take office

Way clear for Haiti's

re-entry into CARICOM

CMC Haiti's re-entry into
the Caribbean community
(CARICOM) is on the hori-
zon, according to Secretary
General Dr. Edwin
"We were informed that
the election in Haiti has
resulted in a choice of a presi-
dent and now we are ready to
receive Haiti back into the
institutions of the Caribbean
community," Carrington said.
Rene Preval's victory at
the recent polls has removed
the major hurdle which jeop-
ardized the re-entry process
"We will now have a gov-
ernment that is duly and dem-
ocratically elected by the peo-
ple of Haiti and we will now
sit with Haiti to discuss the

conditions of its re-entry into
said last
With the
expiration of
the moratori-
um Haiti
Carrington requested
to meet its
obligations to the Revised
Treaty of Chaguaramas, and
its exclusion from the regional
body at an end, Carrington
said the climate is ripe for
Haiti's re-entry pending "dis-
cussions taking place.

"We now have to sit with
Haiti on this and other issues,

Aristide can return

to Haiti ~ Preval

March 2006


F nT U R 6

Controversy in St. Lucia over casino license for U.S. company

CASTRIES, St. Lucia The
controversy over a plan by gov-
ernment to set up a casino in
the capital continues to rage
here with the prime minister,
the minister of tourism and the
heads of two related institu-
tions coming out in support of
the decision to grant a license
to an American-based operator
to establish the island's first
such gaming enterprise.
Prime Minister Dr. Kenny
Anthony, Tourism Minister
Minister Phillip J. Pierre, the
Chairman of the St. Lucia
Gaming Authority (SLGA)
Lisle Chase and the Executive
Vice President of the St. Lucia
Hotel and Tourism Association
(SLHTA) Terrence Gustave
have been trying to set the
record straight after criticism
by a former prime minister and
a leading Catholic priest.
Leader of the Opposition
United Workers Party (UWP)
Sir John Compton recently
called on churches and those
opposed to a casino to protest
the granting of the Gaming
Operators License to Treasure
Bay (St. Lucia) Ltd. to open
the island's first casino.
Approached by the press
for a response, Catholic priest
Father Michel Francis said the
church's silence was by no means
consent and reiterated his belief
that the presence of a casino in
St. Lucia "will do untold damage
to the island's social fabric." He
said research had been under-
taken by the church in Barbados
on the impact of casinos on the
island, which had proven that
"the negative effects far out-
weighed the positives, and they
voted against it."

Fr. Francis also claimed
that the church's research had
shown that "in the U.S.A., our
neighbor, where casinos are

for their "typical bravery and
courage" in exercising their
right elect a president of their
choice "in the face of untold
"I speak for the govern-
ment of St. Lucia when I
say I am very happy that
Haiti, has, once again
embraced electoral democra-
cy. From all indications, the
people of Haiti have shown
incredible enthusiasm for the
electoral process," he said.

Anthony said there were
indeed lessons to be learnt
from the Haitian experience
and as a result "a clear and
unambiguous message must
issue from this community
that it will not tolerate or
accept the unlawful and
unconstitutional interruption
of the democratic process."

located, many communities
were driven away" because of
them. He said protest by the
church at this time would be
somewhat ineffective, since the
government had the legal
authority to grant licenses.
The priest felt, however,
that there was "not enough fair
dLh,,i before the granting of
the license.
But Chi,,, chairman of the
St. Lucia Gaming Authority,
does not agree. Chji,,, a char-
tered accountant who is also
chief executive officer of the
Financial Centre Corporation of
St. Lucia, insists that the author-
ity granted the license "in keep-
ing with the law" and that "pro-
cedures were observed every
step of the way."
He explained that "from
the b,-.innin,. advertisements
had been placed in the local
press indicat-
ing a license
had been
applied for
and inviting
desirous of
objecting to
the granting of
such a license Anthony
to write and
inform the Secretary to the
Board of the Authority."
Those advertisements, he
indicated, were followed by
others inviting persons who
had submitted objections to a
special meeting of the Gaming
Authority at the NIC Building
in Castries on June 22, 2005.
That meeting had been
convened specifically "for the
purpose of considering the
application by Treasure Bay
(St. Lucia) Limited for a
Gaming Operators Licence."
Chase also indicated that
subsequent to the application
by the U.S.-based operator, the
required due diligence was pur-

sued before a license was
granted last year.
Recently, Sir John queried
government silence on the
project after receiving a faxed
copy of an article from the St.
Croix Avis newspaper, quoting
Treasure Bay officials as saying
they will be beginning to con-
struct the hotel here on 15,000
square feet of land later this
year. The article also quoted
the company's local lawyer,
Peter Foster, as acknowledging
the project was on the cards.
"For a government, which
seeks to brag every time they
do anything, however small,
their spin doctors have been
remarkably quiet about a casi-
no deal reported in the Daily
News of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin
Islands on January 18
this year," Sir John noted.
Approached by the press,
Prime Minister Anthony
acknowledged the Authority
had granted an operators license
to the applicant to operate the
island's first "stand alone" casi-
no. He said this matter had been
addressed before in official
addresses to Parliament and
tourism policy speeches by him-
self and the minister of tourism
and the license was granted only
after "due diligence was
observed and the letter of the
law was followed."
The tourism minister, for
his part, accused Sir John of
"playing politics" with the casi-
no issue. Asked to comment,
Pierre, who was acting prime
minister at the time, said the
government "had complied in
full with the laws" in consider-
ing the application.

Gustave, while being
"aware of the 0I Mn.L rn11
expressed by others, reflected
the historical view of his associ-
ation, that a casino would be

s the Caribbean ready to re-admit Ha

During their summit,
Caribbean leaders adopted the
Charter of Civil Society, which
was first recommended in
1992 by the West Indian
Commission. It has 11 major
points, including the need to
"to uphold the right of people
to make political I. hII k L L as
well as "to create a truly par-
ticipatory political environ-
ment within the Caribbean
community which will be pro-
pitious to genuine consultation
in the process of governance."
Gonsalves has, however,
been more cautious in his
approach to re-admitting
Haiti, telling reporters that it
appears from the various
media reports that there had
been an overwhelming enthu-
siasm to go to the polls by the
Haitians. But he hinted he
was not sure "whether those
reports are selective.
"I know that some offi-

cials have been falling over
themselves early to proclaim
everything fine and dandy. I
am not going there yet until I
see the official report from
our own people."
Ironically, if Haiti is re-
admitted to the CARICOM
fold, it would most likely be

Way clear for Haiti's
including how are they pre-
pared to come on board with
that (Revised Treaty of
Chaguarams which it has not
signed) and what is the process
of acceding to the various ele-
ments of the Single Market.
"These are all questions
still to be answered but none
was more difficult than the
one that has just been sur-
"I think with the goodwill

welcomed, as it would help
"diversify the island's tourism
Gustave took issue with
the claim that the presence of a
casino here would destroy or
harm the island's social fabric
or add to or worsen its social
ills. Saying that "all the island's
social ills cannot be blamed on
tourism," he pointed out that
research had shown that "while
most visitors don't come to St.
Lucia based
on whether
there is a casi-
no on the
island or not,
most who
come would
visit a casino if
one existed
Compton here."
Pierre, the
minister of tourism, indicated
that the license granted to
Treasure Bay is governed by a
Cabinet conclusion which
requires that the operations of
the casino "shall be subject to
periodic independent profes-
sional -1,1,i' in order to
ensure the terms and condi-
tions of the license are carried
out in full.
He said he understood the
reiteration of the church's long-
held position, but lamented
that "Sir John Compton is
playing politics with the issue."
Pierre recalled that when
asked what his position was
regarding the opening of a casi-
no here, Sir John made it clear
that he was "not opposed to
casinos and not interested in
the moral argument."
All he was interested in,
Sir John said, was "the fact that
those who made noise before
are silent now."
"It's all part of his policy of
engaging in political mischief,"
said Pierre of Sir John's call on
the church to "speak out."

doing so under the same presi-
dent, Rene Prival, who
brought it into the regional
grouping in the first place nine
years ago.


re-entry into CARICOM

and the commitment and the
fact that legally, Haiti is
already a member of the com-
munity, I think we will easily
settle those problems,"
Carrington said.
"It's just a wonderful

What goes around may be
coming around in Haiti,
Viewpoint Page 9.

Prior to 1997, the St.
Lucia Labour Party under
the leadership of Julian R.
Hunte, opposed the introduc-
tion of casinos to St. Lucia.
But this policy changed after
the party won the 1997 general
election under the leadership
of Prime Minister Anthony.
The current Labour adminis-
tration introduced the Gaming
Authority Control Act in 2000
and it was amended in 2003.
Treasure Bay is the first
applicant to have been issued
a gaming license.


Street Address:
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Vol. 17, Number 4 MAR. 2006


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March 2006


V I W P 0

What goes around,

comes around in Haiti


Just over two years ago
Jean-Bertrand Aristide's
run as Haiti's president
ended. Whoever wanted him
out whether the United
States, the Haitian people or
both did not obscure the
facts: the nation's duly elected
leader was removed from
office, but not by the ballot.
That may have satisfied
the anti-Aristide supporters
no end, but the smile must
have, by now, slipped painful-
ly from their faces as the
results of last month's elec-
tions finally became public.
There is a saying in the
Caribbean: "Mind you swap
black dog fi monkey". No per-
sonal slight intended to either
Aristide or newly elected
President Rene Pr6val, but it
seems the old saying may have
come to light. Now, instead of
Aristide, Haiti will be led by
one of his prot6g6s.
And everybody got their
wish granted, right? Not quite.
The U.S. was happy Aristide
was gone. Democratic elec-
tions were held. A replace-
ment was voted in. Sounds
good so far. But if the new
man at the top is a chip off the
old Aristide block, then what
exactly was gained?

To get the answer to that,
then a scan of the fallout from
the Feb. 7 voting may help.
Early reports indicated that
Pr6val had swept away his
opponents, securing up to 90
percent of the votes. But then,
as it became obvious that that
result would ensure there
would be no March run off -
or "do over" elections, and
Pr6val would rule, suddenly
his margin of victory began to
dwindle... rapidly. The counts
and recounts of ballots, from
an election that was eagerly
declared by observers to be
fair and free from fraud,

shrunk his vote tally closer to
50 percent. And it took more
than a week to shrink it too.
Some call that being careful,
others "care to fool", as in
some force trying desperately
to figure how to fool the
world as it watched the oldest
'democracy' in the Western
Hemisphere at work. The vio-
lent street protests which fol-
lowed the delay indicated that
the wool was not fitting com-
fortably over the eyes of the
Haitian people this time
Eventually, Pr6val pre-
vailed. Getting just over 51
percent of the vote means he
gets to be president. Some
people, namely those who
booted his mentor out of
office, may not like that too
much. So a dilemma emerges.
If the anti-Aristide forces saw
it fit to remove him from
office by any means necessary,
claiming he wanted out any-
way, what will happen if he is
suddenly asked by the new
president to return from
Africa to Haiti and play a
role in the new government?
Pr6val has already said there
is no reason to prevent
Aristide's return. Aristide
has said he will be returning
to Haiti "as soon as possible."
Interesting times are truly

As for the Caribbean's
position, which largely resent-
ed the ouster of Aristide in
the first place, what will that
be? Well, there have been
leadership elections in the
region since Aristide left, but
not much has changed. Take
Ralph Gonsalves in St.
Vincent and the Grenadines,
for example. He was against
the removal of Aristide and
the interim government led by
Gerard Latortue from day
one, and did not see Haiti as a


Shave been accused of
chauvinism. But who really
is a chauvinist anyway?
The dictionary defines
chauvinism as n.'the senti-
ments of a Chauvin; absurdly
exaggerated patriotism, mili-
tary zeal or enthusiasm for a
The word was of course
taken from the French general
Chauvin, an enthusiastic
adherent of Napoleon and
describes anyone possessed by
an absurdly exaggerated
enthusiasm for a cause, belli-
cose patriotism or military
zeal. So, in effect, anyone can
be a chauvinist, male or
For some reason though,
men got branded with the
term male chauvinist by
women who happened not to
like the opinion or ways of
some men. Whenever a man
expressed what he thought
was correct behavior, and just
happened to ruffle the feath-
ers of some females, he was
immediately branded a male
The term became popular
during the feminist movement
of the 1960s and 1970s. For
some strange reason though, I
have never heard the term
female chauvinist, even
though many ball-breaking,
bra-burning females were
even more fanatical about
their cause than even the most
extreme so-called male chau-

But chauvinism has its
place, and it comes in many
forms, overtly or covertly. As
a matter of fact, some women
welcome it, even though they
would never give it a name,
preferring to say, "My man is
so assertive, so manly, so in
I know so many women
who were once free spirited,
beautiful, independent souls,
who upon being married took
on the mantle of subjugated
wife, never to have an opin-
ion, speak up for herself,
taken out of the spotlight,

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cowed down
and playing
second fiddle
in the two
person band
called mar-
riage; a will-
ing partici-
pant and a
welcoming TONY
partner to ROBINSON
the male
She does everything that
the man says, and dare not
backchat him, and his dinner
better be ready when he gets
home too.
She can go nowhere and
do nothing without consulting
him first and getting his per-
mission and approval. Believe
me, they exist, right here in
the 21st century. And there
you were, thinking that phe-
nomena like slavery and
piracy on the high seas were
wiped out. Only the names
have been changed.

So the chauvinist does
have his place in our modern
world and here are some rules
for the noble or perhaps igno-
ble art of chauvinism.
Any reader of the comic
strip Andy Capp will know
that Andy is the ultimate male
chauvinist. Poor Flo, his wife,
caters to him hand and foot,
while he does nothing but laze
around on the couch all day
then drink beer at the pub all
night. Andy got it made and
many men would love to be

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like him. As Andy asks, "How
many men does it take to
open a beer?" None, it should
be opened when she brings it.
The chauvinist should so
train his woman that he never
has to open a beer bottle by
himself as long as she is pres-
ent. Not only should she open
it, but it should be poured just
the right way to give it a nice
head. Now the beer may just
be a metaphor for other things
that the woman should do for
the male chauvinist. She
shouldn't even have to ask if
he's hungry, but have his din-
ner prepared for him whenev-
er he gets home. That is the
beauty of having a microwave,
no meal should take more
than two minutes to be piping
hot, just about the same time
it takes her to hear when he
drives in, opens the door, goes
to the bathroom for a pee,
changes his clothes, picks up
the remote and relaxes on the
I have been to functions
and seen wives struggling with
two plates in their hands at
the buffet line, while the
husbands stand idly by and
engage their friends in conver-
sation. I'm usually in the buf-
fet line serving myself. Also,
check out who gets out of the
car at fast food joints to get
the order. In most cases it's
the women. Chauvinism
comes in many forms, and
some men have it down so pat
that it's not even apparent.


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The chauvinist's rules

March 2006




VIE W P 0 I n T

* "I am telling all
the Caribbean
people. I am not
the American
puppet, I am not
the puppet of any-
body, I am my
own man" -
Gerard Latortue, outgoing inter-
im president of Haiti after general
elections in that country last

* "Ato's orientation is in track
and field. He is not a politi-
cian...He won't ever be a politi-
cian" Guy Boldon, the father
of four time Olympic medalist
Ato Boldon last month saying he

is distressed and somewhat
shocked about his son's decision
to accept an appointment as a
senator for the Opposition
United National Congress in
Trinidad and Tobago.

* "This is an extraordinary
crime" Trinidad and Tobago's
Opposition ( lt..,fWhip Ganga
Singh referring to an alleged plot
to destabilize the
United National
Congress ahead
of the ',I't_ gen-
eral elections by se
planting drugs
and mortar
bombs in the
water tank of
Opposition Senator Sadiq Baksh.

* "Those who seek to make
mileage out of people's misery
should reconsider this behavior
It will not be tolerated and will

not be seen nor treated as a basis
for forcing the hands of the
administration" Head of the
Presidential Secretariat and
Cabinet Secretary Dr. Roger
Luncheon accus-
ing un-named
persons of seek-
ing to make polit-
ical mileage from "
the flooding that -
has severely
affected villages
of West Coast
Berbice in Guyana recently.

* "He has converted his own
party into a political hell-hole" -
Barbados Prime Minister Owen
Arthur commenting on David
Thompson, who is reportedly
seeking to lead the Opposition
Democratic Labour Party after
Clyde Mascoll resigned from that
* "People of the community

have taken us at our word. It is
our duty to ensure all the rele-
vant procedures are in place to
guarantee its efficient function"
- CARICOM Secretary General
Edwin Carrington urging the
region to take advantage of
opportunities available under the
CGii ibbleu, Single Market, which
came into effect in January.

* "It does sound a little odd" -
Roman Catholic priest Father
Michel Francis responding to
Prime Minister Kenny Anthony's
announcement that he would
bring in international observers
for St. Lucia's elections, sched-
uled for this year, although the
country has a reputation for
clean and fair elections.

* "I firmly believe that my God
will vindicate me" -Eric
Williams, who resigned as
Trinidad and Tobago's ..-... I, r

minister to face seven fraud

* "May I assure you that it is
on the basis of competence, not
race, that appointments have
been made and will continue to
be made to the commission and
to any other which it falls to me
as president to make" Trinidad
and Tobago President George
Maxwell Richards dismissing
calls by the Trinidad chapter
of the Global Organisation
of People of Indian Origin
(GOPIO) for a restructuring of
the Elections and Boundaries
Commission (EBC) to deal with
what it termed the "racial imbal-
ance" within the independent
electoral body.

Compiled from CMC and other


part of the Caribbean commu-
nity (CARICOM) unless he
was sure a government elected
by the people was in place.
Now he gets his wish.
Gonsalves is not alone in
CARICOM. Jamaica also has
a new leader, not from general
elections involving the entire
country, but from a vote with-
in the ruling People's National
Party (PNP). So if the former
PNP Leader and Prime
Minister PJ. Patterson was
so against the toppling of
Aristide, don't expect the new
party leader and prime minis-
ter to have a change of heart
on that either. All that may

What goes around, comes around in Haiti
happen is that CARICOM Aristide." U.S. is losing its influence
will probably end up embrac- So eat up and enjoy. in Latin America and the
ing the Aristide prot6g6 Spitting it out would seem Caribbean. So if the protege
Preval and the new Haiti gov- like bad table manners, turns out to be anything like
ernment; not such a good plan because this meal is exactly his mentor, then the next
for those opposed to Aristide what was ordered. Or was it? menu will become more tricky
in the first place. In an odd It seems like some people and pricey too. Preval might
way, the ouster of Aristide may already be heading back not be too easy to digest. And
may lead to the wider regional to the kitchen, I mean draw- if Aristide (with his own bitte
acceptance of the Aristide ing board. The recent election aftertaste from the Feb. 2004
influence, has sparked concern that the experience) is triumphantly
So the end game is still in
progress. Those who wanted to The chauvinist's r
eliminate the taste of Aristide
are now faced with freshly (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 9) he'll ensure that it's some sort
cooked plate of Aristide-fla- of kitchen appliance. "After
vored goodies. Head of the Letting her carry the stuff is all, she doesn't really expect
Washington-based Council on no magic, just chauvinism at me to do the dishes now, does
Hemispheric Affairs, Larry it's best. she?"
Birns, described Preval's win Ladies, before you react
was "a putative victory for FUNNY...OR NOT violentlv answer this noustion

Why do women have
smaller feet than men? It's one
of those evolutionary things
that allows women to stand
closer to the kitchen sink.
Another sexist male chauvinist
joke you'll say, but beneath
the laughter, or disgust on the
ladies' part, is a grain of truth.
The fact is, more women
wash dishes than men and I
have never seen a commercial
for dishwashing liquid aimed
at men. A good chauvinist will
recognize this, and when he
buys a present for his woman,

......... J, ... ... ....L13
who upon visiting each other
offers to wash up the dishes
more, the man or the woman?
Usually it's the woman. A
chauvinist recognizes this, and
lets his woman know from the
outset that her place is in the
kitchen, nearer the sink with
her smaller feet, Darwin's the-
ory of evolutionary sink dis-
placement ratio and all that.
The chauvinist asks, "If
your dog is barking at the
back door and your wife is
yelling at the front door, who
do you let in first?" The dog
of course. He'll shut up once
you let him in. All the con-
firmed male chauvinists that
I know never allow their
women to chat too much. If
she starts to utter a word, all it
takes is a glance in her direc-
tion and the words stop in her
People, I have witnessed
this many times, and I marvel
at the mastery of the true
chauvinist as he handles his
woman with the same skill and
dexterity as a horse or lion
tamer handles his animals.
My chauvinist friends have
told me that scientists have dis-
covered a food that diminishes
a woman's sex drive by 90 per-

added to the pot back in
Haiti, well the combo meal
deal may have its own unique

Gordon Williams is
Caribbean Today's managing



cent. It's called a wedding
cake. For some strange reason,
no matter how highly sexed a
woman is at the outset, as soon
as she gets married, sex
becomes secondary, then third-
ly, then fourthly, then fifthly
until it drops completely off
the top 10. Some say that it's
the chauvinists view, but I have
heard the same tale too often
to doubt it.
In fact the woman doesn't
even have to be married, but
just be with the man for a few
years and watch her sex drive
diminish. Where do you think
they got the age old excuse
from, "Not tonight dear, I
have a headache." Perhaps it's
the female version of male
chauvinism, but I'll have to
explore that at a later date.
And finally, what's worse
than a male chauvinist pig? A
woman who won't do what
she's told. So there you have
it, a brief guide to male chau-
vinists, an insight into the
chauvinist's mind and a few
hints for the budding chauvin-
ist. Heed them at your peril as
some women tend not to
appreciate the old art of chau-
vinism as much as they used to
in the past. But still, there are
many who still relish it. It's
still practiced, just don't give it
a name.
Take care now.

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March 2006




Positive outlook for Caribbean tourism in 2006 TOU

Positive outlook for Caribbean tourism in 2006 [-TOUF

CMC There are favorable
prospects for the region's
tourism sector this year, on
the heels of a rocky 2005,
which saw moderate growth
The Caribbean Tourism
Organisation (CTO) forecasts
that business will turnaround
and the region could expect
growth to range between 2.5
percent and three percent this
The organization reported
last month that arrivals last
year increased by 3.6 percent,
with total long stay arrivals
reaching 22.5 million visitors.
Tourist expenditure increased
to some $23 billion.
This 3.6 percent growth in
tourist arrivals in 2005 follows
increases of 7.1 percent in
2003, and 6.9 percent in 2004.
Arley Sobers, the CTO's
director of information man-
agement and research, added
that 2005 was a challenging
year for Caribbean tourism.

The region's major mar-
kets each recorded some
improvements the United

States grew
by 0.2
Canada, six
percent and
speaking .
Caribbean -. ,W
countries, i.t- '
particularly r ,';.WF
and the Cuba has become a
Republic were the hot spots.
Just over two million tourists
visited Havana, a 13 percent
increase in arrivals, while 3.7
million visitors vacationed in
the Dominican Republic, an
increase of 7.2 percent.
In contrast, arrivals
to Caribbean community
(CARICOM) countries were
modest, reaching just over
three million visitors.
Cruise passengers visita-
tions declined last year by
two percent to 19.8 million.
However, Sobers does not
believe this is cause for great
worry as he outlined the fac-

.. -"

tourism hotspot in the Caribbean.
tors leading to the reduction.
"Firstly, the unusual slow
growth in capacity in 2005 and
the re-deployment of capacity
to destinations outside the
region after three successive
years due to political instabili-
ty elsewhere and with the
post 9/11 tendency to base
more capacity in Florida and
the renewed focus on shorter
cruises, the most southerly
destinations in the Caribbean
have recorded the sharpest
decreases," he said.

Bahamas tourism ads cause

controversy in New York

advertising campaign by the
Bahamas Ministry of Tourism
last month created controversy
in New York, with some sub-
way riders objecting to the
manner in which the islands are
being promoted underground.
The ad campaign, running
on at least one out of four
subway cars in the city, is
potentially in view of as many
as five million subway riders.
It is standing out, but not nec-
essarily because it is getting
people onto planes. Under the
heading "Instant Escape No.1:
How to Turn a Subway Seat
into a Hammock", one adver-
tisement seems to encourage
riders to hog subway seats as
if resting in a hammock.
Another ad seems to
encourage riders to imitate
fishing in the Caribbean by
snagging subway track detritus
by putting something sticky on
a cellular phone and attaching
it to a scarf. It's called "Instant
Escape No.2: How to Fly
Fish with a Scarf and a Cell

The ads apparently con-
tradict the official rules of
conduct of the Metropolitan
Transportation Authority
(MTA), the agency that over-
sees the city's subways and
buses, which says there should
be no hiine-ii of seats. Some

subway riders have
criticized the cam-
paign, saying that
they violate sub-
way rules.
"I know
they're not irre-
sponsible because
they're done in
jest," said David
Yockelson, 41, an
investment banker
from Rye Brook,
New York. "But it
was interesting
that they'd be so
bold about it."
At the time of
this story the MTA One of the co
declined to com-
ment on the grow-
ing controversy, but CBS
Outdoor, formerly Viacom
Outdoor, which distributes
advertising on the subway,
said it was blindsided by the
tourism ads. It said it would
remove the hammock and the
fly-fishing ads.
"Two of their executions
do advocate behavior that is
clearly unsafe, and we have
organized to have those
removed and replaced with
more appropriate Bahamas
copy," said Jodi Senese, a
CBS Outdoor spokeswoman,
last month.

Senese said The Bahamas
subway campaign slipped

under the radar because, in
general, tourism ads do not
come under the same kind of
scrutiny as radio station or
liquor company ads.
"We don't act as censors,
but, clearly, if an ad advocates
something that compromises
the safety of the community,"
Senese said, "we will not post
it or, in fact, act to remove the
same ad copy."
But Rosemary Abendroth,
a spokeswoman for Fallon
Advertising, the Minneapolis
agency that developed the
campaign, defended the ads.
"You have to admit, it's
great stuff," she said.

= wwcribenodySo


* Caribbean tourism study
The Caribbean Hotel Association
(CHA) and PRO INVEST, an
agency of the Centre for
Development Enterprise of the
European Union, has announced
the launch of a research study to
gauge how much the Caribbean
tourism accommodation sector
spends on locally-provided goods
and services, including its tax
contribution to governments.
"Until now, there had been no
available data that quantifies and
validates how the expenditures of
Caribbean lodging establishments
find their way into the local econ-
omy by supporting directly the
wellbeing of workers, local entre-
preneurs, professionals, small,
medium and large corporations,
and other economic sectors -
even government revenues that
help finance the running of the
country," said Berthia Parle,
president of CHA.

* New tramway boosts
St. Lucia's tourism
St. Lucia's Tourism Minister Phillip
J. Pierre says a $4 million aerial,
tramway project nearing comple-
tion here, promises to change the
landscape, create jobs and add
to the diversity of the island's
tourism product.
Rainforest Sky Rides, located
in the northeast Babonneau area,
is establishing a tramway similar
to one that exists in neighboring
Dominica. It is being constructed
on 1,200 acres of government
land in the mountainous area and
it will take clients on a 90-minute
ride above and between the sur-
rounding mountains.

* Delta adds second daily flight
to Bermuda from Atlanta
Delta Air Lines is to double its
daily service between Atlanta and
Bermuda by adding a second
flight from May 26.
Tourism Minister Ewart Brown
said the added service would
increase the airline's daily capaci-
ty by 64 percent the highest it
had been since 2000. Delta is to
replace the one Boeing 757 flight
by using two Boeing 737s on the
route. Brown said the new service
would also be of benefit as it

would enable greater flexibility
to travelers.

* U.S. company to develop
old Club Med
A Connecticut-based company
has been named as the new
developer of the former Club Med
resort at Bermuda's east end
which has been closed for 18
Tourism Minister Ewart
Brown last month named KJA
Development Inc., which he said
was also involved in a hotel project
in St. Lucia, as the new developer
with former St. George's Mayor E.
Michael Jones as the firm's on-
island representative.

* CTO honors past chairmen,
The Caribbean Tourism
Organisation (CTO) Foundation
last month bestowed special hon-
ors on seven past chairmen and
six major benefactors at a gala
ceremony in midtown Manhattan.
The honored past chairmen
were James Berrien, president
and publisher of Forbes Magazine
Group; Barbara Gilliam, president
of Barbara Gillam Public Relations;
Alexandra Golinkin, vice president
and publisher of Lucky magazine;
and Stephen Hicks, president of
Island Resort Tours, Inc.

* Development confab set
for April
The economic benefits of sustain-
able tourism and its implications
for the social and cultural environ-
ment, will be the central focus
of the 8th Annual Caribbean
Conference on Sustainable
Tourism Development, also known
as the Sustainable Tourism
Conference (STC-8), to be held
this year in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
The April 25-29 conference,
which has as its theme "Keeping
the Right Balance Economic
Progress and Sustainable
Tourism", will stress the impor-
tance of balancing the gains of
tourism development while cher-

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March 2006




March 2006

...~. -I
- l~4*.
3C0 0,

I www I

(FeatureSource) C'hLm.. and
wine have a great deal in com-
mon, and they have been
enjoyed together since ancient
Both are products of fer-
mentation. Both may be con-
sumed while fresh, simple, and
young or in their more com-
plex forms when they are
aged and mature.
There are no hard and
fast rules as to which wines
should always be served with
particular cheeses. There is an
old adage that red wines go
with hard cheeses and white
wines with soft cheeses but
just like red wine with fish,
there's always an exception.

Another tradition is that
cheeses of a certain geograph-
ic region are best enjoyed with
wines of the same region. But,
just as one bottle of cabernet
sauvignon from the Napa
Valley is not like that of
another vintage or another
producer, neither is one Brie
exactly like another. Both are
living and constantly chang-
ing. This is what makes pair-
ing cheese and wine interest-
ing as well as delicious.
Harmony should always
exist between the cheese and
the wine. They should have
similar intensities. There

Pair cheese and wine for a fun,

should always be a balance -
strong and powerful cheeses
should be paired with similar
wines and delicate cheeses
should be paired with lighter

The possibilities of pairing
cheese and wine are endless.
There are so many wines and
so many cheeses. Below are
some preferences:

* Young, mild and milky
cheeses such as fresh goat
cheese with light, fruity deli-
cate wines such as Sauvignon
Blanc and Beaujolais.

* Assertive, strong-flavored
cheeses such as Provolone
with young, robust red wines
such as and Chianti and

* Aged mellow cheeses such
as Parmigiano and Gouda
with older, robust wines such
as Cabernet Sauvignon and

* Strong, pungent cheeses
such as Pont l'Eveque or
Taleggio with young, full-bod-
ied wine such as Merlot or
sweet dessert wines such as
late-harvest Reislings and



Wine and cheese, a delightful mix.

* Soft-ripened cheeses like
Brie and Camembert with
full-flavored Chardonnays or

* Tangy strong goat cheeses
such as Crottin di Chavignol
with Burgundies.

* Blue cheeses such as
Roquefort and Stilton with

sweet dessert
wines like Port
or Sauternes.

Soft, rich
cheeses without
flavors are best
with fine, older

For a cheese
tasting, it is best
to serve three
to five different
cheeses. You
_ should buy a
total of two to
four ounces of
Cheese per per-
son. Serve the
( .. cheese on a
'platter, tray or
wooden board,
placing the
whole cheeses
on grape leaves
or a bed of
herbs. Leave enough space
around the cheeses for them
to breathe. Provide one knife
for each cheese and place the
crackers or bread in a sepa-
rate basket. The cheeses
should be served at room tem-
At a cheese or wine tast-
ing, you should eat the
cheeses in the order of their

tasty party
strength, moving from the
mildest cheeses to those that
are more robust and finely to
the strongest and most pun-
gent cheeses. Eat the cheeses
slowly and let them melt in
your mouth. Then take a sip
of wine and enjoy flavor com-
Taste is a personal prefer-
ence. You may prefer one
cheese with a particular wine
while someone else may like
an entirely different pairing.
My best recommendation
is for you to be in a mood for
experiment and enjoyment.
Choose several cheeses and
several wines. You will find
one pairing that is best for you
and another for someone else.
You can't go wrong. It will
create conversation. It will be
interesting. It will be delicious.
And it will be lots of fun.

Author: Paula Lambert

Paula Lambert is the author
of "The Cheese Lover's
Cookbook & Guide" (Simon
& Schuster). For more infor-
mation contact Carrie Ross/
Publicity Manager, Simon &
Schuster, Lifestyle Publicity
212-698-7147 or
ter. com

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Veteran Jamaican reggae artiste George Nooks, left, has linked up with promising Canadian Steele for a duet titled "What's
Wrong Wid Wi", which deals with the issue of black on black violence. The single, which was written by Steele, is being dis-
tributed by Tuff Gong International. The duo hooked up during Nooks's recent visit to Toronto. Steele then went to Jamaica,
where both artistes promoted the song and shot the music video.

Nova hosts 'Rock My Soul: The Black

Legacy of Rock & Roll' this month

The works of 10 Detroit-
based black artists, each
inspired by and repre-
senting African and African
American music the music
of West Africa, slavery work
songs and spirituals, blues, jazz,
gospel, R&B, soul, and hip-hop
- are on display this month at
Nova Southeastern University
(NSU) in South Florida.
"Rock My Soul: The Black
Legacy of Rock and Roll", a
traveling exhibit of the Arts
League of Michigan and the
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame,
is part of NSU's African
Presence 2006 Third Annual
Art Exhibition, the highlight of
the university's Black History

Month celebration, which con-
tinues from February and also
includes a film series, public
lectures, and a community
The exhibition is being
displayed in the second floor
gallery of the Alvin Sherman
Library, Research and
Information Technology
Center, on NSU's main
campus in Fort Lauderdale.
Last year's African Presence
exhibit, "The Caribbean
Connection", featured the work
of local artists and photographers,
in addition to the collection,
"Panafricanists", by acclaimed
Jamaican artist Barrington

James Spearman's "Soul of Rock" is
part of the exhibit at Nova Southeastern
"Rock My Soul" is spon-
sored nationally by the Ford
Foundation. Each one of the
musical eras and genres in the
exhibit is represented by works
of art that convey the essence
of the music and the spirit of
the people who created them.

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Guyana is new location

for love comedy film

TORONTO, Canada, CMC -
Canadian-based Nivelli
International Inc last month
announced that Guyana had
been chosen as the location
for a new love comedy.
The choice for shooting
the film "Rainbow Raani" was
shifted from South Africa
even though one of the lead-
ing roles would have been
played by South African
Tarina Patel, the company
"However the logistical
hurdles of filming in South
Africa became more daunting
when Tarina Patel could not
fulfil certain promises to facili-
tate the venture," said Mickey
Nivelli, the writer and director
of the film.
"I am based in New York

and the hours of extra air
travel and time difference
between the continents would
have made our scheduling
very difficult. Above all, my
roots, and that of the produc-
er, Pradeep Samptani, a
Guyanese, are deeply embed-
ded in the West Indies. So,
picking beautiful Guyana as
the winner for the filming
location was the wise and
patriotic thing to do."
"Rainbow Raani" is a
sexy comedy with a message
that shatters geographic and
gender barriers for true love.
The story revolves around a
musical band called "The
Rainbows", comprising an
African, an Indian, a cau-
casian and a Chinese player.

Marley's home chosen

national heritage site

KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
Jamaicans last month celebrat-
ed the birthday of the leg-
endary reggae singer, the late
Bob Marley, with the authori-
ties declaring the Bob Marley
Museum as a national heritage
is locat-
ed on
Road in

dominat- Bob Marley
ed the
airwaves and celebrations in
the place of his birth, the
northern parish of St. Ann,
and around the rest of the
The life of Marley was not
only commemorated here, but
around the world, with local
musicians travelling to Ghana
for concerts under the theme
"Africa Unite", one of Marley's
tunes. The concerts were organ-
ized by the Bob and Rita Marley
Foundations under the auspices
of the Ghanaian Ministry of
Tourism and Modernization of
the capital city.
Marley, who would have
celebrated his 61st birthday on
Feb. 6, rose to international
fame for his critical political
and social tunes, including
"Get Up Stand Up" and "One
Love". He died on May 11,
1981, of cancer at the age of 36
and one month after his death
was honored with Jamaica's
Order of Merit, the nation's
third highest honor, in recogni-

tion of his outstanding contri-
bution to Jamaican culture.

...'Jr. Gong' strikes

double Grammy
Damian "Jr. Gong" Marley's
successful run in the music
business continued last month
when the son of the legendary
Bob Marley won two Grammy
The younger Marley's
"Welcome to Jamrock"
earned the "Best Reggae
Album" award, while the
artiste also succeeded in the
"Best Urban/Alternative
Performance" category for the

Damian Marley
title track of the album.
"Wi win the two of them
an mek history and that's a
great fliin!. Marley told the
Jamaica Weekend Star.
The album "Welcome to
Jamrock" was also certified
gold last month, meaning that
it had sold at least 500,000
copies. "Beautiful", another
single from the album which
features American singer
Bobby Brown, was scheduled
for release last month.


General Accounting Auditing Payroll
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561 N.W. 183rd Street Miami, Florida 33169
TEL: (305) 654-9303 FAX: (305) 654-8758
EMAIL: fargson@bellsouth. net

March 2006

momm- I ............... ........ ........ -
I n RTS/ oEnTIE RTni n m oEnT


n R T S / e T 6R T ni n me T

I www I

Five centuries of Caribbean history unfold at Miami museum

MIAMI, Florida Rare books,
maps and original documents,
some dating back five cen-
turies, are part of "Caribbean
Collage: Archival Collections
and the Construction of
History" currently on display
at the Historical Museum of
Southern Florida here.
The public exhibition, one
of the largest collections of
Caribbean and library materi-
als, opened late last month and
is scheduled to run through
June 4.
"Caribbean Collage" fea-
tures items from the collection
of the University of Florida's
George A. Smathers Libraries.
It focuses on the British West
Indies, Haiti and Cuba from
the 18th to the early 20th
The exhibition is being
presented in collaboration with
the Department of Special and
Area Studies Collections of the


-cc~iz- 0

II W~_________


Some of the highlights on display at "Caribbean Collage: Archival Collections and the Construction of History" in Miami.

Smathers Libraries.
"Visitors to the exhibition
will have an opportunity to
examine first-hand accounts of
some of the most dramatic
events in Caribbean history
and will be encouraged to con-
struct their own interpretations
of the region's past and its
impact on the present," Dr.
Stephen Stuempfle, chief cura-

tor of the Historical Museum
of Southern Florida, said in a
recent press release.

Drawing on several
archival collections recently
acquired by the Libraries,
"Caribbean Collage" explores
the Caribbean during a time of
massive social change: slavery

St. Lucia Jazz Festival officially set for May 5-14

-The 15th St. Lucia Jazz
Festival was officially
launched last month, herald-
ing the start of this year's
annual hosting of what is
regarded as one of the world's
most popular music festivals.
Among those scheduled
to grace the stage for this
year's May 5-14 festival are
headliners, British-born R&B
singer Seal; noted songwriter,
singer and producer Babyface;
Nancy Wilson; jazz percus-
sionists Pancho Sanchez; and
veteran soul singer Al Green.
Other main stage artistes
so far announced for the
Pigeon Island National Park
are Freddy Cole, brother of
the late Nat King Cole; saxo-

phonist Kenny Garret;
rhythm and blues act Ciara;
and Barbadian-born Rihanna.
Tourist Board Chairman
Costello Michel said that as
soon as other contracts are
signed the other artistes

scheduled to appear will be
named. He noted that despite
the unique challenges of
this year's
the board
had assem-

Sit thought
was the
best com-
bination of
anna ties for a
music event.
He cautioned that the
board had to be "fiscally
responsible" in its organiza-

ended, new forms of agricul-
ture developed and independ-
ent nation-states, with distinct
creole cultures, emerged.
The exhibition also exam-
ines these large-scale transfor-
mations through documents
specific to people's lives: let-




Writers' passion is often
linked to a single-minded pur-
pose a mission to "get it
out". It, of course, meaning
the inspiration on the subject
they yearn to write about.
In "Caribbean Passion",
Jamaican-born poet and story-
teller Opal Palmer Adisa must
have had a lot on her mind,
judging from the variety of
topics "missions", if you will
- she seems to have her mind

ters, diaries, ledger entries,
business records, scrapbook
clippings, photographs,
drawings and similar items.
Illustrated books and maps
provide additional perspec-
"Caribbean Collage"
includes an overview of the
Smathers Libraries' collec-
tions, with material ranging
from the early stages of
European exploration to
20th century political events.
Struggles for power within
the region are highlighted in
four focus areas: British
Imperialism in the Caribbean
(1756-1834), which covers the
Seven Years' War through
Emancipation; the Haitian


;irilltei I1Ssiai

ml wimir iIiu
set on to complete.
Yet conquer, she does,


The goal is to fix the water so clean
/ That's an option ... But I don't water is delivered where it is needed on
understand how the government time. That means cleaning the water,
plans to fix the Everglades. storing the water, and distributing it
when it's needed. -. - - -- ....
S---- So what you are trying to say is that the
Il l l government is the dry cleaners for water?

Willow, I need help writing
this paper for class.
I hope you're not talking about
the kind of help where I do it
and you watch TV

The Journey to Restore America's Everglades
A partnership of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, South Florida Water Management
District, Everglades National Park, and many other federal, state, local and tribal partners.

FuAn Faicts:

The US.A mly Corp of
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with the South Fbida VMiter
Managemeot Distit; has
developed~ a plani to saw the
Everglades called the

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'Caribbean Passion'

takes a wild gallop


March 2006



C canbribanathora RTS/Ec nTERTnAInm cnT

Cuban-born author releases encyclopedia on Caribbean Five centu

iries of Caribbean history...

Cuban-born author in the
United States, has released an
encyclopedia which overviews
the lives and works of
Caribbean authors and gives
special attention to the politi-
cal, cultural, and historical con-
texts in which region's authors
have lived and worked.
Danilo Figueredo, library
director at Bloomfield College
in New Jersey, has introduced
the lives of Caribbean authors
to the public with the release of
the two volume "Encyclopedia
of Caribbean Liki rjurL .
With over 700 entries, the
book was written over three
years, with contributions from
over 40 experts. The encyclo-
pedia is accessible to students
and the general readers.
Figueredo said he wrote the
encyclopedia to introduce
students and the general public
to the literary treasures of the

"Some of the best contem-
porary novels in the world
today are being written either
in the Caribbean or by people

from the
Cnrihbjn" h,,
he said.
"Many I ...
think of the -gg't1
Caribbean as
beautiful islands
surrounded by
inviting warm
water, and popu- :.
lated with friend- .
ly folks who love
music and good
food," he added.
"But along with the palm tress
and the beaches, there is a cul-
ture that is vibrant, rich, and
complex, a culture often mani-
fested in the literature from

The exhibit, which will be
on display through Mar. 31, is
sponsored by NSU's Office of
University Relations, Fischler
Graduate School of Education
and Human Services Office of
Community Education and
Diversity Affairs, and Comcast

the region."
Figueredo migrated to the
U.S. when he was 14, settling
with his family in Union
City, N.J.
He received an undergrad-
uate degree from Montclair
State University in New
Jersey, and a master's
degree in Library Science
from Rutgers University
and another master's in
comparative literature/Latin
American studies from New
York University.

For more information
about "Rock My Soul: The
Black Legacy of Rock and
Roll" art exhibition, call
954-262-5357, or visit
www. nova. edu/library/about/e
vents/blacklegacy/legacy., html.

Revolution (1791-1804); the
Cuban Wars of Independence
(1868-1898); and U.S.
Imperialism in the Caribbean
(1898-1934), which features
the Spanish-Cuban-American
War, United States political
and economic domination of
Cuba, and the American occu-
pation of Haiti.
Visitors to the exhibition
are first offered a view of a
collage of digital images
from the Smathers Libraries.
Throughout the exhibition,
visitors can examine the collec-
tion up close, which includes
such items as handwritten cor-
respondence and records of
colonial officials in the British
West Indies from 1779 to 1806;
letters pertaining to the poten-
tial sale of plantations in St.
Domingue (Haiti) from the
1780s; papers of the Spanish
army in Cuba during the
colony's first war for independ-
ence (1868-1878); records of
the Taco Bay Commercial
Company, an American-owned
agricultural enterprise in Cuba
during the early 20th century;
and notebooks with Vodou

drawings and other cultural
documentation by Frank R.
Crumbie, a government official
during the U.S. occupation of
Haiti (1915-1934).

Other highlights include a
1534 book with maps of
Hispaniola and Jamaica, the
oldest item in the exhibition; a
published justification by Sir
Walter Raleigh for his voyage
to Guiana, written in the Tower
of London before his death in
1618; a list of Africans enslaved
at the Rocheblave plantation in
St. Domingue; letters from
Haitian Revolutionary leaders
Toussaint L'Ouverture and
Jean-Jacques Dessalines; and
an 1891 book of poems written
by Jos6 Marti, with a personal
For more information
about the "Caribbean C.IllgL
exhibition and related events,
call 305-375-1492 or visit
www. historical-museum. org
The Historical Museum of
Southern Florida is located at
101 W. Flagler St., Miami.

St. Lucia Jazz Festival officially set for May 5-14


tion of the St. Lucia Jazz
"We have to understand
that although it is important
to continue to have the best
festival in the region, and
probably one of the best in
the world, we have to do it
within the limitations of what
a country like ours can afford
to spend on one event," he
told the launching ceremony.

The St. Lucia Jazz
Festival has grown in stature
over the past 15 years, moving
from a sparsely attended
event in 1991 to a worldwide
calendar event today. Statistics
have shown that the festival is
the island's main overseas pro-
moter, with more visitors get-
ting exposure to the island
through it than any other local
The festival has also con-
tributed to increased visitor

arrivals each year. Its varied
repertoire of popular perform-
ers each year draws repeat
visitors from the English,
Kweyol, French, Spanish and
Dutch-speaking Caribbean, as
well as from locations in North
America, South America and
Europe. The annual festival is
co-produced and promoted by
the St. Lucia Tourist Board

and the United States-based
Black Entertainment
Television (BET). BET Digital
Networks, of which St. Lucian
Cybelle Brown is executive
vice president, is also involved
in the planning and execution
of the island's best-known
Tourism Minister Philip J.
Pierre, under whose watch the

jazz fest has consolidated and
expanded island-wide, said he
expects that this year's festival
"will again attract record
numbers, as we continue to
cater for all tastes and take
the spirit to all corners of the
island, from Pigeon island to
Fond d'Or and from Vieux
Fort to Bocage."

Winston A. Lowe, C.P.A.

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with a "likkle a dis, and a
hkklc a dat" as her country-
men and women would say.
Adisa explores joy, pain, his-
tory, triumph, family connec-
tions, childhood, sisterhood,
womanhood, motherhood... or
just adult 'wood'. She touches
on the sometimes untouch-
ables, like sexual abuse and
sex between different genera-
tions. And all the while she
makes it a pleasant read.

It would be a challenge,
for example, to find anyone
with the grasp of the sweet-
ness of Jamaican patois and
the "yard" experience not to
smile at the brazen tirade of
"Moda Young Gal", that pas-
sion-starved older woman
who defies her age to dress
young, act young and bed the
young. And how she is enjoy-
ing it too.
"me can't even begin fi
trace how we cross the age
divide but me can tell yu

how him hand vibraies,
de middle of me back
how him tongue tease open
de lips of me flower..."
In the same way Adisa is
not at all shy to tell you how
she openly embraces the often
hush hush topic of sex, she is
not afraid to go down even
darker roads, where innocent
young girls are lured and
abused by older men, experi-
ences that will force on them
valuable lessons... and scar
them for life.
However, she is the strong
woman too, just like Jamaica's
national heroine "Nanny",
who fights back, determined,
always dependable.
I /it'i all turn irresolute
she does be there all de time"

But just before the reader
can slam down the 104-page
text and say "no more", possi-
bly frustrated at the thought
that eating a coconut in the
morning for example could
actually be a woman openly
yearning for sex, Adisa is

stopping short, reminding you
that it is not depravity at all,
just a poking at your own
mind eager to lead it where
you want it to go. Fiddling a
bit with your own morality
and the shy secrets concealed
within. In other words, make
up your own mind.
Like she says in "This
Poem Is An Invitation":
"an encounter is not commit-
ment but I feel my wild gallop
and I fear the calenture of your
touch this poem is an invita-
Caribbean people would
do well to accept Adisa's invi-
tation, take that "wild gallop"
too with her as she conquers
each mission with a passion
few could muster.


Gordon Williams is
Caribbean Today's managing

'Rock My Soul'...

'Caribbean Passion' takes a wild gallop

March 2006


FinnAnciA PLAn n n i m ai
~ A Caribbean Today feature

Caribbean Business Council

set for launch in June 2006
PETER RICHARDS Arthur, who has lead
responsibility for the CSME
PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad, within CARICOM, said that
CMC A new Caribbean the council would also group
Business Council (CBC) will "all the various entities that
be launched in Barbados in work to promote private
June to help interests in the region.
promote pri- "It is proposed that once
vate sector the Caribbean Business
interest Council has been created to
within the represent the business com-
Caribbean munity in the region, that the
community Caribbean Business Council
(CARICOM) would be made an associate
Single I organ of CARICOM and
Market and Arthur have its function and structure
Economy embedded in the treaty so
(CSME), Barbados Prime that its purposes in regional
Minister Owen Arthur integration can be institution-
announced last month. alized."
Arthur said that the coun-
cil would be launched on 'POSITIVE'
June 10 and "would not only Arthur, who delivered a
involve the perpetuation of progress report to the leaders
the existence of the CAIC on the movement to establish
(Caribbean Association of the framework for the CARI-
Industry and Commerce), but COM Single Economy (CSE)
a re-definition of the repre- by 2008, described the
sentative body of the private (CONTINUED ON PAGE 20)
sector in the region."

Raise business capital

and build credit using

your personal network

Did you know that lack
of business credit is the
primary reason why
many start-ups and early-stage
businesses find it difficult to
obtain financing from a bank
or other commercial lender?
As a result, many small
business owners turn to their
personal network of relatives,
friends, business associates,
and other people they know to
raise capital.
Take the case of Gary
Goodman. After being turned
away by several banks, Gary
turned to his father to borrow
money to launch Customer
First Transmission Services, a
Los Angeles-based AAMCO
franchise that provides auto-
motive parts, transmission
services and general repairs.
"The banks were reluctant

to even consider my proposal,"
said Goodman. "The third-
party financing I did manage
to find carried exorbitant
So Goodman asked his
father if he would be willing to
make a loan to his business.
His father agreed, but on the
condition that the loan be
secured by the new company's
A former technology spe-
cialist, Goodman searched for
more information about how
to structure a private loan
with his father. Gary's search
led him to CircleLending
(, a
Cambridge, Massachusetts-
based company that structures
and manages loans that occur
between relatives, friends, and

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Generally, a foreign cor-
poration or nonresi-
dent alien individual
owning income-producing
United States real estate
(such as a shopping center F.
or office building) must
file a U.S. income tax
return in order to claim
deductions for qualifying
Often, where the
scope of the rental activity
does not rise to the level
of a U.S. trade or business
(for example, in the case
of the rental of a single
condominium), an election
may be made to treat any
income from U.S. real
property as income which is
effectively connected with a
U.S. trade or business. This
will permit the taxpayer the
benefit of allowable deduc-
tions (depreciation, interest,
taxes, etc.) to reduce the tax
that would otherwise be appli-
cable if there were no U.S.
trade or business (i.e., where
there is insufficient activity to
rise to the level of a trade or
business, a flat tax of 30 per-
cent would be imposed on
gross rents without offset by
This very important elec-
tion (often called the "Net
Election") may only be made
for a year if the taxpayer has


income from U.S. real proper-
ty, but continues in effect
thereafter even though, during
a subsequent year, there is no
real property income.
Obviously, absent deduc-

tions, substantial U.S. income
tax might be due while with
the benefit of deductions, that
tax will at least be less or
there may be no tax liability.

Now the point. Applicable
U.S. tax law provides that a
true and accurate U.S. income
tax return must generally be
filed in order to receive the
benefit of deductions or cred-
its. At the same time, the
Net Election is made on the
income tax return for the first
year to which it applies. Thus,
the need to file a U.S. tax
return is obviously critical.
In this connection, the

Internal Revenue Service
(IRS) requires the filing of a
U.S. income tax return on a
"timely basis". A return must
generally be filed within 16
months of the due date for fil-
ing the return for a
year in the case of a
nonresident (general-
i ga ly, depending on the
--- facts, a calendar year
nonresident may need
51il1b1 to file his return by
April 15 or June 15
of the year following
the year for which the
return is due) or 18
months for foreign
corporation (after the
Mar. 15 due date in
the case of a calendar
year foreign corpora-
The IRS can sometimes
shorten this period by sending
a notice of non-filing indicat-
ing that, with few exceptions,
no deductions or credits may
be claimed. These filing
deadlines may be waived only
if the IRS finds that a taxpay-
er acted reasonably and in
good faith in failing to file a
U.S. return. Obviously, the
need to file a timely tax return
is critical to the ability to
claim deductions.
As examples, in the
Flores case, these regulations
and the statute itself were
applied to disallow deductions


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Late returns may still be filed

to claim U.S. tax deductions


March 2006


- X"

n n n C IAn Pin nLnAIN

~ A Caribbean Today feature

Cool resources for small U.S. businesses in hot water

t doesn't take much to
scald a small business: dis-
putes that just can't seem
to be resolved, website securi-
ty breaches, on-the-job acci-
dents that send insurance
rates soaring.

A number of issues can
singe your business. When the
heat is on, business owners
need to know where to find
help. And fast.
Today more than 26 mil-
lion Americans operate small

Caribbean Business Council

set for launch in June 2006

businesses, and millions more
will start over the next five
years. Nearly all of those
entrepreneurs will find them-
selves in a sticky situation at
one time or another. Knowing
exactly where to find solutions
for problems can make the
difference between success
and failure.
"All businesses face chal-
lenges," says Daniel Kehrer,
nationally syndicated business
columnist and editor of "The
100 Best Resources for Small
Business" (BizBest Media,
$19.95 at
"Those that conquer their chal-
lenges have access to the best
connections to solutions, which
ultimately boosts profits and
gets things done."
As a business owner and
journalist, Kehrer has spent
decades sniffing out resources
that can provide solutions for
the unique challenges faced by
small businesses. Here are five:
1. The American Arbitration
Association (AAA) is a not-
for-profit organization that
offers alternative dispute reso-
lution (ADR) services. AAA
provides a forum for hearing
disputes via 34 offices in the

Raise busih
other private parties.
"CircleLending was a
unique fit for what we needed,"
added Goodman. "We were
able to set up a deferred pay-
ment structure, with an interest
rate that was workable both for
my father and my company."
In addition to providing
loan documentation and
management services,
CircleLending also offers their
clients the ability to use a pri-
vate loan to build business cred-
it. The company's optional
Credit Buildersm service can be
activated when the loan is being
set up. If Credit Buildersm is
activated, CircleLending will
report payment history on the
private loan to a leading credit

U.S. and use broadly accepted
rules and a roster of 8,000
experts to help resolve cases.
2. The Better Business Bureau
(BBB) helps resolve business
disputes by using common
sense alternatives to expen-
sive legal actions. Programs
are run through local BBBs
under the direction of the
group's national umbrella
organization, the Virginia-
based Council of Better
Business Bureaus.
3. McAfee Security delivers
software and service solutions
that help small businesses
secure and protect their com-
puters and make their tech-
nology work better.
4. Norton AntiVirus from
Symantec ranks among the
world's most trusted anti-virus
software. It repairs common
virus infections automatically,
without interrupting your
work. It also scans and cleans
both incoming and outgoing
e-mail and defends against
script-based viruses, even
between virus definition
updates. Also, Norton
Personal Firewall is an easy-
to-use program that keeps
hackers out and your data in.

ness capital and build credit...

deliberations as "positive."
Arthur said that the
region was well advanced in
many areas regarding a single
economy, noting that there
had also been plans to estab-
lish a monetary union by 2000
"and in support of that a con-
vergence project to bring the
economies closer." He said the
treaty itself makes provision
for a regional competition
policy and the building of a
regional competition commis-
sion to support the policy.

"I stress that because once
we have a single Caribbean
market the rules of competition
within that market become very
important," he said, noting that
the matter had been discussed
by the regional leaders at their
17th inter-sessional summit last

He said he had also
brought to the meeting a pro-
posal for the region to stage
four high level engagements
during the course of this year.
He said the engagements
would involve the governments
of the region, the private sec-
tor, the labor movement, the
universities, the financial com-
munity and civil society "to let
us accelerate work in those
four areas so that we could
meet the timetable that by the
year 2008, the full work for the
creation of the single economy
involving production, integra-
tion, policy coordination mone-
tary cooperation and institution
capacity can be in place."
He said during in the com-
ing months, the region would
"see an effort to bring these
things into fruition."

Late returns may still be filed to claim U.S. tax deductions

for 1988 through 1992 because
the required tax returns were
not filed until 1993. Also, in
Espinosa, deductions were
disallowed to a Mexican indi-
vidual who filed untimely tax
returns after repeated
requests by the IRS for him to
file the required tax returns.
In addition, in the
Inverworld case, a Cayman
Islands financial services cor-
poration that failed to file
required returns was denied
the benefit of all deductions.

All hope may not be lost,

however, for those who have
not yet filed required returns
within the extended 16 and 18
month periods provided by
the regulations and who might
not qualify for a waiver of
those periods.
Recently, in Swallow
Holdings Ltd., the U.S. Tax
Court held that the IRS regu-
lations requiring the filing of
tax returns within the limited
time periods discussed above
are invalid because of long-
standing judicial decisions
providing, perhaps, a "longer"
Under this case, tax
returns filed before the IRS
contacts a taxpayer (and even,

perhaps, for some period
thereafter) are still valid
returns allowing a taxpayer to
claim deductions.
Thus, all may not be lost
if you have not yet filed the
required returns. Certainly,
any foreign taxpayer whose
returns are late should speak
with their U.S. tax advisor as
soon as possible to determine
their alternatives.

Dennis Ginsburg and Michael
Rosenberg are shareholders
with the Coral Gables law
firm of Packman, Neuwahl &
Rosenberg and can be reached
at 305-665-3311

reporting agency.
"Small business loans from
relatives and friends are noth-
ing new," said Craig Venezia,
vice president of Marketing at
CircleLending. "As a matter of
fact, over half of all small busi-
ness owners raise money from
relatives and friends. But only
through CirILl Liidin can
they use that private loan to
build credit for their business."

Building a positive credit
history for your business is cru-
cial. Not only will it open up
doors that are currently closed
in the form of bank financing,
it can also allow you to estab-
lish credit lines with your sup-
pliers, acquire corporate credit
cards, etc.

"If you're borrowing from
relatives and friends anyway,"
points out Venezia, "why not
make the most of it and use
that loan to build business
For Gary Goodman, bor-
rowing from his father certain-
ly made sense. He was able to
raise the capital he needed and
also begin building business
credit in the process. His
father, on the other hand, was
able to help out his son finan-
cially while feeling confident
that it wouldn't drive a wedge
between the two men since the
private loan was being man-
aged by a third-party company.

Author: FeatureSource Staff

Wachovia Financial Center 200 South Biscayne Boulevard Suite 2680 Miami, Florida 33131
Tel 786-777-0184 Fax 786-777-0174
The hiring of a lawyer is an important decision that should not be based solely upon advertisements.
Before you decide, please ask us to send you fle written information about our qualifications and experience.

5. The National Safety Council
(NSC) is an excellent source
for workplace safety advice
and information. NSC offers
posters and banners, safety
publications, software, training
programs, videos and more.
Their website has helpful
information for small business-
es in areas such as repetitive
motion injuries, emergency
care, ergonomics and compli-
ance with standards set by
OSHA (Occupational Safety
and Health Administration).
NSC also offers an emergency
preparedness package and info
on proper use and handling of
"There's a gold mine of
help in every area," says
Kehrer, "You just have to
know where to find it." At, get com-
plete contact information for
all resources listed here, and
the free report "Six Resources
That Can Really Make a
Difference (ALL FREE!)".

Edited from FeatureSource.
Author: MarketAbility

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Caribbean American politician steps Concern over HIV/AIDS spread as

up 'war' against HIV/AIDS in New York movement increases in Caribbean


Caribbean American politician
here has introduced three reso-
lutions in New York City
Council to raise further aware-
ness about the spread of
HIV/AIDS in Caribbean and
African American communities.
Yvette D. Clarke, repre-
sentative for the overwhelm-
ingly Caribbean 40th Council
District in Brooklyn, said she
wanted to add her voice and
energies in bringing further
attention to "this war."
The first resolution called
on New York City Mayor
Michael Bloomberg to official-
ly declare a state of emergency
health crisis in communities of
color and provide additional
funding towards educating
Caribbean and African
Americans about the disease.
The second appealed to the
New York City Council to cre-
ate a sub-committee to deal
specifically with HIV/AIDS in
the city, while the third resolu-
tion urged the city council to

commission a study of the
impact of HIV/ AIDS on com-
munities of color.

"For too long, ignorance
about HIV and AIDS in the
Caribbhain African and

uai Ke

African American communities
has run rampant and the time
has come for all the stakehold-
ers to make sure that all our
families and friends are educat-
ed about HIV/AIDS preven-
tion and treatment," said

Clarke, whose parents are
She urged Caribbean
nationals to join others in help-
ing to educate the masses
about the consequences of the
deadly disease.
"That is why I am calling
on Mayor Bloomberg to
declare a state of emergency
health crisis in communities of
color," Clarke said.
"This symbolic gesture
from the city's top executive
would help to heighten aware-
ness," she added.
"Additionally, I would
hope that this resolution and
declaration would serve as an
impetus for renewed commit-
ment towards funding for
HIV/AIDS education, treat-
ment and research."

Clarke said the immigrant
community in central Brooklyn,
which comprises a sizeable pro-
portion of Caribbean nationals,
is at the epicentre of this "crisis."


CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC -
Regional officials, who met in
St. Lucia last month, have
expressed concern that the
increased movement of people
in the Caribbean community
(CARICOM) could worsen the
HIV/AIDS crisis in the region.
The issue was high on the
agenda of a CARICOM work-
shop here which was designed to
discuss AIDS/HIV and give
young persons the opportunity
to come up with ways of halting
the spread of the disease.
Many have applauded the
CARICOM Single Market
(CSM), which facilitates free
movement of goods and services
across the region, but the initia-
tive also has the potential for
increased sexual activity as per-
sons travel around the region.
"We may see an increase in
the years ahead, with initiatives
like the CSM, and the opening
up and lifting of travel restric-
tions and the increase in the
movement of people, an
increase in the infection rate of
HIV/AIDS and we want to
ensure that we stem that espe-
cially among young people,"
says Regional AIDS/HIV

Make the most of time spent with your doctor

(FeatureSource) If you have
ever walked out of the doc-
tor's office and realized you
forgot to reveal key informa-
tion to your doctor, you're not
alone. Many unprepared
patients walk in with aches
and pains, only to walk out
with incomplete diagnoses and
accompanying disappoint-
But by respecting your
time and your doctor's, and by
treating your appointment like
a 10-minute business Im in e1
you can optimize the time.
When it comes to your health
care, it's as much about quali-
ty time as it is about quantity
of time.
"Of course, your relation-
ship with your doctor must be
based on trust and a mutual

Your health is your business; ask the doctor th
always tell the truth.
goal of good health," says
health care advocate M.D.
Messina, author of "Health
Care Self-D Il i,,, at www.
HealthCareSelfDefense. com.

"So it's
not to be
You are in
control of
ment. You
have sched-
uled and are
S paying for
this time to
e, o be with your
Doctor. You
he right questions and are not just
a patient.
You are the
Be responsible. You are
not a victim in this encounter.
Rather, you are an equal part-
ner. Only you have the infor-

mation the doctor needs to
make sure you don't leave your
appointment disappointed.
Knowing how to manage
your time with your doctor is
the first step to avoid feeling
like a victim. This also means
managing your medical infor-
mation and being prepared for
your next appointment. Here
are some guidelines from
Messina's book:
* Give the doctor written
facts, with your most trouble-
some concerns listed first.
* Have your past medical and
drug history in an easy-to-
access notebook.
* Record your current symp-
toms by time, severity and fre-
* Limit your personal conver-
sation and stick to the medical

reason you're there.

You expect your doctor to
show you the courtesy of
being informed. Show the
doctor the same courtesy. It is
your responsibility in this rela-
tionship to do the following:
* Provide medical background
* Answer detailed questions.
* Challenge the doctor's opin-
ion at any time if you think he
doesn't understand you.
Remember, you share the
responsibility for the quality
of health care you receive.
Thus, be specific when you
describe your symptoms. Get
to the level of detail that helps



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March 2006


Consultant Robert Dabney.

Stigma and discrimination
within the regional context was
another critical component dis-
cussed by delegates from across
the region, and it was recognized
it still existed despite the fact
that it had been widely publi-
cized throughout the regional
However, delegates lament-
ed the fact that there had been
no regional campaign developed
by young people for young peo-
ple. Dabney explained that this
was vital because studies carried
out in Africa, the United States
and Europe, and more recently
in the Caribbean, pointed to the
need for more communications
among and between the youth.
"These studies show that
the best way to reach young
people with messages
about reducing HIV/AIDS is to
have other young people talk to
them," he said. "Not necessarily
old people with grey beards but
young people spreading the
message to young people."

-1 .E n t T 91 / E D U C n T I o In

pill when you can 'Disturbing trends' in Caribbean

p nhAApsAhi rnr? education f CARICOM official


Why pop a I

just skip th


QUESTION: I am still trying
to lose weight from Christmas.
I'm on a low-carb, high-pro-
tein diet and I take two med-
ications, Paxil and Femhrt. I'm
30 pounds overweight and
growing. What do you sug-
gest? C.C., Coral
Springs, Fla.

ANSWER: You have to
sweat to lose weight, tone
up and speed up your
body's metabolism so
exercise. You have many
options to shed weight,
but stay committed.
Your low-carb, high-
protein diet apparently
isn't working for you, and
in any case it's not safe
over the long term. These
diets are very controver-
sial because you consume
many unhealthy fats that Then
might clog arteries. You
can get thinner, but you won't
look so hot with heart disease,
a potential result for some
Eating plenty of fresh,
"living" foods fruits and veg-
etables, nuts and grains is
important. Limit animal pro-
tein and cut out fried foods,
soda and junk food, which is
full of refined sugar, preserva-
tives, dyes and chemicals.
Some people become
dependent on medications
such as appetite suppressants.
One popular prescription
drug, phentermine, is a heart
stimulant. While it curbs a
ravenous appetite, it can also

raise blood pressure, increase
heart rate and cause addiction.
Isn't it safer to exercise
self-control and trim down
portions for a week? Your
body will reset its "feel-full"
threshold and you'll begin eat-
ing less at each meal.
Suddenly, one slice of bread

will do when you used to
devour half a loaf. By the way,
white-flour breads are more
fattening and less nutritious
than whole-grain breads.
Interestingly, Paxil, for
depression, can cause weight
loss, sometimes significantly.
On the other hand, Femhrt, a
hormone-replacement drug, is
the reason that many women
pack on more pounds to their
seat cushion than a La-Z-Boy
recliner. Estrogen-containing
drugs can do this.
The (United States
Federal Drug Administration)
FDA approved an over-the-
counter form of Xenical (orlis-

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1380 N.E. Miami Gardens Drive, Suite 275, N. Miami Beach, FL 33179
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children adults gynecology
o eau James. weight management
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well-known in the Caribbean community.
9275 SW 152 Street, Suite 204. Miami, Florida 33157
(Across from Jackson South E.R.)
(305) 251-3975

tat), the prescription fat block-
er available since 1999. When
Xenical gets its makeover, the
relabeled version will be sold
as "Alli" (pronounced AL-
eye). It's nothing miraculous;
people who took orlistat for
two months lost about six
pounds more than those who
took dummy pills.
Side effects include
muscle pain, flatu-
lence, diarrhea and
sudden anal leakage.
Personally, I'd rather
block fat by putting
i duct tape over my
Why are we
so willing to buy pills
that could cause
repelling side effects
just to negate the
effects of a fatty
meal? Why can't we
skip the buckets of
fried chicken and
greasy cheeseburgers?
I just can't figure this out and
plan to give it serious consid-
eration over my next Boston-
creme donut.

tea, L-carnitine, bitter orange,
fish oils and chromium are all
natural supplements that can
help you manage weight.

This information is not
intended to treat, cure or
diagnose your condition. Suzy
Cohen is a registered pharma-
cist. To contact her, visit
www.dearpharmacist. comr

2006 Dear Pharmacist, inc.
Distributed by Tribune Media
Services, Inc.

1%0 %on tlfm 0

CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC -
A senior Caribbean communi-
ty (CARICOM) official has
welcomed the move by region-
al governments to provide uni-
versal secondary education,
but cautioned that the neces-
sary mechanism must be put in
place to ensure that students
actually benefit from the edu-
cational opportunities.
Deputy Program Manager
for Education at the CARI-
COM Secretariat Dr. Morella
Joseph last month told region-
al journalists there were "dis-
turbing triind, in the educa-
tion system across CARICOM
even as a number of countries
move to offer universal access
to secondary education.
"It is a good thing, yes.
But you have to ensure that
the mechanisms, the provisions
are put in place so that every
child will be able to leave
school with some form of certi-
fication that is recognizable by

Caribbean American politician steps up

'war' against HIV/AIDS in New York

She said the highest number of
adults living with AIDS is in the
districts of Bedford-Stuyvesant,
Crown Heights, Flatbush and
East Flatbush.
Clarke said AIDS is, and
will remain for the near future,
a "distressing part of our bor-
ough's life," basing her senti-
ments on a recent State
University of New York/
Downstate Medical Centre
report. Though the report does
not specifically give statistics on
Caribbean nationals, it points
out that more than half of AIDS
cases in Brooklyn are among
blacks; more children live with

AIDS in Brooklyn than any
other borough; and most adults,
men and women, living in
Brooklyn, trace their infection
to injection drug use.
"I represent a good portion
of some of these communities,
which is why the HIV/AIDS
crisis is one that I have made a
commitment to use my office to
fight," Clarke said.
"And I believe this issue is
serious enough that the New
York City Council ought to put
its resources towards making
HIV/AIDS awareness in com-
munities of color a priority,"
she said.

Make the most of time spent with your doctor

your doctor understand your
condition. This will help your
doctor help you.
* Tell the doctor exactly
where and how it hurts.
* If something is uncomfort-
able, let the doctor know.
* Tell the doctor the truth. Do
not dramatize or exaggerate.
Don't downplay what's hap-
pening either.
* Don't be embarrassed. This
is your health!
* Be honest. Lying or with-
holding information from your
doctor will only delay proper
treatment. Never assume your
doctor knows what you're
thinking or feeling.
Your doctor is a trained
professional. Think of this
person as a mechanic for your
body. You wouldn't be embar-

rassed if your car were leaking
fluids, so don't be embar-
rassed to tell your doctor if
your parts are not performing.
Tell the doctor as precisely as
you can what the problem is.
Ask yourself the following:
* Have I communicated
everything I need to?
* Did I tell my doctor every-
thing I came here to say?

When your doctor comes
back with a diagnosis, make
sure he gives you answers that
you understand. Record your
doctor's comments in a note-
book or on a tape recorder if
you have trouble remember-
ing them. Let your doctor
repeat the information and
clarify how she made the diag-
nosis. Don't be afraid to ask

When your appointment
is finished, reflect on your
interaction with your doctor.
Was it productive? Did your
doctor ask you information
that you could not provide
details for? Were you clear
and concise about your symp-
toms? Did the doctor answer
all your questions? When you
left the doctor's office, did you
feel you understood what you
were told?
Remember a doctor's visit
is like a business appointment.
By treating it as such, you'll
get the best possible health
care at the lowest cost. You'll
save you and your doctor time
and money.

Author: MarketAbility


March 2006

employers," Dr. Joseph, who
taught for over 30 years, said.
The former teacher was
speaking during a workshop in
St. Lucia dubbed "Education
for All" organized by the
Association of Caribbean
Media Workers (ACM) in col-
laboration with the United
Nations Education Scientific
and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO). She said that on
leaving secondary school stu-
dents should be able to able to
read, write, compute and
"engage in some form of tech-
"You have to bear all this
in mind when you are talking
for education for all," she said.
Dr. Joseph noted that
some students had problems
transitioning the different
physical surroundings and
teaching styles in secondary
school and this may result in
truancy and dropouts.


S0O c n A

Lionel Tate pleads guilty, faces up to 30 years in prison


Clad in his maximum
security prison issue
jumpsuit Lionel
Tate the troubled son of
a Jamaican-born Florida
Highway Patrol trooper and
the youngest person in mod-
ern American history to be
sentenced as an adult has
struck a deal to plead guilty to
robbery, admitting that he
held a Domino's Pizza deliv-
eryman at gunpoint while still
serving probation.
Tate, now 19, faces a sen-
tence of at least 10, but a max-
imum of 30 years, behind bars,
under the terms of the agree-
Before he accepted the
plea deal on Mar. 1, Tate

could have served two life
sentences if he had been
found guilty at trial, since it
would have meant that he vio-
lated the terms of probation.
Tate will find out his exact
sentence when acting Circuit
Court Judge Joel T. Lazarus
rules on April 3.
An ugly war of words
took place immediately fol-
lowing the hearing as Tate's
mother Kathleen Grossett-
Tate and a long-time support-
er of the teenager Bobbie
Duncan clashed in a bitter
"You caused your son this
pain," Duncan told Grossett-
Tate in front of the news
media covering the hearing.
"You are a devil."
Duncan, who is also

Jamaican-born, told
Caribbean Today that she
blames Tate's mother for most
of the teenager's problems.
"She didn't care," Duncan

Tate rose to international
fame almost seven years ago.
At that time, then age 12 and
weighing about 170 pounds, he
was convicted of murdering
playmate, six-year-old Tiffany
Eunick. The girl, who weighed
48 pounds at the time, sustained
35 injuries including a lacerat-
ed liver, fractured skull, broken
rib and internal hemorrhaging -
after Tate imitated wrestling
moves on her while his mother
slept upstairs in their Pembroke
Park, Florida home.

Tate was sentenced to life
in prison, but only served
three years. That conviction
was overturned in Jan. 2004
on appeal and Tate was set
free and given 10 years proba-
But the teen was soon in
more wrangling with the law.
On Sept. 7, 2004 Tate was
found by a Broward Sheriff's
Officer in the company of
another teen, who deputies
said had had previous run-ins
with the law. Tate and his

companion, Selford Muir,
were walking around at 2
a.m., authorities said. Tate had
a pocket knife. Lazarus gave
Tate another chance at free-
dom following that arrest, but
tacked on five additional years
probation, bringing Tate's pro-
bation to 15 years, before the
robbery charge.

Damian P Gregory is
Caribbean Today's deputy
managing editor.

Black elected officials honor Caribbean

Today's publisher Peter Webley

Caribbean Today's
founder and publisher
Peter A. Webley was
one of six people honored for
community leadership by
Broward Black Elected
Officials at a "Spotlight on
LLadL riup fundraising gala
last month in Florida.
Webley, who moved to
the United States in 1979 from
his native Jamaica, is a gradu-
ate of Calabar High School
and is an alumnus of (then)
Miami-Dade Community

College and the
University of South
Florida in Tampa.
Webley, 45,
started his career in
the newspaper
business as an
advertising execu-
tive at Miami
Today after gradua-
tion from college.
However, he soon
realized that there
was a bigger need.
Frustrated by the
void that he saw
in the community
coverage of those
from the Caribbean
diaspora who live
in the U.S. in main-
stream media, he
decided to start
Caribbean Today
on the back porch
of his home.
Today, the news
magazine boasts
a circulation of
39,000 and
recently launched-
caribbean, a web
component to aug-
ment the monthly
publication. He
hopes that the
award will galva-

nize members
of the black
who have set-
tiled in South
Florida to
work togeth-
er to forge
bonds that Webley
will go a long
way in improving the commu-
"We need to work togeth-
er to build something that will

stand the test of time,"
Webley said. "It is time that
we start putting our money
where our mouths are."
The other five honorees
singled out at the awards
were: Commissioner E. Pat
Larkins, Broward County
Sheriff Ken Jenne, Dr.
Rosalind Osgood, Vernan
Dooling, and Alcee L.
Hastings, U.S. House of
Representatives member.

- Damian P Gregory

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save YOU water and money!


Lionel Tate, left, and his attorney Ellis Rubin, in the courtroom during a hearing when
Tate admitted guilt in an armed robbery.

QYes, send me 1 year (12 issues) of Caribbean Today
for: 0 $35(US) First Class L $20(US) Bulk Rate
I Payment Enclosed
I Address: I
City: State Zip:
Country:_____________ Telephone:

Please make check or Money Order payable to
Caribbean Today, and mail to:
9020 S.W. 152nd Street Miami, Florida 33157
or call: (305) 238-2868

Caribbean -dlay

March 2006





Glen Johnson shines in battle of Jamaicans boxing showdown

Two United States-based
Caribbean boxers put on
an exciting show for fight
fans late last month in their
adopted hometown.
When the 12-round light
heavyweight title fight was over
at the Hard Rock Hotel and
Casino in Florida, Jamaican
Glen the "Road Warrior" was
crowned International Boxing
Association (IBA) champion
after scoring a unanimous vic-
tory over countryman Richard
"The DLsirn1,r Hall.
The three judges scored
the fight 118-109, 119-108 and
119-107 for Johnson, who dom-
inated the bout from the start
with superior offensive boxing
skills, defensive savvy and
power-packed punches which
landed with precision and
telling effect, forcing Hall to
take a standing eight count in
the second round and wobbling
him on other occasions.
However, Hall, who had
not fought since May 2004, did
not disgrace himself, earning
the respect of the fans and box-
ing experts who witnessed the
spectacle. He threw his fair
share of thunderous shots, but
many landed on Johnson's
arms and gloves causing little
damage. Those who seemed
genuinely surprised Hall did not
fall for good, tops among them
Johnson, turned instead to

Photograph by Peter Webley
Jamaican boxers Glen Johnson, left, and Richard Hall exchange punches during
their International Boxing Association title bout last month in Florida.

praise the Kingston-born fighter.
"I expected to finish the
fight in about four rounds,"
Johnson said shortly after the
Feb.24 bout, "but Richard Hall,
he's a lot tougher than I expect-
ed. I give him a lot of credit.
He takes a lot of great shots. I
hit him with some solid shots
and he took 'em and he fought
back. So I have to give him
props. He really came to win
and I just had to let him know
that I am the superior fighter."
Hall said he did not antici-
pate the fight would last the 12
rounds either because of his
long layoff from the ring and
lack of adequate sparring lead-
ing up to the fight against
Johnson, but added that he did
all he could in the ring.

"I gave my best and stood
up to the test," he said.

Before the fight almost
everyone was guessing if he
would, in fact, still be standing
at the end. Nearly all the ques-
tions centered on his long lay-
off from the ring and whether
or not he could withstand the
fury of Johnson, who not only
had bh-L r fish to fry" as he
looked to a future IBF title
fight with Britain's Clinton
Woods, but was also the man
who destroyed highly rated Roy
Jones Jr., the American who
had outclassed Hall a few
years ago. Hall also knew that
Johnson would be in shape and
sharp as his last bout was a win

against George Khalid Jones in
Sept. 2005.
"You know he has been in
activity all over," Hall said of
his opponent after the fight.
But the tall rangy fighter
thought he had a real chance
going in.
"I had a dream about
three weeks ago, that the only
way I was gonna win this fight
is by knocking him out," he
Johnson turned that into
nightmare, repeatedly landing
heavy blows to Hall's head as
Hall took away Clarendon-
born Johnson's game plan by
defending well against the
body punches. What was wide-
ly seen as a mere tune-up fight
for Johnson, as he gets ready
for Woods possibly this sum-
mer, turned into a clash of
powerful punches and wills.
"It was a tough fight from
the point of view that I thought
Hall didn't have much ability to
take the punishment that Glen
was dishing out," said Johnson's
manager Henry Foster after the
fight. "So I was impressed with
(Hall's durability)."
"He (Hall) showed a great
chin, he showed a big heart,"
added Johnson's trainer Orlando

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.

T&T wins

Carib cricket

Trinidad and Tobago last
month defeated
Barbados by a mam-
moth 264 runs to win the
Carib Beer Series, earning
the twin island republic its
first regional first-class cricket
title in more than two
The victory was achieved
on the final day of T&T's last
preliminary match in the
series and propelled the win-
ners to 36 points for a tie with
Barbados. However, T&T
claimed the title based on
head-to-head results against
its long time rivals.
Heroes of the win against
Barbados included former
West Indies fast bowler
Mervyn Dillon, who captured
eight wickets for 65 runs in the
game to earn the "Man-of-the-
Match" award. He received
strong support from spin
bowler Dave Mohammed.
Final scores in the game
were T&T 259 and 319,
Barbados 167 and 147.
Trinidad last won the
regional first-class champi-
onship in 1985.

CMC reports contributed to
this story.

T&T uses South Florida camp to stay sharp for soccer's World Cup

The Soca Warriors may
have finally found the
perfect vehicle to drive
them onto soccer's bi,.slI
stage, but the Caribbean team
is still tinkering with ways to
get top performance from the
Members of Trinidad and
Tobago's World Cup-bound
soccer squad rolled into South
Florida last month for a four-
day training camp, minus some
of the group's top names, but
still keen to stay sharp and add
needed pieces for this sum-
mer's tournament in Germany.
The 15-man squad, which
resided and trained at the
Hilton hotel at Sunrise, did not
include overseas-based stars,
such as captain Dwight Yorke,
Russell Latapy, Stern John and
Dennis Lawrence, the goal-
scoring hero from the final
qualifier against Bahrain in
November. But several fresh
faces, others who played key
roles in the qualifiers, and at
least one long-time veteran
attempting a comeback, were
part of the squad invited by
Dutch coach Leo Beenhakker
to Florida, the third time the
team has visited the site.
"The coaches realize that it

was an ideal
spot for such
a training
Fuentes, the
team's media
officer, told
Today. "It
has excellent
training facil-
ities a few
meters away
from the
actual hotel."

h caoC Beenhakker le n

the preparation," Fuentes
"...So it's a way of keeping
these guys fit and keeping
them in the program, as well as
he is using the opportunity to
view some other potential
players who can possibly break
lh InmsL% s into the team lead-
ing up to the World Cup."
A handful of the players
who visited Florida are based
in the United States. Most of
the rest are based in T&T, with
at least one out of contract
from overseas teams and oth-
ers returning from trials
abroad. Of the players who
made the trip, about four or

AIM Florida recently.
immediate aim was to keep the
Caribbean-based players, most
who were out of competition
in T&T, in shape, and ready
for an international friendly
against Iceland late last month
in England. It was also an
opportunity to look at possible
additions to complement the
squad in time for Germany.
"What he (Beenhakker) is
using the exercise for is to
keep a few of the home-based
players, professionals who
were part of that team that
played in the qualifying cam-
paign, they're off-season right
now.. .keep them involved in
terms of what is happening to

five were expected to be
named to the squad for the
Iceland game.
"I just think he is just
looking to see who he can get
from this batch to go up there
and meet the rest of the squad
(in England)," Fuentes said.
The camp included twice-
a-day practices and a couple
training games against local
teams, including a 1-0 win
over Florida International
University and a 2-1 victory
over Miami-based Honduras
5-Stars. Those too had a spe-
cific purpose.
"(Beenhakker) just want-
ed to see how well these play-
ers he has in training right
now, how well they fit into a
match situation and probably
get a better idea of what they
have to offer," Fuentes said.

Among the group were
players who participated in the
"Journey to Germany" cam-
paign, including Cyd Gray,
Silvio Spann and Aurtis
Whitley, all part of the historic
squad for the final play-off
qualifier against Bahrain. Also
in Florida was Anthony
Rougier, a former T&T cap-
tain who last played for the
Soca Warriors in a qualifier

against the U.S. in Feb. 2005.
With T&T's defense appearing
its most suspect unit, the burly
defender could figure promi-
nently in the final squad to
"(Rougier) is making a
comeback," Fuentes said. "The
coach has seen potential in
him and he wants to have in
the mix again."
As the T&T squad went
through its paces under the
watchful eyes of Beenhakker,
other observers, from the
Caribbean and much further
away took keen interest as well,
all charting the progress of the
Soca Warriors to evaluate their
chances against preliminary
World Cup group opponents
England, Paraguay and Sweden.
"In tournament (soccer)
anything can happen," said
T&T-born, South Florida
sports store owner Steve
Shand as he followed practice.
"But it's going to be a tough
battle (for T&T)...If we can
come out of it with one win we
would be happy."

Gordon Williams is
Caribbean Today's managing

March 2006


CO n R GO "^^^^atd

~ A Caribbean Today advertising feature

U.S. and E.U. probe price fixing in air cargo business

More than a dozen
airlines around the
world have had their
offices searched or were other-
wise contacted by United
States and European Union
investigators probing the possi-
bility of illegal price fixing
in the air cargo business.
Officials with the
European Commission and
U.S. Department of Justice
have provided few details
about the probe and the
searches that were carried out
last month.
However, one of the
airlines targeted, SAS AB's
SAS Cargo in Copenhagen,
Denmark, said the E.U. has
alleged that cooperation
among airlines began in 2000
and involved agreements
about surcharges imposed by
airlines to offset certain exter-
nal costs.

The first three rules for
packing shipments are:
containerize, container-
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containers are avail-
able from freight
forwarders and car-
riers for air cargo
shipments. Talk to
one to find out what
current options are
Containers pro-
tect your cargo from
physical damage and
from rain.
Containers protect your
cargo from thieves, by making
it more difficult to pilfer.
Containers usually are
given lower rates by the air-
lines than cargo of the same
Containers keep your
cargo from being split up, and
portions of it getting lost or
Containers are difficult to

Air cargo snipping nas come unaer scrutiny.
Among the costs, accord-
ing to SAS, are surcharges on
fuel, added security after the
Sept. 11 attacks and premiums
for war-risk insurance after the
start of the war in Iraq. SAS
said in a statement it does not
suspect any violations at its
operations. The raids on Feb.
15 involved only possible price
fixing in air cargo, E.U.
antitrust spokesman Jonathan

lose. When is the last time
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Containers, when proper-
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Edited and reprinted from


-Todd said
in Brussels,

asked if
there was
also an
tion into
collusion in
setting fuel
for passen-
ger flights, he said: "I cannot
make any comment on any
other investigation that may or
may not be going on. At any
one time, the commission has
several hundreds of antitrust
investigations going on, of
which only a small proportion
are in the public domain."

The commission said that
the raids were a preliminary
step in investigations into sus-
pected cartels and it does not
mean the companies raided are
guilty of anti-competitive
Justice Department
spokeswoman Gina Talamona

confirmed that U.S. investiga-
tors were working with the
E.U. and other foreign author-
ities in the probe, but declined
to provide any details of the
investigation. Atlanta-based
shipping giant UPS Inc. has
been "informally .Lni1I J d '
by the Justice Department
regarding the probe, company
spokesman Norm Black said.
"UPS understands it is not part
of the probe," Black said. "As
is its practice, UPS will cooper-
ate with requests from govern-
ment agencies."
The largest U.S. airline,
AMR Corp.'s American
Airlines, said it has received a
subpoena from the Justice
Department but has not been
told it was a target of the
investigation, spokesman Tim
Wagner said. "And unlike
some other airlines," he said,
American didn't receive a
search warrant. He said the
Fort Worth, Texas-based air-
line would cooperate fully with
investigators. United Airlines
had its Frankfurt, Germany,
office searched by E.U. offi-
cials, according to C('li i.,"-
based United spokesman Jeff

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Green. He said other air
freight carriers in Frankfurt
had similar visits. He said he
was unaware of any other
searches or inquiries involving
other United offices or air-
Meanwhile in C'hli i,",
Federal Bureau of
Investigations spokesman Ross
Rice confirmed last month that
the FBI had searched the Air
France-KLM cargo terminal at
O'Hare International airport
as part of an ongoing investiga-
tion. He would not say what
the investigation was about.
Among the other airlines that
were searched or approached
by investigators are Atlas Air
Worldwide Holding Inc.'s
Polar Air Cargo unit, Japan
Airlines Corp., Hong Kong's
Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd.,
British Airways PLC,
Germany's Lufthansa AG,
Luxembourg's Cargolux
Airlines and Lan Chile. Most
said they were cooperating
with the probe.
Atlanta-based Delta Air
Lines Inc., whose cargo busi-
ness makes up only a small

March 2006

mimplim- I ...............


mim .i .ii


c R G 0

~ A Caribbean Today advertising feature

The 'A' list of must-know terms in transportation and cargo

(The following terms are
important in the transportation
and cargo business and con-
sumers may want to familiarize
themselves with them.)

Advanced charge
A charge paid by a carrier to
an agent or to another carrier,
which the delivering carrier
then collects from the con-

for shipment to the consignee.

e.g. about the status of the goods.

Advice note Aft
A written piece of information At, near or towards the stern

or rear of a vessel or an air-

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Acceptance by the carrier of a
portion of a joint rate or
charge which is less than the
amount which it would receive
for the service in the absence
of such joint rate or charge.
Acceptance of goods
The process of receiving a
consignment from a consignor,
usually against the issue of a
receipt. As from this moment
and on this place the carrier's
responsibility for the consign-
ment begins.
Acknowledgement of receipt
A notification relating to the
receipt of e.g. goods, messages
and documents.
Active inventory
Covers raw material, work in
progress, finished products
that will be used or sold with-
in a given period without
extra cost or loss. This term
does not cover the so-called
reserve inventory.
Actual demand
Customers' orders and often
also the allocation of items,
ingredients and/or raw materi-
als to production or distribu-
Actual voyage number
A code for identification pur-
poses of the voyage and vessel
which actually transports the
Added value
The value attributed to prod-
ucts, and services as the result
of a particular process (e.g.
production process, storage,
Advance arrangement
An agreement between the
shipper and the carrier, con-
cerning contacts between those
parties prior to tendering the

Advanced amount
Cash or cash equivalents
expressed in a monetary
amount given to a driver to
cover expenses during a trip.

of me Inaustry.

signee. Such charges are usu-
ally for agents' forwarding
fees and incidental expenses
paid out of pocket for account
of the shipment by an agent or
other carrier (air cargo).
Advanced interline
An interline carrier that picks
up cargo from the shipper and
delivers it to another carrier


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~ A Caribbean Today advertising feature

The 'A' list of must-know terms in transportation and cargo

Agency fee
Fee payable by a shipowner or
ship operator to a port agent.

U.S., E.U. probe...
fraction of its revenue, has not
been contacted in the probe,
spokeswoman Chris Kelly said.
Memphis-based FedEx Corp.
also has not been contacted,
spokesman Jess Bunn said. In
South Korea, the nation's
antitrust watchdog said it had
inspected local and foreign air-
lines in cooperation with simi-
lar actions by authorities in the
United States and Europe. The
commission did not mention
what airlines were inspected.
But Korean Air Co.
spokesman Cho Hyong-chol
confirmed that officials visited
that airline, adding that he had
no details.
Edited from
and the Associated Press.

What is a

declared value

for carriage?
Declared value for
carriage is a value
entered on the air
waybill that determines a car-
rier's maximum liability in
case of loss or damage to a
When no value is
declared (NVD), a carrier's
automatic limit of liability is
determined by the contract of
carriage and/or the carrier's
The most common auto-
matic limits are $.50 cents
per pound for domestic
shipments and $9.07 per
pound for international ones.
When your declared value
for carriage exceeds these
limits, a fee is charged by the
carrier for accepting addi-
tional risk.
In order to collect on a
claim based on a declared
value for carriage, you must
* What carrier had the cargo
when the loss or damage
* That the carrier was negli-
gent in its treatment of the
* The lost or damaged cargo
was really worth what you
are claiming.

Intelligent software that can
be used in an exchange or
auction to monitor prices and
conditions on behalf of buyer
and supplier, and in some
cases to automatically execute
Aggregate inventory
The inventory for any group
of items or products, involving
multiple stock-keeping units.
Synonym: Aggregate Stock.
Automatic Identification
The process of assigning
activities, costs or facilities
e.g. space to a certain organi-
zational units.
A share of the capacity of a
means of transport assigned to
a certain party, e.g. a carrier or
an agent, for the purpose of
the booking of cargo for a
specific voyage.

At or in the middle of a vessel.
A vessel's outfit, such as
ri,_,-*ini_- anchor and life boats.
The term used in distribution/
transport of clothing for a
single piece of clothing, a
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An online outsourcer or host-
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instead of buying applications
and services such as auctions,
exchanges and catalog aggrega-
tion. Many application vendors
are moving to a hosting model,
but ASPs are often application-
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one application into a market-
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using another feature from
another vendor elsewhere.

Edited and reprinted from
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March 2006


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^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^I^^^^co BI~t


Government dismisses claims it wants to decriminalize homosexuality in Jamaica

KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
Justice Minister and Attorney
General A.J. Nicholson has
made it clear that the govern-
ment has no intention to get rid
of the current legislation which
makes homosexuality illegal.
Nicholson, in a release
issued last month, responded to
claims by a group of church
leaders and members of the
Lawyers' Christian Association
that provisions in the proposed
Charter of Rights could lead to
the decriminalization of homo-
sexuality. According to the jus-
tice minister, the parliamentary
committee discussing the bill
has already rejected such an
application of the gay rights
group, Jamaica Forum for
Lesbians All-sexuals and Gays
"You will recall that the
people who hold an opposite
view to the lawyers and the
church representatives came
and made submissions to us in
the joint select committee and
the position was fully ventilated
and the government and the
joint select committee decided

* U.N. discusses Caribbean's crime rate
The rising crime rate in Caribbean islands
was scheduled among the items on the
agenda of a week-long crime prevention
conference called by the United Nations
Office for Drug Control and Crime
Prevention in South Africa late last month.
A Caribbean research team, led by
Professor Ramesh Deosaran, director of
the UWI Centre for Criminology and
Criminal Justice, was scheduled to pres-
ent research papers on the work of 10
of Trinidad and Tobago's organizations
on crime and violence prevention, family
mediation, drug addiction and prisoner
rehabilitation and reduction of school
Privy Council rejects Panday's
The Privy Council in London has thrown
out an application by Opposition Leader
Basdeo Panday to block criminal pro-
ceedings against him.
Last month's decision by the Law
Lords has opened the way for his crimi-
nal trial to proceed on charges of failing
to disclose a million dollar London bank
account to the Integrity Commission
while he held the office of prime minister.
Grenadians observe 32nd
Grenadians last month celebrated
their 32nd anniversary of political
Independence from Britain amid a
warning that more sacrifices would be
needed to restore the island's economic
viability following the battering it got
from two recent hurricanes.
In an address marking the occa-
sion, Prime Minister Dr. Keith Mitchell
said that despite the assistance given
from foreign countries, Grenadians must
accept full responsibility for the rebuild-
ing of the island.
Compiled from CMC and other

that there would be no opening
of any door to same sex mar-
riages or the decriminalization
of homosexuality," he said.
The Christian groups had
voiced their opposition to pro-
visions of the charter claiming
that it condoned homosexuality
and abortion. The Lawyers'

has also writ-
ten to
that their
concerns be
heard by the
Joint Select
Committee of Nicholson

Parliament that is reviewing
the Charter of Rights Bill.
The report from the parlia-
mentary committee will form
the basis of an Act to amend
the Jamaican Constitution to
provide for the protection of the
fundamental rights and free-
doms of individuals. Opposition
Leader Bruce Golding has sup-
ported the government in dis-

missing claims that the pro-
posed Charter of Rights would
open the door for the decrimi-
nalization of homosexuality.
However, he urged the govern-
ment to allow the church lead-
ers to make their submissions
before the parliamentary com-


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March 2006



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