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Feb. 10, 2012 Vol. 52, No. 3 Historic shuttles to arrive aten permanent homes by year's endJohn F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universeSpaceport News Inside . .Page 2 Director Addresses NASA Alumni League Page 3 PIT Crews Keep CCDev2 On Track Page 7 Heritage: Visitor Complex Page 6 Mobile Launcher Test Results One of space shuttle Endeavours payload bay doors has been fully opened and an antenna retracted on Feb. 3 in Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at Kennedy Space Center. Space Shuttle Program transition and retirement work continues on Discovery and Endeavour in the orbiter processing facilities, while shuttle Atlantis is in temporary storage in high bay 4 of the Vehicle Assembly Building. Endeavour is being prepared for display at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. For more on the space shuttles' transition and retirement, click on the photo.By Linda Herridge Spaceport NewsBy the end of this year, NASA's space shuttles will be in their new homes. Recently, the shuttles were on the move as part of the transition and retirement (T&R) activities at Kennedy Space Center in Florida. On Feb. 1, NASA Vehicle Manager for T&R Bart Pannullo watched as shuttle Endeavour was backed out of the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) and towed to Orbiter Processing Facil ity-2 (OPF-2). The next day, shuttle Atlantis made an appear ance outside the VAB as it was towed from the VAB transfer aisle into high bay 4 for temporary storage. Atlantis is being prepared for public display at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in 2013. Its been two beautiful days here for these opera tions and seeing people I havent seen in a while, Pannullo said. Im not taking these events for granted. Endeavour was moved to OPF-2 so that technicians can continue to prepare it for display. The shuttle will remain in the OPF until it is ready to be ferried to the California Science Center in Los Angeles in the fall. Once inside the facility, Endeavour was leveled and safed. Then, water and Fre on from lines in the shuttles The orbital maneuvering system (OMS) pods and forward reaction control system (FRCS) were deliv ered to the Hazardous Main tenance Facility (HMF) on Feb. 6 from White Sands, N.M. The FRCS was uncrated and transported to OPF-2 on the same day and More informationen Discovery, atop a NASA Shuttle jet, will arrive at Dulles International and then be transported to the Smithsonians Udvar-Hazy Center on April 19. Endeavour this fall. Atlantis will be transported from the Orbiter Processing Facility to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in November. The exact date of rollover to the visitor complex is being evaluated. The Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex is targeting a July 2013 grand opening for Atlantis new home. For more information, go to Space shuttle Atlantis is towed into the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) high bay 4 after being towed around from the VAB transfer aisle at Kennedy Space Center on Feb. 2. Shuttle Atlantis will remain in temporary storage in high bay 4, while Space Shuttle Program transition and retirement work continues on Discovery and Endeavour.See T&R Page 2 CLICK ON PHOTO


Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWS Feb. 10, 2012 Center director briefs NASA Alumni League T he NASA Alumni League (NAL) has always championed the many programs at Ken nedy Space Center, and with all the exciting news lately, the group wanted to learn about the latest and greatest. They had the opportunity to do so during the NASA Alumni League breakfast Jan. 31 at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complexs Dr. Kurt H. Debus Conference Facility. Kennedys Center Direc tor Bob Cabana told the league the center still has a lot of new work ahead of it. Hugh Harris, along with about 40 other NAL members, attended the better understanding of the changes Kennedy currently is undergoing. Being an informed advocate is the key to being an effective advocate, said Harris, a former president of the NASA alumni group. Understanding NASAs vision for the future is key in helping paint a clear picture for whats in store. Cabana presented an overview of the centers new goals, the programs that were created as NASAs Space Shuttle Program came to an end and the new and exciting missions Kennedy is planning to launch. (Cabanas) presentation gave us a lot of hope that there are many sensible changes occurring and that Kennedy is headed in the right direction. Harris said. A few of the center's goals he discussed during the mission success by enabling government and commercial access to space; providing institution to enable success; and inspire, engaging and educating through enriching programs, internships and partnerships. going from private to com mercial space access helped some of the members get a full understanding of what exactly is going on and how the budget will be maxi mized. We want to go from fo cusing on one big program, such as shuttle, and focus on several programs, Cabana said. NAL President Chuck Taylor said, This helps us out a lot when we have teleconferences with Cabana and (NASA Administrator Charlie) Bolden. It enables us to have more intelligent conversations with them because they are up to speed with whats going on. The NAL applauded Ca bana and his staff for coming out to the meeting. Its one thing for the director to speak to us, but his staff had to do a lot and went out of their way, and everyone was very thank ful and appreciative of it. Taylor said. Cabana imparted to the group the need to support NASA's mission. I would love for all of you to become advocates for the center. was installed on Endeavour Feb. 8. The OMS pods remain at the HMF and are scheduled to be installed on Endeavour in March. Pannullo said that while Atlantis is in the VAB, technicians will be working in the aft compartment to remove components that may be used in future programs, as well as continuing to safe the spacecraft. Future work on Atlantis includes reinstallation of its FRCS and OMS pods once it is moved back to the OPF in late March. Replica Shuttle Main Engines the pyrotechnic systems will be completed. for its display site, and prepared for its short trip to the visitor complex just down the road in early 2013. Discovery is in OPF-1 where pro cessing is quickly coming to an end as it is being readied for display at the Smithsonians National Air and Space Museum, Steven F. UdvarHazy Center in Chantilly, Va. NASA Flow Director for Or biter T&R Stephanie Stilson said remaining work includes remov ing components from the aft of the shuttle that will be used to support NASAs Space Launch System Program. sure the vehicle is ready to ferry, Stilson said. Although Discovery is not leaving Kennedy until midApril, it is scheduled to leave the OPF for the last time in March. Stilson said Discovery always will hold a special place in her heart, but she also is enjoying her time with the other shuttles. I continue to be impressed by the dedication and devotion of the team working to ensure Discovery, Atlantis, Endeavour and Enterprise are delivered to their new homes in the best possible condition, Stilson said. There is a great sense of pride and appreciation for the opportunity to work with so many great people on the greatest space program in the world, Pannullo said. for all of us," Stilson acknowl edged, "but we can feel good know ing their new families will love them as much as we do and will care for them as well as we have for the past 30 years. From T&R Page 1 Kennedy Space Center Director Bob Cabana shares the latest happenings at the center with the NASA Alumni League on Jan. 31 at the visitor complex. By Brittney Longley Spaceport News "Being an informed advocate is the key to being an effective advocate. Understanding NASAs vision for the future is key in helping paint a clear picture for whats in store." Hugh Harris, NASA Alumni League member NASA/Jim Grossmann


Page 3 Feb. 10, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS behind space transportation J ust as every race car driver has a pit crew to keep them on track on the way to a vic tory quickly and safely, the seven aerospace companies that have teamed up with NASA's Com mercial Crew Program have their own PIT Crews, called Partner Integration Teams, to help guide them in their race to space. They're not packing an arse nal of air compressors, fuel or even spare tires, though. Instead, NASA PIT Crews are equipped with the intimate knowledge of what is takes to design, develop, manufacture, process and launch space transportation systems. Lately, those teams have been Commercial Crew Development Round 2 (CCDev2). "We call this insight," said Scott Thurston, who is leading the PIT Crews as chief of the Commercial Crew Program (CCP) Partner to glean the information and then watch, and help, if needed. Be a part of their program, but not get in the way." Each PIT Crew is made up of about 10 to 15 dedicated by 10s if not 100s of system expert engineers, who are available to help industry partners meet their established milestones in develop ing commercial crew transportation capabilities. Their expertise ranges from engineering and safety to health and medical and mission operations. Representatives from NASAs Astro seven PIT Crews, one for each of the seven funded and unfunded CCDev2 partner companies. Thurston said CCP is very much like a venture capitalist endeavor be cause NASA is investing in systems and laying out expectations, but not dictating how companies make their systems work. "You know, it's funny. It's the companies telling us why they feel comfortable about their systems," Thurston said. "It's not them tell ing us why it's OK to buy their spacecraft or launch vehicle, but why it's OK to invest money in them." "The milestones are really the mile markers of each one of these companies," Thurston said. "It's based on each company's develop ment plan, not what the govern ment wants, so each company is a little bit different." Some of the spacecraft and launch vehicle designs are infant in nature while others have been proving their experience and reli ability for many years. UNITED LAUNCH ALLIANCE United Launch Alliance (ULA), for example, has 28 successful launches under its belt with the At las V rocket. For CCDev 2, ULA and NASA are working under an unfunded Space Act Agreement to assess human rating that system. "Many want to know why the humans. After all, theyve been and defense missions for years," said Cheryl Malloy, the NASA partner manger for ULA. "If theres a problem with the By Rebecca Regan Spaceport News See CCDev2 Page 8 Commercial Crew Program introduces CCiCap initiative N ASA anticipates a bright next phase of development for its Commercial Crew Program (CCP) as it prepares to award funding to the makers of spacecraft and launch vehicles. The awards are expected to lead to activities aerospace engineers dream Announcement for Proposals (AFP) for companies to submit their plans for the Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCap) initiative by March 23. During CCiCap, the program plans to award multiple Space Act Agreements, valued from $300 million to $500 million each, in the summer of 2012 toward the development of fully integrated commercial crew transportation systems. "We want to advance multiple integrated crew transportation systems with the path of of the decade," said Ed Mango, CCP program manager. A fully integrated system would include a spacecraft and launch vehicle, as well as blueprints for mission control and ground operations. The announcement asked for proposals to include a base period of about 21 months, running from award through May 2014. Optional milestones beyond the base period also should be outlined leading to and culminating in a crewed orbital demonstration The goal of CCiCap is to continue to foster the development of a U.S. transportation system that can safely, affordably and routinely government markets. "Being a part of this program and this agency right now should give you chills," Mango said, "because this is the program that is going to take American astronauts back to space with American developed spaceships." -Rebecca Regan


Page 4SPACEPORT NEWSFeb. 10, 2012SPACEPORT NEWSPage 5 Feb. 10, 2012 Scenes Around Kennedy Space CenterAstronaut Nicole Stott shows off her award after induction into the Florida Aviation Hall of Fame in Lakeland, Fla., Photo courtesy of John L. Salsbury Port Orange, Fla. Controlled bu clouds Kenne Photos by rn dy NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis Reader-submitted photo Reader-submitted photo


Page 6 Feb. 10, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS Results from mobile launcher testing validate approach By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News T he 355-foot-tall mo bile launcher, or ML, behaved as expected during its move to Launch Pad 39B at NASA"s Kennedy Space Center in Florida in November 2011, an analysis of multiple sen sors showed. The top of the tower swayed less than an inch each way. "I would think you would have perceived it," said NASA's Chris Brown, the lead design engineer for the ML. The tests showed that computer models used in designing the massive structure were correct. The actual results varied less than 5 percent of what was predicted. "This gives us much models," Brown said. "We know that our approach is valid." The computer models for the launch support structures will be used with those for NASA's Space Launch System, or SLS, a huge rocket envisioned to launch astronauts into deep space, Engineers had the tower wired with dozens of accel erometers and strain gauges along with wind sensors to record the launcher's move ment during its slow ride atop a crawler-transporter from a park site beside the Vehicle Assembly Building to the launch pad. The ML is expected to make the same trip numer ous times during its career as the support structure for SLS. The move and testing were planned to show de signers whether the structure and crawler would be up to the challenge. Crawler drivers per formed several speed changes during the six-mile journeys to and from the pad. While at the pad, which is being refurbished after decades of hosting space shuttles, workers connected alarm systems, and other water lines. The instruments used in the testing are very precise, accurate enough to record even the most subtle of vibrations and movements. "We were measuring milli-g's," Brown said. The readings also will be used for determining how fast the crawler will be al lowed to go as it carries the rocket to the launch pad. For instance, there is substantial vibration at 0.8 mph, so engineers want drivers to stay away from that par ticular speed. But that does not necessarily mean the crawler will be ordered to slow it down. The ML, designed for the Ares I rocket of the cancelled Constellation Program, is due for ma coming few years as it is strengthened to support the much-heavier SLS. It took two years to build and was completed in August 2010. A structural design contract is expected to be awarded this year and a con struction contractor in 2013. Umbilical arms reaching from the tower to the rocket are scheduled to be installed in 2015. The ML is the biggest structure of its kind since the Launch Umbilical Towers were constructed to support the Apollo/Saturn V rocket. Those towers tions through their lives as trial-and-error showed where changes were needed, Brown said. "Our goal here is to have less of those kinds of prob lems," Brown said. Computer models also were used when NASA designed the Apollo tow ers, but those models were much simpler than today's versions by virtue of the computing power available now, Brown said. utes what would have taken them days to run," Brown said. "This gives us much higher models," Brown said. "We know that our approach is valid." NASA's Chris Brown, lead design engineer for the mobile launcher Technicians monitored nearby as the mobile launcher (ML), sitting atop the bly Building (seen in the background) to Launch Pad 39B, a distance of 4.2 miles. This artist rendering depicts the 355-foot-tall ML structure, originally designed for the Ares I rocket of the can celed Constellation program, which is years as it is strengthened to support the much-heavier Space Launch System. The mobile launcher, or ML, stands at Launch Pad 39B at Kennedy Space Center on Nov. 28, 2011. Data on the ML was


Page 7 Feb. 10, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS Real-world technology provided perfect tourist attraction By Kay Grinter Reference Librarian W hen plans for a permanent wel come station for guests to Kennedy Space Center were germinating, Walt Disney briefed Ken nedy's senior management on a tourist attraction he en visioned for Central Florida. In his presentation, Disney revealed that he was going to spend a lot of money on technology for exhibits and shows, a sum that would be impractical for NASA to match. He made it clear, however, that NASA had something to showcase to the public that he did not -real-world technology in action. Construction of a per manent Visitor Information Center (VIC) began outside Kennedy's security gates not far from the center's industrial area. The approach to the site, though -over a causeway to the east side of the Indian River -provided visitors with the sense that they no longer were on the mainland. They had arrived at Cape Canaveral where as tronauts would soon launch to the moon. The design connected two rectangular buildings by a portico. Food service, a sou venir shop and ticket booth were housed on one side; exhibits and a small theater, on the other. With support from NASA Headquarters and non-appropriated fund ing from bus tours of the center, the VIC opened in August 1967. The Magic Kingdom theme park at Walt Disney World Resort outside Orlan do followed four years later, opening in October 1971. The millionth visitor to the VIC was recorded in July 1968, just three months crewed Apollo mission in October. In the intervening years, the VIC was rebranded the "Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex" (KSCVC) to capture in name the ongo ing growth of the compound. The complex has been managed by Delaware North Companies Parks and Re sorts since 1995. replica of a space shuttle -dubbed Explorer -made its debut in 1993, alongside a gantry-style tower and a replica of an external tank mated to two solid rocket boosters. Nearby, a facility housing the "Shuttle Launch Experience," an attraction that puts guests through a simulated shuttle launch, opened in May 2007. Two IMAX theaters show space program-related mov ies daily, as well as an occa Attendance has grown to 1.5 million visitors a year but is expected to increase when space shuttle Atlantis goes on display next year. In anticipation, a new entry, ticket plaza and the main circulation path are being constructed. Called the Vapor Trail, it will start in the Rocket Garden (instead of the middle of the visitor complex as is the case now) and lead to the Shuttle Plaza, site of the new home for At lantis. The Vapor Trail will provide places for families to stay together as some play, rest and relax. It will include water features, inter active zones for children and comfortable seating. The Vapor Trail should be ready to welcome guests in the fall of 2012. In December 2011, fol lowing the conclusion of the shuttle program in July, was transported to Ken nedy's Launch Complex 39 turn basin where it awaits transport by barge to NASA Johnson Space Center's visi tor center in Houston, where it will be given a new name and another opportunity to inspire the next generation of dreamers. The move made way for the ground-breaking Jan. 18 for the future home of Atlan tis which will be displayed permanently at the visitor complex. "This is an incredible day for our nations space program, said Bill Moore, the KSCVC. "Today marks the start of a new era in Atlantis, which has trav eled to space and back an astounding 33 times, will remain docked in her home port, displayed in all her glory with a new mission to uphold -to inspire a new generation of space explor ers who will take us to even greater heights." The $100 million, 65,000-square-foot ex hibit will provide guests a unique vantage point to view Atlantis up close, with payload bay doors open and the Canadarm extended, while telling the story of the 30-year Space Shuttle Program through a number of hands-on, interactive and immersive mediums. The exhibit also will feature a crawl-through model of the International Space Station. The six-story exhibit will be in the complex' Shuttle Plaza adjacent to the Shuttle Launch Experience. De signed by the architects of PGAV Destinations of St. Louis, Mo., the structure will be built by WhitingTurner Contracting Co. from Orlando. Atlantis is scheduled to make the trek from Launch Complex 39 to the visitor complex in November, with the grand opening of its showcase facility slated for July 2013. Remembering Our Heritage This trailer was being used as the Tourinst Information Center on Feb. 9, 1965, while the permanent buildings of the Visitor Complex were being constructed (image below). The trailer was at the west end of the Indian River Causeway.


Page 8 Feb. 10, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS John F. Kennedy Space CenterManaging editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candrea Thomas Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kay GrinterEditorial support provided by Abacus Technology Corp. Writers Group.NASA at KSC is on the Internet at USGPO: 733-049/600142Spaceport News Looking up and ahead . All times are Eastern 2012 No earlier than Feb. 16 Launch/CCAFS (SLC-41): Atlas V MUOS Launch window: 5:46 to 6:30 p.m. No earlier than March 14 Launch/Reagan T est Site Kwajalein Atoll: Pegasus XL, NuSTAR Launch window: 11:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. No earlier than late March Launch/CCAFS (SLC-40): SpaceX Falcon 9, Dragon C2/C3 Launch window: TBD spacecraft or rocket during ascent, options must be available to abort the mission and bring the crew back to Earth safely." To develop that abort capability and keep the cost of human spaceare exploring "kitable" solutions that would only be added to a rocket when launching humans. what it would take to get a crew in and out of a spacecraft on the launch the upper stage that would improve performance, an emergency detection system, and vehicle structural BLUE ORIGIN Blue Origin also completed two milestones for the development of pany completed a Mission Concept to look at the goals and objectives, feasibility, concept evaluation criteria and risks associated with the spacecraft. The second was a review ments, test plan and systems escape team continues to make progress toward the upcoming motor vehicle team also is continuing with spacecraft system designs that will view milestone scheduled for May. THE BOEING CO. Boeing recently completed a simulation between the launch vehicle emergency detection system and avionics system integration The spacecraft also underwent wind tunnel testing. "We are looking forward to several be the launch abort engine fabricathen a full-up landing system air drop demonstration test where the capabilities of the parachutes and air bags are tested." EXCALIBUR ALMAZ INC. sidered the newcomer to CCDev2, but has jumped into the space race full throttle with plans to upgrade its made life support systems. "This whole program is really like not just going with people we know, people who might do things considerably different." rently are preparing for the upcomCCDev2 we will discuss the initial spacecraft to launch vehicle integration." SIERRA NEVADA CORP. which is the only CCDev2 company building a winged spacecraft, just delivered the structural pieces for its Dream Chaser Engineering Test ville, Colo. "The company can now begin assembly and integration of their secondary structures and subsysscheduled for this spring." White Knight 2 carrier aircraft will drop the Dream Chaser test article search Center in Edwards, Calif., to measure its performance. ALLIANT TECHSYSTEMS INC. has been focusing its attention on on preliminary models and design and mission assurance, as well as likely will include more details of in converting the core stage of the said. SPACE X company while it develops a launch capsule with interior systems, such as seats, displays, air circulation, and air conditioning and heating. "When you add humans into the mix it really complicates things," said Cowart. "We need to keep the going on around them." completed was the second Design overview of the entire system, from the Merlin engines that help loft the system into space. The company also completed a full-duration, full-thrust opment engine in preparation for the ninth milestone to be completed Thurston said. Much like the pit crew chief coordinates operations during a race, the CCDev 2 partner managers are keeping their industry partners on a neled and focusing in on the things Cowart said.