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John F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universe Spaceport News March 19, 2010 Vol. 50, No. 6 Inside this issue . Heritage: Gemini 3 Page 7 commercial jaunts to ISS Page 3 INSPIRE students Paper towel artist Page 6 Volcanic insight Page 2 SpaceX successfully test fires its Falcon 9 rocket March 13 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla. The firing clears a milestone toward the inaugural flight of a privately developed spaceship. By Linda Herridge Spaceport News Photo courtesy of Chris Thompson/SpaceX F uture payloads and cargo to the Interna tional Space Station will one day be carried by commercially developed vehicles for NASA. The of a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon spacecraft is one step closer after a successful from Cape Canaveral Air Force Stations Launch Complex-40. sion Assurance and Integra tion Scott Henderson said the launch pad is fully activated. Weve been through a successful booster tanking stage demonstrated the full countdown sequence through The two-stage fully inte grated launch vehicle on the powered by nine SpaceX-de an unpressurized trunk and the Dragon spacecraft quali SpaceX was awarded procurement for three the Commercial Orbital by NASAs Johnson Space Center in Houston. A subsequent contract for Commercial Resup awarded in late 2008 to resupply the space station. The SpaceX CRS contract resupply the station from NASA Kennedy COTS/CRS COTS role is to help enable commercial space capabili ties. The team has sup ported the SpaceX design and facility development engineering expertise and other capabilities when Kennedy worked with Space Florida to acquire several high-pressure tanks and dewars from the Santa Susana Field Laboratory in California for SpaceX and other COTS partners. Government Recovery Act funds were used to complete Launch Com plex-40 upgrades. The light facility were upgraded or repaired to improve reli ability Henderson said the been instrumental in helping SpaceX stand up its Florida launch site and sharing technical lessons that will directly help the company achieve mission success. Our primary objec which validates our booster derson said. We also plan See FALCON Page 3 explore the possibility of re the rocket will launch at a due east trajectory over will separate and is planned


Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWS March 19, 2010 Shuttle leak detector reveals volcanic secrets LSP names program manager A ich is going for the glory. Thats because her first launch as the program manager for NASAs Launch Service designed to study longterm climate change. stepped up from her position as deputy program manager after Stephen Francois retired. chief of the LSP Flight Projects Office. As a mission manager of 30 successful spacecraft teams at NASAs Jet Propulsion Space Flight Center and Goddard Space as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and private industry. was instrumental in making Kennedy LSPs bachelors in industrial engineering from Geor ment from the University of Central Florida. Shes worked in shuttle opera tions and was a recipient of NASAs Outstanding Amanda Mitsckevich A his team were work ing on better ways to detect hazardous gases on found out they also could ardous gases venting from a volcano.That means they may be only a short time away from building an early warning system for volcano eruptions -a system that could give those near an active cone days or more to evacuate to safety. There are all kinds of have large volumes of gases and some dont have The long-term idea for this is that wed be able to characterize the volcanoes. Then if the volcano becomes better idea of whats going do we think its going to be a violent eruption or mainly of Kennedys Chemical Analysis Branch and holds his groups goal was to shrink the leak detection system at the launch pad By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News from the size of three refrigerators to something that could be carried by inside a spacecraft. This project started off as a way to push the boundaries with our shuttle detectors co-designer. We more powerful and lighter while still maintaining operational abilities and Parts of the miniaturization work from numerous sampling ports required at the pad to a single port for the smaller machine. Other smaller pumps and other innovation and invention. In is used to find out what chemicals are present in the air. The team also set out to make the unit relatively reliable and hearty. detector weighs in at 75 pounds. It stands about 9 inches tall and its footprint is a bit larger than the goals of the project is to make it small enough to be carried in a backpack. Griffin was talking about some of the work involved in chemical analysis at a conference when officials from Costa Ricas scientific program asked about applying the technology to the volcanic studies. It started to look like a natural fit. Costa Rica proved a good testing ground for the equipment because most of the population lives around or near four active volcanoes. They dont worry but also high concentrations of carbon dioxide the volcanoes vent. The gas tends to kill all vegetation and livestock near the cant see the carbon dioxide. The detector showed a way to find out where the gas pockets are and how they change. The team flew the detector on three different kinds of the chemicals in volcanic a level of precision that astonished Arkin. That was something that I never thought about The team also put the detector in the backseat of a car and drove it through Costa Rican cities to sample the air and also carried it into the volcanoes by hand. to load it inside drones so the detection system can fly directly into the plumes of erupting mountains without endangering a pilot. The results are expected to provide more information to help researchers pinpoint what volcanoes are doing at or if they might be about to spew. Although the highest potential is still a few years away for the detection envision a time when there are a number of detectors based around the world ready to scan volcanoes suspected of erupting. The extra information could be enough to convince officials to order an evacuation before its too late. A leak detector developed by Tim Griffins team samples the air for chemicals as an airplane flies over volcanoes in Costa Rica. The sampling device is connected to a wing support strut and its tube runs inside the aircraft to the detector. Photo courtesy of Tim Griffin Tim Griffin, left, and Richard Arkin are part of the team that designed a leak detector small enough to be carried in a car, airplane or even on foot. NASA/Amanda Diller


SPACEPORT NEWS Page 3 March 19, 2010 Students inspired by STEM mentors L a senior at Bayside High School in astronaut. careers was reinforced when she participated in the Interdisciplinary National Science Project Incorporat ing Research and Education project at Kennedy. INSPIRE is one of four agency-level projects that the centers Education for NASA to encourage stu Research and Education Programs Small Projects; the Exploration Systems Grant; and the Experimental Program to Stimulate Com petitive Research. I think NASA edu important for students because they expose us to a real work environment that is both challenging and According to Berta Kennedy-managed agency the center plays a unique role in providing guid NASA centers for program implementation. Kennedy formu lates what the agency will provide and works with Alfonso said. We handle the high-level planning of what will be implemented each year and at what levels based on funding and other Cardamone and Justin Brevard Community Col lege studying industrial en Puerto Rico who spent eight weeks at Kennedy last year under the supervision of a mentor. has been national project manager of INSPIRE since its implementation in April provides students and parents across the country a direct link to all nine NASA centers and the Jet Propul sion Laboratory as they careers and opportunities Chance said INSPIRE dents an online community that links them with other like-minded students with interests in aeronautics and space exploration. INSPIRE also provides students op portunities to participate in a variety of hands-on experi week collegiate visit and paid internships at a NASA center. Cardamone was a high school junior when she interned at the Space Station Processing Facility with Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. under the Checkout Assembly and Payload Pro cessing Services contract. I wanted to partici pate in INSPIRE because it looked like an amazing opportunity to learn and experience NASA and the said. I have always had an interest in rocketry and gram I really wanted to be mone helped make sure the Operations and Checkout Facilitys altitude chamber was operational as it was renovated for next-genera tion spacecraft. engineer with ASRC Aero was able to tour the Vehicle Assembly Building and space shuttle and rocket launches. Shepherd said his mo tivation to be an INSPIRE mentor came from the very his own childhood. Someone was there for me to point me in the right direction and was able to say the right words to instill motivation and the drive to do something great with my returned during his senior year last summer. During developed and then per fected a database for audit ment Branch of the Center Operation Directorate. Participating in the IN SPIRE program gave me the chance to work side-by-side with wonderful and help ful mentors who helped me Birbal said. Its a way for students to be exposed to Birbals mentor was program manager in the branch. Shes been mentor ing students for more than came interested in mentor ing because as a mother of sonal experience can help By Linda Herridge Spaceport News For more information about INSPIRE and other NASA education projects managed by Kennedy, visit: More online NASA/Jim Wood Lauren Cardamone, a senior at Bayside High School in Palm Bay, Fla., is a participant in the Interdisciplinary National Science Project Incorporating Research and Education Experience, or INSPIRE, project at Kennedy. During her internship, Cardamone helped ensure that the Operations and Checkout Facilitys altitude chamber was operational as it was renovated for next-generation spacecraft. From FALCON Page 1 to be recovered 400 miles off the distance of shuttle solid rocket trunk and Dragon spacecraft will be inserted into a low Earth orbit. For will send telemetry but it will not maneuver. logical lead-in to the NASA COTS maneuver close to it and ultimately mate to station and pass cargo back There are three demonstration the addition of four orbits by the covery. SpaceX also plans to retrieve which is the same as space shuttle missions to the station. The Dragon a predetermined point in space and then be brought in communication splashdown and recovery. with an exciting twist. The Dragon spacecraft with trunk attached will robotic arm can be operated to grab and bring it in to dock. the potential to bring cargo up to the station and retrieve cargo for return


Page 4 SPACEPORT NEWS March 19, 2010 Page 5 SPACEPORT NEWS March 19, 2010 2010 KSC All-American Picnic About 4,500 people attended the 31st annual Kennedy Space Center All-American Picnic on March 6. This years picnic celebrated more than three decades of family, food and fun with classic childrens games, train rides (background), music, a magic show, chili cook-off and dessert contest, face painting, and a car show. NASA photos by Kim Shilflett and Glenn Benson Friends duel it out in an inflatable arena during the human joust. The event was part of the Generation XYZ games, which were for individuals ages 14 and older. Generation XYZ games included a cornhole tournament, above, and Guitar Hero. Childrens tournaments included running inside plastic bubbles during human sphere races. Jumping tents, inflatable slides and an obstacle course also were available. NASA astronaut Dominic Gorie, right, who signed autographs and posed for photographs at the picnic, talks with Kennedy Center Director Bob Cabana. Face painting was a favorite of the kids attending the picnic. The facial art themes included tigers, butterflies, fairies and clowns. Attendees enjoyed corn on the cob, chili and desserts. Barbeque was provided by Slow & Low Bar-B-Que. Children ate hamburgers and chicken tenders from the eatery in Cocoa Beach, Fla. Children of all ages got to choose from 25 activities, including finger printing for kids offered by the Brevard County Sheriffs Office. Activities included Putt Putt to the Planets, Moon Hunt and Feed the Alien. Food and refreshments were served with biodegradable and compostable plates, bowls, cups and utensils. Eventually, the items will be composted into soil for Walt Disney World parks. Dan the Magic Man was part of the entertainment that included bands, such as Garden Gnomes, Voices in Your Head and Reflections.


Page 6 SPACEPORT NEWS March 19, 2010 Custodian crafts space creativity with paper towels NASA/Jack Pfaller NASA/Jack Pfaller Gabriel Mancuso shows off the details of one of his models portraying a space shuttle launch. This model, which Gabriel Mancuso created with paper towels, Scotch tape and aluminum foil, shows a space shuttle riding piggyback on a modified Boeing 747. G As an employ does. What he does with of it goes in the trash. into art. It started with three cof turned into a dove in honor of President Barack Obama winning the Nobel Peace Prize in October. the United Space Alliance he proudly does his job all essential to the space pro gram. We all have to do our job to the best of our ability That passion for Amer icas space program took over and he began creating the space shuttle in numer ous scenarios. Hes created ing the International Space riding piggyback on a modi hangers to make the paper towels come to life. to create a model to his some pretty good advisors. Engineers have given me advice and even shared design concepts with me that I have used to re-create our ideas come from the dreams of traveling to space. inspires him to create the art he does. in the space-travel commu nity and then add the ability to create a one-of-a-kind collection of NASA-related items really is overwhelm honor to present this type of in Argentina and came to said when he looks up at the sky he can see visions and dreams of exploration. I feel I can see a truth that NASA brings to the The space shuttle replica Resolution! as it was being built in Santa Maria, Calif. Photo courtesy of Chuck Ryan By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News C huck Ryans story of a space shuttle and timing. Ryan began building a full-scale mock-up of when he still was an engineering student at the The attention to detail is obvious: on the rounded aerodynamic features of a real shuttle. On down to the thousandth toggle switch. said. I was very interested in NASA my whole Ryan said he gave his first NASA-focused presentation in fourth grade. He got a scuba didnt know about it. Since the space agency has certain restrictions group at Cal-Poly to advertise NASAs goals and missions. Part of the work included building a shuttle flight deck into a flight simulator. Working on their own time with donated It all started with a phrase that should never It was far from a smooth construction from a crane and shattered on impact. Ryan and his small band regrouped to rebuild the flight deck. But the large mock-up had to be moved from its construction site on campus. The students found a home for it 30 miles away on a strawberry farm. tons. But it had to be moved again to make way the real shuttle program had a retirement date. the team packed the shuttle for shipment by train It rolled into the rail yard near the Vehicle Assembly Building the day after space shuttle launched in 2005. Since the mock-up was in three parts and land where Ryan reassembled it while trying to determine its future. He even rode out Tropical Storm Fay inside the mock-up in August 2008. The shuttle nose section moved once more to a small parcel of land just outside Kennedys south gate where drivers can see it easily as they head to and from the center. After Ryan approached NASA last year Operations personnel began a thorough review for possible uses for the mock-up. But following Kennedy had the right resources to safely train crews and safety professionals through the end of Space Shuttle Program and there wasnt a need for an additional shuttle trainer with the fleets retirement less than a year away. Ryan doesnt know what the future holds for resuming his schooling and achieving closure for a project that has consumed much of his adult life. project showed how deeply the promise of space exploration can take hold.


Page 7 SPACEPORT NEWS March 19, 2010 Remembering Our Heritage By Kay Grinter Reference Librarian Astronauts Gus Grissom, command pilot, foreground, and John Young, pilot, are inside their Gemini 3 spacecraft at what was then Cape Kennedys Pad 19. Its habitable volume was 80 cubic feet in contrast to the 50 cubic feet of the Mercury spacecraft. G us Grissom and John Young years ago inside the Gemini The Gemini 3 mission on were launched in the same spacecraft. The Gemini Program was designed to prepare the way for lunar missions by demonstrating the feasibility of rendezvous and docking mining the physiological reactions of two men and their supporting equipment was an important objective. The information collected would be crucial to the suc cess of the Apollo Program. The Gemini capsule was manufactured by experienced builder of the able volume was 80 cubic feet in contrast to the spacecraft and was similar in size to the front cab of a Volkswagen Beetle. Expe rience had demonstrated that some equipment could be placed outside the pressur ized cabin and left behind at re-entry. For all practical pur was manageable on the relatively short Gemini 3 which took slightly less than hours they were secured in to the time many aerospace workers sit at their comput ers every day. Young later complained about this extra back and fully suited. modations were most chal lenging for Frank Borman and James Lovell Jr. They a monitor for two weeks. Supplying Gemini crews with an adequate diet was critical since some missions were scheduled to last several days. Grissom constantly complained about the dehydrated delicacies concocted by NASA nutri tionists. Testing of a new ar ray of specially packaged space food was a second ary objective on Gemini 3. and reconstitution proper medical objectives. Young was assigned to conduct the testing. I was concentrating on our spacecrafts perfor If I could have fallen out ing an honest-to-john corned bought the deli sandwich at smuggled it into the capsule in his spacesuit pocket. As Grissom bit into overwhelmed by the pun gent aroma of corned beef wafting through the tiny spacecraft. superiors at NASA let us know in no uncertain terms that non-man-rated corned beef sandwiches were out Grissom said. American foods are pro vided to Expedition crews in cans and pouches -in hydrated and dehydrated forms. Entries include lamb as Chinese sticky rice with let and beef with burgundy sauce. The habitable area of a surized volume of the Inter national Space Station has both spacious in comparison to the Gemini capsule. 98 percent complete by volume and provides the Expedition crews room equal to that of a Boeing for company. The larg est team of astronauts and cosmonauts to reside on the NASA file/1965 NASA file/1965 Testing of a new array of specially packaged space food was a secondary objective on Gemini 3. The official food flew only for evaluation of its taste, convenience and reconstitution properties.


Page 8SPACEPORT NEWSMarch 19, 2010 John F. Kennedy Space CenterManaging editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candrea Thomas Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rebecca SpragueEditorial support provided by Abacus Technology Corp. Writers Group.NASA at KSC is on the Internet at USGPO: 733-049/600142Spaceport News three weeks A commercial vehicle that has the potential to take humans into space is targeted to launch in April. How much would you pay to take a trip into space? chance to go into space. It would be so worth it. If money were no option, Id give about two weeks salary. Yes, thats about right.Margaret Pabst, with Abacus Technology Corp.WORD STREETON THE Bill Jenkins, with United Space Alliance I dont have any desire to go into space. Id be totally scared to death.Debbie Richard, with Innovative Health ApplicationsA week or two weeks salary would be about it. I Dave Kilby, with Abacus Technology Corp.I would give everything I could that would not impact my family. I might even consider my retirement.Mario Busacca, with NASA Targeted for April 5 Launch/KSC: Discovery, STS-131; 6:21 a.m. EDT Targeted for April 12 Launch/CCAFS: Falcon 9/Dragon; Window 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. EST Planned for April 18 Landing/KSC: Discovery, STS-131; 8:38 a.m. EDT April 19 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, OTV; 10 p.m. to 2 a.m. EDT Targeted for May 14 Launch/KSC: Atlantis, STS-132; 11:58 a.m. EDT May 17 Launch/CCAFS: Delta IV, GPS IIF-1; 3:19 to 3:37 a.m. EDT No earlier than July 21 Launch/CCAFS: Falcon 9/Dragon, NASA COTS Demo 1; TBD Targeted for July 29 Launch/KSC: Endeavour, STS-134; 7:51 a.m. EDT Targeted for Sept. 16 Launch/KSC: Discovery, STS-133; 11:57 a.m. EDT Targeted for Nov. 17 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, GPS IIF-2; TBD No earlier than Nov. 22 Launch/VAFB: Taurus, Glory; TBD Aug. 5, 2011 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, Juno; TBD Aug.15, 2011 Launch/Reagan Test Site: Pegasus, NuSTAR; TBD Sept. 8, 2011 Launch/CCAFS: Delta II Heavy, GRAIL; TBD To Be Determined Launch/VAFB: Delta II, Aquarius / SAC-D Satellite; TBD To Be Determined Launch/VAFS: Delta II, NPP; TBD No Earlier Than Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, Mars Science Laboratory; TBD Oct. 14, 2011Looking up and ahead . NASA/Jim Grossmann Technicians secure space shuttle Atlantis hatch in preparation for the Mylar pull test inside Kennedys Orbiter Processing Facility-1. During the test, a scale will measure the force required to pull a piece of Mylar paper out from between the door and structural wall thermal barriers. The test ensures the integrity of the hatch and that it has closed properly. Atlantis is being processed for the STS-132 mission targeted to launch May 14. Its six-member crew will deliver an Integrated Cargo Carrier and a Russian-built Mini Research Module to the International Space Station.Around Kennedy .