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SpaceX preps for 2014 abort test I n preparation for a summer 2014 test, NASA partner Space Exploration Technolo gies (SpaceX) recently laid out its plan to demonstrate the Dragon spacecrafts ability to carry astronauts to safety in the gency. abort test plan provided an assessment of the Dragons SuperDraco engines, the soft ware that would issue the abort command, and the interface between the Dragon and the Falcon 9 rocket on which the spacecraft will be launched. Its critical to have a launch abort system in which NASA dence, said Phil McAlister, director of Commercial Space Headquarters in Washington, D.C. take place along Floridas Space Coast. During the test, a Dragon spacecraft will launch on a standard Falcon 9 rocket and an abort command will By Rebecca Regan Spaceport News SpaceX displays its launch abort test Dragon capsule in September at its headquarters in Hawthorne, Calif., in preparations for its sched 2013 Combined Federal Campaign gets underway, Page 8 Photo courtesy of SpaceX be issued approximately 73 270 special sensors to measure a wide variety of stresses and acceleration effects on the spacecraft. An instrumented mannequin, similar to a crash test dummy, also will be inside. The spacecrafts parachutes will deploy for a splashdown in the Atlantic, where a ship will be pre-positioned for simulated rescue operations. The test spacecraft will be returned to Port Canaveral by barge so data can be retrieved and incorpo rated into the systems design. This review was the eighth milestone for SpaceX under Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCap). The com pany is on track to complete all 15 of its CCiCap milestones by the summer of 2014. All NA SAs industry partners, includ ing SpaceX, continue to meet their established milestones in developing commercial crew transportation capabilities.


Page 2 MIST takes ride on airborne Cloud Lab By Linda Herridge Spaceport News A mission to study how Earths atmo sphere affects microbes has brought together researchers from Kennedy Space Centers Space Life Sciences Laboratory (SLSL) and engineers from the centers Rocket Uni versity (RU). In September, a meteorological airship nedys Shuttle Landing Facility carrying components of NASAs Microorganisms in the Stratosphere (MIST) experiment. According to principal investigator David J. Smith, a microbiologist in Kennedys Engineering and Technology directorate, MIST has two goals. One is to collect microorganisms at high alti tudes. The other is to intentionally expose microorganisms to the atmosphere to understand how they survive while aloft. Microbes get into the atmosphere in a variety of ways. Winds are the primary mechanism for lofting debris or dust particles off the ground, plant surfaces, roads and deserts. Solar heating also of organic matter, dust or microorgan isms. MIST was developed at Kennedy and next year. In addition to MIST measure ments, Cloud Lab scientists are conduct ing several other experiments as exploring various aspects of the Earths atmosphere. Smith said the relationship between the MIST team and Rocket University has been a great collaboration. Founded at Kennedy more than two years ago, RU's goal is to provide engineers and scien and hands-on experience and to move concepts quickly through the mission life cycle. We will piggyback on just about any opportunity we have to get into the upper atmosphere, Smith said. RUs Near Space Program, which launches balloons into the stratosphere, will allow us to tackle a variety of engineering and Andrew Schuerger, a research scien tist from the University of Florida and co-investigator on MIST, is working on related research at Kennedy. Why does NASA care about airborne microbes? From a planetary exploration standpoint, microorganisms are present on spacecraft at the time of launch, Schuerger said. Theyre in very low numbers because the Planetary Protection Program within NASA spends a great deal of effort to develop protocols to keep the microbial contamination on spacecraft to very, very low levels." Schuergers background is in microbi ology, plant pathology and astrobiology. Currently, he is using a Mars Simulation Chamber to study how bacteria found on spacecraft may survive and potentially proliferate on the surface of Mars. According to Schuerger, knowing which microbes can survive in Earths dry and radiation-rich atmosphere may improve our understanding of which spe cies might survive on a planet like Mars. As NASA begins to explore outside of low-Earth orbit with humans once cial in human activity, whether its in the human body itself or whether it's in a plant-growing system that might be used to regenerate oxygen, water or food for humans. "In that case, microbes would be Schuerger said. NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis NASA/Daniel Casper


Page 3 S ierra Nevada Corpora tion (SNC) of Louisville, Colo., conducted a promising Dream Chaser spacecraft during a glide test Oct. 26. While failure of one of its land ing wheels to deploy correctly dealt a harsh blow to the fullscale engineering model that be repairable. The test did not include a pilot and produced no to the runway at Edwards Air Force Base in California. In the 110-year history of been critically important for advancing aviation and human In 1903, the Wright Brothers had extremely limited tech nology to forecast how their so they had to build aircraft and latter half of the 20th century, designers couldnt be sure how their concepts would work until a pilot was at the controls of the most sophisticated aircraft of the age. This included the X-1 experimental aircraft that broke the sound barrier and the prototype space shuttle Enter prise. Designers used remotecontrolled models in the early stages of development for more radical aircraft, but it took fullsize planes and risks to prove the ideas, sometimes at tragic costs. It isnt that you expect any thing to go wrong, said Peter Merlin, historian at NASAs Dryden Flight Research Center adjacent to Edwards and home to decades of cuttingedge test stretched the limits of aerospace design and engineering. The idea is to mitigate the risks as much as possible but you have to accept some degree of risk. The only time the plane is truly safe is when its in the In recent decades, computers, math models and ever-moresophisticated wind tunnel testing alleviated many levels of testing, but the real world remains the ultimate proving ground. is sort of a three-step process, said Roger Launius, associate director for Collections and Curatorial Affairs for the Na tional Air and Space Museum. Theres theoretical work that needs to be done. Theres design and review thats mostly done by computers and people oper ating equipment and then theres the process of actually testing hardware. Ultimately, theres a full-size vehicle that has to be tested in real condi tions, and if you dont do all those steps, youre probably not going to be vehicle suc cessfully. In the Oct. 26 test, SNC spacecraft returning from orbit to land on a runway. Steered by its software instead of an onboard or remote pilot, the Dream Chaser adjusted its glide slope from 50 degrees to about 29 degrees a few seconds after it was released from a helicopter. The Dream Chaser leveled out further as it neared the runway. Dream Chaser lifted its nose up and an automatic command to deploy its landing gear went out, though only two of the three mechanisms emerged from the fuselage. The third, the left sides gear, stayed retracted. The spacecraft touched down on the concrete and then tried to compensate for the stuck land ing gear by keeping itself level as long as it could before grav ity forced it on its side and the aircraft skidded off the runway. What we saw, which made us pretty pleased, was the vehicles command and control system kept the vehicle from lowering itself to the runway on that side as energy dissipated, said Mark Sirangelo, vice presi dent and head of Sierra Nevada Corporations Space Systems. That was pretty special and pretty advanced and we had no idea how to test that and now we do. Sirangelo said Sierra Nevada Corporation is taking the same long-view after Dream Chasers This wont set us back. We may even accelerate, Siran gelo said. The landing issue is certainly one we wouldnt have liked to have had, but we got It was rock solid and we are surprised how well it performed. Clearly, its a good design for this type of activity. With the it back earlier, and in some strange way, we may accelerate development. NASA Archives By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News The idea is to mitigate the risks as much as possible, but you have to accept some degree of risk. The only time the plane is truly safe is when its in the hangar and you dont y. Peter Merlin, Historian, NASAs Dryden Flight Research Center


Page 4 Page 5 By Bob Granath Spaceport News NASAs original seven astronauts inspect a Mercury model April 30, 1959. From left are Gus Grissom, Alan Shepard, Scott Carpenter, Walter Schirra, Deke Slayton, John Glenn and Gordon Cooper. A s the second American to orbit the Earth and one of the Original 7 Mercury astronauts, Scott Carpenter is one of the icons of NASAs early efforts to explore the new frontier of space. Carpenter died Oct. 11 at the age of 88 from compli cations following a recent stroke. He had been living in Vail, Colo. The world mourns the passing of Scott Carpenter, said NASA Administrator Charles Bolden. As one of the original Mercury 7 astro guard of our space program -the pioneers who set the tone for our nations pioneer ing efforts beyond Earth and accomplished so much for our nation. A frequent visitor to Flor idas Space Coast, Carpenter was a charter member of the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame. Recent trips to Kennedy Space Center included the February 2012 celebra It is a special pleasure to go back to where the times were so magical, Carpenter said during activities at Kennedys visitor complex. Before his own trip into space, Carpenter served as backup for the capsule communicator in Cape Canaveral Air Force Stations Launch Pad 14 blockhouse, Carpen ter wished his close friend a safe mission. Godspeed, John Glenn, he said seconds before liftoff. In a statement following Car penters passing, the last remaining member of the Mercury 7 responded similarly. Godspeed, Scott Carpenter, a great friend, said Glenn. You are missed. Carpenter was born in Boulder, Colo., May 1, 1925. He earned a bachelors degree in aeronautical engineering from the University of Colorado in 1949. After being commissioned as an was designated a naval aviator in April 1951. During the Korean War, Yellow Sea, the Formosa Straits and South China Sea. He later attended the Navy Test Pilot School at Patux ent River, Md., and in 1954, was assigned to the Electronics Test Di vision of the Naval Air Test Center. Carpenter was selected as one of the Mercury astronauts in April 1959. Along with his six colleagues, he underwent intensive training for what then was unknown -whether or not humans could survive in space. Following two suborbital Mercury the Earth three times, Carpenter was assigned to Mercury Atlas-7 (MA-7), also slated for three circuits of the globe. Launched May 24, 1962, Car penter described the initial seconds 24 seconds after liftoff. The best cues to the end of pow absolute silence, he said. (Weight lessness) was very pleasant, a great freedom and I adapted to it quickly. In addition to continued tests of the Mercury spacecraft, Carpenter experiments during his four-hour, liquids behave in weightlessness, conducted observations of the air glow layer of the atmosphere, and photographed terrestrial features. Carpenter gave a vivid description of his observations of the Earth. The sunrises and sunsets were the most beautiful and spectacular like those on Earth, the sunrises and sunsets in orbit were the same. The horizon were brilliant. Aurora 7 was resolution of the mys reported small particles that looked like lightning bugs, appearing to be luminous, surrounding his spacecraft A number of times during the reported by John Glenn, Carpen ter said. They appeared to be like luminous. As Carpenter reached for an in strument at dawn on the third orbit, he inadvertently hit the wall of the out to be particles of ice and frost. While most systems had worked the pitch horizon scanner malfunc was delayed. Although retro sequence came on was slightly late, Carpenter said. After receiving a count California (tracking station) capcom, I waited two seconds and then punched the manual Aurora 7 splashed down about 250 miles downrange of the targeted location. A recov ery aircraft spotted Carpenter in a raft next to the capsule 30 minutes later. A Navy helicopter soon picked up the astronaut for a trip to the air craft carrier USS Intrepid. Overall, I believe the another successful step on the road to the development of a useful and reliable manned spacecraft system, Carpenter Speaking during Ken nedy ceremonies celebrating the 50th anniversary of his Carpenter emphasized that the entire Project Mercury team at NASA centers and contractors around the nation made the program successful. It was not a solo effort, Carpenter said. It took thousands of people to get (us) safely up there and back. In addition to being one of plorers, Carpenter also held the distinction of being an aquanaut, having participated in the U.S. Navys Man-in the-Sea Project. During the summer of 1965, he took a leave of absence from NASA to participate in the SEALAB II program off the coast of La Jolla, Calif. As part of the 45-day experiment, Carpenter spent 30 days living and working on time, he spoke directly with astronauts Gordon Cooper and Charles Conrad during the eight-day Gemini 5 mission in August 1965. Carpenter returned to NASA as executive assistant to the director of the Manned Spacecraft Center (now Johnson Space Center) and was active in underwater crew training for spacewalks and the design of the Apollo lunar module. In 1967, Carpenter returned to the Navys Deep Submer gence Systems Project as director of Aquanaut Opera tions during the SEALAB III experiment. After retirement from the Navy two years later, Carpenter founded and was Sciences Inc., a corporation active in developing programs aimed at enhanced utiliza tion of ocean resources and improved health of Earth. In pursuit of these and other objectives, he worked closely with the French oceanogra pher Jacques Cousteau. Scott Carpenter is assisted into his pressure suit in the crew quarters of Hangar S at Cape Lifelong friends Scott Carpenter, left, and John Glenn pose at the Kennedy Space Center Liftoff was unmistakable, said Scott Carpenter, who was boosted to space


Page 6 Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center ability and accomplishment. NASA Employees of the Year: 2013 NASA NASA NASA/Tony Gray


Page 7 T errorism threats are on the rise throughout the world and safety re mains the No. 1 priority at NASA. Protecting workers, missions, and assets at all NASA centers always has been the tive Services. To that end, NASA counterintelligence (CI) agents from the agencys 10 centers converged on Kennedy Space Center on Sept. 17 for three days of intensive training their skills. NASAs high visibility and technology programs make the agency a high-priorityinterest target for stealing technology, said Darrell Slone, NASAs CI program director in Washington, D.C. Created 10 years ago, the CI programs primary focus is education and awareness. one of our engineers traveling abroad, or a meeting to discuss technology develop ment, our program strives to provide the workforce with the information they need to thwart possible future collection efforts by foreign entities, said Ron Storey, Kennedys lead counterintelligence special agent. ings about cybersecurity issues, counter terrorism and counterintelligence from various CI community members, including the FBI and the Naval Criminal Investiga tive Service. The meeting also included updates on policies and operational issues and how to better coordinate efforts across the centers. Trying to prevent threats from foreign intelligence has never been greater. We are spending a lot of time on cyber issues, Slone said. Face-to-face meetings help to solidify relationships with our counterparts, Slone said. Its very important and also helpful to work with other agencies. It creates a good support system. Slone said the goal is to help prevent incidents. We want NASA to know it has someone to turn to. By Linda Herridge Spaceport News NASA/Cory Huston C ommercial enterprises and partnerships increasingly are taking advantage of economic opportunities at Kennedy Space Center and the agency is eager to add to Economic Development Commission of Floridas Space Coast during a session focused on technology transfer. I hope today will lead to establishing new partnerships, said Karen Thompson, chief technologist at Kennedy. NASA really is passionate about establishing external partners. It helps us do a better job with our development. nology transfer programs that focus on their different specialties. The partnerships the agency has in mind fall roughly into two areas: businesses working closely with NASA scientists or resources to develop enterprises that adapt an existing NASA in novation into a marketable product for uses Kennedys Mike Lester, Research and Technology Partnership manager, said there are plenty of examples of each working out successfully. We believe collaborating with Kennedy in research and technology can provide you with commercial advantages in the market place, Lester told the audience at a Cocoa Beach convention center near the Florida spaceport. He noted several success stories, includ ing a group of college students who worked with Kennedy on a class assignment to develop a hypothetical business case. Did the students just turn in their as signment, get their grade and walk away? Lester asked. No. They formed a startup company called the Juntura Group and then immediately entered into partnership with Kennedy. With the agreement, the company had exclusive rights to sell position sensors. and selling them. If youre not a little jealous, you ought to be, Lester said. As the event progressed, business specialists detailed how entrepreneurs and businesses can make their own success stories with partnerships, including using NASA grants to develop a business model and plans that apply to the agencys desired goals. The proposals are judged competi tively on a number of factors. The heaviest weight is the technical Technology Infusion manager at Kennedy. What can really push them over the edge is the commercialization plans. Center Director Bob Cabana said, I out what you need to do to be part of this exciting future on the Space Coast. Even though were a launch center, we also do a lot of technology development at KSC. By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News


Page 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chris Hummel NASA touts George Low awardeesSpaceport News ReportURS Federal Technical Ser vices Inc., the institutional services contractor at Kennedy Space Center, is one of two companies that has received NASAs premier honor for quality and performance, the George M. Low Award. NASA recognized URS of Germantown, Md., in the large business award category and ATA Engineering Inc. of San Diego, Calif., in the small busi ness award category. According to the award, both companies share a commitment to team work, technical and managerial excellence, safety, and customer service NASAs industry partners are crucial in our work to reach new destinations and expand our nations capabilities, and were happy to recognize these two companies with the high honor of the George M. Low Award, NASA Administrator Charles Bolden said. Their success both in space and on the ground has demonstrated excellence and innovation that will help us reach our challeng ing goals and keep America the leader in space exploration. With 1,100 employees and subcontractors, URS maintains 1,250 facilities, roadways, provides utilities, indoor cli mate control, life support and cleans, samples and calibrates logistics. Evaluators cited URS automation initiative, which deployed tablet computers to employees to reduce their pa and the breadth of its safety program in an industrial envi ronment with so many potential hazards. ATA Engineering Inc. sup ported development of the Mars Science Laboratory and its robotic rover, Curiosity, at NASAs Jet Propulsion Labora tory in Pasadena, Calif.URS Program Manager Larry Ostarly, left, and URS Deputy General Manager Jim McCarthy show off the George M. Low Award their company recently won.NASA/Jim Grossmann CFC counting on Kennedy workersLooking up and ahead . .* All times are Eastern Nov. 18 Mission: Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) Launch Vehicle: Atlas V Launch Site: Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Pad: Space Launch Complex 41 Launch Time: 1:28 to 3:28 p.m. Description: MAVEN is the rst mission devoted to understanding Mars upper atmosphere. The missions goal is to determine the role that loss of atmospheric gas to space played in changing the Martian climate through time. To watch a NASA launch online, go to 2013 KSC Combined Federal Campaign started Oct. 28, providing us the opportunity to help our community by par ticipating. This years campaign will run through Nov. 22. The slogan, You Can COUNT on KSC, voices our response to the requests for aid from local, national, and international charities. This year, NASA is striving for the highest participation ever for the agency. You can make a one-time donation of any amount or select a payroll deduction to any number of charities. Talk to your organizations CFC cabinet member or, for more informa tion, go to Did you know . Giving up one coffee ($3) per week could provide 17 days of adult care to a senior suffering from Alzheimers OR provide 15 nights of shelter for a domestic violence victim? Giving up a sandwich ($5) per week could give counseling to six individuals experiencing domestic violence, helping put them on the path to safety OR deliver meals to three home-bound seniors? Giving up a fast-food meal ($7) per week could provide 12 hours of coaching and supervision to individuals with disabilities, allowing them to live independently OR serve 121 meals to families and individuals struggling to make ends meet? Giving up a pizza delivery ($10) per week could employ one person with a disability OR provide 130 nights of supportive housing, helping people to nd a permanent and safe place to live? Giving up a movie ($15) per week could serve 10 seniors with meals at a Senior Lunch site, providing nutritious food and necessary socialization OR provide more than 700 hours of teaching to children with learning disabilities, catering the teaching style to the childs learning style? Giving up a dinner out ($20) per week could support one mentor match for at-risk kids OR assist six homeless veterans with basic supplies, such as tents and ashlights, and provide them the resources to come out of homelessness?