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GSDO tests roller bearings on crawler 2 By Linda Herridge Spaceport NewsThe crawler-transporter that will carry NASAs Space Launch System (SLS) and Orion spacecraft to Launch Pad 39B for launch on Exploration Mission-1 in 2017 recently portant milestone test at Ken nedy Space Center in Florida. The Ground Systems Development and Operations Program completed testing of the new traction roller bearings on crawler-transporter 2 (CT-2), on two of the massive vehicles truck sections, A and C, in late January. During the test, CT-2 was driven unloaded on crawler way C, between the Vehicle Assembly Building and Ord nance Road. As the crawler moved along, the leftand right-hand steering was tested in both directions. Workers performed visual inspections of the roller bear ing pumps, valves and lines to ensure that the grease injectors worked properly and provided the new roller assemblies. The temperature of the roll er assemblies were monitored and recorded using newlyinstalled thermocouples, said Mike Forte, a senior project manager with QinetiQ on the Engineering Services Contract. We were looking for any anomalies and establishing a baseline operating temperature for the new roller assemblies. Forte said temperature data on the surface of the roller assemblies also was collected using handheld infrared tem perature monitoring devices. We also closely monitored the system for any unanticipated vibrations or noise, which are indications of problems, Forte added. The test was a collaborative effort that involved about 30 NASA and contractor engineers and technicians from Kennedy and Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif. Upgrades to CT-2 include 88 new traction roller bearing tion delivery system, and a new temperature monitoring system that includes 352 new thermo couples. Forte said subsequent tests will be used to establish perma nent operational warning and shutdown limits for a fullyloaded crawler-transporter. CT-2 returned to the VAB on Jan. 31 to install new roller bearing assemblies on the B and D truck sections. Another test is scheduled for November, after installation of the second set of bearings has been completed. Upgrades to CT-2 are necessary in order to increase the lifted-load capacity from 12 million to 18 million pounds to support the weight of the mobile launcher and future launch vehicles, including the SLS and Orion.Crawler-transporter 2 (CT-2) arrived back at the Vehicle Assembly Building on Jan. 31 after successfully completing a test of the new roller bearing assemblies that were installed on one side. Work continues to upgrade CT-2 to ensure its ability to transport launch vehicles to the pad, including NASAs Space Launch System and Orion spacecraft.


Page 2 Day of Remembrance highlights importance of lessons learnedHealth, wellness activities in full gearKennedy Space Center continues to make strides in exploration without forget ting the hard-learned lessons of the past, former astronaut Bob Cabana, director of NASAs primary launch site, said during a ceremony mark ing Remembrance Day. I think its really im portant that we take time to remember those who paid the to explore, Cabana said. We want to make sure that we learn from the mistakes we made in the past so we dont make the same mistakes again as we move forward. Weve was not in vain because weve gone on and done better things and were going to continue that as we continue to ex plore. Cabana was joined at the Space Mirror Memorial by Janet Petro, Kennedys deputy director. The two walked a wreath beneath umbrellas to the base of the mirror at Kennedy Space Centers Visitor Complex during a brief ceremony. The 42.5-foot-high, 50-foot-wide black granite memorial is engraved with the names of 20 people who were lost in the cause of space exploration, including the crews of Apollo 1, Challeng ers STS-51L and Columbias STS-107 missions. Charles Bolden, NASA administrator and also a former astronaut, marked the day at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia, the resting place of some of the lost astronauts. Bolden said todays mis sions show that the promise of made by the crews. Today, their legacy lives on as the International Space help us learn to live and work in space and move farther into the solar system, Bolden said in a statement. We honor them by making our dreams of a better tomorrow reality and by acting to improve life for all of humanity.Flowers are placed at the Astronauts Memorial Foundations Space Mirror Memorial at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex on Jan. 31, the 28th anniversary of the space shuttle Challenger accident. The 42.5-foot-high, 50-foot-wide black granite memorial is engraved with the names of 20 people who were lost in the cause of space exploration, including the crews of Apollo 1, Challengers STS-51L and Columbias STS107 missions. To read the astronauts NASA biographies, click on the photo. By Steven Siceloff Spaceport NewsCare to take the Presidents Active Lifestyle Chal lenge? Want to learn more about the seven dimensions to personal health and wellness? During the month of February, topics such as these will coin cide with wellness activities and training across Kennedy. KSC Health & Wellness Fair Feb. 19 from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Conference Rooms Participating Organizations Program Soccer, Bicycling and Tennis Canine Companions Florida Bicycle Association Parrish Medical Center Swimming and Power Squad Transportation Bus transportation will be available from the main (northside) entrance of the SSPF, intervals beginning at 9 a.m. with the last bus departing at 2 p.m.


Page 3 near the center.By Linda Herridge Spaceport NewsKennedy Space Centers considers the safety of each employee and visitor on the center a top priority every day. In order to ensure that safety, Kennedys Special Rescue ed training using the Jaws of Life and other advanced rescue tools at a facility nearby. operations. Now, with the completion of the Jaws of Life training, the Protective Ser vehicle machinery extrication. One of the missions of the said Tim Moore, Fire Rescue Emergency Management spe cialist in the protective services Our second goal is mission. Our third goal is the property itself. The type of training we completed was vehicle and machinery extrication, said Dave Seymour, battalion chief. We practiced extrication skills using a vehicle that had been damaged in an accident. ers wearing full gear used very simple tools, such as axes, to highly specialized tools to clear away windows. They also used a hydraulic cutting tool, capable of up to 50,000 pounds of force, to remove the roof of the ve hicle. Then they practiced using the Jaws of Life on the vehicle in order to simulate the rescue of a trapped and injured person. Seymour said that in re sponse to a motor vehicle acci would be dispatched with basic life-saving tools. If, after an assessment of the scene, it is determined that the rescue is more complicated, then a squad truck would be dispatched that carries more advanced rescue tools. The type of equipment that we have available to us on the squad truck can range from a very simple center punch for clearing windows, all the way up to the Jaws of Life, which is a hydraulic tool that has up to 100,000 pounds of spreading force, Seymour said. Michael Hayes, the assistant chief of Safety and coordinator for the Special Rescue Opera tions Team, said there are sev eral types of rescue scenarios. The special rescue team is a diverse group of individuals that are trained at a higher level Hayes said. We train to pro vide rope rescue, which would be an elevated rescue from the side of a building or tower; would be rescuing somebody from a manhole or vault; and vehicle extrication using the Jaws of Life. Hayes said for vehicle extri complete a 40-hour operational class, which is compliant with the National Fire Protection Association. Then they will ad vance to the technician level 2, which is an additional 40 hours of training. The Kennedy Space Center Fire Rescue Services is second to none, Moore said. We re perform in.


Page 4 Page 5 Efforts underway to develop better batteries for electric vehiclesElectricity producing batteries are a vital part of daily life on Earth and in space. Power storage devices keep spacecraft op erating, cars running, cell phones connected funding 22 projects across 15 states with a total of $36 million to develop better, more other agencies, industry and universities gathered at the Kurt H. Debus Conference cally improving driving range and reliability using innovative chemistries, architectures cost, low-carbon emission alternatives for todays cars and other vehicles. to transformational innovation, said the organizations deputy director, Cheryl Martin, energy sources, decrease emissions and help maintain our technological lead in research and development. reminded attendees that throughout the agencys history, battery-powered devices have been crucial to both human and robotic space missions. Our hope is that some of you folks respond with proposals that will transition over to what were doing for devices such as rovers, he said. investigate innovative ideas and approaches that have the potential to revolutionize future space missions and provide solutions to sig potential, high-impact energy technologies that are too early for private-sector invest his organization is changing whats possible by thinking big, thinking bold and thinking differently about energy innovation. We are trying to bridge from basic science into prototype engineering technology and then bridge that technology, if successful, into some marketable transition, he said. University in California, reviewed the devel opment of batteries and recent research into new technologies for use in electric vehicles. big step in the technologys evolution. prise, he said. with electricity. He used the term as an analogy to a battery of cannon in describing multiple Leyden jars that stored static elec voltaic pile which consisted of pairs of cop per and zinc discs piled on top of each other, separated by a layer of cloth or cardboard and soaked in a solution of salt in water. In the ensuing years, batteries have become crucial to many forms of technology from time, even rechargeable batteries will eventu ally fail. Many of the current power systems environments. ciency and enable operation at low and high ments. noted that electricity-producing fuel cells became the primary power source during Fuel cells convert chemical energy from a fuel, such as hydrogen, into electricity Fuel cells are different from batteries in that they require a constant source of fuel and Fuel cells can, however, produce electricity continually, but are limited by supplies of fuel on the moon. While the space stations electricity is supplied primarily through large solar arrays, rated spacecraft have depended on batteries. mentary power sources on probes such as system, rather than working to increase the energy density of individual battery cells. developing robust, or strong, battery chem istries and architectures that would improve vehicle driving range and overall battery located in Louisville, Colo., will receive solid-state Lithium-ion battery that requires less protective packaging, which reduces cost and overall vehicle weight to improve driving range. Every gram that I try to get from the Earths surface up into orbit takes nine grams of pro multifunctional energy storage designs that use these robust storage systems to simulta neously serve other functions in a vehicle, further reducing an energy storage systems $3.5 million to engineer a low-cost, lowweight battery and to redesign vehicle frames so the battery becomes an integral part of a vehicles support structure. In welcoming those gathered, Karen Kennedy, pointed out that the space agency has a long history of collaboration in devel oping innovative strategies. When I talk about work we have going centers, with other government agencies, with industry, with academia, including a lot of international partners. By Bob Granath Spaceport News More online For more on how electric cars are reducing greenhouse emissions at Kennedy Space Center, go to content/greenhousegas-reductionprogram-thrives/ For more about NASAs sustainability efforts, go to agency/sustainability The Gemini VII spacecraft is seen from Gemini VI during their rendezvous in space Dec. 15, 1965. Gemini was the NASA/Harrison Schmitt


Page 6 Scenes around Kennedy and beyond... Center on Jan. 27-31. Activities centered around what it was like to live and survive in the Wild Technicians attach a bridge crane to the Orion ground test vehicle Feb. 3 to pre pare for heat shield removal inside the Vehicle Assembly Building. The test vehicle water drop test.


Page 7 NASA names Ralph Roe chief engineerNASAs new chief engineer is a familiar face around Kennedy Space Center: Ralph Roe, a former space shuttle launch director. As the agencys chief engineer, Roe will be the principal advisor for the agencys programs and projects to make sure they meet proper requirements for technical risks and act on a sound engineer ing basis. Roe also will advise NASAs administrator on the execution of the agencys projects. His knowledge and expertise will be invaluable as we con tinue to develop technologies and systems for putting humans further into space, for develop ing spacecraft to advance our and the solar system, and for ad vancing the nations aeronautics efforts, NASA Administrator Charles Bolden said. Roe, who holds bachelors and masters degrees in mechan ical engineering and engineering management respectively, began his NASA career at Kennedy in 1983 as a propulsion systems test engineer. He served as branch chief of the Environmental Control, Hy pergolic and Hydraulic Systems Branch for the Vehicle Engi neering Directorate from August 1994 to October 1995. Between August 1991 and May 1994, he was the section chief in the Or bital Maneuvering and Reaction Control Systems Section and the Auxiliary Power Unit and Hy draulics Systems Section. In the summer of 1994, Roe was de tailed to the position of deputy director of Shuttle Operations in the Shuttle Operations Director ate. Roe was made chief of the Fluid Systems Division in the Vehicle Engineering Directorate from 1995 to April 1996. In 1996, Roe was named director of shuttle engineering, which gave him responsibil ity for engineering manage ment and technical direction of all space shuttle integration, checkout, maintenance, launch, landing and recovery operations. He became the space shuttle launch director at Kennedy in 1998. Roe moved to Johnson Space Center in Houston in 1998 as the manager of space shuttle vehicle engineering responsible for the design, production and testing of the space shuttle remote manipulator system and One of Roes primary achievements was the origina tion and directing of the NASA Engineering and Safety Center at Langley Research Center in Virginia in the wake of the Columbia accident in 2003. The center was formed to give a specialized, independent look at the agencys biggest engineering problems. It has produced more than 500 engineering and safety assessments across all NASA projects during its 10-plus years of its existence.Spitzer, Hubble take epic look back in time NASA News ReportNASAs Spitzer and Hubble Space Tele scopes have spotted what might be one of the most distant galaxies known, harken ing back to a time when our universe was only about 650 million years old (our uni verse is 13.8 billion years old). The galaxy, known as Abell2744 Y1, is about 30 times smaller than our Milky Way galaxy and is producing about 10 times more stars, as is typical for galaxies in our young universe. The discovery comes from the Frontier Fields program, which is pushing the limits of how far back we can see into the distant universe using NASAs multi-wavelength suite of Great Observatories. Spitzer sees in frared light, Hubble sees visible and shorterwavelength infrared light, and NASAs Chandra X-ray Observatory sees X-rays. The telescopes are getting a boost from natural lenses: they peer through clusters of of more distant galaxies. The Frontier Fields program will image six galaxy clusters in total. Hubble images of the region are used to spot candidate distant galaxies, and then Spitzer is needed to determine if the galaxies are, in fact, as far as they seem. Spitzer data also help de termine how many stars are in the galaxy. These early results from the program come from images of the Abell 2744 galaxy cluster. The distance to this galaxy, if con known. Astronomers say it has a redshift of 8, which is a measure of the degree to which its light has been shifted to redder wave lengths due to the expansion of our uni verse. The farther a galaxy, the higher the a redshift of more than 7. Other candidates as 11. Just a handful of galaxies at these great distances are known, said Jason Surace, of NASAs Spitzer Science Center at the California Institute of Technology, Pasade na. The Frontier Fields program is already galaxies. This is a preview of whats to come. Spaceport News Report Ralph Roe


Page 8 The winter tornado season in central Florida typically peaks from February to April. However, as Palm Coast saw last month, winter tornadoes can strike here as early as December. Are you prepared? Tornados are notorious for touching down during strong cold fronts moving into the area. The stronger the cold front, the higher the chance intense tornadoes will spawn. Because these cold fronts are fairly easy to predict, the potential for these tornadoes usually can be forecasted a day or more in advance; but its always best to be prepared. Tornado safety is an easy two-step process. Step No. 1, Have A Plan: Identify the safest room in your building and ensure everyone knows where it is located. The safest rooms are on the low farther inside and smaller with solid construction, such as rest rooms, closets and basements. A strong table and thick pads can protect against falling debris and motorcycle, bicycle and skateboard helmets can prevent head injuries. People in mobile homes or other weak portable buildings should seek proper shelter else where. Also, a common myth is to open windows and let the building breathe. Houses do not explode from decompres sion in a tornado and opening a window actually increases the danger. Step No. 2, Stay Informed: The 45th Weather Squadron signals the potential for severe weather at Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in their daily 24-hour and weekly planning forecasts, which are available at: If a threat continues, the squadron issues a severe-weath er watch with a desired lead time of four hours. If tornadoes are imminent or observed, the squadron issues a tornado warning with a desired lead time of warning, follow local adverse weather procedures. At home, purchase a NOAA All Hazards Radio, formerly known as a NOAA Weather Radio. One of the main reasons late night tornadoes are so dan gerous is that people are sleep ing and not aware of weather warnings. However, a NOAA All Hazards Radio will sound an alarm if the National Weather Service issues a weather warn ing for your area. This is essential if you live in an area where there is no tornado siren. Even if you live near a siren, it may not be loud enough to wake you inside your house. NOAA radios also provide alternatives for the hearing and visually impaired. Be aware that NOAA radios dont cover 2 percent of the country, so test the reception of new radios to be sure youre covered. If severe weather is likely, review your safety plan, include your family and remind ev eryone where the safe room is located. If there is time before the high winds start, store loose outside materials and close protective shutters. If a tornado or severe weather watch is issued, listen for weather warnings and be ready to act. Always go to your safe room if threatening weather approach es -there may not be time for Looking up and ahead . .* All times are Eastern Feb. 27 Mission: Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Core Observatory Launch Vehicle: H-IIA Launch Site: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) Tanegashima Space Center, Tanegashima Island, Japan Launch Time: 1:07 to 3:07 p.m. Description: GPM is an international satellite mission led by NASA and JAXA to provide next-generation observations of rain and snow worldwide. March 16 Mission: SpaceX 3 Commercial Resupply Services ight Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 Launch Site: Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Pad: Space Launch Complex 40 Launch Time: 4:41 a.m. Description: SpaceX 3 will be the third commercial resupply mission to the ISS by Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX). March 25 Mission: Expedition 39 Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 38 Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Launch Time: TBD Description: Soyuz 38 will carry Russian cosmonauts Alexander Skvortsov and Oleg Artemyev, both Expedition 39/40 ight engineers, and NASA astronaut Steve Swanson, Expedition 39 ight engineer and Expedition 40 commander, to the International Space Station. April 28 Mission: Progress 55 Launch Vehicle: Russian Soyuz Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Launch Time: TBD Description: Progress 55 will deliver cargo and crew supplies to the International Space Station. May 1 Mission: Orbital 2 Commercial Resupply Services ight Launch Vehicle: Antares Launch Site: Wallops Flight Facility Launch Pad: Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport Pad-0A Launch Time: TBD Description: Orbital 2 will deliver cargo and crew supplies to the International Space Station.To watch a NASA launch online, go to Do not overlook threat of winter tornadoes45th Weather Squadron For Spaceport News