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John F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universe Spaceport News Feb. 19, 2010 Vol. 50, No. 4 Landing facility lights shine way for shuttle Inside this issue . Testing in Hawaii EMTs answer call Heritage: AfricanAmerican Month Page 7 Page 6 Page 3 Page 2 New space wing boss See STS-130 Page 2 By Linda Herridge Spaceport News W hile space shuttle En deavours six-member crew prepares for a night landing at Kennedy, the Shuttle Landing Facility, or SLF, will be ready to light the way home. Gregory Bordeaux, the electri cal power production supervisor with InDyne Inc., at Cape Canav eral Air Force Station, is looking landing from a unique vantage point. Bordeaux and three co-work ers will be stationed at the powerful Xenon lights at both ends of the runway about three hours before the shuttle is scheduled to land. The Shuttle Training Aircraft, or STA, is used to preview the readiness of the weather, the runway and the lighting at that time. We calibrate the lights so that they are shining evenly and at the proper height, Bordeaux said. and Im looking forward to seeing Endeavour land. When the shuttle landing direc tion is determined, URS Corp. air control tower will communicate with Bordeaux and his team on the ground. Then two of the operators will light up eight Xenon lights, four on each side of one end of the runway, to illuminate the touch down and rollout area from behind the shuttle. According to Ron Feile, a URS light emits 1 billion candlepower, or 20 kilowatts. They light up the entire run way and the area surrounding it, Feile said. The Xenon lights date back to the Apollo Program and were upgraded for the Space Shuttle Program. Bordeaux said Xenons light up the launch pads for night launches and when needed, for shuttle night landings at Edwards Air Force Base and all three transatlantic abort sites. There are several other types of lights on the SLF, each with its own purpose. Ball-Bar lights on 15-foot-high poles are positioned on the left-hand side, or commanders side, of the runway, and Precision Approach Path Indicator, or PAPI, lights help guide the shuttle on a Several types of lighting on and around Runway 15 at Kennedy Space Centers Shuttle Landing Facility help Endeavour and its crew of six glide to a night landing Jan. 20, 1996. Powerful Xenon lights illuminate the touchdown and rollout area from behind the shuttle. NASA file/1996


Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWS Feb. 19, 2010 NASA, international partners test rovers in Hawaii From STS-130 Page 1 gradual, safe descent to the runway. They are operated by United Space Alliance from the Launch Control Center or SLF Landing Aids Con trol Building. Feile said these lights are only used for shuttle landings and STA training. Mike Fessner, a USA special power manager, said the shuttle 20-degree angle, which is much steeper than commercial aircraft. Its important to position the Ball-Bar and PAPI lights at the correct angle. Approach lights are located 3,000 feet before the runway sur face begins. Runway edge lighting is positioned every 200 feet, and runway threshold lighting helps to illuminate the ends of the runway. Lighted distance-to-go markers help the shuttle commander and pilot after they touch down. Centerline lighting is located in the middle 10,000 feet of the runway for rollout guidance. Runway directional signs are lit as well. All of these lights are operated by URS and can be controlled from the runway tower or SLF Landing Aids Control Build ing. As of presstime, STS-130 Commander George Zamka, Pilot Terry Virts, and Mission Specialists Robert Behnken, Nicholas Patrick, Kathryn Hire and Stephen Robinson were scheduled to glide home Feb. 21 at 10:20 p.m. During the mission, Behnken and Patrick completed three spacewalks to help install the Tranquility node to the International Space Station. Tranquility will provide additional room for many of the space stations life support and environmental control systems already on board. They also repositioned the cupola on Tranquility so that it faces Earth, giving crews aboard the station a spectacular view of their home planet. Kennedys landing crew says theyre ready to provide the STS-130 crew with another spec tacular view a brightly lit runway. A rover used to create landing sites runs through testing on Mauna Kea, a remote and cold dormant volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii. NASA and its international partners are using the site to advance future space exploration. H igh above the tropi cal forests, invit and sandy beaches, theres a unique site that has many of the same chemical and physical characteristics as extraterrestrial soil. Called Mauna Kea, its a remote and cold dormant volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii. On the lower slope of Mauna Kea, at a site that resembles a lunar crater, NASA and its international partners are advancing future space exploration. On Jan. 22, a joint team from Kennedy and John test project called in-situ resource utilization, or ISRU for short, on Mauna Kea with support from Hawaiis Center for Exploration Sys tems, or PISCES. NASA runs tests at sites around the world to simulate the moonscape and other space environments, said Bill Larson, head of NASAs ISRU program at Kennedy. These analog activities help us evaluate the interactions of multiple systems relating to mobility, infrastructure and effective ness in harsh climates. Working with the Cana dian Space Agency, or CSA, the German Space Agency, known as DLR, and the Uni versity of Hawaii at Hilo, as well as the state of Hawaii, the NASA team is operating 17 resource utilization instru ments and systems. Each one aims to better understand potential space resources, limit the amount of resources humans would have to carry with them beyond low Earth orbit and also protect hard ware once is gets there. Besides testing the hardware on its own, the to integrate and test hard ware with our international not have been possible without each others support and equipment. We are each providing critical products and services to the other, just as we would do in an actual mission, said Jerry Sand ers, ISRU element lead for the Lunar Surface Systems Imagine the number of people and the nearly 250,000 cubic yards of concrete it took to construct Kennedys Shuttle Landing Facility. Now, consider how much it costs to process and launch something off the Earths surface. Given those variables, the most cost-ef fective solution wouldnt be to send those resources to Mars to construct a landing site. Researchers testing hardware on Mauna Kea understand that, so they are using TriDAR images and ground-penetrating radar technologies to create 3-D subsurface models for the selection and construction of a landing pad and access roadways. Meanwhile, a rover with a drill will test subsurface features and three rovers with blades will plow and then level a simulated landing pad. These demonstra tions in Hawaii will provide valuable information for subsequent hardware and mission concept develop ment, Larson said. Even taking along basic necessities would be a chal lenge because of space limi tations in launch vehicles. So, a robotic system called RESOLVE will determine how best to drill and test soil samples for oxygen and water, while another called NORCAT looks for miner als. One thing researchers know for certain about the moon, is that its soil is made primarily of oxygen. To utilize that natural resource, Canadian engineers devel oped a Regolith Excavator. On Mauna Kea, the excava tor digs and then delivers volcanic material, called tephra, to an Oxygen Extrac tion Plant that melts and processes the material with methane to produce water. The water is then electro lyzed, or split, into hydrogen and oxygen. The oxygen is use, and the hydrogen is used to regenerate the meth ane reactant or stored and used to power other experi ments with a Canadian fuel cell. It would be the same principal on the moon, Larson says the use of this simulated space environ ment in Hawaii didnt come without a few logistical chal lenges, though. First, the team had to enlist the help of the U.S. Air Force Reserve to move the hardware from across the country, over the simulated crater site, about a 5,000-mile trip. Then, the team had to address some native cultural beliefs. Mauna Kea is con sidered sacred by native Hawaiians. So, the team worked with locals to obtain ing of the site by a Hawaiian priest. In January, Larsons team traveled to Hawai ian schools and the Civil Air Patrol to talk to future explorers about the ongo ing work taking place in their home state. They also participated in a Web-based teacher workshop hosted by PISCES on Feb. 8. NASA


SPACEPORT NEWS Page 3 Feb. 19, 2010 Col. Wilson takes reign of Eastern Range, 45th Space Wing National Engineers Week sheds light on discovery By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News P eter Johnsons road to electrical engi neering began with running sound equipment for a band around 1980. Now, hes an operational instrumentation engineer for the space shuttle. He also worked on developmental flight in strumentation for the Ares I-X flight test and has been working on operational in strumentation for the Orion spacecraft. That means all the telemetry and other data about the spacecraft appear ing on controllers screens goes through equipment he is responsible for or helped develop. When I went to school, it was a natural ap peal to go to that, Johnson said. There was a natural connection to electrical en gineering. His lightbulb moment came in 1982 after he took an electronics class and learned enough to repair TVs and stereos. I decided it would be better to design electronics instead of repair electron ics, he said. His move to NASA came when he was walk ing to class at Southern Illinois University and saw a scrap cardboard box with NASA interviews tomor row written on it. He went to the interview and Ken nedy hired him and 19 of his classmates for the return to flight effort following the Challenger accident. The National Engi neers Week Foundation sought to give students across the country similar moments of discovery as they highlighted the pro fession during this years National Engineers Week during Feb. 14-20. The foundation is a coalition of more than 100 professional societies, major corporations and govern ment agencies. The group promotes engineering and technology-related careers among young students. The week also is meant to increase engineering understanding among the general public. Clara Wright, a materi als engineer at Kennedy, emphasizes the impact en gineers have on everyones lives. From their iPod and iPhones to the cars they drive, the computers they use, the social media Web sites they enjoy, the pack aged food they consume, the utilities they need pretty much every aspect of their lives has been in fluenced by an engineer, Wright said. She also said the pro fession offers great personal reward for successfully solving problems. Engineering chal lenges you to think analyti cally, she said. When you find the right fit, the work is seldom mundane and your By Chris Calkins 45th Space Wing C assumed command of the 45th Space Wing from Brig. Gen. Edward L. Bolton Jr., during a change of command ceremony Feb. 12 in the Patrick Air Force Base Theater. As commander of the 45th Space Wing, Col. Wilson will be director of the Eastern Range, responsible for the processing and launching of all U.S. government and commercial satellites from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. That includes Atlas and Delta rock ets for NASAs Launch Services Program. He also manages launch and range infrastructure to support NASAs space shuttle launches. Col. Wilson previously was the commander of the Space Develop ment and Test Wing at Kirtland Air Force Base, N.M., and joined the Air Force in 1985. He graduated from the U.S. Air Force Academy with a Bachelor of Science in elec trical engineering. In his previous assignment, Col. Wilson oversaw a combined team of 1,000-plus military, gov ernment civilians and contractors responsible for the development, acquisition, launch, demonstration, test and operations of Department of Defense and civil space systems. Col. Wilson has served in vari ous roles, including space opera tions, acquisition, policy, strategy, planning and combat support. He previously commanded at the squadron and group levels, as well as served on the staffs of Air Force Space Command, U.S. Space Command, and the National Recon Col. Wilson also served as a Secretary of Defense corporate fel low at Cisco Systems, where he re ceived senior service college credit by training with corporate America. Gen. Bolton is assuming responsibilities as the director of cyber and space operations in the Pentagon. In his new assignment, he will help synchronize space and cyber capabilities. He also will oversee the cre ation of both the Air Force cyber professionals. Col. Ed Wilson, center, receives the 45th Space Wing guidon from 14th Air Force Commander Lt. Gen. Larry James during a change of command ceremony in the Patrick Air Force Base theater Feb. 12. Col. Wilson replaces Brig. Gen. Edward L. Bolton Jr., who has been reassigned to the Pentagon. Photo courtesy of Jennifer Macklin/U.S. Air Force contributions to the teams mission makes the work gratifying. As one of the top en gineering destinations in the world, Kennedy and its contractors did their part to celebrate engineers. The spaceport relies heavily on engineers for design, implementation and fundamental research in a number of aerospace and related fields. Johnson has talked with students about engineering throughout his career and said there is substantial in terest in the field. The biggest challenge is putting the right image to stimulate the imagination without getting into the (en gineering) jargon, he said.


Page 4 SPACEPORT NEWS Feb. 19, 2010 Page 5 SPACEPORT NEWS Feb. 19, 2010 Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden answers questions about the fiscal year 2011 budget during an All-Hands briefing Feb. 5 in Kennedys Training Auditorium. Center Director Bob Cabana also was on hand to answer questions. An Atlas V rocket rumbled the Space Coast as it lofted the Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, into a geosynchronous orbit from Launch Complex-41 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station at 10:23 a.m. Feb. 11. SDO is the first satellite of NASAs Living with a Star Program. Its purpose is to examine the sun, the source of all space weather. Emergency first responders at Kennedy learn how to rescue drivers and passengers from newer model vehicles in Fire Station No. 2 at Kennedy on Feb. 9. Here, Butch Lysholm describes different frames of vehicles. Newer vehicle frames are designed to keep drivers and passengers inside during a crash, eliminating the risk of ejection, but this makes getting them out more difficult for rescue crews and the jaws of life equipment. New tools also will help provide electrical current insulation to responders when dealing with hybrid vehicles that have electric and gas motors. Photo courtesy of Pat Corkery, United Launch Alliance NASA/Jack Pfaller FIRST Robotics Kennedy employees help Brevard, Fla., students build a robot Feb. 12 in the Prototype Development Laboratory for the FIRST Robotics competition in March at the University of Central Florida. The group calls themselves the Pink Team. FIRST, or For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology, is a mentor-based program designed to motivate students to pursue education and career opportunities in science, technology, engineering and math. The Pink Team has helped build four homes for Habitat for Humanity, done beach clean-up, helped start four other FIRST robotics teams, started an after school tutoring program called Roccobotics, and created robots that allow physically challenged kids to create paintings, which are displayed each year at the Melbourne Very Special Arts Festival. GOES-P Spacecraft technicians guide one side of the Delta IV payload fairing around NASAs GOES-P meteorological satellite at the Astrotech Space Operations facility in Titusville, Fla. GOES-P, the latest Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, was developed by NASA for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA. GOES-P is designed to watch for storm development and observed current weather conditions on Earth, and is targeted to launch March 1 from Launch Complex-37. NASA/Jack Pfaller NASA/Kim Shiflett NASA/Amanda Diller


Page 6 SPACEPORT NEWS Feb. 19, 2010 Emergency Medical Services on call around the clock Inside Fire Station 2 at Kennedys Shuttle Landing Facility, paramedics Lois Dominguez and Ron Stake, with Space Gateway Support, complete an inventory of medical supplies carried on one of their ambulances. U nexpected medical emergencies can happen at Kennedy and when they do, who are you going to call? Kenne dys Fire Rescue Services and Emergency Medical Services, managed by Space Gateway Support, or SGS, are on call 24/7 to assist in any emergency. They took immediate action recently when a CL Coatings employee in the Vehicle Assembly Build ing experienced a serious medical emergency. Ken Prince, with the companys site safety, said EMS actions and accurate from incident to hospital emergency room, and may have prevented a catastrophic situation. On behalf of our entire company we extend our heartfelt gratitude and thanks to Kennedys EMTs, Prince said. They are to be commended for their excel lence in action. Under NASA Protec tive Services, about 98 SGS and engineers, emergency medical technicians and engineering and emergency medical services to Kennedy workers on a day-to-day stations in the Industrial Area, Launch Complex 39 and the Shuttle Landing Fa cility. Two ambulances and a minimum of four paramed ics are on duty each day. People dont usually call us when things are go ing well, Fire Chief Gerald Wimberly said. Its our job to be ready for any emer gency. Its the nature of the business. The EMTs and para medics operate under the Occupational Health Fa cility and Medical Director By Linda Herridge Spaceport News Dr. Skip Beeler. They also refresher medical training, monthly online medical courses and hands-on train ing throughout the year. The paramedics and everyone at Kennedy, whether theyre a worker or visitor, Beeler said. Many times the immediate care they give can be lifesaving. cover all space shuttle launches and landings by staging personnel and equipment in various locations around the center. department reviews safety requirements and provides training to shuttle crews on the M113 armored personnel carrier, the bunkers around Launch Complex 39 and the 195-foot-level of the pads during Terminal Countdown Demonstration Tests. EMS Assistant Chief Bruce Olseen said the team responds to all emergencies on the center and provides necessary emergency medi cal care to patients before they are transported to the centers occupational health facilities or local hospitals. We have visitors from around the world and many are not use to the heat and humidity of Florida and they can quickly become dehydrated and ill, Wim berly said. Paramedic Ron Stake said one of the most chal lenging parts of the job is responding to medical emergencies at the Ken nedy Space Center Visitor Complex. People sometimes dont know how to properly take care of themselves in this hot and humid climate, Stake said. And there may be language barriers that have to be overcome to en sure proper patient care. Wimberly said that Fire Services and EMS have mutual aid agreements, es tablished by NASA Fire Pro tection, with Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Brevard County, Patrick Air Force Base, and the cities of Cape Canaveral, Cocoa, Cocoa Beach and Titusville. We also monitor the county drought index and protect Kennedy facilities and other buildings from croach from the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge, Wimberly said. is inspected by the state of Florida and the EMS abides by state and county protocols. The most rewarding part of the job is that every one cares about each other at Kennedy, Stake said. Its like a family out here. NASA/Jack Pfaller


Page 7 SPACEPORT NEWS Feb. 19, 2010 Remembering Our Heritage: African-American History Month Scholarship spotlights legacy of equality leader By Kay Grinter Reference Librarian Employees try out Kennedys new lift-equipped van in 1993. Standing, from left, are Jackie Loadholtz, NASA Transportation management specialist; Marc Geohagan and Jack Davis, with the Government Services Administration; and Evelyn Johnson, NASA program manager for Individuals with Disabilities. Sitting are Elizabeth Morris and Chris Hinds of NASA. NASA file/1993 Remembering Our Heritage celebrates African-American History Month with a look back at the career of Evelyn Johnson, deputy director of Kennedys Equal Employ ment Opportunity Program Johnson worked for the federal government for 35 years, 28 of which she was employed by NASA. A Florida native, John son was born in Gainesville and graduated from Stone High School in Melbourne, Fla., in 1962. Johnson relied on her secretarial skills for entry into the federal work force, as many women of all races did in the 1960s. Eventually, her career path brought her to Kennedy where she be came secretary to Jay Diggs, then director of the Equal Employment Opportunity Embracing the philoso Johnson continued her education while on the job, earning a degree from Saint Leo University. Her hard work led to a promotion to equal opportunity special ist, and in time, she was appointed deputy director story also included a oneyear stint as acting director of EEO at NASAs Stennis Space Center in Mississippi. Johnson was a classic example of someone who worked herself up through the ranks, according to Diggs, who retired in 1998 and lives in Titusville, Fla. As the second-ranking she oversaw a wide variety of programs. The coordina tion of Kennedys programs with historically black colleges and with initia tives to provide access for the disabled was among her specialties. Evelyns passion was working with anyone with physical or mental disabili ties, Diggs said. She felt that our disabilities program, called Individuals with Dis abilities, was not given the visibility it deserved. She was a very caring person, Kenny Aguilar, tor at the time of her death told the Spaceport News in 2000. She obviously will be missed by the center for munity. The black employees working group, formed dur ing Diggs tenure, evolved into the Black Employee Strategy Team, or BEST, an organization that is still vital on center today. I had the vision, but Evelyn took the lead in establishing the program, Diggs explained, and in its incorporation into a KMI (Kennedy Management Instruction). Now, BEST presents a scholarship each year in memory of Johnson, the founding member so instrumental in its success. The recipient is chosen from among BEST dependents, BEST members attending a college or university, and Stay-In-School Program participants, because John son was especially support ive of the students enrolled The 2010 recipients of the Evelyn Johnson scholar ship will be announced at BESTs African-American History Month breakfast Feb. 26. For ticket information, visit the BEST Web site at m 2010 scholarship winners in that program. The Evelyn John awarded in 2002. BEST has awarded more than $10,000 in scholarships to deserving students across the center. Many of the students are working at Kennedy as co-op or full-time employ ees and are giving back to the center by working with BEST and other employee resource groups. One scholarship recipient remarked, Evelyn didnt realize how many lives she touched. Im an example of that . and I never even met her.


Page 8SPACEPORT NEWSFeb. 19, 2010 John F. Kennedy Space CenterManaging editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candrea Thomas Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rebecca SpragueEditorial support provided by Abacus Technology Corp. Writers Group.NASA at KSC is on the Internet at USGPO: 733-049/600142Spaceport News three weeks March 1 Launch/CCAFS: Delta IV, GOES-P; Window 6:19 to 7:19 p.m. EST No earlier than March 8 Launch/CCAFS: Falcon 9/Dragon; Window 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. EST Targeted for March 18 Launch/KSC: Discovery, STS-131; 1:34 p.m. EDT Targeted for April 19 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, OTV; 10 p.m. to 2 a.m. Targeted for May 14 Launch/KSC: Atlantis, STS-132; 2:28 p.m. EDT Targeted for May 17 Launch/CCAFS: Delta IV, GPS IIF-1; 3:19 to 3:37 a.m. EDT No earlier than July 21 Launch/CCAFS: Falcon 9/Dragon, NASA COTS Demo 1; TBD Targeted for July 29 Launch/KSC: Endeavour, STS-134; 7:51 a.m. EDT Targeted for Sept. 16 Launch/KSC: Discovery, STS-133; 11:57 a.m. EDT No earlier than Nov. 22 Launch/VAFB: Taurus, Glory; TBD Targeted for Dec. 2 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, GPS IIF-2; TBD Aug. 5, 2011 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, Juno; TBD Aug. 15, 2011 Launch/Reagan Test Site: Pegasus, NuSTAR; TBD Sept. 8, 2011 Launch/CCAFS: Delta II Heavy, GRAIL; TBD To Be Determined Launch/VAFB: Delta II, Aquarius / SAC-D Satellite; TBD To Be Determined Launch/VAFS: Delta II, NPP; TBD No Earlier Than Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, Mars Science Laboratory; TBD October 2011 Kennedy workers have been asked to show their space shuttle pride by wearing old mission shirts on Fridays. What memories does your shirt bring back?WORDLaunch Control CenterAT THE I wore my STS-125 shirt because I got to sit with the launch countdown team in Firing Room 4.Tim Marge, with United Space AllianceI wore my STS-130 shirt because its the current mission were on. I have about six shuttle shirts.Jennifer Stevens, with United Space Alliance space shuttle launch that I sat at the console.Nicole Barreto, with NASA the STS-92 landing. It was really cold there.Dave Watts, with United Space Alliance Looking up and ahead . African-American History Month breakfast is Feb. 26 from 8:30 to 10:30 a.m. in the Space Station Processing Facility Cafeteria. Tickets are $13 and must be purchased by Feb. 17.Other upcoming eventsAll-American Picnic tickets on sale through March 3The 2010 Kennedy All-American Picnic is scheduled for March 6 from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. All civil service, contractors, and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station personnel associated with a NASA program, and their families, are invited to attend. This year marks the 31st anniversary of the picnic, Celebrating more than three decades of family, food, and fun. Food will be provided by Slow & Low Bar-B-Que, and includes either a traditional barbeque or vegetarian meal. Scheduled events include live entertainment, generation XYZ games, childrens games, a car and motorcycle show, the popular chili cook-off, and much more. Tickets went on sale Feb. 17 and will be sold until March 3. Prices are $8 for adults and $6 for children ages 3 to 12 (children ages 3 and younger get in free). Volunteers will receive a discounted ticket of $5 and a baseball cap. To volunteer, call Sandy Walsh at 867-4255. For more informa tion, call Picnic Chairman Sam Talluto at 867-3092.