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Nov. 5, 2012 Vol. 52, No. 22SpaceporJohn F. Kennedy Space Center Americat Ns gateway to the universeews Spirit of Atlantis motivates, inspires Story on page 2; Photos on pages 5-6 Photo by NASA/ Tony Gray Inside this issue...Platforms removed Next CCP phase starts Rocket U testing Cybersecurity vital Page 2 Page 3 Page 8 Page 9


Page 2SPACEPORT NEWSNov. 5, 2012Atlantis trek keeps spirit of exploration aliveBy Steven Siceloff tis moved down the wide Spaceport NewsNroadway between the three orbiter processing facility ASA gave space hangars that served as the shuttle Atlantis a grand sendoff being turned around at sunNov. 2 moving the orbiter rise to take Kennedy's main 10 miles from its workplace roadway south. The trip of almost 30 years to a new, concluded about custom-built museum exhi 11 1/2 hours later with bition at the Kennedy Space Atlantis reaching the new Center Visitor Complex exhibit area. The shuttle that is to be equipped with Atlantis made two ceremosome of the most high-tech nial stops along the way so displays imagined. center employees and then "Godspeed, Atlantis, the public could pay tribute. on your next mission of Fireworks punctuated the inspiration and motivation," evening at the visitor comsaid NASA Administraplex as Atlantis halted outtor Charles Bolden shortly side the 90,000-square-foot before signing over the NASA/Jim Grossmann exhibit hall being built to retired shuttle for permanent house the venerable shuttle. -The next morning, crews sion may have closed out the carefully inched the retired space shuttle program, but orbiter inside the walls. With the spirit that created that before sunrise to see Atlantis the last mission of Atlantis, story of how it was all made a 78-foot-wide wingspan and program and built her is very off. STS-135, which was also and how it was all done. a tail that reaches more than much alive." "I think that the shuttle This is good." Shuttle-era astronauts was a great book, it really program. "You know, if it's The move began at about was too big to be rolled into and members of the workwas, and this little part is a bad book, you don't read 6:30 a.m. with the shuttle a completed museum wing, force who readied the space like the epilogue," said Chris the epilogue. This is a good backing out of the Vehicle See ATLANTIS Pages 5-6shuttles for 30 years came in Ferguson, who commanded book, and this is kind of the Assembly Building. Atlan-VAB mods to support multiple launch vehiclesBy Bob Granath and spacecraft to take astronauts TSpaceport News to low-Earth orbit and the International Space Station. SLS will be an he Vehicle Assembly Build advanced heavy-lift launch vehicle ing (VAB) at Kennedy Space providing a new capability for huCenter is undergoing renova man exploration beyond Earth orbit. tions to accommodate future launch After more than 45 years of use, vehicles. A project of Ground Sys it was time to clear out and update tems Development and Operations the garage, said Jose Lopez, VAB (GSDO), space shuttle-era work senior project manager in the Vehiplatforms have been removed from cle Integration and Launch Support the VAB's High Bay 3 and accom Branch of GSDO. What makes this modations are being made to sup project such a major undertaking is port a variety of future spacecraft, the size. including NASA's Space Launch NASA/Jim Grossmann The VAB is 526 feet tall, 716 feet System (SLS) heavy-lift rocket. The long and 518 feet wide. It covers changes are part of a centerwide eight acres and encloses more than modernization and refurbishment 129 million cubic feet of space. The initiative in preparation for the next took American astronauts to the Plans now call for the VAB to building was constructed to withmoon. In the late 1970s, the facility be able to support multiple types stand hurricanes and tropical storms One of the largest buildings in the was refurbished to accommodate of space vehicles, including the with a foundation consisting of world, the VAB was constructed in the space shuttle. Following three SLS, Orion spacecraft and com30,000 cubic yards of concrete and the mid-1960s to support stacking mercial rockets. NASA is partnering See VAB Page 9of the Apollo Saturn V rockets that was retired in 2011. with private industry on rockets


Nov. 5, 2012SPACEPORT NEWSPage 3Third Commercial Crew Development phase kicks offBy Rebecca Regan nauts to and from the International space station needs. performance milestones at its headSpaceport NewsTSpace Station. quarters in Hawthorne, Calif., which The Boeing Company, Space Exincluded technical reviews of the hree American companies ploration Technologies (SpaceX) and Dragon spacecraft, Falcon 9 rocket with three very different Sierra Nevada Corp. (SNC) spent vehicle design, said John Mulholand future plans for ground operaspacecraft and rocket comthe last two months kicking off the land, Boeing vice president and binations are off and running on the agencys Commercial Crew Inteprogram manager for Commercial SpaceX also presented the technext design and development phase grated Capability (CCiCap) phase, Programs. We hope the rigor of our niques it will use to design, build and for NASAs Commercial Crew Prodesign and development process, test its integrated system, including a gram (CCP). Working with different mance milestones. and our outstanding team of suppliDuring its integrated systems ers will help position the CST-100 from Space Launch Complex 40 at tions, the companies have set about review (ISR) in Houston, Boeing Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in as one of the next crew transportaproving their systems will meet the Florida. presented the latest designs of its demands of launching and sustaining tion vehicles to the space station and This transition for SpaceX into humans in space. CST-100 spacecraft, United Launch other low-Earth orbit destinations. NASAs CCiCap phase comes on All of our industry partners are Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket At the review, Boeing also prethe heels of completing its CCDev2 now pushing their human spacelaunch system, and ground and sented results from numerous tests partnership with NASA. During mission operations. These designs that were conducted as part of its CCDev2, the company made progbefore so America can have its own will serve as the baseline for further earlier Commercial Crew Developress designing, developing and crew transportation system around development work to be accomment Round 2 (CCDev2) Space Act initially testing components of a the middle of the decade, said Ed plished during CCiCap. Boeing also Agreement with NASA. These tests launch abort system (LAS), one Mango, CCPs program manager. In discussed its plans for safety and included parachute and air bag drops, of the most challenging aspects of the future, NASA could be certifying mission assurance, which ultimately building a system safe enough to that these and other systems are safe could contribute to achieving certitests. See CCP Page 8enough to begin ferrying our astroBlue Origin's pusher escape system rockets full-scale crew capsule Photos courtesy of Blue Origin CLICK ON PHOT OS By Rebecca Regan and other customers. ing 1,630 feet away. ferent from NASA's previous Spaceport NewsNMore online "The progress Blue Origin The pusher escape system launch escape systems that For more information about has made on its suborbital was designed and developed would pull a spacecraft away ASA's Commercial NASA's Commercial Crew and orbital capabilities really by Blue Origin to allow crew from its rocket before reachCrew Program Program, visit: encouraging for the overall escape in the event of an ing orbit. (CCP) partner Blue commercialcrew or join the emergency during any phase "The use of a pusher conOrigin conducted a success -conversation on said Ed Mango, manager of ascent for its suborbital ful pad escape test Oct. 19 Facebook and Twitter.of CCP, which is primarily New Shepard system. As departure from the traditional at the company's West Texas based at Kennedy Space part of an incremental towed-tractor escape tower launch site in Van Horn, Commercial Crew DevelopCenter. "It was awesome development program, the concepts of Mercury and motor and launching a fullment Round 2 (CCDev2). to see a spacecraft NASA results of this test will shape Apollo," said Rob Meyerson, scale suborbital crew capsule CCDev2 continues to bring played a role in developing the design of the escape president and program manfrom a simulated propulsion spacecraft and launch vehicle system for the company's ager of Blue Origin. "Providmodule. designs forward to develop a The suborbital crew caporbital biconic-shaped Space ing crew escape without the The test was part of Blue U.S. commercial crew space sule traveled to an altitude of Vehicle. need to jettison the unused Origin's work supporting its transportation capability that The system is expected to escape system gets us closer funded Space Act Agreeultimately could become test before descending safely enable full reusability of the to our goal of safe and afment with NASA during available for the government by parachute to a soft landlaunch vehicle, which is dif


SPACEPORT NEWS Page 4 Nov. 5, 2012Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center The Kennedy Space Center Child Development Center hosted its annual Fall Festival on Oct. 26. Activities included a costume parade and pumpkin patch photographs. Parents and younger children, who dressed up as well, watched as the preshoolers marched around the center in costumes.Photos by NASA/Jim GrossmannChild Development Center hosts costume parade A pair of raccoons inside a Kennedy Space Center dumpster were surprised by a photographer earlier this year.NASA/Ben SmegelskyMore than 28 mentors interacted with students and job seekers on Disability Mentoring Day around Kennedy Space Center. The Oct. 22 event was sponsored by the Disability Awareness NASA/Rick WetheringtonEarly on Oct. 30, a full moon is seen above the water tower in Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex 39.NASA/Ben Smegelsky NASA/Frankie MartinSpace Florida was recognized with a Silver Excellence in Economic Development Award for its Boeing/Kennedy Space Center commercial partnership project in the category of PublicPrivate Partnerships for communities with populations of 500,000 or more from the Interna tional Economic Development Council (IEDC). President Frank DiBello, left, in turn presented Kennedy Director Bob Cabana with a symbol of appreciation for his support.


SPACEPORT NEWSPage 5 Nov. 5, 2012Page 6SPACEPORT NEWSNov. 5, 2012 NASA/Frank MichauxSpace shuttle crossing signs were set up around Kennedy Space Center on Nov. 2 to highlight Atlantis' 10-mile trip to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. Above, a mock-up Orion capsule is shown in the background at Space Florida's Exploration Park. NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden, left, and Kennedy Space Center Director Bob Cabana hold the just-signed document transferring the title of space shuttle Atlantis to the center as Atlantis pauses during its 10-mile journey to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex for a ceremony to commemorate the transfer. Participating in the ceremony, from the left, are Chris Ferguson, who commanded Atlantis' Space shuttle Atlantis moves out of the Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center on Nov. 2 or its 10-mile trip to where it will be put on public display. As part of transition and retirement of the Space Shuttle Program, Atlantis is to be displayed at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex beginning in the summer of 2013. During the course of its 26-year career, Atlantis traveled 125,935,769 miles during 307 days in space over 33 missions. Atlantis is transported along NASA Causeway at Kennedy Space Center on its 10-mile journey to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex on Nov. 2. From ATLANTIS Page 2 Atlantis Move By The Numbers1 High voltage line removed 23 Trafc signals moved 56 Trafc signs moved 120 Light poles moved 16,000 Square footage of shrink wrap to cover Atlantis during nishing of exhibit area 90,000 Square footage of Atlantis' exhibit hall now under constructionSource: NASA/ Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complexso the last wall will be erected behind it during the next few weeks. The spacecraft will be covered in some 16,000 square feet of shrink ish the inside of the exhibit hall and then stand Atlantis on a 36-foot-high pedestal where it will be seen as it open, landing gear retracted and the The museum is slated to open in For some, seeing Atlantis move into querque, N.M., made trips to Florida to see several shuttle launches and drove to White Sands Space Harbor Shuttle Carrier Aircraft. "I've kind of done the whole gamut just got hooked on launches. It's the adventure of space." Atlantis made the trip atop KenA parade including a marching band and a phalanx of shuttle workers and astronauts accompanied the shuttle to "Atlantis now takes on a mission of inspiration for future exploration," said shuttle astronaut Bob Cabana, Atlantis was taken on a route through and other facilities before taking a turn whose work includes developing and for the International Space Station. Exploration Park for a few hours where visitors could see the gigantic spacecraft up-close, have their pictures taken with it and participate in a activities. "It would've been weird not to come out here," said Kim Siems, into orbit in October 1985, its second trip into space a had completed 33 successful missions. Atlantis' mission log includes launching the Magellan spacecraft to map Venus and the Galileo probe to Jupiter, both in 1989. "Both of those were stunat the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum and NASA's former chief historian. "It's hard to underestimate the importance Having started its spaceWar missions, Atlantis bol of cooperation in 1995 when the shuttle docked with the Russian space station Mir. "The Mir missions are the cooperative effort for the International Space StaAtlantis is the third and be moved into a museum. active shuttle at its time of retirement, has been on and Space Museum's April. honorable retirements," permanent accomplishment of the American people and it's important that we understand this chapter of on Nov. 2 following a 10-mile move from the Vehicle Assembly Building. NASA/Tony Gray CLICK ON PHOTO NASA/Tony Gray CLICK ON PHOTO CLICK ON PHOTO


Page 7 Nov. 5, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS NASA's Scenes Around The Nation NASA/Charisse Nahser CLICK ON PHOTO NASA Photo courtesy of SpaceX CLICK ON PHOTO CLICK ON PHOTO


Page 8 Nov. 5, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS Rocket U engineers push aerial boundariesEngineers at Kennedy Space Center con tinue to stretch their intellectual legs with projects outside their specialties. A team of participants in Rocket University (Rocket U) is building a fuel cell-powered unmanned aerial vehicle and support systems to perform missions such as wildlife surveillance around the expansive space center. "One of the goals is to get people exposure to some of the more contemporary technologies," said Michael Dupuis, who is leading the unmanned aerial systems group. Dupuis worked on the space shuttles' fuel cell systems, including the power reactant storage and distribution system (PRSD). Basically, the goal is to build a 9-foot-wide airplane with a narrow fuselage that can pilot itself over the iconic Kennedy landscape without jeopardizing landmarks such as the Vehicle Assembly Building and launch pads. It will run on a fuel cell that uses hydrogen and collects oxygen from the air to produce electricity. The aircraft will carry a small camera and be able to capture precise images and statistics on the wildlife that live inside the 140,000-acre wildlife refuge at Kennedy. Apart from developing an aircraft, known as an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), the project also must account for all the things that go into operating collecting information from the mission. It is in this network, called the UAS with "systems" replacing "vehicle," that Dupuis said real advances can be made in the project. Consider, for example, that no unmanned aircraft has in Kennedy airspace. "Just the fact that a UAS went through the process mission out here and to go execute that mission, that's going to be new ground for Kennedy," Dupuis said. The adjustment is more than academic since Kennedy is going to play a larger role in certifying rockets and spaceexpands into non-traditional areas. Rocket U is far from simply presenting technical challenges to overcome. It is as much about learning how to move a team of engineers through a series of steps, including peer reviews, to complete a mission us-ing NASA practices that have governed scores of missions. That doesn't mean the task is a grind through bureaucratic checklists, participants said. Beyond the challenges of building an aircraft and Rocket U participants routinely turn their education into inspiration. Engineers visit classrooms to show middleand high-school students the delight of learning, then using math and science to build cool things. "The earlier you can get somebody excited about science, technology, engineering and math (STEM education), the better," Dupuis said. By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News Photo courtesy of Rocket University Photo courtesy of Rocket University From CCP Page 3 carry humans into space. Our NASA team brought years of experience to the table and shared with SpaceX what components, systems, techniques and processes have worked for the agencys human space transportation systems in the past and why theyve worked, said Jon Cowart, the NASA partner manager of SpaceX during CCDev2. ted both NASA and the company and is creating a more dependable system at an accelerated pace. During a program implementation plan review in Louisville, Colo., SNC outlined for NASA the steps it plans to take while it readies its Dream Chaser spacecraft for a atop ULAs Atlas V rocket. During CCiCap, they hope to ment risk so that they are ready to have the integrated Critical Design Review and ready to go into manufacturing of the space vehicle, said Cheryl McPhillips, NASA partner manager. While Boeing and SNC continue to advance their spacecraft designs, their chosen launcher, the Atlas V, is moving forward to support initial test launches. During its unfunded CCDev2 partnership, the company established a technical foundation for certifying its rocket for NASA crews launching to the International Space Station. ULA also developed the design criteria for the Atlas Vs emergency detection system, established requirements for the rockets and selected the design approaches for accommodating humans and their spacecraft at its launch site.Print Your Own CCP Posters


Page 9 Nov. 5, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS 4,225 steel pilings driven 160 feet into bedrock. other commodities. From VAB Page 2 being developed. Digital age makes cybersecurity ultra importantN remind people to protect tion. become more prominent in By Brittney Longley Spaceport News More information online Heads Up: Stop. Think. Connect. Living Life Online Laptop Security Tips Bookmark Identity Theft: What To Know, What To Do Your Access to Free Credit Reports NASA/Jim Grossmann

PAGE 9 Spaceport News FROM THE VAULTIn celebration of Kennedy Space Center's 50th anniversary, enjoy this vintage photo . Page 10SPACEPORT NEWSNov. 5, 2012 Looking up and ahead . .No Earlier Than Nov. 27 USAF Launch/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (SLC-41): Atlas V, Orbital Test Vehicle (OTV) Launch window: 1 1:45 a.m. to 3:45 p.m. EST Engineers at Kennedy Space Center are skills as they design, build and launch high-powered rockets at the spaceport's Rocket University. Rocket U provides an opportunity to collaborate with other NASA centers, such as Johnson Space Center in Houston, Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., and Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia. "A large portion of our engineering workforce was dedicated to manned spacethe Space Shuttle Program era)," said Kevin Vega, assistant chief engineer for the agency's Commercial Crew Program (CCP) and the Rocket University rocketry lab lead. "Since CCP is a program established and run out of Kennedy Space Center, we should be bringing to bear those skills required to analyze, evaluate and certify any system that decides to pursue that goal for NASA, the nation, or commercially." Rocket U engineers from a variety of disciplines take part in small-scale labs to gain hands-on experience as The rocketry course began in spring 2012. First, an introduction to highpowered rocketry exposed the engineers to the rocket's appearance and operations. After building and launching a vehicle of their own, they moved on to the week-long Advanced Rocket Workshop presented at Kennedy by Marshall Space Flight Center Chief Engineer Pat Lampton. Then the group was divided into four small teams. Each was tasked with deits own rocket. These are high-powered rockets generating 300 to 900 pounds of thrust. Rocket components are off-the-shelf hardware but were ordered by Vega according to each team's needs. All four teams are designing their own computers as a reference. "I gave them a project plan with primary and secondary mission objectives, and an outline structure of how they needed to organize their team: who's doing what, how are you going to mitigate risk, what analysis are you going to do, and so forth," Vega said. Gradually, the requiredesign is analyzed as each team's work passes through quence is a tailored version of the standard review process for launch vehicles. All four rockets are phase of the program, the teams will merge to develop a supersized, three-stage an altitude of 150,000 feet, By Anna Heiney Spaceport News potentially carrying a payload of a few experiments. "Four different teams with four different ideas, all rockets, will then funnel into this large-scale rocket that will take us about a year to develop," Vega explained. "They'll be able to bring all their lessons learned and puter design for each one of those teams to create the one bigger rocket." Photo courtesy of Kevin D. Vega