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For the complete story, go to NASA Associate Administrator Robert Lightfoot discusses current and future initiatives for the agency and Kennedy Space Center, including an astronaut mission to study an asteroid, during an all-hands meeting with employees in Kennedys Training Auditorium on June 4. NASA/Jim Grossmann Lightfoot visits, reports on initiatives N ASA Associate Administrator Robert Lightfoot and Kennedy Center Director Bob Cabana reported on the space agencys current and future initiatives June 4. The meeting was part of a tour of facilities at the Florida spaceport where Lightfoot saw many of the activities taking place to meet NASA goals. I had a great visit this morn ing, Lightfoot said. We got to look around the Vehicle Assem bly Building and the (launch) pad to see the transformation that is ongoing. Kennedy continues to make transitional strides from a histor ically government-only launch facility to an affordable, sustain able center for government and commercial customers. Weve asked you to do so much to turn this into a multiuser spaceport, said Lightfoot. Its really encouraging to see the transformation that Kennedy is going through under Bobs leadership. In his introduction, Cabana explained that as associate ad ministrator, Lightfoot serves in a role similar to a corporate chief current position in August 2009, Lightfoot previously was direc tor of NASAs Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., after serving as director of the Propulsion Test Directorate at the agencys Stennis Space Center in Mississippi. President Barack Obamas Fiscal Year 2014 budget request for NASA provides funding for an initiative to robotically capture an asteroid and redirect it closer to the Earth-moon system. Astronauts then would launch an Orion multi-purpose crew vehicle (MPCV) aboard a Space Launch System (SLS) rocket to collect samples and explore the relocated asteroid. In 2010, when the presi dent said we were going to an asteroid, that was no easy feat, Lightfoot said. When you look at the moon and Mars, theyre actually closer to Earth so we can track them and we know when to launch. Asteroids are a little different. They come and go and they are sometimes hard to track. Even harder would be to take humans to an asteroid which would require a minimum of 180 days. Youve got to have life support, youve got to have radiation protection. Lightfoot explained the ques tion then became, what if we could bring the asteroid to us? We will look for a sevento 10-meter, 500-ton asteroid and bring it into a stable orbit around the moon, he said. This ap proach takes advantage of our SLS and MPCV that will have moon as early as 2021. As a result, we start developing some of the techniques were going to need to go to Mars. Lightfoot had high praise for the team at Kennedy. Its encouraging to see the work that is getting done, he said. You should be proud. By Bob Granath Spaceport News Inside this issue... Page 7 Length of Service awards Page 6 Page 3 New agreement Page 2 Space Club luncheon Employee spotlight


Page 2 Pride fueling commercial space activities By Rebecca Regan Spaceport News Ed Mango, manager of NASA's Commercial Crew Program, speaks to a crowd of spaceight enthusiasts at the National Space Club Florida Committee's June meeting near the Kennedy Space Center. Seated from left are John Mulholland, manager of The Boeing Companys Commercial Program; Dan Ciccateri, chief systems engineer for Sierra Nevada Corpo ration; and Adam Harris, vice president of Government Sales for Space Exploration Technologies. T he three commer cial space companies working with NASAs Commercial Crew Program (CCP) may have very different spacecraft and rocket designs, but they all agreed on the need for the United States to have its own domestic capability to launch astronauts. Today, there are nine hu mans on orbit, said Ed Mango, CCPs program manager, at a National Space Club meeting June 11 in Cape Canaveral. All of those folks got there on a vehicle that did not have people in this room, and the that. Mango was joined by partner representatives from The Boe ing Company, Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC) and Space Exploration Technologies Inc. (SpaceX) to discuss the future of commercial space. We pay one of our partners, the Russians, $71 million a seat want to do is give that to an crews into space. Since the dawn of space exploration, Floridas Space Coast has been the iconic site for launching men and women aboard American rockets. During the meeting, all three partner representatives said they plan to bring the work as sociated with commercial space activities back to the area. It was incredibly important for us, from a business-case standpoint, to not only locate our launch services here, but also our manufacturing, refur bishment and turnaround opera tions -essentially having the entire team co-located here in Florida, said John Mulholland, vice president and program manager of Boeings Commer cial Programs. Boeings CST-100 is on track to take up residency this summer in one of Kennedy Space Centers former orbiter processing facilities. Space Florida, the states aerospace economic development agency, is continuing to modernize the facility to accommodate commercial space operations. Current plans call for Boeing, along with SNC, to launch their spacecraft atop United Launch Alliance Atlas V rockets from Cape Canaveral Air Force Sta tion, a few miles away from Kennedy. This is the Space Coast. It is the transportation hub. Theres land, sea, air and space and it all happens right here in Brevard County, said Dan Ciccateri, SNCs chief systems engineer. It is key for that to continue into commercial crew space. During the meeting, Cic cateri also shared SNCs plans to use the centers Shuttle Landing Facility as the primary runway for the Dream Chaser spacecraft. SpaceX already is launch ing its NASA-contracted cargo resupply missions to the Inter national Space Station atop the Falcon 9 rocket and uncrewed version of its Dragon spacecraft from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. The company also is planning to launch satellite missions from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Its to be seen what future markets will come from the Commercial Crew Program, said Adam Harris, vice presi dent of Government Sales for SpaceX. My kids, who are two boys, seven and three, want space. And I think that is what inspires folks and I think thats the reason that this is a great program. We pay one of our partners, the Russians, $71 million a seat to y. What we want to do is give that to an American company to y our crews into space. Ed Mango, Commercial Crew Program Manager


Page 3 For the complete story, go to CubeSat launch tests innovations By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News A series of tiny sat ellites equipped with an array of sensors will take a jar ring ride above the Cali fornia desert on a small rocket June 15 and tell designers whether they are on track to launch into orbit next year. Built by several dif ferent organizations, including a university, a high school, the space craft are 4-inch cubes own eventually, but will to the rocket during the upcoming mission. Each of the CubeSats, as they are called, is focused on Success at this point could clear the way for more such spacecraft missions that scientists say could have a big impact on how satel lites are designed in the future and what kind of stresses they actually face during the climb into space. There also are high hopes for the rocket itself, which was de signed with CubeSats in mind. Built by Long Beach, Calif.-based Garvey Spacecraft Corp., the Prospector-18 and completed a suc cessful operational mis sion in December 2012. It is powered by a single engine burning liquid oxygen and ethanol. the satellites between 15,000 and 20,000 feet into the air before a parachute releases, and the launch vehicle and Earth. ing watched closely as a model for trying out new or off-the-shelf tech nologies quickly before putting them in the pipe line for use on NASA's largest launchers. "Overall it's a very exciting mission because we're developing new things that are going to said Garrett Skrobot, project manager for the effort under NASA's Launch Services Pro gram. "We can test the environments, and then we know when we put system's going to work." The rocket will carry four CubeSats and con duct a test of a light weight, nano-launcher and carrier. The new launcher weighs one-third as much as the standard rack that held three CubeSats. With the same size and capacity as the previous design known as a poly-picosat orbital deployer or P-POD, the lower-weight carrier and launcher will give satel lite designers about two more pounds to work with. "An extra two pounds for a nanosatellite is huge," said Roland Coelho, program lead at CalPoly, the California Polytechnic Institute in San Luis Obispo. The extra allowance provides more versatility in their designs and widens the CubeSat's abilities. For this mission, the prototype carrier will hold CubeSats loaded with instruments that will measure vibration, heat and other condi tions. Those readings whether the lightweight carrier is as strong as the previous model. "We've had the PPOD design for over a decade and we have a lot of lessons-learned," Coelho said. "In this in stance, we could design something from scratch and see how it works." Engineers at Kennedy working through Rocket University designed and built a CubeSat called RUBICS-1 that will test a low-cost avionics system Garvey could use on its rocket for future launches. The RUBICS-1, which is short for Rocket Uni versity Broad Initiatives CubeSat, is one of the measurement satellites that will ride in the new, lightweight carrier. The structure and components of the satel lite, are built modularly, so a cube can be adapted sions. The RUBICS-1 includes, for example, a GPS, radio unit and an tenna, plus a small suite of sensors. Designing and build ing a functioning space craft that can power Student engineers evaluate the StangSat and PolySat during lab tests other payloads. itself, communicate with ground stations on Earth and still collect useful information while keep ing to the strict 4-inch requirement is a great challenge to satellite designers and teaches them how to adapt, the CubeSat managers said. "We're seeing big satellites and now we're seeing guys drive down the size," Skrobot said. "They think about all the different ways they can get smaller and smaller a 4-inch cube and you're trying to get power, instrument and all that stuff into that package, they get very creative. It's fascinating what they come up with." The hope is that a successful test of the ability will allow future CubeSat networks to gather data and send it to a specialized, central cube that will downlink data to the ground. spell the end of the mis sion for the satellites. The PolySat is to be refurbished and a new StangSat will be built in 2014 as a second ary payload on a cargo resupply mission to the International Space Sta tion. "From a technical perspective, you can move down a magnitude to build a satellite and test a satellite," Daly said. "You can drasti cally reduce the cost of testing and developing a satellite."


Page 4 May helps develop CCPs next-gen rockets H enry May grew up on Floridas Space Coast. From his home he watched rockets lift off from the Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canav eral Air Force Station. At the time, his father helped launch astronauts to the moon as part of the Apollo Program. May now is a member of NASAs Commercial Crew Program (CCP), a team that is develop ing new ways for the next generation of space explorers to travel to low-Earth orbit. May, the Launch Vehicle Systems lead for Boeing, is working in an effort to design transpor tation for astronauts to the International Space Station. His job focuses on ensuring the partners spacecraft will integrate with the designated launch vehicle. A second-generation participant in Americas space program, May spent his earliest years in California. My father worked at Vandenberg Air Force Base, he said. We moved to Merritt Island when he got a job working in the Apollo Program on the Saturn V launch vehicle at Ken nedy. May was inspired by the sight of missiles heading to space from Kennedy and the Cape. I remember running into the backyard and looking into the sky and seeing rockets take off and being excited that all this was happening so close to my home, he said. Shortly after the space shuttle Columbia arrived in 1979 to be prepared had an opportunity to follow in his fathers footsteps. I started at Ken nedy fresh out of high school, he said. I was 18 years old and was hired as a tile technician working for Rockwell International. I did that for about seven years. When Columbia rolled out to the launch pad at the end of 1980, May was selected for a special honor. I bonded the last tile on Columbia before it said. When the shuttle lifted off for the STS-1 mission on April 12, 1981, he stood in awe as the engines thundered to life. When I saw the solid rocket boosters ignite on I was surprised at how much power they gener ated. In 1986, shortly after I witnessed the Challenger accident, I thought about my future and realized I needed more formal education, he said. While working full time, he attended the University of Central Florida (UCF) where he was awarded a bache lors degree in mechani cal engineering in 1999. He later earned a mas ters degree in industrial engineering from UCF in 2011. I believe almost anyone who works in the aerospace busi ness wants to work for NASA, he said. In 2007, I learned that there was an opening in the Shuttle Transition and Retirement organiza tion. In his new role, May worked with a team that was laying the ground work to decommission the shuttles and transfer them to be exhibited at museums. was established a few years later, May was assigned to work in their Launch Vehicle Systems space transportation ef fort will be a vital com ponent of future human focuses its efforts on sending humans deeper into space. NASA will be pur chasing transportation services to the space station, May said. Its going to be like the start of the commercial airline industry in the early days of aviation. Our commercial partners have told us they are ready to take on this challenge and theyve showed us that they can do the job. With industry provid ing access to low-Earth orbit, NASA can con centrate on new destina tions. This will allow NASA to do the big jobs such as the mission to an asteroid or going to Mars, May said. These are efforts that will require considerable re sources and allow us to explore beyond Earth. In the Launch Vehicle work is focusing on the rockets that will boost commercial spacecraft to low-Earth orbit. Were now working the Commercial Crew Integrated Capabil ity phase of the CCP in which our partners come to us with an integrated capability that is a transportation system including the spacecraft and the launch vehicle, he said. Im currently a part of the Boeing team integrating their CST-100 crew module with United Launch Alli ances Atlas V rocket. In addition to Boeing, Sierra Nevada Corp. is developing the Dream Chaser, also set to launch atop an Atlas V and SpaceX is building the Dragon spacecraft that will lift off on their Falcon 9 rocket. Its going to be a shift in the way we do business, May said. crew launch is going to be awe-inspiring. Commercial space will open vistas for more individuals to travel in space, especially for the next generation of space explorers. The opportunities for kids today are endless, he said. In the future, to anyone. Henry May of the Commercial Crew Program, and a second-generation participant in Americas space pro NASA/Jim Grossmann By Bob Granath Spaceport News


Page 5 Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center on Launch Pad 39B during a visit to Kennedy on June 4. From left are Lightfoot; Jose Perez Morales, launch pad project manager; and Kennedy Director Bob Cabana. The NASA/Jim Grossmann Engineers position the starboard side of the payload fairing around NASAs IRIS spacecraft berg Air Force Base where IRIS, short for Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, is being CLICK ON PHOTO CLICK ON PHOTO on the photo. CLICK ON PHOTO on the photo. CLICK ON PHOTO bay 3 to upgrade CT-1 as part of its general maintenance. CT-1 is being refurbished to carry commercial launch vehicles to the launch pad. NASA/Jim Grossmann


Page 6 I n June of last year, NASA signed a partnership agreement with Craig Technologies to maintain an inventory of unique processing and manufacturing equipment for future mission support at the agencys Kennedy Space Center. NASA Associate Administrator Robert Light foot and Kennedys center director, Bob Cabana, recently toured the Cape Canaveral, Fla., facility, formerly known as the NASA Shuttle Logistics Depot (NSLD). In its new role, NSLD is now the Aerospace and Defense Manufacturing Center (ADMC). During the space shuttle era, NASAs space program opera tions contractor, United Space Alliance, operated the NSLD, cable fabrication. It also was used in manufacturing, repair hardware, avionics and ground support equipment. I had the privilege of being on the other end of the qual ity products that this facility turned out keeping our shuttles space shuttle commander. I want you to know how much it means to me to see this facility still alive today. Were keeping alive a capability that were going to need for the future. bursable Space Act Agreement (SAA), NASA has loaned hun dreds of pieces of equipment to Craig Technologies retaining important assets and resulting The NASA inventory has been enhanced with Craig Technolo gies assets and investment to make an even more robust ca pability for wider application. This is an outstanding part nership that we are putting in place, Cabana said. Not only are we keeping this capabil ity alive, but we save NASA and the taxpayer close to $3.4 million. NASA is developing other industry partnerships to main tain agency equipment and facilities. As the Kennedy Space Center turns into a multiuser facility, instead of being focused on one item like the shuttle, Lightfoot said, more users, more people will take advantage of the investments weve made in this facility. Established in 1999, Craig Technologies provides engi neering and technical services to defense and government agencies nationwide. The company began independently operating the ADMC in Janu ary. Im just very proud and very honored to have Craig Technologies to be trusted as the caretaker of these NASA assets for the next four and a half years, said Carol Craig, the companys founder and In October 2012, Craig Technologies consolidated its corporate headquarters and manufacturing division to occupy the 161,000-squarefoot ADMC facility where 53 people are employed. Through the SAA, NASA has provided Craig Technolo gies with the ability to use and maintain their 1,600 pieces of specialty equipment, said Mark Mikolajczyk, presi dent of Craig Technologies. ADMC continues to be capa ble of repairing, manufacturing rated hardware. We are also supporting commercial space customers, satellite manufac turers and varied commercial manufacturing fabrication and testing. Cabana noted those ca pabilities will be crucial for several NASA programs on the near horizon, such as the Space Launch System (SLS), the Orion multi-purpose crew vehicle (MPCV) and the Com mercial Crew Program. of us and I look forward to continued success working with Craig Technologies as we move forward supporting the SLS, MPCV -our heavy-lift vehicle and Orion crew vehicle -as we charge off exploring into the future, he said. Lightfoot also looked ahead to the agencys efforts to ex plore beyond low-Earth orbit. This is an exciting time as we get ready to start on this asteroid mission the president has asked us to do, he said. There is going to be so much more going on here the next six to seven years. Its going to be exciting. Craig echoed Lightfoots view that the nations space ef forts are entering an important new era. American ingenuity helped us realize our dreams and lift off into space, she said. I believe its this same passion that will help to revitalize our industry with advanced manu facturing and research initia tives through private-public partnerships such as the one we have with NASA. Partnership retains crucial capabilities Defense Manufacturing Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla., on June 3. By Bob Granath Spaceport News


Page 7 Swamp Works lab thrives on dedication F ailure is not only an option for researchers, its an expectation thats funda mentally tied to ultimate success. Thats what two of the men behind the Swamp Works laboratory at Kennedy Space Center told colleagues taking part in a series of inter views with people who are moving the center into the future. Failure is not an op tion in a mission when youre dedicated to suc cess, said Rob Mueller, senior technologist for advanced projects devel opment at Swamp Works during the Masters with Masters session. When youre developing the technologies, some that havent even been invent ed yet, you have to fail. Its OK to fail as long as you learn from it and as long as you do it quickly and as long as you do it cheaply. Failure is not an option when youre going to the moon, but when youre in the lab, creating a little experi ment, then its certainly OK to fail. The labs motto, fail fast forward, sounds unusual for a technical agency, but thats the point, Mueller said. After decades of methodically handling small issues and moving slowly, NASA wants to take on the problems that come with deep-space exploration and use creative ways to tackle them. Swamp Works is based inside a building behind the Space Station Pro cessing Facility. Apollo astronauts used the facil ity to rehearse walking on the moon and setting up experiments. Jack Fox, chief of the Surface Systems the center has so much engineering expertise that establishing a lab to take advantage of it and use it in a different way was a The starting point is that Kennedy has a long history of innovation and engineering technol ogy in solving shuttle problems and payload problems, Fox said. The easy part was we had a pretty good start ing point right off the bat. They wanted a lean development operation, a Skunk Works. Ed Hoffman, NASAs and the host of Masters with Masters, said tour ing the Kennedy labora tory with its collaborative teams and open spaces energized him. hit me was the energy, Hoffman said. People were engaged. It was the passion of doing a dif The teams working in the Swamp Works have numerous experiments under way and are work ing up several concepts that could become opera tional one day. We felt we needed a new way to do things and thats Swamp Works, Mueller said. NASA/Tony Gray FY 2013 Second Quarter Length of Service awardees Robert Johnson AD 30 Penny Chambers CC 30 Anthony Anania IT 30 James Dumoulin IT 30 James Culver NE 30 Roystan King Jr. NE 30 Barry Braden SA 30 Kevin Mellett SA 30 Charles Davis TA 30 Kenneth Knauss TA 30 John Thiers TA 30 NASA/Tony Gray challenges in new ways. NASA/Jim Grossmann By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News For the complete story, go to


Page 8 Managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stephanie Covey NASA Spinoffs: Did you know? For more about NASA Spinoffs, go to http:// spinoffs The same sensors used to detect life on Mars are used to provide early warning of biological threats in water on Earth. During the summer, a lot of people like to jump in the water . but what are they diving into? Scientists at Ames Research Center created an ultra-sensitive biosensor that can detect minute amounts of potentially danger ous organic contaminants. This NASA technology can alert organizations to potential biological hazards in water used for agri culture, food and beverages, showers, and at beaches and lakes -within hours instead of the days required by conventional laboratory methods. NASA has used this technology to detect biological traces, and thus life, on Mars. Tiny, requiring little energy and no laboratory expertise, the sensor is ideal for use in space and, as it turns out, on Earth as well. Looking up and ahead . All times are Eastern 2013 June 26 Mission: Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL Launch Site: Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. Launch Window: 10:25:04 to 10:30:04 p.m. Launch Time: 10:27:34 p.m. Description: IRIS is designed to provide signicant new information to increase our understanding of energy transport into the suns corona and solar wind and provide an archetype for all stellar atmospheres. To watch a NASA launch online, go to http:// B rig. Gen. Nina Armagno took command of the 45th Space Wing from Brig. Gen. Anthony Cotton during a change of command ceremony June 12. Armagno recently completed an assignment as the commander of the 30th Space Wing and Western Range at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Armagno returns to the Space Coast as she was the 1st Space Launch Squadron Operations Ofcer at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station from July 2000 to September 2001. 45th Space Wing names Armagno new commander Lightning season under way Y ou hear a Phase-2 lightning warning, what do you do? Youre running outside and you hear thunder, what do you do? Lightning is the leading source of weather deaths in Florida, killing more than nearly all other weather combined. Central Florida is Lightning Alley, with the most lightning in the U.S. Our lightning season is late May through September. In the U.S., 99 percent of lightning deaths occur outside. The 1 percent inside were peo ple disobeying the indoor rules, which include stayig away from conducting paths to the outside such as corded telephones, electrical appliances and wiring, and plumbing. How can you be lightning safe? On Kennedy Space Center, listen for the lightning watches and warnings. Follow your local procedures when you hear these alerts. A Phase-1 Lightning Watch means lightning is expected issued up to 30 minutes before the lightning is predicted. Five nautical miles is about six nor mal statute miles. Lightning that close is dangerous. A Phase-2 Lightning Warn ing is issued when lightning is imminent or occurring within The 45th Weather Squadron issues lightning watches and warnings for 13 locations in the tions at Kennedy: the Industrial Area (including Headquarters), the Vehicle Assembly Building, the Shuttle Landing Facil ity, Launch Complex 39, and Haulover Bridge. Spaceport News Report Spaceport News Report Brig. Gen. Nina Armagno A lightning storm ashes by Kennedy Space Center on May 30, 2002.