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Students dig deep in mining competition O vercoming challenges, displaying teamwork and sharing team spirit were all part of NASAs Fourth Annual Robotic Mining Com petition, coordinated by Ken nedy Space Centers Education at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. Fifty college and university teams from the U.S., Aus tralia, Bangladesh, Canada, Colombia, India, Mexico and Poland brought their unique robotic miners to the visitor complex. During four days of intense competition, the teams placed their robots in the min ing arena to dig in the rocky terrain of simulated extrater restrial regolith and deposit at least the minimum amount of Teams also prepared and presented a systems engineer ing paper and slide presen tation, demonstrated their robotic miners to a panel of judges, displayed team spirit, performed outreach education projects and worked to display tions power during robotic operations. When the dust settled recognized at the awards cere mony held in one of the visitor complexs IMAX theaters. The grand prize, the Joe Kosmo Award for Excellence, was awarded to Iowa State University Team LunaCY for accumulating the most points during the competition. The team also received the First Place On-Site Mining Award for collecting the most rego lith. We werent sure how it was going to work out, said Katie Goebel, the project director. It was amazing and very nice that our hard work as a team paid off like we wanted it to. It was a labor of love, and even with the challenges, we were able to have an exciting and inspiring competition, said Gloria Murphy, mining competition project manager. Reading about the teams and their dedication to this com petition energized me and all of the event coordinators and volunteers. During the awards ceremo ny, Kennedy Center Director Bob Cabana said, I hope you learned what inspires you and what challenges you. Its our destiny to go beyond Earth. We are explorers. By Linda Herridge Spaceport News Inside this issue... Page 8 Hurricane season Page 7 Orion update Page 3 Boeing milestones Page 2 Rocket University Team LunaCY from Iowa State University won the grand prize, the Joe Kosmo Award for Excellence, at NASAs Fourth Annual Robotic Mining Competition held May 20-24 at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. The award is given to the team that scores the most points during the competition and includes a trophy, $5,000 team scholarship, Kennedy launch invitations, and an opportunity to attend one of NASAs remote research and technology tests. At far left is Kennedy Director Bob Cabana. NASA/ Tom Farrar For the complete story, go to


Page 2 A s NASA plans for future programs to low-Earth orbit and beyond, teams of engineers at the Ken nedy Space Center are experience in designing and launching vehicle systems on a small scale. As part of Rocket Uni versity, the engineers are given an opportunity to work a fast-track project systems through the life cycle of a program. to eight members from Kennedy are designing rockets complete with avionics, separation and recovery systems. Launch operations require coordination with federal agencies, just as they would with rockets launched in support of a NASA mission. Rocket University began in the summer of assistant chief engineer for NASAs Commercial Crew Program (CCP). As the Space Shuttle Program was coming to an end, we realized many of our engineers were working systems de signed long ago. Rocket U was developed to help civil service and some contractor engineers expand their skill set, ing experience and learn to manage design programs. Rocket University is designed to develop, engineering skills. The training programs goals include developing and testing new technologies and potential groundbreaking systems through projects involving small scale vehicles. NASA is currently working in partner ship with the nations aerospace industry in the Commercial Crew Pro gram to develop space transportation systems to launch astronauts safely to the International Space Station. Also in the de sign stages are the Orion multi-purpose crew vehicle and the Space Launch System ad vanced, heavy-lift rocket to provide the capability for human exploration beyond low-Earth orbit. NASA, United Paradyne sign agreement K ennedy Space Center signed a new partner ship agreement Corp. of Santa Maria, Calif., for use of the Hypergolic Mainte nance Facility (HMF). The HMF previously was used during NASAs Apollo and Space Shuttle Programs. Because of NASAs transition from the shuttle to future com mercial and government mis sion activities, this agreement allows NASA to preserve the unique facility capabilities for United Paradyne will utilize cessing support services in the storage, delivery, handling and maintenance of hypergolic and green propellant commodities and satellite fueling operations. The company also will provide services to refurbish, manufac ture and assemble test ground support equipment. Kennedy continues to work with the commercial commu use and preserve our unique capabilities, Kennedy Direc tor Bob Cabana said. With the support of organizations such as the Economic Development Commission of Floridas Space Coast, Kennedy Space Center is well on its way to becoming a world-class multiuser launch complex. We look forward to our partnership with United Paradyne and its contributions to Americas space program. Under a 15-year lease agree ment, United Paradyne will op erate and maintain the facility at its own expense. The company, which will access the facil ity in June, will employ about next four years. Kennedys center planning and development team and the Economic Development Commission of Floridas Space Coast worked with the company to establish the agreement. United Paradyne is a private ly held business specializing in hypergolic storage facility operations and satellite fueling services. Kennedy is positioning itself for the next era of space exploration, transitioning to with multiple users, both private and government. A dynamic infrastructure is taking shape, designed to host many kinds of spacecraft and rockets send ing people on Americas next adventures in space. More online For more information about United Paradyne Corp., visit: Spaceport News Report United Paradyne soon will utilize Kennedy Space Centers Hypergolic Maintenance Facility, as shown in this 2009 photo. A Rocket University team of engineers displays a small rocket following its launch May 24. From the left are Myphi Tran of Flight Instrumentation, Susan Danley of Flight Structures, Morgan Simpson of Flight Hardware Processing, Kim Simpson of Fluids, Mechanical and Structural Systems, Leandro James of Systems Hardware Engineering and Julio Najarro of Mechanical Assembly, Lifting and Handling. NASA/Jim Grossmann For the complete story, go to By Bob Granath Spaceport News


Page 3 Boeing completes pair of new milestones T he Boeing Com pany of Houston, a NASA Com mercial Crew Program (CCP) partner, recently performed wind tunnel spacecraft and inte grated launch vehicle, the United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket. The testing is part of NASAs Com mercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCap) initiative, intended to make commercial hu available for government and commercial custom ers. Boeing and ULA also worked together to test a newly devel oped component of the Atlas Vs Centaur upper stage. Boeing now has completed two of eight performance milestones under CCiCap and is on track to complete all 19 of its milestones around The Centaur has a long and storied past of launching the agencys most successful space craft to other worlds, said Ed Mango, NASAs CCP manager at the agencys Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Be cause it has never been used for human space are critical to ensuring a smooth and safe per formance for the crew members who will be riding atop the humanrated Atlas V. The wind tunnel tests, which began in March and wrapped up in May at NASAs Ames Research Center in Mof fett Field, Calif., were of Boeings spacecraft, launch vehicle adap tor and launch vehicle. A scale model of the integrated spacecraft and rocket was placed in Ames 11-foot diameter transonic wind tunnel. The data gathered pro vides Boeing with criti cal information it needs to ensure its system is safe for launching crews to low-Earth orbit. The Centaur liquid oxygenfeed duct line was tested in March in Murrieta, Calif., to characterize how liquid oxygen moves from the stages oxygen tank to its two engines where the propellant will be mixed with liquid hy drogen to create thrust. The Centaur, which takes over after the low on propellants, will push the spacecraft to its intended orbit. The Centaur has an extensive and successful history of delivering spacecraft to their destinations, including carrying NASAs Curiosity sci ence rover to Mars. Atlas V, connected with the launch vehicle adap tor, performed exactly as our expectations of how they will perform togeth Mulholland, Boeing vice president and program manager for Commercial Programs. Boeing is one of three U.S. companies NASA is working with during CCiCap to set the stage for a crewed orbital demonstration mission around the middle of the decade. Future develop initiatives eventually will lead to the availabil services for NASA to send astronauts to the In ternational Space Station from the United States. More online For more information about NASAs Commercial Crew Program, visit: commercialcrew By Rebecca Regan Spaceport News Shown is the integrated model at NASAs Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif. The model is a seven percent model of the Boeing CST-100 vehicle, launch vehicle adaptor (LVA) and launch vehicle (LV).


Page 4 Page 5 Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center NASA/Tom Tschida NASA/Jim Grossmann CLICK ON PHOTO CLICK ON PHOTO CLICK ON PHOTO CLICK ON PHOTO


Page 6 Masters session details transition, era By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News K ennedy Space Center saw a dramatic restruc but the transition now under way is in some ways more substantial given that the entire tecture is changing, said behind both evolutions. "We don't want to lose the lessons we learned, but we also need to see how to operate more Cabana, Kennedy's center director and a former space shuttle commander. "We know where we want to be and we have to go make that happen." Working to the center's advantage is a newly detailed mission to capture an asteroid using an uncrewed spacecraft and move it to an area near the moon where astronauts can travel to it and take samples for detailed analysis. "I can't say enough good things about our fu ture," Cabana said. "Let's go off and do something really hard and challeng ing." Although that one mission will entail tremendous work and re search into the construc tion of a new, massive rocket, the Space Launch System; a new spacecraft called Orion; and a solarelectric spacecraft strong enough to maneuver an asteroid, Cabana said Kennedy's transition will not stop there. It also will include numerous launch com panies, some partnering closely with NASA's Commercial Crew Pro gram to carry astronauts to the International Space Station and others using the center's vast and unique facilities to launch business models of their own. "We have an oppor want our future to be, we are diversifying," Ca bana said. "I think that's hugely exciting." Cabana was joined by Bob Sieck, the iconic former shuttle launch director, for the second in the "Masters with Masters" series of interviews with NASA's Chief Knowledge recorded and will go into the agency's knowledge base website. Both discussed in detail how the approach during their careers and what that suggests for the future. Sieck, who came to work in the Gemini pro gram, said the agency's noted workforce adapted repeatedly to changing spacecraft, new rockets and different missions, although it was always resisted by everyone's urge to keep doing things as they had done before. "You had to under stand it's a different mission and you had to do things differently," Sieck said. The change was most dramatic starting in 1976 as the agency moved from landing astronauts on the moon with Apollo more routine with the shuttle mission launched in 1981, but it would be several more years be fore the processing and launch teams hit their stride, Sieck said, fueled Center for Bob Sieck, former space shuttle launch director, and Kennedy Director Bob Cabana. The series is presented by the Academy of Program/Project and Engineering Leadership. in part by new workers. "It wasn't until we got the next generation involved that we really started ticking," Sieck said. "Apollo was a great adventure, but from a performance standpoint, I'd rate shuttle higher." Both offered sev eral keys to making a successful transition, including not trying to cut corners. "Transitions are dis ruptive," Sieck said. "But don't tell us here's why we can't, tell us here's how we can and we'll go get the resources." Cabana told the audi ence to embrace assign ments, especially ones that are outside their comfort zones. Work ing with that thought in mind, the agency and its premier launch center will come through this transition strong, he said. "A lot has to happen between now and then to make this happen," Ca bana said. "I think it's a we need to go and we're on board." Transitions are disruptive, But dont tell us heres why we cant, tell us heres how we can and well go get the resources. Bob Sieck, Space Shuttle Launch Director, 1984-1994 NASA/Jim Grossmann


Page 7 By Linda Herridge Spaceport News Orion test vehicle undergoes pyro bolt test L ockheed Martin engi neers and technicians completed a series of pyrotechnic bolt tests on the Orion ground test vehicle (GTA) in the Launch Equip ment Test Facility (LETF) at Kennedy Space Center May 13-17. Earlier in the month, the GTA was transported from the Operations and Checkout (O&C) Building to the LETF. During the week, technicians gible, or breakable, nut detona tions between the GTA and a launch abort system (LAS) retention and release mecha nism. Each test took about four minutes to test. The purpose of the LAS is to ignite its solid-fueled engines and lift Orion and its crew away from disaster in the unlikely event that the booster launch. The purpose of the test was to reduce the shock levels on Orion when the launch abort system is jettisoned, said John Blair, the Lockheed Martin Orion Manufacturing Engi neering manager. Several dif ferent materials and detonation device designs were tested on the GTA, providing data that will be evaluated to choose the best design for Exploration Flight Test-1. Orion is the exploration spacecraft designed to carry crews to space beyond lowEarth orbit. It will provide emergency abort capability, sustain the crew during space travel and provide safe re-entry from deep space return veloci rocket. The tests involved a LAS and measured how the explo sive separation mechanism affected the GTA and its tiles as it separated the spacecraft from the LAS. The data col lected from the tests will be used to assess how the shock levels, generated by the sepa ration, affect the capsules tiles and surrounding components. Shock discovery tests like this one anchor the analytical May 13. Lockheed Martin workers uncovered the GTA to prepare it for the second series of pyrotechnic bolt tests. NASA/Jim Grossmann models and record the shock levels the spacecraft will experience during separation events, said Ryne Waggoner, the Lockheed Martin Orion Mechanisms test engineer. Correctly predicting the EFT1 shock environment is critical to protecting sensitive elec tronic components. technic tests was performed Waggoner said the tests were successful, and the thermal protection system tiles showed no damage due to the shock, and all of the accelerometers collected consistent, accurate data. The GTA is being used for ing simulated manufacturing and assembly procedures in the O&C. In October 2012, Lockheed Martin workers prepared the Orion ground test vehicle for the


Page 8 Managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stephanie Covey Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales O ver the years, a host of Mars missions and programs have built on one another, spurring technology advancements that have led to the impressive collection of Mars information and images that we have today. NASA scientists and engineers gained valuable knowledge and experience from research models, or prototypes, for these Mars missions. One such prototype -Rocky 7 -was built at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in the mid-1990s as a research test rover for navigation and sampling technology on Mars. NASA Spinoffs: Did You Know? For more about NASA Spinoffs, go to http:// spinoffs Mars rovers paved the way for hospital robots Rocky 7 QC Bot From this technology, the QC Bot was created. To ease logistics in hospitals, QC Bot can be used for everything from delivering medications or taking out the trash, to ushering patients to their appointments. A configurable touch screen allows hospital staff and patients to interact with the robot through intuitive menus. The touch screen can be used for completing bedside registration, as well as capturing vital signs. To achieve each of these tasks, the robot can autonomously call elevators and find its way through corridors. And with NASAs fourth annual mining competition recently held at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex that featured unique robotic miners created by college students, we can only wonder what the next generation of technology will inspire. T he 2013 hurricane season is expected to be very active -163 percent of average. On May 23, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) predicted the Atlantic hurricane season will have 13 to 20 named tropical storms, seven to 11 hurricanes, and three to six major hurricanes of Category-3 strength or higher (111 mph or higher). An average season has 12 tropical storms, six hurricanes, and three major hurricanes. The ofcial hurricane season is June 1 to Nov. 30, with a peak from mid-August to late October. There are two primary reasons for this years well above normal hurricane season forecast. First, water temperatures across most of the tropical Atlantic Ocean are well above average. Warmer water increases the formation and intensication of tropical cyclones. Second, El Nino is unlikely to form this summer or fall. An El Nino is a warmer than average water temperature in the equatorial Pacic Ocean. The lack of El Nino means the subtropical jet stream over the tropical Atlantic Ocean will be weaker, decreasing wind shear and allowing more tropical cyclone activity. The NOAA forecast is consistent with the forecast from Colorado State University issued April 10. NOAA will update its forecast in early August, before hurricane activity usually increases signicantly. Remember, it takes only one land-falling hurricane to cause a disaster. BE PREPARED! Weather safety training, including hurricane preparedness, is available from the 45th Weather Squadron (, 853-8410), or the KSC Emergency Management Ofce, (, 867-8723). Expect active 2013 hurricane season Looking up and ahead . All times are Eastern June 5 Mission: ISS Automated Transfer Vehicle 4 Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5 Launch Site: Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana Launch Pad: ELA-3 Description: The European Space Agencys ATV-4, also known as the Albert Einstein, will deliver several tons of supplies to the ISS, docking with the Zvezda Service Module on the Russian segment of the station June 15. June 26 Mission: Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL Launch Site: Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. Launch Window: 10:25:04 to 10:30:04 p.m. Launch Time: 10:27:34 p.m. Description: IRIS is designed to provide signicant new information to increase our understanding of energy transport into the suns corona and solar wind and provide an archetype for all stellar atmospheres. July 24 Mission: ISS Resupply Launch Vehicle: ISS Progress 52 Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Description: Progress 52 will carry supplies, hardware, fuel and water to the ISS. Sept. 5 Mission: Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) Launch Vehicle: Minotaur V Launch Site: Wallops Flight Facility, Va. Launch Time: 10:37 p.m. Launch Pad: Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport Pad 0B Description: LADEE will gather detailed information about conditions near the surface and environmental inuences on lunar dust. A thorough understanding of these inuences will help researchers understand how future exploration may shape the lunar environment and how the environment may affect future explorers. To watch a NASA launch online, go to http://