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John F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universe Spaceport News Oct. 14 2011 Vol. 51, No. 20 Mobile launcher makes transition to SLS NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden talks to media in front of NASAs mobile launcher (ML) support structure at Kennedy Space Center on Oct. 11. Center Director Bob Cabana also attended the media event held to detail MLs use with NASAs Space Launch System (SLS) heavy-lift rocket, which will send astronauts into deep space on missions to asteroids, the moon or Mars. NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News Inside this issue ... Community Leaders Page 3 Page 2 ASCE Awarded Page 6 Cryo Testing Page 7 ESSA 3 A major part of NASAs re cently announced heavy-lift Space Launch System (SLS) already is here at NASAs Kennedy Space Center. The mobile launcher, or ML, standing next to Kennedys Vehicle Assembly Building will be strength ened and swing arms will be in support the SLS, a rocket quite a bit larger than the Ares I launch vehicle the tower was originally built for, tour of the ML on Oct. 11. I think its exciting anytime is going to be able to be converted or transitioned to another program because its one less dollar that you have to spend, Charles Bolden, NASA administrator, said while standing under the 355-foot-tall ML. This is tremendous that we get to do this. Boldens visit to Kennedy on Oct. 11 came on the heels of last months unveiling of the Space Launch Systems design. SLS will be used to launch astronauts far from their home planet on voyages to the asteroids, the moon and Mars. NASA also will build the Orion Multi Purpose Crew Vehicle space craft, which will ride into orbit on top of the SLS after lifting off from Kennedys Launch Pad 39B, to make the trips into deep space. With current planning calling for four space shuttle main engines and two solid rocket boosters plus an upper stage, the early version of SLS is reminiscent of the Saturn V that lofted Apollo crews to the moon in the late 1960s and early 1970s. However, some of its technology is taken straight from the Space Shuttle Program. Just as the rocket is a reminder of past successes, the mobile launcher that were not needed for shuttle launches, mainly arms to feed and vent the liquid-powered engines propellants. As during the Apollo/ Saturn V launches, those arms will have to remain connected in some cases until the last moment, then they must swing quickly and safely out of the rockets way. Larry Schultz, the ML project manager at Kennedy, smiled recall ment to modify the launcher for a new rocket that eventually will be the largest launch vehicle ever built. Whatever they want me to do, Ill go design and build, he said. Because the SLS will weigh twoand-a-half times more than an Ares the platform with stronger, larger support beams. The exhaust cut-out also will be widened from a 22-foot square to a 60-by-30-foot rectangle. Currently, the SLS with Orion is out a crew, in 2017, Schultz said. Bob Cabana, Kennedys center director, said the ML represents one facet of the changeover to allow the space center to become a multi purpose spaceport, serving several kinds of missions and rockets, both government and commercial. Other elements of the change include basing two new programs the Commercial Crew Program, or CCP. The 21st Century Ground Systems Program has also been established at Kennedy, charged with adapting and upgrading the centers infrastructure for the future, as well as managing the processing and launch for the SLS. Kennedy already hosts the agencys Launch Services Program, which handles launching NASAs science and re search missions that do not involve astronauts. Launch Pad 39B has undergone extensive work, with the removal of the shuttles launch gantry and a million feet of copper cabling. Further modernization work will continue with the installation of the needs of several different rock ets and spacecraft in mind, includ ing those that commercial compa nies will operate. Cabana said no one should have been surprised by the progress thats been made in the few months since space shuttles were retired. We have a clear path forward, Cabana said. Change is extremely hard, but look where we are now, what weve done. I think were in a very good position.


Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWS Oct. 14, 2011 Kennedys Visitor Complex. Community leaders, business executives, educators, community organizers and state and local overview of the future of the space center. NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis By Linda Herridge Spaceport News Kennedy future bright with new programs, exploration goals K ennedy Space Center Director Bob Cabana told a large group of government, com munity and business leaders that he is very positive about the future of the center and the space coast during the annual Community Leaders at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex on Oct. 11. This has been a tre mendous year for Kennedy Space Center, Cabana said. I cannot say enough good things about this community and this team persevering through a very challenging period. We need to share our heritage and we need to present a clear vision for the future, Cabana said. NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden said it has been an absolutely incred ible year for the agency. The choice for the future is incredibly bright, but only if we make it so, Bolden said. We have an opportu nity to do great things. Cabana emphasized that partnering is the key to Ken nedys future. The center broke ground on Exploration Park this year and signed a new lease with Space Florida for the Space Life Sciences Lab. Cabana said the Center Planning and Development on about 80 agreements, many are partnerships with commercial companies. Some are completed, while some are being evaluated. Amanda Mitskevich, manager of NASAs Launch Services Program (LSP) at Kennedy, showed a video recap of Junos launch on its mission to Jupiter. She remarked that the Aug. 5 launch attracted about 10,000 visitors to the center, the most for any science mission to date. We have launched more than 65 missions since 1998, with about 35 more missions 10 to 15 years, Mitskevich said. We want to be the rec ognized leader in launch ser vices, not just for the agency but all over the world. Mitskevich said that LSP wants people to come to it for the expertise that it has put together. The goals to be able to accomplish this are near-term and long-ranging. We have to ensure that the missions today are suc cessful. But we also have to be looking out there at the complicated missions in planning for NASA and make sure that there are going to be launch vehicles available for them in the next decade, Mitskevich said. Remaining missions for 2011 are NASAs National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Preparatory (NPP) that is targeted to launch later this month from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, and the Mars Science Laboratory Curios ity in November from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. NASAs Commercial Crew Program (CCP) Man ager Ed Mango said the CCP program located at Kennedy and that Floridas Space the program. Its goal is to facilitate the development of the U.S. commercial crew capability to low Earth orbit. Once weve done that then NASA intends to buy services from that capabil ity, Mango said. As we do that, it isnt just for NASA. We want to create a capabil ity that anybody can use. The companies will own the design and own the vehicles themselves. We want to work on designs, then transition into to 2014 timeframe, Mango of time from Kennedy. test missions, probably with crew, and eventually getting to the International Space Station by the middle of the decade, according to Mango. He expects to see a num through the space coast between the 2013 to 2014 timeframe and especially in the 2015 and 2016 time frame. The whole idea of the commercial crew for NASA is that we have to ensure that were going to be safe our crew, but any space participant, Mango said. NASA is using its capabili ties during the last 50 years to put together a number of systems that will be safe enough for our crew. A successful Commer cial Crew Program will use and increase the demand Mango said. It also will enable multiple commercial sources for LEO and allow NASA to focus on explora tion. The 21st Century Ground Systems Program is about establishing a capability that is going to pave the way for an affordable, multi-use capability at Kennedy, ac cording to Program Manager Pepper Phillips. That capability at Kenne dy is going to enable the big heavy-lift rocket for Space Launch Systems (SLS) and make the entire center and the capabilities that go with it attractive to commercial industry, Phillips said. Were going to use the as sets on center, multi-purpose them or change their pur pose in order to enable them to do that. Phillips said the goal is to build and manage the assets that are needed for SLS and use the tremendous capabili ties of the Vehicle Assembly Building and a clean pad ap proach at Launch Complex 39 and multi-purpose them so that they can be utilized by more than one user. Phillips said there are other users that Kennedy is looking to attract to the center, including horizontal launch and landing capable companies, as well as small vehicle launches that include Human exploration, thats what Kennedy Space Center has been all about since the very beginning. NASA is about exploring, Cabana said. This is our future, commercial space operations along with the heavy lift program that will take place here at Kennedy. Bolden, Cabana and the three program chiefs delivered the same message later in the day to Kennedys work force during an allhands session at the training auditorium. The 21st Century Ground Systems Program has direct ties to the successes of the commercial launch pro grams and when the Space Launch System sends astro nauts into deep space. Were going to make this happen, Cabana told work ers following the presenta tions. We have made great strides and we have because we have been working together as one.


Page 3 Oct. 14, 2011 SPACEPORT NEWS Crawlerway team earns Florida Project of the Year award Members of the crawlerway system evaluation team pose for a group portrait in front of the Headquarters Building at Kennedy Space Center on Oct. 4. The team received the Florida Project of the Year award from the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). In the middle, showing off the trophies are, from left Michael Benik, and Technical Operations. The award honors the teams outstanding engineering efforts in research, design, construction and management, recognizing the complexity of multi-agency coordination and cost-effective engineering advances. For more information on the American Society of Civil Engineers, click on the photo. CLICK ON PHOTO O n Oct. 4, the Ameri can Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) presented the Florida Project of the Year award to the crawlerway system evaluation team at NASAs Kennedy Space Center. Accepting the award for the team were, Michael Benik, director of Kennedy Space Center Operations; Pepper Phillips, manager of the 21st Century Ground Sys Russell Romanella, associ ate director for Engineering and Technical Operations. The Cape Canav eral branch of the ASCE nominated the team for its project entitled, Crawler way Evaluation to Support a Heavy-Lift Program. The crawlerway is a 130-foot-wide, specialtybuilt roadway between Kennedys Vehicle Assem bly Building (VAB), where rockets and spacecraft are Launch Pads 39A and 39B. It was a great honor to have this project and the team recognized by the ASCE, said Justin Ju nod, project manager for the team. The result of this project was more far reaching than the problem we set out to solve. The crawlerway evaluation will not only impact future pro grams at Kennedy, but the future of civil engineering. The teams more than two-year evaluation system will be able to sup port the weight of moving the agencys future heavylift rockets and potential commercial vehicles from the VAB to the launch pads. only NASA, in allowing them to choose an econom ic roadbed surface that will support the upcoming space profession as a whole, as program will be applicable to other applications such as high-speed rail and roadways, said Steven Goldstein, presi dent of the Florida ASCE section. The crawlerway system evaluation team includes more than 100 individuals, and the ASCE award honors their outstanding engineering efforts in research, design, construc tion and management. It further recognizes the complexity of multiagency coordination and cost-effective engineering advances. Said Junod, Putting all of the different entities together has resulted in an outstanding product that the center and the program By Stephanie Covey Spaceport News Kennedy to build complex to prepare for next 50 years By Stephanie Covey Spaceport News H ow NASA carries out hu only major change starting to happen around NASAs Ken nedy Space Center. On Sept. 26, the agency awarded a contract to Hunton Brady Architects, P.A. of Orlando, to develop a Central Campus Complex at Kennedy. The project in the centers Industrial Area will deconstruct half-centuryold facilities and replace them with ized campus that will save land space and money. The project will consolidate mul tiple functions and facilities cur rently spread throughout the center. That will help Kennedy transition from a government and programfocused single user launch complex to a multi-user spaceport for both government and commercial space including the Headquarters Build ing, will be pulled together into the campus complex, which will be designed to help ensure Kennedy has the appropriate type and number of facilities for its work force. A 2009 NASA engineering study concluded that building a central complex, which would provide workers safer, more sustainable and renovating existing buildings would reduce energy usage and operations and maintenance costs by $400 mil lion during the next 40 years. According to Dennis Bayn, Chief of Planning and Integration in Center Operations at Kennedy, construction of the campus can be done with minimum disruption while NASAs new Orion spacecraft and Space Launch Systems heavylift rocket evolve to a point where the centers support for launch and recovery operations for human The amount of ground space the campus will occupy will be smaller than what the current buildings take up. Plans call for demolishing about 900,000 square feet of buildings and only replacing about 450,000 square feet. That also will reduce the ground footprint of buildings in the Industrial Area by 35 percent. And the campus concept will enable that area to become more pedestrian and eco-friendly. The project will be designed to earn the U.S. Green Building Coun cils Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design (LEED) Silver status and strive for the highest achievable rating based on life cycle costs. Bayn said, By following the lines we ensure the project is built following a balanced approach to responsible stewardship of natural, The Central Campus Complex plan calls for construction of the new facilities and deconstruction of the old buildings to be done in six phases starting in 2013. The work is expected to take about 10-years to complete.


Page 4 SPACEPORT NEWS Oct. 14, 2011 SPACEPORT NEWS Page 5 Oct. 14, 2011 Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center Lynda Weatherman (center) Economic Development Commission (EDC) of Floridas Space Coast president and CEO, shows her enthusiasm for NASA, EDC renew agreement NASA/Jim Grossmann CLICK ON PHOTO NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis CLICK ON PHOTO NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis CLICK ON PHOTO NASA/Jim Grossmann CLICK ON PHOTO NASA/Gianni Woods K ennedy Space Center Protective Services presented a side-by-side live burn demonstration Oct. 12 in the south parking lot of Headquarters, in conjunc tion with Fire Prevention Week (Oct. 9-15). equipped with a sprinkler system, demonstrat ing the effectiveness of early detection and suppression, while the other room had no suppression system installed. Fire service personnel set aside a week in safety inside and outside the home. This years theme is Its Fire Prevention Week. Protect your Family from Fire! maintaining smoke alarms to practicing safe cooking habits in the home. Also, it is impor tant for families to design and then practice an should ever happen. On Oct. 7, President Obama issued a proclamation saying, This week, our nation work of keeping our communities safe from pay tribute to their memories, let us resolve to maintain our vigilance and take proactive begin. Fire demo highlights prevention


Page 6 Oct. 14, 2011 SPACEPORT NEWS Engineers seek ways to better utilize cryo propellants Vaporized liquid nitrogen drifts away from the dump basin at Kennedy Space Centers Cryogenics Test Laboratory (CTL) as pump in December 2010. The CTL will play a role in the Integrated Ground Operations Demonstration Units project, led by Kennedy, that includes liquid hydrogen refrigeration systems demonstrations. By Linda Herridge Spaceport News A team at Kennedy Space Center is in vestigating how to reduce the cost of liquid hydrogen (LH2) operations for future space launch vehicles, and the Cryogenic Test Laboratory (CTL) will play a role in developing the new process. We are bringing this technology 30 to 40 years forward and using it for new space applications, said Bill Notardonato, the task manager for the Ground Operations Liquid Hydrogen portion of the Integrated Ground Operations Dem onstration Units (IGODU) project. Were taking existing components and integrating them into a new system. That is the advance ment. The IGODU project is one of three NASA Ad vanced Exploration Systems (AES) projects being led by engineers at Kennedy Space Center. This project is for the AES area of Ground Operations Systems and will utilize or reuse exist ing assets to their greatest potential, which is one of the AES principles. Other prin ciples include establishing partnerships, and using lean management approaches with minimal overhead in order to keep costs low. The project includes two components -autonomous command and control and LH2 refrigeration systems demonstrations. Test objec tives incorporate zero loss storage and transfer, and achievement of propellant tion of hydrogen. Notardonato said the be improved launch vehicle performance and increased payload capability. Robert Johnson is the IGODU project manager and manager of the demo unit command and control portion of the project. He said the work will concen trate on a new command and control architecture that em beds Kennedys ground op erations expertise into a new software design to increase the real-time capability of the software applications. The control development simulation work will be performed at the centers Electronic Development Laboratory and will be tested against real hardware at the CTL on the propellant loading simulation system. In the shuttle program, if a critical pressure or temperature sensor failed during the cryogenic load ing process, the software couldnt determine if it was indicating a serious condition in the system or a simple transducer failure so it stops the loading process, Johnson said. What Johnson said the team hopes to demonstrate is that the software will recog nize that same failed sensor as just that, and continue the loading process ensur ing an on-time launch. If the software doesnt ascertain a lem, it will lead the console operators through a series of guided troubleshooting steps to quickly narrow down the potential cause. The skills and experience of the Cryogenic Test Lab workers are essential to the process, Notardonato said. Though the system will be tested at Kennedys Bore Site Test Area near the Hy pergolic Maintenance Facil ity, much of the component refurbishment work will be done at the CTL. Notardonato said in the past, the process to obtain LH2 was thru a vendor in New Orleans who shipped it to Kennedy. But by the time the LH2 arrived and was used for shuttle launches, about half of the propellant was lost through evaporation during normal processing and tanking operations. Notardonato said the goal of this investigation is to re cover the hydrogen through the use of a refrigerator that is integrated into a storage tank and then recycle it, thereby conserving and sig of LH2 operations Were over-sizing the refrigerator so it will densify the propellant to 15 degrees Kelvin, Notardonato said. We can pack more hydro gen in by volume and that would allow us more LH2 for the launch vehicle. We also can do on-site liquefac tion so we may be able to produce our own hydrogen here someday. Components of the refrigeration module will be assembled, and the system will be serviced and validated at the CTL prior to operations at the test site. For the tanking demonstra tion, a 33,000-gallon storage tank was acquired from the old Titan launch complex at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) in Florida, whereas a pneumatic system was acquired from Complex 20, also at CCAFS. Several other components were sal vaged from the X-33 launch site. Notardonato said the cen ter currently is negotiating with United Launch Alliance tank to achieve a more ac curate representation of the loading demonstration. Potential users of this new technology could include the commercial hydrogen industry, fueling stations for hydrogen-fueled cars, the Department of Energys hydrogen programs, as well as any launch vehicle that uses liquid hydrogen. This project also has the potential to provide future testing opportunities that mimic surface operations on the moon and Mars for pro pellant liquefaction, storage and transfer, Johnson said. An artists illustration of a Kennedy Space Center test site for the Integrated Ground Operations Demonstration Units project. Test components include a ground storage NASA image


Remembering Our Heritage Page 7 Oct. 14, 2011 SPACEPORT NEWS Upcoming NPP launch brings visions of ESSA 3 By Kay Grinter Reference Librarian A s Halloween ap proaches, prepara tions for the Oct. 27 launch of NASAs National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite Pre paratory Project (NPP) from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., conjure up ghostly launch from the Western Range 45 years ago. Aboard was the ESSA 3 meteoro logical satellite. The satellites ethereal sounding name -ESSA -was actually the acro nym for the Environmental Science Services Admin istration, the forerunner of todays National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminis tration. There was nothing spooky, though, about the California-launched Delta, Delta 41. It performed nominally, placing the ESSA 3 satellite into the desired polar orbit Oct. 2, 1966. The now defunct Douglas Aircraft Company manufactured the early Delta rockets. The 325-pound ESSA satellite, built by RCA, was designed to provide daily global photographic coverage of weather systems for central processing and distribution by the U.S. Weather Bureaus National Meteorological Center. lite in the Tiros Operational Satellite (TOS) system to utilize the Advanced Vidicon Camera System. More than 150 photos were provided daily of an Earthsurface area 2,000 miles on a side. After ESSA 3s cameras failed in September 1967 and October 1968, the satellite was deactivated Dec. 2, 1968. In keeping with the season, NASA is expecting NPP to provide scientists with an abundance of treats and help foil some of Mother Natures dirty tricks. The timing of the NPP launch could hardly be more appropriate, said Louis W. Uccellini, director of NOAAs National Centers for Environmental Predic tion in Camp Springs, Md. With the many billion dollar weather disasters in 2011, NPP data is critical for accurate weather forecasts into the future. serving satellite to measure both global climate changes and key weather variables. designed to collect critical data to improve weather forecasts in the short-term and increase our understand ing of long-term climate change. NPP will continue observations of Earth from space that NASA has pioneered for more than 40 years. ments, including four new state-of-the-art sensors, will provide scientists with data to extend more than 30 key long-term datasets. These records, which range from the ozone layer and land cover to atmospheric temperatures and ice cover, are critical for global change science. NPPs observations of a wide range of intercon nected Earth properties and processes will give us the big picture of how our planet changes, said Jim Gleason, NPP project scientist at NASAs God dard Space Flight Center. That will help us improve our computer models that predict future environmental conditions. Better predictions will let us make better decisions, whether it is as simple as taking an umbrella to work today or as complex as responding to a changing climate. Parents nationwide will be better able to prepare their costumed goblins for the weather conditions on All Hallows Eve without con sulting their Ouiji boards. The Delta II rocket will carry NPP into an orbit 512 miles above Earths surface. Roughly the size of a minivan, the spacecraft will orbit Earths poles about 14 times a day, transmitting data once each orbit to a ground station in Svalbard, Norway, and to direct broadcast re ceivers around the world. Nppy, NPPs mascot, is a little stuffed polar bear found by NPP Ground Proj ect Manager Dan DeVito in Svalbard, located 600 miles from the North Pole. Since polar bears are affected by global warm ing and the melting of ice around the poles, satellites like NPP that constantly monitor the Earths health from space to help scientists build models and predict how climate is changing over time are especially important to Nppy. Nppy is featured in a series of animated videos available online at http:// html. The NPP spacecraft was transported to the launch pad Oct. 13 for attachment to the Delta II. The United Launch Al liance Delta II 7920 rocket enlisted to launch NPP will be the 365th Delta launched and the 83rd Delta launched from California. The mission: http://npp.gsfc.nasa. gov/nppy.html take and record daytime earth cloudcover pictures on a global basis for subse quent playback to a ground acquisition facility. The spacecraft was also capable leaving the earth. For more on the mission, click on the photo. CLICK ON PHOTO More online Big Planet, Little Bear: watch?v=JeWp34IhJCo Who is NPPy?: out more on the NPP, click on the following links. Ball Aerospace technicians rotate NASAs National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Preparatory Project (NPP) into the vertical posi inside the Astrotech Payload Processing Facility at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., on Sept. 8


Page 8 Oct. 14, 2011 SPACEPORT NEWS John F. Kennedy Space Center Managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candrea Thomas Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Melanie Carlson Editorial support provided by Abacus Technology Corp. Writers Group. NASA at KSC is on the Internet at Spaceport News service and contractor employees. Kennedy Space Center Activities 2011 KSC Fall Flag Football League Standings and Upcoming Schedule POINTS POINTS TEAM RECORD SCORED ALLOWED Week 5 Results (Oct. 11) Predators 16, Stuffers 0 Week 6 Schedule (Oct. 18) 2011 KSC Tennis League Rankings, Leaders and Upcoming Schedule Group 1 Rankings Norm Hosan Billy Specht Alan Wheeler Art Shutt Group 2 Rankings Calvert Staubus Ken Young Ed Bertot Group 3 Rankings Bob Ingram Kevin Panik Scott DeWitt Teresa Bolig Oct. 20 Schedule Hosan vs. Wheeler Specht vs. Shutt Staubus vs. Young Ingram vs. DeWitt Panik vs. Bolig Liu vs. Scott Singles Doubles COURT LEADERS FROM OCT. 11 Court 9 Chip Hooper Court 8 Art Shutt Court 7 Teresa Bolig Court 6 Jay Hebert Court 4 Pat Hadde Court 2 TBD Court 1 TBD The league seeks new players and is open to all Kennedy civil service and contractor personnel and The league seeks new players and is open to all Kennedy civil service and contractor personnel and Court 8 Art Shutt Court 3 Jane Mosconi Scott DeWitt Damien Boos Laura Scott Court 7 Ted Moore Teresa Bolig Alan Wheeler Court 2 Mike Lietzen Court 6 Tom Li Amy Lombardo Lenny Corack Court 1 TBD Court 9 Chip Hooper Scott Schilling Dave Davies Jeff Andress Court 4 Jay Hebert Pat Hadden Jim Fitzgerald COURT GROUPS FOR OCT. 18 Group 4 Rankings Kate Liu Laura Scott Lashelle McCoy NASA/Sandra Joseph NASA Employees of the Month: October Looking up and ahead . All times are Eastern 2011 Oct. 27 Launch/VAFB, SLC-2W: Delta II, NPP; Launch window: 5:48:01 to 5:57:11 a.m. EDT No Earlier Than Nov. 7 Launch/CCAFS: Delta IV, WGS 4; Launch window: TBD Nov. 25 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, Mars Science Laboratory; Launch: 10:21 a.m. EST No Earlier Than December Launch/Wallops Flight Facility, Pad 0A: Orbital Sciences Corporation, Taurus II, Launch window: TBD 2012 Early 2012 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, AEHF 2; Launch window: TBD Launch window: TBD No Earlier Than February Launch/Wallops Flight Facility, Pad 0A: Orbital Sciences Corporation, Cygnus/Taurus II, Launch window: TBD Launch window: TBD