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John F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universe Spaceport Sept. 5, 2008 Vol. 48, No. 18 See Ride-out team Page 8 Ride-out team keeps eye on stormsA member of the Hurricane Ride-Out Team, a group of emergency personnel at Kennedy Space Center, monitors effects from Tropical Storm Fay in front of the Operations Support Building I in the Launch Complex 39 Area. The storm passed over the center Aug. 20 and stalled offshore, bringing with it heavy rain and tropical storm force wind. Kennedy closed Aug. 19 because of Fay and reopened for normal operations Aug. 22.NASA/Jack PfallerBy Linda Herridge Spaceport News Kennedy workers can check with the centers hurricane information phone line for the latest information by calling 321-861-7900 or 866-572-4877. Center storm updates also will be available online at the agency s emergency operation center Web site at informed Theres a special team of about 200 workers who stay on site when a strong tropi cal storm or hurricane threatens or i mpacts Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. During Tropical Storm Fay, the Hurricane Ride-out Team remained at the spaceport and Tuesday, it began planning for the potential impact from Hurricane Hanna as it heads for the east coast of Florida. These brave workers are called into action when HURCON IV (the arrival of 50-knot/58 mph winds within 72 hours) is declared by the Kennedy Center Director and the 45th Space Wing Commander. The designated ride-out person nel are relieved of their normal duties so they can attend an emer Kennedy Training Auditorium. They receive updates on the storm, general safety guidelines and what they can and cannot bring back with them. They then are released back to their supervisors before preparing their homes for the storm. The workers return to their ride-out locations at Kennedy and CCAFS at pre-determined times and locations to ride out the storm, or until they are released to evacu ate or relocate to another spaceport facility ness of the ride-out team to stay on board and assist in keeping our center maintained and running during such critical times, said T im Moore, NASA acting emer gency manager. We realize they are needed by their families and we appreciate their work and dedica also appreciate their families and we know it takes away from them during times of need. The ride-out teams respon sibilities during a severe storm include monitoring and watching and payloads, and the facilities they are in. They report everything they observe to the Emergency Opera tions Center, or EOC, located in the Launch Control Center so it can be logged and followed-up on after the storm. Ride-out team members monitor electrical, mechanical and environmental systems, fuels and HV AC, as well as many other sys personnel also remain on the center The ride-out team, comprised of roadside canals and surrounding grounds. In the background is the Vehicle Assembly Building.for NASA


Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWSSept. 5, 2008Workforce Florida assists all during transition By Linda Herridge Spaceport NewsA Agreement with the Bre vard Workforce Develop ment Board (BWDB) will help to b olster support for Kennedy Space Centers work force during the tran sition from the Space Shuttle Pro gram to the Constellation Program. Also, Wyle Aerospace Group V ice President George Hauer was appointed to the Workforce Florida Inc. board of directors. Hauer is one of 27 new board members appointed by Governor Charlie Crist, and is the only board member from Kenne dy. Workforce Florida is the states c hief work force policy organization and principal architect in the efforts to meet Floridas current and future employment needs and challenges. It is an honor to be appointed t o the Workforce Florida board of directors, Hauer said. This ap pointment enables the aerospace w ork force in Brevard County and throughout the state to have a voice in how work force strategies are designed and implemented. These strategies are important to assure re tention of Kennedys skilled workers a nd prepare them for the future. Andra Cornelius is Workforce F loridas vice president of Business and Workforce Development Oppor tunities. She said the organization is d elighted to welcome Hauer to the board, especially because aerospace is and will be a critical area of focus. We believe his input will be i nvaluable given the imminent space shuttle to Constellation transition and Workforce Floridas focus on re taining shuttle workers in the states a erospace industry, and transitioning those who arent retained into other in-state, high-value industries, Cornelius said. Hauer said he will work closely w ith Kennedy, local aerospace con tractors and the BWDB, to be sure a ll needs are heard and appropriately acted upon. The BWDB is the space coasts l ocal arm of Workforce Florida. Its mission is to facilitate and be the catalyst for work force development activities that are responsive to the employment and training needs of Brevard County. The board includes volunteers who represent key indus try sectors, economic development a nd education. BWDB President Lisa Rice said H auer has been very active with the Aerospace Career Development Council that the organization formed more than a year ago. When the Workforce Florida b oard needed an aerospace represen tative I quickly recommended Hauer a s a person who would understand the need for growing world-class talent in Florida and especially in our local region, Rice said. The Space Act Agreement s igned by Kennedy and the BWDB in June was the foundation docu ment used by both organizations to p artner with state and local com munity leaders in the joint goal of p reparing Brevard Countys highly skilled work force for the transition. The agreement offers the work f orce opportunities for lifelong learning and job training. It also allows for increased availability of the Brevard Job Link Express bus at various locations around the center. Kennedys Human Resources D irector Tracy Anania serves as an force board. The Brevard Job Link Express bus makes stops at various locations around Kennedy Space Center.for NASATraining is given around Kennedy aboard the Brevard Job Link Express Bus that has several computer work stations. Workforce Florida aims to bolster support for Kennedy Space Centers work force during the transition from the Space Shuttle Program to the Constellation Program.We set sail on this new sea because there is new knowledge to be gained and new rights to be won, and they must be won and used for all people . . In 1962, John F. Kennedy d eclared the need for space explora tion. Fifty years after its conception, N ASAs accomplishments are a prominent presence in history. In celebration of NASAs 50th Anniversary Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex is hosting a live, festival-style concert series. For three Saturdays, beginning Oct. 18, the symbolic Rocket Garden will provide the backdrop for the music icons. Reminiscent of the 1980s and the movie Rocky III, the popular rock band Survivor will kick of f the celebration with their hits like Eye of the Tiger and Is This Love. band to have a number one hit in the United States, The Guess Who earned its recognition in 1970 with the song Raindrops Keep Fallin on My Head. The band will appear on Oct. 25, performing its other wellknown songs such as American Woman and These Eyes. Topping off the series on form his famous 1980s pop-rock song Don t Walk Away and his Grammy Award-winning single Jessies Girl. Following the concert series events, the second annual Space and Air Show at Kennedy Space Center will be Nov 8 and 9. The show will feature the precision and power of the world famous U.S. Navy Blue Angels. All of the events are free with a Commander s Club annual pass.for NASABy Kate Frakes Spaceport News For more information or to purchase tickets, call (321) 449-4400 or visit www.kennedyspace Want to go?


SPACEPORT NEWSPage 3Sept. 5, 2008NASA Three people clad in black spandex suits studded with small white balls move around a room cloaked in black while computers use special lights to record every mo tion. This is the latest effort to ready NASAs Kennedy Space Center to assemble and process Constellation rockets and spacecraft for Theres a network of carefully placed plastic sticks that form what could be mistaken for the skeleton of a large tent. In fact, it is the exact dimensions of the pres sure vessel of an Orion, the c apsule under development to take teams of astronauts into orbit and to the moon. The three people in b lack move around inside the plastic frame, carefully handing rectangles of PVC pipe and bailing wire back and forth. This is how the tech niques for assembling t he Orion spacecraft are de vised, not by trial-and-error i nside a multi-million-dollar capsule, but by computer in a virtual world where no one can drop a life support sys tem on their toe or wrench t heir back while moving equipment inside. The technology is k nown as motion capture, and it is the same process used by video game creators cally animate characters. By using the motion c apture or virtual reality, we can reduce the cost of prototyping, said Bob Mills of United Space Alliance or USA. Nothing replaces hands-on, but this is very close. The actors and capsule f rame are just the beginning of the process. After record ing scores of movements, p rogrammers add virtual weight to the loads the actors are carrying. By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News We can spin the (com puter) model and see what t he best angle is, Mills said. The programmers can s ubstitute any other com ponent as designs evolve and study the impacts on workers right away. If the weights are too great or call for technicians to make severe movements, it can be found out while engineers have a chance to modify the design so it doesnt stress the workers. The process has already b een used at Kennedy to plan the placement of plywood sheets in front of the crawler tracks. The lab at Kennedy w as developed under United Space Alliances Constella tion Independent Research & Development activities to support a variety NASAs exploration projects. The Orion mock-up is a proof of concept to demonstrate the labs capability. All the data from the tests will be provided to the Constellation Program. Mills, who is part of U SAs Human Engineering and Modeling and Perfor mance Laboratory, called on P eter Voccis cutting-edge team at the New York Insti tute of Technology to help w ith the project. We are going to try to e liminate as many problems (with Orion processing) up-front as possible, Vocci said. For Vocci, who recalled w atching on television as eted into orbit, the chance to w ork on the next-generation spacecraft added a new level of reward. To be asked to work o n a project such as this just makes it that much more exciting, Vocci said. It will be several years Orion capsule begins assem bly and processing opera tions at Kennedy. You have projections a nd expectations, but you never really know until you start doing it, Vocci said.A United Space Alliance technician, right, hands off a component of the Orion crew module mock-up to another technician identify potential ergonomic risks for future Orion crews. m otion capture suit worn by a technician who will be assembling the Orion crew module mock-up. The work is being performed in United Space Alliances Human Engineering and Modeling and Performance Lab in the RLV Hangar at Kennedy Space Center.NASA


Scene Around Kennedy Space Center Page 5SPACEPORT NEWS Page 4SPACEPORT NEWSSept. 5, 2008 Sept. 5, 2008 Technicians observe as the Wide Field Camera 3, or WFC3, is rotated to vertical in the Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility. The WFC3 will be transferred to the Super Lightweight Interchangeable 1:34 a.m. Eastern.NASA/Amanda DillerExternal fuel tank, ET-129, is lowered between the solid rocket boosters for mating on the mobile launcher platform in the Vehicle Assembly Building. The external tank-booster stack will be mated to space shuttle Endeavour for the STS-126 mission. The STS-126 mission will deliver a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module to the International Space Station. Launch is targeted for Nov. 10. a heat-resistant concrete called Fondue Fyre into steel grid structures that were welded to the wall of NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis


Scene Around Kennedy Space CenterPage 5SPACEPORT NEWS Page 4SPACEPORT NEWSSept. 5, 2008 Sept. 5, 2008 You are encouraged to send unique story ideas and exciting photos of workers in action for possible publication. Photos should include a short caption with the names and job titles, from left to right. Send e-mail to News Space shuttle Atlantis is moved across the I-beam toward the waiting external fuel tank and twin solid rocket boosters in high bay 3 in the Vehicle Assembly Building. Atlantis has been mated to the tank-booster stack on the mobile launcher platform.NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis External fuel tank, ET -129, is lowered between the solid rocket boosters for mating on the mobile launcher platform in the Vehicle Assembly Building. The external tank-booster stack will be mated to space shuttle Endeavour for the STS-126 mission. The STS-126 mission will deliver a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module to the International Space Station. Launch is targeted for Nov. 10. NASA/Jack PfallerKennedy Deputy Director Janet Petro talks with with Brig. Gen. Susan Helms, center, at the 2008 Womens Equality Day breakfast on Aug. 26.NASA/Amanda Diller


Page 6SPACEPORT NEWSSept. 5, 2008 NASA wont send anything into space that needs to re turn -without a parachute. The idea of a piece of cloth a feather in the breeze dates back an invention by Leonardo da Vinci in the 15th century. Many inventors kept busy during the next 200 years trying to perfect a method of sailing back to earth safely. In 1797, Andrew Garnerin per j u mp. His parachute, when opened, had a canopy that resembled a huge parachute designer to place air vents in the canopy to reduce oscillations and uncontrollable swinging. The rest -as they say -is history. Today, parachutes play a major r o le in NASAs space program. Without them, the safety of return ing astronauts and the reusability o f important equipment would be impossible. Inside the Parachute Refurbish ment Facility at NASAs Kennedy S p ace Center, United Space Alli ance Manager Terry McGugin and E n gineer Dave Hillebrandt head up an expert team of technicians who maintain and refurbish parachutes, keeping them in exceptional work ing condition for future use. Hillebrandt also is lead engineer fo r the Constellation Programs Ares 1 rocket parachute development project. The Ares 1 parachute recov ery system consists of three types o f parachutes: a small pilot chute that pulls out the drogue chute, a drogue chute that slows descent and maneuvers the booster into a vertical position, and three main parachutes that slow the booster more, carrying it to a gentle splashdown. Hillebrandt watched as the performed at the Yuma Proving Grounds in Arizona. The recov ery system successfully brought a 4 6 ,000-pound-plus load of equip ment and sensors, slowly and safely stone for the Constellation Program. It was really a complex test, H i llebrandt said.By Elaine M. MarconiSpaceport News When asked how the Orion C r ew Exploration Vehicle para chutes compare to the booster c h utes, Hillebrandt says its all in the weight. Boosters have three main chutes, weighing 2,000 pounds each, whereas capsule chutes only weigh 350 pounds each. Although similar to the space s h uttles parachute system, the Ares recovery system is designed to be much larger and stronger because stage rocket and because of a higher separation altitude of 189,000 feet above sea level. Both the Ares parachutes and t h e ones for the space shuttle are processed in the parachute facility. Hillebrandt and his team work on every aspect of the Ares parachutes in the building which covers 18,000 square feet and is bigger than two side-by-side basketball courts. The building is mainly used to p r ocess space shuttle parachutes. After NASAs retrieval ships, Lib erty Star and Freedom Star, carefully r e cover the space shuttle solid rocket booster parachutes from the water, theyre transported back to the refur bishment facility at Kennedy Space C e nter. The chutes are stretched out on an 11,000 square-foot outdoor deck where the suspension lines are untangled. Next, the chutes are hung by h a nd onto L-shaped hooks attached to a monorail system that carries them into a monster-sized washer. After hours of sloshing in a 25,000gallon tank to cleanse the fabric of debris and minerals, the monorail moves the chute into a mammoth dryer. When the drying cycle is complete, the monorail snakes its way through the building for the next processing step -repair and re-pack. The Ares parachutes are even b i gger. To understand the colossal size of them, imagine a cluster of three brightly-colored canopies that cover more than two acres and is from end-to-end, 325 feet long. Kevlar makes these new para chutes stronger and lighter than their n y lon predecessors. Although the same-sized container and weighs less. The canopys open-spac ing design, originally invented by G a rnerin, is still being used. Todays canopy consists of strong strips of material sewn together in a latticework design, which looks similar to pie-crust top. This design allows the canopy, stabilizing the entire stack. The strength needed for the s u spension lines to support a more than 200,000 pound object from an elevation of 189,000 feet is tested by the refurbishment team on several tensile-strength machines. Technicians work on gigantic s e wing machines to repair the fabric and 165 foot long suspension lines, while 3,500 square feet of table top accommodate the careful folding and packing of the parachutes for Ares, the next test. This is a monumental feat, s a id McGugin about the size and scope of the work being done at the facility. The parachute recovery system rocket will be topped by a simulated Orion crew vehicle. In the future, the Ares 1 rocket w i ll carry the Orion capsule with four to six astronauts into orbit and deliver supplies to the International Space Station.Parachutes for the Ares rockets are being prepared for packing in the Parachute Refurbishment Facility at Kennedy Space Center. Ares I is an in-line, two-stage rocket that will transport the Orion crew exploration vehicle design used for the shuttle. As with the shuttle, this booster will fall away when spent, lowered by parachute into the Atlantic Ocean where it can be retrieved and reused.NASA


Page 7SPACEPORT NEWSSept. 5, 2008Satcom 2R among 1983s great run Remembering Our Heritage By Kay Grinter Reference Librarian The solid state RCA Satcom 2R satellite is positioned in a thermal vacuum chamber for simulated environment tests in Princeton, N.J. The satellite, which replaced Satcom 2 in 1976, was launched among the four space shuttle missions and 11 expendable vehicle launches in 1983.The year 1983, was a very good one for NASA. Four space shuttle missions and 11 ex pendable vehicle launches w e re accomplished with no failures. Every launch was a success. In May, President Ronald Reagan announced that the U.S. government would facilitate the commercial operation of the expendable launch vehicle program. The increased commercial use of NASAs services conformed to this policy. NASA alum Wayne McCall was chief of the Delta operations division in Kennedy Space Centers expendable launch vehicle operations in 1983 and recalled: Eight of those 11 unmanned launches were on Delta vehicles, and all were from Launch Complex 17 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Since there were two active Delta pads, there was no dead time. We kept the crew busy on both pads every day because while mechanical work was under way on one vehicle, systems work could be done on the other. The normal eight-week vehicle between launches from a single pad could be reduced to four to six weeks. Among the commercial satellites launched atop McDonnell Douglas-built Delta vehicles (167 and 172) were Satcom 1R and RCAs series of advanced, second-generation domestic communications satellites. Satcom 1R launched April 11, with Satcom 2R on Sept. 8. After deployment, the Satcoms operated from geostationary circular orbit. Geostationary satellites hover over an assigned location above the equator, at an altitude of 22,240 miles. They are spaced around a circle some 165,000 miles in circumference. The advantages of this orbit are that the location is high enough to permit coverage of vast areas of the globe below, and the position can be maintained with minimal expenditure of on-board propellants. antennas on the ground must be carefully aimed at the satellite for good signal reception, it is important that it be locked in to its position. One of the major services of the Satcom system was the relay of television signals, and used by U.S. broadcast television networks such as ABC, NBC and CBS to distribute programming to end of 1978, there were 375 ground stations in the U.S. capable of transmitting and receiving satellite signals. This grew to 1,400 in 1979, and 3,000 by the end of 1980. Satcom 2R joined four other communications satellites in orbit RCA-C through RCA-F making network that provided coverage to all 50 states. More than 4,000 ground stations had direct access to these communications satellites, which all carried 28 completely solid state 24 operating channels for television, voice and highspeed data transmission. This was a 50 percent increase capacity compared to earlier Satcoms. The advanced Satcoms solid-state communications system. The advantages of were higher reliability, much simpler power supply requirements and improved performance characteristics. Earlier RCA Satcoms used traveling wave tube throughout the industry. Satcom 1R and 2R used hydrazine resistojets for stationkeeping and orbit maintenance. Resistojets operate directly from spacecraft batteries or use rudimentary power processing. They are appropriate for spacecraft on which but low thrust, is required. The resistojets on these advanced Satcoms had a coiled wire heater that radiated to an annular heat exchanger surrounding the coil. General Electric acquired RCA in 1986. The last Satcom satellite was placed in orbit in November 1985 and deactivated in February 2002.


John F. Kennedy Space CenterManaging editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candrea Thomas Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rebecca SpragueEditorial support provided by InDyne, Inc. Writers Group.NASA at KSC is on the Internet at USGPO: 733-049/600142Spaceport News is published on alternate Fridays by External Relations in the interest of KSC civil service and contractor employees. Contributions are welcome and should be submitted before publication to the Media Services Branch, IDI-011. E-mail submissions can be sent to Page 8SPACEPORT NEWSSept. 5, 2008 Send photos of yourself and/or your co-workers in action for possible publication. Photos should include a short caption, with names and job titles, from left. Send them to Im a California girl and Id take an earthquake any day. We just took our shutters down. What do you think about the rash of storms that are headed our way?Its part of living in Florida. You just have to be prepared and get essentials ready. I really dont mind . its a little exciting. We just usually prepare for them. At home I maintain a box to keep important It just slows down the guys working on Constellation. Theres not much you can do. WORD STREETON THE at the O&C at e id t d Scheduled for Jan. 26, 2010 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, SDO; TBD Launch/KSC: Atlantis, STS-125; 1:34 a.m. No earlier than Feb. 10, 2009 Target Oct. 8 Launch/CCAFS: Delta IV, GOES-O; TBD Target Nov. 10 Launch/KSC: Endeavour, STS-126; 9:31 p.m. No earlier than March 2, 2009 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, LRO/LCROSS; TBD No earlier than Jan. 23, 2009 Launch/CCAFS: Delta II, STSS; TBD Target Feb. 12, 2009 Launch/KSC: Discovery, STS-119; 7:36 a.m. Scheduled for April 10 Launch/CCAFS: Delta II, Kepler; TBD Target May 15, 2009 Launch/KSC: Endeavour, STS-127; 4:52 p.m. Launch/KSC: Atlantis, STS-128; TBD Target July 30, 2009 Family Day at Kennedy Space Center Oct. 18 No earlier than Sept. 26 Launch/CCAFS: Delta IV, NROL-26; TBD Target Oct. 15, 2009 Launch/KSC: Discovery, STS-129; TBD Target Dec. 10, 2009 Launch/KSC: Endeavour, STS-130; TBD Target Feb. 11, 2010 Launch/KSC: Atlantis, STS-131; TBD Target April 8, 2010 Launch/KSC: Discovery, STS-132; TBD Target May 31, 2010 Launch/KSC: Endeavour, STS-133; TBDFrom Ride-out team Page 1 Do you have a topic of interest to NASA program and project management stakeholders? Deadline for abstract submissions is Sept. 12. For more information, go to: many different skill mixes, may be required to respond and take immediate action to deal with criti hardware, payloads or facilities, as weather permits. NASA, United Space Alli ance, Boeing and other contractors stationed in the EOC follow the and communicate with the leads in each facility as well as Brevard County Emergency Management and Patrick Air Force Base. After a storm passes, the ride-out team waits for the weather-safe an nouncement from the EOC before proceeding outside for initial as sessments. This only happens when winds in excess of 58 mph have subsided for a sustained period of least two hours or more. The ride-out crew are the spe cial people who volunteer their tim to make sure the center is safe and then, after the storm is over, are pre pared to come back in and get back t o supporting NASAs mission, sa John Cosat, Space Gateway Suppor emergency management chief. As of presstime, Tropical Storm H anna had delayed the rollout of space shuttle Atlantis to Launch Pa 39A. If Hanna stays on track, then Atlantis will roll to the pad, most likely Saturday morning. Two other tropical storms, Ike a nd Josephine, were churning in the Atlantic Ocean.