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Morpheus lander arrives for testing NASAs Project Morpheus prototype lander arrived at Kennedy Space Center on Nov. 21 and was transported to a support building at the Shuttle Landing Facility to be prepared ing. The lander is a test bed to demonstrate new green propel lant propulsion systems and autonomous landing and hazard detection technology, which could enable new capabilities for future human exploration of the solar system. Nearly six months of Morpheus tethered tests were accomplished at the Vertical Testbed Flight Complex near NASAs Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston before the lander was packed and shipped to Kennedy. All of the testing we ac complished at JSC was prepar Kennedy, said Jon Olansen, the Morpheus project manager at Johnson. son, Morpheus was launched a course that landed the vehicle on a separate pad 10 feet from its launch point. The vehicle re mained loosely tethered, which provided the necessary range safety at the center, but limited Olansen said the Johnson tests helped the team understand how the vehicle performs and demonstrated the capability of a number of Morpheus backup systems. Now, Morpheus will be tested at the north end of the Kennedy landing facility, where a realistic awaits. The 100-square-meter Landing and Hazard Avoidance Technology (ALHAT) Hazard Field, contains rocks and other hidden hazards designed to mimic as closely as possible the landing conditions on surfaces such as the moon or Mars. Greg Gaddis, the Kennedy Morpheus and ALHAT site out of Morpheus communica tion and safety systems will be they are functioning properly. On Dec. 4, Morpheus will be loaded with propellant, liquid oxygen and liquid methane, to verify the systems are working. paign, the team will conduct dry run operations to wring out any to support Morpheus testing, Gaddis said. take place Dec. 6 at the launch pad constructed at the north end of the landing facility, just tethered lander will be raised 20 feet high to minimize risk to the conducted to ensure it performs as expected after being shipped across the country. The vehicle will ascend 10 feet, move later ally 10 feet, then return to center and land at the bottom of the tether. is planned. Morpheus will be loaded with propellants, lift off from a recently constructed transportable pad containing a 50 feet in altitude, then move over and land on the second pad, a little more than 23 feet away. Over the next few months, we will continually expand a goal of reaching over 800 feet in altitude and moving more than 1,500 feet downrange, Olansen said. The Morpheus lander eventu ally will incorporate ALHAT, a technology that will allow it to navigate to clear landing sites amidst rocks, craters and other hazards during its descent. Morpheus is being managed under the Advanced Exploration Systems Division in NASAs Human Exploration and Opera tions Mission Directorate. The efforts in the Advanced Explora tion Systems pioneer new ap proaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrat ing key capabilities and validat ing operational concepts for future human missions beyond Earth orbit.By Linda Herridge Spaceport News More online For more about Morpheus, visit Technicians position the Project Morpheus lander onto a transporter inside a support build ing at the Shuttle Landing Facility at Kennedy Space Center Nov. 21.


Page 2 Satellite servicing capability testing ongoingS launched during the late 1950s, daily life has become more and more dependent on spacecraft orbiting the Earth From time to time, these spacecraft experience failures or simply run out of the propel lant necessary to keep them operating properly. Engineers at Kennedy Space Center are part nering with counterparts at the agencys Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland to develop systems to bring potential future robotic service tow trucks to orbiting spacecraft in need of aid. Operating under Goddards Satellite Servicing Capabilities development effort, the project is now moving into the next phase with a team at Kennedy developing a reliable and ac curate prototype high-pressure propellant transfer assembly us ing lessons learned from recent testing. Tom Aranyos, technical integration manager in NASAs Fluids and Propulsion Divi sion at Kennedy, is leading the team of NASA and contractor specialists that built and assess performance of the propellant transfer systems engineering development unit (EDU). The system was designed to demonstrate that a robotically operated satellite could refuel another orbiting spacecraft within required typical mission operating parameters. Historically, we receive, process and launch spacecraft developed at other centers, Aranyos said. Thats given us an extensive knowledge base and diverse capabilities. The satellite servicing project gives us an opportunity to put that experience to work. As now conceived by Goddards SSCO, the robotic servicer spacecraft would be equipped with the technology it needs to autonomously ren dezvous with satellites needing assistance. The servicer would be equipped with a state-of-theart navigation system, enhanced robotic arms and tools, along with a supply of propellant. As part of the Goddard team, we are performing the design, testing of the critical hypergolic propellant pumping transfer system, said Aranyos. Were ogy will work as designed. NASAs years of experience in satellite servicing and robotic operations. The same approaches that were used in successfully servic ing the Hubble Space Telescope are being applied to this mis sion, Aranyos said. Erik Tormoen, also of NASA Engineering and Technology, added that it is crucial to know how things perform differently in microgravity. Aranyos said the next step will be demonstrating remote, teleoperated robotic transfer line-mating/disconnect tests combined with hypergolic efforts are now scheduled for February 2014 at Kennedys Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility. The recent testing at Kennedy is a crucial step in developing satellite servicing capability, as the project would be an im portant aid to an ever-growing number of orbiting spacecraft that play key roles in commu nications, science, defense and weather monitoring. You must perform tests in the environment the hardware will be in when operating in space, said Syrus Jeanes of NASAs Engineering and Tech nology Directorate. Then you can correlate the test results with computer models. This gave that our designs will work as expected. Tormoen said, This has the potential to help enable a future U.S. industry providing servic ing spacecraft. Satellites are expensive to build and launch. There could be a tremendous savings by keeping them in good operating order for longer periods of time.By Bob Granath Spaceport NewsIn this artists concept, a servicing satellite (right) robotically repairs a client spacecraft. Sat ellites are expensive to build and launch. There could be a tremendous savings by keeping them in good operating order for longer periods of time. According to Tom Aranyos, technical integration manager in NASAs Fluids and Propulsion Division, this team comprised of NASA and contractor specialists built the engineering development unit (EDU) of a propellant transfer system and delivered on all promises for development and risk-reduction test ef forts.NASA NASA


Page 3 NASA bolsters next phase of CCP with CCtCapNASA took another step Nov. 19 to restore an American capability to launch astronauts from U.S. soil to the International Space Station by the end of 2017, subject to the availability of adequate fund ing. The agencys Commercial Crew Program (CCP) requested proposals from U.S. companies to complete development of crew transportation systems tion requirements and begin space station. NASA is committed to launching American astronauts from U.S. soil in the very near future, and were taking a sig that goal, NASA Administrator Charles Bolden said. Our American industry partners have already proven they can safely and reliably launch sup plies to the space station, and now were working with them to get our crews there as well. However, we will require that these companies provide space craft that meet the same rigor ous safety standards we had for the space shuttle program, while providing good value to the American taxpayer. This phase of the CCP, called Commercial Crew Transpor tation Capability (CCtCap), will enable NASA to ensure a companys crew transportation system is safe, reliable and process will assess progress throughout the production and testing of one or more integrated space transporta tion systems, which includes rockets, spacecraft and ground operations. Requirements under CCtCap also will include at cation can be granted. The U.S. commercial space industry has made tremendous progress designing and developing the next generation of U.S. crew transportation systems for low-Earth orbit, said William Gerstenmaier, NASAs associate administra tor for Human Exploration and Operations in Washington. Finalizing these systems in ac cation requirements will not be easy. The acquisition approach we are using is designed to leverage the innovative power of industry with the expertise, skill and hard-learned lessons from NASA. This request for proposals begins the journey for a new era in U.S. human As with all of NASAs huastronaut safety will be a priority. CCtCap ensures a strong emphasis on crew safety through its requirements, in cluding NASA insight through out development and thorough testing of the space transporta tion systems. NASA is taking its years of systems and partnering with industry to develop a safe and reliable crew transportation system for NASA and for the nation, said Phil McAlister, NASAs director of commer are part of a strategy that will help ensure human safety. NASA expects to award one or more CCtCap contracts no later than September 2014. CCtCap is the second phase of a two-phased effort that began last year. It builds on the accomplishments of a (CPC). CPC required compa nies to deliver a range of prod ucts that establish a baseline for cation. CCtCap is open to any company with systems at the design maturity level consistent CCtCap contractors will plan, manage and execute longterm production and opera tional plans for their systems. based on the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR), will intest to verify the spacecraft can dock to the space station and that all its systems perform as expected. CCtCap contracts also will include at least two and as many as six crewed, enable NASA to meet its sta tion crew rotation requirements. While CCtCap will enable NASA to acquire a capability to transport crews to the space station, systems developed by U.S. industry can be marketed and used by other customers. As NASA works with U.S. industry partners to develop bilities to low-Earth orbit, the agency also is developing the Orion spacecraft and the Space Launch System (SLS), a crew capsule and heavy-lift rocket to provide an entirely new capability for human explora for launching spacecraft for crew and cargo missions, SLS and Orion will expand human presence beyond low-Earth orbit and enable new missions of exploration across the solar system.By Rebecca Regan Spaceport NewsThis artist concept features a NASA astronaut, the Earth and the International Space Station. The Earth focuses on the United States, from which NASAs Commercial Crew Program plans to safely launch astronauts using commercially developed space transportation capa bilities by the end of 2017. To download a high resolution of this graphic, click the photo. More online For more information about NASAs Commercial Crew Program, visit To view the CCtCap Request for Proposals, visit


Page 4 Page 5 Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center NASA/Jim Grossmann


Page 6 MPPF upgrades will support Orion processingBy Linda Herridge Spaceport NewsThe Multi-Payload Process ing Facility (MPPF) at Kennedy Space Center is undergoing extensive upgrades and modernizations to support processing of Orion spacecraft for the agencys exploration missions. The building once supported the processing of various payloads and spacecraft for the agency's Space Shuttle and Launch Services Programs. The 19,647-square-foot building, originally constructed in 1995, primarily will be used for Orion hypergolic fuel ing, ammonia servicing and high-pressure gas servicing and checkout before being transported to the Vehicle Assembly Building for integra tion with the Space Launch System. Were looking forward to completion of construction, ground systems installation and of those systems, said Skip Williams, Ground Systems Development and Operations (GSDO) deputy project man ager for the spacecraft team. The facility also will be used to install time-critical crew equipment and to process crew modules that have returned from space to be returned to the Operations and Checkout Building for possible reuse. Ground support equipment also will be stored and maintained in the MPPF. GSDO is overseeing the upgrades to accommodate the Orion spacecraft. These upgrades include installing new pneumatics systems for gas eous helium, gaseous oxygen, gaseous nitrogen and breath able air; hypergolic systems for monomethylhydrazine, hydra zine and nitrogen tetroxide, and a ground cooling system. New ducts are being installed to support the environmental control system, and a crew module wash-down station is being constructed. Structural updates to the building include replacing the main high bay door to meet current hur ricane codes and installing an emergency egress exterior staircase to meet life safety codes. The hyper golic vapor exhaust system, universal substation and uninterruptable power station will be replaced, and a new emer gency generator and fuel tank will be installed. The current communication new systems, including a ground control system that will interface with Launch Control Center Firing Room 1. According to Williams, the unique facility could be avail able to multiple customers processing. Speegle Construction of Cocoa, Fla., is the prime con tractor performing the work. the MPPF are scheduled to be completed by April 2015. Workers complete construction of the emergency egress stairway on the exterior of the Multi-Payload Processing Facility at Kennedy Space Center Nov. 5.NASA/Skip Williams NASA/Skip WilliamsNew environmental control system piping has been installed at the Multi-Payload Process ing Facility at Kennedy Space Center, shown here Nov. 5. Were looking forward to completion of construction, ground systems installation and verication of those systems.Skip Williams, NASAs GSDO Deputy Project Manager for Spacecraft Ofine Element Integration Team


Page 7 First Mach 2 achieved at Dryden 60 years agoS talented young engineering research pilot for the National Advisory Committee sound in the Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket in the skies over Edwards Air Force Base. NASAs Dryden Flight Research Center celebrated the 60th anniversary of the milestone Nov. 20 during colloquium presentations by Dr. Richard P. Hallion, a research associate in aeronautics for the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum and former Edwards base historian and author of On the Frontier, NASA During his Rocketing Through Mach 2 presentations at Dryden and at Antelope Valley College in nearby Lancaster that evening, Hallion emphasized that the events purpose was threefold: to recog nize Dryden as a center of excellence for aeronautics research; to pay tribute to a remarkable aircraft, the Douglas D-558-2 2.005 -roughly 1,300 mph at 62,000 feet altitude -Nov. 20, 1953. The Skyrocket was one of several Research Program, a joint NACA, Air Force and Navy project established in 1944 to explore the problems of transonic and The initial designs for transonic re search airplanes were very simple, said Hallion. Fuselage shapes were typically based on the .50 caliber bullet. Three Skyrockets NACA No.143, with various combinations of jet and rocket propulsion. When powered by a single 3,000-pound-thrust jet engine, the D-558-2 required a takeoff roll as long as three miles unless augmented with auxiliary rocket thrusters. The airplane was later equipped with both the jet plus a 6,000-pound-thrust, four-chambered, liq Researchers made the most of the Skyrockets limited fuel supply, extending B-29 bomber redesignated P2B-1S by the Navy -and releasing it at altitudes of about 35,000 feet. Designed by Douglas Aircraft Companys Ed Heinemann, the it, in Hallions opinion, one of the most elegant research airplanes ever built. If we look at the Skyrocket, we really see the genius of one of Americas great aircraft designers, Hallion said. This is design. Although the Skyrocket was only de signed to reach Mach 1.5, the NACA team under certain conditions. In preparation for the attempt, Skyrocket No. 144 was cleaned and polished to reduce drag, and the fuel was cold-soaked to minimize its volume and maximize the amount that could be stored in its tanks. Following launch from the P2B-1S, climbed to 72,000 feet altitude. He then nosed the Skyrocket over into a shallow dive and gradually accelerated, edging through Mach 2 at about 62,000 feet. After the engines fuel was expended, the airplane slowed, easing back through the transonic region into a subsonic glide. a 360-degree roll followed by a smooth landing on Rogers Dry Lake, Hallion related. las Skyrocket would not last long. Only 22 days later, Air Force Capt. Charles E. plane to 1,612 mph, almost Mach 2.5. Following completion of the D-5582 Skyrocket research program in 1956, Skyrocket No. 144 was placed on display in the Smithsonian Institutions National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C. The other two Skyrockets remained in California -No. 145 on exhibit at Antelope Valley College in Lancaster and No. 143 on display at the Planes of Fame Museum in Chino. I am an aeronautical engineer, an primarily because I felt that it was essential to designing and building better airplanes By Peter Merlin Dryden Flight Research Center according to Dr. Richard P. Hallion, research associate in aeronautics at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum.


Page 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chris Hummel Looking up and ahead . .* All times are Eastern 2013 Dec. 17 Mission: Orbital 1 Commercial Resupply Services ight Launch Vehicle: Antares Launch Site: Wallops Flight Facility, Va. Launch Pad: Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport Pad-0A Launch Time: 10:07 p.m. Description: Orbital 1 will be the rst commercial resupply mission to the International Space Station by Orbital Sciences. 2014 Jan. 23 Mission: Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-L (TDRS-L) Launch Vehicle: Atlas V Launch Site: Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla. Launch Window: 9 to 11 p.m. Launch Pad: Space Launch Complex 41 Description: TDRS-L is the second of three next-generation satellites designed to ensure vital operational continuity for the NASA Space Network. Feb. 22 Mission: SpaceX-3 Commercial Resupply Services ight Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 Launch Site: Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla. Launch Pad: Space Launch Complex 40 Launch Time: TBD Description: SpaceX-3 will be the third commercial resupply mission to the ISS by Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX). March 26 Mission: Expedition 39/40 Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 38 Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Launch Time: TBD Description: Soyuz 38 will carry to the International Space Station Russian cosmonauts Alexander Skvortsov and Oleg Artemyev, both Expedition 39/40 ight engineers; and NASA astronaut Steve Swanson, Expedition 39 ight engineer and Expedition 40 commander. April Assembly Flight: 3R Mission: Multipurpose Laboratory Module with European Robotic Arm (ERA) Launch Vehicle: Russian Proton Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Launch Time: TBD Description: A Russian Proton rocket will deliver the Multipurpose Laboratory Module with European Robotic Arm (ERA) to the International Space Station. May 28 Mission: Expedition 40/41 Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 39 Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Launch Time: TBD Description: Soyuz 39 will carry to the International Space Station Russian cosmonaut Maxim Suraev, Expedition 40 ight engineer and Expedition 41 commander; along with NASA astronaut Reid Wiseman and European Space Agency astronaut Alexander Gerst, both Expedition 40/41 ight engineers.To watch a NASA launch online, go to Employees of the Month: November Employees of the Month for November are, from left, Jeffery M. Osgood, Safety and Mis sion Assurance; Barbara Cox, IT and Comm Services (Employee of the Quarter); Cathy T. Gieseler, Procurement; Rose A. Dougherty, Human Resources (Employee of the Quarter); Jack E. Strieter, Engineering and Technology. Not pictured are Robert J. Hubbard, Center Planning and Development; Jennifer J. Stahre, Chief Counsel; Fayann Hull, Commercial Crew Program, (Employee of the Quarter); Barbra M. Calvert; Ground Processing; Rogelio Franco, Ground Systems Development and Operations; Matthew G. Parris, Engineering and Technology; Dorothea C. Kight, Center Operations; and Clarise (Cricket) Stevenson, Launch Services Program.NASA Employees of the Month: December Employees of the Month for December are, from left, Theodore B. Meade, Safety and Mis sion Assurance; and Anne M. Chrest, Center Operations. Not pictured are Celia A. Brandt, Ground Processing; Eric K. Perritt, Ground Systems Development and Operations; John R. Posey, Engineering and Technology; John K. Trautwein, Engineering and Technology; Stephanie A. Martin, Public Affairs (Employee of the Quarter); Anna Vastola, Launch