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Engineers from NASAs Ames Research Center successfully completed launch preparation activities for NASAs Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) observatory, which is targeted to launch tonight. The launch window opens at 11:27 p.m. EDT. LADEE ready for late-night launch N ASAs Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) observa tory, which has been encapsu lated into the nose cone of the Minotaur V rocket at NASAs Wallops Flight Facility in Vir ginia is ready to launch when the window opens tonight. After safely arriving at Wallops in June, the obser preparations and closeouts, which included checking the spacecrafts alignment after its cross-country shipment, check ing the propulsion system for leaks, inspecting and repairing cal tests. After these activities were completed, spin testing and fueling followed. Engineers mounted the LADEE observatory onto the encapsulated it in the nose cone or fairing, of the United States Air Forces Minotaur V launch vehicle, operated by Orbital Sciences Corp. of Dulles, Va. The launch window opens at 11:27 p.m. EDT. NASA Ames Research Center By Butler Hine Ames Research Center


Page 2 Partnership bolsters multi-user spaceport K ennedy Space Center recently established a partnership agreement with PaR Systems Inc. of Shorev iew, Minn., for operation of the Hangar N facility and its nondestructive testing (NDT) equipment. As the spaceport transitions from a historically govern ment-only launch facility to a multi-user spaceport for both federal and commercial cus tomers, partnerships between the space agency and other organizations will be a key ele ment in that effort. Hangar N is located at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. The facilitys unique inven tory of nondestructive test and evaluation (NDE) equipment and the capability for current support is a resource NASA wants to retain. This is a considerable asset not available anywhere else, said Amy Houts Gilfriche, Partnership Development manager in NASAs Center Planning and Development Directorate. The partnership is about preserving our NDE capability. Cliff Hausmann, technical integration manager in NASAs Program Control and Hangar N was used extensively during the space shuttle era. It was a valuable capability during the 30-year history of the shuttle program, supporting NDE and diagnostics, he said. With the end of the shuttle diate need for the operations taking place there. As future programs start up however, Hangar Ns capabilities likely will be required. The partner ship means the facility will be retained, but as a mutually shared facility and resource. NASA doesnt give up ownership, Hausmann said. In this case, a commercial company -PaR Systems -takes over what is now an un derutilized resource to continue supporting our space industry. This, explains Houts Gil friche, is part of the transition to a commercial spaceport. Partnerships will be an important part of our future endeavors, she said. Space Florida and the Economic Development Commission of Floridas Space Coast also had integral roles in the develop ment of the Hangar N part nership. We will see a mix of government and commercial operations here at Kennedy. According to Tony Corak, manager of NDT Services for PaR Systems, there are differ ences and similarities in how Hangar N operates now under a partnership compared to a NASA contract. While the breadth of client opportunities will be broader, in many ways it is really the same, he said. We are work ing with many of the same people here at Kennedy help ing with the NDT testing of space-related applications. Our focus continues to be on the ties which take advantage of our experience. The Hangar N facility will continue to be used for inspec tion of large structures and small commercial and aero space components. The facil itys location at Cape Canav eral positions PaR Systems to be able to provide support for NASAs Space Launch System and Orion Programs, as well as commercial launch customers. PaR Systems development engineer Wayne Cheng, left, and operations engineer Jeff Elston operate the controller Aug. 6 for a robotic system used in nondestructive testing. The 11-axis robotic system takes X-ray images of hardware for evaluation. By Bob Granath Spaceport News Bence Bertha, a PaR Systems development tem Aug. 6. This equipment uses thermal analysis to inspect hardware. PaR Systems operations engineer Lu Bell conducts a phase array ultrasonic inspection Aug. 6. NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis For the complete story, go to


Page 3 CASIS names former shuttle pilot to exec role Kennedys Innovation Expo ready to launch T he 2013 KSC Innovation Expo is fast approaching. Next weeks program, scheduled Sept. 10-13, will feature in novative efforts around the center and will include several events such as a showcase, talks and tours. Another highlight of the Expo is the Kick-Start event, which is similar to the popular television series Shark Tank. KSC Kick-Start is a centerwide innovation maturation program geared toward increas ing exposure of ideas from any domain and increasing the chances those ideas will make a positive difference at Kennedy. The KSC Innovation Expo Finale will with a forum to interact with one another and form relationships that may lead to future collaborative efforts. A list of guest speakers and coordinators, as well as a full event schedule, can be found at F ormer NASA astronaut Greg Johnson assumed the role of executive director for the Center for the Advancement of Sci ence in Space (CASIS) Sept. 1. manages the utilization of the International Space Station (ISS) U.S. National Labora tory. As executive director, Johnson will lead the CASIS organization to identify novel applications and new partnership opportu nities advancing use of our nations orbit ing laboratory. It is an honor to accept the role of executive director with CASIS and pro the ISS, Johnson said. To see the strides this organization has made in less than two years of existence is highly encouraging. I look forward to working alongside the CASIS staff as we continue to enhance the of humankind. The ISS is focused on accelerating basic discoveries and innovation in areas that re quire microgravity and other extreme con ditions uniquely provided by space. The facility offers opportunities for basic and applied research in the biological sciences, biotechnology, human health, physical and materials science, Earth and space imag ing, as well as engineering research and development that will both advance our efforts in space and contribute to improv ing life on our planet. Col. Johnsons combination of experi ence within our nations space program, leadership skills and familiarity with the for CASIS, said CASIS board of direc tors chair Dr. France Cordova, who from 1993 to 1996 was the youngest person and chief scientist. He will drive forward the mission of CASIS, which is to enable and maximize use of the ISS National Labo discovery, technology development and education. For Spaceport News Former astronaut Greg Johnson was selected as a NASA astronaut in 1998 and piloted STS-123 and STS-134, where he spent nearly 32 days in orbit and contributed to the assembly of the International Space Station. Schedule of events Sept. 10 8:30 a.m. KSC Showcase begins Lobbies (OSB I&II, HQ, O&C, SSPF) 1 p.m. KSC Showcase ends Sept. 11 9:30 a.m. KSC Talks begin KSC Training Auditorium 12:30 p.m. KSC Talks end 1:30 p.m. KSC Tours begin Various Locations 4 p.m. KSC Tours end Sept. 12 10 a.m. KSC Kick-Start begins KSC Training Auditorium 12:30 p.m. KSC Kick-Start ends 1:30 p.m. KSC Tours begin Various Locations 4 p.m. KSC Tours end Sept. 13 11:30 a.m. KSC Innovation Expo Finale begins O&C Mission Brieng Room 1:30 p.m. KSC Innovation Expo Finale end s


Page 4 Chandra: Giant black hole rejects material NASA News Report NASAs Chandra X-ray Observatorys view os the supermassive black hole Sagittarius A* at the heart of the Milky Way galaxy. For an ad More online For Chandra images, multimedia and related materials, visit: NASA A stronomers using NASAs Chandra X-ray Observa tory have taken a major step in explaining why material around the giant black hole at the cen ter of the Milky Way galaxy is extraordinarily faint in X-rays. This discovery holds important implications for understanding black holes. New Chandra images of Sag ittarius A* (Sgr A*), which is about 26,000 light-years from Earth, indicate that less than 1 percent of the gas initially within Sgr A*s gravitational grasp ever reaches the point of no return, also called the event horizon. Instead, much of the gas is ejected before it gets near the event horizon and has a chance to brighten, leading to feeble X-ray emissions. result of one of the longest observation campaigns ever performed with Chandra. The worth of data on Sgr A* in 2012. The researchers used this observation period to capture unusually detailed and sensi tive X-ray images and energy signatures of super-heated gas swirling around Sgr A*, whose mass is about 4 million times that of the sun. We think most large galax ies have a supermassive black hole at their center, but they are too far away for us to study Q. Daniel Wang of the Uni versity of Massachusetts in Amherst, who led a study published Aug. 30 in the jour nal Science. Sgr A* is one of very few black holes close enough for us to actually witness this process. The researchers found that the Chandra data from Sgr A* did not support theoreti cal models in which the X-rays are emitted from a concentra tion of smaller stars around the black hole. Instead, the X-ray data shows the gas near the black hole likely originates from winds produced by a diskshaped distribution of young massive stars. This new Chandra image is one of the coolest Ive ever seen, said co-author Sera Markoff of the University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands. Were watching Sgr A* cap ture hot gas ejected by nearby stars, and funnel it in toward its event horizon. To plunge over the event horizon, material captured by a black hole must lose heat and momentum. The ejection of matter allows this to occur. Most of the gas must be thrown out so that a small amount can reach the black hole, said Feng Yuan of Shanghai Astronomical Obser vatory in China, the studys coauthor. Contrary to what some people think, black holes do not actually devour everything thats pulled toward them. Sgr of its food hard to swallow. The gas available to Sgr A* is very diffused and super-hot, so it is hard for the black hole to capture and swallow it. The gluttonous black holes that power quasars and produce huge amounts of radiation have gas reservoirs much cooler and denser than that of Sgr A*. The event horizon of Sgr A* casts a shadow against the glowing matter surrounding the black hole. This research could aid efforts using radio telescopes to observe and understand the shadow. It also will be useful for understand ing the effect orbiting stars and gas clouds may have on matter the black hole.


Page 5 Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center is being added to help mitigate the harsh vibra-acoustic launch environment. For more information on Project Morpheus, click on the photo. Nearly 50 years ago on Aug. 28, 1963, NASA and the Department of Interior signed an agreement establishing the National Wildlife acres that are a habitat for more than 330 species of birds, such as this hawk. In the background is the 12,300-square-foot NASA logo painted on the side of the Vehicle Assembly Building. All is quiet and orderly inside the base of the mobile launcher (ML) at the park site adjacent to the Vehicle As ML structure. NASAs Ground Systems Development and Operations Program (GSDO) is preparing the ML to support NASAs Space Launch System (SLS), the heavy-lift rocket that will launch astronauts into deep space on future exploration missions. For more information about GSDO, click on the photo.


Page 6 MAVEN paces through prelaunch prep T he Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution space craft, better known as MAVEN, is slated for launch Nov. 18 atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket. Upon its arrival at Mars in September 2014, MA VEN will spend a year seeking clues into the disappearance of atmospheric gases believed to have resulted in climate change on the Red Planet. A U.S. Air Force C-17 cargo aircraft delivered MAVEN to Kennedy Aug. 2, kicking off prelaunch preparations. Shortly after the spacecraft arrived in Kennedys Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility, its parabolic high gain antenna and science instrumentation were installed. On Aug. 13, MAVEN was since reaching the Florida spaceport. With launch only 11 weeks away, the pace of prelaunch MAVEN spacecraft and its two sets of power-producing solar arrays have been going through a series of checkouts and tests. Each solar cell was examined, cleaned and repaired if nec essary. Testing of the arrays continues, leading up to reintegration with the spacecraft later this month. Once in space, MAVEN must be able to orient itself, aim its instruments in the right direction, carry out steering maneuvers to communicate with Earth and stay on its Mars-bound course. Before sending the spacecraft on its way, the processing team must verify critical systems to ensure the spacecraft will be able to perform these tasks during its journey. MAVENs steering thrusters and star-tracker guid ance system have been tested installed. While MAVEN continues through its prelaunch paces, its ride to space is undergoing its own preparations for liftoff. the Atlas V rocket arrived at Floridas Port Canaveral on Aug. 26 aboard United Launch Alliances barge, the Delta Mariner. Both stages were trucked from the port to a hangar at the Center, or ASOC, on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. In late September, the stages will be moved to nearby Space Launch Complex 41 for stack ing, and the protective payload fairing will arrive from its manufacturing location in Har lingen, Texas. When the MAVEN space craft is fully tested and ready the payload fairing, transported to the launch complex and placed atop the Atlas V to await the start of NASAs next mis sion to Mars. 28. MAVEN is being prepared for its scheduled launch atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket in November from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Positioned in an orbit above the Red Planet, MAVEN will study the upper atmosphere of Mars in unprecedented detail. For more information, click on the photo. NASA/Jim Grossmann By Anna Heiney Spaceport News


Page 7 Feds Feed Families food drive a success Xavian Raymond of the NASA Exchange prepares some of the 31,099 pounds of food workers contributed to the food drive. F rom July 15 to Aug. 23, Kennedy Space Cen ter organizations competed to collect the most weight in donated food and personal hygiene items for the Central Brevard Sharing Center (sharingcen during the 2013 Feds Feed Families food drive. The Launch Services Program gave the most food, totaling 6,113 pounds. Kennedy exceeded its goal of 18,000 pounds with 31,099 pounds of food. NASA NASA


Page 8 Looking up and ahead . All times are Eastern Sept. 6 Mission: Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) Launch Vehicle: Minotaur V Launch Site: Wallops Flight Facility, Va. Launch Time: 11:27 p.m. Launch Pad: Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport Pad 0B Description: LADEE will gather detailed information about conditions near the surface and environmental inuences on lunar dust. A thorough understanding of these inuences will help researchers understand how future exploration may shape the lunar environment and how the environment may affect future explorers. Sept. 17 Mission: Orbital Sciences Demonstration Flight Launch Vehicle: Antares Launch Site: Wallops Flight Facility, Va. Launch Time: 11:16 a.m. Launch Pad: Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport Pad 0A Description: Orbital Sciences will launch a demonstration mission to the International Space Station, testing out the Cygnus cargo vehicle as part of NASAs Commercial Orbital Transportation Services Program. Sept. 25 Mission: Expedition 37/38 Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 36 (TMA-10M) Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Launch Time: TBD Description: Soyuz TMA-10M will carry three Expedition 37/38 crew members to the International Space Station They are NASA Flight Engineer Michael Hopkins, Soyuz Commander Oleg Kotov and Flight Engineer Sergey Ryzansky. Nov. 6 Mission: Expedition 38/39 Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 37 (TMA-11M) Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Launch Time: TBD Description: Soyuz TMA-11M will carry three Expedition 38/39 crew members to the International Space Station They are NASA astronaut Rick Mastracchio, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency astronaut Koichi Wakata and Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Tyurin. Nov. 18 Mission: Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) Launch Vehicle: Atlas V Launch Site: Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Pad: Space Launch Complex 41 Launch Time: TBD Description: MAVEN is the rst mission devoted to understanding Mars upper atmosphere. The missions goal is to determine the role that loss of atmospheric gas to space played in changing the Martian climate through time. Nov. 20 Mission: ISS Resupply Launch Vehicle: ISS Progress 53 Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Launch Time: TBD Description: Progress 53 will carry supplies, hardware, fuel and water to the International Space Station To watch a NASA launch online, go to http:// NASA Employees of the Month: September Employees of the Month for September are, from left, Christopher J. Comstock, Ground Processing; Dustin E. Dyer, Launch Services Program; Janice M. Nieves, Procurement; Bart A. Pannullo, ISS and Spacecraft Processing (Employee of the Quarter); Raquel P. and Technology; and John Tim Moore, Center Operations. Not pictured are James Trey Technology; and John E. Newport, Safety and Mission Assurance. For more about NASA Spinoffs, go to http:// spinoffs The dog days of summer have everyone looking for a cold beverage to drink. Mike Johnson, a former technician at Johnson Space Center, drew on his expertise as a wastewater engineer to create a line of kombucha-based probiotic drinks. Unpeeled Inc., is based in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. NASA Spinoffs: Did You Know? NASAs water treatment technologies inspire healthy, tasty beverages NASA NASA/Tom Farrar