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Sept. 21, 2012 Vol. 52, No. 19 John F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universe Spaceport News Inside this issue... Kennedy Kick-Start Page 3 Page 2 Heat shield testing Page 4 Beach clean-up Page 7 Crew access arm Endeavour heads to California S pace shuttle Endeavour and the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft landed at Ellington Field in Houston on Sept. 19 to complete the Los Angeles where the shuttle will As the SCA approached Houston, the American southeast. Space Coast in a salute to the region that hosted the shuttles during 30 SCA and Endeavour also soared low its trip west. Space Center in Mississippi, were treated to a view of Endeavour atop ter to share comments and photos of pass overhead. approach and landing tests conducted at dawn Sept. 20 and made a fuel Air Force Base in California. As of areas of the Los Angeles basin before landing at Los Angeles International Interaction at core of Innovation Expo 2012 he research and invention ees showed off their ideas and Expo. them to share with me the excitement come up with when we collaborate. Hats off to the team that made this Shops, laboratories and facilities offered tours and exhibits across By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News Space shuttle Endeavour takes to the sky from the Shuttle Landing Facility at Kennedy Space Center at 7:22 a.m. EDT mounted atop NASA's Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, or SCA, on Sept. 19. In the background is the 525-foot-tall Vehicle Assembly Building where the shuttles were attached to their external fuel tank/ solid rocket booster stacks. Endeavour will be placed on public display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. To watch a time-lapse video of See EXPO Page 2 Final Space Shuttle Ferry Flight CLICK ON PHOTO See SHUTTLE Page 5


Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWS Sept. 21, 2012 Program 'kick-starts' ideas, encourages innovation A Space Center con tinues developing programs and infrastructure their innovative ideas for improving the center at the competition was part of a center-wide effort designed to increase exposure for in novative ideas and encour age their implementation. Concepts were submitted Board in late August. A total of 11 proposals to taling up to $5,000 each for gamut from a virtual control ics grown on the Internation ice mining and a Humvee interface for vehicle explora During his all-hands meet former space shuttle com mander, stressed that space expertise in launch vehicle, spacecraft operations and sustainable efforts, is leading complex of the future. novation Expo, individuals to learn what others are do ing and continue to nurture a creative and innovative culture. Before the program stressed the importance of to get things done. as individuals who solve exciting and unexpected During 90-second pre explained their concepts to selection panel represent ing diverse organizations at Services. munications Infrastructure an Internet radio stream was one of those selected. a need to listen to mission easier. Since there would be much less effort to set up the ties for both government and commercial users and infus ing innovative ideas into ing programs, the center petition are helping NASA ration goals. cilities at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. there are a lot of things that idea to let people get out and between the departments could encourage communi cation that might lead to the on center designing and said. Innovation Expo, said David Miranda, the lead organizer of the event. exhibits and tours are going important for innovation because innovation is about said. It came together in about two months, which is a wide event. Exhibits in the spirit of a observers. what other people are doing, A robot that processed Alice Smith, Sustainabil manager, said the event allowed her to show the the Innovation Expo was a natural platform for showing that to people. Miranda said the expo went well and could become a regular event at the center. From EXPO Page 1 Duane Dickey, an engineer at the Kennedy Prototype Lab, shows one of the shop's tools and what it can create to employees touring the facility during the Innovation Expo 2012 on Sept. 6. By Bob Granath Spaceport News An eight-member Kick-Start selection panel listens to a presentation by a Kennedy Space Center employee. Seated in the front row, left to right, are Bob Cabana, center director; Joyce Riquelme, director of Center Planning and Development; International Space Station Ground Processing and Research. Back row, left to right are Tracy Anania Wetrich, director of Human Resources; Russell Romanella, director of Safety and Mission Assurance; Nancy Bray, deputy director of Center Operations; and Kelvin Manning, center associate director. William Merrill, of NASA's Communica tions Infrastructure Services Division, proposes an innovation that would make mission audio available by way of an Internet radio stream Sept. 6 in the Training Auditorium as Kennedy KickStart Chairman Mike Conroy looks on. NASA/Gianni Woods NASA/Gianni Woods


Sept. 21, 2012 Page 3 SPACEPORT NEWS Researchers look to alien soils for heat shield en small samples performed well this to see whether a heat shield made from the soil of the moon, Mars or an asteroid will stand up to the searing demands of a plunge through that future spacecraft could surface of another world weight savings opens new possibilities ranging from an exploration mission. Michael Hogue, a re Center, came up with the idea during a brainstorm as regolith. how regolith can be used to NASA funded the concept research through its NASA Innovative Advanced Con cepts, or NIAC, program. Since then, a team of various mixtures and tech of material standing up well to the intense heat of a blow torch which is similar to en temperatures of about 200 degrees F compared to the F the front side endured. to have low enough ther to survive the forces of at formulations that we tested with a cutting torch at least 4 inches in diameter and made of different combina tions of material, faced search Center in California. to a scorching plasma stream through heating conditions similar to those seen during saw some melting, but none termine whether this idea is ising, is far from becoming operational. At this point, Hogue puts the concept level, a 1 on a scale of 9, with 9 being an operational of evaluations, adaptations and inventions, including po disc on the bottom of a cargo spacecraft returning from the International Space Station. Hogue said his attitude has on the effort. savings is too great to ignore, Hogue said. substance in a mold or heat a large disc of regolith until the soil elements fuse together. cut and shaped as needed. heat shield off an asteroid or shield could be as big as be used to insulate a space craft whether it is going to to Earth. cal to the plan because the moon soil simulant instead of actual extraterrestrial dirt, feels the same in the hand builds a house on Earth. Also, the heat shield would not be reusable, but would be designed to have a process called ablating. All heat shields except the space tive material. and if it heats up and ablates off, all the better because the shield over the water and By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News A 2-inch by 4-inch brick is heated by a welding torch to test a concept for making heat shields from the soil of other worlds. NASA "Others were talking about how regolith can be used to make bricks or landing pads and I said, 'Well, if it's good for that, why can't it be used to make atmospheric entry heat shields?' Michael Hogue, researcher at Kennedy Space Center An artist's concept of a spacecraft using a heat shield made from regolith, soil of another world. NASA


SPACEPORT NEWS Page 4 Sept. 21, 2012 Volunteers remove 6,000 items of trash from Kennedy's beach f the 72 miles of beach that line the eastern side about six of those miles line several hours scouring the sand for items that had washed ashore. along a public beach, all of the de items discarded at sea. supported through donations from about 20 sponsors. volunteers found a mother lode messages in bottles launched from large number of shoes were found. for the environment, said Diane Fleming of the Marshall Resident I was surprised at the amount of trash we found out here. 60 large bags of trash between three sites, much of which was pounds of plastic, 240 pounds of glass and one pound of aluminum. sea turtles. ern Hemisphere for loggerhead sea turtles, it is important to understand the environmental impact of trash Kennedy balances great outdoors, launch operations I and spacecraft are pre pared for trips out of this world, there lies a paradise that has been protected from commercial and residential Center and the landscape it shares with the Merritt Sept. 6. Inomedic Health Ap plications, or IHA, led the that have been closed to the general public for decades because of launch operations Air Force Station. of course, is to launch ing the natural habitat in as that are providing habitats for more than 1,500 spe cies of plants and animals. He also outlined some of the innovative partnerships with other government agen cies and universities to help For example, biologists are and survival rates of sport sea turtles with the Florida the Indian River Lagoon. far north as Connecticut and up with these other groups, some of those tough ecologi to an algae bloom, which he and his group see about causes the bloom and how it which is a natural source of manatees. point, we have over 70 one of the largest expanses of seagrass beds in the area, which are important to other gates because these are highcan move into the area and outside the region and can ing the area are three-fold, according to biologists. First, federal mandates are in place to protect the wetlands and surrounding lagoonal waters, as well as several threatened or endangered species of animals. Second, through stewardship, the sion without compromising Aquatic biologists Eric Reyier, left, and Doug Scheidt with Inomedic Health Ap to see the unique estuarine ecosystems that are protected from development by the presence of Kennedy and the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge. To watch a video about how Kennedy co-exists with nature, click on the photo. CLICK ON PHOTO By Rebecca Regan Spaceport News there is a substantial role that the ecological health of the Indian River Lagoon was estimated at about alone is worth $330 million this habitat and the wildlife preserve that economic ben different for the biologists IHA. example, we saw dolphins, manatees and a bald eagle all within 30 seconds of By Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Spaceport News and debris along the coast. might get tangled up in. In the end, the success of the heightened awareness. worth it.


SPACEPORT NEWS Page 5 Sept. 21, 2012 Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center Airport between 11 a.m. and noon be moved to the California Science Center to begin a new mission inspir ing future explorers. space shuttle Endeavour across the Moultrie, chief pilot of the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, about the crowds the crew witnessed gathered around since we had never done something expecting much the same interest this time. Moultrie said much more effort goes into setting the courses for the California landing. Large aerial corridors are as planes can use the airspace while the for the aircraft to pass into restricted airspace around some notable sites. where it belongs and that is the part with the chase ship needs to be, that From SHUTTLE Page 1 Major League Baseball's Minnesota Twins welcomed Kennedy Center Director and Minneapolis native Bob Cabana to start the Minnesota Aerospace and Avia tion Week by signing a baseball which was launched by a balloon on Sept. 16. NASA NASA's Space Shuttle Program across all centers received an award from the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) at the AIAA Space 2012 Conference and Exposition in Pasadena, Calif., on Sept. 12. Accepting the award on behalf of Kennedy Space Center is former shuttle launch director Pete Nickolenko, deputy director of Ground Processing, third from right. To read more about the shuttle era, click on the photo. Attendees of the memorial service for Neil Armstrong sing a hymn, Sept. 13, at the Washington National Cathedral. Arm contributions to America's space program, click on the photo. NASA NASA/Jim Grossmann Astronaut Drew Feustel, and other members of the STS-134 crew, visited with about STS-134, click on the photo. CLICK ON PHOTO CLICK ON PHOTO CLICK ON PHOTO


Page 6 Sept. 21, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS Landing pads designed for extraterrestrial missions hen the Mars Sci ence Labora rover landed on Aug. 6, it was another step forward in the effort to send humans to the Red Planet. Using the lessons of the Apollo era and robotic missions to Mars, NASA scientists the challenges and hazards trial landing. lenges to Apollo astronauts landing on the moon was scuring their vision during said Rob Mueller, a senior Lunar Destination co-lead modules reached the photographs show there the Martian surface. As the Mars Science 25-foot tether to a soft land ing on the surface. Mueller and others are landing pads that could be advance of future human expeditions to destinations such as the moon or Mars. reduce the potential for blowing debris and improve other destinations. indicate that descent engines of the Apollo landers were Dr. Phil Metzger, a research ular Mechanics and Regolith will be even more challeng ing when we land humans will dig a deep hole under Building a landing site in advance of human arrival is part of the plan. go to a location on Mars and excavate a site, clearing an area and then stabilizing the regolith to withstand other option is to excavate By Bob Granath Spaceport News other geo-textile material could also be used to stabi lize the soil and ensure there Metzger explained that on-target landing would be to have robotic rovers place homing beacons around the site. In this artist's rendering, the Mars Science Laboratory's descent stage uses rocket engines to hover, while its sky crane lowers the Curiosity rover with a 25-foot tether to a soft landing on the surface. Photo graphs show there were some rocks and dust kicked up by the rocket engines on the skycrane lowering the Curiosity lander onto the Martian surface Aug. 6. To learn more about NASA's mission on Mars, click on the photo. Using the lessons of the Apollo era and robotic missions to Mars, NASA scientists and engineers are studying the hazards involved in any extraterrestrial landings. They are seeking ways to avoid the rocks and soil visible in the foreground of this image of Buzz Aldrin working at the lunar module during the Apollo 11 moonwalk in July 1969. To read more about Apollo 11, click on the photo. CLICK ON PHOTO CLICK ON PHOTO


Page 7 Sept. 21, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS Crew access arm balances new, heritage technologies tems Development engineers in Florida are combining heritage technol design the crew access arm for the tower on the mobile launcher that will be used craft atop the Space Launch advanced spacecraft ever nauts farther into space than ever before. SLS is designed ing spacecraft for crew and cargo missions and will enable new missions of ex ploration and expand human presence across the solar Engineering Directorate, will be similar in length and speed to the arm used during the Apollo missions. It will have two levels and incorpo Apollo and Space Shuttle Programs. Located at about 270 feet high on the 355-foot-tall tower, the upper level will that provides access to the a six-foot-long access the diving board, that will door to the crew module door. Refurbished Apolloera control console and ac cumulators also will be part of the new arm. will provide access to two service module. orbiter access arm will be reused, as well as storage ment from the shuttle-era out to the crew module on hinges will be refurbished digital encoders to accurate ic controllers in an electrical room on the mobile launcher tower in order to achieve precise control of arm posi Platforms from Launch structure will be installed on the mobile launcher tower and provide access to the hinges for inspection and repair. design visualization tools are being used to view the concept throughout the design process. By Linda Herridge Spaceport News The mobile launcher made the 4.2-mile trek along the crawlerway Nov. 11, 2011, from Launch Pad 39B to the park site near the Vehicle Assembly Building after a two-week stay on the pad for structural and functional engineering tests. To watch a video of the move, click on the photo. A computer-aided design image of the crew access arm that is being developed for the mobile launcher tower. To learn more about NASA's Space Launch System, click on the photo. "Having access to 3-D scanning capabilities is very helpful so that we can see how into the existing structures, such as the mobile launcher, the Vehicle Assembly Building and Launch Pad 39B." Kelli Maloney, mechanical design engineer in Kennedy Space Center's Engineering Directorate During the process, heri tage parts planned for reuse, such as the Apollo-era con trol consoles, are scanned and then uploaded into a special 3-D design software process save the time and costs of modeling existing components. Having access to 3-D helpful so that we can see the existing structures, such as the mobile launcher, the ing and Launch Pad 39B, be removed and replaced on the upper level of the arm to accommodate access to larger, planned SLS cargo vehicles and other possible future launch vehicles. ing NASA and Engineering Services Contract engineers, percent design review in on the crew access arm, as well as other access arms and umbilicals, will continue through 2013. Fabrication of the access arm could begin in 2014, with testing in the CLICK ON PHOTO CLICK ON PHOTO


Page 8 Sept. 21, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS FROM THE VAULT In celebration of Kennedy Space Center's 50th anniversary, enjoy this vintage photo . John F. Kennedy Space Center Managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candrea Thomas Assistant managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stephanie Covey Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kay Grinter Editorial support provided by Abacus Technology Corp. Writers Group. NASA at KSC is on the Internet at SP-2012-09-199-KSC Spaceport News online on alternate Fridays by Public Affairs in the interest of KSC civil service and contractor employees. Contributions are welcome and should be submitted three weeks before publication to Public Affairs, IMCS-440. Email submissions can be sent to President John F. Kennedy toured the Launch Operations Center on Sept. 11, 1962. Here a Blockhouse 34 at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex, now the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Also in attendance were Vice President Lyndon Johnson, Center Director Kurt Debus, and Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara (not pictured). Fire and Rescue workers dedicate 9/11 memorial at Fire Station 1 A t right, Fire and Rescue personnel salute during the 9/11 memorial dedication cer emony at Fire Station 1 at NASAs Kennedy Space Center on Sept. 11. Above, a horseless carriage transports Below, Fire and Rescue personnel and Kennedy Center Director Bob Cabana, at front row right, share a moment during the 9/11 memorial dedication. Kennedy Fire and Rescue Services com memorated the 11th anniversary of 9/11 with a ceremony that included a minute of silence at 10:28 a.m., which was the moment of collapse of the north tower of the World Trade Center. Kennedy centerwide emergency units dispatched by Fire Control engaged in one-minute sirens, the new memorial was dedicated and the Honor Guard performed a Looking up and ahead . All times are Eastern 2012 Oct. 4 USAF Launch/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (SLC-37B): Delta 4, GPS 2F-3 Launch window: 8:10 to 8:29 a.m. Under review NASA Launch/Wallops Flight Facility, Va., (OA): Antares Launch window: TBD Oct. 7 SpaceX Launch/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (SLC-40): Falcon 9, Dragon C3 Launch window: 8:34:57 p.m. Targeted for October NASA Launch/Baikonur Cosmodrome Kazakhstan: Expedition 33/34, Soyuz TMA-06M Launch window: TBD Oct. 25 USAF Launch/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (SLC-41): Atlas V, Orbital Test Vehicle (OTV) Launch window: TBD To watch a NASA launch online, go to